Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 113

CHAPTER 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

This chapter includes the background of the study, statement of the

purpose, research questions, significance of the study, scope and limitations, and

definition of terms.

Background of the Study

Maternal age at pregnancy is increasing worldwide as well as preterm birth.

However, the association between prematurity and advanced maternal age

remains controversial (Fuchs et al., 2018). An estimated 15 million babies are born

too early every year. That is more than 1 in 10 babies. Babies born before thirty-

seven weeks of gestation are classified of premature. These babies are known

as preemies or premies. Preterm birth can be the result of multiple pathways. In

some women, labor begins early for reasons that are sometimes clear, such as

multiple pregnancy or infection, or for no apparent reason. Other women

experience ruptured membranes prior to the onset of labor and prior to 37 weeks.

Premature births can cause lifetime effects on infants as well as life

changing events for their families (Moore, 2002). Typically, complications of

prematurity vary. In Mayo Clinic website, not all premature babies experience

complications, being born too early can cause short-term and long-term health

problems. Short-term complications are breathing problems, heart problems, brain

problems, temperature control problems, gastrointestinal problems, blood

1
problems, metabolism problems, and immune system problems. In the long-term

complications, premature birth may lead to cerebral palsy, impaired learning, vision

problems, hearing problems, dental problems, behavioral and psychological

problems, and chronic health issues. Generally, the earlier a baby is born, the

higher the risk of complications. Birth weight plays an important role, too. Some

problems may be apparent at birth, while others may not develop until later.

Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under the age

of 5 years. And in almost all countries with reliable data, preterm birth rates are

increasing. Preterm birth is the most common cause of death among infants

worldwide. About 15 million babies are preterm each year (5% to 18% of all

deliveries). More than 60% of preterm births occur in Africa and South Asia, but

preterm birth is truly a global problem. In the lower-income countries, on average,

12% of babies are born too early compared with 9% in higher-income countries.

Within countries, poorer families are at higher risk.

The Philippines is among the countries with the most number of babies

"born too soon," a United Nations agency claimed. The country was ranked 8th out

of 184 countries in terms of number of premature births based on latest data, the

UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) said in a statement (Patria, 2012). Out of the 2.3

million births in the Philippines in 2010, a total of 348,900 were premature

deliveries. This translates to a premature birth rate of 14.9 percent, the 12th

highest in the world, UNICEF said.

2
The researchers conducted this study to have a deeper understanding and

knowledge about the experiences of mothers who gave birth prematurely. Also,

their insights and learnings can inspire other people, especially mothers.

Statement of the Problem

The purpose of this basic interpretive qualitative research study is to

develop a deeper understanding and knowledge about preterm birth experienced

by mothers with major cases. At this stage of the research, preterm birth will be

generally defined as (1) one of the leading causes of premature death, (2) common

problem during pregnancy and birth, and (3) factor that affects child's growth and

development.

1. What are your experiences in having a premature child?

2. How did you deal with these experiences?

3. What are your insights/learnings from the said experiences?

Scope and Limitations

The scope of the study will be the experiences and struggles of a mother

who gave birth prematurely in Cavite. Also, if possible, children who were born

prematurely with major complications will be interviewed. It's not always possible

to explain the causes of preterm birth and why it happened. There are risk factors

for being born early. This study will be conducted from July 2018 to October 2018.

3
The study will limit the questions when the participant is not able to answer

it all, and when the question is too much and too personal for the participant. The

researchers won't force them to answer, instead they will just replace them by new

questions.

Significance of the Study

This research aims to contribute knowledge to the following people by the

shared experiences of the mothers that can help them on the things to do if ever

their child will be prematurely born or with complications.

Mothers with prematurely born child. This study will be significant to mothers

with prematurely born child for it will give them advices and experiences from other

mothers with same cases as them. Also, this study can inform them what are the

things they must do and must not do.

Soon-to-be mothers. This study will be significant to the women whose soon to

be mothers for it will inform them on the things they should do and shouldn’t do.

Also, this study will give them knowledge about the things that they don’t know yet.

Prematurely born children. This study will be significant to the children who were

prematurely born for them to realize that their lives was a gift from God. That their

mothers really love them despite of their complications. This study will also help

them in the future if ever they have loved ones who have their child prematurely

born.

4
Definition of Terms

This study contains some terms that has other definitions connected to the

field of medicine. To have better understanding, these are the terms with their

definitions.

Disability. It is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual,

mental, physical, and sensory or some combination of these.

Experience. It is something that a mother has actually done or lived through.

Gestation stage. It is a fetal development from the time of conception until birth.

Maternal age. It is the age of the mother at the time of delivery.

Preemies. It is a baby that is born earlier than expected.

Premature death. It is the deaths that occur before a person reaches an expected

age. Many of these deaths are preventable.

Preterm birth. It is a birth that takes place more than three weeks before the

baby’s estimated due date.

5
CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter renders review of other studies concerning the struggles of

mothers and the coping strategies. The main purpose of this review was to relate

the studies on how the struggles and experiences of mothers and her child affect

their lives.

Premature Birth

In general, a normal human pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks, or just more

than 9 months, from the start of the last menstrual period to childbirth. Labor that

begins before 37 weeks is called preterm labor (or premature labor). Premature

birth is defined currently as 37 weeks or fewer gestation, but that target has been

moving over the past couple of decades. It used to say under 36 weeks. The

smallest babies fall within less than 26 weeks gestation (Henner, 2013).

Women who become pregnant again less than 18 months after having a

baby are more likely to deliver early, according to a new study. Past reports have

also linked having a short interpregnancy interval - the time between giving birth

and getting pregnant again - with a greater risk of premature birth (Lehman, 2014).

Premature babies, especially those born very early, often have complicated

medical problems. Typically, complications of prematurity vary. But the earlier the

baby is born, the higher the risk of complications. According to Medline Plus,

important growth and development happen throughout pregnancy - especially in

the final months and weeks. Because they are born too early, preemies weigh

6
much less than full-term babies. They may have health problems because their

organs did not have enough time to develop.

According to report Born Too Soon: The Global Action Report on Preterm

Birth, each year, some 15 million babies in the world, more than one in 10 births,

are born too early. More than one million of those babies die shortly after birth;

countless others suffer some type of lifelong physical, neurological, or educational

disability, often at great cost to families and society.

According to EKS National Institute of Child Health and Human

Development (NICHD), preterm birth is the most common cause of infant death

and is the leading cause of long-term disability related to the nervous system in

children. Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under the

age of 5 years. And in almost all countries with reliable data, preterm birth rates

are increasing. Inequalities in survival rates around the world are stark. In low-

income settings, half of the babies born at or below 32 weeks (2 months early) die

due to a lack of feasible, cost-effective care, such as warmth, breastfeeding

support, and basic care for infections and breathing difficulties. In high-income

countries, almost all these babies survive (Donahue and Horrow, 2016).

Late preterm babies, those born between 32 and 37 weeks of pregnancy,

have a good chance of survival if the basic, low cost interventions are in place.

Around 84% of the 350,000 preterm babies that are born annually in the

Philippines fall into this category. Babies born between 32 and 37 weeks should

be able to survive with access to simple and affordable care.

7
Today in the Philippines, 48% of children who die under the age of 5 years

are newborns, and 39% of these die from preterm complications, making this the

leading cause of newborn mortality. In 2011, 11,290 deaths were attributed to

preterm complications – the equivalent of 31 newborn deaths every day.

Experiences of Mothers who Gave Birth Prematurely

Mothers who gave birth prematurely have a lot of experiences starting from

their delivery. First, physically, having a premature child is knowing to be blessed

with a very special child. Preemies are warrior babies that have had to fight to

survive. Appreciating and celebrating their milestone, no matter how small they

are. Premature parents appreciate every tiny indication of growth and progress

(Shield, 2018). Almost all premature children are sweet and caring.

According to Arnold & Sawyer (2011), the first contact between parent and

baby was characterized by turbulent emotions, whether it occurred immediately

after birth or later in NICU. The first time parents held their babies was often weeks

after the birth and clearly illustrated differences in parents’ bonding with their

infants. Two thirds of couples saw their baby at birth but remaining parents saw

their baby for the first time in NICU. No parents held or touched their baby until

they were in NICU. The anticipation felt by parents prior to seeing and touching

their baby for the first time was characterized by contrasting emotions, with some

parents feeling scared and others excited about the event.

Sometimes, mothers need to ask permission if they can touch their own

baby because of the complications they have. They need to learn about high tech

8
medical equipment like ventilators and feeding tubes unlike having baby strollers

and diaper wipe warmers. Getting up all through the night, every night, because

the milk machine is empty that makes the baby cry. (Ringley, 2018).

According to Tommy’s (2017), insomnia or sleeping too much poor appetite

or overeating, sometimes with weight loss or gain trouble concentrating and

making decisions being restless, fidgety or overwhelmingly anxious negative or

guilty feelings, or feeling that they would be better off dead, or wanting to harm

themselves in very rare cases, hallucinations or delusions, such as hearing voices.

It’s important to be realistic: life with a new baby is unlikely to feel the same as life

before children. While the baby is in hospital, their daily routine may feel like a

treadmill of hospital visits, expressing milk and sleeping. Social activities, hobbies

and interests fall by the wayside for a while. Mothers will feel unbelievably tired,

and if their baby has health problems they will inevitably feel extremely distressed.

Second, emotionally, babies that were born prematurely are surely hurtful

on the mother's side but what's good in this is that the mother touches the skin of

the baby that she was longing to experience. By the excitement of delivering the

baby and then was birth earlier than expected time is surely nerve wracking but

knowing that the baby is on the right condition, it makes the mother feel like she is

the happiest woman in the world. There’s no such thing that can exceed mother's

love towards her child, her baby. The worry of the mother for the preterm baby is

maybe temporary and then be happier as usual, difference is that, she has now

her baby. Or it may be permanent (if the baby didn't make it) and worse, may lead

9
the mother to have mental illness because of the trauma she experienced with her

baby (Patag, 2017).

Emotional health may include to one of the causes of a preterm labor, and

as for the vice versa of this, the preterm labor may also cause the mother to

experience problems with regards to the emotional health, the emotional struggles.

As well as feeling joy, love and happiness at the birth of the baby, this period can

also be extremely stressful and overwhelming. It is not unusual to feel quite

exhausted and unhappy or tearful for several months after having the baby. Many

parents find it difficult to focus on their own needs after having a new baby -

especially if she is unwell. If they are suffering from a complete lack of motivation

and feel very low after their premature birth, they could be depressed. In the case

of postnatal depression, this can sometimes include not feeling close to their baby

or enjoying being with her, which may be accompanied by a sense of guilt and

incompetence, feeling low, sad, guilty, tearful, helpless or hopeless, low self-

esteem, self-hatred and needing reassurance, feeling irritable and intolerant with

those around them, including the baby or partner finding it virtually impossible to

carry out even simple tasks.

They can expect to feel grief and anger – these are the feelings they

experience when real life doesn’t live up to the future they expected. Premature

birth is a traumatic experience. Having a premature baby is a huge adjustment and

it may take them a long time – and possibly professional help – to accept what has

happened. When a baby is born prematurely, parents often feel shocked,

confused, abandoned, powerless or guilty. Some feel grief because of what they

10
fear the future may hold, and it is common to try to place blame for the situation on

others.

Third, socially, large number of studies in preterm-born children have

described a behavioral profile that seems consistent with the preterm behavioral

phenotype described earlier, and we invite the reader to refer to three meta-

analyses for further details (Bhutta et al., 2013). According to Published Findings,

very preterm-born children show significant emotional difficulties relative to peers

and these difficulties are identified by elevated scores on CBCL anxiety/depression

and SDQ emotional difficulties scales.

