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Ranga’s Marriage – Snapshot – Class XI – English


Core – NCERT
December 30, 2013 by Admin

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Ranga’s Marriage
By Masti Venkatesha Iyengar

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    
Maasthi Venkatesa Iyengar was a well-known writer in Kannada language. He was born on
6 June, 1861 at Hungenahalli in Kolar district of Karnataka in a Tamil language speaking
Sri Vaishnavaite family. He spent his early childhood in Maasti village. He obtained a
master’s degree in English literature in 1914 from Madras University. After joining the
Indian Civil Service, he held various positions of responsibility in different parts of
Karnataka, rising to the rank of District Commissioner. After 26 years of service, he
resigned in 1943, as a protest when he did not get the post equivalent to a Minister, which
he deserved and a junior was promoted ahead of him. He wrote some pieces in English
and then switched over to write in Kannada language. He used pen name Srinivasa to
write short stories and novels in Kannada.

A prolific writer, he wrote more than 123 books in Kannada and 17 in English, for over
seventy years. He won the Jnanpith Award in 1983 for his novel Chikkavira Rajendra.

He died on 6 June, 1986 on his 95th birthday.

Introduction
The story depicts the life in Indian villages in the past when child marriage was a common
practice.  Ranga’s Marriage is an interesting story of how a person manipulates to get a
young boy married to an eleven-year-old girl in a village. The story dates back to the early
days of British rule when English was not used in a big way. Rangappa, the son of a village
accountant  returns from Bangalore after his studies. His homecoming after six month
makes a big event. The curious villagers gather outside Ranga’s house to see how much
the boy is changed. But they see no change in the boy. The narrator discusses the issue of
marriage with Ranga. He talks to him to hear his ideas about marriage. He resolves to get
the boy married to a very young and immature 11-year-old girl Ratna. He seeks the support
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of Shastri’s astrology to bring Ratna round. And Ranga forgets his idealism and settles
down happily.

Characters
1. Shyama – The narrator, lives in Hosahalli village.
2. Ranga – son of the village accountant
3. Ratna – a girl of 11, Rama Rao’s niece.
4. Shastriji – a village astrologer

Detailed Summary
Ten years ago when the village accountant sent his son Ranga to Bangalore for studies,
the situation in the village was different. People never used to use English words while
talking in Kannada, their mother tongue. But now they do it with an abominable pride. For
instance, Rama Rao’s son was not ashamed to use the word ‘change’ while buying some
firewood from a woman who knew no English, thereby creating confusion.

Now people are so fond of the foreign language and education that Ranga’s homecoming
is made a big affair. People crowd his house to see if he has changed. They return home
on finding no significant change in him. The narrator is particularly happy to find the boy
still quite cultured as he respectfully does ‘namaskara’. The narrator spontaneously
blesses him saying ‘May you get married soon.’

But the boy is not ready for marriage, he says. He is of the opinion that one should better
remain a bachelor than marry a young girl, as the custom of the village is. The narrator is
disappointed to hear this, but as he sincerely wants Ranga to get married and settled to be
of some service to the society, he does not lose heart. He takes a vow to get him married,
and that to a young girl of 11 by the name of Ratna, Rama Rao’s niece, who has of late
come to Hosahalli to stay for a few days.

Now the narrator plans to make the prospective bride and the bridegroom meet each
other. So he does by asking Rao’s wife to send Ratna to his house to fetch buttermilk. As
Ratna arrives she is asked to sing. As planned at that very moment Ranga arrives and gets
mesmerized by Ratna’s singing and almost instantly falls in love with her being oblivious
of his theories regarding child marriage. The narrator, from his experience, notices this
quite well but purposely disappoints Ranga saying that Ratna is married.
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The next morning the narrator meticulously plots with Shastri, the fortune teller, to trap
Ranga and have him marry Ratna. He tutors him in what is to be said and done when he
will bring the boy to him.

The narrator finds Ranga miserable that day. The latter complains of headache and the
narrator suggests that they visit Shastri. Thereupon Ranga is taken to Shastri who cleverly
reacts by saying that their visit has been a surprise. The narrator acts foolishly forgetting
what he is supposed to say but Shastri cleverly manages the scene.

