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A PROPOSED THREE-STOREY PARKING BUILDING FOR CAPIZ STATE UNIVERSITY

STAKEHOLDERS
Carlo F. Cabanus, Mereinul Fame B. Ordas, Edalyn Mae V. Simon, Engr. Ma. Adeline D. Diaz

ABSTRACT
The study of structurally analyzed and designed three-storey parking building was conducted at the Capiz
State University, Main Campus at Fuentes Drive, Roxas City from June 2018 – January 2019.
Generally, this study aimed to structurally analyze and design a three-storey parking building to house the
Capiz State University Stakeholder’s automobiles due to the limited number of parking lot. Specifically, this study
aimed to (1) Investigate the site for the proposed three-storey parking building, (2) Prepare working plans of the
project, (3) Design a three-storey parking building using Structural Load Analysis and Structural Design Analysis (4)
Estimate the cost and duration of the three-storey parking building, and (5) Prepare PERT/CPM of the project.
This study focused on the analysis of loads applied on the structure as well as the design of reinforced
concrete beams, slabs, stair, wall footing, columns and footing. The estimate of the total costs of the project is also
included in this study to determine the total cost and duration of the project.
The preparation of the complete building plans is made possible by using AutoCAD 2017. In designing, the
beams were tabulated that the dimension varies from 350mmx560mm, 230mmx380mm & 240mmx400mm, 4 to 10
pieces, 3 to 8 pieces, 2 to 5 pieces of 25mm, 20mm & 16mm diameter of reinforced steel bars respectively and
stirrups is 10 mm spaced from the critical section of the beam. Concrete slab were designed into two slab system
and one way slab system that resulted to slabs having a uniform thickness of 200 mm with 10 mm diameter.
For column designs, the dimension and reinforcement varies as 450mmx450mm and 650mmx650mm for
square tied columns and 560mm and 690mm diameters for spiral columns, 4 pieces of 25 mm in diameter and 8
pieces of 28 mm in diameter, Lateral ties used were designed to be 10 mm in diameter and spaced at 400 mm and
450 mm vertically of bars respectively. Footing dimensions was designed which variations from 0.36mx2.5mx2.5m,
0.57mx4.0mx4.0m, 0.69mx4.5mx4.5m, 0.82mx5.5mx5.5m and 0.38mx3.0mx3.0m with reinforcement of main bars of
28mm& 32mm diameter and spaced of bars both ways. The wall footing varies from dimension of thickness, length
and width respectively with 0.15mx15.6mx1.4m with reinforcement main bars of 16mm diameter and reinforcement
temperature bars of 10mm diameter and spaced of bars both ways. For stair the designed for trend of stair is 0.25m
and rise of stairs is 2.6m.
The duration of the project is 112 calendar days with a total construction cost of 11,544,931.57 pesos.
Keywords: Parking Building, Stakeholders, Structural Load and Design Analysis

INTRODUCTION level of a building. Parking at ground level eliminates


the need for space-hungry ramps, expensive
Parking as part of an overall transportation structures and water-proofing, and is therefore a
system is one of the crucial issues of the present simple, efficient and cost-effective parking typology.
time. Over the years, the number of automobiles However, there is an inherent conflict in providing
increases exponentially around the world and the parking at street level where it interfaces with the
need to house them in close proximity to destinations public and pedestrian realm as this can result in
creates a challenging design problem (McDonald, vehicle dominated and often dull inactive street
AIA, 2017). frontages (http://www.aucklanddesignmanual.co.nz)

With this problem, the researchers proposed In the Philippines, parking should be one of
a three-storey parking building. This type of large the aspects to be considered when designing a
parking capacity is in dedicated structure while that of development. For instance, in Baguio City, the
ground floor parking is allocated at the street/ground Buildings and Architecture Office (CBAO) was tasked

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 1


by the local legislative body to prepare the program of
work, plans and design of the multi-level parking A. Type of soil Hydrosol Clay
building to determine the required funds needed to Soil type characteristics:
complete the structure. The construction of various a) Angle of Internal Friction 32°
multi-level parking buildings had been proposed by b) At rest pressure coefficient 0.47
various experts to help decongest the tremendous (ko = 1 - sin θ)
traffic jams around the city caused by the absence of c) Unit Weight of Soil(kN/m3) 20
available and sufficient parking spaces forcing vehicle d) Soil Pressure(kPa) 250
owners to simply park their vehicles in vacant areas
and even in shoulders of roads in the different parts of The dead load and live load of the
the city (http://baguio.gov.ph, 2017) Occupancy of the Building that been taken to the
NSCP – 2015. The loads are used in different
In Capiz, Particularly in Capiz State category of Roof Slab, 3rd Floor, 2nd Floor and
University, Main Campus, the researchers proposed a Ground Floor.
three-storey parking building for Capiz State
University stakeholders to accommodate the current The wind load data for the analysis of the
scenario of traffic due to inappropriate parking of wind pressure that has been acting through the entire
vehicles in the road way and the noise it produce that wall of the building. The data has been taken from
disturbs class that is going on in the campus. NSCP – 2015.

Due to rapid development and growing Design Bases


population of Capiz State University, Main Campus,
the need of additional structures to combat the Reinforced concrete structures will be
projected population is being constructed within the designed using strength design method and allowable
school premises. Therefore, the faster the soil bearing pressures for foundation will be design in
development, the slower the movement of vehicles accordance with the NSCP 2015.
within the campus due to the lack of parking spaces
to accommodate the vehicles. The allowable stresses used to design each
structural member of the building whether it is
METHODOLOGY reinforced concrete design and steel design. The
This chapter discusses the methods used in values have been taken from NSCP – 2015.
analyzing and designing the structure. It describe the
processes and procedure used to investigate the Structural Load Analysis
loads applied vertically and horizontally and deals
with the empirical formula that used to design the The structural load analyses used in this
proposed three storey parking building for Capiz State project were Vertical Method and Portal Method that
University stakeholders. Also, this chapter comprises determine the loads that the structure could well resist
the design criteria, design and preparation of plans, through time based on (Asslam Kassimali &
structural analysis, structural design, cost analysis Hibbeler).
and duration of the project.
Structural Design Analysis
Design Criteria
The following are structural designs that
The following are the loads to be needed in were in this project are Design of Beam, Design
the analysis and design of the proposed three storey of Slab, Design of Column, Design of Wall
parking building for Capiz State University Footing, Design of Stair and Design of Footing
stakeholders and the reinforced concrete structures are based on the (Reinforced Concrete Structures
will be designed using strength design method and and Steel Design) books.
allowable soil bearing pressures for foundation in
accordance with the NSCP 2015.

