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Index

abject horror/abjection 1, 4, 5, 123, 125, Bara, Theda (Theodosia Goodman) 211


153, 165, 169, 206, 207, 210 Barrie, J. M. 198, 200
abolitionists 132 Bauman, Zigmunt: Mortality, Immortality
addiction 208, 210, 212 & Other Life Strategies (1992) 2
afterlife 12, 13, 14, 36, 38, 40, 43, 88, 99, ‘beautiful death’ 51, 55, 147
127, 128, 147, 157, 158, 162, 166, 174, Beck, Ulrich 131, 137
176, 179, 192, 206; existence of 2, 6, 8, Bedlam (1946) 177
22, 110; family reunion in 15, 45, 57, beheading 65, 81
58 Bengal 63
American Revolution 76, 77, 79, 81 Black Mirror 13, 218, 229
American Transcendentalism 178 Blair, Robert: The Grave (1743) 8, 21, 37,
Amrohi, Kamal: Mahal (The Mansion) 41
(1949) 180, 182 Blake, Robert 41
angels 27, 35, 41, 46 n.2, 53, 55, 57, 58 Blake, William: ‘Christ Descending into
Anglicanism 49, 51 the Grave’ 43, 44, 45; ‘The Death of
antakāla (Sanskrit: the end of time) 176 the Good Old Man’ 39, 40, 41, 42;
anti-Gothic 9, 48 ‘Death of the Strong Wicked Man’ 41,
anti-horror 212 42, 43; illustrations for The Grave 8, 34,
anti-Semitism 210 38, 39, 41; ‘The Meeting of a Family in
anti-technology, and the vampire 207 Heaven’ 37, 38; Milton 41, 46 n.5; ‘The
Anti-Jacobin Review 35, 39, 68, 71 Reunion of the Soul & the Body’ 37, 38,
aphanisis 45 39; ‘Robert’ 41; ‘The Soul hovering over
Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love 126 the Body reluctantly parting with Life’
apocalyptic fiction 105 37, 39; A Vision of the Last Judgment
Arata, Stephen D. 120, 123 (1810) 44; ‘William’ 41
Ariès, Philippe 3, 12, 21, 23, 41, 42, 44, 45, Boaden, James: Aurelio and Miranda
46 n.2, 51, 55, 147, 148, 159 (1798) 10; Fountainville Forest (1794)
ars moriendi (Latin: the art of dying) 41, 68; The Italian Monk (1797) 68; The
151 Secret Tribunal (1795) 68
atonement 51, 59 body: androgynous 45; and soul
Atropos, the Goddess of Death 126 connection 37–8, 41, 42, 99; see also
corpse
Banjaran (The Gipsy) (1991) 186 Body Snatchers, The (1945) 177
Bantry Bay landings 70, 72 Bollywood 11, 184

