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CAMorOH OfiopYAORaHHe II peltellTLl AOManIBerO npJll'OTOBJleI!HI I 12

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CAMorOH OOOpYAoUBIe R pettenThl AOilaWRero npllI'O'l'OBJeHHl 114

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17 I CAMOrOH 1)iop~0BaHJre H peqemw AOMaDIBerO DpJll'OTOBJleHllH

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CAMorOH O6opYAouHHe H pettellTLl AOM3D1BerO npwroBJeHHII 118

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V/X 95 90 85 80 70 75 65 60 55 50
90 6,4
85 13,3 6,6
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55 78,0 67,8 57,9 48,1 38,3 28,6 19,0 9,5
50 96,0 84,7 73,9 63,0 52,4 41,7 31,3 20,5 10,4
45 117,4 105,3 93,3 81,2 69,5 57,8 46,0 34,5 22,9 11,4
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19 I CAMOroH O6op~oaaBIe )( peqellTLl AOMaumero DpliroroBJIeJIlI1I

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35 178,7 163,3 148,0 132,9 117,8 102,8 87,9 73,1 58,3 43,6
30 224,1 206,2 188,6 171,1 153,6 136,0 118,9 101,7 84,5 67,S
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20 382,0 355,8 329,8 304,0 278,3 252,6 227,0 201,4 176,0 150,6
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Kopa.: npHroAHa TOJ\bKO rJ\aAKa~ Kopa C MOJ\OAbIX pacreuaa H notieroa, T.K crapas, pacTpecKaBwa~c~ xopa COAep:>KHT MHoro np06KH H XHMH4eCKH MaJ\oaKTHBHa. CpOK xpaHeHH~ - 3-5 J\eT.

AHCTbSl. npH 3arOTOBKH J\HCTbeB cJ\eAyeT Y4ecTb, -rro TOJ\CTble

23 I CAMara" O6opy~oBalllle R ~eD1\I ~OIawBero BplU'OTOlUeJIHlI

H C04Hbie 4epeHKH cozepxar MaAO aKTHBHblX BeweCTB, 3aMeAA~IOT CYWKy, n03TOMY HX yAaA~IOT. MeAKHe KO)l(HCTble AHCTb~ (TOAOKH~HKa, 6pYCHHKa) cpe3alOT C 4aCTbIO nofieros MHHOH 8- 10 CM, a 3aTeM C BblcyweHHblx nooeroa oopuaaior AHCTb~ HAH 06MOAaYHBaIOT, BbIKHAbIBa~ cretixesue 4aCTH. AHCTb~ MO)l(HO xpaHHTb AO 3-x AeT, HO 3¢¢eKTHBHoCTb HX npHMeHeHH~ CHH»caercs nOCAe osaoro roaa xpaueaas.

Tpassr, nOA TepMHHoM "rpassr' B ¢apMoKorH03HH nOApa3YMeBaK:>TC~ OAHCTBeHHble H UBeTOHOCHble cTe6AH TpaB~HHcTbIX paCTeHHH. Flpn 3arOTOBKe TpaB HcnoAb3YlOT BCIO HaA3eMHYlO yaCTb pacreana, aa HCKAI04eHHeM HH)I(HHX AHCTbeB H oroxeuHblX cTe6AeH. CpOK xpaueuas TpaB AO 2-x AeT.

UBeTKH. C06HpaTb UBeTKH pexoweucyercs B Ha4aAe UBeTeHH~, T.K. ueceoeepeweuuo cotipauusre, OHM Tep~IOT OKpaCKY, H3MeAbYaIOTC~ npH CYWKe. HaH60Aee aKTHBHble apOMaTH3HpyIOWHe eeuiecraa cocpesoro-reuu B OCHOBHOM B xenecrxax UBeTKOB H Kop3HHKax COUBeTH~, n03TOMY npH 3arOTOBKe cxeayer OTAeA~Tb UBeTOHO)l(KY. UBeTKH - casiue He)l(Hble 4aCTH pacreHH~, n03TOMY, HX HeAb3~ YKAMblBaTb nAOTHO B aaxpsrryio rapy. /w-uue scero HX cofiuparu B KOP3HHbi H TOT4ac esrcyunraars. CpOK xp~HeHH~ UBeT04Horo Cblpb~ AO 2-x AeT.

nAOAbi H ceweaa. nAOAbl H ceweua cxeayer cotinpars BnOAHe cneAblMH. II1CKAI04eHHe COCTaBA~IOT paCTeHH~ C paCT~HYTbIM UBereHHeM, T.K. OHH C03peBalOT HeOAHOBpeMeHHO, H B TO epeM~, KaK yaCTb nAOAOB ewe He A03peAa, cnexue Y)l(e ocunaiorC~. B AaHHOM CAY4ae BepxywKH paCTeHHH cpe3alOT B TOT MOMeHT, xoraa nOAOBHHa C03peAa, 3aTeM paCTeHH~ CB~3bIBaIOT B ny4KH H nOABeWHBalOT M~ A03peBaHH~ ecex nAOAOB B CYXOM nOMellleHHH. nAOAbl 30HTH4HbiX ( aHHC, ¢eHxeAb, TMHH) CAeAYeT c06HpaTb paHO yTpOM no poce HAH B CblPYIO noroay. C04Hbie nAOAbl c06HpalOT YTPOM HAH Be4epOM, KorAa cnasaer )l(apa. 3TH nAOAbl Tpe6ylOT TwaTeAbHOH COpTHpOBKH BO BpeM5I ctiopa.

KOpHH. 3TH yaCTH paCTeHHH cotinpaor rAaBHblM 06pa30M oceusio. xoraa Ha4HHaeT )l(eATeTb HM3eMHa~ 4aCTb paCTeHHH, HAH BeCHOH AO HayaAa COKOBbIAeAeHH~. 1I13BAe4eHHbie H3 3eMAH KOpHH npowsraator npOT04HOH XOAOAHOH BOAOH (npHMeHeHHe rops-rea BOAbl He AonYCTHMO) a 3aTeM, npeABapHTeAbHO H3MeAb4HB, cywaT. CpOK npHrOAHOCTH Cblpb~ AO 3-x AeT.

CAMOrO" O6opy~oBaHHe R j)I!I\eDTW ~OMaIIIIIero lIpIl'OTOuew I 24

KAK CYWHTb 3AfOTOBAEHHOE CblPbE

Flpouecc CYWKH paCTlI1TeAbHOro cupsa - caMblH cyuiecraeuHblH MOMeHT B XO.6.e 3arOTOBKH. npe.6.AaraeM uexorcpue WHpOKO npHMeH5IeMble cnocoou CYWKH.

B03AYWHaSi reueeaa cyunca, npHMeH5IeTC5I .6.A5I rpas, AHCTbeB H UBeTKOB. nO.6. BAH5IHHeM COAHe4HbiX AY4eH OHH 6AeKH)'T, 6ypeior, KOAH4eCTBO aKTHBHblX BeweCTB CHH)I(aeTC5I. Cyunca npoH3BO.6.HTC5I B, XopOWO npOBeTpHBaeMblX nOMeweHH5IX HAH ua l.Iep.6.aKax. MO)l(HO CYWHTb H ua OTKPblTOM B03.6.yxe, HO 06513aTeAbHO B TeHH noc cneUHaAbHblMH uaeecawa III TOAbKO B XOPOwylO noroay. Y.6.06HO npOH3BO.6.HTb CyWKy Ha MapAeBblX rawaxax, TaK KaK B 3TOM CAY4ae cupse BeHTHAHpyeTc5I paBHOMepHO co acex CTOpOH. He CAe.6.yeT CYWHTb TpaBbl, .6.eAa51 H3 HHX nAOTHble ny4KH H nO.6.BeWHBa51 K nOToAKY nOMeWeHH5I, H3-3a nAOXOro zocrvna B03.6.yxa.

B03AywHaH COAHe4HaSi cyurxa. npHMeH5IeTC5I B OCHOBHOM M5I xopuea, cozepscaunrx .6.y6HAbHble aeuiecraa H aAKaAOH.6.bJ, a, TaK)I(e, AA5I C04HbiX nAO.6.OB. Cupse paCKAa.6.bl B a lOT TOHKHM CAOeM (1-3 CM) H He MeHee 1 pa3a B CYTKH nepeaopa-maaior. Ha HOl.lb csrpse y6l11patoT.

Tenaoaaa cyurxa C HCKyccTBeHHblM noaorpeaow. TaKa51 cywKa 51BA5IeTC5I onTHMaAbHOH .6.A5I acex BH.6.OB cupsa. TeMneparypaua pe)l(HM 3a.6.aeTC5I .6.A5I Ka)l(.6.0rO BH.6.a Cblpb5l; TpaBbl, AHCTb5l,· UBeTKH, KOPHH, AYKOBHUbl - (50-60°C ); nAOAbl H ceweua - (70-900C); ace BH.6.bl Cb1Pb5l, cO.6.ep)l(aUlHe 3cpHpHbie MaCAa - (30-400C). TenAoBa51 cyuixa B 6blTOBbiX YCAOBH5IX BblnOAH5IeTC5I B PYCCKHX ne-iax. nel.lb He .6.OA)KHa 6blTb )KapKOH ( .6.A5I npOBepKH TeMnepaTypbl MO)l(HO 6pOCHTb Ty.6.a 6YMa)KKY: eCAH OHa He 6Y.6.eT 06yrAHBaTbC5I H CHAbHO )l(eATeTb, TO MO)KHO CTaBHTb csipse). B nepaue 1-2 -race Tpy6y He aaxpuaaior, 3aCAOHKa YCTaHaBAHBaeTC5I Ha .6.Ba KHpnHl.Ia H OTO.6.BHraeTC5I BepXHHH KpaH AA5I npHTOKa HapY)l(Hero B03.6.yxa. Tenxua B03- .6.yx, HaCblweHHblH BAarOH CblPb5l, YXO.6.HT B 'rpyfiy. MO)l(HO npOH3BO.6.HTb CyWKy H B .6.YXOBKax rasoaux H 3AeKTpHl.IeCKHX ne-iea, HO, npH 3TOM, .6.BepUa .6.YXOBKH .6.OA)I(Ha 6bITb npHOTKpsrra, a nAaM5I ra30BOH ropeAKH MHHHMaAbHoe (perYA5ITOp r+arpeaa 3AeKTpoaYXOBKH YCTaHaBAHBaeTC5I B nOAO)l(eHHe 1).

25 I CAMOrOH O6opY~OBaHHe R Ptmetml ~OMWBerO npHI'OTOlJleHH8

HA "'ITO OIiPATHTb BHHMAHJIIE nPH CYWKE

nO"lKH cxeayer CYWHTb OCTOPO>KHO, AAHTeAbHoe BpeM5I H B npoxxaenov nOMeweHHH.

Kopa rpeoyer TenAOBO~ CyWKH, npH 3TOM He06xoAHMO CAeAHTb, 4T06bl KyCKH KOPbl He BKAaAblBaAHCb Apyr B Apyra BO H3- 6e)l(aHHe 3arHHBaHH5I ee C BHyTpeHHe~ nOBepXHOCTH.

AHCTbH C TOHKHMH nAaCTHHKaMH COXH)'T HepaBHOMepHO, no- 3TOMY, HX cyurar AO rex nop, noxa 4epeWKH He CTaH}'T AOMKHMH.

KOpHH 06bl4 HO cyuiar B TenAOBblX CYWHAKax C 06513aTeAbHb1M npeABapHTeAbHblM H3MeAb4eHHeM H nepeMeHHblM pe)l(HMOM - Ha4HHatoT CyWKy npH TeMneparype 35-400c, a 3aKaH4HBatoT npH 50-60°C.

}IroAbi H nAOAbl cyurar HAH B TenAOBblX cywHAKax (4-6 -racoa), HAH Ha COAHue B xopowyto )l(apKyto norozy (3-5 AHe~). Cyuiar 5IrOAbl AO n05lBAeHH5I KAe~KO~ nAeHKH Ha noaepxuocrn. r OTOBHOCTb AerKO onpeAeAHTb, B351B HX B ropers H cxerxa C)I(aB. ECAH 06pa3yeTc5I KOMOK 6e3 BbIAeAeHH5I COKa, 3Ha4HT 5IrOAbl BbICYureuu.

nPHrOTOBAEHJIIE PACTHTEAbHblX HAGOEB H OTBAPOB

ApoMaTH3HpYlOwHe seurecraa H3BAeKatoT 1.13 pacrnrexsuoro Cblpb51 C nOMOWbto pacraopwrexea - cnupra HAH BOAbl. flepez, 06pa60TKOH cupse He06xOAHMO H3MeAb4HTb. CaMbl~ npOCTO~ cnocof H3BAeyeHH5I - HaCTaHBaHHe ua cnHpTe. B npouecce HaCTaHBaHH5I caworou HaCbIWaeTC5I apOMaTHyeCKHMH aeuiecraaMH, MeH5IeTC5I BKyC HanHTKa. Cblpbe cxeayer HaCTaHBaTb AO rex nop, noxa ace apowaruaapyiounre eeuiecraa H3 paCTeHH5I He paCTBOp5lTC5I B cruipre.

npH HaCTaHBaHHH paCTBOp nepHOAH4eCKH cuexotaajor, a, 3aTeM, BHOBb 3aAHBatoT Cblpbe H B36aATbIBatoT. HaH60Aee 3CPcpeKTHBHO paCreHH5I OTAatoT apowarwanpyioume aeuiecraa npH KpenOCTH pacTBOpHTeA5I 45-50°. nepeoAH4ecKH MeH5I5I Ha CBe»cee apoMaTH3HpytoWee cupse, 3aAHBa51 ero TeM )l(e caworoHOM, nOAY4alOT HaCTO~ 60Aee BblCOKOH KOHueHTpauHH. Taxoro »ce 3cpcpeKTa A06HBatoTC5I n}'TeM OTBapHBaHH5I Cblpb51 B 3aKpblTO~ nOCYAe C nocAeAytoWHM HaCTaHBaHHeM HAH 6e3 Hero. BpeM5I KHn5l4eHH5I npH 3TOM COCTaBA5IeT 10-15 MHHyT.

CAMara" ~YllolW!He H ~eIlTLl AOM3111Hero nplll'OroUell1lll I 26

LlAHTeAbHOCTb npHrOTOBAeHH~ HaCToeK 3aBHCHT OT BHAa Cblpb~ H TeMnepaTypHoro pe)l(HMa H, 06bl4HO, COCTaBA~eT 3-5 HeaeAb. Flpn nOBblweHHH rewneparvpe AO 50-60°C BpeMSI HaCTaHBaHH~ HeKoTopblX BHAOB Cblpb~ coxpauiaercs ao 5-8 AHeH. Takas HaCTOHKa Ha3b1BaeTC~ cxopocnexxoa. ECAH 6YTbiAKH C HaCTaHBaeMblM HanHTKOM nOCTaBHTb ua AepeB~HHble 6pYCKH, nOMeweHHble B xacrpioxio C BOAOH, H npOKHn~THTb, TO nOAYl.IHTC~ HenAoxa~ HaCToHKa.

[leperouxa OTBapOB n03BOA~eT nOAY4aTb KOHueHTpHpOBaHHble pacrsopu C BblCOKOH creneusio HaCblweHHOCTH apOMaTHl.IeCKHMH BeweCTBaMH H TaK)I(e 3<pHpHbIMH MaCAaMH. 3TH aeureCTBa n04TH He H3MeH~toT axyca HanHTKa, HO npasaior eMY »ceAaeMblH apovar.

LlA~ npHAaHH~ apowara neeperousuor He TOAbKO oruapu, HO H HaCTOH. ~~ aroro HMO B3~Tb KaKyto-HH6YAb cneuiuo, MeAKO HCTOA04b, 3aAHTb KHn~TKOM (ua 400 r B3~Tb 3,5 AHTpa BOAbl), nAOTHO aaxynop-rn, H HaCTaHBaTb CYTKH. 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb 2,5 AHTpa BOAbl H neperoaars AO 'rex nop, noxa 6YAeT coxpausrsca sanax cneun«. 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb CBe)l(HX cneuna H neperuars ewe pas, MO)l(HO npOH3BeCTH 31)' onepaUHto H B TpeTHH pas. Takas BOAa Ha3b1BaeTC~ TpoeHOH 1-1, eCAH 200 rTaKOH BOAbl 3aAHTb B 1,2 AHTpa casaorona, TO BKyC nOAY4eHHoro HanHTKa 6YAeT CXO)l( C TeM, KOTOPblH noxy-iaerca npH neperouxe CO cneUH~MH.

ECAH paCTeHH~ H cneuan Ao6aBA~Tb B 6pary, TO, npH neperouxe, apOMaT noxy-raerca cAa6blM. LlA~ ero yCHAeHH~ Haao BOAY, KOTOPOH pa3BOAHTC~ 6para, npeaeapwrexsuo HaCTO~Tb Ha Bbl6paHHbiX cneunsx. MO)l(HO CAeAaTb H3 HHX OTBap H HM pa36aBA~Tb 6pary.

