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Question 1

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Which of the following things happens when you perspire while exercising?

Select one:

a. Your body gives off excess heat CorrectA considerable amount of heat energy is needed to turn a ram
of water (in the form of sweat) to a gram of water vapor. So, each molecule of water that evaporates and
leaves the skin carries heat energy with it. Thus, evaporation of perspiration helps rid the body of excess
heat. This is called evaporative cooling.

b. Your hormone decreases

c. Your body takes in air

d. Oil is removed from the surface of your skin

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The correct answer is: Your body gives off excess heat

Question 2

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The Pyramid of energy is best described as:

Select one:

a. The top of the pyramid is composed of the highest consumers who need the most energy.

b. The base of the pyramid consists of producers which supply the most energy CorrectThe base consists
of the producers that supply the most energy. As one moves up the pyramid, energy is lost. Found at the
top are the highest consumers who have lost energy from the pyramid in the form of heat and
unavailable chemical energy.
c. The top of the pyramid consists of the producers which are the supplier of most the most energy.

d. The base of the pyramid is composed of the highest consumers needing the most energy.

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The correct answer is: The base of the pyramid consists of producers which supply the most energy

Question 3

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Muscles may be controlled or may contract even without conscious thought. Which of the following
muscle groups are considered involuntary?

Select one:

a. Smooth

b. Skeletal and Cardiac Incorrect

c. Smooth and Cardiac

d. Skeletal

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The correct answer is: Smooth and Cardiac

Question 4

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All of the following animals are mammal, aside from:

Select one:

a. Walrus
b. Seal Incorrect

c. Shark

d. Giant whale

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The correct answer is: Shark

Question 5

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Which of the following statements accurately explains how trees prevent floods?

Select one:

a. Their leaves can store excess water

b. Their roots help absorb excess water Incorrect

c. Excessive water are stored in their stems

d. Their roots bind the soil

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The correct answer is: Their roots bind the soil

Question 6

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Among the different blood vessels, which receives the highest oxygen concentration?

Select one:
a. Pulmonary vein

b. Renal vein Incorrect

c. Aorta

d. Pulmonary artery

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The correct answer is: Pulmonary vein

Question 7

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A cell in the stems of an eggplant contains 20 chromosomes. After this cell divides, how many
chromosomes should each resulting daughter cell contain?

Select one:

a. 10 Incorrect

b. 50

c. 40

d. 20

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The correct answer is: 20

Question 8

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Why do some marine fishes don’t survive in fresh water?


Select one:

a. Fresh water has a low oxygen concentration

b. Marine fishes cannot maintain homeostatic water balance CorrectHomeostasis refers to the ability of
an organism to maintain an internal stability by coordinated responses of its organ system that
automatically compensate for environmental changes. Marine fishes are adapted to a water
environment in which there is a relatively high concentration of salt. They are not able to survive in fresh
water because they cannot maintain homeostatic water balance.

c. Fresh water lacks suitable food for the marine fishes

d. Fresh water has a lower temperature

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The correct answer is: Marine fishes cannot maintain homeostatic water balance

Question 9

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A researcher obtained a sample of matter from the deep ocean. Which of the following would cause the
researcher to suspect that the matter was from a living tissue?

Select one:

a. When exposed to air, the sample changed in color

b. The sample releases gases

c. A change in the temperature of the sample

d. The presence of DNA and enzyme in the sample CorrectDNA and enzymes are products of organisms.
The changes specified in the other options could occur in nonliving or even inorganic materials.

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The correct answer is: The presence of DNA and enzyme in the sample

Question 10

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This relationship best describes a protozoan which causes malaria in a human host:

Select one:

a. Predation

b. Commensalism

c. Mutualism

d. Parasitism CorrectParasitism is a symbiotic association of to kinds of organisms in which the parasite is


benefited while the host is usually harmed.

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The correct answer is: Parasitism

Question 11

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In a residential backyard, there could be flowers, grasshoppers, grasses, dragonflies, worms and ants.
Collectively, these organisms represent which of the following?

Select one:

a. Habitat Incorrect

b. Population

c. Tissue

d. Community

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The correct answer is: Community


Question 12

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The breathing rate is increased by an increase in the content of:

Select one:

a. Nitrogen

b. Carbon dioxide

c. Water vapor

d. Oxygen Incorrect

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The correct answer is: Carbon dioxide

Question 13

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Anchor sites for muscles and production of blood cells are some of the functions of our:

Select one:

a. Bones

b. Cartilage

c. Ligaments Incorrect

d. Skin

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The correct answer is: Bones

Question 14

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The digestive tube is composed of how many openings?

