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WI-FI TECHNOLOGIES
Alex Xavier A, UG Student, SA Engineering college, Sakthibalan S, UG Student, SA Engineering
college

 Talkie can receive the transmission with its antenna, decode


Abstract— Technology is making rapid progress and is making our voice from the radio signal and drive a speaker. Simple
many things easier. As the innovative thinking of persons is Walkie-Talkies like this transmit at signal strength of about
increasing day-by-day, new methods for wireless networking 0.25 watts, and they can transmit about 500 to 1,000 feet. If
have been evolved of which our present topic Wi-Fi is the most we want to connect two computers together in a network using
accepted technology. Wi-Fi, an acronym for Wireless-Fidelity Walkie-Talkie technology:
which is the wireless way to handle networking. The main aim of
this paper is wireless networking achieved by Wi-Fi. This paper 1) Equip each computer with a Walkie-Talkie.
introduces Wi-Fi technology and states the history of this 2) Give each computer a way to set whether it wants to
technology in brief. We then deal with the different ways of transmit or receive.
wireless networking, connecting Wi-Fi and with Wi-Fi security. 3) Give the computer a way to turn its binary 1s and 0s
This paper concludes with the pros and cons of this technology into two different beeps that the walkie-talkie could
and its future. transmit and receive and convert back and forth
between beeps and 1s/0s.
Index Terms—Networking, Technology, Wireless,
This would actually work. The only problem would be that the
data rate would be very slow. Walkie-talkie is designed to
I. INTRODUCTION handle the human voice. So it is not being able to send very
Wi-Fi, an acronym for "Wireless Fidelity", is a set much data in this way (may be 1,000 bits per second).
of product compatibility standards for Wireless Local Area Any products tested and approved as "Wi-Fi
Networks (WLAN) based on the IEEE 802.11 specifications. Certified" by the Wi-Fi Alliance are certified as interoperable
Wi-Fi was intended to be used for mobile devices and LANs, with each other, even if they are from different manufacturers.
but is now often used for Internet access. It enables a person A user with a "Wi-Fi Certified" product can use any brand of
with a wireless-enabled computer or personal digital assistant access point with any other brand of client hardware that also
(PDA) to connect to the Internet when in proximity of an is certified. Typically, however, any Wi-Fi product using the
access point. same radio frequency (for example, 2.4GHz for 802.11b or
Wireless Fidelity is the wireless way to handle 11g, 5GHz for 802.11a) will work with any other, even if not
networking. It is also known as 802.11 "Wi-Fi Certified."
networking and wireless networking. Using this technology
we can connect computers anywhere in a home or office B. Wi-Fi's Radio Technology
without the need of any wires. The computers connect to the The radios used in Wi-Fi are not so different from
network using radio signals, and they can be up to 100 feet or the radios used in walkie-talkies. There are three big
so apart. differences between Wi-Fi radios and Walkie-talkies.
Wi-Fi allows to connect to the internet from  Wi-Fi radios that work with the 802.11b and 802.11g
virtually anywhere at speeds of up to 54Mbps.The computers standards transmit at 2.4 GHz, while those that
and handsets enabled with this technology use radio comply with the 802.11a standard transmit at 5 GHz.
technologies based on the IEEE 802.11 standard to send and Normal walkie-talkies normally operate at 49 MHz.
receive data anywhere within the range of a base station. The higher frequency allows higher data rates.
Wi-Fi goes beyond wirelessly connecting  Wi-Fi radios use much more efficient coding
computers, it also connects people. techniques that also contribute to the much higher
data rates. For 802.11a and 802.11g, the technique is
II. WIRELESS NETWORK known as orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing
(OFDM). For 802.11b, it is called Complementary
A. Wi-Fi’s Walkie-Talkie Network Code Keying (CCK).
To understand the wireless technology let us consider a pair of  The radios used for Wi-Fi have the ability to change
Walkie-Talkies. These are small radios that can transmit and frequencies. 802.11b cards can transmit directly on
receive radio signals. When we talk into a Walkie-Talkie, our any of three bands, or they can split the available
voice is picked up by a microphone, encoded onto a radio radio bandwidth into dozens of channels
frequency and transmitted with the antenna. Another Walkie- and frequency hop rapidly between them. The
advantage of frequency hopping is that it is much
more immune to interference and can allow dozens of
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Wi-Fi cards to talk simultaneously without 4. Many reliable and bug-free Wi-Fi products on the market
interfering with each other. 5. It helps to become more productive at home, like online
shopping and banking;
C. Wi-Fi Security 6. Wi-Fi technology allows getting out of home office and
working in other rooms.
Data Security /Encryption
 Third Party solution-Fortress V. DISADVANTAGES OF WI-FI
 Wi-FI protected Access(WPA) 1. The 802.11b and 802.11g flavors of Wi-Fi use the 2.4 GHz
 Wired Equivalent privacy (WEP)-shared key. spectrum, which is crowded with other devices such as
Bluetooth, microwave ovens, cordless phones, or video sender
Access
devices, among many others.
 WPA/WEP 2. Power consumption is fairly high compared to other
 Close system-No advertising standards, making battery life and heat a concern.
 Mac Authentication –Mac address control 3. It is not always configured properly by users