Researchers at the National Instituted for Health and Welfare and University

of Oulu in Finland found babies who were born prematurely had weaker muscles

than those born after 37 weeks. Their study suggested that their findings extends

to all premature babies, even those that are considered only slightly premature or

underweight. In addition, participants who were born before 37 weeks reported

feeling less physically fit than those born after the 37-week mark, though

researchers were reluctant to attribute lack of physical fitness later in life to

premature birth. There are many options and services open to families with

children who suffer from learning or developmental issues. Children with these

issues can still lead normal, fulfilling lives with the right support and tools. The

parents should monitor their child from a young age and keep watch for any signs

that their child may be suffering from learning difficulties, and then seek

appropriate help if need be (Sakellariou, 2017).

11
Fourth, mentally, according to Moorhead (2015), giving birth to a premature

baby is a lot much harder than we thought, a lot much harder than those of the

term babies. Not just in physical, financial, emotional, spiritual and so whatever

but also in mental aspect of the parents, especially the mother. It is hard for the

mother if she gave birth earlier, preterm. She’s not mentally prepared. She did not

expect it to happen. And of course, because it is preterm, there is no assurance

that the baby will be fine so the mother will start worrying and will overthink about

the condition of her baby, her child. She will not be able to stop thinking until she

knew that her baby is safe.

Mothers experiencing a preterm birth are at risk for maternal mental health

issues, inclusive of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which

may affect mother-infant attachment and infant development. Depression and

PTSD, frequently comorbid, following preterm birth and relationships between

these symptoms, maternal-infant attachment, and infant development are

reviewed. Assessments and interventions potentially capable of benefitting mother

and infant are noted. The need for healthcare professionals to intervene prenatally

and at postpartum is significant as maternal distress remains one of the most

consistent factors related to infant development. Although depression has received

much attention in the literature as a risk factor for preterm birth, impaired

attachment, and delayed infant development, some of the consequences of PTSD

have only recently gained research attention. A few studies support the role of

PTSD in impaired maternal-infant attachment; yet, it is unclear whether preterm

infants of mothers experiencing symptoms of PTSD following birth are at a higher

12
risk for motor development problems. Because early mother-infant interactions are

influenced by prematurity as well as maternal mental health, consideration for

home interventions that stimulate infant development and encourage mother-infant

relationships concurrently are important. Directed interventions may be beneficial

for infant development and aid in strengthening the mother-infant relationship,

potentially reducing depression and PTSD symptoms in the mother (Anderson &

Cacola, 2017).

Lastly, financial. Not all parents can afford what are the things a prematurely

born baby needs. Most of the things are expensive. Especially to single parents,

mostly mothers. Not all mothers have work or jobs where they can get money.

Also, mostly prematurely born babies mothers nowadays are teenagers. They

can’t easily find a job when they are still on school. Those were the disadvantages.

But there are also advantages. Mothers can seek help in the government since

there are agencies that are willing to help those who are in need. Also, their own

families and relatives, who can support the child.

Coping Mechanisms

Parents of NICU/SCN babies often feel a sense of loss, guilt, regret and

distress about how their baby came into the world. Many deliveries resulting

in NICU/SCN admission are traumatic ones, and not how we planned or imagined

having our baby to be.

13
According to Hubbies Page, having a premature or sick newborn in hospital

is a very emotional and stressful time. Parents often feel powerless, intimidated

and controlled. They find themselves in a new environment where others have the

primary role of caring for their baby. Being the parents of a premature baby can be

very stressful. Mums and dads of premature babies often go through a lot of

emotional ups and downs in the early weeks and months of their baby’s life. When

they get practical help and emotional support from family and friends, parents often

cope a lot better with the experience. And when they’re managing well, they’re

better able to look after their baby.

It’s okay to ask parents what they need. Some parents want to shut

themselves off and cope with the situation alone or with a few close friends and

family. Respect their wishes, but at the same time let them know that you’re

thinking of them. You could try to offer help at different times. Some parents need

lots of people around for support. These parents might love having company at the

hospital. Some parents want to talk about things other than the baby (Raising

Children Network (Australia) Website).

According to Mkize (2017), Yonela Nxasana, a mother of premature baby,

asked the nurses in the hospital’s neonatal intensive care (NICU) ward to close the

curtain around her daughter’s incubator, so that she could do the only thing she

could think of at that moment, which was to pray. “I just prayed and asked God to

give me strength because from then on, I was going to need strength... to be strong

for her," she said.

14
When a baby is born prematurely, parents often feel shocked, confused,

abandoned, powerless or guilty. Some feel grief because of what they fear the

future may hold, and it is common to try to place blame for the situation on others.

Emotional reactions are not always predictable. Having a premature baby is a huge

adjustment and it may take you a long time – and possibly professional help – to

accept what has happened (Tommy’s Website).

Synthesis

Having a premature child is not what any parent wants. When a baby is born

prematurely, parents often feel shocked, confused, abandoned, powerless or

guilty. It is a frightening ride into unknown territory. It is being thrust into the hardest

possible parenting struggle before they have even met their child. It is feeling

disconnected from the one person in the entire universe that they have been

waiting to connect with.

There are many causes that caused the early delivery of a mother. Some

say that it was because of "incompetent cervix." Mothers who have their baby

prematurely born are often frightened and nervous. It is really very hard for a

mother to have a premature baby because they'll never know what the things they

should do or how will they take care of their baby especially if there are major

complications like apnea, respiratory distress syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis,

anemia, and many more chronic diseases.

15
Many of them don't understand what it feels like to have a premature baby

until they experience having one. There are a lot of variation in preemie outcomes,

and some parents have it easier or harder than others. Some will struggle more

and have a more complicated road to travel. How did they react the first time they

knew that their baby is premature, what are the steps that they followed in taking

care of their babies, are they building a stronger relationship with their baby, what

are the things that they avoided -- those were just few questions most of us want

to know? The purpose of this research is to deeply understand what the struggles

and the experiences of the parents are, especially the mothers.

Despite the long-term health difficulties that preemies may face, most

premature children are able to live long and healthy lives. It is imperative that their

parents pay extra attention to their health and developmental to address any

issues as soon as possible. But, so long as the proper medical attention and

support provided, those born prematurely can still lead fulfilling, happy lives.

Having a premature baby might be one of the hardest things that has ever

happened to them. But it might just be one of the best, too.

16
CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

This research chapter contains the research design and methodology of the

study. The purposes of this chapter are to define the research methodology,

explain the sampling, population, and describe the procedure that was used during

and after the data gathering and the data analysis.

Research Design

A research design is used in collecting and analyzing measures of any

variables specified in the research problem through the set of methods and

procedures. It is also defined as a blueprint for conducting a study with maximum

control over factors that may interfere with the validity of the findings (Burns and

Grove, 2003). Research design is the framework that has been created to find

answers to research questions.

Qualitative research is primarily exploratory research an extensive method

of developing more research methods (DeFranzo, 2011). It aims to get a better

understanding through first-hand experience, truthful reporting, and quotations of

actual conversations. Also, to understand how the participants derive meaning

from their surroundings, and how their meaning influences their behavior. This

uses observation as the data collection method.

This study focuses on the experiences, struggles, and coping mechanisms

of mothers. The researchers will use a basic interpretive design.

17
This study involves these phases, namely conceptual, narrative, and

interpretive phases.

Conceptual Phase

In conceptual phase, the researchers will create the research

questions about the experiences, struggles, and coping mechanism of

mothers. At this research stage, it aims to identify every experience of some

mothers in Cavite who gave birth prematurely and to discover new

experiences that will be a motivation to others. Review of related literature

will be conducted for the researchers to fully understand the concept and

content of literature.

Narrative Phase

The narrative phase is the analyzing and planning the research

design. The main data collection instrument will be the researchers for they

are going to interview the participants. There will be ten participants who

are qualified for the criteria provided by the researchers.

Interpretive Phase

This phase involves the collection, analysis, and interpretation of

data. The data and information that will be gathered during the interview

between the researchers and the participants. The researchers will find

other articles related to the topic that will act as the framework of the study.

18
Research Population

Research population is a well-defined collection of individuals or objects

known to have similar characteristics. All individuals or objects within a certain

population usually have a common, binding characteristics or trait. In this study,

the target population are five mothers of a prematurely born baby with major

complications, which were chosen as the participants. The participants of the study

should encounter the criteria of presence which are as follow.

Sampling Technique

To ensure reliable and valid inferences from a sample, probability sampling

technique is used to obtain unbiased results (Suresh et al., 2011). A sampling

technique is the name or other identification of the specific process by which the

entities of the sample have been selected.

It is impractical and undesirable to study the whole population. If the sample

is too small or excessively large, it may lead to incorrect findings. This method is

done in research to find representative samples to avoid bias and to be able to

produce accurate results and to have a clear explanation about a certain event.

Research Instrument

The researchers use a one-on-one interview and social media to collect

data related to the experiences of having a prematurely born baby from the

participant. The researchers gathered questions based on the global issues and

concerns, including common problems and cases.

19
To ensure the credibility of the data collection, the researchers take aside

the participants by interviewing and writing the opinions of the participants, which

are the mothers, about her experiences and struggles on having a prematurely

born baby.

Strategies of Inquiry

The researchers will be using one-to-one interview strategy between the

researchers and the participant. We will use cellphone that will allow us to connect

to the participants. Data inquiry will be held at the researchers’ place and also, at

the participants’ place. Through this, the researchers will ensure the confidentially

of the information given by the participants. The researchers will distribute guide

questions to facilitate and control the interview.

Date Gathering Procedure

This basic interpretive qualitative study involves the gathering of data using

one-on-one interview and communication. The gathered data will be coming from

five (5) mothers who experienced preterm birth and is focusing to those with major

complications. The researchers are the main instrument of a qualitative research,

where they observe, listen, and understand the information from the participant.

As a matter of fact, interviews are best used when there are only few related

studies about the topic. This can give different insights from different people and

regions. They can also help evaluate topics that are sensitive to be declared in a

group environment. The questions that will be given into the selected mothers will

be used to find out their struggles and experiences as a preterm birth patient.

20
During the interview, the processes that happen are (1) respondents answer the

questions given, share their insights and experiences, and (2) the researchers’

record and analyze the data received.

Qualitative Data Analysis

The researchers will be conducting interviews, as to find out the different

experiences of the respondents. Most of the questions that will be given are about

the struggles and their impairments from the real word. Other questions will be

pertaining on how they survived, what factor required them to get through

obstacles and especially, what keeps them fighting and going.

The data will be analyzed by comparing the factors or the common factors

that they experience. By these common factors the researchers will be able to

know the most common things that they are encountering in their everyday lives.

The researchers will also know how they faced their lives in this world. It can also

be a guide to other people who is experiencing the same situation as what are they

experiencing.

21
CHAPTER 4

DATA ANALYSIS, PRESENTATION, AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

This chapter presents the results and interpretation of the data gathered

that will answer to the research questions given at the outset of the study.

The purpose of this basic interpretive qualitative research study is to

develop a deeper understanding and knowledge about preterm birth experienced

by mothers with major cases. At this stage of the research, preterm birth will be

generally defined as (1) one of the leading causes of premature death, (2) common

problem during pregnancy and birth, and (3) factor that affects child's growth and

development.

The following questions guided the research:

1. What are your experiences in having a premature child?

2. How did you deal with these experiences?

3. What are your insights/learnings from the said experience?

The participants were also asked about their biographical data such as age,

address, occupation, and type of complication. After the data gathering, the

researchers analyzed the answers through selective coding.

22
Demographic Profile of Participants

The researchers provided the participants a demographic profile sheet for

them to fill out in order for the researchers to extract significant information from

them. Table 4.1 presents the demographic data of the mothers who participated in

the interviews conducted by the researchers.

All of the participants gave birth prematurely based on the demographic

profile that the researchers gathered. The participants answered what are their

experiences as a mother of premature child/children with major complications.