Select one:

a. Two

b. Three

c. Four Incorrect

d. Six

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The correct answer is: Two

Question 15

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Arthropodes which has many legs are termed as:

Select one:

a. Diplopods

b. Icopoda

c. Chilopoda Incorrect

d. Myriapods
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The correct answer is: Diplopods

Question 16

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A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment is known as:

Select one:

a. Ecosystem

b. Environment

c. Habitat Incorrect

d. Niche

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The correct answer is: Ecosystem

Question 17

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A _____ is composed of all the members of a single species inhabiting a given location.

Select one:

a. Ecosystem Incorrect

b. Niche

c. Population
d. Food chain

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The correct answer is: Population

Question 18

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Which of the following is considered as a natural ecosystem?

Select one:

a. Coral reef CorrectA coral reef is a ridge or elevated part of a relatively shallow area of the seafloor,
approaching the sea’s surface. It is formed by a rocklike accumulation of calceous (calcium-containing)
exoskeletons of coral animals, calcareous red algae and mollusks.

b. Garbage

c. Terrarium

d. Aquarium

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The correct answer is: Coral reef

Question 19

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Which of the following relationships can be observed among grasses and vegetables in a garden?

Select one:

a. Parasitism
b. Competition

c. Commensalism Incorrect

d. Mutualism

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The correct answer is: Competition

Question 20

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The part of the plant cell that captures the light energy needed in photosynthesis is which of the
following?

Select one:

a. Cytoplast

b. Nucleus

c. Chlorophyll CorrectThe first step in photosynthesis is the absorption of light by pigments. Chlorophyll
is the most important of these because it is essential for the process. It captures light energy in the violet
and red portions of the spectrum and transforms it into chemical energy through a series of reactions.

d. Stigmata

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The correct answer is: Chlorophyll

Question 1

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This is a rigid shell of the earth which is made up of plates containing the continents and oceans:

Select one:

a. Hydrosphere

b. Lithosphere CorrectLithos is a greek work which means stone. The lithosphere is the near rigid outer
shell of the Earth, comprising the crust and the uppermost layer of the mantle, and made up of
numerous blocks that are in motion in relative to each other – the plates of plate tectonics theory.

c. Stratosphere

d. Atmosphere

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The correct answer is: Lithosphere

Question 2

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The increasing amount of which of the following in the atmosphere contributes to global warming?

Select one:

a. Mercury

b. Carbon dioxide CorrectThe amount of Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has been increasing by 0.4%
a year because of the use of fossil fuels such as oil, gas and coal; the slash-and-burn clearing of tropical
forests has also been a contributing factor in the carbon cycle. This has led to a phenomenon called
global warming.

c. Nitrogen

d. Argon

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The correct answer is: Carbon dioxide

Question 3

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Which of the following describes the air during humid days?

Select one:

a. Warm and dry

b. Warm and moist CorrectHumidity is the moisture content of the atmosphere. The atmosphere always
contains some moisture in the form of water vapor, the maximum amount depending on the
temperature. The amount of vapor that will saturate the air increases with a rise in temperature: at 4.4
oC, 454 Kg of moist air contains a maximum of 2 Kg of water vapor; at 37.8 oC, 1000 lbs of moist air
contains a maximum of 18 Kg of water vapor. When the atmosphere is saturated with water, the level of
discomfort is high because the evaporation of moisture from the body as perspiration, with its attendant
cooling effect is impossible.

c. Cold and moist

d. Cold and dry

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The correct answer is: Warm and moist

Question 4

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It is the movement of the huge solid rock plates of the Earth:

Select one:

a. Erosion
b. Weathering

c. Diastrophism

d. All of the above CorrectDiastrophisms are movements of rock plates of the Earth’s crust that result in
the formation of the continents and islands.

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The correct answer is: All of the above

Question 5

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If the North Pole is tilted towards the sun, what is the season at the north of the equator?

Select one:

a. Spring

b. Summer CorrectIf the North Pole is tilted towards the sun, the area north of the equator is exposed
more directly to sunlight. Thus, the season in this area is summer.

c. Fall

d. Winter

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The correct answer is: Summer

Question 6

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In a community near a volcano, which rock type is most likely to be found?


