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How Internet Browsing Negatively Impacts You

The average American spends five hours on their mobile device, and that doesn't even include time
spent looking at other screens like laptops and televisions. That's a lot of screen time for the average
person, but what's really considered too much?

Any amount of device use that negatively impacts a person's physical, mental and emotional health
could be considered too much. If you can relate to any of the situations listed below, it may be time to
cut back on the amount of time you spend online and with your devices in general.

You're Sitting Too Much While You're Browsing

A study by the University of Toronto found that sitting for 8 to 12 hours or more a day leads to more
hospitalization, heart disease, cancer and early death—even if you exercise regularly.

Whether you're at work in the office or at home on the couch, web browsing often goes hand in hand
with being sedentary. What's truly shocking about the study's findings from the risk of too much sitting
is that even taking a small slot of time out of your day to hit the gym can't undo its damage.

Standing desks and treadmill desks being used both in the office and at home are among some of the
new and trendy ways you can keep moving all day long. If that's not possible, you can also download
an app or use a website that has a timer and alarms you to get up, step away from the computer and
walk around for two minutes about every half hour.

The Light From Your Screen Can Mess With Your Sleep

Digital eye strain caused by blue light-emitting screens from televisions, computers, and smartphones
can disrupt your sleep. Your insomnia or tossing and turning at night may be a result of staring at
screens to close to bedtime. Blue light exposure can make you feel more awake at night because it
sends the message to your body that it's still daytime, thus impacting the sleep hormone melatonin
and causing delayed sleep onset.

The simple (but not necessarily easy) fix for this problem is to limit exposure to light-emitting screens
close to bedtime. If you have a hard time giving up your screen time at night, consider wearing a pair
of blue light-blocking amber tinted glasses while browsing your laptop, tablet or phone at least a
couple hours before bed.

You Might Be Hurting Your Neck and Back

Tilting your head to look down at your smartphone puts more stress on your neck, which could be
severe enough to cause permanent damage.

The term "text neck" is now being used to describe the neck pain or headaches people experience
from prolonged periods of time tilting their heads at unnatural angles to stare down at their
smartphone of tablet. The average person's head weighs 10 to 12 pounds when held naturally
upright, but when tilted down at a 60-degree angle, that weight stress on the spine increases to 60

Make an effort to look at devices in a neutral position as often as possible, use voice recognition and
make phone calls rather than text, or at the very least take breaks and avoid spending lots of time
hunched over your phone. As with almost all technology that competes for hours of our attention, bad
posture is often always a concern.

Your Mental Health Could Suffer

Numerous studies have shown links between social media use and anxiety (and even
depression). All sorts of studies are being carried out nowadays to measure the impact of social
media on users' psychological and emotional well-being.

While some studies show that heavy users of social media report increased feelings of loneliness and
less time spent with people face to face, other reports suggest that social media also can have a
positive impact on people—such as the lower stress levels experienced by women who use social
media, according to a recent Pew report. In extreme cases, heavy social media use can lead to or
worsen deteriorating relationships, self-esteem issues, social anxiety and even cyber bullying.
If you think you might be suffering from any these things, consider talking to a professional who can
help you, cut way back on your time spent online, clean up your social networks from friends or
connections that may be "toxic" and spend more time doing what you love with the people you like to
be around.

How could we live without our smartphones, laptops, and other devices that allow us to go online? That's how most
of us keep in touch with friends and family, take pictures, do our homework, do research, find out the latest news,
and even shop.
But besides the millions of sites to visit and things to do, going online offers lots of ways to waste time — and even
get into trouble. But some people you meet online might try to take advantage of you, steal your personal
information, or harass or threaten you (called cyberbullying).

You might know people who got into trouble for something they did online — whether it was sexting, bullying on a
website or message app, or getting ripped off by someone they met online.

Because users can remain anonymous, popular websites and messaging apps might attract adults who pretend to
be teens or kids. They'll sometimes ask visitors for pictures or information about themselves, their families, or where
they live — information that shouldn't be given away.

Usually, people who ask for personal information like home addresses, phone numbers, and email addresses use
this information to fill mailboxes and answering machines with ads. In some cases, though, predators use it to begin
illegal or indecent relationships or to harm a person or family.

