You are on page 1of 14

$% !

" #

# $

! " ! "

$& '
# 0 ,-. # / + % &# ' ( ) *
$% $ 9 ! 1 :/ , - . 3# /450 1 +' 6 1 74$8 -1 2
/< 0 - $ 3# / 1 #+ ;2)2 # / 5 ' $#
1 - 6 ? $ % , 2+ 1 : > %5 =
-,$C #1 '- % /D 6 B 1 : A( 1 A : ; + - @( A
/# 5- : + 3# F 0 $ 9 E1 : -,$C E1 : $
$C6 1 / /0 1 3 9 + 5 : 3#H"# 0 G- 6 $ E1 :
K# /L % #J "# Ione_size_fit_allI $ ) / E1 : + $ 9 E1 :
Q - 5- *0 P# +A MN K O/ $ / 1 : ,$C
- $ T U8 #H S - /9 F 3# B' R ' 5- 1 +
$ 9 E1 : -,$C - 6@# / F$ -6 # + $ 9 E1 : V# F
$R + 5$0 O UR / /0 ' 5- " - 3# W# $ B' /$R (

Z (+ /D +/$ R+ U Y9 R+ ! X? :1
[ X\ [ + [ X 3.4
E-mail : m.siadaty@ece.ut.ac.ir
: A MN R? + PL = # - < 3$ 6 = + 6 $
0 ]R ( / G54C - $ 3# B $ 9 E1 : -,$C 2
# '# ; A# H 4O - < 3 < + 4< $ 9 E1 : -,$C
B 5 - R # K5 1 : -,$C

6 1 C9 + 5$0 - !+ 1 U8 + $ 9 E1 : X () & *
E-learning,Personalization,Social Skills,Student Modeling.

" &! +
^ 5- / 2 NO 3# (1 # # $ 9 E1 :
!- " GO UR 1 :H 1 C /D DB` _' # 1 : 1 2
J6/# G 5 b R 4 -/ 1 #H0 E1 : a 3#
$% E1 : O/ /- d# $ 9 E1 : B - c /9 F 3#
B` _ # 6 /L 1 : / D -CD P# 1 5 / /$ # !e / #
/ 1 : $* + 6 / E1 : /L ' $ # AF Q ( ( +/- 3# R
B` _ /; 6 / / % P# 1 +T U8 !%9 b , 2 !4# O
3# < "5 D 1 / +/ # / % H 1 E $C6 + ;2)2
- 1 /D 6 B' /$ # A# H #H * / +H : 1 ) %F$ H
/4 d# 5 1 : &# O %2 O $ 9 E1 : # H T UR 5 f 4%
R 1 $ 9 E1 : -,$C / E1 : $ -,$C d# % C
Ie I $% E1 : - b h F ! / 1 3# 0 F F* g 3 9 + -
-/% 0 5- / IE1 :I c !. b /<9 N $ E1 : / '%C +
' 92 3# B` _ /$ 6 b /0 $5 + : 5$0 H $ U8 + $ +
/ 1 3# i8 $C- 0 - F - $ $ 9 E1 : % /
=$ 3 < +,- 1 :E - - $ 3$ 6 = 1
45 # 3#H"# 0 / : AF 1 S. + $ 9 E1 : ,$C 1 <b
E1 : 1 2 # 6,U 5U d !C S - P F* 3# B $ E1 :
\ /$R ( $ 9 E1 : - UF - $ T UR / #H / +E (
[ b + 1 : -,$C :)5 / 1 3# ` _3# # K#
B,#

,- B /L + $ 9 E1 : k% ,-. 7# < 1 U$8 j A8


!: / A8 / ' %9 N + ! : j $ 9 E1 : . '%g h F
- ,$C < A8 $ #J(P %N 1 U8 , - . B' /$R (
&50 H #( B 6 /L A8 5- !$ 1 U8 $ 9 E1 :
B : 6 A8 +P F* 3# $ #: !$ 9 < W# $