Select one:

a. Lava

b. Metamorphic

c. Igneous CorrectIgneous rock is formed by the cooling and subsequent solidification of a molten mass
of rock material, known as magma. Composed almost entirely of silicate minerals, igneous rocks are
often classified by their silica content. The major categories are referred to as acid and basic, with granite
and rhyolite typical of the former, gabbro and basalt the latter.

d. Sedimentary

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The correct answer is: Igneous

Question 7

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When a violent storm occurs over the Pacific region, it is termed as:

Select one:

a. Monsoon

b. Cyclone

c. Tornado

d. Typhoon CorrectHurricane is the name applied to migratory tropical cyclones that originate over
oceans in certain regions near the equator, and particularly to those arising in the West Indian Region,
including the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. Hurricane type cyclones in the western Pacific are
known as typhoons.

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The correct answer is: Typhoon

Question 8

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Which layer of the atmosphere returns radio and TV broadcasts back to Earth?

Select one:

a. Exosphere

b. Troposphere

c. Stratosphere

d. Ionosphere CorrectIonosphere or Thermosphere, is the name given to a layer or layers of ionized air in
the atmosphere extending from almost 80 km (50 mi) above the surface of the Earth to altitudes of 640
km (400 mi) and more. At these altitudes the air is extremely thin, having about the density of the gas in
a vacuum tube. The ionosphere exerts a great influence on the propagation of radio signals. Energy that
is radiated from a transmitter upwards towards the ionosphere is in part refracted, or bent downwards
again, towards the surface of the Earth. The bending effect makes possible the reception of radio signals
at distances much greater than would be possible for waves that travelled along the surface of the Earth.

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The correct answer is: Ionosphere

Question 9

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These are rocks formed at the bottom of the sea:

Select one:

a. Metamorphic

b. Magma

c. Igneous
d. Sedimentary CorrectSedimentary rocks consist of sediments at the bottom of the sea that hardened
through time.

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The correct answer is: Sedimentary

Question 10

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This is the lowest portion of the atmosphere:

Select one:

a. Ionosphere

b. Exosphere

c. Troposphere CorrectTroposphere is the lowest layer of the Earth’s atmosphere and the site of all
weather processes making up its climate (weather over long periods of time). It extends up to an altitude
of about 11 Km above the polar zones and to about 16 Km above the equatorial regions. The tropopause
forms the boundary between troposphere and stratosphere.

d. Stratosphere

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The correct answer is: Troposphere

Question 11

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These are huge waves that accompany volcanic eruptions and earthquakes under the sea:
Select one:

a. Steambursts

b. Tsunamis CorrectTsunami is the scientific term for a seismic sea wave, a large ocean wave generated
by an undersea earthquake. The wave is thought to be triggered when the ocean floor is tilted or offset
during the quake. Another possible cause is an undersea landslide or volcanic eruption. Tsunamis have
erroneously been called tidal waves, but they have nothing to do with diurnal pattern of high and low
tides.

c. Tidal waves

d. Volcanic bombs

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The correct answer is: Tsunamis

Question 12

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Which of the following is an opening of the Earth’s crust?

Select one:

a. Valley

b. Hill

c. Crater

d. Volcano CorrectVolcano is a fissure or vent through which molten rock material, r magma and gases
from the interior of the Earth erupt on to its surface. The processes that create volcanoes and other
volcanic structures are called volcanism or vulcanism. As landforms, volcanoes are formed by the
deposition of the magma that flows or is ejected, normally from one or several circular vents, as molten
or solid material.

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The correct answer is: Volcano

Question 13
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When molten rock materials are expelled outside the earth’s surface they are termed as:

Select one:

a. Steam

b. Lava

c. Dunes

d. Magma CorrectMagma is molten rock beneath the earth’s surface, but molten rock

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The correct answer is: Magma

Question 14

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Which of the following is true regarding monsoons?

Select one:

a. It causes rainy weather not attributed to tropical cyclones CorrectMonsoons are seasonal changes in
atmospheric circulation and precipitation due to asymmetric heating of land and sea. Northeast
monsoon (Amihan) – blows from November to April causing rainy weather. Southwest monsoon
(Habagat) – blows from May to October causing rainy weather.

b. These are seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation due to asymmetric heating of
mountains and plains

c. The Northeast Monsoon blows from May to October causing rainy weather

d. The Northeast monsoon blows from November to April causing dry cold weather
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The correct answer is: It causes rainy weather not attributed to tropical cyclones

Question 15

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Which of the following climate types in the country makes November to April relatively drier than other
parts of the year?

