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IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EXPANDED SENIOR CITIZENS ACT OF 2010

IN ANGELES CITY, PAMPANGA

A Thesis
Presented to the Faculty of
College of Health Sciences
University of Eastern Pangasinan
Binalonan, Pangasinan

In Partial Fulfillment of the


Requirements for the Degree
Bachelor of Science in Midwifery

Prepared by:

ARCIGA, Karen Hazel G.

DELA PENA, Roselle G.

MASBANG, Angelic M.

OCAMPO, Mitos G.

SALVADOR, Sharmilene D.

ZABALA, Sonia M.

May 2019

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APPROVAL SHEET

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in

Midwifery, this thesis entitled “The Implementation of Extended Senior Citizens Act

of 2010 in Angeles City, Pampanga”, prepared and submitted by Karen Hazel G.

Arciga, Roselle G. Dela Pena, Angelic M. Masbang, Mitos G. Ocampo, Sharmilene

D. Salvador, and Sonia M.Zabala, is hereby recommended for Final Oral Examination.

GLENDA B. GANZON, Ph.D.


Adviser

Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination on _____________with a


rating of __________.

Thesis Committees

JOSE S. PADILLO, Ph. D.


Chairman

ZORAYDA LOPEZ GILLE,Ed.D. KRISTOPHER C. MIRANDA, Ph. D.


Member Member

Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree,

Bachelor of Science in Midwifery.

GLENDA B. GANZON, Ph.D. JOSE S. PADILLO, Ph. D.


Dean, College of Midwifery Vice – President for Academic Affairs

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

“Our society must make it right and possible for old people not to fear the young

or be deserted by them, for the test of civilization is the way that it cares for its helpless

members.”

Expression of appreciation is wholeheartedly extended to everyone who

manifested and cooperatively offered their love, motivation, support, understanding, time

and effort for the completion of this research work. God’s great guidance made all these

things conceivable.

To all the people who were involved and altruistically shared their time, energy

wisdom and experience, the authors offer their endless gratitude to:

Almighty God for giving the researchers the knowledge, grace and wisdom all

throughout their study;

Evelyn A. Tomboc, DBA. President of the University of Eastern Pangasinan, for

her motivating advocacy in quality education and for her zealous assistance, from

commencement of this project until the conclusion.

Hon. Melicio F. Patague II, Vice President for Administration for his guidance

and moral support from the inception to the humble piece of work.

Dr. Jose S. Padillo, Vice President for Academic affairs for his wisdom, moral

support. Suggestions and recommendation for the improvement of the research

Their beloved Dean, Glenda B. Ganzon,Ph.D. for all her valuable information

and guidance, unending support which helped them in completing this study through

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various stages and their respondents, for sparing their time in actively participating in this

research.

Kristopher C. Miranda,Ph.D. and Zorayda Lopez-Gille,Ed.D. for their

tenacity, promising words and perceptive comments that influence and encourage the

researcher to conduct this research.

In making this thesis, friendship was also built. They were a team of 6 (six)

members and it was fun in doing interviews and researches. It was a great experience

working with this research.

ARCIGA, Karen Hazel G.

DELA PENA, Roselle G.

MASBANG, Angelic M.

OCAMPO, Mitos G.

SALVADOR, Sharmilene D.

ZABALA, Sonia M.

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DEDICATION

The researchers are dedicating this study to their families

who extend their support and encouragement

for them to be able to finish this study

and to their parents who were

already Senior Citizens.

Karen Hazel

Roselle

Angelic

Mitos

Sharmilene

Sonia

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CONTENTS

Page

TITLE PAGE …………………………………………………………………… i

APPROVAL SHEET …………………………………………………………… ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ……………………………………………………… iii

DEDICATION …………………………………………………………………. v

CONTENTS ……………………………………………………………………. vi

ABSTRACT …………………………………………………………………… viii

CHAPTER

1 THE PROBLEM

Background of the Study……………………………………….. 1

Significance ……………………………………………………. 4

Definition of Terms …………………………………………….. 5

Conceptual Framework…………………………………………. 5

Paradigm of the Study …………………………………………. 8

Statement of the Problem ………………………………………. 9

Hypothesis ……………………………………………………… 9

2 METHODOLOGIES

Research Design ……………………………………………….. 10

Population Locale ……………………………………………… 10

Research Instrument …………………………………………… 11

Data Gathering Procedure ……………………………………… 11

Treatment of Data ……………………………………………… 12

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3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Profile of the Respondents …………………………………… 13

