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Non-Editorial Changes ASME BPV Code Section V – 2015 Edition

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Added: * The 2015 Edition of Section III is the last edition in which Section III, Division 1, Subsection NH, Class
1 Components in Elevated Temperature Service, will be published. The requirements located within
xv List of Sections
Subsection NH have been moved to Section III, Division 5, Subsection HB, Subpart B for the elevated
temperature construction of Class A components.
xxvii Foreword Revised
Added new footnote by errata The information contained in this Foreword is not part of this American
National Standard (ANS) and has not been processed in accordance with ANSI's requirements for an ANS.
xxvii Foreword 13-860
Therefore, this Foreword may contain material that has not been subjected to public review or a consensus
process. In addition, it does not contain requirements necessary for conformance to the Code.
SUBMITTAL OF
xxxi TECHNICAL Added in last line of 6(a) or via our online tool at http://go.asme.org/InterpretationRequest.
INQUIRIES
ARTICLE 1 - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
 New subpara. (g) added, and original subparas. (g) through (j) redesignated as (h) through (k), respectively
(12-1907)
 In newly redesignated subpara. (h), “Manufacturer’s” revised to read “organization’s”(12-2049)
(Globally replaced references to a Manufacturer, Contractor, Fabricator, Installer, Assembler and Code User within the
12-1907
1 T-120 text of Section V with the generic term “organization” where appropriate for greater clarity of intent. Revised endnote 4
12-2049 in Article 1 to define the term “organization” as used in Section V.)
 In newly redesignated subpara. (i), “Code User’s” revised to read “organization’s” (12-2049)
 New last sentence added to newly redesignated subpara. (j) (12-1907)
Click here for details
 Subparagraphs (b) and (c) revised (12-2049)
(b) The nondestructive examination methods and techniques included in this Section are applicable to most geometric
configurations and materials encountered in fabrication under normal conditions. Whenever special configurations or
2 T-150 12-2049 materials require modified methods and techniques, the Manufacturer organization shall develop special procedures
which are equivalent or superior to the methods and techniques described in this Code Section, and which are capable
of producing interpretable examination results under the special conditions. Such special procedures may be

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modifications or combinations of methods described or referenced in this Code Section. A procedure demonstration
shall be performed to verify the technique is capable of detecting discontinuities under the special conditions equal to
the capabilities of the method when used under more general conditions. These special procedures shall be submitted
to the Inspector for acceptance when required by the referencing Code Section, and shall be adopted as part of the
Manufacturer’s quality control program.

(c) When a referencing Code Section requires an examination to be performed in accordance with the requirements
of this Section, it shall be the responsibility of the Manufacturer, fabricator, or installer organization to establish
nondestructive examination procedures and personnel qualification and certification procedures conforming to the
referenced requirements.
 Subparagraph (a) revised (12-2049)
3 T-160 12-2049 (a) The Manufacturer, fabricator, or installer organization shall assure that all equipment calibrations required by
Subsection A and/or Subsection B are performed.
 In subpara. (b), “Manufacturer’s”revised to read “organization’s”(12-2049)
(b) The special distinction established in the various Code Sections between inspection and examination and the
personnel performing them is also adopted in this Code Section. In other words, the term inspection applies to the
functions performed by the Authorized Inspector, but the term examination applies to those quality control functions
performed by personnel employed by the Manufacturer organization. One area of occasional deviation from these
distinctions exists. In the ASTM Standard Methods and Recommended Practices incorporated in this Section of the Code
by reference or by reproduction in Subsection B, the words inspection or Inspector, which frequently occur in the text or
3 T-170 12-2049
titles of the referenced ASTM documents, may actually describe what the Code calls examination or examiner. This
situation exists because ASTM has no occasion to be concerned with the distinctions which the Code makes between
inspection and examination, since ASTM activities and documents do not involve the Authorized Inspector described in
the Code Sections. However, no attempt has been made to edit the ASTM documents to conform with Code usage; this
should cause no difficulty if the users of this Section recognize that the terms inspection, testing, and examination in the
ASTM documents referenced in Subsection B do not describe duties of the Authorized Code Inspector but rather describe
the things to be done by the Manufacturer’s organization’s examination personnel.
3 T-190 13-1765  In subpara. (b), “qualifications” corrected by errata from plural to singular (13-1765)
Mandatory 06-484  I-110 and I-120 revised (06-484)
4 Appendix I  I-130 redesignated as I-121 and revised in its entirety (06-484, 10-1364)
(Article 1) 10-1364  New I-121.1 through I-121.11 added as incorporation of glossary of terms from throughout Subsection A of this

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book (06-484)
Mandatory Appendices containing Glossary of Terms for Articles 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 deleted and terms
incorporated alphabetically, by Method, into Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.1 through I-121.11. Revised the
Scope in T-210, T-410, T-510, T-610, T-710, T-810(c), T-910(c), T-1010(b), T-1120(a), T-1210(e), T-1310(e), and T-
1710 to reflect Mandatory Appendix changes.