Select one:

a. Two pronounced seasons

b. Wet and dry season CorrectNovember to April is relatively drier than other parts of the year. Two
pronounced seasons – dry from November to April, and wet for the rest of the year. No dry season – wet
season throughout but maximum rainfall is from November to January.

c. Rainfall distributed throughout the year

d. No dry season

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The correct answer is: Wet and dry season

Question 16

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Which of the following is not true regarding the greenhouse effect?

Select one:
a. Increasing the concentration of the greenhouse gases helps cool the earth’s surface CorrectIncreasing
the concentration of the greenhouse gases increases the amount of absorption and radiation, and
thereby further warms the earth surface.

b. The absorbed energy warms the earth’s surface. The surface of the Earth, warmed to a temperature
around 255 K, radiates infrared heat.

c. The heat is absorbed in each layer of the atmosphere through the greenhouse gases.

d. About 50% of the sun’s energy is absorbed at the Earth’s surface and the rest is reflected by clouds

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The correct answer is: Increasing the concentration of the greenhouse gases helps cool the earth’s
surface

Question 17

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According to this theory, the earth initially has one single continent and broke off to several pieces which
became the continents of today:

Select one:

a. Continental Drift Theory CorrectAccording to Alfred Wegener in the Continental Drift Theory, the
Pangaea is the single major continent which broke into two piece (Laurasia and Gondwanaland)

b. Sea floor Spreading Theory

c. Pangaea

d. Plate Tectonics Theory

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The correct answer is: Continental Drift Theory

Question 18

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According to this theory, the universe was once in an extremely hot and dense state which expanded
rapidly:

Select one:

a. Big Bang Model CorrectBig Bang Model – The Universe was once in an extremely hot and dense state
which expanded rapidly. This rapid expansion caused the young universe to cool and resulted in its
present continuously expanding state.

b. Plasma Expansion Theory

c. Nebular Theory

d. Heliocentric Model

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The correct answer is: Big Bang Model

Question 19

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Complete the statement: All the planets in the solar system ______________.

Select one:

a. Are exactly of the same size

b. Revolve around the sun CorrectThe general characteristic of a planet is that it revolves around the sun.
It is not considered as a planet if it does not revolve around the sun

c. Can all maintain life

d. Have the same temperature

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The correct answer is: Revolve around the sun


Question 20

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When does solar eclipse occur?

Select one:

a. When the is between the Earth and the moon

b. When the Earth is between the moon and the sun

c. When the moon is between the Earth and the sun CorrectDuring solar eclipse, the moon is between
the Earth and the sun. The moon blocks the light from the sun, casting a shadow on Earth

d. When the Earth is behind the sun

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The correct answer is: When the moon is between the Earth and the sun

Question 21

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Why is the invention of the telescope so significant?

Select one:

a. Because it allows for the observation of objects that are distant CorrectTelescope came from the two
Latin words "tele" meaning far and scope (skopos) meaning to see. The telescope, therefor, is used to see
and observe far objects

b. Because it analyes the composition of the planet

c. Because it brightens the light coming from the stars

d. Because it determines the age of the stars


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The correct answer is: Because it allows for the observation of objects that are distant

Question 22

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Which of the following may not help control floods?

Select one:

a. Crop rotation

b. Deforestation CorrectDeforestation te wanton cutting of trees without replacing those that were cut.
The roots of the trees hold the soil to prevent floods. Deforestation therefore, is not a means to control
floods

c. Construction of flood ways

d. Reforestation

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The correct answer is: Deforestation

Question 23

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It is the natural transfer of soil and other materials from one place to another:

Select one:

a. Migration

b. Pollination
c. Fragmentation

d. Erosion CorrectErosion refers to the natural physical and chemical processes by which the soil and the
rocks of the Earth’s crust are continuously abraded and corroded. Most erosion results from the
combined activity of several factors such as heat, cold, gases, water, wind, gravity and plant life.

