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Ketentuan Detail Tulangan Pada Struktur Beton Bertulang

Sesuai SNI 2847-2013 dan ACI 318M-14 (Part-1)


oleh: Steffie Tumilar. Ir. M.Eng. AU-Haki

HAKI , Komda Sulawesi Selatan Makassar


D’Maleo Hotel – Makassar, 10 Agustus 2018
Perubahan Pada ACI 318M-14
- Perubahan Organizational
- Perubahan Technical
ACI 318M-11
ACI 318M-14

ACI 318M-14, ch.10.5.3, p.156


ch.10.7.6.5.p162
ch.22.5.p.351
ACI 318M-14, ch.10.5.2, p.155
ch.10.7.3,p.157
ch.22.4.p350
ACI 318M-14, ch.10.7.5, p.158
ch.25.5.p428 ACI 318M-14, ch.15.2.5, p.203
ch.22.7.p.434 ch.15.4.1.p204
ch.15.4.2.1.p.204

ACI 318M-14, ch.10.7.4.1, p.155 ACI 318M-14, ch.10.5.1.2, p.155


ch.21.2.p341

ACI 318M-14, ch.10.7.5.2.1, p.159


ch.10.7.6.p.160
ACI 318M-14, ch.20.6.1, p.334
Ketentuan Umum Detailing

- Material Beton
- Material Baja tulangan
ACI 318M-14, ch.19.2.2.2, p.315
Maximum aggregate size
Ref. ACI 318M-14 ch. 26.4.2.1.(4) p 457, ACI 314R-16 ch. 5.7 p 33, 34
Maximum nominal coarse aggregate size should not be larger than Re(a), (b), or (c) (Fig. 5.7).
a) One-fifth of the narrowest dimension between sides of forms
b) One-third of the depth of slabs
c) Three-fourths of the minimum clear spacing between parallel reinforcing bars
A maximum nominal size of 3/4 in. (19 mm) is recommended for columns, girders, beams, and joists.
Except for structural slabs, a larger size can be used if it meets the limits given in (a) through (c).
ACI 318M-14, ch.26.4.2.1.(4), p.457
Ref. Iswandi I

Catatan: ACI 318M-14 Table 19.3.1.1 p 318 dan Table 19.3.2.1 p 323
Ketentuan Baja Tulangan
SNI 2847-2013 chapter 3.5 p 25 atau ACI 318M-11, chapter 3.5. p 45

3.5 — Steel reinforcement – ACI 318M-11


3.5.1 — Reinforcement shall be deformed reinforcement, except that plain reinforcement
shall be permitted for spirals or prestressing steel; and reinforcement consisting of
headed shear studs, structural steel, steel pipe, or steel tubing shall be permitted as
specified in this Code. Discontinuous deformed steel fibers shall be permitted only for
resisting shear under conditions specified in 11.4.6.1(f).

20. Nonprestressed bars and wires – ACI 318M-14 chapter 20 p.325


20.2.1 Material properties
20.2.1.1 Nonprestressed bars and wires shall be deformed,
except plain bars or wires are permitted for use in spirals.
ACI 318M-11. 21.1.5.2 — Deformed reinforcement resisting earthquake- induced flexure, axial force, or
both, shall comply with ASTM A706M, Grade 420. ASTM A615M Grades 280 and 420
reinforcement shall be permitted if:
(a) The actual yield strength based on mill tests does not exceed fy by more than 125 MPa; and
(b) The ratio of the actual tensile strength to the actual yield strength is not less than 1.25.

ACI 318M-14. 20.2.2.5 Deformed nonprestressed longitudinal reinforcement resisting earthquake-induced


moment, axial force, or both, in special moment frames, special structural walls, and all
components of special structural walls including coupling beams and wall piers shall be in
accordance with (a) or (b):
Elongasi dibatasi

Elongasi dibatasi
ACI 318M-14, ch.20.2.2.4, p.329
ACI 318M-14, ch.20.2.2.4, p.329

