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MECH413: TAKE HOME QUIZ 2 (F) August 14, 2019

Test I. DEFINITION OF TERMS. INSTRUCTION. Encircle the letter of the correct answer. RIGHT MINUS WRONG.

1. It is the quantity of matter contained in a unit volume of the

substance.

 a. Density c. Bulk Modulus of Elasticity b. Viscosity d. Modulus of Elasticity 2. It is the mass of the substance per unit volume. a. Mass Density c. Relative Density b. Unit Weight d. Specific Gravity 3. It is defined as the weight of the substance per unit volume a. Mass Density c. Relative Density b. Unit Weight d. Specific Gravity 4. It is defined as the ratio of mass density of a substance to some

standard mass density.

 a. Relative density b. Specific Gravity c. a and b d. NOTA 5. It is the property of a fluid, due to cohesion and interaction between

molecules, which offers resistance to sheer deformation.

 a. Unit Weight c. Bulk Modulus of Elasticity b. Viscosity d. Coefficient of Dynamic Viscosity 6. It is defined as the shear force, per unit area, required to drag one

layer of fluid with unit velocity past another layer a unit distance away.

a. Viscosity

b. Bulk Modulus of Elasticity d. Kinematic Viscosity

c. Coefficient of Dynamic Viscosity

 7. It is defined as the ratio of dynamic viscosity to mass density. a. Viscosity c. Coefficient of Dynamic Viscosity b. Bulk Modulus of Elasticity d. Kinematic Viscosity 8. It measures the substance's resistance to uniform compression. It

is defined as the ratio of the infinitesimal pressure increase to the resulting relative decrease of the volume.

 a. Coefficient of Compressibility c. Bulk Modulus of Elasticity b. Coefficient of Dynamic Viscosity d. Modulus of Elasticity 9. The relative decrease of the volume of a system with

increasing pressure in an isothermal process

a. Coefficient of Compressibility

c. Coefficient of Dynamic Viscosity

10. It is one of many gas laws and a special case of the ideal gas law

b. Bulk Modulus of Elasticity

d. Modulus of Elasticity

IV. Separation of oil and water

 a. I and II only c. I, II and IV only b. II and III only d. II, III and IV only

16. Which of the following is true about solutes that have different

effects of surface tension?

a. For sugar, it has little or no effect.

b. for inorganic salts, it increases surface tension

c. alcohol decreases surface tension progressively

d. NOTA

17. It is also called as conductivity.

 a. Specific Conductance c. Electro flux b. Electromagnetism d. NOTA
 18. It is a general term used to describe the levels of different salts such as sodium chloride, magnesium and calcium sulfates,

a. Salinity

19. It is the classification of water which has a salinity value greater

than 300.

b. Saltiness

c. Chlorination

d.

a and c

 a. Thalassic Series c. Metahaline b. Hyperhaline d. Mixoeuhaline

20. It is the science of fluids at rest, and is a sub-field within fluid

mechanics. The term usually refers to the mathematical treatment of

the subject. It embraces the study of the conditions under which fluids are at rest in stable equilibrium.

a.

b.

21. It is the pressure exerted by a fluid at equilibrium due to the force

of gravity.

Fluid Statics

Hydrostatics

c. Fluid Dynamics d. a and b

 a. Lateral Earth Pressure c. Heat Pressure b. Hydrostatics Pressure d. Pore Pressure

22. It is a force exerted by a liquid, gas or other fluid that opposes an

object's weight.

a. Couple

23. It is the area of fluid mechanics that deals with fluids in which the

fluid density varies significantly in response to a change in pressure.

a.

b. Incompressible Flow

24. It is primarily concerned with obtaining the forces that air exerts

b. Uplift Force

c. Buoyancy

d. Dragged Force

Compressible Flow

c. Aerodynamics

d. Internal Flows

 which describes the inversely proportional relationship between the on an object. absolute pressure and volume of a gas, if the temperature is kept a. Compressible Flow c. Aerodynamics constant within a closed system. b. Incompressible Flow d. Internal Flows
 a. Boyle’s Law b. Charle’s Law 25. It is a type of tube that has been used to measure dissociation c. Gay Lussac’s Lawd. Universal Gas Law energies and molecular relaxation rates, investigate shock wave

11. In Surface Tension, which of the of the following will give the value

of wetting of angle?

a.