Everything goes well as per the plan. Shyama, the narrator, asks Shastri what might be
worrying the boy. Shastri calculates throwing his cowries and suggests that it is about a
girl. On further calculation he suggests that the girl’s name has connection with
something found in the ocean. The narrator asks if it could be ‘Kamala’. Then he suggests
‘Pachchi’, meaning moss. When Shastri hints ‘pearl’ or ‘Ratna’, the narrator becomes
jubilant and Ranga is amazed. Shyama further asks if there is any chance of negotiation of
the marriage bearing any fruit, to which Shastri answered affirmative. But once again the
narrator pours water on Ranga’s hopes by saying that Ratna is married.

However, on the way the narrator enters Rama Rao’s house and comes out of the house to
inform Ranga that Ratna is unmarried and the previous information about her marriage
was wrong. Now visibly Ranga’s joys have no limits. When the narrator asks him whether
whatever the astrologer told is right, he admits that it is true and further adds that there is
more truth in astrology than he thought.

Later the narrator informs Shastri about the success story and makes a sarcastic
comment about astrology. But Shastri is not ready to accept. He says that the former gave
only the hints and whatever he said was the result of his calculation.

Whatever the case might be, Ranga finally gets married to Ratna and fathers two children,
moreover Ratna is now eight months pregnant. The narrator is invited to the third birth
anniversary of Ranga’s child, who was named after the narrator as ‘Shyama’. On finding
this, the narrator mildly chides Ranga saying that he knows that it is the English custom to
name the child after someone one likes, but it is not fair to name him ‘Shyama’ because he
is fair complexioned.

All said and done, it is interesting to find how Ranga forgets what he learned about happy
marriages in cities and gives in to the far deeper influences the village customs and
traditions have on him. And why not, is it easy to do away with all that one learns so
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unconsciously day and night in the society one grows up in?
Short Answer Type Questions
Q1.  Where is Hasahalli? Why does the author talk about Hosahally with great
enthusiasm?
 
Ans. Hosahalli is a place in Karanataka, the Erstwhile Mysore State. The author is greatly
enthusiastic about Hosahalli because it is his birthplace.

Q2. What is Dr. Gundabhatta’s opinion about Hosahalli and the world outside?
 
Ans. Dr. Gundabhatta speaks so much glowingly about Hosahally as the author does. He
is proud of Hosahalli. Though he has toured quite a number of places outside India, he
admits that there is not such a wonderful place like Hosahalli.

Q3. How does the writer describe his village, Hosahalli?


 
Ans. In Hosahalli, the mango trees produce very sour fruits. There is also a creeper
growing in the ever-so-fine water of the village pond. The flowers are a feast to behold and
the leaves can be used to serve afternoon meals.

Q4. What was special about Rangappa? How did the villagers react to it?
 
Ans. After his return from Bangalore where he had been studying for six months, much to
everyone’s surprise, he was just the same. His homecoming became a great event for the
villagers. People rushed to his door step to have a look at him. An old lady even ran her
hand over his chest, looked into his eyes and remarked that the janewara was still there.
He hadn’t lost his caste.

Q5. Who was Ranga? What was special about him?


 
Ans. Ranga was the village accountant’s son who had gone to Bangalore to study. People
thought that city education would change him but they were wrong. He still
showed  respect towards elders in the village and wore the sacred thread. However, his
views on marriage had changed.

Q6. How does the narrator give us a vague picture of Indian villages during the British
rule?
 
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Ans. During the British rule, Indian villages were poor and undeveloped. Very few people
could understand or speak English. So when Ranga was sent to Bangalore to study, it w’as
a great event. Early marriage was a common practice. Ratna was married off when she
was just eleven years old.

Q7. Who was Ratna?


 
Ans. Ratna was the eleven-year-old pretty niece of Rama Rao. She had lost her parents.
Since she was from a big town, she knew how to play upon the veena and the harmonium.
She also had a sweet voice. Shyama played a key role in her marriage with Ranga.

Q8. How did the narrator carry out his resolve to get Ranga married to Ratna?
 
Ans. The narrator felt that Ranga and Ratna was a suitable match for each other. He
arranged a meeting in which Ranga could meet Ratna and get impressed with her quality
of singing. He manipulated things in a clever way and made Ranga fall in love with her. He
finally got them married.

Q9. What impression do you form of the narrator? How does he add to the humor of the
story? 
 
Ans. The narrator appears to be a very talkative man. He jumps from one topic to another.
There are too many digressions in his narration. He takes a lot of interest in village affairs.
He decides to get Ranga married to Ratna as soon as he realizes that they seem suitable
for each other. His narration evokes the humor in the story when he manipulates the
situation in a clever way. The astrologer’s remarks and the meeting  between Ranga and
Ratna add to the humor of the story.