EioAee npeeno-rnrrexsuo rOTOBHTb 6pary ua apOMaTH3HpOBaHHOH BOlle. TaKOH caworou 6YAeT HMeTb YCTOH4HBblH apowar, nepefiuaaa cneUH<pH4eCKItiH sanax CHBYXH.

Fleperoaxa HaCToeB n03BOA~eT nOAY4aTb apOMaTH3HpOBaHHble HanHTKH C BblCOKHM COAep)l(aHHeM cnHpTa . .6.A~ npHAaHH~ caworouy HY)l(Horo axyca nOCAe neperOHKH ero CMeWHBalOT C HaCTO~MH 'rex )l(e paCTeHHH, npu 3TOM, caM caworou eure pa3 HaCTaHBatoT. Haruwep, caworoa, HaCToeHHblH Ha AHMOHHOH KOpKe, nOCAe neperouxn HaCTaHBatoT ewe pa3 Ha CBe)l(eH AHMOHHOH KOpKe.

27 I CAMOroH ·06oPYAoBaHJle H ~ellTLl AOliaurnero npHI'OTOBJIt!HHJI

nPJIIAAHHE CAMOrOHY BKYCA

OnpeAeAHHbl~ Bbl60p HCXOAHOrO Cblpb~ AA~ npHrOTOBAeHH~ caworoua, a TaK)I(e, HcnOAb30BaHHe pa3AH4HblX KOMnOHeHTOB BBHAe CBe)l(HX H CyXHX paCTHTeAbHblX Ao6aBOK H 3KCTpaKTOB, npHrOTOBAeHHblX Ha HX OCHOBe, n03BoA~toT nO"Y4aTb KOHe4- Hbltll npOAyKT - caworou C onpeAeAeHHblMH BKYCOBblMH napaMeTpaMH. CAeAyeT nOMHHTb, 4TO caworoa ~BA~eTC~ KpenKHM cnHpTOCOAep)l(aWHM HanHTKOM, KOTOPblH aKTHBHO B3aHMoAelllcrayer C BHOCHMblMH B Hero Ao6aBKaMH, B pe3YAbTaTe -rero, BKyC caworoaa CHAbHO MeH~eTC~. B npesxaraewoa HH)I(e Ta6AHue npHBOA~TC~ npeAeAbHO-AonYCTHMble KOAHyeCTBeHHble 3HayeHH~ BHOCHMblX Ao6aBOK M~ nOAyyeHH~ crporo onpeAeAHHOH BKyCOBOH xapaKTepHCTHKH caxioroua npH AAHTeAbHOM ero HaCTaJ..1- BaHHH (He MeH~e 2-x HeAeAb)

Ta6AHua 5

HaHMeHOBaHHe BKye KOAH'IeCTBo
Ao6aBOK,r/ A
AneAbCHHOBa~
ueApa ropsxoaarua 50 - 100
J\HMoHHa~ ueapa ropsxoaarsra 60 - 250
Flovepauueaas
ueApa ropsxosarsra 2,5 - 50
P03MapHH ropsxoaaro- nps H bl ~ 0,5 - 1,0
lllarppau rOPbKoBaTo-np~ H bl H 0,1 - a,s
6Mb~H ropsxoearo-ropskna 3 - 20
KopHua ropbKOBaTo-ropbKHIII 3 - 15
BaHHAb rOPbKH~ 0,5 - 2,0
Aaspoau ~ AHCT rOPbKH~ 0,5 - 2,0
KapAaMoH n ps HO- )l(ry4 H~ 4 - 20
MycKaTHbl~ opex np~Ho-)I(ry4HH 3-6
flepeu AYWHCTblH yMepeHHo-)I(ryYH~ 3-6
It1M6Hpb )l(ry4H~ 1,5 - 1 2,0
rB03AHKa )l(ry4H~ 0,6 - 3,0
nepeu yepHbl~ )l(ry4HH 2 - 24 CAMoroH OfioPY~OBamte R peqemw ~OMalllHerO BpHl'OTOMeHU I 28

OT.lleAbHbie KOMnOHeHTbl, npneeaeuuue B Ta6AIIIUe (sa IIICKAto- 4eHHeM uiarppaua), MoryT npHMeHSlTbCSl l-1 B C04eTaHHIII Apyr C ApyroM, HO, nplll 3TOM, l-1X cxeayer 6paTb B CTpOrO onpecexeuHblX npOnOpUIIISlX. B pSl.lle CAY4aeB MO)f(eT 6blTb npHMeHeH III "3K- 'cnpeCC-MeTOA" nparoroaxeuua caworoua (2-3 .llHSl) C 3aAaHHblMill BKYCOBblMIII Ka4eCTBaMIII. Flpn 3TOM KOAIII4eCTBO BHOCIIIMblX Ao6aBOK YBeAIIIYIIIBaeTCSl Ha 20-30 0/0

nOAKPAllJl.1BAHHE CAMOrOHA

30AOTIIICTO - OpaH)f(eBbliii Ht\H nowepauueaua user caworou npuotiperaer HaCTaHBaHHeM Ha uiarppaue III Ao6aBAeHHeM He- 60Abworo KOAIII4eCTBa COKa 1113 SlrOA rOAy6111KIII III A III 4epHIIIKIII. Hexoropue uacraaaajor CaMOrOH Ha novepauueuoa KOpKe, KOpKe ueaoapeaurero anexscuua IIIAIII neperopOAKax rpeuxoro opexa.

B )f(eATble UBeTa f<paCSlT raxxe, KaK B 30AOTIIICTbliii, ynorpeoASlSl 60Abwee III A III MeHbwee KOAIII4eCTBO urarppaua, C novouruo xoroporo MO)f(HO nOt\y4l-1Tb ace oneHKIII )f(eATorO UBeTa. )f(eATblH UBeT nOAY4aeTCSl raioxe npn HaCTalllBaHIIIIII C MeAHccoiii, BePOHIIIKOiii IIIAIII M5ITOiii, a, raiose, AIIICTbSlMIII neTpYWKIII, xpeua IIIAH cexsaepea. VlHorAa cavorou neperousuor BMeCTe C wa¢paHOM, a nOAY4eHHYto acce-nuuo xpaHSlT B TeMHOTe B nAOTHO saxynopeHHOH 6YTbIAKe.

B KpaCHbliii UBeT cavorou OKpaWIIIBatoT HaCTalllBaHllleM cyweHblX SlrOA 4epHIIIKIII. VlcnOt\b3ytoT raxxe CMeCb nuureeoa KapMIIIHOBOiii KpaCKIII III BIIIHHoro KaMH5I (cooruoureuae 6:1), xoropue pa3MeAbyatoTCSl AO nopouncooripasuoro COCTOSlHIIISl H pacrsoPSltoTCSl B rops-rea BOAe. nOAY4eHHbliii pacTBop npouesoieaior III Ao6aBASltoT K cavorouy.

AAbliii UBeT nOAY4aeTcSl, eCAH 4 r nopourxa ruuueaoa KpacKIII III 4 r nopounca 04111weHHoro BIIIHHoro KaMHSl BapHTb B 1,1 AIIITpe BOAbl. Aan. OTCTOSlTbCSl, npouezorrs -iepes MapAto H xpaHHTb MSl AaAbHeHwero IIIcnOAb30BaHHSl. 3TIIIM pacraopov MO)f(HO nOAKpaWIIIBaTb casaorou B aAbliii UBeT pa3AIII4HbiX oneHKOB, B 3aBlllCIIIMOCTIII OT KOAIII4eCTBa KpacIIITeASl.

CDllloAeToBbliii UBeT. nO.llKpaWeHHblH KapMI-1HOM caworou npoueAIIITb -repes uaersi 6e.llpeHUa HAIII TbICSl4eAlllCTHIIIKa. MO)f(HO B

29 I CAMOrOH O6opy~oB3BHe H pefWHTW ~OllaIDHerO npHroTOBleHIII

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nosxpauieuuua KapMHHOM CaMOrOH Ao6aBIIITb HeCKOAbKO xanexs rYCTOrO orsapa 4epHIIIKIII III A III causaxa. A npowe acero - HaCT05lTb cavorou ua ceweuax nOACOAHe4HIIIKa.

EiAeAHo - CIIIHIIIH UBeT. npoueAIIITb caworou -repes 6eApeHeu IIIAIII TbIC5I4eAlllCTHIIIK.

rOAy6oH UBeT nOAY4aeTC5I nplll HaCTalllBaHIIIH caMorOHa Ha userax BaCHAbKOB.

Pa3AH4Hbie OTTeHKH )f(eATOrO, xpacaoro H ¢lIIoAeToBoro MO)f(HO nOAY4111Tb Ao6aBAeHllleM B casaoroa pa3AIII4HbiX COPTOB BapeHb5l.

3eAeHblH UBeT. Tpn -lJeTblpe ropcTH KepBeA5I MeAKO IIICTOA04b H, nOAO)f(IIIB B TOHKYto TKaHb HaA BOPOHKOH, npouezorrs 4epe3 Hee casaorou. MO)f(HO raxxe HaCTaHBaTb caworou C AHCTb5lMIII 4epHOH CMOPOAHHbl, COKOM AHCTbeB neTpywKIII, a raioxe nepbea AYKa. nplll IIIcnOAb30BaHIIIIII sexeuoro AyKa ero cAeAyeT nepeMblTb, nOAO)f(IIITb B rop5l4Yto BOAY H BCKllln5lTIIITb ABa pasa. 3aTeM nepexoxorn, B XOAOAHYto BOAY, orxcars 4epe3 TKaHb COK H3 nepsea III BapIIITb ero B cepeopsuoa pa3AHBHOH AO)l(Ke AO 'rex nop, noxa 06beM COKa He YMeHbWIIITbC5I BnOAOBIIIHY. TaK nOAY- 4I11TC5I 3eAeHa51 xpacxa.

KOpHlJHeBblH UBeT. Pacronwrs caxapuua neCOK B MeAHOM Ta- 3111Ke H Aep)f(aTb Ha orne AO 'rex nop, noxa OH He npIIIMeT COBepweHHO TeMHblH UBeT. nOAY4eHHYto Maccy pa3BeCTH ropa-rea BOAOH IIIAIII nozorperuv caMorOHOM H xpaHIIITb B CTeKA5IHHOH nAOTHO aaxynopeuuoa nocyze.

CBeTAO - KopH4HeBblH UBeT. LlA5I ero nOAY4eHHfI Heo6xOAIIIMO neperousrrs 6pary C KopHeM KaAraHa.

nOAKpaWIIIBaHllle AYlJWe npOlll3BOAHTb nOCAe nOACAaWHBaHlllfI, 4T06bl He IIIcnopTIIITb nOTOM UBeT III np03pa4HOCTb )f(HAKOCTIII.

nOA.CAAUJHBAHHE CAMOrOHA

npH nOACAaWHBaHIIIIII 06bllJHO HcnoAb3ytoT cneUlllaAbHblH CHpon, M5I npHrOTOBAeHH5I xoropro 1 Kr caxapa Bap5lT B 1 AHTpe BOAbl, CHIIIMa51 neHY AO 'rex nop, noxa OHa He nepecrauer n05lBA5ITbC5I. 3aTeM OCTY)f(atoT III BblAep:>KIIIBatoT ABe HeAet\H, 4T06bl OCTaBWIIIHC5I B HeM TOH4aHWIIIH "HAil onYCTHAC5I ua AHO.

npH CMew III BaH III III caworoua III capona IIIAIII MeAa npOHcxOAHT BblAeAeHllle ra30B H uarpeaaune CMeCIII. ECAIII ra30BbiAeAeHHe 3aKOH4111AOCb, 3Ha4111T npouecc 3aBepweH. 3aTeM Ao6aBA5IIOT

CAMOroH OOOpYAOBaHHe R p~enTW AOMaWRerO DpIlI'OTOUeBHH I 30

HeCKOl\bKO Ta61\eTOK C aKTHBHpOBaHHblM yrl\eM H TWaTel\bHO B36aI\TbIBaIOT. HacTaHBalOT 1-2 -raca npH KOMHaTHOH TeMnepaType H npouescuaajor 4epe3 nl\OTHYIO TKaHb. HanHTOK pa3l\HBalOT no 6yrbll\KaM H Bblaep)l(HBalOT ABoe-Tpoe CyrOK npH TeMnepaType 3-4°C. nocl\e sroro OH npnooperaer npHSlTHblH BKyC, a cnnprosoa npHBKyc npaKTH4eCKH HC4e3aeT.

nOACl\aWHBaTb cavorou MO)l(HO H BapeHbeM. LlASl sroro ua 3 I\HTpa caworoua HaAO Kl\aCTb 3-4 4aHHbiX I\O)l(KH BapeHbSl.

OBOPYAOBAHHE AJIH IIPOH3BOACTBA CAMOrOHA B .AOMAllHHX YCJIOBHHX

Ha pa31\H4HbiX CTaAHSlX TeXHOl\OrH4eCKoro npouecca npHroTOBl\eHHSl cavoroua B03HHKaeT norperiaocrs B HCnOl\b30BaHHH uexoro KOMnl\eKCa cneunaxsaoro H ecnovor arexsuoro o6opyAOBaHHSl. K cneuHal\bHoMY 06opYAoBaHHIO OTHOCSlTCSl annapaTbl Al\Sl neperoHKH 6parH, KOHCTPYKTHBHble cxeMbl KOTOPblX npeAl\araeM K noapo6HoMY paccvorpemuo. nOCKOl\bKY TeXHOl\orH4eCKHiiI npouecc neperouxa CBOAHTCSl K HarpeBaHHIO CblpbSl H KOHAeHcaUHH ofipasyioumxcs napos, sees AHana30H pa3- I\HYHblX KOHCTPYKUHH annapaToB Al\Sl neperoHKH MO)l(eT 6blTb npeecraaxeu OAHOiil npHHUHnHal\bHOiil cxeMOH:

1

2

3

PHCYHOK 3 4

1 ~ lipara

2 - XOAOAHag BOAa 3 -Ta3

4 - CaMOroH

31 I CAMOrOH O6oPYAOBaHlle R peitetm.l AQII3WHero DpIll'OTOBJeJIIIH

ilASi nOAYLJeHHSI CaMOrOHa Heo6xoaHMo:

1. Harpeears eMKOCTb 1, LJT06bl 06pa3YtOWHecSi cnHpToBble

napa nOaHHMaM1Cb no KaHaAY 2;

2. OXAa>K.6.aTb napbl B eMKOCTH 3 aO )f(HL\KOrO COCTOSlHHSI;

3. BecTH HenpepblBHYtO HAH oTaeAbHYIO OLJHCTKY npoaYKTa;

4. C06HpaTb cavoroa B eMKOCTb 4;

5. C06AtOaaTb TexHHKY 6e30nacHocTH.

KaLJeCTBO nOAYLJaeMOrO cavoroua 3aBHCHT He TOAbKO OT Cblpss, peuerrra H npaBHAbHOCTH BeaeHHSI TeXHOAOrHLJeCKOrO npouecca, HO H, BO MHorOM, OT KOHCTPYKUHH annapara MSI neperOHKH. lIIcnOAb3YSI npaaeae+u+sre 3ileCb 06WHe CBeaeHHSI MO)f(HO H3rOTOBHTb 60Abwoe KOAHLJeCTBO caMblX pasuootipaauux KOHCTPYKUHH cavoroauux annapaTOB.

3cpcpeKTHBHOCTb caMorOHOBapeHHSI 3aKAtOLJaeTCSI B YBeAHLJeHHH auxoza cavoroua na eaHHHUY CbIPbSl, CHH)f(eHHe 3aTpa4HBaeMOH 3HeprHH, KOHTpoAHpyeMocTH npouecca H YAYLJWeHHH OLJHCTKH nOAYLJaeMOrO npoaYKTa. lIIHoraa 3cpcpeKTHBHOCTbtO npeuetiperaior H Ha)'T ua rpOMMHbie aarparu paaH aOCTH)I(eHHSI"cynepKaLJeCTBa". Hanpuvep, B POCCHH B XVIII - XIX eexax paCXOaOBaAH aO 30 xr nuieuaua H P)f(H MSI nOAYLJeHJ.1S1 1 AHTpa cavoroua.

