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A B O O K

OF

NE W E NG L A ND L E G E ND S
A ND

F O L K L O R E
t h e S a m e a u t h or
(

HIS T O RIC M A N S IO N S A ND H IGH


A
W YS A O R U ND B ST N O O . Ne w a nd

n
Re v i s e d Ed i t i o
. C r o wn 8 v 0 .

OLD A N DM A RK S
L A ND HIST O RIC
P E RS O N AG ES O F B OST ON .

A R O U N D TH E H U B . S qu a r e 1 6 11 10 .
A L B O O K

NEW ENG LA ND LEGENDS


A ND

FO L K . LO RE

Kn iBr u zs z a nti m a t tr g

BY SA M U EL A DA MS D RA K E
A u t /i o r f
o

H is t o r i c M a ns ion s a nd H ig /i w a y s a r ou n d B os t o n , ” “
Noo /cs a nd

Co r n ers o f t /z e Ne w E g la n n d Coa s t , ” e tc .

N! ) E D I TI ON

IV/ l V A f
RE V I S E D

W it h Nu m cr u u s I llu s t r a t i o ns

B O ST O N
LI T T LE, B RO W N, A ND C O M PA NY

1 9 0 6
copy r zg zz t 1 8 8 3, 1 9 01 ,

BY SA M U EL A DA M S D RA K E .

ifi r i nt z r s
. . A
S J P R K H I L L 65 C o .
, B O S T O N, U . S . A .

ELECTRO NIC VERSIO N


AVAILABLE
I NT R O D U C T I O N

TO TH E F I RS T E D I TI O N .

HE r ecovery of ma n y s ca t t e r e d lege n dary waifs tha t n o t


o n ly have a really impo r ta n t b eari n g u the early history
p o n

of o u r cou n try b u t that al s o s hed much light upo n the s pirit of


,

its a n cie n t laws a n d upo n the domestic lives of its people ha s ,

seemed t o me a laudable u n dertaki n g Thi s purpose has n o w


.

take n form i n the follo w i n g collec t io n of Ne w En gla n d Lege n d s


-
.

A s i n a maj o r ity of i n s ta n ces t hese t a le s go far beyo n d t he


time whe n the i n te r ior w as settled they n aturally clu s ter abou t
,

the seaboard ; a n d i t w ould scarcely be over s teppi n g the lim i t


s eparati n g exag geratio n from truth t o s ay that eve ry league of
the Ne w En gla n d coas t has i t s story or it s lege n d
-
.

Di s o w n ed i n a n age of scepticism there w a s o n ce — a n d


,

the time i s n o t so far remote n o part of the body politic ove r


w hic h w h at w e n o w vaguely ter m the lege n dary did n o t e xe r
ci s e the s tro n gest i n flue n ce ; so that fa r fro m bei n g merely a
,

record of a m u s i n g fable s t hese t a le s w hich are largely fou n ded


, ,

o n fact disclose t he s ecret spri n gs by w hich socie t y w as moved


,

a n d hi s tory made . O n e looks be n eath every mecha n ical c o n


t i v a n c e for the true origi n of po w er
r . That is to as s ume that
the beliefs of a people are the key t o it s social a n d political
moveme n t s a n d that hi s to ry take n i n it s br oades t se n s e ca n n ot
, , ,

be t r uly w ritte n w ithout havi n g regard to su c h beliefs Had .

t he co n vic t io n th a t witch e s exis ted no t b ee n u n iversal public


,
vi P R E FA CE TO REV I SED E DI TI O N

se n t ime n t w ould n eve r ha ve cou n t e n a n ced the execu ti o n s tha t


t ook place i n N w En gla n d e .

It may be said the n tha t while H i s tory has its truth the
, , ,

Lege n d ha s its wn ; both taki n g for thei r n d the portrayal


o e

of M n as he ha s exi s ted i n every age — creature i w hom


a ,
a n

the imagi n atio n i s sup r eme n d w ho perform s deeds terrible ,


a

or heroic accordi n g a s i t may be a r o s ed i n to actio n u .

No apology n eed be made for the prevale n ce of s uper s titio n


amo n g our a n ce s tor s O ce n tury is n t the j u dge of it s prede
. ur o

ce s s o rs It w as a s uper s titiou s age Ki n g Charle s I i herited


. . . n

all the pop u la be liefs He kept a s n t t / of hi s court n


r .
,
a a a c ie
'

,
a

a s trologer w hom he w as accu s tomed to co n sult before e n ter


,

i ng upo n a ny importa n t or hazardou s u n dertaki g Laud the n .