Mandatory  Added (12-1907)


22 Appendix II 12-1907 Click here for details
(Article 1)
ARTICLE 2 - RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION
 Last sentence of first paragraph revised (06-484)
The radiographic method described in this Article for examination of materials including castings and welds shall be
27 T-210 06-484 used together with Article 1, General Requirements. Definitions of terms used in this Article are in Mandatory Appendix
V of this Article. Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.1, RT — Radiography.
 First sentence revised (13-270)
 In second sentence, “Manufacturer’s”revised to read “organization’s”(12-2049)
T-224 SYSTEM OF IDENTIFICATION
13-270 A system shall be used to produce permanent identification on the each radiograph traceable to the contract,
27 T-224
12-2049 component, weld or weld seam, or part numbers, as appropriate. In addition, the Manufacturer’s organization’s symbol
or name and the date of the radiograph shall be plainly and permanently included on the radiograph. This identification
system does not necessarily require that the information appear as radiographic images. In any case, this information
shall not obscure the area of interest.
 Revised (10-1576)
T-231.2 Processing. Standard Guide for Controlling the Quality of Industrial Radiographic Film Processing,
27 T-231.2 10-1576 SE-999, or Sections 23 through 26 of Standard Guide for Radiographic Examination, SE-94, shall may be used as a guide
for processing film, except that Section 8.1 of SE-999 is not required.
 First paragraph and subpara. (j) revised (12-2049)
T-291 RADIOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUE DOCUMENTATION DETAILS
35 T-291 12-2049
The Manufacturer organization shall prepare and document the radiographic technique details. As a minimum, the
following information shall be provided.

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(a) the requirements of Article 1, T-190(a)


(b) identification as required by T-224
(c) the dimensional map (if used) of marker placement in accordance with T-275.3
(d) number of radiographs (exposures)
(e) X-ray voltage or isotope type used
(f) source size (F in T-274.1)
(g) base material type and thickness, weld thickness,
weld reinforcement thickness, as applicable
(h) source-to-object distance (D in T-274.1)
(i) distance from source side of object to film (d in T-274.1)
(j) film manufacturer and Manufacturer’s their assigned type/ designation
(k) number of film in each film holder/cassette
(l) single- or double-wall exposure
(m) single- or double-wall viewing

Mandatory 06-484  Deleted (06-484, 13-1766, 14-10)


44 Appendix V 13-1766 MANDATORY APPENDIX V
(Article 2) 14-10 GLOSSARY OF TERMS FOR RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION
 Title revised (13-1984)
Mandatory MANDATORY APPENDIX VI
45 Appendix VI 13-1984
(Article 2)
DIGITAL IMAGE ACQUISITION, DISPLAY, INTERPRETATION, AND STORAGE OF
RADIOGRAPHS DIGITAL IMAGES OF RADIOGRAPHIC FILM FOR NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS
 VI-210, VI-222, VI-232, VI-250, VI-261, VI-271, VI-272, VI-282, VI-283, VI-291(e), VI-291(f), and VI-292 revised
(13-1984)
(radiograph revised to radiographic film)
13-1984 VI-210 SCOPE
Digital imaging process and technology provide the ability to digitize and store the detailed information contained
in the radiograph radiographic film (analog image), thus eliminating the need to maintain and store radiograph
radiographic film as the for permanent record.

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 Second paragraph revised (13-1984)


The reference film shall be used to conduct performance demonstrations and evaluations of the digitizing system to
48 VI-A-210 13-1984 verify the operating characteristics before radiographs are radiographic film is digitized. The reference film provides
for the evaluation of spatial resolution, contrast sensitivity, dynamic range, and spatial linearity.
 In second paragraph, title of ASTM E2007 corrected by errata (13-1767)
ASTM E2007, Standard Guide for Computer Computed Radiography, may be used as a guide for general tutorial
52 VIII-210 13-1767 information regarding the fundamental and physical principles of computed radiography (CR), including some of the
limitations of the process.
 VIII-277.1 (a) / IX-277.1(a) revised (13-269)
(a) Source-Side IQI(s). When using separate blocks for IQI placement as described in T-277.1(a), the thickness of the
52 & VIII-277 blocks shall be such that the image brightness at the body of the IQI is judged to be equal to or greater than the image
13-269 brightness at the area of interest for a negative image format. If verified by measurement, pixel intensity variations up to
55 IX-277
2% are permitted in the determination of “equal to.” This image brightness requirement is reversed for a positive
image format.
 VIII-277.3 / IX-277.3 revised (13-269)
Shims Under Hole IQIs. For welds with reinforcement or backing material, a shim of material radiographically similar
52 & VIII-277 to the weld metal and/or backing material shall be placed between the part and the IQIs, such that the image brightness
13-269 at the body of the IQI is judged to be equal to or greater than the image brightness at the area of interest for a negative
55 IX-277
image format. If verified by measurement, pixel intensity variations up to 2% are permitted in the determination of “
equal to.” This image brightness requirement is reversed for a positive image format.
 VIII-282 / IX-282 revised (13-269)
IMAGE BRIGHTNESS The image brightness through the body of the hole-type IQI or adjacent to the designated
53 & VIII-280 wire of the wire-type IQI, shall be judged to be equal to or greater than the image brightness in the area of interest for a
13-269
56 IX-280 negative image format. If verified by measurement, pixel intensity variations up to 2% are permitted in the
determination of “equal to.” This image brightness requirement is reversed for a positive image format. Additionally,
the requirements of T-282 are not applicable to phosphor imaging plate radiography.
 VIII-287 / IX-287 revised in its entirety (14-639)
VIII-287 MEASURING SCALE
14-639 The measuring scale used for interpretation shall be capable of providing dimensions of the projected
image. The measurement scale tool shall be based upon a known dimensional comparator that is placed on