Ka>K.6.blH H3 npe.6.A.araeMblx HH)f(e KOHCTPYKTHBHblX BapHaHToB HMeeT CBOH npeawyurecrsa H HeilOCTaTKH, n03ToMY Ka>K.6.YtO KOHCTPYKUHtO MO)l(HO paccMaTpHBaTb KaK Ha60p B3aHM03aMeHSieMblX MoaYAeH; TaK LJTO, npH Bbl60pe OKOHLJareAbHOro BapHaura caworouuoro annapara uexecooopasuo YLJHTblBaTb HMetOWHecSI B03MO)l(HOCTH HcnOAb30BaHHSI rOTOBblX 3AeMeHTOB (uanpHMep, B KaLJeCTBe J.1CnapHTeASI LJaCTO HcnoAb3YtOT cxoposapKy HAH 3MaAHpoBaHHblH 6aLJOK). CAeayeT nOMHHTb, LJTO H3AHWHe CAO)f(HaSl KOHCTPYKUHSI annapaTa BOB,ce He rapaurupyer KaLJeCTBO H 3cpcpeKTHBHOCTb caMorOHOBapeHHSI. HH)I(e npeccraaxeHbI uexoropsre cxeMbl HaH60Aee pacnpocrpaueauux KOHCTPYKUHH cavorouuux annaparoa. Flepasre ABe KOHCTPYKUHH (pHC. 4 H pHC. 5) OTHOCSlTCSI K KAaccy H30TepMHLJeCKOH neperouxu.

npHHuHn paooru aaHHOH KOHCTPYKUHH eecswa npocT: npu uarpeaauau 6parH 6 cnaprocozepxauiua nap nOaHHMaeTCSI aO conpHKocHoBeHHSI C XOAOaHblM aHOM 'rasa 2, rile KOHaeHcHpyeTCSI H CTeKaeT B C60pHHK cavoroua 3.

CAMorOH O6opy,qoUBHe R peqeDTLI ,llOliamHeJ'O DpIll'OTOB.leHRlI I 32

PHCYHOK 4

1 - XOAOAHaJi BOM 2 - Ta3

3 - C60pHHK caworoua 4 - Caworna

5 - HcnapHTeAb 6 - 6para

7 - HcrO'lHHK renAa

KOHCTPYKTHBHa51 CXeMa, npeACTaBJ\eHHa51 Ha pHC. 5, MaJ\O OTJ\HyaeTC5I OT npeAblAyweH, HO 3cpcpeKTHBHee ee, npHyeM xayeCTBO noxy-raevoro npoAyKTa HeCKOJ\bKO auure.

i

iii i

1 - Ta3 C XOAOAHOH BOAOH 2 - C60pHHK caworoua

3 - HCnapHTeAb

4 - 6para

5 - HcrO'lHHK 'renaa

Annapar npOCT B H3rOTOBJ\eHHH sa cser npHMeHeHH5I rOTOBblX 3J\eMeHTOB, YAo6eH M5I HcnOJ\b30BaHH5I B J\106b1X YCJ\OBH- 5IX. OCHOBHblM HeAOCTaTKOM 5IBJ\5IeTC5I Heo6xOAHMOCTb nepuoAHyeCKH CHHMaTb Ta3 C oxxaxcaiourea )f(1-1AKOCTblO AA5I yAaJ\eHH5I caworoua 1-13 npHeMHoti eMKOCTH.

33 I CAMOrOH O6opy~oBallll! I pl!I{I!nm ,QOMaWHerO npIIl'01OUelRH

PHCYHOK 6

2

1

3

t t t t

1 - XOAOAHAbHHK

2 - npHeMHaJi aoponaa 3 - J;tcnapHTeAb

4 • C60pHHK casaorona

Ha pHC. 6 npeecraexeaa KOHCTPYKUHSl cavoroauoro annapa'ra H30repMHyeCKOH neperomoi, npororanawu KOTOPOH SlBASlIOTCSl asrurenpeecraexeuaue KOHCTPYKTHBHble cxeMbl. CMblCA vcoeepurencraoaauaa 3aKAIOyaeTCSl B YCTaHoBKe aonOAHHTeAbHOH BOPOHKH 1-1 OTBOaHO~ Tpy6KH, aa c-ier -rero nOSlBASleTCSl B03- MO)f(HOCTb BblHeCTH npHeMHYIO eMKOCTb (C60pHHK cavoroua) sa npezexu HcnapHTeASl. Bopouxa aOA)f(Ha pacnoxararscs AH60 Ha npOBOAOYHO~ Kop3HHe, AH60 Ha TpeHO)f(HHKe, YCTaHOBAeHHOM Ha aHO eMKOCTH. CTblK Me)f(AY XOAOaJ.1AbHHKOM H eMKOCTblO npowaauaaercs no Kpyry CAoeM TeCTa. B pe3YAbTaTe, B CAY-iae 06pa30BaHHSl H36blTOYHOrO aaSAeHHSl B3pblB npeaorepauiaeTCSl. B npouecce pafioru reCTO He ~aeT YAeTYYHBaTbCSl cnHpTOHOCHblM napaM, n03TOMY, B nOMeweHHH 6yaeT "CTOSlTb" He cneUH<pHyeCKHH sanax CHBYXH , a apowar caexero xxefia,

Annapar AASl neperOHKH (pac.Z) H3rOTaBA1-1BaeTCSl H3 06bIKHOBeHHOH CKopOBapKH. ~Sl sroro KAanaHbl H3 KpblWKH cxoposapKH 1 BblHHMalOT, a Ha HX MeCTO YCTaHaBA1-1BaK)T np06KH MSl Tpy6KH 3 H repvowerpa 2. Tpytnca 3 BMeCTe C KpaHoM 4 COeL\Hueua C XOAOaHAbHHKOM C npHHyaHTeAbHblM BOaSlHblM OXAa:>KAeHHeM 5. Hanpaexeuue BXOaa H BblXOaa BOabl YKa3aHo ua PHcyuxe. YeM XOAOaHee eoaa, TeM 3<:p<peKTHBHee patioraer annapaT. XOAOa1-1AbHHK COea1-1HeH C npHeMHO~ KOA60H 7 CTeKAS1H-

CAMOroH OOOpYAOBaHBe • peI{eimi AOMaWHero npHI'OTOBJreHHH I 34

PHCYHOK 7

t t

'HOH Tpy6KOH 6, HMetOWeH BbIT5IHYTbIH Y3KHH KOHeu, KOTOPblH L\O/\)f(eH L\OXO.dHTb nOLJTH sa .dHa KOA6bl 7, HO He KaCaTbC5I ero.

B KOA6y 5 3aAHBatOT 3-4 CM KHn5lLJeHOH BO.dbl H norpY)KatOT Y3K1-1H KOHeu CTeKA5IHHOH Tpy6KH XOAO.dHAbHHKa M5I nOAy4eHH5I BOL\5IHOrO sarsopa. 3aTeM KOA6y norpY)l(atOT B 6aHtO C xoAO.dHOH BO.dOH. Flepez, HaLJaAOM neperoHKH XOAO.dHAbHHK 5 noCpe.dCTBOM WAaHrOB COe.dHH5ItOT C BO.dOnpOBO.dHbIM KpaHoM H nycxaior BO.dy. Flocxe sroro HaLJHHatOT uarpesars 6pary, noCTeneHHO npH6aBA5I5I orous BnAOTb L\O MOMeHTa 3aKHnaHH5I. Flocxe roro, KaK 6para 3aKHnHT, CKOPOCTb HarpeBa YMeHbwalOT H ~o6HBatOTC5I paBHoMepHoro HHTeHCHBHoro KHneHH5I.

Flocxe 3anOAHeHH5I npHeMHoH KOA6bl 7 npHMepHo HanOAOBHHy ee onycKatOT TaK, LJTo6bl KOHeu Tpy6KH XOAO.dHAbHHKa He norpY)l(aAC5I B cauorou, H npO.dOA)I(aIOT neperouxy 6e3 BO.d5lHOro 3aTBopa. no OKOHLJaHHH neperOHKH HarpeBaTeAb BbiKAtOLJalOT, annapaT pasfiapajor H npowuaaior eMKOCTb H KaHaAbl.

KOHCTPYKUH5I annapaTa M5I neperOHKH 6parH (puc.B) OTAHLJaeTC5I KOMnaKTHOCTbtO 1-1 .dOnYCT1-1MOCTblO KOMnAeKTaUHH OT~eAbHblX 3AeMeHTOB, HO 06AaAaeT HH3KOH npOH3BO.dHTeAbHOCTbtO. 3TOT BapHaHT annapara HcnoAb3ytOT M5I neperouxu 6parH l-1 apOMaTH3HpOBaHHbiX paCTBopOB B He60AbwHx KOAHLJeCTBaX (0,2- 0,5 A). Ha actiecroaoe CHTO 2, aaxpenxeuuoe B WTaTHBe 1, CTa-

35 I CAMOrOH O6oPYAOBa1Ule R peltell'l\l. 1I0011Bero npBl'OTOB.leHHII

. PHCYHOK 8

10 11

aar KOA6y 3 C npo6KaMH, nAOTHO 3aKpenAeHHblMH B ropxoaauax. B aepxuea npooxe AeAalOT oreepcrue AJ\SI TepMoMeTpa 4, a B 60KOBO~ - AJ\SI Tpy6KH 6 C KpaHoM 5, xoropas coezuuser KOA6y C XOAOAHAbHHKOM 7. KOA6y 3 Bbl6HpalOT raxoro pasxiepa, 4T06bl nossepraevaa neperouxe )f(HAKOCTb 3aHHMaAa 2/3 ee o6beMa.

Pl1CYHOK 9 5

CAMorOH O6oPYAOB3HHe R Jll!lteDTLI AOMaWHerO DpIlI'OTOB.leHHlI I 36

Ha pHcYHKe 8 npeocraexeua KOHCTPYKTJ.1BHaSl cxewa annapaTa, aHaAorHLlHaSl npeablayweC1.

B annapaTe ucnoxsayerca BO.6.51HaSl 6aHSl 1, KanAeYAoBHTeAb 3 H OC06blH THn XOAOaHAbHHKa C npHHyaHTeAbHblM BoaSlHblM OXAa)l(aeHHeM 6. KOA6y 2 noweuiaior B eMKOCTb C BoaOH 1, co- 3aaBaSl TeM caMblM BoaSlHYIO 6aHIO. B KOA6y 2 KAaa)'T KyCOLIKH KepaMHKH, LITO ooecne-ursaer paBHOMepHOCTb KHneHHSl 6parH. KanAeYAoBHTeAb 3 YAaBJ\HBaeT KanAH )l(HaKOCTH, nonasaioiuue BMeCTe C napoM B Tpy60npoBoa, B pe3YAbTaTe -iero KOHueHTpaUHSl cupona nosuuraerca. Hanpaaxeuue aBH)I(eHHSl BOabl B xoAO~HAbHHKe 6 nOKa3aHO ua pucyuxe.

3

PHCYHOK 10

Hauooxsuree pacnpocrpaneuue nOAYLIHA HMeHHO 3TOT aapuaHT. Ero ewe Ha3blBalOT neperoHHblM Ky60M HAJ.1 neperoHHblM Ky60M co 3MeeBH KOM.

Fleperouasra Ky6 COCTOHT H3 60AbWOH eMKOCTH 1, xoropaa 3aKpblBaeTcSl KPblWKOH 2, Kyaa BCTaBASleTCSl TepMoMeTp 3 H Tpy6onpoaoz, 4 C KpaHoM 5. Tpytionpoaoz, coeaHHeH co 3MeeBHKOM 6, norpY)l(eHHblM B 6aK 7 C XOAoaHOH BO.6.0H. B fiaxe 7 Boay no B03- MO)l(HOCTH aeAalOT nporosaoa. npOH3BOaHTeAbHOCTb raxoro annapaTa 0,6-0,8 AHTpa B -rac. Flocxe O.6.HOKpaTHoH neperoHKH KOHuearpauas cavoroua nOAYLIaeTcSl B aHana30He 32-42 .

EMKocTb 1 3anOAHSIIOT BOaOH He 60Aee, LleM ua 2/3 o6beMa H zoaosar aO KHneHHSl. '{aero cOBepwalOT TaKYIO oWH6KY: K MOMeHTY KHneHHSl (78°e) nOAXoaSlT C He06ocHoBaHHo saauureuHOH CKOPOCTblO HarpeBa. B pe3YAbTaTe npoucxceur "BbInAeBbtBaH He" 6parH B 'rpyfionpoaoc, nocxe -rero neperouxa npeKpa-

37 I CAMOrOH O6opYAoBaHRe R PeI{tlIJ'N AOMamHerO np1ll'0T0BJK!HHlI

waeTCSI. ~SI nplt1Be11eHlt1S1 annapaTa B pace-tee COCT05lHHe He- 06XO.6.HMO npOMblTb "lt1Cna4KaHHbIH" Tpy60npOB011.

npaBHAbHO 6Y11eT BeCTH npouecc TaK: KOr.6.a TeMnepaTypa 6parH noauuraercs .6.0 75°C, CKOPOCTb HarpeBa CHH)I(alOT H 110- 6HBalOTCSI TaKoro YCToH4HBoro KHneHHSI, 4T06bl HarpeB nOAHOCTblO KOHTpoAHpoBaAcSi.

Plt1CYHOK 11

.6.aHHbIH BapHaHT annapara BKAlO4aeT .6.0nOAHHTeAbHylO eMKOCTb C BO.6.0'1 f,.ASI 04l-1CTKH H nOBbIWeHl-1S1 KOHueHTpauHH cavorona, OH COCTOl-1T l-13 eMKOCTH 1, f,.ByX TepMoMeTpoB 2, Tpy6KH 3, xoropaa CAY)l(HT MSI npe.6.0XpaHeHHSI OT pe3Koro nOBblweHHSI .6.aBAeHHSI, rpyoonposoea 5 C KpaHoM 4, .6.0nOAHHTeAbHoH eMKOCTH 6, XOAO.6.l-1AbHHKa 7 H KOA6bl MSI npO.6.yKTa B.

3f,.eCb CAe.6.yeT C06AIO.6.aTb TaKYlO nOCAe.6.0BaTeAbHOCTb npoBe.6.eHl-1S1 onepauua: CHa4aAa HarpeBalOT BO.6.Y B eMKOCTH 6, saTeM uarpeaaior cupse B eMKOCTH 1 H Ha4WHalOT neperouxy. CnHpTOCO.6.ep)l(aWHe napu, xoropae npe.6.CTaBASIIOT C060H CMeCb napoB cnHpTa H napoB BO.6.bl, npOXO.6.SlT 4epe3 eMKOCTb 6, r.6.e nOAAep)KHBaeTCSI TeMnepaTypa BO.6.bl BO-B2°C (rewneparypa KHneHHSI cnHpTa - 7BOC)

npH npOXO)f(.6.eHHH napoB 4epe3 BO.6.Y BO.6.SlHaSi KOMnOHeHTa napoB KOH.6.eHcHpyeTcSI H OCTaeTCSI B eMKOCTH 6, a napbl cavorona, H36aBASlSlCb OT BO.6.bl, KOHueHTpHpYIOTCSI. 3aTeM napu cnupra nocrynajor B XOAO.6.HAbHHK 7 H, KOH.6.eHcHpYSlCb, CTeKalOT B KOA6y B.

ECTeCTBeHHO, 4aCTb cnaproaux napOB KOH.6.eHcHpyeTcSI B eMKOCTH 6, n03ToMY BO.6.a 3.6.eCb ooorauiaercs cnuprow, no OKOH-

CAMorOH O6oPYAoB3RHe I peiteHTbI AOMaWHerO npllI'OTOB.Itlru I 38

yaHHH neperouxa, BO.~y H3 eMKOCTlr1 6 Heo6xo~HMO 3aAHTb B eMKOCTb 1 H nOBTopHO neperuars.

Pa3Alr1YHble KOHCTPYKUHH caxrorouuux annapaToB OTHOC5ITC5I K OCHOBHOMY ooopveoaaruuo, HO L\A5I HopMaAbHoro ooecne-ieHlr151 ecero TeXHOAOrHyeCKOrO npouecca nOAyyeHlr151 cauoroua Tpe6yeTC5I p5l.~. ecnovorarexsuoro ofiopyaoaauaa: pa3AHYHbie eMKOCTlr1 M5I npHroTOBAeHH5I fipara, coe~HHHTeAbHble WAaHrlr1, repvowerpa, CPHAbTpbl H T.~.

necpAerMaTop. B npoMblwAeHHblx YAOBH5IX nOAyyeHHe xaxeCTBeHHblX cnapros ocyurecrexserca C nOMOWbtO peKTHcpHKauHOHHOH KOAOHHbl. PeKTHcpHKaUH5I - 3TO pa3~eAeHlr1e npoAYKTOB ucnapeuaa ua OT~eAbHble KOMnOHeHTbl no 'rewneparype KHneHlr151. KOHCTPYKUlr151 peKTlr1cpHKauHoHHoH KOAOHHbl ~OCTaTOY HO CAO)KHa, Tpe6yeT crpororo co6AtO~eHH5I TeMnepaTypHoro pe)l(HMa H npHHy~HTeAbHoro HarHeTeHH5I Bbl~eAHBWlr1XC5I npH neperouxe napos. npHMeHeHHe ee uexecooopasuo TOAbKO npH 60AbW HX MacwTa6ax np0lr13BO~cTBa.

