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ISBN 978-9-197600-41-5
Attacking Manual 2


Jacob Aagaard

Quality Chess
Firsr English edition 20 l 0 by Quality Chess UK LLP,

Copyrigh r © 20 10 Jacob Aagaard

Attacking Manual2
All rights reserved. Nn pare of this publication may be reproduced, stored
in a rerricva! sysrem or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,
decuoscatic. rnagncdc rape, photocopying~ recording or othenvise, without prior
penn.ission of rhe publisher.

ISBN 978-9197600-41-5

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Disrributed in US and C,m.ada by SCB Disrributors, Gardena, Cahfornia, US

Disrriburcd in Resr of che World by Qualiry Chess UK LLP through
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Typeset by AndJ'ew Greer and Jacob Aagaard

Proofreading: Colin .NicNab and Alan Beardsworch
Edited by Alldrew Greet
Cover design by Carole Dunlop
Printed in Estonia by Tallinna Raamamtn:ikikoja LLC
1l1e aurhor would like ro thank rhc following p~ople for their comribution
ro rhi~ book in big and small w.tys: Jonny Hecror, Krishnan Sasikiran,
Anne Madsen, Herman Herbolr, Mihail Marin, Arrur Yusupov, Allan
Beardsworrh, Colin McNab, and most of all Andrew Greer and John Shaw.
Key to Symbols used 4
Preface to rhe second edition 7
Bring it on ~an incroduccion 9

Chapter 1 - Undersranding Mating Arracks 9

Typical Mates & Focal Poinrs 11
Ihree Piece Attacks 25
insurance Policies 30
Transfonnations 31
Exercises 40
Solutions 43

Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 53

1he Assault Rario 57
Deflection 67
Overloading 76
Ternpo-gainers 81
Piece Sacrifices for cime 84
Transition squares 89
Lines of Communication 101
Vacating Squares 118
Outposts 127
Launching 135
TI1e pin 148
Improving the Circumstances 165
Prophylaxis 170
~Ihe f5/f4-squares 178

Chapter 3 -Typical Pawn Play 181

P-awn breaks 183
Pawns as valuable as pieces 193
Pawn stonns 208
Pawn sacrifices 237
Provoking weaknesses 243
Chapter 4- King Safety 251
Destroying the defensive structure 253
Line clearance 264
Cutting off the defences 275
\Xfeak kings 281
Drawing the king into the open 293
Kings on the run 300
Cuning off the escape route 311
~I11e king stuck in the centre 315
Breakthrough in the centre 321
T\vo rhematic sacrifices 346

Chapter 5- Intuitive Sacrifices and Enduring Initiative 353

Creative play 355
A sud den chance 358
Aggressive opening play 377
Intuitive sacrifices 391
Enduring initiative 399

Chapter 6 - Exercises 413

Solutions 423

Index of games and game fragments 457

Key to symbols used
? ;\ weak mo\'e
~? a blunder
a good move
!! an excellem move
!? :l move \'\'onh considering
?! ~\ move of doubtful vahLt
# mare
(n) 11 march game

Jacob Aagaard: 1he PallofJ~Borvinuik Attack
Christian Bauer: Pia)' l ... b6!
Sabino Brunella: Attadting the .~j>tmi~·h
Ltrry Chrisriamen: Rorldng the Rampttrts & Stormiug the Barrimdes
Colin Crouch: Atttrcking Technique
lakov Damsky & Nlikhail Tal: Attack with JV!ikhaillitl
Fracn ik, Kopec & Browne: (:'bmupion.i ofthe New lvfillmnium
Tibor Karolyi \virh Nick Aplin: (;enius in tbe Background
Han/) Kmoch: PtlW11 Powt'r in Cbe~·J
Vladimir Vukovic: Art ofArtacl~ ilz Chess
Simon Webb: Chess }or Tigers


Chc~,') lnformanr, Che~s 'loday, New In Chess, Chess Monthly, Schad, 64, ChessVibcs.com,
Che~~Basc.com, Mega Database 2009
Foreword by the author
\\'hen I decided co write rhis double-volume book on arrack back in 2002, I had very clear ideas
for Volume One, such as specific phra!Jc3, posirions, srrucrures, while all T had for Volume T"vo
was a clear no £ion of what it should cove:r, in absrracr. \Xfhere Volume One was about the laws of
d~·namics, the font of all attacks, and to some !imircd extenr an original work, Volume Two was
,tlway-s me<UH ro be il pcrfcclion of existing work on rhc attack
Over che years I have rc:.Ki dozens of books on attacking chess, and they were all abour knocking
rhe king's posicion open, once t"he attack had been established. Some authors even disguised
their puzzle books as books on arrack- or was it their publishers? Although some book<> on the
middleg~unc would mention parts of the positional basis for the attad:, I was unable to refer my
-.rudents ro any book ns r!Je . .vork on anacking chess. Simply put, none of them explained well
how rbe arrack came ro be, bur concerned rhcmsclves mainly with the sacrif1ce. This is whar I
rried ro do in Volume One, and with son1e success, 1 thinl-::.

-il1is volume is intended ro cover aH of arracking technique, by which I mean what to do once the
.mack is up and running. Obviom.ly this cannot be done in 464 pages, bur: a decem attempt can
be made, and 1 think I have managed ro do so. In this book I will discuss such concrete items a~
Dl'Stroyiug the dejhuit)e stmcture (page 253), The pin (page 148), Overloading (page 78), as well
.1~ more abstract concepts such as Creatioe play (page 355) and Intuitive srtcrificej (page 391 ).
Hopefully whar I h~1ve found \vorrhwhilc co say about these concepts will be useful for the reader.

_\.lrhough 1 ;Hn a writer by nature, and place a high value on aesthetics, I am deeply aware that
most reader~ will hnvc picked up chis book wirh the hope ofimproving their chess. My experiences
.tnd conversariom wirh some of the besr players in the World have strengthened my belief that it
i-> very useful to solve exercises regularly if you want to improve your play. Although a well-written
hook can at1~cr your play positively, it .will do so much more if you are involved, rather than just
re'ading ir. For chis t·e.\son f have included a diagram preview in chis book. I invire you to use up
ro 10 minurcs on c~teh position before reading the subsequent chapter. For Chapre1·s 1, 3, 4 & 5
1 have selected H posirions Tfind inreresting, while Chapter 2 has 26 positions, as it is a rather big
(hapter. 1 kno\v rhar not everyone will wane to spend chis amounc of cime on rhese exercises, but
for those who have rhe discipline, rhe o~nion ls there. It is for che same reason that I have included
10 exercises rowards rhe end of this book and 24 exercises ar rhe end of Chapter 1.

This double~volumc work has been seven years in rhe making; with rhe publication of the revised
and expanded Volume One and chi~ volume, I have fulfilled a major person<.tl ambition. Quality
Chess was founded to supporT the publication of The Berlin 1\la!l, Questions of lv!odern Chess
Theory and rhis work. Seven year:. afrer rhc first thoughts and conversations about these works, l
am proud ro s:l)' that it was all worth it, and rhar all four books \vcrc wonh fighring for.

Jacob Aagaard
Glasgow, 22nd December 2009
Chapter 1
Understanding Mating Attacks

T!t!J~t~ tk thFU ;ieee- ~u.fe- tit ;~aetlee-. Tk bt~M! ha~ ~ae~ifieult~e-~~

tk ilf(fht ~~ a~~~~tiHJ' tk 1u.ee-"' tit t!U~ ea~e- 1f c!efolflrlrj k~ aJtd b(f
llftJmma e~e-ate.f telfe~al de-v-a~tatiolf.
Diagram preview

On this page you find 8

diagrams with criticalmomenrs
from rhe coming chapter. I
reconunend that you tilke up
to 10 minutes to chink <tbour
each of rhcm. 1l1e solurions are
found on rhe following pages in
rhc annotations to the games.
Positions with a circled P can
be played against a computet

White wins, bur how? White to play and win

(see page 22) (see page 29)

a b c d e f g h

\XIi n in the face of disaster White co win Calculate all rhc way
(see page 15) (see page 25) (see page 33)

a b c d e f g b
Black co \Vin in one move \XIhice to calculate very well Accurate arrack
(see page 17) (see page 26-27) (see page 36)
Covered in this chapter squares of rhe same colour, we speak of a
uetwork of weal< squares."
• Typicallvlates & Focal Poinrs
• 1hrce Piece Arracks I personally find this paragraph of definitions
• Insurance Policies rather amusing, as ir is complex and nor
• Transformations particularly helpful for the practical player, if
anyone ar all. 1l1e reason why I am srarring
ln this chapter we will discuss the basic \Vith this quote is that I had wrirren a few
mechanics of mating attacks. We will do so pages rhar were going down the road of trying
b)· looking ar some basic theme'> and rhen to define what attacking chess is, rather chan
clabor::tting on them, ro sec how they work showing it, before I realised rhar I was smck
in practice. A good place to srart is wirh the and nor able to deliver my ideas in a format
ordinary. thar satisfied me.

Typical Mates & Focal Points Despite the fact rhat rhe theoretical basis for
the idea of focal points srands on this rather
I am nor sure if the notion of Jocal points has shaky foundation, which despite being
been used before in chess !ire.-ature, bur the technically con-ecr is of very lirrle use, it has
place where I first encoumered it and where it had a great impact on how people talk about
continues to meet new readers, was in Vladimir chess even today, more rhan forty years after
\'ukovic's famous book Art ofAttack in Chess, the book was written. I think this is mainly
which is considered by many ro be the best because Vukovic manages to elucidate various
book ever written abour arracking chess. 'fl1c aspects of attacking chess with great vitality
hook is an impre.<.sive looking brick, wri[[cn in and care, and leaves the reader with real
1965, which alternate.<. between giving bloated insights. Bur we do nor need to know a lor
theoretical de.<.criptions in the tradition of of definitions w understand that, though it
Kmoch's PriWJI Power i11 C!Jt'SS (a book which is usually easier to attack the opponent at h7
by itself has decreased rhc numbers of chess than g7 (mainly because of the easy access from
players in the world!) and some sophisticated rhe starring position for rhe king's bishop and
description of actual positions. knight), an attack on .....
g7 is in ueneral stronaer
~ b )
because the king will have a greater chance of
\'ukovic's dd1nirion of a l·ocal point goes as escaping if it is anacked on h7 than on g7. We
f"illlows: do nor need to know a complex terminology
to understand such insights, and luckily you
"If rhe anacker threatens mare or ac1 ually do not need to do so to follow Vukovic's
mares on these squares, rhey arc matingjocal- book.
poims, bur if he only harries the king from
rhem or uses them as points from which Another chapter in Vukovic's book g1ves
ro break inro rhe casdcd position, rhcy are some generic rnating positions rhac may
called strategic or twxilittl)' focrd-points. It seem more suitable for a beginner's book
may be that there is more rhan one mating than a sophisticated book on middleoame ~

focal-point, and in that case we speak of strategy, bur they do have the purpose to build
compmmd foCill-points. If there are many a foundation for the resr of the book. An
focal-point:. {both mating and .<.traregic) on example is the following configuration:
12 Attacking Manual 2

difficulr chess is. We need all the help we can

8 ~S*R
--,Y., ger ro play rhi~ game ju.sr on a decent level.
7 ~
'{ _.,/;
~ Developing a strong intuition for rhe arrack by
6 • R learning and mastering those seven principles
will definitely do this.
5 ~if
/JI -::


f g h lr is with rhis foundation rhar we progress

w this, the ~econd volume. Here we will
Only two chapters after presenring this
look at some of rhe typical scenarios that we
simple position, Vukovic goe~ deep inro the
encounter again and again when conducting a
Greek gift sacrifice with ~xh7t, ttJg5"1" and
direct arrack on rhe opponent's Icing. 'lhe firsr
iWh5, in scenados char are !";,11· from dear. He discussion will be of a typical mating parrern,
ha.s his own points to make abour rhis and I
one also found in Vukovic's book. However,
~rrongly recommend rhar you read his book to
just like Vukovic, I am nor simply wishing to
f-ind our what they are, as it i~ always useful give a mare in one exercise, bur ro rake chis
ro sec a ropic discussed from various points of
typical parrern and study it thoroughly, from
the perspective of borh the anacker and rhe
Nor surprisingly it 1s my intention in rhis
1he first panern is defined by a pawn on fG
book to present my understanding of rhe
reaming up wirh a queen on h6 to attack rhe
various rechniques and aspects of arracking
enemy king:
chess. I am a strong believer rhat chinking in
concepts can improve your chess and rhar to
consider certain patrem.s or srandard reactions
can greatly improve your playing strength. If
you are f:lmiliar with a lot of rhemaric ideas,
you will definitely find rhem more easily at rhe

0i~i- ;
Z., , /
,_____ ;.-;

~"' .-?

board. For instance, if you know that 1711 attack f ()"

.:> h
on th£' flmdl is best mel by a strike ill the cmtre,
1his is the archetypal position. Ler us
vou will invesrigare this option with a good
now f~1miliarise ourselves with some typical
~~cal more confidence chan if you had never
variarions on the posi rion, which we will be
cncoumered rhe concepr.
discussing in more detail over the nexr few
pages (for case of reading I will always rake
In rhe first volume of rhis book I presented
White as rhe attacking side, bur the principles
my seven global ideas, of which I am cerrain
will of course be jusr as relevant on rhe opposite
rhat we should have an inrimare knowledge,
side of rhe pitch).
if we want co be good arrackers. ·n1ey were
deliberately made so simple as ro make rhem
seem almost comical, and for rhis reason I gave
examples of very Hrong players viola ring them
again and again. Obviously rhosc stfOng players
had other ideas ~tnd somehow rhey did nor
"mrk our, bur we should also nor ovcresrimare
rhe human ability or undcresdmatc jusr how
f g h
Chapter 1 ~ Undersmnding ivlaring Anacks 13

\Vhitc has just played rhe knight ro g5 and

Black wi11 h~tvc w give up hi~ rook in order co
,l\·oid mare.

d e f g h
The final position shows a combination that
d e f g h arises rather infrequently. Here \'<!.hire can
decide the game wirh 1.\Wxh7i"! ~xh7 2.hxg6
\X'hire has che- chance ro decide rhe game
\\irh LWlg7t, winning a rook due to the
In what follows I will give rhirteen relevant
hanging queen on d8.
pracrical examples from games played by
good players. During my research, I round ir
8 striking rhat serious mistakes were commitced
rnore often than not. If I had to guess, I
7 ~-- }~-~-/~-" -~ would attribute the mistakes to the players;
6 i~.t.ii insufficicnr familiarity with rhe relevant
5 ~~----%~~{ .. /. patterns, nor forgetting rhe simple fact that
-~~ ::#d chess is just difficult!
e f g h
David Berczes - Simon Widmer
Black cannoc defend f7 in this posicion, bm
~.:ven if he was able to do so, Whire would ltave
Bid 2005
che deciding tacric l ..§:c8!, diverting/pinning
rhe rook on g8 and dms taking control over
rhe g7 -square.

8 ~
~ ~
:z ~~ / ~----'
7 .t.~i
;j:j'Y.->i$&:-"'' "
6 i~i-
%... J~~
__ j
4 ~"" ~y
~ :::;;;,;:

f 0
e> h
Black h<lS m;.maged to comml the viral a b c d e f g h
g7-squarc, bur if White is co move, he \vould 11le llrst example sraiTS at a point where the
have 1.iWxh7i"! ~xh7 2J~h4 mare. However, play~r leading the black pieces is on rhe way
Black ro play would be able ro defend wich m inflicting a big upset againsr an opponenr
1... g5! followed by 2 ... B:g6!, repulsing the rated more than 300 points higher, when the
queen. following accident happens:
14 Attacking Ivlanual 2

25 .. JMxf5? Objectively, White is probably doing rather

If Black had taken with the pawn on f5 he well in this position. Black has no easy rargers
would not only have prevented anyrhing bad lO attack around the white king, even if ir

from happening, but would also have been able does look rather vulnerable. The best way
to use the open g-file for aggressive measures. ro conrinue would probably be to get the
bishop to c6 and start undermining rhe black
26.~h3! Wfhs queens ide with the idea of eventually attacldng
Black must have believed that he had his kingside from the flank.
everything under control ar rhis point. Great
must his disappoinrmcnr have been, upon In rhe game White chose another srraregy,
se~ing White's nexr move. which can at best be called suicidal. He decided
ro exchange probably his best piece, rhe knighr
27.~g5! on d4, for what is surely an ineffective piece
'!here is no good way for Black ro defend f7. of wood on f3, albeit theoretically of higher
Taking the queen allows a smothered mare: value, and in the process promote the pawn
on g4 from being in the way of the knighr ro
being a cold-hearted killer on f3.

You can argLtc rhar this was the basis of a

miscalculation, bur Kaenel is nor a weak player
and would nor have made this type of error if
f g h
he had possessed a deep understanding of rhc
1-0 relevant rhemes.

"lhis pattern is more olren seen in posmons

28.~xf3? gxf3 29.@hi
\vhcre Black gets his queen ro f8 ro expel rhe
White seems m be under the illusion rhar
white queen from h6, as we saw above, and as
his king can be defended. But even if he had
is rhe case in the following example.
nor been losing ro rhe trick played in the
Hansjuerg Kaenel- Meinrad Schauwecker game, it would srill be an error of judgement
ro enrer such a volatile position willingly,
Swiss Championship 2001 considering rhar his position was so promising

29 ••. Wfe6?
Black commits an inaccuracy. Instead
29 ... ~h5! 30J~gl Wh3 would transpose to
the game, wirhour allowing the possibility
mentioned in rhe following nore.

1his loses in the way we have already seen
in the previous example, this rime wirh rhe
queen on the more typical fl-square. lnsread
ir was possible for White ro defend his king
a b c d e f g h
Chaprer l - Understanding Maring Attacks 15

b~- advancing rhe g-pawn, something thac we Ketevan Araldtamia-Grant- Stephen Peters
will sec is a quire common defensive possibiliry
from rhis generic position. Port Erin 2000

The line l have analysed includes a few nice

racrics and eventually l~ads ro a draw: 30.g4!
::Jxg4 31.8:gl ~g6 32.~d2 ~xh2 33.~d7
~~xgl 34.~xg4 1.f?-lh6t 35.~xgl 1Wg6 36.~h2
'gd6t 37.~h3 ®h6"1 .18.~g3 ~d6·;- with an
odd reperirion of moves.

30 ... Wfh3 3I.1Wfl ~g4!

a b c d e f g h
\XIhite is faced with the strong rhreat of
... t!Jg4 and did not find an adequate reply. It
was necessary ro disturb the black coordination
for long enough to rurn rhe d-pawn from
a mere player inro a match wi nncr. A bit of
positive thinking was required, as White
is surptisingly winning after 36.CLJf5!!. 'The
relevant line goes: 36 ... CLJxfS 37.d7! and
a b c d e f 0
h wirh rhe threar of ~xf5 it seems rhat Black
has nothing better chan 37 ... 'LJh6. Bur here
\Xlhite must have been horrified ro see this
White has time for 38.~e8 or 38.~d6, both of
move. 1l1ough he had p1·obably seen a similar
which decide rhe game in White's £wour as the
theme before, somehow ic had slipped his
d-pawn is unsroppable.
mind. He tried to give up a rook, bur the
marerial ddicit was much too great for him w
In \.vhar I suspect was rime trouble White
obtain any hope of survival.
followed a less convincing strategy.

32.gg2 fxg2t 33.1Wxg2 1Wxg2t 34. ~xg2 36.Wfe6?? ~g4 37.1Wxg4 Wfxg4
hal 35.gxal gxf2t 36.~h3 .tc8 37.~h4 0-1
gxh2t 38.~g5 ~g7
0-1 One thing rhar surprised me when I was
researchh1g our archerypal posirion was char
:\t rimes a knight: jump ro g4 Gm ~eem so rhe number of positions featuring the above
convincing that ir disarms us of our confidence, parrern, involving a knight moving ro g5 (or
which I imagine is Olle of the ingredients in g4), is very low. In the vasr majority of games,
rhe foHowing disascer, rhe orher being possibly rooks were the main helpers in the arrack,
tirne rmuble. eirher against h7 or by plnning the g8-rook.
16 Acracking Manual2

Juan Trejo -Mariano Fraschini 20.axb51l:Vd7 2L<i>hl

lr is probable rhar White should have played
Argemina (ch) 2000 2l.~a3! ar this point. Our basic principle of
including all rhe pieces in the attack or in the
I.e4 cS 2.CDf3 CDc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.CDxd4 eS defence is just as valid in chis book as it was in
s.lDbS d6 6.lDlc3 a6 7.lDa3 b5 8.lDd5 the flrsr volume. A possible continuation could
CDge7 9.c4 CDd4 lO.cxbS ~xdS ll.exdS be 2l...e4 22.~hl when22 .. J~f5!? is likely to
~e7 12.~d3 0-0 13.0-0 f5 14.ie3 CDxbS be rhe best move, although I have my doubts
I;.lDxbS axbS I6.hb5 f4 17.~d2 f3 18.g3 as co whether rhe final evaluation will be to
E:b8 19.a4 Black's sarisfacrion afcer 23.~gl, preparing g3-
Also 22 ... ~xb'5 23.ic3 feels like a slighr but
secure edge for \Vhite. Black can still create an
attack though, with the following rather nutty
continuation: 23 ...e3!? 24.fxe3 .f2 25.~g2
~d7 26.g4 ih4 27 .h3 h5 and although I do
nor believe in Black's position, rhe game still
appears ro be lively.

21. •.1l:Vh3?
1l1is is too oprimisck. After this Whice could
ccrrainly have made more om of his b~pawns,
as we shall see in rhe analysis.

21...\Wxb5 would have been a good move.

Black is likely co follow up with ... ic8-f5-d3
to dominate che lighc squares. lr is possible
rhar Whire would be able to demonstrate an
19... E:xb5!? adv;mrage with accurate play, but this would
"TI1is is a very interesting decision, which by no means be easy.
i<> rewarded larer on in the game when Black
obtaim serious attacking chances on che liglu 22.E:gl ~g4

Neverrhdcss, rhe alternative 19 ... id7! \>vas

objectively preferable. I think the simpleH
reply tor White would be ro aim at rhe f3-pawn
immcdiarely with 20.!;a3!. ·n1en Black can
mke on bS and be fully in the game, or gamble
wirh rhe more ambitious, bm ultin1ardy
weaker 20 ... e4?!, which brings a serious risk of
overstretching his position. In rhe J,·mer case,
afrer 2U~e I Black will nor have rhc time ro
exchange the bishops and ger rhe queen ro h3,
no matter how much he may desire it.
a b c d e f (J
Chapcer 1 -Understanding Macing Acracks 17

w 4~•
23.t::~a 24.®'fl??
'lhis oversighr (\vhich Black, in turn, "lhis mismke rclls a scory of a bad day, where
rcdprocaces) is an indkmion rhar the players even the most basic tactic is missed. There was
had nor seen the following racrical motif no reason for things going this wrong.
Instead White could have <lChicved a 24.gxg4!
dt:'dsive advantage wirh both 2:>.~fl and Ihis would have kept \Vhire in the game.
rhc follo·wing beauriful line, in which Whirc 24 ... Wlxg4
combines the domina don of the black rook by 24 ... .:Sh5? 25.:Bh4! would give White the
pinnil'lg it down, and preventing rhe ... ~xh2·t necessary time to eliminate the f3-pawn. and
combination by being rc~tdy ro give up the thus protect the king from g2.
queen on h5: 25.b6
Boch players have rheir assets ar this point.
2J.Wc2! :Bf5 24.~c8"f .if8 (24 .. J~f8 25.VNc7 Black is hoping co deliver mate and White
:Bf5 26.~xe7! and \Vhite wins) 25.~e6i' <;:t;h8 has a good extra pawn on b6.
26.We8! <iig8 27.b6 ~h5 28.~xh5 Wfxh5 29.b7 ~d8
25 .. J:!:h5 26.\Mffl
-n1e whire pawn reaches the elghch rank and In the view of a compmer rhis position is
decides rhc game, as Black no longer h~1s che about equal at firsr glance, bu£ eirher you
firepower co create meaningful dueacs against can assi.sc it, or allow ic ro think long enough
rhe white king. to come up with rhis beautiful ·win:
27.b7 ic?
'lhis variation is of course nor forced, for
example it was possible co play 2'5 ... :Bf7, bur
\\/'hire rerains a winning advantage all chc same
with 26.~e8, conrinuing w harass the black

23 ... !3f5~
Bbck is seeking a smndard combination and
on rhe way misses om on 2J ... '&g2t!:

·nli.s is a sensational move ro pur ir mildly.
-?8 •.• 'Wxa)-
'8 :::1

28 .. J~xg5 29.~b5 is nor much different.

From here rhe queen is performing rhree
1) rc is ready to go ro h4 to defend the king.
2) Ir b arracking the bishop on c?.
3) lr is nor on fl, which means iris no longer
1h h would have won a piece and the game
blocking in rhe rook on gl, which will shorrly
enter rhe game with decisive effect.
18 Arracking Manual 2

A possibl~ line could be: Robert Bator - Johan Andersson

29 ... 1JYh6 30.h4 ibs 31.1JYcS·I @17 32.1JYd7'f
~fs 33.1Wds·;· ~f7 Sweden (ream ch) 2005

;:~'{if~~fi'~~*-- 32Y~ ~
t~ -Ill~ ~~'
6 ... r.d'#~~-;A"~

5 ~~ ~W'"'~JP.WJ?
4 ~~~~-
3~WA~i f.~·~
2 ~~%~~ ~~ ,;.~
a b c d e f g h ~-~~- ~.. _..,}; .. -~~ -~~· .. ?
34.;ga 1! 1 ~ • ~m:s=-
And White wins. a b c d e f g h
Ler us rcmrn to the game. 29J!e3! with the idea of eliminating the
annoying f~pawn would have won the game
more or less instantly. It is interesting that rhe
defenders often seem more happy ro endure a
strong arrack, than to srop it in its infancy by
returning a bit of materiaL

29...iWh3 30J~gl E:fS?

Rarher !'nechanically played, jusr as in rhe
previous game Trejo - Fraschini. 1his move
should have cosr Black rhe game, bur instead
claimed an aimosc insrant victory.
Afrer rhc correct 30 ... g5! the threat of mate
would have been quire serious, and \Y./hire
would have ro come up wirh 3l.'lMle6! to keep
24 ••. \M/xh2t! the position unclear. The black attack would in
0-1 other words be strong enough to claim a free
queen, bm this is only enough to equalise the
"lhe following game looks more like a comedy material count.
of errors rhan a serious game. \Y./e have all been
there and you ~hould not be mistaken, Robert
B;uor i~ a solid and knowledgeable int:ernarional
·1 his is at least as bad as the previous rwo
master, rllDugh on rhis day he was E1r from his
mistdkes in the game.
best. But, even though the game i~ not ct great
\X'irh 3l.'IWe6! White could have achieved an
oncj i r does hold some interesting variations ro
ea . . ily winning position. 'fi1e rook cannot come
our rherne.
Chap[er 1 ~ UnJerstanding Mating Attacks 19

to h5 withouc exchanging rhe queens and rhc Bogdan Burlacu - Mihai Grunberg
normal combinarion wirh ... ~xh2t does nor
work as \Xfhire has V:Yh3 to shield rhe king. After Brasov2004
3! .. )21f6 \'V'hirc would have plenty of freedom
w play 32.g4! \vhen the gan1e is efl:cctivcly over 8
because of 32 ... lbxg4 .33J3xg4 \Wxg4 34J~gl.
b·en if Black was able w prevent rhc a~pawn 7
from promoring, he would nor be able ro save 6
rhe rook on f).
3I .. J~h5 32.~h4 ~xh4 33.gxh4 4
a b c d e f g h
24...\ixe2 25.ixg7 \ie3t!
An imporram incennediace move. \'V'hite is
denied rhe h6-squat·e, for now.

It is important to ger off' che firH rank, as we
shall see, bm even on h2 the king is not ideally
a b c d e f g h placed.
Ouch, whar .a cold ~hower rhis musr have 26... 'i!?xg7 27.ffit 'i!?h8 28.~e7!
bet>n. Whice complccely missed rhar when rhe Whire is harassing rhe black queen, fighring
g-pawn moves, rhis arrack becomes possible. for the h6-sq uare.
:vlare h ncar, so he resigned.
0-1 28 ...\id2!
The white queen cannor be allO\ved to get
·lhe following game differs slighdy from rhe to tht:! h6-square, as the attack would become
one jusr covered as Black has no other way very dangerous. 1he following Hne illustrates
ro play for an advantage than w accepc the rhe point: 2S ... W'd3? 29.V:Yh6 ggg 30.E(x0
cha1lengc. Again we shall see ow basic rhemes g5 31.gg7! should give White very realisric
in a dyna.rnic serring. chances of winning r:he game. 'The rhreac is
32.17 wirh a rna[ing sequence, and the only
\\7hite has given up a few pawns, bur in move that blocks this idea, 31 ... ~g6, does not
rerum he hll.S a rook on chc seventh rank and seem coo comfor·ting.
a real atmck on the black king. Black com~crly
evalu.lfes char the only way ro fight for an 29.~dl! ~c3
advantage is ro accept the offered piece and cry Preventing 30.~h6 by nnacking rhe all-
to ride our rhe srorrn. imponam f-pawn.
20 Anacking Manual 2

30.E:fl! \'\/hire is winning and Black finally ceased

Renewing the rluear of®'h6. his resisrance on move 61.

"lo understand all rhc tricks in these situations

i~ jusr as important for rhe defender as it is for
rhc attacker, sometimes even more so. Here is
,l good example:

Vladimir Talla - Jiri Kociscak

Banska Sriavnica 2006

8 ~;
~ ~~
~---J ~*-~
~///,'//. ~
7~ ~ ~-
6 ~~-~-~~~j~
~ ~ ~ L--~ o

~ ~ ~

"'" ·"~ ~-- ""-®if· ""W~
30 ... h5? would bring rhc weakness forward and
allow Whire to break rhrough with 31..§:f5!
2 -~f~~~
forcing rhe following line: 3l ... W/d3 32 ..§:e4! 1•~~ B ~~~
when Black has to give up his queen, but cannot a b c d e f g h
mkc borh rooks. True, after 32 ...1Wxc4 33.1Wxe4 Even though White would .srill have a
8c7 he does have some ngluing chances, but perpetual check after 33 .g4 ~d 1!, there is no
it would be an uphill sn·ugglc. He should, reason to allow such tactics. White defended
however, certainly <l\'Oid 33 ... gxf5? when \Xlhirc ag<tinsr the armck and quicldy won due to his
mates wirh 34.~f4 ~h7 3S.1Wg5 .§:g8 36.1Wxh5. rh ree exrra pawns.

The winning line starred wirh .10 .. J!g8!, not 33J~bel! E:dl 34.Wlb4!
fearing rhe fresh air afr:er .? l ..§:xf7, because of White has prevented Black from challenging
3l. .. WieSt 32.~f4 WlbS when rhe arrack h<L~ rhc control over g2. Now all rhar remains is to
been repulsed, however unlikely it might seem. <Hlv.mce rhe a-p<lWn towards rhe eighth rank
and claim rhe victory.
31.1Mfh6 E:g8 32.E:e8!
Black ftlr some reason W<lS nor aware of this 34 ...i.f8 35.c5 @hg 36.a4 h5 37.a5 ~8d7
simple move. 38.a6 h4 39.g4 ~xel 40.®xel E:g7 4l.Wlfl
32 ...1Mfe51'
Sadly rhe only oprion. 1l1e following example combines the idea of
b b
rhe kni2:hr co g5 with an arrack on both
u .....

33.E:xe5 rhe seventh and the eighrh ranks.

Chapter 1 -Understanding Maring Attacks 21

Thomas Oparaugo - Vitaly Malykin Black will eirher ny ro play ...a5 and ... b4
to obrain coumerplay, or .. .f6 ro improve his
Bundesliga 2005 defensive capabilities.


a b c d e f g h
20... e6~
Ir is maybe a bit hard to Imagine, but afrer
rh is move Black is already in a lot of trouble.
\\'hire's exploitation of his opponenr's mistake
!) worthy of great praise.

The reason why rhis is a bad move and why T

think very few grandmasters would have nude 'lhe most: tenacious move was 2l...gxf5 even
rhfs mistake, is char th~ dark square~ are now rhough White will keep a wlid edge wirh
~o weak char rhey resemble Swis.<. cheese. 22.exd6, when the d-pa:wn is likely to be a
I can undet-scand why many players would strong asser in what is ro come.
rhink that rhc move secures the bishop's
posicion in rhe cenrre, and if there is no faulr 22.f6
ro be found wirh ir, go ahead and play it. Establishing our rheme, the exploitation of
But chess has rwo dimensions, ont:: shore ~u1d the dark squares around che king.
nne long term. So even if, in rhe short term,
rhcre is no fault ro be found with rhe move, 22 ... ~h8 23.~h6 ~g8
rhe grandmaster would be a bit reluctanr l11e first crisis has been averred.
weakening rhe dark squares around his king
unnecessarily. 24.llJf3!
'fl1e rhrear of lUg5 creares rhe second cl'isis
.20 ... dxe5 2l.fxe5 Wb6 wich chances both ways for Bbck .
- rhoLtgh adminedly with a bir more acdon
on rhe kingside than Bh1ck would ideally want 24 ...~b6t 25. ~h2! hf3
- was che bcsr wav forward. J rhink Whire The second crisis has been averted, buc a
should play 22.E:f2 with ideas such as '&h6, third one emerges from rhe horizon.
~dfl and h4-h5 in some combination, while
22 Armcking Manual 2

·n1e next example popped up serendipitously

while I was edirirg Carlsen - Aronian for
ChampiouJ of the New Millennium, which
you will find on page 108 of rhar book. The
opening is the same and the finale involves a
nice linle trick based on our standard parrcrn.

Svetozar Gligoric - Evgeny Sveshnikov

Sochi 1986

26 ... g5
1he most beautiful line ;uiscs afr~r 26 .. J!c7~
when we return to basics: a b c d e f g h
Thb wonderful move not only diverrs rhe
black pieces, it also clear-s the third rank for the
b3-rook, which is ready ro deliver mate only
three moves from now.

27 ... ia8
Black cannot cake the bishop, as his entire
defence is based on tying down the white
queen to the defence of g2. One typical line is
27 ... i.xa6 2SJWh6 ggs 29.1'Nxh7t! and Black
is mared.

27 ,gxf7 .ie4 28JU8! 28J!g3 was even suonger, the computer
The path for the f-pawn is cleared. informs us, but rhe text move was sufficient
and Gligoric did not need any assistance to
fini~h rhe job.
28... gc7 29.f7 gxf7 30.g8xf7
And finally Black h~td to resign.
28 .. ,:gxc8 29.gfbl d3 30.:gxd3 ~c231.gdb3
1-0 ie4 32.gh8 Wfxhl t 33.gxbl bbl 34.~b5
Chapter l - Understanding iv1aring Attacks

~e4 3SJ~Yd7 gfg 36.Wfxa7 h6 37.g4 @g8 25 ... hxg6 26.~b5

38.Wfe3 ~dS 39.f5 @h7 40.fxg6t @xg6 'l11c posicion is probably prerry balanced
41.Wfe5 gas 42.Wfh5t @xf6 43.Wfxh6t @e7 here, but wirh a subtle trick Danielsen still
44.1.Wf4 gc8 45.g5 g,4 46.\Wf6t @e8 47.h3 managed to omplay his opponenr in the rime
:Sc2 48.h4 gg2t 49.@fl gg3 so.Wfh8t @d7 scramble.
51.a4 ga3 52.\WfS galt 53.@f2 eS 54.WfcS
~hl 55.\WxeS gxa4 56.h5 !c6 57.h6 26... @g7 27.ge2 ghs 28.h4 gh5 29.Wff3
1-0 WffS 30.Wfxf5 gx5 3l.~c6 ~f8 32.f4 gh5
33.gbl e6?
In my early rwcmks I rcmernber watching
rhe following gam~ live and being quire
~xcired wich rhc nice liulc combination I had 8
~1< .,. .. ~
~~L -~-~ ~
found. Togerhcr with others I was debating

Danielsen\ chances of passing che magical
2500 and claiming rhe grandma~ter title after ~?! ~ ~%•.. % ... %
~lS~ ~£
he had won chis garne. "lhc proragonisr was
rhinking and chinking, bur afrer a long rime
he played something else. 3 ~~~~'f. jr~--- ~
Henrik Danielsen - Carsten Hoi ~ ~" ~~ f ... J

Randers 1996 2 .. ,~~~r

a b c d e f g h
34.a5! bxa5 35.dxe6!
Wirh three unired pawns against the three
separated pawns White has an advantage
alr~ady, even rhough the black position does
nor appeat· to be lost.

3S ...fxe6
35 .. J~e7!?

36.~f3 ghh 7!!

36 ... :!%f5 37.gxc6 rJ;f7 should be okay.

37J~!xe6 gan
Afrcr the game 1 immediardy ran co Henrik 37 ... ~f7!? 38.~d5 :!%h5 was rhe bcsc defence,
and asked: "Did you nor sec ir?" and burst our bur \Vhite is winning a pawn and has very real
chc following moves: 25.gxc7 .!he7 26.f(l
winning chances.

''Of course I did,'' Hcnrik ~aid, "hut I also saw 38.gxg6 a4 39.~d5 a3 40.gel gh8 4I.ge2
that after 26 ... ~e6! I would struggle even to be ~d442.gxd6
okay." J was stunned by chis move, which 1 still 1-0
find greatly impt·e.ssivc to this d:ly.
24 Attacking Iv1anual 2

There is only ont> fin<\1 parrern char remains for Manfred Hein - Heinz Thiele
us to look ar. I was a hit surprised that ir has
occurred so rarely in pracrLcal play, hut as I love Bavaria 1996
it, I bent the pattern a bit to include two really
b~auciflil examples, rhar unfortunarely did nor Whire broke through with the follmving
have a pawn on f6. beautiful sacrifice.

Bur first, ler u.s see rhe standard panern in


Flavio De Mayolas -Alejandro Bernier

u~huai:l 2004

27.f!h6t WxgS 28.f!lh5t ~f4 29.~fl!

\'V'hite can win chi& position in several ·ways,
bur chose rhe mare in rhree.

3I.~h6 f!g8 32.Wfxh7t! ~xh7 33.hxg6


A~ said, I cheated wirh the nr:xr rwo examples,

as rhere are no pawns on f6, but (he pos[rions
arc so inspiring rhar 1 hope rhe l'C<tdr:r will
lotgive m.e.

Despite the absence of rhis important pawn,

rhc next nvo position:. are closely <lSSociared
wirh our rheme. ln rhe end I tound them to be Black resigned. He is rnated by one of
simply incsistible, and l hope the reader v'lill \XIhite's knights on rhe nex[ move.
fr:d the same way, 1-0
Chapter 1 - Understanding Maring Anacks 25

I found the final example of rhis section in

rhc dambase while doing a random ~earch on
~he queen sacrifice. T was and concinue w be 7
urrerlv amazed rhar ic is not a complete classic 6
,md thar~ having pawed my way through
2.lmosr every classic book on combinations, I 5
rud never seen ir before. 4

Bakalec- Viktor Shishkov 3

Dniprop~rrov.sk 1966

a b c d e f g h
29 .fxe8::::~ t!!
Black resigned, as he is abour ro lose

Three Piece Attacks

1 am not: sure where rhis idea was firsr put

forward, but !like Colin Crouch's description
of ir in Attacking Technique. As he gives no
source it is nor impossible that he came up wirh
a b c d e f g h
ir hirn1.df, bur on rhe other hand ir was nor as
26.\Wxh7t!! common co give your sources ac the time the
ll1b is of cour~e nor surprising to us, bur I book was written. Anyway, what he says is:
h.n·e a feeling rhar it was a great shock for poor
~hishkov. "To conduce a successful kingside arrack,
Given the chance, Black would play 26 ....~c6 you musr be prepared to sacrifice, while
.1nd be absolutely fine, so rhe queen sacrifice being careful to ensure that you have enough
really is the only way co play for a win. material in 1·eserve m force checkmate. In
general, a successful king.side arrack will need
26 ... <i>xh7 27.hxg6t <i>g7 at least three pieces panicip~lring; one to be
17 ... ~g8 28.gxf7 ITtare is a beautiful image sacrificed and nvo ro give checkmate."
.1) well.
Ar first when you look at successful attacking
28.gxf7t !1Jgs games you will get the feeling that rhis is not
In rhis posicion there are no fe\ver than tour as common a phenomenon as Crouch suggests
winning tnovcs, but che choice is an illusion. in his book, bur once you dig deeper, you
·nlcy are ,tJ] ba.<.~d on chc ability w promore to will see that it is accually quire common that
.1 lcnighr. \XIirh a dear sen~e of aesthetics, rhere are three pieces that have tbis shal'ing of
Bakalec choose the mosr direct rourc ro workload; one to sacrifice himself co open up
\-icrory. ro chc king, one co assist and one co deliver
26 Arracking Manual 2

checkmate, The simplest example i.s the Creek Murray Chandler- Dimitrios Anagnostopoulos
gift !>acrifice, which we have already briefly
looked at in irs generic form. Here it is with a London 1989
bic more background, still very sim:ple ...
l.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.~c3 liJf6 4.i.g5 i.e7 5.e5
Sergei Ovsejevitsch- Christian Koeffner tlJftl7 6 ..ixe7Wxe7 7.f4 0-0 8.~f3 c5 9.Wd2
~c6 10.0-0-0 a6 ll.dxc5 ®xc5 12.i.d3 b5?
Erhendorr 2006 Ic is surpl'ising that this position has arisen
quite a number of rimes. "I11e Greek gift
!>acri flee is che overwhelmingly most popular
move, bm with many orher moves played, it
only makes up about half of the games. Of che
rh rt'e grandmasters rhar ha.ve had rhis position,
only one played the sacdficc, which proves jusr
how hat·d it is w find rhe point as expressed
on move 17 and 18. Mecking played 13.g4 in
1975, when his rating was ac ics peak ar 2610
(and rhac was a lot of money h~Kk then ... L
\vhile Ivanchuk, che occasional World Number
One, played l3.h4 against Tukmakov in 2006,
albdt in a rapid game.

A~ chess databases were still in their infancy

in 1989 ir is unlikely char Chandler had
pr<:pared dte sacrifice at home, which only
goes ro resdfy ro rhe exrensive srrengrh he had
15.\WhS in the lare 1980s. 11Iesc days he is of course
1l1is is rhe three piece rule in pracrice. 1llc mainly known as the money-man in Gambit
bishop has sacrificed ir~elf~ the k n ighr is assisting chess publica.cions, although he condnues co
rhe queen., in this case by dcf~nding her, and panicipate in and win tournaments.
big rn.omma creates general deva.smdon.

15 .. J~e8 I6.Wxf7t ~h8 17.®h5t ®g8

18.'Wh7t ~f8 19.Wh8t ~e7 20.Wxg7 mate.

Ler's ;IdvQnce quickly from rhis clean version ro

a more complex example, <l brillianr miniarure
by tvfurray Chandler. First we cncounrer the
basic version of the Greek gift: S<lcrifice, bm
as Black is not allowing himself co be mared
wirhouc a fight, the arrack goes through srages.
Eventually a third piece comes ro support rhe
arracl< wirh decisive cftecr, which seems co
vindicnre the three piece rule.
Chapter I - Understanding Maring Anacks 27

13..ixh7t! ~xh7 14.lDg5t ~g815.iWd3

The opening moves are nor roo hard to
:lnd. I gave chis exercise to a group of juniors
levelling from 2100 to grandmasrer, bur none
of them managed ro find a way forward afrer
Bl.lck's be.sr reply.

~ 8'
b- ... t::!>e.
The only junior rhar decided rhar rhe
~acrifice was indeed correct had overlooked
rhis tenacious defence, which leave~> the
dS-square vacanr for rhe Heemg Icing.
a b c d e f g h
In most games Black has prderrcd the lesser 1his is rh.e posmon that could have been
option of: rhe challenge for Mecklng and Ivanchuk. 1he
1=i ••• ~d8?! 16.®h7i" ~f8 L7.~h8t @c? standard method with checking on h8 does
1S.1Wxg7 nor do rhe job, so it can be easy to give up on
:'-J"ow Black has to delend rhe 17-pawn wirh: rhis entire tactical idea without inspecting the
18 .. J~f8 orher options more closely. 1here are no clear
1he following cacric has not been missed by reasons why there should be a special solution
.my of the white players fortunate enough to in tb is position at first glance.
obw.in this posirion, and has in most cases However, upon closer in.<.pecrion this
led ro immediate resignation. opinion changes. lhe cemre is pretty solid and
the black pieces are not that well placed. lhe
queen can only enter rhe garne via e3 and rhe
queenside is simply om of play. Maybe this is
what made Chandler think a bit deeper. Or
perhaps he rook a gamble, reasoning rhar when
you h<tve the chance to deliver such a strong
blow ro the opponent's position, it is worrh the
risk considering that the rewards for finding a
.<.trong follow-up v·muld be high.

a h c d e f g h After I7.~h8t \t>e7 18.Wfh4 both 18 ... ~f8

and L8 ... f6 lead to a very murky position,
JlJ.CL\xe6! ~xe6 20.~xd) ~dt
where it is had ro say if rhe posicion is just
20 ... %Vxd5 2 I .f5t
balanced, or if it is better for one of the
2l.~b 1 ct:Jb4 22.fhd7!
players. I honestly do nor know. 1l1e problem
1l1is is the main line and also what happened
ror Whire is rhar the manoeuvre ... ct:Jc6-e7-g6
in Scellwagen- Ma Yu. Groningen 1999. Now
defends rhe k:lng brilliantly.
Black gave up his rook on fS due ro 22 ... ~xd7
23.\Wf6 mate, but tound no peace. Afrer the check White can also rake the pawn
with 18.1Mlxg7, but in rhb case Black will nor
I6.iWh7t ~f8 rranspose tO rhe previous 11ore vvirh lS .. J~ffi,
28 Attacking Manual 2

but reply 18 ... ct?d8!, when either l9.l2Jxf7·! 20.CDce4! d.xe4 2l.~xd7! !xd7 22.VJ/h8t @e?
~c7 20.CDd6 ge7 or 19.\Wxt7 VJ/e7 would 2J.VJ/f6t ~f8 24.VJ/xf7 mace.
result in unclear consequences. Wbire surely
has compensation for rhe piece, bur Black has 18.~h7t!
managed ro stabilise his defences and should be Even this move can be very hard to ~ee. "l11e
enrering rhe middlcgame with equal chances. point is revealed on rhe very next move.

All in all, rhese lines only extend rhe admiration 18.VJ/h8t? ~e7 19.VJ/xg7 was played in K.
I have- for Chandler's following moves. Runirez- Nur Shazwani, Turin Olympiad (w)
2006. Here the accurare reply would have been
17.Wlh5!! 19 ... b4! 20.CDce4 Wfe3t 2l.ct?b1 '1Wxf4 22.ltJd6
1l1 is quiet move is rarher .surprising, but at VJ/xc5 23.ltJxeH V9xg7 24.ltJxg7 ~f6 with a
the same rime nor rbar LlllCOmrnon in rhe gantes complex endgame that I have a feeling mighr
with the Greek gift sacrifice. 1he poinr here is be a tad better for Black.
to attack the f7-poim:, obviout.ly, and thereby
force Black to place his pieces awkwardly. 18 ... '.i?g8
18 ... ~e7 does nor work on account of
17 ... ttJd8 19.V9gSt.
"There <lre no fully saristaccory moves, bur
rhc rexr has rhe advamage of nor being easy
to refute.

17 ... g6 is another candidate, bur rhc sdtf

cold wind Harming through the cracks in th~
black srrucwre is worrying. lr is nor a great
surprise rhar) after the ba~ic moves 18.~h8i'
~e7 19.VJ/h4 ct?fs, \Vhitc has a few cliA-erem
ways to win the game. One of rhern is by
ex rending rhe rhree-piece rule to <l four-piece
coordination whereby che c3-knighr and rhe
dl-rook sacrifice rhemsdvcs ro pave rhe way
for rhe knight on g5 and the queen and their a b c d e f g h
bloody arnbirion. Ir seems as if \Vhire has somehow executed
the whole Greek gift idea the wrong way- the
knight is supposed ro assist the queen, not the
other way around! But just as we thought that
the knight was a suppon:ing actor, we find out
th,n he is a simple exrra that can be disposed
of. Oh) rhe queen's favour is hard earned, but
e;lsily lose.

Onto rhe scene comes a powerful new
u b c d e f g h as~istanr. From h3 the rook will support the
Chaprcr 1 - Understanding Mating Attacks 29

queen fl.dly ~md cogether the C\Vo will dance off it sounds. 1 have given chis position co a lot
into the sunset (burning down che villages). of p{ayers; it takes a player rated about 2000
on average about six minutes ro find it. After
19 .. J~tt'e7 40 ...1Wxd4t 4I.g4 %Vb4 we ger to the following
Black has no defence. 19 ...1Wc4 can be mer position, where we have our three piece
with the simple 20.ItJd) and 19 .. l~f2 loses phenomenon. 1his rime ir is rhe queen that
to rhc prercy 20.~8 1Wxg2 2I.~b3 1!t-fxhlt will sacrifice itself, ro divert rhe black queen.
2V1.Jcl 1, when it will be White's turn to deliver 111en rhe \Vhite king will assist the g-pawn ro
checks in just a momem; and his checks will deliver mare. It might look as jf this position
hurt. is very different from the standard Greek gift
sacrifice, bur rhe building blocks are rhc same.
20J!h3 f6 21.lt1xf6t lLlxf6 22.exf6

TI1e three piece phenomenon can also happen

in whar might seem co be a more w~1rped buc
esscnrially identical scenario. In rhe follov~·ing
position Morozt:vich was deariy in time
trouble and missed a ractic he would have
found in a few seconds if he had nor been in
rhc timdi·ame of urgency.

Alexander Morozevich - Levon Aronian

Mordia/Un.u·es 2.007

It should be said that White can also win with

38.@h4!? .\;xe3 39.1Wd8t ges 40.1Wxe8t ~g7
41.f6t @xf6 42.1Wh8t ~c7 43.ti.Jc6t as found
by Keti Arakhamia-Gram.

In the game \Xfhite played worse.

38JU3? ~fl
1 have no idea if Aronian saw the
aroremenrioned combination and gambled
that Morozcvich would miss it once again.

Objectively better, bur as we can sec, practically

much worse, would have been: 38 ... ~e8
39.fxg6 ~e1 t, where Black might hope to
survive the ending. Bm hel'e Whirc has a
great win in 40.~f2 fxg6 4I.tLle2!!, which
30 Attacking !V[anual 2

)Vforozevich undoulHcdly would have found, Magnus Carlsen - Sergei Movsesian

considering that the key move occur.'. on
!llove 41, after the rime conrrol. 'lhe forced lvfo~cow (Blitz) 2008
line conrinues: 41 .. ,ge3t (41...ga8 42.~h2
kave.'. Black wanting. e.g. 42 ... iWd2 43.iWc6!
8i:~.t~ ~~-~
and rhe rook is losr.) 42.i">h2 iWb4 43.ttJf4
Wie7 44.'1¥!xb6 and Black's lasr drawing trump, 7~ ~ ~i-i
rhe connected passed pawns, are no longer so 6 i.
~ ~ /.~
5~. ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~

Whire could srill win as in the nore above,
bur he was clearly our of time. 2
;;;?~i ~\1Ur%,F=ri ~
39 ... :Bxf3t 40.Wfxf3 Wfeli" 4l.~f4 hxg6 1 ~~ d'§~ ~
42.Wfxd5 Wff2t 43.ctJf3 a b c d e f g h
ivlorozevich had had enough and offered a
1 am sure rhar when Carlsen played this, he
was certain that he could always bail out with
a draw in rhe event rhar his opponenr managed
Understanding rhc rhrec piece principle on
to parry the threats.
an intuitive level will no doubt be beneficial
tor any arracker. 'lhere is clearly a difference
16.ttJg5 g6 17.tlJxh7 might look attractive,
between seeing the pieces simply as pieces, and
with the idea to play ~hSt and iWxc5. But
being able ro see rhem as a team, where rhere
Black can respond with a desperado sacrifice
are clear roles to be played: in rhis narrative, as
and claim back rhe pawn with 17... ~xf2t!,
a piece ro be sacrificed, a piece ro suppon and afrer which rhe position is close ro even.
a piece ro deliver mare.
16 ... ~xh7 17.ctJg5t ~g6
Insurance Policies 17 ... Wg8 18.l.Wh5 simply does not work.

Anorher important idea, of grc~H pracrical 18.Wfg4 f5

value for the attacker, is rhar of rhe insurance -lhis is rhe only move that offers any defence.
policy. 1he idea is simple: once we start an Black has to rake conrrol of rhe e4-square.
arrack, iris useful nor ro burn all of the bridges
and insread retain an oppomtnity to bail om, 18 ... @f6 is not an alrernative. It is nor clear
typically by forcing a draw by perperual check which way is rhe srrongesr for White ro
or some other form or repetition. It is much continue, bur either knight check on e4 would
et.'.ier to 'risk' a sacrifice when you know you pick ttp the bishop on c5 and leave White
will have at least a dn1\v. obviously winning.

ll1e first example of this is raken tl·om a recent 19.Wfg3 ~f6

blitz game. 19 ... Wh6 is not much different from the
game. After 20.iWh3t <J?g6 21.gadl ~e7
Chapter l ~Understanding 1\1ating Attacks 31

rhc sim.plesr move i~ 22.E:t;:5!. when Whirc is 3l.ltle2 ®h4 32.ltlf4t ~f7 33.h4 ll:Vxb2
winning. ll1c rhrears are 2.).g4, which will lead 34.E:dl ll:Vb3 35.E:d3 \Mtc4 36J~d6 E:e7
srraight to marc, and 23.2:xc5 W/xc5 24.Wih?·;· 37.~h2 aS 38.ll:Vg3 ~g8 39.:Sd8t
~f6 25.ltke4t, winning the queen. 1hcre is 1-0
no way rhar Black can defend rhis position.
T do not want co go roo deeply in to this
20.ltlh7t ~f7 21.ltlg5t ~f6 phenomenon, as I think rhe principle is easy
to understand; obviously we are more likely
ro risk the sacrince, when we know rhat we
can always bail out wirh a perpetUal check
or a repetition. At rhe same rime we should
nor focus too much on rhis option, as this can
distract us from nnding the best moves ar the
board. One example is rhc game Smovsky-
Predojcvic, featured on page 323 in Chapter
4. Everything was proceeding as planned until
rhe mornenr where rhe posslbiliry of forcing
a repetition apparently blurred rhe Israeli
grandmaster's evaluation of the position, and
made him miss no fewer rhan three wins[
a b c d e f g h
Carlsen has used rhc opcion of repeating the
position once aucomarically. bur rhcn staned co An advanrage in a chess position can be either
rhink. Now rhat we arc here, it is obvious rhat dynamic or static in character. An attack on the
White has a very promising arrack and iris not opponent's king \villusually fall under rhe first
necessary ro agree ro a draw jusr yt:t. However, category, whilst an advamage in material or
ir was useful ro have rhb option ar rhc lime pawn srrucntre would be the opposite. Chess
where the investment had robe made. is a game of transactions, and somerimes ir is
In rhe game the prodigy won rhe game with necessary to rradc one rype of advantage for
awesome precision, remembering rhar this was another. When rhc defending side goes w great
a blirz game. lengths to stave off the checkmating threats,
the attacker may have the opportunity to 'cash
22J~ad U ll:Ve8 in' his initiative ro obtain a different rype of
22 .. .11~c7 2_=>.®h4 @g6 24.E!d3 and 25.~g3 advantage, most commonly one of material.
wim rarher ea~ily. '1 he black king simply
cannot find any shdret·. 1 have chosen two games to showcase this
idea. In the first White sacrifices a pawn for an
23J~e5! ~b4 24.:Sdel E:a7 25.ll:Ve3 initiative and continuous pressure on the light
With the double threat of\Wxb6 and ~xe6t, squares, bur at one poillt chooses to go for an
which Black cannot meer in any dignified endgame instead of continuing rhe attack.
way. In the second game White has an
overwhelming attack, bur great defence means
25 ... ~g6 26JMfxh6 ~b7 27.~e3 ~d6 that all he can get our of it is a positional
28.ltlxe6 L:e5 29.lLlxf8t ll:Vxf8 30.fxe5 ~e6 advantage in rhe endgame.
32 Anacking Ivfanual 2

Oswaldo Zambrana- Guillermo Soppe mistake and lee it go. 27 ... d5!? 28.c5 €lbd7
29.1lxg6lilxg6 30.~xg6lilf6 was only a lirde
Havana 2005 bit better for \X!hite.

l.e4 tt.Jf6 2.e5 ttld5 3.tt.Jf3 d6 4.d4 ~g4 28.tt:le4 ~e7 29.ttlc3 Wfc8
5 ..ie2 e6 6.0-0 ~e7 7.b3 0-0 8.c4 ttlb6 29 ... ~a.S!? \vas perhaps berrer, but White has
9 ..ib2 tt.JSd7 IO.tt:lbd2 ~f5 ll.exd6 cxd6 a firm grip on the position in any case.
12.B:el aS 13.ttlfl a4 14.ttlg3 ~g6 15.~a3
Wfc7 16.b4 tt.Jf6 l7.ttlg5 axb3 18.a.xb3 tt.Jfd7
19.tt.JO tt.Jf6 20.lDgs ttlfd7 21.-ifl B:fes
22.~b4 ~xal 23.Wfxal h6 24.h5

\XIirh the moves 30.tilb5 ~d7 31.1la5 CLJc8

\XIhire could drive his opponcnr backwards,
bur his pieces would not be aiming at the
biggest weaknesses in the black position: the
24 ... ~xg5? pawn on g6.
Black mkcs an unnecessary risk, probably
ovcrescim<uing rhe value of thl:! pawn. After 30 ... d5 31.!xe7 B:xe7 32.c5ll:!bd7
24 ....tc2! 25.®b2 hg5 rhe po~irion is more 1his loses by force, bur also afrer 32 ... lLI<t8!?
or less equal. 3:>.lilb5tilc7 34.~d6 Whice's advantage would
be crushing.
2S.hxg6 fxg6 26 ..id3 tt:lf8 27.1Wbl
27.lile4 fle7 28.CLJd was porcnrially more 33.ttlxd5!
accurate, bm besides this small derail, rhe game 'lhough it may look as ifBlack has blundered
i~ performed perfccrly by Whire. away his extra pawn, rhe likelihood is that he
returned ic deliberately, thinking ic would
27 ... ~h7?! provide rhe best chance to save rhe game.
Holding on ro rhe ransom, but it was berrcr
to accept rhar rakm.g the pawn had been a 33 ... ~f7
Chapter 1 - Understanding Mating Artacks 33

More resistance was offered by 39 .. J:Vd7
7 40.dxe6t 1:Vxe6, when Black would be a few
moves up on rhe pawn ending. However,
Whire can instead win the queen ending after
5 41.1:Vh7t ~e8 42.\Wxb7 ~el t 43.<!>h2 ~xf2
4 44.1We4t ~d8 45.b4, when rhe connected
pawns should decide.
2 40.V9h5t!
40.dxe6t was possible, but Whire has
1 accurately evaluated rhc pawn ending, which
a b c d e f g h is quite impressive.

