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Present Authoring: Faults

Welcome to the Present Authoring: Faults component of the Self-Authoring suite. This exercise has

been designed to allow you to do an in-depth analysis of some of the negative aspects or faults of

your personality.

The exercise may take up to three hours to complete. You may quit the exercise any time by

clicking Exit/Home or shutting down your browser. If the current page is a page you have been

writing on, remember to click Save before exiting. The text that you entered on previous pages will

have already been saved.

You can come back to the exercise later, and resume your work. Just go to

www.selfauthoring.com, click the Subscriber Login button (top right) and choose the Present

Authoring: Faults exercise. When you return, all your previous work will be waiting for you, and

you will be taken to the last point in the exercise you had completed.

Faults Analysis

This program has been designed to allow you to do an in-depth analysis of some of the negative

aspects or faults of your personality. It is the partner program to the virtues analysis section of the

present authoring program. It is our hope that constructing a clearer picture of your faults will help

you understand the impact of your personality traits on your life in the past, present, and future.

It is probably best to complete this exercise if you are in a normal to good mood, so that you can

tolerate the self-criticism. If you are feeling sad, lonely, or depressed, you should probably do the

virtues analysis instead. This exercise will take you 60-90 minutes, depending on your choices. You

will be asked first to read some information about basic personality theory and then to select 2-10

faults from each of five lists of faults (one list per basic personality trait).

Then you will be presented with the faults you have selected, and asked to choose a final list of the

faults you think have most interfered with your life. You will be asked to write for about 10

minutes, later, for each fault you choose, after you have rank-ordered them in importance. We

recommend that you choose 6-9 faults (for 60 to 90 minutes of work), but you can choose as many

as you like. Just remember that you will be asked to write about each one. You will be asked to

describe how this fault has impacted you negatively, in the past; what you might have done

differently; and what you could do now and in the future to rectify or eliminate this fault.

Completing the Exercise 2

On many pages, you will not be able to successfully click Next or Previous unless you have

provided a minimum of necessary text. If you do not, you will receive an error message, and the

text box in question will be highlighted in red.

Text boxes also have a maximum length. Pay attention, as you write, to the numbers above the

text boxes. Numbers like [180 / 1000] indicate that you have typed 180 characters out of a

maximum allowable of 1000. When you go over the maximum, the numbers above the text box

become red. Clicking Next, Previous, or Save will result in an error message and you will not be

able to proceed to the Next or Previous page. To resolve this, edit your text until the number of

characters is less than or equal to the maximum. These limitations have been established so that

you do not get stalled at any point in the process.

We do encourage you to write in some detail, however, subject to those limitations. Our research

indicates that better results are obtained as the amount written by participants increases.

There is a progress bar in the top right portion of the screen, which displays the percentage of the

exercise that you have already completed. If you hover over the bar with the mouse, you can see

approximately how much time it will still take to complete the exercise.

You may use the Index to jump to any page you have already completed. Clicking the [Index] link

will open the index. Clicking it again will close it. Remember to click Save to save any work on the

current page before using the index to jump to another page.

After you have completed the exercise, you will be taken to a Summary page. You can use that

page to email yourself a copy of your writing.

Background Knowledge

To complete the following exercise, there are a number of things that are useful to know. (you may

have encountered this information previously if you have completed the virtues analysis program,

but it might be worthwhile to review it):

Everybody's personality is composed of two higher-order traits. The first higher-order trait is

known as plasticity, and can be thought of as the tendency to be flexible, exploratory, curious, and

quick to adapt. The second higher-order trait is known as stability, and can be thought of as the

tendency to be structured, organized, emotionally stable and focused.

Plasticity

Plasticity, the first higher-order trait, can be further broken down into two sub-traits: Extraversion

(the tendency to be enthusiastic and dominant) and Openness (the tendency to be open-minded

and intelligent).

Extraversion (Outgoing vs Reserved)

Sociable

Active

Adventurousness

Positive

Excitement-Seeking

Gregarious

Openness (Original vs Traditional)

Fantasy-prone

Aesthetically-minded

Philosophical

Creative

Intuitive

Intellectual

Stability

Stability, the second higher-order trait, can be further broken down into three sub-traits:

Conscientiousness (the tendency to be orderly and industrious), Emotional Stability (lack of

negative emotional volatility and the tendency to withdraw), and Agreeableness (politeness and

compassion, as opposed to belligerence or aggression).