Table 4.1 Demographic Profile of the Participants

Participant Age Length of Type of Child’s Complication

Being Pregnant

1 44 8 months Twins (The other one died)

2 22 7 months Bleeding in Intestine

3 34 Polio

5 47 Immunodeficiency and Weak

Muscles

Method of Analysis

The researchers of the study analyzed and interpreted the answers of the

participants through selective coding. The responses were grouped and tabulated

through the responses, category, sub-category, theme, and core category which

23
are divided based on the questions asked. The researchers compared the answers

of the participants.

Experiences of Mothers who Gave Birth Prematurely with Major

Complications

Mothers who gave birth prematurely have a lot of experiences starting from

their delivery. Their physical, emotional, social, mental, and financial aspects were

also affected. Some related studies and literatures provide information about it.

The findings of this study showed the different experiences of mothers. The

researchers also identified the themes that emerged from their responses. The

themes that emerged were:

 Positive Experiences of Mothers who Gave Birth Prematurely

 Negative Experiences of Mothers who Gave Birth Prematurely

The themes, with their accompanying categories and sub-categories, will

be discussed, illustrated by meaning units, and supported by a literature control.

Operational definitions are given for each category.

Theme 1: Positive Experiences of Mothers who Gave Birth Prematurely

The researchers will discuss the experiences of mothers in having

premature child/children. The theme is about the positive experiences that the

mothers have faced. Participants shared their own experience through chat/social

media.

24
Moreover, Table 4.2 presents the categories, as well as the sub-categories,

accompanied with the positive experiences of the participants.

Table 4.2 Positive Experiences of Mothers

Category Sub Category

 Difficulty in breastfeeding
Physical Experiences  Child delivery
 Prioritizing her child
 Deep sorrow
Emotional Experiences  Feeling relieved
 Joy and difficulties
 Sympathy from people
Social Experiences  Looking after her child
 Strong faith and positive mindset
Mental Experiences  Mindful about health
 Mentally responsible
 Financial stability
Financial Experiences  Government assistance
 Discount cards

Category 1: Physical Experiences

Operational Definition: It means difficulty in breastfeeding, child delivery,

and prioritizing her child.

Three (3) of the participants said that they had positive experiences. While

two (2) of the participants, participants 4 and 5, are the ones who said that they

have negative experiences.

25
I delivered my eight-month twins... Breast milk only for him that I need to feed
him every 2 hours or less and my secretion of milk that time was not adequate.

(P1)

Pinakamasaya na siguro iyong nakaya ko i-normal si baby kahit na nawawalan


na ako ng tubig sa loob ng tiyan ko... (Maybe the most fulfilling part was I
delivered my baby normally even I lose water in my tummy…)

(P2)

Giving extra and special care to my child… magsasara muna ng tindahan,


minsan sayang ang benta, kailangan ding bigyan ng extra attention. (Giving
extra and special care… I need to close the store, sometimes our sales were
put to waste, and it also need an extra attention…)

(P3)

Physical experiences is very hard for a mother especially if her child’s

condition is severe. But even though it’s hard, three (3) of the participants said that

they have positive experiences.

Category 2: Emotional Experiences


Operational Function: It means feeling relieved, deep sorrow, and joy and

difficulties.

In emotional experiences, four (4) of the participants said that they have

positive experiences. While participant 4 said that she had negative experiences.

26
It makes me stronger and refuse to quit. Despite the sad part that I lost one of
my twins, there’s still one who lives and been a reason for me to move on and
get back my sanity.

(P1)

Gumagaan ang loob ko kapag nakikita mong lumalaban at bumubuti ang lagay
ng baby ko. (When I saw my baby fighting and getting better, I felt relieved.)

(P2)

Masaya ako kase una ko siyang anak. Nagulat ako kase nga napa- aga…
Masaya nung hiniga, nilagay siya nung doktor sa dibdib ko… Pinakamahi-rap
din kapag nagkakasakit siya, napakasakitin kase niya. (I felt happy because
he was my first son. I was shocked because I delivered him early… I was
happy when the doctor laid him down in my chest… It was also difficult when
he gets sick because he’s so prone to it.)

(P3)

I felt happy and relieved because I knew that my daughter survive despite
that she’s a premature child.

(P5)

27
According to Arnold & Sawyer (2011), the first contact between parent and

baby was characterized by turbulent emotions, whether it occurred immediately

after birth or later in NICU.

Category 3: Social Experiences


Operational Function: It means sympathy from people and looking after her

child.

Only two (2) of the participants said that they have positive experiences

when it comes to social. While three (3) of the participants said that they have

negative experiences.

The other one is a lovable kid so, no negative impression. For the people who
knew the story, they felt sad for the loss of the other twin. They said, “Naku
kung nabuhay siguro si Aeron, ang pogi din nun.” (If Aeron is still alive, I bet
he’s a good-looking man too.)

(P1)

Nakikipaglaro siya palagi sa ibang bata. Pinapayagan ko naman pero


kailangang may bantay. (He always plays with other children. I always allow
him but there’s always someone to look for him.)

(P3)

The parents should monitor their child from a young age and keep watch

for any signs that their child may be suffering from learning difficulties, and then

seek appropriate help if need be (Sakellariou, 2017).

28
Category 4: Mental Experiences
Operational Function: It means having positive mindset and strong faith, and

being mindful about health and mentally responsible.

All of the participants said that they have positive experiences when it comes

to mental. None of the participants said that they have negative experiences.

My concept & ideals in life – I’m a broad-minded person that it didn’t affect my
faith in God that there’s a good reason for all the trials that’s we’re going
through.

(P1)

Natuto akong maging matatag, magtiis, at magtiyaga sa lahat ng oras


sakripisyo at pila sa mga kailangang ayusin para sa bata. (Be careful especially
when you’re pregnant. Take care of yourself. Be strong and courageous all the
time. Do not hesitate to give up and let go in times of need.)

(P2)

‘Wag lang talagang panghihina-an ng loob, kase madali tayong matatalo ng


hirap, kawawa naman yung bata. Ako okay na kong mawala kase naitaguyod
ko na ang pamilya ko pero yung anak ko, marami pa siyang mararana-san eh.
(Don’t be weak, because we will be easily beat by the struggles in life the child
will be pity. It was okay for me to die because I already build my family up
but my child, he will still face different challenges in life.)

(P3)

29
Natuto ako mas maging responsable sa buhay at may mahabang pasensiya
para sa mga anak ko. Uunahin ko muna ang mga bata bago ang sarili o kung
ano pa man. Mas kailangan sila i-prioritize. (I learned to be more responsible
in life and have a longer patience for my twins. They come first before myself.
They need to be prioritized more.)

(P4)

It made me to be a positive thinker and more understanding.

(P5)

Most of the participants said that they have a positive mindset regarding on

having a premature child. Also, they become mentally responsible.

Category 5: Financial Experiences


Operational Function: It means having government assistance and discount

cards. Also, being financial stable.

All of the participants said that they didn’t have any negative experiences

when it comes to financial aspect.

I and my husband had job that time that I may say, we’re quite financial stable
that time.

(P1)

30
Financial assistance mula sa DSWD at PCSO sa ospital. (Financial assistance
from the DSWD and PCSO from hospitals.)

(P2)

Yung iba kong kakilala… Pero kami eh nabigyan na ng ID at booklet sa


Amadeo. Nakakadis-count kami ng kaunti sa mga gamot niya. (Other people
that I know… But we have an ID and booklet at Amadeo. So we have a discount
for his medicines.)

(P3)

Suporta simula nung baby sila tinutulungan sila makalabas ng ospital at


makabawas sa ibang gastos sa ospital. (The support coming from the
government helped us to discharge them and to lessen the hospital expenses.)
(P4)

We are able to get discount whenever we eat in a restaurant or fast-food chain.


Also, we have PhilHealth card which helps us to lessen the expenses in the
hospital.

(P5)

Mothers can seek help in the government since there are agencies that are

willing to help those who are in need. Also, their own families and relatives, who

can support the child.

31
Theme 2: Negative Experiences of Mothers who Gave Birth Prematurely

The researchers will discuss the experiences of mothers in having

premature child/children. The theme is about the negative experiences that the

mothers have faced. Participants shared their own experience through chat/social

media.

Moreover, Table 4.3 presents the categories, as well as the sub-categories,

accompanied with the negative experiences of the participant

Table 4.3 Negative Experiences of Mothers


Category Sub Category

Physical Struggles  Going back and forth in the ICU


 Lack of sleep
 Worrying about the health of her
Emotional Struggles child
 Seeking help through social
Social Struggles media
 Knowing first their situation
 Trying to engage her child in
physical activities

Category 1: Physical Struggles

Operational Definition: It means having difficulties in going back and forth in

the ICU. It also means, lack of sleep.

Two (2) of the participants stated that they had physical struggles.

Participants 4 and 5 are the ones who have physical struggles.

32
Two months sila sa hospital, two months din ako pabalik-balik sa ICU para i-
check at bantayan sila. (They are in the hospital for two months and I’m also
going back and forth for two months in the ICU to check and watch over them.)

(P4)

I have two premature children.… I don’t have enough time to sleep and rest
because I need to observe and watch my child.

(P5)

According to Ringley (2018), physical struggles can be experienced getting

up all night and learning about high tech medical equipment like ventilators and

feeding tubes. Other participants didn’t experience this situations. Participants 1

and 2 have difficulties in breast feeding and child delivering, respectively but they

considered it as positive experience.

Category 2: Emotional Struggles

Operational Definition: It means worrying about the health of her child.

One (1) of the participants stated that she had emotional struggles.

Participants 1, 2, 3 and 5 did not have emotional struggles.

33
Pray lang kay Lord… kapag may sakit sila, doon ako pinanghihina-an ng loob
dahil hindi naman sila normal ipinanganak nandun pa rin ‘yung kaba. (Just pray
to the Lord… when they are sick. I am discouraged because they were not
normally born, the nervousness is still there.).

(P4)

According to Patag (2017), by the excitement of delivering the baby and

then was birth earlier than expected time is surely nerve wracking but knowing that

the baby is on the right condition, it makes the mother feel like she is the happiest

woman in the world.

Category 3: Social Struggles

Operational Definition: It means seeking help through social media,

knowing first their situation, and trying to engage her child in physical activities.

Three (3) participants experienced social struggles. Participants 2, 4, and 5

faced social struggles in having premature child.

Naranasan kong… mag-post at humingi ng tulong thru social media, mag-chat


at mag-text sa mga kaibigan ko. Medyo mahirap kase hindi naman agad
mapapansin ng mga tao. (I experienced… posting on social media and asking
for their help, also chatting and texting my friends. It becomes hard because
only few paid attention to the post.)

(P2)

34
Naapektu-han ako socially, kasi sa tuwing may mag-aaya na makipaglaro sa
anak ko kailangan pa nilang magpaalam at kailangan ko munang alamin ang
sitwason ng anak ko. (It affected me socially because every time that other kids
invite my daughter to play with them, they need to ask my permission and I
need to know my daughter’s condition first.)

(P4)

One of my social struggles is attempting to engage my child to physical


activities together with the other children.

(P5)

Participant 2 had a hard time asking help in social media for her premature

child. While participants 4 and 5 need to check first their child’s condition before

allowing them to play or engage in different kinds of physical activities.

Participants who were born before 37 weeks reported feeling less physically

fit than those born after the 37-week mark, though researchers were reluctant to

attribute lack of physical fitness later in life to premature birth (Sakellariou, 2017).

Coping Strategies of Mothers who Gave Birth Prematurely

The findings of the study showed the coping strategies of mothers who gave

birth prematurely with major complications. The researchers identified the theme

that emerged from the responses. The theme that emerged was:

 Active Coping Strategy

35
The theme, with its accompanying categories and sub-categories, will be

discussed, illustrated by meaning units, and supported by a literature control.

Operational definitions are given for each category.