12. Water has a wetting angle of 0 0 , therefore the degree of wetting of

water is

a.

b. High Wettability d. Perfectly Not Wetting

13. It is the ability of a liquid to maintain contact with a solid surface,

resulting from intermolecular interactions when the two are brought

together.

a. Ductility

14. It is a property of the surface of a liquid that allows it to resist an

external force. It is revealed, for example, in the floating of some objects on the surface of water, even though they are denser than water, and in the ability of some insects to run on the water surface.

a. Capillary Rise

15. Which of the following are the effects of surface tension in

ordinary water?

0 0

b. 140 0

c. 350 0

d. 130 0

Perfect Wetting

c. Low Wettability

b. Malleability

c. Wetting d. Water hammer

b. Elasticity

c. Surface Tension d. Buoyancy

I. Beading of rain water on the surface of a waxy surface, such as a leaf.

II. Formation of drops occurs when a mass of liquid is stretched.

III. Flotation of objects denser than water occurs when the object is

wet table and its weight being small enough to be borne by the forces arising from surface tension.

behavior, and they have been used in aerodynamic tests.

a. c. Feeding Tube

b. Shock Tubes

26. Type of fluid which has no friction. It is also referred as inviscid

fluid.

a. Real Fluid

b. Ideal Fluid

27. The flow of this type fluid exhibits viscous effect, that is it tends to

“stick” to solid surfaces and have stresses within their body.

a. Real Fluid

b. Ideal Fluid

28. Type of flow which has a Reynold’s number less than 2000. It has

low velocity and the fluid particle moves in a straight path.

U-tube

d. Vacuum Tube

c. Non-real fluid

d. Non-ideal fluid

c. Non-real fluid

d. Non-ideal fluid

 a. Laminar Flow c. Transitional Flow b. Turbulent Flow d. NOTA

29. Type of flow which has a Reynold’s number greater than 2000 but

less than 4000. It has a medium velocity.

a.

b.

30. Types of flow which has a Reynold’s number greater than 4000. It

has high velocity and the particles path is completely irregular.

Laminar Flow

Turbulent Flow

c. Transitional Flow d. NOTA

 a. Laminar Flow c. Transitional Flow b. Turbulent Flow d. NOTA

31. It refers to a pressure measuring instrument, usually limited to

measuring pressures near to atmospheric

a. Manometer b. Pressumeter c. Vacuum gauge d. Anemometer

32. It is used to measure the pressure in a vacuumwhich is further

divided into two subcategories, high and low vacuum.

a. Manometer b. Pressumeter c. Vacuum gauge d. Anemometer

33. It is zero-referenced against a perfect vacuum.

a. Absolute Pressure

b. Gauge Pressure d. Differential Pressure

34. It is zero-referenced against ambient air pressure.

a. Absolute Pressure

b. Gauge Pressure d. Differential Pressure

35. It is the difference in pressure between two points.

a. Absolute Pressure

b. Gauge Pressure d. Differential Pressure

36. It counterbalance the pressure of a fluid with a spring or a solid

c. Atmospheric Pressure

c. Atmospheric Pressure

c. Atmospheric Pressure

50. The force per unit length than an imaginary film formed on the

surface of a liquid due to the intermolecular attraction is capable of exerting is known as:

a. Specific weight

c. Cavitation

51. The study of fluid problems in which there is no relative motion

between fluid elements and thus no velocity gradients and no shear stress exist is known

a. Fluid Dynamics

52. The dynamic Viscosity of a fluid in the SI system in Newton-second

/sq. m or Pa-second. It is equivalent to:

a. 1 poise

53. The kinematic viscosity of a fluid is the ratio of its dynamic

viscosity to its density. Its unit in the SI-system is:

a. sec/ cubic m

b. Dynamic Viscosity d. Surface Tension

c. Incompressible Ideal Fluid

d. Fluid Statics

c. 10 poise

c.

sec. / sq. m

b. 1 centipoise

b. cu. m /sec

d. 0.1 poise

d. sq. m /sec

 weight, in which case it is known as a deadweight tester and may be used for calibration of other gauges. 54. is directly proportional to the surface tension of the liquid contained The capillary rise or depression, h, in a circular tube with radius r a. Piston Type Gauge b. Vacuum Gauge in the tube. The relationship between h and r: c. Newton Gauge d. Ionization Gauge a. h=r b. h is directly proportional to r 37. It is sometimes referred to percolation or the motion of water c. h is inversely proportional to r d. NOTA

downward through the soil zone

a. Deep Infiltration c. Mid-infiltration

b. Shallow Infiltration d. Interflow

38. The fraction that drains from the ground under the action of

gravity

a. Specific yield c. Hydraulic Conductivity

55. The boiling point of water occurs when:

a. Its vapor pressure equals to the atmospheric pressure

b. Its vapor pressure is ½ the atmospheric pressure

c. Its vapor pressure is twice the atmospheric pressure

d.