Attack-Denial of service VI. FUTURE


Client protection There will be a requirement for technologies such as
WLAN in this application. In the cellular terminal market
Antivirus/Firewall
there is room to accommodate numerous wireless technologies
Wi-Fi hotspots can be open or secure. If a and a feature set incorporating WLAN looks likely to be
hotspot is open, then anyone with a Wi-Fi card can access the adopted in around 25% of terminals by 2009.For the WLAN
hotspot. If it is secure, then the user needs to know a WEP market, the notebook/laptop is proving to be one of the most
key to connect. important growth areas for the technology. IMS Research has
predicted WLAN penetration into notebooks will be in excess
III. HOTSPOT IN HOME of 90% by 2007.Generate more revenue as wireless internet
A. Setting up a Hot-spot in Home access attracting more business customers, corporate events
and outlines.
It is very easy to set up a Wi-Fi hotspot in home. It can be
done in one of the two ways:
VII. CONCLUSION
 If there are several computers hooked together on an
Ethernet network and want to add a wireless hotspot As Wi-Fi is now shipped in millions of products and deployed
to the mix, purchase a Wireless Access Point and in millions of homes, business and hotspots worldwide, the
plug it into the Ethernet network. technology has moved beyond the realm of a computer
 If it is the first time to set up a network in home, or feature. Wi-Fi has fast become a cultural phenomenon.
to upgrading, buy a Wireless Access Point Router.
This is a single box that contains: 1) a port to connect
to cable modem or DSL modem, 2) a router, 3) REFERENCES
an Ethernet hub, 4) a firewall and 5) a wireless [1] Zhao Xin. Global WIFI users have reached 700 million, [j].
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in Chinese.
with traditional Ethernet cables or with wireless [2] Yang Haoyu. WIFI technology and development [j]. Silicon
cards. Valley, (2010) 126-131, in Chinese.
Either way once turns our Wireless Access Point on; there is a [3] International Journal of Scientific and Research
Wi-Fi hotspot in house. In a typical home, the new hotspot Publications, Volume 5, Issue 7, July 2015 1 ISSN 2250-
3153
will provide coverage for about 100 feet (30.5 meters) in all
directions, although walls and floors do cut down on the
range. Even so, we get good coverage throughout a typical AUTHORS
home. For a large home, buy inexpensive signal boosters to
increase the range of the Hotspot. FIRST AUTHOR – ALEX XAVIER A
Third Year student
IV. ADVANTAGES OF WI-FI Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
1. Wi-Fi is a core technology in GPS Industries Applications. SA Engineering College, Chennai, Tamilnadu
Email-antonyalex1998@gmail.com
2. Wi-Fi technology available in hotels, airports, etc., will be
more inclined to bring laptop with us when traveling for
personal reasons. SECOND AUTHOR – SAKTHIBALAN S
3. Frees network devices from cables, allows for a more Third Year student
dynamic network to be grown. Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
Changes the way people live, communicate, work and play. SA Engineering College, Chennai, Tamilnadu
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