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Understanding Culture, Society, and Politics

12-(St. Thomas Aquinas, St. Elizabeth, St. Scholastica)

I. Multiple Choice. Write the letter that corresponds to your chosen answer on the blank before the number.

_____1. The following are the goals of anthropology EXCEPT:


a. Explain human biological diversity today.
b. Examine the evolution of the human species as evidenced in the fossil record.
c. Assess the cultural development of our species as revealed in the archeological record.
d. Explain and analyze human cultural similarities and differences.
_____2. As a ______ we carry our ancestors’ tradition and beliefs, speak the language of our parents, practice faith
and the distinct way of life to our community, create and showcase the arts and heritage of our people and
transmit some, if not all, of these to the next generation.
a. social being b. cultural being c. political being d. spiritual being
_____3. Understanding culture, society, and politics is a multidisciplinary course that integrates and combines the
contents, methods and theories of the following EXCEPT:
a. Political Science b. Anthropology c. Sociology d. Mathematics
_____4. How does anthropology differ from other social sciences such as sociology and political science?
a. Anthropology is holistic and integrative in its approach.
b. The other social sciences are holistic and integrative in the approach.
c. Anthropology tends to specialize in the workings in specific systems
d. Anthropology is more important than the other social sciences.
_____5. It is one of the major areas of Cultural Anthropology which describes the study of one culture, subculture, or
microculture based on fieldwork.
a. Paleoanthropology b. Primatology c. Ethnology d. Ethnography
_____6. It is the right to exercise the power of a given position that comes from having been replaced in that
position.
a. power b. authority c. influence d. legitimacy
_____7. It was written by Karl Marx and has been recognize as one of the world’s most influential manuscripts.
a. Suicide b. Course in Positive Psychology c. Society in America d. Communist Manifesto
_____8. One of the earliest sociologist who suggested that rich and powerful are the “fittest” having been selected
by nature to be what they are and those poor and week are the “unfit” having been doomed by nature to
failure is __________.
a. Auguste Comte b. Harriet Martineau c. Herbert Spencer d. Karl Marx
_____9. A branch of Anthropology which tells the description and comparison of the adaptations made by human
groups to the diverse ecosystems of the earth _________.
a. Linguistics c. Archeology
b. Biological Anthropology d. Cultural Anthropology
_____10. He believed that a society can be compared to a living organism each part of an animal – its heart, lungs,
and brain – has its own function to perform, yet all parts are interdependent; a change in one part affects
all the others.
a. Auguste Comte b. Harriet Martineau c. Herbert Spencer d. Karl Marx
_____11. Mommy and Daddy taught their one-year old daughter Cloud how to play ABC song with the use of their
Lenovo cellphone. Now, Cloud could be able to open the phone and sing the ABC song. What characteristic
of culture shown in the situation?
a. culture is learned b. culture is integrated c. culture is shared d. culture is symbolic
_____12. Karen used to tease her Mangyan classmate because of his kinky hair and tanned skin. What kind of
cultural view Karen has?
a. cultural relativism b. ethnocentrism c. culture d. society
_____13. “Sabong” is a vice which Lolo Tasyo has been indulged with until this year. This kind of gambling was been
brought in the Philippines during the Spanish colonization. This only proves that culture is?
a. learned b. integrated c. shared d. symbolic
_____14. Which of the statements is true?
a. Social forces are considered remote and personal because mostly people have no hand in creating them.
b. Sociology focuses on the ubiquity (or the “everywhere-ness”) of social forces.
c. Social forces cannot be interpreted in any human –created way of doing things that influence, pressure,
or force people to behave, interact with others.
d. Social forces represent a constellation of seen and powerful forces influencing the behavior of
individuals and institutions.
_____15. Which field of Anthropology deals with the systematic study of the remains of previous
cultures as a means of reconstructing the lifeways of people who lived in the past?
a. Biological Anthropology c. Cultural Anthropology
b. Linguistics d. Archeology
_____16. A set of imaginary coordinates that determine social actors’ opportunities and life chances in the social
world.
a. Social Location b. Social Address c. Social Position d. Social Map
_____17. Which of the disciplines in social sciences problematizes the unjust results of the exercise of power and not
the arrangements of power relations itself however unequal?
a. Sociology b. Political Science c. Anthropology d. Political Sociology
_____18. Which of the given choices below, maps the various social forces that shape individual actions and social
Interactions?
a. Anthropology b. Sociology c. Political Science d. Philosophy
_____19. The word anthropos came from the Greek word which means?
a. animal b. nature c. man d. civilization
_____20. Which of the interdisciplinary branches of Anthropology focuses on social issues, cultural dimension, and
economic aspects?
a. Applied Anthropology c. Urban Anthropology
b. Development Anthropology d. Medical Anthropology
_____21. He is the Greek philosopher who is regarded as one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western history
and known as the “Father of Political Science”.
a. Plato b. Aristotle c. Socrates d. Archimedes
_____22. Who among the pioneers of Sociology believed that sociologist must go beyond what people do, beyond
what can be observed directly?
a. Karl Marx b. Emile Durkheim c. Max Weber d. Herbert Spencer
_____23. Which of the major fields of Anthropology deals with the formation, history, development, and
relationship of language to the other aspects of culture?
a. Linguistics b. Archeology c. Social Anthropology d. Physical Anthropology
_____24. John has been with his state employer for thirty years, working up the ranks into seniority in his state
agency. It’s been customary for him and six co-workers of his age to meet for lunch every day and discuss
the latest sporting events. Once in a week during the summer they meet up after work to play baseball at a
local park and recreation site. Which of the characteristics of culture is shown in the situation?
a. culture is learned b. culture is integrated c. culture is shared d. culture is symbolic
_____25. Sheila is the director of marketing for a social services agency. She provides feedback to one of her
managers about how to improve services. Sheila sits behind a large executive desk and is leaning forward.
The employee sits with her arms crossed, leaning away from Sheila. What characteristic of culture is shown
in the situation?
a. culture is integrated b. culture is dynamic c. culture is shared d. culture is symbolic
_____26. Ming is a recent college graduate with a degree in accounting. She has taken a job with a large accounting
firm. Although she gets along with the members of her department and team, she tends to spend her free
time with her colleagues who are of Asian descent, especially those who are in her generation. She feels
that this group of co-workers understands her better and shares her values and ideas around work-life
balance. Identify what characteristic of culture is shown in the situation?
a. culture is learned b. culture is integrated c. culture is shared d. culture is symbolic
_____27. You were a transferee student, your teacher gave you an orientation that you should always bring lunch
since the school is not allowing any students to go out during lunch time. What characteristic of culture is
shown in the situation?
a. culture is learned b. culture is integrated c. culture is shared d. culture is symbolic
_____28. Which of the subfields of Anthropology deals with the comparative study of cultures, presents analytical
generalizations about human culture?
a. Ethnography b. Archeology c. Ethnology d. Applied Archeology
_____29. Field of Anthropology that deals with the description and comparison of the adaptations made by human
groups to the diverse ecosystems of the earth.
a. Cultural Anthropology b. Social Anthropology c. Physical Anthropology d. a&b
_____30. Which subfield of Anthropology focuses on the study of human biological evolution through the
examination of the fossils of our ancient ancestors and relatives?
a. Primatology b. Paleoanthropology c. Paloanthropology d. Archeology