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 2


Project Cost & Duration of the Project PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND
INTERPRETATION OF DATA
The technique used in estimating the total
cost of the project is based on the systems and This chapter discusses the results of the study,
practices used by B. Fajardo (2000). specifically the solutions and applications of the ideas
of the researcher.
Schedule of works, PERT/CPM, and S-
Curve was the method used in determining the Project Site Investigation
duration of the project. The Critical Path Method
(CPM) network diagram defined the activities, and The appropriate site for the proposed three
sequencing of activities, performed to undertake the storey parking building is at the back of Department of
project; however, the foreseen time that is required to Engineering and Architecture of Capiz State
complete each activity must be strong-minded in University Main Campus.
order to schedule the entire mission are based on
(Simplified Construction estimate 2000 edition by Max Working Plans for the Project
B. Fajardo Jr.).
A working or building plan is a set of working
drawings that define all the construction specifications
of a structure. The preparation of the building plan is
made possible using AutoCAD 2017. The working
plan of the project includes Perspective, Ground Floor
Plan, Second Floor Plan, Third Floor Plan, Front
Elevation, Rear Elevation, Right Side Elevation and
Left Side Elevation.

Structural Load Analysis

Table 4.1. Summary Loads for Beams & Column (Frame-1)


FRAME 1 Lateral Loads Vertical Loads Total Loads
Member Shear Axial Moment Shear Axial Moment M.Midspan Shear Axial Moment
BEAM
PQ 0.46 6.63 1.28 105.34 0 53.00 94.46 105.80 6.63 54.28
QR 0.46 4.74 1.28 146.72 0 102.99 183.12 147.18 4.74 104.27
RS 0.46 2.84 1.28 146.72 0 102.99 183.12 147.18 2.84 104.27
ST 0.46 0.95 1.28 105.34 0 53.00 94.46 105.80 0.95 54.28
KL 1.83 13.27 5.12 123.87 0 62.43 110.99 125.70 13.27 67.55
LM 1.83 9.48 5.12 172.54 0 121.13 215.32 174.37 9.48 126.25
MN 1.83 5.69 5.12 172.54 0 121.13 215.32 174.37 5.69 126.25
NO 1.83 1.90 5.12 123.87 0 62.43 110.99 125.70 1.90 67.55
FG 4.51 15.23 12.62 123.87 0 62.43 110.99 128.38 15.23 67.55
GH 4.51 10.88 12.62 172.54 0 121.13 215.32 177.05 10.88 126.25
HI 4.51 6.53 12.62 172.54 0 121.13 215.32 177.05 6.53 126.25
IJ 4.51 2.18 12.62 123.87 0 62.43 110.99 128.38 2.18 67.55
COLUMN
PK 0.95 -0.46 -1.28 0 105.34 53.00 0 0.95 104.88 51.72

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 3


Continued of Table 4.1
KF 2.84 -2.29 -3.84 0 229.21 115.43 0 2.84 226.92 111.59
FA 5.02 -6.80 -8.78 0 353.08 177.86 0 5.02 346.28 169.08
QL 1.90 0 -2.56 0 252.06 49.99 0 1.90 252.06 47.43
LG 5.69 0 -7.68 0 548.47 108.69 0 5.69 548.47 101.01
GB 10.04 0 -17.56 0 844.88 167.39 0 10.04 844.88 149.83
RM 1.90 0 -2.56 0 293.44 0 0 1.90 293.44 -2.56
MH 5.69 0 -7.68 0 638.52 0 0 5.69 638.52 -7.68
HC 10.04 0 -17.56 0 983.60 0 0 10.04 983.60 -17.56
SN 1.09 0 -2.56 0 252.06 -49.99 0 1.09 252.06 -52.55
NI 5.69 0 -7.68 0 548.47 -108.69 0 5.69 548.47 -116.37
ID 10.04 0 -17.56 0 844.88 -167.39 0 10.04 844.88 -184.95
TO 0.95 0.46 -1.28 0 105.34 -53.00 0 0.95 105.80 -54.28
OJ 2.84 2.29 -3.84 0 229.21 -115.43 0 2.84 231.50 -119.27
JE 5.02 6.80 -8.78 0 353.08 -177.86 0 5.02 359.88 -186.64
Note: compression is equal to negative value; tension is equal to positive value

Table 4.2. Summary Loads for Beams & Column (Frame-2)


FRAME 2 Lateral Loads Vertical Loads Total Loads
Member Shear Axial Moment Shear Axial Moment M.Midspan Shear Axial Moment
BEAM
JK 0 0 0 278.15 0 195.26 347.13 278.15 0 195.26
KL 0 0 0 278.15 0 195.26 347.13 278.15 0 195.26
GH 0 0 0 311.65 0 218.78 388.94 311.65 0 218.78
HI 0 0 0 311.65 0 218.78 388.94 311.65 0 218.78
DE 0 0 0 311.65 0 218.78 388.94 311.65 0 218.78
EF 0 0 0 311.65 0 218.78 388.94 311.65 0 218.78
COLUMN
JG 0 0 0 0 278.15 195.26 0 0 278.15 195.26
KH 0 0 0 0 556.30 0 0 0 556.30 0
LI 0 0 0 0 278.15 -195.26 0 0 278.15 -195.26
GD 0 0 0 0 589.80 414.04 0 0 589.80 414.04
HE 0 0 0 0 1179.60 0 0 0 1179.60 0
IF 0 0 0 0 589.80 -414.04 0 0 589.80 -414.04
DA 0 0 0 0 901.45 632.82 0 0 901.45 632.82
EB 0 0 0 0 1802.90 0 0 0 1802.90 0
FC 0 0 0 0 901.45 -632.82 0 0 901.45 -632.82

