Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2


All aspects of a Muslim's life are governed by Sharia. Sharia law comes from a combination of
sources including the Qur'an (the Muslim holy book), the Hadith (sayings and conduct of the
prophet Muhammad) and fatwas (the rulings of Islamic scholars).
Many people, including Muslims, misunderstand Sharia. It's often associated with the
amputation of limbs, death by stoning, lashes and other medieval punishments. Because of this,
it is sometimes thought of as draconian. Some people in the West view Sharia as archaic and
unfair social ideas that are imposed upon people who live in Sharia-controlled countries.
2. Sunni & Shia
The Sunnis recognize the first four caliphs as the Prophet Muhammad’s rightful successors,
whereas the Shīʿites believe that Muslim leadership belonged to Muhammad’s son-in-law, ʿAlī,
and his descendants alone.
3. Jamath
The term Jamaat (Arabic: ِ‫( ) جماعت‬meaning Assembly) can apply to the following: Jamia - a
gathering or congregation.
4. Thableegh Jamath
Tablighi Jamaat (Society for spreading faith) is a non-political global Sunni Islamic missionary movement
that focuses on urging Muslims to return to primary Sunni Islam, and particularly in matters of ritual and
personal behavior. The movement was started in 1927 by Muhammad Ilyas al-Kandhlawi in India. Its
stated primary aim is spiritual reformation of Islam by reaching out to Muslims across social and economic
spectra and working at the grassroots level, to bring them in line with the group's understanding of Islam.

5. Thawheed Jamath or Salafi Movement

Tawheed in Arabic means attributing Oneness to Allaah and describing Him as being One and Unique,
with no partner or peer in His Essence and Attributes.

A group of a strictly orthodox Sunni Muslim sect advocating a return to the early Islam of the Koran and

6. Thareeqa or Sufees / Sufism

Sufism is a mystical form of Islam, a school of practice that emphasizes the inward search for God,
dedication to worship, total dedication to Allah most High, disregard for the finery and ornament of the
world, abstinence from the pleasure, wealth, and prestige sought by most men, and retiring from others
to worship alone.
Sufis are emphatic that Islamic knowledge should be learned from teachers and not exclusively from
books. Tariqas can trace their teachers back through the generations to the Prophet himself. Modelling
themselves on their teachers, students hope that they too will glean something of the Prophetic character.