Black has a sham:red position, bur also a few 40... i>e7 41.V9xe8t i>xe8 42.dxe6 i>e7
ideas on how ro fighL For insrance, rhe pawns 43.b4 i>xe6 44.bS!
on d4 and c5 miglu become vulnerable. White Only rhis wins.
obviously has a promising arrack against g6 and
the black king, bur instead of betting on marc, 44 .•. i>dS 45.c6 bxc6 46.bxc6 i>xc6
he cashes in and rransirions ro a f.wourable
34J3xe6!! 7
34.l!.k3 e5 wa~ Black's idea. Also here Whire
is better, but Black cannot think abour rhar
- he has to remaining busy making tenacious 5
moves. 4

34 ... ttlxe6 35.hg6t i>g8 36.~xf7t i>xf7 3

37.~f5t ttlf6 38.ttJxf6 gxf6 39.d5 2
'l11is is the poinr; Whire ends with an extra
a b c d e f g h
8 47.i>h2
·n1e king will seal rhe deal.
6 47 ... i>d5 48.i>g3 i>e6
48 ... f5 loses only to 49.~h4 f4 50.f3!! (after
SO.<!>h5? f3! 5l.g4 ~d4 52.~xh6 ~d3 53.g5
4 <j;le2 54.g6 ~xf2 55.g7 ~e2 56.g8=~ f2
Black makes a draw) 50 ... ~d4 51.~h5 <!>e3
52.~xh6 ~f2 53.~g5.
l 49.i>g4!
Threatening ro go co h5.
a b c d e f g h
34 Attacking Manual 2

49 ..• ~f7 50.~f5!

Bur going m f5 when rhe chanc~ is given.
After 50.@h5? @g?! Black draws.

50 ... h5
-nlc difFerence is found afrer so ... @g?
51.~e6, \vhcn White is in line ro win rhe

5l.g3! ~g7 52.~e6 ~g6 53.f4

Black resigned. After 53 ... ~g7 "54. f) he loses
the f-pawn.
'I his was Joe Gallagher's contribution ro rhc
One of rhc heroes of thl~ book is rhe Isa·aeli opening theory of this particular· line. He is
tornado Emil Surovsky, whose crearivicy <tnd a die-haa·d King's Indian and Najdorf player,
determinacion is ::;econd to none in che chess and a dash between he and Sutovsky was never
world. "Ihese attributes have helped him ro going ro be decided by subtleties in the pawn
create sorne fabulous masterpieces, as well as Stl'UCtll re.

possibly bdng a restraining force in his career.

He can pull a rabbit our of a har and annihilate 13.~xf6
world-class grandmasters wirh illuminating True ro his style, Sucovsky auns ar an
sacrifices, bur ar rhe same time he can lose immediate confronracion.
dost: to dead endings and orher posirions
where dyn:tmics arc not very rdevanr. 13 ... gx.f6
13 ....ixf6? is mer with a typical refutation:
14.~d)! \Wc8 15.e5! and Black is simply busted.
In the foUowing game he ~r;urs off cre,uing
a brilliant <Htack, probably based on very
\'{!hen you play positions like this, whet·e you
spend a lot of rime on gerring your structure
good opening preparation, where he was able
righr wirh pa\.vn moves, you need to be very
m react wirh great intensity in the ft.ce of a
careful against a fully developed opponent;
novelty. After f.:1nrasric play he ended in a
it only rakes one f1lse step ro rhc side for rhe
situation whe.-c rhere was no clear-cur W<W ro
steam roller co hit you head-on.
end the g:1me, bur where rhe rhl'eat agains; rhc
The only way to conrinue the game with
king could be exploited to win material.
Black here is ro give up a pawn with 15 ...!xd5
16.ctJxd5 !d8 and hope for a bit of luck to
Emil Sutovsky-Joe Gallagher come his way later in the game.

Bled (ol) 2002

Sucovsky is basing his entire srrategy around
l.e4 cS 2.llJB d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.llJxd4 llJf6 rhe ~.dS punch. 1hough I like this active
s.llJc3 a6 6.~c4 e6 7.~b3 b5 8.0-0 ~e7 move quire a lor, I am nor entirely convinced
9.Wff3 Wfc7 lO.gel CDc6 ll.CDxc6 Wfxc6 chat \'V'h ice is actually better here. His atrack
12.Ag5 ~b7 has potential, bur rhis alone is not enouPh o::>
Chaprer 1 - Understanding Mating Attacks 35

\'·!In; we musr also respect Black's dcfalsivt" 16 ... ~c7 also is nor good enough. lr is nor at
resources. all bad for White co continue with preparatory
moves such as 17.'.Wh5, but acmally \Xlhice
14.. .'1Wc5 ISJ!ael ®f8?! is ready to break through and does not have
TI1is move is slighrl>' artif-icial and ends up ro wasrc time on manoeuvring: 17.e5!! exd5
nor reducing the pre~sure down rhe c-f-ile 18.exf6 d4! TI1is is of course rhe crirical test.
sufficiendy. 19.fxe7t 'Wxe7 20. 1~ff4! dxe3 21.'Wh6t and
22.~xe3, winning rhc queen with a decisive
15 ... 0-0? would also be b,\d. 1lte !>trucrme on advanrage. As is ofren rhe ca&e in these positions
rhe kingsidc b weakened and by cutting off with queen against t\VO rooks, the advalltage is
rhe black queen wirh 16.~d5!, Whire achieves primarily based on Black's inabiliry to ger his
a winning arrack: 16 ...cxd5 17.exd5 ~d8 pieces organised.
18.\Wg4t @h8 19J!g} and Black is maced.
However, afrcr 1 '5 ... ~e5! Black would have Because of rhc lack of coo!'dination berween
been reasonably safe. Afrer 16 ..td5 ~b8 rhe black pieces, the price he paid for setting
17.ixh7 ~xh7 it w;l!l very difficult for \XIhite up his pleasant pawn structure, he is now
to break through in Golubev - Averjanov, sufFering huge problems down thee-file.
Kharlov 2006. Bur Golubev is a great expert
on rhese posirions and was able to exploir the 17••. .E:e8 18.We2
chances he was given later 011. The pressure is intensified.

18 ... Wc7
18 ... ~c4 was possible, bm afrer 19.!%xe7
~xe2 20.~7xe2 ~xe2 2l.~xe2 b4 22.ctJe4
ixd5 23.Cth:d6 the endgame should be a win
wichour any gre<U difficuldes.


16.. Jgf.b8 doe~ noc offer any J'esistanct!. ~n1e
problem is that ;tfter 17 .~xb7 ~xb7 \XIhirc can
play 18.e5 winning.
36 Attacking Manual 2

1l1e knighr is the leasr active piece, ~o he move 15 Gallagher has defended with the
joins rhe arrack rapidly. urmosr tenacity. White has not managed to
break through along the e-file and deliver a
19....id8! fatal blow, as could have been hoped, bur his
Th~ only defence. position is S[ill very promising. It ls clear that
this i.s the moment: where Whire should prove
After 19 ...ixd5 Whire wins wirh a simple his advantage and Sucovsky manages to do this
double rhrear: 20JWh5! and rhe check on h6 with absolute accuracy. Without being stuck
will be deadly, unless Black just lers go of the in the idea chat the arrack has to culminate in
bishop. mate he finds a way to transform his advantage
from a dynamic one - a dangerous attack,
19...'Wd7 looked like a decent defence, bm to a static advantage - an extra pawn in che
Surov~ky gives 20.~f3! as a f.·mrastic refuradon. endgame.
111e rhrcar is 21.CZJxf6, when the recaprure However, this is not the end of rhe story. Even
would be met by 22.~xe8'! and 23.~g.it, attacking players have to play the ending ar
winning. In the event of 20 .. .£5 he has the times and they should be able to do so experdy
appealing 21.'.Wf4!, which wins after 21 ... h6 if rhey wish m be successfuL The reason for
22.tlJf6! .ixf6 23.~xe8t ®g7 24.~xh8 ig5 rhis is £Wo-fold. First of all, some attacks do
25.~d4t ifo, and now for example 26.~h71". fail, and you will have co suffer some poor
endings from time to time. Secondly, if you
20.~xd6 :E!e7!
do nor have rhe opporruniry of transformation
Again the roughest defence. Blttck cannot as a pan of your thinking, you will find many
afford m ler go of rhe e-file. Af[Cr 20 ... ~xe3
advantages hard ro converc.
21.~xe3 che rhreat of a check on h6 is
deva.staring, so Black is forced imo 21 ... h5
22.CZJf)! when Whire is threarening checks on
21.ll:\f5?! would have been £-wiry> as after
borh a3 and e8. Black may be able w resisr for
21 ... ~e5! Black manages to dose rhe e-fi.le
a while, but uldmacely his posicion is fost.
again. Following 22J:he5 fxe5 23.1We3 i'e8!
White scill has sufficient compensation for the
piece to make a draw, and also create some
problems for Black, but ir seems rhar with
accurare pla.y a draw is all there is. (23 .. .f6?
is rhc computer's move~ but 24.'.Wh6t @e8
25.ftlg7t @d7 26.~h3t @e? 27 .d6t! leads ro
a winning actack.)

2I. .. ixe7
21 ... Vlfx.e7? 22.~d2 is just over.

a b c d e f g h 1he knight occupies rhe ideal square, but
without allowing Black ro close the e-file. But
1l1is is che position that is mosc important
rhese .are of course very general considerations.
for our cheme. After an inirial mistake on
Chapter 1 - Understanding lviating Attacks 37

1here is also another aspect: rhe practical angle 26.E!.d7! forcing Black into a lost ending after
involving the calcularion of variations. 26 ...ic6 27.E!.d8t !e8 28.:!3a8! E!.e4 29.lild6,
exchanging all rhe pieces.
Black's next reply is rhe only one rhat makes
sense. 25.~xc7 ~e6
25 ... :5!xg2t? is a very poor intermediate
22 ....bd5 move. After 26:;!?fl ~e8 27Jk5! the bishop
l11is prepares ro play ...!e6 and consolidate is unexpectedly trapped in rhe middle of
rhc k.ing's position. the board. 'TI1e knight's domination of rhe
imporranr squares b7, e4 and 8 is remarkable.
6 8
5 7
4 6
3 5
2 4
1 3
a b c d e f g h 2
23J~Ng4!! 1
Hats offi Sutovsky sponed that 23.\¥/xe?t?
would be faulty. Black can play 23 ... Wlxe7
a b c d e f g h
24.lthe7 ~.xa2! with che point 25.b3 ibl! and So here we are. The transformation has
:ul of a sudden Black is in rhe clear. ended and we have an ending where White has
an extra pawn and should be able to convert
The move he played in rhe game .sets up a more it wirh normal play. Ho·wever, Black sdll has
favourable scenario where he is able to rake a few acrive moves remaining before he must
wirh rhe rook on e? insread of the knighr. yield co the inevitable doom.

23 ... ~g8 24J!xe7 ~xg4 In chis phase of che game we see why Surovsky
24 .. .'19d8 loses borh ro rhe prosaic 25.Wlb4 is not a new Tal o1· Kasparov. An endgame a
and the amusing 25.:5!e8t, leading roan easily pawn up like this should be won on almost
winning ending. all accounts, and if rhis somehow does not
happen, it should be because of gre;u resistance
24 ... Wlxe?? is nor a useful desperado. After and only one mistake.
25.Wlxg8t! White wins.
Unforrunately Sutovsky missed several points
24 ... \¥/xh2t might look like a berrer desperado, in this game, bur also, what I consider far
bur after 25.@xh2 ~xg4 White has time for more imporranr, missed a number of points in
38 Auacking Manual 2

his annorarions in Chess b~/(mlJtiJ/1, especiall)'

regarding the evaluation of the endg<\Ole. But
we will gc:r ro that.

26... ~a4!
Black needs to sray active, brcausc if nothing
happen~ the game will resemble being down
1-0 m Iraly in foorball.

27.a3 f5!
"!his basically force11 White ro allow his pawns
to be split. 27 ... b4 28.axb4 ~a It 29.ltJf1 ~a2
30.c3 :§.xb2 was probably weaker, as Whire a b c d e f g h
keeps his pawns on the k.ingsidc together. 3I.@g2?
1l1is misses a great chance. Gallagher cleverly
28.g3 protecced his pawn with the trick 31.:§.xa6??
I rhink chis is the srrongesr move, although :§.g6t 32.ltJg2 gg7!!, when White has to give
28. @fll? was possible. "TI1e concern is thar after up the exchange in order not ro lose a piece.
28 ... :§.h4! 29.~<17 :§.xh2 30. Wgl :§.h4 3l.~xa6 Surovsky clearly spotted rhis, but wirh the
:gd4 l cannot see a sound \vay to avoid 32.g3 short rime control used in the Bled Olympiad
f4 33.gxf4 ~xf4 where Black has succeeded in he is forgiven for nor finding 3l.:§.a8t!, when
creating a passed pa·wn and hangs in rhere wirh after either king move, the pawn can be taken.
some drawing chances. If the kincr00o-oes to e7 Whirc can put his king on
h 1, as ...!d5"t?? will allow ltJxd5 wirh check.
28 ... £4 29.gxf4 And after 31... Wg7 32.:§.xa6 :§.g6t 33.ltJg2!
Afrct· 29.ltJg2, Black plays 29 ... f3 30.ltJh4 there is 1·eally no way for Black to get out of
b4! , leading to an exchange of pawns and 11ome che pin on rhe sixth rank and exploit the fragile
weak light squares around the white king. position of rhe knight.

29 ... ~xf4 30.~a7 31 ... ~g6t 32.~f3

So fa1· Surovsky has played the game perfccrly, 1l1c game continues. White is a pawn up
and he is shortly rewarded wid1 a chance to with cxcellenr winning chances, however, Black
finish rhe game \Vith a k.nockouc blow. i~ grart:ful for being able to activate the rook.

30... ~£6?! 32 .•. ~h633.~g3 ~g6t 34.~£4 ~f6t 35.~g3

30... ~a4 was objectively hccrer, bur afrer ~g6t 36.~f3 ~h6 37.b4
~g2-gJ and t2-f4, maybe wirh 31.c3 first, Sutovsky is pleased with this move and I
\'\/hire should win the game wirhout coo many must admit that it looks narural.
difficulties. "lhe rook is simply roo passive
on a4 and ir is impossible for Black ro create 37... ~e8 38.h4 'it>d8
coun tcrplay. Another way to provide resistance was
Ironically, rhc technically interior game .)8 ... ~xh4 39J;xa6 ~d7 40.:§.b6 :§.h5. 1l1ere
conrinuation ma)' have been rbe besr practical are fewer pawns on the board than before, and
try. the h-pawn might prove to be an asset.
Chapter 1 - Understanding Mating Attacks 39

White could play 4l.~g3 gg6t 42.~h2!,

when possibly the position is still winning.

41 ... gxf2 42,gxa6

After this natural move Whire manages to
regroup the knight ro f4 and desrabilise rhe
black position, which has recenrly been doing
bcner based on rhe powerful bishop on c6.

7 ~~~"·'~:~:
6 g~ ~-1~ ~
s~i~ ~ ~
a b c d e f g h 4 ~~~~---f.~~~

2 f .. ~d~'ff ~~
Surovsky i~ very pleased wid1 this active

solmion to his problen.1s, bur 1 fear thar this
comes from a mind~et char is torally focussed
on dynamics.
1 -,.vas discussing his playing style with a a b c d e f g h
well-known chess author who characterised
42 ... gf3?!
him as an anist, nor a 'player', which is maybe
1l1e correct idea was to activate the king.
a slighdy unf~lir porcrayal of the former
Afrer 42 ... <i>c7! it is very likely that we will end
European Champion, bur ar the same time
in a rook or pawn endgame wirh three pawns
one that conrains a gt.aln of rrurh.
against two, bur in borh cases the position
turns our to be drawn with best play. As this
40.<i>h2 wa~ the best move, but \X!hirc will
is nor a book on the endgame, I will not delve
still have to play wdl to -...vin after 40 .. J~h6
into rhe analysis here, bur only say rhar I feel
41J~:xa6 ~xh4t 42.Wg3 gh3t 43.<i>g2, when
pretty confident that this posirion is no longer
the position is getting simplified quite a bit.
winning for White.

40 ... gf6t 41.~e5? 43.lDg2!

Smovsky is marching for..,vard, rdying on the Surovsky considers the postt1on winning
king's acriviry co provide him wich victory, and after this move, bur I am nor entirely convinced
it: was successful in the game. Ir would be a bit thar this is so.
harsh co crirlcise such a decision based purely
on rhe evaluation of the play in the game. 43 ... gf5t 44.@e4 gf.2?!
\Y./e all make misrakes, especially when we are 1 have a strong feeling that 44 .. J~h5 would
playing with an incremental rime control. Bur have offered a better defence.
the problem is char Sm:ovsky did nor indicate
in his annor;uions rhar things were going 45.llJf4 icB
wrong around he,·e. 1 fear that he mayhe did 45 ... :axc2 is probably no longer sufficient to
not sense ir. hold after 46.CtJxe6t fxe6 47.~e5!. White will
40 Anacki ng Manual 2

aim to keep his tV'm connecred pa·wns on rhe char can play cenai n posmons faultlessly?
queenside while also keeping rhe black king I would instead recommend reserving your
passive. However, this was still the bcsr chance. self-criricism to rhe moments when you
In rhe ga.me Whire won easily. actually know berrer, and leave the 'shoulds' ar
che door ...
46.E:a7 E:xc2?!
4G . .J~h2 47 .~xf7 ~xh4 48.~e5 also looks I will nor show any in-depth examples here)
lost, buc not lost by force. as l think the principle should be quire easy
to understand. I will briefly mencion that one
47Jhf7 h5 48J3h7 .ig4 49.ltJxh5 ~c3 excellent example of this rheme can be found
50.ltJf6 .if3t 51.sf7d4 :gxa3 52.h5 ~a6 in rhe game Conquest-~ Arkell on page 155 in
53.i>e5 Chapter 2. In rhat game Conquest built: up a
1-0 devastating attack and could have forced mare
So, despire all, Sm:ovsky managed co secure
in a few moves, bLLr rather rhan risk anything
rhe poinr in rhe endgame, even rhough he did
he found a way to obtain an easily winning
nor exploir aU of his chances to the full.
endgame, which he duly converted ro become
Brirish Champion. It may not have been rhc
Anorl1er scenario we have to consider is
Aashiest finish~ hut it was a sure-fire way of
the one where we have ~m option to either
getting the job done.
conrinue rhe actack O!' to go into a tavomable
ending. 1here is a tendency fur us to ft)llow
Greek gift exercises
the ev;.lluarions of Fritz and think rhat going
fot· rhc ending when rhere was a lovely m;..Idng As an end ro this chapter I wanr ro offer you 24
line is somehow faulry. It might be so finm an exercises, which all have one thing in common,
aesthecic viewpoint, but from a compedrive a l'elarionship wirh the following posirion:
one, rhc quesrion is one of risk. \'V'hen you
ha,•e a winning positionj you need tO find the

safest way to securing your win. Even though 8

one particular continuation may be objectively 7
strongest, it does nm mean tbar this is the best
\Vinning line for JOU. 6
My first chess trainer Henrik N.Iorrensc11 was
of rhc opinion chat you only had a winning
5 ~.:

f g h
position if you knew how ro win it. If it
required Kat·pov~like rechniquc, the position Tn 22 of rhem White is winning, while in
was winning for Karpov, bur only advantageous two Black is able ro defend {so 'White to win,
for me. Black to draw). 'These arc marked with Black
Technically this is probably a hit dubious, ro pby. ll1e positions arc sequenced in order
but pmctically ir does make a lor of sense. 1 of escalating difficulty, from the simple to rhe
can get quite" depressed by rhinking abom the reasonable into the complicated calculation
amount: of tirnes l have set'n friends complain exercises. I would recommend thar you do not
.:1.bour having had a winning posicion, bm bear yourself up if you give up on any of the
then missed somerhing Fricz found, bur they exercises after trying to vvork them out:: for ten
would ncvet ever find. Why shred your own minutes, hut co he.~dbmr a shovel if you get
.self-confidence jusr because rherc ~ue machines one wrong after using less than ten minutes .
a b c d e f g h

0s .i ~~~~~~--~~--~~

~e/: 9 ~:~~;;, ~Y./W

~ VS -~}L :~ ~ ~f!J
f'IJ ,J,/(~+JX~t :j:%i_{~ 6
2 1

a b c d c f g h


3 }"::,iE

~,·:_-.:~-~- ~; t _:-:__.-__:·~.-:,-::_.-.-.-~~_/.;. ·,.:·_w~.u0!~f:

__ _%'ffsr ~)~
1 _~:r:,:
,_-_·-,_. ,·_.

0;;_~ tJ.
a c d f g h


a b c d e f g h
a b c d e f g h a b c d c f M h

b c d e f g h b c d e f g h a b c d e f h
1 3
Mchedlishvili - Amna Mohammad Tseitlin- Dizdarevic

Belgradl: 1999

12.~xh7tf ~xh7 13.tbg5t ~g8 Again ·we enter a few moves after the queen
1hc only real dificrence from Ovsejevitsch- has made it co h7, just to see another potencial
Koefi'ner on page 26 Is the option of playing follow-up.
13 ... @g6, but here \Xfhite wins immediately
wirh 14.W'e4t! (14JM/d3t and 14.h4 also win, 36.~:x:g7t!
bur in more subde ways and with more efforr. 36.ctJxe6t fXe6 37.Wfxg7t We8 gives no
We don't like effort!) 14 .. J5 15.exf6t ~xf6 advantage. The problem is rhat rhe rook cannot
16.W!xe6 mate. join in. 1hc game should probably end with
perpetual check.
14.~h5 ge8
14 ...W!xg5 is rhe only move avoid to 36.. .<Jlxg7 37. tb:x:e6t
immediate mate, bur not a real defence of White wins on material.
course. 1-0

15.~xf7t ~h8 16.~h5t ~g8 17.~h7t ~f8

18.~h8t ~e7 19.~xg7 mate.
Ivanovic - Radulski
Panccvo 2003
Ovidiu -A. Hoffman 1l1e knight on hS is a bir loose. White exploits
this with a temporary sacrifice.
Dos Hcrmanas (I nt<:mcr Blitz) 2003
16.~f7! gxf717.~xh5 <i>g8
\Xle enrer a few moves after the Greek gift Black cannor avoid mare without losing
~acrihce co look at an imporrant little idea. material.

2l.~b4! 18.~xh7t ~f8 19.tbxf7

1nis nice lirrle move keeps rhc king trapped \'V'hite wins on points.
on rhe kingside. 2J.W!h7t? @f8 22.~b4t? @e8
\vould allow t:he black king to escape, when he 19 ... ~xf7 20.~h6 ~g8 21.~xg7t ~:x:g7
would be winning. 22.ixg7 ~:x:g7 23.f4 ~f6 24.tbe3
21. .. ~xg3!?
\\las rhis Hofi"man's way of demonstrating 5
his sense of humour? fc was only an internet Oleksienko - Chatalbashev
blitz game after all. .. 21 .. J~h6 22.Wie8t is no
bercer. Calvi 2005

22. ~h7 mate. 25.f6t

1-0 Whire opens up for rhe queen.
44 Anacking Manual 2

25 ...exf6 26.Wxg6 E!!d6 unable to finish his development. 1he win is

26 ... fxg5 27JH7 is an impormnr poi1u. nor r:lraway.
26 .. J~.e7 is also quire bad. After 27.Eht'D For example, 22 .. .'®'bG can be mer with
Black is mated. 23J~b:.d5! exd5 24.eG ge7 25.~g8t ~e8
26.e7t! c;t>xe7 27.@'g7t c;t>ds 28.4Jf7t @e?
27.Wff7t ~h8 28.W/x.h;t ~g8 29.Wfh7t ~f8 29.~el t ~me6 30.ctJg5t and so on.
30 •.th4
1l1ere are many ways the bishop can enter 20.Cbxe6!
the arrack~ all of which end \virh Black's l11is was che important momenr we were
resignacion. heading for. T guess ir is nor so famasric once
we arc up close and personal, bur from afar ir
30... Wfd8 3I.h5 is nor so easy to sec.
20 ... 'Lld7 2l.lilxf8 ltJx.£8
6 2l ... gxf8 22.'mg5t c;t>es 23.gfel gives \V'hite
Campos Moreno - Garbisu de Goni a winning position as well.

22.EUdl ~d8 23.Wif6t ~e8 24.~xd8t

·n1e endgame should win trivially.
lh; first rnove is nor roo hard, bur rherc is an 24 ...Wfxd8 2S.Wfxd8t ~xd8 26.f4 Cbg6
imponanr point later, which you have ro find 27.g3 J.d7 28.~f2 ~e7 29.~cl J.c6 30.h4
in order ro justify the sacrifice. ~e6 31.h5 f£lf8 32.g4 ctJh? 33.~el .id5
34.a3 ~e7 35. ~g3
14... ~xh7 15.Wfh4t ~g8 16.ltlg5 E!!e8 1-0
17.Wfh7t ~f8 18.Wfh8t ~e7 19.Wfxg7 E!!f8
'l11is is the move that seems ro resemble a 7
defence, bur actually ir is losing rarhcr quickly Smyslov- Timman
ro rhc main point of this version of the Greek
gifc. lvlo.scow {blirz} 1993

19 ... ~d8 is a bir more tenacious, bur White ha~ White did nor ~mack beautifully, but a big
several rernpdng cominuations. I like the look blunder by his opponent broughc him back in
of 20.4Jxf7'! @c7 2I.l2Jd()t ctJd7 22.ctJxe8t business .
.9:xe8 23.gfd1 @cS 24.gac1 as ir brings all
rhe pieces into play, as well as leaving White 24.~xf6!
wirh extra material. Now a move like 24.. J~d8 Eliminaring rhc defender.
would lose immediately to 2S.h4!, when the
h-pawn is roo srrong. 24... exf6 25. Wfx.h7t ~f8 26.~el!
'TI1e poinr - nor too hard I guess.
l9 ... idS allows \V'hire ro continue his an:ack
wirh rhe most logical moves: 20.@'xf7t WdS 26...J.e6 27. E!!xe6!
2l.gfd 1 l11e threat is ll:Jxe6i'. 2l...ctJd7 Black resigned. 27 .. .fxe6 2S.@'f7 mate.
22.gacl White is fully mobilised and Black is 1-0
Chapter 1 - Under~canding Macing Attacks 45

8 17.e6!
Komarov- Kallai Now rhe double attack is real.

h.mce 2005 17... ~g6! 18.V9h41

ll1e dreadful 18.exf7t?? would even lose
In rhis position \Ve shall ~ce the attack on h7 <lfrcr 18 ... ~xf7!,
used as a W;ly ro win mar~rial.
18... id6 19.ixd6 Y*fxd6 20.exf7t .ixf7
12.~xd5! 21. Y*fxh7t <i>f8 22.~c2
12.CDg5? would not lead ro anything afrer \Xlhice has won a pawn and wrapped up rhe
12 ... ll:Jb4!. game easily.
12 .•. ltJxdS l3.ltJg5
White wins became ot' the double arrack on 22... ig8 23.Y*fh3 Y*ff4 24.Y*fa3t ~e7 25.ltJf3
h7 and c5 (wirh '12k4). Y*ff6 26.~ael ie6 27 .~e4 idS 28.~e5 h£3
29.~f5 Y*fxf5 30.i:xf5 idS 31.~el ~ae8
13 .. J~d8 14.Y*fxh7t c;!;>f8 1S.ltJe4 Y*feS 32.h4 if7 33J:h:e7 ~xe7 34.Y*fxa7 ~d5
l6.ltJxcS ifS l7.Y*fh8t c;!;>e7 18.Y*fh4t f6 35.YNb8t ~e8 36.Y*fxb7 ~el t 37,c;!;>h2 ge2
19.id2 Y*fxb2 20.Y*fg3 c;!;>f8 2I.e4 ltJdb4 38.ig4
22.exf5 1-0
9 Soloviov- Lugovoi
Kramnik- Short
St Perersburg 2005
Dornnund l 995
22..ixe6! fxe6 23.Y*fxg6
1his initial sacrifice is not too difficulc to
Black is lose. 1 here is no adequate defence
find, but it is rhe follow-up thar mighr be a
against ®h71" and tL'lr4-g6.
lirde puzzling.
23 ... ltJxe5 24.YNh7t c;!;>fs 25.ltJf4 t9 ... ~xf6 20.~h7t c;!;>fs 2Lihs
1-0 The approach of the bishop justifies the
10 attack.
Kengis - Efimov
21. .. Y*Td8
Jyvaskyla I 991 21...~d7!? was maybe a better defence,
ald10ugh White is still on rap after 22.if7
16.ltJg5! )!xf7 23.4Jxf7 CDe8!? 24.)!fl !Df6 25.4Jh6
16.e6? is rhe rrap. Black escapes with ixh6 26.Wxh6t c!?e8 27.~h8t ~f7 28.e5
16 ... g6!! ;md nlrhough his position LS dxe5 29.4Jc4 with a winning anack. Next
unpleasant, ir is nor: dearly worse. comes 4Jxf6.

16 ... if5 22.if7!

-nle only move char ofl~rs resistance. 16 ... h6 rihe point behind rhc combination. Black
also allows Whirc ro demonsuate his idea \Vi[h has to give up his rook and White will be able
17.e6!. to dominate the f-file.
46 A[[acking Manual 2

22 ...e5 30 .. J~e8 3 I .®'xg6 gfg was maybe a bic 1nore

22 .. J~xf7 23.~xf7 chxf7 24J3fl 't @e8 renacious, bm rhe extra pawn should decide.
25. ®'xg7 <i>d7 is dearly nor a det~nce. The
mosr elegant winning line goes: 26.®g4t 31.1Wxg6 .;gf4 32.~xf4?!
~eS 27.'!Ng8t <;t>d? 28.§f8 lUeS 29.ftJbS! 32J~b3! b5 33.ftJe4 was stronger. 1l1e black
WaS .?OJfNg6! and Black is soon to be king remains exposed.
32 •.• tDxf4 33.E!dl t @c7 34.\Wfi '\Wx£7
23.dxe6 gxf7 24.lDxf'7 .td4t 25.@hl 'W'f6 35.€)xf7 ~f8 36.lDgS ~f5 37.lDf3 g5?!
26.tDd5 38~@fl?!
'lhis is good enough co seal c:he deal, bur 38.g4! CtJh3t 39.<;t>g2 ~f8 40.@g;3 wou[d
26.e5! w«s even stronger: 26 ... dxe5 27.ftJe4 have increased White's advantage.
'Wg7 28.e7t!
38... g4 39.lbh4 ~xeS 40.~d4 ~h5?
26 ... lDxd5 27.exd5 @e7 28.tDh6t @d8 TI1is just loses. 40 ... ftJh5 4I.§xg4 ab5 42.b4
29.tDfs ie5 30.EU1 ~xe6 3l.dxe6 'W'xe6 a5 would still have offered counter chances.
32.lDd4 'W'e7 33.lDe6t @d7 34.E!f7 E!e8
3S.CLJf8t 41J~xf4 ~xh4 42Jt3! ~h5 43.~xg4 ~bS
1-0 44.gh4 ~c5 45.g4 h5 46.gd4 ~clt 47.@g2
c5 48.~d2 b4 49.g5 bxa3 50.bxa3 @c6
12 Sl.g6 ~hl 52.h4
Sherbakov -A. Sokolov 1-0

Novgorocl 1997 13
Stefansson- Bj. Thorfinnsson
1l1cre ar~ times \Vhen landing on h7 is only
the beginning of rhe armck. lr is in1porram Icdandic Championship, Reykjavik 2008
co remember co include some of che other
pieces in the acrion, as can bt! seen from this 1l1c position looks dire for Black and in the
example. game he found nothing, but this does not
me;m rhat norhing can be found.
23.1Wh4! &g5 24.lDxg5 ~f7 25.~e31
lr is coo early m give rhe check on h7. Firsr 18.. J~e8?
the rook is heading for f3. \Vhite did nor Afr.er chis \'<'hire sails straight through.
play 25J~c4 because of 25 ... lbd5 1 am sure. 'lhe only move was l8 ...i.xf2t!!, where after
lr is quire surprising rhac Whire ret;.tins an 19.i>hl?! g6 Black is a pawn up for little. If
adva11rage with 2G.~e3!. Whice rakes rhc bishop, be it wich the rook
or the king, Black will quickly be able to
25 ... E!xd4 26.'\Wh7t @f8 27.'\Wh8t .ig8 play ... Wd4t ro exchange the queens and
28J3f3t @e8 29.'\WxgSt @d7 30.\Wf7 ensure himself a pleasant endgame, where rhe
White wit1s as Black C<lnnoc defend rhe g6- e5-p<t'rvn is a bit lonely.
19.'W'h7t @f8 20Ji'h8t We7 21.'\Wxg7 CLJxe5
2L..:5f8 22.li:Jh7 is no picnic either.
Chapter 1 -Understanding Maring Attacks 47

22.ltlxf7 ~xf7 23.ig5t ~d6 24.ixd8 15

ltlxd8 25.VMg3t ~d7 26.E;fdl t idS 27.VMg4 P.H. Nielsen - Collas
q;,7 28.a5 ia7 29J~acl t ltlc6 30.E;xd5
exd5 31.VMg7t France 2005
14.ltlc7!! ~a6
14 Pure resignation.
Ivanov- Korneev
14... %Vxc7 15.ixf6 hxg5 16.hxg5! is the initial
Vilagarda 2000 poim of che combination.

16.~xb5!! l4 ... hxg5 offered the most resistance, bur

16.'Lld5? would be bad, a$afrcr 16 ... cxd5 White has a decisive attack: 1'5.hxg5 (15.ixf6
17.ixf6 %Vxf6 18.\Wxh7"f Wf8 rhe d-file is gxf6 is not dear) 15 ... ltJe4 16.liJxe8 Wfxe8
inconveniently blocked. 17.'l:Ve2! 1he queen is transfened ro h5 where
it will decide the game. The bishop will come
l6 •.. axb5 ro d3 later, for example after 17 ... d5 18.%Vh5
Black has many moves at his disposal, bur ~tB 19.id3 when White is winning. Black
none of them are appealing. cannot prevent ixe4 and if6 in any sensible
16 ... 'Llxb4 17.axb4 ~xbS was also possible, way: 19 ... e5 20.~f3 i>e7 2Lixe4 dxe4 22.%Vf5
bur Whire wins easilv afcer 18.ixf6 Wfxro liJd7 23.:gh8! and Black is losr.
19.~xh7t i>f8 20.ixb5 axb5 {20 .. .'!9xg5
21.:gd7 %Vh6 22.'l:Vxh6 gxh6 23.:gxa6 wins 15.ltlxe8 ~xeS 16.VMh7t ~f8 17.VMh8t @e7
[rivially) 21.'Wh8·1 i>e7 22.gxa7i"!. 18.lilh7!
A nice little finesse to finish rhe game.
17.hf6 VMxf6 IS.VMxh7t @f8 19.E;xd7!
This secondary sacrifice was of course rhe 18..• ~d6 19.VMxg7
rnain idea. 1-0

19...VMxal t 20.ifl q;e8 16

20 .. .CtJe7 21.%Vh8t lLJgS 22.gxt7t ~e8 Calderon Fernandez- Ronco
23.%Vxg8 mare.
Berazaregui 2008

Good enough co win, bur ir was more
The bishop is nm: sacrificed on h 7 in chis
accurare to play 21.:gb7! when the game would
version~ bm on e2. White is exploiting the facr
have been over immedia[ely.
rhar rhe bishop on g4 is exposed.
2l. .. ~e7 22.:Bxg7 Wff6 23.hb5t q;d8 20... i.xe2
24.Wfd3t q;,7 25.VMd7t @b6 26.:Bxe7 E;d t 20 ... ltJc4 could be cried ro confuse matters,
27.ifl ~xfl t 28.~xfl VMal t 29.~e2 VMa2t bur after 2l.~xg4 ltJxg5 22.~xc8 White has a
30.@f3 E;f8t 3l.~f7 VMd5t 32.VMxd5 exd5 winning position.
33.h4 ibs 34.q;e2
1-0 21.ixf6 VMxf6
48 Anacking lvlanual 2

Or 21 ... ~d3 22.\¥/xd3! and \XIhitc end~ with 1l1e only move. 27 ... h6 loses a piece m
an cxn·a piece. 28.b3! fo1lowed by V£le6t.

22. Wfxh7t ~£8 23J~d7! 28.b3 Wffl 29.lLlg5

1he point. ·n1e black king is em ofF on rhc 1l1e point behind the sacrifice. \Vhite gers
eighrh rank and \Xfhire i~ rhre<Hening \¥/h8 to h7.
29 ••• \W£6 30.Wfxh7t 'it>£8 3I.tLle4 Wfe6
23 ...~e8 24J~xa7 Wfe7 Black is al~o lost after 31. .. \¥/f7 32.8:d3! llJf4
·n1ere is norhing berrer, although thi~ is not 33.'Wh4 :ad? (or 33 .. J~a8 34.llJxd6 winning)
suH1ciem by any srandards either. 34.~f3 1l1ere is no good defence against
o- ::> •
25J~xe7t ~xe7 26J~el ~d3 27.Wfxg7 ~g6
28.e4 c3 29.e5 c2 30.Wff6t 'it>m 3l.CDxf7 32.~d3 d5
hfl 32.e6 ~c7 33. Wfh6t ~e7 34.exf7t 32 ... ltJf4 3.3.:af3 does not solve any
'it>d7 35.Wfe6t problems.
33.~f3t ~e8 34.ctJg5 Wfe7 35.~f5
35 ..::::!£7 was also sufficient to win, bur
Mamedyarov - Heberla
Mamedyarov decides ro rely on the iniriative.
Istanbul 2005
35 ... ~£6 36.\WgSt 'it>d7 37.Wfxd5t 'it>c7
38.\Wf3 ~df8 39.~xf6 gx£6 40.lLle4 f5
"lhcre .uc rwo big weaknesses in rhe position:
4I.Wfc3t ~b8 42.Wfc6
rhe e6-square and the h7-squarc. 1l1c reason
why ir is exactly rhese squares that are weak i11
rhac rhc knight on e4 can go co d6, g5 and f6,
rwo of which allow it to <Htack h7, and nne of
Short- Velikov
rhem also e6, and at rhc same time the queen
on h3 is shooting in both directions. You
Solingcn 1987
could also say char the lighr squares in general
are weak, bur g6 seems co be firmly under
Black's control, and f7 is under reasonable care
White of course has a winning anad: afcer
as well.
23 ..~.b3, bm as this is an exercise I relied on
1l1e way to srrike ar the weaknesses, e6 <llld
your sense of adventure.
h7, is ro use a technique I included already in
Volume One, ro attack rhe strong~sr point in
23 ...Wfxc4 24.~xg7t!
the black posicion: g6.
1l1 is is a very beauriful way ro fin ish rhe game,
but White was also winning afrer 24.'®'h5!? g6
wid\ eirher the cautious 25. \¥/hG or the more
1l1is is of course ,1lso a simple clearance
brural25Jhg6t lLlxg6 26.~xg6t CDg7 27.:ag1
sacrifice. 1l1ere are many ways ro describe good
:af7 28.lLlg5, winning.
move~ ...

24.•. lLlxg7 25.lLlg5!

27.•. lLlxg6
Chapter l - Understanding lvlaring Attacks 49

25.~gl? would be a grave mistake. Black has 22.1Mfh4 ~fd8?!

several good move~, such a1. 25 ... @£7 (probably This is basically re11ignarion. Black had to find
best) and 2 5 ... 1!9g4!?, which keep the game 22 ... h5 without fearing rhe sacrifice 23.1xh5,
very much alive. as he would have 23 ... \Wd4! 24.1g4 '@h8!
as a legitimate defence (bur nor 24 ... ~g7?
25 .. J~e8 26J~:gu 25.ic3). After 25.'!Nxh8t ~xh8 \Xfhite can
With decisive threats. either play 26.ic3t and rake rhc pawn on e6
with check, having two bishops and two pawns
26...1Mfd4 against rook and knight, or play 26.1xe6
26 ...1Wg4 is no longer valuable, as there is fxe6 27.ltJxe6, when Black is forced ro play
no back rank mate. \Xfhite wins after 27Jhg4 27 .. JU7 (27 .. J!fc8?! 28.:gdl ~g8 29.:gd7
fxg4 28.tlJce4. looks way roo dangerous) 28.~dl ~g8.
After the further 29 .ic3 \Xlhite's advantage
27.1Mfh7t ~fB 28.ctJxe6t! ctJxe6 is overwhelming, bur rhe knot has not yet
28 ... ®t7 lasts rhe longest. Amusingly White been tied. White will play 30.:gd6 and rhe win
only mares direcdy wirh 29.tlJd8·i·! '1Wxd8 should be within reach.
30.'1Wxg7t cJie6 31.'1Wf6t @d7 32.'1Wd6 mate.
23.1Mfxh7t ~fB 24.~c3 ctJd4 25.ctJxe6t
29.1Mfh6t 1Mfxe6
Black is mated on the very next move. 1-0
19 Teske - Galdunts
Sturua- Housein
Baden-Baden 2002
Komorini 1993
23 .• J~~xdl t?
Once again White wim by gerring his queen 23 ... tlJc3t! is the only move. After 24.bxc3
to h7 in a sequence rhar is probably not roo ~ dl..!-1
t=.X 2-).'Q'C
,+, 2 1'-t'-f5-'-I·1 (?5
1'::::{ ax fJ·"
_ ... '1!1. -f 26J.'z±tx
..!-. dl

difficult. However, evaluating the position as :!:%d8i" ;1lso draws, as do a few other moves.)
overwhelming ar rhe very end of rhe line will 26.~xd 1 'IWb 1t wirh perpcmal check.
cause some readers a bit of trouble, \vhich is
why I have graded the exercise in rhc way I 24.~xa2~d5
have. 24 ... \Wf5 looks like a better defence, bur
after 25.exf7t @f8 White has 26.ttJh7t! ~e7
20J~xd6! 1Mfxd6 21.ctJg5 g6 27.f8=~t! "TI1is is a powerful clearance sacrifice.
21..J~fcS is not a berrer defence. After After 27 .. J!xf8 28.~xg7t ~e8 29.'Wc3t ic4
22.\Wxh7"1" ~f8 \Xlhite ha11 rime to stop and 30.~e2! White has a winning arrack with ideas
reassec;s rhc situation. After 23.1c3 Black such as !xdl, ttJg5 and ih5t.
cannot keep his bits together. 1he following
is nor necessarily rhe most overv-.'helming 25.exf7t ixf7 26.1Mfh7t ~f8 27.1Mfh8t ~e7
winning line, bm it i'i very simple: 23 ... tl:Jd4 27 ... Jig8 fails to 28.tlJh7t.
24.tl:Jxc6!" tlJxeG 25.~xg7i" tlJxg7 26.~h8t
and Whirc is rwo pawns up. 28.1Mfxa8?!
'50 Attacking lvfanua[ 2

1l1e beginning of rhe dn1c trouble chaos 24 ... dS

w~ have in from of us. 28.f!.e4t was more 24 ... @h8 looks like a possible defence, bur
accurarc. \XIhire can decide rhe game to his advantage
in many difFerent ways. My favourite is
28... c3t 29.'Llxf7 Wfe6t 30.b3? 25.f!.c6 tLlbd7 26.~e4!, when it is suddenly
1l1is b. a horrible miHake. Tnsread afrer impossible to defend the f7-square.
30.i.c4 White has a winning arrack. ·n1e Here White has a slow, but unstoppable
main line (nor that we should require precise ·winning plan: he will simply walk the
v;u·iations to assure us abour rhe potency of the h-pawn ail rhc way to h7.
arrack) goes as follows: 30 ... \Wxg4 31.Wla.7t 25.h4!
~f6 32.W/b6t @e? 33.i~:hc5t @f6 J4JWe5t 25.c5 can be played first, but why bother?
~g6 35J~Mxc3 and White is winning on all 25 ... tLlxc4 26.h5 tLlxd2
<lCCOUnts. After 26... tLld6 White has ro take a moment
co prevem ... \W£5 with 27J~e6, when it is
30•.. Wfxg4 31..ic4 Wfd7 rime co resign.
3 L.Wi£5! was stronger. Afrer 32.Wfb?·r f!.d7 27.h6
.)J.~h l (33.~c6 ~d2·1· 34.c;!;>a3 c2) 33 ... a4
Black has to parr with his queen to continue
Black ha~ a winning ;mack, while rhe whiw the game.
queen has been forced inro an embarrassing
24.c5 'Llc4 25.'Lle5 'Llxe5 26.dxe5 'Lle4
27J~xe4 dxe4 28.Wfxe4 g6 29.Wfh4 .ig7
30.e6 f6 31.Wlh7t
32.Wfe4t ~f8 33.'Lle5?
[r is hard to believe in these moves, unless
you know Henrik rhar i~ ... 22
Gulko - Popovic
33 ... W/d4?
TI1e only move was nor bad: 33 ... Wid2t Clichy 1986
34. c;;t>a3 f!.a 1 mate.
\'<lith the bi!-hop on f8 and wirh the knighr on
34.'Llg6 mate. t3 and bishop on h3, ic b reasonable co look
~or an attack on rhe light .squares. But with che
pawn in the way on g5 chis is not so easy to
21 arrange ... or is it?
Sermek - Dive
25.g6!! f6
Auckl.md 2000 Sidestepping rhe main line, but immediate
mare is only avoided at grear cost to the black
23.'Llxg6!! dS king's safety. The point behind Gulko's brillianr
Black accepts che Iuss of a pawn and sacrifice is 25 ... hxg6 26.tLlg5 tLld7 27.\Wh4
indirectly the game, hut accepting rhe offer tDfo 28.~g-4!!. Only in rhis way! Black has no
held little hope. .mswcr ro 29.~c5, after which rhe control of
After rhe h7 -square goes.
23 .. .fxg6 24.~xg6
ir is hard to find a move for Black. 26.gxh7t ~xh7
Chapter 1 -Understanding Mating Attacks 51

26 ... ~h8 brings no rdieC Wh ire gers a strong all the way to rhe end. I am not sure if this is
attack after 27 ,li)h4!, with possible lines such whar Kiriakov djd, or if he just saw enough to
a~ 27 ... ~xh7 28.~g6t ~g8 29.lt.Jf5! when the decide that it was worth the ri~lc
white anack is Cl'ashing through.
I4.ctJd5!! exdS lS ..ix£6 hf6I6.l?Iixh7t @f8
27.lL!e4 17.cxd5
1his is strong enough ro win rhe game, bur \Xfith the idea of playing 18.d6. Black has
I am a suckec for 27.!he6! !he6 28.~f5"1' ®g8 only one reasonable reply.
29.\Wh3 wirh devast<ltion on rhe lighr squares.
17••. d6
27 ... l?Iid7 28.~eg5t fxgS 29.~xg5t <!>g8 17 ... ie5?! 18.f4 id6 is no better. 111e bishop
30.l?Iih4 g6 3Li.e5 i.g7 32..L:e6t gxe6 is sadly missed on the kingside and White wins
33.'1Mlh7t after 19JWh5 gG 20.~h7 wirh mate on f7.
23 After a normal move such as 18.£4!? Whire
Farkas - Gaujens would certainly have a very strong atcack as
justification for rhe investment, bur the move
e-n1.ail 200 l
played in the game is simply stronger.

Black \Vas probabl)' rhinking rhat cveryrhing 18.•. .L:g5 19.'1Mlh8t <!>e7 20.l?Iixg7 E:f8
was olmy and rhar White would nor do
Black has no choice but to return the
anything bad w his king. He was partly right,
bm. the trouble hb queen is in is quite another
marccr! 2l.l?Iixg5t @es 22.B:cl?
This does not throw all of the advantage
21.'1Mlh6t <!>e7 away, bur it is by no means as deat'-cur as
21.. .~g8 would allow \Vhitc to organise the position after 22.gd4!. ~Hte only defence
mace with 22.tL1h7!. imaginable for Black leads to a rather solemn
position after che following forced sequence:
22.Wfh4! 22 ... Wie7 23.®f5 tLJd7 24.ge4 ctJc5 25.f4 ixd5
Black resigned. Suddenly it is dear rhar after 26.fXe5 (26.gd4?! ltJf3t! with complications)
rhc forced removal of the king, for example 26 ...~xe4 27.l.Wxe4 fi:c8 28.e6
wirh 22 ... \!/fB, \\!hire will play 23.!!cl and
In the final position Black srilJ has an
the queen is n·apped: 23 ... lZk4 24.ctJxc4 dxe4 exchange For the rhree pawns> but rhis is mol'e
25.tLJd4 or less the only positive thing rhat can be said
1-0 abom the black position. White is dominating
24 him completely and the difference berween the
IGriakov - Tiviakov safety of thl;! respective Icings is exceprional.

Port Erin 1~99 22 ... V9d8 23.'1Mlf5

23.~h6 was probably stronger.
1his posirion is nuybe not so difficulc in irse!(.
but it: take~ a lot of brainpower ro calculare it 23..•l?Iie7?
)_ Acracking Manual 2

Afcer rhis Black is wmpped up and pur in

rhe oven like a mrkey ar Christmas. 'lhc only
chance was to bring tbe kmghr inro rhe game
irnmedi:.l[ely wirh 23 ... t2Jd7. Here rhe only
rhing r have managed ro find for \X!hire is
24.®e61' V!ie7 25J3;c7, bur Bbck is not in
deep trouble anymore: 25 ...Wxe6 26.dxe6
ltlc5 lf White chooses to play 27.b4 rhere is
27 ... ~d8!, which f suspccc is rhc move Tiviakov
missed. Afcer 28.e7t Wxc7 29.exfB=W :gxf8
30.bxc5 dxc5 Whire is <1 pa.wn up, bur i£ is
much easier co advance the black p<l\vns, ~o
in rhe final posirion 1 doubr that White is

Kiriakov does nor miss such a chance twice.

24... tlld7 25J~c7!

Nmv even this extra option exists.

25 ....1c8 26J~fcl sf?d8 27..1g4

1he rhrcar is 28.W/c2.

27 .. .VNe8 28J~Ic6 ~g8 29.h3 b5 30.1Hf4

VHfB 31.hd7 hd7 32J~ff6t sf?e8 33.~xd6
~d8 34.~dxd7
Chapter 2
Typical Piece Play

It'~ at /1(0/f("-lft.r lr:le- t!w~ that tk attaeftlrj ;1~,. /f(ut.r lw~ rle.rttirj.
ttlk tk~f; t'.f If(} ttlf'l(tirj bae~ tk ;ath- lf;(J.cltlrj fllf'tk~ tirt(J tk llfi?4Jf
t'.f (Jfte-lf tk Pl(f; th-at llfalft b2; rfo!lotVu{
Diagram preview

On rhi:, page you find 26

diagrams with critical momems
~ram rhe coming chapter. I
recommend that you rak~ up
to 10 minures to rhink about
each or them. Tile salurions are
found an rhc fallowing pages in
rhe annonu:ians to the games.
Positions with a circled P can
be played against a compurer.

®a c d e f g h a b c d e f g h

Tnldare rhe arrack A sudden chance Get rhe parry starred!

(see page 63) (see page 72) (see page 83)
a b c d e f g h

How ro conri nue Black tO win

(see page 1 19) {see page 128)

®abcde fgh a b c d e f g h
\Vhere ro strike? Mare is near A nice winning move
{see page 113) (sec page 122) (see page 138)


a f) c d e f g h

] mprove on Kasparov
(see page 126)
a b c d e f g b

\XIhirc is ready, arc you?

(sec page 149)

a b c d e f g h a h c d e f g h ®ahcdefgb
Accurare arrack! Find rhe deep \Vinning move Typical arracking chaos
(sec page 153) (see page 167) (see page 176)

s ~:tr?.~..t.~•B ;~..,
%'1 i ':.1/ B i ;'It
: ~--·>~1~-f~;~-F \~;
! !,:,r:lK'"xwlfJl~~~~
~ lftA ~,~Y!~~~Jtt!i!;rts:
~~ ~~t~~~i~~}.:
a h c d e f g b a b c d e f g b a b c d e f g h

Only nine moves in ... Deci1.ion ci me Win extremely eleganrly

(sec page 157) (see page 168) (see page 177)
Covered in this chapter more rhan one sguarc in order to make it char
far, and in mosr cases, of a larger parr of rhe
• "lhc Assault Ratio board. ~fhis could be rhc centre, the kingside or
• Deflccrion rhe guccnsidc, but also a sm•1ller territory. 1hc
• Overloading imporranr parr is rhat rhe enemy king is there!
• Tempo~gainers So, in order ro arrack, ir is a rop priority for
• Piece Sacrifices for rime us to seek exactly such a supcrioriry.
• Tra nsi cion sg uares
• Lines of Communicarion When 1 ralk about rhe ~lssault ratio, I am talking
• Vacaring Squares about the difference between the number of
• Ourposts pieces involved in the arrack and rhe number
• Launching of pieces involved in rhe defence. "H1is simple
•l1le pin idea is closely relared to rhe basic rule of the
• Improving rhe Circumstances attack as given in Volume One, always bring a.J
• Prophylaxis many pieces into the attack a.J possible.
• lhc f'5/f4~sguares Our first game in rhis chapter provides an
excellent illustration of chis theme.
In this chaprer we will talk abour various
techniques and siruarions that are ofrcn seen.
Surya Shekhar Ganguly- A. Samhouri
While in the lasr chapter we talked a lor abom
Cebu City (Asi.m Ch.) 2007
the acr of rnaring irsel~~ we will in this chapter
discus~ rhe last piece of accion that precedes
I.e4 e5 2.~8 ~f6 3.d4 ~xe4 4 ..id3 ~c6
the macing combination. As in rhe previous
5.dxe5 d5 6.~c3 ~b4
chapter, ic shall be my objecdve co keep tt
simple, bur nor be afraid of complcxiry.

1he tirsr irem on our list is, not surprisingly,

the most basic.

The Assault Ratio

Probably che mosr ba~ic preregu1S1CC for a

successful arrack is a superioriry ac rhe scene
of rhe crime. lf rhe police do nor show up
in greater numbers rhan the villnins, rherc
will be lirrle chance of making an arresr. "lhc
Dutch like ro r~1lk about rwenry poinrs co
rhe king, leading ro mate. 111is is of course a
simplification of whar is going on) bur nor a 7.0-0!
stupid one. l11is pawn sacrifice looks very dangerous.
\X!hen we are actacking, we are looking for l11e problem for Black is rhar he cannor
superiority on, taken co an extreme, only one accept it without £1l1ing dangerously behind in
square; rhe one on which we shall deliver rhe development, and without accepting ir, he wiU
mate. !v[osr ofrt:n we need to be in charge of find his centre under mounting pressure.
Attacking !vi an ual 2

7 ... hc3 8.bxc3 CLlxc3 Surely Ganguly would have played: 14 ..ig5!
"!his is probably a q ucstionable decision, but \!Md7 15.:Sadl ~e6 16.Wxc6t! winning.
orhcrwisc White will play 9.c4 and enjoy the
rwo bishops and a sliglu lead in development, 12J3xa2!
as well as real pressure on rhe black centre. 1his was of course the idea. \XIhire now
has developed all his pieces, and the only
9.'\Wel d4 remaining developed black piece is the knight
9 ... lLle4 is probably best mer by regammg on a2, which in a strange way is occupying a
rhe pawn, even if ir is very <tppealing co play ::.quare jusr as far from rhe cenrrc as when ir
1O.~a3 or 1o.gb 1!? , making i r harder for Black starred out.
ro develop his queenside bishop. Having said rhar, rhcrc arc rhings ro
rejoice for wirh Black as well. He has won
10.i.d2li:lb4 ll.i.e4!? the exchange and two pawns, and he has no
ll ..ixc3 wirh a slight edge was maybe rhe obvious weaknesses in his position, aside fi·om
objectively besr way ro continue, bur ir is h<1rd the king being stuck in rhe ccnrrc. However,
ro offer anything bur praise cowards an inspired wirh vigilanr play Ganguly proved that he had
exchange sacrifice thar goes on to win the game sufficient compensation.
only cighr mo\·es larcr.
12•.. CLlxa2 13.i.g5 '\Wd7
ll. .. CLlbxa2? If nothing happened over the next move
A. Iready rhis is rhe decisive mistake! or ~o. White would nor be able ro justify his
material investment. Bur he can make things
Correct was ll ... lLlxe4 12.\!Mxc4 lLlc6, when happen, and thar makes for all rhe diftcrence.
Black should be ready ro give back the pawn
afrer 13.c3
a b c d e f g h
1l1is attacking idea (opening up the lines
rowards the black king) would have been far
However, be should not fall for rhe rrap and
less elfecrive if Black still had a strong knight
rake on c3 with 13 ... dxc3?, when \'(/hire does
on c3, hitting on rhe powerful bishop on e4.
nor recapmre. His previous play ha.!> 1.hown
rhar he obviously doe~ not care for material.
14... fxe6!
Chaprer 2- Typical Piece Play 59

Not such a strange move ro play, but none investment, ic is not so surprising chat \Vhite
the less rhere w~re rwo moves duu might seem has no more than a perpetual check.
playable/natural <H first sighr, but would lose
n\pidly: 16.f4!, with the idea to bring rhe queen to h4,
is the critical move.
14 ... \Wxe6? would be awkward after the prmaic,
hut very effective. capture, 1'5.ltJxd4.

More complicarcd is I4 ... ~d6, when Whire

needs to play accurately in order to p1·ove his
The win com~s afcer IS.exf7i· @xf7 16..id5t!
~e6. Taking th~ bishop loses rhc queen, but
1nighr also offer a bir of resistance.

a) 16 ... d3!? is a great defensive possibility. With

this pawn move he manages to get the knight
back lnro rhe game, eliminating the poisonous
1l1e rwo most: obvious line~, l7 ..ixd.~ lt:ib4
and 17.cxd3 ~eSt 18.ci>hl ctJc3, both a.ppear
a b c d e f g h to be to Black's advantage.
17.VNxe6t! followed by l8.ctJc5t and White However, White has a beauriful winning line
has regained some marcrial. And the attack in 17.~h4!! when after the principled moves:
rages on, despite the exchange of queens. l7 ... W/d4t 18.~h 1 ~xe4 19.\Wh5! g6 20.\Wh6
~e2 21.:ggl
15.ttle5 'l&b5
15 ... ~dG! would have ofrercd a bir more
rcsisrance, as the C.]tteen\, more ccncral locarion
would enable her co excn a greater influence
on the game. However, ir docs not appear that
Black can hold the po!.irion.