Conscientiousness (Conscientious vs Carefree)

Competent

Orderly

Decisive

Achievement-oriented

Self-disciplined

Deliberate

Industrious

Emotional Stability (Calm vs Nervous)

Anxious (reversed)

Angry (reversed)

Hostile (reversed)

Depressed (reversed)

Self-Conscious (reversed)

Vulnerable (reversed)

Agreeableness (Agreeable vs Assertive/Aggressive)

Warm

Trusting

Straightforward

Altruistic

Modest

Compliant

Tender-minded

Nice

Impact of Personality Traits

There are advantages and disadvantages to each trait, particularly at the extremes. Extremely

sociable, extraverted people can be dominant and impulsive, while introverted, quiet people can

easily become isolated and depressed. Extremely open people can be scattered and overwhelmed

by their own thoughts and ideas, while closed-minded people may become narrow and inflexible.

Exceptionally conscientious people can be obsessive about order, judgemental and rigid, while their

more carefree counterparts may be messy, undisciplined and careless. People very high in

emotional stability may engage in risky, dangerous behavior, while those who are more neurotic

can become so preoccupied by anxiety and pain that they are unable to function. Finally, extremely

agreeable people may never stand up for themselves, while those who are too assertive can be

aggressive, callous and bullying.

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Change

Personality is reasonably stable over the lifespan, and is also powerfully influenced by hereditary or

genetic factors. Despite this, personality can broaden or even transform. As people age, for

example, they tend to become more agreeable, conscientious and emotionally stable.

Changing personality means changing habits of action, presumption and perception. Personality

change requires the formulation of clear future goals, as well as discipline and practice. People who

are too agreeable can learn to stand up for themselves. Disorderly people can become more

conscientious. Introverted people can become socially skilled. People who experience paralyzing

levels of negative emotion can learn to explore.

Extraversion/Introversion

Select Relevant Items

Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at

least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as

you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior

to writing.

Sometimes act without thinkingwhen you make your final fault selection, prior to writing. Sometimes talk too loudly Can spend

Sometimes talk too loudlyselection, prior to writing. Sometimes act without thinking Can spend too much money May exaggerate the

Can spend too much moneySometimes act without thinking Sometimes talk too loudly May exaggerate the truth May dominate the conversation

May exaggerate the truththinking Sometimes talk too loudly Can spend too much money May dominate the conversation excessively Find

May dominate the conversation excessivelytoo loudly Can spend too much money May exaggerate the truth Find it difficult to spend

Find it difficult to spend time alonethe truth May dominate the conversation excessively Could be a better listener May spend too much

Could be a better listenerthe conversation excessively Find it difficult to spend time alone May spend too much time pursuing

May spend too much time pursuing fun and excitementthe truth May dominate the conversation excessively Find it difficult to spend time alone Could be

May attract too much attention to myselfDo not let the quieter people have a chance to talk Try too hard to

Do not let the quieter people have a chance to talkMay attract too much attention to myself Try too hard to be the center of attention

Try too hard to be the center of attentionmyself Do not let the quieter people have a chance to talk Can be too theatrical

Can be too theatrical or dramatica chance to talk Try too hard to be the center of attention May be too

May be too dependent on the admiration or attention of othersbe the center of attention Can be too theatrical or dramatic Can be a little grandiose

Can be a little grandiosebe too dependent on the admiration or attention of others Talk about myself a lot Often

Talk about myself a lotadmiration or attention of others Can be a little grandiose Often feel uncomfortable around others Keep

Often feel uncomfortable around othersof others Can be a little grandiose Talk about myself a lot Keep in the background

Keep in the backgroundabout myself a lot Often feel uncomfortable around others Have too little to say Lose opportunities

Have too little to sayfeel uncomfortable around others Keep in the background Lose opportunities because I am too isolated Am

Lose opportunities because I am too isolatedaround others Keep in the background Have too little to say Am too quiet around strangers