Permitted Nonprestressed Deformed Reinforcement


Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Buildings,
(sesuai ACI 318-14)
ACI 318M-14, ch.20.2.2.4, p.329
Kait Standar dan panjang penyaluran
ACI 318M-11, ch.7.1, p. 89 = ACI
318M-14, ch.25.3.1, p. 412
ACI 318M-11, ch.7.1, p. 89 = ACI 318M-14, ch.25.3.1, p. 412
ACI 318M-11, ch.7.2, p. 89 = ACI 318M-14, ch.25.3.2, p. 413
ACI 318M-14, ch. 25.5.2.1, p.429
ACI 318M-11, ch.21.5.3, p.342-343 = ACI 318M-14, ch.18.6.4, p.278
Ref. Iswandi I

ACI 318M-11, ch.21.5.3, p.342-343 = ACI 318M-14, ch.18.6.4, p.278


ACI 318M-11, ch.21.6.4.2, p.348 = ACI 318M-14, ch.18.7.5.2, p.283
ACI 318M-11, ch.21.7.4, p.352 = ACI 318M-14, ch.18.8.4, p.287-288
Ketentuan Sistem
Pelat Lantai
Pelat Satu Arah (One-way Slab)
ACI 318M-11, ch.9.5.3, p.129-130 = ACI 318M-14, ch.8.3.1.1, p.95
Notes on ACI 318-11 Building Code Requirements for
Structural Concrete - PCA ch.9.5, fig.10.4, p.10-11.
Notes on ACI 318-11 Building Code Requirements for
Structural Concrete - PCA ch.9.5, fig.10.4, p.10-11.
ACI 318M-11, ch.9.5.2.2, p.127 ACI 318M-14, ch.7.3.1.1, p.84
ACI 318M-11, ch.9.5.2.2, p.127 ACI 318M-14, ch.7.3.1.1, p.84
ACI 314R-16,ch.6.5, p.43 ls = bentang panjang
ACI 314R-16,ch.6.5, p.43
ACI 314R-16,ch.6.5, p.43
ACI 314R-16,ch.6.5, p.43
ACI 314R-16,ch.6.5, p.43
ACI 314R-16,ch.6.5, p.44
Persyaratan/Ketentuan
Tulangan pada Pelat dan
Dinding
ACI 318-14

Catatan:
Spasi maksimum tulangan dapat dilihat pada SNI 2847-2013 atau ACI 318-11, ch 7.6.5
– 7.12.2.2 – 8.12.5.2 – 10.5.4 – 11.9.9.3 – 11.9.9.5 – 14.3.5) atau pada ACI 318-14, ch.
7.2.2 , 7.6.1.1, 7.7.2.3, 7.7.2.4, 7.7.6.2.1, 11.7.2.1, 11.7.2.2, 11.7.3.1, 11.7.3.2 dan
24.4.3.3
Ref. PCA Notes on ACI 318-11, p 9-3
10.6 BEAMS AND ONE-WAY SLABS
10.6.4 Distribution of Tension Reinforcement

Catatan:
Spasi maksimum tulangan yang terkecil dari 3h (3 x tebal pelat) dan 450 mm
( ACI 318-11, ch.7.6.5 – 7.12.2.2 – 8.12.5.2 – 10.5.4 – 11.9.9.3 – 11.9.9.5 –
14.3.5) sebagai berikut: (ACI 318-14 chapter 7.7.2.3)
ACI 314R-16,ch.7, p.45
(ACI 314R-16,ch.5.11.4.2, p.35)
Penulangan pada pelat satu arah untuk bentang tunggal
ACI 314R-16, ch.7.7.3.1, p.50
Penulangan pada pelat satu arah untuk 2 bentang yang ditumpu
balok atau dinding struktur, ACI 314R-16, ch.7.8.3.1, p.51
Penulangan pada pelat satu arah untuk 3 bentang atau lebih yang ditumpu
balok, gelagar atau dinding struktur , ACI 314R-16, ch.7.8.3.1, p.51
Praktek yang umum dilakukan saat ini
Penulangan pada pelat 2 arah yang ditumpu balok, gelagar atau
dinding struktur , ACI 314R-16, ch.7.9.3.1, p.58
ACI 314R-16, ch.7.3.8, p.46 and ACI 318M-14, ch.8.7.3, p. 107
ACI 318M-11.ch 13.3.6. p.242 =
ACI 318M-14. ch.8.7.3.1. p. 107
ACI 318M-11.ch 13.3.6. p.242 = ACI 318M-14. ch.8.7.3.1. p. 107
,ACI 314R-16, ch.7.6.3.1, p.48
, ACI 314R-16, ch.7.6.3.4, p.49
SNI 2847-2013, ch.21.3.6, p.183 , atau ACI 318M-11.ch. 21.3.6, p.337,
atau ACI 318M-14, ch.18.4.5, p. 272
Ref. Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings, by.B.S Taranath, CRC Press, 2010, ch.6.3, p.529
ACI 318M-11, ch.13.3.8,p.243, atau ACI 318M-14, ch.8.7.4.1.3, p 109.
SNI 2847-2013, ch. 21.3.6,p.186, ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.6, p. 357, atau
ACI 318M-14, ch. 18.4.5.2 dan 18.4.5.3, p. 274
ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.6, p. 357, atau ACI 318M-14, ch. 18.4.5.2 dan 18.4.5.3, p. 274
Detail tipikal dari koneksi pelat –kolom beton bertulang

