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INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN FOR MANAGEMENT OF HYPERTENSION(ALTAPRESYON)

Client: _______________ Estimated Number of Audiences: Five (5)


By: ______________________ Area of assignment: _____________________ RLE Schedule: __________ Date of Teaching: _____________

PURPOSE: To educate the client on hypertension.

GOAL: To enlighten the client on the different natural medicinal herbs that are available to help in the management of hypertension.
OBJECTIVES SUBJECT CONTENT TIME METHOD OF LEARNING METHOD OF EVALUATION
ALLOTMENT INSTRUTION RESOURCES EVALUATION OF
OBJECTIVES
At the end of
20 minutes of
health teaching,
the learner will
be able to:

1. Define what WHAT IS HYPERTENSION: 2 minutes Lecture. Visual aid. Question and Objective met;
hypertension is. Hypertension, also known as answer. client was able
to verbalize
high blood pressure, is a long-
what
term medical condition in which hypertension is.
the blood pressure in the arteries
is persistently elevated. This
means that the blood applies too
much force against the walls of
the blood vessels. High blood
pressure typically does not cause
symptoms.
2. Enumerate at There are four stages of high 5 minutes Discussion. Flyer Question and Objective met;
least two stages blood pressure or hypertension: answer. client was able
of to verbalize the
hypertension. 1. STAGE 1 or Prehypertension three common
is 120/80 to 139/89. stages of
2. STAGE 2 or Mild hypertension. .
Hypertension is 140/90 to
159/99.
3. STAGE 3 or Moderate
hypertension is 160/100 to
179//109

3. Identify at RISK FACTORS OF 6 minutes Lecture and Flyer Question and Objective met;
least three risk HYPERTENSION: discussion. answer. client was able
factors of to verbalize risk
hypertension. 1. Age. The risk of high blood factors of
hypertension.
pressure increases as you age.

2. Family history. High blood


pressure tends to run in
families.

3. Being overweight or
obese. The more you weigh
the more blood you need to
supply oxygen and nutrients to
your tissues.

4. Not being physically


active. People who are
inactive tend to have higher
heart rates.
5. Using tobacco. Secondhand
smoke also can increase your
heart disease risk. Third hand
smoke is residual nicotine and
other chemicals left on indoor
surfaces by tobacco smoke.

6. Too much salt (sodium) in


your diet. Too much sodium
in your diet can cause your
body to retain fluid, which
increases blood pressure.

7. Too little potassium in your


diet. Potassium helps balance
the amount of sodium in your
cells.

8. Drinking too much alcohol.


If you drink alcohol, do so in
moderation.
9. Stress. High levels of stress
can lead to a temporary
increase in blood pressure.

10. Certain chronic


conditions. Certain chronic
conditions also may increase
your risk of high blood
pressure, such as kidney
disease, diabetes and sleep
apnea.

4. Enumerate Ways to Prevent 5 minutes Lecture and Flyer Question and Objective met;
ways how to Hypertension discussion. answer client was able
prevent discussion. to verbalize the
1. Maintain a healthy
hypertension. several ways of
weight. When it comes to preventing
hypertension.
hypertension prevention, your
weight is crucial. People who
are overweight should try to
lose weight, and people of
normal weight should avoid
adding on any pounds. If you
are carrying extra weight,
losing as little as 10 pounds
can help prevent high blood
pressure. Talk with your
doctor about the best weight
for you.
2. Eat a balanced diet. Eating
healthy foods can help keep
your blood pressure under
control. Get plenty of fruits
and vegetables, especially
those rich in potassium, and
limit your intake of excess
calories, fat, and sugar.

3. Cut back on salt. For many


people, eating a low-sodium
diet can help keep blood
pressure normal. "The higher
the sodium intake, the higher
the blood pressure". You can
cut back on your total salt
intake by avoiding high-
sodium packaged and
processed foods and not
adding extra salt to your
meals.

4. Exercise regularly. Get


moving to prevent
hypertension. The more
exercise you get, the better,
but even a little bit can help
control blood pressure.
Moderate exercise for about
30 minutes three times a week
is a good start.

5. Limit the alcohol. Drinking


too much alcohol can lead to
high blood pressure. For
women, that means no more
than one drink a day, and for
men, no more than two.

6. Monitor your blood


pressure. Make sure that you
have your blood pressure
measured regularly, either at
the clinic or at home. High
blood pressure often occurs
with no symptoms, so only
blood pressure readings will
tell you if your blood pressure
is on the rise. If your doctor
determines that you have
prehypertension — blood
pressure in the range of 120-
139/80-89 millimeters of
mercury (mmHg) that puts
you at increased risk of
developing hypertension.

5. Identify at MEDICINAL HERBS TO 2 minutes Discussion. Actual Question and Objective met;
least two herbal LOWER HIGH BP: examples of answer. client was
medicines to medicinal identify the
lower blood 1. Soursop (Guyabano). herbs. different
pressure. medicinal herbs.
2. Garlic (Bawang).
3. Cucumber (Pipino).
4. Indian snakeroot
(Serpentina).
REFERENCES:
1. Rubin, L. J. (1997). Primary pulmonary hypertension. New England Journal of Medicine, 336(2), 111-117.

2. Staessen, J. A., Wang, J., Bianchi, G., & Birkenhäger, W. H. (2003). Essential hypertension. The Lancet, 361(9369), 1629-
1641.
3. Moore, T., Svetkey, L., Lin, P. H., Karanja, N., & Jenkins, M. (2003). Dash Diet for Hypertension. Pocket Books.

4. https://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/understanding-high-blood-pressure-basics#1

5. PD, L., & AR, C. (2006). Natural remedies for heart diseases.

6. Tabassum, N., & Ahmad, F. (2011). Role of natural herbs in the treatment of hypertension. Pharmacognosy reviews, 5(9),
30.
7. https://www.everydayhealth.com/hypertension/preventing.aspx

8. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150109.php