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EE 104 2nd Semester AY2016-2017 Removal Exam 6/13/2017 10:00-11:00AM COE Conference Rm

Write neatly. Erasures are strictly not allowed. Each item is equivalent to 2.5 points. Passing is 60/100.

I. Modified True of False. Write TRUE if the statement is true. Else, underline the most appropriate word that makes the
statement false and write the CORRECT ANSWER on the space provided.
____________________ 1. To limit the magnitude of short-circuit current, it cannot be achieved by avoiding too large
concentrations of generating capacity but by using current-limiting impedance only.
____________________ 2. The purpose of time-delay undervoltage devices on circuit breakers is to allow dropping
loads during momentary voltage dips.
____________________ 3. In power-direction comparison discrimination, under external fault conditions the direction
of fault power is inward at one end of the protected section.
____________________ 4. Phase angle of current at the ends of the protected section is compared, which gives
indication whether the fault is acceptable or not.
____________________ 5. Circuit breakers are devices designed to open and close a circuit of automatic means and to
open the circuit automatically on a predetermined overcurrent.
____________________ 6. For axial blast types CBs, the fixed and moving controls are held in closed position by spring
pressure.
____________________ 7. For all types of CBs, air CBs require the least maintenance.
____________________ 8. Ancillary relays are used in protection schemes whenever a protective device cannot in itself
provide all the functions necessary for satisfactory fault isolation.
____________________ 9. The word “normally” for contacts that are normally open does not refer to the contact
condition in normal operation, it refers to the condition when the auxiliary relay is energized.
____________________ 10. It is highly desirable that back-up relaying be arranged so that anything that might cause
primary relaying to fail will not also cause failure of secondary relaying.

II. Matching Type. Match Column A with Column B. Write the letter of your answer on the space provided. If your answer
is Z, write the correct answer on the space provided.
__________ 1. Field application relay A. 55
__________ 2. Trip-free relay E. 96
__________ 3. Lockout R. 83
__________ 4. Loss of Excitation (Field) X. 44
__________ 5. Consist of a typical overcurrent and directional unit C. 62
__________ 6. Continually comparing two or more currents relay T. 93
__________ 7. Operates at a predetermined value of power O. 25
__________ 8. Annunciator relay M. 38
__________ 9. Master element P. 10
__________ 10. Bus protection Z. none of these

III. Identification. Identify the term/subject being described.


____________________ 1. Type of fault when 1 or 2 phase conductors opened causing excessive unbalance current.
____________________ 2. BIL of Apparatus is fundamental for protection method for surge voltage. BIL means?
____________________ 3. In this type of discrimination, relays are set to pick-up at a progressively higher current
towards the source.
____________________ 4. Determination of the arrangement and ratings of relays and settings for protection.
____________________ 5. Term used that assumes no failures of equipment and no mistakes of personnel.
____________________ 6. Are ratios used to selectively coordinate with fuses.
____________________ 7. MCCB means?
____________________ 8. Source of ground potential aside from ground faults
____________________ 9. Source of surge voltage aside from lightning and switching surges
____________________ 10. One of the objectives of power system protection

IV. Fill in the blanks. Fill in the blanks with correct answers.
1. __________ is employed where protective relays and circuit breakers are not economically justifiable.
2. Primary relaying is the first __________ of defense, whereas back-up relaying functions only when primary relaying
__________.
3. The relaying equipment of the zone that overlaps the breaker must be arranged to trip not only the breakers within its
zone but also one or more breakers of the __________, in order to completely disconnect certain faults.
4. Primary relaying may fail because of failure in any of the following: current or voltage supply to the relays, DC tripping
voltage supply, protective relays, ____________________ and ____________________.
5. Any relaying equipment must be sufficiently __________ so that it will operate reliably, when required, under the
actual condition that produces the least operating tendency. It must be able to __________ between those conditions
for which prompt operation is required and those for which no operation, or time-delay operation, is required. And it
must operate at the required __________.
6. Protective relays are devices that can sense overcurrents and ____________________ circuits.