ACI 352.1 R-11, “Guide for Design of Slab-Column Connections in Monolithic Concrete Structures” and
“Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Buildings”, J. Moehle, McGraw-Hill, 2015, ch.14.5.5, p.625
ACI 318M-14,
ch.8.5.4.2.(c).p.103

ACI 318M-14, ch. 8.5.4.2.(c).p.103


SNI 2847-2013, ch.21.3.6.1, p.184, ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.6.1, p. 338, ACI 318M-14, ch.18.4.5.1, p. 273

Gambar S21.3.6.1 - Lebar efektif untuk penempatan tulangan pada sambungan tepi dan sudut
SNI 2847-2013, ch. 21.3.6,p.186, ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.6, p. 357, atau
ACI 318M-14, ch. 18.4.5.2 dan 18.4.5.3, p. 274
Ref. Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings, by.B.S Taranath, CRC Press, 2010, ch.6.3, p.531
Ketentuan Dasar Perencanaan
Bangunan Tahan Gempa dan
Ketentuan Detailing
Perencaan Struktur Tahan Gempa
Tujuan utama perencanaan bangunan tahan gempa adalah untuk
mencapai kekuatan dan daktlitas yang cukup yang memastikan
tercapainya Life Safety, yaitu mencegah terjadinya keruntuhan
terhadap gempa kuat (expected) dalam kurun waktu hidup struktur
tersebut.
Perencanaan struktur terhadap gempa sedang sampai gempa kuat
adalah tidak ekonomis untuk berespons elastis dalam memikul gaya
inersia akibat gempa.
Perencanaan struktur yang ekonomis adalah dengan mengijinkan
terjadinya pelelehan (yielding) pada beberapa elemen struktur,
kecuali pada jenis struktur tertentu seperti pada bangunan nuklir
yang tetap harus direncanakan elastis tanpa mengijinkan terjadinya
pelelehan.
Khusus untuk bangunan-bangunan yang vital seperti hospitals, fire
stations, power plants dan pusat-pusat komunikasi lainnya
pencapaian Life safety saja tidak cukup, tetapi harus tetap bisa
beroperasi pasca gempa. Jadi disamping life safety harus juga
direncanakan terhadap tingkat kerusakan ( damage control)
Pada umumnya Peraturan Perencanaan Bangunan Tahan Gempa
mensyaratkan bahwa tidak ada kerusakan struktur pada gempa
kecil, ada kerusakan kecil dan kerusakan non-struktur yang tidak
berarti pada gempa sedang, dan terjadi kerusakan-kerusakan non-
struktural dan struktural pada gempa besar/kuat tanpa runtuh.
Struktur yang diijinkan mengalami pelelehan tersebut diharapkan
dapat berdeformasi cukup besar pada gempa kuat, artinya struktur
harus memiliki inelastic deformability yang cukup untuk bertahan
tanpa runtuh terhadap gaya siklik dalam rentang inelastik
Berbagai pengalaman pada gempa-gempa yang lalu dan berbagai
pengujian yang dilakukan dilaboratorium telah menunjukkan bahwa
berbagai struktur beton yang direncanakan dan di-detail sesuai
ketentuan (code) yang berlaku saat ini dapat bertahan dengan baik
terhadap gempa kuat tanpa kehilangan kekuatan yang berarti.
Tingkat resiko seismik (seismic risk level) chara tradisional
diklasifikasikan sebagai gempa kecil/rendah (low), sedang
(moderate) dan kuat/tinggi (high). Dalam code yang sekarang telah
dilakukan pembagian yang lebih rinci yang disesuaikan dengan
system struktur dan seismic design category seperti ditunjuk pada
tabel berikut dibawah ini.
--- Ref. ACI 318M-11, ch.1.1.9.1, p.13 = SNI 2847:2013
Sistem Struktur Rangka Pemikul Momen Biasa
(SRPMB)
Ordinary Moment Frame
(OMF)