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The correct answer is: Erosion

Question 24

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The Philippines lies in the region where many volcanoes are active. This region is termed as:

Select one:

a. Ring of Fire CorrectThe Philippines is considered one of the countries with many volcanoes and
volcanic eruptions. This is because our country lies in the Pacific Ring of Fire a region of high seismic and
volcanic activities that surruds the basin of Pacific Ocean

b. Archipelagic fault line

c. Volcanic Rim

d. Wheel of Fire

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The correct answer is: Ring of Fire

Question 25

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Where are fossils mostly found?


Select one:

a. Igneous rocks

b. Sedimentary rocks CorrectSedimentary rocks originated from the sediments of water resources.
Fossils are markings of ancient organisms which are aquatic in nature

c. Plutonic rocks

d. Metamorphic rocks

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The correct answer is: Sedimentary rocks

Question 26

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Which of the following may be observed when the moon cannot be seen at all because it passes directly
between the earth and the sun?

Select one:

a. Last quarter

b. First quarter

c. New Moon CorrectDuring the new moon phase, the moon is between the earth and the sun, blocking
the light from the sun, during, this phase the moon is not observable

d. Full Moon

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The correct answer is: New Moon

Question 27

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Who among the following scientists paved the way for modern exploration by advancing the theory that
planets revolve aound the sun?

Select one:

a. Ptolemy

b. Aristotle

c. Copernicus CorrectCopernicus was the one who theorized that the sun is the center of the solar
system and that all the planets revolve around the sun.

d. Harvey

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The correct answer is: Copernicus

Question 28

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Which of the following is the correct sequence of the eras of the earth's history from the oldest to the
most recent?

Select one:

a. Precambrian, Mesozoic, Cenozoic, Paleozoic

b. Paleozoic, Cenozoic, Precambrian, Mesozoic

c. Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Precambrian, Mesozoic

d. Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic CorrectIn geologic timetable, it was theorized that the
Eart was formed out of nothing. The Precambrian era described the Earth to be void, with no water, air.
Nothing existed. It was followed by Paleozoic era where unicellular organisms started to exist; Mesozoic
era and its Jurassic period, and the latest which is the Cenozoic era.

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The correct answer is: Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic


Question 29

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Tropical disturbance are classified as tropical depression, tropical storm or typhoon. The classification is
based on the ________________.

Select one:

a. Strength of the accompanying winds CorrectPAGASA classifies the weather disturbances according to
the strength of the accompanying winds. The amount of rainfall is not the basis of classifying weather
disturbances.

b. Origin of formation

c. Amount of rainfall

d. Amount of rainfall and strength of accompanying winds

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The correct answer is: Strength of the accompanying winds

Question 30

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Farmers are advised by agriculturists to plant which of the following crops during El Nino?

Select one:

a. Corn crops

b. Root crops CorrectRain is scarce during El Nino. Root crops need less water so they can survive
through a season of less rain.

c. Green leafy vegetables


d. Upland rice crops

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The correct answer is: Root crops

Question 31

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The following are effects of deforestation, except:

Select one:

a. Global warming

b. Landslides

c. Pollution CorrectHarmful substances known as pollutants contaminate bodies of water, air or soil
causing pollution. Clearing forests and trees results to flash floods, global warming and landslides

d. Flash floods

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The correct answer is: Pollution

Question 32

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The factors listed below contributes to the greenhouse effect, except:

Select one:
a. Excessive use of detergents CorrectGreen house gases in the Earth's atmosphere include carbon
dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. Carbon dioxide is produced during forest fires and burning of
wastes. Deforestation clears forests with trees. Trees use carbon dioxide for photosynthesis so when
trees are gone the amount of carbon dioxide in air from carbon dioxide producing organisms and the
other sources will increase. Excessive use of detergents may cause eutrophication when dumped to
bodies of water.

b. Uncontrollable burning of wastes

c. Forest fires

d. Extensive deforestation

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The correct answer is: Excessive use of detergents

Question 33

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Factories need permits from the DENR before they can operate. This will ensure which of the following?

Select one:

a. Pollution prevention

b. Environmental clearance CorrectDENR is the acronym for Department of Environment and Natural
Resources. This option pertains to the viability of having a factory that is cleared from causing any form
of hazardous activities to the environment.

c. Environmental friendliness

d. Viability of the factory

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The correct answer is: Environmental clearance

Question 34

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This property can identify a substance:

Select one:

a. Components

b. Color

c. Impact

d. Density CorrectDensity is the property of the substance which can identify it. It is the ratio of the mass
of a body to its volume, usually expressed in such units as kilograms per cubic meter, or pounds per cubic
foot.

