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PHYSICS

PROBLEM OF THE WEEK – I


ONE OR MORE THAN ONE OPTIONS IS/ARE CORRECT
01. A particle starts moving with initial velocity 3 m/s along x-axis from origin. Its
acceleration is varying with x in parabolic nature of shown in figure. At X = 3 m
tangent to the graph makes an angle 60° with positive x-axis as shown in diagram.
Then at x = 3

(a) v =  3  a  m/s (b) a = 1.5 m/s² (c) v = 12 m/s (d) a = 3 m/s²

02. Particle having a velocity v = v0 at t = 0 is decelerated at the rate |a| =  v , where  is a positive
constant.
2 v0
(a) The particle comes to rest at t =

(b) The particle will come to rest at infinity
3/2
2v 0
(c) The distance traveled by the particle is

3/2
2 v0
(d) The distance traveled by the particle is
3 
a
03. The displacement x of a particle moving along a straight line, at time t is given by x = (1  e–bt)
b
where a and b are real positive constants. Therefore
(a) The graph of velocity vs. displacement is a straight line with negative slope
(b) The velocity and acceleration of the particle at t = 0 are a and (ab) respectively
(c) The particle cannot reach a point at a distance x' from its starting point if x' > a/b
(d) The particle will return to its starting point at t  

INTEGER TYPE QUESTIONS


04. A boy sitting at the rear end of a railway compartment of a train, running at a constant acceleration on
horizontal rails, throws a ball towards the force end of the compartment with velocity 20 m/s (relative
to train) at an angle 37° above the horizontal, when the train is running at speed of 10 m/s. If same
boy catches the ball without moving from seat and at the same height of projection. Then find the
sped of train at the instant of his catching the ball. (here g = 10 m/s², sin 37° = 3/5)
05. A projectile is launched at time t = 0 from point A, which is a
height  meters above the floor, with speed v m/sec and at an
angle  = 45° with the floor. It passes through a hoop at B which
is 1 meter above A; B is the highest point of trajectory. The
horizontal distance between A and B is d meters. The projectile
then falls into a basket, hitting the floor at C a horizontal
distance 3d meters from A (see figure). Find  (in m). [Take g =
10 m/sec²]
ANSWER KEY & SOLUTION
01. (a), (b)
Solution No.1:
a = kx²
da 1
= 2kx  tan 60° = 2k 3  k=
dx 2

a=
2
3
dv x² v² x
v    + C, at x = 0, v = 3 m/s
dx 2 2 6
9
C1 =
2
3
x
v² = +9
3

Hence a = 1.5 and v = 39


' '
VB  VA 10  ( 4) 14 7
e=   
VA  VB 16  0 16 8
02. (a), (d)
Solution No.9:
(a) a =  v
dv
= v1/2
dt
0 t
dv
v
v0
1/2
   dt
0


2v
1/2 0
v0  = t


2  v0
1/2
= t
2 v0
t=

(d) Velocity at any time t is
0 t
dv
v
v0
1/2
  dt 
0


2v
1/2 v
v0  = t

2v  1/2
 v0
1/2
= t
2
 t 
v =  v0  
 2
2
 dt 
v= =  v0  
dt  2
  2
 t 

0
d  0  v 0  2  dt
3 2
t t v0
x = v0t + 
12 2
03. (a), (b), (c)
Solution No.3:
a
x= (1  e–bt)
b
dx
v= = ae–bt
dt
v a
 x=   (a)
b b
acc = abe–bt (b)
a
xmax = (c)
b
Velocity is always positive, hence the particle does not return to starting point

INTEGER TYPE QUESTIONS


04. 42 m/s
Solution No.4:
Let man catches ball at time t = T sec
1
For ball y-axis Sy = Uyt + ay t² +
2
1
0 = (20 sin 37)T + (g) T²
2
40 sin 37 12
T= 
g 5
Displacement of ball w.r.t. train in horizontal direction is zero
1 
(Sball/T)x = (Uball/T)t + (aball/T)t² 

2
2
12 1  12 
0 = (20 cos 37)  + (aT)  
5 2 5
40
aT =
3
For train V T = UT + aTt 
40 12
= 10 + 
3 5
V T = 42 m/s
05. 8
Solution No.5:


1=  u² = 2g
2g
d
At “B” d = ut1  t1 =
u
g 2 d g d²
1 = ut1  t1  u 
2 u 2 u²
g d² gd²
 1=d  1 d 
2 u² 4g

 1=d  d = 2m
4
3d
At “C” 3d = ut2  t2 =
u
1 2
 = ut2  gt 2
2
3d g 9d² 9gd²
=u   3d 
4 2 4 4g
9d² 9
= 3d  =32  4 = 6  9 = 3  =3
4 4