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Advanced - Session 7A

Name: _________________________________
Date: __________________________________

HOW STUFF WORKS


USEFUL 1. Complete
INFORMATION
Complete the following sentences using Passive Voice.
Use the verb in brackets.
Passive Voice
1. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species
Affirmative
__________ (find) in Mexico.
Object + verb to be (in
2. Leather ____________________ (use) to make
Present or Past) + verb
various goods including footwear, automobile
(in Past Participle) +
seats, clothing and furniture.
complement
3. Steel ________________ (know) in antiquity and
Examples:
________________ (produce) in bloomeries.
Present: This table is
4. Wood ___________________ (find) in
made of wood.
1. the stems and roots of trees and other woody
Past: The telephone
plants.
was invented in 1876
by Alexander G. Bell.
5. The first glass _____________ (make) in the
region of Syria around 5000BC.
Negative
6. Metal __________________ (find) in the Earth's
Object + verb to be (in
crust in the pure, free elemental form.
Present or Past) + not +
verb (in Past
7. Rubber __________________ (harvest) mainly in
Participle) +
the form of the latex from the rubber tree or
complement
others.
Examples:
8. Parkesine ______________________ (consider)
the first man-made plastic. The plastic material
Present: iPhones are
___________________(patent) by Alexander
not manufactured in
Parkes, in Birmingham, England in 1856.
the USA.
Past: Glass was not
used before 5000 BC. 1
Yes/No Questions 2. Error Analysis
Verb to be (in Present Read the following passage and find 8 mistakes.
or Past) + object + verb
(in Past Participle) + How is glass made?
complement
Glass is maked from liquid sand. Ordinary sand is heat at
Examples: a temperature of 1700 °C. After it is molten and cool, it
gains a different structure. But it doesn’t matter how
Present: Is coffee only much you cool the sand, it is never turn into a solid.
grown in Colombia? Instead, it becomes a kind of frozen liquid refer by
Past: Were washing scientists as amorphous solid.
machines created in
Europe? In a commercial glass plant, sand be mixed with waste
glass (from recycling collections), soda ash (sodium
Wh-Questions carbonate), and limestone (calcium carbonate) and
heated in a furnace.
Wh-word + verb to be
(in Present or Past) + The soda reduces the sand's melting point, which helps
object + verb (in Past to save energy during manufacture, but it has an
Participle) + unfortunate drawback: it produces a kind of glass that
Complement + ? would dissolve in water! The limestone is add to stop that
happening. The end-product is call soda-lime-silica glass.
Examples: It's the ordinary glass we can see all around us.
Present: What are cell
phones made of?
Past: When were the 1. _______________________________________
Egyptian pyramids
built? 2. _______________________________________

VOCABULARY 3. _______________________________________

Plastic 4. _______________________________________
Steel
Wood 5. _______________________________________
Glass
Fabric 6. _______________________________________
Cotton
Leather 7. _______________________________________
Iron
Silver 8. _______________________________________
Rubber
Paper
2 Metal