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The author clearly defines identity-based bullying as an individual being bullied based on

their race, beliefs, disability, immigration status, sexual orientation, gender identity, or physical

appearance. It is particularly harmful because it focuses on the core of who people are.

Furthermore, it affects not only the targeted individual but those around them who identify in a

similar way and who worry that they may be the next victim.Some examples of identity-based

bullying specified in the article are “teasing an overweight teen about their body, trying to pull

off a Muslim student’s hijab, slut-shaming a young woman, or excluding a young person because

they don’t conform to gender norms”. The article lists three things for educators to do in order to

prevent identity based bullying. Firstly, it is recommended that educators teach students about

identity and bias. Secondly, it advises educators to me more approachable. Lastly, teachers are

encouraged to help students learn and feel empowered to be allies. The author effectively

conveys what the problem is, provides examples of the problem, and specific solutions that

educators can use to prevent identity-based bullying.

The author is thorough in her analysis of identity-based bullying, she identifies why it is a

serious problem, and provides solutions, none of which are punitive-based measures. At the

beginning of her article she does a tremendous job in defining what identity-based bullying is.

This is evident when she says, “ Identity-based bullying resides in the intersection of bullying

and bias. It is defined as any form of bullying related to characteristics considered part of a

person’s identity or perceived identity group, such as race, religion, disability, immigration

status, sexual orientation, gender identity, physical appearance, etc.” This exemplifies how

detailed she is, which is important because it provides readers with an accurate, comprehensive

picture of identity-based bullying and what the causes of it are. As the article continues, she

effectively conveys the seriousness of identity-based bullying and the impact it has on students.

This can be seen when, “It impacts not only the individual student but everyone else around them

who identifies in the same way and who worries that they may be the next target. It also affects

the rest of the school community by sending a message that anyone’s identity is fair game.” Her

writing style is important because she engages readers to be aware of the issue and why it affects

them. One thing I did notice was that she did a lot of studying and research, helping her to come

up with solutions. This is apparent when she lists her thorough recommendations: “Teach about

identity and bias, Be more approachable, and Help students learn and feel empowered to be

allies.” The solutions provided are non punitive but rather preventative measures.