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21st Century Literature from the Philippines and

the World (ENGL-121) - 2S Grade 11


CREATED BY KUYA PIOLO
Week 1-10
Wag sana maraming reaklamo dyan bibinigyan
kayo ng sagot
2nd attempt perfect kana
Tang ina nyo gago bobo
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tanong sa oed sa source.
Nakalagay naman po yong correct yong po ang
sagot

LEARNING ACTIVITY 1

"A big blue house, with a well-kept rose garden," is an example of a:

Select one:

a. Setting as Place CORRECT

b. Effects of Setting

c. Setting as Cultural Context (Condition)

d. Setting as Time
This Manobo/Ilianon tale tells the adventures of a hero and his people, and their journey to Nalandangan.

Select one:

a. Biag ni Lam-ang

b. The Agyu CORRECT

c. Aliguyon

d. Labaw-Donggon

The "Treaty of Paris" between Spain and the United States ceded the Philippines to US for how much?

Select one:

a. $2,000,000

b. $200,000,000

c. $20,000,000 CORRECT

d. $30,000,000

Dubbed as the Great Propagandist, he was known for being a master in the use of his native language, Tagalog.

Select one:

a. Marcelo H. Del Pilar CORRECT

b. Graciano Lopez-Jaena

c. Mariano Ponce

d. Jose P. Rizal

The writers in Spanish were accustomed to write literary works that have themes of nationalism because they want to honor
Jose Rizal.

Select one:

True CORRECT

False

Jose Corazon de Jesus began a famous column in Taliba called _____

Select one:
a. Buhay Filipino

b. Buhay Maynila CORRECT

c. Buhay Pilipinas

d. Buhay Manileno

In Marcelo h. Del Pilar's Dasalan at Tocsohan, which of the following is said to be the Fifth Commandment of the Spanish Friars?

Select one:

a. "Manalangin ka sa Prayle Linggo man at piyesta."

b. "Huwag kang makinakaw."

c. "Huwag kang mamamatay kung wala pang salaping panlibing." CORRECT

d. "Sambahin mo ang Payle lalo na sa lahat."

It is easy to interpret poems.

Select one:

True

False CORRECT

A traditional depiction of the events before and after Jesus Christ was crucified.

Select one:

a. Sarsuela

b. Duplo

c. Moro-moro

d. Senakulo CORRECT

The following are known as Poets of the Heart (Makata ng Puso) except one:

The correct answer is: Aurelio Tolentino

He was a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of the Spanish Literature.

The correct answer is: Cecilio Apostol

He was recognized in the Hispanic world as the "greatest Filipino epic poet writing in Spanish."
The correct answer is: Cecilio Apostol

It is a narrative poem written in four-line stanzas.

Jose Corazon de Jesus was most notable for writing which poem?
a: BAYAN KO

The correct answer is: Ballad

In a drama, the plot encompasses all the incidents and provides aesthetic pleasure.

The correct answer is: 'True'

The following are Bathala's daughters to a mortal woman except:

The correct answer is: Mayari

It is the emotional high point of the story. It is also the most exciting part.

The correct answer is: Climax

Which part of the Ilokano epic Biag ni Lam-ang, tells the story of Lam-ang's quest to find the Igorots?

The correct answer is: The Quest for the Father

It is an example of an epic poem which tells the story of Jesus Christ's life, trials, and sufferings, and is sung during Holy Week.

The correct answer is: Pasyon

The Tagalog god of the sea, originally the god of the hunters.

The correct answer is: Amanikable

A short piece of fiction that is a "bite size" version of a novel.

The correct answer is: Short Story

A mystifying, misleading or puzzling question posed as a problem to be solved or guessed.

The correct answer is: Riddle

It is an artistic piece of philosophical, personal, imaginative or inspirational nature that is laid out in lines.

The correct answer is: Poetry

The following are means for an alipin to become a freeman EXCEPT:

The correct answer is: Getting captured in war

Doctrina Cristiana was the first religious book published in the Philippines on July 15, 1593.

The correct answer is: 'True'

It is an allegory with moral or religious bent.

Select one:
a. fable
b. fantasy
c. allusion
d. parable

SHORT QUIZ 1

The name of Lam-ang's love interest.

The correct answer is: Ines Cannoyan

It was the first novel written in Spanish by a Filipino, which revolves around the misery of a woman who died of cholera.

The correct answer is: Ninay

Most English newspapers were ordered to stop its operations during the Japanese regime.

The correct answer is: 'True'

It is simply defined as a product of one's imaginative mind. It can be a drama, short story, novel, myth, folktale, and poetry.

The correct answer is: Fictional Literature

The author who was known as the "comma poet," introducing a unique style of poetry.

The correct answer is: Jose Garcia Villa

The correct answer is: Which part of the Ilokano epic Biag ni Lam-ang, tells the story of Lam-ang's quest to find the Igorots?

The correct answer is: The Quest for the Father

In the story of Malakas and Maganda, the children who ran away from their father and ran outside became the Alipin.

The correct answer is: 'False'

___ is a long narrative poem, telling heroic deeds or events.

The correct answer is: Epic

Not every poem has a speaker.

The correct answer is: 'False'

The Japanese encouraged nationalism, or the love for one's motherland.


The correct answer is: 'True'

These are short poems which express the personal thoughts or emotions of the poet.

The correct answer is: Lyric poems

Jose Garcia Villa's Bayan Ko was set to music by Constancio de Guzman and became a popular song during the Marcos
dictatorship.

The correct answer is: 'False'

He wrote "Banaag at Sikat" which was renowned for its depiction of certain issues of socialism and capitalism.

The correct answer is: Lope K. Santos

It is a story about animals that possess human traits.

The correct answer is: 'Fable'

____ is a famous comedy play written by Francisco "Soc" Rodrigo that portrays people's weaknesses.

The correct answer is: Sa Pula, Sa Puti

"The future looks fantastic, what with the flying cars and modern technology." This is an example of a:

The correct answer is: 'Setting as Time'

Claro M. Recto wrote for La Vanguardia under what penname?

The correct answer is: 'Aristeo Hilario'

Jose Garcia Villa won P1,000 from the Philippines Free Press, which he used to migrate to the United States and enroll at
University of Mexico.

The correct answer is: 'True'

This was deemed as the first novel ever written in the Philippines.