,

highest prela t e i n En gla n d the implacable pers ec u tor of our ,

Purita n a n cest or s w a s a m n hau n ted by the fear of ome n s


,
a .

I n d ee d t h e mo s t exalted per s o n age s i n Chur h n d State yielded


,
c a

full crede n ce to all tho s e marvel s t he bare me tio n of which ,


n

n w calls up a s mile of i n credulity or of pity


o Ne w E gla n d . n

was t he child of a super s titious mother .

PREFA CE TO REV I SED EDITI ON .

HE t e r m lege n d i s s o loo s ely a n d s o i n di s crimi na t ely a p


plied a s t o suggest a fe w w o rds of expla n atio n To some i t i s .

the o ffs pri n g of pure fan cy to others the re s ul t of me r e halluci n a


,

tio n while a fe w perhap s better i n formed regard the lege n d a s


, , ,

e ss e n tially a vital part a n d parcel of the hi s tory of its time n d there ,


a

fore i n di s pe n s able to a full a n d impar t ial v ie w of the w hole field .

There are s e v eral ki n ds of Ne w Engla n d lege n ds Tho s e - .

there are which like Mr Ha w thor n e s Lege n d s of the Prov


,
.
’ “

i n ce House have n o other fou n datio n than i n the fertile brai n s


,
P REFA CE TO R EV I SE D E DI TI O N v ii
of t h ei r a thors ye t n everthele ss acquire a ce r tai n air of p r oba
u ,

b ili t y t hro u gh the i n trod u ctio of real pe so n age s who talk or n r


,

move about at the w ord of comma n d Doubtless thi s is what .

Si Walter Scott me t b y s ayi g that n othi n g i s ea s ier tha n to


r an n

create a lege d I am of the opi n io n ho w ever that history n d


n .
, ,
a

fictio n like oil n d w ater do n t readily mix or i n other w ord s


,
a ,
o , , ,

that fictio n n d fable have n place i hi s tory II tha t o n


a o n . I c

v i t io
c n,I h ave omitted purely fi ctitiou s tales from this col
lectio of for the mo s t part hi s torical lege n d s
n , , .

Moreover I have al w ay s n ot iced that w riters of fictio n Sir


, ,

Walter al w ays excepte d a s a cla ss profe s s great i n di ffere n ce to ,

h is t o y
r ,
'

i n d eed compari n g it to a ga z ette other s to a n


s om e ,

alma n ac while s ome other s eve n go so far a s to call hi st ory a


,

mere r ecord of crime Be it s o N fault n be fou n d w ith . . o ca

a n ho e s t opi n io n co n s i s te tly adhe r ed to


n But w he n hol d i g n . n

s uch vie ws the t ki n g of hi s t orical character s or eve n ts for the


,
a

grou n d w ork i n order to give body d sub s ta ce to t heir tales


-
,
an n
,

is the u n co n s ciou s tribute pure i n ve tio n pay s to solid truth n .

A n other form of the Ne w En gla d lege n d the o n e perhaps - n , , ,

with w hich w e are mo s t familiar is really fou n ded o n fact yet , ,

i s s o ma n ipulated to give the freest s cope t o the writer s flights ’

of fa n cy or to se r ve the purpo s es of hi s art as to make i t di ffi cult


, ,

to tell w hat is fact d w hat fictio n In this class a y be an . m

i n cluded much if n t ll of our lege n dary poetry The grea t


,
o a , .

u s e m ade of the s e i fi d tales i n the public schools h as caused


ve rs e

them to be w idely accepted as t rue ve rs io n s regardle ss of the ,

fact that poe t ic lice n s e is s o ofte o n ly a n other n ame for poetic n

i n ve n tio n It w oul d ho w ever be n u pardo n able i n disc r etio n


.
, ,
a n

s o much a s eve n to hi n t tha t poe t s a s a r ule do n o t make , ,

r eliable histori a n s .