01 2-. /%, +
/ ' l0 +I $ 9 E1 :II ^ 1 0 . 7# < < + ;2 )2
/ b R +3# 3# 1 ! &# O 4 / !- " + 1 : C m g
[ H0 C R +7# < 3# 1 B` _ % :1 < 0 S . 7# < /L
+ "# R [ ` _I ? k* 1 n R E1 : = / ' $# 1 .$ I
1 / .# < 3# /O R 3# & 0B` _ 5 k% -/% 0 5 ( <
X #1 j / + /L !- 6 # 3# Z $
= / +o % 3# - 1 ! 7O / + $ 9 E1 :I
IB 1 ( + 6 $% -,$C )$ # E ( E1 : /L
$% E1 :I # ' ( !- 6 # g 3# d#p 1 # $ # +) 2 3
q
/ / / 'C ' ( 3# 1 c 6 - # 0 !. : # ( I
X` _ ,#1 ( , - . 3# U$8
7
3% 4 56 + +
+ 1 : $ # $ = '* s 1 r? ? / 1 :/
B " O

2
Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
3
Technology – based Training
4
Instructor – led Training
;
%* 1 9: 28 + +
t
1 1 : d5 # -/ 5- &b + -,$C 3#
/ 63# 4O S -B - /L / + # 1 %$ ( = / +c1p &b
B 1 # 1 % $ (+ -,$C
=
" % < 1 + +
/ % G 5 &0 / # CD-ROM K# P# 1 1 : +E1 : 1 a 3#
1 #- #5 # ( + # U + O d ' 3 5 3# B ) 4*
B 1 /%
?
> < 1 + +
3# / : H0 u 0 E1 : 1 a 3# / # $% E1 : D . &b
B ) v P# 1 1 : +'9 2
@
, + +
h% B s w 6 r 3# # h% ? $ $# O / E1 : 1 a 3#
xx xy
= '* G 5 +) '9 2B " O H5- z # H5- O /
# Uw O + "$.6 - = #- H 1 .$ \# $
xo
.$ $ +c '9 2 B '# - k + : #= $ 9 . /$8 +' $#
: O/ b h% 6 e-mail $ "# ( = #- H 1
B >2 ? ? +Q

C , $&A " B A % <+


R "5 D 1 + 9 U* $ 9 E1 : >2 + R !9
| 2 r[ 9 E1 : C m 1 5 1 A / '.6 { 0 / u'

5
Electronic Performance Support System (EPSS)
6
Help Application
7
Computer –based Training (CBT)
8
Web – based Training (WBT)
9
Collaborative Learning
10
Synchronous
11
Asynchronous
12
Shared Whiteboard
O UR C m 1 | $9 C m 1 | 2 &NF $9 C m
$ 9 E1 : R /L / !9 /4O [ s &NF
) | w 1 •H $ 9 c '%} ~ A# H + : B /$R (
1 :A $ 9 E1 : ' %* A# H " • ) | w
3# ) %b E ( E1 : 1 2 = %2 O A + $C6/5- ) %F$ 3# ( B` _
$ 3# /$ 6 O F F* / F X' .$ C +3#
$ 9 E1 : #H \ + # . $ E1 : 1 / , ' : ` _
/ .9 8 +d F "# 0 B # $ E1 : % 3#H"# 0 : 5
54 1 : € } 6 $ d < c = #- $
E1 : k * 6 '# - - 1: l4F V 8 +1 :A
B #1 9 E1 : - :1 3L( C 0 + $ 9
) # E1 : ,$C K# / /• : E1 : E 3# - . ,- / /
s ) 0rB,#1 ( +' U$
%
E $& (D
1 dF$C 1w / * 1w 1 dF$C I:F G, 5 < H
1w
! ! #1 C J K :J -" -
: G 5$C A 3 6 L K< $ 6
S. d ? k* / * R Z % M # % % B <
#1 #1 Z C N K%K ( #
OPA &A%
#1 P5 Z C 1 .$ $% Q R% OPA
$ / /$C 3# -
s $ $ 9 r E1 : ! - . ,- /C# F s r) 0