The correct answer is: Barlaan at Josaphat

A novel that dwells on the arrogance of the friars, revealing the dire consequences tied to the marriage between the Spanish
and Filipinos.

The correct answer is: La Hija Del Fraile

In a story, it is the verbal representation of a human being.

The correct answer is: Character

The American regime enforced free public education.

The correct answer is: 'True'

"Aso

Mataas sa pag-upo,
Mababa 'pag tumayo.

Kaibigan kong ginto,

Karamay at kalaro."

The poem above is an example of:

The correct answer is: Tanaga

A poem in which the first letter of each line, when read vertically, spell out a word, which is usually the subject of the poem.

The correct answer is: Acrostic poem

A series of fairy tale stories told by an old woman who kept a loadful of stories in her ancient baul.

The correct answer is: Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang

A rhetorical device, a witty, ingenious, or pointed saying that is tersely expressed.

The correct answer is: epigram

The American Period had influenced the Philippine Literature.

The correct answer is: 'True'

The writing system used by the Filipinos before the Spanish colonization.

The correct answer is: Baybayin

The term ___ refers to the social class consisting of freemen.

The correct answer is: timawa

Carlos P. Romulo has four bestselling works that led him to bagging the Pulitzer Prize.

The correct answer is: 'False'

Which of the following is not one of the bestselling works of Carlos P. Romulo?

The correct answer is: The Lost Ones

He is the "greatest Filipino epic poet writing in Spanish," in the Hispanic world.

The correct answer is: Cecilio Apostol

One of the writers in the Spanish era under the name Dimas-Ilaw and Pingkian who wrote "Ang Liwanag at Dilim" that became
the code of revolution.

The correct answer is: Emilio Jacinto

The goddess of love, conception and childbirth for the Tagalogs.

The correct answer is: Diyan Masalanta

The following are works by Jesus Balmori EXCEPT:


The correct answer is: Mi Patria

Filipinos already have literature before the Spaniards came to the land.

The correct answer is: 'True'

It is the repetition of the same stressed vowel sound and any succeeding sounds in two or more words.

The correct answer is: Rhyme

He came up with a poetry compilation called Crisalidas in 1914.

Select one:

a. Jose Corazon de Jesus

b. Fernando Ma. Guerrero CORRECT

c. Cecilio Apostol

d. Jose Garcia Villa

The Tagalogs believe in the supreme deity called __.

Select one:

a. Christ

b. Amanikable

c. Bathala CORRECT

d. Apolaki

The American colonization over the Philippines began in 1898 and 1941.

Select one:

True

False

"Batikuling" was a penname used by which Filipino poet?

Select one:

a. Jose Corazon de Jesus

b. Jesus Balmori

c. Jose Rizal

d. Claro M. Recto
____ is the play written by Jose Ma. Hernandez about a blacksmith from Pampanga who was the first Filipino who
made a cannon.

Select one:

a. Sino ba kayo?

b. The World is an Apple

c. Sa Pula, Sa Puti

d. Panday Pira

Severino Reyes's Ang Kalupi was first performed at the Teatro Zorilla in 1902.

Select one:

True

False
It is the repetition of vowel sounds.

Select one:
a. Assonance
b. Onomatopoeia
c. Consonance
d. Rhyme

The following are pen names of Mariano Ponce, except:

Select one:

a. Nanding

b. Taga-Ilog

c. Tikbalang

d. Kalipulako

Some of this hero's notable literary works are "El Verdadero Decalogo" (The True Decalogue or Ten
Commandments, and "Sa Bayang Pilipino" (To the Filipino nation).

Select one:

a. Antonio Luna

b. Mariano Ponce

c. Apolinario Mabini

d. Jose Maria Panganiban


The goddess of the moon and one of the three daughters of Bathala by a mortal woman.

Select one:

a. Hanan

b. Anagolay

c. Tala

d. Mayari

There are a few Spanish words integrated to our own language.

Select one:

True

False

Biag ni Lam-ang is one of the great epics that are able to survive with the help of oral transmission.

Select one:

True

False

The founder of La Vanguardia and La Opinion.

Select one:

a. Claro M. Recto

b. Cecilio Apostol

c. Jesus Balmori

d. Lope K. Santos

e. Fernando Ma. Guerrero

The writing system of Filipinos in the Pre-Spanish period.

Select one:

a. Alphabet

b. Baybayin

c. Alibata

d. none of the choices

Filipinos already have literature before the Spaniards came to the land.

Select one:

True

False
It is a narrative poem written in four-line stanzas.

Select one:

a. Free verse

b. Ballad

c. Sonnet

d. Ode

Essays that uses details related to the senses to create mental images for the reader.

Select one:

a. Descriptive essays

b. Persuasive essays

c. No correct answer

d. Expository essays

The goddess of lost things, she is also the wife of Dumakulem.

Select one:

a. Mayari

b. Anagolay

c. Dumakulem

d. Anitun Tabu

The Father of the Tagalog Zarzuela.

Select one:

a. Severino Reyes

b. Lope K. Santos

c. Jose Corazon de Jesus

d. Paz Marquez Benitez

He was one of the first Filipino writers to break free from the strict rules imposed on literature during the Propaganda
movement.

Select one:

a. Jose Maria Panganiban

b. Marcelo H. Del Pilar

c. Dr. Pedro Paterno

d. Dr. Jose Rizal

The repetition of consonant sounds in words.


Select one:

a. Alliteration

b. Onomatopoeia

c. Assonance

d. Consonance

There are more novels written during this era than poetry.

Select one:

True

False

The name of Lam-ang's love interest.


