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Pan pacific University of the North Philippines

School of Criminal justice Education


McArthur Highway ,Urdaneta City

FORENSIC BALLISTICS MIDTERM EXAM

Instructions: Select the correct answer for each of the following questions. Choose only one answer
for each item corresponding to the letter of your choice and place it in your exam booklet.
STRICTLY NO ERASURES ALLOWED

Name: Date:
Subject/Schedule: Score:

1. Caliber in the firearms is measured in the barrel from what particular part?
a. from land to land b. from land to groove
c. from groove to groove d. from groove to land
2. The term double action in a firearm means.
a. Cocks and release the hammer simultaneously
b. Manually cocks the hammer
c. Auto loads before the firing
d. Double pressing the trigger
3. Known as the father of ballistics.
a. Albert Osborne b. Col. Calvin H. Goddard
c. Hans Gross d. Charles Walte
4. Revolver distinguished from pistol by.
a. frame b. barrel c. slide assembly d. rotating cylinder
5. Invented the gunpowder.
a. Roger Bacon b. James Forsythe c. Van Amberg d. Berthold Scwartz
6. . Measurement in inch of the bore of the rifle.
A. Caliber C. Chamber
b. Cannelure D. English System of measurement
7. Danao made firearms of homemade weapons are usually classified as.
a. flare guns b. zip guns c. matchlock d. freakish device
8. Refers to a complete unfired unit of ammunition placed into gun chamber.
a. cartridge b. primer c. bullet d. shell
9. The measurement of the bore diameter from land to land.
a. gauge b. mean diameter c. caliber d. rifling
10.This part of the firearms strikes the primer causing the firing of the cartridge.
a. hammer b. ejector c. trigger d. firing pin
11. Term used in referring to tip of a bullet.
a. breech b. ogive c. rim d. pitch
12. A smooth bore military firearm designed to fire a single projectile.
a. rifle b. musket c. shotgun d. artillery
13. . The part of the cartridge that ignites the main powder charge when struck by the firing pin.
A. Shell C. Primer
B. Base D. Bullet
14. The tumbling of the bullet in its trajectory and hitting the target sideways.
a. key hole shot b. ricochet
c. hang fire d. misfire
15. A part of ballistics dealing with firearm identification.
a. interior b. exterior c. terminal d. forensic
16. Raised portion between the grooves found inside the barrel.
a. land b. caliber c. gauge d. rifling
17. The unstable rotating motion of the bullet.
a. yaw b. trajectory c. velocity d. gyroscopic action
18.Which of the following refers to diameter in which the bore was reamed?
a. caliber of the firearm b. pitch of riflings
c. direction of twist of riflings d.diameter of the ammunition used
19. Which of the following suggested a relationship to courts of justice and court proceedings?
a. forensic b. forum c. fora d. forensic ballistics
20. The three types of firearms are the revolver, pistol, and the rifle. When the rimless fired
cartridge was found at the crime scene your suspicion is focus to:
a. revolver b. pistol c. rifle d. pistol or rifle e .hand guns
21. A rimmed shell is usually fired from:
a. pistol rifle b. pistol c. revolver d. machine gun e. paltik firearm
22.The term double action with reference to revolver means most nearly that:
a. the projectile explodes upon hitting the target
b. it has more knocking powder
c. pulling the trigger will automatically cock the firearm
d. the shell of a fired shot is ejected and fresh cartridge is pushed from the magazine at
the same time
23. Rifling in the bore small arms is designed to:
a. increase the speed of the bullet
b. decrease the amount of recoil
c. prevent the bullet from turning and over end in the air
d. increase damage to the object hit by the bullet
24. The part of the firearm which resist the rearward movement of the cartridge case causedby
the expansion of gases generated by burning gunpowder is:
a. breech b. slide c. stock d. chamber
24. One of the following refers to the detonation of a certain compound when struck by a blow:
a. explosion b. percussion c. blast d. ignition flash
25. Manufactured firearms from Europe are measured in millimeters (mm), in determining
caliber’s 9 mm is referred to:
a. .45 caliber b. .357 caliber c. .38 caliber d. .22 caliber
26. The caliber of a gun is:
a. it’s barrel length b. the size of the ammunition
c. the diameter of its barrel d. the rifling
27. The part of the mechanism of a firearm that withdraw the shell of the cartridges from the
chamber is called:
a. ejector b. primer c. strikes d. extractor
28. The term muzzle velocity refers most accurately to the:
a. acceleration speed of the projectile in flight
b. average speed of the bullet in flight
c. speed at which a bullet leaves
d. direction of bullet while in flight
29. The science dealing with the motion of the projectiles at the same time it leaves the muzzle
of the gun to the time it hits the targets is known as:
a. terminal ballistics b. exterior ballistics c. interior ballistics d. wound ballistics
30. The unit of bore measurement applied to shotgun is:
a. millimeter b. hundredths of an inch c. gauge d. any of the above
31. Who invented the rim- fire cartridge?
a. Flobert b. Le Fauncheux c. Vielle d. Hiram Maxim
32. Exit gunshot wound can always be differentiated from entrance gunshot wound by:
a. it’s size
b. it’s shape