Am too quiet around strangerslittle to say Lose opportunities because I am too isolated Find it difficult to approach others

Find it difficult to approach othersbecause I am too isolated Am too quiet around strangers Don't laugh much or have fun

Don't laugh much or have funquiet around strangers Find it difficult to approach others Bottle up my feelings Am a very

Bottle up my feelingsto approach others Don't laugh much or have fun Am a very private person Wait for

Am a very private personDon't laugh much or have fun Bottle up my feelings Wait for others to lead the

Wait for others to lead the wayor have fun Bottle up my feelings Am a very private person Feel drained by social

Feel drained by social interactionsAm a very private person Wait for others to lead the way Am not very enthusiastic

Am not very enthusiasticothers to lead the way Feel drained by social interactions Could be more socially skilled Have

Could be more socially skilledFeel drained by social interactions Am not very enthusiastic Have a difficult time starting conversations Have

Have a difficult time starting conversationsAm not very enthusiastic Could be more socially skilled Have a social circle that is too

Have a social circle that is too smallskilled Have a difficult time starting conversations [Index] Openness/Traditionalism Select Relevant Items Please

Openness/Traditionalism

Select Relevant Items

Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at

least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as

you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior

to writing.

Pursue too many activities at the same timewhen you make your final fault selection, prior to writing. Am interested in so many things

Am interested in so many things that I don't know what to focus onhabits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior to writing. Pursue too many activities

Have a hard time planning for the future because I am interested in everythingAm sometimes attracted by ideas that are radical but have not been thought through Sometimes

Am sometimes attracted by ideas that are radical but have not been thought throughfor the future because I am interested in everything Sometimes see meaning in things that probably

Sometimes see meaning in things that probably isn't thereby ideas that are radical but have not been thought through Jump around too much from

Jump around too much from topic to topic when I am talking to peoplesee meaning in things that probably isn't there Have a hard time making up my mind

Have a hard time making up my mind because I can always see all the sides of an argumenttoo much from topic to topic when I am talking to people Am so interested in

Am so interested in creative activities that it is hard to concentrate on things that are practicalmind because I can always see all the sides of an argument Can become possessed by

Can become possessed by an ideathat it is hard to concentrate on things that are practical Daydream too much Sometimes every

Daydream too muchon things that are practical Can become possessed by an idea Sometimes every thought I have

Sometimes every thought I have immediately suggests an overwhelming number of ideaspractical Can become possessed by an idea Daydream too much Have had experiences or thoughts that

Have had experiences or thoughts that were strange enough to frighten meI have immediately suggests an overwhelming number of ideas Have had a hard time forming a

Have had a hard time forming a clear identityor thoughts that were strange enough to frighten me See connections between things too easily Have

See connections between things too easily to frighten me Have had a hard time forming a clear identity Have done crazy things
See connections between things too easily

Have done crazy things just because I was curious about what might happen

Am good at a too-narrow range of thingsthings just because I was curious about what might happen Am seldom interested in abstract, philosophical

Am seldom interested in abstract, philosophical ideaswhat might happen Am good at a too-narrow range of things Avoid sophisticated fiction and stories

Avoid sophisticated fiction and storiesthings Am seldom interested in abstract, philosophical ideas Do not attend movies or plays Am unimaginative

Do not attend movies or playsphilosophical ideas Avoid sophisticated fiction and stories Am unimaginative Do not care for change Do not

Am unimaginativefiction and stories Do not attend movies or plays Do not care for change Do not

Do not care for changeand stories Do not attend movies or plays Am unimaginative Do not involve myself in creative

Do not involve myself in creative activitiesmovies or plays Am unimaginative Do not care for change Do not like to read challenging

care for change Do not involve myself in creative activities Do not like to read challenging

Do not like to read challenging material

Do not really understand or value artcreative activities Do not like to read challenging material Seldom seek out new experiences Try to

Seldom seek out new experienceschallenging material Do not really understand or value art Try to avoid complex people Will not

Try to avoid complex peopleunderstand or value art Seldom seek out new experiences Will not probe deeply into a subject

Will not probe deeply into a subjectSeldom seek out new experiences Try to avoid complex people Am unlikely to initiate a new

Am unlikely to initiate a new projectto avoid complex people Will not probe deeply into a subject Tend to think that creative

Tend to think that creative people are strange deeply into a subject Am unlikely to initiate a new project Always do things the same
Tend to think that creative people are strange

Always do things the same way once I have learned how to do them

Conscientiousness/Carelessness

Select Relevant Items

Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at

least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as

you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior

to writing.