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the cassette or a comparator scale placed on the imaging plate during exposure or prior to processing.
VIII-287 DIMENSIONAL MEASURING
VIII-287.1 Measuring Scale Comparator. The measuring scale used for interpretation shall be capable of providing
dimensions of the projected image. The measurement scale tool shall be based on one of the following:
(a) a known dimensional comparator that is placed on the cassette prior to exposure
(b) a known dimensional comparator that is inscribed on the imaging plate prior to processing
(c) a known comparator scale placed on the imaging plate prior to processing
VIII-287.2 Alternative Comparator. As an alternative to a measuring scale comparator, a dimensional calibration
of the measuring function based upon a verifiable scanned pixel size may be used.
 VIII-288(a) revised (13-269)
(a) the contrast and brightness range that demonstrates the required IQI sensitivity shall be used for interpretation.
When more than one IQI is used to qualify multiple thicknesses, the overlapping portions of each IQI’s determined
13-269
contrast and brightness range shall be considered valid for interpretation of intervening thicknesses. Pixel intensity
values may also be used to quantify image brightness comparisons in accordance with VIII-277.1, VIII-277.3, and VIII-
282.
 First paragraph revised (12-2049)
54 & VIII-291 DIGITAL IMAGING TECHNIQUE DOCUMENTATION DETAILS
12-2049
57 IX-291 The Manufacturer organization shall prepare and document the radiographic technique details. As a minimum, the
following information shall be provided:
 IX-288 revised (13-269)
(a) the contrast and brightness range that demonstrates the required IQI sensitivity shall be used for interpretation.
56 IX-280 13-269 When more than one IQI is used to qualify multiple thicknesses, the overlapping portions of each IQI’s determined
contrast and brightness range shall be considered valid for interpretation of intervening thicknesses. Pixel intensity
values may also be used to quantify image brightness comparisons in accordance with IX-277.1, IX-277.3, and IX-282.
ARTICLE 4 - ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION METHODS FOR WELDS
 Paragraph below (h) revised (06-484)
69 T-410 06-484 Definitions of terms used in this Article are contained in Mandatory Appendix III of Article 5 Article 1, Mandatory
Appendix I, I-121.2, UT — Ultrasonics.
 Second sentence corrected by errata to include missing reference for T-434.1.7 (14-592)
71 T-434.3 14-592 T-434.3 Piping Calibration Blocks. The basic calibration block configuration and reflectors shall be as shown in

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Figure T-434.3-1 or the alternate provided in Figure T-434.3-2 where curvature and/or wall thickness permits. The
basic calibration block curvature shall be in accordance with T-434.1.7. Thickness, T, shall be ±25% of the nominal
thickness of the component to be examined. The block size and reflector locations shall be adequate to perform
calibrations for the beam angle(s) and distance range(s) to be used.
 General Note (b) revised (14-704)
74 Figure T-434.3-1 14-704 (b) For O.D. 4 in. (100 mm) or less, the minimum arc length shall be 270 deg. 75% of the circumference. For O.D. greater than 4 in. (100 mm),
the minimum arc length shall be 8 in. (200 mm) or 3T, whichever is greater.
 Added (10-1214)
T-462.7 Distance–Amplitude Correction (DAC). No point on the DAC curve shall be less than 20% of full screen
height (FSH). When any portion of the DAC curve will fall below 20% FSH, a split DAC shall be used. The first calibration
78 T-462.7 10-1214 reflector on the second DAC shall start at 80% ± 5% FSH. When reflector signal-to-noise ratio precludes effective
indication evaluation and characterization, a split DAC should not be used. (Article 4, Nonmandatory Appendix Q
provides an example.)
 Revised (12-1886)
T-471.4.1 Distance–Amplitude Techniques. The scanning sensitivity level shall be set a minimum of 6 dB higher
82 T-471.4.1 12-1886 than the reference level gain setting or, when a semi-automatic or automatic technique is used, it may be set at the
reference level.
 Added (12-1886)
T-471.6 Recording of Ultrasonic Data. The ultrasonic data for the semi-automatic and automatic techniques shall be
82 T-471.6 12-1886 recorded in an unprocessed form with no thresholding. Gating of the data solely for the recording of the examination
volume is permitted, provided a scan plan is utilized to determine the gate settings to be used.