Yet i s t ruth s till st ran ge r than fic t io n There i s s till a n other .

de s criptio of N w E g la n d lege n d s imple n d true bitter a


n e -
n ,
a , s

truth some t i e s i s yet bo e of the bo n e n d flesh of t he flesh


m ,
n , a

of the ge n era t io n w hich gave it birth Thi s is t h homely pro s e . e

l ge n d a s it fell from the lip s or was recorded b y the pen s of


e , ,
v ii i P R E FA CE TO R E V I SE D E DIT I O N

e
y oreear w it n esses t o w h at they h ave related This is u t h e n . a

tic d it tell s u j s t w hat w e most w i s h to k o w


,
an s u With n .

e n tire i ge n u ous n e ss it admit s u s to those S gular beliefs which


n in

s o moulded the opi io n s sw ayed the co s cie n ce s d u n balan ced


n ,
n
,
an

the judgme n t s of livi g a n d w ome w ho i n deed had n m en n, , ,

bot h h u ma n d divi n e l w for their support


n a d guide i n a a n

givi n g the fu lle s t faith to tho s e beliefs .

It w a s these co n s ideratio n s w hich fir s t gave me the idea of


bri n gi g the e ifi d n d the pro s e Ne w En gla n d lege n d s
n v rs e a -

t ogether ide by side i order that tho s e i t ere s ted i the s ub


, S ,
n n n

j t more
e c , e s pecially teacher s might have as ready acce s s to the ,

truth a s hitherto they have had to the r oma n ce of hi s to ry


, .

To make the collectio n as comple t e as po ss i ble s everal tales ,

have bee n added w hic h do n o t appear i the earlier editio n s of n

N w E gla d Lege d s It w ill a l s o be n oticed that the opp r


e -
n n n . e

t u n it y ha s bee n availed of to add to the umber w ell a s to n ,


as

g eatly improve the quality of the illu s tratio s act u al s ubjects


r n ,

bei n g s ub s tituted i n mo s t ca s e s for the ideal s o that w ith these


, , ,

n e w feature s N w En gla n d Lege d s i s e to all i n te n ts what it


-
n , ,

purport s to be a n w a n d revi s ed work a more vigo rous gro wt h


,
e ,

from the pare n t stock .

S A D
. . .

BO ST ON , 1 901 .
B O TON S LE GE ND S .

Th e Solitary o fS h aw ut m .
- J L Zlfo t le y
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B o s t o n Co m O W H o lm
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m on . . . es

Mi str ss A e Hut h i so nne c n n

Th D at h fR i b
e e g h o a ns orou

Th Ca s
e fM i s t r ss A e B ib b i s
o e nn n

M ary Dy r e

Th K i g s M i ssi v

e n e

Th Q uak r Pro p h t ss
e e e e

I t h Old So ut h Chu r h — J G W h i t t i
n e c . . . er

M r W o d r s f t h I v i s i bl W orld
o e n e o e n e

Cal fi B o sto — J G W h it t i
e n n . . er

Ni s M at
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Th D u l
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D d A
u e i ll D s

t nv

e s e ce n

A B a l l d ft h F r a h F l t If IV L
O e e nc ee . . . on
gfll
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C hrist Chur h Ed wi c . n B . Ru s s e ll
P aul R v r s Ri d

e e e e

P t r Rug g
e e W i ll . ia m Au s t en

A L e g e n d o ft h e Old Elm .
— Is a a c llc e lla n, Ir

o ur u i to
R xb y P d d n g S n e
Th D or h st r G ia t
e c e e n . 0 . W H o lm
. es

C AM B R I D GE LEGE ND S .

Th e W a h i g to El
s n n m

Th e L a st f t h H ig h way
o e m en

Th e El i t O k o a

Th e Hug u ot E i l s en x e

L YN N AND N AH AN T LEGE ND S .

Th e B rid al fP a ook o e nn c

Th Pirat s G l

e e en

M oll Pit h r c e

H i g h Ro k — Eli b t h F c . z a e . Ill e r r i ll
Nah a t n

Th S e S rp t e a- e en

Th F lo ur
e fSo uv a e o e n nce

Swa p s ott B a h
m c e c

S ALE M LEGE ND S .

a
S le m
Th s ap fP hi l i p E g lish
e E c e o n

E d i ott
n d t h R d Cro ss
c an e e

C assa d ra So uth wi k
n c

Th W it h raf
e t Tr g d y c c a e

G i l s C r y t h W i ar d
e o e e z

Th B l l Ta v r M yst ry
e e e n e

H w G org B urro g hs Ro d to h i
o e e u e s Do o m
CO N T E N T S .