Am too perfectionisticwhen you make your final fault selection, prior to writing. Get obsessed with details and lose

Get obsessed with details and lose the big picturefault selection, prior to writing. Am too perfectionistic Insist that everything be in perfect order Dislike

Insist that everything be in perfect order Get obsessed with details and lose the big picture Dislike deviation from the rules, even when
Insist that everything be in perfect order

Dislike deviation from the rules, even when it is necessary

Have to plan everythingDislike deviation from the rules, even when it is necessary Seriously dislike having my routine or

Seriously dislike having my routine or schedule upsetthe rules, even when it is necessary Have to plan everything Cannot stand to be late

Cannot stand to be late for an appointmentSeriously dislike having my routine or schedule upset Feel that I am being unproductive if I

Feel that I am being unproductive if I relaxor schedule upset Cannot stand to be late for an appointment Can be very judgemental Get

Can be very judgementalan appointment Feel that I am being unproductive if I relax Get upset at myself when

Get upset at myself when I misplace somethingI am being unproductive if I relax Can be very judgemental Will work on a project

Will work on a project beyond what is useful and necessary judgemental Get upset at myself when I misplace something Believe that I have to be flawless
Will work on a project beyond what is useful and necessary

Believe that I have to be flawless

Always believe that failure is a consequence of insufficient personal effortis useful and necessary Believe that I have to be flawless Cannot tolerate having to finish

Cannot tolerate having to finish a task imperfectly or quicklyfailure is a consequence of insufficient personal effort Can be contemptuous of other people and of

Can be contemptuous of other people and of myself tolerate having to finish a task imperfectly or quickly Do things in a half-way manner Don't
Can be contemptuous of other people and of myself

Do things in a half-way manner

Don't like to tidy upof other people and of myself Do things in a half-way manner Find it difficult to

Find it difficult to get down to workDo things in a half-way manner Don't like to tidy up Make a mess of things

Make a mess of things like to tidy up Find it difficult to get down to work Leave my belongings around
Make a mess of things

Leave my belongings around

Surf the web or watch TV or waste time in other ways even if I have a project dueto work Make a mess of things Leave my belongings around Am without real ambition Neglect

Am without real ambitionTV or waste time in other ways even if I have a project due Neglect my

Neglect my dutiesways even if I have a project due Am without real ambition Frequently make excuses Often

Frequently make excusesa project due Am without real ambition Neglect my duties Often procrastinate Waste my time Am

Often procrastinatereal ambition Neglect my duties Frequently make excuses Waste my time Am sometimes willing to bend

Waste my timemy duties Frequently make excuses Often procrastinate Am sometimes willing to bend the truth to get

Am sometimes willing to bend the truth to get out of an obligationFrequently make excuses Often procrastinate Waste my time Feel unmotivated to complete my work Have few

Feel unmotivated to complete my workwilling to bend the truth to get out of an obligation Have few clearly defined goals

Have few clearly defined goalstruth to get out of an obligation Feel unmotivated to complete my work Have no stable

Have no stable daily routine for sleeping or eatingwilling to bend the truth to get out of an obligation Feel unmotivated to complete my

Emotional Stability/Low Stress Tolerance

Select Relevant Items

Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at

least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as

you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior

to writing.