1G.ix.h7 loob promising, bm Black ha~ a

defence: 16 .. .:!~xh7 17.\We4 .!1h6! The r·ook
is not wonh more chan the bishop, as it can
find no way to inf-luence rhe imporrant squares
around the black king. For rhis reason it is
happy to bleed for king and country. 18.i.xh6
gxh6 19.~g6t Wr::7 and with his heavy material
60 Attacking Manual 2

black king. This is an cxccllcm example of in long lines after 22.\Wxg7, bur it is probably
rhe attack ratio being in White's favour. Black much simpler this rime to cash in with
i.;; dominating mosr of rhc board, bur rhe 20.CtJe7t!, winning the queen under more
e7 -square, rhe focal square, is beyond his favourable circumstances.
abilities to conuol.
b) 16 ... ltk3loscs to a slower arrack: l7.~d3 0-0 Opening up for che white queen to emer the
1s.1Wh4 (18.~xh7"\? is significandy poorer arrack on h4. 1he assault ratio is now immense,
here. 1he main idea 18 ... ~xh7 l9.~h4t ~g8 and ic is not a surprise that Black is busted.
20 ..'~.e7 at this momcnr fails co 20 ... \Wxe5!, and ln rhe game he went down rapidly, with a big
our mosr imponant arcacker has gone ro the bang, but by this rime there are probably no
grave without rhe possibility of being avenged.) significanr improvements for him.
18 ... !W:i 19.~c7 \Wd5 20.g4 We could srop
here, bur l want to prove rhat White is indeed 16 ...g6
winning. 20 ... b5 2l.gxf5 exf5 (2l...~b7 Black is also lost after 16 ... 0-0 l7.'!Mh4 ~f5
22.:gf3) 22.:gf.3 ctJc4 23.\Wh5 ~d7 24.:gh3 18.g4, ·winning rhe rook, or simply 16 ... ctJc3
h6 2'5.~.xe4 fxe4 26.~f6 \We6 27.ctJxd7 \Wxd7 17.~d3, when rhere is no defence against
28.~xg7 White is clearly winning. 18.Wh4, with a winning arrack.

c) 16 ... 0-0 looks dangerous, and tt ts nor 17.Wlh4

surprising that \XIhitc can break through the White is anacking wirh fuur pieces, while
king's flimsy defences using brure force. 'll1e none of Black's pieces are defending effectively.
winning line is: l7.~xh7t! ~xh7 18.\Wh4t rThe result is obvious.
<±>g8 19.ctJg6! Clhcre is no reason to go
materialistic now. 19.~e7 ctJc3!? gives Black 17 ... 0-0 18.hg6!
a few saving chances.) 19 ... cS The only move. After this final sacrifice rhere will be nothing
(Black can find no salvation after 19 ... ~d7 between the killer queen and her prey.
20.\Wh8"t Wf7 2l.ctJe5"i" or I9 ... :gf5 20.g4 ~f7
21.\WhS! ~f6 22.ctJh8t! Wg8 23.~xf6 gxf6 18.•. hxg6 19.tLlxg6
24.\Wt7t Wxh8 25.:gf3 and mate is ne.u·.)

a b c d e f g h
2(LWfh8·r Wf7 2l.ctJxe5t We6 now leads co a b c d e f g h
great complications, all winning for White 1-0
Chaprcr 2 -Typical Piece Play 61

The final posmon of this game is a clear One of rhe true masterstrokes of the 20th
presentation of rhe idea I wanr ro bring across. cenrury. Whhe has alreJ.dy given up the
The three white pieces arracking rhe black exchange, and now he sacrifices his queen for
king are t~tr more importanc rhan rhe cncire a mere knighc.
black queen.side, which incidc:nrally is wonh
23 p<twns more rhan White's, in ca'ie you are 24 ... fxe5 25.:Sfl ~c8
counting. A simple waiting move. Black also had
another defensive strategy, trying ro block rhe
I know rhis concepr is neither deep nor hard co c-pawn wirh rhe rook. 1his also fails: 25 .. Jk7
understand. Chess is actually not char difficult 26.~d 1! (but not 26.c7 \Wf7~, and it looks as
ro under~rand - ir i~ jusc very hard to play. rhough Black might escape) 26 .. J~e7 27.~b3
1hink of rhe diltcrem:e between looking ar a
cornbinarion for which you already l<11ow rhe
8 ~~. -~-.-~
solution, <111d one for which you do nor. 1r is a 7 ~ B.& ~ J.~
com plcrely di ffercn r ex pcriencc.
~.~ ~8~&~?.
5 ~~-"~w·a··'t

When we are talking about the a&sault ratio

overpowering the defence, it docs not necessarily
4 -~~ ~~-,-~~ ~~i
mean char the arracking pieces arc worth
more than che ddending ones. In this classic
2 ~il~
A"~--· . . . ~~
- c..J~o~ ~
m- ~
example we see a scenario where rh~ attacking ¥ffJf
.%~("' v.~:~ ri¥/~"'·
~ ~ ~ ~)S(~

pieces are worrh le~s rhan rhe defenders, a b c d e f g h

according ro our tradirional understanding
of the piec.:s' value, bm arc srill abk ro carry If the black queen were able to get ro g4, the
rhe d~l)' rhanks to rheir superior positioning. counterattack would save rhe day. Alas, chis is
not possible, so White can win comfortably,
Gusev - Yuri Averbakh either by exch.mging rooks, or wirhout.
27 ... b5 28.~d5 a5 29.b3 b4 30.c4 ~d8
lvloscow 1911
8 ~ ~ ~*~
7 ~m~-'"·
~ ~ .x~,i{/Y-1~~--·v
r-... ~ ~
~ ~cj~-~~

'¥i8:~'[l,"~~- ;


:!i~~~~3 .. ,
~ 0·/~~ ~/.w~·~r~>:
~ ~ if~~ ~)a"f
a b c d e f g h
And here \\7hite wins with both 3l.c5, with
similar ideas as in the ganle, and with 3l.:gf7
~e8 32.:gxe7 'Wxe7, where the queen is the
only black piece char can move, and as soon as
ir does, thee-pawn will race to rhc finish line.
62 Attacking Iv1anual 2

26.~dl gc4 27.~b3 b5 28.~xc4 bxc4 29.b3 6.e3 i!l more popular, bur I am very
\'{/hire creates a passed pawn and wins slowly, sympathetic to the ambition of avoiding rhe
bm steadily. doubled pawn.

29 ...a5 30.bxc4 a4 3l.~g2 a3 32.!Ul Wfe7 6 ... cxd4 7.l2Jxd4 h6 8.~h4 tiJc6 9.e3
33.gfl g5 34,gf5 g4 35.c5 WI dB 36.c6 Wle7

1l1is pmition does nor look roo dangerous

37.c7 for Black, and should nor be. However, his
1-0 play from here on works out poorly for him.
Averbakh resigned, one assumes, \Vith rhe He hopes that he can win a lor of material and
knowledge that this was far from the last rime at the same time weather the storm on rhe
he would have to look ar this position ... kingside. At rimes, this is of course a ~uccessful
scrateg}', even in cases such as these where a
In om final example of this rheme, we will bishop and rook are our of play.
carefully observe how White, with hi~ every
move, stfives to improve the assault ratio on the 9... hc3t?!
kingside, even if ir rneans making concessions Black is relying on racrics, bur as described,
in the centre or on the queenside. Like these do not work our well for him. However,
Ganguly, Sedlak does not allow his thinking w rhis is only based on absolurely excellem play
be constrained by material considerations. by White.
Nikola Sedlak- Milos Perunovic Ir seems more narural to develop the c8-
bishop firsr. Mter 9 ... b6 10 ..!e2 .!b7 11.0-0
Vrs:tc 2008
a draw was agreed in Marin - Andersson,
Szirak 1987. I am nor entirely sure that Black
l.d4 tiJf6 2.c4 e6 3.tiJc3 ~b4 4.tiJf3 0-0
just equalises, but it would not be completely
4... b6 and 4... c5 <lre generally considered
un f.1ir if he did.
more pron1ising according co theory, bur
one must assume thar Perunovic had hi~ own
10.gxc3 g5 ll.~g3l2Je4
opinion about this evaluation.
Black's prill1ary idea is of course ro fo\10\v
S.igS cS 6.gcl up wirh ... WaSt, if allowed, bur he may also
Chaprer 2- Typical Piece Play 63

be glad ro elitninate the bishop on g3. ll1e In for a penny, in for a pound ...
downside is rhar, in order to break rhe pin, he
has been forced ro weaken his kingside. Tn the event of 14 .. .lt:Jxd4 15.ixe4, Black
musr eirher go backwards ·with his knight or
l2J~~a3! Wfe7 play I 5 ... Wfxb2, transposing to rhe next note.
This is •m improvemem on a previous game,
probab1y analysed ar home by both players. rille 15..he4
difference is that Black follow~ rhe ~uggesrions 1he same of course goes for White.
of the chess engines, while \Vhire is going
deeper and looks ac che assaulc ratio, and rhus 15.•.Wfxa3
manages to look beyond che horizon of rhe 1l1ere is no r:irne to Aick in important
silicon beasc (by chc way, if you are 6 feet rail, exchat1ge:. in this position.
che horizon at a beach is only 3 miles away).
For example: 15 ... tLlxd4 is met with the
12. ..1Wf6 13.~d.3 tLlxg.3 14.hxg3 b6 15.tLlb5 powerful 16.id6!, when Black most likely will
ib7 16.tLld6 led ro an advantage for \'(/hire i1l lose hi~ self-respect, as well as some material.
Moiseenko - Riazanrsev, Geneva 2004.

.~. • ~~~/ !%,,_ "("'""~~
¥~'~----~--- '
~''l; ~~-~

6 ~-~. ~i~}; ~
~ ~~(~~~~1?fi''"/
5 ~~~;<'"'-~~~;i.··.'f~~~
4 ~fj~~~
,/'/-, "' ";(( ~rffi;z;/, /. ~7~
3 ~~ f;@~ if!~ ~~~
2 'iiy.~fj J///,~~Ni . . /.W!J"ti if(j
9.i ~ ~
0 ;2Lj~ ~7

--- }~;&~~-. /~~ .,f.

1 ~ ~%'§Y~- -~~~11 a b c d e f ecr h
a b c d e f g h 16.h4
13 ..id3!! Wib4t Activating rhe rook on h 1 and putting
Black is going down the principled road. pressure on the weaknesses around the black
Ir i1. hard to condemn chis, as ir gave him rhe king.
chance of winning an irnporranr game in rhe
penultimate round. Such an approach carries 16.. )l:~xd4
obvious risks, alrhough this is a normal parr A natural m.ove. Black decides to exchange
of the game. a piece from rhe queenside wirh a piece that
is likely ro head for rhe kingside. Ar first I was
13 ... tLlxg3 14.hxg:> <!ig7 was objectively thinking that this might be a loss of time, as
stronger, but ~/hire is obviously better thanks che knight is the least important of rhe white
ro hi~ bener developmenc and open h-file. pieces, and the tempo might have been more
imporram, but analysis of che position suggest!>
14. @fl Wfxb2 rhat chis is nor rhe case.
64 Attacking Manual 2

1l1e two main lines go .1~ follow~: deliver the final check of the game ro force
Bhtck's resignation!
16 .. .f5 17 .i.xc6 bxc6 18. hxgS hxgS l 9 .i.e5
g4 20J;:hst ~f7 21.~h7't ~e8 22.tDxe6! dxe6 17 ... Cbf5
23 ..~.d6 winning. lhe knight moves to the kingside, bur ir
cannot help there and \Vhite's arrack crashes
16 ... d5 rhrough, meeting lirrle resistance.
1l1is is a rougher nut to crack, but if you hir
hard enough and long enough, it does: 17 ... tDc6 18,:gxh6
I atn less than sure if the bishop is best placed 8 .i~~_t~
@<~ W"~ ~~*~
,..... v. ~

here or on b1.
7 .:-,~;Wia~
17 ... tDxd4 18.exd4 f5 19.hxg5 f4 20.i.h4 h'S
21. <;t>g 1! 6
~;@;~~W'~~ W/ffi,Wfj~~~
.... ~
1l1is move is important in many lines. "lhe '~ ~ L .. ~ "'
king needs to be able ro go to h2 in the case 4 l~8~j.t~ ~!-
\\11} {~:~ ~!¥'" ~~ ::1
of a subsequent check. 3 ~BI ;;}~ '£(:} ~ :::
21...~g7 22.~h3 iWxa2 23.g6! 2 ! 8.~. lrfj~{!,- "
1~ ~if~~~
a b c d e f g h

"l11is was rhe recommendation of Golubev in

Chess Today, naming ir as wild complications
J Ia Tal. Acrually ir was rarhcr obvious to me
the firsr time I saw rhe posirion rhar White
h winning, although I \Vas not roo sure
abour how w prove it. 1l1e reason for my
cerrainry is rhar rhe ratio of the attackers ro
rhe defenders is simply ridiculous. 1l1e black
a b c d c f g h
queen will have to do all the defending on her
Black is busted. \XIhite i'i ready to play own, wirh no help from the remaining four
24.~x.h'S, and the arrempt co prevent the pieces. 111e fact rhat White is a mok down is
imrusion of the whiu~ pieces falls shun in a of lirtle significance.
number of ways, for example: 18 ... \Wc3
2.) ...!;h8 24JH3 :gfs 25.~c7 18 ... d5 19.cxd5 cxd5 20.\Wal! also leads co a
And \'V'hite wins swifrly. decisive arrack.
19. <;t>gl!
Again rhis move ts tmporranr. One of the
diflerences rhar is ro "White's advantage in the
lr is more imporram ro play with the greatest
position, is rhar of king safety. White only
po~siblc vigour on the kingside, than to count
needs to step once ro the right, and he is safe,
material in the centre. \X'hire opens up for the
Black will nc:ed a different dimension to feel
rook on hI as well as introducing the pawn
any safc:ry.
it.sel f as an additional arr.tcking uniL In fact,
19 ... d5
it turns our thar this very pawn is destined w
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 65

suggested the correct way of dea.ling with ir;

alrhough he stopped a bir early in his main
1he point of rhis move is of course to win
time, but ir is also to \Yin the rime without
having a black pawn on e4, as would happen
after ocher sacrifices of the bishop.
18 ... ~xh7 19.~xh6t ~g7
The king has ro go here, in order ro answer
20.ie5t with 20 ... f6, based on rhe point
2l.gxf6t ~x.h6!. So Whire does nor have
time ro involve rhe bishop at this moment,
but muse include rhe queen in rhe arrack,
with check, and taking a piece, bur it is still
a wasre, as she was set to be excellent at h5.
20.\Wxd4t f6
Ar chis point White can force a draw with
the mok sacrifice 2l.gxf6t, bur rhis is not
what he is looking for.

s x~·~ ~~ ~
h c d h
7 ~'l• -~- .Y~ ~%
~ ~·~ ~~?.
. %

a e f g
23.ixe5t 'IWxeS"I 24.f4 ~xe3 25J~f6 5
'rtt "i
~·:: ~
jfxti; · §-:
Black is mated. Soon comes a check on h6
with the queen. 4
3~ ~. ~(] ~ §
17 ... d5 2~-
~;-; ~~-~~~ ~~~
-"'?'.-:.·~ ~
1~ ~ ~ l~

a b c d e f g h
Thi~ is the truly great move, once again. The
king is seeking safety on h2, after which White
can rake more time in order ro finish the attack
off perfectly. The imponanr point for our
theme is probably that as long as B!.1ck cannot
bring in a lot of defenders quickly, White will
have a positive assault ratio.
At this point I have chosen to look ar no
fewer than four alternatives. T would like you
ro pay attention to rhe fact that, in all of rhese
lines, the main reason for Black's demise is thar
66 Arracking Manual2

the number of attackers always exceeds the rhe white a-pawn. Although rhis does nor
number of defender.). mauer much in a materialistic sense, it is
rat·e char the disappearance of even a single
a) 2l .. .'l!ifb4 is one of the computer's many pawn will not have some extra significance
suggestions. There arc ;\ number of ways to some\vhcre. Compared with the end of the
be.lt it, bur the main line i.) quite appealing, long line, after 35.id8, you wHI see that
~o I have chosen co mention it all rhe ::.amc. \'{/hire is very happy to answer 35 ... @a6 wirh
22.'lNd3! White arracks the w~akesr spot in the 36.'lNa4t, something that is more credible
black position, rhe g6-square. Black is swiftly rhcrc, as it does not blunder the queen.
run over. 22 .. .f5 23.'Wd4t ~f7 24.g6i' ~c8 Although lhis line is still very tempting,
25.g7 'fl1e g-pawn is dearly worrh more rhan White has :1 simpler solurion in 22,!d6!,
the knight White ignored on d4 on move 17. introducing rhe bishop inro rhe attack.
25 ... ~g8 26.~h8 ctff7 27.ih4! Only chis move 22 .. JU7
wins, bm it leads srraighr ro the shaking of 22 ... .td7 23.~g4! ~f7 24.ct/h2 '®c2 25.il.f4
hands. Black has no answer to the crushing and Black does not have any good defence
rhrear of'Wf6t. against 26.gxf6t.
2.3.~h4 "iWblt 24.~h2 ~5 25.f!h8! 'Wg6
b) 2l...i.d7 22.~g4! 26.gxf6t ~xf6 27.ie5
White wins.

d) 21. ..Wclt 22.@h2 'lNxc4 23.'Wdl ~e4

24.mrhs 'Wf5 25.il.h4 fxg5 26.g4 This \vas
Golubev's (and Frirz's) line. He srops here
with the sign for a clear advantage, which
~cems somewhat premature ro me, even if rhis
i::. indeed whar my engine also tells me. If we
push it a litde bir fmther the moves we end up
with are: 26 ...'Wc5t 27.c.t>gl ~B 28J:~h8 ct/f6
29.gh7 '!Wa 1t 30. ct/g2 @e5 3I.'Wxg5t ctfd6
a b c d e f g h
32.'Wd8'f @c6 33.!k7t c.t>b5 34.'We8t ~b6
'"n)b aggressive move is both threatening a 35.id8
combination with 23.gx.f6t @xh6 24.if4t,
with mare on rhe nexc move, and simply ro
increa.)e rhe srrengrh of rhc arrack wirb 'Wh5.
Black has nothing that looks even remotely
like a sarisfacrort' deFence.
For example:. 22 ... WI7 23.gxf6 ctfcB does
nor work on account of 24.ic7! and rhe black
king will nor be able ro run away.

c) 2l...\Wxa2 22.Ad6!
22.@h2 'lNxc4 23.W/d 1 looks like :tn even
becrer version of the t(Jilowing line d). 'lhe
difference is, of course, the disappearance of
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 67

18.ixf5 Deflection
18.ie5 was also strong, bur it is good to begin
by removing Black's sole defensive piece. One ofrhe ways to build up a superiority in the
armck is ro eliminate some of the defenders,
18... exf5 19.ie5! for example with deflection. Essemially rhe
The bishop joins in che accack from an ideal idea of deflecrion is tbar you in some \vay force
square. Black is just lost. one or more of the opponent's pieces ro leave
rhe scene of the action, either by offering some
19 ... f6 kind of a sacrifice, or by threatening ro deliver
19 ... ge8 is no betrer. After 20 ..'2l.f6 geG some kind of damage. Ic is basically the carrot
21.gxh6 gxf6 22.gxf6 mace is inevitable. and rhe stick, or, ar rimes, the carrot as a stick.

20.id6 1he classical type of deflection is where a

Or 20.gxiD. defender is eliminated from a key square by
a piece sacrifice. The following example is
20 ... Wfc3 2l.~xh6 ~f7 probably abour as standard as you can get.
More resistance was ofFered by 2l ... fxg5, bm
Whire win.'> wirh check.., all rhe way: 22.'1!Nd5t David Navara- Robert Rabiega
~g7 23.ixf8t Wxf8 24.Wxf5t ~e8 25.Wxg5
1! . \!11- ,..,;.... \!11- • Bundcsliga 2006
Wei t 26.~e2 8xc4t 27.'6'0 8f7i' 28.~g3
d6 29.gf6 \Wc4 J(UWg7
a b c d e f g h
a b c d e f o-
h Black eliminated his srar opponent through
22.~g6t a series of f<mrasric deflections.
22.g6 wa::. also winning easily.
28 ... ltlb4!!
22 ... ~g7 23.Wfd5t ®h8 24.~h6t ~h7 28 ... ih6t 29.~bl lLlb4 is also excellent,
25.~xh7t ®xh7 26.W/f7t ®h8 2?.Wfe8t although it may give White a few
®h7 28.g6t additional options compared wirh rhe game
1-0 continuation.
1he g-pawn was en prise for ten moves before
striking rhe final dearh blow. 29.lDxb4
68 Actacking Manual 2

White is roasr afrer both 29.'if:Yd2 il.h6! and 5 ...c5 6.d5 b5 7 .dxe6?!
29.'Wd.l ~e2!, so he has to accept rhc bait. Along wirh rhc following move, this is
probably the main cause ofWhire's subsequem
29 ....ih6t 30.<hbl E:el t 31.:8:xel problems in chis game.
3 Licl ifS looks quire strong as \veiL
7.e4!?, wich a complex game, was f.tr more
31 ... ~xel t 32.<hc2 energetic.

7 ...fxe6 8.e4?!
8.cxb5 a6 9.e3looks more prudcnr. Whice is
not ready for heavy acrion in rhe centre.

sE~.l.~ ~*~
7 --~if.--~~,
6 "--"~ ~~---"ldl
~ ~r~~rJ$~ ~------z~ ~
5~ .. ~-~ ~ ~
4 ~-~"~
3 ....
>~~~ ~~-~
Black's combination would have been flawed, 2
0 ~;;; ~ ~z 0 ~LS~ 'i§1
/ . " " ' / .... 7.~ ~~7. .... /:1~-- .. :?~
had he not had a second deflector.
1 ~~ ~ ~~Wll
32 ... .if5! a b c d e f g h
Removing the queen from rhe defence, after 8 ... h6?!
which mare is near. 1here was no good reason to flick this in,
objectively, but it was nor played without
33.~xf5 ~d2t an idea. I wanced che bishop to not be able
0-1 ro rerum to the assistance of rhe queenside.
8 .. .'!Dc6! was the best move. See rhe note ro
One common type of deflecrion is ~een when Black's next move.
rhe opponent posseloses one especi;tl!y well-
placed piece. Before we can be successful in 9.~h4?!
our mischief, we will have ro remove such Taking on f6 was more prudent, but Whire
influential players from the centre of acrion. is srill playing for an advantage.

Niels Christian Schiodt -Jacob Aagaard 9 ...~a5?!

Here I missed a very strong option. EYen
Copcnhag~n 1990 if 9 ... tt.:Jc6! I O.cxbS tt.:Jd4 ll.VJ!d3 Wa5 might
look very strong to the eyes of a seasoned
l.d4 ~f6 2.c4 e6 3.~c3 .ih4 4.~c2 0-0 Grandmaster, for him to pass judgement on
s.igs rhe play of an immature adolescent would be
5.a3 is of course rhe main line. grossly unfair.
Cha~ner 2 -Typical Piece Play 69

10.e5 ll. ...ixc3t 12.®d1

1O.~xf6 .):!xf6 1 1.cxb) a6 gave Black good White's creative play has created a scenario of
attacking chances in Zak- Averbakh, Moscow utter chaos. Black is hanging everywhere and is
1947, and is probably no berrer. faced with the threat of ~fl-d3, indicating a
~light problem with his reckless fight for the
in i dative.

a b c d e f g h
lO .•. lDe4!
A very energetic response. \XIhire actually
a b c d e f g h
anticipated rhis and had a brill ianr idea of This is the critical momenr, where it becomes
his own ready. Seldom does one see so much clear that the white queen is immensely
creativity in rhc lower ranks at a tournament. influential for both attacking and defensive
In a Iacer game Black played diflerendy: It is at moments like rbis that the attacking
1O... lL!g4 1 1.cxb5 lDxeS 1L~g3 ~f5 13.0-0-0 player meets his destiny. When there is no
was vvildly unclear in Zylla - Schwcrrel, corr. turning back, the path leading further into the
200 1. Imerestingly a lor of these moves are mess is often the one that must be followed.
also rhe choice of my computer engine, which
prefers Whice to some extent. 12... ~b7!!
I was very pleased with this move at the rime,
II.lJWxe4? and would still be proud ro find such an idea
This incredible idea is unfortunate!>' also the wday. The bishop is developed in an energetic
decisive mistake. way, simply to deflect rhe powerful queen fmm
her centralised spot.
ll.ltJge2 was rhe only move. Here rhere are
many inceresting continuations ro investigate. 12 ... ~xb2? would lose the barrie for the
Ic could be 11.. .~b7 12.cxb5 a6, it could be initiative. \XIhire would first gain a tern po
1 l...ltJxc3 12.bxc3 ~a3 or even I l. .. tLlxc3 by threatening mare with 13.~d3!, when
12.bxc3 ltJc6!?. I have nor found any obvious after 13 ... ~f5 he would start harvesting the
advantage ro either player in these lines. My black pieces on che back rank. After 14.1&xa8
instinct cells me rhar the second of rhese lines 1&a4t 15.~c2 \Wxc4 16.tLlf3! (an important
is probably rhe besr, but it i& hard ro know prophylactic measure) 16 ... ~xa1 17.~xb8
withour investing a day or two of your life. Black does noc have enough for rhe piece.
70 Anacking Jvlanual 2

\XIhite ha:. played his hand and is our of
good cards. For example: 13.\We2 f"U4! with a
devastating arrack.

.VJj.''t. w;~,
.l.~tlf ~~
--···";-~~~: ~~f~~;-~" .%~~-~:
0~ ~-~ f.';~~
\rnt·a··w~-· %~AA- "'~ ,~


5 ~e~•r~ rd ~ v.·
13 ....iel! 4 /,. /.W~/~'~r~· .%~ '/.~ ;.

3 .:::-~!t~1
2 0 1'0:; ~~'e(;{Q~ 0 ;(Q,
~f ,.•. %-~~%~'
a b c d e f g h

Black can only reply in one way not ro lose

rhe initiative.
15 .. Jhf2t !6.~xf2 ~d2t 17.~f3 \Wxf2t
Here there are several winsl bur I have
some affection for the one \\'e found in our
analysis back in 1990. Not only because ir is
amazingly elegant, but aho because it makes
a b c d e f g h use of the knight.
Thi~ move might be a bit surprising lO some. 18 ... t2:Jc6 19.\Wxa8t ~h7 20.:gdl t2:Jd4!
-n1e idea is simple - d2 is rhc weake~r !.qu•trc ·n1e tueatI ··~ ... '"'rf~ · ....;..&~ f2..1.1 an d ... \1_,,
'i:::!J )1", 9c 2
in rhe white position and it proves incredibly marc. White has no response but to give up
difficult to defend. 'TI1e queen is badly placed the rook for the bishop> which looks like a
on b7, whereas it had previously been the most fair rrade.
inAuential piece on the board on e4. 2l.:gxe1 tL:!c2!!

In the game \Vhite tailed ro defend in the mosr 8 if~~J ~ ~~ ~

re~olute wayl although his position wa~ ;l.lready 7 • . •/\~//'~%/ ~~~·
.. ·"' ,WJ;i ~ /.. /.
be\'ond salvation. 6 ~~ ~~ a ~w~ ~A% 5

~-0::.- %~ • %~
s •/'/r~<(< /:rL?: Z~%-- 1.

i{·~ ;J

'TI1e mosr energetic defence ind uded a 4 .w)1~(~/.-~J~z-, ~~ l'

temporary knighr sacrifice wirh:
14/2Jf3! E!xB
Obviously Black removes rhe ddendcr of
d2. A move can hardly be called a sacrifice
when ir threatens matd However> \XIhite has
3 ~;."//"/-~"///",~/' - · · ,., 3
") A ~N~ I&~
- o


~\UJ{ A ~<'%
J~Z' z~nf~l$/~
c d e



a very cle,•cr riposte. Again, nor rhe only winning move, bur by
1'). cJ?e2! Eu the mosr amazing one. The only move
\'V'hite has a strong double threat in ~xf3 nor to be immediately mated is a defensive
and :gxe I. One might even say rhar rhe black deflection with 22.~f8 ...
rook has been deflected from its powerful
position on rhc eighth rank. 14... Wfd2t 15.~b3 'Dc6
Chapter 2- Typical Piece Play 71

l11c dual thr~acs of ... ctJa5t and ... i2Jd4t, are l8,gxe6!!
absolurcly decisive. With this move White captures an important
pawn, buc ofcourse also loses a rook. 1l1e reason
16.'@xc6 dxc6 17.a3 bxc4t for rhe sacl'ifice is to deAecr the pawn on f7, so
0-1 rhar ir no longer defends the g6-square.
To rhis day, I remain very proud of this lr should be said rhac two grandmasters have
garne. Ir was only ro be a few mon.rhs before missed rhe golden opportunity to play this
Niels Christian would find bloody vengeance sacrifice> bur as they both won afrcr taking rhc
ar rhe same vemt~, and if I remember correctly, bishop on e7, it is difficult to be too hard on
even ar rhc same cable ... rhem. Ironically, this is the only game in my
database in which Black survived!
Of course lc is not only pieces, but also p~twns
rhac c:1n be dcAecced. 1he following example 18... fxe6 19.~xg7!
provides <\ good illustration. This is an old fashioned destruction of the
king's shelter.
Alexander van Beek- Jon Speelman
Gibral rar 2007 Speelman is an experienced cat and rightly
decides to do whatever he can ro fight for the
I.e4 c6 2.d4 <IS 3.ttJd2 dxe4 4.ttJxe4 ifS key 1.quares. Thus we see rhc defenders rallying
s.ttJg3 ig6 6.h4 h6 7.ttJa ltJd7 s.hs ih7 around their monarch.
9.i.d3 .1xd3 IO.'@xd3 c6 11.i.f4 '@aSt
12.i.d2 i.h4 13.c3 i.e? 14.c4 '@a6 15.0-0 19 ... c;!;lxg7 lost ro a beautiful bishop sacrifice in
ttJgf6 16J~fel 0-0 17 .ttJf5 gfe8 Decoster- Tiggelman, Belgium 2005:

Black has mi~playcd rhe opening, but was far

from rhc only player ro make this misrak~.
l11c combinat:ion played in tbis game arose
in a tc':v games before black defenders of rhe 20.ttJxe8 gxe8 2l.'@g6t ig7
Caro-I<ann bec.unc aware of the danger. Objectively this is~ slighr miscake.
72 Arcacking Manual 2

White is winning in all cases, bur the most Peter Heine Nielsen - Nicolai Vesterba:k Pedersen
resilient lme seems to have been: 2J. .. cj{h8!
22.~xh6 ~xh6 23.'1Wxh6t CDh7 24.ltJg5 Danish League 2006
(24.'Mffq!? might be stronger) 24 ... ~c7 25.ctJxh7
~xh7 26.'Wxc6 ltJf8 27J¥fe5"1 cj{ga 28.b3 and l.d4 'bf6 2.'bf3 c5 3.d5 h5 4.c4 g6 5.cxb5
White is winning, bur some figluing remains. a6 6.b6 'lMfxh6 7.'bc3 d6 8.e4 .ig7 9.'bd2
0-0 lO..ie2 'bbd7 Il.'bc4 ~c7 12 ..if4 :Sb8
22 ..ixh6 ~e7 23 •.if4 'bm 24.~g5 'b8h7 13.~d2 ctJb6 I4.'be3

a b c d e f g h
14... 'ba4!!
After 30 seconds chis is rhe 22nd best
move according to Fritz. Aftel' 60 it is on
rap, guaranteeing only equality, apparently.
Instead he could have won with the nor 'lbe reality, however, is chat it is completely
so 11rraighrforward 25. '\¥/h4! '\¥/xc4 26.h6. winning.
For example: 26 ... .if8 27 ..ie5 and Black is
dead. Bur although this is rnrher ~imple for a 15.'bxa4
machine, it is acmally a very complicated win ll1ere is nothing else.
for a humJn being to find. 1hcL·e are simply
wo many options for both players. 15 .ltJedl does nor hold the position together.
After IS ... :gb4 16 ..if3 (16.f3 is met with
25 ... 'bf8 26.Wig5 'b8h7 27.~g6 'bf-8 16... 4Jh5! 17.~e3 :gxb2! and Black wins)
¥2- 1/2 16 ... '\¥/b? and b2 falls, as after 17.~bl Black
can play l? ... ctJxe4!! 18.ctJxe4 ~5 with a
Tn the next game we ~h,lll .~ee how a dccic;ive attack.
grandmaster with a raring of 2650 can be
toppled by a deflection. After wh<u looks w 15... 'bxe4 16.Wic2
be an inconspicuous opening, \'(/hire is jusr 16.'\¥/dl ~a5t l?.@fl ~b4 is likely to
one move away from full development 1 bur transpose with best play.
Black finds a stunning sacrifice rhar forces his
opponent ro forger all about c;.tsrling. 16... ~a5t 17.®fl ~b4!
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 73

a b c d e f g h
23 .. J~xe2! 24.~xe2 ~c4t 25.~el ~c3t
26.~e2 !g4t 27.f3 ~xe3t 28.~flif5

18.~c4! A tremendous achievement by Pedersen. Black

1his is the only move chac gives a fighting lefr the World Champion's second without a
chance. chance, after no obviously bad moves had been
Of course Whirc cannor recreat his knighr w Nielsen is of course a famasric player in his
c3, as the bishop on f4 would hang. own right, who has a perfect understar~ding of
deflection. In rhe following game White plays
Also hopeless would be 18J'Llb6 iM'xb6 19.llJc4 good atracking chess from the beginning.
E:}{c4 20.Axc4 Af5 21.®b3 ®c7 followed \Vhen Black takes a fevif liberties, as well as
by .. J;b8 and ... id4, when Black's initiative a pawn on b2, Nic1sen uses deAection as rhe
should decide rhe gam~. basis of a fantastic winning attack.

l8 .. J~fxa4 19.~xe4 Peter Heine Nielsen - George Michelakis

19.'Wxa4 ~xa4 20.aJ was possible, but even
rhough rhe rook is potentially rrapped, Black is Copenhagen 2003
doing very '~·dl.
l.d4 ~£6 2.c4 g6 3.~c3 i.g7 4.e4 d6 s.~f3
19 ..•1£5 0-0 6.h3!?
Black continues m mobil be hi~ pieces. A modern line which has been made popular
by Krasenkow.
20.~xe7 ~e8 21.~xd6 ~b2 22.~xb2
22.:Se1 ~xc4 23.ie3 id4 also wins for 6 ... ~a6 7.1g5 ~e8 8.g4!?
Black. White gains space on rhe klngside, -as well as
increasing his control over rhc light squares.
22 .• J~xb2 23 ..ie3
Now Peder~on purs rhc icing on the cake 8 ... c5
wirh a final cacrical flurry. ·111is is slightly unu~ual, bur nor bad.
74 Attacking Manual 2

8 ... e5 9.d5 tLJc5 lO.lL!d2 aS 11.\Wf3, a main Black is trying to make the position as messy
line, is also possible here. Whire might be able as possible.
to claim a slight edge here.
Simpler and probably also berter was 12 ... fxg6
9.~g2 h5!? \vhen after 13.0-0 fxe4 l4.~el ifS 15.lDxe4
A very principled move rhar erie~ ro exploi( ixe4 16.lDg5 \We? 17.lDxe4 ixd4 18.\Wg4
che fact rhat White has weakened hi~ kingside \Wg7 Black does not appear to be at a serious
with g4. disadvantage.

Less ambitious is 9 ... cxd4 lO.lDxd4lDc5 when 13.~g5 fxg6

\XIhi(e is probably a bir becrer. During the game Michelakis seriously
considered playing: 13 ... 5!? with the idea of
lO.obfG · 14.\Wh5 :Sf6 15.lDd5 cxd4! (bur not 15 ... :5xg6?
An amazing game was played from rhis I6.\Wxg6!)
position. 10.gxh5 lDxhS 11.\Wd2lDc7 12.~h6
cxd413.lDxd4e5 14.Axg7@xg715.ltJf5t ~fS
16.exf5 lDf4 17.ixb7 ;gb8 18.ie4 d5 19.cxd5
lL!b5 20.~gl llJd6 2l.b3 ~b4 22 ..~c2 :8.d4
23.~e.3 ~h8 24.fxg6 f5 25.~dl ~xh3 26.0
g],2 27.~fl :5xc2 28.~xd4 exd4 29.\Wxd4i'
<i>g8 30.®xf4 Bxc3 3l.®h6 '!9e7 32.g7 :Sxf3t
33. ~g2 \We2t 34. cjrh I lDf7 35.\Wh7t 1-0
Krasenkow- Bobras, Glogow 200 L

1o... exfG ll.gxh5 f5!

'l11is is the only move; Black needs to create
coun terplay.


Forced as 14.0-0 e3! gives Black good play.

14... ~xd415.0-0 ~e5?

Black loses his way completely. Here i(
was necessary to create coordination and to
complete the development of the fmce~.

Better \vas 1S ...®e7 16.\Wd2 ifS though

White ha1. rhc advamage after l?.~ael Wd?
l8.lDg3!, when h appears thar the weakness of
Chapter 2- Typical Piece Play 75

rhe light squares around rhe black king is more 19.tLlh7!

significant rhan that of the dark squares around The key ro the combination initiated on
rhc white king. For that reason Black should the last move. It is inreresring ro note rhe
prefer 18 ... ctJc7 with a slight disadvantage. interconnectedness between rhesc rwo moves,
played in opposite corners of the board!
16.WI d2 ~xb2?!
Black's po~ition already appears to be very 19 ... Wlf4
dangerous, and it is hard to believe that pawn- 19 ... \Wd4!? 20.~h6 ~f5 2l.GLJxf8 gxf8
grabbing i1. rhe way to improve it. Still it is 22.GLJg3 ~c2 23j~c7 ~h8 24.~e3 and White
hard to find ,1 good continuation. wins, although some play remains.

lhe players looked at 16 ... ~f4 17.gael

~f5 after the game, but here \Xlhite has the
computer moves 18.ctJf7!?, 18.GLJxd6!? and 7
18.GLJe6!? ~.xe6 19".tiJxd6 with a clear edge. 6
17J~ael tLlb4 5
a b c d e f g h
The number of developed pieces decide the

20 .. J1xf6 21.tLlxf6t Wfx£6 22.~e8t mf7

Black also loses after 22 ... mg7 23.gfel gS
24JUe7t @h6 25.h4 and the king cannot be
18.a3! protected.
A deflection that J"emovcs rhe bishop from
the defence. 23.~fel ~b2
\XIhire has a menacing arrack after 23 ... g5
Nor completely dear is 18.CtJh7?! ~xh7 24.~e2 @g6 25.ggst ~h6 26.~e8 ~b2
19.GLJg5i" <t?g8 20Jhe5 ~xeS when Black 27.~e4 where the computer gives 27 ... ~f5
conrinues to resist. 28.~xa8 GLJd3 29.~x5 ~xf5 30.ghst ~xh8
31.~xh8"1 ~g6 32.'We8t ~f7 33.ge6t and
18... Axa3 WillS.

Objectively bcner wa~ 18 ... tt:lc6 19.ctJxc5

~xeS 20.~d'5t @g? 2I.~xb2t \Wd4 22.tLle6t 24.Wlh6!
~xe6 23.1;Wxb7t ~f7 24.\Wxc6 and White is a 1-0
pawn up for nothing. Black is mated.
76 Attacking Manual 2


One of rhe most common ~ituarions where

dcflecrion is useful is when a piece is overloaded.
Acrually, deflection \viii always be exploiting
some kind of overloading. In rhe rwo Nielsen
games above, the defending pieces could be
said ro be overloaded: rhe knight in charge of
borh rhe pawn on e4 and rhe square on a4,
and rhe bishop in charge of rhe kingside and
rhc a3-square. However, we rend ro calk abour
ovcrloadincr., onlv' in che scenarios where both
squares rend robe imporranr. lr is a rhcoretical a b c d e f g h
diflerence of linle importance r~ rhc practical I would personally be overjoyed if so111eone
pl,1yer, besides not wonh gening confused over were to play like chis against me. White's last
ir when reading chess books ... 111ove not only looks objectively unjustified, it
abo lead~ ro a position rhat is subjectively far
In the following game we will see n1any more difficult ro play wirh White.
~itu;uions where rhe white queen is
overloaded, and will have ro relinquish one of 8 ... g6 9.'We2 .tg7!
her responsibilities. 1he same also happens ro Black should in rcrurn not be afraid of
other pieces, but rhe queen is frequenrly in this investing material in his arrack. With this move
situation in rhis game. 1l1e game is nor in itself he ofFers both a pawn and a piece ro \Vhite, in
so complex, but deep analysis of ir brought return for the opening of files for his pieces.
abour a lot of interesting moments, relevant ro
our mpic, so I decided ro go a bir deeper than IO.e5
usual in the annotations. Whirc follows up on his plan and wins a
piece by chis quick launch in rhe cenrre.
Valeriane Gaprindashvili- Rasul Ibrahimov
I 0.1&xb5 0-0 11.ctJc3 E:e8 12.ctJge2
Urumia 2008
gb8 13.\Wd.) was successful for White in
Milovanovic - Movre, corr. 1980, bur Black
l.d4 ~f6 2.c4 e6 3.g3 c5 4.d5 exd5 5.cxd5
could have played much better ar rhis poinr.
b5!? 6.~g2
Various gambits involving a quick e2-e4
h,tve been cried successfully over the la~r few
years. After rhis quiet developing move Black
is in rime ro finish his Benoni structure.

6 ... d6 7.e4 b2Jbd7 8.f4?

-n,e beginning of a very ,lJnbitiou . . , but
also very risky strategy. \'Vhire abandons
dcvdopn1enr in favour of a quick cemral
a b c d c f g h
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 77

13 ...c4!! A beautiful rnagnet ~acrifice. 'lhe rook is immune, as the queen woutd
\XIhite is losr ;.tfccr 14.'@'xc4 lbc5, when che soon be lost co a. discovered check with the
queen is trapped; it will be forced ro go ro d4 bishop. \Xlhite is probably already lost> btn: the
and then ... tt.JfXe4 cornes, winning material. proof of the pudding is always in the eating.
Also 14.~ c2 does nor save rhc posicion. Afrer
14 ... C2lc5 15.0-0 \Wb6 \'V'hite is C<mght in rhe 14.Wfd3?!
crossfire of rhe black pi~ces, and <tH of chis only 1l1e queen is unprotected at rhis spot and
for a pa'\'Vl'l, 16 ..~,e3 is mer wirh 16 ... tt.Jg4, while rhis ~imple face quickly leads w the demise
16.'~~/h 1 can be punished wi rh 16 ... ClJfxe4!! of the white :trmy through a not roo difficult
17. CD:xe4 j,fS and Black will regain his marc rial combination.
\.virh a huge positional advantage to boot.
10 ... dxe5! 1l1is move was maybe the better defence,
1l1is is the bener option, for reasons explained alrhough rhis does not mean rhat it can hold.
in rhe next nocc. Moves like 14 .. J~b6 and 14... tt.Jg4 are ve1-y
atrracrive 1 but I decided to bring the queen
10 ... 0-0? was played in rhe srem gam.e. After into acrion quickly in my analysis and found
11.exf6 ~e8 l2.fxg7 i!xe2·1· l3.tt.Jxe2 \Wc7 a nice way ro decide the game.
l4.@f2 C2Jf6 15J~e1 i.b7 16.lila3! \Xfhite had l4 ... ~c8t 15.ctJe2 VNa5t!
slightly berter chances, even rhough ro call the b2 is n weak spot in rhe whire position and
po~irion a mess would be more appropriate, rhc bishop wants ro emerge on a6. This
Plaskett- Groszpeter, 1l1essaloniki 1981. manoeuvre enable~ borh.
t6.Ad2 ~b6
ll.fxe5 0-0 l2.exf6 It was already possible to pm th~ bishop
Jim Pla$kerr csrimared d1ar \'Vhire would on a6, bur it seems even berrer ro keep the
be a little bcrrcr in hi!>. annor:.nions in (/.1eJ~· queens on rhe board.
Informant 33, because now rhe bishop on c1 I7.~bc3.ia6 18.'@'a4
is in the game. Actually, nothing coukl he \XIhire has no chance of saving rhe game
further Front rhc truth. I believe rhar Whirc is after 18.\Wb3 1xe2 19.C2lxe2 'Wa6 20.1&f3
losr at this moment, si n1ply because rhe d~file :gxb2 either.
1~ open ...
18 ... 'Wxb2
12.•. ~xf6 13.\WxbS ~b8!
78 Attacking Manual 2

difterent points. Nor surpri~ingly \Xfhire will b) 19.!!cl

find himself overloaded on rhe undefended \Xfhite is defending the c3-kniglu, but this
square in each line. leaves d2 vulnerable, and Black is able ro
exploir this overloading wirh a nice bit of
a) 19.!!dl deA.eccion:
1his is refured with a brilliant jump. 19 ... ~xc2 20.tLlxe2 ~h6!!
l9 ... l2Jg4!!
White is suffe1·ing from the problem of nor
;t··f- ~~-·~
being able ro rake more than ant: piece at
a rime. Maybe his best chance is castling ~~.~~~5
6 ~,$~ /• . • ~ :;
and being material down, but safe, as rhe ·' ·g~ p;'-~:1......~---- z ·;[
5 r~ r•~o~ ~
alrernarivc leads to even grearcr prohlerns: r;;·

20.\WxaG 4 11¥~ ~ -~J ~~·

20.l.Wxg4? ~c3 is rrivi<ll, of course. The 3~ ~ 11
p., \mt w.M - ~
/'~~ ~ %f@ ~.-. ~Pr~
bishop on d2 is as overloaded as can be. 2 o ~EM· 00t.z.J~~&fdi
20 ... .'~.xc3 2l.~d3 ~xd2i· 22JWxd2 tLle3!! 1 . . . . hr~r·---¥.~.0.•:

a b c d e f g h

'l11e bi1.hop joins the attack from a surprising

angle. This is of course less surprising if you
combine nvo ideas from the first volume, rhe
idea of arracking rhe opponent where he is
weakest (d2 and e2) and using all of your
pieces. A bir general in tone indeed, but srill
useful in a practical setting.
"lbe roughest defence.
a b c d e f g h 2l.~c2 ~d2t 22.~xd2 ~xd2t! and Black
Black has sacrificed a piece, bm his knight i~ wins back his material with interesr.
sL1pcrior ro anything in the vvhite camp. "lbe 21 ... ~xd2t 22J~xd2
critical line unsurprisingly includes massive 22. cj;Jxd2?! loses in one go to 22 ... We5! and
material haemorrhaging from \\!hite. \'\!hire is noc able to defend borh e2 and d.
23.~f3 ~F6 24. ~f2 22 ... ~a1 i" 23.~f2 ~e5 24.~f4
ll1ese two last moves could have been played
in reversed order as well. Black's response
\Vould have been che same.
24 ... CZJg4t 25.~g2 B:b2 26 ..~xg4
Giving up rhe queen is <lbso[utcly necessary.
26.~d3 is not a good defence, and after
26 ... c4!, resigning seems accracrive.
26 ... !!xd2 27.!!xd2 ~g5
Black wins a piece. White srill has some
counrerplay wirh the d-pawn, bur ir is hardly
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 79

Whire seems to have defended everything, White has successfully defended everything,
lntr in such desperate defensive situations, ic but all his pieces are as passive as can be.
is common for the pieces to be overloaded. 1l1is is an example of the oscillation between
Here ir is rhe queen that has m defend borh evolution and revolution described in rhe
e3 and g4, as well as the rook on d2, which first volume. At first there was the initial
has to defend borh the first and second developmem of rhe pieces, then a. pawn
ranks. Nor surprisingly, both line'! of defence sacrifice, then a furrher build-up, then a
are susceptible m deflections. piece sacrifice, then a furrher build-up, and
24 ... ttJg4t!! then a second piece sacrifice.
'll1e knight is surrendered in order to pave Even at chis point, because of the coral
che road for rhe remaining pieces. domination of the white pieces, Black is nor
in a complete hurry, bur can make a slight
improvement before he strikes.
28 ... ~c2!!
This little move takes away the c4-square
from the white queen, which will nor be able
to defend the king for long. \'{/hire has only
one chance.
It turns out that che rook on e8 is both doing
active and passive dudes and can be nudged.
In turn Black will find his queen deflected.
a b c d c f g h However, Black still wins in the end.
At chis point White has two defences, both 29 ... b5! 30.d7 hxg4 3l.dxe8=~i" Wfxe8 32.~d2
of which lose to absolutely fanrasric tactics. ~xd2 33.®xd2 ~e4 34.~g1 c4