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234 Index

Bollywood Gothic Noir 12, 174–88 against death 148; as haunting 197; as
Bonnet, Charles: Conjectures Concerning path to immortality 194; as perched
the Nature of Future Happiness (1785) on the grave 198; as premature 196; as
40; Contemplation de la Nature (1764) preserving childhood 193; as preserving
36: Palingéné Philosophique (1769) 36, innocence 193; and the sins of the
37 fathers 194, 201; as tragic 199, 200
Book of Common Prayer, The 49 children, ghostly 192, 196, 197, 201; see
Botting, Fred 22, 48, 91, 97, 105, 109, 110 also Uncanny children
Brantlinger, Patrick 106, 119, 120, 123 children’s Gothic 201
Bronfen, Elisabeth 1, 2, 7, 14 children’s literature 13, 191–203
Brontë, Emily: Wuthering Heights (1847) Christ 24, 36, 43, 44, 45, 46 n.4, 46 n.5, 51,
6, 180 59 n.1, 121, 139
Brooker, Charlie: ‘Be Right Back’ 13, Christianity 8, 24, 29, 36, 37, 41,45, 51, 58,
218–31; Black Mirror (2011–present) 91, 98, 99, 119, 121, 123, 127, 128, 159,
13, 218, 229 162, 177, 179; and the Gothic 9; as a
Browne, Thomas: ‘Hydriotaphia, Urne- religion of eternal life 24, 50, 121, 127,
Burial, Or a Discourse of the Sepulchrall 128, 147, 193, 199, 206, 209
Urnes lately found in Norfolk’ (1658) cinema: as addictive technology 13, 204,
27 208, 210, 212, 213; as ambivalent
Browning, Robert 155 technology 205, 206, 208; and Count
Buddhism, as a religion of death 121 Orlok’s terror 205; as deadly technology
burial 4, 23, 24, 27, 35, 91, 93, 109, 130, 211, 212; and death attitudes 206,
165 211; as erotic/seductive medium
Burke, Edmund: Reflections on the 207, 211, 212; and fetishism 13, 207,
Revolution in France (1790) 5, 63, 64, 210; as fixated on death 10, 205, 208;
131 as resurrecting ghosts 12, 205; as
Byron, Lord: Cain: A Mystery (1821) 49, scientific 204; as supernatural 204;
98; Heaven and Earth: A Mystery (1823) as transgressive technology 204; as
49; Manfred (1817) 10, 88, 89, 91, 98, uncanny 186, 187, 204, 205, 206; as
100; The Prisoner of Chillon (1816) vampiric medium 13, 205
10, 88, 89–92, 99, 100; Sardanapalus cinematic spectatorship 177, 208, 213,
(1821) 10, 88, 89, 98, 99, 100; The Two 214; psychosexual theory 207, 210; and
Foscari (1821) 10, 88, 89, 90, 92–100 race 210; and the vampire 208, 210,
213–15
Calvinism 57 cinematic voyeurism 207, 208, 210, 214
camera, as phallic instrument 208, 214 clairvoyance 49, 59
cannibalism 122, 123, 124, 131, 132, 133, Clover, Carol J. 207, 213, 214
135, 137, 140 n.8, 140 n.9, 141 collective unconscious 152
Capuana, Luigi: Giacinta (1879) 154 Collins, Wilkie: Armadale (1866) 161
castle: Indian version of (mahal; haveli) consolation literature 3, 215; Protestant 15
181, 185; as space of the dead 175 Coppola, Francis Ford: Bram Stoker’s
Castle, Terry 7, 15, 22, 23, 29 Dracula (1992) 216 n.1
Chekhov, Anton 12, 211; ‘The Black Monk’ corpse: animated 3, 22, 112, 139; and
(1894) 164; ‘ A Dead Body’ (1885) anxiety about an afterlife 3, 22, 23,
159–61, 164–9; ‘In the Graveyard’ 120, 206; Ayesha as 126; and the body
(1884) 166–8; preoccupied with his politic 119–20; as conundrum 125–6;
illness 160, 170;  ‘Terror’ (1892) 168–9 as curative 16 n.2; female, see female
child abuse 202 n.2 corpse; and the French Revolution 5;
child revenants 13 and individuality/subjectivity 3, 4; as
childhood, and perfection 193 inter-generational signifier 5, 112; as
children, death of: as abnormal 194, 198, memento mori 29; as multivalent signifier
201; as the beginning of adventure 4, 5, 7, 174; and power dynamics
193, 194, 195; as defying death 199; 4, 5; taboo in public sphere 16 n.3;
demystified 195; as fact of life 193, 198, as topography 117–18; as uncanny
202; as grotesque 199, 200; as guarantee subject/object 4

