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Earthquakes are a natural process that often happens around us. It can
produce big waves that can destroy anything. Earthquakes are also very difficult
to predict. However, the strength of the earthquake can be measured using a tool
called a seismograph. There are two types of earthquakes that are categorized
based on geological factors and the area where the earthquake occurred. Both
types are tectonic and volcanic.

Tectonic earthquakes are one of the most common earthquakes. This

occurs when the rocks of the earth's crust are damaged by the geological forces
created by the movement of tectonic plates. This type of earthquake can cause
damage or natural disasters. The strong vibrations are able to spread to other parts
of the earth quickly.

The second is the volcanic earthquake. Volcanic earthquakes occur due to

the activity of magma in the volcano. If the magma activity gets higher, it will
cause an explosioned and earthquake vibration. Volcanic earthquakes can be
felt only around volcanoes. Earthquakes can cause damage, if the power generated
is large enough. Damage includes: buildings, land. Earthquakes can also cause

A Town Mouse and A Country Mouse

A Town Mouse and a Country Mouse were friends. The Country Mouse
one day invited his friend to come and see him at his home in the fields. The
Town Mouse came and they sat down to a dinner of barleycorns and roots the
latter of which had a distinctly earthy flavour. The flavour was not much to the
taste of the guest and presently he broke out with “My poor dear friend, you live
here no better than the ants. Now, you should just see how I fare! My larder is a
regular horn of plenty. You must come and stay with me and I promise you shall
live on the fat of the land.”

So when he returned to town he took the Country Mouse with him and
showed him into a larder containing flour and oatmeal and figs and honey and
dates. The Country Mouse had never seen anything like it and sat down to
enjoy the luxuries his friend provided. But before they had well begun, the
door of the larder opened and some one came in. The two Mice scampered off
and hid themselves in a narrow and exceedingly uncomfortable hole. Presently,
when all was quiet, they ventured out again. But some one else came in, and off
they scuttled again. This was too much for the visitor. “Good bye,” said he, “I’m
off. You live in the lap of luxury, I can see, but you are surrounded by dangers
whereas at home “I can enjoy my simple dinner”

A grandmother and 5 Years-old Boy Died Because of Landslide

Berita.com, Kebumen: Family of grandma Sutiyem cried when she was

removed from the heap of soil that befell her body by SAR team. The landslides
often occurred in Krakal Vilage, Kebumen, Central Java. But this time the
damage caused quite worse. As reported by Evening News IndoTV, Tuesday
(11/25/2014), heavy rains that occurred on Monday night, 24 November eroded
soil and caused landslides that pile up 6 houses. A grandmother became victims of
the disaster. She could not save herself because she was asleep when the landslide
came. It happened so fast. Did not even have time to save things

Meanwhile in Cililin region, West Bandung, West Java, A number of

houses collapsed due to heavy rains that eroded settlements’ soil there. This
incident caused a 5 year-old boy died buried under the ruins of the house. While
his father suffered serious injuries and had to receive treatment in Cililin
hospitals. Landslides also occurred in the District of Coastal Tassel, Pekan Baru,
Riau. It caused a school building collapsed due to buried in the ground. This
incident made the schools was forced to dismiss the learning activity until
conditions getting better. Besides landslides, thousands of homes were flooded
due to overflowing of Siak River. Fortunately, there were no fatalities in this
incident. (AN / Sun)

Arjuna looking for love

Once there was a king of evil from the kingdom of Iman Imantaka whose
name is Niwata Kawaca. He was a powerful and cruel king. The invincible king
then had another ambition. He wanted to marry a beautiful angel from the heaven
of god whose name is Dewi Supraba. He came to god Indra to propose for the
beautiful angel. But the god refused. He thought that the king was not a good
husband for the angel. The king was so angry that he decided to attack Kingdom
of god Indra. The army of Niwata Kawaca proved to be very strong. The army of
god was easily defeated. Luckily the god managed to close the gate. Then the
god's palace was besieged by the army of Niwata Kawaca.