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c. it’s presence
d. presence of gunpowder residue
33.In forensic ballistic, the firearm examiner examines the firearm usually involved in a crime or the case_____?
a. In court
b. In progress
c. In Controversy
d. In action
34. In the story of crime, with the use of firearm, the energy coming from the muzzle point is called?
a. Armor-piercing
b. Velocity
c. Lead bullet
d. Muzzle energy
35. The caliber of firearms can be determined by the bore diameter which is measured from the:
a rifling
b. two opposite grooves
c. two opposite lands
d. lands and grooves
36. The breech end of the chamber of the firearm that is sealed by a solid flat block of metal against
which the barrel comes into position when the weapon is closed for firing, which is termed as:

a. Extractor
b. Breech face
c. Head space
d. Breechblock
37. The firearms that propelled projectiles more than one inch in diameter is called _____.
a. Short arms
b. Small arms
c. Artillery
d. Handguns
38. The hitting of bullet in sideway to the target is called _____.

a. Keyhole shot
b. Yaw
c. Through and through
d. Oblique wound
39. A complete unfired unit of ammunition inserted into the chamber of firearm for firing is referred to as:

a. Bullet
b. Shell
c. Primer
d. Cartridge
40. Rifling located inside the barrel of a gun is a combination of:

a. Pitch
b. Twist
c. Lands & grooves
d. Cannelures
41. The tumbling or wobbling of bullet on flight is _____.

a. Keyhole shot
b. Spinning
c. Yawing
d. Translational movement
42. Scientific examinations of bullets and firearms presumably used in the commission of a crime.
a. Interior ballistics c. Terminal ballistics
b. Exterior ballistics d. Forensic ballistics

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43. A barrel of any firearm is legally classified as:
a. Part of the firearm c. Accessory
b. Nomenclature d. Complete firearm
44. Rate of twist in the rifling of a rifle or pistol barrel.
a. Land c. Leed
b. Grooves d. Ogive
45.It is a result when the firearm is shot at around 2 to 8 inches to the target.
a. Smudging c. Contact burn
b. Tatooing d. Contact wound
46. It is produced when the muzzle is held against the target or body when fired.
a. Smudging c. Contact burn
b. Tatooing d. Contact wound
47. . The science of dealing with the motion of projectiles at the same time it leaves the muzzle of the firearm
to the time it hits the target.
a. Interior ballistics c. Terminal ballistics
b. Exterior ballistics d. Posterior ballistics
48. The science which deals with the effect of the impact of the projectile on the target.
a. Interior ballistics c. Terminal ballistics
b. Exterior ballistics d. Posterior ballistics
49.. Part of the firearm which strikes the firing pin.
a. Trigger c. Sear
b. Hammer d. Main spring
50. Applied to a shot gun which indicates bore diameter is equal to the diameter of the lead ball whose weight
in pound is equal to reciprocal gauge index.
a. Caliber c. Shot
b. Gauge d. Charge
51. An ancient smooth bore weapon designed to shoot a single round lead ball.
a. Shotgun c. Musket
b. Rifle d. Pistol
52. A smooth bore weapon designed to shoot a number of lead pellets in one charge.
a. Shotgun c. Musket
b. Rifle d. Pistol
53. Part of the firearm which closes the rear of the bore against the force of the charge.
a. Breechblock c. Ejector
b. Breechface d. Extractor
54. Firearm mechanism which causes empty shell to be withdrawn from the chamber.
a. Breechblock c. Ejector
b. Breechface d. Extractor
55. Refers to the channels cut in the interior surface of the barrel.
a. Rifling c. Groove
b. Land d. Cannelure
56. Rearward movement of a firearm from firing.
a. Recoil c. Back fire
b. Force d. Shot force
57. . Distance that the rifling advances to make one complete turn.
a. Pitch of rifling c. Trajectory
b. Choke d. Recoil
59. Needed for a cartridge to be considered as a complete unfired unit
a. Bullet c. Gunpowder
b. Primer d. All of these
60. Failure of a cartridge to discharge.
a. Misfire c. Ricochet
b. Hang fire d. Key hole shot
61. Invented the gunpowder.
a. Chinese c. Van Amberg
b. James Forsythe d. Berthold Schwartz

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62.Pattern or curved path of the bullet in flight.
a. Range c. Velocity
b. Trajectory d. Yaw
63. Refers to the deflection of the bullet from its normal path after striking a resistant surface.
a. Mushroom c. Ricochet
b. Key hole shot d. Misfire