Privileges of the Senior Citizens …………………………….. 14

Extent Implementation ………………………………………. 17

Relationship between the Profile and Privileges and of

Senior Citizens ……………………………………………….. 20

4 CONCLUSION AND RECCOMENDATION

Conclusion ………………………………………………….. 22

Recommendation …………………………………………… 23

BIBLIOGRAPHY ……………………………………………………………. 24

APPENDICES

A. Letter of Permission to Conduct Research ……………………………. 25

B. Letter to the Respondents ……………………………………………... 26

C. Validity Tool ………………………………………………………….. 27

D. Survey Research Questionnaire ……………………………………….. 29

Part I: Profile of the Respondents ……………………………... 29

Part II: Privileges of the Senior Citizens ……………………… 30

CURRICULUM VITAE ……………………………………………………. 35

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TABLES
Table Page

1 Profile of the Respondents …………………………….…………….. 14

2 Privileges of the Senior Citizens ……………………….……………. 15

3 Extent of Implementation ……………………………………………. 17

4 Relationship between the Profile and Privileges and of


Senior Citizens ………………………………………………………. 20

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FIGURE

Figure Page
1. Conceptual Framework of the Study ……………………………………… 8

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ABSTRACT
It is a well-established fact that the world’s population is aging. What hasn’t been

clearly established is the definition of old age. Who is considered a senior citizen? In the

past, this designation was reserved for people aged 60 years or older, and society’s view

of senior citizens was based on a medical model. This outlook held that older people were

delicate, confined in their homes or in an institution, and had very little to contribute to

society. There is, of course, this inescapable fact that the elderly remind us of our own

humanity as well as that of our nearest and dearest.

As the senior citizen population increased and retirement became desirable, voluntary

state instead of a forced event, society began to realize that senior citizen still had many

active years ahead of them.

The Expanded Senior Citizen Act of 2010 (RA 9994) is a social welfare

legislation intended to benefit our Filipino elderly and provide them additional privileges.

Including all the Filipino residents who are 60 years old and above are entitled to the

benefits and privileges granted in this act.

The researchers utilized the descriptive – correlation method of research used in

this study. The purpose is to determine the effect of the Expanded Senior Citizens Act of

2010 in the life of the senior Citizens of Angeles City and the awareness and its

implementation, an act to maximize the contribution of senior citizens to nation building.

This supports the traditional Filipino culture of taking care of the needs of our elderly.

Population ageing had been a major demographic development in the latter part of

the 20th century. A fundamental concern is the increasing needs of older persons as the

chronicity of illnesses becomes apparent with associated health management

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implications, the changing traditional family structure which compromises elderly

caregiving, and inaccessibility to formal social protection measures leaving them in a

state of vulnerability. The “Senior Citizens Act” of 1992 (amended in 2003 and 2010)

was designed to address their basic needs by providing benefits and privileges in

healthcare, income, social assistance, food, personal enhancement and leisure activities.

This study focuses on how Republic Act (RA) 9994: “The Expanded Senior Citizens Act

of 2010” is implemented in Angeles City, Pampanga focusing on three objectives: 1)

review of the provisions of RA 9994: “The Expanded Senior Citizens Act” in terms of its

viability in meeting the needs of the poor; 2) assessment of its implementation

(operational, financial and administrative) based on the knowledge and interpretation of

the law by involved Angeles City officials; and 3) perspectives and knowledge of the

elderly regarding the process and implications on adequacy of provisions in meeting their

needs. Findings suggest that the provisions of RA 9994 lack inclusiveness to encompass

the needs of the poor, viability in terms of meeting and dealing with the circumstances of

the poor, affordability in terms of financial capacity to purchase items despite discount,

and adequacy in provision of their basic needs particularly healthcare. The city’s

implementation capacity is limited due to problems in organizational structure

(overlapping and nebulous functions), inability to disseminate information on RA 9994 to

concerned elderly, and lack of monitoring and reporting. The Senior Citizens Act was

subsumed under the social programs of Makati City. The study provided policy

recommendations to amend RA 9994 to adequately address the needs of the poor and

enhance the capacity of local governments to implement the programs according to

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provisions as well as institute policy changes that would accommodate the real needs of

its poor elderly constituents.

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