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Cottom, Daniel 132, 133, 137 6, 76, 148, 151, 211, 228; as terror 1, 15,
Crimean War 158 27, 48, 55, 117, 120, 154,158, 169, 215;
Cromek, R. H. 34, 35, 38, 45, 46 n.1 and transcendence 10, 88–100, 109; as
‘cult of the dead’ 23 unknowable 14, 49, 229
culture of death 12, 14; Protestant 14; Death and the Maiden 53
Roman Catholic 14 deathbeds 43, 51, 55, 59 n.1, 122
Cuvier, Georges 10, 104, 105 death defiance 17
cyborgs 206 death denial 3, 17, 140 n.2, 215; and
cinema audiences 206
Dafoe, Willem 209 death drive (Freudian) 4, 10, 89, 92, 93, 94,
damnation 84, 213 125, 126, 164, 211
Dangerous Ishq (Dangerous Liaisons) death scenes 10, 41, 42, 43, 55, 57, 58, 84,
(2012) 200 124, 209, 211, 212, 213, 214; Christian
danse macabre 209 40, 51; non-sectarian 58; private 224;
Darwinism 119 public 224
Day of Judgment 48, 58, 59, 188 decadence 119, 155 n.5
dead, the: digital 13, 219, 220, 222, 229, Decadentism 146, 154 n.4
230; dream-journeys with 40; falling in decapitation 64, 66, 72, 83
love with 83, 191; and intergenerational degeneration: cultural 10; global 10;
indebtedness 15; and intergenerational individual 11, 119; national 11, 119
inheritance 15; memorialisation of 7, 15; De Mille, James: A Strange Manuscript
as Other 174; as power/powerlessness Found in a Copper Cylinder (1888) 11,
2, 4, 5, 67, 74, 85, 92, 130, 132, 147, 124–5, 130
150, 204, 205, 215; as representative Derrida, Jacques: The Gift of Death (1996)
of our personal past 76, 77; threat of 1, 24; Spectres of Marx (1994) 221
122, 131, 165, 174; unburied 109; as Descartes, René 138
uncanny 2, 4, 29, 50, 174; Detroit 136, 140 n.10
death: acknowledging 46; and the age of Diamond Jubilee (1897) 119
Reason/Enlightenment 2–3, 4, 5, 6, Dickens, Charles 155
7, 9–10, 14, 16 n.2, 22–3, 49, 63, 147, digital undeath 13
179, 204, 206; ambivalence about 5, doppelgängers/doubles 79, 168, 209;
7, 14, 206, 208, 214; and appropriate child as 148; father–son 148, 155 n.12;
mourning 43; as birthright 51, 58; femme fatale and homme fatal as 210;
Buddhism as a religion of 121; changing as harbinger of death 12, 147–8; as
attitudes towards 7, 8, 14, 147; and harbinger of immortality 148; portrait
Christianity 9, 24, 51, 58, 121, 159; as 41; psychoanalytic studies of in
cults of 11, 116–29; demystification literature 155 n.12; see also Dostoevsky
195; as double of life 151; and (Dostoevskii), Fyodor (Fedor); Orlok,
ecological concerns 11, 121; as emblem Count; portrait
of the Freudian uncanny 2; and the Dostoevsky (Dostoevskii), Fyodor
Enlightenment 2–3, 4, 5, 6, 14, 16 n.1, (Fedor): The Brothers Karamazov
22, 48–9, 179; and fear of change 6; and (1880) 155 n.12, 158; Crime and
fetishisation 13, 14, 207; as a gift to the Punishment (1866) 161; The Double
living 24; of God 148; of humanity 104, (1846) 168
113; as invisible 12; and medievalism Drury Lane 67, 73
169; as metonym for heaven 9; as dystopia 116, 117
misrepresented 14; monomania about
7, 55; nationalist discourse about 1, 8; as ecoGothic 10, 103–15
personified 6, 26, 50, 56, 195; and poetic Edison Studios 205
revelation 24; by proxy 7, 28, 215; and Egyptology 11, 119
redemption 174; as a release from life ‘electronic presence’ 220
51, 91; and the Resurrection 22, 24, 35, elegy 21, 24, 35
39, 50; and spectacle 9–10, 51, 63–75, embodiment, theory of 36
130, 151, 152–3, 214, 215 (see also Emerson, Ralph Waldo 175,
execution; guillotine); of subjectivity 4, 178

