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Reviewer in MATH 5

4th Periodical Test

CONTENT UPDATE

Geometry- is a branch of mathematics which includes the shapes and sizes of things.
Undefined Terms:
a. Points
b. Lines
b.1. Line Segment
b.2. Ray
c. Planes
*Two lines are parallel if they are on the same plane but will never meet.

Angles and Their Measurement


Angles- two rays meet at a point
a. Acute Angle- an angle greater than 0° but less than 90°
b. Right Angles- an angle equal to 90°
c. Obtuse Angle- an angle greater than 90° but less than 180°
d. Reflex Angle- an angle greater than 180°

Circle- set of all points that are of the same distance from a given point in the plane

diameter

chord

Parts:
1. Center- every point on the circle is equidistant from the center of the circle. It is commonly
labeled as O.
2. Radius- a line segment joining the center and any point of the circle.
3. Chord- a line segment joining two points of the circle.
4. Diameter- a chord passing through the center.
5. Circumference- the boundary curve of the circle or distance around a circle.
6. Arc of a circle- the part of the circle between any two points. If the arc of a circle is more
than a semicircle, it is called a major arc. If it is less than a semicircle, it is called minor
arc.
7. Sector- an area or part of a circle formed by two radii and the included arc.

Relationship between Radius and Diameter of a Circle


Diameter = 2 x radius Radius = ½ diameter

Some Angle Relationships


 Perpendicular Lines- lines that are at a right angle to each other and forms 90° angles
 Complementary Angles- pair of angles whose sum is 90°.
 Supplementary Angles- pair of angles sum is 180°.
 Adjacent Angles- two or more angles which are placed together with vertices
touching and one ray touching.

Triangles
3 types according to their sides:
1. Scalene Triangle- no sides are congruent
2. Isosceles Triangle- at least two sides are congruent
3. Equilateral Triangle- three sides are congruent
3 types according to their angles:
1. Right Triangle- containing a right angle
2. Acute Triangle- all the angles are acute
3. Obtuse Triangle- containing an obtuse angle
*The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180°.

Quadrilaterals- a plane figure enclosed by four line segments


Types:
1. Trapezoid- a quadrilateral with at least one pair of parallel sides
2. Kite- a quadrilateral with two distinct pairs of consecutive sides congruent
3. Isosceles Trapezoid- a trapezoid with a pair of base angles congruent
4. Parallelogram- a quadrilateral in which each pair of opposite sides is parallel
5. Rectangle- a parallelogram with a right angle
6. Rhombus- a parallelogram with all sides congruent
7, Square- a parallelogram with all sides congruent
*The sum of the angles of a quadrilateral is 360°

Polygons- a plane figure enclosed by 3 or more line segments


Two types:
1. Regular Polygons- if all its sides are equal and all its angles are equal
2. Irregular Polygons- if it has at least one side having different sizes as compared to the other
and at least one angle unequal to the others
*Diagonal- a segment joining two nonconsecutive vertices of a polygon

Congruence and Similarity


Congruent Figures- two geometric figures having the same shape and size
Condition of Congruent Triangles
1. Three sides: SSS (side, side, side) – If three sides of one triangle are equal to the
corresponding sides of another triangle, then the two triangles are congruent.
2. Two sides and the included angle: SAS (side, angle, side) – If two sides and the
included angle of one triangle are equal to the corresponding parts of another
triangle, then the two triangles are congruent.
3. Two angles and the included side: ASA (angle, side, angle) – if two angles and the
included side of a triangle are equal to the corresponding parts of another triangle,
then the two triangles are congruent.
Similar Figures – same shape but not necessarily the same size
Reviewer in MATH 5
MMSU – 4th Periodical Test

Name: __________________________________________________________ Score:____________