51S 3 -"1 + +
/ $ A# H I / 92 + * I 1I I IS e +E1 : $ !
' 4 b 3# B c $ 9 E1 : '#H 3# 4O / + { 0/ I 1 :&
" - 5- # /$R S 6 1 -'# * +IxqA5RI
I H5- z d < I l 3# B 1 ,- : + U8 -'# 9 E1 : - 1
B - R C +H 6 #
' "# '#H +I 1 : [ 54 74$8 C m 1 : 3$ J6 Z $ / I
U$b # 0/ O # HC AF G54C '#H 3# . 5 $ 3# /
S O c H9 O + 3# 1 .$ 3 •5- B - R .# +A $C6
B / + "# 1 2 5 J" - G 1 : +Z 1 / #H-
'#H / F F* / / ' "# +IE1 : -/ #H- A- I /D 6
# +' $ 0 C H 5 -i ` _ :/ + $ 9 E1 :
!$R #1 'C# $ + $ 9 E1 : ,$C K# 1 ( / ' /0
O/ 1 : 1 : : + ,- 1 H '8 H c
1 $ '9 2 1 $ C + : #5 # ( # Uw O $ 9
'%C $ / #H- 1+ % b = / $ 9 -/ 1 .$ 3 •5-
1 C +I ! ( I -/ #H- 3# c 5 3$ 6 = B S U , F$C h % /
-/ #H- A# H / &b / 4 + A- -/ #H- ! / $ 9 E1 : +
B - RH $ '9 2 / '%C E1 :
/,T U ! - *+ +
$% ‚2 % $ 9 E1 : # $* 1 | 2
~ C + A H 1 ' ( / /0 / 92 +` _ - d - H c
1 + : 1 #1 C 1 / #H- S O c H9 1 : # $* / 63#
B /0 : G 5 + $ 9 E1 : -,$C / - R /450
- 1: l4F V 8 + 0 - + :/ $ (/ N 5- 3 •5-
' $# 1 + : B #5 ,- / + : 1 }m " ( / # $% # 5
E1 : $ 3# / ` _ # !< ) %b c $# - &% 3# $! /

13
Flexibility
+H v $% ! - 1: ' '# - 3 < T UR $ 9
B - R d
E1 : / ' 3# ,! /450 1 +I 6 , F$C ? 5 FI
# = / +d < / " # 1 1 :A 1 C B : 1 $ 9
/ /L ‚2 % +? ' (' 1 R 3 •5- ! R 7<; h F
,= + 6 , F$C ? 5 1 $ # - R1 1 .$ R \# * + 4
B #5
6 1 :+ $ E ( E1 : ,$C - 3# 1 #+ : H
O # :+ 5$0 k b + $ ! ! lC P# 1 a 5$0 /
' 3 5 /D 6 B $ U8 ƒ 4 / 1 :A " - l9 z -/.9m
O / !: $ vJ0 6 k 6: R O / - ! 3#
Ia 5$0 I 0/ 1 :A + $ 9 E1 : k * )2 - 3 9 + ? 54
/ : 1 + J9B' - R d < db 2 R /< 0 Q - /$ 6 bI 1 > I K#
4N } : F + 0 1 : -1 < / 63# /# "$C%5-
1 -,$C 3# /$ J6 $ 9 E1 : -,$C # 6 '# ; H
B - R 40 + R $ # $5- 1 7 <; +E ( E1 : ) O =
# 1 | 2 + ;2)2 / ' : " +/ 1 3# /$ 6 O F F*
A8 3# 5 7b $ / + $ 9 E1 : /% 0/5- % IA8 I '4 / 1 : &# O
+ 3# 5 d#p 1 # $ # B` _ # R C m 1 : !$ 9 < 1
! c $ 9 E1 : k * $ E1 : 0 ! F k + - "9
/ E ( E1 : ! / ' c1p = 3# B'C 3# ! F9 !$ 4 b 1
/$ 6 b = # 1 + !$ 4 b / 63# 1 .$ a .$ =
+/ 1 3# # 3# ! # 6 /450 1 B )5 $ 3# # - J6S -
- s r) 0 / N 5- / 5 I #J(P %N 1 U8 I , - . /
3# + $ 9 E1 : !N * 0 - UF - $ c5 0 +
V8 l 3# B 1 H# 5$ $ E 1 /$C0 / : # 0
- R A# H 1 : ,$C # +&%N9 6 '# ; + H / 6 I -I -1
'# g , C P5 $ E1 : 3 D PF* G54C / 92 ' #
B,#1 ( , - . 3# / / B #J( 5 OG O
I:V 1G OPA 2 - . < % +
&b B .# 5! AF 1 U8 +IeI $% - / 1 - 5
'* + -,$C / 63# 1 $6 H R1 LH0 1 U8 -,$C
1 U8 .' 6 = Ix„ #J(P %N / -,$C I
X 5 $ #1 7# < / + - : 3# & 0 1 /
- $ P# 1 'R / /0 /… # - # R /L # I
IB ' I /$R I + ! :
$ ) / E1 : + $ 9 E1 : $C6 1 / /0 1
O/ $ / 1 U8 ,$C K# /L % #J "# Ione_size_fit_allI
i / c1pB' R ' 5- 1 + Q - 5- PL A MN R
d I 1 : -/ IH #J(P N / -,$C .$ 3# ,! / '
/ /0 / - R ' # # $* ! 6 K# + # -,$C 3 D B` _ -
xt
GO U$R + : R? + * 0 +' C 0 +3 +A X = #- <
3 F +x† 6 ) + $ 9 E1 : /N 2 ' 9 +I I
#: $ A( + 6 $ d 4* < / ) B .# + 1 U8
3# 1 / + ` _ 0 ) .4$8 ! B E 1 : *0
B,#1 ( ) $ ) / 7O /
?
5A I E& + +
/ % /4 +/ /$ $R ) B ‚* / $R ) ? +) 3#
!. / % K# k% ,- , - . 3# u 9 / 0 ,-. 1
+ -,$C 1 >< B - R # 51 ‚* / $R '# ! / % 3# - d