B ~OMaWHHX YCAOBH5IX M5I nOAyyeHH5I 3aBeL\OMO KaYeCTBeHuoro caworoua no XHMlr1yeCKoMY cocraay MO)l(HO npHMeHHTb ~ecpAerMaTop (pHc.12).

.Aect>AerMaTOp - nputiop M5I OTL\eAeHH5I napoB OCHOBuoro seurecrea (B uaurew CAy-iae 3THAOBoro cn HpTa) BeweCTB, KHn5lWHX npH 60Aee BblCOKOH TeMnepaType (CHBYWHblX MaceA). npHHuHn ero paooru 3aKAtOyaeTC5I B lr1CnOAb30BaHlr1H rpaAHeHTa TeMnepaTyp no BceH B~COTe ~ecpAerMaTopa, nplr1yeM, BblCOTa M5I Ka)l(.6.0H KOHCrpYKUHH caMorOHHoro annapaTa nozfiapaerca TaKHM o6pa- 30M, YTO B BepXHeH rOpAOBlr1- He ~ecpAerMaTopa nOCT05lHHO nOMep)l(HBaeTC5I TeMnepaTYpa 780(, YTO cooraercrsyer

PHCYHOK 12 1

2

3

4

t-78°(

1 - TepMOMeTp 2 - Aeq>AerMaTop 3 - CoeAHHH"reAbHbIH narpytiox XOAOAHAbHHKa 4 - HcnapHTeAb

39 I CAMOrOH O6oPYlloBaHle R JlateIITY AOMaWUerO DpIll'OTORJleHlIl

rewneparype Kl-1neHH5I 3THAOBOrO Cnl-1pTa. Flapu, HMelOWHe 60Aee HH3KYIO TeMnepaTYPY KHneHH5I OCa)f(D.aIOTC5I Ha HH)f(HHX YPOBH5IX .6.ecpAerMaTOpa "'I onsrs nonasaior B ucnaparexs.

Tepwowerpsr, ~51 KOHTPOA5I revneparypu CMeCH BO BpeM5I 6pO)f(eHHSI MO)KHO HCnOAb30BaTb 06blLJHblH TepMOMeTp, a npH neperouxe Tpe6YIOTC5I cneUHaAbHble TepMOMeTpbl co WKaAOH .6.0 120°C.

Apeowerp . .6A5I onpezexeuaa npoueuruoro cOD.ep)f(aHH5I aAK,OrOA5I HAH TaK Ha3blBaeMOH "xpenocru" HanHTKa HcnoAb3YIOT cneUHaAbHblH npafiop - apeowerp, H3Mep5llOWHH Y.6.eAbHbIH Bec )f(H.6.KOCTl-1, C npeaeAaMH H3MepeHl-151 0,820 - 1,00.

CAe.6.yeT nOMHHTb, LJTO cavorou, nOAYLJeHHblH "'13 pa3AHLJHOrO l-1CXO.6.HOrO Cb1Pb5l, a, TaK)Ke, HaCToeHHblH ua pa3AHLJHbiX .6.06aBxax, npu OD.HHaKOBOM CO.6.ep)f(aHl-1H aAKOrOI\51 MO>KeT 3HaLJHTeAbHO OTAH4aTbC5I no Y.6.eAbHOMY aecy. n03TOMY nOKa3aHH5I apeoMeTpa He ecerza COOTBeTCTBYIOT aeHCTBHTel\bHOCTH.

Apeowerp MO)f(HO C.6.eAaTb "'I caMOMY. ~51 sroro B npofiapxy BblCOTOH 60-90 MM noveuiaior He6oAbwoH T5I)f(eAbIH rpy3HK (.6.P06b, KyC04KH csauual "'I aaxpsrsaior np06KoH. B npooxv BCTaBA5IIOT TOHKl-1H aepeBSlHHblH crepxeus AAl-1HOH 100-150 MM. np06l-1pKY noveuiaor B eMKOCTb C .6.HCTHAl-1pOBaHHoH BO.6.0H npH resmeparvpe 20°C H, H3MeHSISI aec rpY3a, .6.06HBaIOTC5I, LJT06b1 TOHKHH crepxeus nOLJTH nOAHOCTblO CKPbIAC5I B BO.6.e. B 3TOM nOAO)f(eHHH D.eAalOT OTMeTKY Ha CTep>KHe. ~51 Onpe.6.eAeHH5I Bepxuero npeaexa H3MepeHl-151 npatiop noveuraior B KOAH6pOBaHHblH cnHpTOBOH paCTBOp C KOHueHTpauHeH 800. PaCCT05lHl-1e Me)f(.6.y BepXHl-1M "'I HH)KHHM npeaeAaMH .6.eA5IT Ha onpeaexeuuoe KOAl-14eCTBO 4aCTeH (aanpawep 10). n pl-16op rOTOB.

EMkOCTH, rapa.Cxeeyer nOMHHTb, LJTO He BC5IKa51 nocY.6.a MO»cer HcnOAb30BaTbC5I npH caMorOHOBapeHHH. !\YLJWeH TapOH 51BASIIOTC5I ay60BblH 60LJOHOK, CTeKA5IHbIH 6aAAOH, 3MaAHpOBaHHblH 6aLJOK. KpaTKOBpeMeHHO aonYCKaeTC5I HcnOAb30BaHHe aAfOMHHHeBOH nOCY.6.bl. Pa3AHLJHa51 nAaCTMaCCOBa51 Tapa MO)f(eT HCnOAb30BaTbC5I TOAbKO B TOM CAY4ae, eCAH ua HeH CTOHT KAeHMO II M5I ruuuesux np0.6.YKTOB". COBepweHHO He D.OnYCTHMO npHMeHeHHe Me.6.HOH "'I )KeAe3HOH 'rapu.

COeAHHHTeAbHble 3AeMeHTbI H ynAorneHHSI. npl-1 HcnOAb30BaHHH AI060H KOHCTPYKUHH cavorouuoro annapaTa B03Hl-1KaeT He-

CAMorOH O6oPYAOBaHIIe I pet{eImI AOIaWHerO BpIll'OTOUetDIlI I 40

06X0Al-1MOCTb npHMeHeHHSI pa31\HYHbiX rpy6oK, Wl\aHrOB, np060K H T.A. Cxeeyer nOMHHTb, YTO npoAyKTbI 6pO)l(eHHSI H neperOHKH OTHOCSlTCSI K XHMH4eCKH aKTHBHblM BeWeCTBaM, n03TOMY, Al\SI COe~HHeHl1S1 OTAel\bHblX Y3t\OB o60py~oBaHHSI no B03MO>KHOCTH cxeAyeT npHMeHSlTb uepxaaeaxy, CTeKl\O HI\H cneuaaxsuyio peauuy,

PE~ETITbI TIPHrOTOBJIEHHH CAMOrOHA

CAMorOH 3A 2 4ACA

B3S1Tb 10 xr caxapa, 100 r ApO)l()I(eH, 3 I\HTpa MOI\OKa, 30-40 t\l1TpO B BOAbl.

nOMecTHTb ece 3TO B cTHpat\bHylO MawHHy. KpyTHTb 2 -raca, 3aTeM AaTb OTCTOSlTbCSI H neperHaTb.

CAMorOH 3A CYTKH

B3S1Tb 5 xr caxapa, 500 r ~pO)l()I(eH, 1 I\HTP MOI\OKa, 1 xr ropoxa, 3al\HTb 15 I\HTpaMl1 Tenl\O~ BO~bl, HaCTal1BaTb 1 CyTKH, 3aTeM neperHaTb. BblXOA 5 t\HTpOB.

CAMorOH 3A CYTKJ.1 (BTOpOH cnocofi)

B3S1Tb 5 xr caxapa, 500 r .6.pO)l()I(eH, 3 CTaKaHa MOI\OKa, pacKpOWl1Tb 4 6yxaHKH xxeoa, paCTOI\OYb 25 cpeznax xaprorpeI\HH, 3al\l1Tb ece 3TO 25 t\HTpaMH renxoa KHnSlyeHoiit BO~bl H nepeveurars. Hacraaaars 1 C)'TKl1. 3aTeM neperHaTb.

CAMorOH CAXAPHbl~

B3S1Tb 6 xr caxapa, 200 r ApO)l()I(eH, 3al\l1Tb 30 I\HTpaMH Tent\OH BO.6.bl H xopowo nepeveuiars, a06aBHTb ny-rex cyxoro YKpona H t\HCTbeB CMOPOAHHbl MSI sanaxa. Hacraaaars B Tenl\OM MeCTe 6-7 .6.Heiit, 3aTeM neperuars. BblXOA - 6I\HTpOB.

Pacnpocrpaueuo MHeHHe, YTO H3 1 xr caxapa noxy-raercs 1 t\HTp cauoroua. ECt\H Hcnot\b30BaTb 3cpcpeKTl1BHble annaparu, 10 I\l1TpOB xopouiero caworoua noxy-raercs H3 7 xr caxapa. !\HWHHH caxap B 3TOM cxy-rae He rpeoyercs. TaK KaK OH ace paBHO yH~eT B OTXOAbl.

CAMorOH KPAXMAAbHblti

B3s:tTb 10 Kr xpaxwaxa, pa3BecTH 20 I\HTpaMH BO~bl H aasa-

41 I CAMOroH OOOpYAOJa1Ule II p~eD'I\l AOIIIJIlBefO uplll'Orouem

pHTb KaK KHCeAb, 1l06aBItITb 500 r 1lpO)K)KeH H 1 Kr caxapa. HaCTaHBaTb 3-5 1lHeH. 3aTeM neperuars.

BbIX01l - 11 AItiTPOB.

CAMorOH C~POnHbIA

B351Tb 6 AHTpOB AI06oro capona, paseecra B 30 AHTpax B01lbl H 1l06aBHTb 200 r 1lpO)K)KeH. Hacraaears 7 1lHeH. BblXOA - 7 AHTpOB.

CAMorOH 113 TOMATHOA nxcru

Passecra 1 AHTp TOMaTHOH nacru B 30 AHTpax BOAbI, Ao6aBHTb 0,5 AHTpa nasa H 10 Kr caxapa. Hacraaaars B TenAOM MeCTe noxa He nepefipoanr, 3aTeM neperuars. BbIX01l COCTaBASJeT 7 -8 AItiTPOB.

CAMorOH 113 KOH<DET

B3SJTb 5 Kr KOH4JeT C Ha4HHKoH, passecra B 20 AHTpax eoau.

Hacraasars 4-5 1lHeH, 3aTeM neperuars, BblX01l- 5 AHTpOB.

CAMorOH 113 BAPEHbSI

B351Tb 6 AItiTpOB 3a6po1lHSWerO eape+rss, paasecru 30 AHTpaMH TenAOH eoau, 1l06aBHTb 200 r 1lpO)K)KeH H 3 Kr caxapa. HaCTaHBaTb B TeMHOM Mecre 3-5 AHeH, 3aTeM neperuars. BbIX01l COCTaBHT 9 AItiTPOB. ECAH He Ao6aBASJTb caxapa BblXOA cocraaur 6 AItiTPOB.

CAMorOH ~3 XAABbl

B3SJTb 10 Kr xaxssr, paseecru S 15-20 AHTpax aoau. ~o6aBHTb 20 r MSJTbl MSJ YCTpaHeHH5I aanaxa. Hacraasars 8 AHeH, 3aTeM neperuars. BbIX01l COCTaBASJeT 10 AHTpOB.

CAMorOH MEAOBblA

Pa3BecTH 3 xr Me1la H 3 AHTpa capona B 27 AHTpax eoau, Ao6aBHTb 300 r 1lpO)K)KeH. Hacraasars 7 1lHeH, 3aTeM neperuars. BbIX01l - 7 AHTpOB.

CAMorOH 113 CYXO<DPVKTOB

B3SJTb 2 Kr cyxux SJ6AOK ItIAH rpyw, saeapurs B 10 AHTpax eoau, 1l06aBHTb 3 Kr caxapa ItI 300 r 1lpO)K)f(eH. Hacraaaars B TeMHOM

CAMOrO" OtiopYAOBaIUle II peu.ellTLl AOMaDJHero nplll'OTOBJleBU I 42

MeCTe 7 AHeH, A06aBHTb nY4eK cyxoro -retipeua H neperuars. BblXOA - 3,5 I\HTpa.

CAMorOH AnEAbCI1HOBblA

Hacranears ABOHHOH caworou ua anel\bCHHOBOH uezpe ceMb AHeH (B COOTHoweHHH 5:1). 3aTeM pa36aBHTb BOAOH, KOI\H4eCTBO KOTOPOH AOI\)f(HO 6blTb BABoe MeHbwe, 4eM 06beM HCnOl\b- 30BaHHoro cassoroua, H neperuars TaK, 4T06bl nOl\y4HTb 06beM, paBHblH nepaoua-raxsuowy o6beMY caworoua. 3aTeM axxyparHO cpesars ueApy C asyx-rpex anexscauoe H 3al\HTb neperaauHOH BOAKOH. Hacraaaars B renxov MeCTe 5-8 AHeH, 3aTeM OTCPHl\b rpoaars. MO)l(HO HeMHoro nOACl\aCTHTb.

CAMorOH 113 (J)PYKTOBO-}lrOAHOrO COKA

B3S1Tb 9 I\HTpOB COKa, A06aBHTb 250-300 r ApO)l()l(e~, HaCTaHears 14 AHeH B TeMHOM MeCTe npu resmeparype 20-24 C. Koraa 6pO)l(eHHe npexpararcs, nepernars. BblXOA 2-3 I\HTpa.

AHI1COBblA CAMorOH AHHcoBH!!l (Ato6HMbIH HanHTOK neTpa 1).

V1CTOI\OYb 200 r ceMSlH aauca., 3al\HTb HX 10 I\HTpaMH OYHuieaaoro ABOHHoro caworoua H HaCTaHBaTb 4 HeAeI\H. Ll06aBHTb 5 I\HTpOB BOAbl H neperuars. B neperHaHHblH caworou AO- 6aBHTb 200 r TOl\yeHblX CeM5IH auuca H BHOBb HaCTaHBaTb 4 HeAeI\H. OTCPHl\bTpOBaTb H pa36aBHTb ua 1/3 MSlrKO~ POAHHKOBOH BOAOH.

AHMCOBbIH!! 2

V1CTOI\OYb KpynHo 1 ,2 Kr CeM5IH auaca, 3al\HTb ero 6 I\HTpaMH o-uuueuuoro ABOHHoro cavoroua H HaCTaHBaTb 3 AHSI. Ll06aBHTb 9 I\HTpOB o-uuueuuoro ABOHHoro caworoua H neperuars.

AHHCOBblH Q 3

V1CTOI\OYb 300 r CeM5IH auaca, A06aBHTb 150 r ceMSlH yxpona, 3al\HTb 10 I\HTpaMH ABOHHoro cavoroua H HaCTaHBaTb 4 uezeI\H. 3aTeM pa36aBHTb 5 I\HrpaMH BOAbl H neperuars, 06beM neperaauuoa BOAKH AOI\)l(eH 6blTb paeea nepBOHayal\bHoMY ooseMy caworoua. [locxe sroro Ao6aBHTb 1-1,5 Kr I\HMOHHOH uezpu, 20 r HM6HpSl, 20 r noaapeuuoa COI\t-1 H HaCTaHBaTb 4-5 HeAel\b. OTCPHl\bTpOBaTb.

43 I CAMOrOH OOOpYAOBaHRe II pel\ellThl AOIIIIIlHel'O npJll'OTl}ueH11I

AHHCOBblH Q 4

B3S1Tb 400 r ceMSIH auuca, 50 r TMHHa, 40 r cpHaJ\KoBoro KOpHSI H 45 r CYXOH J\HMOHHOH KOpKH H HCTOJ\OYb see BMeCTe. 3aJ\HTb 7,5 J\"npaMH OYHWeHHOro ilBOHHOro cavoroua H neperuars.

AHHCOBb'H Q 5

MeJ\Ko HCTOJ\OYb 200 r aHHca,2 3aJ\HTb ero 5 J\HTpaMH ilBOHuoro cavoroua H HaCTaHBaTb 15 ilHeH. Pa36aBHTb 2,5 J\HTpaMH BOilbl H neperousm, ilO rex nop, noxa He nOJ\YYHTCSI 2,5 J\HTpa caworoua. nocJ\e sroro nOilCAaCTHTb KpenKHM caponov no BKYcY H OTCPHJ\bTpoBaTb.

AHHCOBblH Q 6

B3S1Tb 1,2 Kr KpynHoro rox-reuoro aHHca, 2,5 r cpHaJ\KoBoro KOPHSI, 60 r COJ\H, 3aJ\HTb 12,5 J\HTpaMH OYHWeHHOro ABOHHoro caworoua H HaCTaHBaTb ilBa ilHSI, 3aTeM neperuars.