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 In text-tabular, entries in last column revised (12-893)


Indication Set at % dB Control Indication Limits
Of Full Screen Change % of Full Screen
80% -6 dB 32 to 48% 35% to 45%
80% -12 dB 16 to 24% 15% to 25%
87 II-440 12-893
40% +6 dB 64 to 96% 65% to 95%
20% +12 dB 64 to 96% 65% to 95%

 In Table VII-421, second entry in first column and last entries in second and third columns were revised (12-
1987)
Table VII-421
Requirements of an Ultrasonic Examination Procedure for Workmanship Based
Acceptance Criteria
Requirement (as Applicable) Essential Variable Nonessential Variable
Scan plan X …
Mandatory Computer software revision X …
96 Appendix VII 12-1987 Scanning technique (automated vs. X …
(Article 4)
semi-automated)
Flaw characterization methodology X …
Flaw sizing (length) methodology X …
Search unit mechanical fixturing device X …
(manufacturer and model)
Scanner adhering and guiding …X X …
mechanism

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 In Table VIII-421, second entry in first column and last entries in second and third columns were revised (12-
1987)
Table VIII-421
Requirements of an Ultrasonic Examination Procedure for Fracture Mechanics Based
Acceptance Criteria
Requirement (as Applicable) Essential Variable Nonessential Variable
Scan plan X …
Mandatory Computer software revision X …
98 Appendix VIII 12-1987 Scanning technique (automated vs. X …
(Article 4)
semi-automated)
Flaw sizing (length) methodology X …
Search unit mechanical fixturing device X …
(manufacturer and model)
Scanner and adhering and guiding …X X …
mechanism

Mandatory  IX-435.4 revised (13-670)


IX-435.4 Weld Joint Configuration. The demonstration block’s weld joint geometry shall be representative of the
100 Appendix IX 13-670 production joint’s details, except when performing TOFD examinations of equal thickness butt welds in accordance with
(Article 4) Mandatory Appendix III.
 Added (12-2000)
Mandatory MANDATORY APPENDIX X
102 Appendix X 12-2000 ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION OF HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENE
(Article 4)

115 Table D-490 13-1582  In last column, last entry, hyphen added to “through wall” (13-1582)

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Nonmandatory  Added (10-1214)


168 Appendix Q 10-1214 NONMANDATORY APPENDIX Q
(Article 4) EXAMPLE OF A SPLIT DAC CURVE
 Added (11-1528)
Nonmandatory NONMANDATORY APPENDIX R
170 Appendix R 11-1528
(Article 4)
STRAIGHT BEAM CALIBRATION BLOCKS FOR RESTRICTED ACCESS WELD
EXAMINATIONS
ARTICLE 5 - ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION METHODS FOR MATERIALS
 Paragraph below (h) revised (06-484)
173 T-510 06-484 Definitions of terms used in this Article are contained in Mandatory Appendix III of this Article Article 1, Mandatory
Appendix I, I-121.2, UT — Ultrasonics.
Mandatory Deleted (06-484, 10-1214)
06-484
181 Appendix III MANDATORY APPENDIX III
(Article 5) 10-1214 GLOSSARY OF TERMS FOR ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION
ARTICLE 6 - LIQUID PENETRANT EXAMINATION
 Second paragraph revised (06-484)
When this Article is specified by a referencing Code Section, the liquid penetrant method described in this Article shall
183 T-610 06-484 be used together with Article 1, General Requirements. Definitions of terms used in this Article appear in Mandatory
Appendix I of this Article and Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.3, PT — Liquid Penetrants.
 T-621.1 and T-621.2 revised (09-400)
T-621.1 Requirements. Liquid penetrant examination shall be performed in accordance with a written procedure
which shall as a minimum, contain the requirements listed in Table T-621 T-621.1. The written procedure shall
establish a single value, or range of values, for each requirement.
183 T-621 09-400 T-621.2 Procedure Qualification. When procedure qualification is specified by the referencing Code Section, a change
of a requirement in Table T-621 T-621.1 identified as an essential variable shall require requalification of the written
procedure by demonstration. A change of a requirement identified as a nonessential variable does not require
requalification of the written procedure. All changes of essential or nonessential variables from those specified within
the written procedure shall require revision of, or an addendum to, the written procedure.