56. If the specific weight of a liquid is 8.0 KN/cu. m., its density is

NOTA

 b. Specific retention d. Porosity a. 815.50 kg/cu.m c. 815.50 kg/cu.cm 39. It is the fraction retained as a film around particle surfaces or in a b. 8.16 kg/cu.m d. 815.50 g/cu.m

very small opening.

a. Specific yield c. Hydraulic Conductivity

b. Specific retention d. Porosity

40. It is primary input vector of the hydrologic cycle.

a. Infiltration

41. They are common water measuring device. When they are

properly installed and maintained they can be a very simple and accurate means for gauging discharge.

a. Orifice b. Weirs c. Channel d. NOTA

42. A structure that is built for the purpose of impounding water.

a. Dams b. Bridge c. Building d. NOTA

43. It is an abrupt increase of depth in a free-surface liquid flow. It is

characterized by rapid flow and small depths on the upstream side, and by larger depths and smaller velocities on the downstream side.

a. Hydraulic jump b. Rapid Flow c. Shock waves d. Tsunami

44. It is the process by which precipitation moves downward through

the surface of the earth of the earth and replenishes soil moisture, recharges aquifers, and ultimately supports stream flows during dry

periods.

a. Percolation b. Interflow c. Infiltration d. Precipitation

45. It is a graph showing the rate of flow (discharge) versus time past

a specific point in a river, or other channel or conduit carrying flow.

a. Runoff Curve b. Station Rating Curve c. Hydrograph d. NOTA

46. The following are the advantage of flumes in measuring open

channel flow except:

a. It can operate with a relatively small head loss.

b. It is fairly sensitive to the approach velocity.

c. It can be used under submerged condition

d. Its flow velocity is usually sufficient to preclude sediment deposits

in the structure.

47. The tract of land both surface and subsurface drained by the river

and its tributaries is called

b. Precipitation

c. Percolation

d. Interception

57. A liquid has a dynamic viscosity of 0.00048 lb.-sec/ sq. ft. and

weighs 54 lb./ cu.ft. its kinematic viscosity in the SI system is:

a. 0.0286 sq. m/sec

b. 0.00286 sq./sec

58. Similarity relationships are used between the model and a

geometrically

design. The analysis is known.

a. Rational method analysis c. Pressure-density-height relationship

b. similitude and dimensional analysis

59. Which of the following constitute a group of parameters with

dimension of power, where P=mass density, A=cross sectional area,

v=velocity, D= diameter, u absolute viscosity, g=gravity, p=pressure

a. PAv

60. A branch of science which deals with the laws governing the

behavior of water are at rest or in motion.

a. Hydrology b. Irrigation Eng’g c. Fluid Mechanics

61. The branch of mechanics which deals with laws governing the

behavior of water and other liquids in the states of rest and motion.

a. Dynamics

62. A branch of hydraulics which deals on the study on fluid at rest.

a. Hydrostatics

63. A branch of hydraulics which deals with the study of pure motion

in liquids.

a. Hydrostatics

64. A branch of hydraulics which deals with the study of forces

(including velocity and acceleration) exerted by or upon liquids in motion

a. Hydrostatics

65. Fluids which have little resistance to change either in form or

volume. It occupies all the space in which it is contained.

a. Liquids

similar prototype analysis necessary in hydraulic

c.

0.286 sq. m./sec

d. 0.000286 sq./sec

d. Darcy Weishbach Equation

c. pAv

d. P(v^2)/p

d. Coastal Eng’g

d. NOTA

d. Hydrology

d. Hydrology

d. Hydrology

Atoms

b. DvL/u

b. Statics

c. Hydraulics

b. Hydrodynamics

b. Hydrodynamics

b. Hydrodynamics

b. Solids

c. Hydrokinetics

c. Hydrokinetics

c. Hydrokinetics

c. Gasses

d.

 a. Reservoir b. Drainage basin 66. Fluid which offer great resistance to change in volume. It occupies c. Drainage system d. Contributing area a definite portion in which it is contained.

48. It is a stream pattern characterized by long main stream

intercepted by numerous right-angle tributaries.

a. Dendritic b. Radial System c. Trellis d. Braided Stream

49. Absolute Viscosity of a fluid varies with pressure and temperature

and is defined as a function of:

a. Density and angular deformation rate

b. Density, shear stress and angular deformation rate.

c. Density and shear stress

a. Liquids

67. For gases, the specific weight, w, which varies with the pressure

and temperature, can be computed by the formula.

a.