The correct answer is: Ines Cannoyan
It was the first novel written in Spanish by a Filipino, which revolves around the misery of a woman who died of
cholera.
The correct answer is: Ninay
Most English newspapers were ordered to stop its operations during the Japanese regime.
The correct answer is: 'True'
It is simply defined as a product of one's imaginative mind. It can be a drama, short story, novel, myth, folktale, and
poetry.
The correct answer is: Fictional Literature
The author who was known as the "comma poet," introducing a unique style of poetry.
The correct answer is: Jose Garcia Villa
The correct answer is: Which part of the Ilokano epic Biag ni Lam-ang, tells the story of Lam-ang's quest to find the
Igorots?
The correct answer is: The Quest for the Father
In the story of Malakas and Maganda, the children who ran away from their father and ran outside became the Alipin.
The correct answer is: 'False'
___ is a long narrative poem, telling heroic deeds or events.
The correct answer is: Epic
Not every poem has a speaker.
The correct answer is: 'False'
The Japanese encouraged nationalism, or the love for one's motherland.
The correct answer is: 'True'
These are short poems which express the personal thoughts or emotions of the poet.
The correct answer is: Lyric poems
Jose Garcia Villa's Bayan Ko was set to music by Constancio de Guzman and became a popular song during the
Marcos dictatorship.
The correct answer is: 'False'
He wrote "Banaag at Sikat" which was renowned for its depiction of certain issues of socialism and capitalism.
The correct answer is: Lope K. Santos
It is a story about animals that possess human traits.
The correct answer is: 'Fable'
____ is a famous comedy play written by Francisco "Soc" Rodrigo that portrays people's weaknesses.
The correct answer is: Sa Pula, Sa Puti
The following are Bathala's daughters to a mortal woman except:
The correct answer is: Mayari
"The future looks fantastic, what with the flying cars and modern technology." This is an example of a:
The correct answer is: 'Setting as Time'
Claro M. Recto wrote for La Vanguardia under what penname?
The correct answer is: 'Aristeo Hilario'
Jose Garcia Villa won P1,000 from the Philippines Free Press, which he used to migrate to the United States and
enroll at University of Mexico.
The correct answer is: 'True'
This was deemed as the first novel ever written in the Philippines.
The correct answer is: Barlaan at Josaphat
A novel that dwells on the arrogance of the friars, revealing the dire consequences tied to the marriage between the
Spanish and Filipinos.
The correct answer is: La Hija Del Fraile
In a story, it is the verbal representation of a human being.
The correct answer is: Character
The American regime enforced free public education.
The correct answer is: 'True'
"Aso
Mataas sa pag-upo,
Mababa 'pag tumayo.
Kaibigan kong ginto,
Karamay at kalaro."
The poem above is an example of:
The correct answer is: Tanaga
A poem in which the first letter of each line, when read vertically, spell out a word, which is usually the subject of the
poem.
The correct answer is: Acrostic poem
A series of fairy tale stories told by an old woman who kept a loadful of stories in her ancient baul.
The correct answer is: Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang
A rhetorical device, a witty, ingenious, or pointed saying that is tersely expressed.
The correct answer is: epigram
The American Period had influenced the Philippine Literature.
The correct answer is: 'True'
The writing system used by the Filipinos before the Spanish colonization.
The correct answer is: Baybayin
The term ___ refers to the social class consisting of freemen.
The correct answer is: timawa
Carlos P. Romulo has four bestselling works that led him to bagging the Pulitzer Prize.
The correct answer is: 'False'
Which of the following is not one of the bestselling works of Carlos P. Romulo?
The correct answer is: The Lost Ones
He is the "greatest Filipino epic poet writing in Spanish," in the Hispanic world.
The correct answer is: Cecilio Apostol
One of the writers in the Spanish era under the name Dimas-Ilaw and Pingkian who wrote "Ang Liwanag at Dilim" that
became the code of revolution.
The correct answer is: Emilio Jacinto
The goddess of love, conception and childbirth for the Tagalogs.
The correct answer is: Diyan Masalanta
A short piece of fiction that is a "bite size" version of a novel.
The correct answer is: Short Story
The following are works by Jesus Balmori EXCEPT:
The correct answer is: Mi Patria
Filipinos already have literature before the Spaniards came to the land.
The correct answer is: 'True'
It is the repetition of the same stressed vowel sound and any succeeding sounds in two or more words.
The correct answer is: Rhyme

ENGL-121-20172S / ► Week 9: Short Quiz / ► Short Quiz


Hinilawod is commonly sung for a period of three days, non-stop.
=False
Biag ni Lam-ang was first transcribed around 1640 by Pedro Bucaneg.
=True
The ___ magazine was stationed in Manila and contributed to the development of Hiligaynon literature.
=hiligaynon
A social and political critique that uses comedia and ineffectual character.
=Sabas Armenta
An author from Bicol whose works are known for perceptivity and fatalism.
=Angelo de Castro
Pampa Bucaneg was also known as a Chris a total of ___ syllables in octaves with rhymes at the end.
=16
The goddess of the Eastern sea in Hinilawod.
=Alunsina
Poetry from ___ possess "clarity and grace of expression."
=bicol
___ is the lingua franca of West Visayas.
=Hiligaynon
It was known as the "Bible of Northern Philippines".
=Bannawag
A song of allusion to mythical heroes.
=Siday
Biag ni Lam-ang was created before the Spaniards came.
=true
A folk theatrical that is a strictly private type of drama performed by friends and neighbors to divert a bereaved family
from their sorrow.
=Kolilisi
People of Western Visayas are more well-versed in writing myths and folktales than poetry and prose.
=True
Which of the following is not a reason why Pampango Literature did not flourish?
=geography
The Leopoldo Yabes version of the epic poem Biag ni Lam-ang consists of 206 stanzas.
=False
Leon C. Pichay is acknowledged as the Father of Ilocano Literature.
=False
Isabelo de los Reyes has ventured into journalism before he was 25.
= True
How long is Hinilawod usually sung?
=3 weeks, 2 hours a night
Mythological stories of Hiligaynons were passed through each generation by ____.
=oral transmission

ENGL-121 Week 7: Philippine Regional Literature - Ilokano (... / ► Learning Activity 2


A social and political critique that uses comedia and ineffectual character.
=Sabas Armenta
Aside from being a writer, Pedro Bucaneg was also known as a Christian missionary.
=True
It was known as the "Bible of Northern Philippines".
=. Bannawag
It tells the quest of Lam-ang to find the Igorots who murdered his father.
=The Quest for the Father
Biag ni Lam-ang is an epic poem that consists of 1744 lines.
=False
The common name of Awit and Corridos.
=kuriru
The playwright from Bicol who writes puns and mimes as double-edge statements for Spaniards.
=Mariano Shyna Perfecto
Leon C. Pichay was considered the most creative Ilocano writer in his generation.
=True
The title of Mariano Proceso Pabalan Byron's famous zarzuela that depicts a Filipino family.
=Ing Managne
Which of the following is not a reason why Pampango Literature did not flourish?
=no literary outlet

Cardinal Bellarmine's catechism was the first book that was printed in Iloko.