Being Smart Online

First rule: Check your mood! Are you feeling upset or angry? Then it's not the time to be messaging or posting on a
social media site. People don't always make good decisions or think straight when they're stressed out or upset. If
you have to, call someone or go for a run instead before you start venting online.

Second rule: When you're on a website, try to remain as anonymous as possible. That means keeping all private
information private. Private information that you should never allow the public to see includes:
 your full name
 any type of photograph (even of your pet!)
 your current location (some phones have automatic GPS apps built in that may need to be turned off)
 home or school address or the address of any of your family or friends
 phone numbers
 Social Security number
 passwords
 names of family members
 credit card numbers

Most trustworthy people and companies won't ask for this type of information online. So if others do, it's a red flag
that they may be up to no good. Always check with a parent if you are unsure, especially when shopping online or
signing up for a website or app.

Think carefully before you create an email address or screen name. Use a combination of letters and numbers in
both that don't identify whether you're male or female.

When messaging or using video apps, use a nickname that's different from your screen name. That way, if you ever
find yourself in a conversation that makes you uncomfortable, you can exit without having to worry that someone
knows your screen name and can track you down via email. Some people who hang out with their friends online set
up private groups where only they and the people they invite can interact.

Keep online friendships in the virtual world. Meeting online friends face to face carries more risks than other types of
friendships because it's so easy for people to pretend to be something they're not when you can't see them or talk in
person. It's safer to video message with someone first, but even that can carry some risks. Check with a parent that
this is a safe thing for you to be doing. They may want to meet some of your contacts or sit in on a conversation
before they allow you to do this by yourself.

If you ever get involved in any messaging or online chats that make you feel uncomfortable or in danger
for any reason, exit and tell a parent or other adult right away so they can report it. You also can report it to the
website of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children — they have a form for reporting this type of
incident called CyberTipline. They'll make sure the info is forwarded to law enforcement officials for investigation.

What Is Cyberbullying?

It's not just strangers who can make you feel uncomfortable. Cyberbullying refers to cruel or bullying messages sent
to you online. These might be from former friends or other people you know. They can also be sent anonymously —
in other words, on a website where everyone has a screen name, so teens being bullied might not even know who is
bullying them.

If you get these bullying messages online, it's often better to ignore them rather than answer them. Cyberbullies, just
like other bullies, might be looking for attention or a reaction. Plus, you never want to provoke bullies. By ignoring
them, you can take away their power. You also can try to delete or block bullies so you no longer see their texts.

Fortunately, most people never experience cyberbullying. But if you're getting cyberbullied and ignoring it doesn't
make it stop, getting help from a parent, school counselor, or another trusted adult might be a good idea. That's
especially true if the cyberbullying contains threats.

Other Things to Consider

Although email is relatively private, hackers can still access it — or add you to their spam lists. Spam, like ads or
harassing or offensive notes, is annoying. But spam blockers can keep your mailbox from getting clogged. Many
service providers will help you block out or screen inappropriate emails if your parents agree to set up age-
appropriate parental controls.

If you don't recognize the sender of a document or file that needs to be downloaded, delete it without opening it to
avoid getting a virus on your device. Virus protection software is a must for every computer and should be updated
regularly. You also can buy software that helps rid your computer of unwanted spyware programs that report what
your computer is doing. Some service providers make software available to protect you from these and other online
annoyances, such as blockers for those in-your-face pop-up ads.

When you're out and about with your devices, keep them secure. Don't let other people use your phone unless
you're with them. Don't leave your phone where someone else might pick it up, and turn your laptop or tablet off
when you're not using it. Don't make it easy for other people to get a look at your personal information.

Finally, remember that any pictures or text messages that you send could be leaked as soon as you hit send. Think
about whether the words you've written or the pictures you're about to share are ones that you would want other
people reading or seeing. A good rule is that if you wouldn't want your grandmother to see it or read it, you probably
shouldn't send it or post it.
Ano ang Alamat?

Ang alamat o legend at folklore sa wikang Ingles ay isang uri ng panitikan na naglalaman
ng tungkol sa mga pinagmulan ng mga bagay-bagay sa daigdig. Kung minsan
nagsasalaysay ito ng mga pangyayari hinggil sa tunay na mga tao at pook. Tumatalakay
din ito sa mga katutubong kultura, kaugalian o kapaligiran. Ito ay kadalasang mga
kathang-isip na nagpasalin-salin buhat sa ating mga ninuno.
Katulad ng Maikling Kwento at mga Pabula, ang mga alamat ay kinapupulutan din ng aral
na sumasalamin sa kultura ng isang bayang pinagmulan.
Mga Elemento ng Alamat

Ito ay may pitong elemento. Basahin ang mga sumusunod:

1. Tauhan

Ito ang mga nagsiganap sa kwento at kung ano ang papel na ginagampanan ng bawat isa.