68. The quantitative measure of the amount of matter in a given body

is known as:

a. Weight

69. A fluid property which refers to the intermolecular attraction by

b. Solids

c. Gasses

d.

Atoms

w = W/V

b. w = P/RT

b.

c. w = R/pT

d. w = T/Rp

specific gravity

c. Density

d. mass

70. A fluid property refers to the attractive force between its

molecules and any solid substance with which they are in contact.

a.

71. The effect of cohesion between particles of the fluid at its free

surface is known as:

a.

72. The property of the fluids which is due to both cohesion and

adhesion. If adhesion is greater than the cohesion, the liquid will rise

at the point where it comes in contact with another body. If cohesion is prevalent, the liquid will be depressed.

a.

73. The pressure exerted by the vapor as evaporation of the liquid

takes place within a closed space is known as:

b. Explosion

c. Cohesion

d. Surface Tension

d. Explosion

d. Explosion

Cohesion

Cohesion

b. Surface Tension

b. Surface Tension

Vapor Pressure

b. Capillarity

c. Surface tension

d. NOTA

 a. Gage Pressure b. Absolute Pressure c. Atmospheric Pressure d. Vapor Pressure

74. The vapor pressure of mercury at 20 0 C is

a.

75. The vapor pressure of water at 20 0 C is:

a.

76. The pressure at any point in a fluid at rest is transmitted equally

and undiminished to every other point in the fluid is known as:

a.

77. When the gage liquid of an open manometer is deflected towards

the point of connection, it implies that the gage pressure at that point of connection is:

a. Zero

b. Negative

78. “At any point in a fluid at rest the pressure is the same in all

directions,” this law is known:

0.17 Pa abs

0.17 Pa abs.

b. 55000 Pa abs.

b. 55000 Pa abs.

c. 2340 Pa abs. d. 13.6 Pa abs.

c. 2340 Pa abs. d. 13.6 Pa abs.

c. Darcy’s Law

d.

Venturi Principles

b. Pascal’s Law

NOTA

c. Equal to the atmospheric pressure

d. Positive

 a. Archimedes Law b. Boyle’s Law c. Bernoulli Law d. Pascal’s Law

79. The pressure exerted by the atmosphere in every surface with

which it comes in contact is known as:

 a. Vapor pressure c. absolute pressure b. Atmospheric pressure d. gage pressure

80. Under normal condition at sea level, the atmospheric pressure is

most nearly.

a.

81. The pressure measured by means of gages above or below the

atmospheric level is called:

a. Atmospheric pressure

b.

82. The pressure above the absolute zero is called.

110.3 kPa

b. 101.3 kPa

c. 103.1 kPa

c.

d.

d. 130.1 kPa

vapor pressure

relative pressure

Absolute pressure

 a. Atmospheric pressure c. absolute pressure b. Gage pressure d. vapor pressure

83. All of the following is true about absolute pressure, except:

a. Absolute pressure is measured above the absolute zero

b. Absolute pressure is the sum of atmospheric & gage pressures

c. Absolute pressure can be negative

d. Absolute pressure can never be negative

84. It is defined as the height of the column of homogenous fluid of

specific weight “w” that will produce a pressure of “p”,

85. A pressure- measuring technique by means of tubes usually

shaped in the form of U’s and utilizing the principles of hydrostatics is known as:

a. Planimetry b. Manometry c. Barometry d. bathemetry

86. A type of manometer which is used for measuring gage pressure

with the use of gage liquid. This type contains an atmospheric level.

a. Differential type b. closed type c. Open type d. NOTA

87. A manometer used for measuring the difference in pressure

between two points and does not have atmospheric level.

a.

b. Differential manometer d. NOTA

88. The difference in pressure, p, between any two points of

homogenous fluid at rest, where h is the vertical distance between the

point, w is the unit weight of the fluid, and H is the horizontal distance between the points, is:

a. p = wh b. p = w (h+a/g) c. p = w(h+1) d. p = wh

Open manometer

c. closed manometer

89. The center of a circle traced by the centroid of the submerged

portion of a floating body is known as:

a. Center of Buoyancy

b.

90. The centroid of the submerged surface coincides with the center

of pressure if:

a. The surface is vertical

b. Surface is inclined 45 0

91. A mass of liquid being translated vertically downward with a

uniform acceleration equal to the acceleration of gravity, at any point in the mass, a pressure

a. Equal to ½ of hydrostatic pressure b. Equal to the negative of the hydrostatic pressure

c. Equal to twice the hydrostatic pressure

92. When the center of gravity of a floating body is farther than the

metacenter when referred to the center of buoyancy (considering that the center of gravity is above the center of buoyancy), the floating body is in:

c. Surface Tension

d.