Theme 1: Active Coping Strategy

The researchers will discuss the experiences of mothers in having

premature child/children. The theme is about the coping strategies of the mothers

that have used in order to handle their struggles. Participants shared their own

experience through chat/social media.

Moreover, Table 4.4 presents the categories, as well as the sub-categories,

accompanied with the positive experiences of the participants

Table 4.4 Active Coping Strategy

Category Sub Category

 Support from family


Family
 Presence of family
 Strong faith
Faith in God
 God’s assistance
Emotional outburst  Crying
Time

Category 1: Family

Operational Definition: It means support and presence of the family.

All of the participants stated that they coped with their struggles through

their family.

36
I just let my emotions help me in coping up. I just let it flow. I cried when I feel
like. Time helps me heal the wound of losing. Glad, that I have one son left to
take care of and a family that’s been there to help me when I needed them
most. I’m a broad-minded person that it didn’t affect my faith in God that there’s
a good reason for all the trials that’s we’re going through.

(P1)

Hinarap ko ang problemang ito kasama ang aking pamilya, humingi ng tulong
sa Diyos, nagdasal at kumilos. (I faced this problem together with my family. I
asked God’s help and guidance, prayed and moved.)

(P2)

Pray lang talaga. Lagi ring nandyan yung mga kamag-anak at kaibigan ko para
tumulong. (Just pray. And beside my family and friend were always there to
help.)”

(P3)

Sa tulong ng mga magulang ng asawa ko at patuloy na paghingi ng guidance


at assistance sa Diyos. (With the help of my in-laws and continuously praying
to the Lord for guidance and assistance.)

(P4)

I always remind myself that God and my family is always there beside me to
comfort and motivate me.

(P5)

37
According to Raising Children Network (Australia) Website, some parents

want to shut themselves off and cope with the situation alone or with a few close

friends and family. Some parents need lots of people around for support. The

results of the study proves this statement. All participants were given support from

their family.

Category 2: Faith in God

Operational Definition: It means asking God’s assistance and having strong

faith.

Four (4) of the participants stated that they coped with their struggles

through their faith in God.

Hinarap ko ang problemang ito kasama ang aking pamilya, humingi ng tulong
sa Diyos, nagdasal at kumilos. (I faced this problem together with my family. I
asked God’s help and guidance, prayed and moved.)

(P2)

Pray lang talaga. Lagi ring nandyan yung mga kamag-anak at kaibigan ko para
tumulong. (Just pray. And beside my family and friend were always there to
help.)

(P3)

38
Sa tulong ng mga magulang ng asawa ko at patuloy na paghingi ng guidance
at assistance sa Diyos. (With the help of my in-laws and continuously praying
to the Lord for guidance and assistance.)

(P4)

I always remind myself that God and my family is always there beside me to
comfort and motivate me.

(P5)

According to Mkize (2017), Yonela Nxasana, a mother of a premature baby,

just pray and asked God to give her strength from then on. Participants 2, 3, and

4 prayed and asked God’s help and assistance. While participant 5 remind herself

that God is always with her.

Category 3: Emotional Outburst

Operational Definition: It means crying when she feels.

Participant 1 just let her emotions take her. When she wants to cry, she just

let it flow.

I just let my emotions help me in coping up. I just let it flow. I cried when I feel
like. Time helps me heal the wound of losing. Glad, that I have one son left to
take care of and a family that’s been there to help me when I needed them
most. I’m a broad-minded person that it didn’t affect my faith in God that there’s
a good reason for all the trials that’s we’re going through.

(P1)

39
Some parents want to shut themselves off and cope with the situation alone

or with a few close friends and family. Respect their wishes, but at the same time

let them know that you’re thinking of them (Raising Children Network (Australia)

Website).

Category 4: Time

Operational Definition: It means time heals the wound of losing.

Time helped Participant 1 to cope up for her lost son. It helped her to heal

the wound of losing.

I just let my emotions help me in coping up. I just let it flow. I cried when I feel
like. Time helps me heal the wound of losing. Glad, that I have one son left to
take care of and a family that’s been there to help me when I needed them
most. I’m a broad-minded person that it didn’t affect my faith in God that there’s
a good reason for all the trials that’s we’re going through.

(P1)

According to Tommy’s Website, emotional reactions are not always

predictable. Having a premature baby is a huge adjustment and it may take you a

long time – and possibly professional help – to accept what has happened.

Insights and Learnings of Mothers who Gave Birth Prematurely

The findings of the study showed the insights and learnings of mothers who

gave birth prematurely. The researchers identified the theme that emerged from

the responses. The theme that emerged was:

40
 Positive Insights and Learnings

The theme, with its accompanying categories and sub-categories, will be

discussed, illustrated by meaning units, and supported by a literature control.

Operational definitions are given for each category.

Theme 1: Positive Insights and Learnings

In this part of the paper, the researchers will discuss the experiences of

mothers who gave birth prematurely with major complications. The theme is about

how the mothers made improvements in themselves based on their learnings from

their experiences. Participants shared their own experience through chat/social

media.

Moreover, Table 4.5 presents the categories, as well as the sub-categories,

accompanied with the insights and learnings of the participant.

Table 4.5 Insights and Learnings

Category Sub-Category

Personal Beliefs  God’s challenge

Family  Loving family more

Strong mindset  Being careful and tough

Being optimist  Thankful for the child’s life

 Thinking positive reasons

Category 1: Personal Beliefs

Operational Definition: It means considering it as God’s challenge.

41
Participant 4 believed that having a premature children with major

complication is a challenge from God.

Para sa akin may dahilan kung bakit nangyari ito at sa palagay ko ay hinahanda
at sinusubukan ako ng Panginoon kung gaano katatag ang pananampalataya
ko sa Kanya. (For me, there is a reason why all of these happened to us maybe
God allows this to happen because He measures our faith in Him.).

(P4)

One of the important subcategory in participants’ experiences from mothers’

asking help behavior was seeking help from God, who has a supernatural power.

Following the spirituality resort and entrusting the destiny determined by God,

struggled during a stressful event of premature birth and handled neonatal

intensive cares. Religious well-being of participants was the background for some

of their behaviors such as begging and trusting God, appealing to the Imams,

adherence to the Qur'an and seeking help from God was experienced for most

women. They supposed this event as God's will and surrounded them to the

providence of God (Arzani et al., 2015).

Category 2: Family

Operational Definition: It means loving the family more.

Participant 1 thought positive things which helped her to cope up. Also, it

made her to love her family more.

42
I believe that there’s a good reason why things happened to us unexpectedly.
From this experiences, I should be positive on things that didn’t come my way.
It helped me to cope up. It also made me to love my family more.

(P1)

According to Arzani & Valizadeh (2015), experiences of mothers in this

study indicated that they need help and support from spouse, family, friends,

relatives and health care team. Due to the changes, they were not able to perform

their roles completely and they need help in furthering their daily tasks towards

infants and families.

Category 3: Strong Mindset

Operational Definition: It means being careful and tough. Not giving up in

difficult times.

Participant 2 learned to be strong and courageous at all times. Also, she

didn’t hesitate to give up and let go.

Maging ma-ingat lalo na’t buntis. Huwag pabayaan ang sarili. Maging matatag
at maging malakas ang loob sa lahat ng oras. Huwag basta-basta susuko at
bibitaw lalo na sa panahong kinakaila-ngan. (Be careful especially when you’re
pregnant. Take care of yourself. Be strong and be courageous all the time. Do
not hesitate to give up and let go in times of need.).

(P2)

43
According to Arzani & Valizadeh (2015), one of the main strategies mothers

used emerged to be patience, tolerance, and dealing and coping with problems. It

sapped their energy and made them feel too intolerant and weak to cope with these

problems. But, when their motherhood instinct flourished, they tried to gradually

accept their situation and fight with their weaknesses by not giving up and

persistence.

Category 4: Being optimist

Operational Definition: It means being thankful for the baby’s life and

thinking positive reasons.

Three (3) participants learned to think positive things despite of their

situations. They thought the positive reasons to improve themselves.

I believe that there’s a good reason why things happened to us unexpectedly.


From this experiences, I should be positive on things that didn’t come my way.
It helped me to cope up. It also made me to love my family more.

(P1)

Kahit ganto ‘yung sitwasyon namin, hindi naman kami nilalayuan ng mga tao,
tinutulungan pa nga kami. Basta napagisip-isip ko rin na maswerte ako dahil
nabuhay ang bata. Nabigyan siya ng pagkakata-ong mabuhay at maging
masaya. (Even though our situation is like this people don’t go away from us
instead they help us. So I think I was so lucky because the child was alive. That
he was given a chance to live his life and be happy.)

(P3)

44
Thinking about positive things because I know things are going to be alright. I
know that God is challenging me because everything happens for a reason.

(P5)

Focusing on positive aspects, they were hopeful for future good days and

conditions. They plan for future and try to calm down by thinking about positive

aspects. In fact, they attempted to struggle with their negative feelings towards the

condition (Arzani et al., 2015).

45
CHAPTER 5

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

Summary of the Study

This study has taken steps to gain deeper understanding on what mothers

really experience in having premature child with major complications. Many people

don’t understand what it feels like to have a premature baby until they experience

having one. This study delved into the experiences of mothers who gave birth

prematurely so that their experiences will finally be known.

Research Design

Research design is the framework that has been created to find answers to

research questions. The researchers used the qualitative type of research. It aims

to get a better understanding through first-hand experience, truthful reporting, and

quotations of actual conversations. Also, to understand how the participants derive

meaning from their surroundings, and how their meaning influences their behavior.

This uses observation as the data collection method. The basic interpretive

qualitative research type was used in this study. The case study research design

was used in this study, which involved the conceptual, narrative and interpretive

phases. The interviews were conducted on September and October 2018.

The selected participants of the study were mothers who gave birth

prematurely living in Cavite. The participants were five (5).

46
The data collected was analyzed and transcribed after conducting the

interviews. The translated data was interpreted through the process of coding in

order to get the core categories and the categories. Selective coding was done to

analyze the collected data. It was arranged and tabulated with the answers of the

participants, the code used for the categories, the sub-categories, etc. Through

selective coding, the researchers have been able to identify the themes regarding

the experiences, coping strategies and learnings of mothers who gave birth

prematurely.

Results for Research Question #1

From child delivery, the mothers had positive and negative experiences.

They encountered different experiences when they delivered their child and as

their child grows up. The mothers had more positive experience than negative

ones.

The mothers who gave birth prematurely had positive experiences in

different aspects, which are the physical, emotional, social, mental, and financial

aspects. Their positive experiences were difficulty in breastfeeding, child delivery,

prioritizing her child, deep sorrow, feeling relieved, joy and difficulties, sympathy

from people, looking after her child, strong faith and positive mindset, mindful about

health, mentally responsible, financial stability, government assistance, and

discount cards. On the other hand, the negative experiences were going back and

forth in the ICU, lack of sleep, worrying about the health of her child, seeking help

through social media, knowing first their situation, and trying to engage her child in

physical activities. There are more positive experiences than negative. This

47
indicates that mothers didn’t suffer on having a premature child with major

complications.

Results for Research Question #2

In the midst of struggling, the mothers have used coping strategies in order

to overcome those struggles. These coping strategies helped them to conquer

these problems. All of the participants performed the active coping strategies.

The mothers have coped with their struggles through family, faith in God,

emotional outburst, and time. Support and presence of the family helped them in

facing those struggles. They have strong faith. They also asked God’s guidance

and assistance. The mothers have also coped by emotional outburst. Turning

those struggles into positive things helped them overcome their challenges.

According to Tommy’s Website, emotional reactions are not always

predictable. Having a premature baby is a huge adjustment and it may take you a

long time – and possibly professional help – to accept what has happened.

Participants used effective strategies in coping up.

Results for Research Question #3

Mothers underwent different struggles. In those struggles they overcome,

they learned a lot of things. Mothers with premature child showed their capabilities.

Their insights and learnings helped them to improve themselves.