AHHCOBblH Q 7

MeJ\Ko HCTOJ\OYb 200 r CBe)KerO aHHca, 3aJ\HTb ero 12 J\HTpaMH ilBOHHoro caworona H uacraasan, 4 HeileJ\H, 3aTeM neperuars ua YMepeHHoM orne TaK, YT06bl nOJ\YYHTb 9-10 J\HTpOB cavoroua. flpuroroean, capon H3 1,6 Kr caxapa H 1,2 J\HTPOB BOilbl H noaCJ\aCTHTb BOilKY. CMecb nOJ\YYHTCSI MOJ\OYHOrO UBeTa. MSI OCBeTJ\eHHSI nOJ\O)KHTb T)'ila 1 SlHYHblH 6eJ\oK H nepeveurars KaK MO)l(HO J\yywe. HecKoJ\bKO ilHeH nepHoilH4ecKH B36aJ\TbIBaTb.

AHHCOBblH Q 8

B3S1Tb 400 r CBe)KHX a~HcHBbIX ceMSlH, 200 r 6ailbSlHa, 200 r xopuauapa, 50 r cpeHxeJ\SI, 3aJ\HTb 12 J\HTpaMH ilBOHHoro cavorona H HaCTaHBaTb 4 HeileJ\H, a 3aTeM neperuars. K nOJ\yyeHHblM neperouxoa 10 J\HTpaM caworoaa il06aBHTb 3,3 Kr caxapa, pa3BeAeHHOrO B 1,6 J\HTpax BOilbl H npoueaars.

AHHCOBblH Q 9

B3S1Tb 400 r auuca, 12,5 J\HTPOB caworoua, neperuars Ha Me.LlJ\eHHOM orne, nOJ\O)KHB nos BbiXOil3MeeBHKa 50 r HCTOJ\yeHHOrO auaca B XOJ\CTe TaK, 4T06bl caworou uiex 4epe3 Hero. MSI roro, YT06b1 caworou 6blJ\ 3eJ\eHblM, pa3MeJ\bLJHTb 50 r cyuieuuux 6epesoeux J\HCTbe H nOJ\O)KHTb HX B XOJ\CTe nos suxoa 3MeeBHKa.

BHWHEBbliii CAMOrOH

V13 BHWHH BblHYTb KOCT04KH, MSiKOTb pa3MSlTb H nOCTaBHTb B OTileJ\bHOH eMKOCTH B YMepeHHo renxoe MeCTO. 80 BpeMSI 6po)KeHHSI eMKOCTb sakpsrrs KPblWKOH H B re-ieuue ilBYX ilHeH ne-

CAMorOH O6opYnOUHlle II pel\emw nOlallHerO nplll'OTOUeHlII I 44

pHO.LlHyeCKH nepeweuurears MeWahKOH. BHWHeBble KOCTOYKH HCTOhOYb H no OKOHyaHHH' 6pO>KeHHSI CMewaTb C MSiKOTblO H neperuars. r OTOBblH K ynoTpe6heHHIO caworou He HMeeT UBe'ra, KaK TOhbKO B npouecce neperouxa OH HaYHeT MYTHeTb, era Che.LlyeT cotiapars B OT.LlehbHYIO eMKOCTb. MyrHblH caworoa MO>KHO neperuars ewe pas. BHWHeBble KOCTO'-lKH npuaajor nOhY'-IeHHOMY caworouy OC06blH MHH.LlahbHbIH BKYC H sanax.

CYXHe BHWHH TaK>Ke rO.LlSlTCSI MSI npHrOTOBheHHSI caworoua.

MSI sroro HX cua-raxa KhaAYT B roPSlYYIO BO.LlY, a 3aTeM, koraa OHH pa3MSlKHyr, MHYT TOhKYWKaMH. Llahee npouecc ocywecTBI\SleTCSI aHaAOrHYHO H3hO>KeHHOMY euuie. OpO>KeHHe B 3TOM ChY-rae H.LleT MeMeHHee.

BHWHeBblH ~ 1 (CAaAKHH)

QYHCTHTb caworou nyre« HaCTaHBaHHSI ero ua yrhSix (CM. cnoC06bl OYHCTKH). MSiKOTb BHweH H TOhyeHble KOCTO'-lKH 3ahHTb O'-lHWeHHbIM caMorOHOM H neperuars. Hanoxuars nparoroaxeuHylO MSI casiorona 6yrblhb CBe>KHMH BHWHSlMH H 3ahHTb neperHaHHblM caMorOHOM TaK, YTo6bl cavoros noxpusax BHWHH ua 8 CM H HaCTaHBaTb. r OTOBHOCTb HanHTKa onpesexaerca no rycTOTe: eChH caworou hHnHeT K CTeKhY, TO ero MO>KHO ChHTb, H OH rOTOB K ynoTpe6heHHIO. vtHOr.Lla B TaKOH cawcro+t .Ll06aBhSlIOT caxap H3 pacsera 100-300 r caxapa Ha 0,6 hHTpa.

BMweBblH !! 2 (CAaAKHH)

vt3 BHweH BblHyrb KOCTOYKH, MSiKOTb pa3MSlTb H nOhO>KHTb Ha 2 .LlHSI B npoxxaenoe MeCTO MSI Bbl.LleheHHSI COKa. 3aTeM MSiKOTb OT>KaTb -repes nOhOTHO, a Bbl>KHMKH nepeweurars C TOhyeHblMH KOCTOYKaMH, 3ahHTb 3,5-4,5 hHTpaMH rppaauysocoa BOAK14 (CM. peuenrl H neperuars. nOhyyeHHblH cavoroa pa36aBHTb BHWHeBblM COKOM H3 pacsera 2:1, .Ll06aBHTb caxapa, xopouio nepeweurars H OTCPHhbTpoBaTb.

BHwHeBblH ~ 3 (CAaAKHH)

B3S1Tb 30-36 hHTpOB BHWHH, BblHYTb KOCTOYKH, MSiKOTb OT>KaTb -repes XOhCT HhH .LlBOHHYIO MaphlO. Bbl>KHMKH H K OCTO '-I KH HCTOhOYb H ChO>KHTb B Be.LlepHblH Ky6, 3ahHTb cppaHuY3CKOH BO.LlKOH (CM. peuenr), .Ll06aBHTb 1,2 hHTpa MOhOKa H neperuars. K neperHaHHoMY caworouy .Ll06aBHTb BHWHeBoro COKa H caxapnoa nycpu, xopowo pasweurars H OTCPHhbTpoBaTb (Ha 1 hHTp caworona - 3 hHTpa COKa H 600-650 rpaMM nyapu).

45 I CAMOrO" ()fiopy~oBaHIe II pellenTW ~OIallHero lIpIII'OTOuemu

BHWHeBblH 2 4 (CAaAKHH)

B3S1Tb 5 f\HTpOB ABOHHoro cavoroua, 65 r KOPHUbl, 25 r KapAaMOHa, 15 r rB03AHKH, 1 5 r MYCKaTHoro opexa, 0,6 f\HTpa BOAbl, 4 ropcru TOf\4eHbIX BHWHeBblX KOCT04eK H neperousm, AO rex nop, noxa He nOHAeT 4HCTaSi BOAKa. Orxars COK H3 CBe>KHX BHweH, 3af\HTb ero B eMKOCTb, AaTb OTCTOSlTbCSI, a xoraa rywa onaser, npoueeurs. nepef\HTb COK B xacrpoxo, Ao6aBHTb caxap 1.1 eapHTb AO YBapHBaHHSI 1/3 4aCTH, 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb KOPHUbl, ceMSlH KapAaMoHa, rB03AHKH, uaxpun, KPblWKOH H TOMHTb Ha MeAAeHHOM orne 6e3 KHneHHSI, 3aTeM OayAHTb. Ha 1,2 f\HTpa COKa 6eperes 400 r caxapa, 15 r KOPHUbl, 6 r KapAaMoHa, 10 r rB03AHKH. npHroTOBf\eHHbIM COKOM pa36aBHTb nOf\yYeHHblH caworou 1.13 pac-rera 2:1 (oaua 4aCTb - caworou), nepeveurars H OTCPHf\bTpOBaTb.

BHHorPAAHblt1 CAMOrOH

B3S1Tb 10 f\HTpOB BHHorpaAHoH Bbl>KHMKH, Ao6aBHTb 5 Kr caxapa, 100 r ApO)l(>KeH, 3af\HTb 30 f\HTpaMH BOAbl. Hacrauears 7 AHeH, 3aTeM ABa>KAbl neperuars,

rpYWOBblt1 CAMOrOH

rpYWOBblH 2 1

CBapHTb 10 f\HTpOB nOArHHBWHX rpyw, Ao6aBHTb 400 r caxapa H 40-50 r ApO>K>KeH, 3af\HTb 1-1,5 f\HTpaMH BOAbl. Hacrauears B Tenf\OM MeCTe 7 AHeH, 3aTeM neperuars 2 pasa. fPYWOBblH 2 2

EMKOCTb HanOf\OBHHY 3anOAHHTb AHKHMH rpywaMH 1.1 aars sarHHTb. 3aTeM pa3MSlTb 1.1 HaCTaHBaTb 15-20 AHeH, nocxe xero neperuars 2 pa3a.

rB03AH .... Hblt1 CAMOrOH rB03AHlJHblH Q 1

Mef\KO HCTOf\OYb 100 r rB03AHKH, 3af\HTb ee 6 f\HTpaMH ABOHuoro caworoua, xperuco 3aKynopHTb 6YTblf\b, nOCTaBHTb B Tenxoe MeCTO Hf\H ua COf\HUe ua 7 AHeH, 3aTeM neperuars, V13 2 Kr caxapa ceapurs capon, paseecru B cavoroue H HaCTaHBaTb ewe CyTKH, 3aTeM OrcpHf\bTpOBaTb.

rB03AHlJHblH 2 2

V1CTOf\OYb BMeCTe 800 r rB03AH4HbiX rOf\OBOK, 800 r H31OMa, 1 00 r rB03AHKH, 3af\HTb 12 f\HTpaMH ABOHHoro casioroua. Ha-

CAMOrO" O6oPYAOBaHRe II pel\em\I AOMamllero nplll'OTOUelllU I 46

CTaHBaTb 7 AHeH, 3aTeM neperuars H nOACi\aCTHTb caponov no BKYCy.

rB03AHlJHblH !! 3

nOMecTHTb B 6yTbli\b 10 r rB03AHKH, 3ai\HTb caMorOHOM H HaCTaHBaTb 14 AHeH, 3aTeM pa36aBHTb BOAOH H3 pacxera 2:1 (oAHa -racrs - BOAa) H neperuars TaK, 4T06bl nOi\yYHTb nepaouayai\bHblH o6beM caworoua. Oei\blH H310M (50 r ua 1 i\HTp) HCTOi\OYb, Ao6aBHTb rOi\OBOK rB03AHKH (5 WTyK ua 1 i\HTp) H HaCTaHears 14 AHeH ua Y>Ke neperuauuov caworoue. flocxe sroro npoueaars, Ao6aBHTb MOi\OKa (1 CTOi\OBYto i\O>KKY ua 1 i\HTp) H OTCPHi\bTpOBaTb. MO>KHO nOACi\aCTHTb (100 r caxapa Ha 1 i\HTp).

rB03AHlJHblH !! 4

V'13Mei\bYHTb 90 r rB03AHKH, 3ai\HTb ee 1 2 i\HTpaMH caworoua H HaCTaHBaTb 7 AHeH, 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb 200 r rB03AHKH H neperuars. nOACi\aCTHTb H3 pacxera 400 r caxapa Ha 12 i\HTpOB.

ASirMAbHblH CAMOrOH

ASirHAbHblH !! 1

Paspeaars Mei\KO 1,2 Kr cyxoro A5IrHHOrO KOPHSI, 3ai\HTb 5 i\HTpaMH ABOHHoro caworoua, HaCTaHBaTb 3 AHSI, 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb 6 i\HTpOB ABOHHoro caworoua H neperuars.

MrHAbHbIH!! 2

V'13Mei\bYHTb 500 r CBe)t(HX CeM5IH A5IrHi\51, 3ai\HTb 10 i\HTpaMH ABOHHoro cavoroua H HaCTaHBaTb 3 AH5I. 3aTeM neperHaTb. fleperouxy BeCTH AO rex nop, noxa nOi\yyaeMblH caworou coxpauser np03paYHOCTb H He HMeeT MOi\OYHOrO OTi\HBa. nOACi\aCTHTb caxapHblM CHponOM no BKYCY H OTCPHi\bTpOBaTb.

AsirHAbHblH !! 3

B351Tb 120 r A5IrHi\SI, 100 r KOPHUbI, 100 r xapaawoua, 50 r i\HMOHHOH KOPKH, 3ai\HTb 18 i\HTpaMH cavoroua. Hacrauears 4 AHSI, 3aTeM neperuars,

)l(ACMMHHbl~ CAMOrOH Ceexecopsauuue UBeTKl-1 >KaCMHHa 200 r 3ai\HTb 4 i\HTpaMH casioroua, neperuars ua AOBOi\bHO CHAbHOM orne. nOACi\aCTHTb caponov H AaTb OTCT05lTbC5I.

)l(EAYA04Hbl~ CAMorOH

Cweurars 400 r MSlTbl, 400 r uiaxcpea, 400 r auuca. 100 r KaA-

47 I CAMOrOH OtiopynOBaBJe II pel\enTLI nOlanmero UPHl'OTDBmDIlI

raua, 100 r HM6HpS1 H 3ahHTb ece 12 hHTpaMH .aBoHHoro cauorona. H aCTaHBaTb B TenhOM MeCTe 21 .aeHb, B36ahTblBaS1 Ka)K.ablH .aeHb, a 3aTeM neperuars,

3AnEKAHKA

83S1Tb 1-2 hHTpa cyxHx hHMOHHblX KOPOK, 3ahHTb 8-9 hHTpaMH caworoaa H HaCTaHBaTb CyTKH, a nOTOM neperuars. 83S1Tb 100 r KOPHUbI, 35 r rBo3AHKH, 45 r 6aAbS1Ha, 45 r Kap.aaMoHa, lOr MycKaTHoro UBeTa H 4 MycKaTHblx opeunca, see 1t13MehbYHTb. 3aTeM B3S1Tb 6yrblhb H3 roxcroro crexxa, HanOhHHTb noxy-ieuHOH CMeCblO H 3ahHTb caworouow, OCTaBHB csepxy caoooznoe MeCTO. Eiyrblhb o6Ma3aTb TeCTOM TOAWHHOC1 6 CM H nhOTHO aaKynopHTb. CHhbHO uarpers .aYXOBKY H BbIKhI04HTb. nOcTaBHTb Ty.aa 6yrblhb H )KAaTb, noxa AYXOBKa He OCTblHeT nOhHOCTbtO. Harpeears .aYXOBOH uncarp H CTaBHTb Ty.aa 6YTbiAb cxeaver pa3 8-10. flocxe Ka)K.LlOrO pasa OCMaTpHBaTb TeCTO. n05lBhS1IOWHeCS1 B HeM rpeuuinu aawaauaan, TeCTOM. 3aTeM cavoroa OTCPHhbTpOBaTb H noacxacrars CHponOM no BKyCy.

H310MHbiti CAMOrOH

8351Tb 800· r H31OMa, 400 r Kap.aaMoHa, cveuiars H H3MehbYHTb, 3ahHTb Be.apoM .aBoHHoro caworoua. Hacraasan, 7.aHeH, 3aTeM neperuars.

KAPAAMOHHblti CAMOrOH KapAaMOHHblM 2 1

Kpynno HCTOh04b 800 r xapaavoua, 3ahHTb 4 hHTpaMH cavorona H HaCTaHBaTb 3 .aHS1. 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb 3,5 hHTpa caworoua H neperuars.

KapAaMOHHblH 2 2

83S1Tb 100 r Kap.aaMoHa, 1,2 Kr hHMOHHOH KOpKH, 200 r KOPHUbi, 100 r xaxraua, 1 00 r rB03.aHKH, 100 r cpHahKoBoro KOPHS1, 40 r auuca H 3ahHTb 12 hHTpaMH caworoua, Hacraaaars 3.aH5I, 3aTeM neperuars,

KapAaMOHHblH 3 2

83S1Tb 50 r xapaavoua, 25 r aunca, 20 r rB03.aHKH, 15 r AS1rHhS1, 3ahHTb 1 2 hHTpaMH caworoua. Hacranaars 7 .aHeH, 3aTeM neperi+ars.

