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# Fuel and combustion

1. A certain coal has the following ultimate analysis: C = 69% N2 = 5% H = 2.5% S =7% Determine the
amount of oxygen if the heating value of fuel is 26,961.45 kJ/kg.

## A. 1.5% B. 2.5% C. 3.5% D. 4.5%

2. A diesel engine consumed 945 liters of fuel per day at 35°C. If the fuel was purchased at 15.6°C and
30°API at P29.00/li. Determine the cost of fuel to operate the engine per day.

## A. P5,677.50 B. P4,677.50 C. P48,088.90 D. P27,127.76

3. A cylindrical tank 4 m long and 3 m diameter is used for oil storage. How many days can the tank
supply the engine having 27°API with fuel consumption of 60 kg/hr?

## A. 17.53 B. 5.84 C. 12.84 D. 19.84

4. A logging firm in Isabella operates a Diesel Electric Plant to supply its electric energy requirements.
During a 2 hour period, the plant consumed 250 gallons of fuel at 80°F and produced 2900 kW-hrs.
Industrial fuel is used at 30°API and was purchased at P30/li at 60°F. Determine the overall thermal
efficiency of the plant.

## A. 26.08% B. 34.23% C. 28.00% D. 18.46%

5. The dry exhaust gas from the oil engine has the following gravimetric analysis:

CO2 = 21.6%

O2 = 4.2%

N = 74.2%

Specific heats at constant pressure for each component of the exhaust gas in kCal/kg-°C are:

CO2 = 0.203

O2 = 0.219

N = 0.248

Calculate the specific gravity if the molecular weight of air is 28.97 kg/kg-mol.

## A. 2.870 B. 7.526 C. 2.274 D. 6.233

7. A gaseous fuel mixture has a molal analysis:

## A. 2.130 B. 3.230 C. 1.233 D. 1.130

8. A volumetric analysis of a gas mixture is a follows: CO2: 12% O2: 4% N2: 80% CO: 4% What
percentage of CO2 on a mass basis?

## C = 70.5% H2 = 4.5% O2 = 6.0% N2 = 1.0% S = 3.0% Ash = 11% Moisture = 4%

10. A stocker fired boiler of 195,000 kg/hr steaming capacity uses this coal as fuel. Calculate volume
of air in m3/hr with air at 60°F and 14.7 air pressure if the boiler efficn nd a capacity factor of
42.4%. How many hrs. did it operate during the year?

## A. 6,600.32 hrs B.7,658.23 hrs C. 8,600.32 hrs D. 5,658.23 hrs

11. A 50,000 kW steam plant delivers an annual output of 238,000,000 kW-hr with a peak load of
42,860 kW. What is the annual load factor and capacity factor?

## A. 0.634, 0.534 B. 0.643, 0.534 C. 0.634, 0.543 D. 0.643, 0.534

12. Calculate the use factor of a power plant if the capacity factor is 35% and it operates 8000 hrs
during the year?

## A. 38.325% B. 33.825% C. 35.823% D. 32.538%

13. Determine the partial pressure of CO2 for the following analysis of gas mixture by weight
at 101 kPaa and 25 oC: CO2 = 35 % and N2 = 65 %.

## a) 25.75 kPaa b) 27.55 kPaa c) 52.75 kPaa d) 52.57 kPaa

14. Determine the air-fuel ratio on a molar basis for the complete combustion of octane,
with theoretical amount of air.

A. 95.5 kgair/kgfuel

B. B. 59.9 kgair/kgfuel

C. C.59.5 kgair/kgfuel

D. D. 55.9 kgair/kgfuel
15. A certain coal has the following ultimate analysis by weight. C = 67 %, Ash = 5 %,
Moisture = 8 %, N = 6 %, H = 3 %, Sulfur = 7 %, O = 4 %. Calculate the higher heating value in
Btu/lb.

## a) 15 179 b) 11 579 c) 17 519 d) 19 517

16. A 80 MW power plant has an average load of 34 500 kW and a load factor of 0.75. Find
the reserve power over a peak load power.

## a) 14 000 kW b) 34 000 kW c) 24 000 kW d) 4 000 kW

17. A steam generator burns fuel oil with 25 % excess air. Fuel may be represented by C14H30.
Calculate the actual-air fuel ratio.

## a) 17.63 b) 18.63 c) 16.63 d) 15.63

18. Determine the equivalence ratio of the following mixture: 4 grams of butane, C4H10, and
75 grams of air.

## a) 0.72 b) 0.92 c) 0.62 d) 0.82

19. A gaseous mixture of propane (C3H8), methane (CH4), and ethane (C2H6) have partial
pressure 50 kPa, 95 kPa, and 115 kPa respectively. Determine the mass percentage of
propane.