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 T-621.3 added (09-400)


183 T-621 09-400 T-621.3 Minimum and Maximum Step Times. The written procedure shall have minimum and maximum times for
the applicable examination steps listed in Table T-621.3.
 Formerly Table T-621, redesignated (09-400)
184 Table T-621.1 09-400 Table T-621 T-621.1
Requirements of a Liquid Penetrant Examination Procedure
 Added (09-400)

184 Table T-621.3 09-400

 Revised (09-400)
T-672 PENETRATION (DWELL) TIME
185 T-672 09-400
Penetration (dwell) time is critical. The minimum penetration time shall be as required in Table T-672 or as qualified by
demonstration for specific applications. The maximum dwell time shall not exceed 2 hr or as qualified by demonstration

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for specific applications. Regardless of the length of the dwell time, the penetrant shall not be allowed to dry. If for any
reason the penetrant does dry, the examination procedure shall be repeated, beginning with a cleaning of the
examination surface.
 Subparagraph (b) revised (09-400)
(b) Hydrophilic Emulsification. After the required penetrant dwell time, and prior to emulsification the parts shall may
be prerinsed with water spray using the same process as for water-washable penetrants. Pre-rinsing time
shall not exceed 1 min. After pre-rinsing, the excess surface penetrant shall be emulsified by
immersing in or spraying with hydrophilic emulsifier. Bath concentration shall be as recommended by
the manufacturer. After emulsification, the mixture shall be removed by immersing in or rinsing with
water. The temperature and pressure of the water shall be as recommended by the manufacturer.or directly
immersed or sprayed with an emulsifier–water mixture. A prerinse allows removal of excess surface penetrant from
185 T-673.2 09-400 examination objects prior to the application of hydrophilic emulsifiers. Hydrophilic emulsifiers work by detergent
action. For immersion applications, examination objects must be mechanically moved in the emulsifier bath or the
emulsifier must be agitated by air bubbles, so that with either method, the emulsifier comes in contact with the
penetrant coating. With immersion, the concentration of the emulsifier– water bath shall be as recommended by the
manufacturer. For spray applications, all part surfaces shall be uniformly sprayed with an emulsifier–water mixture.
With spray applications, the emulsifier concentration shall be in accordance with the manufacturer’s
recommendations, but shall be no greater than 5%. The final step after emulsification is a water immersion or a water
spray post-rinse to remove the emulsified penetrant. All dwell times should be kept to a minimum and shall be not more
than 2 min unless a longer time is qualified on a specific part. The pressures (water-emulsifier and water spray) and
temperatures (water and emulsifier) shall be in accordance with the requirements for water-washable penetrants.
 Revised (14-1537)
T-676.3 Color Contrast Penetrants. With a color contrast penetrant, the developer forms a reasonably uniform white
coating. Surface discontinuities are indicated by bleed-out of the penetrant which is normally a deep red color that
stains the developer. Indications with a light pink color may indicate excessive cleaning. Inadequate cleaning may leave
187 T-676.3 14-1537 an excessive background making interpretation difficult. Illumination (natural or supplemental white light) of the
examination surface is required for the evaluation of indications. The minimum light intensity shall be 100 fc (1 000 lx)
is required on the surface to be examined to ensure adequate sensitivity during the examination and
evaluation of indications. . The light intensity, natural or supplemental white light source, shall be measured with
a white light meter prior to the evaluation of indications or a verified light source shall be used. The light source,

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technique used, and light level Verification of light sources is required to be demonstrated only one time, documented,
and maintained on file.
 Revised (12-2046)
T-692 EXAMINATION RECORDS
For each examination, the following information shall be recorded:
(a) procedure identification and revision the requirements of Article 1, T-190(a);
(b) liquid penetrant type (visible or fluorescent);
187 T-692 12-2046 (c) type (number or letter designation) of each penetrant, penetrant remover, emulsifier, and developer used;
(d) examination personnel identity and if required by referencing Code Section, qualification level;
(e) (d) map or record of indications per T-691;
(f) (e) material and thickness, and;
(g) (f) lighting equipment.
(h) date of examination.
Mandatory  Deleted (06-484)
188 Appendix I 06-484 MANDATORY APPENDIX I
(Article 6) GLOSSARY OF TERMS FOR LIQUID PENETRANT EXAMINATION
ARTICLE 7 - MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION
 Second paragraph revised (06-484)
When this Article is specified by a referencing Code Section, the magnetic particle method described in this Article shall
192 T-710 06-484 be used together with Article 1, General Requirements. Definition of terms used in this Article are in Mandatory
Appendix II Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.4, MT — Magnetic Particle.
 Subparagraph (a) revised (11-251)
T-762 LIFTING POWER OF YOKES
(a) Prior to use, the magnetizing power of electromagnetic yokes shall have been checked within the
196 T-762 11-251
past year. The magnetizing power of permanent magnetic yokes shall be checked daily prior to use. The
magnetizing power of yokes shall be verified prior to use each day the yoke is used. The magnetizing power of all yokes
shall be checked verified whenever the yoke has been damaged or repaired.
 Revised (14-1537)
201 T-777.1 14-1537 T-777.1 Visible (Color Contrast) Magnetic Particles.
Surface discontinuities are indicated by accumulations of magnetic particles which should contrast with the