CAMOrO" O6opY~()BaBHe I penellTbl ~Olannrer() npIl'{)TOB.KeHIR I 48

KAPTO(J)EAbHblti CAMOrOH KapTOcpeAbHblH !! 1

BblMblTb H uarepers Ha repxe 20 Kr xaprorpexa H AofiaBHTb ero K KHnSl4eHoiii H OCTbIBwei7t AO 60 C BOAe, oauoepeweuuo nepeweunseaa. LlofiaBHTb 1 Kr MYKH H HeMHoro H3Mel\b4eHHOH nweHH4HOH COI\OMbl, xopowo nepeweuiars. Koraa CMeCb CTaHeT CBeTI\OH, CI\HTb ee, a OCTaTKH B BHAe ocasxa BHOBb 3al\HTb BOAOH, HMeIOweH TeMnepaTYPY 50 C. nepeMewaTb H HaCTaHears HeMHoro fiOl\bWe BpeMeHH, 4eM B nepeua pas. 3aTeM )l(HAKOCTb CI\HTb 1-1 cweuian, ee C )l(HAKOCTbto OT nepsoro CI\I-1Ba. tsofiaBHTb ApO)l()f(eiii H3 pac-iera 100 r Ha 5 I\HTpOB H HaCTaHBaTb 10-1 5 AHeH, a 3aTeM neperuars KaK OfibI4HO.

KapTocpeAbHblH!! 2

BblMblTb H uarepers aa repxe 10 Kr xaprorpexa. 3aTeM CMOt\OTb 6 Kr oeca, 3al\HTb ero KHnSlTKOM H xopowo nepeveuiars. Pa3MeWHBa5l, nOCTeneHHO AofiaBA5ITb HaTepTbIH xaprorpexs, '{epea 3 -raca AofiaBHTb 37 I\HTPOB BOAbI H CHOBa nepeveuiars. 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb 1,8 I\HTpa apO)l()l(eH H nepeveurars ewe pas. nl\OTHO aaxynopars eMKOCTb H uacrausan, 3-4 AHSI B TeMHOTe AO BblnaAaHH5I OCaAKa H nOSlBl\eHHSI nysupucoa. nOCAe sroro cpa3y neperuars.

KOPH4Hbiti CAMOrOH

KOpHlIHblH !! 1

Mel\KO HCTOl\04b 400 r ceexea KOPHUbl, 3al\I-1Tb 12 I\l-1TpaMH ABOHHoro cavoroua, xperuco saxynopars H HaCTaHBaTb B TenI\OM Mecre HI\H ua COI\HUe 7 AHeH, 3aTeM neperuars. nOACl\aWHBaTb caxapuuv caponov, npHrOBl\eHHblM 1-13 pac4eTaB 400 r caxapa Ha 1,2 I\HTpa BOAbl.

KOPHlIHblH !! 2

Mel\KO HCTOl\04b 400 r KOPHUbl, 3al\HTb 5 I\HTpaMH ABOHHom casioroaa H HaCTaHBaTb 15 AHeH. 3aTeM AofiaBHTb 2,5 I\HTpa KHnSl4eHOH BOAbl H neperousm, Ha Mal\OM orne AO rex nop, noxa He nOl\Y4HTCSI 2,5 I\HTpa caworoua, KOTOPblH nOACl\aCTHTb no BKYCY cHponoM, caapeuuov ua KOPH4HOH BOAe.

KOpHlIHblH !!: 3

B3S1Tb 90 r KOPHUbl, 45 r KapAaMoHa, 1 5 r MaHopaHa, no ropCTH p03MapHHa H uiaxrpea, 4 xopeunca cpHaI\KH, 3al\HTb 1 2 I\HTpaMH ABOHHoro cavorona. H aCTaHBaTb 3 AH5I, 3aTeM neperuars.

49 I CAMOrOH O6opy~()ulIIIe II pegeDTY ~OJI3muero OPlll'OTOuemtR

KOPHlJHblH 2 4

MeAKo HCTOAOYb 400 r KOPHUbl, 3aAHTb 2,5 A~'npaMH rops-rea KHnSlyeHOH BOllbl, xopowo aaxynopars, nocraaun, B ocruaaioWHH llYXOBOH uncarp, Koraa uncarp OCTblHeT OKOHyareAbHO, nepeCTaBHTb eMKOCTb B renxoe Mecro H HaCTaHBaTb CyrKH. 3aTeM B360ATaTb H HaYHHaTb neperouxy. Korea neperouarcs 0,5 AHTpa caworoua, BAHTb B Ky6 ewe 0,5 AHTpa eoau, nOTOM TaKHM xe o6pa30M ewe 0,5 AHTpa eosu, np01l0A)KaTb neperoasrs, noxa He nOAy4HTC~ ewe 1 ~HTp. nOTOM B3S1Tb 2 Kr caxapa, paseecra 1,2 AHTpaMH KOPH4HOH BOAbI H ceapars capon, CMewaTb 1,2 AHTpa llBOHHOro caworoua, nepBylO 6yrbiAKY neperuauuoa KOpHYHOH BOllbl H capon, 1l06aBHTb 3,5 AHTpa llBOHHOro cavoroua H OCTaBwylOcSI KOpHYHYIO BOllY, nepeveuiars, xopouio aakynopan, H HaCTaHBaTb B TenAOM MeCTe 3 llHSI, 3aTeM OT¢HAbTpoBaTb.

KOPHlJHblM 2 5

B3S1Tb 1,2 CyXHX Sl6AOK, 3aAHTb 12 AHTpaMH llBOHHOro caworona H neperuars, J.1CTOAOYb 200 r KOPHUbl H 1l06aBHTb ee B neperuauuua caworou, nAOTHO saxvnopars H HaCTaHBaTb 7 llHeH. 3aTeM neperuars Ha caMOM MaAOM orne.

KOPHlJHblH 2 6

V1CTOAOYb 400 r KOPHUbl, 3aAHTb 2,5 AHTpaMH llBOHHOro caMorOHa H HaCTaHBaTb 7 llHei1. 3aTeM neperuars, nOllCAaCTHTb cnponov no BKYCY H OT¢HAbTpoBaTb.

KOPHlJHblH 2 5.

KPEnHTEAbHblti CAMOrOH

B3S1Tb 100 r KOPHUbl, 100 r MycKaTHoro UBeTa, 100 r MycKaTHblX opexos, 30 r rB031lHKH, 100 r kopaauapa, 200 r ¢HcTawKOBblX opexoa, 100 r xaaaua, 90 r xaxraua, 90 r AeneCTKOB P03bl, ropers p03MapHHa, ropers waA¢eSl, 4 KOPHSI ¢HaAKH. Bce 3TO cMewaTb, H3MeAb4HTb TOAKYWKOH 1-1 3aAHTb 12 AHTpaMH llBOHuoro caworoua, nOcTaBHTb B ocrueaiouryo llYXOBKY, a 3aTeM B re-reuae 3 llHeH CTaBHTb B OCTblBalOWHH uncarp ewe 3-4 paaa, a B nepepusax eMKOCTb TenAO YKYTblBaTb H OCTaBASlTb B TenAOM MeCTe. TeM, y xoro ecrs nexe, MO)f(HO ua 3 llHSI crasars ryaa, 3aTeM nepernars Ha MeMeHHOM orne, 1l06aBHTb 100 r AaKpHYuoro KOPHSI H HaCTaHBaTb 3 llHSI. AKKypaTHo CAHTb, noacxacTHTb no BKYCY H OT¢HAbTpoBaTb.

CAMorOH O6opYnoBaBle II peIleuTbi AOMaID1Iero npllJ'OTOBJleBlIL I 50

AABAHAOBblH CAMOrOH

B351Tb 100 r J\aBaHAOBoro UBeTa, 25 r rB03.l~J1KH, 25 r KOPHUbl, H3MeJ\bYHTb H nepeweurars. 3aJ\HTb 12 J\HTpaMH ABOHHoro caMorOHa H HaCTaHBaTb 7 AHeH. 3aTeM nOJ\O)KHTb B HaCTOH J\OMOTb xxetia, o6Ma3aHHblH MeAOM H neperonsrs Ha MeMeHHOM orne.

AABPOBblti CAMorOH

MeJ\Ko HCTOJ\OYb 800 r xaspoaux SJrOA, 3aJ\HTb 12 J\HTpaMH ABOVlHoro caworoua, HaCTaHBaTb 3 AHSJ, 3aTeM neperuars KaK 06b1YHO.

AHMOHHblti CAMOrOH

AHMOHHbIH!! 1

Hacraasan, 3 HeAeJ\H ABOHHOH caworou ua J\HMOHHOH ueape (tipars 5 -iacea caworoua H 1 4aCTb ueapu). 3aTeM pa36aBHTb 2,5 4aCHSJMH BOAbl H neperuars. 06beM neperuanuoa BOAKH AOJ\)KeH 6blTb paseu nepBOHayaJ\bHoMY 06beMY cavoroua. Cpesars TOHKHH BepxHHH CJ\OH ueapu Y rpex He6oJ\bwHX J\HMOHOB, nOJ\O)KHTb B 6yrblJ\b H 3aJ\HTb neperHaHHblM caMorOHOM. HaCTaHBaTb B TenJ\OM MeCTe 5-8 AHeH, 3aTeM OTCPHJ\bTpoBaTb. MO)KHO HeMHoro nOACJ\aCTHTb (200 r caxapa aa 1 J\HTp).

AHMOHHblH !! 2

B3SJTb 400 r J\HMOHHOH KOPKH, 400 r cpHaJ\KH H 3aJ\HTb 12 J\HTpaMH ABOHHoro caworoua. Hacraaears 6 AHeH, a nOTOM neperOH5ITb ua MeMeHHOM orne, noxa He BblHAeT 6 J\HTpOB cavoroua.

AHMOHH blM !! 3

B3SJTb ueApy 30 J\HMOHOB, 3aJ\HTb 5 J\HTpaMH ABOHHoro caworona H 3,5 J\HTpaMH BOAbl, A06aBHTb KOpKH 4 nowepaaues HJ\H 5-6 sexeuux aneJ\bCHHOB, ropers TOJ\4eHoro KopHaHapa H 4 rB03- AHKH. Hacraaears ua COJ\Hue HJ\H B TenJ\OM MeCTe 30 AHeH. 3aTeM neperousm., noxa He nOJ\Y4HTC5I 2,5 J\HTpa cavoroua. nOACJ\aCTHTb cuponov H OTCPHJ\bTpoBaTb.

AHMOHHblH Q 4

B3SJTb 1,2 Kr xpynuo HCTOJ\yeHHOH J\HMOHHOH KOPKH, 60 r COJ\H, 3aJ\HTb 12 J\HTpaMH ABOHHoro cavoroua, Hacraaaars 3 AHSJ, 3aTeM neperuars H nOACJ\aCTHTb 1,2 Kr capona.

51 I CAMOrO" OOoPYAOBaHie i ~enTLI AOM31I1Hero DpIll'OTOMeHHJI

MAAHHOBblti CAMOrOH MaAHHOBblH Q 1

B351Tb 800 r ceexea MaAHHbl, 35 r MeAKO HCKpoweHHoro CPHaxxoaoro KOPH5I, 3aAHTb 1 2 AHTpaMH .6.BOHHOro cauoroaa, HaCTaHBaTb 6 .6.HeH, 3aTeM neperuars.

MaAHHoBblH Q 2

B351Tb 400 r csexea MaAHHbl, 3aAHTb 12 AHTpaMH cauoroaa H HaCTaHBaTb 2 .6.H5I, 3aTeM neperHaTb H nO.6.CAaCTHTb no BKyCy.

MO)l()l(EBEAOBblti CAMOrOH (AJKHH)

B351Tb 1,6 Kr MO)f()f(eBeAOBbIX 51ro.6., HCTOAOYb HX H 3aAHTb 8 AHTpaMH .6.BOHHOro caworoua. Hacraaears 14 .6.HeH, 3aTeM neperuan, AO 3/4 nepeoua-raxsuoro 06beMa.

MOCKOBCKHti CAMOrOH

B3S1Tb 8 r kaxraua, 8 r HM6Hp5l, 8 r auuca, 8 r M5ITbl, 3aAHTb 1 AHTpOM .6.BOHHOro caworoua H HaCTaHBaTb 3 He.6.eAH. 3aTeM .6.0- 6aBHTb 1,5 AHTpa BO.6.bl H neperHaTb, nOAYYHB nepaoaa-taxtH bl H 06beM.

MSiTHblti CAMOrOH

MSiTHblH Q 1

B351Tb 4 ropCTH CYXOH M5ITbl, 3aAHTb ee 3 AHTpaMH .6.BOHHOro caMorOHa, HaCTaHBaTb 3 .6.H5I, 3aTeM neperuars. BHOBb HaCTaHBaTb .6.0 nOAyyeHH5I sexeuoro UBeTa Ha ropcru CBe)f(HX AHCTbeB 4epHoH CMOPO.6.HHbl HAH AI06HCToKa. nO.6.CAaCTHTb cuponov H3 1,2 Kr caxapa, paseapeauoro B 0,6 AHTpax BOAbl, H OTCPHAbTpoBaTb.

MHTHblH Q 2

B351Tb 200 r M5ITbl, 25 r nOAbIHH, 15 r p03MapHHa, 25 r W3J\cpe5l, 15 r Kap.6.aMOHa, 10 r rB03.6.HKH, 3aAHTb 12 AHTpaMH cavorona, nAOTHO aakynopan, H HaCTaHBaTb Ha COAHue HAH B TenAOM MeCTe 3 .6.H5I. 3aTeM neperuars H .6.06aBHTb no BKYCY CHpon.

MHTHblH Q 3

B351Tb 800 r M5ITbl, 1,2 Kr Me.6.a, 60 r COAH, 3aAHTb 1 2 AHTpaMH .6.BOHHOro casaoroua, HaCTaHBaTb 3 AH5I, 3aTeM nepernars H OTcP HAb TpO ea Tb.

CAMorOH OOoPYAoame H ~eIml AOManmero nplll'OTOBJlew 1 52

HAAHB04Hbiti CAMorOH (AASI HaAHBOK)

EMKOCTb HanOJ\H HTb Ha 1/3 51rOaaMH, H3 KOTOPblX 6yaeT H3roTaBJ\HBaTbC5I HaJ\HBKa, 3aJ\HTb caMorOHOM H neperHaTb. nOJ\y- 4eHHblH casaorou pa36aBHTb ua 1/3 KHn5l4eHOH BOaOH H TwaTeJ\bHO nepeMewaTb. TaKoH caworou npnofiperer sanax 51rOa H HaJ\HBKa nOJ\Y4HTC5I C HaTypaJ\bHblM 3anaXOM H 4HCTbiM BKYCOM.

nEPCHKOBbl~ CAMOrOH nepcHKoBblH Q 1

Ha 12 J\HTpOB ABOHHoro cauoroua B351Tb 2 Kr J\HCTbe nepcHKa, HaCT05lTb 2-3 HeAeJ\H H neperHaTb. 3aTeM B351Tb no 400 r 51aep KOCT04eK nepcHKa H ropsxoro MHHaaJ\51, H3MeJ\b4HTb, pasBeCTH MOJ\OKOM AO COCT05lHH5I KHceJ\51 H npoaaaars CKB03b CHTO. Llo6aBHTb 3TOT KHceJ\b K neperuauuowy casaorony H HaCTaHBaTb 2 HeaeJ\H, OTCPHJ\bTpoBaTb.

n epcHKoBblH Q 2

B351Tb 800 r nepcuxoeux 51aep, MeJ\KO HCTOJ\04b, pasaecru BOaOH aO COCT05lHH5I KHceJ\51, HanOJ\HHTb TOJ\CTocTeHHYIO 6YTblJ\b, nJ\OTHO saxynopurs, o6Ma3aTb TeCTOM H B Te4eHHe ABYX ~HeH 8-10 pa3 CTaBHTb B OCTblBalOWHH AYXOBOH uncarp. 3aTeM OTCPHJ\brposars, a06aBHTb 100 r H3IOMa, 3aJ\HTb 6 J\HTpaMH ABOIIIHoro caworoua H neperHaTb. nOaCJ\acTHTb cHponoM no BKYCy.

nepcHKoBblH Q 3

V13MeJ\b4HTb 400 r nepc-ucosux 51aep, pa3BecTH 6 J\HTpaMH casioroua, 3J.J\HTb B TOJ\cTocTeHHYto 6YTblJ\b, nJ\OTHO 3aKynopHTb, o6Ma3aTb TeCTOM H nOCTaBHTb Ha 3 aH5I B ne4b ua cpeaHHH »cap, MO)f(HO CTaBHTb B Te4eHHe rpex aHeH B OCTblBatoWHH AYXOBOH urxarp, HO roraa 3TO HaAO CAeJ\aTb He MeHee 12 pa3. 3aTeM OTCPHJ\bTpoBaTb H neperuars.url OPCTb 6epe30Boro J\HCTa, ropers J\HCTbeB 4epHoIII CMOPOAHHbl, ropers J\HCTbeB 4epeMyxH, 1/2 ropcra M5ITbl nOJ\O)f(HTb B caworou H HaCTaHBaTb 1 aeHb. flocxe sroro npouea-rrs H nOACJ\aCTHTb no BKYCy.