14
Adaptive Hypermedia System (AHS)
15
Personalization
16
Learning Style
17
Student Modeling
18
Overlay Model
19
Concept
20
Semantic Network
9 B 0 ,-. % + : / / / ) 1 '9 2
H [A O 74$8 a " [ c !. a 3# D + #J( P %N / !5$C '# g
B 0 +, - . h % a 3# D
1 A MN 1 58 F +/ ) 1 c !. - 1 / + 1 C9 E 3#
# s7 <;wk $ wv Rr . +s w r # F 3# B Ri c !. :
/ 5 O/ +) 3# 3 •5-B s 4 c !. / : ) 5$2 r 5‡
) + #J(P %N 1 : -,$C B A# 5 I F ˆ c !. I !0 1 1
.$ E 3# 1 G 5 6
"9 * E& + +
0 / 4 ) $ p21 / 5 + 6 ) 1 <‰ - 1 / +E 3#
0 -/ 4 3# 1 # / + <‰ - 1 / = 6 + 1 C9 c6
- 1 / I F ˆ/ 4I !0 1 1 / 5 + 1 C9 3# "# '9 2 B - Rv U
# s/ 4 : / P4< c w P4< r I T/FI '9 2 1 # F '.OB <‰
B d I/ 4 : / P4< ) 5$2 I
1 * E& + +
/F% 3 < $ / l 3# + ) l + 6 1 C9 '9 2 3# $!
B / ) 5< ' J"# 0 ) \ .$ / 4 ) 1
, 2 / pG 5< + 1 U8 -,$# "9 ! )5 = / 1 U8 -,$C
# - ,$C /4 G5 F$C ' 3Š5 - 3# B 1 - 1 <
G U$8 + 1 : !N * - : ,- / / :&50 + • ( - # P# 1
B` _
XY
<% W -$ + +
- 3# B … U8 O UR / h + … - 1 =
r # f0 - +s3.4 5 +? : +c r $%} - [ $R ' <50 - d

21
Stereotype Model
22
Hybrid Model
23
User Data
[s : MN + U* +' C 0 +3 r … U8 +s … $ + $ ! + $C( …
B : #= - # 1: '8 '… +a ; ‹# $ ' # c '%}
<% W Z + +
…i / c1p BI, - . 1 s 5 #F 4… / # r …A ; I c !. /
W# - H 1 Š# + # # 3 b 1 +/ ,-. 1 …A #J(P %N /… '
B 1 : 5 - -,$C
<% W 3 6 V [N + +
…1 - 6 / /… f$ C +/ ,$C ‹# … P# GŒ%9 z
/b $2 # % /0 l9 0 G O + "# - 6 ' 3Š5 + /L
d < l0 + 1 : !N * T U8 + *0 PL 7 1 - 6:B %
3 D B 1 : # / / 6 H " A# H : ,$C
# $* ) * + R? = d *0 3# # !N *
B w 6 # h% b " "D 1 :
A ( , - . 3# * / / $ 9 E1 : !5$C '# g 9 + ;2 )2
k# / /0 + # !N * 3 D B 6 O -" F F* !N * + -
a $ G$%C + 1 C9 1 U8 .$ ! + 1 : ,$C / 1
0 -/ 5 ,- / G U$8 / B $ 3# 6 6 !- 6 # "
B,#1 ( / 1 3#
` _ B A KA % ($ K< + +
-/ # + #F / 7O $ U8 < 1 # / pG 5< Io„ $R E I
0 $R -E 6 6 !# , CF B - b }• '* 5$0 d <