48
The mothers made their struggles as motivation in continuing their lives. For

some mothers whose child died because of premature birth, they have stronger

faith in God and realized that there is a reason for that.

Mothers love their family more and they are thankful for the baby’s life. They

learned to think the positive side and didn’t hesitate to give up. They valued their

learnings and used them in order to develop and improve themselves.

Conclusion and Implications

Research question no. 1 asked about the experiences of mothers who gave

birth prematurely with major complications. They had more positive experiences

than negative experiences. In the physical, emotional, mental, and financial

aspects, the mothers had more positive experiences. They only had more negative

experiences in the social aspect. The common experience that the participants had

is benefits coming from the government.

In addition, research question no. 2 asked about the coping strategies of

mothers. Since they have experienced many struggles, they had to perform coping

strategies in order to overcome them. All of the mothers used active coping

strategy. They didn’t avoid their premature child instead they love them more. Their

families helped them to cope up. They also asked God’s help and assistance to go

through those struggles. The coping strategies that the participants used were

effective because they were able to learn different things and it helped them to

think the positive side.

49
Moreover, research question no. 3 asked about the insights and learnings

of mothers. After experiencing different struggles and coping with them, the

participants used their experiences as their learnings. These learnings made a

greater improvement in the lives. They learned to be optimistic. Also, this struggle

made them to love their family more. With these experiences, they improved

themselves.

This study can inspire other people, especially mothers. Having a premature

child with major complication brings many struggles. These struggles helped them

to change their perspective in life. They learned to be tough at all times. Changing

these struggles into lessons improved their personality.

Recommendations

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Students

STEM students, especially those who are taking medicine in college, will be

able to use this study to gather information about premature birth and its

complications.

Mothers

Mothers can also look for some coping strategies that they can use in

overcoming their struggles. They can use the coping strategies that the

participants used if they are also experiencing the same situation. They should not

hesitate to give up and lose hope.

50
Future Researchers

Based on the data and the conclusion of this study, the following topics for

additional research are recommended:

Additional research is needed in order to determine other coping strategies

that may be used by mothers who gave birth prematurely with major complications.

Further research is also needed to know the different experiences of mothers and

her child.

51
REFERENCES

Arnold, L., Sawyer, A., Rabe, H., & Abbott, J. (2011). BMJ Journals: Parents’ first

moments with their very preterm babies: a qualitative study. Vol. 4, Issue

#3. Retrieved from https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/3/4/e002487

Arzani, A., Valizadeh, L., Zamanzadeh, V., & Mohammadi, E. (2015). Journal of

Caring Sciences: Mothers' Strategies in Handling the Prematurely Born

Infant: a Qualitative Study. National Center for Biotechnology Informartion,

4(1), 13–24. Retrieved March 2015 from

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4363648/

Berryman, K. (n.d.). 14 lessons I've learned from being a preemie mom. Retrieved

from https://www.babycenter.com/609_14-lessons-ive-learned-from-being

a-preemie-mom_20003550.bc

Dolezel, J. (2011). Premature Birth Facts and Statistics. Retrieved July 12, 2016

from https://www.verywellfamily.com/premature-birth-facts-and-statistics

2748469

Donahue Horrow. (n.d.-a). Experienced Birth Injury Attorneys Serving All of

California. Retrieved from http://www.birthinjury.support/

Fabbre, A. (2013). Dealing with premature births. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May

15, 2014 from http://www.chicagotribune.com/living/ct-xpm-2013-05-15-ct

x-0515-expert-henner-20130515-story.html

52
Lehman, S. (2014). Shorter time between pregnancies linked to earlier delivery.

Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from

http://www.chicagotribune.com/living/ct-xpm-2014-06-20-sns-rt-us

pregnancy-interval-prematurity-20140620-story.html

Mayo Clinic. (n.d.-a). Premature Birth. Retrieved from

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prematurebirth/symptoms

causes/syc-20376730

Medline Plus. (n.d.-a). Gestational Stge. Retrieved from

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002367.htm

Monet, B., & Ducruet, T. (2018). Effect of Maternal Age on the Risk of Preterm

Birth: A large Cohort Study. Retrieved January 31, 2018 from

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0191002

Murray, D. (2018). Prenatal Exercise Classes for a Fit Pregnancy. Very Well

Family. Retrieved October 01, 2018 from

https://www.verywellfamily.com/prenatal-exercise-information-benefitsand

tips-4175923.

National Institute of Health. (n.a.). Preterm Labor and Birth. Retrieved January 31,

2017 from https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/preterm

Patria, K. (2012). Significant number of PH babies 'born too soon,' says UN

agency. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from

https://ph.news.yahoo.com/significant-number-of-ph-babies--born-too

soon---says-un-agency-112125536.html

53
Sakellariou, A. (2017). Baby Gaga: 15 Life Long Struggles for Preemies Parents

Need To Know About. Retrieved May 09, 2017 from

https://www.babygaga.com/15-life-long-struggles-for-preemies/

Uy, J. (2015, February 06). More preterm babies surviving, but more being born

too. Inquirer.Net. Retrieved from https://lifestyle.inquirer.net/183731/more

preterm-babies-surviving-but-more-being-born-too/

The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn, & Child Health. (n.d.). Born Too Soon:

The Global Action Report on Preterm Birth. Retrieved from http:/

/www.who.int/pmnch/knowledge/publications/preterm_birth_report/e

/index3.html

Tommy’s. (n.d.-a). Premature birth and depression. Retrieved from

https://www.tommys.org/pregnancy-information/pregnancycomplications/p

remature-birth/coping-premature-birth/premature-birth and-depression

World Health Organization. (n.d.-a). Preterm Birth. Retrieved February 19, 2018

from http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/preterm-birth

54
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

APPENDIX A: Letter to the Participants

September ___, 2018

_____________________
_____________________
_____________________
_____________________

Dear Mrs. _____________:

Good day!

We, the researchers from Rogationist College Senior High School Department, are
currently working on a qualitative research entitled “Experiences of a Mother Who
Gave Birth Prematurely with Major Complications in Cavite” as our performance
task in the subject Inquiries, Investigations, and Immersion. This study aims to develop
a deeper understanding and knowledge about preterm birth experienced by mothers
with long-term cases.

In line with this, we would like to ask you to be part of this study and be one of our
research participants. We believe that the experiences you will share with us would be
of great value for the completion and accuracy of our research work.

Rest assured that all the information gathered will be treated with utmost confidentiality.
Attached are the interview questions and consent form for your reference.

Thank you very much.

Sincerely,

FRANCES JOAN E. CAMITAN LARA ALEXANDREA B. DE LEON


Researcher Researcher

PATRICIA MAE A. LEONARDO MARC STEPHEN C. MALARAYAP


Researcher Researcher

ANNA MARI V. SULIT


Researcher

Noted: Approved:

MRS. MARITES D. YAYONG MR. LOUIE SONNY D. RIVERA


Practical Research 1 Teacher Principal, Senior High School

55
Education through Discipline, Attitude and Character Building.
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

APPENDIX B: Informed Consent Form


Agreement to Participate in Research

Researchers: Frances Joan E. Camitan de Leon, Lara Alexandrea B.


Patricia Mae A. Leonardo Marc Stephen C. Malarayap
Anna Mari V. Sulit

Title of Research: Experiences of a Mother Who Gave Birth Prematurely with Major
Complications in Cavite

You have been asked to participate in a research study investigating the experiences of a
mother who gave birth prematurely.

1. You will be asked to respond to several interview questions during an unstructured


interview session. The interview will be voice recorded for the preservation of your
words, and it will be arranged according to the researchers’ convenience.

2. There are no anticipated risks associated with your participation in this study.

3. There are no expected benefits associated with your participation in this study.
However, you may gain new understanding of your experiences.

4. Any information that the researchers can gather in this study will be used for
academic purposes only. Researchers will not receive or retain any personal
identifiable information though a few demographic data points will be analyzed.

5. Even though the results of this study may be published, we will not include any
information that would make it possible to identify you. Any information that can be
gathered from you will be treated with utmost confidentiality.

6. There will be no compensation involved for your participation in this study.

7. Questions about this research may be addressed to the researchers, Frances


Camitan at 0916 232 0314, Lara de Leon at 0966 256 1253 or
lara_alexandrea@yahoo.com, Patricia Leonardo at 0906 907 5186 or
leonardopatricia126@yahoo.com, Marc Malarayap at 0977 304 1064 or
msmalarayap@gmail.com, and Anna Sulit at 0908 266 3765 or
annamarisulit@yahoo.com. Complaints and questions about the research may be
presented to Mrs. Marites D.Yayong, the Practical Research Teacher and Vice
Principal of 72 Rogationist College Junior High School Department at 0915 960
1387 or at maritesdyayong@gmail.com, or to Mr. Louie Sonny D. Rivera, Principal
of Rogationist College Senior High School Department at (046) 414 0448 or (046)
414 0125.

56

Education through Discipline, Attitude and Character Building.


Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

8. Refusal or discontinued  participation in the study will not result in any penalty or
loss of benefits or rights which you might otherwise be entitled.

9. Your consent is being given voluntarily. You are free to refuse or withdraw your
participation at any point and anytime in the study without affecting your
relationship with the researchers of this study. You have the right to not answer
questions you do not wish to answer.

“I, ___________________________________, have read the statements


above, and by signing and dating my name above the participant’s name and
date, I am giving my consent for the researchers to use my information for
the benefit of the study.”

_____________________________________ _______________
Participant ‘s Signature Date

_____________________________________ _______________
Researcher ‘s Signature Date

_____________________________________ _______________
Researcher ‘s Signature Date

_____________________________________ _______________
Researcher ‘s Signature Date

_____________________________________ ________________
Researcher ‘s Signature Date

_____________________________________ ________________
Researcher ‘s Signature Date

* The signature of a subject on this document indicates agreement to participate in the


study.
* The signature of a researcher on this document indicates agreement to include the
above-named subject in the research and attestation that the subject has been fully
informed of his or her rights.
Please indicate below if you wish to receive a summary of the findings of this research,
which will be available around March 2018. YES ___ NO ___

Address:
________________________________________________________________

57

Education through Discipline, Attitude and Character Building.


Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

APPENDIX C: Interview Questions

Participant # Age: ____


Type of Child’s Complication: ____________________________
Address: ____________________________________________
Occupation: _________________________________________

Interview Questions:

1. What are your experiences in having a premature child?


1.1 Physical
1.1.1 Does the struggle that you’re experienced affect you? How?
1.1.2 What is your most fulfilling and difficult experience?
1.1.3 When you are experiencing the struggle that you mentioned, what do
you usually do?
1.2 Emotional
1.2.1 In times of difficulties, what makes you stronger and refuse to quit?
1.2.2 How does looking at your child suffer feels like? Seeing him
overcome those challenges.
1.3 Social
1.3.1 What are the different impressions that people say to your child?
1.3.2 How do your child socialize with other children?
1.4 Mental
1.4.1 Does having premature child changed some of your concepts and
ideals in life?
1.4.2 How can mindset affect your everyday lives?
1.5 Financial
1.5.1 What are the benefits and supports that you get from the government?
1.5.2 How does the special care needed by your child affect your financial
stability?
2. How did you deal with these experiences?
3. What are your insights/learnings from the said experience?

58

Education through Discipline, Attitude and Character Building.


Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

APPENDIX D: Transcript of the Interview

Participant 1

Transcription and Translation

Interviewer: What are your experiences in having a premature child?

Interviewee: On March 24, 2007, I delivered my eight-month twins. It’s a sad thing

that the other one, Aeron didn’t make it. He just lived for 36 hours. The other one,

Andrei is now in Grade 6. Physically, my struggle that affects me – The one that

lived was just 1.7 kilos when I delivered him. Very small, fragile and delicate that

really needs my special attention. Breast milk only for him that I need to feed him

every 2 hours or less and my secretion of milk that time was not adequate. And

he’s been in NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit) for 2 weeks. I just signed a

waiver for the release of my boy in the hospital to be home. As I said before, my

most difficult experience was the other one just lived for 36 hours.