2. Tagpuan

Inilalarawan dito ang lugar na pinangyarihan ng mga aksyon at insidente, gayundin ang
panahon kung kailan ito nangyari.

3. Saglit na kasiglahan

Ito ay naglalahad ng panandaliang pagtatagpo ng mga tauhang masasangkot sa suliranin.

4. Tunggalian

Ito naman ang bahaging nagsasaad sa pakikitunggali o pakikipagsapalaran ng

pangunahing tauhan laban sa mga suliraning kakaharapin na minsan ay sa sarili, sa kapwa,
o sa kalikasan.

5. Kasukdulan

Ito ang pinakamadulang bahagi kung saan maaaring makamtan ng pangunahing tauhan
ang katuparan o kasawian ng kanyang ipinaglalaban.



 Kapag nakapili ka na ng tema, subukan mong tanungin ang sarilimo kung bakit ito anbg napili mo. Ano ang
maibibigay nito sa iyo. At ano ang maibibigay nito sa makakabasa. May matutunan din kayasila? Dapat masagot lahat
ang mga ito bago mo simulang magsulat. Huwag lalayo sa tema. Kailangang paninidigan ito.

 Bago mo simulan ang tula, isipin mo na ang pamagat. Kunglayuan mo, baka iba na ang ulo at katawan. Kung
bulaklak ang pamagat, kailangang tungkol sa bulaklak o dalaga ang tula. Kadalasan, mahirap pumili ng pamagat. Pero
kung alam mo naang tema, parang mas madali na. Pwede ring kukuha sa unang linyang tula o kukuha na lang sa stanza
ang ipapamagat. Pwede ring tapusin muna ang tula bago lagyan ng angkop na pamagat.
 Uri o anyo ito ng tula, kung paano ba ito naisulat. Kung ilanglinya ba ang isang stanza, kung ilan ang salita ng
isang linya. Isa pang istilo ang paggamit ng maliliit na letra sa umpisa ngbawat salita. Pwede ring capital lahat ng umpisa
o salitan. Depende sa gusto ng makata.
 Kung paano simulan kalimitan ang pinakamahirap na parte sapaggawa ng anumang sulatin, lalo na sa tula. Pero
pag naumpisahanmo na, hindi na mahirap na dugtungan. Kailangang sa umpisa palang ay madakip mo na ang interes ng
iyong mambabasa. Isipin mo sila. Huwag ang iyong sarili. Kasi, pwedeng maganda na sa iyo pero para sa iba ay
kabaliktaran. Dapat ding makita sa umpisa ang gandang isang tula.
 Mahalaga ang simbolo sa isang tula. Kung wala nito ay natutuladsa bikas na aklat kung basahin mo at di ka na
kailangang mag-isippa. Nakikita ang ganda ng tula sa mga simbolo. At mahalaga angsimbolo sa alinmang sulatin. At
lalong nagagamit ang simbolo satula. Halimbawa ang bulaklak. Hindi sa bulaklak ng isang halamankundi sa isang dalaga
napapatungkol. Maraming simbolo, at lahat na yata na nasa ilalim ng araw aysimbolo, pwedeng gamiting simbolo. Pero
huwag gagamit ng simbolong hindi mo matindihan o hindi mo alam ang ibig sabihin.
 Nasa katawan ng tula ang ibig mong ipakita, ipahiwatig, ipadama, ipaamoy, ipalasa. Dito nakikita ang problema at
kung paanoito mareresolba.
 Kung umpisa, may wakas. Kung gaano kahirap simulan ang isang tula, parang ganoon ding kahirap wakasan.
Hindi basta na langwakasan ang tula. Kailangang masagot lahat ang mga problema.Pwede namang wakasang nakabitin
at bayaan mo nang isipin ngnakabasa ang nilalaman. Pwede ring kunin ang wakas sa unang stanza sa umpisa ng tula o
kung saang linya na may kinalaman satema na tumutukoy sa pagkakalutas ng problema.