Am sometimes not afraid of things I should be afraid ofwhen you make your final fault selection, prior to writing. Have found myself in dangerous situations

Have found myself in dangerous situations because I was not paying attentionAm sometimes not afraid of things I should be afraid of Might have done fewer stupid

Might have done fewer stupid things if I felt shame more oftenin dangerous situations because I was not paying attention Things that should bother me don't seem

Things that should bother me don't seem tohave done fewer stupid things if I felt shame more often Am easy-going to a fault

Am easy-going to a faultmore often Things that should bother me don't seem to Sometimes think if I was more

Sometimes think if I was more worried about things I might do better in lifeshould bother me don't seem to Am easy-going to a fault Don’t appear to learn as

Don’t appear to learn as well from my mistakes as others doif I was more worried about things I might do better in life Can do careless

Can do careless or inappropriate things without seeming to experience guiltappear to learn as well from my mistakes as others do Don't worry about things that

Don't worry about things that should bother meor inappropriate things without seeming to experience guilt Don't pay enough attention to costs and potential

Don't pay enough attention to costs and potential future dangersguilt Don't worry about things that should bother me Am sometimes too calm about things Am

Am sometimes too calm about thingspay enough attention to costs and potential future dangers Am often too optimistic Criticism, even when

Am often too optimisticpotential future dangers Am sometimes too calm about things Criticism, even when warranted, does not seem

Criticism, even when warranted, does not seem to affect meAm sometimes too calm about things Am often too optimistic Often take counterproductive or unnecessary risks

Often take counterproductive or unnecessary risksCriticism, even when warranted, does not seem to affect me Do not seem to benefit from

Do not seem to benefit from negative feedbackaffect me Often take counterproductive or unnecessary risks Am easily disturbed and upset Am frequently irritable

Am easily disturbed and upsetrisks Do not seem to benefit from negative feedback Am frequently irritable or angry Am too

Am frequently irritable or angrybenefit from negative feedback Am easily disturbed and upset Am too moody and emotionally unstable Am

Am too moody and emotionally unstableeasily disturbed and upset Am frequently irritable or angry Am too self-conscious for my own good

Am too self-conscious for my own goodirritable or angry Am too moody and emotionally unstable Blow little things out of proportion Feel

Blow little things out of proportionemotionally unstable Am too self-conscious for my own good Feel ashamed of my body Feel hurt

Feel ashamed of my bodyfor my own good Blow little things out of proportion Feel hurt often, even by little

Feel hurt often, even by little thingsBlow little things out of proportion Feel ashamed of my body Feel inadequate when introduced to

Feel inadequate when introduced to new peopleashamed of my body Feel hurt often, even by little things Feel too fearful, afraid and

Feel too fearful, afraid and anxioushurt often, even by little things Feel inadequate when introduced to new people Compare myself unfavorably

Compare myself unfavorably to other peopleFeel hurt often, even by little things Feel inadequate when introduced to new people Feel too

Get stressed out easilyGrumble and complain about things Have a hard time calming down after becoming upset Let

Grumble and complain about thingsGet stressed out easily Have a hard time calming down after becoming upset Let my fears

Have a hard time calming down after becoming upset Get stressed out easily Grumble and complain about things Let my fears stop me from doing
Have a hard time calming down after becoming upset

Let my fears stop me from doing things I want to do

Often feel depressed and blueupset Let my fears stop me from doing things I want to do [Index] Agreeable/Assertive Select

Agreeable/Assertive

Select Relevant Items

Please select habits that apply to you. You can select up to 10 habits, and are required to select at

least 2. Be over-inclusive. Don’t worry if some of the bad habit descriptions do not really apply, as

you will get to specify the most typical habits later, when you make your final fault selection, prior

to writing.

Avoid conflict even when it is necessarywhen you make your final fault selection, prior to writing. Find myself making excuses for other's

Find myself making excuses for other's inappropriate behaviorprior to writing. Avoid conflict even when it is necessary Cannot negotiate for myself very well

Cannot negotiate for myself very wellmyself making excuses for other's inappropriate behavior Will sacrifice my own feelings for the comfort of

Will sacrifice my own feelings for the comfort of othersinappropriate behavior Cannot negotiate for myself very well Can bottle up my feelings until I become

Can bottle up my feelings until I become resentfulWill sacrifice my own feelings for the comfort of others Can be overly sentimental Am polite

Can be overly sentimentalof others Can bottle up my feelings until I become resentful Am polite to a fault

Am polite to a faultfeelings until I become resentful Can be overly sentimental Feel sorry for people who may not