/$ 6 O <9 N B FD/FI /$ / + - : 3# /$R 1 /
B 6 1 : *0 $R E a "$C%5- 0 " +/ 1 3#
# = / Group Embedded Figures 1: 1 + 1 : -,$C 1 / 5 3#

24
Cognitive Styles
25
Field Dependent / Field Independent
MN H $R E a : k% * 0 3$ 6 = \ B .$ FI FD
B - R) 1 U8 1 : # $* + 6 A
` _ 3 N[R P KA % $ . + +
3# D + 6 1 ' # - R1 - / /0 + 1 : ,$C 3#
W# $ / $ = / !: l / ' - R 0 *0 VR
1 .$ \ B Iot 3$8 :I ! 6 1 + Pb •(
) l 1 : # $* + 6 UU8 A MN 3 < / 4 1 C9
B - R
` _ K. > % # (% * "< + +
Io† U8 1 : $ I K# + 1 : ,$C 3# 1 U8 R 4O /.9m
- C d5 H - + 1 : & 3$ # = / $ 3# B - d
o•
0 R # !. v - 1 .$ + 6 - l 1 :
E1 : / % K# 1 :& / 1 U8 $ b h% +v
B1 #J + $ 9
B :+ s r ) 0 U$R / + /$ / 3# / h

& $ . % 5B 28 L
w s $R ! r $ c 4 AES-CS
# :w Information fusion --
sACMr # : w !. v ELENA

1 U8 $ 9 E1 : -,$C /$ !- 6 # 1 / 5 / s r) 0

$& K ,# & <\ +

26
Information Fusion
27
Personal Learning Assistant
28
Semantic Web
# $C6 7 1 + $ 9 E1 : -,$C 1 '# * c / /0
F %-J $2 1 : + 4 U* + + $ U8 /0 d b ! . 1
1 .$ P# 1 ! + 3# 5 -1 : B, $C- /0 >$ G- 6 - H"
3$ 6 = [ #J(P %N 1 U8 , - . = [ 3# - /$.! !$ 4 b
PF* G 5 / 92 u C + : R? * 0 +PL = #- <
1 2 6 $C6 7 / /0 B 3 5 z $ E1 : !N * 3 D
! R <b E1 R @# "# 0 1 !e 'O 3# + $ 9 E1 :
l 3# / ' i / c1p B /$ J6 1: 0 K* / / - R "-
= 6 U8 -1 -/% 0 kF / O + $ 9 E1 :
B $ E : ,$C % 3#H"# 0 / +

+ 5$0 -/% 0 / /0 % j N IE1 :I S O ! +E1 : 1 2 G54C 3 9


-]R / /0 O 3# B R ' 5- 1 H 6 $ $
+ R 3% 8 $ U8 5$0 -1 3 • $ 9 E1 : -,$C 0
/ + : d5 %$ ( / $ 9 E1 : $ E1 : ,$C 0 ;
B ? C2 R
1 / /• : +/ /$ 3# " j ; / 0 $ 9 E1 : -,$C
3# IeI uI $ 9 E1 :I / ' IE1 :I + b '# 9 1 :A '# g
P%N p %$ ( '. + 1 : ,$C K# /L d5 I H I K# / !
A# H '# ; l40 1 : # %! l0 / ' *0 -1
+/ J6' 1 : &# O %2 O / ' c1p J9B 6 - H"
3# $! + $ 9 E1 : ,$C 1 =$ 1 S. Pb - 1 3$ 6 =
B # 5 v 8$ 3# bhF 1 F .4 # 1 : 3# P%N