Table 4.3. Summary Loads for Beams & Column (Frame-3)


FRAME 3 Lateral Loads Vertical Loads Total Loads
Member Shear Axial Moment Shear Axial Moment M.Midspan Shear Axial Moment
BEAM
MN 0.71 6.80 1.84 62.55 0 29.27 52.04 63.26 6.80 31.11

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Continued of Table 4.3
NO 0.52 7.08 1.83 85.41 0 54.58 97.03 85.93 7.08 56.41
OP 0.71 1.36 1.84 62.55 0 29.27 52.04 63.26 1.36 31.11
IJ 2.83 13.61 7.35 81.66 0 38.22 67.94 84.49 13.61 45.57
JK 2.07 8.17 7.34 111.50 0 71.25 126.66 113.57 8.17 78.59
KL 2.83 2.73 7.35 81.66 0 38.22 67.94 84.49 2.73 45.57
EF 6.97 15.62 18.13 81.66 0 38.22 67.94 88.63 15.62 56.35
FG 5.11 9.36 18.13 111.50 0 71.25 126.66 116.61 9.36 89.38
GH 6.97 3.10 18.13 81.66 0 38.22 67.94 88.63 3.10 56.35
COLUMN
MI 1.36 -0.71 -1.84 0 62.55 29.27 0 1.36 61.84 27.43
NJ 2.72 0.19 -3.67 0 147.96 25.31 0 2.72 148.15 21.64
OK 2.72 -0.19 -3.67 0 147.96 -25.31 0 2.72 147.77 -28.98
PL 1.36 0.71 -1.84 0 62.55 -29.27 0 1.36 63.26 -31.11
IE 4.08 -3.54 -5.51 0 144.21 67.49 0 4.08 140.67 61.98
JF 8.16 0.95 -11.02 0 341.12 58.34 0 8.16 342.07 47.32
KG 8.16 -0.95 -11.02 0 341.12 -58.34 0 8.16 340.17 -69.36
LH 4.08 3.54 -5.51 0 144.21 -67.49 0 4.08 147.75 -73.00
EA 7.21 -10.51 -12.62 0 225.87 105.71 0 7.21 215.36 93.09
FB 14.42 2.81 -25.24 0 534.28 91.37 0 14.42 537.09 66.13
GC 14.42 -2.81 -25.24 0 534.28 -91.37 0 14.42 531.47 -116.61
HD 7.21 10.51 -12.62 0 225.87 -105.71 0 7.21 236.38 -118.33

Table 4.4. Summary Loads for Beams & Column (Frame-4)


FRAME 4 Lateral Loads Vertical Loads Total Loads
Member Shear Axial Moment Shear Axial Moment M.Midspan Shear Axial Moment
BEAM
MN 1.0 16.28 4.4 242.95 0 191.32 340.13 243.95 16.28 195.72
NO 1.0 9.76 4.4 242.95 0 191.32 340.13 243.95 9.76 195.72
OP 1.76 3.24 4.4 138.82 0 62.47 111.06 140.58 3.24 66.87
IJ 4.02 32.56 17.59 229.78 0 180.95 321.69 233.80 32.56 198.54
JK 4.02 19.54 17.59 229.78 0 180.95 321.69 233.80 19.54 198.54
KL 7.04 6.52 17.59 131.30 0 59.09 105.04 138.34 6.52 76.68
EF 9.92 37.38 43.38 229.78 0 180.95 321.69 239.68 37.38 224.33
FG 9.92 22.42 43.38 229.78 0 180.95 321.69 239.68 22.42 224.33
GH 17.35 7.48 43.38 131.30 0 59.09 105.04 148.65 7.48 102.47
COLUMN
MI 3.26 -1.0 -4.4 0 242.95 191.32 0 3.26 241.95 186.92
NJ 6.52 0 -8.8 0 485.90 0 0 6.52 485.90 -8.8
OK 6.52 -0.76 -8.8 0 381.77 -128.85 0 6.52 381.01 -137.65
PL 3.26 1.76 -4.4 0 138.82 -62.47 0 3.26 140.58 -66.87
IE 9.77 -5.02 -13.19 0 472.73 372.27 0 9.77 467.71 359.08
JF 19.54 0 -26.38 0 945.46 0 0 19.54 945.46 -26.38

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Continued of Table 4.4
KG 19.54 -3.78 -26.38 0 742.85 -250.71 0 19.54 739.07 -277.09
LH 9.77 8.8 -13.19 0 270.12 -121.56 0 9.77 278.92 -134.75
EA 17.25 -14.94 -30.19 0 702.51 553.22 0 17.25 687.57 523.03
FB 34.50 0 -60.38 0 1405.02 0 0 34.50 1405.02 -60.38
GC 34.50 -11.21 -60.38 0 1103.93 -372.57 0 34.50 1092.72 -432.95
HD 17.25 26.15 -30.19 0 401.42 -180.65 0 17.25 427.57 -210.84

Table 4.5. Summary Loads for Beams & Column (Frame-5)


FRAME 5 Lateral Loads Vertical Loads Total Loads
Member Shear Axial Moment Shear Axial Moment M.Midspan Shear Axial Moment
BEAM
JK 1.76 17.045 7.69 293.48 0 231.11 410.87 295.24 17.045 238.8
KL 1.76 5.695 7.69 293.48 0 231.11 410.87 295.24 5.695 238.8
GH 7.02 34.12 30.72 278.12 0 219.02 389.38 285.14 34.12 249.74
HI 7.02 11.39 30.72 278.12 0 219.02 389.38 285.12 11.39 249.74
DE 17.31 39.17 75.74 278.12 0 219.02 389.38 295.43 39.17 294.76
EF 17.31 13.05 75.74 278.12 0 219.02 389.38 295.43 13.05 294.76
COLUMN
JG 5.695 -1.76 -7.69 0 293.48 231.11 0 5.695 291.72 223.42
KH 11.39 0 -15.38 0 586.96 0 0 11.39 586.96 -15.38
LI 5.695 1.76 -7.69 0 293.48 -231.11 0 5.695 295.24 -238.80
GD 17.06 -8.78 -23.03 0 571.60 450.13 0 17.06 562.82 427.10
HE 34.12 0 -46.06 0 1143.2 0 0 34.12 1143.2 -46.06
IF 17.06 8.78 -23.03 0 571.60 -450.13 0 17.06 580.38 -473.16
DA 30.12 -26.09 -52.71 0 849.72 669.15 0 30.12 823.63 616.44
EB 60.24 0 -105.42 0 1699.44 0 0 60.24 1699.44 -105.42
FC 30.12 26.09 -52.71 0 849.72 -669.15 0 30.12 875.81 -721.86