M ARBLEHEAD LEGE ND S .

P AG E
M arb l h ad Th To we e ! e n

Th Sh ri ki g W o a
e e n m n

Th Stra g A d v tur s
e n e en e o fP hilip A shto n

Ag s t h M aid ft h I
ne ,
e o e nn

Sk i p p r Ir s o Ri d

e e n 8 e .

A P l a f F loo d I r so
e or e n . Ch a r le s T 3 . 7 00 63 1
H alfW y Ro k
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C AP E —ANN LE GE ND S .

a
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a tai oh S it h
C p n J n m

Th a h r s I sla d

c e n

A t h o y Th a h r s Shi pwr k

n n c e ec

Th Swa So g fP ars o A v ry
e nJ G W h it t i n o n e . . . er

Th Sp tr L ag u r s
e ec e e e

Th G arri s o
e fCa p A G W h i tt i n o e nn . . er

Old M g t h W it h e , e c

A Es a p f
n ro P irat s
c e m e

Nor a s W m n

oe

Ha h B i d i g Sh o s L y L
n na n n e . uc a r co m

Th P h a to
e B oat E N G
n i m . . or m a n u nn s o n

I P W I C H AND
S N E W B U R Y LEGE ND S .

Ipswi h c

Old I p s wi h To w c n . A p p le t o n di or am a

H art b r ak Hi ll
e e

Ne wb u r v p o r t
Lord Ti othy D t r m e x e

Th O ld El
e fN wb u r m o e y

Th P roph y fS a u l S w al l
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Th Do ub l H a d d S ak
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Th o as M a y t h E i l
m c ,
e x e

T ll i g t h B s
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Th Stra g Cas
e fG oo d a M or s n e e o m n e
H A M PT O N AND PO R T S M O U TH LEG END S

H a pto m n

Jo ath a M o ulto
n d t h Dv i l
n n an e e

G oo d y Co l e

Th W er k f Ri ec t h — JG o ve r m o u . .

P orts o ut h m

Th Sto e th rowi g D vil


ne n e

La d y W t wort h en

Th D v i l s D
e — J G Wh it t i
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en . . . er

YO R K, I SLES—O F -
S H O ALS ,
AND B OO N I
-
SL AN D
LEGE N D S .

Isl s e o hoals
fS
On Star I sla d n . Sa ra h 0 Je we t t.

A Le g e n d a k b ard o fB l c e

a ish W r k
T h e Sp n ec

Th Spa iar d s G ra v s C li T

e n h e . e a ar te r
Bo I sla d
on n

Th W at h fB oo Isl a d
e c C li o n n . e a Th a xt e r
Th G ra v
e fC h p w e o am e rno ne

Aga ti us ( Y ork M ai )
m en c ,
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M ou t A g n ti am en cu s

Sai t A p q i d
n J h A lb
s en u .
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OL D CO
— L O N Y LEGE N D S .

H a gin
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Th e Old O e n B c ak ukt S e . a m uel W oo d wo r t h
De stru tio c n o fM i ot s L ig ht n

M i ot s L d g — F it J

OB i

n e e . z -
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L g e d s fP ly out h Ro k
en o m c

M ary Chi lto G q B ft G if


fi th n . em e a nc r o r

Th Cou rt shi p fM yl s Sta d i sh


e o e n

Th P i lg ri
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-
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CO N T EN TS . xi i i

R HO D E —I SL AN D LEGE ND S .

Th e Sk l to i A r or
e e n n m

Th N wp ort To w r
e e J G B e . . . ra i na r d , L H S ig o u r ne y
. .

B lo k I sla d
c n

Th B u a
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Th P alati
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ne . . . er

Th L a st ft h W a p a oag s
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C O N N E C T I C U T LEGE N D S .

Th e Ph a to Ship n m

Th C h art r O k
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Th Ch art r O k ( p
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M t h i t M oo d us
a c J G B i d -
. . ra na r

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e ne -
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JG
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Th B l a k F x fSal o Ri r
e c o o m n ve . . . B r a in a r d

N AN T U C KE T AND O T H E R LE GE ND S .

Na ntu ck e t Le g e nd s
Th e A l ar d Ski p p r —J
m e e . a m es T F ie ld s
.