b1) 25.~xg4 Wfdi' 26.~el ~bl t 8

~ ~
~!,rd-.~ ~0.~~*~
r~x~ %.
Basic deflection. r•~ ~ ~-~~
27.~dl ~b2 6 ~ ~ ~Aij~
1he point. Black is rhe king of the second 5~~
W@ ~
rank now.
4 ~.~.-~~.~.~~·
~z~ ~
~ ~~
~ ~
.-.... ~: ~
8~:: ~lZJ~ ~~
~(.~~~- .?.~~f ··.!
~~~ ~ ~~~g
a b c d e f g h

Black has kept his big advantage. If \'(/hire

wa.s able co coordinate his pieces, he vmuld be
doing well, bur rhey are thoroughly dominated
and the c-pawn is a big asset.

b2) If you (hink the previous line was nice,

then you will be amazed by whar happens if
\'(!hire declines rhe sacrifice:
80 Attacking Nfanual 2

25.<t>t3 14... ~e8t 15.~e2 ~g4 16.~bc3

Here, again, Black only win~ after a mcc-

~~ ~~~*-
quiet move:
25 ... gb2!!
A point is rhar after 26Jhb2 '\Wxd5·1! there
78 . . . . .v. . . .
6 -~eim.~~~--,i~
~ ~0 -~~ ~..... fit@~
is a mare on rhe next move; for example: L
27. r;t>xg4 'mh5 mate!
As \Xlhite also cannor exchange rhc queen~ 5~ -~~
-~--- ~-~t~
7 •
wirhout shedding material, rhe critical line

2 !~~----~~-t~
t~-- 3~m~~~"
r~ ~ ~~ ~.!§.
a b c d e f g h
1l1e knight on c3 is responsible both for the
well-being of rhe pawn on d5 and the safety of
the white king, through its proct!ction of the
knight on c2. Not 1.urprisingly Black was able
ro make the most of his lead in development
with a sacrifice aimed at exploiting this
overloading of the knight.
a b c d c f g h
26 ... \Wxe2t!! 16 .•. CLlxd5!!
Thls brilliant combin<uion only works 111 1he main point with this strike is co open
this move order! rh~ diagonal for ... ~xc3 without wasting any
After 26 .. .lbxh2t? 27.<t>t2 \Wxe2't 28.<t>gt! rime.
\Xfhire is al mosr bcrrer!
27.~xe2 ltJxh2t 2~U!if2 ~exe2t 29.<j;lgl 17.CLle4
bXg2 .!..
I :}2Q • ~I
'l;:i 11 <'i!:l
::::'. t''
g -· The toughest defence was 17.ixd5, when
play continues 17 ... ~xc3t 18.bxc3 ~xc2"1
(18 ... ~x~2~ is poorer, as after 19 .~xf7t ~xf7
20.~xd8 gbxd8 2l.~f2 White has genuine
saving chances) 19.~fl f!:e5!. Only rhis double
attack wins the game, bur it is enough. White
can still rake on f7 and exchange queens,
and probably he should, bur the arrack is
f:tr srronger, as rhe black pieces are far better
coordina red.

17.•• ~b4?!
a b c d c f g h
I would personally have been very relucram
And in view of rhe coming ... ltJO, Black to ex:ch~mge the queens in this posirion.
wins. White is in wo much rrouble, and a queen
Chapter 2 ~Typical Piece Play 81

exchange must have come as ~H1 emotional 26..ig2 .id4 27. <i>dl gfg
relief, irrcspecrive of the facr that: his position
remains objectively difficulL

17 ... f5 was stronger. For example: 18.0-0 txe4

19.ixe4 tLlfo and Black wins.

Also 17 ... ixe2! is very attractive. If the king

takes, Black will rake on b2 with the bishop,
and after 1H.\Wxe2

a b c d e f g h
lr looks a lirde early to resign, so perhaps
White lost on rime? ln any case, it is not so
easy for him to find a useful move. lf he puts
his bishop on f4, Black can deflect it with a
pawn sacrifice.

18 ... id4! che white king is trapped in the Tempo-gainers

cenrre and \Xlhi[c is utterly defenceless agalnsr
19... f5, so he even loses his cxtr<t piece. The arrack is all about the posmon of the
pieces. Ofren '''e will see positions where
18.~xd8 gbxd8 19.<hfl
material is exchanged for quick devdopmem
19.~.g5 f-D does not improve matters.
or just a rearranging of rhe pieces. 1l1is can be
through ignoring the actions of the opponent
19.. J3dl t 20.®f'2 :f;xhl 21.~hl fS 22.h3 or a variety of other methods. One of these is co
.:tJd3t! chase the opponent's pieces, at times ar the cost
A good litrle in-benveen move.
of material, with the purpose of temporarily
gaining bene1· coordination of rhe pieces, so a
23. <he3 ~xe2 24. <hxe2 fxe4 2S.gb 1?!
vo-o\den moment can arise.
A bit of exrra defence 'vas possible <tfrer
25 ..ic3, although Whice should be losr afcer
1l1e following game illustTates tempo-gaining
25 .. ,c4!, preparing ro £,lke on b2 with the
perfectly. After Black plays a risky move at
bishop. However, rhere are not many pawns
move nventy, White chases the queen, offering
left on rhe board, so \\!hire has some genuine
a pawn on rhe way. Black decides the bounty
chances of holding, even if rhey are few and
is worrh the dsk, but misjudges the situation
far berwe~n.
and is quickly sent on the run. White rhen
wins several tempos against the black queen to
25 •.. c4! acriva.te rhe rooks, leading to a tasty concluding
Preventing b2-b3.
82 Acracking l\.1anual 2

Dimitri Reinderman - Paul van der Sterren of b3. Here probably 18.!!fe1 \vas more
prudent, bur what next? Mosr likely there is
Durch Champiomhip, Rorrcrdam 1999 no advantage.

J.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.c4 'bf6 s.'bc3 18 .. .'1Wd6 19.8!fel Wfa3
e6 6)2H-'3 .ib4 7•.id3 dxc4 8.hc4 0-0 9.0-0 Thh is Karpov's ~rand.ard plan. TI1e advance
b6 lO ..igS .ih711.~e5 ctJbd7 l2J!Me2.ixc3 of the a-pawn h.as caused the white queenside
13.bxc3 Vl!c7 I4.tiJxd7 ctJxd7 lS.Mad h6 pieces ro lose some stability.
~01e merits of this pawn move can be
dispuccd. I do not see <1 great reason ro hurry 20.Vlfdl e5!?
wirh it, but it is probably fine.

'1 he main move seems co be 15 ... ~fc8, when

borh 16.~d3 and rhc slightly odd, bur 7
smmgely appealing 16.~b3 borh give Whire a
plus score.
16.J.h4 8!ac8 17..ib3!? 4
a b c d e f g h
'lltis move is quire doub~e edged, bur it
would be unfitir w anribme Black's later
troubles exclusively ro this move. However, it
does put him under some extra obligations,
which he did not take sct·iously enough during
rhe game.

An optimistic move, which was mainly
successful because Black rook the bait. Wh ire
would also have done well by playing a
simple waiting move, such as 2 I .h3, simply
improving his position.

21. .. Vlfb2?
·n1is is the srarc of all the wOITies Black has
l7.•. 8!fe8 18.a4 later on. The queen is thrown around the board
'lhis is a standard plan in positions with rhis like a fox running from rhe dogs, before Whirc
pawn srructure> although ir h.as been played is able ro tum his artemion to the blf'lck king
more frequemly with rhc bishop on d3 instead and smrt a devastating arrack.
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 83

1hcre was no shame in returning the tluccn It rurns om rhat this passive move i:, rhe final
ro rhc centre with 21...\¥/d6!, when \X'hire 11traw. Ir was already necessary for Black to find
could send an invimtion to repeat moves by a more creative solution in order to stand a
rerurnlng the rook ro c 1. However, after rhe chance of saving the game.
more aggres~ive 22.®h5 Black should react
carefully with 22 ...~d5!, blocking the diagonal After 23 .. J3c4! White can try something
leading rm.vard~ rhc sensitive t7-point. (lnsrcad invenrive. but perhaps the simple caprure of
rhe reckless 22... g6~ 2.>.®xh6 gxc3 24 ..m.xf7·1· rhe exchange is best. However, after 24.~xc4
leads to a deva~taring attack and is thus co ®xc4 2S.dxe5 tiJc5 Black has reasonable
be avoided.) Ir seems rhar rhe posirion after counrerplay on the light squares and a lor of
23.dxe5 'Wc6 24.~xd5 ®xd5 25.f4 \MfcSt play rernains in rhe position.
26.~f2 ®xc3 mighr '>till offer White a slight
edge, with the bishop being sn·onger rhan rhe 24.i.e7 ~xd4
knight and the pawn on e5 looking massive, It would be unfair to label this move as a
bur my initial analysis suggesrs rhar Black can misrake. It b possible rhac there is already lirde
l10ld his own. rha.r can be done to save the black posicion.
Here are some options rhat show the stare of

24 ... lLlf6 25.~xf6 ®c6 Probably rhis trick

was rhe best option, but White's arrack is still
menacing: 26.f3 '®'xf6 27.dxe5 and now either
27 ... ~e7 28.e6 wirh a very strong attack, or
27 ... V£/g5?! 28.~xg5 hxg5 29.e6, winning.

24 ... exd4 25.~xf8 gxf8 26J~!e7 looks horrible

and should never last, while 24 .. J~c6 25.d5 is
awful as well.

a b c d e f g h 25.gbdl
22.gbl! The nrsr ofrhree new tempo-gainers with rhe
This was rhc poinr. \X'hitc wins a tempo to rooks. 'TI1e first two are threatening rhe queen.
protect the bishop.
25 ... ~c3 26.ge3
22... \Wxc3 This also defends the bishop. of course.
After 22 ... W/a.) 23.®h5 Black i~ not able ro
defend borh f7 and e5 ~arisfacrorily. 26 ... ~c7 27.gg3
1hb one is also threatening \Mfxh6 as well as
23.~h5 rhc more devious Wg6!.
~lhe queen approache~ rhe king. rhrearcning
dcarh and desrrucrion and rhus demanding 27... \t>hs
attention. White has finally opcimised all his pieces,
and for this reason it is nor surprising chat
23...gf8? there is a winning combinarion.
84 Anacking Manual 2

Our first example of a piece sacrifice for rhc

8 sake of rime features a classic combination in
a complex serting. I found this pos.itiot~ whe~1
analy.<.ing an opening line and takmg It a btr
too far. \XIhite wins with a beautiful long
tactical sequence involving two rook sacrifices.

a b c d e f g h
28J~xd7!! "i'xd7 29."i'xh6"t! gxlt6 30.i.f6t
~h7 31.~g7t ~h8 32.~xf7t ~g8 33.E;xd7t

Piece Sacrifices for Time

A known theme, bw: here in a slightly
Deflection i.e. often an cxploilarion O f
advanced version. 1he rook has to be taken by
overloading. If this involves a piece sacri~ce,
rhe bishop, ~\S there is a knight fork looming
rhis is simply a piece sacrifice for rime. lf the
on f7 as well.
opponent had one mme lllove, he would be
able to return rhc deflected queen, mok,
l. ..Lh8 2."i'h3
bi.!.hop or knighr.
1he point of the sacrifice. 1lie bishop is
\XIhen we are atmcldng ir is quite common
inconveniently placed on hS and rhe check on
ro find that one or more of our pieces are
h7 b very threatening.
comriburing nothing to our goab, bur can be
used to disrracr our opponem, force him ro lose
coordination of the pieces, or in anorher way
2... Ek7 is technically speaking a berrer
inconvenience him. To be a succe~sfu\ attacking
defence, but srtll awful. After 3.ia3 White
player, ir is imporranr to develop a good feeling
wins rhe queen, 'vhich closes rhe discussion.
for rhc appticarion of rhi.c. technique.

While we will ralk <lbour pawn sacrifices in
It i.<. important to win a rempo by raking
crene1·al in che next chapter dedicated ro pawn
~lay, it should be said rhar there i~, in principle, concrol over the a3-f8 diagonal now. The queen
check in itself is nor dangerous.
n.o bia difference bt:rwcen piece and pawn
sacrifi~es for rime. Only rhac a piece is 1nosr (;!:;1 5'.
3 ... ~c
ofren a bigger invesnnent, and also can most
Seeing this potentially rJ.ther obvious defen-
often come with a mor~ convincing argument
sive move (after all, White just parted ·with a
for rhe necessi rv of accepting the sacrifice;
rook for a simple cempo) is for some reason
tor example by .raking a procecced pawn, or
what is hardesr for most players. Only once
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 85

we start to look at the posmon one move 7 .•. lbc4

ahead seriously, do we realise rhar the racrical lhere is nothing else.
sequence has nm yet reached ir.s conclusion.
3 ...iWxa3 is of course possible, bur once again, 8.t"Llxe6t!? ~g8 9.c6 t"Llxa3 1o.t"Llxg7! also
\'\!hire will win with rhe queen for only rwo wins, but in a very quirky way it mmt be said.
s.. .Cbxa3 9.cxb7
4.dxc5 'W!e7 9.tDh7t!?


a b c d e f g h

5.~xe6!! a b c d e f g h
lhis is an absolutely famasric sacrifice.
\X'hire wanrs ro get rhc queen close ro the
Even this move can be hard to spor.
black king, but the check 011 h7 would not
achieve rhis without this blow to rhe black
1o.tDxe6t?? ~g8 is probably only a draw.
pawn structure.
10 ... ~g8
5.c6? '1Wxg5 6.cxb7 tDxb7 is nor really clear. I O... ~e7 IJ.'.Wxg7t <i>d6 12.\Wxb? wins.

Only 5.Ji.c1 !~ bxc5 6.\Wh?·l @fH 7.t"Lle4 ixe4 ll.CLJffit ~f8 12.'Wfe8 mate!
8.Ji.h6 ~e8 9.~xg7 gives White an advanrage
as well, bm it sri ll htils to decide rhe g;tme lhis was all fiction, of course, but delightful
directly. fiction!

s... fxe6 rn1e next example shows a normal fighting

Or 5 ... 1M"xg5 ()_ges·;· ~f8 7.c6 and \'\/hire game, norhing (OO fancy. Bmh players -...vant
\VlllS. ro \Vin, White is putting his faith in earthly
posse~sions, while Black builds his treasures
6.'W!h7t ~f8 7.'W!xg6 on heavenly inspiration. I might be biased
Black is completely losr. "!here is no defence towards aggressive chess, bur anyone would
against the advance of rhe c-pawn, exposing acknowledge that this is a grear achievement
the crater on f7. by the Greek grandmaster.
86 Arracking Ivfanual 2

'llte game smrcs with a ~!iglu provocation 14.ig3

from \'V'hire; he ca<>tles queenside, into rhc 14.~f5? no longer works, tn view of
half-open b-file. "lhe open file is enough for I4 .. .\Wf4t.
Black co become active, but alone it wonld nor
have been enough m win the game. However, I4... ~b6 IS.CDb5
Black in.vires his opponcnr ro indulgt> his White is already wanting for sensible
p;.lssion for maredal things and a rough fighr moves. Afre1· 15.~f5 Black can reply 15 ... ~xf5
~:n,.,ues. White might stan off bener, hut is 16.\Wxe? d4!, when for example 17.~xc7 ®c6
unable to cope with rhc practical problems wins material, based on 18.gxd4 gae8 and the
over (he board. rook on e 1 is hanging.

Andrei Orlov- Stellios Halkias IS .•. cS!?N

1S.. JHc8 16.lt.Jd4 gabS l7.c3 was seen in
European Championship, Dresden 2007 Deb Villa Garcia -Su. Polgar, Salamanca 1989.
Here Black could have obtained rhe advantage
l.e4 e5 2.CDf3 liJc6 3.liJc3 liJf6 4.d4 exd4 with 17 ... ~d7!, as the knighr is exposed on d4.
S.liJxd4 ~b4 6)tJxc6 bxc6 7.~d3 dS 8.exd5
cx:dS 16.c4!
11)b JnO\'e is absolmely essential. After
I6Al:k:7? c4! \XIhite needs to arrempt the
desperare looking 17.~g6!, as after 17.t2lxa8?
gx~18 l8.~f5 c3! Black wins.

16... ~ab8!?

a b c d e f g h
I am quire suspicious ahour the validity of
rhis move. 'H1e main plan involves castling
queenside, whlle rhc: b-flle is open. J do nor
rhink rhis is appropriartt.

"lhe usual 9.0-0 looks more sensible.

9 ...~e7 lO.~gS 0-0 I 1.0-0-0 ~e6 12J~hel

h6 13.ih4 ~d6
13 ... c5 immediately would be met \-Virh 16 ... gfc8! would h;we given chances for both
eirh.er 14.~f5 or 14.~.c4!?. sides, al[hough only one player has a king
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 87

rhar is in danger. ~lhi~ would be rhe standard 20.. J~Ya1 2l.ctlxe6

approach ro chis position, bm Halkias docs nor
rhink rhat he has any use for rwo rooks, when
he has only one open file under his comrol.

The most principled move. After 17 ..ixb8
~xb8 18.b3 Black V•muld have rhe move ... a6
at some rnorncnt and would generally enjoy
good compc:nsarion for the exchange.
There are cwo downsides ro rhc: queen being
pushed co a6. One: is the absence of this pawn
push, the orhcr is the: fork on c7.

17.. -Vffa6 18 ..ixh8 :gxh8 19. ctlc7?!

I am a bir sceptical abom the value of this
nwve. White is a rook up, bur Black gaim White has won a rook, however nor wirhour
enough time ro wrcttk havoc near the white some concessions. The rook is active on b8, the
king. And as rhcre are no real targets in the: opposite-colomed bishops favour rhe attacker
black posicion, it is difficulr ro use rhe rook (nor just traditionally, bm specifically in the
positively. present posicion), and rhe white king is exposed
both from the side and on the diagonals from
19.b3! was rhe berrcr oprion, I believe:. I am f() and gS. But then again, a rook is not <l. small
nor entirely sure that Black can prove ndequarc piece!
compensarion for the exchange. At rhe momenr Alrhough the position appears extremely
the knight on b5 is difll.culr to dislodge. 1hc unbalanced, analysis acrually shows rhar
threats of Ci:Jc7 and .ifS would make the accurarc play should lead to roughly equal
simadon a bit: inconvenicnr for Black. chances tor boch sides.

2I. ..ltJe4!
1l1e knight cakes an oA.ensive pose, and on
rhe way indi1·ecrly attacks rhe knight on e6.

lr rurns our rhar W11ire's only way ofsraying
fully in rhe game was 22..~xd5 fxe6 23.:gh5!,
where the rook is ready to give irself up for the
bishop, rhe knight on e4 is hanging and the
whire king has rhe d 1-squarc at his disposal.
Both the check on g5 and 23 ...g6 lead to
exchanges and a drawish position.

After rhc slow 22.1Wc2, Black's arrack gains

8H Attacking Manual 2

\Xlhite could have offered greater resistance
with 24 ..l;e2, bur Black's advantage is srill
mouncing after 24 ... ~xb2 25.~xb2 (25.'Wx:e4?
leads ro mate afrcr 25 ... .l;xe2 26.Wfxe2 'Wa3t)
25 ... ~xb2t 26 ..l;xb2 lt:lc3 27.dxe6 lt:lx:bl
28 ..!;d8t ~h7 29 ..l;xbl '1¥1'a3t 30.~dl 'Wa4t
3l.~cl ~c4i', although h will not be so easy
ro win this ending.

24.. J~xb2 25J~'d3 ~xf.l

22 ...fxe6I
Alrhough we arc happy to sacrifice material,
we do so only out of need, not om of some
aesthetic principles. '1 he attacking player sri II
ha~ to live in a material world, or h~ will go to
bed hungry.

22 ....~J6?! is weaker. \XIhite is able to save rhe

g.une wirh a long ractical sequence, balancing
on the edge. 23 ..l;xc:4! <he4 24.l2Jf4 ~xb2t
.25.~d2 ~e5 26.lfNxe4 ~xf4t 27.'Wxf4 .l;xb 1

Black is winning. Occupying the second rank

b far more important than a litde rook ...

26.~d2 .tg5 27.~f4

1 am nor really sure wh~tt
rhc idea behind
chis move was supposed to be. Maybe co give
.1 final check?

\XIhirc's last hope was 27 ..Ehc6 with the dueat

of ~eSt. Here it is imporrr.tnr for Black ro
a b c d e f g h
hold his horses and simply protect against this
28.\WbSt!! ~xb8 29 ..l;xal .!;b2t 30.@e3 ~c2 check with 27 ... ~f8!!, when he is absolutely
3l ..l;xa7 .l;xc4 32J3c71his endgame should be winning. He needs ro take with the rook on
a draw. Black can test the: defence, bur against d2, as after 27 ... ~xd2t? 28.~d 1 rhe white
dc:cc-nr pby, he will not be successful. king is strangely .safe.

23.cxd5 if6! 27... ixf4 28.~h7't @f7 29.~g6t @£8

23 ...iLg5t 24J~e3 would be t;tr less 30.dxe6 'W'c3t
efFective. 0-1
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 89

1here will hardly be a game in rhis book where 2S •• J~k4?

we will not encounter a piece sacrifice for rime, 1l1is is the key mistake. 1l1e reason why rhis
at least in a line; so I \vill nor delve more deeply move is bad, is because White gets a transition
into rhe subjecr. Iris obvious rhar although the square on c4 for his knight. Suddenly there is
rheme is a common one, che pmsiblc variarions easy access ro rhe brilliant square on f6! 1his
.ue more than we can ever learn. New tactical does not come through cleanly in rhe game,
ideas are found continuously and the ambitious as both players were still a bit away from
player has more and more to learn. Especially their prime, but still shines duough in rhc
with the rise of computers, our understanding ann otario ns.
of tactics has expanded rapidly.
~il1e correct move was 25 ... h5, after which
Transition squares Black is still somewhat worse, but still in the
\\!hen I was a very young boy and played my
first international tournament, 1 was deeply
impressed by one of d1c rising Danish ~cars,
White immediately claims the square, even
1-Ienrik Danielsen, who in this rournamcm
ar the cost of giving his opponent a pa~sed
made an IM norn1 and six years later made
ir all the way to rhe coveted Gl'vl tide. His
only loss in rhis rournamcnr made a deep
26... dxc4
impact on me, or ar least rhe explanation he
offered of why be lost the game. We join his
suffering at the mornenr where be made what
he considered rhe decisive mistake back rhen.
Although the increase in playing strengths of
the computers and rhc author reveals thar rhis
i~ maybe inaccurate, rhe general exphmarion of
why the next move is a mistake is just as valid
roday as ir was twenty years ago.

Jusefs Petkevich- Henrik Danielsen

~ 0 .

a b c d e f g h
Whire's plan is clear. He should focus all
his eftorrs imo a kingside arrack, utilising the
key e4~square in order to facilitate a knight
invasion on f6.

White could either have starred the transition
of the knighr with rhe powerful 27.t:t::lg5 or
prepared it with 27.\¥1h6! :9:c8 28.~c1, when
after 28 ... \¥1b6:
a b c d e f cr
90 Attacking Manual 2

to go to the kingsidc via c 1, while Black is roo

focused on ddence to appreciate the potemial
disruption the c~pawn can cause in the white

28.. J!e8
28 ...c3 29 ..tcl Cclc7!? would have given
Black reasonable fighting chances. Compare
this with the later lines where the bishop is still
active on b2.
a b c d e f g h
White should not be decoyed and think 29.~h6
that one piece can son ir all our, by playing 29.tZJd4!? to change tack was probably a
29.~,g5?, when 29 ... Ccld4! would bring Black sound option, bur the game is nor anywhere
b<tck in the game on an t:ven fooring. Instead near decided. Again 29 ... c3! is rhe way for
ht: ~hould utilise rhe nc:mendous power of the Black ro fight on. 30.Cclxb5 cxb2 31.~d2
knight. b 1;;;;;\W 32.~xb 1 Cclxe5 and Whi(e is somewhat
After 29.l'l3g51 llJfS 30.Cclc4 rhe threar of better, bur nothing more .
.~.gS is far srronge1'. Black can srill defend
hin1self wirh 30 ... Ccld4, when White has a 29•.. ltk7?
very srmng com purer move in 31.11Nf4!!. Black ll'l.is was rhe last chance ro play 29 ... c3!
is threatened wirh the subtle Ccld6 followed 30.~c l c2!} where Black remains active.
by ~.e3, winning a pie<.:e. And ~1frcr .3 l ... t/.JfS
White has 32.g4 Cclg7 33.tDd6 ~c7 34JWf6!
a11d the knighl· is f~1.bulom on d6. Black has
no defence against 35.~h6, winning the
Notice how all of thi~ was made possible
because the knight was able to access rhe
e4~square. Wirhom it Black would scill have
encountered some problems on the dark
squares, bur \XIhire would nor have enough
firepower ar his disposal ro make ir count. . .

27... ~c8
27 ...1J:lic6! was probably even rougher.

Once again \XIhite could have played more 30.'t~g5 tlJf8 3I.tLle4
ilCCUI'ately. Bectcr was 2~L);cJ! and Black finds
mack is busted. The knighr is supreme here.
ir hard to de~-\l wirh l/.Jf3~g5~e4·d6/R}. Bur in
what follows both players seem ro be oblivious 31..J!d8
ro rhe importance of che bishop on b2. White Black could also have fought: for rhe f6-
does little ro preserve its .srrengrh, happy for ir square, valiantly perh~ps, but nor succes~fully.
Chapter 2 -1)'pical Piece Play 91

After .3l...tt'ld5: Patrick Driessens - Friso Nijboer

Leidcn 2008

a h c d e f g h
White can of course give the check on f6,
bur J prefer ro prove rhc: srrengrh of the long
diagonal wirh 32J~xd5! exd5 33.~f6"!" ~h8
34.e6! c3 35.e7! ~xe7 36.ixc3 and Black i~
mated wirh tLle8"! in many lines.

32J3d6 ~bS 33.Wlg5

Whirc wins all rhc same, hut here he misses a
nice litrle racric in 33.~f6·i· ~h8 34.ctJh5!.

33 .. J;d7 34.~f6t ~g7 35.~xd7 26 ... ~e6!

35.lDg4! would have decided rhe game Putting annoying pres~ure on d4, simply
insranrly, but one feels the rising of rhe Aag ionorino rhe threat ro che kni 0ohr. White was
b 0
and the shaking of rhe hand in evefy move: duly provoked and decided ro accept the
\'ifhire makes in rhis phase. after.

35 ... ~xd7 36J3dl c3 37.~cl c2 38J3d2 27.exd5?

W/c6 39.Wfe7 ~xeS 40J3d8 W/e4 4I.W/f8t 27.ic5 was bercer. The position is messy, bur
~f6 42.~g5t ~fS 43.W/c5 W/el t 44.~h2 probably in balance.
~c3 45.f3 Wfxh4t 46.~xh4 cl=VN 47.g4t
~f4 48.~g3t ~xf3 49.Wfflt 27... Wfxd5t 28.~gl gxc4!
1-0 DeA.ccrion!

Ever since seeing chis game T have been 29.~xc4?!

aware of the power of tfansition squares. 1l1is 29.'\Wxc? was more resisrant, bur afrer
awarenes~ is important ifyou want to devdop a 29 ... ct.Jg5 White will have ro parr wirh his
ouod intuition for the attack. In the following
b queen, and you would expect Black to be
u-a1ne a verv- srront0• attacking player rempred
b successful after 30.Wfxg5 '\Wxg5 31.ixf8 ~c2
his opponcm with a piece. Unccrcain of rhc alrhough rhea-pawn creates some uncertainty.
consequence~, Black decided to accept the
off-er, somcrhing he would live to regrc:t. 29 ... ~g5!
92 Attacking Manual 2

a b c d e f g h a b c d e f g h
A brilliam uansirion square. The knight will I am very sceptical about this line. 1he
come ro h3 or f3 with devastating effect. problem is that Black quickly £-llls behind in
development. White's next six moves have only
30J~fdl fx:g3 one decem answer, and then White is already
0-1 ru\ly mobilised.

ln rhe next game we shall witness a brillianr ll.~xc4!

arrack on rhe kingside, which relied upon a White's advantage should mainly consisr
rramirion square on rhe opposite side of the of a lead in development. Therefore this is
board. Former World Champion Alexander be££er rhan 11.~c2 bS! with borh sides having
Khalifman leaves his opponent wirh no chance. chances.
lr is nor easy ro guess how much of his play
was opening preparation and how much was ll. .. ~xe4 12.~xe4 ~xe4 13.~g5!
genuine over-the-board in~piration, bur the 1l1is move ensures Whire the ini£ia£ive.1here
moves are illustrative of how a vicious acrack is no pleasanr way for Black ro meet it.
can be initiated wirh a grear ~wing across the
fourrh, using an unlikely square as a transition 13 ... ~f6 14.~d3 ~e8
poinr tor rhe queen.
Alexander Khalifman- Konstantin Maslak 7

Acrof-lor Op<.:n, Moscow 2007 6

l.d4 ~f6 2.c4 g6 3.~c3 ~g7 4.e4 0-0 s.~f3
d6 6.h3 cS 7.d5 e6 8.~d3 exdS 9.cxd5 ~e8
A typical move, although ideas wirh 9... l2Jh5 3
are not as smpid as rhcy mighr appear at first 2
10.0-0 c4 a b c d e f g h
Chapcer 2- Typical Piece Play 93

~n,is is the great 1110111enr of the game/

games. White has accunHllated a 11light lead
in development, bur cannot .H chi~ moment
ea!.ily find cargers. His most active pieces are
pointing at the kingside, bur at rhe moment
rbey are not suH1ciently supported ro creare
real damage. All chis is changed with the next
power move.

Quick development is the only way for a b c d e f g h
\'{fhite to prove an advantage. 1l1e queen uses 22.~xg6!! @xg6 23.~xf6 ctJxf6 24.~f5 @g?
the a4-square to bounce off, like a hilliard ball, 25.%Vg5t @.ffi 26.~xf6 Wie7 27.ctJf5 Wie1 t
ro reach the highly desirable h4-square, from 28.@b2 WieSt 29J4 ~xd5 30.~h6 1-0
where she can acc;tck the weake:.c .square in che ]. Horvarh- C. Horvath, Bischwiller 1993.
black position: h7.
In vie\v of the threat ro the rook on e8, Black
only has one reasonable move.

1S ... ~d7
The problem is rhac after chis move it is
next ro impossible to gee che rest of the pieces
inro the game; ;u leasr within a reasonable
cimeframe. This, and the prominenr placement
of the white queen, prove ro be the decisive

16.1!Nh4 .ixgS
1l1e alternative i~:
16 ... a6 17 .~ae 1 ~xe 1 18.~xe 1 bS
1l1is is best mer with:
The rook plays an important role on the
fourth rank.
19 ... ~b7
19... ~xg5 20.l2Jxg5 ctJf8!? wrvived for Black
17 ... ctJf6
in Santoro - Kujala, Finland 1991, but 1 do
had been played, but White gets a grea(
nor crust the black pm.ition.
arrack after:
20.~f4 ~g7 2t.l2Jd4!
18.£4! @g7
An improvement over 21.'\¥1h6t @gS
'lhis is in principle che best defence.
22J:l!h4 @g7 2,J.Wh6i· @gS 24.~h4 Y2-Y2
18 ... E:c3 was torn apart with 19.ctJxb7! @g7
P. Cramling- \'V'edberg, Stockholm 1990.
20.f5 in Luch- Bednarek, \Xl;u·saw 2005.
21 ... h5
18 ... Wib6t!? is the computer's favourite, but
White was chrearening ~f5t winning.
a human can see rhar it is not the tlueen
94 Attacking Manual 2

thar lacks options, bur rhc queenside. Srill ~l11ere is no good defence ro 27.ie8!,
ic i~ not so easy ro advance rhe f:..pawn after wi 1111ing.
19. ~h 1 ~b4! rho ugh \X/ hire should remain
better. 20.1¥lh6! looks besr, freeing rhe 18Jf!ael!
f.. pawn. 20 ... ~xb2 21.f5 <lnd one should nor Bringing in the rook must be good. 1H.f4
be roo optimistic abour Black'~ prospects. has been suggested, bur does nor convince.
19.f5 h6
1his position has arisen a few rime!>. 1hc 18.. J~xel
winning line for \X'hirc is nor surprisingly ll1e main aJrernanvc was:
associated with a c.l irecr sacrifice: 18 ... ~e5
This is maybe better, but if White first
develops fully, rhcn strikes, Black will find
his position very difficult:
19.~xe5 dxe5 20.gel id7 2I.ic4
t7 is the weakness.
21 ... ~c8 22..ib3 ~g7 23.f4!

a b c d e f g h 5
20.~xf7! @xf7 21.1Wxh6 g5 4
21 ... gxf5 22.,\hfS !xfS 23.gxf5 ~h8 24JMf4 3
~g8 25.:i~f1 gg6 26.h4! and rhcre is no 2
defence against 27.h5, winning.
22.~g6t @fS 23.:gael!
Bringing in rhc lasr piece for rhc kill. a b c d e f g h
23 ... ~xe1 Black is in trouble, for example:
23 ... :ge5 24.1¥lxg5 ~e7 25.~h4! rollowed by 23 ... h6 24.~xh6t! @xh6 25.ltJxf7t ~g7
rhc exchange of rooks on c5 and gc 1 with an 26.l2Jxd8 gxd8 27.fxe5
i rrcsisrible arrack. Sometimes the attacker must setrle for a
24.B;xc 1 WbGt 25.c±>h 1 1¥lxb2 26.ibS!! transition to a favourable endgame. 1l1e pawns
are likely ro claim a victim and White will end
material up rarher than material down.

19.gxel !d7
White b. fully de\·eloped and should srrike at
the weaknesses.

1l1e game is acmally already decided. Black
never made it our of the opening and now has
ro weaken his position badly.
a b c d e f g h
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 95

20.~g3!? h6 2l.ll:Je4 was another damaging 25.1Mic3 Wgs 26.1Mig3t wrs 27.1Mic3 Wgs
(lor Black) approach ro the posirion. 28.exd7 1Mixd7 29.ge3
1he endgame after 29.~g3t ~h8 30.~h4!
20 ... f5 2I.&L:le6 ( rhrea ren ing ;ge7) 30 .. J~e8 31. mrfG t ®g8
Khalifman is a great technician and nacurally 32.~g5t! ®h8 33.;gxe8t 'l.Wxe8 34.~xf5
moves roward1. a lasting rather rhan a dynamic should win as well, bur any grandmaster will
advantage. Others might have played rhe prefer the winning rook endgame over rhe
posicion differendy. winning queen ending.

2L •• tLlxe6 29 ... £4
21 .. ."?!Je7 is slightly more accur~He, bur ab-o 1he only move.
afrer 22.;ge3 'Lixe6 23.dxe6 ic6 24.Wd4 Black
would be facing an uphill struggle for a draw. 30.\M/c4t 1Mff7 31.\M/xf?t
31.ge6!? was also strong.
22.dxe6 \M/e7
-n,e different move order gives White 31. .. ®xf7 32.ge4
additional opporrunirics.

a b c d e f g h
23 ..ixf5!
1he dearest. 35 ... ~cl t 36.~h2 @d4 was a different
approach, bur after 37.;ge7 White \vill win.
23.\Wg3!? ;gf8 24JWe3 ic8 25.W/xa7 winning a
pawn also existed. 36J~d2t
Pushing rhe king back.
23... gxf5
23 .. J~f8 24.Wc4! and \XIhire keeps his newly 36 ..• ®e5 37.®fl!
acq uil'ed extra pawn. The king belongs in rhe cenu~.

24.1Mfg3t ®f8 37... d5 38.®e2 d4 39.®d3 ®ds 40.f4 grs

24 ... '\&g? loses dcgantl)' to 25.exd7 i&xg3 4l.~tL hS 42.f5 ®e5 43.f6 ®ds
26.;gc8·! Wf7 27J~xa8!. 1-0
96 Atracking JVlanual 2

Black correctly decided rhar rurcher re~i~rance

would be futile.

l his was an impre:.sive game on many levels,

bur none of this would ever have happened
h~l<l it nor been for the powerful queen transfer
ro h4 on move 15. l11e ability to assess which
pieces should be contributing more, and
From which squares they could do so, i~ an
impormnr p;ut of being a good attacker, if nor
the most imponam pare. l11is is why I pur the
anemion on rhe pieces as rhe firsr suhjecr in
Volume One.
In rhe final game of this segmcnr we shall
sec J.nother player making u:,e of the a4- and
h4-:,quares as transition squares to assault rhe
black king.
Zoltan Almasi- Joerg Hickl This is the critical resr.

German Bundesl iga 200.3 9... ltk7 10.a4 a6?!

1o... gxf5!? here or on the next move 1~ the
l.e4 g6 2.d4 ~g7 3.lilc3 d6 4.f4lilf6 only way for Black to fight for equaliry in rhis
A friend of mine was ralking ro a top line. It is berrer here than on the next move, as
grandmaster abom the difficulty he was the pawn structure is impure afrer rhe dance
experiencing in getting an opening advanrage. with the a-pawtls.
TI1e supcr-GM replied: "\XIcll, you cannot
play against the Pirc every day:" 1, roo, tend co ll.a5 llJbS?
rfhis is designed to put pressure on c4, but
gc::r oprimistic when T am left wirh peace and
it does nor work. 1l1e whirc centre is roo solid
quiet to use my extra tempo in rhe opening
to be undermined in this way; it needs ro be
to establish a srrong presence in rhe cenn·e.
attacked head-on.
However, objectively I am nor sure the Pirc is
worse than any orh~r opening.
l2.fxg6 hxg6
12 ... fxg6 leaves the c6-square vulnemble.
s.lil£3 o-o \XIhire exploited this ideally in the following
I suspect rhar tbi.s prob.1bly oives
t> bc:rrer example: 13.ttJxb5 axb5 l4.ixb5 lbxe4
equalising chances dtan 5 ... c5. 15.~cl l!Jt() 16.l!Jg5 when Black was busted,
Smerdon - ReiHy, Queenscown 2006.
6.~d3 llJ a6!?
6 ... tl:Jc6 intending ... c5 is the main line, bur l3.Wel!
mosr of rhe real aficionados play rhe opening The queen .supports rhc e-pawn and is on the
rhis way. way co h4. Black is in rrouble on the kingside

7.0-0 c5 8.ds B!b8?! 13... lilxc3 14.bxc3

Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 97

22.~h6 iWb6 23.g4 :gbl

2.3 ... lL1xg4 24.~xg4 ~.xg4 25J:~g3 ~d7
26.~cl leads to mare.
24.:gh3 :gxfl t 25.!xf1
1-0 Aagaard- Galassi, Porro Mannu 2008.

a b c d e f a
14... t[}h7
Black tries ro counter rhe queen eaterging
on h4. 1his move look11 odd, but it is very
difficult to ~ee how Black can easily improve
his position.
a b c d e f g h
One other game wenr: "lhis is rhe great moment in the game (which,
14 ... iWc7 15.c4! by the way, will nor last roo long anyway... ).
White has complete conrrol over the centre 'Xlhire has ser up a strong attacking position,
and great arracking prospects. It ic; not a all his pieces bur one are involved in rhe arrack,
surprise that Black found ir hard ro pick a or ar least poised ro do so. k I never get tired
move here. of repeating, your chances of a successful
15 ... lL1g4 arrack increase dramatically when you use all
The long diagonal is nor a problem. If Black of your pieces.
rakes a pawn, he will pay for it in valuable In this position Zoltan Almasi finds a way
rime, used ~1gainsr his king: ro do exactly this; in only three moves from
15 ... lL1xc4 16.!h3! lL1f6 17.lL1gS gives White now, the least becomes the first, with the rook
a great arrack. going from being out of play on al, to being
And 15 .. .l2Jxd5?! is simply bad. Whire the predominant attacking piece.
surprises with 16.e5!! dxc5 17.cxd5 e4 In what follows I will ger a bit bogged down
18.lL1g5 and Black is losr. -lhc combination in rhe various lines, as I really want to prove
of 'Wh4 and ~f4 (in rhe event rhar Black rhe strength of rhe white arrack. In most of the
captures on al) is roo much to meet. examples in this book, 1 have conducted a far
16."\Wh4! more extensive analysis rhan that which appears
-TI1c arrack supersedes everything. in the finished version. Despite knowi11g rhar 1
16 ... ~f6 would never have enough space ro include rhe
16 ... ~xa 1? 17.tLlg5 full analysis, I wanted to be sure rhat what I
17.lL1g5 ixg5 \8."\Wxg5! am saying is not founded upon a mere hunch
This is slightly more prectse, keeping rhc or intuition, bur on undisputed fact. It is
bishop on c 1 flexible. absolutely possible to advocate techniques thar
18 ... lL1e5 l 9.~f4 b6 20.~e2 bxa5 2l.ga3 ~b4 appear convincing, but do nor work, simply
98 Attacking ~1.anual 2

becaus~ they are builr on !~u1lry infornution. 16."'dxe5

For rhis reason I h<IVe rakcn unprejudiced Before we ger into rhe 'proof pan of rhe
analysis more and more seriously rhe ia.H few game, ler us talk abour the strategy one last
years. Ar rhe same rime, my playing snengrh rime. White is transferring rhe rook to the
has Increased grearly... kingside in order ro have a majority of forces
rh<~te. If we look at this in terms of the assault
15.e5!! racio, the rook shifts the balance heavily into
Tn principle rhis is a pawn sacrifice, alchough \XIhire's favour. Just compare this piece \'i'ith its
in praccice this is not so imporcam, as caking counterpart on b8, which is doing nothing w
rhe c-pavvn is ummracdve tor Black. What aid the defence.
is remarkable abour rhis move, i~ rhar rhis Only deep analysis can prove rhat this
cradirional break in rhe cenrre 1s norhing of rheoretical poinr is accurate, so here we go!
rhe sorr, bur a cle~tl'<\nce sacrifice of the pawn,
making it possible for rhc rook on a 1 ro 'Ihe other opcion here is:
support the armed forces and lead che white I G... cxd5 17 .;gh4 j_xe5!
men into barrie.

I5 ... e6
8 §~.2_~
: ..... >< . ,, ____ /- ~-~~~
'-----~ $~

Black is trying ro counter the white ccmre a~ 7

~~il~ . -~~-'--~
i~~ W.l ~i~~ ~
well as caking contml over rhe h4-square.
S ~'--~M-~x~~~-# 1
1here ~1.rc not really <ttl)' mher playable moves. '··-·\P«t/'····'·W$~0-"'"~---~~~~~i~~
Wf% ~ ~ ;7~d~
Afcer l5 ... dxe5 16.lLixe5 'Mlxd5 I 7.~f4 Black is
3 ~~,/-~~I~~~--- . Y ;

under a set of rhfencs, such as j_c4 and ll.Jxg6. 2 %~~~~~?.~ ~~~ ft*[j
m , ~<>::0//.m·~-, @.:':\~~i:f~§ft:1-z-;.}. ::
1 ~A ~ ~:$iM~
a b c d e f g h
I think this is the toughest defence, although
even this i~ nor sufficient.
17 ... dxe5 transposes ro the nexr note.
We wrll see rhls move in many positions.
On<:: of the main reasons is that the g6-pawn
is the only .srrong point" in the black posirion,
once it go~s) rhe rest of the position goes.
11v: theory behind this idea was covered in
Chapter 6 ofVolume One.
a b c d e f g h 18J~xh7? is less successful h~?.te. "l1le
16.E!a4!! problem is thar rhe bishop is no longer on
1l1e rook continues the journey. I apologise g7. 18 ... cj;>xh7 19.lLJg5·r ~g7 20.~h4 gh8
for my possibly cxcc~sive enthusiasm; I have 21.~xf7t @gS 22J2:h7 ·n1e arrack does
inherircd. it from Avrukh (who annor;.ned the noc work. After 22 .. .'IM!e7!! Black is ~1.ble co
game for ChessBase:), bur fully share his feeling repulse rhc arrack.
of awe about Almasi's play. t8 ... ~J6
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 99

White was rhreacening ~imply ro capture the 'I he g6-pawn is lose, buc there is no reason
bishop nmv. co rake ir immediately. First White uses rhe
If 18 ... ~g7? then 19Jhh7 works. inactive bishop to eliminate one of the most
19 •~(1l:J''2 important defenders. Black's two best options
More pre~~ure is pur on g6. Black is nor able both lead to joyless endings.
ro finish his development as he has to pay
arrenrion co idea~ ~uch as ~xg6t. a) 22 ... ~g7 23.~xd6 Simplest. 23 .. J!xfl t
19 ... \We7 20.'Llh4 24.~xfl \Wf7 25.~xg6 ~f5 26.~xg7t ~xg7
Another piece is attacking g6. White does 27.~xb8 Wfxg3 28.~xg3 ~xc2 29.~d6 c4
not have ro hide his intentions or be Aexible 30. @f2 White should win this ending. He bas
abour rhem, as he has won enough rime in blocked che opponent's pawns successfully and
exchange tor his rwo pawns. has rwo mobile passed pav. •ns of his own. On
IO t... -
- ... ~C) top of this he has rhe two bishops ...
Irritating rhe queen is rbe best Black can do.
Giving up the bishop wirh 20 ... ~xh4 b) 22 ... ~xf4 23.~xf4 ltJffi White is fully builr up
,.,ill allow \XIhire ro cur through on the and ready to strike. 24.~xg6t! ~g7 25.~xg7i'
dark ~quares. ·n1e following line is .1 good \Wxg7 26.!hf8t! Winning back the piece.
illustration of chis: 21.~xh4 c4 22.~xg6 26 ... ~xf8 27.\Wxd6t Wffe7 28.\¥!xb8 ®el t
fxg6 23.1Mfxg6t IWg7 24.~xf8! lLlxf8 29.~J1 Wc3t 30.@h 1 \Wc6 31.c4 dxc4 32.\Wc7
25.\Wxd6 ~a8 26.~h6 \Wf7 27.~xfH Black and 33.Wixc5 wirh a \vinning endgame.
cannot rec:tprurc as ~hHi" win~, while after
a developing move such as 27 ... ~f) White 17.~h4
can destroy rhc defences wirh rhe following 'lhc rook has joined che arrack ro lead from
fantastic move: 28.~g7!! 1hc main line is: rhc front line.
28 ...1Wxg7 29.\Wxd5t \Wf7 30.~h81' ~g7
3l.Wfxf71" cj;Jxf7 .'32.~xa8 and White wins. 17... ~f6
2l.GtJxg6! Black is trying ro control rhe g5-square while
1l1e pieces are all in place now, so ir i~ rime ar the same rime disturbing rhe rook.
for chis sacrifice. lhe move order is nor
hugely imporram, bur sacrificing rhe knight 1l1e ot1ly alternative is to allow Whire to
here eliminate~ ~ome ideas with ... \W'g). sacrifice on h7, bur ignore ir and play in rhe
21 ... fxg6 22.~f4! centre. However, chis is also nor sufficient:
17 ... exd5 18.~xh7! e4

a b c d e f g h
100 Attack'mg lv1anual 2

19J!xg7t ~xg7 20.1W 3

l8 ...c4
20 ... exd3 211Wx g.
23.'1&e3 le aves. b8
Blackdxc2 . 22 ·~e-) ...1 and 1bis does
bish op. n or succeed in d'lStracring the
compensation tor th . wtrh insufficient
work rem . e piece, even . f . b' 19.i.xg6!
?1 "' aws. l ·• tt of [he attack is ver .
19 ... F.<g6 20 ~ 6~ ~ong. For instance·
- ."Z..le5 .~xg 1 ):{I1 8 2 ~ ·
After 21...e ? r:-,. 1 1.£h6 ggs
1l"lrearenino Ei:xf7·~ 1
4 --·"Z..lo-5
~~, : t.
I ·
? cmgbt in any way." .
Bl ack cannot tak< the
2I...Wfe8 2?_,so-')

1hc white:t~ck" xgb6t ~g8 24.W/u3

g olnc tbrear ofW/f61. . and !lfl-f4- _2.'Lixe5 ~xo-6 ?3 'Li
1 8.
' ~e7
24. .. \!lfl 25.l2Je5t 1S a solute! . ~
2 ~ y d ecistve. After
- ... se6 23.c4
· 1 wins l · 6.:9:xf6
1his -•cbe mosrr• sn·a1o
move,is<uthough . o ufo J·ward winniJ •
acK pieces ·· , rle que en, and rhe re st: of rhe
I job done neie 're
oae t ne ' d"lli
I erent ways o
'" bl

23 ... exd3 24 ·- ~g8

26.~b2 .cxcb ~dG 25.®h6t to 18 ... ~c7 Wl
to cover 1
. 1 t le seventh rani· .
ch< k" . me '"' sudl a . ' IS not
mgslde that he can ·tglear majorit)l on
Black is <::>oo ne. stn (e d'lrectly with·


18 ... exd5
Other moves \vere:

19 w
bust~d·. .~xg6t @h8 22·=~
~n g666..
18... Wlxd5 .IS turilc
- e7 exposes rhc
. . •viii. Aflrer
- \Y/lure . ! 19 ·c4•· fo ll owed bv er: 20 ..txo-61 fx queen m a fork
I agonal co 'oniinate qwc Black is g6 21 ~
{ . che dy exploi t t 11c long·
d enem)' (Jos'. mon.
Chapter 2 ~Typical Piece Play 101

19 ...1We8 This time rhe exchange sacrifice is pure

1his is cur straight ro pieces with: deAecrion, raking the king away from f7.
20J!xf6! l2lxf6 2I.1Wh4
Threaten.ing mare in 2. 20... ~xh7
21...~g7 20 ...ixe5 also does nor work. After 21.1Wxe5
~xh7 White can choose between mating rhe
king and simply taking the rook on b8.

In this miserable posmon Black resigned.
If he does nor capmre the knight, \Xfhire will
play iWg3 and rake on g6 with rhe queen. And
if he does remove the troublesome sreed, the
material is equal, bur White is coming with
:gxg7t, Wle5 and ~g3 anyway...

Lines of Communication
Puning the bi.<.hop on l4 is also possible, but
this is a killer.
Thinking back to our description of the assault
22 ... \WxeS 23 ..txf6t W'xf6 24J3h7t ~g8
ratio, it is clear rhat it is imporranr to keep
25.~xf6 ~xh7
our pieces in contact with the scene of action,
Black has rwo rooks for rhe queen, bur not
and at the same time to cut off the opponent's
for long.
26.~xg6t @g8 27 ..id3
Here we shall first look ar three examples
White is chrearening mare in three moves.
where the attacker should fight to keep his
27 .. J~!e8
pieces at rheir peak performance. Af~:er this,
This is the only move, but White has many
ways tO cur the cake, including 28.h4 and we shall look at four great examples of keeping
28.~h7i'!. the opponent's pieces our of play by disrupting
their lines of communication.
In our first example, we shall see a critical
moment from an important game in the
Russian Championship, in which the
subsequent champion, Alexander Morozevich,
misplays a promising position. In his notes he
indicated rhat he had missed the route for rhe
a8-rook ro enter the game. It seems ~:har he
somehow had nor added enough importance
ro this.
We •..vill stan at the critical moment, bm
follow rhe rest of the game to the end, even if
ir has little to do wirh our subject:.

a b c d e f g h
102 Attacking Manual2

EvgenyTomashevsky-Alexander Morozevich 25 .. J~a7!! With .. J~h7 and ... ib7 on the way,
Black has a strong arrack.
Ru.~sian Championship Supl:r Final, Moscow 2007
Morozevich said in his annotations that it \vas

.IDi.~ ~~*-
this last move he had missed, the ability ro

71. ~~r'e<''~-/· ~~~ ~


~ ~- ~ ?..... ~



activate his worst placed piece effordessly to a
brilliant square.


Afrer chis slip rhe posicion is just unclear.
Tomashevsky also did nor sense that f4 was rhe
~ -J~~~- •'~/.- -~ ~ /,.,.%/-
important square in the posicion.
3~ ~b~~¥~~
;.-; .... /.,y_.;,•J~-,..y,.-:7//;}J;fJ:,/Jj,'/. z ... ,%
..... J~~ ~ .. "r1~
... ~~-;.:;-Jff@% ~
... J7'~ ~~ 1 think char 23.if4! was stronger. lf \Xlhire
were able ro use rhe g5- and e5-squares as he
1 ~ ~if~~ ~ pleases, he would be doing very well. Therefore
a b c d e f g h it is likely rhat he can follow up with 'Wd2 and
22... ~g7? i.e5t, ~xeS and ~ae1 or t!:Jg5, wirh a strong
This looks like a normal move, bur position.
Momzcvich misevaluates the position. Tr is
clear thar he believed he would have strong 23 ...~c7 24.ttJh4!
long-term compensarion. As it turns our chis is Making Black aware thac gG is a weakness
far from clear. Instead he should have exploited too.
his slight lead in development to scan a direct
arrack. 24.. J~f7 25.~e2 ~d7
25 ... ib7??2G.~cG would of course be a
Best was therefore 22 ... f4!, wirh rhe idea of catastrophe, so Black needs to rake conrml over
creating further weaknesses in the white camp. eG before entering the promised diagonal.
'1he following line, inspired by my computer,
illustrates thac .. .rJJg7 and .. J~!h8 is noc rhc 26.f4 ghs 27.~f2
optimal way ro take over rhe h-file: 23.l!Je5 Not obvious by any means.
!xg3 24.fxgj ~fG 25.if4
27 ...~b7 28J~abl gh5 29.ttJf3?
·n,is retreat seems strange and rerribly time
consuming. Suddenly Black has time w get
all the pieces ro rhe right squares. lr seems
likely rhar rime uouble was becoming a facror
around here.

Whi[e misses his chance to fight for the

initiative with 29.b4!, based on 29 ... a.xb4
30.a.xb4 cxb4 3l.c5!, when Black has to
move backwards and give up rhe d-pawn. 1he
a b c d e f g h position is simply wildly unclear.
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 103

29 ....ic6 30.:Sgl? 37...hhl

Was Whire dreaming of playing g4? Well, Even berrer would have been 3 7 ... ~e7!, when
he was soon ro realise who is attacking here ... afi:er 38.gh2 1Wxg4 Black wins everything.
30.~h4! was rougher.
38.:Sxhl hc5 39.Wfdl Wfe7 40.a4
30... :Sf8! \XI'hite could have resisted a bit longer with
1l1e rook is headed for e3. 40.ttJg2, though afrer 40 .. J:~g3 41.1Mfel g5! his
ourlook is grim.
A pitiful rerurn. 4o ... :Sg3 41.lL!g2 .ih4 42.:Sh2 Wfe5 43.c5 f3
44.lL!h4 V!if4

1l1e next game revolves all around the clearance

of rhe diagonal bl-h7. In the game Ivanchuk
clearly wanted ro open up for the bishop, bur
he did nor find the most energetic way ro do
so, and for this reason he missed the win twice,
on moves 27 and 28. The win on move 27
is simply fantastic, bur I am surprised that a
player of Ivanchuk's calibre makes a meal of
rbe option on move 28.

Vassily Ivanchuk- Lazaro Bruzon Bautista

Skandcrhorg 2005

l.e4 e5 2.lLif3 lL!c6 3 ..ib5 a6 4 ..ia4 lLif6

5.0-0 .ie7 6.:Sel b5 7 ..ih3 d6 8.c3 0-0
32.fxg5 f4 33.g4 9.h3 tLla5 lO..ic2 c5 ll.d4 Wfc7 12.tLlbd2
33.!;ge 1 fxg3·r 34.<Jigl might look like a cxd4 13.cxd4 lL!c6 14.lL!b3 aS 15..ie3 a4
defence unril 34 .. J!f4! winning rhe knight is 16.lt)bd2 .id7 17.:Scl Wfb7 18.tL!fl :Sfc8
sponed. For exa!Hple: 35.ttJxg6! ~f2! 36.Wfe6 I9.tLlg3 .ids
gh2 37.~e4 'Wf7 with a winni11g rook ending
on the horizon.

33 ... :Se8 34J&d2

34.1Mfdl ge3 and Whirc is dominared.

34 ... :Se3 35.b4 V!fe7 36.bxc5 Wfxg5!?

The racrical solurion. Also after the simple
36 ... ~xc5 White is completely domin.ued.

37.ttJf5t gxf5 _18.gxf5 ~g3 leads nowhere.
104 Acracking Manual. 2

Only three games have been played from 32.@g3!! .if5 33 ..id3 1-0
this position, all between grandmasters. Black resigned in Surovsky- Werle, Dresden
2007, He is losing the exchange, since any
20.Jkbl rook move would lose the queen to a knight
1his nacural move is of course the one ro check on f6.
play. I personally played 20.@hl?! in a very
imporranr game het·e, and duly lost (Aagaard 21.Wfe21h6 22.dxe5 he3?
- Haslinger, Grear Yarmourh 2007). This exchange is completely unnecessary. I
When I say rhe game was between see nothing wrong vvith 22 ... 'Llxe5 when Black
grandmasters, ir might nor technically h,we is dose to equality.
been rhe case. ·n1e game was played in round
8 our of I 1; 1 had passed the 2500 mark in
round rhree, and rhus secured the tide, while
my opponent had made his raring only the 7
day before. Bur like me, he took no chances 6
and secured a few more racing poims before
dropping pieces ... 5
20 ... h6
Many moves are pby~tble here.
1he other game continued wirh:
20 ... ib6 2l.dxc5 'Llxe5!? 22.'1tWxd6 'Dxf3"!
23.gxf3 .ixe3 24.fxe3 !xh3 a b c d e f g h
1he opening is very imeresring and White 23.~xc6!!
111ight have a chance for a slight edge wirh lvanchuk does not miss a chance like rhis.
~omerhing like 'Dg3-e2-d4, due ro his cenrral 1he exchange is sacrificed as a simple efficiency
control. 1he next few moves were maybe nor scheme. '!he rook is not hanging on cl anymore
rhe best, bur rhe end was exquisite. and White can stan an arrack on the kingside.
25.~~kdl 'Lle8 26.Wf4 ~e7 27.e5 ~c4 28.'Lle4
~a6 29.@f2 ~g6 30J~gl 'ltWb4 3LE!:xg6 hxg6? 23•.•W/xc6
31...\¥/xb2t 32.E!:d2 Wxd2i·J \vou!d have 23 ... E!:xc6 would lead to similar lines as in rhe
more or less equalised. game, bur wirh the black queen out of play.

1l1is pawn is highly annoying for Black,
bur at the moment he has even more pressing

· fhis gives White rhe chance to earn another
tempo for getting his pieces dose ro che king.
Looking hard I have found rhar rhe black
a b c d e f g h position is on rhe verge of being indefensible,
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 105

bm that he would have had. a real practical 29.lLIH5t? would spoil most of the advantage.
chance of saving rhe game after: 29 ... @xg7 (29 ... :gxf6? 30.exf6 i.e6 3l.:gxcl!
24 ... i.cl :gxc 1t 32. ~h2 and there is no defence against
\X!hite ha~ no good alternative w raking the 33.~e3 with rhe idea of \Wxh6-h8 mare)
pawn. 30.lLlxd7 \Wxb2 31.\Wxb2 i.xb2 32.ixb5
25.fxg7 ~aS 33.i.xa4 :gxa4 34.lLlh6 :gcc4 35.lLlxa4
Here l am unsure about which is the best ~xa4 36.:gd 1 :ga5 Black is a pawn down,
option for Black. Maybe iris 25 ... ~xg7 and bur rhe e-pawn is a bit render. Probably the
maybe iris: endgame is defensible.
25 ... \Wc4 29 ...ixb5 30.Wfxb5 1MI'c4
30 ... :gac6 3I.lLlf6t ~xg7 32.\Wd3 leads ro a
deadly arrack.

a h c d e f g h

As 1 find the brter ro be much the more

imeresting, l have chosen m analy~e rhat
one. 31.\Wd7!
26.id3! This looks all gone to me, but some work
This is the move I tru~r. The queen i~ remains.
banished to the outskirts of the board. 31...\Wc7
\X'hite can also try a more strange approach Afrer 31...!xb2 32.c6 Black is quickly
wirh 26.\Wdl!?, bur after 26 ...ixb2 27.e5 mated: 32 ... :gxe6 33.:gxe6 fxe6 34.\Wxe6t
~h7 35.\Wf7! :ggs 36.'~f5 mare!
d5 28.l2JhS ~b6! I have a feeling Black is
Black is facing 33.e6, which is anything bur
26 ... \Wxa::! 27.e5!
\'<lith rhc idea \We4, ~o rhe black re~pon~e is
32 ... ~xb2
pretty obvious.
32 .. J;g6 33.lLld4 ixb2 34.lLlf5 ~h7
27 ... dS 28.lLlh'5 ~a6!
35.lLlf6t :gxf6 36.exf6 ixf6 37.lZle7! i.xe7
111c only chance.
38.1M/xf7 :ggs 39.:gxe7 and Black cannot find
28 ... icG? 29.l2Jd4 is strangely completely
any endgames leading to the end he wishes
over already. \X'hire will play lLlxc6 followed tor.
by ~g4, and there i~ nothing Black can do 33JWb51Wb6
abom it. 33 ... :gb6 34.\Wxa4 is no better.
29.ixb5 34.lLlf6t ~xg7 35.\Wd3
l11is attack on rhe quccnsidc turns our robe Finally rhe weaknesses around the king come
the strongest continuation. ro light.
106 Attacking Manual 2

35 .. J!d8
'1he only move, the rook ·wa~ hanging and 8 ~.~- ~·~
·/~~~~~-j_~ '~

there was a lcniglu check coming up on d7.

36.\hl.fh7t ~f8 37.tLlh4
One out of several winning lines- the king
~ ~-. 'm"'~"' J~'·~5
~-· ~
J~ ~LZJ t;·
is roo open.
37 ... \hl.fa5 4 ,
3 ~
~LZJ~~ fJ --
Forced in view of various rhrt:ats. White now
2 ~w~~~t ··"~8~ ~
wins with a lor of checks. ~}};,~WPJ~~¥ilt· .zYM~
38.\hl.fxh6t ~e7 39.ttJf'5t ~e6 40.lbc4t <i>d7 ~~~ ~ ~
4LttJc5t a b c d e f g b
And next come~ 42.\hl!xa6. White has more After this Black has a choice, between hell
material and a powerful ~mack going. and fire.
27 ... !xg7
25AJh5 .ie5 26.fxg7 It is tempting ro eliminate rhe pawn, but rhe
26.tLlxc5 dxe5 27.fxg7 \Vas also very srrong, bishop was on e5 for a reason. Now White
bur the game concinuarion is not bad. can open up for the bishop on b 1 wirh
deadly effect.
26.. J~a6!? 27 ... <;i{h7 loses to a brilliant combination,
26 ...!xg7 27.e5! designed to draw the rook m a bad square.


~ -.~~ --~
~~~/, -~'///,'/'~

x,,,z ~ /.,,_,>~
5 ~i~ ~ ~~'2J
~ -

.% .•
-~~- ·'ZJ~b
.,,,_% ~

fj~ ~iff~fj·
a b c d e f g h
28.g8=\Wt!! ~xg8 29.ttJf6t ixf6 30.c5t ~g6
a b c d e f g h 31.exf6 wirh a winning arrack.
27.liJh4?! 28.e5!! ~d5
1l1is move appear~
rarher unn<Hural ro me. 1l1is move, a.ttempcing to get closer with rhe
Insrt!ad White could have won by :t brilliant queen, seems like a good rry, but \XI hire has
combination, based on disrupting the black a devious \Vin. Hov;,rcver, also after rhe two
pieces and opening lines towards the Icing in other moves Black will have to give in.
rhe most ingenious way. 28 ... dxd 29.tLlxeS and 30.Wi'g3 is quite
1he first move is nothing ~pecial, ir is just a And after 28 ... ~f8 Whire has a beautiful win
rhreJ.t to the h6-pawn: with: 29.t2Jxg7 ®xg7 30.\hl.fd3 ~h8 3l.e6!
27.\hl.fe3! A beamiful magnetic sacrifice. 3l...~xe6
Chapter 2- Typical Piece Play 107

32.c'bd4 \XIhitc will pby 3,,.l!.'lxe6t and '?7 ~.tt ~,

- .•. EIC).

34.V9g6t, if <lllowed, so Black is forced to This is probably best answered wirh a little
rry 32 ...'19e8, bur here! Whire is completely sneaky move.
dominating and can decide rhe game 28.~d2!
without fanfare with simple moves such as Now Black has no choice bur giving up his
33.'1Mfc3 ~g8 34J!e3. 1otrong bishop with:
29.l!Jf6t ~.xf6 30.cxf6 iMfh5 31.'19e4 28 ...ih2t!
1here are other moves, bm this is very 28 ... V9d4 This loses in fabulous fashion
attractive. to the following long and attractive
3L..Wg6 combination: 29.Wlxh6 ixg7 30.V9g5!
11uearening e4-e5. 30 ... WleS 31.l!:lf5!! ixf5

8 ~.~~ --~
~ ~z -~- a".."M - .. ••
5~·~ ~8~Cl)].
~~ ~ m%~ - -h~--J~ 2:

a b c d e f g h 2r'D~~~d~-
~~ ~~- .)~ --~"?'~:·i~
w;. L .. ·-
1l1e black piece~ are duly punished ~or rheir ~i.- f~ ~
a b c d e f g h
lack of coordination, Whi rc wins.
A great sacrifice. 32 ...'\Mfxe 1t 33.~h2 ~f8
27...~cH! 111e only move (33 ...Wfe5t 34.f4 '1Mfxb2 35.f6
1l1is move is surprisingly a mistake:. Tn my and mace emerges). 34.~xg7! ~e7 35J6t
first draft noces ro rhis game 1 considered it ~d8 36.®xf7 f!.c7 Black is tVv'O exchanges
a '!!' move, because of the sensational finish. up, bur rhc white pieces are simply vasdy
However, ir rums out that Black is still in deep superior to rhe black ones. "Ihe f~pawn is a
trouble and, from a ~rdccly objecriv.: point star and rhc black king is in deep trouble.
of view, could have retained better defensive White should win. 37.Y¥g8t We8 38.'19g4
chances by playing something else. Tn rhc This is probably an appropriate place to
game rhc move worked wonders, against one stop. 1l1e analysis may already have deviated
of rhe besr pl.tyer~ in the world; so ic is hard to from rhe path of perfection, as all long lines
criticise it coo severdy. inevitable do.
29.~xh2 'Wxh5 30.l!:lf5 ixf5 3l.exf5 l/9h4!
Both of the orher queen moves lead badto Black cannot allow the whire queen to make
positions, but they are nm completdy lost as it ro d4, from where she would rule the
far as I can see: waves.
32.ie4 d5 33.ixd5 1Ml'f6 34.\Wf4
I think rhe best way forward for Black is ro White's advantage is lal'ge, but by no means
seek simp!ifications: decisive.
108 Anacking Manual 2

27 ...Wc4!? 28.ltJ5??
1his is rhe other oprion. I rhink rhc riglH '1his awful move turns a winning position
way to play for an edge is: inro a lost one in a single fell swoop! It was
28.\We3 ~b4 imporranr to keep rhe initiative and to dislodge
28 ...§'d4 29.§'xh6 !xg7 30.\Wg5 rranspo~es rhc bishop from e5 at all costs.
co rhe previous noce. This could have been achieved wirh:
19.lbf3 ~xg7 30.e5! 28.t4!
Opening up for rhc bishop, once again.
30 ... !eG 3L!e4!

a b c d e f g h
Here Black can eirher give a check on J4,
a b c d e r g h or give up the bishop in some way. Bur even
Here it is probably best tO play 3l...d5 rhis ends horribly. Lee us have a look ar both
32.!d3; wirh a very strong arrack, bur the options, which are both truly spectacular.
direcr lines do have some arrraction:
_,2 1... .a 3?..1 ,')') 2.s
"±. a) 28 ... ®\:b2 29.fxc5 ®xe2 30.l:!xe2 dxe5
Using the indirect ;utack on rhc black queen 31.gd2!
ro get closer. Eyeing rhc eighth rank, with gain of tempo.
32 ... ~f8 33.tLlxg7 ~xg7 34.'Mff6t ~g8 3I...!e6 32.ttJf5!
35.~xh6! axb2 36.!h7'1' ~h8 37.cxd6 ~xd6 l11is is the flashy move, bur the simple 32.a3
38.8:xe6! is sufficient as well.
\\!hire wins. 32 ...!xf5 33.exf5 b4 34J~d7!?
Again a bit showy, but the fin ish is truly
34 ... b3

8 fli~ -~~
7 ~~ ~~~l~
6 ;x~- %~ ~~"-- -'"~~ 5
;{M~~~-~~~~w;r~;· ~~
5 ~ ~ ?.-~~lij ~-
4 4."~:,~~
~~& ~ W~
• '·~·
~-A a
3 ~%.-~ ~~ ~0 3
2b~ ~ ~8~1
«' ~~21 ~2!:%' ~?'~·m" %
112.~~ ~ ~
a b c d e f g h a b c d e f g h
Chap(er 2 -Typical Piece Play 109

35.~e4[! bxa2 go to d3, when the mating threat cannot be

35 ... b2 36.~b7 a3 37.tcl5 and White \Vins. arrested in rhe same way.
,36.j,d5! Black now has a lot of options, all of chem
TI1e queen i1. unimponanr. "llte anacking insufficient:
ratio is overwhelming.
1il.r·•· 37 rihl ?
) ... a l-- B I . .'CI' L bl) 30 ... ~xg7 31.e5 <i>f8 32.~f5! ~xf5
Black i!> n"tared no maHer wh;.u, bm let us see 33.ft:Jxf5 ~h8 34.exd6 and the anack will soon
the main threat in action: make it through.
37 ... e4 38.~xf7t <!>h7
b2) 30 .. JWc3
This 1110\'e seems logical. TI1e idea is to
prevent ®'d3. But Whire has orher ideas.
31.ft:Jf5 ~xf5 32.exf5
Surprisingly Black does not seem to be able
ro save chis position. 'lhe white pieces are
too close to (he king. One line could be:
32 ... b4 33.®'e2 ~aa8 34.f6! ~xf6 35.19e4
~xg7 36.:ge3 ®'d4 37.®'h7t ~f8

39 .g8='.Wi"! ;gxg8 40.~gG1· <!>h8 4l.:gh7 mare.

b) 28 ... ~d4·[· 29.~h2 ®'xb2 llten: are no

better squares, but chi.<. one looks pretty solid
anyway. .30.®'d ll!