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examination surface. The color of the magnetic particles shall be sufficiently different than the color of the examination
surface. Illumination (natural or supplemental white light) of the examination surface is required for the evaluation of
indications. A The minimum light intensity shall be of 100 fc (1 000 lx) is required on the surface to be examined
to ensure adequate sensitivity during the examination and evaluation of indications. The light intensity,
natural or supplemental white light source, shall be measured with a white light meter prior to the evaluation of
indications or a verified light source shall be used. The light source, technique used, and light level
Verification of light sources is required to be demonstrated only one time, documented, and maintained on file.
 Revised (12-2047)
T-793 EXAMINATION RECORDS
For each examination, the following information shall be recorded:
(a) procedure identification and revision the requirements of Article 1, T-190(a)
(b) magnetic particle equipment and type of current
202 T-793 12-2047 (c) magnetic particles (visible or fluorescent, wet or dry)
(d) examination personnel identity and if required by referencing Code Section, qualification level
(e) (d) map or record of indications per T-792
(f) (e) material and thickness
(g) (f) lighting equipment
(h) date of examination
 Revised (12-2047)
I-791 EXAMINATION RECORD
For each examination, the information required in the records section of T-793 and the following information shall be
recorded:
(a) identification of the procedure/technique
205 I-791 12-2047 (b) identification of the personnel performing and witnessing the qualification
(c) (b) description and drawings or sketches of the qualification specimen, including coating thickness measurements
and flaw dimensions
(d) (c) equipment and materials used
(e) (d) illumination level and yoke lifting power
(f) (e) qualification results, including maximum coating thickness and flaws detected
206 Mandatory 06-484  Deleted (06-484)

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Appendix II MANDATORY APPENDIX II


(Article 7) GLOSSARY OF TERMS FOR MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION
 Revised (12-2047)
III-791 EXAMINATION RECORD
For each examination, the information required in T-793 and the following information shall be recorded:
(a) procedure identification and revision qualified
(b) standard procedure identification and revision
208 III-791 12-2047 (c) (a) qualification standard identification
(d) (b) identification of the personnel performing and witnessing
the qualification
(e) (c) equipment and materials used
(f) (d) illumination levels (white and black light)
(g) (e) qualification results
ARTICLE 8 - EDDY CURRENT EXAMINATION
Subparagraph (c) revised (06-484)
(c) Definitions of terms for eddy current examination appear in three places: Mandatory Appendix I to this Article;
215 T-810 06-484 Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I; and Subsection B, Article 30 Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.5, ET —
Electromagnetic (Eddy Current).
Mandatory  Deleted (06-484)
216 Appendix I 06-484 Deleted; terms and definitions in this Appendix have been incorporated into Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.4.
(Article 8)
Mandatory  Title revised (14-1512)
238 Appendix VIII 14-1512 EDDY CURRENT EXAMINATION OF NONMAGNETIC NONFERROMAGNETIC HEAT EXCHANGER
(Article 8) TUBING
VIII-810, VIII-820, VIII-821.1, VIII-834.1, VIII-850, VIII-862.1, VIII-862.2, VIII-864.1, VIII-864.2, VIII-864.4, Figure VIII-
11-1371 864.2, VIII-880.3, VIII-890.3.1, VIII-890.3.2, and VIII-890.3.3 revised (11-1371, 13-1582, 14-1512)
13-1582 This Appendix provides the requirements for bobbin coil, multifrequency, multiparameter, eddy current examination
14-1512 for installed nonferromagnetic heat exchanger tubing, excluding nuclear steam generator tubing, when this Appendix is
specified by the referencing Code Section.
11-1371 In Table VIII-821, first column, second entry revised (11-1371)

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ARTICLE 9 - VISUAL EXAMINATION


 Subparagraph (c) revised (06-484)
(c) Definitions of terms for visual examination appear in Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I – Glossary of Terms in
244 T-910 06-484 Nondestructive Examination, and Article 9, Mandatory Appendix I Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.6, VT — Visual
Examination.
In second sentence, “manufacturer” revised to read “organization”(12-2049)
244 T-922 12-2049

 Revised (14-1537)
T-952 DIRECT VISUAL EXAMINATION
Direct visual examination may usually be made when access is sufficient to place the eye within 24 in. (600 mm) of the
surface to be examined and at an angle not less than 30 deg to the surface to be examined. Mirrors may be used to
improve the angle of vision, and aids such as a magnifying lens may be used to assist examinations. Illumination (natural
245 T-952 14-1537
or supplemental white light) of the examination surface is required for the specific part, component, vessel, or section
thereof being examined is required. The minimum light intensity at the examination surface/site shall be 100 fc (1 000
lx). The light intensity, natural or supplemental white light source, shall be measured with a white light meter prior to
the examination or a verified light source shall be used. The light source, technique used, and light level Verification of
light sources is required to be demonstrated only one time, documented, and maintained on file.
Mandatory  Deleted (06-484)
246 Appendix I 06-484 Deleted; terms and definitions in this Appendix have been incorporated into Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.4.
(Article 9)
ARTICLE 10 - LEAK TESTING
 Subparagraphs (b) and (c) revised (06-484)
(b) Definition of terms used in this Article are in Mandatory Appendix VII of this Article Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I,
I-121.7, LT — Leak Testing.
(c) The test methods or techniques of these methods can be used for the location of leaks or the measurement of leakage
247 T-1010 06-484 rates.
The specific test method(s) or technique(s) and Glossary of Terms of the methods in this Article are described in
Mandatory Appendices Mandatory I through X and Nonmandatory Appendix A as follows:
Mandatory Appendix I — Bubble Test — Direct Pressure Technique