Interviewer: What did you feel when you knew that one of the twins survived?

Interviewee: It makes me stronger and refuse to quit. Despite the sad part that I

lost one of my twins, there’s still one who lives and been a reason for me to move

on and get back my sanity.

Interviewer: Does Andrei have any complications?

59
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Interviewee: Yes. He has an asthma. The doctor said that it’s because his lungs

was not fully developed when he was born. But we’re doing what we can as a

parent to make him better.

Interviewer: What are the impressions to your child regarding his complication?

Interviewee: The other one is a lovable kid so, no negative impression. For the

people who knew the story, they felt sad for the loss of the other twin. They said,

“Naku kung nabuhay siguro si Aeron, ang pogi din nun.” (If Aeron is still alive, I bet

he’s a good-looking man too.)

Interviewer: How did it affect you mentally?

Interviewee: My concept & ideals in life – I’m a broad-minded person that it didn’t

affect my faith in God that there’s a good reason for all the trials that’s we’re going

through.

Interviewer: How did you sustain his financial needs?

Interviewee: I and my husband had job that time that I may say, we’re quite

financial stable that time.

Interviewer: So, how did you deal with these experiences?

Interviewee: Dealing for the loss of my other twin was really the hard part. I

remember two years after that happened, I’m still crying whenever I see children

quite same as my twin’s age. Charlene and Aga Muhlach’s twins, and Carmina

and Zoren Legaspi’s twins, seeing them in commercials made me cry. I miss
60
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Aeron. I just let my emotions help me in coping up. I just let it flow. I cried when I

feel like. Time helps me heal the wound of losing. Glad, that I have one son left to

take care of and a family that’s been there to help me when I needed them most.

Interviewer: Based on your experiences ma’am, what are your insights/learnings?

Interviewee: I believe that there’s a good reason why things happened to us

unexpectedly. From this experiences, I should be positive on things that didn’t

come my way. It helped me to cope up. It also made me to love my family more.

Interviewer: Thank you very much, Mrs. Nicolas.

Participant 2

Transcription and Translation

Interviewer: Ano pong ang mga experiences niyo sa pagkakaroon ng premature

na anak? (What are your experiences in having a premature child?)

Interviewee: Naranasan kong magsakripisyo para sa aking anak. Naranasan

kong mag-post at humingi ng tulong thru social media, mag-chat at mag-text sa

mga kaibigan ko. Medyo mahirap kase hindi naman agad mapapansin ng mga tao.

(I experienced a lot of sacrifices for my child. I experienced posting on social media

and asking for their help, also chatting and texting my friends. It becomes hard

because only few paid attention to the post.)

61
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Interviewer: Ano po ang pinakasamasaya ninyong experience? E ang

pinakamahirap? (What is your most fulfilling and difficult experience?)

Interviewee: Pinakamasaya na siguro iyong nakaya ko i-normal si baby kahit na

nawawalan na ako ng tubig sa loob ng tiyan ko; pinakamahirap na experience ko

ay iyong makita ko siyang umiiyak dahil sa sakit ng tusok ng karayom, na araw-

araw blood testing palagi. (Maybe the most fulfilling part was I delivered my baby

normally even I lose water in my tummy; the hardest part was seeing my baby

cries because of the pain caused by injections, blood testing every day.)

Interviewer: Sa mga oras ng kahirapan, ano po ang nagpapatatag sa inyo? (In

times of difficulties, what makes you stronger and refuse to quit?)

Interviewee: Gumagaan ang loob ko kapag nakikita mong lumalaban at bumubuti

ang lagay ng baby ko. (When I saw my baby fighting and getting better, I felt

relieved.)

Interviewer: What do others say about your baby?

Interviewee: Sinabi nila na kaya ‘yan ni baby makakaraos at makakalabas din

siya. (They told me that my baby can survive and he will go out of the hospital

immediately.)

Interviewer: Nagbago po ba ng inyong konsepto at pananaw sa buhay nang

magkaroon po kayo ng premature child? (Does having premature child changed

some of your concepts and ideals in life?)

62
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Interviewee: Siguro lahat ng ipinagbabawal kailangan sundin. Lahat ng ibinilin

kailangang tuparin. (Maybe all the restrictions must be obeyed. All the instructions

must perform.)

Interviewer: Paano po nakaapekto ang inyong pag-iisip sa pang-araw-araw na

buhay? (How can mindset affect your everyday lives?)

Interviewee: Natuto akong maging matatag, magtiis, at magtiyaga sa lahat ng

oras sakripisyo at pila sa mga kailangang ayusin para sa bata. (I learned to be firm

and patient, and to persevere at all times.)

Interviewer: Ano pong mga benefits at suporta ang natatanggap niyo mula sa

ating gobyerno? (What are the benefits and supports that you get from the

government?)

Interviewee: Financial assistance mula sa DSWD at PCSO sa ospital. (Financial

assistance from the DSWD and PCSO from hospitals.)

Interviewer: Paano niyo po hinarap ang mga experiences na ito? (How did you

deal with these experiences?)

Interviewee: Hinarap ko ang problemang ito kasama ang aking pamilya, humingi

ng tulong sa Diyos, nagdasal at kumilos. (I faced this problem together with my

family. I asked God’s help and guidance, prayed and moved.)

63
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Interviewer: Ano po ang mga naging aral niyo sa mga experiences na ito? (What

are your insights/learnings from the said experience?)

Interviewee: Maging ma-ingat lalo na’t buntis. Huwag pabayaan ang sarili. Maging

matatag at maging malakas ang loob sa lahat ng oras. Huwag basta-basta susuko

at bbitaw lalo na sa panahong kinakailangan. (Be careful especially when you’re

pregnant. Take care of yourself. Be strong and be courageous all the time. Do not

hesitate to give up and let go in times of need.)

Interviewer: Maraming salamat po. (Thank you so much.)

Participant 3

Transcription and Translation

Interviewer: What are your experiences in having a premature child?

Interviewee: Giving extra and special care to my child, kailangan minsan

magpacheck-up, magsasara muna ng tindahan (minsan sayang ang benta),

kailangan ding bigyan ng extra attention. Kunwari kapag naglalakad, hirap kase

siya minsan, mas lalo kapag nasa kalsada kami (Giving extra and special care to

my child, cause we need to see a doctor so I need to close the store, sometimes

our sales were put to waste, it also need an extra attention. For example when

walking, sometimes it was hard for him especially when we are on the street)

64
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Interviewer: Does the struggle that you experienced affect you? How?

Interviewee: Noong una, napaka-big deal, nakakapanibago kase una ko siyang

anak tapos may sakit pa. Naghahalo ‘yung takot at saya kase diba kapag unang

anak hindi pa sanay tapos parang nangangapa ka pa at nag-aadjust tapos kapag

premature eh medyo mahirap. Mag-aalala ka, hindi mo alam gagawin. (At first it

was a big deal, because it was new to me since he was my first child and he has

complications. It was mixed emotions because he’s my first child and I’m still not

used to it and it seems to be like you still don’t know what to do, you need to adjust

but then it was premature so it was hard. You’re worried and don’t know what to

do.)

Interviewer: What is your most fulfilling and most difficult experience?

Interviewee: Masaya ako kase una ko siyang anak. Nagulat ako kase nga napa-

aga. Mukha naman siyang normal, maliit lang medyo tsaka malambot-lambot mas

lalo na yung ulo. Masaya nung hiniga, nilagay siya nung doktor sa dibdib ko. Nung

habang lumalaki siya, doon na namin nalaman na may polio, after ilang weeks,

nilalagnat na siya tapos may kakaibang feeling kapag minamassage yung mga

katawan niya. Dun na namin napansin yung polio. Pinakamahirap din kapag

nagkakasakit siya, napakasakitin kase niya. (I felt happy because he was my first

son. I was shocked because I delivered him early. He looks like a normal child,

maybe he’s just small and his head is kinda soft. I was happy when the doctor laid

him down in my chest. As he grew older, we knew that he has a polio, after a few
65
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

weeks he got cold then there’s a weird feeling as we massage his body. That was

the time that we notice that he has a polio. It was also difficult when he gets sick

because he’s so prone to it.)

Interviewer: When you are experiencing the struggle that you mentioned, what do

you usually do?

Interviewee: Minsan hindi na kami nakakapagpacheck-up, nabili na lang ako ng

biogesic kapag alam kong simpleng lagnat lang naman. Minsan kapag sumasakit

katawan niya, hinihilot ko. (Sometimes we’re not able to see a doctor, I just buy

medicine if I know that it is just a simple cold. And if his body hurts, I just massage

it.)

Interviewer: At times of difficulties, what makes you stronger and refuse to quit?

Interviewee: Kapag nakikita mo ang anak mo na namumuhay ng normal, nakikita

kong may magandang kinabukasan para sa kanya. Nakikita na, maaari siyang

magtagumpay sa buhay, kaya mahal na mahal ko ang panganay ko. (If you see

your child living a normal life, you’ll see that he has a good future. You’ll be able to

see that he can have a successful life, that’s why I love my eldest son so much.)

Interviewer: How does looking at you child suffer feels like? Seeing him overcome

those challenges?

Interviewee: Mahirap din para sakin kapag nakikita kong nagtitiis siya. Pero mula

nung pinakita niya na kaya niyang makipagsabayan sa ibang bata, masaya na ko

66
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

dun. (It’s also hard for me to see him enduring the pain. But the time that he proved

to me that he can join and live a normal life like others, I was happy with that.)

Interviewer: What are the different impressions that people make on your child?

Interviewee: Dati nung sa elementary, may mga nagtatawanan sa kanya. Pero

kase nakilala naman siya ng mga bata kaya napakarami niyang kaibigan. (When

he was in elementary, there were people who laugh at him. But then the children

knows him so he got a lot of friends.)

Interviewer: How does your child socialize with other children?

Interviewee: Nakikipaglaro siya palagi sa ibang bata. Pinapayagan ko naman

pero kailangang may bantay. (He always plays with other children. I always allow

him but there’s always someone to look for him.)

Interviewer: Does having premature child change some of your concepts and

ideas in life?

Interviewee: Oo, naging mas masipag ako atsaka mas umiral yung pagmamahal

ko bilang isang ina. (Yes, I am more industrious and my love as a mother shows

up more.)

Interviewer: How can mindset affect your everyday lives?

Interviewee: ‘Wag lang talagang panghihinaan ng loob, kase madali tayong

matatalo ng hirap, kawawa naman yung bata. Ako okay na kong mawala kase

67
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

naitaguyod ko na ang pamilya ko pero yung anak ko, marami pa siyang

mararanasan eh. (Don’t be weak, because we will be easily beat by the struggles

in life the child will be pity. It was okay for me to die because I already build my

family up but my child, he will still face different challenges in life.)

Interviewer: What are the benefits and supports that you get from the

government?

Interviewee: Yung iba kong kakilala nakapag-apply sila ng maintenance na gamot

sa PCSO tsaka yung mga foundations ng mga artista. Nagtatanong nga ako kung

paano. Pero kami eh nabigyan na ng ID at booklet sa Amadeo. Nakakadiscount

kami ng kaunti sa mga gamot niya. (Other people that I know, they got a chance

to apply for the maintenance of the medicines at PCSO and other

foundations of the artists. I am asking them how. But we have an ID and booklet

at Amadeo. So we have a discount for his medicines.)

Interviewer: How does the special care needed by your child affect your financial

stability?

Interviewee: Nahihirapan ako minsan mag-budget kase kahit simpleng ubo, sipon

lang pinapacheck-up ko na siya kase mahirap na. Kapag wala kaming pera, hindi

na kami nakakapunta sa doktor. (Sometimes budgeting was hard for me because

even just simple cold we immediately go to a doctor. And if we don’t have enough

money we can’t go to a doctor.)

