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  Dr. Ameer Alhusuny M.B.Ch.B; M.Sc,(Occ.Med.) UPM OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH &SAFETY Smoking, Alcohol and Drug-Free
  Dr. Ameer Alhusuny M.B.Ch.B; M.Sc,(Occ.Med.) UPM OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH &SAFETY Smoking, Alcohol and Drug-Free
 

Dr. Ameer Alhusuny

M.B.Ch.B; M.Sc,(Occ.Med.) UPM

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH &SAFETY Smoking, Alcohol and Drug-Free Workplace Employee Education

Smoke-Free Workplace

Secondhand Smoke (SHS)

1986 Surgeon General’s Report: SHS identified as a cause of disease in non- smokers.

 

1993 EPA Report: SHS designated as a Class A (known human) carcinogen.

Cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 substances, more than 40 are known carcinogens.

Secondhand Smoke (SHS)

Health effects in nonsmoking adults:

• Health effects in nonsmoking adults:  
 

lung cancer

heart diseases

Health effects in children:

Asthma

Ear infections

Bronchitis and pneumonia

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Health effects in infants:

• Health effects in infants:  
 

Low birth weight, Pre-term delivery

Nasal sinus cancer, Breast cancer

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Why Restrict Smoking? • Reduce exposure to SHS (air pollution) • Reduce amount smoked •
Why Restrict Smoking? • Reduce exposure to SHS (air pollution) • Reduce amount smoked •

Why Restrict Smoking?

Reduce exposure to SHS (air pollution)

Reduce amount smoked

Increase quit attempts

Support those trying to quit

Reduce craving & withdrawal

Increase successful quitting

Lower healthcare and/or insurance costs

Reduce youth initiation

Increase community smoking restrictions

Promote pro-health message

Demonstrate caring/concern, sincere commitment

Customers’ (patients’) well-being comes first

Staff enjoyment of break areas

Drug at Workplace

Drug at Workplace

Abuse: Using a substance to modify or control mood or state of mind in a manner that is illegal or harmful to oneself or others.

Potential consequences of abuse

include:

Accidents or injuries

Blackouts

Legal problems

Poor job performance

Family problems

Sexual behavior that increases the risk of HIV infection

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 Addiction : The irresistible compulsion to use drugs despite adverse consequences. It is characterized
 Addiction : The irresistible compulsion to use drugs despite adverse consequences. It is characterized

Addiction:

The irresistible compulsion to use drugs despite adverse consequences. It is characterized by repeated failure to control use, increased tolerance and increased disruption in the family.

 

For one in ten people, abuse leads to addiction. Addiction to drugs is:

Chronic

 
 Chronic  

Progressive

Primary

Terminal

Characterized by denial

Signs and Symptoms of Substance Abuse

Abuse of drugs affects people:

 

Emotionally like (Aggression, Burnout , Anxiety, Depression, Paranoia , Denial)

 

Behaviorally like:

 

Slow reaction time

Impaired coordination

Slowed or slurred speech

Irritability

Excessive talking

Inability to sit still

Limited attention span

Poor motivation or lack of energy

Physically like (Weight loss, Sweating, Chills, Smell of alcohol)

 
 

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Specific Drugs of Abuse   • Marijuana • Inhalants • Cocaine • Stimulants Depressants •
Specific Drugs of Abuse   • Marijuana • Inhalants • Cocaine • Stimulants Depressants •

Specific Drugs of Abuse

Specific Drugs of Abuse
 

Marijuana

Inhalants

Cocaine

Stimulants Depressants

• Stimulants Depressants

Hallucinogens

Narcotics

Designer Drugs

Overview of Drug-Free Workplace Policy

 

The Drug-Free Workplace Policy accomplishes two major things:

 

Sends a clear message that drug use in the workplace is prohibited.

 

Encourages employees who have problems with drugs to voluntarily seek help.

Alcohol at Workplace

 
 

Employers have a legitimate interest in alcohol use amongst their employees in a restricted set of circumstances only. These

 

circumstances are:

 

(i)

where employees are engaging in illegal activities in the workplace;

 

(ii)

where employees are actually intoxicated in work hours;

(iii)

Where alcohol use is (otherwise) having a demonstrable impact on employees' performance that goes beyond a threshold of acceptability;

 

(iv) where the nature of the work is such that any responsible employer would be expected to take all reasonable steps to minimise the risk of accident;

(v) where the nature of the work is such that the public is entitled to expect a higher than average standard of behaviour from employees and/or there is a risk of vulnerability to corruption (for example, in the police or prison service).

 

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Potential Effects of Excessive Drink  High blood pressure  Cancer  Cirrhosis of liver
Potential Effects of Excessive Drink  High blood pressure  Cancer  Cirrhosis of liver

Potential Effects of Excessive Drink

Potential Effects of Excessive Drink

High blood pressure

Cancer

Cirrhosis of liver

Ulceration

Haemorrhage

Neuropathy

Myopathy

Mental ill health

Social decline

Premature death

Alcohol Use and Occupation

Licensees

Hotel & Catering

Seamen

Armed Services

Sales Representatives

Brewers & Distillers

Journalists

Medical Practitioners

Alcohol and Performance

Alcohol and Performance  
 

Absenteeism

Below-par performance

Interference with training

Higher turnover rates

Accidents

 

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