(For items 31-42)


II. Essay.
An Open Letter to a Congressman
Aian, a senior high school student in Manolo Fortich, wrote a petition letter addressed to his district’s
representative in Congress. Aian observed the proliferation of informal dumpsites near his barangay. He even took
photos of these dumpsites and their specific locations in the municipality. Aian knew that garbage situation will
eventually create health problems in his and nearby barangays if it remains unchecked. So he wrote a letter to his
district’s congressman and petitioned the latter to do something about the garbage situation, specifically regarding
proper garbage collection and management.

Can an open letter written by a senior high school youth bring about social change? If so, enumerate ways on
how it can be seen in that light. Write your insights in the box below.

Content (4) Organization (4) Conventions (4)


The presence of ideas developed The order developed and sustained Grammar, mechanics, spelling,
through facts, examples, details, within and across paragraphs using usage and sentence formation.
opinions, reasons, and/or transitional devices and including
explanation. introduction and conclusion.
3 Substantial, specific,and/or Sophisticated arrangement of Evident control of grammar,
illustrative content demonstrating content with evident with/or subtle mechanics, spelling, usage and
strong development and transitions. sentence formation.
sophisticated ideas.
2 Sufficiently developed content with Functional arrangement of content Sufficient control of grammar,
adequate elaboration or that sustains a logical order with mechanics, spelling, usage and
explanation. some evidence of transitions. sentence formation.
1 Limited content with inadequate Confused or inconsistent Limited control of grammar,
elaboration or explanation. arrangement of content with or mechanics, spelling, usage and
without attempts at transitions. sentence formation.
1 Superficial and/or minimal content. Minimal control of content Minimal control of grammar,
arrangement. mechanics, spelling, usage and
sentence formation.

RUBRICS

(For items 43-50)

III. Poster Making. Create a poster regarding on how you will influence the youth to participate in every activity that
concerns with changes you wanted to create or start within your community.

4 3 2 1
Graphics Originality Several of the One or two of the The graphics are No graphics by the
(4) graphics used on the graphics used on the made by the student are included
poster reflect an poster reflects on student, but are
exceptional degree the student based on the
of student creativity creativity in their designs or ideas of
in their creation creation and/or others.
and/or display. display.
Attractiveness The poster is The poster is The poster is The poster is
(4) exceptionally exceptionally acceptably attractive distractingly messy
attractive in terms attractive in terms though it maybe a or very poorly
of design, layout, of design, layout, bit messy. designed. It is not
and neatness. and neatness. attractive.