Select one:

True

False

The author of the Pampango murder mystery novel, "Ing Buac ning Ester" (A Strand of Ester's Hair).

Select one:

a. Crisot

b. Jose M. Gallardo

c. Amado Yuzon

d. Aurelio Tolentino

It is the story of Lam-ang and his love interest Ines Cannoyan.

Select one:

a. The Quest for the Father

b. The Birth of Lam-ang

c. The Quest for a Wife

d. The Death and Resurrection of the Hero

The Father of Pampango Literature.

Select one:

a. Mariano Proceso Pabalan Byron

b. Juan Crisostomo Soto

c. Padre Anselmo Jorge de Fajardo

The Mother of Philippine Women's Literature.

Select one:
a. Leon C. Pichay

b. Isabelo de los Reyes

c. Leona Florentino

d. Genoveva Matute

One of the famous publishing houses from Bicol.

Select one:

a. Bicolanan

b. Bicoland

c. Bicolanon

d. Bicolandio

Ilocano literature is second to Tagalog in having the greatest number of printed works.

Select one:

True

False

The writer of Anti Cristo.

Select one:

a. Valerio Zinuga

b. Asisclo Jimenez

c. Manuel Fuentebella

d. Justiniano Nuyda

Leona Florentino was congenitally blind.

Select one:

True

False

Biag ni Lam-ang was first transcribed around 1640 by Pedro Bucaneg.


Answer:True
The Bukanegan is the Ilocano version of the Balagtasan
Answer:True
Ilocano literature is second to Tagalog in having the greatest number of printed works.
Answer:True
Leon C. Pichay is acknowledged as the Father of Ilocano Literature.
Answer:False
The writer of Anti Cristo.
Answer:Justiniano Nuyda
Poetry from ___ possess "clarity and grace of expression."
Answer:Bicol
Which of the following is not a reason why Pampango Literature did not flourish?
Answer:no literary outlet
It is the story of Lam-ang and his love interest Ines Cannoyan.
Answer:The quest for a wife
Bicol Literature did not flourish because of the attitude of people towards it.
Answer:True
One of the famous publishing houses from Bicol.
Answer: Bicolanon

Leona Florentino was congenitally blind.


Answer:False
This writer detested the Spanish maladministration in the Philippines.
Answer:Isabelo de los Reyes
The title of Mariano Proceso Pabalan Byron's famous zarzuela that depicts a Filipino family.
Answer:Ing Managne
Who is known as the King of Crisotan?
Answer:Amado Yuzon
It was known as the "Bible of Northern Philippines".
Answer:Bannawag
The author of the Pampango murder mystery novel, "Ing Buac ning Ester" (A Strand of Ester's Hair).
Answer:Aurelio Tolentino
The playwright from Bicol who writes puns and mimes as double-edge statements for Spaniards.
Answer:Mariano Perfecto
The Mother of Philippine Women's Literature.
Answer:Leona Florentino
A social and political critique that uses comedia and ineffectual character.
Answer:Sabas Armenta
The Leopoldo Yabes version of the epic poem Biag ni Lam-ang consists of 206 stanzas.
Answer:False

A humorous and satiric song in Hiligaynon literature.

Select one:

a. Ballad

b. Haya

c. Siday

d. Bical

e. Awit

Vicente Y. Sotto began his journalistic career at the age of 22.

Select one:

True

False

The first short story in Sugbuanon.

Select one:

a. Maming

b. Ang Suga
c. La Justicia

d. Hinilawod

What was Pedro Bukaneg's origin, according to his name?

Select one:

a. Mangyan

b. Ibanag

c. Itneg

d. Ivatan

Bukaneg was a co-author of the Ilocano-English grammar book and dictionary.

Select one:

a. False

b. True

Hiligaynon is the lingua franca of Northern Mindanao.

Select one:

True

False

Sugbuanon is a dialect spoken in central Visayas, as well as in the greater part of northern and central Mindanao.

Select one:

True

False

Hinilawod tells the story of how the islands of Iloilo, ____ and Aklan were formed.

Select one:

a. Iloilo

b. Guimaras

c. Capiz

d. Antique

Hinilawod is the oldest and longest epic poem in Panay.

Select one:
True

False

___ refers to the Ilocano balagtasan.

Select one:

a. Bukanegan

b. None of the choices

c. Balitaw

d. Balagtas sa Balitaw

A humorous and satirical song.

Select one:

a. Ambahan

b. Haya

c. Bical

d. Siday

Pampango poetry commonly has a total of ___ syllables in octaves with rhymes at the end.

Select one:

a. 14

b. 16

c. 12

d. 8

____, also known as the Bible of Northern Philippines, was a popular weekly magazine featuring literary works from
Ilocano writers.

Select one:

a. Balitaw

b. Hinilawod

c. Bannawag

d. Bukanegan
An old ritual of formalizing an engagement to marry.

Select one:

a. Bagamundo

b. Balagtasan sa Balitaw
c. Pamalaye

d. Kolilisi

___ tells a story of the bravery of ten datus who went on a journey to escape from a tyrannical ruler.

Select one:

a. Balitaw

b. Maragtas

c. Ambahan

d. Hinilawod

Haya is a dirge that is composed of three parts.

Select one:

True

False

Leona Florentino was fluent in Spanish, Tagalog, Ilokano and English.

Select one:

a. False

b. True

Ilocano literature is heavily influenced by religion.

Select one:

a. False

b. True

___ thrive in the region because they depict history, important people and social condition.

Select one:

a. plays

b. novels

c. poems

d. dramas

e. short stories

The Yuhum magazine in Iloilo was established by:

Select one:
a. UP Press

b. Liwayway Publications

c. PDI

d. La Defensa Press

Sugbuanon literature is characterized as:

Select one:

a. Abundant and varied

b. No correct answer

c. Old and extinct

d. Unique and scarce

An incorporation of duplo and balitaw where the courtship plot becomes a mere framework for an argument on a non-
romantic subject.

Select one:

a. Bagamundo

b. Balagtasan sa Balitaw

c. Pamalaye

d. Drama-Balitaw

The name of the main character in Bucaneg's famous epic.

Select one:

a. Lam-ang

b. Bukaneg

c. Bannawag

d. Pedro

The father of Ilocano Literature.