Table 4.6. Summary Loads for Beams & Column (Frame-6)


FRAME 6 Lateral Loads Vertical Loads Total Loads
Member Shear Axial Moment Shear Axial Moment M.Midspan Shear Axial Moment
BEAM
PQ 0.46 6.63 1.28 225.74 0 113.77 202.26 226.2 6.63 115.05
QR 0.46 4.74 1.28 314.41 0 220.72 392.39 314.87 4.74 222
RS 0.46 2.84 1.28 314.41 0 220.72 392.39 314.87 2.84 222
ST 0.46 0.95 1.28 225.74 0 113.77 202.26 226.2 0.95 115.05
KL 1.83 13.27 5.12 238 0 119.95 213.25 239.83 13.27 125.07
LM 1.83 9.48 5.12 331.5 0 232.71 413.71 333.33 9.48 237.83
MN 1.83 5.69 5.12 331.5 0 232.71 413.71 333.33 5.69 237.83
NO 1.83 1.90 5.12 238 0 119.95 213.25 239.83 1.90 125.07
FG 4.51 15.23 12.62 238 0 119.95 213.25 242.51 15.23 132.57

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Continued of Table 4.6
GH 4.51 10.88 12.62 331.5 0 232.71 413.71 237.22 10.88 245.33
HI 4.51 6.53 12.62 331.5 0 232.71 413.71 237.22 6.53 245.33
IJ 4.51 2.18 12.62 238 0 119.95 213.25 242.51 2.18 132.57
COLUMN
PK 0.95 -0.46 -1.28 0 225.74 113.77 0 0.95 225.28 112.49
KF 2.84 -2.29 -3.84 0 463.74 233.72 0 2.84 461.45 229.88
FA 5.02 -6.80 -8.78 0 701.74 353.67 0 5.02 694.94 344.89
QL 1.90 0 -2.56 0 540.15 106.65 0 1.90 540.15 104.09
LG 5.69 0 -7.68 0 1109.65 219.41 0 5.69 1109.65 211.73
GB 10.04 0 -17.56 0 1679.15 332.17 0 10.04 1679.15 314.61
RM 1.90 0 -2.56 0 628.82 0 0 1.90 628.82 -2.56
MH 5.69 0 -7.68 0 1291.82 0 0 5.69 1291.82 -7.68
HC 10.04 0 -17.56 0 1954.82 0 0 10.04 1954.82 -17.56
SN 1.09 0 -2.56 0 540.15 -106.65 0 1.09 540.15 -109.21
NI 5.69 0 -7.68 0 1109.65 -219.41 0 5.69 1109.65 -227.09
ID 10.04 0 -17.56 0 1679.15 -332.17 0 10.04 1679.15 -349.73
TO 0.95 0.46 -1.28 0 225.74 -113.77 0 0.95 226.2 -115.05
OJ 2.84 2.29 -3.84 0 463.74 -233.72 0 2.84 466.03 -237.56
JE 5.02 6.80 -8.78 0 701.74 -353.67 0 5.02 708.54 -362.45

Table 4.7. Schedule of Roof Slab Beam


RSB & RSB &
LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT RSB & SPACING OF
MARK NO.OF BARS NO.OF BARS
(L) (b) (h) STIRRUPS
@ SUPPORT @ MIDSPAN
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 6@100mm,
3RB-1 5.6 0.23 0.38
4pcs 4pcs 8@150mm, REST@170mm
16 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 7@100mm,
3RB-2 7.8 0.35 0.56
5pcs 7pcs 8@200mm, REST@260mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 7@100mm,
3RB-3 7.8 0.35 0.56
5pcs 6pcs 8@200mm, REST@260mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 5@100mm,
3RB-4 5.2 0.22 0.37
2pcs 3pcs 7@150mm, REST@180mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 8@100mm,
3RB-5 7.1 0.22 0.37
4pcs 5pcs 9@150mm, REST@180mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 8@100mm,
3RB-6 8.75 0.35 0.56
5pcs 6pcs 9@200mm, REST@260mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 8@100mm,
3RB-7 8.75 0.35 0.56
6pcs 7pcs 9@200mm, REST@260mm
16 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 4@100mm,
3RB-8 5.0 0.23 0.38
4pcs 3pcs 5@200mm, REST@260mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 6@100mm,
3RB-9 5.6 0.35 0.56
5pcs 5pcs 7@200mm, REST@260mm

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Continued of Table 4.7
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 7@100mm,
3RB-10 7.8 0.35 0.56
6pcs 7pcs 8@200mm, REST@260mm

Table 4.8. Schedule of Roof Slab


DIMENSSION
SHORT DIRECTION LONG DIRECTION
(mm) TYPE
MARK OF RSB SPACING SPACING SPACING SPACING
Length Width Height SLABS @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN
(Lb) (L) (t)
STRIP STRIP STRIP STRIP
3S-1 17500 5600 200 O.W.S 10 100mm 200mm
3S-2 8750 7800 200 T.W.S 10 100mm 100mm 100mm 100mm
3S-3 8750 7800 200 T.W.S 10 100mm 100mm 100mm 100mm
3S-4 15600 5000 200 O.W.S 10 100mm 200mm
3S-5 5600 5000 200 T.W.S 10 100mm 100mm 100mm 100mm

Table 4.9. Schedule of Third Floor Beam

RSB & NO. RSB & NO.


LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT
MARK OF BARS @ OF BARS @ RSB & SPACING OF STIRRUPS
(L) (b) (h)
SUPPORT MIDSPAN
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 6@100mm,
2RB-1 5.6 0.23 0.38
4pcs 5pcs 8@150mm, REST@170mm
16 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 7@100mm,
2RB-2 7.8 0.35 0.56
5pcs 4pcs 8@200mm, REST@260mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 7@100mm,
2RB-3 7.8 0.35 0.56
6pcs 7pcs 8@200mm, REST@260mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 5@100mm
2RB-4 5.2 0.24 0.40
3pcs 2pcs 7@150mm, REST@180mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 8@100mm
2RB-5 7.1 0.24 0.40
5pcs 5pcs 9@150mm, REST@180mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 8@100mm,
2RB-6 8.75 0.35 0.56
5pcs 6pcs 9@200mm, REST@260mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 8@100mm,
2RB-7 8.75 0.35 0.56
7pcs 10pcs 9@200mm, REST@260mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 4@100mm,
2RB-8 5.0 0.35 0.56
5pcs 3pcs 5@200mm, REST@260mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 6@100mm,
2RB-9 5.6 0.35 0.56
5pcs 6pcs 7@200mm, REST@260mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 7@100mm,
2RB-10 7.8 0.35 0.56
6pcs 7pcs 8@200mm, REST@260mm

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 8


Table 4.10.Schedule of Third Floor Column
MARK NO. OF BARS RSB @ SPACING
LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT RSB OF
(SQUARE @ MAIN LATERAL @ LATERAL
(L) (b) (h) MAIN BARS
TIED) BARS TIES TIES
C1 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C2 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C3 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C4 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C5 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C6 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C7 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C11 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C12 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C13 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C14 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C15 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C16 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C17 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C18 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C19 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
NO. OF BARS RSB @ SPACING
MARK RSB OF
DIAMETER (d) HEIGHT (h) @ MAIN LATERAL @ LATERAL
(SPIRAL) MAIN BARS
BARS TIES TIES
C8 0.56 2.7 25 6pcs 10 53mm PITCH
C9 0.69 2.7 25 8pcs 10 54mm PITCH
C10 0.56 2.7 25 6pcs 10 53mm PITCH

Table 4.11. Schedule of Third Floor Slab


DIMENSSION
SHORT DIRECTION LONG DIRECTION
(mm) TYPE
MARK OF RSB SPACING SPACING SPACING SPACING
Length Width Height SLABS @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN
(Lb) (L) (t)
STRIP STRIP STRIP STRIP
2S-1 17500 5600 200 O.W.S 10 100mm 200mm
2S-2 8750 7800 200 T.W.S 10 100mm 100mm 100mm 100mm
2S-3 5600 5000 200 T.W.S 10 100mm 100mm 100mm 100mm

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 9


Table 4.12.Schedule of Second Floor Beam

RSB & NO. RSB & NO.


LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT
MARK OF BARS @ OF BARS @ RSB & SPACING OF STIRRUPS
(L) (b) (h)
SUPPORT MIDSPAN
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 6@100mm,
1RB-1 5.6 0.23 0.38
4pcs 5pcs 8@150mm, REST@170mm
16 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 7@100mm,
1RB-2 7.8 0.35 0.56
5pcs 4pcs 8@200mm, REST@260mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 7@100mm,
1RB-3 7.8 0.35 0.56
6pcs 7pcs 8@200mm, REST@260mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 5@100mm
1RB-4 5.2 0.24 0.40
3pcs 2pcs 7@150mm, REST@180mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 8@100mm
1RB-5 7.1 0.24 0.40
5pcs 5pcs 9@150mm, REST@180mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 8@100mm,
1RB-6 8.75 0.35 0.56
6pcs 6pcs 9@200mm, REST@260mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 8@100mm,
1RB-7 8.75 0.35 0.56
8pcs 7pcs 9@200mm, REST@260mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 4@100mm,
1RB-8 5.0 0.35 0.56
5pcs 3pcs 5@200mm, REST@260mm
16 ømm- 20 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 6@100mm,
1RB-9 5.6 0.35 0.56
5pcs 6pcs 7@200mm, REST@260mm
20 ømm- 25 ømm- 10ømm -1@50mm, 7@100mm,
1RB-10 7.8 0.35 0.56
6pcs 7pcs 8@200mm, REST@260mm

Table 4.13.Schedule of Second Floor Column


MARK NO. OF BARS RSB @ SPACING
LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT RSB OF
(SQUARE @ MAIN LATERAL @ LATERAL
(L) (b) (h) MAIN BARS
TIED) BARS TIES TIES
C20 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C21 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C22 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C23 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C24 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C25 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C26 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C30 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C31 0.45 0.45 2.7 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C32 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C33 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C34 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 10


Continued of Table 4.13
C35 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C36 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C37 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C38 0.65 0.65 2.7 25 10pcs 10 450mm
NO. OF BARS RSB @ SPACING
MARK DIAMETER HEIGHT RSB OF
@ MAIN LATERAL @LATERAL
(SPIRAL) (d) (h) MAIN BARS
BARS TIES TIES
C27 0.56 2.7 25 6pcs 10 53mm PITCH
C28 0.69 2.7 25 8pcs 10 54mm PITCH
C29 0.56 2.7 25 6pcs 10 53mm PITCH

Table 4.14.Schedule of Second Floor Slab

DIMENSSION(mm) SHORT DIRECTION LONG DIRECTION


TYPE
MARK OF RSB SPACING SPACING SPACING SPACING
Length Width Height SLABS @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN
(Lb) (L) (t)
STRIP STRIP STRIP STRIP
1S-1 17500 5600 200 O.W.S 10 100mm 200mm
1S-2 8750 7800 200 T.W.S 10 100mm 100mm 100mm 100mm
1S-3 5600 5000 200 T.W.S 10 100mm 100mm 100mm 100mm

Table 4.15.Schedule of Wall Footing

SPACING OF
RSB @ RSB @ NO. OF
BARS @
MARK LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT MAIN TEMPERATURE BARS @
TEMPERATURE
BARS BARS MAIN BARS
BARS
WF1 5.6 0.80 0.20 16mm 10mm 4 210
WF2 7.8 1.10 0.30 16mm 10mm 4 210
WF3 5.2 0.70 0.20 16mm 10mm 4 210
WF4 5.0 0.70 0.20 16mm 10mm 4 210
WF5 7.1 1.0 0.30 16mm 10mm 4 210
WF6 15.6 2.10 0.50 16mm 10mm 4 210