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236 Index

Enlightenment 4, 5, 36, 63, 204; cult of ghosts 7, 168, 169, 192, 195, 196, 200; of
63; definition of 132; and haunted children 13; and extinction 114 n.2;
consciousness 7, 23; and mass and France 108–9; Gothic and 50;
execution 10–11; rhetoric 85; and the and history 10, 76–8, 81, 199; Indian
Scapigliatura 145; and superstition 16 12, 179; of modernity 9; and national
n.1; and threats to subjectivity 4, 6 identity 76–87; and Purgatory 22;
epigenesis 36 Radcliffe’s 28, 29; and retribution 194;
eternal life 12, 21, 209; Christianity as a and technology 12, 205, 218–19, 220,
religion of 9, 27, 43, 50, 121; as granted 221, 229; and Young Adult literature
by technology 208 191
Evangelicalism 51, 59 n.1 ghost story, the 7, 76, 78, 79, 86, 160, 192,
Everyman 150 218, 219, 221, 223, 224, 228, 229
evolution 11 ghostburbs 132, 139 n.1
execution 9–10, 65–7 ghost-seeing 8, 22
extinction: and Gothic tropes 114 n.2; of Goddu, Teresa 77, 78, 86
species 10–11, 103–14 Goffman, Erving: The Presentation of Self in
Ewers, Hans Heinz: The Student of Prague Everyday Life (1959) 225
(1913) 155 n.12 Goldman Sachs 139 n.1
Goldsmith, Oliver 26
fantastic literature 12, 59–60, 118, 145–7, good death 42, 51
151–2, 154, 155 n.6, 155 n.7, 168, 169, Gordon Riots (1780) 67
195 Gorey, Edward: The Gashlycrumb Tinies
Faust 175, 176, 209 (1963) 196
Fedotov, Georgy Petrovich: The Russian Gothic-fantastic 158, 170 n.14
Religious Mind (1960) 173 Gothic literature: Anglo-American 6, 11,
female corpse 5, 13; and abjection 1, 4, 5, 14; and the Christian conception of
123, 125, 153, 165, 174, 206, 207; and death 177; and death by proxy 7, 215;
the Bakhtinian grotesque 5; cultural and death’s mystery 9, 24, 29, 48–9, 50,
addiction to 13; fetishisation of 13, 207; 53, 117, 160; and the fetishisation of
pleasure derived from 13, 207 death 14; and mourning 7; and ‘negated
Female Gothic 43 grief’ 7; twenty-first century 12–14,
femme fatale 84, 85, 118, 178, 209, 211 191–231
Feuillade, Louis: Les Vampires (1915–16) graveyard, and the historical past 25
205 Graveyard Poetry 15, 21–33, 35; aesthetics
film noir 12, 177–87 of 22, 27; and the future 8, 25; as
fin-de-siècle 11, 117, 119, 147, 154 n.4 prefiguring the Gothic 26
fossils 119 Gray, Thomas: ‘Elegy Written in a Country
French cinema 205 Churchyard’ (1751) 21, 23, 24, 26
French Directory (1795–9) 16 n.3 Green Revolution 11
French Revolution 5, 9, 10, 11, 64–74; as guillotine: as instrument of rationalism 63,
anti-Gothic 9; as Gothic 9 82; and the mechanisation of terror 10,
Freud, Sigmund 9; Beyond the Pleasure 63; spectacles reenacted in Britain 65–7;
Principle (1920) 89, 93, 94, 126; as symbolic of castration 83
‘Dostoevsky and Parricide’ (1928) 155
n.12; The Theme of the Three Caskets Haggard, H. Rider 11; Allan Quatermain
(1913) 126; ‘The Uncanny’ (1919) 125, (1887) 11, 117, 121, 122, 126, 127,
148; see also death drive; uncanny 128; Ayesha: The Return of She (1905)
Fuseli, Henry 36, 38–9, 40, 41, 43 121, 127, 128; The Days of My Life
(1926) 121; King Solomon’s Mines
Gaiman, Neil: The Graveyard Book (2008) (1885) 117; She (1887) 117, 118–24,
191, 194–6, 198 126–8; as terrorised by death 120
George Washington 79 Hamlet 15, 23, 127, 155 n.12
German Expressionism 179 Harlan, Veit: Jüd Suss (1940) 210
Gertsen, Aleksandr 158; My Past and Hartnett, Sonya: The Ghost’s Child (2007)
Thoughts (1868) 158 191, 192, 200–1, 202

