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Fazaia College of Education

DLD Project Lab Report

Submitted To: Ma’am Ayesha

Submitted By: Rushna Sohail

Submission Date: 21 June, 2019


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Table of Contents
1. Logic Gates ............................................................................................................3
1.2.1 Truth Table .................................................................................................4
1.2.2 AND gate circuit .........................................................................................4
1.3 Logic NOT Gate ...............................................................................................5
1.3.1 Truth Table .................................................................................................5
1.3.2 NOT gate circuit .........................................................................................5
1.4 Logic OR Gate ..................................................................................................6
1.4.1 Truth Table .................................................................................................6
1.4.2 OR gate circuit ............................................................................................6
2. Boolean Expression ..............................................................................................7
2.1 Truth Table........................................................................................................7
2.2 Expression circuit .............................................................................................7
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1. Logic Gates
A gate is an elementary building block of a digital circuit. Most gates have two

inputs and one output. At any given moment, every terminal is in one of the two

binary conditions low (0) or high (1), represented by different voltage levels.

These gates are the AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, EXOR and EXNOR gates.

1.2 Logic AND Gate

The Logic AND Gate is a type of digital logic circuit whose output goes HIGH to a

logic level 1 only when all of its inputs are HIGH.

The output state of a digital logic AND gate only returns “LOW” again

when ANY of its inputs are at a logic level “0”. In other words for a logic AND

gate, any LOW input will give a LOW output.


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1.2.1 Truth Table

1.2.2 AND gate circuit


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1.3 Logic NOT Gate

A NOT gate performs logical negation on its input. In other words, if the input is

true, then the output will be false. Similarly, a false input results in a true output.

1.3.1 Truth Table

1.3.2 NOT gate circuit


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1.4 Logic OR Gate

The OR gate is an electronic circuit that gives a high output (1) if one or more of

its inputs are high. A plus (+) is used to show the OR operation.

1.4.1 Truth Table

1.4.2 OR gate circuit


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2. Boolean Expression
2.1 Truth Table

A B A’ B’ A’B AB’ A’B+AB’


0 0 1 1 0 0 0
0 1 1 0 1 0 1
1 0 0 1 0 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0

2.2 Expression circuit

Figure 1
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Figure 2

Figure 3