38.!%g3 would allow counterplay with
38 ...!%cl, when Black survives with a
perpetual: 39.~xg7 Wgl t 40.~g3 Welt
Bm after rhis move, White's arrack is
winning. 1his is Black walking the plank:
38 ... ~al 39.~g3 Ad4 4oJ~g8t ~e7 4Lmre4t
~d7 42.Wb7t ~e6 43.f5i· ~e5 44.Wc4

b3) 30 ... ~d8

This is one of many rook moves, all refuted
in the same way:
31.e5! dxe5 32.®'d3 e4!? 33.~xc4! Axg7
110 Arracking .N1anual 2

Black wins, as the queen is trapped on rhe

11 r~ r rank.

3I.Wffl .E:cl 32..id3 b4 33 ..ib5 b3 34.axb3

a.xb3 3S ..ia4 .E:xfl t 36. ®xfl .E:b8

Our final example shows a rising scar from

Italy paving the way to success in the B-group
of the Dutch chess classic. In this game White
a b c d e f g h is fighting hard to get to the h7 -square and
al one point the bishop on d3 finds three (!)
pieces between itself and this magic square.
'lhc rook is going to g3 with deadly effect.
111e alternative 34J:!e7 'Wc3 35J:!xd7 '.Wxd3 Nevertheless, it still exerts a deadly effect.
36J3xd3 E:xd3 37.~xd3 ~b6 38.GtJf5 ~h8 is Our focus in this game is the fight for this
berrer for White, bur not decisive. diagonal. The black novelty (nor through
34 ... ®f8 35.GtJxg7 Wxg7 preparation, I expect) on rnove 19 was designed
35 ... \Wxg7 36.~a3t wins. to rake control of the fS-square, by removing

36.'Wh7t ®f8 37.E:e5! rhe e-pawn, but White saw further and
Black is defenceless against the rhreat of followed up on his arrack down the diagonal,
'.Wh8t. For example: wid1 the brilliant justification hidden in the
.17 ... ~e6 38.~h8t ®c7 39.~xe6i'! notes to the 21st move.

28 ... hf5 29.exf5 Fabiano Caruana- Krishnan Sasikiran

Wi j k aan Zee 2009

I.e4 c5 2.'Df.3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.'Dxd4 'Df6

s.'Dc3 a6 6..ie2 e6 7.0-0 Wfc? 8.f4 .ie7
9 ..ie3 'Dc6 lO.<i>hi 0-0 11.1Mfel 'Dxd4
12.hd4 bS 13.a3 .ib? I4.Wlg3 .E:ad8
lS ..E:ael .E:d7 16..id3 .E:e8

a b c d e f g h
29 ... Wfxel t!
How quickly the cables have turned! 'lhis
temporary queen sacrifice i~ a beauriful way
to srop the anack. 29 ... E:ac6!? would also have
been good enough.

30.Wfxel .E:ac6
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 111

17JU3!? 2l.fxg6!
1l1is is a rdadvely new idea. More common It is nor hard to guess whar Sasikiran missed;
have been 17 .c5 and 17 .ctJd 1, hut after rhis see the next note. However, Caruana does nor
game, rhe rexr is bound to arrract followers. miss such chances.

17... W/d8 18.W/h3 2l. .. fxg6

Threatening ~xf6 followed by c4-e5. This is forced. 1l1e h-file has to be kept
closed, due ro some ~h8 mate issues, while
18 ... g6 19J~efl d5? after 2l...exf3? \Xfhire is able to show rhc first
The first new move of rhe game, and .1 bad point of his combination: 22.\Wxh7t!! with
one. mate in two moves.

Only six weeks before rhe game Black had 22J3xf6 23xd4 23.23!7
played betrcr with 19 ... ~f8. Afrer 20.f5 he The inrrusion on rhe seventh rank must
reacted with 20 ... exf5 21 .exf5 g5! (21 ... ~xf3 have been very uncomfortable for the Indian
22.fxg6 hxg6 23.~>.:f6 Wxf6 24.\Wxd7 would Gr,1ndmasrer.
win for White) 22J~e3 ~g7. "Ibis eventually
led to a draw in Fedorchuk - Jaracz, Dresden 23 ... Ah4 24.~e2 ~c6
2008, but 111.1ybe \X'hire is a bir better after 24 ... b4 25.axb4 !!xb4 would only act as a
23.!!xe8i" V:'fxe8 24.~e2 .§:e7 25.'Wd3, when distraction. 1l1e direct win here is: 26.tlJb5!
the better pawn srrucrure m ighr rell eventually. axb5 Black has ro rake the knighr, as it cannot
be allowed to land on d6. 27 .!!xb7 and there is
no good way to react to 28.g3.

A very thematic break. Black was rrying to
cake control over rhc f5-square with his last 25.g3!
move, so this i~ perhaps the lasr chance \XIhite ~1 he bishop is simply lost.
is given to play this move.
25 ...e3t 26.~gl aS
20 ... dxe4 Black is trying to create counrerplay, bur
20 ... exf5 21 .ext) g) doe~ llOt work here. rhcre is none ro be found. 26 ... \WgS loses to
Mrer 22.\Wh6! iris rime to resign. 27 ..§:a7 followed by 28.~ff7.
112 Arracking Manual 2

27 .gxh4 b4 28.axb4 Josef Emil Krejcik -Konrad Korbot

28.~xe3 with rhe point 28 ... bxc3 29.'Wc5
was also winning. Cafe Game, Vienna 1908

28 ... axb4 29.tLldl 8

Black has a bit of play tor rhe piece, but it is 7
temporary and the young maestro converts his
advanrage without difficulcy. 6
29.. J&d5 30.tLlxe3 ~c5
30 ... ~h 1t 3l.~f2 'Wc4 32 ..~.d3 'WeS 33.®gl
and wins. 3
3l.iid3 b3 32.~g3 bxc2 33..ixc2 gd2
34.g7f2 ged8 35.gxd2 .Eixd2 36 ..Eif2 gd4
Now a final sacrifice sc<\ls Black's Euc. a b c d e f g h
Whire would of course love ro play l8.gxh5,
bur Black would be able ro play 1 8... d5! 'virh
some defensive possibilities. To avoid chis
Whire played a fantastic combination:

Other moves also 'vin, but none a:;,
convincingly. Black cannot improve his
position and might as well take the rook.

l8... cxd6 19.gxh5 gxhS 20.Jhg7t ~xg7

2l.ctJf7t tLlg6 22 . .Eixg6t! ~xg6 23.f5t ~f6
24.~h4t ®xf5 25.~g5t @e4 26.ctJxd6t
~d4 27.c3 mate!

Having looked at some ex;unples of how rhe

lines of communication work for the aggre~sor
(and only twice on the b 1-h7 diagonal),
we shall now move on to obstrucdon of rhe
deCender's lines of communication.

In rh~ first example vve 'lhall see a blocking of

the diagonal fmm c8 ro h3 with a stunning
rook sacrifice.
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 113

In the next example White is ready to arrack 23J3a3! when the superior firepower will tell.
rhe king, as ;lll of Black's pieces are sin1ared
far away on rbc queenside. However, ir is first 19 ... CLJc2 is a bit more complicated: 20.~xg7
necessary ro cur off rhc influential enemy queen ~xg7 2l.CLJxg5 f5 22.'l9g3 CLJxcl (22 ... ~xb5
by disrupting rhe lines of communication. 23.CLJf7t ~h7 24.1Wh4 with mare) 23J3xe1
~xb5 24.t2Jf7t ~h7 25J1:Vh4 :9:xf7 26.exf7
Karen Asrian- Tigran Kotanjian hc4 27.'W.xe7 and White wins.

Arml.'n ian Ch,1 mpionship 2007 The most difficulr line is probably:
19 ... ~xc3 20.bxc3 CLJc2 2l.CLJxg5 f5
The only move. Together rhe knight on c2
and rhe pawn on f5 prevent rhe rook from
swinging easily to rhe kingside.
22.~h5 hxg5 23.Wxg5t ~h8 24.W/h6t ~g8
25.Wg6t ~h8

s X~~~~ ~~ -
7 ~~ rw & -~~ Y-~~~i'
~-i'~ ~
s ~~w~~~
~ %%, Z .. ,Z

~-/~ . .-- -~~vv~i


~.o~~-i§~ §..
~ ·l
a b c d e f g h 3~ ~~ ~ § ..
19.e6!! 2 -~~
/""% "":m[j~/--¥!j
... /
A bcaurifuland classic move, which unleashes
the bishop on c.) while al.so eliminating rhe
a b c d e f g h
queen's influence on the kingside.
1l1e problem here is rhat ~a3 does nor make
19 ... f6 sense, but \Vhire can end the show with rhe
Giving up the d-pawn equals pure beautiful:
resignation, but no cldencc existed: 26.~e2!!
This move is w[ nning. Mrcr:
19 ... dxe6 loses ro 20.~xg7 ~xg7 2I.l2Jxg5 26 ... CLJx<tl 27J3e3
~h8 22.®h5 ~g7: Black is getting mated.

20.exd7 e5 2l.:Sedl .ib7 22.lt:ld6 lt:lc2

23.'We6t ~h8 24.a5 'Wc7 25.lt:lxe5 fxe5
26.Le5 Le5 27.'Wxe5t ~g8 28.'We6t
~h7 29.lt:le8

1he following g~une feature~ a brilliant piece of

disruption of rhe lines of communication. With
his powerful 28th move White circumvents
rhe enemy defences completely.
a b c d e f g h
114 Arracking Manual2

Gudmundur Sigurjonsson - Leif Ogaard 20.B:xh5 h6 2l.ctJd5!

\XThire should not get confused and lose his
E~hjerg 1978 patience.

l.e4 cS 2.ctJf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.ctJxd4 ctJc6 21.e5?! allows 2l...f5!, wirh a decent position.
S.ctJc3 a6 6.ie2 VNc7 7.0-0 tlJf6 s.<i>hi ie7 Black only needs to avoid 21. .. ig5?, ·which
9.f4 d6 IO.ie3 0-0 Il.VNel id7 12.VNg3 Vi.ras l'ecommendcd by one commentator bur
<i>hS?! loses to 22.~f5 g6 23.W/xg5!.
1his move is rather odd. 'lhe king is not
necessarily safer on hS than gS. 21. •• hd5
1l1e only move.
·n,e main line ~rarrs with
11 ... lLJxd4 13.ixd4
ic6 wirh chance~ for both o;ides. 21...1Wb7 loses to a great piece of disruption.
22.gxh6l! gxh6 23.~xh6t ~gS 24.tLJf6t!
13.a3 bS 14.id3 B:ab8 IS.ctJxc6 hc6 ixf6 2S.e5 and Black cannot open the seventh
16.id4 eS?! rank and successfully defend both g7 and h7.
1l1 is standard idea has never really appealed
ro me, and here ir also looks poof. 'lhc blacl~ 22.exd5 1Mff4
knight i& in trouble on h5 quite soon. Defending against a quick gxh6. 22 ... ~d6
\Va~ probably a bit safer, bur after 23J~fl White
17.fxe5 ctJhS 18.VNh3 dxeS still enjoys an edge.

23.B:fl VNe3 24.VNg4!

24.\Wd7?! g6 2S.gh3 would win a pawn,
but after 25 ... ~e5 26Jhh6t ~g7 27J~h3
~hS Black enjoys fine compensation on the
h-file. 1l1is, combined with the opposite-
coloured bishops, leads me ro evalu:ue the
posirion as about equal.

24... B:b6
24... ~g8? was recommended somewhere,
bur White can use the shaky pmtecrion of
the h6-pawn with 25.~h3! ~g5 26.~c4!,
when the h7-square is really tender. After
26 .. .f5 27.~e6t ~hS 2S.d6 White's advamage
is overw·helming, despite the material equality.

25.B:hf5 <i>g8
25 ... ~g6? was recommended as the way
forward, but White can both take on f7 and
19 ... exd4 play the srunning 26.1M!'d1 !!, with an indirect
Sadly forced in view of 19 ... t2Jf4 20.ixe5! threar to the rook on g6, and 27 .~lf3 rrapping
and Whire ends up with an excra pawn. the queen, is coming as well.
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 115

The besr move \Vas 25 ... .if6!, \'V'hire is srill White immediately exploits his opponent's
berrer afrcr 26.~5f2 or 26.g3, bur his advantage lack of coordination ro threaten 28.W/f5!.
may nm be enough ro decide rhe game.
27... ~c5?!
26.~Sf4?! 1l1is moves fails immediately to a fantastic
26J!5f2l wirh the additional idea of 27J!.c2 disruption of rhe lines of communication.
would have been very srrong here. ln rhis
case I feel that \XIhirc would be able to pose 27 ... ~g5 was objectively better, bur also nm
insurmoumablc problems ro his opponent. pleasant for Black. Mrer 28.\We4 g6 29.b4!
After the game cominuarion Black was given White is in complete control. All rhe black
a moment to find some son of coordination of pieces arc badly placed, pinned or pinned
his forces, an opporruniry which, unforrunarcly, down. "lhc cxrent of his lack of communication
he squandered. becomes apparent in derails such as 29 ....ic7?
3fl.:gxf7! and White wins everything.

~z--·-- ~;.; ~z----
/" .. /.:0. '0

w~ ~-:j;~ ~~ ~
t.D~~!~- -~.f~
26 ... ~d6?
b c d e f g !1 1.

a b
~ ~g~~
c d e f g h
Black mi11ses his best chance in the g.une. 28.d6!!
I was only twelve the first time 1 saw this
Ifhe had played 26 ... .;;d6! he would have been game, and it still resounds in my memory. 1he
dose to wdl coordinated. lr i~ true that Whire term for this kind of double disruption of the
could rake a pawn then, but after 27J~!.xd4 lines of communication is a 'Novotny'.
Black has a nice counrerpu nch in 2 7 ... f5!.
White can either play 28.,~1"f4, exchange 28, .. :gxd6
queens and probably only m.1ke a draw our of No matter which piece Black cakes wirh on
the ending, or he can play 28 ..ixf5, ro which d6, he loses some level of control. Here, raking
Black can reply 28 .. J~:xf5! 29.~xf) Wfxd4 wirh the rook, rernoves the protection of rhe
30.W/f7t Wh7 31.Wfxe7 ~xd5. 1l1is ending is rook on f8 provided by the black bishop.
of course better for White, bur only slighdy.
1he extra pawn is compensated for by the very Taking with the bishop would mean losing
active black piece~. control over rhe sixth rank. White can exploit
rhis i111mediarely: 28 ... .ixd6 29.'ll:Vf5 g6
27.:gf6! 30.~xg6t! wirh mare to come.
ll6 Attacking Manual 2

28 ... 1W'g5 also does nor save rhe position. White Ashot Nadanian - Melikset Khachian
can use rhe eighth rank issues wirh 29Jhf7!.
Armenian Championship 1997
"lhe rexr move is of course sufficient to l.d4 ttJf6 2.c4 g6 3. CDc3 d5 4.cxd5 tDxdS
decide rhe game, but there was anorher win, 5.CDa4!?
based on rhe back rank being weakened by rhe "111is imaginative idea, transferred from
absent influence of rhe black bishop: 29 ..l:!xt7! orher openings, was a brainchild of the highly
.l:!xJ7 30.\WcSt and Black will lose a piece after imaginative white player. This chess artist has
30 .. J!d8 31.1Wxd8t .l:!f8 32.\WdSt. rightfully earned the praise bestowed on him
from top aurbor Tibor Karolyi in the recently
29 ... \&xd3 published book, Genius in the Background.
Black decides to end the game in di.sgt'ace. A
true gentleman would have raken the ridicule s ... Ag7
of being mated and played 29 ... g6, when 'S ... ctJfG G.ctJc3 ctJd5 could be a logical
White wins best with: solurion to rhe misery chess can be at times.

6.e4 lDb6 7.Ae3 o-o s.lDB lDc6 9.Ae2 f5!?

Ar the rime rhis was a new move.

IO.exf5 gxf5 11.\&b3t

ll.ctJxbG axbG 12.~c4t may have given
better chances ro play for an advantage,
according to Nadanian.

11. .• ~h8 12.~dl f4! I3.Acl Ag4 I4.lDc5?!

Larer on Nadanian decided that 14.ctJxb6
a b c d e f g h
axbG 15.d5! ctJe5 1G.a3 was rhe correct way
30.Wxg6i"!! fxgG 3l.E!:xf8i" ~g7 32.Ei: I f7 mate! ro continue. Maybe White is slightly berrcr,
although I am not complerely convinced.
30.Wxd3 ~xf6 31.~xf6 gxf6 32.\&g3t ~h8
33.\&c7 14 ... ix£3 15.\&xf3 CDxd4 16.\&xb7
\XIhire pbm to ransack the quecnside, so
Black defends his pawns by purring rhcm back
in rhe box. 7
ln the final game where we shall look ar this
theme, it is especially rhe 16th move we should 5
pay ;ltrenrion ro. 1l1e point of this move is to 4
lock rhc white queen our of the g~\me. Ati:er
rhis, Whirc wastes rime raking Black's bishop 3
on g7, giving Black enough rime to unleash a 2
surprising break rhar activates his mvn pieces
and eliminates the fabulous defender on e2.
a b c d e f g h
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 117

16 ... c6!! ]he key poim is of course that White cannot

1l1is is a brilliant move, ignoring rhe threat stand losing the bishop in the defence.
of 'De6 and shutring ofF rhe white queen from
the cenn·c and the kingsidc. Instead 18 ... 'Wxg2? would be an error. White
keeps his bishop and the rook is still om of
17.&lJe6 play on f8, so it is no surprise rhat White can
Whirc rake1. up rhe challenge. escape with a draw: 19J~xd4! Wfxhlt 20.~fl!
"!here is a perpetual check after 20 ... @xg7
17...®d51 2I.W/xe7t ~f7 22.W/g5i" ~h8 23.~d8t.
This square is now conveniently available.
18.&lJxg7? White had to give up the exchange to stay
This look~ ab1.olurely logical; Black's snong in the game, although even rben his position
bishop is eliminated. However, the problem is would remain difficult: 19.~xd4 fxg2! 20.~gl
that rime is much more important here. \Wxd4 21.~xg2 1We4! Black defends cG with
gain of cempo and chus keeps the white queen
18.'Dxf8? \Wxg2 19.~f1 ~e4! 20Jhd4 A.xd4 our of the game. After 22.~g3 ~ad8 White's
wirh rhe dHears of 21. .. 0 and 21...\Wbl was position would be highly vulnerable.
also poor.
19 ... &lJxf3t 20.i.xf3
Later thar year Nadanian tried to improve Forced. 20.@fltUd2"!! is jusr over.
upon this ga111e, bur found nothing more rhan
a defensible posirion afrer 18.ttJxd4! ~xd4 20 ...®xf3
19.~f3 \WeSt 20. @fl, with even chances.
Nadanian- Yegiazarian, Kyiv 1997, eventually
ended in a draw.
a b c d e f g h
lr seems very uncomrorrable ro castle into
a b c d e f 0
an open file, bur 21 .~fl also had a serious
18 ... f3!! drawback. Here rhe problem i~ the open
This is really rhe st,H move of the game. d-file, \Vhich is exploited as follows: 21 ... ~ad8!
Black opem up tor the rook on ffi and creates 22.~d2 W/e4i" 23.~e3 ~xdl t 24.@xd1 ~d3t
real damage ro rhe white defensive structure. 25.~cl gd8 and Whice is mated.
118 Attacking Manual 2

2I. .. ~g4t 22.~hl ~f3·t ~h6 32.Wf8t :Sg7 33.\Wf6t E:g6 34.~f8t
Black repeated rhe position once a~ he was ~h5
running short of time. 0-1

23.~gl After rhese varied examples of how the lines

ofcommunicarion are imporranr in the attack,
we move to a closely related, but still quite
disrincr ropic.

Vacating Squares

One of the techniques we can use in the attack

is w vacate squares for our pieces. ll1is can be
done in several ways, bur the most common
is rhe pawn sacrifice. A very generic, although
maybe not roo cxciring example, is rhe

a b c d e f g h Dimitar Donchev - Damir Kljako

23 ... :Sf6!
Trnava 1982
~lhc rook will come ro g6 unhindered.

24.4Jh5 is no bencr. \XIhirc wins with
24 .. JWxh5 25J::~d3 ~f3!, blocking the king
in. 1l1erc is nmv no defence, so we '"ill
Nadanian's non-cornpurer val'iarion: 26.ie3
~g8t 27.~h 1 !he3! 28Jhe3 ~d5t 29.£3 ~d2
and Black wins.

24 .. JWg4t 2S.~hl \Wf3t

Jusr anocher repetition. 1l1e rook should take
rhe bishop, nor the queen.

26.~gl :Sg6 27.~xe7

27.h4 ~xg7 and 28 ... hG is an e,1sy win. \XIhire's nexr move was l7 .exfS, capruring an
enemy pawn. 1his was good enough to win rhe
1lu:- S,lme is the cr.tsc for 27.ctJh5 Wxh5 28.f4 game, but he could have serried marrers even
h6. taster by sacrificing three pieces, simply co gcr
ro the h7-square.
27..• \Wg4t 28.~hl E:xg5
Black ends with an extra piece. 17.e5!! is the most beamiful winning move.
Onlv 17...dxe5 makes sense, but White maces
29J!d8t :Sxd8 30.~xd8t ~xg7 31.~e7t after 18.ltke4!! fxe419.E:xf6.
Chaprcr 2 -Typical Piece Play 119

1his example mighr se~m a bir simplisric and ·n,is is rhe losing mistake, buc iris easy ro sec
you could easily gcr the sensation rhar such how Topalov, already rated 2750 and rhird in
tricks are only u11eful among lesser mortals, if rhe world, could ger lost in the tangled lines:
you have nor seen rhem in use among rhe besr
players of the wodd. So, in the next example 24 ... fxg6 is a logical reaction, bur after 25.~g5
we shall sec Tvancbuk me rhis technique Black is lost. The bishop cannot go ro e7. \X!hite
rcpearcdly in his srunning victory against the will take with the knight and play ~f4-h4,
player vvho is number one on the rating lisr as winning a piece becau&e of the pin. And after
l am wriring rhese lines. 25 ... ~c8 White has: 26J~k7 ~a6 27.~c3!!