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haunting 7, 9, 13, 14, 56, 57, 83, 84, 86, Italian Decadents 154 n.4
162, 163, 165, 181, 187, 192, 194, 197, Italian fantastic 12, 145–56
198, 209, 218–30; of consciousness 7, Italian Romanticism 154 n.1, 154 n.4
22, 23; and digital technologies 13; and Italian Unification (1861) 145, 147, 154
historical repression 76, 77, 78, 80, 81, n.4, 155 n.8
86, 199; by history/past lives 179, 187; Ivy (1947) 177
hauntology 221
Hawthorne, Nathaniel 10–11: ‘The Jacobinism 70
Ambitious Guest’ (1835) 103–7 Jalland, Pat 51, 59 n.1, 193
111–14 James, Henry 160, 161
Haymarket 66, 67 Janam Janam (Forever Together) (1988)
heaven 9, 25, 26, 28, 31, 34, 37, 38, 45, 186
50, 51, 54, 57, 58, 91, 99, 193, 200; Janes, Regina 72, 81, 86
Protestant beliefs about 22 Jefferson, Thomas 5, 105
Herzog, Werner: Nosferatu (1979) 208, ‘Jingo Methodist’ 119
210, 211
Hippler, Fritz: The Eternal Jew (1940) 210 Kagti, Reema: Talaash (2012) 186–7
historical fiction 106, 145 Kali 186
history, as Gothic 9, 10, 76–86 Kant, Immanuel 132, 133, 135, 138, 139
Hoffman, E. T. A. 146: The Sandman karma 179
(1816) 147 Karz (Debt) (1980) 186
hollowgast 199 Karzzz (Debt) (2008) 186
Hollywood film 134 Kazanjian, David 9
Hollywood Gothic noir 177, 178, 179, King Louis XIV (1754–93) 65–7
180, 185 Kingsley, Charles: The Water Babies (1863)
Holocaust 199 193
homme fatal 210, 211 Kipling, Rudyard: ‘Recessional’ (1897) 119
‘horror Gothic’ 31 Kristeva, Julia 64, 125, 149, 165, 207
horror film 177, 179, 212 Kudrat (Divine Power) (1981) 186
Howells, Coral Ann 7, 160
Hughes, Robert 10, 83, 86 Lacan, Jacques 38, 39, 45, 46, 151
hypnotism 49 Lang, Andrew 117, 122
Larkin, Philip 48
immortality 2, 3, 21, 58, 91, 118, 128, 147, Larpent, John, Examiner of Plays 67
148, 151; and cultural production 8, Lavater, Johann Caspar 8, 35, 40:
15, 24; as a process of self-making 98; Aphorisms on Man (1788) 36; Aussichten
religious debates about 36; symbolic in die Ewigkeit (1768–86) 36; Essays
107, 110, 113; and technology 13 on Physiognomy (1789) 36; Von der
imperial adventure novels 11 Physiognomik (1772) 36
Imperial Gothic 119 Lewis, Matthew: The Castle Spectre (1798)
Imperialism, British 12, 105, 119, 123, 125 73; The Monk (1796) 6, 10, 25, 30–1,
Imperialism, European 176 67–70, 73, 91, 92, 109
incest 70, 155 n.12 Lincoln, Abraham 135
indigenous peoples 105, 112 living death 30, 56, 89, 90, 97
infant mortality 30; twentieth century 13, Lodger, The (1944) 177
193; Victorian era 13, 193 Lost World fiction 10, 11, 116–29
inheritance (Gothic concept) 9, 15, 58,95,
110, 223, 224 McCormack, Catherine 209
invisible death, the 12 MacDonald, George: At the Back of the
Irish Rebellion (1798) 68 North Wind (1868–9) 193
Irving, Washington 10, 76–87; ‘The ‘machine culture’ 213
Adventure of the German Student’ Mahābhārata 176
(1824) 10; ‘The Legend of Sleepy male gaze 207, 214
Hollow’ (1820) 10; ‘Rip Van Winkle’ Malkovich, John 208
(1819) 10 Malthus, Thomas 58