Select one:

a. Fray Francisco Lopez

b. Leon C. Pichay

c. Pedro Bucaneg

d. Isabelo de los Reyes


It introduces the story's characters, setting, and conflict.

Select one:
a. Climax
b. Rising Action
c. Exposition
d. Falling Action
e. Resolution
A story about the tradition of Christmas in the Philippines, written to entertain and amuse the people
from Madrid.

Select one:
a. La Maestra de mi Pueblo
b. Noche Buena
c. La Hija del Fraile
d. A Mi Madre

He published his poetry book "Rimas Malayas" (Malayan Rhymes) at the age of 17 and even wrote a
satirical column for La Vanguardia called "Vida Manilenas"

Select one:
a. Cecilio Apostol
b. Jesus Balmori
c. Fernando Ma. Guerrero
d. Claro M. Recto
The name of the corrupt governor in A Child of Sorrow.

Select one:
a. Gerado Luna
b. Lucio Soliman
c. Pancho Ismael
d. Rosa

The following are known as Poets of Stage EXCEPT:

Select one:
a. Patricio Mariano
b. Aurelio Tolentino
c. Pedro Deogracias
d. Severino Reyes

It was the very first book on Ilokano grammar written by Francisco Lopez.
Select one:
a. Arte de la Lengua Ilocana
b. Arte de la Iloka
c. Arte y Regalas de la Lengua Ilokana
d. Compendio de la Lengua Iloka

Alunsina and Datu Paubari in Hinilawod had twins.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

A Hiligaynon literary form that is a ballad of unrhymed couplets.

Select one:

a. Haya

b. Awit

c. Bical

d. Ambahan

e. Siday

The story of Maragtas is about a group of datus and their escape from Borneo.

Select one:

True

False

Dubbed as the most creative Ilocano writer in his generation whose works often revolve around the theme of love for
the country, spirituality and love for their local language.

Select one:

a. Isabelo de los Reyes

b. Pedro Bucaneg

c. Leon Pichay

d. Leona Florentino
A comic representation of the love chase in aa verse dialogue of courtship that develops into a wit combat performed
in song and dance.

Select one:

a. Bagamundo
b. Duplo

c. Balitaw

d. Drama-balitaw

e. Balagtasan sa Balitaw

he ___ magazine in Iloilo helped keep literature alive.

Select one:

a. Yuhum

b. La Defensa

c. Hiligaynon

d. None of the choices

Long before the Spaniards came to the Philippines, Ilokanos have already established their own culture, along with
their own mythology and folklore.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

Which of the following is not a contribution to literature of Vicente Y. Sotto?

Select one:

a. published La Justicia in Cebu

b. the first published story in Sugbuanon, Maming

c. wrote folk theatricals in his native language

d. the first poetry in vernacular, Ang Suga

This refers to an old ritual of formalizing an engagement to marry.


answer: pamalaye

A comic representation of the love chase in a verse dialogue of courtship that develops into a wit combat performed
in song and dance.

Select one:

a. Pamalaye

b. Balitaw

c. Kolilisi

d. Duplo

One of Haya's parts that is a song regretting the loss of a loved one and extolling him.
Select one:

a. parahaya

b. siday

c. anogon

d. bical

It is a character that remains essentially the same throughout the story.

Select one:
a. developing character
b. static character
c. flat character
d. round character
It is the pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line.

Select one:
a. Rhythm
b. Alliteration
c. Assonance
d. Consonance
In a story, this character is complex, multi-faceted and has the qualities of real people.

Select one:
a. Round character
b. Flat character
c. Developing character
d. Static character

Banaag at Sikat was notable for its depiction of issues such as socialism, capitalism, and the works
of the united association of laborers.

Select one:
True
False

The correct answer is:

Match the writer to his/her famous literary work.

Claro M. Recto - [Bajo los Cocoteros]

Jose Corazon de Jesus - [Bayan Ko]


Dr. Pedro Paterno - [Ninay]

Mariano Ponce - [Mga Alamat ng Bulacan]

Jose Esperanza Cruz - [Tatlong Maria]

Fr. Modesto de Castro - [Urbana and Feliza]

Clodualdo del Mundo - [Bulaga]

Jose Ma. Hernandez - [Panday Pira]

Stevan Javellana - [The Lost Ones]

Narciso G. Reyes - [Lupang Tinubuan]

Paz Marquez Benitez - [Dead Stars]

Liwayway Arceo - [Uhaw ang Tigang ng Lupa]

Graciano Lopez-Jaena - [Fray Botod]

Marcelo H. Del Pilar - [Dasalan at Tocsohan]

Jose Maria Panganiban - [A Nuestro Obispo]

Andres Bonifacio - [Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa]

Apolinario Mabini - [El Verdadero Decalogo]

Emilio Jacinto - [Ang Liwanag at Dilim]

Antonio Luna - [Noche Buena]

Severino Reyes - [Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang]

Fernando Ma. Guerrero - [Crisalidas]

Jose Rizal - [Noli Me Tangere]

Justiniano Nuyda - [Anti Cristo]

Marcelino Foronda Jr. - [Ta Dida Ammo it Aramidda]

Fray Francisco Lopez - [Cardinal Bellarmine’s catechism]

Pedro Bukaneg - [Biag ni Lam-ang]

Vicente Sotto - [Maming]

Jose Garcia Villa - [Man Songs]

Zoilo Galang - [A Child of Sorrow]

Lope K. Santos - [Banaag at Sikat]


Cecilio Apostol's poem that opened the world of Spanish poetry for him.

The correct answer is: El Terror de Los Mares Indicos

The goddess of the Eastern sea in Hinilawod.

The correct answer is: Alunsina

The ___ magazine in Iloilo helped keep literature alive.

The correct answer is: Yuhum

Hinilawod tells the story of how the islands of Iloilo, ____ and Aklan were formed.

The correct answer is: Antique

The son of Idiyanale: he’s the strong and agile, the guardian of the mountains.

The correct answer is: Dumakulem

The Tagalog god of the sea, he was originally the god of hunters.

The correct answer is: Amanikable

___ refers to the Ilocano balagtasan.

The correct answer is: Bukanegan

The father of Ilocano Literature.

The correct answer is: Pedro Bucaneg

Both Tagalog and English were used as the medium of instruction in all levels of education in public schools.