P03MAPHHOBbiti CAMOrOH

B351Tb 400 r p03MapHHa, 60 r COJ\H, 12 J\HTpOB ABOHHoro caMorOHa H HaCTaHBaTb 3 aH5I. Fleperuars H nOaCJ\aCTHTb 1,2 Kr cupona.

53 I CAMorO" OOopYAOWDIe II peu,eDTLI AOManmero npHl'OTOMeHHlI

P030Bbl~ CAMOrOH

P030BblH !! 1

B3S1Tb 1 Kr CBe)f(HX P030BbiX UBeTOB, 3aJ\HTb 4 J\HTpaMH 04Huieuuoro caworoua. Hacranears 1 MecSlU, 3aTeM neperHaTb liO nOJ\Y4eHHSI 2,5 J\HTpOB caworoua. B3S1Tb 0,4 Kr CBe)f(HX p030- BblX UBeTOB, pa3BecTH 1,6 J\HTpaMH MSirKOH BOlibl H neperoHSlTb Ha MeAAeHHOM orne TaK, 4T06bl BblWI\O 0,4 J\HTpa P030BOH BOlibl, lio6aBHTb TyAa ewe 0,4 Kr HOBblX CBe)f(HX P030BbiX UBerOB H 1 ,2 J\HTpa MSirKoH BOlibl H neperouars Ha MeAAeHHOM orne liO nOJ\y- 4eHHSI 0,4 J\HTpa liBOHHOH P030BOH aoau. B nOJ\Y4eHHoH aoze pacraopurs 800 r caxapa. Caworoa nOACJ\aCTHTb cHpHnoM H OTCPHl\bTpOBaTb.

P030BblH !! 2

Haopare P030BbiX J\eneCTKOB, pa3MSlTb HX B crynxe, YJ\O)f(HTb B eMKOCTb H sacunan, csepxy CJ\oeM COJ\H. TOJ\wHHa CJ\OSl liOJ\)f(Ha 6blTb TaKoH, 4T06bl MO)f(HO 6blJ\O B3S1Tb HopMaJ\bHYiO wenors. Paccrexars MOKpoe nOJ\OTHO, HaKpblTb KPY)f(KOM C rueTOM H HaCTaHBaTb B npOXJ\3JiHOM MeCTe 6-8 HelieJ\b, noxa xeneCTKH He Ha4HYTb rHHTb. nepeJ\O)f(HTb ace B Ky6, 3aJ\HTb BOliOH H3 pacsera 1: 1, nepeweurars H neperuars. Flepaa-i 6YlieT coliep>KaTb cnupr H3 p03 H COOTBeTCTBeHHO HMeTb CHJ\bHbIH 3anax. BnocJ\eAcTBH .... )f(e noazer cavorou npaKTH4ecKH 6e3 sanaxa. Ero HcnJ\b30BaTb He cxeayr. Flepeua caworou neperuars ewe pa3, nOliCJ\aCTHTb, OTCPHJ\bTpOBaTb

nOAblHHb11ll CAMOrOH

nOAblHHLlH Q 1

B3S1Tb 800 r auaca, 200 r nOJ\blHH, 3aJ\HTb 12 J\ .... TpaMH ca-aorona, HaCTaHBaTb 14 AHeH, 3aTeM neperuars.

nOAblHHblH Q 2

B3S1Tb 300 r nOJ\bIHHbIX aepxyure«, 60 r COJ\H, 3aJ\J.1Tb 12 J\HTpaMJ.1 liBOHHoro caworoua, HaCTaHBaTb 7 liHeH. 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb 1,2 Kr MeAa H neperuars.

nOAblHHblH Q 3

Hafipars 1,5 Kr BepxyweK MOJ\O.£\bIX nofieroa nOJ\bIHH, 100 r liSlrHJ\bHoro KOPHSI, 100 r cpHaJ\KoBoro KOPHSI, 100 r J\HCTbeB '£\yWHUbl, 50 r auuca H 50 r 63JibSlHa, 3aJ\HTb 1 2 I\HTpaMH liBO~uoro caworoua H HaCTaHBaTb 4 HelieJ\H. 3aTeM neperuars zo

CAMorOH O6opYlIOBaHHe R ~1lIlTLI AOlanIHero npxroTOMew I 54

nOJ\Y4eHHSI 8 J\l-1TpOB caworoua, B KOTOPblH ~06aBHTb 1,2 Kr caxapa, pacTBopeHHoro B 0,6 J\l-1TpaX BO~bl. TaKoH cavorou nozKpawHBalOT B 3eJ\eHblH UBeT HaCTal-1BaHHeM ua rOpCTl-1 J\HCTbe yepH OH CMOpO~l-1 H bl l-1J\l-1 J\to6l-1CToKa.

nOAblHHblH Q 4 -

B3S1Tb 2 Kr nOJ\bIHHbIX eepxvurex, 300 r ~Slrl-1J\SI, 3aJ\HTb 6 J\HTpaMl-1 cauoroua l-1 HaCTaHBaTb 2 He6.eJ\H. 3aTeM ~06aBHTb 3 J\HTpa BO~bl H neperuars ~o nOJ\Y4eHHSl6 J\HTpOB casaoroua. 3TOT caMOrOH MO)f(HO raioce c~eJ\aTb 3eJ\€HbIM, nO~KpacHB ero HaCTaHBaHHeM B Te4eHHe 2-3 ~HeH ua ropers J\HCTbeB xepuoa CMOpO~HHb' l-1J\H J\106HCToKa. nOTOM OTCPHJ\bTpoBaTb l-1 nO~CJ\aCTHTb no BKyCy.

nOAblHHblH Q 5

B3S1Tb 400 r auaca, 200 r MeJ\KO ncpesanuoa nOJ\bIHl-1, 3aJ\l-1Tb 12 J\HTpaMl-1 caworoua H neperuars.

nOMEPAHUEBblti CAMOrOH nOMepaHueoblH Q 1

nOMepaHeu (rpearuppyrl MO)f(HO 3aMeHSlTb 3eJ\eHb1MH anexsCHHaMH, HO l-1X norpetiyercs B ~Ba pa3a 60J\bwe.

B3S1Tb 800 r nowepauueaoa ueapu 6e3 MSiKOTH, 3aJ\l-1Tb 12 J\HTpaMH ~BOHHoro caworoua. HaCTaHBaTb 3 ~HSI, a 3aTeM neperuars.

nOMepaHueoblH Q 2

B3S1Tb 1,5 Kr nowepauueaoa ueapu, 3aJ\l-1Tb 6 J\HTpaMl-1 6.BOHuoro cauoroua l-1 HaCTal-1BaTb 3 ~t'Si. 3aTeM ~06aBl-1Tb 8,5 J\HTpOB ~BOHHoro caworoua H neperHaTb ~O nOJ\Y4eHHSI 8,5 J\l-1TpOB BO~Kl-1. nO~CJ\aCTl-1Tb no BKYCy.

nOMepaHueOblH Q 3

B3S1Tb 400 r nowepaauesoa KOPKH, 200 r 6aAbSlHa, 45 r KapAaMOHa, 45 r KOPl-1Ubl, 45 r cpeHxeJ\SI, 35 r_rB03AHKl-1 l-1 3aAl-1Tb 12 J\l-1TpaMH ABOHHoro caworoua. Hacranaars 7 ~HeH, 3aTeM neperaars, nOACJ\aCTl-1Tb no BKyey l-1 OTCPHJ\bTpoBaTb.

nOMepaHueoblM Q 4

B3S1Tb 12 J\HTpOB cavoroua, paseecra ero 6 J\l-1TpaMH BOAbl H neperuars aa MeMeHHOM oruen AO nOJ\Y4eHHSI 3 J\l-1TpOB ~BOHuoro caworoua, A06aBl-1Tb TYAa 200 r MeJ\KO uapesauuoa novepauuesoa ueapu. aaxynopurs H HaCTal-1BaTb B TenJ\OM MeCTe 7 AHeH. neperHaTb H nO~CJ\aeTl-1Tb caponov M3 1 ,5 caxapa.

55 I CAMOrOH OOOpy,qoB3Hlle R peltellTLl AOM3ll1HefO nplll'OTOBJleHRI

Flowepaaueasra Q 5

B3S1Tb 20 r H3Met\b4eHHbIOH rB03~HKH H HaCTaHBaTb B 1/4 t\HTpa cavoroua 3 ~HSI. 3aTeM B3S1Tb 400 r novepauueaoa KOPKH, 3at\HTb 12 t\HTpaMH caworo+ra H raioce HaCTOHBaTb 3 ~HSI . .6.06aBHTb T)'~a rB03~HKH H nepeweurars, neperHaTb H nO~Ct\aCTHTb cuponov no BKyCy.

nOMepaHueBblH !! 6

B3S1Tb 400 r nowepauueaoa ueapu, 200 r 6a~bSlHa, 85 r MyCKaTHblX opexoa, 85 r MycKaTHoro UBeTa, 85 r Kap~aMoHa, 85 r KOPHUbl, 200 r cpHcTaweK, 70 r rB03~HKH, 3at\HTb 11 t\HTpaMH ~BOHHoro caworoua. Hacrauean, 7 ~HeH, a 3aTeM neperuars.

nrocroa CAMOrOH 1. [lpocroa caworou (ABOHHOH)

B3S1Tb t\1060H caworou H neperuars ero -repea Ky6 ewe pa3. 2. npOCTOH caworoa ("3 nuieaa)

Pa3BapHTb 3 t\HTpa nuieua, paseecru renxoa BO~OH, ~06aBHTb 100 r ~pO)f()f(eH, 1,2 Kr TeCTa H3 KBall1HH H nOCTaBHTb 6pO~HTb. Koraa CKHCHeT H nepedpoznr, neperuars 2 pasa,

3. npoCToii caworou ( "3 nAOAOB)

60t\bWylO eMKOCTb 3at\HTb HanOt\OBHHY caMorOHOM H uanoxHSlTb ee t\106b1MH Slro~aMH H CPPYKTaMH, CBe)f(eH H 3arHHBweH nasaxauea. Korsa HanOt\HHTCSI eMKOCTb ece ~Ot\)f(HO nepe6po~HTb. flocxe aroro caworou Ct\HTb H neperHaTb, a B OCTaBWl1eCSl nt\O~bl ~Ot\HTb uoaoro caworoua H BHOBb ~aTb 3a6po~HTb, a 3aTeM ero Ct\HTb H neperuars.

PI-1COBbliii CAMOrOH

PHCOBblH Q 1

B3S1Tb 6yTblt\Ky Mat\arH, 200 r ~p06t\eHHoro puca, 400 r Kpynuoro H3IOMa, orsapeuuoro B aoae J.1 CKOt\bKO He06xo~HMO no BKYCY caxapuoro cupona. A06aBHTb Ty~a 400 r BO~bl H 200 r 6et\blx nHBHblX ApO)f()f(eH, OCTaBHTb 6pO~HTb B nocyae 3-4 AHSl. 3aTeM A06aBHTb 12 t\HTpOB ABOHHoro cavoroua, 6 t\HTpOB MSlrKOH POAHHKOBOH BO~bl H neperuars TaK, 4T06bl BbIWt\O 9 t\HTpOB caworona. B OT~et\bHYIO nOCYAY Hat\HTb 0,2 t\HTpa 70-rpa~ycHoro cnupra Ht\H rpoauoro cavoroua H acunars 3-4 4ai1- HblX t\O)f(KH BaHHt\H. Hacrauaars 3-4 ~HSI, nOTOM OTCPJ.1t\bTpO-

CAMorOH ~YnOBaHHe R ~eImI AOIIanllerO Dplll'OTOBJleHHlI I 56

ears. HaCTOHKY BaHHI\H H 2 Kanl\H p030Boro MaCl\a A06aBHTb K Y)I(e neperHaHHoMY cavorouy, B XOI\WeBblH MeW04eK nOI\O)KHTb 600 r CBe)KeH Ay60BOH KOPbl H 5 r KOPH5I xaxrana. 3TOT Mewo- 4eK nOMeCTHTb B eMKOCTb C caMorOHOM H nl\OTHO 3aKynopHTb.

PHCOBblH Q 2

B351Tb 2,5 Kr Ap061\eHOrO puca. nepe)KapeHHOro HanOA06He xorpe, 25 r uiarppaua, 3al\HTb 60 I\HTpaMH o-uuueuuoro cauoroua H neperHaTb AO nOl\yyeHH5I 43 I\HTpOB BOAKH, KOTOpYKl MO)KHO noexpacure )K)KeHbIM cHponoM ..

P.stIiJ.1HOBbl~ CAMOrOH

PSl6HHOBblH Q 1

C06paTb AO MOP030B 3 xr Cnel\OH P5l6HHbl, pa3M5ITb, A06aBHTb 80-100 r ApO)K)KeH, 3aAHTb 12 I\HTpaMH CBe)KerO XI\e6HOrO xaaca H HaCTaHBaTb npH TeMnepaType 15-16 C. Korza aKTHBHoe BblAel\eHHe rasa npeKpaTHTC5I, pa3MewaTb H neperuars. 3aTeM A06aBHTb 6 I\HTpOB caworoua H neperuars ewe pa3, noxa He 6YAYT YCTpaHeHbl nOCTopOHHHe sanaxa.

PSl6HHOBbiM Q 2

Flocxe nepBblx MOP030B uatipars 51rOA P5l6HHbl, pa3MSlTb H OT)KaTb H3 HHX COK, KOTOPblii1 nOCTaBHTb ua 6pO)l(eHHe B renxoa KOMHaTe. Koraa 6pO)KeHHe 3aKOH4HTC5I, ABa)KAbl neperuars. nOI\Y4HTC5I cauorou 6e3 CHBYWHblX MaCel\ H BKyCOM, HanOMHHaKlWHM cppaHuY3cKHH KOHb5lK.

PSl6HHOBblH Q 3

P5I6HHY pa3M5ITb, 3al\HTb ee caMorOHOM TaK, YT06bl easa noKPbll\HCb sroau, a eMKOCTb 3anOl\HHI\aCb HanOI\OBHHY, A06aBHTb ApO)K)I(eH H3 pac4eTa 15-20 r ua I\HTP, nl\OTHO 3aKpblTb H HaCTaHBaTb 14 AHeH, 3aTeM neperHaTb 2 paaa.

CBEKOAbHbll1 CAMOrOH CBeKoAbHblH Q 1

Harepers ua repxe H oTBapHTb 8 Kr caxapuoti CBeKl\bl. B ewe renxyio CBeKI\Y A06aBHTb 5-6 Kr caxapa, 3al\HTb 1 0 I\HTpaMH BOAbl npH TeMneparype 25 C. il06aBHTb 500 r ApO)K)I(eH, pa3BeAeHHblX B He6ol\bWOM KOl\H4eCTBe BOAbl. Hacrauears B Tenl\OM MeCTe 3-4 AH5I. Koraa caexxa onycTHTc5I Ha AHO H cBepxy oopa- 3yeTc5I KopKa, ace nepeMernaTb H neperHaTb 2 pa3a.

57 I CAMOrO" OOoPYAOB3HHe H peItellTLl AOIIaIDHel'O nplll'OTOBJleHRI

CoeKOAbHblH 2 2

Harepers CBeKJ\Y, 3aJ\HTb BOAOH H KHn~THTb 1-1,5 -raca. )f(HAKOCTb CJ\HTb B eMKOCTb, a cBeKJ\Y BHOBb 3aAHTb BOAOH H onars KHn~THTb 1-1,5 -raca, 3aTeM CJ\HTb. Ewe pa3 3aJ\HTb, npoKHn~THTb H CAHTb. Boo nOJ\Y4eHHYIO npu Tpex KHn~4eHH~X )f(HAKOCTb CJ\HTb B OAHY eMKOCTb, 3anOJ\HHB ee He 60J\ee 4eM ua 2/3 06beMa. /J..o- 6aBItITb ApO)f()f(eH H3 pac-iera 40 r Ha 4 J\HTpa H HaCTaHBaTb 10-15 AHeH AO npeKpaweHH~ 06pa30BaHH~ neHbl. npH A06aBJ\eHHH caxapa, KapTocpeASI HJ\H zpynoc KOMnOHeHTOB HaCTaHBaHHeAAHTC~ 4-7 AHeA. no OKOH4aHHH 6pO)f(eHHSI neperHaTb.

CoeKOAbHblii Q 3

npHroToBHTb 4 AHTpa CBeKOJ\bHOH )f(HAKOCTH TaK )f(ef KaK B npeAblAyweM peuerrre, A06aBHTb 2 kr nOATaBCKOH Kpynbl H HaCTaHBaTb 4-5 AHeA npH TeMnepaType 20-22 C. 3aTeM A06aBHTb ewe 15 J\HTpOB CBeKOAbHOH )f(HAKOCTH H HaCTaHBaTb 15 AHe~ AO rOTOBHOCTH, nOTOM neperuars.