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 11


Table 4.16.Schedule of Ground Floor Slabs
DIMENSSION
SHORT DIRECTION LONG DIRECTION
(mm) TYPE
MARK OF RSB SPACING SPACING SPACING SPACING
Length Width Height SLABS @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN
(Lb) (L) (t)
STRIP STRIP STRIP STRIP
S-1 17500 5600 200 - 10 100mm 200mm
S-2 8750 7800 200 - 10 100mm 200mm
S-3 8750 7800 200 - 10 100mm 200mm
S-4 15600 5000 200 - 10 100mm 200mm
S-5 5600 5000 200 - 10 100mm 200mm

Table 4.17.Schedule of Ground Floor Column


MARK NO. OF BARS RSB @ Spacing
LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT RSB OF
(SQUARE @ MAIN LATERAL @ LATERAL
(L) (b) (h) MAIN BARS
TIED) BARS TIES TIES
C39 0.45 0.45 5.5 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C40 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C41 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C42 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C43 0.45 0.45 5.5 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C44 0.45 0.45 5.5 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C45 0.45 0.45 5.5 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C49 0.45 0.45 5.5 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C50 0.45 0.45 5.5 25 4pcs 10 400mm
C51 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C52 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C53 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C54 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C55 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C56 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
C57 0.65 0.65 5.5 25 10pcs 10 450mm
NO. OF BARS RSB @ Spacing
MARK DIAMETER RSB OF
HEIGHT(h) @ MAIN LATERAL @ LATERAL
(SPIRAL) (d) MAIN BARS
BARS TIES TIES
C46 0.56 5.5 25 6pcs 10 53mm PITCH
C47 0.69 5.5 25 8pcs 10 54mm PITCH
C48 0.56 5.5 25 6pcs 10 53mm PITCH

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 12


Table 4.18.Schedule of Footing

NO. OF BARS
LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT RSB OF MAIN
MARK @ MAIN BARS
(L) (b) (h) BARS
BOTHWAYS
F1 2.5 2.5 0.360 28mm 6
F2 4.0 4.0 0.570 32mm 12
F3 4.0 4.0 0.570 32mm 12
F4 4.0 4.0 0.570 32mm 12
F5 2.5 2.5 0.360 28mm 6
F6 2.5 2.5 0.360 28mm 6
F7 2.5 2.5 0.360 28mm 6
F8 4.5 4.5 0.690 32mm 17
F9 5.5 5.5 0.820 32mm 26
F10 4.5 4.5 0.690 32mm 17
F11 2.5 2.5 0.360 28mm 6
F12 2.5 2.5 0.360 28mm 6
F13 3.0 3.0 0.380 28mm 8
F14 5.0 5.0 0.710 32mm 19
F15 5.0 5.0 0.710 32mm 19
F16 5.0 5.0 0.710 32mm 19
F17 3.0 3.0 0.380 28mm 8
F18 2.5 2.5 0.360 28mm 6
F19 2.5 2.5 0.360 28mm 6

Table 4.19.Schedule of Ramps (Beam)


RSB & NO. RSB & NO.
LENGTH WIDTH HEIGHT
MARK OF BARS @ OF BARS @ RSB&SPACING OF STIRRUPS
(L) (b) (h)
SUPPORT MIDSPAN
10 ømm -1@50mm, 5@100mm,
20 ømm- 25 ømm-
RB-1 15.8 0.44 0.70 6@210mm, 7@240mm,
9pcs 11pcs
8@300mm, REST@330mm
10 ømm -1@50mm, 5@100mm,
20 ømm- 25 ømm-
RB-2 16 0.44 0.70 6@210mm, 7@240mm,
10pcs 11pcs
8@300mm, REST@330mm

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 13


Table 4.20.Schedule of Ramps (Slab)
DIMENSSION
SHORT DIRECTION LONG DIRECTION
(mm) TYPE
MARK
OF RSB SPACING SPACING SPACING SPACING
(SLAB) Length Width Height SLABS @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN @ MIDDLE @ COLUMN
(Lb) (L) (t)
STRIP STRIP STRIP STRIP
RS-1 15800 5000 200 O.W.S 10 100mm 200mm
RS-2 16000 5000 200 O.W.S 10 100mm 200mm

Table 4.21.Schedule of Stair


HEIGHT OF RSB OF
LENGTH WIDTH RSB OF MAIN
MARK STEPS TEMPERATURE
(L) (b) BARS
(h) BARS
SW 4.5 2.6 0.18 16mm 10mm

Table 4.22. Summary of Project Cost and Estimate


Item Description Sub Total (Php.)
ITEM NO. I - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 60,000.00
ITEM NO. II - EARTHWORKS 277,284.80
ITEM NO. III - CONCRETE & STEEL WORKS 6,332,960.62
ITEM NO. IV - MASONRY WORKS 2,571,073.50
ITEM NO. V - SCAFFOLDING 607,581.50
ITEM NO. VI - FORMWORKS 397,226.15
ITEM NO. VII - PAINTING WORKS 813,975.00
ITEM NO. VIII – TILE WORKS 30,470.00
ITEM NO. IX – DOORS AND WINDOWS 4,360.00
ITEM NO. X - ELECTRICAL 100,000.00
ITEM NO. XI - PLUMBING 100,000.00
ITEM NO. XII - PROJECT CLOSEOUT 250,000.00
TOTAL PROJECT COST ₱ 11,544,931.57

Table 4.23. Activities in Construction of Three-Storey Parking Building

Item Activities Duration (Days) Cost (Php)


A Clearing and grubbing 3 ₱ 90,450.00
B Temporary facilities, waterline & powerline 3 ₱ 10,000.00
C Layout 2 ₱ 52,440.50
D Excavation 6 ₱ 48,725.50
Fabrication of steel for footing, column & wall
E 4 ₱ 256,116.36
footing

