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E.P.C.

FOR THE FAO


PUMPING STATION AL FAW
– BASRAH, IRAQ Project
No. : A34501

Ramp Base Slab Design - Flexure ( Max Mx Ultimate )


Data:-
Design ultimate bending moment = M = 203.4 kN.m
Design service moment = Ms = 126.9 kN.m
Breadth of Cross-section = b = 1000.0 mm
Overall depth = h = 400.0 mm
Grade of concrete = fcu = 30.0 N/mm2
Grade of main steel = fy = 420.0 N/mm2
Clear cover = c = 50.0 mm
Elastic modulus of steel = Es = 2.10E+05 N/mm2
Elastic modulus of concrete = Ec = 2.46E+04 N/mm2
Solution:-
Effective depth = d = h-C -bar dia/2
= 342.0 mm
The ratio = k = M / bd2fcu
= 0.058
Lever arm = {Min of 0.95d & d[0.5+SQRT(0.25-k/0.9 ]} = z
= 318.3 mm
Area of steel required = (As)req. = M / 0.95fyz
= 1601.6 mm2

Minimum area of steel = (As)Min. = 0.13% bD


= 520.0 mm2
Maximum area of steel = (As)Max. = 4% bD
= 16000 mm2
T 16 @ 125
OKAY
Area of steel provided = (As)Prov. = 1608 mm 2

C/C spacing of the bottom most main bar = 125.0 mm

b ec fc s
0.5 fc b x " "
x
h d NEUTRAL AXIS acr Dia
c

As es fs A s
e1 fs
Section Strain Stresses / forces

Ramp Base slab design


Ramp Base Slab Design - Flexure ( Max Mx Service )

CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - FLEXURE


Service Moment (Crack Width Calculations to BS8110: 1997/ BS

INPUT
fcu=
fy=
Area of reinforcement " As " =
b=
h=
d=
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " =
Maxmum bar spacing " S " =
Bar dia " DIA " =
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value =
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal b
Applied service moment " Ms "=

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1)*(20+0.2*fcu)*0.5 =
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " =
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) =
" r " = As/bd =
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d =

" Z " = d-(x/3) =


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) =
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) =
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) =
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e 2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm
e 2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm

Ramp Base Slab Design


e2 =
Average strain for calculation of crack width " e m "= e 1-e 2 =

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' =

Allowable Crack Width for Water retaining structures = 0.2 mm

Allowable Crack Width for normal structures = 0.3 mm

Ramp Base Slab Design


E.P.C. FOR THE FAO
PUMPING STATION AL FAW
– BASRAH, IRAQ
Project No. : A34501

o BS8110: 1997/ BS8007:1987)

30 N/mm2
420 N/mm2
1608 mm2
1000 mm
400 mm
342 mm
50 mm
125 mm
16 mm
77.27 mm
arest longitudinal bar
126.9 KNm

13.0 KN/mm2
210.0 KN/mm2
16.15
0.005
110 mm

305
258 N/mm2
7.57 N/mm2
0.001538

Used
n/a

Ramp Base Slab Design


0.000358
0.001180

0.23 mm
< 0.3mm OK

Ramp Base Slab Design


E.P.C. FOR THE FAO
PUMPING STATION AL FAW
– BASRAH, IRAQ Project
No. : A34501

Ramp Base Slab Design - Flexure ( Max My Ultimate )


Data:-
Design ultimate bending moment = M = 107.3 kN.m
Design service moment = Ms = 67.9 kN.m
Breadth of Cross-section = b = 1000.0 mm
Overall depth = h = 400.0 mm
Grade of concrete = fcu = 30.0 N/mm2
Grade of main steel = fy = 420.0 N/mm2
Clear cover = c = 50.0 mm
Elastic modulus of steel = Es = 2.10E+05 N/mm2
Elastic modulus of concrete = Ec = 2.46E+04 N/mm2
Solution:-
Effective depth = d = h-C -bar dia -bar dia/2
= 326.0 mm
The ratio = k = M / bd2fcu
= 0.034
Lever arm = {Min of 0.95d & d[0.5+SQRT(0.25-k/0.9 ]} = z
= 309.7 mm
Area of steel required = (As)req. = M / 0.95fyz
= 868.6 mm2

Minimum area of steel = (As)Min. = 0.13% bD


= 520.0 mm2
Maximum area of steel = (As)Max. = 4% bD
= 16000 mm2
T 16 @ 150
OKAY
Area of steel provided = (As)Prov. = 1340 mm 2

C/C spacing of the bottom most main bar = 150.0 mm

b ec fc s
0.5 fc b x " "
x
h d NEUTRAL AXIS acr Dia
c

As es fs A s
e1 fs
Section Strain Stresses / forces

Ramp Base slab design