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Music of Cordillera Grade - 7 1st Quarter.

Cordillera Administrative Region

Provinces Capital

Abra Bangued
Apayao Kabugao
Benguet La Trinidad
Ifugao Lagawe
Kalinga Tabuk City
Mountain Province Bontoc


It is the country's only land-locked region. It has a mountainous topography and dubbed as the "Watershed Cradle of
North Luzon" as it hosts major rivers that provide continuous water for irrigation and energy for Northern Luzon.

Characteristics of Music of Cordillera

1. Music is very much part of life and living

2. Have a rich variety of songs and music performed on instruments
3. Often performed in groups, all members of the community are welcome and encouraged to join the singing, dancing
and playing of instruments
4. Their music is communal and participatory
5. Songs are usually in unison of pentatonic melodies
6. Music and other components of their culture are transferred from generation to generation through oral tradition.
Oral tradition is cultural material and traditions transmitted orally from one generation to another. Oral may refer to
speech communication as opposed to writing

Important Activities Where Music is Utilized

1. Peace pacts
2. Healing rituals
3. Invocation of the gods
4. Rites of passage
5. Weddings and festivals
6. Other life cycle events such as birth, coming of age, work, marriage and death

Vocal Music

Life Cycle Music Birth to Childhood

• Owiwi - lullabye of Kalinga that relate a child’s life

• Dagdagay - song of Kalinga that foretells the baby’s future.
• Oppiya- kalinga song, sung while cradling

Love, Courtship and Marriage

• Chag-ay- an expression of secret love of Bontoc.

• Oggayan- greeting and advice to newlyweds of Kalinga.

Death Rite Music

• Didiyaw- song to a dead child of Bontoc

• Sangsangit- a dirge of Isneg.

Work or Occupational Song

• Sowe-ey- Rice pounding song of Bontoc.

• Dakuyon- kalinga song for hunting bats.
• Dinaweg- Ilongot song for catching wild boar.
• Owayat- song for gathering firewood of Ilongot.
• Chey-assa- Bontoc rice pounding song sung in a groups.

Ceremonial Music

• Kapya- song of Bontoc for curing ceremonies.

• Angba- song of Bontoc for curing ceremonies.
• Dawak- song of Ilongot for curing ceremonies.

Entertainment Song

• Hudhud- epic song of Ifugao, a leader chorus style.

• Alim- leader chorus style of music of Ifugao where to groups of singers reply to 2 make leaders.
• Dang Dang-ay- Kalinga entertainment song


1. GANGSA is a single hand-held smooth surfaced gong with a narrow rim. A set of gangsa, which is played one gong per
musician, consists of gangsa tuned to different notes, depending on regional or local cultural preferences.

Gangsa is played in two ways. One way is called "toppaya" and the other is called "pattung." In "toppaya" style, the
musicians play the surface of the gangsa with their hand while in a sitting position, with a single gangsa resting on the
lap of each musician.

In the "pattung" style, a gangsa is suspended from the musician's left hand and played with a padded stick held in the
musician's right hand. In the "pattung" style of playing, the players are standing, or they keep in step with the dancers
while bending forward slightly.

2. KALALENG OR TONGALI (nose flute) Because the kalaleng is long and has a narrow internal diameter, it is possible to
play different harmonics through overblowing—even with the rather weak airflow from one nostril. Thus, this nose flute
can play notes in a range of two and a half octaves. Finger holes in the side of the bamboo tube change the operating
length, giving various scales. Players plug the other nostril to increase the force of their breath through the flute.

3. TONGATONG -is a bamboo percussion instrument used by the people of Kalinga to communicate with spirits during
house blessings. It is made of bamboo cut in various lengths.

4. DIWDIW-as is 5 or more different size of slender bamboo that is tied together.

5. SAGGEYPO it is a bamboo pipe that is closed on one end by a node with the open end held against the lower lip of the
player as he blows directly across the top. The pipe can be played individually by one person or in ensembles of three or

6. SOLIBAO is hallow wooden Igorot drug topped with pig skin or lizard skin this is played by striking the drum head
using the palm of the hand.

7. BUNGKAKA- bamboo buzzer of Kalinga.

8. KULLITONG- polychordal bamboo tube zither of Kalinga

9. ULIBAW- bamboo Jew’s harp of Kalinga. ( Called as Kubing among the among the Maguindanaon and other Muslim
and non- Muslim tribes.)

10. PATANGGUK- bamboo quill-shaped

11. PATETEG- bamboo leg xylophone

12. PALDONG- bamboo lip-valley