Middle Third

Metacenter

c. The surface is horizontal

d. NOTA

d. Equal to zero

 a. Unstable equilibrium c. stable equilibrium b. Static equilibrium d. neutral equilibrium

93. The spacing of metal hoops on wood stave pipes is dependent on

the following except:

a. Thickness of the pipe

b. diameter of the pipe

94. The effect of constructing a dam across s natural stream is to raise

the water surface at various sections upstream. The resulting water

surface profile is.

c. Allowable stress of the hoop

d. internal pressure of the pipe

 a. Headwater surface c. Tailwater surface b. upstream water surface d. backwater curve

95. the hydrostatic pressure force which varies uniformly from the

heel to the toe of the base width of the dam to the design consideration, is known as:

 a. resultant pressure force b. uplift pressure force c. total weight of the dam d. horizontal hydrostatic pressure force

96. A cylinder of cork is floating upright in a container partially filled

with water. A vacuum is applied to the container such that the air within the vessel is partially removed. The cork will:

 a. Rise somewhat in the water b. Sink somewhat in the water c. Remain stationary d. Turnover on its side

97. The hydrostatic force on any plane surface submerged in a fluid is

equal to the product of the area and the intensity of pressure.

 a. At the centroid c. at the bottom b. At the top d. at the sides

98. The location of the center of pressure (CP) measured along the

surface’s plane from the liquid surface is given by Y p =I s /AY, where I s is the:

a. Centroidal moment of inertia about the plane surface

b. Moment of inertia of the plane surface about its bottom

c. Moment of inertia of the surface about its top

d. Moment of inertia of the plane surface about the liquid surface

99. The eccentricity, e (distance from the CG to CP) is given by the

equation:

 a. e = Is/AY c. e = Ig/AY b. e = Ig/Ah d. NOTA

100. The vertical component, Fv, of the hydrostatic force acting on a

curved surface is equal to the:

a. weight of the liquid below the curve surfaces

b. weight of the liquid (real or imaginary) directly above the curve

surfaces

c. weight of the liquid within the curve surfaces

d. NOTA

Test II. PROBLEM SOLVING

INSTRUCTION. Solve the following situations. Show your complete solutions neatly. Write your final answer on the space provided. RIGHT MINUS WRONG.

SITUATION 1. When an open rectangular tank, 2m wide, 5m long, and 3m deep, containing 2m of oil (s=0.80) is accelerated horizontally parallel to its length.

1. When the acceleration is 4.905 m/s 3 , how much oil is spilled?

ANS 2. If the tank in the situation is closed and the acceleration is increased to 9.81 m/s 2 , what will be the maximum force acting on the back face of the tank? ANS

15. What is the highest value of the pressure at the bottom of the

tank?

ANS

16. What is the pressure at the bottom center of the tank?

ANS

SITUATION 2. An open tank of water accelerates down a 15° inclined plane at 16.1 ft/s².

3. What is the slope of the water surface?

ANS

Set your goals high, and don't stop till you get there.

- Bo Jackson

SITUATION 3. A cubic tank is filled with 2.0m of oil, sp. Gr. 0.80. Find the force acting on the side of the tank when the acceleration is:

4. 4.905 m/s² vertically upward.

ANS

5. 9.810 m/s² vertically downward.

ANS

SITUATION 4. An open cylindrical tank 3 m in diameter and 5 m

high contains water to a depth of 4 m. It is rotated about its own vertical axis with a constant angular speed .

6. If =2 rad/s, is there any liquid spilled?

ANS

7. What maximum value of (in rpm) can be imposed without

spilling any liquid? ANS

8. If =7 rad/sec, how much water is spilled out and to what depth

will the water stand when brought to rest? ANS

9. What angular speed (in rpm) will just zero the depth of water

at the center of the tank? ANS 10. If =90 rpm, how much area at the bottom of the tank is uncovered?

ANS

SITUATION 5. A closed cylindrical tank with diameter 2 m contains benzene (s=0.88) at full height of 4m. It is rotated about its vertical axis at an angular speed of 50 rpm.

11. What is the height of the paraboloid formed?

ANS

12. What is the pressure developed at the top of the tank in kPa?

ANS

13. At what angular speed, in rad/sec, should the tank be rotated

to develop a pressure of 120 kPa at the bottom of the tank?

ANS

SITUATION 6. A closed cylindrical tank that is ¾ full of gasoline

(sg=0.68). The tank has a diameter of 2.5 m and a height of 8 m. It is then rotated at an angular speed of 10 rad/sec.

14. What is the pressure at the top of the tank?

ANS