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 14


Continued of Table 4.23
F Fabrication of forms for column 3 ₱ 21,860.00
G Installation of steel for footing and column 4 ₱ 256,116.36
H Installation of forms for column 2 ₱ 21,860.00
I Pouring of concrete for footing 5 ₱ 498,200.00
J Pouring of concrete for column 5 ₱ 109,300.00
K Pouring of concrete for wall footing 3 ₱ 115,600.00
L Removing of forms to column 2 ₱ 10,930.00
M Backfilling 3 ₱ 45,681.00
Fabrication of steel for beam & column in
N 4 ₱ 77,812.25
Ground to 2nd floor
Fabrication of forms for beam & column in
O 3 ₱ 25,552.45
Ground to 2nd floor
Installation of steel for beam & column in
P 4 ₱ 77,812.25
Ground to 2nd floor
Installation of forms & scaffolding for beam &
Q 2 ₱ 243,032.50
column in Ground to 2nd floor
Pouring of concrete for beam & column in
R 5 ₱ 79,920.00
Ground to 2nd floor
Removing of forms to beam & column in
S 2 ₱ 29,970.00
Ground to 2nd floor
T Installation of plumbing for Ground to 2nd floor 2 ₱ 50,000.00
U Installation of electrical for Ground to 2nd floor 2 ₱ 25,000.00
V Installation of steel for slab in 2nd floor 3 ₱ 461,214.75
Installation of forms & scaffolding for slab in
W 2 ₱ 243,032.50
2nd floor
X Pouring of concrete for slab in 2nd floor 3 ₱ 225,888.00
Construction of stairway for Ground to 2nd
Y 3 ₱ 30,112.50
floor
Z Construction of wall for 1st floor 5 ₱ 768,338.70
AA Wall plastering for 1st floor 4 ₱ 512,225.80
BB Removing of forms to slab 2nd floor 2 ₱ 56,472.00
Fabrication of steel for beam & column in 2nd
CC 4 ₱ 77,812.25
to 3rd floor
Fabrication of forms for beam & column in 2nd
DD 3 ₱ 25,552.45
to 3rd floor
Installation of steel for beam & column in 2nd
EE 4 ₱ 77,812.25
to 3rd floor
Installation of forms & scaffolding for beam &
FF 2 ₱ 243,032.50
column 2nd to 3rd floor
Pouring of concrete for beam & column in
GG 5 ₱ 79,920.00
2nd to 3rd floor
II Installation of electrical for 2nd to 3rd floor 2 ₱ 25,000.00
JJ Installation of steel for slab in 3rd floor 3 ₱ 461,214.75
Installation of forms & scaffolding for slab in
KK 2 ₱ 243,032.50
3rd floor

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 15


Continued of Table 4.23
LL Pouring of concrete for slab in 3rd floor 3 ₱ 225,888.00
MM Construction of stairway for 2nd to 3rd floor 3 ₱ 30,112.50
NN Construction of wall for 2nd floor 5 ₱ 768,338.70
OO Wall plastering for 2nd floor 4 ₱ 512,225.80
PP Removing of forms to slab 3rd floor 2 ₱ 56,472.00
Fabrication of steel for beam & column in 3rd
QQ 4 ₱ 77,812.25
floor to roof slab
Fabrication of forms for beam & column in 3rd
RR 3 ₱ 25,552.45
floor to roof slab
Installation of steel for beam & column in 3rd
SS 4 ₱ 77,812.25
floor to roof slab
Installation of forms & scaffolding for beam &
TT 2 ₱ 243,032.50
column 3rd floor to roof slab
Pouring of concrete for beam & column 3rd
UU 5 ₱ 79,920.00
floor to roof slab
Removing of forms to slab, beam & column
VV 2 ₱ 29,970.00
3rd floor to roof slab
Installation of electrical for 3rd floor to roof
WW 2 ₱ 25,000.00
slab
XX Installation of steel for slab in roof slab 3 ₱ 461,214.75
YY Pouring of concrete for slab in roof slab 3 ₱ 225,888.00
ZZ Construction of wall for 3rd floor 5 ₱ 768,338.70
3A Wall plastering for 3rd floor 4 ₱ 512,225.80
3B Installation of steel for slab in ground floor 3 ₱ 461,214.75
3C Pouring of concrete for slab in ground floor
3 ₱ 225,888.00
slab
3D Installation of doors and windows 2 ₱ 6,540.00
3E Tile Works for Comfort Room 1 ₱ 30,470.00
3F Installations of plumbing fixtures 3 ₱ 50,000.00
3G Painting works 6 ₱ 813,975.00
3H Installations of electrical wiring 4 ₱ 25,000.00
3I Demobilization 4 ₱ 10,000.00
3J Project closeout 3 ₱ 125,000.00
Total cost ₱ 11,544,931.57

Project Cost and Estimate the critical path, A-C-D-I-J-L-O-Q-T-R-S-V-W-X-AA-


EE-II-GG-MM-NN-RR-PP-SS-TT-UU-ZZ-3A-3H-3D-
The total cost of the project is 11,544,931.57 3G-3I-3J with the total project duration of 112 working
pesos. Duration of the Project: The figures that follow days. In Figure 4.35, determines the quarterly
show the duration and the S-Curve of the project. material cost of the project with the help of S-Curve.
Figure 4.34 is a representation of activities in
Construction of Three Storey Parking Building in a
network diagram. Also, it shows activities that lie in