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Manzoni, Alessandro: The Betrothed NASA space probe 137


(1842) 145, 147, 154 Native American tales 80
Marriott, Sir John 119 Nazi death camp 198
Marsh, Richard: The Beetle (1897) 123 Nazi propaganda cinema 198
Masing-Delic, Irene: Abolishing Death Nazism 199
159 necrocracy 5; and Roman Catholicism 6
masochism 94 necroculture, Victorian England as a 6
mass death 5, 6, 9, 12, 67, 74, 77 necromancy 13, 132, 204; technological
Mather, Cotton 105; History of Witchcraft 204–18
(1693) 81 necropoetics 1, 6, 14
matricide 70 necropolitics 2, 6, 14
Maturin, Charles Robert: Melmoth the Necromanticism 8
Wanderer (1820) 31, 163, 175–6 neomort 4
Mehbooba (Beloved) (1976) 186 networked spectrality 13, 218–31
melancholia (pathological form of Newgate 67
mourning) 1, 9 New Woman 118
Méliès, Georges 205 Nirvana 149
memento mori 2, 4, 5, 11, 14, 15, 21, 24, 27, Nordau, Max: Degeneration (1892) 119
28, 29, 30, 31, 43, 56, 105, 110, 113, 130, novel of faith 9, 59
151, 222 Noys, Benjamin: The Culture of Death
memorialisation 2, 6, 7, 13 (2005) 12
Merhige, E. Elias: Shadow of the Vampire nuclear apocalypse 107
(2000) 13, 204–17
mesmerism 9, 49, 52 occult, the 118, 120, 122, 123, 127, 128,
metaphysical Gothic 6 146, 152, 153, 204
Meyer, Stephenie: ‘Twilight’ series OPEC 136
(2005–8) 191 Orlok, Count 205–6; as double to Greta
Middle Ages 159 210; as double to Murnau 209; as
Milan (Union) (1967) 186 embodiment of cinematic technology 206
Milton, John 25, 26, 97: ‘Il Penseroso’
(1645/1646) 23; Paradise Lost (1667) paedophilia 202 n.2
98; Samson Agonistes (1671) 89 Paine, Thomas 5; Rights of Man (1791) 69
Mintz, Sidney W. 140 n.3 paranormal 152, 178; powers of the mind
miscarriage 202 9, 49; romance genre 191, 202 n.1
Mishra, Vijay 12, 14, 174–88 Paris Morgue 153, 155 n.13
misogyny 117 Parisot, Eric 23, 24, 35, 38, 43, 44
modernity: and melancholia 1, 9; and Parnell, Thomas 23, 26, 27; ‘An Essay on
mourning 6, 9 the Different Stiles of Poetry’ (1713)
monsters 50, 136, 199, 205 26; ‘A Night-Piece on Death’ (1722)
More, Hannah: Village Politics (1792) 68 26–8, 29
morphine 211, 212, 213 parricide 150, 155 n.12
mortmain 5 patricide 155 n.12
Moss Rose (1947) 177 Paulson, Ronald 6, 64, 65
mortality, as a burden 50, 98 Peirce, Charles Sanders 39
mortification 30 Penal Laws, Ireland 72
mourning 2, 6, 13, 14, 15, 28, 29, 30, 43, 55, Peter Pan, as a dead baby 200
131, 225; and being 15; and melancholia Phhir (Once Again) (2011) 186
9; as obligation in Gothic literature photography, as method of embalming 205
224 physiognomy 36, 57, 167, 171 n.21
mourning rituals 6, 23, 55 pike, execution by 72
mr·tyu (Sanskrit: death) 176 Pitt, Brad 137
Murnau, Friedrich: Nosferatu: A Symphony plague 103, 108, 109, 118, 154 n.2, 211
of Horror (1922) 179, 205, 208–16, Poe, Edgar Allan 11, 146; Ms. Found in a
216 n.2 Bottle (1833) 138; ‘The Philosophy of
mysterium tremendum 175, 187 Composition’ (1846) 212