The correct answer is: False

____, also known as the Bible of Northern Philippines, was a popular weekly magazine featuring literary works from Ilocano
writers.

The correct answer is: Bannawag

The name of the main character in Bucaneg's famous epic.

The correct answer is: Lam-ang

Which of the following is Juan Crisostomo "Crisot" Soto's works?

The correct answer is: Ing Managne

The ___ magazine was stationed in Manila and contributed to the development of Hiligaynon literature.

The correct answer is: Hiligaynon

A literary form that is a simple folk song, love song and work song.
The correct answer is: Awit

___ tells a story of the bravery of ten datus who went on a journey to escape from a tyrannical ruler.

The correct answer is: Maragtas

Sugbuanon literature forms delivered orally are the following except:

The correct answer is: plays

What was Pedro Bukaneg's origin, according to his name?

The correct answer is: Itneg

___ is the lingua franca of West Visayas.

The correct answer is: Hiligaynon

The oldest and longest epic poem in Panay.

The correct answer is: Hinilawod

Mythological stories of Hiligaynons were passed through each generation by ____.

The correct answer is: oral transmission

According to the Nicaraguan poet Daisy Zamora, poetry is:

Select one:

a. "a way of feeling life"

b. "criticism of life"

c. "blood, imagination and intellect running together"

d. "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings"

It is the method by which writers and speakers reveal attitudes or feelings.

Select one:

a. Syntax

b. Style

c. Theme

d. Tone

The full name of the author of "Lupang Tinubuan" that won first prize in the outstanding Filipino short stories in 1943.

Select one:

a. Francisco Soc Rodrigo

b. Gonzalo Flores

c. Narciso Reyes
d. Macario Pineda

The conflict in a short story is a major element of plot because it arouses curiosity, causes doubt, creates tension and
produces interest.

Select one:

True

False

Zoilo Galang's A Child of Sorrow was famous for being:

Select one:

a. The first Philippine novel written in the English language

b. The first Philippine poem written in the English language

c. The first Philippine short story written in the English language

d. The first Philippine essay written in the English language

A Manobo/Ilianon tale about the hero whose people had been driven out of their land.

Select one:

a. Agyu

b. Aliguyon

c. Biag ni Lam-ang

d. Labaw-Donggon

This author wrote "A Night in the Hills" which tells the story of Gerado Luna, a salesman in a jewelry store in
Intramuros, Manila.

Select one:

a. Severino Reyes

b. Paz Marquez-Benitez

c. Lope K. Santos

d. Jose Garcia Villa

e. Jose Corazon de Jesus

f. Zoilo Galang

He was a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of the Spanish Literature.

Select one:

a. Cecilio Apostol
b. Teodoro Agoncillo

c. Jesus Balmori

d. Lope K. Santos

The second prize for the outstanding Filipino short stories in 1943 is _______.

Select one:

a. Lupang Tinubuan by Narciso Reyes

b. Uhaw ang Tigang na Lupa by Liwayway A. Arceo

c. Suyuan sa Tubigan by Macario Pineda

d. Lungsod Ngayon at Dagat-dagatan by N.V.M. Gonzales


The name of the magazine that recognized the brilliant minds behind literary works during this era.

Select one:

a. Pambata

b. Filipinas

c. Liwayway

d. Ilustración Filipina

The Father of Tagalog plays.

Select one:

a. Paz Marquez-Benitez

b. Jose Garcia Villa

c. Severino Reyes

d. Lope K. Santos

The term Alibata was coined by _______.

Select one:

a. Marcelo H. Del Pilar

b. Father Antonio de Borja

c. Paul Rodriguez Verzosa

d. Jose P. Rizal

The author of the speech, Sa Mga Pilipino, a speech aimed to improve the condition of the Filipinos to become free
and progressive.

Select one:

a. Graciano Lopez Jaena


b. Andres Bonifacio

c. Mariano Ponce

d. Antonio Luna

He was the Father of the Tagalog Zarzuela and the one who wrote, "Walang Sugat" (No Wounds) about the
Katipuneros in the later years of the Spanish occupation.

Select one:

a. Jose Garcia Villa

b. Lope K. Santos

c. Zoilo Galang

d. Paz Marquez-Benitez

e. Severino Reyes

f. Jose Corazon de Jesus

he name of the corrupt governor in A Child of Sorrow.

Select one:
a. Gerado Luna
b. Rosa
c. Pancho Ismael
d. Lucio Soliman

A poem consisting of four lines with seven syllables each, with each line ending in rhyme.

Select one:
a. Tanaga
b. Haikai
c. Tanka
d. Haiku

The type of government in the Philippines during the Pre-Spanish period.

Select one:
a. Autocracy
b. Dictatorship
c. Thalassocracy
d. Democracy
Jesus Balmori died on June 12, on Philippine Independence Day.

Select one:
True
False

Articles that explain the steps in a process, report the news, or analyze a work of literature are all
examples of:

Select one:
a. Expository essays
b. Descriptive essays
c. Persuasive essays
d. No correct answer

Considered as the first modern English language short story writer from the Philippines.

Select one:
a. Jose Garcia Villa
b. Severino Reyes
c. Paz Marquez Benitez
d. Zoilo Galang

The term ____ refers to slaves that do not have the right to own property.

Select one:
a. saguiguilid
b. timawa
c. namamahay
d. alipin

Literature, in a literal sense, means:

Select one:
a. "placing, arrangement"
b. "an acquaintance with letters"
c. "love of wisdom"
d. "a thousand"
tory about the tradition of Christmas in the Philippines, written to entertain and amuse the people
from Madrid.

Select one:
a. La Maestra de mi Pueblo
b. La Hija del Fraile
c. Noche Buena
d. A Mi Madre

Use of Tagalog became widespread under the Japanese rule.

Select one:
True
False

The Father of Filipino Democracy.

Select one:
a. Andres Bonifacio
b. Marcelo H. Del Pilar
c. Emilio Aguinaldo
d. Jose Rizal

The ____ is an example of an epic poem that tells the story of Jesus Christ's life, trials and
sufferings.

Select one:
a. Pasyon
b. Credo
c. Awit
d. Pater Noster

Drama is told mainly through the words and actions of characters and intended to be performed by
actors.

Select one:
True
False

A ____ is a mystifying, misleading or puzzling question posed as a problem to be solved or guessed.