Th e U k ow Ch a pio
n n n m n

Th e D ad Sh i p fHar psw ll
e o e .
— J G W h i t t ie r
. . .

Th e V i l d M i ist r
e e n e

W H I T E M O U N T AI N AND O T H E R LEGE ND S .

r at Carb u l
Th e G e nc e

i v r I ag fS F ra i s
Th e S l e m e o t . nc

Th Story fNa y s B roo k


e o nc

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A L g d f Ti o d rog a
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A S rt i p t h D
o e u on e e m o ns A i t Gr v t
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P r l h R k P ly th
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p rt M o ,
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P dl k
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s c a 27 5 O ld St M i ll N wp rt R I
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I p wi h H d
s c ea s 27 8 H l
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m e s ,
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M e n ofM rk a 28 0 Dig h t R k M on oc ,
as s .

W hi p p l H I p wi h M
e ou s e ,
s c ,
as s . 28 1 A i t W i d i ll B l k I l
nc e n d n m ,
oc s an

B S l i b ry P i t
e a co n , a s u o n 28 5 L e e on th Sp t H r e ec i e o s e

R ev G rg W h it fi l d
. eo g d 29 e e e , a e 290 O ld St P r o ne
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L rd Ti thy D t r M i ’
o m o ex e s a ns o n 29 3 Co nn
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L rd Ti
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F l ti g I l d N wb
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Ne w Lo n
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Ma s s . Old W a I e h o u s e s ,
don
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Anc i t M i ll
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Ne w Lo n d o n
Es ca p e o fG o o d m a n Ma c v Vig ne t te , Q u a k e He a d s r
Vig tt B tne e ,
a s Ba s s Ro c k s , Ga y He a d , Cu t y t
Jo nath M lt d y D vi l
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G v r r
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N w tl N H e ca s e ,
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s es o oa s H v a e n

Pl y th M
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, n Ch r M ti
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Vig tt M yfl w
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Th Old O k
e Bu k t a en c e
t itt h in tart ar .

SI R WA LT E R S C OTT . BA YA R D T AY LO R .

JO HN L M OTLE Y . . A N T H ONY T HACH E R .

W I LL IA M A U ST I N . C OTTO N M A T H E R .

I S AAC M C LE LL A N , JR . O L I V ER C R O MW E LL .

N A T HAN IEL H A WT H ORN E . T H OM A S M ORTO N .

JOS EP H B E SS E . A LO Nz o LE W I S .

C HA RL E S LA M B . B E NJ AM I N T R U M B U LL .

J O S E PH S TO R Y . RI CHA R D H A K LU YT .

t itan £11 190m .

O . W . HO LM E S . A PP L E T ON M O RG AN .

H . L O N G F E LLO W
W . . H A N NAH F GOU LD . .

J A M E S R L OW E LL . . SA RAH O J EW ETT
. .

L U C Y L A R C OM . H A RR IE T P S O F O RD
. P F .

J G W H I TT IE R
. . . J O HN ELW Y N .

J G B R AI N A R D
. . . JO H N A LB EE .

S A M U E L B U TLE R . S A M U E L W OO D W O RT H .

C H A RL E S T B ROO K S . . FITz J A M E S O B R IE N
- ’
.

E D WI N U SS E LL B R . . G E O RG E B A NC RO T G RI FF I T H F .

L Y DI A H S I G OU R N E Y . . JO H N PIER ON T P .

ELI Z A B ET H F . ME RRILL . C HA RLE S S P R A G U E .

W . W . S TOR Y . JA M E S G PE R C I V AL
. .

R . H . DANA . FE LI C I A H E M A N S .

CE LI A T HA !TER . J A M E S T FIE LD S
. .

J O NAT HA N PLU MM E R . RO B E RT S OU T H E Y .
TH E SOLIT A RY O F SHA W MU T .

BY J . L . M O TL E Y .

1 6 28 .

SO LIT ARY figu r e sa t upo n t he summit of Shawmu t .