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The correct answer is: Density

Question 35

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Seasons occur because of which of the following?

Select one:

a. Earth's axis is tilted CorrectBecause the earth's axis is tilted, the solar radiation received by different
parts of the Earth is not the same. Thus, the temperature of these areas are not also the same. When
the North Pole is tilted towards the sun, the northern hemisphere receives more of the sun's energy and
temperature there are higher. This is the start of summer of the start of the dry season in parts of the
northern hemisphere and the start of winter or wet season in parts of the southern hemisphere.

b. Solar radiation did not reach the surface of the earth

c. Earth may be near or far from the sun

d. The earth revolves around the sun, it also rotates on its axis
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The correct answer is: Earth's axis is tilted

Question 36

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The sun is mostly made of which gas?

Select one:

a. Nitrogen

b. Hydrogen CorrectThe sun is a burning fuel and that fuel is hydrogen which is the most comon material
in the universe. The gas is consumed through nuclear fusion in the sun's core wherein four hydrogen gas
particles come together to make a helium nucleus. The sum of the masses of all the particles produced
in the reaction is less than the mass of the original four protons. The lost mass has been converted into
energy - the nuclear energy that powers the sun and eventually radiates out into space.

c. Oxygen

d. Helium

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The correct answer is: Hydrogen

Question 37

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Which of the following elements is most common in the earth's crust?

Select one:

a. Aluminum
b. Iron

c. Calcium

d. Silicon CorrectSilicon is the most common in the earth's crust. Some of the earth's crust materials
come from the magma beneath it. This magma contains a high percentage of silicon and oxygen. The
earth's crust has 88 elements, only a few of which are commonly found in magma. Of all these elements,
only eight make up an essential part of the earth's crust and therefore of most rocks.

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The correct answer is: Silicon

Question 38

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Which of the following region of the atmosphere absorbs harmful ultraviolet radiation?

Select one:

a. Ionosphere

b. Heterosphere

c. Thermosphere

d. Ozone layer CorrectThe ozone layer is a very thin layer which protects life on earth by absorbing
harmful ultraviolet radiation fromt the sun.

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The correct answer is: Ozone layer

Question 39

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The troposphere is considered warmest near the Earth's surface. Which of the following statements best
explains this phenomenon?

Select one:

a. The earth's surface reradiates solar energy which heats the lower troposphere CorrectLess than half of
the sun's energy coming to the earth actually reaches the surface. Most of the radiation that does strike
the earth is absorbed by the surface. The energy is reradiated as infrared radiation which heats the lower
troposphere. The radiation is also called heat energy. The warmer the troposphere becomes, the more
infrared radiation is given off.

b. Radioactive elements in the earth's crust heat atmosphere above the ground

c. The air is most compressed there by the weight of the atmosphere

d. Lightning strikes the surface which in turn heats the layer above

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The correct answer is: The earth's surface reradiates solar energy which heats the lower troposphere

Question 40

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Lunar eclipse does not occur each month because:

Select one:

a. The earth is usually between the moon and the sun

b. The dark side of the moon rarely faces the earth

c. The moon rarely comes close enough to the earth

d. The moon's orbit is at an angle to the earth's orbit around the sun CorrectThe moon's orbit is at an
angle to the earth's orbit around the sun

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The correct answer is: The moon's orbit is at an angle to the earth's orbit around the sun
Question 41

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The formation of fog generally occurs after the ground has lost heat by which of the following
mechanisms?

Select one:

a. Convection

b. Radiation CorrectAlthough all four choices contribute to the formatioin of fog, heat loss which
eventually leads to fog formation is greatly caused by radiation. Radiatioin fog forms over land when
moist air cools on clear nights. As the ground and the moist air above it cools rapidly, the dew point is
quickly reached as compared to other fog types. Water vapor then condenses as droplets of fog.
Radiation fog often lingers throughout the early daylight hours until the temperature rises enough to
evaporate the moisture

c. Transpiration

d. Evaporation

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The correct answer is: Radiation

Question 42

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The movement of a wind is always from:

Select one:

a. High pressure region to low pressure region CorrectAir has mass and volume and exerts pressure. In
cool air, the molecules move cloer together causing the air to become denser and to sink. Thus the
dense air causes a high pressure area. low pressure areas may form when air is warmed, causing
molecules to move apart and to become less dense. Air moves from an area of high pressure to an area
of low pressure. This movement of air is caused by density differences in wind.

b. North to south region

c. Low pressure region to high pressure region

d. East to west region

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The correct answer is: High pressure region to low pressure region

Question 43

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Which of the following determines the development of soil in a particular place?