#J(P %N 1 U8 , - . 0 1 ( c = # -'# * 0 / /0
E1 : I 1 U8 I 4 AF 3$ 6 = 4R $ 9 E1 : -,$C
+ 5$0 + " - d /<9 N + 6 -1 : , F$C } $ 9
1 :A 0 1 : - " S - + R ? - + -VR
'# ! 1 < 0) /! 4O - < 3 < 3 •5- + # 6
! ( +P F* 3# $ : ! 6 / +I I 1 U8 !
: I # 6 I /% 0 1 U8 ! ( / /0 + : B
/<9 N G<Nb +E1 : I 5$0 -/% 0I 3$ 6 = ;H + 1 : -,$C
- 8 # 1 9 R +P F* 3# $ "# c 6 / Io• F .4 1 :I -,$C
B

[1] Oblinger D.,Hawkins B.,(2005); The Myth about E-Learning ;Educause Magazine ,Vol 40,
July/August ,p:13-16.
[2] Buy U.,(2001); Debunking some coomon misconceptions about E-learning ;University of Illinois,USA
[3] Baker K.,(2002); E-Learning : Myths and Realities ,for the IT Professional ;Technology Transfer
Inc.
[4] Dreyfus H.,(2001); How Far is Distance Learning from Education? ; Bulletin of Science Technology
Society ; vol.21, p:165-174.
[5] Glossary of E-Learning Terms, Retrieved September 30, 2005, from http://www.brandon-hall.com
[6] Cross J., (2002); the DNA of Elearning Retrieved March 22, 2006, from the World Wide Web:
http://www.internettime.com
[7] Esposito F, Licchelli O.,Semeraro G, (2004).; Discovering Student Models in e-learning Systems
;Universal Computer Science, vol. 10, no. 1
[8] Brusilovsky P.,(2000); Adaptive Hypermedia, User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction ;vol.
11:p: 87 110, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
[9] Carchiolo V, Longheu A, Malgeri M., Mangioni G.,(2003); Course Personalization in E-Learning
Environment ; The 3rd IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies
(ICALT’03)
[10] Li X, Chang Sh.,(2004); A Personalized E-Learning System Based on User Profile Constructed Using
Information Fusion , University of Pitssburgh,USA
[11] Kobsa A.,( 2001); Generic User Modeling Systems , User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction
;vol.11:p: 46-93, Kluwer Academic Publishers
[12] Brusilovsky P.,(2003); From Adaptive Hypermedia to the Adaptive Web : Mensch & Computer
:Interaktion in Bewegung;p:21 -24
[13] Triantafillou E., Pomportis A., Georgiadou E.,(2002); AES-CS: Adaptive Educational Systems based
on Cognitiv Styles , Proc. Of AH 2002 workshop on Adaptive Systems for Web-based Education.
[14] Nouri S, (2002); Section 6: Islamic Republic of Iran , Report of the APO Seminar on Multimedia
for Productivity Promotion and Enhancement (With Special Focus on e-Learning), China

29
Blended Learning
[15] Fink J. , Kobsa A. ,(2000); A Review and Analysis of Commercial User Modeling Servers for
Personalization on the World Wide Web ; User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction vol.10:
p:209-249.
[16] Treiblmaier H., Madlberger M., Knotzer., Pollach I.,(2004); Evaluating Personalization and
Customization from an Ethical Point of View: An Empirical Study , Vienna University of Economics
and Business Administration Austria, IEEE .
[17] Dolog P.,Sintek M.,(2004); Personalization in Distributed E-Learning Environments ;ACM ,
WWW2004,p:17-22.
[18] Dean C., (Retrieved March 22, 2006, from the World Wide Web: http://www.peakdean.co.uk); an
Overview of authoring systems and learning management systems available in the UK ; PeakDean
Interactive Ltd.
[19] Harris J., (2002); An Introduction to Authoring Tools , ASTD's Learning Circuits online
magazine.
[20] Paris M, (2003); Simulation authoring tools for interactive e-learning courseware development ;
Online Journal of the Higher Education academy; UK
[21] Gibson D ,(2002); New Directions in e-Learning: Personalization, Simulation and Program
Assessment ; National Institute for Community Innovation