68
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Interviewer: How did you deal with these experiences?

Interviewee: Pray lang talaga. Lagi ring nandyan yung mga kamag-anak at

kaibigan ko para tumulong. (Just pray. And beside my family and friend were

always there to help.)

Interviewer: What are your insights or learning from the said experience?

Interviewee: Kahit ganto yung sitwasyon namin, hindi naman kami nilalayuan ng

mga tao, tinutulungan pa nga kami. Basta napagisip-isip ko rin na maswerte ako

dahil nabuhay ang bata. Nabigyan siya ng pagkakataong mabuhay at maging

masaya. (Even though our situation is like this people don’t go away from us

instead they help us. So I think I was so lucky because the child was alive. That

he was given a chance to live his life and be happy.)

Participant 4

Transcription and Translation

Interviewer: What are your experiences in having a premature child?

Interviewee: Una mahirap kasi sobrang liit nila tapos pinanganak sila may

infection sila sa bituka pero nagamot na ‘yon noong nasa ICU sila. (At first it was

hard because they are so small. Then they were born with intestinal infection but

they were cured when they were in ICU.)

69
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Interviewer: Does the struggles that you’ve experienced affect you? How?

Interviewee: Two months sila sa hospital, two months din ako pabalik-balik sa ICU

para i-check at bantayan sila. (They are in the hospital for two months and I’m also

going back and forth for two months in the ICU to check and watch over them.)

Interviewer: What is your most fulfilling and difficult experience?

Interviewee: Iyon ‘yung tuwing umiiyak sila. (That was every time when they cry.)

Interviewer: When you are experiencing the struggle that you mentioned, what do

you usually do?

Interviewee: Mahirap talaga sila patigilin sa pag-iyak. Sabi nila baka dahil sa dami

ng gamot na na-inject sa kanila noong baby pa especially si Marcus, siya yung

mas mahina. Ginagawa ko, ibinibigay na lang kung ano ang gusto nila para

tumahan sa pag-iyak. (They are hard to stop crying. Some says that maybe it’s

because there are many medicines that were injected to them when they are still

a baby, especially Marcus, he’s weaker. So what I do is I’m giving them what they

want for them to stop crying.)

Interviewer: In times of difficulties, what makes you stronger ad refuse to quit?

Interviewee: Pray lang kay Lord dahil alam ko na hindi niya pababayaan mga

anak ko lalo na kapag may sakit sila, doon ako pinanghihinaan ng loob dahil hindi

naman sila normal ipinanganak nandun pa rin ‘yung kaba. (Just pray to the Lord

70
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

because I know that he will not abandon my children especially when they are sick.

There I am discouraged because they were not normally born, the nervousness is

still there.)

Interviewer: How does looking at your child suffer feels like? Seeing him

overcome those challenges?

Interviewee: Masakit man para sa ina na makita silang ganun lalo na si Marcus.

Yung paa niya may problema pero nakikita ko naman na ‘di niya iniinda at

nakakapaglaro pa siya kahit ganoon ang sitwasyon niya. (It hurts more for a

mother seeing them on that situation especially Marcus. His feet has a problem

but I can see that he’s not complaining it and he can still play with a situation like

that.)

Interviewer: What are the different impressions that people say to your child?

Interviewee: May mga naaawa sa kanila. Yung iba naman tumatawa pa. Iba’t iba

naman sila ng impression dahil hindi pa nila nararanasan magkaroon ng premature

na anak. (Some are pity for them and some are laughing at them. They have

different expressions because they don’t have any experience having a premature

child.)

Interviewer: How do these struggles affect you socially?

Interviewee: Naapektuhan ako socially, kasi sa tuwing may mag-aaya na

makipaglaro sa anak ko kailangan pa nilang magpaalam at kailangan ko munang

71
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

alamin ang sitwason ng anak ko. (It affected me socially because every time that

other kids invite my daughter to play with them, they need to ask my permission

and I need to know my daughter’s condition first.)

Interviewer: Does having a premature child changed some of your concepts and

ideals in life?

Interviewee: Natuto ako mas maging responsable sa buhay at may mahabang

pasensiya para sa mga anak ko. Uunahin ko muna ang mga bata bago ang sarili

o kung ano pa man. Mas kailangan sila i-prioritize. (I learned to be more

responsible in life and have a longer patience for my twins. They comes first before

myself. They need to be prioritized more.)

Interviewer: What are the benefits and supports that you get from the

government?

Interviewee: Suporta simula nung baby sila tinutulungan sila makalabas ng ospital

at makabawas sa ibang gastos sa ospital. (The support coming from the

government helped us to discharge them and to lessen the hospital expenses.)

Interviewer: How does the special care needed by your child affect your financial

stability?

Interviewee: Halos hindi makaipon sa dami ng gastos sa kanila pero sa una lang

naman. Habang lumalaki naman sila gumagaan na din yung gastos. (There are

72
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

too much expenses and no part of our budget was put into savings. But as our

twins grow, it becomes easier to fill-up their needs.)

Interviewer: How did you deal with these experiences?

Interviewee: Sa tulong ng mga magulang ng asawa ko at patuloy na paghingi ng

guidance at assistance sa Diyos. (With the help of my in-laws and continuously

praying to the Lord for guidance and assistance.)

Interviewer: What are your insights/learnings from the said experience?

Interviewee: Para sa akin may dahilan kung bakit nangyari ito at sa palagay ko ay

hinahanda at sinusubukan ako ng Panginoon kung gaano katatag ang

pananampalataya ko sa Kanya. (For me, there is a reason why all of these

happened to us maybe God allows this to happen because He measures our faith

in Him.)

Participant 5

Transcription and Translation

Interviewer: What are your physical experiences in having a premature child?

Interviewee: I have two premature children. My daughter stayed two weeks in the

hospital to undergo medications. I don’t have enough time to sleep and rest

because I need to observe and watch my child.

73
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Interviewer: How these struggles affect you emotionally?

Interviewee: I felt happy and relieved because I knew that my daughter survive

despite that she’s a premature child.

Interviewer: What are the different impressions that people say to your child?

Interviewee: Luckily, people positively say my child grow smarter and brave.

Interviewer: What are your social struggles having premature child?

Interviewee: One of my social struggles is attempting to engage my child to

physical activities together with the other children.

Interviewer: How these struggles affect you mentally?

Interviewee: It made me to be a positive thinker and more understanding.

Interviewer: What are the benefits and supports that you get from the

government?

Interviewee: We are able to get discount whenever we eat in a restaurant or fast-

food chain. Also, we have PhilHealth card which helps us to lessen the expenses

in the hospital.

Interviewer: How did you deal with these experiences?

Interviewee: I always remind myself that God and my family is always there beside

me to comfort and motivate me.

74
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

Interviewer: What are your insights/learnings from the said experience?

Interviewee: Thinking about positive things because I know things are going to be

alright. I know that God is challenging me because everything happens for a

reason.

75
Rogationist College  Senior High School Department
(St Anthony’s Boys Village), Inc.
Km. 52 E. Aguinaldo Highway, Lalaan 2, Silang Cavite
Tel.: (046) 414-0448  Fax: (046) 414-2198; 414-1014

APPENDIX E: Coding

Questions Partici Response Sub- Category Theme Core-

pant category Category

What are 1 I delivered Difficulty Physical Positive Experience

your my eight- in Experience

physical month breastfe

experienc twins... e-ding

e in having Breast milk

a only for him

premature that I need to

child? feed him

every 2 hours

or less and

my secretion

of milk that

time was not

adequate.

2 Pinakamasa Child Physical Positive Experience

ya na siguro delivery Experience

iyong nakaya

ko i-normal si

76
baby kahit na

nawawalan

na ako ng

tubig sa loob

ng tiyan ko...

(Maybe the

most fulfilling

part was I

delivered my

baby

normally

even I lose

water in my

tummy…)

3 Giving extra Prioritizi Physical Positive Experience

and special ng her Experience

care to my child

child…

magsasara

muna ng

tindahan,

minsan

sayang ang

77
benta,

kailangan

ding bigyan

ng extra

attention.

(Giving extra

and special

care… I need

to close the

store,

sometimes

our sales

were put to

waste, and it

also need an

extra

attention…)

4 Two months Going Physical Negative Experience

sila sa back Experience

hospital, two and forth

months din in the

ako pabalik- ICU

balik sa ICU

78
para i-check

at bantayan

sila. (They

are in the

hospital for

two months

and I’m also

going back

and forth for

two months

in the ICU to

check and

watch over

them.)

5 I have two Lack of Physical Negative Experience

premature sleep Experience

children.… I

don’t have

enough time

to sleep and

rest because

I need to

observe and

79
watch my

child.

What are 1 It makes me Deep Emotio-nal Positive Experience

your stronger and sorrow Experience

emotional refuse to quit.

experienc Despite the

e in having sad part that I

a lost

premature one of my

child? twins... for

me to move

on and get

back my

sanity.

2 Gumagaan Feeling Emotio-nal Positive Experience

ang loob ko relieved Experience

kapag

nakikita

mong

lumalaban at

bumubuti

ang lagay ng

baby ko.

80
(When I saw

my baby

fighting and

getting

better, I felt

relieved.)

3 Masaya ako Joy and Emotional Positive Experience

kase una ko difficulti Experience

siyang anak. es

Nagulat ako

kase nga

napa- aga…

Masaya nung

hiniga,

nilagay siya

nung doktor

sa dibdib

ko…

Pinakamahi-

rap din kapag

nagkakasakit

siya,

napakasakiti

81
n kase niya.

(I felt happy

because he

was my first

son. I was

shocked

because I

delivered him

early… I was

happy when

the doctor

laid him

down in my

chest… It

was also

difficult when

he gets sick

because he’s

so prone to

it.)

4 Pray lang kay Worryin Emotio-nal Negative Experience

Lord… kapag g about Experience

may sakit the

82
sila, doon health of

ako her child

pinanghihina

-an ng loob

dahil hindi

naman sila

normal

ipinanganak

nandun pa

rin ‘yung

kaba. (Just

pray to the

Lord… when

they are sick.

I am

discouraged

because they

were not

normally

born, the

nervousness

is still there.)

83
5 I felt happy Feeling Emotio-nal Positive Experience

and relieved relieved Experience

because I

knew that my

daughter

survive

despite that

she’s a

premature

child.

What are 1 The other Sympat Social Positive Experience

your one is a hy from Experience

social lovable kid people

experienc so, no

e in having negative

a impression.

premature For the

child? people who

knew the

story, they

felt sad for

the loss of

the other

84
twin. They

said, “Naku

kung

nabuhay

siguro si

Aeron, ang

pogi din nun.”

(If Aeron is

still alive, I

bet he’s a

good-looking

man too.)

2 Naranasan Seeking Social Negative Experience

kong… mag- help Experience

post at through

humingi ng social

tulong thru media

social media,

mag-chat at

mag-text sa

mga kaibigan

ko. Medyo

mahirap kase

85
hindi naman

agad

mapapansin

ng mga tao.

(I

experienced

… posting on

social media

and asking

for their help,

also chatting

and texting

my friends. It

becomes

hard

because only

few paid

attention to

the post.)

3 Nakikipagla- Looking Social Positive Experience

ro siya palagi after her Experience

sa ibang child

bata.

86
Pinapayagan

ko naman

pero

kailangang

may bantay.

(He always

plays with

other

children. I

always allow

him but

there’s

always

someone to

look for him.)

4 Naapektu- Knowing Social Negative Experience

han ako first their Experience

socially, kasi situation

sa tuwing before

may mag- allowing

aaya na them to

makipaglaro play

sa anak ko

87
kailangan pa

nilang

magpaalam

at kailangan

ko munang

alamin ang

sitwason ng

anak ko. (It

affected me

socially

because

every time

that other

kids invite my

daughter to

play with

them, they

need to ask

my

permission

and I need to

know my

daughter’s

88
condition

first.)