Select one:

a. Presence of plant and animal life

b. The type of bedrock

c. Climate

d. All of the above CorrectThe climate of an area is the most important factor in determining how soils
are formed. Chemical weathering, which turns rocks into soil, takes place more quickly in climates with
high temperatures and plentiful rainfall. The mineral composition of the rock can affect the rate of
weathering as well as the composition of the soil forms. The mineral composition of the rock can affect
the rate of weathering as well as the composition of the soil. A spadeful of a dark, rich soil will reveal
numerous earthworms, ants and other burrowing animals. The burrowing action of these animals serves
to mix the soil and produce passages through which water and air can pass. Organic wastes from these
animals enrich the soil further, enhancing its quality

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The correct answer is: All of the above

Question 44

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In evaporation, liquid water molecules becomes:

Select one:

a. Atoms of the hydrogen and oxygen

b. Tiny drops of water

c. Separate atoms of water

d. Molecules of water vapor CorrectEvaporation is the process by which a liqiod changes into gas. In this
process, liquid water molecules become molecules of water vapor which is the gaseous form of water
molecules.

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The correct answer is: Molecules of water vapor

Question 45

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According to this theory the earth’s surface consists of plates whose constant motion explains
continental drift, mountain building and occurrence of earthquakes.

Select one:

a. Diastrophism

b. Wegenerian Theory

c. Volcanism

d. Plate Tectonics CorrectPlate Tectonics is the theory of global tectonics (Geological structural
deformations) that has served as a master key, in modern geology, for understanding the structure,
history and dynamics of the Earth’s Lithosphere which includes the crust. The theory is based on the
observation that the solid layer of the Earth’s lithosphere is broken up into about a dozen semi-rigid
plates. The boundaries of these plates are zones of tectonic activity, where earthquakes and volcanic
eruptions tend to occur.

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The correct answer is: Plate Tectonics

Question 46

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The process by which water evaporates from plants is called as:

Select one:

a. Transpiration CorrectThrough the process of transpiration, more than 90% of the water taken in by
plant roots is ultimately lost to the atmosphere, almost all of it from the leaves. It passes out primarily
through the stomata in the form of water vapor.

b. Advection

c. Vapor release

d. Exhalatioin

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The correct answer is: Transpiration

Question 47

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Which among the following protects living things on Earth from the harmful radiation of the sun?

Select one:
a. Ozone Layer CorrectOzone is the layer in the atmosphere that serves as a screen from the harmful
effects of the sun’s radiation.

b. Clouds

c. Atmosphere

d. Carbon monoxide

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The correct answer is: Ozone Layer

Question 48

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Which of the following exemplifies a solar eclipse?

Select one:

a. The Earth is between the moon and the sun

b. The sun is between the Earth and the moon and its shadow obscures the latter

c. The shadow of the Earth blocks the moon

d. The moon passes between the Earth and the Sun and its shadow falls on the Earth CorrectA solar
eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the Earth and the sun and its shadow falls on the Earth.
Although the sun’s diameter is 400 times greater than that of the moon, it is also about 400 times
farther. This makes their diameters apparently the same from the Earth.

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The correct answer is: The moon passes between the Earth and the Sun and its shadow falls on the Earth

Question 49

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Among the following, which one has the greatest gravitational force?

Select one:

a. Earth

b. Saturn

c. Sun CorrectIn the solar system, the sun has the greatest gravitational force since it is the most massive
among all the objects in it.

d. Jupiter

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The correct answer is: Sun

Question 50

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It is the mixture of gases surrounding the Earth:

Select one:

a. Hydrosphere

b. Atmosphere CorrectThe atmosphere is a mixture of gases surrounding any celestial object that has a
gravitational field strong enough to prevent the gases from escaping. The principal constituents of the
atmosphere of the Earth are Nitrogen (78%) and Oxygen (21%). The other gases making up the Earth’s
atmosphere are Argon, Carbon dioxide, Water vapor and small amounts of Hydrogen, Ozone, Methane,
Carbon monoxide, Helium, Neon, Krypton and Xenon.

c. Lithosphere

d. Aeropsphere

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The correct answer is: Atmosphere