Select one:
a. parable
b. riddle
c. epic
d. fable

The Bikolanos call their supreme being Asuang.

Select one:
True
False
Which of the following is not one of Mariano Ponce's pennames?

Select one:
a. Kalipulako
b. Tikbalang
c. Tagailog
d. Naning

A seven-lined diamond-shaped poem that specifies the part of speech in each line, sometimes with
contrasting ideas.

Select one:
a. Acrostic poem
b. Diamond poem
c. Haiku
d. Shape poem

Philippine literature managed to thrive during this era.

Select one:
True
False
Aliguyon was the hero son of the goddess Alunsina, and the mortal Datu Paubari.

Select one:
True
False
Baybayin, the Filipino writing system in the Pre-Spanish period, is derived from the Tagalog word
baybay which means:

Select one:
a. "to spell"
b. "to speak"
c. "to draw"
d. "to read"

Free public education made knowledge and information accessible to a greater number of Filipinos,
which gave them the opportunity to join the educated masses.

Select one:
True
False

What are the most common works of literature during the Japanese regime?

Select one:
a. short story
b. poems
c. novels
d. none of the choices

On May 1, 1898, the Americans led by U.S. Navy Admiral George Dewey, along with Gen. Emilio
Aguinaldo, attacked the Spanish Navy in Manila Bay.

Select one:
True
False

One of the classics of Confucianism that is a collection of 300 poems and songs from the early Chou
Dynasty.

Select one:
a. Ch'un Ching
b. Li Ching
c. I Ching
d. Shih Ching
e. Shu Ching
Some prominent rocks are worshipped as Kami.

Select one:
a. False
b. True

The goal of Hindu Life which refers to physical pleasure.

Select one:
a. Dharma
b. Artha
c. Kama
d. Moksha

ChinesA book of Confucianism that talks about "Great Learning."

Select one:
a. Lun Yu
b. Meng Tzu
c. Ta Hsueh
d. Chung Yung

Select one:
a. separation
b. individualization
c. expression
d. optimism

勇気 (Romaji: yuuki) means love.

Select one:
a. True
b. False
These are charms, wards or scriptures that are said to bring the bearer good luck or protection.

Select one:
a. magatama
b. ofuda
c. taima
d. omamori

A way to achieve God through direct action.

Select one:
a. Karma
b. Bakhti
c. Jnana
d. Sudra

The Indian goddess of dance.

Select one:
a. Rakshasa
b. Panchatantra
c. Kisa Gotami
d. Shivast

The name of the tree on which Gautama vowed never to arise until he found the truth.

Select one:
a. Lumbini
b. Piali
c. Pipal
d. Panna

Time refers to ____ while moment means "for the time being."

Select one:
a. clear-cut situation
b. relative situation
c. all of the choices
d. indistinct situation

Shinto believes that the reason for human's attachment to nature is because they become kami after
they die.

Select one:
a. False
b. True
A way to achieve God by what you know.

Select one:
a. Jnana
b. Bakhti
c. None of the choices
d. Karma
The Japanese believe in balance in perspective and beauty.

Select one:
a. False
b. True
Which of the following is not one of the three levels in which the Japanese are shaped?

Select one:
a. Milleu
b. Race
c. Standard of living
d. Power of the moment
This term refers to Japanese festivals to celebrate and honor shrines.

Select one:
a. tanjou
b. jinjitsu
c. matsuri
d. kouhaku
Which of the following is incorrect?

Select one:
a. One of the four noble truths is that suffering arises from attachment to desires
b. Sorrow is one of the unwholesome mental states impeding progress towards enlightenment.
c. One of the factors of enlightment is equanimity
d. Selflessness is one of the characteristics of existence
A characteristic of existence in Buddhism which refers to selflessness.

Select one:
a. anicca
b. anatta
c. dukkha
d. sila
A way to achieve God by how you act.

Select one:
a. Sudra
b. Jnana
c. Karma
d. Bakhti
The goal of Hindu Life which refers to physical pleasure.

Select one:
a. Kama
b. Dharma
c. Moksha
d. Artha
Omamori comes from the word mamori, which means, ___.

Select one:
a. protection
b. guidance
c. overpower
d. strength
Being a Hindu is said to be a sign of being ____.

Select one:
a. patient
b. gracious
c. glorious
d. gallant
Which of the following is not one of the Confucian Thoughts from the Analects?

Select one:
a. “To be wealthy and honored in an unjust society is a disgrace.”
b. "The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step."
c. “The superior man has a dignified ease without pride. The mean man has pride without a dignified
ease.”
d. “What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.”
Those who do not agree that life is impermanent, is said to be in the state of "___" or illusion.

Select one:
a. Sudra
b. Purusha
c. Brahmin
d. Maya

What marked the end of World War I?

Select one:
a. Hitler and his wife committed suicide
b. Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles
c. Friendship was secured between neighboring European countries
d. Germany surrendered
During the World War II, when was London destroyed causing the death of approximately 60,000
civilians?

Select one:
a. 1940
b. 1941
c. 1943
d. 1945
This type of newspaper was developed in 1962 as a supplement to the Sunday newspaper.

Select one:
a. newsletter
b. tabloid
c. berliner
d. compact
Identify what the following statement describes:
The art/literature has a realistic setting.

Select one:
a. Magic Realism and Realism
b. Fantasy
c. Magic Realism
d. Surrealism
e. Realism
f. Magic Realism and Fantasy
The common ground in the themes of postmodernism and modernism.

Select one:
a. criticism of something broken
b. tragedy of something broken
c. celebration
d. result of war and invasions
e. lamentation and apathy
Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492.

Select one:
a. False
b. True
Identify what the following statement describes:
A fantasy plot that is accepted by the characters.

Select one:
a. Realism
b. Surrealism
c. Magic Realism and Fantasy
d. Magic Realism and Realism
e. Fantasy
f. Magic Realism
Which of the following terms related to postmodernism means "construction or creation from a
diverse range of available things"?

Select one:
a. playfulness
b. parody
c. irony
d. pastiche
e. bricolage
Identify the aspect of modernism described:
The rise of spontaneity and discovery in creation.

Select one:
a. a rejection of the distinction between "high" and "low" or popular culture
b. an emphasis on fragmented forms
c. a blurring of distinctions between genres
d. a rejection of elaborate formal aesthetics in favor of minimalist designs
Postmodernism emphasizes pastiche. Which of the following is the closest meaning of the word
"pastiche"?