Vassily Ivanchuk- Veselin Topalov 8 ~~ -J:~~~

7 ~ ~~ -~ -~~,
~ ~-- -~ !@~ L .. 7.
Novgorod 1996
6 ~~~JI)-
'. ~2;1_ ~.... /, ~ ~ =-
~- i . -~ ?.
l.e4 c5 2.lLlf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.lLlxd4 lLl£6 5 ~i~lLJ~ 1· ~
~~~ ;;%.~~-~A~~·
s.lt:k3 a6 6.ie2 e6 7.0-0 ie7 8.£4 0-0
9.<tf?hl Wfc7 10.a4 lLlc6 11.i.e3 ~e8 12.if3
~bs 13.g4 i£S 14.g5 tDd7 15.ig2 lDxd4
16..bd4 b5 17.axh5 axh5 18.~a7 ~d8

>.. ~

• ?.

~ B..
~% 0 ~- . . . .~~~LJ;>
1 ~
19.h4 eS 20.!e3 exf4 2LM4 tDes 22.CDdS
~g4 23.~d2lLlc6 a b c d e f g h
\Vhitt: ha11 some initiative fi·om a Sicilian 111e rhreat of Ehf8t forces Black to play
Najdorf: bur his rook on rhe sevcnrh rank 27 ... t2Je5, and White is winning in one move
looks as if ir is going ro be repulsed, unless he wirh 28.~aJ, trapping the queen. A very pretty
can find '' way to act immediarely. line indeed, even if the fireworks were aU in
White'1. hands ...

24 ... hxg6 is not surprisingly met wirh

25J3xf7!, when Black should consider giving
up the queen. 1he reason for this is that he
cannot accept such a rook on rhe seventh rank.
And after 25 ... ~e6 White plays 26.~g5 ike?
27.t2Jxe7t t2Jxe7

24 ... lbxa7?
120 Arrack..ing Manual 2

28.~xg7t!! @xg7 29.'®c3"i" ~g8 (or 29 ... ®h7 28 ... h6 29.c5! is no better. Excuse me for
30.gf4) 30.~h6 and Black will have ro shed not going deeply into the lines. I just wanr to
material as if it is going out of style. menrion 29 ... hxg5 30.'®xf8t E:xf8 31.E:xf8t
@h7 32.~e4t and 33.lDf6t, winning.
'lhc only move rhat offered a chance of
ddcnding the posirion was rhe slightly
humiliating 24 .. .f6!, which block:- the f-line
and prevents ~g5, but also allows \Xlhirc to 7
crcarc real weaknesses amuncl the black king. 6
Afrer 25.gxh7t ~xh7 26.2:a3 \Xfhire will
rransfer the queen ro h4 and the rook to g3 5
(maybe .th3 as ·well, ro win ~omc squares), and 4
rhe arrack will be very dangerous, but we are
not talking about a forc~d win yer.
25.gxf7t @hs 26.~g5!
A good intermediate move. 1he bishop is
sirnply more active on g5. a b c d e f g h
We have reached the next great moment in
26... \Wd7 27.fxe8=ltJ the game. 1he only piece nor actively attacking
is the bishop on g2, so fvanchuk uses another
clearance sacl'ifice m bring it into play.

A great move, vacating the e4-square and
prepanng to vacate the d5-square for the

29... h6
Black has no defence, bur rries to find one
by creating a breathing space for the king.
However, rhis move also weakens the g6-
square. 1he ocher lines are all based on rhe
bishop coming ro d5 as well. For instance,
19 ... ctJc8 30.tilc7!! wins at once, and 29... dxe5
30.ctJc7! is the same story.

29 ... ie6 is slighrly more resilient, but still

27 ... !he8 insufficienr ro save the game. 30.ctJb6 '®c7
17 ... '®xe8 is no berrer. Whire can ->rill 3L~d5! 1xd5i· 32.tt:lxd5 mrd? 33.ie7! is
advance the e-pawn, bur also 28.tt:lf6! is good winning. After 33 ... Le7 34.'®f7t @h8
enough to win, as poinred om by fvanchuk. 35.ctJxe7 then~ are many ways co go. One of
rhem i.'>: 35 ...1Wb7t 36J~f3 ~b8 37.@g1 and
28.\W£2 @g8 ;38.tt:lg6t is a winning rhreat.
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 121

30.~b6 34.~e7t!
Ivanchuk proceeds with his plan and ir works Disruption of the lines of communication.
quite well. However, \X!hirc can win in many Black resigned in view of 34 ... ~xe7 35.~f7t
ways at thi~ point. The computer of course <tbh8 36.'iWg6, mating.
prefers the lllOSt surreal, which is: _?O.~e7!? 1-0

In the next example we shall see another

knight vacating squares, this time opening up
a diagonal for the queen and at the same time
keeping the opponent's king in the danger
zone, and then vacating the next square for rhc
heavy pieces, once the king cannot escape.
Coincidently, this was one of the games that
brought Caruana his last GM-norm.

Zlatko Hinde - Fabiano Caruana

Budapest 2007

30 .. :~c7 3L.id5t
3I.~xh6 gxh6 32.li:Jd5 was another win, but
it is good ro hold on ro your plans, e~pecially
when they arc rhcmarically consistent!

31. .. <i>h7
3I...<tbh8 32.\WxHH ~xf8 J3.~xf8"!" ~h7
34.~e4t g6 3'5.~f6 and \X!hire wins.

32..ie4t <i>g8 33.~d5 ~d7

Black has a strong advantage on the kingsidc
because of his high arrack ratio. However, he
also needs to break through. A very young
Caruana did this in splendid style.

38 ... ~h2t!
Keeping the king ar rhe scene of the crime.
We will remrn ro this theme later on.

39. <i>g2 ~g4!?

This move is absolutely fine, as we shall see,
but 39 .. Jhgl t \vas perhaps a bit more direct,
based on the same poinrs as in rhe game.
L22 Arracking Manual 2

\'V'hire misses his chance to offer the best
po1lsible resistance. 40.~xh 1 would lase to
a slighdy longer and less interesting line:
4o ... itJf3t 4L~g2 };h2t 42.\!/fl E:hl 43.Wg2

4J ... ltJxgl! 44.~xh 1?! lljxe2 \XIhire ends with

<l pi ecc mo Ii rrlc.
Objectively it would have been berccr to 4L.J~xgl t! 42.~xgl Wfh3
play 44.gxgl Wildt 45. ~f3 ~xgL but Black's Whire resigned, as mare in t\VO follnws.
arrack should be cnoL1gh ro decide rhe game 0-1
in any case.
1he technique of vacating a square is a part of
Afcer rhis, let w. return ro rh~ game for rhe every strong chess player's arsenal. as Vi'ell as
absolute highlight and rhe momenr rhar shows some weaker ones roo. The following example
our theme in ics clearesr lighr. is one of the few of my own games that 1 have
included in chis hook. lt was played ..vhen I
was very young and rared about 2250. 1l1e
opponent was one of my besr fdends and the
g~nerallcvel of our play was nowhere near the
rc:::sr of rhc games in this book. Nevertheless, I
srill find the example encouraging, because it
~haws rhar you can still use :)UCh id.:as when
yom overall game is far beneath the level of a

Jacob Aagaard - Peter Roder

l.yngby 1991
a b c d e f g h
I. Ci:lf3 cS 2.c4 g6 3.g3 i.g7 4.i.g2 't:lc6 S.lbc3
40...ct:lfl !! d6 6.0-0 e6 7.e3 't:lge7 8.d4 0-0 9.d5 exdS
·n1h m;l.y nor be chc only route to victory, 1O.cxd5 't:la5 ll.e4 b6 12..Etel f6 13.h3 J.d7
bur ir is surely rhc prettie~r! 14 ..ifl a6 15.a4 Wfc7 16.!f4 gS 17.!e3 g4
Chapter 2 ~Typical Piece Play 123

Black has not phtyed the:: opening brilliantly,

but rhen again, we were only kids. 'vle have
arrived at the moment of interest to us. 7
a b c d e f g h
Looking ar the knight on e4 and how h ha~
forced Black to retreat his knight ro b7, it can
e<.1sily be esrablished that the white strategy has
a b c d e f g h
been a success.
I am still bitter rhat this game was not 22.b4 gxh3?!
awarded the prize for rhe best game of rhe day. ·n1is gives Whire free hands on rhe queen side,
Basically rhe judges did not think that rhi~ but 22 ... cxb4 23.~b5 illfd8 24.lt:Jc7 was also
move deserved any merit. 'lo me it i~ ~rill one very dangerous for Black. One plausible line
of the best ideas l had in rhe 1990s. could be: 24 .. J~b8 2S.lt:Jxa6 ~a8 26.lt:Jc7 ~xa4
27.lt:Je6 ixe6 28.dxe6! wirh an advantage for
l 8.hxg4 .®.xg4 19.~e2 v,rould lead ro an edge Wl1ite.
for 'W'hite, bur rhis double pawn sacrifice seems
as brilliam ro me now a.<. ic did when l was 18. 23.bxc5 bxc5 24.~bl .ig4?! 25.~b3 h2t
Peter \Vas not liking the look of a pin
18 ...fxe5 emerging on the queenside.
lS ... gxB? loses straight off ro 19.cxd6 i¥fxd6
20.~f4. One line was: 25 .. J&b8 26.ixa6 ~e8 (26 ... illff5
27.~h2 \Wf3 28J&g1 and rhe knight on b7
19.&Zlg5 ~c8 is really poor) 27. ct?h2 ~fS 28.ixb7 lt:Jd4
19 ... gxh3 would have allowed Whire to take 29.lt:Jxd6 ~xb3 30.lt:Jxc8 :Sxb7 3l.~d6 gb4
over rhe light squares completely. After 20.lt:Jc6 32.lt:Jce4 and Whire dominates.
ixe6 2l.dxe6 \\/hire dominate~, e.g. 21 ... ~adS
22.lt:Jd5 lLJxdS 23.illfxd5 W/c6 24.~c4 illfxdS 26.~xh2 ~b8 27..L:a6 ~f5 28..ifl!?
25.~xd5 with a scriou~ ~tdvanrage. No·wadays I would probably prefer to cover
rhe square with the knight: 28. ~g 1! illfhS
20.~cl!? 29.lt:Jd2lt:Jf5 30.lt:Jce4 wirh a big advantage for
20.hxg4 .~xg4 21.~c2 was <mother opdon, White.
but I like what 1 did in rhe game.
28 ...~h5t 29.~gl .i6 30..ig2 .hg2
20 ... h6 2l.~ge4 ~h7 3l.~xg2
124 Anacking Manual 2

\:vinning line. apparently tempted by purring

~ ~~ 1~-~
8 the knight on the highly atrmcdve e6-square.
7 -~7,-~ ~!All: ~ Bur what he did not realise was the number of
6 w~ti{ ~;~~-~~~·-- .twdf'"--~~tf.~ chances he missed further on. Most notably,
- ~~ ~ ~.8:0 lA':::
5 ~W/ //.~1%"~'-~~f'''//-~ii on the 34th move, he probably more or less
~-* ~- -~ /';,.. ~ ~ amomatlcally tOok the pawn on c7, missing a

brilliam winning idea.

43 ~'@~;~· ~ ~~ %/
Garry Kasparov- Veselin Topalov
2 ~~t -~---~'?f[J~~
I ~~-f//4~[
~~-~ ~ ~
"~~ Linares 2004

a b c d e f g h l.e4 e5 2.~f3 ~c6 3.!h5 a6 4.ia4 ~f6

5.0-0 ie7 6.~el b5 7.!b3 0-0 8.a4 ~b7
3L .. Vat
9.d3 d6 lO.~bd2 ~d7 1Lc3 ~c5 12.axh5
After .3 J ... llJf5 32.\Wb5! Bbck is also in big
axh5 13.~xa8 ~xa8 14.!c2 b4 15.d4 bxc3
trouble. Then~ seems ro be no way to prevent
16.bxc3 ~d7 17.~£1 ~f6 18.d5 ~cb8
both ofWhire's rnain ideas, n:nndy a4-a5-a6 or
19.h4 tbc5 20.~g3 .ic8 21.~g5 h6 22.~h5
®'a6. Since rhe game l analysed rhe following
il,.e7 23.~h3 Wa2 24.Eie3 g6 25.~g3 ~hd7
line which is very funky, as well ~ts winntng
26.Jhh6 1xh4 27 .~g4 i.e7 28.lg5 hg5
for \Vhire: :32.)l9g4 33.a5 llJh4t 34.\!Ifl
29.~xg5 f5?
~h3t 35.~e2 \Wg4-l" 36.<j;>d3 llJf3 .?7.a6 t2Jd4
38.~<14 c4t 39.@xc4 lhc king i.!.< safe enough,
and Whirc should win material soon.

32.stgl ~aS 33.1®'xb8 ~b8 34.B!xb8t sth7

35.~xd6 ~xdS 36.~xd5 WfxdS 37.~f5 c4?!
37 .. .C~3b3 was benet; bm afcer 38.gb5 \'(/hite
Is s[ill on the winning rrack

38.~b5 1i'a8 39.B!cl stg6 40.~xg7 stxg7

4 L~xe5 1®'a6 42.B!b5 lt5 43. ~d 1 c3 44.~d7t
@g6 45.B!b6t 1®'xb6 46 •.Axb6
a b c d e f g h
1 v•.rant ro linish the discussion of this theme
by showing a game where the opposire is rhe 'This move vio!ares rhc most basic of
cas(~J whc1·e we don't want a square vacated. positionil.l principles: don'r move the pawns
Kasparov was explaining in :1n interview ho\v on the side of rhe board where you are \Veaker.
he had pbyed badly in rh.is game. Our of ~heer Moreover, in d1c present po$ition it can be
curiosity 1 analysed rhe game} and came ro rhe 1-efiaed by metical means.
surprising conclusion that the great man had
missed far more chances rhan he had thotwhr. After 29 ...!a6 it would have raken a bit more
From his perspective the great error \Vas on for White to find a way through to the black
move 32J where he missed a not very difficult king.
Chapter 2- Typical Piece Play 125

30.ex.f5 gxh5 3I..E!g3! 33.ibxf8!? ~xf8~!

3l.ltJe6t only lead~ ro a perpetual check. Objectively Black should bail our with
White needs ro be cart:ful when he is giving 33 ... ~xd5, when \X'hice can either salvage
up the rook the knight and be an exchange up in an
ending, or play 34.~cl when he will be an
31. •• &2Jf6 exchange up in rhe middlegame. In eirher
31 ... h4 32J~g4 ibf6 33.l2Je4"f! wins in rhc case 1 feel confident in Kasparov's conversion
same way as rhe next nore. technique.

a b c d e f g h
White does not need to be in a hurry. His
pieces are active and Black has no sudden
counterplay on rhe way.
34... @e8
1l1is is the most tenacious. \XThire is
entering on the kingside and Black's best
shot is to run for cover. However, it is not
35.®h6 ibcd7 36.id3!
gone. Threatening ib5 in some scenarios, bur
Kasparov's disappoinnnem is easy ro mainly defending the bishop and preparing
undersrand. Although rhe line js relativdy ifl in anticipation of a check on the first
long, iris not especially complicated or difficult rank.
co calculate, and should be wirhin reach for a .36 ... ~xd5 37.\Whst
playea· rated 2831 ... If this check had been delivered on rhe
previous move rhen ... ibfS would have
32 ••. ~fl 33.E!g7t defended conveniendy. Bur in the presem
ll1ere is nothing wrong with this move, position \"<'hire simply wins.
but it i~ played without <I clear follow-up in
mind. For chis reason it was worth considering 33... ~e8
simply raking rhe rook on fS, and only then \Xfe have arrived at the critical moment in
continuing the arrack: rhc garne, seen with our eyes, rha[ is!
126 Attacking Manual 2

36 ... ~d8 the pawn on c7 is a great liability,

which can be exploited by 37.dxc7 mare!

34.. ,c;i{ds 35.CDe6t c;t>es 36.'Dc7t?

Despite his many mistakes, White still had
a very promising position, even at this point.
'TI1e method is the same as on move 34, bur
not anywhere near as transparent:
36.tt::lxc5! dxc5 37.d6

a b c d e f g h
Kasparov misses a very strong possibility,
which could still have wo11 rhe game. 1 am
cc:rrain rhar he decided ro rake rhe pawn on
c7 before going deep in the position, bur rhis
proved ro be a mistake. Usually you will rake
the pawn in such a scenario Vi'ithom really a b c d e f g h
thinking, bm there arc momenrs when having This is noc a~ dangerous as before, bm it
rhe pcl\'llll is nor an advanrage for our opponent, rums out that Black is still in trouble. White
but a liability. 1 his is one of them. has several pmmising avenues, for example:
27 ... lJ,!f
;J 8(i-!).
'TI1e correct move was 34.tt::lxc5! dxc5 35.d.6! 'Titis is now the besr defensive move. Ar rhis
cxd6 36.~a4t ~d7 37.ixd7"!' CDxd7 38.~xd6 poinr rhe check on a4 is nothing, as rhe king
E"U7 39J~g8t ctJfR 40.'1Wxe5'!' ~d8 4Lf6 and is quire safe on d8, but Whire has orher
\Vhire has a winning initiative. tricks up his sleeve.
The reason ir is ·wrong ro rake on c7 is 'TI1e alternatives are severely weaker:
explained after 3"5 ... ~<.15. .17 ... ~d7 38.~b3 ~a6 39.~e6 ~d8 40.~xd7
ClJxd7 41.~d5 ~c8 42.f6! ~xf6 43.~g8t ~f8
44.8:xf8t tt::lxf8 45.~xc5t ~d7 46.~c7t
~e6 47.~e7t winning.
37 ... ~d8 38.d7! ~xd7 39.~b3 ~a6 40.~a4!!
~xa4 41.'1Wd6 and White will play borh
~xf8t and ~xf6, winning, as afrer 41 ... ~e8?!
he mares wirh 42.W'b8t i.c8 43.~c7 mare.
This is a key move, but by no means easy co
understand - actually, ir might be humanly
impossible to do so from rwo moves away.
a b c d e f g h
38 ... ~£7
White has a winning check on a4: 36.~<l4"t!! Other defensive tries exisr, but it seems they
\'V'irh no pawn on c7, this is harmless, bur ati:er all have similar value.
Chapter 2- Typical Piece Play 127

"(\ ~
_);~.t:!.g 8'1
T. Outposts
"l11e key poim is char rhc X-ray w rhe queen
on d5 is very effective. One of rhese instances is a piece that are
39 ... !:5f8 40.~b5t ~f7 4l.l.Wa4! placed solidly on a square, from where it can
Planning the obvious ~c4. Black cannot do exen grear conrrol over viral squares in the
anything to prevent ir. opponent's camp. In the .first example we shall
41 ... gxg8 see rhe po. ..ver of the knight on e4, which is ~l
41...1Wxd6 42.i,c4i·ll:Jd5 43.~g6 and \'(/hire part of all manoeuvres, as a shadow, affecting
wins. ail decisions.
42.ic4 ixf5 4.1.\¥fa7't!
Chasing rhe king away before raking rhc Boris Gelfand -Miguel Illescas Cordoba
4.~ ... ~g6 44.i,xd5 ll:JxdS 4).'M:xc5 i,e6 Madrid 1996
Black has reasonable drawing chance!>, bm
the advancagc is dd1nirely wirh White. Ld4 ~f6 2.~f3 e6 3.c4 Ab4t 4.~bd2 b6
s.a3 i.xd2t 6.'\Mfxd2 Ab7 7.e3 o-o s..ie2 d6
36... ~d8 37.ltJe6t ~e8 38.ltJc7t? 9.0-0 liJbd7 lO.b4 6lJe4
Kasparov was, in his own words, never
a maximalisr. He did ac many rimes prefer
draws over risky dccisjons. \XIhen you have
rhe best opening repertoire in the world and
such l1 sensational understanding of chess as
Kasparov did, taking risks means something
complerely dHTerenr rhan ir n1c~ms for a normal
Grandmaster. In rhis po-'>ition Ka~parov
must have been aware that there were many
options rhar still deserved ~mention, including
38.ll:Jxc5!, bur decided chat: he had messed
up hb posicion and rhat the momennun was
against him.
I have myself taken draws in much bcner
positions, when 1 felr that things were going
\'ery wrong, and find rhar rhis sensihilicy can
~u rimes be rhe di.Hercnce bc:'£ween success and
railure in a rounwmcnr.

Having deale wirh rhe clearance of line'>~ it is ll.~d3

logical tO con cinue with squares. If we look ar ll.~c2 was Gelfand's choice in latet games.
rhe genera! rules of rhe anack, as discu'\sed in Maybe because of rhc indirect pt·orecrion the
Volurne Ont:, ·we know that we wanr to rake queen ofters g2 and h2?
our worst pl.tced pieces .lnd. put them on rhe
besr possible square~. Bur how do we decide ll ...f5 12..ib2 ~f6 13.d5 S:g6!
which square~ :lfc rhe besr? l3 ... e5? had bee11 played in an old game.
128 Anacking Manual 2

After l4.ltJh4! g6 15.f3 ttJg5 l6.f4 ltJe4 An ocher possible con ri nuarion was 17 .2!fd l,
17.Cl'Jf3± Black was under a lot of pre$surc e.g. 17 ... ~6g5 18.\Wb3t? ~h8 19.ttJe5 dxe5!
down the long diagon,1l, lvliles - Mascarinas, 20J3xd8t .r;xd8 21.2!dl Cl'Jd2! 22.e4 ~xe4
Lugano 1986. 23.~xc5 ~xg2 24.~g3 ~c6 with a dangerous
14.dxe6?! However, White can improve on the above
14.g3! is pmbably an improvement. Opening variarion wirh 18.~xg5 ~xg5 19.g3 and, with a
the long diagonal turns our ro be risky. piece exchanged, the attack is less dangerous.
For this reason, Black should probably meet
17J3fdl with 17 ... \We7 co maintain the tension,
when rhe chances should be about equal.

17... ~h8
17 ... a5!? also made perfect sense. ~The posirion
is roughly even here, maybe even potentially a
bit better for White, bur the knight on e4 is
treacherous and in an instant it is all over.

18.h4!? was one of many playable moves,
but for some reason I like ir best. 11Ie dream is
of course h4-h5-h6, winning.

After the move played, the game is suddenly all

over. 111c power of the outpost is tremendous
right to the end.

lS.ctJel ~xc6 16.f.) 'Wg'1! gave Bktek a

rrcmendous arrack in Twardon - Nikolenko, 6
Katowice 199.1.
15 .• )tJxe6?! 4
Black misscc; rhe chance ro gain an opening 3
advantage. Ati:er 15 ... bxc)! 16.bxc5 ClJxc5
17.~xf5ttJfxe6 rhe black pieces are excellenrly 2
placed and \XIhire is in t(n· a very rocky ride. 1

16.cxd6 cxd6! a b c d e f g h
his importanr tor Black ro main rain conrrol 18... tb6g5! 19.~hl lbh3!
over the e)-square. 0-1
Ic is not often rhac Boris Gelfand is defeated
17J.3adl .in less than 20 moves with rhe white pieces.
Chapter 2- Typical Piece Play 129

Ivan Sokolov - Levon Aronian lO ..b.bS!~

White has struggled for some time EO
Turin (ol) 2006 find an advarmtge in rhis line. As said, most
players now try 5.a3, which can be even more
Ar the Wijk aan Zee rournamem in January comphcated.
2006, Aronian won the final round game
against Sokolov srn1igln 6:-om rhe opening Those who have stuck to 5.cxd5 have not had
using an idea of hi~ compatrior Sa1·g.issinn. In much success obtaining an opening advantage
the presenr game he did something similar, in recent times. For example: 1O.e3 ~aS
using only 10 minutes on the dock! ln a way ll.~ge2 ~f5 12.ie5 0-0 13.~d4 lLlxc3
the result can probably be auriburcd co his 14.~xf5 ~e4t 15.@d1 ~c6 16.~d6 ~xc5
soda! and networking skills, as once again 17.ixc5 ~xc5 J8.~xh6t ~h8 19.h4 g4
the analysis was shown co him by <mother 20.f3 d4 2l.~f5 dxe3 22.~f6t ~-h Bareev
player. (Aronian cold me rhar it was a dilferent - Carlsen, Khanty Mansyisk 2005. This game
Armenian player, although l have since is very likely to be 100% the work of GM
forgorten the n<tme:.) Nielsen from Denmark, who is the second
to che nvo most talenred chess players of our
A funny .!>tory is conn.ecred to rhe game. In rhe rime, Anand and Carlsen.
evening rhc Scomsh team had a meeting in
rhe ground floor Aat I shared with Jonathan
Rowson, right on rh~ corner wirh large
windows from the ground to rhe ceiling. At 7
some poinr someone asked if anyone hnd seen
Aronian's game~ and ir was replicated on the
analysis board. ·n1e posi don lingered during 5
the discmsions of nex.t day's te~m composirion 4
when suddenly a big smiling f<1Ce was noriced
to be staring through the window. We all 3
looked up, saw Aronian, who then recognised 2
the board position and ran away with his hands
over his head in rnumph.
a b c d e f g h
l.d4 tlJf6 2.c4 e6 3.~c3 ~b4 4.\Wc2 d5 lO •••W!£6!
5.cxd5 exdS 6.ig5 c5 7 .axeS h6 8.~h4 g5 At rhe time rhis was a novelty) one Aronian
9.~g3 tDe4 had prepared all the way to the end.
Black has made a lor of concessions in order
to establish rhe knighr on this square; he has
In the only previous grandmaster game in rhis
given up ,1 pawn (bur i.!. hoping to ger it back),
line, Black played 10.. J~.xc3t 11.bx.c3 fgxb8
and has taken on an i.!.olarcd pawn, as well as
12.e3 '~WaS 13.id3 'Mfxc3t 14.iWxc3 ~xc3.
weakcnl:!d his kingside.
1hough this might nor be much for White,
Because it is very hard ro ch.tllenge the
it is very likely that Sokolov was hoping for
k.nighr on e4, rhis line is in general consideJ·ed
chis kind of posidon. He really loves playing
to he fully playable and 5.a3~?. leading to very endgames with a very tiny advantage and no
sharp play, is back in town. risk, and has often beaten good opposition in
130 Attacking lvlanual 2

rhem. Anyway, rhi~ was all played in rhe game the white king cannot survive all alone on rhe
Kobalia- Balogh, War.'.aw 2005. queenside.

ll.~g3 ll. .. CZ)xc3 12.a3 ~fS 13.~d2!

TI1e only mov~; th~ alrcrnarive~ fall like dusr l11e only square. l3.~b3? !i.a5 and Black
. .
ro rhe ground: JUSr wms.

ll.~a4t?! is bad because f2 stay.., undefended. 13... ~a5

Srill it takes a bit of analysis. ll..Jid7!
l2.~xb4 Wfxf2"!" 13.\t>dl \Wxflt 14.@c2 ~xal
lS.ttJxdS (1S.l2Jxc4 dxe4 16JWxc4t !i.e6! and
Black ha:. a very strong arrack along with his 7
material superiority.) 1S....~.f5 16.ttJc7t ~f8 6
l7.~d4 ~g8!
a b c d e f 0
0 h
1l1e losing blunder. White was still not
a b l.: u e r h objectively lost, bur in practice he faced an
almost impossible task to navigate the jungle
1he black king has made ir ro safery and now
of variations over the board.
it is Black's curn to shoor at rhe whire king.

11.0-0-0? is <t foolhardy sugge...rion from 14.e4? !i.xe4 15.f3 0-0-0! g1ves Black a
Fritz 9. crushing initiative.

'lhis move looks namntl, bur here, because
\'<!hire is nor threatening .~e5, Black gets
enough time ro develop his initiative.
14... 0-0-0
At rhis pomr, a recent game conrinued
15.ttJO i~ no better. 15 ... d4! 16.id6
(16.!i.c5 dxe3 17.fxe3 ~xd2 18.ixf6 ~xb2
a h l.: d e f g h and Black has a winning attack, e.g. l9.!i.xh8
11. .. !i.xc3 l2.ig.) if) 13.Wlb3 ~c8! wirh <l ttJd5t 20.~dl ttJxc3t and so on.) 16 ... dxe3
probably winning <mack. h is obvious that l7.&e3 ~he8 18.b4 gxd6 19.cxd6 !i.b6 and
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 131

there is no defence against rhe deva~taring

20 .. Jhe31".
l5 ... ig416.0 d4! l7.e4 ~hc8 JS.lt.Je2

ts.mrd u!
Or maybe rhis?
a h c d e r g h 18.Wb4? looks dangerous. After 18 ... \M!xal t
19. Wd2 d4!! Whire looks to be in deep
18 ... Jixf3! 19.gxf3 trouble. 20.ixd4l2le4t 2l.~d3 Wcl! ~n,ere
19.e5 is refmcd by 19 .. J%xe)! 20.Jixe5 Wfxc5

is no longer a defence:
2l.gxB d3 22.bxc3 dxe2 and \\!hire !>Oon
loses cirhcr his cxrra rook or the queen.
19 ... Wxf3 20.c'5?! 8 X~ -*~
TI1is only m;:tkes rhings worse, alrhough rhere 7-i-i.~i~
L f~~t&~~~~~~w~ 5
was no ca~y solmion. For example, 20.bxc3 6 ~~wg~~·~r.:
ixc3! 2l.~xc3 dxd 22.Wff2 ~xc4i· 23.Jie2 ,~ ,.,~ -~ ~~ '[
.J~rd~~ -·
lJ{{xh I! 24.\Wfl Wxfl i· 25.Wxf1 ~de8 26.~a2 4 @M-----~~-~- -~~ ~
and now cirhcr 26 .. .f5 or 26 ... :gHe6!? with a 3 r!i'' ~~~-~-~ib~ ~~
2 /. · ·"•~~~r~~~
clear superioriry.
20 ... d3 21.bxc3 dxc2 2Z.Wxe2 ~xcJt 23.@dJ ~ .~ ~--3 ~ L ..
~xhl 24.~c] !he5 0-1 ~- ~ -~~:
This was rhc equally one-sided encounter a b c d e f g h
V.'1vrak- V. Popov, Budva 2009. 22.@xe4?! Bur sri!! this is a bit masochistic!
22 ... Jif5t!! 23.~e5 Wf4t 24.~f6 Jic4t
"ll1e besr mow b: 2S.<;;t>g7 ~h7t 26.~g8 0-0-0 mare.
14.t!Jf3! 18 ... ~xd 1 19 ..ixb2
It seem~ that rhis is rhe only way in which 19.~xdl ?! d4! 20.~xd4 Wc2 gives Black rhe
White can save the game. lhe main point initiative because of 2l..~xh8 ~a4 22.~a 1
is rhar he b dwearcning Jie5 and rhcrdore 0-0-0 Vi.rirh mate in rhree moves.
forcing Black to rake immediate counrcr- 19... ~xb2
measures. The endgame looks rather equal. It would be
14 ... l2lbl! inrercs6ng to see rhis line reseed in pracrice.
I see no orhcr sati~facrory way of preventing
Jie5. 14... ~e4 IS.Wcl
15.~xa5 '®xh2 16.~a4t! \¥/e have come ro the moment where rhe
Maybe Sokolov mi~scd chi~ defence? srrengrb of rhc kn.ighr on e4 can be exploired
16 ... ~d7 17.~,c5! l2ld fully by an energetic piece sacrifice.
l32 Attacking Manual 2

White resigned, as mate is imminent.


Establishing outposts on great ~quares is a part

of what makes a strong player. 1"he following
game provides a prime example of how ro do

Maria Fragaki - Nana Dzagnidze

European Cup, Crete 2007

a b c d e f cr
h Black has many an:racrive options, bur the
strongest of these is to establish a sensational
15 ... E:'c8!!
White cannot defend the c5-pawn and Black
now penetrates on the queenside, whe!'e rhere
are no pieces ld[ to defend rhe poor white 8
king. 7

16.E:'a2 6
Trying ro rerain control over some dark 5
squares, but it is all roo lace.
16 .•. E:'xc5 17.\Wal Wfc6! 3
Ibis is objectively the srrongesr. Another
way co vvin was 17 ... ®c3t 18.\!Jtxc3 ~xc3 and
now eirher 19J!a1 E:xa3 or 19.~d1 E:xg3! 1
forces a decisive gain of material.
a b c d e f g h

18.\West @dB I9JWxh8t ci>d7 26 .•. E:'xc3! 27.bxc3 ic4!!

This is rhe point. his virtually impossible for
White ro prevent a knight fmm invading on c4
with devastating effect.

1har being said, the alrernative 27 ... ®c6!? was

also very dangerous for White.

TI1is nwve signals resignation.

Best was 28.lbxe5! when Black plays: 28 .. JWb5t

295~/a I ctJxe5 30 ..B:b 1 ®a4. White can try
3l.~xc4 ctJxc4 32.E:b3, but after 32 ... GtJd2 33.c4
a b c d e f g h CDxb3t 34.®xb3 ~c6 35.E:el E:c8 36.~b2 if8!
Chaprcr 2- Typical Piece Play 133

she will have ro tight an. ending a pawn down 10 ... c6?!
with very fev,' chance~ of .smvivaL This standard move is the beginning of
the end for Black. After this I cannot find a
28 ...~b5t 29.~cl he2 30.l2Jxe5 dxe5 pleasant way to play.
After 1o... h6! \'Vhire has a standard edge, tWO
Out:posts can be occupied by other pieces bishops and all, bur ir is nothing spectacular.
rhan knighrs, of course. In the following game
White gives up his knighr in order w create a ll,gel ~a5!?
brillianr ourpost for his bishop on g6. I also The queen is ready to swing to rhe kingside
considered including a fun:her game where the in rhe case of an emergency, buc the probiem
outpost square was occupied by a roo]<, but I is rhar it is not participating in the defence of
think char rhe prescnc game will be enough_ to the centre.
prove the poult.
11 ... 0-0 was possible here> bur after 12.'t!Jh3
Emil Sutovsky- Lorin D'Costa Black's position is already a bit uncomfortable.
However> iris not crirical by any means yer.
Reykjavik 1006
12.c3 h6?
l.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.~c3 dxe4 4.~xe4 ~d7 12 ... 0-0! wo.s absolutely necessary. Afcer this
The Fore Knox variation has proven ro be f.tr Whire should pi'Obably play 13.~f4, when his
easier ro pencrrare rhan the f.1mous American position is fdntasdc, while he should not be
forr ... led asrray by 13.'t!Jh3 h6 14.lbxe6?! (14.lbf3 is
Siill a bit better for White) 14... fxe6 15.Wfxe6!
5.ltlf3 ~c6 6.~d3 ~d7 7.~e21e7 ~h8!. Here the bishop is immune, and after
7 ... lbgfo is che m<lln line, but Black is not 16.~xh6 gxl16 17.'t!Jxe7 Black is probably not
scoring grc&lrly there either. really any worse.

8.0--0 lLlgf6 9.~egS hf3

1he rhre•u of ltJe5 is too much ro handle. 8
a b c d e f g h
13. t.l)xe6!
Not a very difficult sacdfice ro predict,
talking about Sutovsky. I am absolutely certain
134 Atmcking Manual 2

rhar he was hoping ;HH.! praying for a chance to 16.Wfe2!

play this move <l!> far b,tck as move 9.11-,e main Preveming ... @g8 and rhus ... ttJf8, making it
point of ir is rhar \\!hire is ;\ble ro establish rhe impossible to gee rid of rhe bishop on g6.
bishop on g6 as .111 avanr-garde ourposc.
Also 16.1WfS!? wirh the same idea v•las playable,
13••• fxe6 I4Jhe6 WfdS but rhe text is simple and strong.
Black is forced ro r~rrear rhe queen. The
alternatives show how bad things al'e: 16... l!)d5
'lhis loses wirhour resistance, bur rhc position
14 ... @f7 IS.if4! White continues developing is hopeless.
unhurriedly, as Black cannot rake rhe rook in
rhe face of.~.g6 when his king is trapped in rhc I6... lt)b6 is coolly met with \ 7.c4! 1Wc7, when
centre. 15 .. J~hcH 16.:5,lel !2Jb6 (16 ... lt)f8 bils a lirrle moment al'ises.
afrcr 17.g6e5 and 18.~c4·1") 17.~g3! ltjbd5
(17 ... g5 might look like an active defence,
sA~ ~ tlj~p,/t~-~
0:f~ ~~r ,~%'J'~~'··
but after l8.h4! the black position collapses) r

18.~g6t ~g8 19.~xh6! and Black is dead. 7 fi%&~ ~ ¥~

6 / .z~~tj·-·r-.~~*'4%. s
0. ~ ~ .~... '. L.J:::..
14 ... @d8 is the only line ro make ir to an 5~~-~ ~-
ending, bur it is :l hopeless one: 15.'1We2 4 ~ V%A W,'~
~ o ?LS}.
~ ~-
~ crQ
(15.~d2!?) 15.. Jk8 (15 ... if8 16.i.g6 and
it is hard ro find a dd·cnct: againsr ~e8·!·. For
7~11: ~~~- ~ %%., ~
'0 ~~;r-w ~ ·-0

example: l6 ... @c7 l7.if4·1· @b6 18.a4 and 2 ~~~ill?;. ·~•lrJlfA~rJl

19.b4, \Vi11ning.) l6.~g6 lL'lfB 17.:8:e5 Wa6! ?.~~~~
18.~xa6 bxa6 19.~xcH @xc8 20.~a5 Whire a b c d e f g h
should ,...,in, bur l guess a linle confusion Whar we generally wanr ro do in such a
persists. position as chis is to include (he rook on a 1 in
rhe arrack. Tt is tempting co do so with 18.g3
15 ..ig6t ~f8 or 18.~f4!?, both of them good moves, bm
l11is is a critical momcnr. \X!hitc is a good stronger is 18.~d2!, realising rhar e7 is rhc
deal bercer no marrer what Bh1ck docs. target. After 18 .. J~d8 19Ji:el gd7 20.ib4!
CDc8 Black has managed ro protect the e7-
.square, but it is not only in the end~tme that
it is deadly to have two weaknesses. White
can serrle for a slow win, bur he can also kill
his opponent quickly with 2l.~xf6t! gxf6

l7.c4 t1Jc7 18 ..if4! t1Jf6

18 ... lt)xe6 19.1Wxe6 is of course om of the

19.E:el .ib4 20.Lc7 \Wd7

JQ E:I'XC7 21 .~e
_ ... \UJ' ~ 8T
..1s ma.ce.
a b c d e f g h
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 135

Mircea Parligras - Yuri Kruppa

Romania 2008

l.e4 e6 2.d4 dS 3.ctJd2 cS 4.exd5 Wxd5

5.ctJgf3 cxd4 6.~c4 1&Vd6 7.0-0 tt.Jf6 8.ctJb3
ctJc6 9.ctJbxd4 fiJxd4 lO.ltJxd4 ~d7 ll.b3
~ds l2.~b2 1&Vf4 13.g3 1&Vh6
ll1is slightly off-bear line is a speciality of the
Ukrainian grandmaster. Although he loses this
game as a miniaru1·e, rhc line seems to still be
in business.
a b c d e f g h
14.~el Acs
2l.c5! hel 22.~d6t ~g8 23.\':llxel
\X!e have reached the momenr of"launchi ng".
23.ge7~? was also good enough.
Wirh his nexr move \'X'hite launches the knight
inro rhe black camp. ending up ar g7, where
23 ... ctJd5 24.\':lle4 h5 25.J.e8!
it is partially unsupported, and meeting ic~
fare in many lines. However, it also disrupts
Understandably, Black had had en()ugh.
rhc coordinarion berween the black pieces and
pL1ts the black king under a lot of pressure.

Closely connected co ourposrs, we have the

idea of launching, which was probably first
used in chess by Mikhail Tal in his book with
Damsky, Attack wirb ivlikhail Tczl.
lhe idea comes from ice hockey, where it
is u~ed w describe ,1 siruarion -..vhcre rhe puck
is shor into rhc enemy territory, without full
support or
rhc team or a clear recipient, with
rhe hope rhar a random chance will occur

In che.ss ir b med for simil<lr siruarion,

a b c d e f g h
where a piece is thrown forward as an avanr-
garde, rrying ro occupy a small piece of enemy 15.ctJf5!?
rcrr[rory, umil rhe rest of rhe fon:-e.s can join Although highly successful in this game, l
in. am not sure this is the best move.
I rhink future games will investigate 15J~c5!,
Obviously, rhe idea is t:u more complicated where White has a good chance of getting an
in ice hockey, art or warfare, where the idea is edge. 15 ... !xd4 16.'~xd4 !c6 17.'~/e3 leads
used as well, as chess is bound by other rules ro an endgame wirh a pawn majority on rhe
rhan rhosc of rhe physical spon.o., bur ir is still queenside and the bishop pair. l11e advantage
a u~cful roo!. is nor over-whelming, but it is definitely real.
136 Anacking Manual 2

15 ... ~h3??
A terrible howkr! ·fi1e correct sequence was:
15 ... ixf2t! l6,<j;lxf2. ~xh2t 17.'~e3! e5! 7
1he great point. Black is [aking squares from
rhe whice king and limiting the power of the
bishop on b2, whilst threatening ...~xf5. 5
17 ... exf5?? is mer with 18.ixf6!; and now 4
both 18 ... 0-0 l9.~xd8 and 18 ... gxf6
l9.Wd6!! are wirhout real hope. 3
At chis poinr l have spenr some time on the 2
two most forceful moves:
a b c d e f g h
A surprising and delicious double rhrear.
Both c5 and f6 are under attack

1har Kruppa was having a lousy day is

described by 17.hf6t!? ®xf6 18.~h5t,
which aL-.o wins.

17 ... ~e4
Desperation, but Black did apparenrly nor
want to resign) or get rna red after 17 ...ixd4

18.1fxe4 ~c6 19.ifh4t

Whire easily prevem~ his opponent's vain
attempt at coun terplay.

19...1fxh4 20.~f5t
b) l8.~h 1 'l11e following line is not necessarily 1-0
accurate, iris what l found to be rhe safcsr line
for Black. oficring a decem g.une- bm 1 could 1l1e following hm1ous mtmamre shows the
be ·wrong, of course. 18 .. .\¥.fg2 19.~xg7t cj;;>fg idea of launching brilliantly, but I feel rhat
20.1Mld6t ~xg7 2l.~.xe5 '.We4t 22. ~f2 \Wf5t! I need ro pur in a disclaimer immediately, I
23.~g1 ic6 24.~xe6 \Wf3! 25.'!:¥c5 gdl't do not necessarily mean rhat Acs consciously
26.8:xd1 \W}.:dH 27.~h2 \We2i' 28.fit>h3 ®'h5)- thought of what he was doing as launching,
29.~g2 ~e2t 30.1Mff2 ~xe5 3l.~el 'Wg5 and when he played his ninth move; chances are
Black's problems appear to be minOI'. rhat he jusc saw chat it was less obvious to deal
with the knight charge rhan could be thought
l6.~xg7t! @e7 at first. Hmvever, given the rather passive
And, all of a sudden, rhe game is ~imply whire choice, I think we can rule our a case of
over. opening prepat-arion.
ChapH::r 2 -Typical Piece Play 137

Loek van Wely - Peter Acs 10.h3?

1 think it rakes a cerrain kind of player ro
Hoogevecn 2002 play rhis kind of move. At some level it takes
a kind of either arrogance or naivety, on the
I.d4 &2Jf6 2.c4 e6 3.ctJc3 !b4 4.e3 0-0 s..id3 other hand it takes a cerrain amounr of daring
d5 6.cxd5 exd5 7 .&2Jge2 ge8 8.0-0 .id6 as well.
1his line cannot be dangerous for Black. When Van \Xfely played it> I am sure he
·nle bishop on c l rakes roo long to gcr imo understood the dangers he was facing, bur
the game and r:hc black pieces all have good thought that rhc black attack would not be as
squares ~u their disposal. strong a~ it is, and rhus wanted to punish Acs
for his "beginner move".
9.f3 is the mosr popular move, played by l think most grandmasters would have
Gelfand a few times, but it seems to me rhat played I O.ltJf4!, as in Obukhov - lkonnikov,
White's pmirion is roo passive ro cause Black Chclyabinsk 1989. Nor just because it is a
real concern. berrer move (Obukhov ·was a bit better in that
game, which was eventually drawn) but also
9... &2Jg4!? because they would intuitively stray from the
dangers of accepting the challenge.
Van Wd)T is rruiy ~'tout-hearted and was
clearly trying to call his opponent's bluff; che
only problem -...vas that his opponent wasn't

a b c d e f
lO •.. ctJh2!!
A famous game Went: 9...c6 I o.~c2 ~xh2"t!? We could call this launching, bur that would
1l.\t>xh2 t2Jg4i· !2.±>g3 ®'g5 U.t4 iWhS perhaps be a srrctch. l11e ide<l is simple, Black
14.~d2 l!!ih2t 155~0 '!Nh4 16.i.xh 7·1' ~h8 wants to .sacrifice rhe knight in order to stan
17.ltJg3 ltJh2i• 18.~f2 lUg4i· 19.~f1 ltJh2t an attack on rhe kingside.
Yz-~ Kasparov - Deep Junior, New York
2003. ll.gel &lJBt
138 Atracking Manual 2

1l1e poinr behind the prev1ous move, of 18 ... b5!!

course. Wh!re cannoc take rhis wirh the bishop,
because of 19 ... ~f3, mating. The alternative
12.gxf3 \Wg5t 13.ctlhi is not much berrer rhough ...
A later game wenr 13.ctJg3 ~xg3 14.@fl 19.1Wxb5 c6
ixh3t 15.~e2 ixf2!. \'V'hire could already White is losing his maring rhreac. Black wins
have resigned here, bur insread opted for in a few moves.
16J~h 1 .'~.xe3 17 .ixh7i' ~f8 1S.ct.Jc4 dxe4 20.1Wb71Wh2t 21.~fl ~h3t! 22.~gl if3
19.f4 ixf4 before throwing in the rowel. 0-1, \V'irh mace to follow
Tkeshelashvili- Xu Yuhua, Elista 2004.
14... hh3 15.liJcxd5
13.. ."1~h4 1l1e fact rhar this wins anorher pawn is
Black is keeping his options open. incidemal. Whar marrers is rhat White is trying
ro bring another piece ro within touching
I4.lbf4 distance of the kingside. Now Black musr look
This lose!! ro a fantastic variation, bur the for a way to introduce more pieces into rhe
position was nor defensible. anack.

A bit more complicated, bm ending wich the

same result is rhe follmving Ii ne:
14.@g1 ~.xh3 15.f4 ig4 1G.iWa4
White could abo rry IG.Wlb3 .~f3 17.l2Jg3
~xf4 18.ctJce2 id6, bur there is no hope
here. On~! line goes: 19.id2 ;g_e6! 20.Wlxb7
gh6 21.Wlc8i' if8 22. ~fl .~g4 and Black
16 ... ;g_e6 17.lbg3 ;g_h6 l8.ltJxd5
Wh ire also loses afi:cr: 18.'W e8t if8 19. ctJxd 5
4Jc6 20.Wle4 1Wh2t 2l.@f1 ~e8! and Black
wins the queen, as afrer 22.Wfxc8 if3 he is
Here Black wins wirh a great piece of

I6.lbxe6 ifSt!
Ihc bishop musr choose the right square.
Acs finds the winning idea and gives himself
rhe option of taking the bishop on d3 ar the
right momcm:.

17.ctlgl ~h2t lS.@fl ~g3!!

Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 139

lO.ttJc3 c5'
1his is r:oo soon, however, afrer l 0 ... 0-0
1 I.ll:¥£3 Whhe has a pleasant position, ~D1e
black knight makes an odd impression, having
spent four tempos moving from g8 to b8.
White will probably play b3, ib2, :Sae 1 and
start an offensive against the black king.
"TI1e point of White's lasr move was to
discourage the advance of rhe enerny c~pawn.
Afrer the rexr move, we have reached rhe point
ar which the game becomes relevant for rhis
section. lf Whire withdraws [he knight, Black
will develop his pieces and easily get a decent
position. However, White can use the knight as
an avant~garde soldier and would force Black to
deal with it, and thus not have time ro develop.

Afrer rhb small mas£erpiece, we now rerurn

to rhe rea! world of an ordi1ury crush. White
begins wirh a seemingly innocuous opening,
bur afccr ;l small sUp ti·om his opponem on
move 10, he .~prings into action. A pawn
sacdficc is offered, through the launching of a
knight into the- enemy camp.

Hector Delgado- Maikel Gongora Reyes

Cuban Championship 200tl

l.e4 e5 2.tbf3 li.)c6 3.~c4 li.)f6 4.d4 exd4 a b C d e f g h

5.e5 d5! 6 ..ib5 llJd7 Il.li.)dh5! c6
'llic more common 6 ... tl:Je4! is generally Ihe only move, due to various tactics.
reg.mfed as strongest, bur chis alrernarive is nor
\virhout followers. 12.li.)d6t .txd6 13.exd6 ~xd6?!
1his looks very risky, bur also afcer 13 ... 0-0
7.0-0 ~e7 8.~c6 bxc6 9.ttJxd4! li.)b8 I4.if4 Black's position is quite depressing.
9... l2:1xe5 looks tempdng, based on 10.!f4!? llms it is understandable that he prefers a
c5, buc White can ger a serious initiative, as dangerous continuation offering some chances
can be: seen ti·om the following few moves: for [he opponent to go wrong, rather rhan
11.ixe5 cxd4 12.~xg7 :9:g8 13.16! l11e crawling into his own grave for safery:
bishop needs to keep an eye on (he kingside.
13 ...cS J4J~cl ~b6 15.b4! and Black did nor 14J~el t .te6 IS.li.)e4!
manage ro wirh.srand rhe arrack in Pap- Krstic, l11e first tempo-gainer provided by rhe pawn
Pula 2003. sacdficc.
140 An:acking lvlanual 2

1S.• .'\!?fe7
] 5 ... 'Wf8 looks Strange, bur makes SOJ11e 8
~-/,, - - ~~
sense. 'Ihe idea is ro protect c5 and not allow
~gS ro come with tempo. However, ;\tter
16.lL!g5 'We7 17.1¥fhS ~d7 18.c4 White's ~ ~tiL&v,~ ~
6s · · " · ' · ' · ·
W»~,-- --~~ ~-w~
attack is overwhelming and 1 think Black
cannot save the game.
3 ~ ~-- -~ Y.-t~-~
2~~~- ~~~
~- ~- ~
a b c d e f g h
20.b4!! ~b6
20 ... ~b5 2l.a4 ~a6 does leave a hole on b6
for the king, but after 22J!ae 1 ~c7 23J!e7t
4?b6 24.1Wd4t it is no longer as arrractive ...
21.8:ael rj;{dS 22.~d6"1! ~c7 23Jse7t! lt>xd6
24.'@e6 mate!
1-0 This lovely finish was seen in the game
Maciejewski - Sydor, Polish Championship

a b c d e f g h

A beau r1 Fully sty !ish piece sacri nee. \X'h ire

commits himself co a sacrificial path, in order
z• ~- ... ,;

~~ ~
.. v.

ro develop aU of his pieces with tempo. 6 L.r..r~r•--J~

I6... f6
s ••. 3 JB •B~" B
lt is of course possible m play 16 ... Wc7
and after 17.4Jxc5 then 17 ... 0-0, but \X'hire
will have a clear extra pawn and should win ~~ ~~ ~~A' ~W.''0
unevem fully. 2~~[s- ~( ~~~~
17.ctJxc5 ~xc5 l8.:Bxe6t 4>f7
~~---,-~~- "~f ,

18 ... ~d7 a b c d e f g h
This is the ocher option. Here White has ro 19.:Bxf6t!!
look deeply ro find the only parh w victory: There were orher ways ro keep a strong
19.\Wg4! £xg5 initiacivc) such as 19.i.e3, bur no orher move
Ir could look as if \X'hire has no strong keep~ rhe momentum going in the same way
follow-up. 1l1e bla.ck king escapes w h6 in as this.
rhe most namrallines, such as 20 ..!;ael ~c7
21 ..!;e7t cj{b6, and rhe position is highly 19.•.gxf6 20.~h5t 4>e7
unclear. Hmvcver, Whire had seen funhcr 1l1e king has no better squares: 20 ... ~g8
and won rhe game quickly afrer imerring an 21.i.xf6 and 20 ... lt>ffi 21.~h6t ~e8 22.'Wxf6
imporranr inrcnnediatc move. are both hopeless.
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 141

21J,;el t <bd7 22.'1Wg4t Raffaele Di Paolo -Tim Jaksland

1l1e simple 22.~xfo was winning a~ well.
Genova 2003
22.•• <bc7 23.if4t ~b7 24.Wfg7t ttld7
24 ... @a6 25.1Mfxh8 was played in a mpid l.e4 d5 2.exd5 ttlf6 3.c4 c6 4.ttlc3 cxd5
game according ro Golubev> bur as I have nor 5.cxd5 ttlxd5 6.ltlf3 e6 7.ic4 ie7 8.0-0
been able ro find any record of ir, I prefer not 0-0 9.d4
ro give rhe reference. 'fl1is position has always seemed a bit passive
for Black for my tasres. 1hough his position is
25.Wfxd7t <ba6 26,ge3 quite solid, I think he may srill be struggling ro
"H1ere is norhing wrong with this simple demonstrate equaliry.
move, but ir is rrue rhar 26.B:e6 :gac8 27 ..~c7!
is a very fine winning option, as given by 9... ttlxc3 IO.bxc3ttlc6 1 LWfe2
Golubev. ll.~d3 b6 12J~el ~b7 13.h4! is a very
dangerous gambit, which has led ro many
quick wins.

ll. .. b6 12..if4 id6 13.'1We4 .ix£4 14..id3

14 ... f5!? does not weaken the pawn structure
around rhc king, although ir does leave che
e6-pawn cxpo~ed.

15.Wfxf4 .ih7 16.gfel <bg7

Black is noc happy with chc prospect of the
queen going to h6, long rerm.

a b c d e f g h
26... d4
26.. J~~hb8 27.h3 followed by 28.id6 wins
rather trivially.


fn rhe next example \XIhitt! uses rhe concept

of launching co prepare a bruml undermining
of the pawn scruccurc around d1e black king.
The idea is absolutely fan tasric, even if rhe
t()llow-up was not entirely accurare. I have
chosen ro look closely ac only rhe middle pan
of the game, wht!re rhere are a lor of insrrucrive
nwmems, whilt: rhe opening and rhe end are
more or less brushed over.
142 Attacking Manual 2

17.•. e5! b) 19 ... ~d5? looks natural, bur Black should

Black shoLJld of cours~ not forgo rhis nor give White the chance ro keep the rook
opportunity ro Hrikc against rhc white cenrrc. positioned on e6 for even a move.
1l1e natural 20.§;ael! leaves Black under
18.~g3 exd4 19.ge61! heaYy pressure. For example, after a move such
as 20 ... dxc3 White wins wi(h rhis thematic


a b c d e f g h
'l11is is a !.~nsarion.al move, which was 21.l2\xh7! lDb4 22.§;xg6t! fxg6 23.;ge7t @h8
doubtlessly rbe intenrion behind \Vhice's 17rh 24.l21f6!! Black is either mated or loses his
move. All rhe white pieces (aparr from the rook queen.
on a]) are targeting Black's "srrong" g6-square
in some way, \virh the intention of getting ro c) 19 ... ~c8? 20.~h4! ;gh8
his weakest square, h7, with deadly effecr. Moving the h-pawn exposed the g6-square:
20 ... h5 2l.W'e4! f5 22.§;c7"! <i;hG 23.h4! and
Black has nor done anything greacly wrong, Black is lost.
apart from arguably a slighrly passive choice of 2I.§;ael! ~d7
opening, so there is no reason why rhis move Bbck is also lost afrer 2 I...fxeG 22.l21xe6t
!>hould be decisive in any way. However) it does \:t,;g8 23.ic4 when there is no defence to be
pose him some immense practical problems ro found against 24. W'f6.
11olve. He did ~o brilliancly in rhe game, bur
nor wirhour a huge cosr on rhe dock.

19•• J3e8!
To challenge rhe rook on e6 is forced, or
White will be allowed to carry out his arsenal
of rhrears; 1Wh4, '2Jxh7 and §;xg61" followed by
lDe6t, all of rhem leaving devastation in rhcir
Black's flawed options were:

a) 19 ... W'b8? lose~ ac once ro 20.W'h4! and a b c d e f g h

21.ltlxf7 with a winning .arrack. 22.;gf6!!
Chaprer 2 -Typical Piece Play 143

A £·mrasric move. 1h.:' rook is nor hanging move rhe rook was immune, this is no longet
bec~use of CLJe6t, bur t7 is under a lor of rhe case, so we should nor give Black the
pre~sure 110\-V. chance ro take it.
22 .. J3af8
22 ... ctJd8 is easily dealr wirh. Afrer 23.ctJxt7! Instead, it is the knight we need to sacrifice:
Black's pos1t1on falls apart: 23 ... itJxf7 20.itJxf7! ~xf7
24Jht7t \Wxt7 25.Wlxd41' ~h6 26J3e3 and
so on ...
Afrer rhe rexr White can play either 23.~f4,
which should win, or rhe beamifully
23.:if5!? '@'d5
23 ... gxf5 is met with 24.lbe6t! and 25.\Wg5
24 ..ie6 \Wd8 25.~xf7 \We? 26.g4!!

An important move in rhe combination.
Wichour this move \'V'hite would not have
enough rime ro create problems for Black.
2l ..ixg6t only leads ro equality, which feels
rather inadequate.
21...W/e7 22.ixg6t
l11i~ was rhe idea all along, bur we also want
a b c d e f g h ro hold on to rhe rook.
22 ... ~f8
With rhc srrong rhrear of 27.\Wh6t and
The endgame ansmg afrer 22 ... hxg6?!
28.g5 mare.
23.11f.Ixg6t ~f8 24J~~f6t Wfxf6 25.Wlxf6t
26 ... h6 27.2:xg6t! @xg6 28 ..if5t @xf7
~g8 26.cxd4 is rather dangerous for Black.
29.W/h5i· ~g8 30.lM!g6·tl Wig? 3Lie6t
·n1e three connected pawns, combined wirh
Black is mared.
the vulne1·ability of the king, give him a lot
of things to be concerned about.
20J~!:ael?! 23.i.xe8 gxe8 24.h3
1his move seem~ very rhcmaric, bur we White has an edge due ro Black's exposed
cannot play by .auropilor, jusr because we king. In absolure terms, it is hard to determine
know and undersrand the basic ideas of how great White's advantage really i~, bm from
armcking play. Including rhe last piece in the a practical perspective che posicion is very
arrack immediardy is fine in terms of gene1·al dangerous for Black. Nm only does he have
pl"inciples, bur rhe downside might be a loss of ro worry abour his king, but he must also be
n1on1enrum. If we continue to avoid talking careful not to allow White ro emer a favourable
acmal moves, w~ can sny rlut it is possible for endgame. lr might look as if Whire has
Black ro improve his posirion more with the sacrificed somerhing ar rhis point, but: material
next move~ than it is for \"X/hite. On the last is actually close to equal. lfWhite can pick up
144 Arcacking Manual 2

just one more pawn, he will probably enjoy the 22 ..• ~d5!
advantage in an endgame with rook and rwo 1l1is time this active move is to be
pawns versus bishop and knight. Clhe foremost commended.
guide to rhese rypes ofposidons remains Esben
Lund's Roo!? vs. 'flvo )\;fhwr Pieces.) Black cannoc play:
22 ... ~d7?
20 •.• fxe6! Whire will continue with:
Black does nOt wasre a moment. 20 ....Ehe6 2J.'Llg5!
2l..B:xe6 dxc3 was anorher possibility. It seems 1l1e ternpting 23Jhg6t?! only leads ro
rhac this line abo leads ro equality. After a draw after 23 ... lZJxg6 24.~xg6t ~h8
22.\Wh4 ~g8 Whirc is one tempo coo slow 25.lLlf6 .B:elt 26.i.fl ~xflt 27.~xfl i.xg2t!
ro create a strong arrack on rhe <tu·k squares. 28.~gl! ~h3 29.lLlh5! vtld7! 30.lLlf6! ~h3.
Both 23.lLle4 and 23.~f4 lead to ~1 perpetual Quire an arrracrive line, except for rhe final
check. 1he last piece is simply missed. And repetition of moves which is nor so desirable
2.3.~d6?! i!e8 loses momenrum, afrcr which for White.
macerial starts to become an issue again. 23 ... ~d5
'lbe only move, but rhe queen is nor allowed
21.ctJxh7lDe7! ro linger on this central square.
An imporranr move, Black is defending rhe 24.ic4!
g6-sguare, which is his only strong square on White of course needs to look out for
rhe kingside, or his figleaf if you like. ...mtxg2"!" with simplification, beyond
conrinuing wirh his own attack.
21 ... ~h8? would lose by force. After 22.mtxg6 24 .. J9xa2
mth4 23.~g5 ~ffi it might look as if Black has 1l1e attempt 24 ... mtc5 25.mth4 ~hB is met
everything covered, bur the tiny move 24.g3! with anorher one of those small prerry
makes the ·whole rhing come down. After moves:
24 ... tDe7 trying ro smy :1Aoar, \XIhire wins
brilliantly wirh 25.~xc6! mtxg5 26.mthJi' ~g7
27.\Wh?t @f6 28.\Wx.c7 mare!

Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 145

25.h3! 24.~h3?!
Wirh rhe queen banished from rhe scene of \Xlhi te cakes up the challenge and is eventually
rhe bc.u:de, \XIhitc has time enough for rhis rewarded for it.
im porram prophylaC(ic move (against back
rank mace, in case you are dozing ofF.). However, 24.Wifh4! with rhe above mentioned
25 ... 1iWd2 perpetual was objectively better.
l11is is bur one of the attempts ro fight.
25 ....~xc4 b the be~r move, but 26.1iWh4! 24 ... ctJxg6 25.ctJf6t ®g7 26.ttlxd5 :ael t
forces Black ro give up the queen and enrer a 27.-ifl ixd5
dreadful endgame. 'flu~re is nothing wrong wirh rhis moYe.
26.1iWe5·l· ~h6 27.lt1t7i' ~h7 Hmvever, also tempting was 27 ... ~a6!?
28.1iWd7i' ~h8! 29.h.3 ~xfl 30.~h2 ~g8 with
a srrong arrack against rhe white king.

28.~d7t JJ.fl 29.~xd4t ®g8 30.h4

30.f4!? might have been better, butT am sure
th<u the game was descending into mayhem
due ro time trouble at chis poim.

However, 22 ... dxc3!? is playable. After 23.\WeSt
Bbck just has to avoid 23 ... ~xh7? 24.ixg6t!
and phty 23 ... <j;lh6! when rhere seems to be a b c d e f g h
nothing more than a draw. 30 ... :acs?
Black would have been dose ro winning
23J'!xg6t ~1frer 30 ... ~ae8!. For example: 3l.h5 ltJe5
T always like it when rook sacrifices require followed by ... ~c4 or ... ~xh5. So 31.f3 with a
no furrhcr explanarion. poor position would be necessary.

23 ... ®h8!? 31.h5 ttle5 32.~d2!

Black is signalling thac he wants to flght, Suddenly it is nor easy to defend the knight
even if \Xlh ire can force a draw. on e5. Black, running out of time, musr have
been badly surprised by this move.
2.L.l.!Jxg6 24.1M'xg6·j· ~h8 25.Wffbt ~g8
26.1iWg6!' leads ro a draw immediately. 32... :ae4?
146 Arracki ng Manual 2

Wich no rime on rhe clock it i~ pm.sible Krishnan Sasikiran - Veselin Topalov

to miss 32 ... .E!c8!, which however still allows
\X'hite to draw by perpetual check wirh Sofia 2007
l.d4 ~f6 2.~f3 g6 3.c4 ~g7 4.~c3 0-0 5.e4
33.f3 d6 6.~e2 eS 7.~e3 ~g4 8.~g5 f6 9.~h4 gS
Black overstepped rhe rime limit, bur his 10.~g3 ~h6 ll.dS ~d7 12.h3
position is also lost, for the first rime in rhe Somehow I do not think that it is roo
game ... controversial to state rhar this is nor the
1-0 refutation of rhe King's Indian.

The final game 1 want ro look ar in this &ection 12 ... f5 13.exf5 ~c5 14.~d2
includes a rhemc I have seen so often thar 1 Ar rhe rime this was a novelty, albeit nor a
had originally intended to make it into an very impressive one.
indcpendenr section. Ar rhe last momenr 1
decided rhar ir was nothing else bur rhe mosr 14.'19d2 ttJxfS 15.ttJxg5 (15.1Wxg5 e4!? gives
~pectacular form of launching, a form rhar is lots of compensation) 15 ... ~h6 16.h4 ttJxg3
also very powerfLd in the defence. 17.fxg3 a5 18.g4 '.Wc7 19.0-0-0 was definitely
playable for White in Aakesson - Naraf,
l am calking abour rhe scenario in which rhe Stockholm 2001, bur one senses that Black has
queen is senr deep inro rhe opponent's camp. many chances to improve his play.
Because of rhe exrreme power of rhis piece, it
is almost unbearable ~or the victim ro allow 14... his 15.0-0 e4
rhe queen such access co rhe inner circle& of Black has already achieved everything he can
his position. hope ro do in rhc King's lndian.

This topic reminds me of an experience with a 16.~b3 b6 17.~d4 'l&f6 18.~c6

~cudent of mine, -..vho wa& sn·uggling for a long
IVfaybe rhis is a loss of rime? Iris nor evidenr
rime; he had huge problems wirh \XIhire, lming ro me rhar the knighr is any stronger on c6.
many games to rhe manoeuvre ... '.Wd8-b6xb2.
Even rually \VC figured om that he should nor 18 ... aS
learn to conrrol this menace, bur imread play
rhe English and keep hi~ bishop on cl unril the
beginning of rhc middlegamc!

A good example of rhe queen launched into

the opponent's position in a defensive role is
Hector- Mortensen from the inrroduction of
Volume One. A good example of rhe queen
parachuted behind rhe opponent's line,') in
aggression is rhc following game, where rhc
queen arrives on b2, serring up a lor of threats,
"vhich are then carried our when the knights
join in in rhe arrack.
a b c d e f g h
Chaprer 2 -Typical Piece Play 147

19.f4? Taking a pawn is neither here nor there. l11e

Evidently not happy with his po.smon, real strength of the texc is the tremendous power
Sasikiran lashes out. Unfortunately for him, hi11 of rhe queen, which exerts a great influence
position is simply nor strong enough ro justify along the second rank as well as targering
rhe loosening of his kjngside along wirh the rhe rook on a 1, which explains White's next
increased dynamic potential of the e4-pawn, move.
which is nmv passed.
1he correct conrinuarion for White should 22.tDxc7tDf5 moH likely transposes.
be 19.®'d2 1d7 20.E;ae I when he is fully
mobilised .utd ready to rake action in the ccmre. 22.tvd5t ~h8 23.fxg5 '2Jf5 leaves White wich
Probably Sasikiran l'efused such optiom on the hanging pieces everywhere.
basis thar afrcr 20 ... tDf5 Black has pleasant
cqualiry. However, ir soon becomes apparenr 22 ..•VNxa2 23.'~Jxc7lbf5! 24.~fl e3 25.~el
that this w.1s by f..1.r the lesser evil. 25.\Wd5t ~h8 26.1d3 exf2t 27Jhf2 id4
28.~xd4t tDxd4 29.a:xa2 a:a? also is no
19...id7! good.
1l1e main aim of rhis move is ro exploit rhc
newly created weaknesses on e3 and g3 with 25 ... tbd4
... '2Jf5. After rhis \Vhire could already almost have
res1gned, as he cannot protect rhe e2-square. It
20.tLlb5? is rare that one can survive after losing control
Whire is nor ready m rake it ro rhe screen,. over a square so deep imo the heart of one's
After rhis further neglecr of his developmenr camp.
he becomes rhe vicrim of some crud police
brura.liry. 26.lbxa8
Or 26.1h5 e2 27.1xe2 l2Jxe2t 28.@h2 a:xf4
20.1.Wd2 was herret·, bur Whire is already 29.a:xf4 '2Jxf4 and the threar of mate secures
struggling ro cover his weaknesses on chc dark Black's extra piece.

20...ixc6 2l.dxc6 VNxb2!

a b c d e f g h
26 ... tbxe2t 27.@h2lbxf4 28.gxf4 gxf4
148 Attacking Manual 2

Though the material is more or less equal, ·lhe most reliable continuation looks ro be
rhe game is over. 7 ... cxd4, leading to a standard Hedgehog.

29J!xb6 f3 30.~d5t ctJe6!? s.lbxe4 he4 9.~f4

Fancy..~0 ... Wh8 was also good enough. 9.d5!? appears more critical rome.

31.~xe6t ~h8 32.~g4 ~eSt 33.~hl f2 9 ... 0-0 lO.dxcS bxc5 ll.~d2 ~b6 12J:Hdl
Torture? Black could have finished the game White has not played rhc opening wirh
immediately wirh 5.1 .. .fxg2"!" J4.~xg2 Z!f1·1 great conviction. Had Black played 12 .. .ltJc6
35.~xf1 ~h2 mare, bur perhaps Topalov he would have equalised easily, but instead
wanted ro make a kind of psychological he made an overcautious move and allowed
::.tare men c. \Xfhire to gain a slight initiative. Then, instead
0-1 of slowly freeing his position with defensive
moves, Black adopted an ambitious approach,
Tite Pin which only aggravated his problems.

One ropic that is ofren !leen in many tactical 12 .. J~d8? 13.~e3!

skirmishes, bur with lower levd intemity than in The bishop is ideally placed and rhus duly
rhe most clas.)ical examples, i!l rhe pin. Because challenged.
we are talking abour racricalmiddlegames, ir is
ro be expected that there will be a wide range
13 ... ~b7?!
of sirua·rions where pieces of higher value are
This move is also a bit artificial, bm it was
shielded by piece!l of lower level.
already nor easy to find a fully satisfactory
conti nuario n.
Even rhough rhe pin is one oC rbe first things a
chess player will learn about the game, it is still
13 ... ~b7 was rhe better move, bm Olafsson
imporranr at rhe rop level. To drive this point
had prepared the energetic retotT 14J~d3!,
home 1 have focussed on some complicated
causing Black real problems.
and quire aesthetically srriking examples.
In the first of these we sec a pin on a bishop,
which is shielding a pinned pawn behind

Helgi Olafsson- Jonathan Levitt

l.c4 ctJf6 2.ctJc3 e6 3.ctJf3 c5 4.g3 b6 s.~g2

~b7 6.0-0 ~e7 7 .d4 ctJe4
lhi.s opening is a kind of hybrid between
the Queen's Indian and rhe Hedgehog. ·n1is
approach seems slightly risky, although White
fails to demonsrr;ue an opening advantage in
a) 14 .. .1¥ixb2?! 15.ie5 1Wb6 16.~f4 with a
rhe present game.
very strong initiative for White, based on the
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 149

line 16 ... d6 17.tDg5!! wich a winning arrack, that it was better to play 16 ... i.c6. Having
a~ Black has co look our for f!b3 as well as rhe said th;u, \XThite has a clear ad van rage afrer
threats on che kingside. 17.'Lle5! i.xg2 18.<;!ixg2 \Wb7t 19.~g1, the
exchange of the bishops has brought Black
b) For rhis reason Black is better otf plaring ~t bit of relief and a chance ro survive long
14 ... d5, but after 15.f!b3 V:l!a6 White has a term.
convenicmchoice berween 16J;cl and 16.ltJe5,
in both cases with a prefel'<lble position. lhe
rook mighr appear oddly placed on b3, bur 8
BJack is suflering from a lor of coordin<trion 7
a b c d e f g h
Black is caught in a number of pins, it rums
out. Borh the rook on d8 and the queen on b7
are exposed, and so is the pawn on e6, making
even the bishop on e4 a pinned piece, and nor
only the pawn on d7 and (in rime) rhe knight
appearing on c6. Whire is able to use rhis with
a fantastic and deep combination.

17.~xe6!! fxe6 18.&bg5

The bishop is pinned. After 18...i.xg2,
Whire will win wirh 19.~xe6'!!!, followed by
marc in a fe,v

14..•.ixd6 1SJ!xd6 Wfxb2 16J~adl The only move. Ic mighr look narural to play
White is fully developed, bm Black still 18 ... 'Llc6, bur \"X'hice is rhen allmved ro rake
cannot get his piece-'> om. A bad omen. How on e4 with the <.}L1een, keeping rhe knighr on
badly the fol!mving moves went was probably g5, forcing immediate and decisive weakening
no surprise to Levitt, a.lrhough he might have around rhe black king. The winning line goes:
been !>urprised by rhe moves themselves. 19.~xe4 g6 20.'l!9h4 h5 21 ..ie4! The bjshop
needs to attack rhe king. 2l ... @g7 22.~f4! f!f8
16•• JWb7?! 23.'l!9d6 Black is done. 'l11e double threat of
lt is no disgrace w lose the way Black did iWxd7t and .ixc6 will lead co decisive material
in the game; however this does not change gains.
150 Attacking .Nianual 2

19.ttJxe4 ttJc6 20.ttJxc51!f!c7 24...1!f!xc4 25.1!f!xe7

Objectively ir was better ro play 20 ... Wfb6,
although White is much bercer after 2l.CLlxd7!
iWxe3 22.fXe3 ~ac8 (22 ... ~deS? 23.~d6)
23 ..~xc6 :gxc6 24 .ctJf6i' ~t7 25.~xd8 ~xf6.
'l11is endgame wirh rwo extra pawns should of
course be winning, bur a slim practical chance
remains. The e2-pawn's only value ~eems ro be
rhar it will rake an exrra move ro capture it in
a L:.uer pav·/11 f<Ke.

2I.ttJxd7! ~ac8
Black is lost and no moves can change this.
However, rhb does nor mean rhar it docs not
make sense ro look at one of them. 2l ... e5 Here
rhe focal point!. are h7, f7 and e6, the squares
dominated by rhe lighr-~quared bishop.

26.@g2 ~e8 27.1!fif7 ~xe4 28.~g6

Black resigned. After 28 ... 'Wc3 White wins
elegantly with: 29.ctJf6! Vflc7 30.~xg7!

In rhe next example we shall see how a pin can,

paradoxically, be even more valuable than the
a h c d e f g h pinned piece irsel f!
Nor surprisingly \XIhire wins by purcing
With a fantastic knight sacrifice Black rakes
rhe queen in rhc direction or
the~e squares.
the initiative early on and establishes a pin on
22.Wd3! ~ac8 23.WffS!! CLld4 24.~xd4 exd4
an enemy knight. Even though the most Black
25.~d5t ~h8 26.~e4 @g8 27.Wh7t ~f7
can look forward to, in principle, is to restore
28.~d5t ~e7 29.~xg7·i· ~d6 30.\1Ne5t ~xd7
material equality, the pin is so powerful rhar
31.\We6 mare!
it could practimlly have decided the game by
22.1!f!xe6t @hs 23 ..ie4! ttJe7
23 ... ltJe5 also does nor offer much resistance:
The problems with supporting the pinned
piece are overwhelming White, and ir is only
24.CLlxe5! ~xdli" 25.~g2, and wins.
because Blade release~ his opponem roo early
from the pin char the game docs not become
.1 n1iniature and is decided by mistakes in the
Orher moves were al~o \Vinning, bur this
middlegame, rather than in rhe opening.
move has a nice tactical point.
Chapter 2 ~ Typical Piece Play 151

Zonen Franco Ocampos- Alfonso Romero Holmes rhe coming very unpleasant combination. lf
Black was to do nothing he would quickly
Leon 1990 have ro fight fOI' equality. White would install
a knight on d5 and if this was captured, he
l.c4 eS 2.tbc3 d6 3.d4 would recapture with the c-pawn, creating
For a rime this move was rhoughr to give permanent weaknesses down the c~fi.le.
White a slight edge, bur comparing ir with However, it is Black ro play and he can
similar vari;uions, I cannot see why this would upset this long-rerm plan with a brilliant
be a logical conclusion. combination.

3 •.. exd4 4J&xd4 tbc6 s.Wfd2 qJf6 6.g3

White has a potentially slight advanmge
because of rhe control over the d5~square, bur
he is lacking in develop.ment and Black is able
ro reach our for the initiacive.

6 ... ~e6

a b c d e f ea h
8 ... tbxe4!!
TI1is sacrifice is based on the pin from b4 ro
e 1. 1he knighr can return to c3, but is S(ill in
trouble. 1his move has been played a number
of rimes since this original game, making it
"theory". This should not detract from the
g•·ear performance of Romero Holmes, who
a b c d e f g h
discovered this idea at the board, in this game.
-lhill prorecrs rhe pawn on c4, bur also gives 9.tbxe4 dS IO.~g2
Black an additional rargc( in the c~mrc. White has ro do something ro carch up in
A famous game wem: 7.lbd5 tt'1e5! 8.b3 c'L\e4
9JWe3 tt'1c5 I O.ib2 c6 ll.l'ilf4 lt'1g4! 12.\Wd4 Another attempt is:
lt'1e4!l and \'{!hire ·was already in dire straits, I O.tt'1c3 d4 ll.tt'1gc2!
Huebner- Kasparov, Hamburg (1) 1985. TI1e besr chance, although even here White is
in trouble. Black can play 11 ... 0-0!? ro keep
7 ... ~e7 8.b3? the tension, or look for a bener endgame:
Played with rhe ambidon of following up 1 1.. .dxc3 l2.tt'1xc3 lLlb4
wirh .~g2, lLlge2, 0-0 and so on. 8.tt'1f3 was Or 12. .. \Wxd2t 13.~xd2 tt'1d4 with a clear
nor necessarily comfortable, bur it would avoid edge, Jskusnyh- Belikov, Moscow 1996.
Artacking Manual2

13.~g2 '1Wxd2t 14.!xd2 1 L..!xd5 12.f3 '@'f6!

Using the pin to gain rime.

s x r1
£ ;:;;~;{-
-~- ~~
?&~ .& :q~ £
?.·-.,?.:-.,, ......-
13.W'e3t ~f8! led a quick win in Par;:lld-
1 )a':~
a ?:a/ :.~~ a t~ a
';-;*'~/'"·' -~ 'A,"?.'//~--- ·"w-r:-o- Chatalbashev, Balatonlelle 2003.
6 {~~ ~~ .1~9&% ~;)1 13 ... 0-0-0
5 i$\:)]'fu:~'~(:•:: White is lost; the bishops are too srrong.
--.; '
3 ·i';::y
~-ill?//,. ~~--;ffi-~h?
14.!e2 ..lxf3 15.ttJxf3 gxd2 16. ~xd2 gd8t
l7.~c2 ~g6i" 18.'i:t>cl !c5 19.e.d 1 '\&e4
:~/(;~;;;w. :/' · ;.w --;;__/>f:/J);,_,,. -'f_}.. · ~::8z ·"::-: zoJ;el o-1
2 ~ ;.~/ ~:
(~:t~I~Ji,;,_,::~~t %~~:: ..
~[!ft. JL~~i)
-fl1is was Benko - Psakhis, Aruba 1992.
White resigned wirhour waicing for one ofhis
a b c d e f g h opponent's many good moves.
So far w~ have been following Zupe
- Szabo, Budapest 1994. Black played rhe
rempri11g 14 .. .ltklt, bm did not get a dear
Simpler is rhus:
14 ... 0-0-0! l5J~~dl tlJc2i· 16.®fl c6
Black has several convincing plans, such all
.. J3d7 and .. ..\3hcl8, or .. .f5 and ... g5, with a
big space advantage.

A.nother possibilicy is:

'fl1is opens the diagonal fr01n d5 to h 1 and
causes funher problems for White. Black a b c d e f g h
won afrcr brilliant play in chc f-(JJiowing IO •.•.ib4?
game: Black is playing to makt! rhe rnost use of the
10 ... !b4 ll.ttJc3 pin; and who can blame him, after finding
ll.dxe6 loses in one go: such a wonderful idea two moves ago.

Unforrunarely ir was probably berrer to play

l O... clxe4! ll.ixe4 0-0 with a very convincing
aJvantage. Whether or nor rhe queens are
exchanged, \Xfhire is sn·uggling ro finish his
development and will find ir difficult to relieve
the pressure once rhc kniglu arrives on d4 and
the f-pawn advances. Againsr a comperenr
acrackcr Whire:,s position is virrually hopeless.

ll.lbc3 d4 12.£h2?
a b c d e f g h
White had n chance ro keep his position
11...~d4!! and Bl.Kk \Vtns marerial. togerhcr at this point.
Chc.tpter 2 -Typical Piece Play 1 53

One game continued 12.ltJge2! l!Nt6 J3.~f4 16 ... !tJxc1 17.ltJxf6 tt3xe2t, capturing rhe
0-0-0! 14.'1Wxf6 gxf6: knight \Vith an all-important check.

For this reason White's best try look~ to be

15.@fl!?, after which 15 ... !tJd3? 16.ltJe4!
re~tlly is a good move. Bur Black does not have
ro allow chis murky option. Instead, after the
simple 15 ... dxc3 16.~xc3 ~xc3 17.lDxc3 !tJd3
l8.'1Wc2lDxf2 he wins effortlessly.

15 .hc3 'W'e5
15 .. J~he8!? was a valid alremarive.
a b c d e f g h
16.hc6 bxc6
Here \XIhite could h.we played 15 .•¥Ld2! dxc3 Black's advanrage is slipping. After
16.Axc3 !tJd4! l?.@fl!, and I have not been 16 ... ~xc3t 17.~xc3 l&xc3t 18.ltJxc3 bxc6
able to find an advantage won:h talking about. 19.0-0 ir would be gone entirely.

Instead the game was brillianrly played by 17.hh41h3!

Black. l5.~xc6? bxc6 16.~<.12 dxc3 l?.i,xc3 Black has to keep rhe white king in rhe
~xc3t 18.ltJxc3 ~h3! 19.!tJdl i.g2 20J~gl centre.
1f3 21.ltJe3 h5 22.h3 ~he8 23.g4 h4 24.~c1
c5 25.~fl :gd2 26.~al c6 27.~el ~e6 28.g5 17 ...~g4? 18.0-0! would hand over the
f5 29.:gal f4 30.l0g4 ged6 0-1 Dive- Hampl, iniriarive ro White.
New Zeabnd 1998.
18.'W'c3 'W'f5!
12.. J~ff6 13.l!Jge2 0-0-0 14.'\~fcl Obviously Black must keep the queens on.

a b c d e f g h
14 ... dxc3?
14 ... l0e5! wa~ the winner. Now 15.0-0
runs inro 15 .. .l2Jd3!, \vhen 16.l2Jc:4 fails to
154 Auack.ing Manual 2

19.gdl! was berter, !cading co equal chances also afcer 23. ~f2 h5! White is !eft without an
after l9 .. J1xdlt 20.~xdl i!Nblt 2J.i1Ncl obvious answer.
iWd3t 22.i.d2 gcH 23.~e l ~xe2 24.~xt:2 i.g4
25.iWc3. 23 ...'1Wh3 24.lbg3?
24.~d2!? with rhe plan of shuttling rhe Icing
19•.• hg4 20.f.3 to the queenside seems to have been rhe last
20)2:Jg3 would be even worse. After rhe bid for equality.
forcing.._ option 20 ... E!he8i· 2l.~fl ~h3t
22.~gl '1Wg4 Whiu.· is threatened by mate 24...'1Wxg4 25.0-0 hS!
and has to play 2J.B Wig'S 24.@f2 to avoid
imrnediare collapse.

However, Black has the brilliam deflection

White is still suffering from pins, almost
24 ... a5!!, reminding rhe bishop char ir is
rwemy movc:s after che first one was in the air.
overloaded, having to look after both c5 and
d2. White has sonle ways ro keep the water
26.Whl? .
from boiling over; bur a lor of swearing and
Ihis loses by force. 26.~f2 h4 27.4Je2 wa:.
possibly some burn rnarks will be inevitable ...
berter, bur White is in rrouble.

20... ~d3!
26... h4 27.lbf5 '!We4t 28.Wgl ~hS 29.~d2
Black wins rhc: queen, a!rhough for rhrce ~gSt 30.Wfl ~g2 mate.
pieces, this is srill worth it.
2l.fxg4 '!We4! 22.'1Wxd3
The following example shows how a player
After 22.0-0 !!xc3 23.l2Jxc3V:Yxg4t 24.rnhl
tied down in pins from a.ll angles (d t to d8,
f5 1 would prefer Black, simply because the b5 to e8 and g5 to e7/d8) can easily see his
white king is so open, but rhrce pieces is
position fall aparr, despite desperately trying
a lor for the queen, even when they ~tre as
to keep everything covered and having no
uncoordinated as rhey are here.
ambitions of his own. 1he game unforrunarely
drifrcd into an endgame, rather than finishing
22...'1Wxd3 23JM1
wirh mare around rnove 25, bur for the white
1his loses the g-pawn for no obvious reason.
player this was all right, as it secured him rhe
Bur dig a little deeper and yoLt will sec rhar
Brirrsh Championship trophy. Incidentally,
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 15'5

ht: was the firsr English phtyer ro do !:.O for 9 ... 1/.e7 appears far safer to me. It is hard to
ahour a decade - firsr the lnclians rook it, see how the whire advantage could persist, but
Jnd when rhe esmblishmenr of a credible then: is all ro play for, of course.
Comtnonweahh Championship made the
?~lrriciparion of phl}'er~ from former colonies lO.iVh40-0
;)bsolere, rhe Scors rook it lour years in a mw; 10... b6!? looks very sensible here. 1 can see
three dmes hy Jonathan Rowson and once by no reason for the king ro reveal its intentions
m:·self. 1he 2008 championship had no strong at a rime \vhen Whire is massing his army for
:-~on-English p<trticiparion, but wirh rhe skill an arrack.
Conquest shows here, he could have won any
1his is a loss of tempo, of course.
Stuart Conquest- Keith Arkell
ll. ...ie7
Briti~h Ch. play-olf (2nd rapid game) 2008 Bur so is this. It seems thac Black is already
under real pressure.
l.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Ct)d2 dxe4 4.lthe4 tLld7
:-\rkell has played like rhis a million times, 12..ig5
,;I mosr. lr is nor by chance rhar Conquest
decides ro play somerhing apparently "wirhour
r.:ct I1" .
5.tLlf3 tLlgf6 6.tLlg3 c5 7 ..ie2 6
Played so as nor w block rhe queen.
7 ... cxd4 8.'Wxd4 e6 9.0-0 4
a b c d e f g h
12 ... g6?
Already rhis appears to be rhe decisive
mistake. 1here was no need ro commit the
kingslde pawns ar rbisstage. Arkellwasavoiding
di~a.srers like 12 ... h6? 13.ixh6 with this move,
but in turn weakening other squares.

12... E:e8! ro prepare eirhcr pawn move was

9 ... .ic5?! rhe correct answer, where Blad; mfght still
"Ibis is a new move, bur ic seems ro me thar e<.1ualise.
rhc whire queen is becce1· off on h4 than d4,
e~pecially afrcr Black C<1sde.s. 13J!adl ~e8?!
1'56 Atracking Manual 2

After this rhc win is rorct:d, although rht: 'The knight returns m rhe scene of action
alternatives were <llso less than attractive for with the intention of landing on f6 or d6 in
Black. some combination. Arkell decides to put it all
ro rhe ccsr:
ll1e only move was 1.3 ... !2Jd5, when \Vhite ha~
many tempting oprions. My choice would be 16... f6
14J::!fe 1, bringing in the last piect:. I cannot see
how Black can get his birs out, ~o Whirc .should
be winning. For example: 14 ... b6 15.!xe7
'Wxe7 16.lZJg5 h5 (16 ... tLJ)f6 l?.lDxh7) 7
17.tDxhS! gxh5 I8.~xh5 tLJ7f6 J9.ll:Vh6 and 6
Black is mated after !h?·i·, ie4i" and ~d3- or
sornething else ... 5

a b c d e f g h
'This temp ring sacrifice removes rhe possibility
for Black ro resist on rhe dark squares. After rhis
iris not important if the arrack is immediately
successful, as the compensation is major and
a b c d e f 0
I4..ib5! l? ... hd7
Black may have prevenred any mating ide.1s 17 ... ll:Vxd7 18.!xf6 also leaves Black morntll y
on h7, but his last move robbed the f6-knight weak on the dark squares. I11 rhis way he at
of irs stability. Aft~:r Conquest's powel'ful reply, least gets the bishop out.
the new weaknesses on f6 and d7 are pinned
from multiple directions. 18.'bxf6t!
18.!xf6? would allow Black to fighr back
I4 ... a6 wirh 18 ...!c6!, when there is no clear path to
Black has no choice but co force matters. follow.
He cannot improve hb position hinuelf, e.g.
14 ... lZJdS 15.c4. 18...h.f619.U6 ~c7 20..ie5 ~d8 2I..if6
~c7 22.'Lle5!
15.hd7 'Llxd7 Aiming straight at rhe king.
l5 ... !xd7 16.tLJc5 and a piece is gone- or
lZJxt7 comes- or something else. 22... .ic6
22 ... §f8 was the objectively best defence, but
16.'be4! after 2:>.llJg4! (23.lZJxg6? §xf6 is only a draw)
Chapter 2 - 1)rpical Piece Play 157

23 ... h5 24.Wfg5 ~e8 25.~e5 and 26.ttJf6t, coloured bishops only exists if White is silly
\\'hire i~ winning. enough ro pur his pawns on rhc kingside
exclusively on the dark squares.
"OK, ifir is not prevemed, I guess I will have 3l.b3 bS 32.~el ~c8 33.~e2 @f7 34.f3 aS
~o ... " 3S.@fl a4 36.h4 @g6 37.g4 ~f8 38.~e3
~c8 39J:"!e2 ~f8 40.f4 @h6 4L@g3 axb3
23 ...!d5 24.'IJ!f gS @f7 42.axb3 ~a8 43.h5 ~a2 44.~h2 ~e4 4S.g5t
@h7 46.~d2 :Ba7

Of course not all pins can be trusted. In rbe

following small piece of:.l!T Black ignores a pin,
sacrifices his queen, and mates the opponent
in the middle of the board.

Martin Alm- Tamas Ruck

Belgian League 2006

l.e4 eS 2.ctJf3 ctJc6 3.d4 exd4 4.ctJxd4 ~cS

S.ctJb3 ~b6 6.ctJc3 ctJf6 7-~gS h6 8.~h4 d6
9.'We2 and 9.id3 are superior alternatives,
although the text had been played in several
earlier games.

\\'arching rhe game live 1 was wondering what

,,·auld happen after 25.ttJh8i"!, when my idea
,,·as 25 ... @f8 26.~c5 iWd? 27.'.Wf6t @g8
28.ctJf7! with marc ro come. lr seems that this
is exactly what would happen!

25 ... '1J!fd8 26.'1J!fh6

Forcing a winning endgame.

26.~h5 ~e7 27.ctJxe?·i· @xe7 28.c4! was more


26.. J~e7 27.'1J!fxh7t @e8 28.ctJxe7 'IJ!!xe7

29. 'IJ!fh8t 'IJ!ff8 30.'IJ!fxf8t @xf8
1he rest is mrher trivial. "l11e well-known
drawing Etctor in endgames with opposite-
158 Attacking Ivfanual 2

10.hd8?! 17•.. fxg4

\XIhite can of course decline rbe ~acrifice wich Forced by drcums(ances~ Black has to rake
l O.~h5, bur Black is a pawn up and should rbe queen back.
he doing well afrer: I O•.• g6!? lt.ixd8 gxhS
I 2.ltJxe4 ~xdS 13.a'5lL'lxa5 l4.lL'lxa5 E:c8 with 18.~d3
a clear advanrage.

10...~xf2t ll.'tbe2 ~g4t 12.'tbd3ctJe5t!

1his was of comsc rhc: polnr. 'l11is game has a
19th ceiHury romanrici~m abour it.

13. 'tbxe4 f5t 14. 'tbdS gxd8

a b c d e f g h 19.ghfl 'tbg7 20.ltld4 ~fest 2l.ctJe7 ~h4

1he '"'hire king is rrapped in a maring ne(. 22.~xg6 ~xe7t 23. @f5 ~fBt 24. 'tbe4
Black will play IS ... c6t and 16... 0-0 on almm( ltlxg6t
everything, rhrcacening mare in many ways. Black has gone all materialisric as the game
is gening old.
Afrer 15.lL\d4 c6·f· 16. @c6 castling sri II 24 ... d5t 25.@e.3 ctJc4t 26.®d3 :ge3 is mate.
works, bur a!so possible is 16... ixd4!? winning,
<Ui 17.\Wxd4 f4 is mare. 25. 'tbd3 ctJeSt 26. 'tbc3 ~f2
15 ...c6t
Black will of course nor get disrracccd by Finally~ ler us look at two complicated
crivial rhi ngs such as hanging queens ... examples:

16.'tbe6 0-0! In rhe firsr of the rwo, Black has sacrificed a

I6 ... fXg4 also wins, but in <lll ending... piece for a very powerful attack, bur ran our
of rime before he could '.vork out how to use it
17.ltld5 decisively and thus had to Se[[lc for a perpetual
17.~xf5 a:teS marc! check.
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 159

Ildar Khairullin- Maxlme Vachier~Lagrave Besides being ready for frontline dury, the
rook is also threatening ro rake the bishop on
Moscow 200H d3 and rhus collapse the white defence.

35J~cl frees up d I for the king, bur Black
can use more direct methods against rhis
move: 35 .. Jhd3t! 36.'Wxd3lLlf4 1he queen is
now our of good squares, and 37 .. .VNc3t wins.

35J~b 1!? is another attempt ro muddy the

waters, bur Black wins afrer 35 ... iMlxbl 36.cxb3
'1Wb2t without too much drama. rnle white
king is too exposed. So, rhe only move offering
a real test is ro eliminate the dangerous bishop
on dS.
a b c d e f g h
]he game concluded: 33 ... iWa3t? 34.~d2 35 .. J!xd5 36.\Wfl
~a7? (34 ... iWb4·j· was ~rill winning as we shall 1here are other moves, bur none suffice.
~ec below.) 3S.lt:Jxd5 \Wa)i· 36.~c1 iWalt
_,-_®d2 \WaSt .?S.@ci Wa3i· 39.~d2 Y2-'l1 36... ttJf4!
Taking control over e2 wirh tempo.
·lhe win was quite elaborarc:, simple in its
mechanics, bm not ea<;y to lind by any me.ms. 37.~e4
The winning merhod is ba~c:d on A.leld1ine's \'Xi'e have arrived ar a beautiful moment,
ruk of pucting rhc rook before the queen when where a winning sequence, relevant to many
doubling pieces down a file. However, ir is nor lines if we mapped out everything from move
rhar easy to ger rhe rook in fronr of rhe queen. 33, is the fastest and most elegant way ro win,
The initial moves are: although far from the only one.

33 ... \Wb2t! 34.~d2 ~h3!! 37... \Wc3t 38.~cl \Walt 39.~d2

a b c d e f g h
160 Attacking Manual 2

39 ... Wfa5t! 40.~cl Wia3t!! 4I.~d2 Wfb4t rhe centre. However, his follow-up was nor the
"!he pieces are now ideally placed, with best.
tempo, and mare awair~ on rhc next move:
IO ... CLJxe4 ll.~el!
42.~cl ~bl mate! Black is now pinned on rhe e-file, with the
rook shooting at both the queen on e7 and
ln our lasr example dealing wirh pins, I wanr rhe king on e8. It is only rhrough a great
to look at a recent encounrcr between the achievement by Golod and mistakes from
rwo grandmaster~ Sokolov and Golod. -nle Sokolov rhar Black is able to survive this
game is based on pim every srep of rhe way, treacherous position.
in rhc acrual rnove!:> played, as well as in rhe
strong oprions missed. 1l1at rhc players found l l ... CLJc6!
ir difficult to deal wid1 this rhcme is apparent Black has to defend himself actively.
from the moves played, bur do not be fooled,
ll...~xc3?! 12.bxc3'Lld713.~d3'Lld614.~g5
rhcse are sensational players playing a very
gives Whire a dangerous initiative for rhe
difficult game and raking grcar risks. Chess can
be very difficult if you stray fi·om safety, as wirh
this game.
12.~xe4 CLJaS 13.Wic2!
White finds no advantage in rhe sharp line
Ivan Sokolov -Vitali Golod
L3.1zWa2 i.xc3 14.~g5 ~d6 15.~xe6! 0-0!
16.~f41zWd8 17.~f5~b418.d5!~xd5 19.~xc7
Gihra!rar 2009
~xa2 20.i.xd8 'Llb.3 21.~fl ~fxd8 22.~xb4.

l.d4 CLJ£6 2.c4 e6 3.CLJf3 dS 4.CLJc3 dxc4 5.e3

13 ... CLJxc4
a6 6.a4 ib4 7.hc4 b6 8.0-0 ib7 9.Wib3
a b c d e f g h
White is seeking rome rhe pin down rhe e-
IO.e4! file as aggressively as possible.
This pawn sacrifice look!:> very tempting
.111d it was indeed a correct judgemenr by lr would be roo soon to play 14.~g5?!, as
Sokolov w rhink rhar \Vhite needed w reacr in Black can block the bishop and complete
Chapter 2- rvpical Piece Play 161

his developmem quickly wirh: 14 ... f6! l S.d5

0-0-0 16.:!~hc4 fxgS 17.dxe6 wirh a crazy and
unclear position. 7
14.. .1Mfc5~
1l1is should have lost by force as can be seen 5
in rhe nares to White's next move. 4
14 ... ~a5!
Black had to play chis to ger rhe knight our 2
of harm's way. 1he position rcmaim very
sharp, bm it ~eems that White has the bener
chances afi:er energetic play: a b c d e f g h
1 '5.~g5 Wic5 1G.~e3 WidG 15.dxe6:
Here White has a lor of options, rhe position With this one unenergetic move White loses
is really very rich and it is hard for the aurhor all his initiative. It is possible rhar Sokolov was
to give any clear conclusion. 1l1e white
roo focussed on the obvious pin from e4 to
position feels berrer developed and more c8 and the dangers the white pieces are able
coordinated. But then, he has also given up w pose the black king, and thus completely
a pawn. missed the idea of pinning the knight on c4
My suggestion for an active continuation is: and using the exposed nature of the bishop on
l7.if4 Wle7 18J~dl! b4. This theme is actually just as important for
what is right and true in this position as the
pressure down thee-file, as we shall see.

]he winning continuation was rhus: 15.Wib3!

b5 IG.axb5 axb5 17.~xa8t ~xa8

8 .i.~ ~*~ ~~
~i~ ~~
a b c d e f g h 5 ~ i~8~
~~~~··· ·"~ ~~~~--~ lcl.
4 ~lj)~g~ ~~
3 ~'if¥D~~~~~ ~l
Black needs to casrle kingside, as active
play "virh 18 ... 0-0-0?! \vould lead ro
~~-~- __ ;_ ~~r~ ~ ·~
u ~~f~(j~
trouble: 19.~a2! ~c5 20.b4 il.xd5 21.~xd5
E.xd) 22.~c3 and bxaS with a very strong
1 ~
./.= . /
~ ... .' ~ ~.. "
a b c d e f g h
18 ... 0-0 19.~a2 c5
So this is rhus nece~sary. White appears to 18.1e3! Wle7 ( 18 ... ~xe3 19.~xb4 and White
have a lot of pressure still, but there is also the wins in many ways) 19.~xc4! bxc4 20.Wla4t
issue of a sacrificed pawn, so we should nor and 2l.\Wxa8t, with a continuing arrack as
completely write Black off just yer. well as material superiority.
162 Arracking Manual2

15 ... 0-0?? 17.lLla2?