64. Caliber in the firearm is measured in the barrel from what particular part?
a. From land to land c. From groove to groove
b. From land to groove d. From groove to land

64. Ballistics was derived from the Greek word ____ which means to throw.
a. Ballo c. Ballien
b. Ballista d. Any of these
65. This event was instrumental in the acceptance of ballistics in court proceedings in the United States.
a. St. Valentine’s Day Massacre c. Gunfight at the OK coral
b. Chicago Shootout in 1929 d. 9/11
66. Placed in the barrels of the firearm to impart a spin on the bullet that pass through it.
a. Lands c. Rifling
b. Grooves d. All of these
67.Part of exterior ballistics which refers to the sound created at the muzzle end of the barrel.
a. Muzzle energy c. Muzzle noise
b. Muzzle blast d. Range
68.. A type of firearm which the pressure upon the trigger both cocks and release the hammer.
a. Automatic c. Double action
b. Single action d. Slide action type
69. A metallic cup charged with a priming composition, usually made up of potassium chlorate, antimony
sulfide and fulminate of mercury.
a. Primer c. Cartridge
b. Gunpowder d. Primer cup
70. The part of .45 caliber semi automatic pistol found at the crime scene, normally marked for identification
in the;
A. Trigger C. Slide
B. Ejector D. barrel

71. The type of bore usually found in sawed off shotgun, is;
A. Rifle bore C. Full check bore
B. Choke bore D. Smooth bore

72.. The maximum distance from the muzzle at which the firearm discharge, will usually produced detectable
powder pattern on a target, is about;
A. 6 to 10 inches C. 6 to 10 yards
B. 6 to 10 feet D. 6 to 10 meters
73. When the mechanism is so arranged that it will fire continuously while the trigger is depressed, is called;
A. Double action C. Automatic
B. Caliber D. Trigger
74.. The distance that the rifling advances to make one complete turn inside the gun barrel, is called;
A. Gauge C. Pitch of rifling
B. Breech end D. Velocity
75.. Weapon in which pressure upon the trigger released the hammer that must be manually cocked is called;
A. Automatic C. Single Action
B. Repeating Arm D. ejector
76. Weapon in which pressure upon the trigger both cocks and released the hammer;
A. Single Action C. hammer

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B. Trigger D. Double action
77. Weapon in which pressure upon the trigger both cocks and released the hammer;
A. Single Action C. hammer
B. Trigger D. Double action
78. . Instrument used for the propulsion of the projectiles by the expansive force of gases coming from the
burning powder;
A. Micrometer C. Stereoscopic Microscope
B. Firearm D. Comparison
79. The still block which closes the rear of the bore against the forced of the charge, is;
A. Breech face C. Chamber
B. Breech block D. Bore
80. Firearms which propels projectiles of less than one inch in diameter are generally classified as;
A. Artillery C. Cannon
B. Small Arms D. Rifle
81. The actual curved path traveled by a bullet in flight is;
A. Velocity C. Penetration
B. Trajectory D. Pressure Generated
82. Is the study of firearms identification by means of the ammunition fired through them or fired through
submitted suspected firearm.
a. Ballistics C. Terminal Ballistics
B. Forensic Ballistics D. Interior Ballistics
83. . the elevated rifling of the barrel of the gun
A. grooves C. bore
B. Lands D. pitch
82. The depressed portion of the rifling as you looked inside a barrel of a gun.
A. grooves C. bore
B. Lands D. pitch
83. the rear portion of the barrel is called;
A. Rifling C. Breech end
B. muzzle end D. Bore
84. Can be located near the front sight and the front end of the barrel.
A. Rifling C. Bore
B. muzzle end D. Breech end
85. Is the part of the gun where the ammunition is set for firing.
A. Bore C. Chamber
B. Rifling D. Breech end
86. Type of weapon fired from the shoulder;
A. Pistol C. machine Gun
B. Revolver D. Rifle
87. It refers to the speed of the bullet when it travels through the muzzle of the gun.
A. Speed C. Terminal Velocity
B. Muzzle Velocity D. Terminal Energy
88. Indicates, that the bullet reaches the end of the target.
A. Speed C. Terminal Velocity
B. Muzzle Velocity D. Terminal Energy
89. The speed of the bullet upon striking the target.
A. Speed C. Terminal Velocity
B. Muzzle Velocity D. Terminal Energy
90. A firearm that chambers and fires rounds continuously as long as the trigger is held down.
A. Double action C. Automatic
B. single Action D. Bolt action

PART II

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ESSAY: Discuss briefly but concisely the legal definition of firearms as distinguish to its technical definition.
Place your answer on the blank space provided.

Prepared by: Noted by:


Audie Harrison B. Rojas Dr. Victor Delos Santos
Instructor Dean

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