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LOCAL AND INDIGENOUS PHILIPPINE FOLK DANCE

WHAT IS DANCE?

It is an art performed by individuals or group of human being, existing in time, space, force and flow in which
the human body is the instrument and movement is the medium.
- Richard Krauss.

Commonly performed with music or other accompaniment and has a primary purpose of expressing
the inner feelings and emotions, although it is often performed for social, ritual, entertainment or other
purposes.

Universal characteristics of dance Classification of dance form


1. Ballet
1. Use of human body 2. Modern Dance
2. Extends through time 3. Classical Dance
4. Ethnic Dance
3. Exist in space 5. Folk Dance
6. Ballroom Dance
4. Exist in force 7. Exercise Dance
8. Dance Exercise
5. Accompanied by rhythm
9. Dance Drama
6. Serves to communicate 10. Allied Movement Form
11. Street Dance
7. Has movement and style 12. Interpretative dance

Folk dance

• Usually performed by a group of consisting of members of a community.

• Its steps and patterns are not creation of an identifiable choreographer but are passed from generation
to another.

Ethnic dances

 Ethnic dances are found among the ethnolinguistic groups scattered all over the Philippine islands, who
have not been substantially Westernized, either by Spain or the United States.

The Occupational Dances

 Life in the ethnic communities is characterized by a variety of activities relating to livelihood or


defense. These activities are joyfully celebrated in mime and dance. Most common to the varied ethnic
cultures of the Philippines is the transformation of the rice cycle into dance.

 Countries in the world have their own cultures made more colorful, beautiful and vibrant because of

 Folk Dances that are reflection of who they are.


The Luzon Region

Cariñosa

o meaning the loving or affectionate one

o is a Philippine dance of Hispanic origin from the Maria Clara suite of Philippine folk dances, where
the fan or handkerchief plays an instrumental role as it places the couple in romance scenario.

Idaw

 This dance sometimes has many names and different versions. Most common is this dance depicts the
hunting ritual performed before a tribal war. The tribes men would go out and look up and watch for
the scared Idaw bird. Which is said to lead the tribe to victory. Also look at the clothing, Philippines
being a very hot climate, plus the use of as little material as possible, the traditional clothing was not
made to cover much of the body....

Banga

 This dance displays the Igorot women on their way to the river to fetch the daily water supply for their
families. It shows the skill and strength of the women as they would carry heavy laiden clay pots
(Banga) full of water. Their grace and agility while balancing the heavy pots, sometimes stacks 5 high, is
a testament of the Filipino and how hardships become a art form and talent.

Idudu

 The family is the basic structure of family life among the Itneg / Tinggian people. The caring for the
Children is shared by both the mother and father. While the men are clearing the fields, breaking the
soil with bamboo and their feet, the women watch the children. Soon as the men are done, they take
care of the children while the women do back breaking work.

Binasuan

 The Binasuan is an entertaining dance that is usually performed at festive social occasions like
weddings and birthdays. Dancers carefully balance three half-filled glasses of rice wine on their heads
and hands as they gracefully spin and roll on the ground. The dance originated in Bayambang in the
Pangasinan province.

Maglalatik

 Originally performed in Biñan, Laguna as a mock-war dance that demonstrates a fight between the
Moros and the Christians over the prized latik or coconut meat during the Spanish rule.

 This dance is also shown to pay tribute to the town’s patron saint, San Isidro Labrador.

Sayaw sa bangko

 This dance is native to the barrio of Pangapisan, Lingayen, Pangasinan, and demands skill from its
performers who must dance on top of a bench roughly six inches wide.
The Visayas Region

Tinikling

 Tinikling is considered the national folkdance with a pair of dancers hopping between two bamboo
poles held just above the ground and struck together in time to music. Originated from Leyte Province,
this dance is in fact a mimic movement of “tikling birds” hopping over trees, grass stems or over
bamboo traps set by farmers. Dancers perform this dance with remarkable grace and speed jumping
between bamboo poles.

Mazurka boholana

 Mazurka Boholana is a Spanish-inspired ballroom dance from the Bohol province of the Philippines.
Although the mazurka is the Polish national dance, it was wildly popular throughout Europe in the 19th
century and even in colonized lands overseas. The Philippine dance is ordinarily performed by men and
women partners.

The Polkabal

 The Polkabal shows some European influence in its steps. The dance is composed of nine different
steps which include various movements such as: fluttering, stepping heel-to-toe, a reenactment of a
bull fight, and even a leisurely walk.

The Mindanao Region

Singkil

 Singkil dance takes its name from the bells worn on the ankles of the Muslim princess. Perhaps one of
the oldest of truly Filipino dances, the Singkil recounts the epic legend of the "Darangan" of the
Maranao people of Mindanao. This epic, written sometime in the 14th century, tells the fateful story of
Princess Gandingan, who was caught in the middle of a forest during an earthquake caused by the
diwatas, or fairies or nymph of the forest.

Pangalay

 A pangalay native to the Badjao, sometimes known as the "Sea Gypsies." Pangalay is a dance that
emphasizes the agility of the upper body. The rhythmic bounce of the shoulder with simultaneous
alternating waving of arms are the basic movement of this dance.

 The pangalay is commonly performed at weddings and other social gatherings. You will also see some
parts of the Sinkgil in this dance also. Another part of this dance is also called the Muslims four
Bamboos.

Asik

 This is performed by a solo maiden, adorned with fine beads and make up, long head scarf. She would
dance to win the favor of her Sultan master. Many time the girls would dance to win the hearts of her
master or to make up for a wrong she had done. She would give her whole heart and soul into this
performance to soften the heart of her master to accept her.