Black misse!:> the chance tO rake over the Sokolov misses a golden opportuniry ro
. ·. · Wit
.1111tl<tt1Ve . I1 1·) ... 0- 0- 0 ...
11 punish his opponent's error.
17.e7!! ~f7
8 \02•:!;~::! >!ijt~ ;;~1 Black's only attempt, I rhink, is to close rhe
~::::(/~ '§' <~-~ :~/:~?-~ /~/
7 ~~1:i.~
:;()&,. .·:. /, ~)iftlfi
~~ ;,_ .<
diagonal from b3 co g8.
6 i{f' ~!j<Y~ -~~ 17 ... ~fe8 loses to the double pin on rhe
~~/ /:. -::~~1~J~x(~~;~~r·~ ~ knight on c4, from b3 to g8 and from h4 to
5 ~~-/- ~- --~): ___ ;~~.:_ ':;;· b4. 18.\Wb3! b5 19.axb5 axb5 20.~xa8 J.xa8
A ;Jt;;{ !A.~)/:. 119' /.?~ ~ e.:
4 Q ~:·::{}/ e ':{:~~ ~ r}c 21.J.e3 '&xe7 22.ctJxb5 J.d5 23.~xc4 '&f7
-'l~ : :~ ~-: f:":\. "_>If_> ..,
3 ~W-'
;,;-,~;-; :~z.J--
~/-- ~/; ~~~~~
~- ,--;%/ 5_, 24.'&xb4 ~xc4 25.ctJc3 and although some

2 I }tsi,PJ~A~~,~-~ fighting remains, the outlook for Black is

very bleak indeed.
D: ~ ~i ~~, Here rhc most convincing move is:
a he de fgh
It b nor easy ro find a decem continuation Bur it has to be said that 18:&d3!? is also
for Whire. 1 am struggling tO understand why good enough.
a sensational grandmaster like Golod did 18 ... ctJd6
not play rhis move - all my students choose Otherwise the knight is just lose.
ir. After the tcxr, Black's king has gone to a 19.J.e3 '&a5 20.tLlg5
place where rhere are no pieces to defend it A convenient double threat.
and where he will have co wcakc11 his position 20 ....ixc3 2l.~xh7!
immediately. Threatening to play ~h8t with mare in a few
16.~h4! fS 21 ... g6 22.~xf7 tLlxf7 23 ..id4!!
16 ... h6 would nor work our. \'{!hire wins with
both 17 ..ixh6! and 17.ctJe4! .ixe4 (17 ... 1&c6
18.ctJcg5 when the h6-pawn i11 pinned. Next
19.~xc4 will win everything.) l8.'Wxe4 \'{!hire
wins a piece because of tht' pin along the 4rh
rank, and became l8 ... b5 i1\ met wirh 19.axb5,
when rhe pin on the a6-pawn plays in as wdl.

A truly wonderful move, winning so many

tempos it is ridiculous.
23 ....ixd4 24.e8=\Wt ~xeS 25.mrxe8t Wg7
26.\M/xf7t ~h6
Here again White needs to be careful. The
best move seems co be:

a b c d e f g h
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 163

An impon:;wr move.
27.ctJc6? .!hf2t! 28.Wfl !xg2t! would allow
a boardwide perpetual check.
27 ... ~h5 28.ctJe6!
"ll1is rime there is no pcrperual check. 1l1e
kinu~ \-\'ill bQ(.) all rhe wa}' to a2, and when Black
rakes on a4 wirh check, the queen can come
back m a3 and srop the haras~ment.

17•.. ie4 18J~xe4!?

True to his namrc, Sokolov choose~ what
:-eems ro be rhc sharpest conrinuacion.
a b c d e f g h
l11e objectively besr move is probably 18.\We2 20.ig5?
.tfrer which \XIhite mighc still have a slight ·n,is is a rather poor mistake rhac suggests
edge. rhat Sokolov had completely missed the reply.

:\no ncrI .uneresnng . connn

. uanon
. ts . 18 .1si.!'b3!';1
... Had he wanted to develop safely, he could have
when Black can only survive with one move: played 20.ie3, when Black almost equalises
18 ... ttJa5!! 19.\Wxb4 ~xb4 20.t2Jxb4 ctJh3!, ·wirh 20 ... l2Jxe3 21.fxc3 gxf3! 22.~xf3 gfg
when rhe posicion is very unclear. \XIhire ~hould 23.'We2 a5, and \Xlhitc's advantage has been
prob<tbly play 21.~a3, when BI..tck can restore kept co a minimum.
materi:1l equality, hut in no way order. lhe
bishop is very sm.mg on e4, bur the posicion However, the winning move involved using
is extremely doubh:-cdged, so I don't wMlt ro rhe bishop more aggressively:
t' ~Ul"/ evaluarion~. 2o.AhG!!
'lhis is a f~mrastic solution to rhe problem of
18...fre4 ] 9.'W'xe4 ~adS? whar m do wirh the bishop. The reason for
·n1is move opens up for chc advance che bishop needing to go here is not so much
c:G-e7, but~~ depending on a back ra11k nuring <tbour attacking g7, which is hardly relevant
rhrear. Howevever, this is protected by X-ray in rhe further play, bur simply a matter of
from <ll. finding a good square for the bishop. On e3
it can be exchanged, and on g5, as we shall
19 ... ~.le8! was rhe correct move. 20.b3 is the see later, it is hanging in the air.
most resdnutl .-cs•Jonsc,
bur even rhis does nm 20 ... gxhG
lead roan advantage (20.i2Jxb4 le,tds ro srraighr l'his allows White to reveal his poinr. No\v
cqualiry inHead}, as 20 ... tt.kl2!! uses rhe pin that the first rank is protected, he can give
on the lmight on 0 to create mayhem. After up his pawn in order to win the n:vo black
2l.~xb4 lL)xf)t 22.gxf3 \Wd5! Black is mosr minor pieces.
likely. becrer, if anvrhing.
. 20 .. J~~fe8 loses quickly ro 2l.ctJg5 gG 22.Wff4
gfg 23.e7!! and White ·wins a piece at least.
e have come ro rhe lasr momenc in rhc g~tmc
\ \1
20 ... ctJd2 Once again this is objectively best,
\\'here \Xlhire could have won, ho\vcver, he did although here ic is nor as convincing as in
nor spor rht' sensational winning blow. other lines. 2LiWxb41his looks hopeless, but
164 Attacking Manual 2

20 .•. tiJd2!!
Black uses the pin on the knight on f3
sensationally to solve the problems with his
minor pieces. You could also call this move
deflection, as it \Vorks in just this way on both
the knight and the bishop.

White cannot take on b4 in this line, as the
bishop would be hanging with check on g5.

21 .. J3xd2 22J3fl??
A horrendous blunder. It seems that after the
rollercoaster ride the game has been so far, and
rhc apparent blunder on move 20, that White
was unable to adjust to a more unambitious
pose, and was hoping that Black would be
unable to solve his problems connected wirh
the coordination of his pieces.
a b c d e f g h
Black has escaped so f:u· widwur material The correct continuation was 22.CLJxd2, when
losses, bur his pieces are so badly placed that after 22 ... 1Wxf2t 23. ~h 1 ixd2 24. h3 the
he cannot keep the position together. position appears to be pretty balanced.
24.~dl ~f() 25.iWd7t ~f7 26.\Wg4t ®h8
27.~e6! 22 •• J~xh2 23.tiJcl
White should avoid tricks like 27.b3 lLleS, It was upon this move char Sokolov had
when the game continue~. pinned his hopes, bur ir was all wishful
27 ... lLld6 28.b4! thinking. Black has no fewer rhan three \vays
1here is no way for Black to hang on to the ro win the game here. At the board he chose
bishop any longer. For example: the most convincing.
28 ... ~xb4 29.~d5!


a b c d e f g h
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 165

23 .. J:!:xf2!
A rypical combination which Sokolov has
,1lso executed.

The poinr was of course that after 24.!hf2
Black wins wirh 24 ... ~xcl t 25J~fl ~c5t.
Even this final finesse is of course based on the
pin of the kniglu, which cannot go ro e 1, and a
pin on rhe rook on rhe first rank, which cannot
go ro f2. Pins arc all around us.

24 ... :a2xf3t
And in view of the imminent mare, White This moment is very important, although
resigned. not for the outcome of the game. Black rook
0-l on e3 in the game, overlooking his opponent's
counterplay. As White only has one way ro
Improving the Circumstances continue the game (~d2) Black could have
improved his position first.
In the nexr rwo sections we shall deal with rhe
opponent wirh a bir more respect. fir~t we 28 ... ltJxe3!
shall look at scenarios where we can make a One student of mine suggested 28 ... !!c3,
subrle change in rhe position before carrying having evaluated the line 29.~d2 !!c2 30.\Wd3
our our idea. rl11is can at rimes be difficult and !!fc8 31.e4l2Jxg3 32.hxg3 !!8c3 33.~xc3 ~xc3
it should rhus nor be a surprise that two of as winning for Black. White can probably avoid
rhe players missed rhe best move at the critical destruction in other ways, bur in fact he has no
momenrs, and rhar che most impressive game reason ro avoid rhis position, as 34.!!acl! wins
chosen here was a correspondence encounter. in one go.

Evgeny Alekseev - Peter Svidler 1he con·ecr move was 28 .. JH7!!

Russi<Hl Championship, 1vloscow 2008

l.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 ~f5 4.ltJf3 e6 5.~e2

ltJd7 6.0-0 ~g6 7.b3 ltJh6 8.c4 ltJf5 9.ltJc3
~b4 lO.~b2 0-0 ll.~d3 f6 12.ltJe2 fxeS
13.dxe5 ltJc5 14.ltJf4 ltJxd3 15.ltJxd3 ~h5
16.ltJf4 hf3 17.1Wxf3 '.We7 18.cxd5 cxd5
19.'.Wg4 ~d2 20.ltJd3 :aac8 21.1Wdl \&g5
22.g3 ~e3 23.~hl'.Wh6 24.~cl d4 25.~g2
:ac3 26.'.We2'.Wg6
26 ... ~fc8! was even srronger. a b c d e f g h
Whire cannor rake rhe rook on d3, as
27.fxe3 :axd3 28. ~gl 29.i¥lxd3 l2Jxe3 would win the game.
166 Anack.ing Manual2

Insread he would ha\'~ ro play 29.~d2, when TI1e next position is also quite difficulc. 'The
after 29 .. J2)xd 30J~xf7 ~xf7 3l.ixe3 dxe3 poinr is rhar the inirial idea, no matter how
Black has a mrher de;:1r advanrage. \X'hire can spectacular, does not work, and Black for rhis
rry stuff like 32.~f3i', and fight on, but che reason has r.o find a way co improve it.
position is unpleasanr. An imporranr point: is
rhat in this line \XIhirc cannor play 32.'®c2?!, Viesturs Meijers -Jonathan Grant
as Black can eirher movt" his h-pawn or
play 32 ... iMle4!, in all cases using che slightly EU Champion!>hip, Liverpool 2006
different position of rhe king ro create a path
for ir rowards safety.

1have ro say rhac 28 ... E:t7! i~ one of those unique

decisions rhar 1·cw can find or under~ rand. 1r is
simply roo dc::cp.

29J~!:xf8t ~xf8 30.he3 dxe3

28 ... 1M!'h4?
Having realised thar28 ... f!g3 29.iMlxd5! rescues
\Vhire, Jonathan loses hi.s focus a.nd collapses.

After 28 ... W'h5! Black is still in the game. For

example: 29J;gl f!h3 30Ji!g2 ~ha2! with a
messy position.

White is better and managed ro make rhc
3I. .. h6 32J~!:c8t ~f7 33.g4?
most of his advantage in whtu followed.
This seems a hir aimless. 1l1e last chance was
33.~fl t '®'f5 34.g4 \¥lxfl t J5.~xf1, ah:hough
29 ...1M!'xf4 30.1Mfxb7 gxc3 31.gael B!xa2
rhe endgame afcer 35 .. J~d2 looks a good deal
32J!e8t ~h7 33.1Wbs; 1Wd4 34.:Sh8t ~g6
better for Black.
35.B!gl t ~f5 36.1M!'b7 1Mfe4t 37.1Mfxe4t
33 .. .1We4! 34,gc4 1Mfd5 ~xe4 38.B!e8t ~f4 39.gg4t ~f5 40.B!xg7
0-1 Wf6 4I.B!gl gxb3 42.~g4t ~g7 43.~xh6t
Chapter 2 ~ Typical Piece Play 167

<it>f6 44.bt~g4t @fS 45.ttle3t <it>f6 46J~g3 28.Wcl g5! forces White ro play 29.~dl,
~hlt 47.<bg2 gb7 48,g£3t <it>g6 49.gg8t which is mer with the same medicine as
<it>h7 50.gfg3 f6 51.g8g4 <it>h8 52.ttld5 ga6 if played a move earlier: 29 ... d4!! 30.cxd4
53.gg6 gu s4.~h6t g4e3! and the threat of ... gg3 is absolutely
1-0 desrructive. White has ro give up the queen.
Also, the gg 1 ideas no longer work. Because
Jonathan larcr ~ugge~tcd char the correcr move
the rook is no longer at e8, Black can rake
was 27 ... d4!?.
on f2 and play ... 'it>f8-e 7 in reply ro rhe rook
8 -~?( ?)};;,i ~ _f;~~·~ sacrifices, nor allowing the queen to come ro
{;.(,:~ ~ ·-;x~=j% ~ ~
1 {.1; i ';-:;<;·:;
~'~. ~~< i -1' g 1 with check. Thcrcafrer .. _gee2 will put more

:~<flJJ,::~t~~w~()~ ~-·
pre!lsure on h2 than can be handled.
5 :-~~~
~) >~> r:f}
:?;Z/~- ~/_~. ::~<;.%~:~. r.r 1h: Collowing example could just as easily have
. . . ;/ ;o:; /&'~ <)f/c !~ C..
3 ,,~: A.:jA~
.·~~,\\Ur _ 0 been placed in the next section on prophylaxis,
as White's main achievement in chis game is ro
~[(~f?~c::Q;, <//~:' !Ai/0':&~~ =::
anticipate rhe opponent's attack and conduct
2 0 iJ{-.;:f; 162/i ~ )(j :~
/.5i;. '® ~,//
~,. ~ ,,~K'§'
his aggression in a way thar limits it.
1he most imporram moment for our theme
a h c d e f g h
is at move 19, alrhough rhe decision on move
The idea i~ that after 28.cxd4? Black can play 26 is also deeply impressive, and \vould be
28 .. J~8e3! wirh no deccnr defence existing excremely hard ro find in an over~the~board
ag<tinst 29 ... ~gJ!. game.
HmYever, \XIhite has the rricky 28.gg I! wirh
t ea o f 7°
r l1e "d )O ~ ·g?i·l• sr,
(:";) ,L) -7-=X
-o ... <=>Xt- ~c;8 30 .o
r. Luiz Roberto Da Costa Junior - Dirk Jungmichel
when he even !>rands bettet'. Black can improve
wirh 28 ... dxc3 with a strong iniriarivc for Com.:spondence 2002
the knight, bur rhe outcome is srill l~tr from
cerrain. l.e4 d5 2.exd5 Wfxd5 3.ttlc3 Wfa5 4.d4 ttlf6
5.ttl£3 c6 6 ..ic4 .if5 7 ..id2 e6 8.Wfe2 .ih4
For this reason Black should prefer 27 ... gse4!! 9.0-0-0 ttlbd7 10.ttlh4 .ig4 11.£3 .ixc3
'vith the .!.imple threat of 28 ... gxf4 and 12.bxc3 .ih5 13.g4 .ig6 14..ih3 0-0?
29 ... gh4, maring. Tt is impossible for Whirc co This looks rather foolhardy. 1he king had no
find a ddence. reason co commie ro the kingside so early on
in rhe game.

15.ttlxg6 hxg6 16.h4!

Whire wastes no time in commencing his

16 ... Wfa3t 17.<it>bl a5 18.h5! a4

Black has to look for counrerplay. Afrcr both
18 ... gxh5 19.g5! and 18 ... g5 19.h6!, Whire's
arrack is very dangerous.
168 Attacking lvlanual 2

After 25.gxf6? b3! White has to play 26.~f4,

which leads co unclear play.

25 ... ~e6?
Black is lost after rhis inaccuracy.

Better wa!l:
25 ... ltJd5!
This leads ro a poor ending, but it was still
worth a try:
26.1Wxc6 ltJ5b6 27.g6t!
27.cxb4 ~ac8 28.1Wb5 @g6 does not look
clear at all.
We have reached the first critical moment. 27 ... ®g8 28.icl! m'xc3 29.~b5 ~xf3!
White wanr.~ ro sacrifice the bishop, bur after 29 ... b3 30.~h8t!
19.ixe6?! Black Glll gee real counterplay with 30J!dfl ~g4 3l.~fgl ~f3 32.~h2 ltJf8
19 .. J~a6! 20.@al ~b6 when the game is very 32 ... ~e6 loses rhc queen to 33.~gh I ~xg6
unclear. 34.~h8t @f7 35.gfl.
33.'Wxb6 b3 34.axb3 axb3 35.\Wxb3t V9xb3t
19 ..tc4!! b5 20.he6!! 36.cxb3
Now when Black can no longer attack \XIhite is of course much better, bur the g6-
wirh the rook manoeuvre to b6, this sacrifice pawn is a lost cause, so rhe technical task of
becomes very strong. Black has obwined an winning this position \vould still require a lot
extra tempo to advance rhc b-pawn, bur it of efforr.
is still a few moves away fi·om creating real
problems. 8

20 ... ~fe8! 7
The only move. Whirc is lost after 20 ... gae8? 6
2I.'®'h2! with the idea 2l...gxe6 22.h6! and
the attack down the h-tile is simply roo ~rrong.
Also, after 21 ... gxh5 White wins with 22.ixd7 4
lt:lxd7 23.1Wxh5 f6 24.~g6! followed by 25.:1~h7 3
and 26.'W'h5.
21.hf71'! 1
White had his eye~ on this sacrifice from way
back, but also 2I.m'h2!? ~xe6 22.hxg6 @f8
a b c d e f g h
23.g5 looks very dangerow. for Black. The next momenr is another prophylactic
momenr. White wants to win the rook on e6,
2I. .. @xf7 22.hxg6t @xg6 23JWd3t @f7 bur ar the same time has to pay arrenrion to the
24.g5 b4 25.~c4t! black counrerplay on the b-file.
\XIhire should nor be blind ro Black's
counrerplay. 26.~del!!
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 169

l always love thes~ kinds of deep decisions. 27.1Mfxe6t ~g6 28 ..ic11Mib4t 29.~al :e:bs
1he poinr is chat when the rook on el goes to 29 ... ges does not work at this poinc. 1l1e
b 1 in che line played in the game, everything is rook on e 1 is protected and White can play
fine, bur if the rook goes from d 1 m b 1, with 30.a3! winning conveniendy.
another rook left on e 1, Black has the .. J~c8
move from the coming note.
After 26J~!hc 1?! bxc3 White ~hould avoid 7
27.~xc6t?? cnrirely in chis line. After 27 ... ~g6!
28.i.c1 ®b4t 29.W~ll ~b8! 30.~a3 Wlxa3
3J.f!h 1 as said, Black has the powerful blow: 5
a b c d e f g h
30 ..ia3! 1Mfxa3 3I.:e:br :e:xbl t
3l...~e8 does nor help in view of 32.~h3!
Wxg5 33.~hgl t with a mating attack.

32.:e:xbl ltJf8
32 ... <i?xg5 33.f4t! leads to mate r;nhcr

It should maybe be added that 26.g6t ~e7 Black resigned, which would have been a bit
27J~hel ~xd 28J~xel t Wd8 29.1Wxc6 ~b8 early, had ir not been a correspondence game.
,10.c4 ~c8 i~ b~tter for \Vhite, although 110t White wins after 33 ... ctJ6d7 34.f4! ~f7 35.f5!
emirely clear a~ well. in an attack.
26 ... bxc3
Black is done no matter what. After three such difficult examples, T want to
emphasise that this rheme does have genuine
26 .. J~ae8 27.g6t makes no sense. relevance for real life chess. In rhe next example
Judir Polgar had spotted a promising looking
26.J2Jf8 27.cxb4 with the thre;u 28.~e3 is combination, bur one which only worked
also nor gr~at. Whi(e is able to paralyse Black after first implementing a small change to the
compl~tel}' af(er 27 ... ctJd5 28.gxc6 ctJxc6 position. I suppose you can call it a trap, as
29JWxc6 ctJcc7 30.c3!. 'lhc queen and knights Black could have defended better, bur ar rimes
are not playing. \XI hi rc can plan ideas such as we have to take the chances that are presented
gh 1-e 1-e5 afrcr which ~xd5 is in the air, or to us, and not the chances we would have
f4-f5-{6, opening up rhe kingsidc. wished to get.
170 Attacking IV1anual 2

Judit Polgar - E~geny Baree~ 25J~xg7! *xg7 26. Wfh6t

26 ... *g8
26 ... <;i?f7 is mer wirll ?7 ~
was wl lat Bareev missed - .~bl'.. Lv
1\,faybe this
on move 23?

Furrher demo 11:.hina
. o rlle pawn strucn1re

23.h5! 27..•hxg6 28.l'!lxg6t lhh .

Aiming ar cIesrroying l
The wol 8 29. *hl
around the lang· rhe . t lC pa. .vn structure •
effect. <.. enrers rIle game with d CCISIVC
las no poiru to IL
.' Immediate rook sac n·fi ce

23 ...gxh5?
29.. J~f4 30 WI
*v 3
X:~t *gs
31.~gl t *rs
. . do es nor spot the d
posmon that occurs , . . eeper change in the
.ls ,l result of rI11,)
. move
?3 e;f7 . Prophylaxis
- ?4...Wt
- . 9xe6 ~af8
!· \V'l
·I , }, nete:.sary. 24 ~ ·f7
' s a.bsolute]
(J>. b
- ... ~xt7 25 'Alb
IS ,l SO fine} ? 4 _ · X Cl-. o.sely a.ssoc1ated
. .I
1o ably rhis i l in rl
Cll'C umstances WH 1 unprovina
' the
26 .., 5 w m B·1 · ·"' I
- .,;xb?t llif8' Black is. reev feared. 25 ... \'!ld2 prophylaxis. Usuall ,"'_rack is the idea of
g) W1th a chccl<.. an d t I. threatenrne:
1. " ~ on
. . . ro r..,k, tdea fi ) t liS Is used -
l : o ren to describe de ·t· . as a positional
)lit It IS just as imporra r~t s m manoeuvring
emer the , . le \\' lrte kniah
\Vfl g.lmc lll 'l ::. r cannot
PO . .

VIi 1i te does nor lnve' w.ly.
. Basicall ,
t' SltlVt' 1l1e baslC· idea is thar·wnr .m d}'ll amtc
· chess. '

ere. than one of m.my
ways ro reach •'l d t.l\v }more , ), your own aoal
htle you are advat .
::. c s, you need c lcmg
1e op r)on ents , threat. d ro p:t}' at renoon
. to
, n 1 ea, really b I
·1 < san 'd
1 cas. Not roo d
24.Wlxe6t *hS 1 • ut nen all eep
The diffe renee
, -
from bcf . . )y those excel !ina::. ar rl e bas·
sports are dominate d
can advance ro g6. Fo. I me IS that the g-pawn e rst exa I 1CS .••
wmninoo com b.'..
1 115
reason WIltte
· has a • 1h fi • c mp e s .k c , so will
marion. t JUSt roll It.
witll . pea s ror itself I .
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 171

Constantin Lupulescu- Nijat Azad Abasov TI1e sacrifice on h6 is indeed the correct idea,
bur first \\/hire has to prevent Black from
BucharcM 2009 delivering the mating combination.
Lupulcscu, who was not sloppy, and not
distracted by computer interference, worked
this our all by himself and played:

A fantastic move, preventing the sacrifice on
f2, bur without wasting time on things like h2-
h3. Black has no decent ·way to react.
Here Black resigned, having satisfied himself
that none of the possible replies contained any
hope whatsoever.

a b c d e f g 11 Lee's see what caused him to arrive at this

Wlhite to play- (hlut: spot the blacl? tbreat)

29 ...gxf6
\X'he11 1 quickly tried to solve rhis position
This is the only remotely critical move. Black
,lfter seeing ir in Chess Todtl)' I failed ro sec any
cannot rake wirh the rook due to the back rank
counterplay for Black. 1his kind of sloppiness
mare, and he cannot reinforce the eighth rank
can be the downfall of any attacker, as ic was
in any way rbar does not spoil his own plans.
with the real me, trying to play a very f1crional
For example: 29 ... ~a3 allows White to play
30Jhh6! gxh6 3l.Wl'e5t ~g8 32.Ad5t,
~1y move, 29.:5xhG?, looks absolurely winning
winning everything.
ar first glance. It is only when you include che
opponent's ideas char you lo1.e the inrerest in
30.'®xh6 ~f7
it, became Black has a very convincing mating
This is forced. Here White has a smorgasbord
idea in 29 ...1Wxf2t!!.
of ideas. I personally like:
Goluhev, rhe Chess Today annotator, was
obviously impressed with rhe white move in
3Lhl7! :Sxh7 32.'®f8 mate!
chc game, bur he muse h:wc been so computer-
lt was also possible to play 3l.Ad5
driven, that he did not stop to mcnrion rhe
immediately, of course, bur it is less fancy.
rook sacrifice on h6, because the computer was
unintereHed in ic.
1he next example also speaks for itself; before
continuing wirh his attack, Black prevents
He narcs char \X!hire can play 29.%'t7, and after \XIhire's intended counrerplay. Prophylaxis is a
29 ... g6 30J~~d8 %'a3 31.%'f6t Ag7 32.gxf8t bir like char, self explanatory, once you do it,
~xf8t 33.%'xa6 he should have reasonable but it is a bit like most mundane acts of life,
chances of winning the endgame, although unsexy, and rhus something we rend to forger
this might prove very diH1cult in practice. to do.
172 Anacking 1Vfanual2

Rafal Tomczak- Markus Ragger Friso Nijboer- Shakhriyar Mamedyarov

\X'orld Junior Ch<tmpion!>hip, Gazianu:p 2008 Wijk aan Zce 2005

a b c d e f g h
Whire missed a fimrasric winning line in this
position, playing 29.Wf4?? and losing quickly
1his is nor really about calculation or tactics, m: 29 .. J~xb2t! 30.ci?al B:g2 31.We3 B:e8
buc abouc feeling t()r cacrics. lf Whice has no 32.Wd3 B:ee2 33.hf'7 B:xa2t 34.~bl
coumcrplay, Black will be able to create havoc 0-1
quire quickly. And Whire's only colmterplay
starrs with a check on c6. Befo1·e proceeding wirh his own arrack, \'X/hire
1hus the bcsr move is: should have taken the rime for 29.B:d2!, caking
conrrol over c2. After 29 ••• B:xd2 30.tl\xd2
62 ... ~a7!! hb2 Whire's winning moves continue tO be
Once rhc king is safe ir i~ rime w arrack. based on prophylaxis. The ducat of .. .'~cl t is
a problem, as is rhc fact rhar 31 J!xf7t Wfxf7
63.!g6?! 32.i.xf7 !kl is mare; so Whire plays:
The only chance ro rc:~isr wa!> ro give up the
bishop wid1 63.\Wc2 '.WeS 64.\Wcl, but this
does nor give a real chance of saving rhe game.
Black of course jusr rakes rhe piece.

63 .•. Wd4 64.b4 axb4 65.~b3 Wc3t 66.~a2

b3t 67. ~a3 Wb4 mate!

Having scarred this section with dear and easy

to undersmnd example~, 1 will immediately
move on ro something absolutely ridiculous
in ics difficulty. However, rhe basic idea is rhe
san"le. a b c d e f g h
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 173

31.~c4!! wirh rhc simple idea of gxf71". After explanation for this exception. The reason
rhe rerrcar 31 ... ~g7 Whire needs to avoid why there was rime in char example is that the
32.!hf7t 1l¥xf7 3.lixf7, when Black can pmition was a bit low on dynamics. The pawns
equalise wirh 33 ... tlJc3t 34.~c2 .!!xc4 35.~h7 were blocked and White had no targets of his
tlJxdSt 36.~d2 ~xt7 and White can draw by own.
repetition, bur nor cause any damage.
instead Whire can play 32.'1Mfh3!!, In the next rwo examples ir is the defence
\Vhich we will frustrate with our prophylactic

7. /•.
8 ~:!~ •
~~1~ z .... %
6 ~·~~~. •
W'~ ~
brilliance. 1he principle is the same, although
doing this often slows down the pace a little
bit in the attack, so it is important to evaluate
correctly whether or not we can spare rhe time
for it.
~. , )~, / ' . ~
L .. ~ /

3~ ~ ~ ~ii
-~·~ ~ Levente Vajda- Kiril Georgiev

Herceg 2008
2 [j~ffi
~~ ~
~ ~
~ •~ffi
l.e4 e5 2.~f3 ~c6 3.~b5 a6 4.hc6 dxc6
1B<fi?~ ~11~ 5.0-0 ~e7 6.d3
a b c d e f g h "fl1is i~ hardly rhe opening choice you would
prepare~ !!xf7 by including rhc follow-
'l11is usually connect with a quick furious defeat of
up ~xeS in rhe equation. Black has no valid a European Champion, bur this is exactly what
response, as ~e6 has also become a realiry. The we have coming our way.
seemingly prophylactic 32.. J~e8 would pur
the rook on a bad square, leaving 33.~xf7t as 6 ... ~£6 7.~bd2 ~e7 8.d4 ~g6 9.dxe5 ~xe5
a simple winning move. IO.~xe5 he5 11.'1Mfh5 ~d6
ll ... if6 was once played in a game by rhe
lf we look back at the~e three example~, we can l ... e5-specialisr Ivan Sokolov against Csaba
see that in rhe firsr and rhe rhird, Whire's best Balogh. In general rhe move should transpose
move wa~ an active piece of prophylaxis. The after 12.e5, although White in char game chose
best moves not only prevented rhe opponenr's a different and less challenging approach.
countcrplay, bur also advanced the arrack.
Such multipurpose moves arc quite ofren the 12.e5 ~e7 13.~e4 '1Mfd5 14.~el g6?
order of the day when ir comes ro the rheme 14 ... h6! was the improvement played
of prophylaxis in rhe attack. In most attacking about a. month later in in Kob<llia - Lasrin,
sicuarions, we simply do nor have the rime to Novokuznersk 2008. Black seems to equalise
deal cauriomly with our opponenr's ambitions. in chat line.
lnste<ld we have to combin~ arrack and defence
in rhe mmr energetic way possible, otherwise 15.'1Mfh6 ~6
we risk losing rhe momentum. This move appears to be more or less forced.

1\Jfarkus Ragger's su bde king retreat was nor After 15 ... ie6 16.ig5 White's initiative on
in itself a parr of the arrack, bur there is an rhe dark squares is too menacing.
174 Anacking Manual 2

17..•.hf6 18.exf6t ~e6 19J~adl Wff5

20.Wfg7 gfB
Black has managed ro keep his extra piece,
but White can soon force the black queen
aW<l)' from f), after which there is no defence
against gxe6t, mating.

2l.h3 hS 22J1d4
Renewing the threat of g2-g4.

22 ... h4 23.f4!

a b c d e f g h
i:~ ~-~~.v~
s ~~~if~~~-·· ~
This move is nor spectacular in itself, but 6 ,,,~~f~·,~g
rhe point of ic is. 16.'iJf6·1 is urrerly harmless.
~ '~~~Wi~~
Afrer 16 ... ixf6 17 .exf6t ie6 18.if4 0-0~0
5 ~~ ~~····~{lil'fi ~~·~
Black is as s;\fe as can be. However, if Whire
~ ~~ ····'~· .."-~'
does not have m spend a Jnove on developing 4

~~·" ~~ ~~~-
rhc bishop, rhings look different.

I6.~ ..ixg5?!
Objectively rhis is the losing move, although
~ ~&~~....~
rhc posicion is m01·e or less unplayable by a b c d e f g h
now. 1here is no way to avoid ~e5~ winning
the queen. TI1e previous few moves had rhe
16 ... ~xe4 17 .ixe 7 Wxe 7 is berrer. Afrer effect of raking the g4~square from the black
18.~h4t ir is cempcing ro play 18 ... g5!? m queen. Also, if the mok was not on d4, Black
force White to sacrifice a piece, or ro go into would have .. J¥!c5t and .. J%d8, refuting rhc
an equal ending. Howevet·, che piece sacrifice attack by protecring both e7 and d7, and thus
is very strong! 19.~xg5t! @f8 20.gadl ~c4 eliminating rhe threat ofgxc6i" _
2l.b3! A nice example of deAeccion in action.
21.. .~xc2 22.e6! 'fl1e pawn i.s used as a lever 23 ••• c5 24J~ddl c4 25~ge5 'MixeS 26.fxe5 c3
ro open up rhe black position. 111ere is no 27.bxc3 ha2 28JWh6
defence, e.g. 22 ...i.g6 23.\Mff6 gg8 24J%d8t 1l1e queen has done her job and comes to
gxd8 25.e71' wirh mme. che centre to decide the game.
For this reason Black needs to play 18 ... @f8!,
2s •••.te6 29.~d2 ghs 30.~d4 b6 3I.'!Wb4
although even here his posicion after I9J%xe4
c5 32.'1Wxb6
@g8 20.e6 fxe6 21.gael really stinks. 1-0
I7)ijf6t!! Afrcr this brilliant, but maybe not very
TI1is rh.:: wonderful idea behind the
\Vas complicated game, it is cime for something
previous mov~. 'lhis check is far stronger now painstakingly hard to swallow, but just like
Black cannor flnd rhe time for long casding. the best vitamin pill, it will do you a world
Chapter 2 -Typical Piece Play 175

of good. Ihe ~pecial moment ro pay attention 2l.h3?!

to is at move 23 for Black, bur the game is very 'Ihis invites Black ro vcnmre a dangerous
interesting in itself. so we will go imo derail piece sacrifice.
with rhc moves leading up co rhis poim as well.
Ir was far better to play
Michael Brooks - Gregory Kaidanov 2l.g3
·when the critical line suggests that White is
New York 1990 better.
l.e4 eS 2.lLlf3 lLlc6 3.~b5 a6 4.~a4 lLlf6 Kaidanov is right ro rhink that this is the
5.0-0 ~e7 6J3el bS 7.~b3 0-0 8.d4 lLlxd4 best move.
9.lLlxd4 exd4 10.e5ltle8 ll.Wfxd4 c5 12.Wfe4 22.~g5!
lLlc7 13.c4 bxc4 14.~c2 g6 15.~h6 E!e8 After the alternatives Black has good
16.ltlc3 ~b8 17.Wfxc4 E!b4 18.Wfd3 ~h4!? play. Both 22.gxh4 ~xh2t! 23.~fl 1Mfxh4
I think ir i~ f.1ir m say rhat d1i1> is ,1 case of 24.~xc5! ~e5 and 22.M"4 1M/c8!! 23.gxh4
launching wirh a rook. On irs own the rook is ~xf4 24..!!xe8t ltJxe8 offer Black good
not able to creare ,lily serious threats, beyond compensation for the exchange.
rhe one co rhe bi~>hop on hG, bur it j.., able to 22 ... \Wxg5 23.1Mfxd6 ~xh2!
force \XIhite imo ~orne concessions on the
kingsidc, which will open the way (al111ost
literally) for rhe queen's deadly entrance.

Probably ir is berrer ro finish rhe development

rather chan this optimistic launch. After
J8 ... ~b7 it is hard ro say who is better.

White should not fall for 19.'W'd2? g5!, when
he loses a piece.
a b c d e f g h
19 ... d5 20.exd6 ~xd6 24.~e4!
Often we sec this phenomenon; it is
important for the defender to block the
diagonal/line, bur ro do so in a way that
forces rhe opponent to exchange a piece
immediately (or ar least have this as an
important factor in many of the variations),
si 111 ply to easy rhe pressure.
24.ttJe4? was Kaidanov's main line, bur
this move falls short to 24 .. JWh6! 25.m'xc7
(25.itJfGt?? would lose the game very very
quicldy. The knight has an essential job in
blocking the long diagonal.) 25 ... ~hit
2G.~g2 Axc4t 27.~xe4 ~h3t 28.~f3
176 Attacking 1\!.lanual 2

~hSt 29.~d (29.~g2 f!h2t 30.@gl f!xe4 25 ... gxe4!! 26.ctJxe4 (26.f!xc4 i&h3 27.~f3
31.~xe4 :ghl i· shollld also win) ctJeG! and rhcre is no good defence against
... ctJgS and .. .f5.) 26 ... ~h5 27 ..Ebdl (27.ctJf6T
tz:: )_::;;::z ~ x/%~~~ ~h8 is no betrer. White's best artempt iS
c::/:;; ?:=%4'- a.··~~~~
:i~.< /•/ .:.... .%/./ .1~~:\, •'!;:'··~-%0~;.%.
i 27.\Wxc7 ixe4 28.:gxe4 ~h 1t 29.@g2 Eih:al·
wirh a very poor ending.) 27 ... ~h 1t 28.S:!?g2
6 & V!A x%;: ·;;q-2~ & ·~ 5
A :}/1 <W0. ;':.;::{:9i A •-~ =..: ctJcG! After rhc queen is nudged a\'i'ay, White
%'@' • YJ.;j'W w:··· • \1/#; .:;::-
5 ~~ f~ ~ ;J~i~ §..
0;: "'-··~-~,;-;;.'· .xo:c~::=:-:,.-. ~~'v,x;(' 0--,.~;m:m:; c...
is lost. 29.\Wb8t (29.f!d8t ctJxd8 30J3xhl
4 g;;q ;n&fi • n;:~ ~ ,E ~e2! and the knight is lost) 29 ... ~g7
:·:~/:j-; /·~··/ ...:"': ~-~
.·/ ;..;.y.;; .......
Jfffi;.. ~l ~; ~;(!W ;:J 3o.mrxb7 ctJf4t! 31.gxf4 mrh3 mare!
3 ~~
~/h':/ &&~
,.@..• /. ~w:
/, __ , ra
z . "/ 3
1l1e following moves appear to be rather
2 A :11\~; );~;::: 'ffiJ ~
';Q,/d,..~ }?J;\· . }0~:.;-.... J~ forced:
, / ~\~
J'/7:'» ~~
• .. ~~ z.Wij~
25 ... lMfxf2t 26.~h 1
a b c d e f g h 26. ~h3? ic8t
26 ... :3xe4 27.ctJxe4 ixe4t 28J~xe4 ~£3t
29 ... ~d5!! 30.~f3 :gxe4 .31.:gxe4 ~xa 1 and
29.~gl ~xe4 30.1&xc5 ctJeG 31.mrcst ~g7
Black is winning in every sense of rhe word.
32.~c3t S:!?g8 33.~el %Yd5
White's best opcion is a rook ending wirh
two pawns less.
24 ... W1fS!? 8 ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ -·~
'm.~ ~
I am almost sure chat chis sharp move is 7 ~ ~~. ~.~.~,
'~ ~Ji)~~.~.~?.
rhe berrer Oj.)[ion here, btH ir is a difficult 6
~ ~--~~?$~~ ~i
question, as rhe final positions in rhe two
lines are very alike. In rhis line White is
.. ~
~,;~~iL, .,)~~ w~~~f~ ~
~ §: ., "'

deprived of a viral pawn ~upporring che

3~ ~ ~ ~~ 3
l~J{ .%_ Y.~~--· %~
kingsidc, while in rhe a!(crnarive line, Black 2
has the d4-square for rhc knighr. / ~- .%~ J»g._ ~m >::~
24 ... :gxe4 is, as ~aid, rhe possibly slightly 1~ ~ ~~
worse possibiliry. After 25.CDxe4 ixe4 a b c d e f g h
26Jhe4 \Wh6 27.f!ael f!h 1·r 28.@g2 '®h3t I {hink char the strong knight and the
29.~f3 ~xe1 30.!;xc1 ctJeG iris possible that exposed white king should give Black roughly
Whire has sOJ"ne ways to play for a win. even chances in a practical game, bur this is of
25.~xh2! course ahvays up to discussion. It is annoying
25.~f4? fi1ils to a nice shoe: for White than he cannot exchange queens
-although the black king might also become a
targcr for arrack at some point.

2I. ...ixh3!
Kaidanov hardly hesitated for long before
taking rhis invitation. What exactly \Vhire had
mis:.ed in what follows is not easy to sec.

22.gxh3 ~xh3
\'X'hire is under a lor of arrack; there arc no
defenders on the kingside, and both the rook
and bishop are very threatening.
Chaprcr 2 - 'lypical Piece Play 177

Black has <l more or less lethal arrack, or a

winning endgame after:

8 • ~ ~.*~
~- -~ ~-~-
,.~.r."r• ~
~~ w~ ~ ~~ ~-
~~z. -7~ -~ ~!-
~ ~

a b c d e f h
~ ~if~
:ij, ...


:ij......Y. , .. ,/
%. . . . . •
\Ulj· 'S' ....
~9~.9. ~
~ -~~~ ~
Kaidanov suggested thar White 1>hould play a b c d e f g h
23 _cj:;lfl, but Black has a powerful blow in
30 .. .1l9xel t!! 3l.~xe1 ~exc3t 32.~xe3 ~xc3t
23 ... :Sexe3!. 1his is based on 24.£Xe3 ~h2!!,
with a winningadvanrage. White can ofcoursc 33 .@dl ~el t!! 34.@xel ttJxc2t 35.@dl
rake back with rhe rook, but rhc check on h 1
\XThite catl win the knight on a 1 eventually,
will restore rhe material balance, after which
but he cannot handle the three passed pawns
Black will have excdlenr prospects of winning
011 the kingside as well.
the garne.

1his loses by force, bur who can blame
Brooks for rnissing rhe brilli<tnr next move by

111 e only move was:

Now afrec
23 ... \Wh4 24.@fl ~e6!
. Black's artack continues w be very dangerous. 2
All chree heavy pieces are creating mayhem.
For example, \Vhite would lm.e afrer
a b c d e f
l5.tLlxd6? \Wh5!!, when the king is trapped.
Tints ic b necessary co play: 23 ... ~h2!!
25.@c2 A fantastic p1ece of prophylaxis m the
Bur Black's arrack i1> very powerful. arrack.
25 ... tLlb5! 26.@d I t2Jd4
Black's position here is probably simply Whire was looking forward co 23 ... '1lNh4
berrer. 1he peril!> ~'hire is faced with is well l4.1Wg2! ~h2 25.1Wf3!, when all Black ~1as is a.
explained by the following by no means draw by repetition. Now it is not posstble for
forced line: the white queen to defend the kingside and rhe
27.tLld2 ~g3! 28.fxg3?! Wg41'! 29.~cl 1Wxg3 end comes fast.
178 Atracking lvlanual 2

24.W/c4 his knight on f5, fi·om where it has the chance

24.~e4 gxc4 2).ctJxe4 \Wh4 also wins. to sacrifice itself on g7 and stan a crushing
arcack. Although the players in this game are
24 ••• E:xe3! 25.E:xe3 WlgSt 26.E:g3 Axg3 amateurs, rhe standard of play is quite high.
27.CDe4 Wfh4 28.fxg3
Andrew Burnett- Chris McDonald

Edinburgh 2005

l.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3. CDc3 dxe4 4. 'Dxe4 Ad7

Chris really liked this passive system and
ir served him well. At one point he had won
six games in a ro\v. However, after this game
he felt that it was time to move on and play
something a bit more versatile.

s.'Df3 Ac6 6.Ad3 fild7 7.0-o 'Dgf6 s.filg3

Usually Chris\ opponen.rs would play 8.~g5
here and soon all the minor pieces would come
a b c d e f g h off. Even though Chris is a junior) it is in the
28 ... E:hl t ending he excd.s.
Bur nor 28 ... ®'h3?? 29.'.Wxf7i'!, and White is
back in business. 8 •••Ae7 9.c4 b6?!
TI1is feels awkward, as the bishop will have
29.<i>f'2 Wfh2t 30.<i>f3 E:xal 31.CDf'2 'De6 spent three moves to go to b7 instead of one.
32.Ah3 ti:ld4t 33.<i>e3 exg3t
0-1 1t is almost certainly bener to play 9...!x8
1o.1Wxf3 c6 and be passive, but solid. lllese
llte fS/£4-squares kind of positions are always better for White,
but ir also rakes some effort ro break through
1l1e final small ropic I wanr w include in rhis the black defences.
chapter is the f5- and f4-squares, which quire
10.b3 ih7 ll.~b2
often turn our to be pivoml for rhe am.Kk. 1
could ha.ve chosen many ocher~, a.s ir is only
an example of the versariliry of possible ropic!.;
e.g. one 1 considered was ~x.h6/ ...ixh3- bur 1
decided rhat this \vould be overkill and possibly
propel the bool.,. into the> 1 kg category!
1l1c idea of the f4/f5-/)quares is that a knighr
at rimes can be placed on these squares, and
from here exerts exceptional pressure on rhe
opponem's poshion. ]he game 1 have chosen
ro show this was played in a local tournamem
in Scotland and rht" vicdm was a pupil of mine.
ln it \X'hite sacrifice~ a pawn fof a chance co pur
Chapter 2 - Typical Piece Play 179

ll. .. c5? Finally Black has managed to challenge the

'll1is is a definite mbrake. Black has spent knight on f5. Chris was hoping char he would
too much dme on his bishop co be prepared be able ro repulse the arrack and defend his
for rhis kind of direct confronracion in rhe exrra point (the younger genera.tion can be so
ccnrre. materialistic!).

Correct was 11 ... 0-0 when Black is nor doing 17.'Dxg7!! 'ttxg7 18.~xe6
too badly, afrer all. Eliminating a cenrral defender.

12.d5! 18... fxe6 19.'Dg5

A pawn sacrifict> designed ro open up for Also very strong was 19.~xd7 ~f8 20.'Wfd2
the bishop on b2 and ro give \'V'hitc, ac leasr wirh an arrack, but White is playing all the right
temporary, acce~s ro the fS-square. moves, so rhe1·e is no reason for tinkering.

12... exd5 13.'Df5 0-0 14.~el ;ges 15.cxd5 19 ... 'Df8

.bd5?! Black has ro protect the e6-squa1·e.
1his is the clcci~ive mistake, alrhough ir i.s
nor really a rnove one can criricise roo severely 19 ... ~g8 20.ctJxe6 ~c8 21.~d2 would be vet-y
ri·om a practical perspective. hard fm· Black to meer. 21 ... Wf7 22.ctJg5t
Wg8 23.~c4t Wg7 24.ctJ£7! is but one \vay
It was necessary ro play somerhing a!ong rhe for White co win in an attack. Black has no
lines of 15 ... ~f8, when Whirc is dominadng response co all the threat~.
afrer 16.B!xe8 \Wxe8 17.~b5.
20.~h5 e5
16..ib5 .ie6
1he intenncdiare move 16... a6 does nor
solve all of Black's problems. \Xlhite wins wirh:
17.~:'(f6! ~xf6 18J%xe8f V9xe8 I 9.~xd5 axb5
20.Ei.e l Wd8 2J.lL)d6 and there is no adequate
defence to 22.ltJxt7.

2l.~xe5! was even more deadly, bur the text

a b c d e f g
._ h move is certainly good enough .
180 Auacking Manual 2

21 ••• <i>h8?!
21..5~h6 'Nould h,we oA-ered a good deal
berter resistance, bur White is srill winning
wirh rhe simple 22.'Llf3, with rhreat~ such
as .actf and simply 'Llxe5 with a continuing

22.i.xe5 h6 23.i.c4
Black t·esigned. Mare is imminenL

\Virh these themes covered 1 hope ro have dealt

with rhe most important categories of piece
play. Obviously, it is noc possible ro cover every
rheme, or you would be covering about half
the themes in chess; buc none the less, l hope
the ground we have covered in rhis chapter will
help rhe readers improve their own piece play.
Chapter 3
Typical Pawn Play

,., tlet1~e- wM tle1iti tleat tk ~Prall attcl;Qw~rl~~ etll(l((lt ele~ t11tftlet1f

Iva~ lf~~jCr 9urt a lftjlet 1/t a ~1ft UJ/t/r, a /ltQ~fai'ttl, (!Jaloi L(1Jf(a}
Diagram preview

On this page you find 8

diagrams with crirical moments
from rhe corning chapter. 1
recommend char you rake up
ro 10 minures ro think about
each of rhem. 1he solutions arc
found on the following p~ges in
rhe annotations co the games.
Po.sirions wirh a circled P can
be played against ,1 compurer.

A clever move Can White attack?

(see page 192) (see page 212)

a b c d e f g h

Which move wins for Black?

(see page 21 G)

How ro usc rhe momcnru m? \'V'h ire ro C<tlcuLue very well A positional decision
(see page 191) (see page 207) (sec page 224)
Covered in this Chapter Ernesto lnarkiev- Ivan Nepomniachtchi

Russian Championship Super Final, tv1o~<.:ow 2006

• Pawn breaks
• Pavms as valuable as pieces
• Pawn storms l.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.~c3 ~f6 4.~5 ~fd7 5.f4
• Pawn sacrifice~ c5 6.~f3 ~c6 7.il.e3 cxd4 8.fiJ:1'A:d4 il.c5
• Provoking weaknesses 9.Wfd2 0-0 10.0-0-0 a6 ll.ci>bl!?
The most popular move these days is
Afrc:r looking at v.Hious a.speccs ()f piece play, prob<r.bly 1LlNff2.
let us now turn our arre-ndon to rhe pawns.
1 will pteswne rhat rhe reader has a certain 11 •.• CiJxd4 12•.txd4 b5 13.Wfe3
prct-e<.luisire knowledge about p<l.l.\'1\ play; for
example, I will nm go too deeply inro pawn
J:-j_~ ~--~
sronns, bm will simply show sorne example~ I 8
find interesting for various reasons.
~~ . / . L .. %,#,
6 i~ ~~.- ~
B~~.~~~.~~~ ~
~~-- --,~~7~-- ..·~w~~
Pawn Breaks
~ ~~ ~
A pa\vn bre.tk is usually used co dellne rhc
siruacion where rwo or more opposing pawns
3 • W#,rn ···'s 2[;j%
collide and the position opens up as a rcsuiL
'I his can happen in a lac of ditl'ercnt scenarios,
of which I luve chosen just a fc"v iliLtStr<ltive 1 ~~~:~.j_,~:
and entertaining examples.
a b c d e f g h
In rhe first example we shall look at a blocked 13...ixd4
c:enrre, ""here p.nvn breaks (~1hvo.ys supporting Though not main line territory, this
and supported by rhc: pieces) can be an position has still been played a number of
important pan of an arrack against rhe king. rimes, induding by Nepomniadnchi. But
ln rhe following game we shall see how rhc: rhe following game shows that Black docs not
kingside is opened by successive pawn break~, equalise without trouble. 13 ... ~b6 14.~xc5
c:vcntuaUy opening up fol' rhe white pieces and 'Dxc5 l5.~d3 b4 16.'Dc2 a5 17.~d4 ~aG
rhcir assault on the black king. 18.5 ~xd3 l9.f6! gxf6 20.cxd3 ~c7?f 2l.exf6
lt should be said rb;u a.lrhough the pa·wn ®h8 22.~f3 and White was doing well in
bl'caks <trc the dominanr posirional rbeme of Timoshenko- Korchnoi, Panormo 2001.
this gJ.mcJ and nm a very complex one, even
these high!}' distinguished gr:.uHJm~~srers seem 14J~xd4!?
to be struggling a bir with it; both posrtionally A novelty. 14.Wlxd4 ~b7 15,~d.~ W:fe?
and racr:ically 16. ~he 1 b4 17. ~e2 a 5 was played in Dolrnatov
- Korchnoi~ Las Vegas 1999.

TI1.e queen looks misplaced here in whar
follows. Ic was probably bertet ro try:
184 Attacking Ivfanual 2

] 4 ... Wfb6 15 ..~d3 b4 l7 ... ~a6

Nor 15 ... tLlc5? l6.~xh7t! ~xh7 17.~h3t This looks rempring. If Black is able to
~g8 18.f5 f6 l9.~h4 with :1 strong arrack, exch~mge rhis powerful bishop Whire's
or 18 ... exf5 19.'Dxd'5 winning. arr.1cking chances on the kingside would
Ar this poim \XIhire might play positionally decrease greatly, leaving Black with enough
with 16.'De2 or rake a big risk with: time to create sufficient coumerplay on rhe
1G.'@h3!? f5 17.'De2'Db8 queenside. Bur White can make use of rhe
The rook is napped on d4, bm White has his bishop before this happen::. wirh a classic
resotuc~:s as well and does nor have ro .sound sacrifice.
the retreat just yet.
l8.g4 CDc6 l9.gxf5 'Dxd4 20.fxe6 g6 2l.Wfe3
~xc6 22.'2lxd4 !b7!
Wirh rhe idea ... :5af7. Black seems robe fully
8,1--- -*~
~~{~~- ~:"""{ .. -"~-~
~~ -~ffl":&'~··---7.~ =
6 .Jt.~ ~~; A~ ~ ~
in the game, though rhc posicion is first and
foremost hard ro evaluate.
5 w
1,. ·"~{~
~ ~·

4 ?.lli1 i~ ff:!j ~ ~-
• . . . z~:~iif -~~~~~~
15.~d3 b4?!
15 ... ~b7 was recommende-d by Maxim
Norkin in Cbt'SJ Todrt)l, rnainly because
'PA~A'\~-- ·"~~ ';q'M
2 ozdo~

J6.~xh7t doe!-. nor work 110w rhat d5 is a b c d e f g h

protected. Bur Inarkicv would prob<tbly
18.~xh7t!! ®xh7 19.~h3i" Wg8 20.f5
have been satisfied playing 1G.Wfb3 when
This attack is successful for rwo reasons:
J6 ... g6 is unpleasant, bur besc, as 16 ... h6?!
17.g4 is simply roo dangerous. Having said The first is rhat rhe knight on d6 does a
rhar, it is stillunforrunarc for Black chat \Vhire wonderful job of preventing rhe black king
is allowed co rransfer rhe knight ro d6. from escaping via fl.
Secondly, rhe facr that the black queen
is undefended on e7 will force Black ro
weaken his king's position in a few moves
20 ... ttJxe5 2l.gh4 g6 22.:5h8t Wg7 23.Wfh6t
wr6 24J:trh4t g5
Jusr as pl'omised.
25.:5h6t 'Dg6
25 ... Wg7 loses immediately: 26.~h7t Wf6
27.1Mfh6t 'Dg6 28.Wfg7 mare.
26.Wfd4t c5 27.~b6!
This transfer to rhe ocl1er wing is t>imply
27 ... ~g7 28.fxg6 Wff6
a b c d e f g h
Seemingly rhe only defence against 'DfSt.
I6.4Je4! aS 17.~d6 fS For example, after 28 ... &g6 \'X/hire wins
Evaluating the mosr import<lnt alrernarive quickly with 29.fiJf5t! and mate is near.
will illustrate why rhb move is probably Bur here White can "vin \Vith a beamiful
absolurdy forct'd. combination.
Chapter 3- Typical Pawn Play 185

For some reason Inarkiev was apparently

unhappy about rhis move after the game,
chinking rhar 18.h3 might have been better.
Dvoretsky indicated rhar 18.g',cl !? with a
complete change of srraregy was also worth a
though c.
I chink char both approaches are roo
elaborarc/arrificial. 1here is no reason why
White should nor play rhe natural moves.

