Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

1

TIG welding
(Gas Tungsten Arc Welding)

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding 12-07-17


TIG Welding

12-07-17
2

Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), also known as tungsten


inert gas (TIG) welding, is an arc welding process that uses
a non-consumable tungsten electrode to produce the weld.

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


The weld area is protected from atmospheric contamination
by an inert shielding gas (argon or helium), and a filler
metal is normally used
3
TIG Welding

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding 12-07-17


Working Principle

12-07-17
4

An arc is established between the end of a tungsten


electrode and the parent metal at the joint line..
A constant-current welding power supply is used

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


to produces energy which is conducted across the arc
through a column of highly ionized gas and metal vapors
known as a plasma.
Argon and helium are the most commonly used shielding
gases
Manual gas tungsten arc welding is often considered the
most difficult of all the welding processes commonly used
in industry. Because the welder must maintain a short arc
length, great care and skill are required to prevent contact
between the electrode and the work piece.
Characteristics of the TIG welding

12-07-17
5
Process
Uses a non-consumable tungsten electrode during the
welding process,
Uses a number of shielding gases including helium (He)

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


and argon (Ar),
Is easily applied to thin materials,
Produces very high-quality, superior welds,
Welds can be made with or without filler metal,
Provides precise control of welding variables (i.e. heat),
Welding yields low distortion,
Leaves no slag or splatter.
12-07-17
6 Quality
Gas tungsten arc welding
affords greater control over
the weld area than other
welding processes,

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


It can produce high-quality
welds when performed by
skilled operators.
Maximum weld quality is
assured by maintaining
cleanliness—all equipment
and materials used must be
free from oil, moisture, dirt
and other impurities, as these
cause weld porosity and
consequently a decrease in
weld strength and quality.
Applications

12-07-17
7

TIG is most commonly used to weld thin sections


of stainless steel and non-ferrous metals such
as aluminum, magnesium, and copper alloys.

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


The aerospace industry is one of the primary users of gas
tungsten arc welding,
It is also frequently employed to weld small-diameter, thin-
wall tubing such as those used in the bicycle industry.
TIG is often used in piping of various sizes.
Advantages and Limitations of TIG

12-07-17
8
Welding
• ADVANTAGES • LIMITATIONS

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


No flux is used. Tungsten inclusion is hard
and brittle.
Welding is smooth and sound
with fewer scatters. Equipment costs are high
Very suitable for high quality In steel welding
welding in thin materials. operations, TIG is slower
and the most costly one
Very good process for welding
Filler rod end, if by
non-ferrous metals and chance comes out, then
stainless steels. inert gas shield can cause
The surface finish is good. weld metal contamination

The equipment's are portable


9

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding 12-07-17


MIG Welding

12-07-17
10

MIG welding is a gas shielded metal arc welding process using


the heat of an electric arc between a continuously fed,
consumable electrode wire and the material to be welded.

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


A wire of copper coated mild steel is fed continuously from a
reel through a gun with a melting rate up to 5m/min.

Current through the wire ranges from 100 to 400 A depending


upon the diameter of the wire.

CO2 is principally used apart from argon or argon-helium


mixture as shielding gas.

The welding machine is a dc constant voltage machine.


11
MIG Welding

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding 12-07-17


MIG Welding

12-07-17
12

Metal inert gas (MIG) welding also known as MAG and


GMAW.

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


It is a semi-automatic or automatic arc welding process in
which a continuous and consumable wire electrode and a
shielding gas are fed through a welding gun.

an electric arc forms between the consumable wire


electrode and the workpiece metal(s), which heats the
workpiece metal(s), causing them to melt and join.
Applications of MIG Welding in

12-07-17
13
Manufacturing
Why MIG welding is used in Manufacturing?

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


High productivity can lead to higher profits.
In manufacturing, productivity is the central focus.
The primary advantage of MIG welding is welding speed.
It is much quicker than traditional welding.
High productivity can be achieved in many manufacturing
Operations with the use of MIG welding for its clean
welds.
It welds metals quickly.
It is highly economic.
Comparison: TIG & MIG

12-07-17
14

• MIG • TIG
Semi automatic or automatic Utilizes a non-consumable
process. tungsten electrode

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


A consumable bare wire electrode An electric arc is formed
fed continuously into the weld pool
between a non-consumable
through torch by spool.
electrode and the metal being
An inert gas, e.g. argon, has a welded.
fluxing action and creates a
protective shield around the weld An inert gas such as argon
pool. creates a protective gas shield.
The feed and flow rate are set by the A filler metal is added
operator. manually.
Does not produce slag. No slag is produced.
Used on sheet metals.
Conclusion

12-07-17
15

TIG welding needs highly skilled workers to produce high quality weld.
Maximum weld quality is assured by maintaining cleanliness—all
equipment and materials used must be free from oil, moisture, dirt and

ME6008 Welding Technology/1.6-TIG & MIG Welding


other impurities, as these cause weld porosity and consequently a
decrease in weld strength and quality.

MIG welding is a huge improvement over some of the previous


techniques.
MIG welding will help contribute to the creation of automobiles, the
building of bridges, and even more importantly, a more efficient way to
weld.