## a) 30.68 % b) 28.68 % c) 21.68 % d) 32.68 %

20. There are 20 kg of exhaust gas formed per kg of fuel oil burned in the combustion of
diesoline C16H32. What is the excess air percent?

## a) 30.1 % b) 29.16 % c) 21.5 % d) 30.6 %

21. A Diesel power plant uses fuel with heating value of 45 038.8 kJ/kg. What is the density
of fuel at 30 oC?

## a) 0.7882 kg/li b) 0.8782 kg/li c) 0.9887 kg/li d) 0.8878 kg/li

22. In proximate analysis, the coal analysis is consisting of moisture content, fixed carbon,
ash, and which of the following?

## a) Sulfur b) Hydrogen c) Nitrogen d) Volatile matter

23. How do you call the heating value of the fuel if the water in the products of combustion
is in the liquid state?
a) Higher heating value b) Lower heating value

## c) Proximate heating value d) Gravimetric heating value

24. It is a bituminous coal that contains plenty of hydrocarbons, forming lumped masses
when burned. This coal is ideal for forming carbonaceous gases for reduction of ore. What
do you call this coal?

a) Coking or coking coal b) Free burning coal c) Peat coal d) Lignite coal

25. It is the temperature at which the oil vapors will continue to burn when ignited.

## a) Fire point b) Flash point c) Ignition temperature d) Creep temperature

26. It is the temperature to which oil has to be heated until sufficient flammable vapor is
driven off to flash when brought into momentary contact with a flame. How do you call this
temperature?

## a) Fire point b) Flash point c) Ignition temperature d) Creep temperature

27. How do you call the material left after heating an oil under specified conditions at high
temperature, and is useful as a quality control tool in the refining of viscous oils, particularly
residual oils?

## a) Ash b) Color c) Carbon residue d) Coke

28. Petroleum oils, when cooled, may become plastic solids, either from wax formation or
from the fluid congealing. With some oils, the initial wax crystal formation becomes visible
at temperatures slightly above the solidification point. When that temperature is reached at
specific test conditions, it is known as the

## a) Cloud point b) Pour point c) Creep point d) Flash point

29. It is the temperature at which cooled oil will just flow under specific test conditions; and
it indicates the lowest temperature at which a lubricant can readily flow from its container.
How do you call this temperature?

## a) C2H5 b) C10H16 c) C4H10 d) C3H6

31. Find the work posses for a Helium gas at 200C

## A. 609 KJ/kg B. 168 KJ/kg C. 229 KJ/kg D. 339 KJ/kg

32. Two kilogram of gas is confined in a 1 m 3 tank at 200 kpa and 880C. What type of gas is in
the tank?

## A. Helium B. Ethane C. Methane D. Ethene

33. Find the enthalpy of Helium if its internal energy is 200 KJ/kg

## A. 6.47 kg B. 5.1 kg C. 10.20 kg D. 9.47 kg

35. Find the pressure at the 100 fathom depth of water in kpag.

## A. 1,793.96 kpag B. 1,893.96 kpag C. 1,993.96 kpag D. 1,693.96 kpag

36. Find the pressure at the 100 fathom depth of water in kpag.

## A. 1,793.96 kpag B. 1,893.96 kpag C. 1,993.96 kpag D. 1,693.96

37. Find the depth in furlong of the ocean (SG = 1.03) if the pressure at the sea bed is
2,032.56 kpag.

A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4

## A. 10.46 kg B. 9.46 kg C. 11.46 kg D. 8.46 kg

39. Find the mass of carbon dioxide having a pressure of 20 psia at 200˚F with 10 ft 3 volume.

## 1.04 lbs B. 1.14 lbs *C. 1.24 lbs D. 1.34 lbs

40. Find the heat needed to raise the temperature of water from 30˚C to 100˚C with 60%
quality. Consider an atmospheric pressure of 101.325 kpa. Use the approximate enthalpy
formula of liquid.
293.09 KJ/kg B. 1,772.90 KJ/kg C. 1,547.90 KJ/kg D. 1,647.29

41. Find the enthalpy of water at 212˚F and 14.7 psi if the dryness factor is 30%. Use the
approximate enthalpy formula of liquid.

## 461 Btu/lb *B. 471 Btu/lb C. 481 Btu/lb D. 491 Btu/lb

42. What is the approximate value of temperature of water having enthalpy of 208 Btu/lb?

## A. 609 KJ/Kg B. 168 KJ/Kg C. 229 KJ/Kg D. 339 KJ/Kg

44. Two kilogram of gas is confined in a 1 m 3 tank at 200 kpa and 88˚C. What type of gas is in
the tank?

## Helium *B. Ethane C. Methane D. Ethene

45. Find the enthalpy of Helium if its internal energy is 200 KJ/kg.