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3.

Two batches of soil samples have been utilized to determine the moisture content extracted from
different sections. The data are as follows:

Batch A, % Batch B, %
14.56 18.67
11.56 15.67
9.76 13.87
11.33 15.44
12.67 16.78

By comparing the data as pairs by Pooled Test:

 Adapting 𝛼 = 0.05
 Solve for mean, SD and n:

Batch Batch
A, % B, %
14.56 18.67
11.56 15.67
9.76 13.87
11.33 15.44
12.67 16.78
Mean, 𝑥̅ 11.976 16.086
Sample Standard 1.7790 1.7449
Deviation, SD
n, no. of elements 5 5

𝑆1 2 (𝑛1 −1) + 𝑆2 2 (𝑛2 −1) 1.77902 (4) + 1.74492 (4)


 SP 2 = →√ = 1.7620
(𝑛1 −1) +(𝑛2 −1) 4+4
1 1 1 1
 𝑆𝐸 = SP √𝑛 + 𝑛 → 1.7620√5 + 5 = 1.1144
1 2
̅̅̅̅
𝑋1 − ̅̅̅̅
𝑋2 11.976−16.086
 t= = = - 3.6881
𝑆𝐸 1.1144
 Degree of Freedom , 𝑑𝑓 = 10 – 2 = 8
 for tcritical = - 1.8596
 Since - 3.6881 < - 1.8596 there is a large significant difference between two means.

By solving the data individually:

Proof:

 Adapting 𝛼 = 0.05
 Solve for mean, SD and n:

Batch Batch
A, % B, %
14.56 18.67
11.56 15.67
9.76 13.87
11.33 15.44
12.67 16.78
Mean, 𝑥̅ 11.976 16.086
Sample Standard 1.7790 1.7449
Deviation, SD
n, no. of elements 5 5

𝑥̅𝐴 − 𝑥̅𝐵 11.976− 16.086


 Solve for t = → 1.77902 1.74492
= - 4.731
𝑆 2 𝑆 2 √( + )
√( 𝐴 + 𝐵 ) 5 5
𝑛𝐴 𝑛𝐵

 𝑑𝑓 = 𝑛 − 1→ 5 – 1 = 4
 for t = - 4.731 → area at the left and right of the bell curve, probability = 0.0046
 Interpretation:

Since 0.0046 < 0.05, there is no significant difference between the two means of the
sample.