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Mandatory Appendix II — Bubble Test —Vacuum Box Technique


Mandatory Appendix III — Halogen Diode Detector Probe Test
Mandatory Appendix IV — Helium Mass Spectrometer Test — Detector Probe Technique
Mandatory Appendix V — Helium Mass Spectrometer Test —Tracer Probe Technique
Mandatory Appendix VI — Pressure Change Test
Mandatory Appendix VII – Glossary of Terms
Mandatory Appendix VIII —Thermal Conductivity Detector Probe Test
Mandatory Appendix IX — Helium Mass Spectrometer Test — Hood Technique
Mandatory Appendix X — Ultrasonic Leak Detector Test
Nonmandatory Appendix A — Supplementary Leak Testing Equation Symbols
247 T-1021.2 12-2049 In first sentence, “manufacturer” revised to read “organization”(12-2049)
Mandatory  Deleted (06-484)
265 Appendix VII 06-484 Deleted; terms and definitions in this Appendix have been incorporated into Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.4.
(Article 10)
ARTICLE 11 - ACOUSTIC EMISSION EXAMINATION OF FIBER-REINFORCED PLASTIC VESSELS
 Subparagraph (a) revised (06-484)
(a) When this Article is specified by a referencing Code Section, the method described in this Article shall be used
275 T-1120 06-484 together with Article 1, General Requirements. Definitions of terms used in this Article are found in Mandatory
Appendix III of this Article Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.8, AE — Acoustic Emission.
Mandatory  Deleted (06-484)
289 Appendix III 06-484 Deleted; terms and definitions in this Appendix have been incorporated into Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.4.
(Article 11)
ARTICLE 12 - ACOUSTIC EMISSION EXAMINATION OF METALLIC VESSELS DURING PRESSURE TESTING
 Paragraph below (e) revised (06-484)
When this Article is specified by a referencing Code Section, the AE method described in the Article shall be used
296 T-1210 06-484 together with Article 1, General Requirements. Definitions of terms used in this Article may be found in Mandatory
Appendix III of this Article Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.8, AE — Acoustic Emission.
 Second sentence revised (13-2151)
296 T-1224.1 13-2151 T-1224.1 Sources shall be located to the specified accuracy by multichannel source location, zone location, or both, as

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required by the referencing Code Section. All hits detected by the instrument shall be recorded and used for evaluation
for interpretation and evaluation.
Mandatory  Deleted (06-484)
305 Appendix III 06-484 Deleted; terms and definitions in this Appendix have been incorporated into Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.4.
(Article 12)
ARTICLE 13 - CONTINUOUS ACOUSTIC EMISSION MONITORING OF PRESSURE BOUNDARY COMPONENTS
04-1472  Revised in its entirety (04-1472, 06-484)
312 Article 13
06-484 (Reformatted to be consistent with the rest of Section V)
ARTICLE 14 - EXAMINATION SYSTEM QUALIFICATION
 In first paragraph, second sentence revised (12-2049)
The provisions of this Article for qualifying nondestructive examination (NDE) systems are mandatory when specifically
invoked by the referencing Code Section. The Manufacturer, examination organization, owner, or other user of
335 T-1410 12-2049
this Article organization is responsible for qualifying the examination technique, equipment, and written procedure
in conformance with this Article. The referencing Code Section shall be consulted for the following specific detailed
requirements:
Mandatory  Deleted (06-484)
342 Appendix I 06-484 Deleted; terms and definitions in this Appendix have been incorporated into Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.4.
(Article 14)
ARTICLE 17 - REMOTE FIELD TESTING (RFT) EXAMINATION METHOD
 Subparagraph (c) revised (06-484)
(c) Definition of terms for RFT examinations appear in Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.5, ET — Electromagnetic
354 T-1710 06-484 (Eddy Current). Glossary of Terms for Nondestructive Examination, Subsection B, Article 26, SE-2096, In
Situ Examination of Ferromagnetic Heat Exchanger Tubes Using Remote Field Testing, and Article 30, SE-
1316, Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examination.
 Added (10-1813, 14-1072)
10-1813
359 Article 18 ARTICLE 18
14-1072 ACOUSTIC PULSE REFLECTOMETRY (APR) EXAMINATION
 Added (11-1194)
364 Article 19 11-1194
ARTICLE 19