Then the god Indra decided to ask for help of human being. His choice fell
into Arjuna, the third son of Pandu. At that time Arjuna was meditating in Mount
Indrakila. He was meditating there to pray and to search for spiritual power that
he needed to face the great war of Barata yudha (war of the Barata family). God
Indra wanted to test his spiritual power to know whether he was fit for the battle
with Niwata Kawaca. Indra sent seven beautiful angels to tease Arjuna. Two of
the most beautiful ones were Supraba and Tilottama. They used their beauty to
tease him but Arjuna was proved to be a true hero. He could resist their
temptation. Indra was sure that Arjuna was the right person to overcome the

Meanwhile King Niwata Kawaca realized that there was a hero who could
be a threat to his power. That's why he decided to eliminate the potential threat.
He sent a monster that could change himself into a wild boar. His name was
Momong Murka. Momong Murka came to the village where Arjuna was doing
ascetics. As he got there soon he changed himself into a giant wild bore and
destroyed the village. Arjuna did not let him do further damage so he fought
back. The wild boar was so strong that he was forced to use his new weapon. He
attacked the wild boar with an arrow and it was killed instantly. But as he came

closer to take a look at it he was very surprised to see another hero stood by it
arrogantly. Arjuna said politely:
'Excuse me; let me take a look at the wild boar. I just shot it with my arrow'
'Excuse me, did you shoot it? Look this is my arrow', the hero said.
'Of course I shot it. This is my arrow'
'But I shot it first. You just followed me'
The quarrel became so tense that they were both became very angry. The two
heroes fought fiercely but finally the other hero could beat Arjuna. As he sat in the
ground suddenly the hero changed into god Syiwa. Arjuna was shocked so he
saluted the god immediately.
'I beg your pardon your holiness, I did not realized your presence'
'Arjuna, you are truly a hero. You have reached a highest level of spirituality.
That's why I give you a special arrow called Pasopati. It was special because it
had extraordinary spiritual power. No one could resist it. Be careful'

Not long after that Syiwa disappeared like smoke. Arjuna was then a very
powerful hero. Just as he was about to go home to Indraprasta, an emissary from
Indra came to see him. He asked Arjuna to help Indra fight King Niwata Kawaca.
Arjuna agreed to help because he realized that it was his duty as a hero to protect
anyone who needs his help.

In the heaven of god Indra, a discussion was held to overcome the threat of
King Niwata Kawaca. Indra told Arjuna that Niwata Kawaca was unbeatable. He
was very strong and he could resist any kinds of weapon, even the most lethal
ones. His victims were countless. So they had to find out a strategy. Arjuna
decided to find out the secret of his weakness. He ordered Supraba, the most
beautiful angel, to surrender to King Niwata Kawaca. But it is only a trick to
search for his weakness. Arjuna would protect her from a distant. He had a
spiritual mystical power that could make him invisible.

Indra and Supraba agreed to the plan. So one day Supraba came to kingdom of

Iman Imantaka to see King Niwata Kawaca. Arjuna who was invisible kept
guarding her. The King was very happy to welcome her. 'Your Majesty King
Niwata Kawaca. The Most Glorious king of Iman Imantaka. I am honored to be
your servant. Let me serve you with all of my heart' 'O, my dear one. I have been
waiting for this happy moment. But why you leave the heaven of indra?
'I do not find happiness, your Majesty. I am sure I will find it here' King Niwata
Kawaca had fallen in love to Supraba for a long time. He did not realize that it
was only a trick. Supraba kept praising him so Niwata Kawaca was flattered and
he lost control of his emotion. Then Supraba asked about his power. 'Your
Majesty, the most powerful king in the world. What makes you very powerful?'

'Supraba, long time ago gods gave me a special power after I done
ascetics. I became very powerful and unbeatable. No weapon could do any harm
to me. Except for one thing what is that? 'My only weakness is my tongue. If it is
hit, I will be killed instantly' Arjuna who stood by Supraba heard that. But he was
invisible. Soon he went out of the palace and destroyed the front gate of the
palace. When the soldiers were busy hunting for him Arjuna went back to the
place and saved supraba. They fled to the heaven of indra.

King Niwata Kawaca was very angry to hear that Supraba had escaped. He
realized that god Indra and Arjuna were behind the event. So he immediately
prepared his army to invade the heaven of Indra. He had a strong army of
monsters. As the army arrived in the heaven of Indra they stormed it. The army of
god was no match for the mighty army of Iman Imantaka. King Niwata
kawacawho was very angry shouted:

'Indra, Arjuna, come out of you bedroom. Be a real man. Come on, fight
me' Then Arjuna came to fight him. Niwata Kawaca who realized that his secret
had revealed fought very carefully although he was very angry. He never opened
his mouth. Consequently it was very difficult for Arjuna to beat him. Then Arjuna
tried a different strategy. When Niwata Kawaca hit him, he fell to the ground and

cried. 'Please have mercy. I just followed order from my god. Let me live' Niwata
Kawaca was very satisfied when he saw Arjuna fell and then sat helplessly on the
ground. He was sure that he won the fight. 'I thought you are a real hero Arjuna. I
thought you are a tough enemy. I never know that you are a chicken' Arjuna kept
on begging. 'I am just an ordinary guy who searches for a living. I am not
responsible for this. Please let me go’ on one condition do you endorse that I am
your king? Yes absolutely, your majesty, great king of iman imantaka niwata
kawca was very satisfied. He laughed out loud. Hahahaha little coward….. He
was just about to finish his words when an arrow suddenly broke into his mouth.
The mighty Pasopati arrow from Arjuna went through his mouth and hit his
tongue. Niwata Kawaca was killed instantly. His army was shocked and soon they
were demoralized. They had no choice but to surrender to the army of god.

The god Indra was very satisfied with Arjuna's contribution. So he gave
him a great reward. 'Arjuna, Now that a threat to human and god had disappeared.
You really have a great contribution to god and to all humanity. So I decided to
give you a reward. You will marry the seven angels' Arjuna married the most
beautiful angels of heaven including Supraba and Tilottama. After that he stayed
in heaven for seven months. But then he had to leave heaven. Finally he left them
and returned to Indraprastha to serve for his country and his family.

Tangkuban perahu

Once upon a time in west Java, Indonesia lived a wise king who had a
beautiful daughter. Her name was Dayang Sumbi. She liked weaving very
much. Once she was weaving a cloth when one of her tool fell to the ground. She
was very tired at the time so she was too lazy to take it. Then she just shouted
outloud.m Anybody there? Bring me my tool. I will give you special present. If
you are female, I will consider you as my sister. If you are male, I will marry you

Suddenly a male dog, its name was Tumang, came. He brought her the
falling tool. Dayang Sumbi was very surprised. He regretted his words and
probably could not deny it. So she had to marry Tumang and leaved her
father. Then they lived in a small village. Several months later they had a
son. His name was Sangkuriang. He was a handsome and healthy boy.
Sangkuriang liked hunting very much. He often went hunting to the wood using
his arrow. When he went hunting Tumang always with him. In the past there
were many deer in Java so Sangkuriang often hunted for deer.

One day Dayang Sumbi wanted to have deer’s heart so she asked
Sangkuriang to hunt for a deer. Then Sangkuriang went to the wood with his
arrow and his faithful dog Tumang. But after several days in the wood
Sangkuriang could not find any deer. They were all disappeared. Sangkuriang
was exhausted and desperate. He did not want to disappoint her mother so he
killed Tumang. He did not know that Tumang was his father. At home he gave
Tumang’s heart to her mother. But Dayang Sumbi knew that it was Tumang’s
heart. She was so angry that she could not control her emotion. She hit
Sangkuriang at his head. Sangkuriang was wounded. There was a scar in his
head. She also repelled her son. Sangkuriang left her mother in sadness. Many
years passed and Sangkuriang became a strong young man. He
wandered everywhere.

One day he arrived at his own village but he did not realized it. There he met
Dayang Sumbi. At the time Dayang Sumbi was given an eternal beauty by
God so she stayed young forever. Both of them did not know each other. So
they fell in love and then they decided to marry. But then Dayang Sumbi
recognized a scar on his Sangkuriang’s head. She knew that Sangkuriang was his
son. It was impossible for them to marry. She told him but he did not believe
her. He wished that they marry soon. So Dayang Sumbi gave a very difficult
condition. She wanted Sangkuriang to build a lake and a boat in one night! She
said she needed that for honeymoon.

Sangkuriang agreed. With the help of genie and spirits Sangkuriang tried
to build them. By midnight he had finished the lake by building a dam in
Citarum river. Then he started building the boat. It was almost dawn when he
nearly finished it. Meanwhile Dayang Sumbi kept watching on them. She was
very worried when she knew this. So she made lights in the east. Then the spirits
thought that it was already dawn. It was time for them to leave. They left
Sangkuriang alone. Without their help he could not finish the boat.

The Goose with the Golden Eggs

Once upon a time, a man and his wife had the good fortune to have a
goose which laid a golden egg every day. Lucky though they were, they soon
began to think they were not getting rich fast enough. They imagine that if the
bird should be able to lay gold, the inside must be made of gold. And they think
that if they can get all that precious metal. They can become rich immediately. So
the man and his wife decided to kill the bird. However, upon cutting the goose
open, they were shocked to find that its innards were like that of any other goose!