Select one:
a. an imitation of the style of a writer, artist or genre with deliberate exaggeration for a humorous
effect.
b. the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite for a
humorous effect.
c. an artistic work in a style that imitates that of another work, artist or period
d. construction or creation from a diverse range of available things.
A movement where Brazilians explored their myths and folklore.

Select one:
a. Vanguardia
b. Surrealism
c. Modernismo
d. Colonial ideology
A popularly acclaimed artist whose artworks result in powerful paradoxes, often provoking unsettling
thoughts.

Select one:
a. Rene Magritte
b. Gabriel Garcia Marquez
c. Oswaldo Guayasamin
Identify what the following statement describes:
Explores aspects that are associated with imagination, attempting to express the inner life of
humans.

Select one:
a. Fantasy
b. Surrealism
c. Magic Realism and Realism
d. Magic Realism
e. Realism
f. Magic Realism and Fantasy

This artist's artworks feature racism and discrimination. One such example is the image below:

Select one:
a. Gabriel Garcia Marquez
b. Rene Magritte
c. Oswaldo Guayasamin
The English title of Gabriel Garcia Marquez' novel which became the epicenter of novels in this
period.

Select one:
a. One Hundred Years of Solitude
b. Chronicle of a Death Foretold
c. The General in His Labyrinth
d. Love in the Time of Cholera
Identify the aspect of modernism described:
Discontinuous narratives and random-seeming collages of different materials.

Select one:
a. an emphasis on impressionism and subjectivity in writing
b. a tendency toward reflexivity or self-consciousness
c. omniscient third-person narrators and fixed narrative points of view
d. an emphasis on fragmented forms
Identify the aspect of modernism described:
Choosing materials used to produce art and in methods of displaying, distributing and consuming
art.

Select one:
a. a rejection of elaborate formal aesthetics in favor of minimalist designs
b. omniscient third-person narrators and fixed narrative points of view
c. a rejection fo the distinction between "high" and "low" or popular culture
d. a blurring of distinctions between genres
Choose what type of control exists in the following dystopian novel, based on its synopsis:
Ready Player One by Ernest Cline: "In the year 2044, reality is an ugly place. The only time teenage
Wade Watts really feels alive is when he's jacked into the virtual utopia known as the OASIS.
Wade's devoted his life to studying the puzzles hidden within this world's digital confines, puzzles
that are based on their creator's obsession with the pop culture of decades past and that promise
massive power and fortune to whoever can unlock them. When Wade stumbles upon the first clue,
he finds himself beset by players willing to kill to take this ultimate prize. The race is on, and if
Wade's going to survive, he'll have to win—and confront the real world he's always been so
desperate to escape."

Select one:
a. Technological Control
b. Corporate Control
c. Philosophical/Religious Control
d. Bureaucratic Control
A popularly acclaimed artist whose artworks result in powerful paradoxes, often provoking unsettling
thoughts.

Select one:
a. Rene Magritte
b. Gabriel Garcia Marquez
c. Oswaldo Guayasamin
Small portions of West Africa are composed of people who believe in ______.

Select one:
a. Yourubu religion
b. Islam
c. Animism
d. Christianity
This began in the middle of the 18th century and is associated with modern era.

Select one:
a. Modern America
b. none of the choices
c. European Enlightenment
d. Scientific Revolution
French-speaking African writers, politicians and intellectuals developed the ideological philosophy,
Negritude.

Select one:
a. False
b. True
Which of the following statements is incorrect?

Select one:
a. The climax of dystopian literature is unresolved.
b. Dystopian literature ends on a hopeful note.
c. Dystopia's conflict mostly revolves around the beliefs held by the people in the society
d. Dystopia asks big questions such as "What is love?"
Identify what the following statement describes:
Explores the social and political ills in the 20th Century.

Select one:
a. Fantasy
b. Surrealism
c. Magic Realism and Fantasy
d. Magic Realism and Realism
e. Magic Realism
f. Realism
In Modern America, this country is the first to become an independent nation in West Indies.

Select one:
a. Central America
b. Peru
c. Haiti
d. Mexico
The following are countries that proclaimed independence from Spain except for:

Select one:
a. Central America
b. Texas
c. Peru
d. Mexico
This massacre occurred in Rwanda causing millions to flee.

Select one:
a. none of the choices
b. Ethiopian
c. Hutus
d. Zaire
Postmodernism emphasizes pastiche. Which of the following is the closest meaning of the word
"pastiche"?

Select one:
a. an imitation of the style of a writer, artist or genre with deliberate exaggeration for a humorous
effect.
b. construction or creation from a diverse range of available things.
c. the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite for a
humorous effect.
d. an artistic work in a style that imitates that of another work, artist or period
n a dystopian world, ____ takes control of human minds.

Select one:
a. religion
b. ruling power
c. propaganda
d. beliefs
This refers to a set of philosophical, political, and ethical ideas which provide the basis for the
aesthetic aspect of modernism.

Select one:
a. Modernity
b. Late Modernity
c. Modernization
d. Postmodernity
Identify the aspect of modernism described:
The rise of spontaneity and discovery in creation.

Select one:
a. a rejection of the distinction between "high" and "low" or popular culture
b. a blurring of distinctions between genres
c. an emphasis on fragmented forms
d. a rejection of elaborate formal aesthetics in favor of minimalist designs
One of the themes reflected in postmodernism which means the construction or creation from a
diverse range of available things.

Select one:
a. irony
b. bricolage
c. parody
d. pastiche

Identify what the following statement describes:


Explores aspects that are associated with imagination, attempting to express the inner life of
humans.

Select one:
a. Magic Realism and Realism
b. Surrealism
c. Fantasy
d. Magic Realism
e. Magic Realism and Fantasy
f. Realism
Which of the following statements is incorrect?

Select one:
a. The climax of dystopian literature is unresolved.
b. Dystopian literature ends on a hopeful note.
c. Dystopia's conflict mostly revolves around the beliefs held by the people in the society
d. Dystopia asks big questions such as "What is love?"
Known as one of the authors of the 1935 Philippine Constitution.

Select one:
a. Severino Reyes
b. Paz Marquez Benitez
c. Lope K. Santos
d. Claro M. Recto

CREATED BY KUYA PIOLO