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CE 100

CIVIL ENGINEERING
ORIENTATION

ENGINEERING MAJORS
Civil Engineering
A People Serving Profession
Civil Engineering
Civil engineering focuses on the
infrastructure of the world:
 Water works, Sewers, Dams, Irrigation
Canals, Power Plants, Transmission
Towers/Lines,
 Railroads, Highways, Bridges, Tunnels,
River Navigation, Shipping Canals, Traffic
Control, Mass Transit, Airport Runways,
Terminals,
 Industrial Plant Buildings, Skyscrapers, etc.
Civil Engineering
 Civil engineers have saved more lives
than all the doctors in history
 development of clean water
 sanitation systems
Civil Engineering Process
 Planning …
 Design …
 Construction …
 Operation/Maintenance …
 Rehabilitation …
Planning
Find problem
areas that
need
improvement
and set the
criteria for
the design.
Gather input
from the
public.
Planning
Design
Draw plans to show how the problem is
going to be fixed.
Construction
 Follow the
plans from
design to build
the solution to
the problem.
Operation/Maintenance
Fix small problems before they become
big ones
Rehabilitation
To fix something back to original
condition.
Civil Engineering Specialties
 Structural  Environmental
 Geotechnical  Air, Soil, and
Water Quality
 Water Resources
 Hydraulics
 Transportation
 Materials
 Construction
 Surveying
Structural Engineers
 Design and analyze all man-made
objects whose primary function is load
resistance: buildings, bridges, aircraft,
transmission towers, radar domes and
antennas, drilling platforms, etc.
 Must also consider the economics,
aesthetics and social implications of
their creations.
Geotechnical Engineers
 Analyze soil and rock that affect the
behavior of struc-tures, pavements,
underground facilities, and containment
structures for solid and liquid wastes.
 Design foundations, retaining walls,
roadway cuts, etc.
 Field and laboratory work along with
design.
Water Resources Engineers
 Develop, use and manage world’s
water resources.
 Design water distribution systems,
wells, reservoirs, canals, locks and
dams, port facilities and flood control
systems.
 Analyze the impact of other engineering
projects on the natural hydrologic
system.
Hydraulic Engineers
 Analyze and design systems to
transport liquids.
 Small and large systems of pipes as well
as engineered and natural channels.
 Hydraulic machinery such as pumps and
turbines, hydraulic controls such as
valves and weirs, and hydraulic
structures such as dams and spillways.
Transportation Engineers
 Analyze movement of persons and
goods.
 Plan, design, construct, maintain and
operate various transportation modes
(e.g., highway, railway, air, water, etc.).
 Design traffic management systems.
Construction Engineers
 Design formwork,
scaffolding, lifting
apparatus, etc.
 Management of
construction
resources: labor,
materials,
equipment,
money and time.
Environmental Engineers
 Apply fluid mechanics, biology and chemistry to the
design and operation of environmental control
systems, e.g., municipal and industrial wastewater
systems.
Materials Engineers
 Design, analyze,
and construct
materials such as:
 Steel
 Concrete
 Masonry
 Asphalt
 Composites
Surveyors
 Precisely locate and layout engineering
projects.
 GIS (Geographic Information Systems),
GPS (Global Positioning Systems), and
lasers distance measurement devices.
 Maps and aerial photos.

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