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Aim

To construct a voltage regulator using a Zener diode.


Apparatus
 Zener Diode of a particular voltage
 Bread Board
 Resistor or a rheostat
 Connecting Wires
 9V Battery with connector
 Multimeter/Voltmeter

Theory
Zener Diode:
A zener diode is a diode that breaks down at a specific voltage when it is reverse
biased. A zener diode can maintain the voltage at its breakdown voltage as long
as the supply voltage is above this value.
 In Forward Bias:
When a zener diode is forward biased it behaves like an
ordinary silicon diode.
 In Reverse Bias:
When the zener diode is reverse biased with a voltage less than Vz
it blocks the current, like an ordinary silicon diode. When the reverse bias
voltage reaches Vz the voltage is limited to around this value, but it can
conduct very large currents

Circuit Diagram:
Procedure:
1. Assemble the above circuit on the bread board
2. Use a multimeter to verify that the output voltage is equal to the zener
voltage.
3. If not check all connections again and make sure the zener diode is in
reverse bias.
4. If still the voltage is not correct change the diode.
5. Your Voltage Regulator is ready

Observation

S.No. Input Voltage Output Voltage

1.

2.

3.

4.

Result
The voltage regulator has been successfully constructed.

Denil Binu XII

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