He w as a m n of about thirty years of age somewhat


a
,

above the middle height Sle n der i n fo r m wi t h a pale t hought


, , ,

ful face He w ore a co n fu s ed dark colored half can o n ical dress


.
-
,
-
,

with a gray b r oad leaved hat s t ru n g wi t h Shells like n a n cie n t


-
,
a

palme r s a n d slouched back from hi s pe n sive brow arou n d


, ,

whic h his prematurely g ray hair fell i n heavy curl s fa r do w n


upo n his n eck He had a walle t at his side a hammer i n hi s
.
,

girdle a n d a lo n g staff i n hi s ha n d The her mit of Shawmut


,
.

looked out upo n a sce n e of wi n n i n g beauty The pro o n tory . m

r esembl e d rather two i s la n d s t ha n a pe n i n sula although it w s ,


a

a n chored to the co n ti n e n t by a lo n g slen der thread Of la n d


which seemed hardly t o r estrai n it from float i n g ou t t o j oi n it s
sist er islan ds w hich were t hickly strewn abou t t he bay The
,
.

peak upo n which the he r mit sa t was t he highest of the three


cliffs Of the pe n i n s ul a ; upo n t he s outheast a d very n ear him ,
n ,

r o s e an other hill of les s er heigh t a n d more rou n ded fo r m ; n d a

upo n t he other s ide a n d to w a the n orth a t h i rd craggy peak


, ,

presen t ed i t s bold a n d elevat ed fro n t t o t he ocean Thus the .

whole pe n i n sula was made up of t h r ee lofty c r ag s It was from .


4 NEW -
E N G L A N D L EGE N DS .

thi s t riple co n formatio n of the promo n tory of Sh a n t t hat was


derived t h appellatio f Trimou n tai n or Tremo n t w hich it
e n O , ,

soo afterward s received


n .

The va s t co n ical s hadow s w ere proj ected ea s t w ar dly a s the ,

hermit w ith hi s back to the decli n i n g u n looked out upo n the


,
s ,

sea .

The bay was s p read out at h is fee t i n a broad semicircle with ,

it s extre m e headla ds va n i s hi n g i n t he hazy di s ta n ce w hile


n
,

beyo d rolled the va st expa n s e of ocean with n spot f habi


n .

,
o O

table earth beyo n d tho s e oute r mo s t barriers n d tha t far distan t a

fatherlan d w hich the exile had left forever N t a solitary sail . o

w hiten ed those purple wave s n d s avi n g the w i n g of the sea ,


a

gul l w hic h n w a n d t hen flashed i n t he su n shi n e or gleamed


,
o

acro ss the d im n e ss of the easte r n hori z o n t he s olitude w as at the ,

mome n t u n broke by a i n gle moveme t of a n imated at ure


n S n n .

A n i n t e n s e n d breathless sile n ce e n wrapped the s ce n e with a


a

Va s t n d my st ic veil The bay pre s en ted a s pectacle of great


a .

beauty It w as n o t that t h e outli n e s of the coa s t arou n d it were


.

broken i n to tho s e jagged n d cloud like ma ss e s t hat p i t u a -


,
c

re s qu a nd
e startlin g sce n ery w here precipitous crag i n fi ite ,
n

aby ss n d roari n g s urge u n ite to a w ake n ste


, a nd sublime m a

emotio n s ; o n the co n trary the gen tle loveli n ess of this tran s ,

a tlan t ic sce n e i n spired a soothi n g mela choly more co n gen ial to n

the co n templative chara cte r of it s solitary occupa n t The bay .


,

secluded wi thi n i ts fo e s t o wn d hill s decorated w ith i t s n eck


r cr e

lace Of emerald i s la n ds w ith it s dark blue wat er s gilded w ith


,
-

the ray s of the w e s tern s u n n d i t s shad owy forests of u n k n o w n,


a

a n tiquity expa n di g i n to i n fi n ite dep ths arou d was a n image


n n
,

of fresh n d Virgi n beauty a fitti n g type of a n w world n


a ,
e u

a dor n ed by art u n ploughed by i n dustry u n s cathed by war


, , ,

w eari n g n o n e of the thousan d pricele ss je w el s Of civili zatio n ,

a n d u n polluted by i ts tho us a n d crimes sp ri n gi n g as it were , , ,

from the bo s o m of the ocean cool drippi n g s parkli n g a n d , , , ,

fre s h from the han d of its Creator .

On t he left as the pilg rim sat w i t h hi s face to the eas t the


, ,

outl in es of t he coast were comparatively low bu t broke n in t o ,


6 NEW -
E N GL A N D L EGE N DS .

t he bold a n d c raggy promo n tory Of Mi sha w um w he r e Walford , ,

t h e solitary smith had built hi s thatched a n d pali s aded hou s e


,
.