Q10. Why was Ranga’s homecoming a great event?


 
Ans. Ranga was the son of the village accountant. He was sent to Bangalore to study in an
English school. People were very excited when Ranga returned home after six months.
They expected a big change in the boy. So they rushed to his doorstep. His homecoming
became a great event.

Q11. What were Ranga’s views on the selection of a bride and marriage in general?
 
Ans. Rangappa had no intention to marry unless he found the right girl. He wanted a
mature girl and also one whom he admired. He was against arranged marriage and
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against marrying an adolescent girl. If he failed to find the girl of his choice, he was ready
to remain a bachelor.

Q12. How did the narrator bring Ranga and Ratna face to face?
 
Ans. The narrator called Ratna to his house to take away some buttermilk. He requested
her to sing a song. He also sent for Ranga, so as to know how much he liked or admired
the girl. His plan was successful. Ranga fell for the sweet-voiced young and pretty girl.

Q13. Why did the narrator resolve to get Ranga married?


 
Ans. The narrator was pleased when Ranga brought him a couple of oranges. He thought
that such a decent boy should marry and settle down. But Ranga had his own views about
an ideal life-partner. He was willing to remain single until he found the right girl. So the
narrator made up his mind to get the boy married soon.

Q14. What role does Shastri play in bringing about Ranga and Ratna together?
 
Ans. The narrator sought the help of Shastri in bringing Ranga and Ratna together. He
tutored Shastri, the astrologer. He took Ranga to his house. Shastriji read the stars and
made calculations. He finally declared that the girl in Ranga’s mind should have the name
of something found in the ocean. It could be Ratna as well. Ranga was convinced and he
agreed to marry.

Q15. Why did the narrator tell a lie about Ratna’s marital status?
 
Ans. The narrator noted Ranga’s growing interest in Ratna. Ranga enquired if she was
married. The narrator told a lie that she was married a year ago. He said so to see Ranga’s
dejection. Later on he declared that she was not married yet. Ranga was suiprised and
happy to marry Ratna.

Q16. What role does the narrator play in the life of Rangappa?
 
Ans. Shyama, the narrator, resolved to get Ranga married. He lays a trap for it. He sends
for Ratna and Ranga to his house. They see each other. Ranga after meeting Shastri,
agrees to marry Ratna. Thus, the narrator plays the role of a marriage broker.

Q17. How did Ranga and Ratna express their gratitude to the narrator?
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Ans. Several years passed after the marriage of Ranga and Ratna. They had a three-year-
old son, now named after Shyama. Ranga visited the narrator for dinner at his house on
the child’s birthday. That was how the two youngsters expressed their gratitude to
Shyama.

Long Answer Type Questions


Q1. Give a brief account of Ranga’s education, his views on marriage and finally how he
got married.
 
Ans. Ranga was the son of an accountant of Hosahalli village. He made a news when he
went to Bangalore to study English. In those days, not many people could speak or even
understand English. So when he returned home after six months, a curious crowd of
villagers gathered at his house to see the change in the boy. They were disappointed.

Ranga was unwilling to marry a very young and immature girl. He was willing to remain a
bachelor until he found the right girl. He was opposed to arranged marriage. A man should
marry a girl he admired—that was his clear-cut philosophy.

But the narrator resolved to get Ranga married at the earliest. He so manipulated that
Ranga saw young Ratna, got the sanction of Shastri’s astrology and married her.

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Q2. Why and how does the narrator conspire to get Ranga married?
 
Ans. Ranga was a young, generous and promising boy. But he was adamant on not
marrying a very young and immature girl, selected by his parents. He was bent upon
staying single until he found the right girl whom he admired. The narrator resolved to get
him married. He thought of Ratna,
 an
 eleven-year-old
  nieceof Rama Rao. She could play
upon the harmonium and even sang in a sweet voice. The narrator brought Ratna and
Ranga face to face at his own house. He roused the boy’s interest in the girl. He declared
that the girl was already married. But it was a lie. He conspired with Shastri to further
Ranga’s interest in Ratna. With the approval of the Shastras, Ranga gave in and married
the girl selected by the narrator.

Q3. This is  a humorous story. Which part did you find  the most amusing?  Describe the
narrator of the story.
 
