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JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW TEMPLATE

North American University


Education Department
M.Ed. in Educational Leadership / M.Ed. in Curriculum and Instruction
EDUC 5324 Integrating Technology into Education

Name: SEVDA ERDAS Date: 14.07.2019

Dogan B. & Almus K.(2014). School administrators’ use of iPads: Impact


of training and attitudes toward school use. Computers in the Schools:
Interdisciplinary Journal of Practice, Theory, and Applied Research.
31(3), 233-250. doi: 10.1080/07380569.2014.932660

INTRODUCTION
Research Questions (if research questions are not specifically
mentioned, what is the theoretical background or overarching
theme):

What is the impact of receiving iPad training on school administrators’


attitudes towards iPad use in their professional lives and in the classroom
by teachers ?

Purpose of the research:


The purpose of this research is to determine the potential impact of
receiving specific iPad training on school administrators’ attitudes
toward iPad use.

METHODOLOGY
What is the methodology for the research or approach used to
understand the issue? Provide information regarding the following:

Participants:
 Elementary and secondary school administrators (i.e., principals
and assistant principals) who owned iPads.
 51 subjects were selected through a purposive sampling

Procedures:
Training was designed based on feedback from participants and delivered
through an interactive webinar session. The training of school
administrators included topics intended to develop iPad skills and use
certain workflow, note-taking, calendar, productivity, file-sharing,
remote-desktop, presentation, and screen-sharing applications covered
specifically from a principal’s perspective

Data Collection Methods/Data Source:


Data is collected with two survey tools as a questionnaire system hosted
on the university's server and an online managed data collection
mechanism.

Data Analysis:
They analyze 5 different categories:
 Analysis of demographic and contextual data

According to the results 50.98% of school administrators held a bachelor’s


degree and 49.02% held a master’s degree.

 Impacts of the training process on school administrators’ use of


iPad and iPad applications

In order to determine if these increases in mean scores were significant,


a paired sample t test was conducted. The increase in the frequency of
participants’ use of iPads was significant for four of the measured items
at the p ≤ 0.001 level

 Impacts of the training process on school administrators’ beliefs


regarding how teachers should use iPads in the classroom

The participants in both the pre-survey (98.04%) and the post-survey


(97.30%) stated that they would like to see their teachers using iPads for
teaching in the classroom.

 Differences in participants’ responses by their demographic and


contextual data (gender, age, years of experience in school
administration and education, highest degree attained, school
classification, and school size)

Six one-way ANOVA tests and one t test were conducted. They didn’t
reveal significant differences for the item asking school administrators to
rate their beliefs about iPads being effective tools.

 Evaluation of training process.


48.65% of participants found the training session and the resources
provided afterward “very useful,” followed by 43.24% finding them
“useful,” and 8.11% finding them “somewhat useful.”

RESULTS
Findings or Results (or main points of the article):
 The result showed that iPads were effective tools for
administrative tasks and personal organization.
 Also the training process had a positive effect on the school
administrators’ development of iPad skills and knowledge.

DISCUSSIONS
Conclusions/Implications (for your profession):
It is important to use technology in the school and most especially in the
classroom. The teacher has to communicate all the learning types of
students. Using iPads in the classroom is a way to be more effective in
terms of communication. The teacher should utilize all the sources she
has effectively.
REFLECTIONS
Student’s Reflections (changes to your understanding; implications for
your school/work):
Students like when they learn and they will eager to learn more. The
principal is responsible to satisfy the students’ expectations on learning.
The technological tools have to develop and use effectively. Either the
teachers or the students should be trained by professionals in order to be
most effective. Let the students benefit from the technology and try to
do their best. At that time the principal will not need advertisement to
introduce the school to the new people because the pupils will do it
automatically.

References
Dogan B. & Almus K.(2014). School administrators’ use of iPads: Impact
of training and attitudes toward school use. Computers in the
Schools: Interdisciplinary Journal of Practice, Theory, and Applied
Research. 31(3), 233-250. doi: 10.1080/07380569.2014.932660