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GUIDED WAVE EXAMINATION METHOD FOR PIPING


SUBSECTION B - DOCUMENTS ADOPTED BY SECTION V
 Revised in its entirety (10-1576)
403 SE-999 10-1576 (Adopted ASTM Specification E999-10, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification E 999-05)
 Revised in its entirety (12-1986)
SA-435/
477 SA-435M
12-1986 (Adopted ASTM Specification A 435/A 435M-90 (R2012), previous was Identical with ASTM Specification A 435/A
435M-90 (R2007))
 Revised in its entirety (13-904)
SA-577/
481 13-904 (Adopted ASTM Specification A 577/A 577M-90 (R2012), previous was Identical with ASTM Specification A
SA-577M
577/A 577M-90 (R2007).)
 Revised in its entirety (13-905)
SA-578/
485 SA-578M
13-905 (Adopted ASTM Specification A578/A578M-07 (R2012), previous was Identical with ASTM Specification A 578/A
578M-07)
 Revised in its entirety (13-906)
SA-609/
493 SA-609M
13-906 (Adopted ASTM Specification A609/A609M-12, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification A 609/A 609M-91
(R2007).)
 Revised in its entirety (12-1989)
SA-745/
503 SA-745M
12-1989 (Adopted ASTM Specification A745/A745M-12, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification A745/A745M-
94(2009).)
 Revised in its entirety (13-1981)
543 SE-2491 13-1981 (Adopted ASTM Specification E2491-13, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification E 2491-08.)
 Revised in its entirety (12-1995)
575 SD-129 12-1995 (Adopted ASTM Specification D129-11, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification D 129-00 (R2005))
 Revised in its entirety (12-1996)
581 SD-516 12-1996 (Adopted ASTM Specification D516-11, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification D 516-07.)
 Revised in its entirety (12-1997)
587 SD-808 12-1997 (Adopted ASTM Specification D808-11, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification D 808-05.)
593 SE-165/ 12-1998  Revised in its entirety (12-1998)

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SE-165M (Adopted ASTM Specification E165/E165M-12, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification E 165-09.)
SE-2096/  Revised in its entirety (12-1999)
677 SE-2096M
12-1999 (Adopted ASTM Specification E2096/E2096M-10, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification E 2096-05.)
 Revised in its entirety (12-2042)
SE-650/
689 SE-650M
12-2042 (Adopted ASTM Specification E650/E650M-12, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification E 650-97
(R2007).)
 Added (11-1196)
693 SE-750 11-1196
STANDARD PRACTICE FOR CHARACTERIZING ACOUSTIC EMISSION INSTRUMENTATION
 Added (11-1197)
SE-1067/
715 SE-1067M
11-1197 STANDARD PRACTICE FOR ACOUSTIC EMISSION EXAMINATION OF FIBERGLASS
REINFORCED PLASTIC RESIN (FRP) TANKS/VESSELS
 Added (11-1198)
SE-1118/
731 SE-1118M
11-1198 STANDARD PRACTICE FOR ACOUSTIC EMISSION EXAMINATION OF REINFORCED
THERMOSETTING RESIN PIPE (RTRP)
 Added (11-1199)
SE-1139/
745 SE-1139M
11-1199 STANDARD PRACTICE FOR CONTINUOUS MONITORING OF ACOUSTIC EMISSION FROM
METAL PRESSURE BOUNDARIES
SE-1211/  Revised in its entirety (12-2043)
753 SE-1211M
12-2043 (Adopted ASTM Specification E1211/E1211M-12, previous was Identical with ASTM Specification E 1211-07.)

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_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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T-120

(g) In addition to the requirements described in (e) or (f) above, if the techniques of computed radiography (CR), digital
radiography (DR), phased-array ultrasonic technology (PAUT), or ultrasonic time-of-flight diffraction (TOFD) are to be
used, the training, experience, and examination requirements found in Article 1, Mandatory Appendix II shall also be
included in the employer’s written practice for each technique as applicable.

(g) (h) When the referencing Code Section does not specify qualifications or does not reference directly Article 1 of this
Section, qualification may simply involve a personnel demonstration to show that the personnel performing the non-
destructive examinations are competent to do so in accordance with the Manufacturer’s organization’s established
procedures.

(h) (i) The user of this Article is responsible for the qualification and certification of NDE Personnel in accordance with
the requirements of this Article. The Code User’s organization’s Quality Program shall stipulate how this is to be
accomplished. Qualifications in accordance with a prior edition of SNT-TC-1A, or CP-189 are valid until recertification.
Recertification or new certification shall be in accordance with the edition of SNT-TC-1A or CP-189 specified in endnote.
When any of the techniques included in (g) above are used, the additional requirements of that paragraph shall also
apply.

(i) (j) Limited certification of nondestructive examination personnel who do not perform all of the operations of a
nondestructive method that consists of more than one operation, or who perform nondestructive examinations of
limited scope, may be based on fewer hours of training and experience than recommended in SNT-TC-1A or CP-189. Any
limitations or restrictions placed upon a person’s certification shall be described in the written practice and on the
certification.

(j) (k) Either U.S. Customary Units or SI Units may be used for compliance with all requirements of this edition, but one
system shall be used consistently throughout for all phases of construction.

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