1. What is the supplement of an angle measuring 54 degrees?
a. 46 degrees c. 36 degrees
b. 146 degrees d. 136 degrees
2. Two angles are supplementary. One angle measures 61.5 degrees. What is the
measure of the other angle?
a. 128.5 degrees c. 38.5 degrees
b. 5 degrees d. 138.5 degrees
3. Which of the following angle pairs are supplementary?
a. 40 degrees and 50 degrees c. 36 degrees and 64 degrees
b. 111 degrees and 69 degrees d. 111 degrees and 79 degrees
4. Which of the following pairs are NOT complementary?
a. 32 degrees and 68 degrees c. 11 degrees and 79 degrees
b. 81 degrees and 9 degrees d. 52 degrees and 38 degrees
5. A triangle with two equal sides.
a. equilateral triangle c. isosceles triangle
b. right-angled triangle d. obtuse-angled triangle
6. A triangle with three equal angles.
a. right-angled triangle c. obtuse-angled triangle
b. scalene triangle d. equilateral triangle
7. A right-angled triangle has 2 equal sides. Both its base angles will be
a. 135° c. 5°
b. 45° d. 90°
8. What is a segment that connects any two nonconsecutive vertices?
a. extreme c. angle bisector
b. bisector d. diagonal
9. Quadrilateral with parallel opposite sides
a. octagon c. triangle
b. parallelogram d. square
10. If all the sides and angles in a parallelogram are equal then it is called a _______
a. Rectangle c. Triangle
b. Square d. Trap aim
11. A ____________ is a figure enclosed by three or more line segments, which are
coplanar, non-collinear, and intersecting each other at their end points.
a. Triangle b. Polygons c. Circle d. Point

12. The end points of the line segments are called________


a. Vertices of the polygon c. Sides of the polygon
b. Angles of the polygon d. Diagonals of the polygon
13. A polygon that is both equilateral and equiangular is called a
a. Irregular polygon c. Segment
b. Regular polygon d. Vertices
14. Given the right triangles shown at the right. ΔFGC is isosceles. Which of the
following methods will prove ΔABC congruent to ΔDEF?
a. SSS
b. HL
c. AAS
d. SAS

15. The diagonal from B to D is drawn in parallelogram ABCD. Which of the following
methods can NOT be used to prove?
a. SSS
b SAS
c. SSA
d. ASA

16. Triangle PQR is similar to triangle DEF as shown.

Which describes the relationship between the corresponding sides of the two triangles?
𝑃𝑄 4 𝑃𝑄 6 𝑃𝑄 4 𝑃𝑄 6
a) = b. = c. = d. =
𝐷𝐸 6 𝐷𝐸 4 𝐷𝐸 9 𝐷𝐸 6

17. What 3D solid does this net create?

a. Rectangular Prism
b. Rectangular Pyramid
c. Cube
d. Square Prism

18. I am a 3D shape and all my faces are triangles. Who am I?


a. Square Pyramid c. Triangular Pyramid
b. Triangular Prism d. Triangular Sphere
19. Convert 5.2 kilograms to grams?
a. 5200 b. 520 c. 52 d. 5.2
20. 469.1 mg = _______g
a. 46,910 b. 469,100 c. 0.4691 d. 46.91
21. 3.8 m = _____mm
a. 0.038 b. 3800 c. 0.0038 d. 380
22. Which of the following circle has 2.5 cm radii?
A B C D
2.5 cm 3 cm 4 cm 5 cm

23. Which of the following refers to the number of square units contained in a figure?
A volume B circumference C perimeter D area

24. Which of the following formula is used in finding the area of a circle?
A. πD B 2πr C π r2 Dπr

25. What is the area of the circle?

A 40 cm2 C 50.04 cm2

B 40.04 cm2 D 50.24 cm2

26. What is the area of the top surface of the can?

10 cm A 58. 5 cm2 C 78.5 cm2

B 68.5 cm2 D 100 cm2

27. Which of the following figures contained 36 cubic units?

A B C D

28. How many cubic units are there in the figure?

A 30 C 50

B 40 D 60

29. Find the perimeter of the rectangle shown below.


a. 21 cm
b. 108 cm
c. 216 cm
d. 42 cm

30. Find the perimeter of the shape below.


a. 42 mm
b. 70 mm
c. 180 mm
d. 56 mm

For numbers 31and 32, find the volume of the following figures.

31.
A 36 cm3 C 62 cm3

B 52 cm3 D 82 cm3
32.
A 12 cm3 C 64 cm3

B 36 cm3 D 96 cm3