Feel sorry for people who may not deserve itresentful Can be overly sentimental Am polite to a fault Find myself too upset after I

Find myself too upset after I have a conflict with someoneto a fault Feel sorry for people who may not deserve it Would probably help me

Would probably help me if I could be more competitiveFind myself too upset after I have a conflict with someone Am sometimes dominated by other

Am sometimes dominated by other peopleWould probably help me if I could be more competitive Don't know how to deal with

Don't know how to deal with mean peoplebe more competitive Am sometimes dominated by other people Trust people too easily Find myself believing

by other people Don't know how to deal with mean people Trust people too easily Find

Trust people too easily

Find myself believing that people are basically good, even when there is evidence to the contraryknow how to deal with mean people Trust people too easily Am loyal to a fault

Am loyal to a faultbasically good, even when there is evidence to the contrary Have a hot temper Can be

Have a hot temperwhen there is evidence to the contrary Am loyal to a fault Can be indifferent to

Can be indifferent to the feelings of othersthere is evidence to the contrary Am loyal to a fault Have a hot temper Am

Am not interested in other people's problemswhen there is evidence to the contrary Am loyal to a fault Have a hot temper

Am too suspicious of other people's motivesWill charm people to get my way Can be detached and cold when others are

Will charm people to get my wayAm too suspicious of other people's motives Can be detached and cold when others are hurt

Can be detached and cold when others are hurt and upsetother people's motives Will charm people to get my way Am quite critical of others Don't

Am quite critical of othersway Can be detached and cold when others are hurt and upset Don't generally show gratitude

Don't generally show gratitudewhen others are hurt and upset Am quite critical of others Can be vengeful Am willing

Can be vengefulquite critical of others Don't generally show gratitude Am willing to manipulate others for personal gain

Am willing to manipulate others for personal gain of others Don't generally show gratitude Can be vengeful Infrequently help others Insult people Can be
Am willing to manipulate others for personal gain

Infrequently help others

Insult peoplemanipulate others for personal gain Infrequently help others Can be aggressive and domineering Tend to always

Can be aggressive and domineeringfor personal gain Infrequently help others Insult people Tend to always put myself first Could be

Tend to always put myself firsthelp others Insult people Can be aggressive and domineering Could be better at cooperating [Index] HABIT

Could be better at cooperatingaggressive and domineering Tend to always put myself first [Index] HABIT SELECTION Here is a complete

HABIT SELECTION

Here is a complete listing of your selected faults:

[insert everything you selected]

Please look at this listing. Please select a set of faults that you would like to work on improving.

Click the faults that you think are most typical of you, or are most important to you. We

recommend selecting 6 to 9 items, but you may select a greater or lesser number. Remember,

however, that you will be asked to write for about 10 minutes for each fault you select. When you

have selected the most typical or important faults, click Next. After you have finished this section,

you will be asked to write about how this fault affected you negatively in the past, what you could

have done differently, and how you could address this in the future.

Prioritize Your Selection

Here is a column containing your most typical or important faults, in no particular order. Please

rank order them from most to least relevant or important:

[insert everything you selected from the previous step in ranking order]

Describe an Experience

Fault: [insert prioritized fault 1]

Please write a short story (approximately 1,000 characters) about a time in your life when this

fault created a situation that had a negative impact on your life.

Alternative Outcome

Fault: [insert prioritized fault 1]

Write a short paragraph about what you might have done differently in that situation, to minimize

the effect of this fault.

Guidelines for general improvement

Fault: [insert prioritized fault 1]

Now that you've thought about how you might have behaved differently in that particular situation, please think about this fault in more general terms. How could you work on improving this fault in general, so that such situations do not repeat themselves?

[REPEAT previous 3 steps for every prioritized fault selected]

[]

[]

Conclusion

You have now completed the habits identification section of the self-authoring suite. Everything

that you have written is available in the report. You may find it helpful to review the faults you

have identified, as well as the ways that you plan on improving them.

You may also want to consider completing the virtues analysis (the remainder of the present

authoring section), the past authoring or autobiography exercise, or the future authoring exercise,

which will help you understand what you want in the future (and how you might get it).