ACI 318M-14, chapter 18.3,


page 269
Struktur Rangka Pemikul Momen Biasa (SRPMB)
SNI 2847:2013 – chapter 21.2

ACI 318M-14, ch. 18.3, p 269

c1 = jarak dari muka interior kolom ke tepi pelat yang diukur parallel terhadap c1,
tetapi tidak melebihi c1, mm, chapter 21
Confinement pada struktur beton
SNI 2847-2013 “Ordinary Frame”
ACI 318M-11 atau ACI 318M-14
7.10.5 — Ties (ACI 318M11-ch.7.10.5.p.99, ACI 318M-14,ch.9.7.6.4, p.147, ch.23.6.3.1, p.395,
ch.25.7.2, p.438)
Tie reinforcement for compression members shall conform to the following:
7.10.5.1 — All nonprestressed bars shall be enclosed by transverse ties, at least No. 10 in size
for longitudinal bars No. 32 or smaller, and at least No. 13 in size for No. 36, No. 43, No.
57, and bundled longitudinal bars. Deformed wire or welded wire reinforcement of
equivalent area shall be permitted.
7.10.5.2 — Vertical spacing of ties shall not exceed 16 longitudinal bar diameters, 48 tie bar or
wire diameters,or least dimension of the compression member.
7.10.5.3 — Rectilinear ties shall be arranged such that every corner and alternate longitudinal
bar shall have lateral support provided by the corner of a tie with an included angle of
not more than 135 degrees and no bar shall be farther than 150 mm clear on each side
along the tie from such a laterally supported bar
7.10.5.4 — Where longitudinal bars are located around the perimeter of a circle, a complete
circular tie shall be permitted. The ends of the circular tie shall overlap by not less than
150 mm and terminate with standard hooks that engage a longitudinal column bar.
Overlaps at ends of adjacent circular ties shall be staggered around the perimeter
enclosing the longitudinal bars.
7.10.5.5 — Ties shall be located vertically not more than one-half a tie spacing above the top of
footing or slab in any story, and shall be spaced as provided herein to not more than
one-half a tie spacing below the lowest horizontal reinforcement in slab, drop panel, or
shear cap above.
ACI 318M-11, ch, 7.10.5, p. 99-100
atau ACI 318M-14, ch.9.7.6.4.1-
ch.9.7.6.4.3, p.147-148

R7.10.5 —………. TiesThe 1956 Code required “lateral support equivalent to that provided by
a 90-degree corner of a tie,” for every vertical bar. Tie requirements were liberalized in
1963 by increasing the permissible included angle from 90 to 135 degrees and
exempting bars that are located within 150 mm clear on each side along the tie from
adequately tied bars (see Fig. R7.10.5). ………. Since spliced bars and bundled bars
were not included in the tests of Reference 7.15, it is prudent to provide a set of ties at
each end of lap spliced bars, above and below end bearing splices, and at minimum
spacings immediately below sloping regions of offset bent bars. Standard tie hooks are
intended for use with deformed bars only, and should be staggered where possible. See
also 7.9.
ACI 318M-11, ch, 7.10.5, p. 99-100 atau ACI 318M-14, ch.9.7.6.4.1-
ch.9.7.6.4.3, p.147-148
Sistem Struktur Rangka Pemikul
Momen Menengah
(SRPMM)
Intermediate Moment Resisting Frame -
(IMRF)

ACI 318M-14, chapter 18.4,


page 269
Struktur Rangka Pemikul Momen Menengah (SRPMM)
SNI 2847:2013 – chapter 21.3

ACI 318M-14, ch. 18.4, p 269


ACI 318M-11, ch.21.5.2.1, p.340
= ACI 318M-14, ch.9.6.1.2, p.137

ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.4.1, p.336 = ACI 318M-14, ch.18.4.2.2, p.269