CBeKoAbHblii II 4

1-13roTaBJ\HBaere H3 naTOKH. B3~Tb 10 J\HTpOB naTOKH, 200- 250 r ApO)IOKeA, 3aAHTb 25 AHTpaMH BOAbl. HaCTaHBaTb B TenJ\OM MeCTe 7 AHeR. Heperuan, 2 pa3a.

CoeKoAbHblii II 5

Caxapuyio cBeKAY HaTeperb ua repxe, oraapure H orxars COK.

B3~Tb 30 AHTpOB COKa, 200 r apo)f()I<eA H HaCTaHBaTb B TenJ\OM MeCTe 5-6 AHeA. 3aTeM neperuars 2 pasa.

CAHBOBblA CAMOfOH (BEHfEPCKHIi1) CAHOOBblii Q 1

Pa3MSlTb 12 AHTpOB CJ\HB, A06aBHTb 1-1 ,5 Kr caxapa H HaCTaHBaTb 12-16 .6.HeA. Koraa 6pO)f(eHHe npekparurca, nepexnrs ece B Ky6 H neperuars 2 pasa,

CAHBOBblH 2 2

Cavue spexue CJ\HBbl BMeCTe C KOCT04KaMH TOJ\KYTC~ B CTyne. npH 3TOM AOJ\HBaIOT BOAY AO npeepauieuua MaCCbl B )f(HAKylO «aury, KOTOPYIO CTaB~T 6pOAHTb. Koraa "xaura" nepecrauer BbIAeJ\~Tb raa, ee nepeJ\HBalOT B Ky6 H neperousuor 2-3 pa3a.

TMHHHbl~ CAMOfOH

TMHHHblH Q 1

B3~Tb 1,2 «r xpynuo HCTOJ\4eHHoro TMHHa, 3aAHTb 5 AHTpaMH

CAMorOH OOopYAOIaIIJIe II pet\ellTW AOMaWHero nplU'OTOlIeHHI I 58

caworoua ~ HaCTaHBaTb 3 AHSI. 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb ewe 5 AHTpOB caworoua, neperuars ~ nOACAaCT~Tb no BKYCy.

TMHHHblH Q 2

B3S1Tb 1,8 Kr TMHHa, ~CTOAOYb ero, 3aA~Tb 12 AHTpaMH cax-orona, neperHaTb ~ nOACAaCT~Tb cHponoM H3 800 r caxapa.

TMHHHblH Q 3

B3S1Tb 400 r TM~Ha, 50 r auaca, 60 r cpHaAKoBoro KOPHSI, 50 r CYXOH AHMOHHOH KOpKH. Bce 3TO H3MeAbYHTb, nepeveurars, 3aAHTb 3,5 A~TpaMH aBOHHoro caworona ~ HaCTaHBaTb 2 AHSI. 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb 2,5 A~Tpa MSirKOM poaH~KoBoH BOabl H ruars 4epe3 Ky6 aO rex nop, noxa nOAY4aeMblH caworou He npuooperer 6eAblH UBeT H OCTpblH BKyC. nOACAaCT~Tb c~ponOM no BKYCY H OTCPHAbTpOBaTb.

TMHHHblH Q 4

B3S1Tb 200 r TM~Ha, 100 r KopHaHApa, 50 r auaca, 3aAHTb 18 A~TpaMH casioroua H neperuars, 3aTeM OTCP~AbTpoBaTb.

TPABHblti CAMOrOH

TpaSHblH Q 1

B3S1Tb 1 AHTp COCHOBblX WHweK, 1 AHTp 30AOTOTblCbl4HHKa, 1 A~TP AHCTa -iepuoa CMOpOA~Hbl, 1 A~TP i\106HCTOKa (30pH), 1 AHTp nOAblHH, 1 AHTp 6eApeHua, 1 AHTp MSlTbl, 1 AHTp p03MapHHa, 1 AHTp MaAHHHoro KOPHSI ~ 3aA~Tb ace 3TO ABOHHblM caworOHOM TaK, 4T06bl OH noxpux TpaBY. Hacrauears 2-3 AHSI, 3aTeM neperuars,

TpasHblH Q 2

B3S1Tb 45 r xopuuu, 20 r MycKaTHblx opexoB, 20 r MycKaTHoro UBeTa, 20 r xaxraua, 20 r cpHaAKoBoro KOPHSI, 20 r i\aAaHa, 50 r cpHcTaW€K, 15 r rB03AHKH. 3aAHTb 12 AHTpaM~ ABOHHoro caMOrona, Ao6aBHTb 800 r TOA4eHoro H3IOMa. Hacrauears 6 AHeH, 3aTeM neperuars ua MeMeHHOM orue,

TpasHblH Q '3

B3S1Tb 2 ropcTH MaHopaHa, 2 ropers uiaxrpea, 2 ropers ~ccona, 2 ropcru Ayw~Ubl, ropers aunca, 2 ropcru 6a3~AHKa, 2 ropCT~ K~nap~cHbIX crpyxek, 2 ropcrn MO)f()f(eBeAOBbIX SlrOA, ropers KyapSiBoH MSiTbl, ropers p03Map~Ha, 400 r ~31OMa, 1 00 r nowepauueaoa KOPKH, 20 r ASirHASI. Bce 3TO 3ai\~Tb 1 2 AHTpaMH ABOuoro caworoua. Hacraaears 7 AHeH, 3aTeM neperuars.

59 I CAMOrOH OOoPYAORaRlle II peqellTLl AOilamHerO nplll'OTOMem

TpaBHblH Q 4

B351Tb 50 r KOPHUbl, 50 r Kap.6.aMOHa, 50 r MycKaTHblx opexoB, 100 r cpHcTaweK, 120 r AHMOHHOH KOPKH, 35 r au ..... ca, 35 r Aaaaaa, 20 r rB03AHKH. 3aAHTb see 3TO 12 AHTpaMH ABOHHoro caMorOHa ..... nAOTHO 3aKpblTb. Hacraaaars B TenAOM MeCTe 4 AH5I, 3aTeM neperuars.

Tpa8H .. IA II 5

B3RTb 50 r KOp ..... Ubl, 50 r nowepauuesoa KOPKH, 200 r cpHCTauiex, 35 r AMaHa, 35 r MycKaTHoro UBeTa, 35 r MycKaTHbix opeXOB, 35 r KapAaMoHa, 30 r rB03A ..... K ...... Bce 3TO ..... CTOA04b, nepeMewaTb, 3aA ..... Tb 15 AHTpaM ..... ABOHHoro cavoroua, Hacrauaan, 6 .6.HeH, 3aTeM Ao6aBHTb "OMOTb -repaoro xAe6a, o6Ma3aHHblH Me.6.0M, H neperaars Ha MeAAeHHOM orne.

TpaBHblH 116

B351Tb 155 r TM ..... Ha, 155 r waAcpeR, 155 r uccona, 155 r MaHopaua, 100 A ..... MOHHOfi KOpK ..... , 100 r poswap ..... aa, 120 r cpHCTaurex, 20 r KOPHUbI, 20 r MycKaTHoro UBeTa, 20 r MycKaTHblx opexos, 20 r AMaHa, 20 r KapAaMoHa, ropers MO)fOKeBeAOBbiX

51rO.6., 20 r rB03AHKH. 3aAHTb 18 A TpaMH ABOHHoro cavoroua.

Hacrauears 6 AHeR, 3aTeM A06aB Tb 800 r H3toMa H 06Ma3aH-

HblH Me.6.0M AOMOTb xAe6a. Fleperuars ua MeMeHHOM orne.

TpaBHblR 117

B351Tb 1 20 r " ..... MOHHOH KOPKH, 100 r MeAHCCbl, 60 r 4epHoro TMHHa, 50 r MRTbI, 50 r T ..... MbRHa, 50 r AaBpoBoro AHCTa, 50 r KOPH5I Bep6eHbI. 3a" ..... Tb 12 AHTpaMH cavoroua, HaCTaHBaTb 3-4 .6.H5I, 3aTeM neperaars.

T paBHblA·1I 8

B3RTb 50 r KOp ..... uu, 50 r KapAaMoHa, 50 r ..... M6Hp5l, 50 r «axraHa, 50 r Hpa (a ..... pa), 50 r peBeH5I, 50 r AaKpH4Horo KOPHSI, 50 r 6aAbRHa, 1 30 r p03MapHHa, 35 r waAcpe5l, 15 r CTpY4KoBoro nepua, 15 r MaHopaHa, 35 r MycKaTHblx opexoB, 50 r nOMepaHueBOH KOPKH, 50 r ll5lrHAs:l, 50 r TMHHa, 50 r neTpywKH, 50 r AeneCTKOB P03bl, 35 r rB03.6.HKH. 3aA ..... Tb 12 AHTpaMH ABOHHoro caworoua, HaCTaHBaTb 6 .6.HeH, 3aTeM neperuars Ha MeAAeHHOM orne.

TpaBHblH Q 9

B351Tb 1 5 r MaHopaHa, 1 5 r waAcpe5l, 1 5 KOPHUbl, 1 5 r rB03AHKH, 15 r MycKaTHblx opexoB, 1,6 Kr caxapa, 3aAHTb 6 AHTpaMH xopowero cavoroua. Hacrauears 2-3 .6.HSl, 3aTeM neperuars.

CAMorOH OOopYAOBaHRe II pe~el1TLl AOIIamHerO npHroTOBJlem I 60

<DPAHUY3CKMI BOAKA

( TaK B CTapHHY Ha3b1BaJ\H BO.6.KY 04eHb xopowero Ka4eCTBa) <DpaHUY3CKaJl Q 1

V1cnoJ\b3YIOTC5I 3arHHBWHe CPPYKTbl H 51rO.6.bl, xoropue 3aJ\HBalOT BO.6.0H TaK, 4T06bl OHa HX cxerxa aaxpuaaxa. 3aTeM .6.0- 6aBJ\51IOT BHHOrpa.6.HOrO BHHa H .6.pO)IOKeH H3 pac-iera 0,7 J\HTpa BHHa 50 r .6.pO)f()f(eH ua 12 J\HTpOB BO.6.HO-CPPYKTOBOH CMeCH. Korea ece 3aKHCHeT, neperHaTb -repes Ky6 3 pa3a.

<DpaHuY3cKaJl Q 2

B351Tb 37 J\HTpOB caworoua, 6 J\HTpOB MOJ\OKa H neperHaTb AO nOJ\Y4eHH5I 20 J\HTpOB cavorona. n.06aBHTb 3 J\HTpa MOJ\oKa, 1,5 Kr p)f(aHOrO xxefia, 6 J\HTpOB BHHorpaaHoro BHHa, 2,5 Kr H31OMa, 800 r caxapa H neperuars zo nOJ\Y4eHH5I Ha BbIXO.6.e 12 J\HTpOB cavoroua,

<DpaHuY3cKaJl Q 3

B351Tb 37 J\HTpOB caworoua, 6 J\HTpOB MOJ\OKa H neperHaTb. n.06aBHTb 3 J\HTpa M5IrKOH PO.6.HHKOBOH BO.6.bl, 3 J\HTpa MOJ\OKa, 3,3 Kr p)f(aHOrO xxefia H neperHaTb ewe pa3. 3~TeM .6.06aBHTb 3 J\HTpa fiexoro BHHorpaaHoro BHHa, 1,2 Kr H3IOMa, 400 r caxapa, nJ\OTHO saxpsrn, H nOCTaBHTb B npoxxaznoe M€CTO.

<DpaHuY3cKaJl Q 4

B351Tb 800 r H3IOMa, 3aJ\HTb 1 2 J\HTpaMH caworoua H neperuars.

<DpaHuY3cKaJl Q 5

B351Tb 12 J\HTpOB BHHOrpa.6.HOrO BHHa, .6.06aBHTb 650 r APO)f()f(eH H neperuars -repes Ky6 2 pasa.

XAEIiHblti CAMOrOH

XAe6HblH Q 1

Pa3MoJ\oTb 4 J\HTpa ruueuuuu, .6.06aBHTb 1 Kr caxapa, 3aAHTb TpeM5I J\HTpaMH BO.6.bl H HaCTaHBaTb B TenJ\OM MeCTe 5 AHeA. 3aTeM .6.06aBHTb 5 «r caxapa H 18 AHTpOB BOAbl, HaCTaHBaTb ewe 7-8 .6.HeH. Koraa 6para CTaHeT ropsxoa, npouezorts H neperuars 2 pasa. OTXO.6.bl He eutipacuaars, a .6.06aBHTb K HHM 5 Kr caxapa, 8 J\HTpOB TenJ\OH BO.6.bl H HaCTaHBaTb 8-1 0 AHe~. 3aTeM npoueaurs H neperuars 3Ty 6pary 2 pasa.

XAe6HblH Q 2

npopacTHTb 6 J\HTpOB P)KJ.1, nW€HHUbl HJ\H Sl4MeHs:I, a 3aTeM nepewoxors. Pa3M04HTb B 1 0 J\HTpax BO.6.bl 8 tiyxaao« "IepHOrO

61 I CAMOrOH O6oPYAOBallBe II peqeDTLI AOMamBerO BpIll'OTOBJleHHl

xxefia H TO)f(e nepeMOAOTb. Pa3BapV1Tb 10 xr xaprouncu H pa3- M~Tb ee. nepeMewaTb KapTowKY C 3epHoM H xAe60M, h.06aBHTb 1 xr h.pO)f()f(eH H HaCTaHBaTb B TenAOM MeCTe 7-8 h.HeC1. neperna Tb 2 pasa,

XAe6HblH 2 3

3epHo BblMa4HBalOT B xasxax 3 8H~, cywaT ua npoTBHH~X 2 h.H~ H h.OcywHBalOT B ne-ra. Korsa 3epHO aucuxaer 80 CTah.HH XpYCTa npH paCKYCblBaHHH , ero nepeMaAblBalOT. 3aTeM B Kah.KY HaAHBalOT 2 aezpa rops-rea eoau, h.06aBA~IOT 8 xr CMOAOToro 3epHa H nepeMewHBalOT. -lepes h.Ba -raca ~OAHBaIOT 2 eezpa rop~4eC1 BO~bl H BHOBb nepeMewHBalOT. '{epes -rac h.o6aBA5IIOT 0,5 aeapa XOAOh.HOH eoau, nepeMewHBalOT H KAah.YT h.PO)l()f(H. HacTaHBalOT B TenAOM MeCTe 3 h.H~, 3aTeM neperousuor.

XAe6HblH 2 4

[lpopacran, 10 xr ruueuuuu, nepeMoAoTb, h.06aBHTb 0,5 xr h.po)f()f(eC1, 3aAHTb 30 AHTpaMIt1 soau. Hacraaaars B TenAOM MeCTe noxa He nepetipoaur, 3aTeM neperuars 2 pa3a.

XAe6HblH 25

B3~Tb 1,2 xr cyxHx xAe6HbiX KOpOK 60POh.HHCKOro (TMHHHOro) xxefia, 40 r KOPHUbl, 30 WryK rB03h.HKH, 3aAHTb 10 AHTpaMH caworoua H HaCTaHBaTb 4-5 h.HeC1. 3aTeM h.06aBHTb 5 AHTpOB BOh.bl H neperHaTb h.0 nOAy4eHH~ 10 AHTpOB caworoua.

XAe6HblH 26

flpopacra'n, 6 AHTpOB P)f(H, nureuuuu HAH ~4MeH~, a 3aTeM nepeMoAoTb. Pa3Mo4HTb B 10 AHTpax 8 fiyxanox 4epHoro xAe6a H roxe nepeMoAoTb. Pa3BapHTb 10 xr KapTOWKIt1 H pa3M~Tb ee. nepeMewaTb xaprouncy C 3epHoM H xAe6oM, h.06aBHTb 1 xr h.pO)f()f(eC1 H HaCTaHBaTb B TenAOM MeCTe 7 -8 ~HeH. neperHaTb 2 pa3a.

XAe6HblH Q 7

Poxs, ruueuuuy, ~4MeHb, npoco, KYKypy3y HAH ropox pa3Mo- 4HTb B TenAOC1 eoae, paccTeAHTb CAoeM He TOAwe 2 CM H h.aTb npopacTH, CAeh.~ sa TeM, 4T06bl 3epHO He npOKHCAO. npopOCwee 3epHO BbICYWHTb, CMOAOTb ua MyKy H h.06aBA~Tb nOHeMHOry B KHn~wylO BO~y, nOCTO~HHO noweuiaeas. ilOBeCTH h.0 COCTOSlHHSI )f(H~KOrO KHceA~. 3aTeM eMKOCTb YKPblTb H HaCTaHBaTb 10-12 4aCOB, 3aTeM OCTYh.HTb h.0 KOMHaTHOC1 TeMnepaTypbl H h.06aBHTb APO)IOKH ( ua 2 Beh.pa 3aKBaCKH - 1/2 xr). ECAH HeT

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