18 ... fxg4 19 ..te2?

I am nor wildly impressed with this move,
rhe rhough it certainly does make ~ome sense from
game. a logical standpoint. Bur rhen Mark Dvorersky,
lnarklcv's trainer, says rhar grandmasters might
play bad moves, bur rhey never play moves
withom ideas.
Inarkicv wants ro transfer rhe bishop ro g4
ti·om where it nor only puts pressure on e6,
bur also supports rhe break f4-f5. 1his strategy
was more succe~sful in rhe game than it .should
have been due to sub-optimal defence.

'lhc bishop is already well placed at d3 so it

makes sense ro bring rhe final piece into play
a b c d e f g h Now Black is forced to spend time eliminating
the d3-bishop before he is mated.
~n1e logical 'vay to continue rhis position For
19 ... ia6!
\'{!hire is to seck a pawn break. All his hopes
19 .. .ltk5? Black usually does nor want
must be based on an acrack on rhe kingside
to exchange knight for bishop anyv,ray in
and it is rhus natural char rhe break should
this line, bur here he is not even given the
come there, meaning wirh g2-g4. ~1e plan is
chance: 20.ixh7t! ~xh7 21 J~xg4 ~h8
rhen to open more file~ with rhe bre<tk f4-f5,
Orhcrwise '\Wh3j and ~h4 will decide rhe
so char rhe e-pawn become~ a powerful force
game. 22.f'5! exf5 23.~h4t @gS 24.:gxh8t
and Black loses further control over his light
@xh8 25.tWh3t ~g8 26.~h4 and Black is
~quare~., mainly f5 and d5. One ~hould nor
once again busred.
underestimate rhc domino effect this will have
on rhe lighr squares in rhe black pmicion, which
20.ixh7i"?! does nor work chis rime around
ar rhe moment are only indirecrly prnrecred hy
because of 20 ... rnxh7 2l.~xg4 lLlxe5!
rhe bishop on c8, bur otherwise left: m rheir
(2l...~g8 22.:gdl! Protecting the first rank,
own devices.
afrer which Black is faced wi(h deadly ideas
such as ~dg 1 and VJ!g3, or tWh3 and ~h4,
186 Arcacking i\1anual2

against: which rhere is no adeq uatc defence.) \Vhite remains bcrrer, as inde~d he docs in the
22.~xe5 1Wf6 and rhc white pieces are no game, ir is nor rhe best way ro conrimte the
longer managing w prcscm a cohcrenr threat game.
against the black king.
20 ....ixd3 21 J~xd3 a4 I9 .. .tiJcS 20.hg4 ~b7
'White has a .significanr advantage. Whc:rhcr Bl;tck is desperaTe to get rid of the white
it ls enough to win is nor clear, bur it docs knight, bur the loss of rime still counts.
pm Black under a lot of pressure.
It \\'a!! also possible ro play 21.tlJxc8!? ~axeS
22.f5 exf5 23.~f3 but Whire only keeps a
slight edge all the same.

22.~gl!? is also srrong 1 bur I prefer the
White is threatening ~dg3, followed by ~h4,
in order m n1ect chc pos~iblc response ... g6
wirh ~xg6t, winning. It m.ighr be thar Black a b c d e f g h
has norhing bctrer rhan: 2I. .. hhn
22 .. .:1~xf4!? From here on Black fails to understand a
Bur after: specific derail a.bout the posicion: the bishop
23Jl:xf4 tlJxe5 24.~g31Wxd6 25.~h4 needed to be on c8 in order ro cancel our its
Black cannot sufficiently defend hie; king~ ide.
opposite number on g4. By failing to recognise
Hi~ only play is:
this, his posirion goes from slighdy worse to
25 ... E:f8 26.gxh7 gfl·j·
lost in just a few moves. For rhis 1-eason the
Escaping ro ~lll endgame, where \XIhite has better move was 21 ... \Wxb?! wirh just a slight
all rhe chances. Black would probably only disadvantage.
draw about 15911 of rhc rimes rhis endgame
was played between thc~e nvo players. 22J!gl a!f7
'Uw; looks roo arrificial. 22 ... a4!? with rhe
1 am sure rhar 19 .~g 1 is the besr move, hut idea 23.1Wh3 ~c8! was possibly better.
I think it is wonh mentioning why 19.h3
is incorrect. Black will have ro answer wirh 23.ifh3 ge8?
19 ...g3 and has seemingly losr some rime. Bur
By this poinr 23 ... ~c8 was absolutely
probably more imporram is rhat \Vhite has lmr necessary, bur Black has not properly evaluated
the acces!! ro rhc h3-square. Sol even though the dangers he is f.1.cing.
Chapter 3- Typical Pawn Play 187

26... VHxc2t 27.~al .ic8

27 .. .'Wc6 28.f!df1! and rhcre is no good
defence against the furrher advance of rhe
pawn, e.g. 28 ... ia6 29.f7t! f!xf7 30.f!xf7
~xf7 31.'W'xh7 when rhe black king will be

28 ..ih5 ~d8
After 28 ... g6 29.ixg6 hxgG 30.\~~lh6 f!h7
3 1.f7t! \'(!hire wins.

29.VHh4 ~f8 30.f7t ~fxf7

a b c d e f g h 30... ~h8 3I.ig6 wins.
3Lixf7t ~xf7 32.VHg5 h6 33.VHd8 .ia6
Enally it i~ rime for this long amicipared
34J~xg7t ~xg7 35.~gl t
break. Black has nor prepared well for it and i~
quickly overrun.
In the next game rhe pawn breaks on move.) 15
24... VHc5 25.~ddl?!
and 16 have two functions. The main one is ro
\'(!hire misses an immedhue win, alrhough
creare an avenue for the knight on c3, while the
his chosen move does nor change rhe general
second is ro open lines for the heavy pieces.
evaluation of rhc position.
Curiously White seems to lose sight of the
lt is hard to gue~.) whar parr or 25.fxe6 ~xd4 second of these, wirh the result rhar Black,
(25 .. Jk7 26.if5 g6 27 ..~xg6 is also plain with his position on rhe verge of collapse, is
sailing) 26.exf7"!" ~xf7 27.f!fl "t ~g8 28.~0 gifted an unexpected lifeline. Forrunarely for
\V'hite missed. rhc attacker, Black misses the opporrunity and
a devastating king hum ensues.
25 ... ~c7 26.f6
As Black has nor .)topped the pawn, \Xfhire Mikulas Manik- Ilija Balinov
decides thar it can open an even more important
file rhan at first expected. Olomouc 1997

I.e4 c5 2.lbf3 d6 3.d4 lbf6 4.lbc3 cxd4

s.lbxd4 lbc6 6 ..ig5 .id7 7.VHd2 lbxd4
8.VHxd4 VHaS 9.f4 h6 IO..ixf6 gxf6 IL.ic4
~c8 12 ..ib3 VHc5 13.VHd3 e6 14.0-0-0 b5
Black hJ.s played the opening in a somewhat
blase fashion, spending time on everything
bur development and king safety, seemingly
relying on the solidity of his cenrre. Perhaps
he was anticipating a standard light-squared
arrack based on f4-f5. If that was rhe case,
White's next move musr have come as a rude
1H8 Arracking Manual 2

and Black is in possession of rhe two bishops,

which would give him some practical chances
to make a draw.

Whire could protect rhe knight by raking on
d6, but his eyes are set on rhc black king.

18 ....ixa4

~.~~*~ ~
a b c d e f g h 7 LJ!i ~~ ~~-"
I5.e5! f5
6 ;--·~~ •i~W)·
~~-~~ fl~~~
Black is avoiding the tt.Je4 jump. This [tres
badly in the game, bur ir is the position, rarher 5
rhan this isolated move, which is ro blame. 4j_. ~ ~~~
3 ~:i~~--Y~ m.
~?'~ ~ ~W/t/
- //
Whire is insisting on breaking up the black 2 ~~~~ • ~~-!
w--~'W4~~ ~
~.:~ ~:
pawn fonnarion. He could havc played 16.exd6
and been nH!ch bem:r as well, of course, bur
rhc dircC[ <tpproach seems ro be more ro his a b c d e f g h
raste. 19.exd6?
A misrake that is quire difficult ro understand
I6 ...h4 as well as expla.in. Clearly \Xfhire was attracted
16 ....ic6 doe~ nor improve m.aners. \Vhire ro rhe rhrear of20.d7t and mighr have thought
can move rhe rook or hack away with 17.gxf5 that this rlucat alone would force Black m play
.ixhl 18.fXe6 with a winning attack. ~il1e black as he did in rhe game.
king is simply roo weak on rhc lighr sqtwres. Hmvever, the pawn on d6 is giving White
the opposite effect of what he was looking
for when he tried to blow up rhe centre with
If the knight i~ ro be s;.tcril1cedt it needs m 15.c5.
be on a square where it does nor seriously
compromise the king's ~afery.
'lhe winning line included attacking the Icing
while ir is still stuck on a lighr square, and by
17... ~a5?
ensuring rhat the position stays open. 19.fxe6!
~H~is turns our co be rhc decisive mistake.
'vas the move. Possibly Whire simply missed
17 ... ~b5 \vas berrer, bur the prosaic 18.\Wxb5
rhe defence in rhe game, bur otherwise he
.ixb5 19.gxf5 would leave Black withouc any
could also have underestimated rhe power of
counrcrplay against rhe misplaced knighr
rhe pawn on the sevenrh rank i11 lines such as
on o.4, so B<tlinov musr have found ir rarber
l9 ... ~xb3 20.®xb3 ~c7 (20 ... ~c5 2l.exf7t
dispiriting to rhink of moves like rhese. On
<i?d7 22.E:hgl and 23.~g8 leaves Black
the orher hand, rhe knighc is srill poorly placed
absolutely paralysed) 2 Lexd6 ~xd6 22.exf7t
Chaprer 3- Typical Pawn Play 189

~f8 23.ahgl ixf4-!- 24.<4?bl ig5 25.h4 Now 21.~xe6t!

rhe besr Black can ger is a lose rook ending 21.ahe 1 would have given a dangerous
-r .. ,Mt
a f-rer_), Bc. 4 arrack, bur this is absolutely decisive.

19 ... ~d7? 2l ... ~xe6 22.d7!

A rather scriom mistake. ~OH:: king should ll1e pawn is advanced, both as a passed
under no circumstances seek safety on a light pawn, and as a potentially superfluous paw11,
square. You could actually say that nothing which is in rhe way.
is cabier for White ro play rhan the coming
combination. Black wa..o; given chc chance ro 22 •.. ~xc2t
.sray in the game, bur only if he handled his TI1is and the next move are necessary, as after
king better. 22 ... ~d8 23.~g6t Black is quickly mated.

The correct move was 19 ... ~d8!) when after 23. ~bl E;xb2t
20.d7 .B:c6! or 20.fxe6 fxe6 2l..B:hel .\&xb3 EYerything ehe aiiO\.v.s check, check and
22.~xb3 ~f5 23Jhc6 ~c6 would leave Black mart:.
with decent chances of a !.uccessful defence.
\Xlhhe is probably a lirrle bcrter in rhe latter
24. ~xb2 .tg7t 25. ~b 1 J.xdl
ll1e best chance was 25 .. .'\WfS though after
of these two lines, bur tl1e black king is sort of
26J!hel t \f?f6 27.W'xf5t <;!{xf5 28.d8=Wf
~afe for rhe moment, leaving him wirh enough
White should win the endgame comfortably.
rime co get the rook into the game (and maybe
even drearn of making use of the bishop after

19 ... ~c6? might look as if ir has similar

qualities, bur White has a tactical option
in 20J¥fd4!, with a winning attack. TI1c
main point is that 20 ... ~h7 loses brutally to
21.~xa4 Wi'xa4 22.d7t ~d8 23.\&t6i' ic7
24.Wi'xe7t \t?xe7 25.d8:::1& mare.

20.fxe6t fxe6

It might look tempting to play 26.~g6t if6

27J!e1 t, in order ro mke the bishop with
check after 27 ... 1\t>xd7 28.~xdl·f'. But the
problem with this line of acdon, is that the
endgame after 28 ... ~c8 29.1¥lxf6 .B:d8 looks
very hard to win indeed. One of [he points is
190 Attacking Manual 2

chat rhc potencial pawn ending her~ is a draw

by a single tempo.

26••• <±>£6
26 ... ~f7 loses as well. A very nice Iine
including a sensational triangulation by rhe
queen was pointed our ro me by TM Silas
Lund, to whom I showed rhis game as a
calculation exercise some years ago. 27 .'\Wc4 t
@g6 28.'\Wc6i" @h? (28 ... @h5 29J!xdl
followed by !!d5t decides.) 29.'\We4t ~g8
30.'\Wc4t ~h7 31.1Wd3t and White wins
decisive material.

27JWd6i" <±>f5 28.Wfe61" <±>xf4 29.Wfe4t

Although this is mare by force, I favour rhe
more econornical 29.!!e47 ~f.) JO.'\Wg4i" @f2
3l.®g3t ~f1 32.!!cl mate.

29•.• c±>gs 30J~gi t c±>hs 3t.Wfg6t c±>h4

32.Wfg3t 8.~e3! is the bener move. White holds on
1-0 to the nvo bishops and prepares to advance
his kingside pawns. This offers him <l good
A';, the final example of rhis ';,ecrion I have
advanrage and in general makes the variation
chosen a game where \XIhirc challenges Black
highly dubious for Black. One example of
on what is supposedly his strongest poinc (d5)
this went: 8 ... ttJbd7 9.0-0-0 c6 IO.~bl Wfc7
and follows rhc pawn break up wirh a piece
ll.g4 ttJd5 12.~c1 tlJxc3! 13.'Wxc3 ~d6
sacrifice or rwo in almost every line. Again the
14.11Jl(3ttJf6 15.g5ttJg8 16.c4 ~d7 17.d5! and
main pmposc of rhe pa\vn break is ro open files
Black did nor even last another ten moves in
ro the opponent's king. This is nor alway~ the
Fressiner- feygin, Emsderren 2008.
case, but ir is so very often.
Adrian Flitney - Robert Mitchell
1his move is a disaster. Wirh rhe queen out
Canberra 2008
early, ir is narural for Black ro look for solidity,
bur this is overdoing it. The only way he can
I.e4 d5 2.exd5 Wfxd5 3.CLJc3 Wfd6 play such a position is to be ready ro accept
1his li11e has becom~ increasingly popular in pawn sacrifices such a';, rhese.
rhe lase few ycMs, bm it is probably no better
than 3 ... '\Wa5 or c::ven .3 .. JWc57 ... 8 ... '\Wxd4! was in every way rhe principled
move. Nor only because ir is raking a cemral
4.d4CLJf6 pawn directly, but also because it seriously
Tiviakov plays 4 ... c6, which shows that he disrupts \X!hite's further dcvelopmeiH. The
just wants ro avoid positions where computers strongest continuation is probably 9.~d3, in
can kill him. order ro castle queenside. Bur alrhough it is
Chapter 3 -Typical Pawn Play 191

clear rhar after 9 ... l2Jbd7 10.0-0-0 White has che position looks tough, it feels right w play
compensation for rhe pawn, we should not according ro the plan devised, which here is
forget that Black h very solid. 1 would rake abouc solidity and scaying out of trouble.
on his position before I would rake on the
great responsihilicy of proving compcmation lO ... ltJxd5 would be met wirh II..ib5!!,
here. when che following line gives White excellem
winning d1ances. ll ... ~d7 12.~xd5 cx:d5
9.0-0-0 e6 l3.c4~c814.~bl E&c515.E&xd5!!cxd516.E&elt
\Vhire has ,lchkved cwryrhing he could ~e7 17.~d6 0-0 18.~xe7 ~a5 19.E&e2 i;x:b5
pos~ibly dream of from the opening. lr 20.cxb5 ~c8 2l.Wfxd5 ~c7 22.a3 and the
would be narural ro continue with 1O.g4 or extra pawn should coum.
something similar, wirh a dear advantage, bur
the astronomical lead in development inspires 1he only move was:
Flirney ro seck an immediate confmnration 1o... cxd5!
with his opponent. Bes[, yes, but still leading ro a sad posicion:

Only chis acrive rnove keep~ up rhe pressure.
Black now struggles in vain ro get the pieces
ll ... ie?!
ll ... cxb5? should be checked, of course, bur
afrer 12.~xd5 ~xdS 13.E&xd5 'Wc8 14J~~e1 t
1i.e7 15.E&xe7t! it is obvious that the ana.ck is
10... cxd5?! decisive with 16.~d6t coming next.
Black has ro rake rhe pawn, hut the manner 12.~xd5 ~xd5 13.~xd5 ~b6 14.~g3!?
in which ht rahs it is very imponam. Ofren it Maybe rhere is something else here, bur 1 do
makes seMc robe rc.solure <tt moments such as not sec it.
these (and inde~d move 8) and play the critical 14 ... 0-0 J5.ie5
n10ve, even rhough you might think rhar many 15.ih6 is also very .strong.
ftctors o( the g<lme arc playing against you. 15 ... g6 16.id4 c5 17..ic3
Here Black is down on development and king \'{/hire has a tremendous advantage, although
safety, but he also has an cxrra pawn. Alrhough Black is not entirely lo.st yet.
192 Anacking Manual 2

11.hb8 :Sxb8 for myself, so I apologise if what I came up

It was also possible cake with the queen,
to with is nor up ro much.
however, \Xfhire can crack open the cenrre As t;u as I could see, the best move in this
with active play after rhis as well: 11 ... ~xb8 po~irion is the paradoxical:
12.i.b5t ~d8 13.i.c4!!

'Ia' ~uu
8 .fa ~ w~~ ~~;
~ES~· ~~ W f~-~
~~ '•& \:::p{· ,, ;;::£"&'>~; ..&.
r~ • J:~55 :~%~ • ~•~ •
6 ~:;:. ~% & ~·( @0 ::
~7 ~%· • ~!iii] '%'/ ;-:
~)'ti. /;. ·~~;;~; •&/':?;;~i//. . )~; ~/.•;
s !#4 :;;;>; ;x~ a ?i?r
~~·~·:_. ..... ..-. •._..··~:~:{~"···X·//Yw··;./.~)%.,.m? c...
4 ~JL~~J
-~~) ///, •/. ~{?
m-: //' ,~p~·
· %·";/.
3 ~~ ;~ J;if:~iffl ~ ~
2 ;fA\i A ~iW
A ~A! A {~>
QJQ; o w;;~; %Q~. o ~~
~~ ·~ ~ :iY8! . ~%% ~
~)J§ /)S"; ~ ;;.;;}3§ ·}~%; ~
a b c d e f g h
\'Vhite nor only intends to sacrifice a piece, TI1e idea is ro play 'Da4t, without losing
he is nor shy about it at all and takes no sreps the bishop on b5. Apparently the bishop is
to hide his intentions. immune on d7, ar least sort o£ 15 ... 'Dxd7?
Black has no better defence than: 13 ... ~.d6 is poor. \Xfhire is able to dismantle rhe pawn
14.i.xd5 exd5 15.tlJxd5 tlJxdS 16.~xd5 ~e8!, chain in the centre, which is protecting the
when he has a chance ro offer resistance in the black king despite his advanced position by
ensuing rook endgame, even though White of simply taking rhe pawns. 16.~xf7 One of the
course should win with his extra pawn. points is rhat 16 ... ~e7? is mer with:

12.~b5t ®e7 13.:Shel a6?

Surprisingly Black <;till had a chance to put
up a lot oF resistance with 13 ... \t>d6!, which
seemed a strange, bur somehow logical move
to me. I gave my computer a few hour~ to
rhink about the position, calling it work, and
mulritasked by reading a trash novel OLLtside in
the sunshine. When I came back, the com purer
had to my deep regret not found anything
substantial for \'Vhirc.
"There wa!l a line with 14.g4 that looked
messy, and White should be doing very well in
the endgame, bur Hill...
Also, rhe bea~t claimed rhar White wa~ So Black has ro try something else, which could
absolutely winning after 14.~f4"f \t>c5, hut be 16 ... tlJf6, but \'Xfhite still wins with the
all it could suggest were various versions of brural 17.~xe6. Suddenly the king's posicion
checks, never actually getting beyond the on rhe fifth rank is a graver issue than it looked
perpetual. Evenrually I realised T had ro think only three moves ago. Black loses in all lines,
Chaprer 3 -Typical Pawn Play 193

including rhis one: 17 ...id6 18.gxf6 gxf6 quite far advanced, rhus increasing the
19.~xdS"I ~b6 20.W/e6! and 21.tLle4, winning likelihood of promotion.
rhe bishop with a decisive arrack. The first example is rather an unusual case,
which shows very nicely how threats on one
14.~xdSt side of the board can allow a pawn to run
A nor very difficult breaJ.ahrough. By this rampant.
stage Black was sick of life and found a way co
end ir quickly. Wolfram Schoen - Petr Makovsky
Correspondence 2005
I4 .•. ~xd5 15J3xd5 '!&aS 16J~d7t ®e8
17.'\&xf7 mate!
1-0 8
\X'ith this I wam to end this section on pawn
breaks. 'lhese four scenarios in no way cover all
rhat could be said about the subjccr of pawn 5
breaks, but I hope they ha,,e inspired the reader
,md offered him a few new insights.
Pawns as valuable as pieces 2

A pawn is usually con'iidered rhe smalle~c unit 1

of value in chess. Yes, ymL can split him into a b c d e f g h
hundredths if you are a computer, bur we are
1he threat to g7 is of course severe, bur it is
sdll ralking abour wood!
hardly lethal. The main reason for this is that
During rhe course of a successfl.!l arrack it is
the black queen is a well-positioned defender ar
quire feasible ro encounter situations where a
d8. This is Black's only good piece, the orhers
pawn is so well placed it is worrh as much as
are dose ro worthless. White cannot break
<H1Y orhcr piece, simply because of the threats
through directly, bm rhe a-pa,vn can cause a
ro the opponem'~ kfng. If we have a queen on
major distraction.
h6 ready ro deliver mace on g7, rhcn all we
need is a single supporting unit. In such a 35.a5!!
scenario, a pawn on f6 can fulfil rhat purpose The main point behind this move is that
just as efFectively as a kniglu, bishop, rook, or 35 ... \Wxa5 36.Wff5! is immediately winning.
even a second qu~en! So, the a-pawn i.s nor only a distraction, it is
also a winner.
·n1ough it would have been possible ro give
some games ro illustrate this rhemc alone, it 3S ••. gxf6 36.gg8! ®e7 37.a6!
turned our that the examples I found most Black resigned a bit prematurely. The end of
inrercsring were for some reason all connected the game could have been 37 ... 'Wa8 38.a7 ~f7
with rhe possibility of promotion as well. (38 ... Wfxa7 39.~xe8t) 39.~a4! ixa4 40.~xa8
Perhaps it i~ not roo surprising rhat rhe two <ll1d Whire will queen the pawn and win
themes go hand in hand, since pawns that are eventually.
involved in an arrack are almost by definition 1-0
194 Acracking J\1anual 2

1he next game is taken from rhe highest level, initiative. As Kramnik clearly had analysed rhis
rhe World Championship. In this there is no in great derail at home, Morozevich did not
direct rhrear co che black king. What we are accept the invitation.
looking for is how passed pawns can be used
a~ a counterpoint ro acrive piece play, or even 8... 0-0
pieces themselves. 'TI1e game i~ verycotnplicucd One critical line conrinues 8 ... ctJxc3 9.bxc3
and, I think, speaks tor itself in this way. ~n1c ~xc3 10J3b1 (10.ia3?! is srrongly mer by
critical moment arrive~ at around move 21, 10 ... ~xd4!) 1O.. JWxd4 ll.Wa4t bS 12.Wfc2
where rhe full cost of Whire'~ risky strategy ~xc5 13.~f4 1.Wf6 14.~xa8. lr is not easy to
comes ro ligln; the respon~ibility ro play determine which is more important: Black's
wich absolute accuracy, pur on bmh players. three extra pawns, or Whire's exrra exchange
and lead in development.
Vladimir Kramnik- Alexander Morozevich
\Xforld C:h;ullpionship, Mexico 2007 9.id2 is probably weaker, as Black can play
9 ... tL'lb6! wirh pressure against d4.
Vladimir Kramnik's fit·sr victory in .Mexico
came in a very complicated game against 9... b5
Alexander l'vforozevich, where Kramnik 9 ... tL'lb6!? lOJ~~d 1 is another option.
showed char he wanred ro win, bur also chat
he was nor enjoying rhe rop form that was 10.~xd5!?
required ro win such a strong evenr. Tn the end White does nor wanr rhe bishop to rake up
he finished second ro Anand and a year later an active posr on b7 and later recapture on d5.
lost rhe "return-march" which his manager had Instead he fixes rhe black central pawns- with
secured. a view ro demolishing them!

I.~f3 ~f6 2.c4 e6 3.g3 d5 4.d4 dxc4 s.~g2 10 ... exd5 ll.b3 c6
a6 6.~e5 ~b4"t 7.~c3 ~d5 8.0-0!? 11 ... f6? would have been premarure because
of 12.bxc4!.

12.e4 f6
This is raking rhc bull by the horns. Black
wins a piece, bur rhe position is by no means
certain to be favourable for him.

Tspent some rime analysing 12 ... dxe4!?, which

~eems perfectly reasonable for Black. I rhink
rhat in general chis opening variation should
not be bad for Black, bur it is complicared and
suirs Kramnik well.

a b c d e f g h 13.exd5 fxe5 14.bxc4!

A very complicated rheorecical novdry. White's strategy of disintegrating the black
Whire offer~ three pawns in rerum for rhe cenrre seems ro have been successful.
Chaprer 3- Typical Pawn Play 195

EaY.t~ }~*•
7~ • -~ . ,
6 i~i~~ if;% ~~
?%40 ~
5 ~i~L3lf~ •
~;-;z·/· ..·::-::~%"'-·~.. %- - ~y,;.-;. -,. -.: -w~...:;
f:lf} A fN~ :~~~ ~~
~010~/ %~ ~
3 ..
.-----Y-~-·-- ~~r~~~ Iff#
2 l~iVI~ ~rtff~
a b
m ~:~
c d e f
/f,j•;/··· /

g h
a b c d e f
17.b6!! is rhe main reason why White's
g h

previous move was the most accurate. After

14... exd4 17... Wxb6 18J~b1 White regains his piece
A typical line, showcasing rhc: potcmial of rhe wirh the advamage. Black will have a hard
white position, goes like this: 14 ... e4 15 ..~xc4 rime dealing with rhe cG-pawn.
~h3 16J~dl ~g4 17.~e3! and White is ruling Insread Black should prefer I 6 ... ~e6!,
the \.vaves of rhe stormy cen rre. One possible uansposing co the note co his 16th move
continuation could be 17 ... t2Jd7! 18.~.xh7t below.
cJ?h8 19.dxc6 tLlf6 20.id3 if3 2Ld5 and 17.a4!
\X'hitc has very strong compensadon for rhe White has excellent compensation for rhe
piece. He would love Black ro rake on d I, so piece. l11e two exrra pawns on the queenside
rhar he could fully control rhe light squares in are easily wonh a piece, as the knighc on b8
rhe centre, bur Black will seek councerplay on is glued to the back rank for what could be a
rhe kingside in!lread. very long rime.

14 ... @h8!? is another interesting possibility. l6.cxb5

'lhc idea is rhar afrcr 15.dxc5 bxc4 16.~xc4
a5 Black's posicion looks entirely playable,
although Twould nor wish ro venture a defi nire
assessmet1t without rhe benefit of extensive

15.dxc6 i.e6!
Played to avoid a potential check on b3.
Trying ro do wirhour this move is worse, for
15 .. J%a7 16.cxb5!
Stronger rhan 16.Wlb3, '..vhich lose!! some
Aexibi li ty.
16... ~aP?! a b c d e f g h
l11is is a natural move, bur probably a 16 ... d3!?
mistake. I arn nor sure about rhis. The obvious idea
16 ... ~c3? J~tils ro: is ro free rhe d4-square for the queen. but it
196 Arracking Manual 2

s X~ ~ ~~~~
also allows \XIhire w ger a pawn ro rhe sevench
6 r.~'d•'~~

5 ~r•f~ ~~~i
16 ...1Wc7? would fail ro 17.1We4 Jlc4 18 ..~f4!,
when White is berter in wbar are admirrcdly
hair-raising complications. 1l1e main problem
-lwf:F~~~~~~ ~
4 '§W ~d~ ~~
~ '"""~~~ ~~-~~~
is rhat Black cannor maimain rhe blockade of 3
~~/////. i ~ i~~ ~
the c-pawn without paying a price.
2 8-~~
/'""/ 0
~// ~w-1···-~ ~J.~ .. j
Strongest would have been: ~r~ ~ ~:=
a b c d e f g h
16 .. J:~a7!
White cannot play a4, as the rook is still After rhis a brilliant line could occur afrer:
pinned on al. 1l1e criricalline seems robe: 18 ... d2?! 19.b6 ~d7
l?J~b 1 d3 19 ... '1Wxb6 20.ixa8 leads to another highly
17 ... ~a5!? 18.ie4 \!{h8 19.a4 gives unclear complicated position rhat appears better for
play. Whire.
18JWb2 d2 19.Jlxd2 Jlxd2 20.b6 ~af7 21.c7! 20.b7
1l1e compensation does nor seem ro be It is nor often thar one encounrers connecred
cerrain after 2l.~bd 1 ~xc6 22Jhd2 ~d7. passed pawns, on rhe seventh rank, on an
21 ... \Wg5 22.Wc2 ia5 23J~fd 1 almost full board of pieces.
The position remains rather unclear. \XIhite 20 ... ~b6 21.'.Wc2 ~ae8 22.hd2 ixd2
will for cerrain win back a piece, bur ar rhe 23.~abl ~c4 24.ih3!! ixh3 25.Wxc4"t ~h8
moment there seems to be no reason ro give 26.b8=1W ~xb8 27.cxb8=1W ~xb8 28.~d4!!
We? 29.'1Wxd2 ixfl 30.~xfl
up a grear pawn on rhe seventh rank for rhe
Whire has won a pawn and has good
winning chances.
My feeling is rhar Black is likely ro be
However, 18 ... ~d7! look.) berrer, afrer which
objectively fine here, bur rhe position is simply
the position is a real mess!
roo complicated ro determine a final evaluation
with any hint of certainty.
Afrer 17.. JWd6 chis was nor necessarily rhe
17.c7! \¥J'd4? besr move, bur now it is just winning.
After rhis horrible blunder Black is plain
losr. I have personally noc been able co find a 18•.. ctJd7
refmation of: 18 ... Wxal 19.Wxb4 is hopeless.
17 ... ~d6!
1l1e posicion is tremendously complicated. I 19.Ae3!
think I at least have found an inreresring ..,.vay 1l1is move is the big difference from the
for Whice to play for an edge, bur I doubt analogous position after 17 ... ~d6. \X'hite
that ic is objectively berrer for Whire. gains control over rhe viral b6-square with an
18.'.Wa4!? exrra tempo.
Instead 18.1Wb2 ~d7! does nor seem as dar
as ir appeat·ed co be rhe llrsr ren minures I 1 9 .ixa8 is weaker.
was analysing ic!
19 .•. \¥J'd6 20.ha8 :Bxa8
Chapter 3 ~Typical Pawn Play 197

conrrol of the white pawns. Clearly Kramnik

was nor convinced about this, bur aided by the
computer, afterwards, it is quite dear that this
would have won rhe game without roo many

Returning rhe compliment. Black was
given a once~in-a-game opportunity to play:
21.. .WdS! The point is that 22.1&xb4? loses to
22 ... WB!! (followed by ... ~dS). Therefore the
critical line seems robe 22.:!!ac1! ~c5 23.Wxa6
(23.bxa6!?) 23 ... ltJb6 24.~xc5 ~xc5 25.~e3
W:fxc7 (25 ... Wd5 26.Wxb6 ~h3 27.®'c6! is
betrer for White) 26.~xb6 ~xa6 27 .~xc7 ~xa2
wirh a draw on the way.

An interesting move was: 22.b6

2l.~acl Now White is just winning.
Black is fi)rced i nro:
2I ... ltJe5 22.b6 Wd5 23.\Wxb4! 22 ... ~e5
23.\Wb3? is insufficient ro win. Black needs 22 ... ltJxb6 23.'.Wc6 and White wins a piece.
to reply 23 ... ~f3t 24.~h I ~c8! "vhen the
position appears ro be <lbouc level in some 23..Le5 \&f3 24. \&dl \&e4
odd fashion. The queens will come off and
Black wins back the exchange. After chis the 8
rremendous pawns should only give White
a draw.
23 ... ~f3t 24.~h 1 ~h4t 25.f3! ~xf3 26.!H2 6
Here there is possibly more rhan one roure
ro victor}', but w me rhe most convincing 4
way is: 3
27.!xd2! ~xd2t 28.~g2!
28.@gl? ~f3t 29Jhf3 Wxf3 30.c8::::~"!" ~xc8 2
3I.:!!xc8t ~xc8 J2.~c4"f @f8 33.Wxc8t
~e7 is nm clemenrary w win.
28 ... ~c4 29.h3! ~xh3 30.\¥rc4
a b c d e f 0'
And ir is aH over. 25.b7 ~f8
After 25 ... ~xb7 26.\Wxd3 ~h3 27.f3 White
However, rhe mosr pragmatic continuation is t\VO pawns up, and nor bad ones either...
might have been 21.1&xa6!?, when Black
cannot avoid the exchange of queens. After 26.c8=~ .idS 27.f3
rhis it seems unlikely that Black can keep 1-0
198 Artacking Ivlanual 2

The next game is a perfect ~xample of rhc

power of pawns. Afrt:r a E1irly cvcntless first 1)
rnove~, Serper cakes <ln aggressive stance against 7
a slightly provocative move. Black has delayed 6
castling \Nith rhe intention ro rake comrol over
some central squares, d4 and f4, bm Serpcr 5
sacrifices a piece ro rake away the transit square 4
eG from Black. and ro creare thre.us against rhe
opponenr's king while it is still stuck in rhe
cencre. 2

This game has deservedly been presented in

quire a number or books by now, bur usually a b c d e f g h
the accompanying annorarions seem w be 14 ..•e5
more or less a reproduction of Ser-per's original 1 do nor really like this move. Black has been
notes from 1993. l don'r rhink rhe game is as pt.\ying \..virh the pieces so far, bm now decides
Aawless as presented in his annotarions, bur to pur a pawn on rhe square rhat could have
it is still arguably one of rhe besr games of all been used as a rram.ir sq uarc for the pieces.
Afrcr 14 ... '2Je5!? 15.'2Jf2 ~e6 ir is 11or easy
From our perspecrive ir is rhe pt'tfect example for White ro make any f.1.vourablc advances.
of pawns being as strong as prcccs; in rh~ Advancing rhe f-pawn is the only active
course of even rs \XIhirc sacrifices ,lf/ ofh is seven idea I can sec for hirn, bur rhis might create
pieces, only co promore a pawn and win rhe weaknesses and is not clear how Whirc will uy
game. 1l1ere arc plenty of threar~ w rhc black to crack rhe opponenr's defences.
king, so after having srrayed slightly from the
realm of pure atraddng chess wirh rhe previous lS.~f'l .tiJf8!?
game, we are well v,rirhin the rheme of chis 'l11c knight is heading for d4. 15 ... tDf4
book again. is better according ro Serpcr, but I don'r see
anyrhing inherently wrong wirh what was
Grigory Serper - Ioannis Nikolaidis played in the game. I have seen a good number
of lectures where this moment has been given
Sr Perersburg 1993 as an exercise to the audience, as if White's
decision here is absolutely obvious and correct,
l.c4 g6 2.e4 .ig7 3.d4 d6 4 . .tiJc3 .tiJ£6 when the most it can be called is highly
s.tt:Jge2 crcarive. Serper clearly did not want to allow
1l1 is line is nor very dangerous for Black. rhc knight to arrive on d4 and rhus decided
rhat the sacrifice was justified. However, as we
5... tt:Jbd7 6.tt:Jg3 c6 7.ie2 a6 8.ie3 h5 shall sec, rhe position that arises is far from
9.f3 b5 lO.cS dxc5 Il.dxcS ifc7 12.0-0 h4 clear.
13 ..tiJhi .tiJh5 14.Wid2
14.f4!? might be herrer, bur I don'r chink I6.a4!?
Whire ha~ an advantage in any case. Although !like Server's decision jusr as much
as rbe next guy, I think rhar rhe objectively besr
Chapter 3 -Typical Pawn Play 199

move here \vould have been 16.b4! with 17 .a4 ~lbe best move seems ro have been: 19 ... \Wa5!,
coming afrer. Even here, I am nor ~ure ifWbirc alrhough \XIhite is much better after 20.~c4
is better, but thi~ is hi~ best chance ro prove wirh rhe following possible line: 20 .. .f4
something. 21.\WdS ga7 22.~d2 ~e6 23.1Wc6i' ~d7
24.'&b6 ~xb6 25.cxb6 gas 26.~xb4 wirh
16 ... b4 17.ftJd5!? sensational compensation for rhe piece, bur
with an undecided game srill ahead. Probably
Black should play 26 ... e4!? with a great mess.

a b c d e f g h
17 ... cxd5 18.exd5 5?
a b c d e f g h
ll1is move, aimed ag.1insr the ad.mirredly
dangerous idea ofc.'Lle4-d6, is simply disastrous, 20.ib5!! axb5 2I.axb5 Wfxb5
bur I have nor ~een it criticised an)".Vhere. 'lhe After 21...\Wb7 22.c6 Black has ro give up
king is sub~equenrly badly weakened and the his queen for insufficient compensation (three
rnovc achit!ves very liuk. uncoordinated pieces is nor enough). 22 ... \WbS
can be strongly ITH:t by 23.\Wd5, when rhe
Bhck would have been better off playing either rhreat is c6-c7. And after 23 ... :8xal 24.gxa 1
18 ... l2Jf6!? or rhrmving in rhc move 18 ... hJ!, l2Jf6 25.~xc5t mf7 26.ga7t ~g8 27.c7 rhe
when \'\!hire will have ro compromise his queen is trapped.
kingside in some way before rhc barde begins.
Had he done ~o. the ourcome might have been 22J3xa8 'Wc6
.111y of the three possible results. l11ere arc no better squares. After 22 ...iWb7
23.:8f.1.l rhe rook comes to a7 wirh even
19.d6! Wfc6?! stronger effccc.
'lhis move looks good, bur cannm be excu..;cd.;
Black should have considered himself warned 23J3fal f4
by \Xfhire's 17th move, that he is a~ happy wirh 23 ... 4Jf6 can be met wirh 24.ltJJ3!, when
pawns as he i~ with pieces. rbe threats ro b4 andeS arc decisive.

19 ... @'d7? would merely provoke 20.c6!, when

24J!:la7! ftJd7
After 24 ... fxe3 White can almost play
.1frcr 20 ... \Wxc6 2l.~fcl and :8c7 White ha..; an
whatever he chooses, bur Serpt!r had prepared
.1bsolurcly crmhing arrack.
rhe highly attractive 25.Wifd5!!:
200 Attacking Manual 2

Obviously Serper had seen this move on
move 27.

A funny though nor very important line is

the following, which I suspect Serper looked
at during rhe game: 30.1Wxe8t ~xe8 31.~e7t
~f8! 32.c6 ttJg3t!! 33.~xf2 (33.hxg3? hxg3)
33 ... 4Jf5 Serper incorrectly stared rhar Black
is winning here, but White can still hold the
a b c d e f g h posicion with 34J:hg7! ttJxd6! (1hc point is of
course chat after 34 ... ~xg7 35.d7 ~d8 36.c7
Black can resign.
the pawns are good enough to queen, although
after 36 ... ~xd7 37.c8""~ ~d2i" Black has
25.:gxc8t! 1Mfxc8 26.'W'd5 fxe3 enough counterplay co make a draw.) 35.~d7
Black has to walk the plank. Afi:er 26 ... t2Jhf6
4Jf7 36.~e3 ~g7 37.~e4 ~f6 38.~d5 with
27.~e6t ~f8 28.4Je4! White has an absolmely enough counterplay ro hold the balance.
decisive arrack. For example: 28 ... fxe3 29.ttJg5
1We8 30J~:a8!, leading ro marc, or 28 ... iWe8 30.••1Mfxf7 3I.'W'c8t 'W'e8 32.d7 ~f7
29.~xe8t! followed by 30.c6. Because rbe 33.dxe8""'W't E:xe8 34.'W'b7t E:e7?!
black king is trapped on du~ eighth rank, rhere A time trouble mistake. Both players had
is no way he can deal with rhese rwo pawns. apparendy found it necessary to pour their time
into che problems on the previous moves.
27.ttJd3! and 28.:8:a8 wa~ very simple, bur 34 ... ~f6! was the only move. Whire should
\XIhire had seen a further appetising sacrifice. be winning all the same, bur Black can sdll
offer some resiscance. The main point is rhac
27... ~ffi 28J!xd7 exf2t 29.~fl 'W'e8 35.c6 can be met with 35 ... 4:1g3t! 36.~xf2
Another attempt was 29 ... iWa6i" 30.~xf2 (after 36.hxg3 hxgJ 37.c7 ~h8 38.\Wc6t ~e7
iWc2t! 31.~xe2 4Jf4f', bur alter 32.~fl 4:1xe6 39.c8=ttJt ~d8 White has to give perpccual
33.c6 the pawns cannor be sropped. After check) 36 ... 4Jf5 37.iWd7 ~h8 38.c7 ttJe7
.13 .. ~g8 34.:8:e7! and 33 ... @e8 34J~e7"! @d8 Black has managed to scop che c-pawn for the
35J!a7! the pawns are simply roo strong. moment, although he is still suflering from the
presence of this powerful passer.

a b c d e r g h a b c d e f g h
Chaprcr 3 -Typical Pawn Play 201

35.c6! 10.~xc6 bxc6 11.llJbd2 Vlle7 12J~el as in

Finally rhe posicion is clarHying, bm after Sokolov - Winanrs, Brussels 1988, with a
having sacrificed six pieces, ir is time ro let go slight edge for White, seems quire prudent as
of the quc::cn a.!. well, making ir a full sec. well.

35 ... e4 36.c7 e3 37.Wfd5t <bf6 38.Wfd6t 10 ... ~e7!

®f7 39.Wid5t ®f6 40.Wid6t ®f7 4l.1Mfxe7t
®xe7 42.c8=Wi.ih6 43.Wic5t ®e8 44.Wih5t
®d8 45.Wih6t ®d7 46.Wlxg6 e2t 47.®xf2
.ie3t 48. ®e I 7
1-0 6

One kind oflogic would dicrare cb;.u chis game 5

had to be rhe lasr one in rhe book, simply 4
because it i~ impossible w top it in terms of
glamour. However, 1 hav~ always been rhe
crash and burn rype of guy, so as I inrend to 2
proceed for another few hundred pages, I have
decided rhar rhc next game should illusrrare a
more sed.ue pace of pby. a b c d e f g h
l n the following example, !Vlacieja shows rhat After rhe greedy/ optimistic ll.dxe5 dxe5
in closed positions hi~ rcach is far beyond d1at 12.llJxe5 Black has 12. .. Wxd3 13.llJxd3
of his opponenr and wins a beautiful straregic gS 14.~g3 llJxe4 where he is already a lirrle
game. \X!har is mosr impressive is that no pkce berrer.
has left rhe board ar [he rime when the white
posirion b beyond repair. It was absolutely necessary r:o rake up the
What T wanr you m look out for is che way challenge wirh ll.ixf6 gxf6 12.lDbd2, when
char Black nurtures the srrong pawm, and then \XIhite has ideas such as lDh4 and f2-f4 to
lets his pieet::s serve rhc pawm, rather than the arrack the black weaknesses as a counterweigln
usual ''l:ay around. ro rhe black bishops.

Bogdan Grabarczyk- Bartlomiej Madej a ll. .. ~g6 12..ig3

1l1e bishop on g3 is cerrainly not better than
Poli<;h Championship, Opole 2007
either of rhe black knights!

l.e4 e5 2.~8 ~c6 3 ..ib5 a6 4..ia4 tbf6

12 ... ~h5
5.0-0 .ic5
To the best of my understanding Black is
1l1is Is rarely played without ... b5, but
already doing quite well.
Macieja probably w<mrcd w avoid any heavy
Tr is already wo late to seck peace rhmugh
6.c3 0-0 7.d4 .ib6 8.~5 h6 9 ..ih4 d6
exchanges wirh 13.dxe5, as afrer the direct
lme: l.l ... llJxg3 14.bxg3 4Jxc5 15.lDxc5 dxeS
202 Attacking Manual 2

16.\¥lxd8 :gxd8 17.ctJc4 $l.e6 l8.l21xb6 cxb6 \Xfhire had to go for counrerplay with
White will either lose rhe a-pawn or have to something like 19.a4, when he should be
accept a rook coming in on rhe second rank. ready for 19 ... h5 20.axb5 axb5 21.h4!? with a
"ll1c attempt ro give up a pawn wirh 19.~fd 1 somewhat dubious, but nor yet clearly worse
E1ils ro 19 ... ~xd 1t 20.~xd 1 ~xa2 2l.~d7 bS position.
22.~d 1 ~e6! 23.~xb7 gdS and Black comes ro It should be noced that, after 19.a4, the more
d2 anyway, when he is very probably winning. concrete 19 ... 4Jxg2? would be a mistake. Better
one bird in rhc hand than ren on the roof, as
13 ... ~a7 14.~b3 b5 15.~e3 ~hf4 16.'1!Nd2 they say in Denmark. Bur [his particular bird
~b7 only leads to ~t draw afrer: 20.<j{xg2! ih3t
21.mxh3 ~xB 22.4Jg2 ~h5t 23.l2Jh4 4Jxh4

78 .~-~~. ~--*~
fi rl 7
/.• ., ..

6 i~
~ -...
/. /. ~
~ ~?.
5 ~~i~tjWI ~~~1·
A~ ~~0
4 0~ ~'A~~{~~~~
~ ~crQ
3~~~ ~ ~~~
2 ~C§

1 ~F!, %~. ~-%~f:~~'f -~
~~ ~ ~~%ri
~pt;; ~-~

a b c d c f g h
24.'11Nd l!! and Black has nothing bc[[Cr rhan
pcrpemal check. I would not be surprised to
learn that White saw this line but missed the
A grave positional mistake, \Vhich was
final saving resource.
probably meant to relieve rension of a primarily
psychological nature. 17.\¥lc2! was stronger,
maintaining the cenrral tension. Now rhe
19 ... h5 20.f3 'I!Ng5 21.:9:adl h4 22.ifl
previously bloc.:k~d bishop on a? comes alive,
while the bishop on bJ is our of play.

17..• '1!Nf6
All the bh1ck pieces are in play, except the
rooks, which so f~u· have no significam role. lc
is interesting to see rhat iris exacdy rhese heavy
pieces that decide rbe game when they finally
get inro action.

18.q;,hl ~c8 19.~gl?

A very passive move, rbat nukes it very easy
for Black to build up hi~ po~ition. Probably
a b c d e f g h
\X!hite was afraid that he was about ro be
sacrificed upon. 22 ... f6!!
Chapter 3- Typical Pawn Play 203

ll1is is, in my opinion, rhe deepest move of This is rhe logical follow-up. Note that
rhe game. Black is preparing ... ~f7 and ... ghs a grandmaster will not find it necessary to
in anticipadon of action on rhe h-file. calculate all the way ro the end in order ro
sacrifice a piece like this. He simply sees that he
23.h3? has threats and options, and that the opponenr
1l1is is rhe decisive mistake; iris remarkable will nor be able to refute the attack. He will
that it has occurred without a single piece also rely on a general understanding of the
having left the board! White cannot allow such position and what should be the consequences
weakening moves and should probably have of such an evaluation.
played 23.a4 or similar, simply to sec if Black
can break through on his own. 30.gxh3 Wfxh3t 31. @gl @f7
Here come the rooks.
23 ..• ~h5
Black immediately reshuffles ro exploit the 32.Wi'g2 ~h8 33.WI'xh3
weaknesses. White is lost no matter vvhar he does:
24.ClJe2 ClJgf4 25.ClJxf4 exf4 26.ClJc2 ClJg3t Now Black will force his opponent ro rake
27 ..ixg3 hxg3 on h3:
Normally double pavvns arc not robe desired, 33 ... E:h6! 34.\Wxh3 E:x.h3
bur here the circumstance~ are anything bm \Y.Je can now imagine lines like rhe
normal. following:
28.ClJd4 35.E:g2 ~ah8 36.Wfl ~hl'! 37.@e2 ~8h2!
White cannot prevent the sacrifice on h3, so 38.~xh 1 :8xg2t 39. @d3 ixd4 40.cxd4 ~f2!
instead he simply prepares for the impact as 1l1e pawns are roo suong and the bishop on
best he can. b3 is nor a factor. For example: 4l.id 1 g2
42.i;gl ~fl 43.~xg2 ~xd It 44.Wc3 gn and
28 •. J~Vh4 29J3fel Black wins anorher pawn.
Creating 'lllfr' for rhe king. 35 ... ~ah8 36.~c2 .!;h2t 37.Wd3 gxd2t
38.Wxd2 ~h2'!' 39.IDd3 ~xb2 40.E:f1 g2
41.~gl ~f2 42.ic2

a b c d e f g h
42 ... g5!
29 .•. hh3!
204 Attacking Manual 2

Black wins. His next moves are ... ~xd4, ... g4 7.b3 0-0 8 ..id3 b6 9.0-0 .ib7 10..ib2flc7
and .. .f3, supporting the g-pawn, followed by ll.l0e5
... E:fl winning.
33.. J3xh3 34.~£1 gh2 35.ge2 gah8 36.~el
36.~xh2 E:xh2 37 .E:d3 E:xb2 is equally 7
hopeless. 6
36.. J~hlt
36 ... g5! was even srronger. White cannot 4
improve his position.
37.~d2 gxdl t 38.~xdl 2
A blunder. Necessary was 38.~xd 1 rhough 1
Black would srill win after 38 ... ~h2 39. We 1
~h 1t 40.~d2 g5! 41.a3 ~xd4 42.cxd4 g4!. a b c d e f g h
\XIhire is about to play f4 and E:ad 1 with a
38 •. J3hlt 39.~d2 .ixd4 40.cxd4 E!h2 ~mall space advantage for \Xfhire. Surprisingly
0-1 already at this point Black commits a decisive
Om last P..\'0 games in rhis section are good
ac illusrraring rhc staremem of rhe Dalai l l ... l0xe5?
Lama, rha.t those who rhink that rhe small Black is enrering a skirmish for which he is
and powedes~ cannor change anyrhing badly prepared.
have never spent a nighr in a tent wirh a
mosquito. 12.dxe5 dxc4
In che first of rhese games we <uc ralk in g abour Yegiazarian rids himself of a ractical weakness
rhc g-pawn, which on rhc 18rh move plays such before \'Vhirc can exploit it, bur suffers other
a fantastic role, bur also about the e5~pawn, problems as well.
which however shorr lived, has great impact
on rhe course of the game. First ir harasses rhe l2 ... ll.Jg4 ar once is also a bad idea. After
enemy knight, rhen forces the black queen to 13.~xh7t ~h8 14.h3 White wins a pawn
move co an unwelcoming square, righr in rh~ because of: 14 ...lLixc5 15.cxd5 cxd5
firing line of the bishop on b2.

Gabriel Sargissian - Arsen Yegiazarian

Yerevan 2004

l.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.l0f3 ttJf6 4.e3 e6 s.ttJc3

l0bd7 6.1&c2 Ae7
This slightly passive move gives \XIhire slighrly
freer play and good chance1. of achieving a
slight edge.
Chapter 3 -Typical Pawn Play 205

16.lt:Jxd5! ll1e c:xrra pawn should be enough 19.ttJd5 Wfd6 20..ie5!

for victory in rhe long term. Winning an im portanr tempo.

13.bxc4 ttJg4 I4.hh7t ~h8 15.Wfe2! f5 20...Wfd7

Forced, a~ Black loses the exchange in the 20 ... Wxe5? \Vould lose immediately to
following long forced line: 15 ... Wfxe5 16.Wfxg4 21.\WhSt and 22.l£lxe7t.
~xh7 17.Wh3t ~g8 18.lt:Jd5 Wd6 19.i.c5!
\Wd8 20.lt:Jxe7i' Wx.e7 2l.~g3! and 22.i.d6. 2l.tlJc7!
Winning rhe exchange in rhe simplest way.
I6.h3 ~xh7 17.hxg4 Wfxe5 2l.l£lf6t is weaker. After 21 ... i.xf6 22.gxf6
Black has no choice bur to accept rhe pawn. gxf6 23.ixf6 Black can play 23 ... <i>g6!
After 17 ... E!ad8 18.gxf5 ext) 19.Wh5t ~g8 24.i.xh8 ~xh8, when there is a bit of
20.lt:Je2 White will consolidate with an extra counrerplay remaining before the full point
pawn, as well as bring rhe knight ro f4 and g6 can be converted.
with a decisive advancage.
21. .. ~g6
Black had no choice. After something like
2l...~ad8 White wins with a direct arrack:
22.:gad 1 Wfc8 23.~h5t \!ig8 24.1Wg6 and ~o

22.gadl Wfc8 23.tlJxa8 haS

a b c d e f e0 h
After this rhe pavvn i~ a f.1.ncasric asset. lr is
immune because of the f2-f4 advance and is
on irs way to g6 w help rhe queen w deliver a
deadly arrack ro h7 and g7.

18.. J~h8 a b c d e f o-
Black defends against rhe aforementioned 24.Wfd3
threat, bur rhi~ move has orher drawbacks. From here on Sargissian's play is a bit shaky,
·n1e s<.une can be said of 18 ... g6, when White bur sri!! good enough ro win rhe game. lr
can exploit rhe weakness of rhe f6-sq uare would have been berrer ro finish off rhc arrack
immediately. 19.lt:Jd5 ~d6 20.l£lfbt ~xf6 quickly wirh 24.e4!.
21 Jhdl V9c7 22.gxf6 Nexr comes 23.e4 and
\'V'hire has a .hmrastic arrack. 24... gd8 25.Wfc3 gg8 26.Wfd3 gds 27.Wfc2
gh8 28.e4 gh5 29.exf5t exf5 30.8 Wfh8
206 Attacking Manual 2

31.gd7 ~hit 32.i>fl ~eSt 33.~d4 ~h4t Gyorgy Negyesy- Erno Gereben
34.i>e2 hd4 35J3d6t
Budapest 1951

Ld4 ~f6 2.c4 g6 3.~c3 dS 4.o::d5 ~xdS

S.e4 ~xc3 6.bxc3 ~g7 7.~c4 c5 8.~e2 ~c6
9.~e3 0-0 10.0-0 ~g4 11.£3 ~aS 12.~3
o::d4 13.cx:d4 ~e6 14.d5!

a b c d e f g h
36.f4t i>h5 37.1Wxf5t
1-0 111is sacrifice has rerurned wirh a vengeance
in rhe 21st century. The computers can help
In t:he nexr game, the last of the present section, Black to defend such a position, of course, but
we return ro one of rhe basic principles of it is difficult ro remernber everything, and if
<macking chess: chat only rhe piece~ present at White comes up with a ne\v idea, Black can
rhe scene of rhc actack can exert any inAucnce be forced ro find a huge number of difficult
over ic. This is of course a basic rrurh, so simple moves, with a draw being the greatest reward
rhat absolurely anyone can undersrand it; be is likely to achieve.
and yec not everyone plays as if rhcy had rhis
knowledge. 14....ba1 lS.~xal f6 16.~h6 :8:e8 17.®hl
Actually, I rhink rhar knowing and abiding a6
by rhe most important rwenry positional Quire a 1·are move. Black wanrs to put his
principles, being able ro calculare well and bishop to f7 (to protect his kingsidc more
having decenr openings, can bring you ro solidly) and therefore eliminates the !d3-b5
2600. Beyond rhar, pcrhap~ something extra rhrear.
is needed. 17 ...id7 is the big main line move. 1he
current theory suggest.!. thar rhe line should
In the last game of rhi~ section \Ve shall sec how end in a draw, bur it is nor so easy in practice.
two pawns on the fifrh are able ro conrrol the
ccnrre, before helping to block rhe sixrh rank 18.~f4 ~d7?
at the cridcal moment, thus making \XIhire's ll1is retreat aims to eliminate the bishop on
arrack decisive. d3 wirh ...!b5. Having said chis, the move
Chapter 3 - Typical Pawn Play 207

is passive and slow, which - calculation a~ide 22 ...Wfb6

- makes ir roo risky, even wirhout looking ar 22 ... ~xfl 23JWg3 will transpose to rhe
the fact that Black's ki ngsidc is not protected game.
Having said char, ir should be pointed ouc Also insufficient is 22 ... ltk4 23.\Wg3 tDxe5
rhac 18 ... ~f7 I 9.e5 is also very dangerous for 24.tDxg6tDg4 25.fxg4 \Wd6 (or 25 ... f4 26.\Wc3
Black. e5 27.dxe6 and White wins). In this position
White brings home the victory with a nice
19.e5 ~b5 combination: 26.tDxe7t! Wfxe7 27.gxf5i" ~h8
Black is only one move away from 28.f6 \Wf7 29.\Wh4 ~g8 30.Ei:f3 with a winning
eliminating rhe main rhrears ro his kingside, arrack.
making ir pos~ible char he will win with his