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Advantages and disadvantages of gears

Author: Technical Editor Category: Mechanical Articles 4 Dec 14

1. By using gear trains, large velocity ratio can be obtained with minimum space.

2. Gears are mechanically strong, so higher loads can be lifted.

3. Gears are used for transmission of large H.F.

4. They are used for transmitting motion over small centre distance of shafts

5. They are used for large reduction in speed and for transmission of torque.

6. Gears require only lubrication, hence less maintenance is required.

7. Using gear systems, we can transmit motion between non-parallel intersecting shafts.

8. They are used for positive drive, so its velocity ratio remains constant.

9. They have long life, so the gear system is very compact.

Disadvantages of gears

1. They are not suitable for large velocities.

2. They are not suitable for transmitting motion over a large distance.

3. Due to the engagement of toothed wheel of gears, some part of machine may get permanently damaged in case of excessive loading.

4. They have no flexibility.

5. Gear operation is noisy.

What is a Gear?

A Gear is a machine component, which is used to transmit mechanical power from one shaft to the other by successively engaging its teeth. Gears
are one of the most used method of mechanical power transmission in the machines. Power transmission by the gears have almost 100% efficiency.

Helical gears or helical spur gears

Helical gears are almost same as spur gears but they have inclined teeth for uniform and silent teeth meshing. Power transmitting capacity of helical
spur gears is more than that of normal spur gears.

Double helical gears

The the helical gears some unbalanced force remains in the system due to inclined teeth so, to balance that unbalanced force we use double helical
gears which has inclined teeth in both the directions.

One should note that there is a gap between two sets of inclined teeth. Power transfer capacity of double helical gear is more than simple helical

Helical Gear


• The angled teeth engage more gradually than do spur gear teeth causing them to run more smoothly and quietly

• Helical gears are highly durable and are ideal for high load applications.

• At any given time their load is distributed over several teeth, resulting in less wear

• Can transmit motion and power between either parallel or right angle shafts

• An obvious disadvantage of the helical gears is a resultant thrust along the axis of the gear, which needs to be accommodated by
appropriate thrust bearings, and a greater degree of sliding friction between the meshing teeth, often addressed with additives in the lubricant. Thus
we can say that helical gears cause losses due to the unique geometry along the axis of the helical gear’s shaft.

• Efficiency of helical gear is less because helical gear trains have sliding contacts between the teeth which in turns produce axial thrust of
gear shafts and generate more heat. So, more power loss and less efficiency

Ortiz, R. (28 de julio de 2014). ECURED. benefits of transmission systems . Available at the URL: https://www.ecured.cu/Relaci%C3%B3n_de_transmisi%C3%B3n

Prant, T. (12 de febrero de 2017). Ingemecanica. Transmission for gears. Available at the URL: https://ingemecanica.com/tutorialsemanal/tutorialn150.html

Smith, R. (03 de mayo de 2015). Giga motors. Obtained from transmission relation ship. Available at the URL: https://motorgiga.com/relacion-de-transmision/gmx-niv15

Thayer, O. L. (2012). Transmission by gears and toothed pulleys . MCI, 6-10.

(Ortiz, 2014) (Prant, 2017) (Smith, 2015) (Thayer, 2012)

Power transmission with helical gears

Is it possible to improve the transmission of power with helical gears ?, Although the helical
gears have a high manufacturing cost and their surface wear is accelerated, however tests
show that the high manufacturing cost is compensated with an improvement of the
transmitted power. This document investigation demonstrates what are the benefits of
using helical gears to transmit power in shafts. (Thayer, 2012)…….The use of helical gears
in the power transmission generates a high precision in the transmission ratio. (Smith,
2015) Therefore, a higher power transmitted on the driven shaft is generated and with this
increases the efficiency of the transmission system, due to the fact that its teeth have a
helical shape with respect to the driving shaft, they have a greater contact area, which
results in a greater grip between the pinion and the crown, thus reducing surface wear.
(Prant, 2017)……..The helical gears to be used in transmission systems, these can work at
high speeds. This means that this type of systems have a large field of application in the
industrial field, particularly in machines or equipment that have elements in constant
rotation. In addition, the surface finish of your teeth can reduce the vibrations and noise
generated by the rotation and friction between the faces of the gears. (Ortiz,
2014)………These transmission systems have great advantages over other systems, when
what is required is to transmit high power and work at high speeds. (Ortiz, 2014) But this
produces an increase in expenses, due to the fact that its manufacturing cost is high due
to the unconventional shape of its teeth and requires a continuous lubrication system so
that there is no wear due to the friction generated, which requires a constant
maintenance. (Prant, 2017)……..Based on these arguments, it is concluded that the helical
gears have the best characteristics to transmit power at high speeds and with a very
accurate transmission ratio, benefiting the production of series elements that industrially
is of great importance at present.