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NAME OF MECHANISM OF ADVERSE NURSING

CLASSIFICATION INDICATION CONTRAINDICATION


DRUG ACTION EFFECT CONSIDERATION
Generic Analgesic ( Non- Paracetamol may To relieve mild Hypersensitivity to Hematologic: >Assess patient’s fever
name: opioid) cause analgesia by to moderate acetaminophen or hemolytic or pain: type of pain,
Paracetamol Antipyretic inhibiting CNS pain due to phenacetin; use with anemia, location, intensity,
prostaglandin things such as alcohol leukopenia, duration, temperature,
Brand name: synthesis. The headache, neutropenia, and diaphoresis.
Biogesic mechanism of muscle and pancytopenia,
morphine is joint pain, thrombocytop >Assess allergic
Dose: believed to involve backache and enia. reactions: rash,
500 mg 1 tab decreased period pains. It Hepatic: urticaria; if these occur,
permeability of the is also used to liver damage, drug may have to be
Route: cell membrane to bring down a jaundice discontinued.
Oral sodium, which high Metabolic:
results in temperature. hypoglycemia >Teach patient to
Frequency: diminished For this Skin: rash, recognize signs of
q 4° transmission of reason, urticuria chronic overdose:
pain impulses paracetamol bleeding, bruising,
therefore can be given malaise, fever, sore
analgesia. to children throat.
after
vaccinations >Tell patient to notify
to prevent prescriber for pain/
post- fever lasting for more
immunization than 3 days.
pyrexia (high
temperature).
Paracetamol is
often included
in cough, cold
and flu remedies