Ans. Shyama, the narrator of the story ‘Ranga’s Marriage’ is also the central character. His
style of narration evokes a lot of humor in the story. He is an elderly gentleman and refers
to himself as a dark piece of oil cake. He is passionately in love with his village and the
villagers and rambles incessantly while describing it. He is a keen observer of  his
surroundings and uses a colorful style of narration. He feels it is disgraceful to use English
words in the native tongue. He is a good judge of people and regards Ranga as a generous
and considerate fellow. He is conservative at heart and feels unhappy at Ranga’s decision
to remain single. He means well and his intentions are good. He plans   to get Ranga
married. He calls Ranga when Ratna was singing. He also arranges a meeting with Shastri
whom he had tutored thoroughly. He had decided that Ratna would be a suitable bride
for him. He is a shrewd contriver as he tells Ranga that Ratna was married. This he does in
order to rouse Ranga’s desire for the unattainable.

The description of the village of Hosahalli evokes some humor in the story. The narrator
and Ranga’s visit to the astrologer and their conversation produce a few comic moments
in the story.

——–xxXxx——–

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2. The Address – Snapshots – Class XI – English Core – NCERT
3. The Portrait of a Lady – Hornbill – Class XI – English Core – NCERT

 Class 11 English, Class XI, English, NCERT, Snapshot


 The Address – Snapshots – Class XI – English Core – NCERT
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 XI –English
Core – NCERT
27 thoughts on “Ranga’s Marriage – Snapshot – Class XI – English Core –
NCERT”

Rabin Gurung
November 24, 2016 at 6:06 pm | Reply

Tq for ans n summery

Fawaz
May 21, 2017 at 4:16 pm | Reply

Its good

Ashutosh Saxena
July 13, 2017 at 6:52 pm | Reply

Can I get the nautical terms meanings

randeep
September 7, 2017 at 1:10 pm | Reply

ys

    
A
July 16, 2017 at 10:26 am | Reply

Awesome a1

Khushi sharma
July 30, 2017 at 9:49 pm | Reply

Thanks for the summary and question answers

Rahul Kumar manjhi


August 13, 2017 at 11:35 pm | Reply

Thanks for your smartwork ……. It really helpful for us to understand the lesson in
less time with questions answers……

shubhika
August 17, 2017 at 8:53 pm | Reply

Nice really helped a lot

    
Neha
September 12, 2017 at 1:37 pm | Reply

Too good … Very helpful..

Samad
September 12, 2017 at 8:01 pm | Reply

Itss good

Mansi
September 14, 2017 at 10:08 pm | Reply

It was easy to learn with easy language

Mansi
September 14, 2017 at 10:08 pm | Reply

It was easy to learn with easy language

Kanishka
September 15, 2017 at 6:39 am
 | Reply
  
Really helpful
Short and understandable
Tan q for your help.

Chirag Baslas
September 15, 2017 at 9:26 pm | Reply

Paper baccha lia bhai… !!


Really #Helpful..

XYZ
October 9, 2017 at 10:30 pm | Reply

THANKS FOR THE ABOVE QUESTION . GIVE THE INSTANCES OF USE OF IRONY
IN THE CHAPTER

hruaii
November 6, 2017 at 5:37 pm | Reply

It helps me a lot most of the question so work out well in exams

hruaii
November 6, 2017 at 5:38
 pm| Reply  
It helps me a lot most of the question so work out well in exams

hruaii
November 6, 2017 at 5:39 pm | Reply

The questions and of course the answer work out so well in exams thanku

Anshan
December 2, 2017 at 6:58 pm | Reply

Wooooow

Abin Shaji
December 6, 2017 at 6:07 pm | Reply

Its so helpful

neeraj chandel
January 14, 2018 at 1:19 pm | Reply

it was pretty good and helpful as well .. the best part was the

short and long answer !! THANK 
YOU SO MUCH  
Faaiza Ibrahim
February 12, 2018 at 5:21 pm | Reply

I mainly refer ur website in order to frame my answers from the collected words of
ur summaries and it has helped me score well. Alhamdullilah. Thank you so much.

Faaiza Ibrahim
February 12, 2018 at 5:22 pm | Reply

I mainly refer ur website in order to frame my answers from the collected words of
ur summaries and it has helped me score well. Alhamdullilah.

Dhurwaj
February 14, 2018 at 8:56 am | Reply

Really helpful tq for this…..

gayatree konwar
March 4, 2018 at 9:48 pm | Reply

thnq vry msh 4 ds hlp

    
Raj Kumar
May 4, 2018 at 10:13 pm | Reply

The impeccable detailed notes …


A wow help!!
Thanx a lot!!

RAMANBRAR
May 30, 2018 at 9:18 am | Reply

that chapter is so difficult but by that summery and answers it becomes more
easy really

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