5 One of my Trying to Social Negative Experience

social engage Experience

struggles is her child

attempting to in

engage my physical

child to activities

physical

activities

together with

the other

children.

What are 1 My concept & Strong Mental Positive Experience

your ideals in life – faith and Experience

mental I’m a broad- mindset

experienc minded

e in having person that it

a didn’t affect

premature my faith in

child? God that

there’s a

good reason

89
for all the

trials that’s

we’re going

through.

2 Natuto akong Mindful Mental Positive Experience

maging about Struggle

matatag, health

magtiis, at

magtiyaga sa

lahat ng oras

sakripisyo at

pila sa mga

kailangang

ayusin para

sa bata.

(Be careful

especially

when you’re

pregnant.

Take care of

yourself. Be

strong and

courageous

90
all the time.

Do not

hesitate to

give up and

let go in

times of

need.)

3 ‘Wag lang Positive Mental Positive Experience

talagang mindset Struggle

panghihina-

an ng loob,

kase madali

tayong

matatalo ng

hirap,

kawawa

naman yung

bata. Ako

okay na kong

mawala kase

naitaguyod

ko na ang

pamilya ko

91
pero yung

anak ko,

marami pa

siyang

mararana-

san eh.

(Don’t be

weak,

because we

will be easily

beat by the

struggles in

life the child

will be

pity. It was

okay for me

to die

because I

already build

my family up

but my child,

he will still

face different

92
challenges in

life.)

4 Natuto ako Mentally Mental Positive Experience

mas maging responsi Struggle

responsable -ble

sa buhay at

may

mahabang

pasensiya

para sa mga

anak ko.

Uunahin ko

muna ang

mga bata

bago ang

sarili o kung

ano pa man.

Mas

kailangan

sila i-

prioritize. (I

learned to be

more

93
responsible

in life and

have a longer

patience for

my twins.

They come

first before

myself. They

need to be

prioritized

more.)

5 It made me to Positive Mental Positive Experience

be a positive mindset Struggle

thinker and

more

understand-

ding.

What are 1 I and my Financia Financial Positive Experience

your husband had l stability Struggle

financial job that time

experienc that I may

e in having say, we’re

a quite

94
premature financial

child? stable that

time.

2 Financial Govern- Financial Positive Experience

assistance ment Struggle

mula sa assis-

DSWD at tance

PCSO sa

ospital.

(Financial

assistance

from the

DSWD and

PCSO from

hospitals.)

3 Yung iba Discoun Financial Positive Experience

kong t cards Struggle

kakilala…

Pero kami eh

nabigyan na

ng ID at

booklet sa

Amadeo.

95
Nakakadis-

count kami

ng kaunti sa

mga gamot

niya.

(Other

people that I

know… But

we have an

ID and

booklet at

Amadeo. So

we have a

discount for

his

medicines.)

4 Suporta Govern- Financial Positive Experience

simula nung ment Struggle

baby sila assis-

tinutulungan tance

sila

makalabas

ng ospital at

96
makabawas

sa ibang

gastos sa

ospital. (The

support

coming from

the

government

helped us to

discharge

them and to

lessen the

hospital

expenses.)

5 We are able Discoun Financial Positive Experience

to get t cards Struggle

discount

whenever we

eat in a

restaurant or

fast-food

chain. Also,

we have

97
PhilHealth

card which

helps us to

lessen the

expenses in

the hospital.

How did 1 I just let my  Cryin  Emotio Active Coping

you deal emotions g nal strategies

with these help me in  Time Outburs

experien- coping up. I  Supp t

ces? just let it flow. ort  Family

I cried when I from

feel like. famil

Time helps y

me heal the

wound of

losing. Glad,

that I have

one son left

to take care

of and a

family that’s

been there to

98
help me

when I

needed them

most. I’m a

broad-

minded

person that it

didn’t affect

my faith in

God that

there’s a

good reason

for all the

trials that’s

we’re going

through.

2 Hinarap ko  God’  Family Active Coping

ang s  Faith strategies

problemang assit

ito kasama ance

ang aking  Supp

pamilya, ort

humingi ng from

99
tulong sa famil

Diyos, y

nagdasal at

kumilos.

(I faced this

problem

together with

my family. I

asked God’s

help and

guidance,

prayed and

moved.)

3 Pray lang  Pres  Family Active

talaga. Lagi ence  Faith

ring nandyan of

yung mga famil

kamag-anak y

at kaibigan  Stro

ko para ng

tumulong. faith

(Just pray.

And beside

100
my family

and friend

were always

there to

help.)

4 Sa tulong ng  Supp  Family Active

mga ort  Faith

magulang ng from

asawa ko at famil

patuloy na y

paghingi ng  God’

guidance at s

assistance assis

sa Diyos. tanc

(With the e

help of my in-

laws and

continuously

praying to the

Lord for

guidance and

assistance.)

101
5 I always  Pres  Family

remind ence  Faith

myself that of

God and my famil

family is y

always there  Stro

beside me to ng

comfort and faith

motivate me.

What are 1 I believe that  Thin  Being Positive Learnings/

your there’s a king optimist Insights

insights/le good reason positi  Quality

arnings why things ve time

from the happened to reas with

said us ons family

experienc unexpectedly  Lovi

e? . From this ng

experiences, famil

I should be y

positive on more

things that

didn’t come

my way. It

102
helped me to

cope up. It

also made

me to love

my family

more.

2 Maging ma-  Bein  Strong Positive Learnings/

ingat lalo na’t g mindset Insights

buntis. caref  Person

Huwag ul al

pabayaan and beliefs

ang sarili. toug

Maging h

matatag at

maging

malakas ang

loob sa lahat

ng oras.

Huwag

basta-basta

susuko at

bibitaw lalo

103
na sa

panahong

kinakaila-

ngan.

(Be careful

especially

when you’re

pregnant.

Take care of

yourself. Be

strong and

be

courageous

all the time.

Do not

hesitate to

give up and

let go in

times of

need.)

3 Kahit ganto  Than Being Positive Learnings/

‘yung kful optimist Insights

sitwasyon for

104
namin, hindi the

naman kami baby

nilalayuan ng ’s life

mga tao,  Thin

tinutulungan king

pa nga kami. positi

Basta ve

napagisip- reas

isip ko rin na ons

maswerte

ako dahil

nabuhay ang

bata.

Nabigyan

siya ng

pagkakata-

ong

mabuhay at

maging

masaya.

(Even though

our situation

is like this

105
people don’t

go away from

us instead

they help us.

So I think I

was so lucky

because the

child was

alive. That he

was given a

chance to

live his life

and be

happy.)

4 Para sa akin God’s Personal Positive Learnings/

may dahilan challeng beliefs Insights

kung bakit e

nangyari ito

at sa palagay

ko ay

hinahanda at

sinusubukan

ako ng

106
Panginoon

kung gaano

katatag ang

pananampal

ataya ko sa

Kanya. (For

me, there is a

reason why

all of these

happened to

us maybe

God allows

this to

happen

because He

measures

our faith in

Him.)

5 Thinking  Thin Being Positive Learnings/

about king optimist Insights

positive positi

things ve

because I

107
know things reas

are going to ons

be alright. I

know that

God is

challenging

me because

everything

happens for

a reason.

108
APPENDIX F: Curriculum Vitae

FRANCES JOAN E. CAMITAN


Lalaan II, Silang Cavite
Cell Phone Number: 0916-232-0314
francesjoan@gmail.com

PERSONAL DATA
Age : 16
Birthday : February 17, 2002
Gender : Female
Height : 5 ft.
Weight : 49 kg
Civil Status : Single
Nationality : Filipino
Religion : Roman Catholic
Language Spoken : Filipino, English

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
Secondary : Rogationist College
Lalaan II, Silang, Cavite
2018
Primary : Lalaan Central School
Lalaan II, Silang, Cavite
(2008-2014)

CLUBS/ORGANIZATIONS : None

CHARACTER PREFERENCE

MRS. MARITES D. YAYONG


Teacher/Adviser

I hereby certify that the above information is true and correct to the best of
my knowledge and beliefs.

FRANCES JOAN E. CAMITAN

109
LARA ALEXANDREA B. DE LEON
071 Maitim 2nd West Tagaytay City, Cavite
Cell Phone Number: 0966-256-1253
jomjomcambaliza@gmail.com

PERSONAL DATA
Age : 17
Birthday : September 23, 2001
Gender : Female
Height : 5’4 ft.
Weight : 57 kg.
Civil Status : Single
Nationality : Filipino
Religion : Roman Catholic
Language Spoken : Filipino, English

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
Secondary : Rogationist College
Lalaan II, Silang, Cavite
2018
Primary : Bethany Christian Academy of
Tagaytay
Maitim 2nd East Tagaytay City,
Cavite
(2008-2014)

CLUBS/ORGANIZATIONS : None

CHARACTER PREFERENCE

MRS. MARITES D. YAYONG


Teacher/Adviser

I hereby certify that the above information is true and correct to the best of
my knowledge and beliefs.

LARA ALEXANDREA B. DE LEON

110
PATRICIA MAE A. LEONARDO
127 A. Mabini St., Brgy 3., Amadeo, Cavite
Cell Phone Number: 0906-907-5186
leonardopatricia126@yahoo.com

PERSONAL DATA
Age : 17
Birthday : May 09, 2001
Gender : Female
Height : 5’4 ft.
Weight : 52 kg.
Civil Status : Single
Nationality : Filipino
Religion : Born Again Christian
Language Spoken : Filipino, English

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
Secondary : Rogationist College
Lalaan II, Silang, Cavite
2018
Primary : Amadeo Elementary School
A. Mabini St., Amadeo, Cavite
(2008-2014)

CLUBS/ORGANIZATIONS : Grade 9- ICT (2016-2017)


: Grade 10- KAMAGFIL
(2017-2018)

CHARACTER PREFERENCE

MRS. MARITES D. YAYONG


Teacher/Adviser

I hereby certify that the above information is true and correct to the best of
my knowledge and beliefs.

PATRICIA MAE A. LEONARDO

111
MARC STEPHEN C. MALARAYAP
Buho, Amadeo, Cavite
Cell Phone Number: 0977-304-1067
msmalarayap@gmail.com

PERSONAL DATA
Age : 16
Birthday : October 30, 2001
Gender : Male
Height : 5’3 ft.
Weight : 55 kg.
Civil Status : Single
Nationality : Filipino
Religion : Roman Catholic
Language Spoken : Filipino, English

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
Secondary : Rogationist College
Lalaan II, Silang, Cavite
2018
Primary : Fr. Luigi Caburlotto School
Buho, Amadeo, Cavite
(2008-2014)

CLUBS/ORGANIZATIONS : Stem Society (2018-2019)

CHARACTER PREFERENCE

MRS. MARITES D. YAYONG


Teacher/Adviser

I hereby certify that the above information is true and correct to the best of
my knowledge and beliefs.

MARC STEPHEN MALARAYAP

112
ANNA MARI V. SULIT
Brgy. Toledo, Silang, Cavite
Cell Phone Number: 0908-266-3765
sulit.annamari@gmail.com

PERSONAL DATA
Age : 16
Birthday : May 17, 2002
Gender : Female
Height : 5 ft.
Weight : 38 kg.
Civil Status : Single
Nationality : Filipino
Religion : Roman Catholic
Language Spoken : Filipino, English

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
Secondary : Rogationist College
Lalaan II, Silang, Cavite
2018
Primary : Alfonso Central School
Alfonso, Cavite
(2007-2010)

CLUBS/ORGANIZATIONS : None

CHARACTER PREFERENCE

MRS. MARITES D. YAYONG


Teacher/Adviser

I hereby certify that the above information is true and correct to the best of
my knowledge and beliefs.

ANNA MARI V. SULIT

113