ACI 318M-11, ch.10.5.3, p.141 = ACI 318M-14, ch.9.6.1.3, p.137


ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.4.2, p.336 = ACI 318M-14, ch.18.4.2.4, p.270
ACI 318M-11, ch.21.5.2.1, p.340
= ACI 318M-14, ch.9.6.1.2, p.137

ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.4.3, p.336 =


ACI 318M-14, ch.18.4.2.5, p.270

ACI 318M-14, ch.18.4.2.6, p.270


Sengkang dan Splice Balok SRPMM
ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.2.4 p. 270

ACI 318M-11 = SNI 2847-13


(ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.5.5, p. 337,
ch.18.4.4.1, p.272, ch,15 =
ACI 318-14 – ch.15.2.2, ch.15.4.2.2)
ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.5.2, p. 336 =
ACI 318M-14, ch.18.4.4.3, p. 272

(ACI 318-14 - 9.7.6.2.2, p.146, and 10.7.6.5.2, p.162 )

ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.5.2, p. 336 =


ACI 318M-14, ch.18.4.4.3, p. 272

ACI 318M-11, ch.21.3.5.2, p. 336 =


ACI 318M-14, ch.18.4.4.3, p. 272
Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings
– B.S.Taranath, CRC Press, 2010, p.537
318M-14 ch. 18.4.3.2 – 18.4.3.5 page .272 S’ tidak melebihi:
Ketentuan detail tulangan menurut ACI
- 16 X diameter tul.longitudinal
- 48 X diameter tul. Sengkang
Letak pemyambungn
tulangan bebas
- dimensi terkecil penampang
disepanjang tinggi kolom
S tidak boleh melebihi:
- 8 X diam. tul.lapangan terkecil
- 24 X diameter tul. Sengkang
disepanjang tinggi kolom

- ½ dimensi terkecil penampang


Letak pemyambungn
tulangan bebas

- 300 mm

s tidak perlu diambil kurang dari


100 mm

L0 tidak boleh kurang dari:


- dimensi terbesar penampang
- 1/6 H
- 450 mm
S2 tidak melebihi:
- 16 X diameter
tul.longitudinal
- 48 X diameter tul.
Sengkang
- dimensi terkecil
penampang

S3 tidak boleh melebihi:


- 8 X diam. tul.lapangan
terkecil
- 24 X diameter tul.
Sengkang
- ½ dimensi terkecil
penampang
- 300 mm
ACI 318M-14,ch.18.14, p.312, “Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Buildings”,
J. Moehle, McGraw-Hill, 2015, ch.14.5.2, p.619

ACI 318M-14, ch.18,14, p.312


Ref. ACI 315-99,p.315-23

Ref. The Reinforced Concrete


Design Handbook, 9th edition, SP
17-(14), Vol-1,p.359, ACI, 2015
Ref. ACI 315-99,p.315-23 Ref. The Reinforced Concrete
Design Handbook, 9th edition, SP
17-(14), Vol-1,p.359, ACI, 2015
Source-Notes on ACI 318-11 Building Code Requirements for
Structural Concrete - PCA – Edited to ACI 318M-14 (steffie)
ACI 318M-14. ch.8.4.1.5, p.97
ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.1, p.273

ACI 318M-14. ch.8.4.2.3.2, ch.8.4.2.3.3 p.98 ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.2, p.273

ACI 318M-14. ch.8.4.2.3.2, ch.8.4.2.3.3 p.98

ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.3, p.273

ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.4, p.273

ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.5, p.273

ACI 318M-14. ch.8.10.1.3,p.119 and ch.8.10.3.2.1, p.120


ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.6,p.273 and ch.25.4.10.2, p.427
Lanjutan
ACI 318M-14. ch.25.5.7, p.432
ACI 318M-14. ch.8.7.4.2.1 and ch.8.7.4.2.2, p.110

ACI 318M-14. ch.8.10.1.3,p.119 and ch.8.10.3.2.1, p.120


ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.7,p.273 and ch.25.4.10.2, p.427

ACI 318M-14. ch.8.7.4.1.1.(a) and ch.8.7.4.1.1.(b), p.108

ACI 318M-14. ch.22.6.4.1, p.362

ACI 318M-14. ch.22.6.5.2 and ch.22.6.5.3, p.364,365 ACI 318M-14. ch.18.14.2.1,p.312 and ch.18.14.5.1, p.314

ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.8, p.274


ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.2, p.274
ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.3, p.274

ACI 318M-14. ch.18.4.5.3, p.274