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Pope, Alexander 21, 26 Russian folk belief 157, 160


‘pornography’ of death 6 Russian naturalism 12
portrait, as uncanny double 181 Russian Orthodoxy 159
post-Darwinism 119 Russian realism 12, 157, 159–60
post-Enlightenment 5, 7, 14, 16 n.2
Postman Always Rings Twice, The (1946) Sahu, Kishore: Nadiya Ke Paar (Across the
177 River) (1948) 180–1, 186–7
Powell, Michael: Peeping Tom (1960) 207 Said, Edward 119
pralaya (Sanskrit: apocalypse) 176 Saltykov-Shchedrin, Mikhail: The Golovlev
pre-Enlightenment 4, 119, 135 Family (1875–80) 169 n.3
preformationism 36 Scapigliatura 12, 145–6
prescience 49 Schreck, Max 209–15
Priestley, Chris: Uncle Montague’s Tales of Schröder, Greta 209, 211
Terror (2007) 191, 192, 196–8 science fiction 106, 207, 218, 228
primitivism 120 séances 121, 158
Protestantism 22 Second Coming 188
Purgatory 7, 22, 44 Sensation Fiction 160–1, 167–8
Pushkin, Aleksandr: ‘The Queen of September Massacres 6, 70
Spades’ (1834) 168 Shadow of the Vampire (2000) 13,
204–17
Qayamat 174 Shelley, Mary: Frankenstein; or The Modern
Queen Charlotte 45 Prometheus (1818) 3–6, 116, 205, 206,
Queen Victoria 119, 120 208, 212; The Last Man (1826) 108–11;
‘On Ghosts’ (1824) 1, 4
Radcliffe, Ann: The Mysteries of Udolpho Shiva, Vandana 138, 140 n.13
(1794) 27, 28, 29; A Sicilian Romance silent film 155 n.12, 179, 205, 211, 212
(1792) 93 ‘sins of the father’ 10, 90, 110, 112
Rank, Otto: der Doppelgänger (1914) 147 slave plantations 132
Reeve, Clara 175 slaves 140 n.3
Reign of Terror (September 1793–July Smith, Horace: Mesmerism: A Mystery
1794) 5, 64, 77, 82, 84; see also (1845) 9, 48–60
September Massacres snuff porn 212, 214
Reign of Terror (1949) 177 So Evil My Love (1948) 177
reincarnation 12, 121, 128, 177–87 social contract: between the living and the
religious novel 9, 51, 53 dead 19
resurrection 22, 24, 35, 39, 50, 218 somnambulism 52
retribution 28, 110, 118, 179 sororicide 70
return of the repressed 63, 77, 78, 133, 187 soul 2, 8, 21, 22, 23, 25, 30, 31, 34–47,
revolution: age of 8; cultural 8, 204, 208; 50, 52, 54, 55, 57, 59, 91, 99, 121, 127,
revalorisation of concept 63–4 139, 147, 158, 163, 174, 199, 206, 211,
Revolutionary Gothic 10, 63, 72 215
Reynolds, George: Bantry Bay (1797) 10, Spanish Inquisition 31
67, 70–2 spectres 15, 28, 29, 94, 180, 183, 187, 199,
Riggs, Ransom: Miss Peregrine’s Home 224; of children 192, 196, 197, 201; of
for Peculiar Children (2011) 191–2, cultural decline 10, 11, 130–4; and the
198–200 Enlightenment 22–3; and France 108
Robespierre, Maximilien 70 spiritualism 51, 120, 157–8, 169 n.3
Robinson, Henry Crabb 39 Sterritt, David 213
Roman Catholicism 6, 11, 30 Stevenson, Robert Louis: The Strange Case
Romero, George A.: Dawn of the Dead of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886) 214
(1978) 136, 138; Night of the Living Stoker, Bram: Dracula (1897) 123, 147,
Dead (1968) 135, 136, 137, 140 n.5, 209, 210, 214, 216 n.1
140 n.12 sublime/sublimity 1, 21, 24, 27, 28, 41,
Roy, Bimal: Madhumati (1958) 8, 182–7 103, 104, 105, 109, 111, 112, 113, 150,
Royle, Nicholas 2, 49, 126 153, 154, 175, 179, 181

