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Uttar Pradesh is India's fourth largest state in terms of land area and most populous state,

located in the north-central part of the country. It spreads over a large area, and the plains of the
state are quite distinctly different from the high mountains in the north. It is situated on the
northern spout of India and shares an international boundary with Nepal.

Uttar Pradesh, with a total area of 243,290 square kilometres (93,935 sq mi), is bounded by
Uttarakhand on the north-west, Haryana and Delhi on the west, Rajasthan on the south-west,
Madhya Pradesh on the south, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand on south-east and Bihar on the
east. It is situated between 23°52'N and 31°28'N latitudes and 77°3' and 84°39'E longitudes,
this is the fourth largest state in the country in terms of area, and the first in terms of population.

Physical Features

Uttar Pradesh can be divided into three distinct regions:

1. The Shivalik foothills and Terai in the North


2. The Gangetic Plain in the center - Highly fertile alluvial soils; with numerous ponds,
lakes, and rivers;
3. The Vindhya Hills and plateau in the south - Hard rock Strata; with hills, plains, valleys
and plateau and having limited water availability.

Forests constitute about 6.8% of the total geographical area of the state.The terai and bhabhar
area in the Gangetic Plain have most of the forests. The Vindhyan forests consists mostly of
scrub.

Animals that can be found in the jungles of Uttar Pradesh include the tiger, leopard, wild bear,
sloth bear, chital, sambhar, jackal, porcupine, jungle cat, hare, squirrel, monitor lizards, and fox.
Uttar Pradesh has one of the highest varieties of birds in the country. The most common birds
include the crow, pigeon, dove, jungle fowl, black partridge, house sparrow, peafowl, blue jay,
parakeet, kite, mynah, quail, bulbul, kingfisher and woodpecker.

Climate - marked by three distinct seasons:

1. Summer (March–June): Hot & dry (temperatures rise to 45 °C, sometimes 47-48 °C);
low relative humidity (20%); dust laden winds.
2. Monsoon (June–September): 85% of average annual rainfall of 990 mm. Fall in
temperature 40-45° on rainy days.
3. Winter (October–February): Cold (temperatures drop to 3-4 °C, sometimes below -1
°C); clear skies; foggy conditions in some tracts.

Languages of Uttar Pradesh

The official language of Uttar Pradesh is Hindi but there are around 6 to 7 well recognized
dialects. They are:

1: Khariboli
2: Braj Bhasha

3: Kannauji

4: Awadhi

5: Bhojpuri

6: Bundelkhandi

7: Bagheli

Festivals

1: Holi: Holika is the original name of Holi. Holi is the festival of colors.

2: Ramanavami: It is the birthday of Lord Rama. It is a festival celebrated for nine days in the
month of March-April.

3: Dusshera: Dusshera is celebrated for 10 days in the month of October. On this day, Lord
Rama killed Ravana. During these 10 days, Epic Ramayan is enacted as Ramlilla in all
cities/towns and villages across the state. Ramlilla culminates on Dusshera day, with burning of
effigies of Ravana.

4: Diwali: The festival of Diwali is celebrated for five days.


First Day- Dhantheras,

Second Day- Choti Diwali

Third Day- Laxmi Pujan

Fourth Day- Goverdhan puja

Fift Day- Bhai Dooj...

5: Makar Sankranti: Makar Sankranti is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Uttar Pradesh in
the month of January.

6: Buddha Purnima: Lord Buddha’s birthday is celebrated as Buddha Purnima.

7: Raksha Bandhan: On this day, sisters tie the threads on their brother’s wrists. This festival is
celebrated across Uttar Pradesh with great fervor.

Dresses of Uttar Pradesh


The people of Uttar Pradesh wear a variety of native- and Western-style dress. Traditional styles of dress
include colourful draped garments – such as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men – and tailored
clothes such as salwar kameez for women and kurta-pyjama for men. Men also often sport a head-gear
like topi or pagri. Sherwani is a more formal male dress and is frequently worn along with chooridar on
festive occasions. European-style trousers and shirts are also common among the men.

Famous people of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh has produced a host of famous people including many prime ministers of India. Some of
the most famous people born in Uttar Pradesh are:

1: Jawaharlal Nehru

2: Lal Bahadur Shastri

3: Atal Bihari Vajpayee

4: Amitabh Bachchan

5: Pandit Ravi Shankar

6: Major Dhyan Chand

7: Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya

Historical Places:

1: Agra:

Agra is home to the world famous Taj Mahal. This ancient city has wonderful monuments
making you awestruck by their sheer brilliance. The famous Fatehpur Sikri, the 16th
century city, built by the renowned Mughal emperor Akbar is also close to Agra.

2: Lucknow:

The capital of Uttar Pradesh and famously referred to as ‘The city of Nawabs’, Lucknow
retains its ancient charm with such authority that you will find yourself in a different world.

3: Varanasi:

‘The Religious Capital of India’ as Varanasi is called, is frequented by pilgrims from various
parts of the world. Considered one amongst the seven holy spots for followers of Hinduism,
the city lies on the banks of the river Ganga.

4: Allahabad

Allahabad is an important pilgrim center as Lord Brahma, the creator according to


Hinduism, landed at this place on earth. The city is located at the confluence of three rivers
namely Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswathi. This ancient city, also called Prayag, witnesses
one of the largest gatherings of religious nature during Kumbh Mela once every 12 years.

5: Mathura and Vrindavan

The twin cities of Mathura and Vrindavan are associated with Lord Krishna. Mathura is
considered the birthplace of Lord Krishna and hence it is one of the sacred cities for
followers of Hinduism. These ancient towns have a number of temples belonging to various
ages.

6: Ayodhya

Ayodhya, the ancient city, is amongst the sacred cities for Hindus, located in Uttar
Pradesh, as it is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Rama.

7: Jhansi:

The famous city of Queen Rani Laxmi Bai in Uttar Pradesh has a blend of religion, history,
natural beauties and architectural excellence.

8: Sarnath:

Sarnath is yet another important pilgrim center in Uttar Pradesh as it was here Lord
Buddha gave his first sermon. The place is sacred for Jains as well.

Famous Foods of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is famous for its cuisine. The cuisine of Uttar Pradesh is also greatly
influenced by Mughal cooking techniques.

The state is famous for its Nawabi foods (of Lucknow) and use of rich spices including cardamom and
saffron. Its most famous dishes include kebabs, dum biryani, and various type of chaats, samosa and
pakora, are also originally from Uttar Pradesh. The main genre of Uttar Pradesh cuisine is Awadhi, a type
of cuisine found in the state's Awadh Region. The state is also home to many sweet delicacies, popular
across the country, such as Gujia, Ghevar, Gajar ka halwa and Jalebis.

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