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A pilot, breathing rapidly during a sortie, complains of feeling light-headed with

tingling at the tips of the fingers and the toes. He may be suffering from:-

(a) Hypoxic hypoxia or Hyperventilation

(b) Hypoxia

(c) Hyperventilation

(d) Alkalosis

2. Hyperventilation may occur during positive pressure breathing due to:-

(a) Reversal in mechanics of respiration

(b) Anxiety
(c) Unaccustomed method of breathing
(d) Stress

3. In case of suspected hyperventilation, which is the correct in-flight approach:-

(a) Switch over to 100% oxygen
(b) Reduce the rate and depth of breathing
(c) Descend below 10,000 feet
(d) All of the above

4. If a pilot has symptoms of hyperventilation while flying at 5000 feet above MSL, what
remedial action is required by him?
(a) Descend to MSL
(b) Start breathing heavily
(c) Take slow and not so deep breath 
(d) Remove oxygen mask
5. What is the gaseous composition of atmosphere?
(a) Nitrogen 77%, Oxygen 22% and Others Gases 1%
(b) Nitrogen 78%, Oxygen 21% and Others Gases 1% 
(c) Nitrogen 79%, Oxygen 20% and Others Gases 1%
(d) Nitrogen 78%, Oxygen 20% and Others Gases 2%

6. What is the earliest indication of Hypoxia noticed by most aircrew?

(a) Impending sense of doom and gloom

(b) Vision impairment
(c) Hypoxia creeps in stealthily without any warning or tell-tale signs 
(d) Impaired eye-hand coordination 

7. What action is required by the Captain of a commercial airliner in the event of a cabin
decompression at FL340?
(a) Start immediate descent below 10,000 feet
(b) Make an announcement for the benefit of the passengers
(c) Captain and FO to do their personal Oxygen masks and check Oxygen flow 
(d) Prepare for diversion to the nearest airfield

8. In commercial aircraft, cabin pressure is maintained at:- 

(a) MSL
(b) Below 5000 feet
(c) Between 6000 to 8000 feet
(d) Above 8000 feet
9. Having consumed a small amount of alcohol, the prudent pilot will not fly for a
minimum of ... hours
A)  8
B) 12
C) 36
D) 24

10. A pilot is skilled when he:

1. Trains or practices regularly
2. knows how to manage him self/her self
3. Possesses all the knowledge associated with his aircraft
4. Knows how to keep resources in reserve for coping with the unexpected
A) 2, 3,4
B) 1,2,3,4
C) 1,2
D). 1,2,4  

11.).Up to what altitudes will generally healthy people be able to stay without showing any
signs of suffering from hypoxia?
A) Up to 3.000 feet
B) Up to 18.000 feet
C)  Up to 10-12.000 feet
D) Up to 21.000 feet

12.)The volume percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere is 21% which:

A) Increase with increase in Altitude
B) Decrease with increase in Altitude
C) is constant for all altitude conventional airplane 
D) is dependent on the present air pressure. 
13.)The phase of flight most prone to accidents is:
A) Landing 
B) intermediate and final approach

C) Take off

D) Descent

14.)The most common specific cause of pilot-induced accidents is:

A)  loss of directional control.

B) airspeed not maintained.

C) not maintaining ground clearance.

D) poor pre-flight planning.

15. As a cause of accident, the human factor

A) is cited in approximately 70 - 80 % of aviation accidents.  
B) plays a negligible role in commercial aviation accidents. It is much more important in
general aviation.

C) has increased considerably since 1980 - the percentage of accident in which this
factor has been involved has more than tripled since this date.

D) which is cited in current statistics, applies to the flight crew and ATC only.
16.) The term pilot error constitutes a certain relative amount of main causes in air
accidents. Which of the following is correct?

A) Around 20 %

B) Around 95%

C) Around 20 %

  D) Around 70%  

17.) Thinking on human reliability is changing.

A) Human errors can be avoided. All it takes is to be vigilant and to

extend ones knowledge

B) It is thought that it will be possible to eliminate errors in the near future

Human errors are now considered as being inherent to the cognitive

C)  function of human and are generally inescapable

The individual view of safety has gradually replaced the systemic view
of safety .

18.The effect of hypoxia to vision:

A) is usual stronger with the cones.

B) can only be detected when smoking tobacco.

C) does not depend on the level of illumination.

D) is stronger with the rods. 

19.) The pressure at 18 000 ft is lower than at sea level. How much lower is it

A) 75% of the pressure at sea level.

B) 1/4.

C) 1/2. 

D) 1/3.

20.)With hyperventilation, caused by high levels of arousal or overstress:

A) peripheral and scotopic vision will be improved.

B)  an increased amount of carbon dioxide is exhaled causing muscular spasms and
even unconsciousness.

C) finger nails and lips will turn blue (cyanosis).

D) more oxygen will reach the brain.

21.) 100% oxygen without pressure can be used up to:

A) 50.000ft

B) 70.000 ft

C)  40.000 ft

D) 60.000 ft
22.) The normal rate of breathing is:

A) 20 to 30 cycles a minute

B)  12 to 16 cycles a

C) 32 to 40 cycles a

D) 60 ti 100 cycles a

23.) Linear acceleration can give a false impression of a:

A) spin.

B) descent.

C) turn.

D)  climb.

24.) The amount of oxygen in the atmosphere remains the same up to an

approximate height of:

A) 10,000 ft

B)  70,000ft

C) 20,000 ft

D) 40,000 ft
25.) A symptom comparison for hypoxia and hyperventilation is:

A) there are great differences between the two.

B) symptoms caused by hyperventilation will immediately vanish when 100%

oxygen is given.

C) altitude hypoxia is very unlikely at cabin pressure altitudes above 10.000 ft.

D)  cyanosis (blue colour of finger-nail and lips) exists only in hypoxia.

26.) After a rapid decompression at an altitude of 30 000 ft the first action of the
pilot shall be:

A) preventing panic of the passengers.

B) informing the cabin crew.

C)  maintaining aircraft control and preventing hypoxia (use of oxygen


D) informing ATC.

27.)The following statement is true:

A)  decreased oxygen causes shortness of breath.

B) increased oxygen causes shortness of breath.

C) increased carbon dioxide remains unnoticed.

D) increased carbon dioxide causes shortness of

28.) When consciously breathing fast or hyperventilating due to high arousal or
overstress, the carbon dioxide level in the blood is lowered, resulting in:

A) a poor saturation of oxygen in the blood.

B) the activation of the respiratory centre, which in turn causes


C) a delay in the onset of hypoxia when flying at high altitudes.

D)  less oxygen to be diffused into the cells.

29.Hypoxia is the result of:

A)  Decreasing amount of oxygen as your altitude


B) Both A and B are correct.

C) High barometric pressure at higher altitudes.

D) Excessive nitrogen in the bloodstream.