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240 Index

suicide 161, 165, 197 United Irishmen 72


Swedenborg, Emanuel 34, 40 utopia 116–17, 137
Symmes, John Cleves 116
vamp 210–11
Tarchetti, Igina Ugo: Fantastic Tales ‘vampire squid’ 139 n.1
(1869) 146, 155 n.7; ‘I fatali’ 12, vampires 4, 13, 132, 135, 139 n.1, 146,
145–56; Minimal Ideas on the Novel 149, 191, 194, 195, 202 n.1, 204–17;
(1865) 145; ‘Why Doesn’t Italy have and anti-technology 207; and attitude
novels? Or at least why doesn’t it have towards death 206; and cinematic
original novels?’ 145 spectatorship 208, 210, 213–15; and
technology, and immortality 13, 208, 212, female sexuality 202 n.1; and Jews 210,
215, 218 211; and technology 13, 204–17; and
technophilia 207 women 206–7, 211–12
technophobia 207 Venetian Inquisition 95
Tennyson, Alfred Lord: ‘Tithonus’ (1859) Venice 88, 92–7, 99
209 Victorians, and death 8–9, 50
terror: mechanisation of 10, 63; rule by 125 vināśa (Sanskrit: destruction) 176
Thanatology Studies 2, 3 virtual remains 224, 230
Thanatos 149 vivisepulture 112
Theatre Act (1737) 73, 74 n.1
thought transference 49 Walking Dead, The 136, 140 n.6
Todorov, Tzvetan 59, 154 Wall Street 139 n.1
Tolstoy (Tolstoi), Ivan (Lev) 169: Anna Walpole, Horace; The Castle of Otranto
Karenina (1877) 158; on cinema 13, (1764) 1, 10, 25, 35, 89, 130, 133, 139,
204–5, 208, 213; The Death of Ivan Il’ich 175, 176
(1880) 159; ‘Three Deaths’ (1859) 159; Walmsley, Peter 1, 2, 8
War and Peace (1865–7) 161 Wandering Jew 120
torture 92, 94–9, 132 Warwick, Alexandra 120
Tourneur, Jacques: I Walked With a Webster Goodwin, Sarah 2, 4, 14, 15,
Zombie (1943) 134 159
Townshend, Dale 1, 7, 28, 29, 192, 224 Weinstock, Jeffrey 206
True Blood (2008–14) 208 Wellington, Duke of 74
Turgenev, Ivan 12, 168, 169; ‘Bezhin werewolves 191
Meadow’ (1851) 159, 161–4; and death White Zombie (1932) 134
fixation 160, 170 n.6; Fathers and Sons Wollstonecraft, Mary: A Vindication of
(1862) 152 the Rights of Men (1790) 130–1; A
Tyburn 67 Vindication of the Rights of Women
(1792) 131
Udan Khatola (The Flying Machine) (1955) World War Z (2013) 137
181 Wordsworth, William 5, 85
uncanny (unheimlich) 2, 4, 5, 29, 34, 41,
49, 50, 56, 81, 118, 120, 123, 125, 126, Young, Edward: The Complaint: or Night-
127, 148, 152, 154, 176–87, 206, 218, Thoughts on Life, Death & Immortality
219, 222, 225–9; cinema as 204–6; and (1742–5) 3, 21, 215
death 174; as under-theorised in Indian
culture 187 zombie apocalypse 135–6
Uncanny children 194 zombie cinema 10, 136
undead, the 7, 11, 13, 14, 15, 131, 137, 139, zombie theme park 136–7
176, 179, 204, 206, 207; and the Gothic zombie 11, 130–42; as ecological avenger
1; as uncanny 5, 179, 206 135; as Gothic revitaliser 132; as the
undeath 207, 208, 209; era of 3; of history Other of modernity 137; as spectre of
9 cultural decline 137

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