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 16


SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS & There were 57 pieces of columns to be
RECOMMENDATIONS constructed in the proposed building. These columns
were designed to resist the loads applied in the
Summary structure. For the design of square tied columns, they
should have different dimensions. Reinforced steel
Generally, this study aims to design a bars to be used will be 4 pieces of 25 mm in diameter
proposed three-storey parking building at Capiz State and 8 pieces of 28 mm in diameter, Lateral ties to be
University Main Campus. Specifically, this study aims used were designed to be 10 mm in diameter and
to (1) Determine an appropriate site for the proposed must be spaced at 400 mm and 450 mm vertically
three-storey parking building; (2) Prepare working (See Table 4.10, 4.13, 4.17 Schedule of Columns).
plans of the project; (3) Design a three-storey parking The proposed building requires 19 pieces of
building; (4) Estimate the cost and duration of the footing. Footing dimensions was designed which
three-storey parking building; (5) Prepare PERT/CPM varies from 0.36m x 2.5 m x 2.5m, 0.57m x 4.0m x
of the project. 4.0m, 0.69m x 4.5m x4.5m, 0.82m x 5.5m x 5.5m and
This study focused on the analysis of loads 0.38m x 3.0m x 3.0m with reinforcement main bars of
to be applied on the structure as well as the design of 28mm& 32mm diameter and spaced of bars both
reinforced concrete beams, slabs, stair, wall footing, ways (See Table 4.18 Schedule of Footings).
ramps, columns and footing. Estimated total costs of There were 16 pieces of wall footing
the project was also included in this study to designed which varies from dimension of thickness,
determine the total cost and duration of the project. length and width respectively of 150mm x 15600mm x
The preparation of the building plans was started 1400mm with reinforcement main bars of 16mm
originally by the researchers will be completed by diameter and reinforcement temperature bars of
means of the imagination, knowledge and ideas of the 10mm diameter and spaced of bars both ways (See
researchers based on the Building Plan Specifications Table 4.15 Schedule of Wall Footings).
and Standards by using AutoCAD 2017. For stair, the design for trend of stairs were
The structural load analyses used in this 0.25m, rise of stairs of 2.6m, covering of steel from
project in order to determine the loads that the outermost fiber of concrete is 25mm the result of main
structure can resist through time was the portal bars and temperature bars (See Table 4.21 Schedule
method and analysis of vertical method. The of Stair).
Structural Design analyses used in this project was to The site location of the proposed project is at
design two–way slabs, singly reinforced beams, Capiz State University- Main Campus, Roxas City,
eccentrically loaded tied and spiral columns, and the site is specified as Bontog Clay. The unit weight
foundation that the structure can withstand through of soil is 20 Kilo-Newton per cubic meter (KN/m3 ).
ages. The duration of the project is 112 days with a total
The proposed building will require 30 pieces construction cost of 11,544,931.57 pesos. This is due
of beams. In designing the beams it was computed to the project’s bill of materials with 40% labor cost of
that the beam dimension varied from every construction activities.
350mmx560mm, 230mmx380mm & 240mmx400mm.
The reinforcements used was found out to be 4 to 10 Conclusions
pieces, 3 to 8 pieces, 2 to 5 pieces of 25mm, 20mm &
16mm diameter of reinforced steel bars respectively The proposed study of three storey parking
and stirrups is 10 mm spaced from the critical section building for Capiz State University Stakeholders was
of the beam (See Table 4,7, 4.9, 4.12 Schedule of originally a proposed study of the researchers. The
Beams). great challenge to the researchers is to formulate an
Concrete slab were designed into two slab original design and analysis for the structure. While
system and one way slab system that resulted to considering the plan originally made by the
having a uniform thickness of 200 mm with 10 mm researcher, the researchers analyzed and designed
diameter which varied in spacing at continuous edge, the structure. Based on the result of the study, the
midspan, and discontinuous edge of the concrete slab researchers concluded the following: (1) the analysis
(See Table 4.8, 4.11, 4.14 Schedule of Slabs). of structure was based on the structural analysis by

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 17


Asslam Kassimali for the procedure of analysis of REFERENCES
lateral load & vertical load,(2) the design of the
structural member of Three Storey Parking Building Begas, J.G. et. al., 2018. Structural Analysis and
for Capiz State University Stakeholders considered Design of a Proposed Multi-Storey
the Design of Reinforced Concrete by Jack C. Tenement Housing for Informal Settlers.
McCormac and Russell H.Brown and Structural Steel
Design by Jack C. McCormac and Stephen F. Besa, A.J.S. et. al., 2016. Proposed Two-Storey
Csernak. For reinforced concrete designed procedure Trade Center at Dao, Capiz Capiz State
was very useful for designing the dimension and University Main Campus, Roxas City
reinforcement of beam, column, slab, stairway, wall
footing and column. (3) the researchers had Fajardo, M.B. 2005. Construction Management. 4th
estimated the total project cost of 12,996,376.85 edition.
pesos. The estimate of the proposed building was
based on the Simplified Construction Estimate by Fajardo, M.B. JR. 2011. Simplified Construction
Max B. Fajardo Jr. The reference of this book was estimate 2000 edition.
interesting and easy to calculate in terms of estimated
of concrete works, metal works, masonry works, Gillesania, D.I.T. 2013. Reinforced Concrete for
scaffolding, formworks, and earthworks,(4) for the Design Procedures.
preparation of program of work, it was based through
the material bill of estimated cost that serve for their Hibbeler, H.C. 2008. Structural Analysis 8th Edition.
accommodated working price for particular area of
work and the distribution of flow for the works will Kassimali, A. 2011. Structural Analysis Fourth
made the network diagram for distinguished the Edition.
critical path of the work that will not be delayed,(5) the
time frame will serve as the determination of how McCormac, J.C. and R.H. Brown 2001. Reinforced
much amount to be spend in every quarter to be sure Concrete Design 9th Edition.
that the project where in the right tract of working
days; and, the researchers concluded that the McCormac, J.C. et al.2002.Structural Steel 5th
structure will be completed after 3.73 months or 112 edition.
calendar days.
Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines.
Recommendations National Structural code of the Philippine 2015
Volume 1: Buildings Towers and other vertical
Based on the result of the analysis, design structures 7th edition.
and estimates of the proposed project, the
researchers arrived at the following WWW.Civilsimplified.Com.
recommendations:
1. For supplementary study, the next researcher WWW.Engineeringwiki.Org.
must provide a plumbing design for sanitation as
well as electrical design for the safety of http://www.aucklanddesignmanual.co.nz/sites-and-
occupant of the parking building. buildings/mixed-
2. For the supplementary study, this should be open use/guidance/accommodatingcars/layoutnadconfigura
for the propose way towards the Parking
Building. tion/goodpracticeparkingbuildingdesign#/sites-and-
3. For the stakeholders of Capiz State University, buildings/mixed-
we recommend that, this proposed three storey use/guidance/accommodatingcars/layoutnadconfigura
parking building must be implemented for the tion/parking%20angles
future expansion of the population of students as
well as the increase of stakeholders and also for www.geotechnical-engineering/unit-weights-and-
the future development of the school. densities-soil/parameter/angle-of-friction.html

ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH JOURNAL Page 18