Th e blue thread of the River M v s t ic w hich here mi n gled i t s


,

S OLI TAR Y

wat e rs with the Charle s gleamed for a momen t beyo n d the


,

heigh t s of Mishawum a n d t he n va n ished i n t o the frown i n g


,

fore s t
.

Such w as t h sce n e upo a bright after oo of spri n g which


e ,
n n n ,

sp read before the eyes of the solitary Willia Blaxto n t he


,
m ,
TH E S O L I T A RY or S H A W MU T . 7

hermi t Of Shawmu t I t was a simple bu t sublime image t hat


.
,

ge n t le ex i le in his s i lva n sol it ude I t was a Simple bu t sub .

l i me t hough t w hich placed him a n d sust ai n ed h i m i n his lo n e


,

re t reat In all ages t he re seem t o exis t m e n wh o have n


. o

appo i n t ed place i n t he w o rld They are before t he i r age i n


.

the ir a sp irat i o n s a b o v e it i n t heir co n templat io n but behi n d


, ,

it i n t hei r capaci t y fo r a c ti o n Kee n to de t ect the fo ll ies a n d


.

t he i n co n si st en c i es wh i ch surrou n d t hem shri n ki n g fr om t he ,

co n t ac t a n d t he fric t io n of the r ough a n d boist er ous wo rld


withou t a n d bu i ldi n g withi n t he soli t ude o f their medi t a t io n s
,

t he a iry fab ri c of a r ege n e ra t ed n d purified existe n ce they pass


a ,

the ir n i gh t s i n u n p r oduc t ive s t udy a n d t hei r d ays i n d r eams ,


.

W i t h i n t ellige n ce brigh t a n d copious e n ough t o i llumi n at e a n d


t o wa r m t he chill at m o sphe r e of t he su rr ou n di n g wo r ld if t he ,

scatt e r ed r ays we r e co n ce n t ated bu t with a n i n abili t y o r d i s


r ,

i n cl i n ati o n t o imp r ess t he m selves u po n o t he r mi n ds t h ey pass ,

t hei r lives withou t ob t ai n i n g a r esul t a n d t hei r c h a rac t e r s , ,

dwa rfed b y t hei r d i st a n ce from t he ac t ual u n i verse acqui r e n ,


a

appar e n t i n dist i n c t n ess a n d feeble n ess wh i ch i n eality does n o t r

belo n g t o t hem .

The impe n di n g r evolu t io n i n Church a n d St ate which hu n g


like a gat her i n g t hu n der cloud bove E glan d s devo t ed head
-
a n

was exci ti n g t o t he s tr o n ge r spirits whether of misch i ef o r of ,

vi rt ue who r ejoiced t o mi n gle i n t he eleme n tal wa r a n d t o


,

plu n ge i n t o t he olli n g su rge of t he wo rld s eve n t s ; while to


r

t he t imid t he hesi t atin g n d the lan gu i d it r ose like a dark


, ,
a ,

a n d t h r ea t e n i n g p h a n t om sca ri n g t he
,
i n t o soli t ude o r u rgi n g m ,

them t o seek r epose a n d safe t y i n obscuri t y Thus t he r e may .

be m e n whose spiri t s are i n advan ce of the ir age while still t he ,

cu r e n t of t he wo rld flows rapid ly pas t t hem


r .

Of such m e n a n d of such i n s t i n c t s was t he soli t a r y who


, ,

sa t o n the cli ffs Of Shawmu t F orsweari n g t he cou n t ry of .

h i s b irt h a n d ea rly man hoo d where t h e r e seemed i n t he , ,

p r ese n t st at e Of he r a ffairs n possibility t hat m i n ds like h i s


,
o

could develop or sustai n t h emselves droppi n g as i t were ,


-
, ,

like a p r emat u r e a n d u nr ipe n ed fru it from the bough W he r e


8 NEW -
E N GL A N D L EGE N DS .

its blossoms had fi rs t u n folded h had wa n dered i n to vol


,
-
e

a u t ry exile with hardly a regret


e Debarred from mi n i s teri g . n

at the altar t o which he had co n sec r ated his you t h b ( ,


e ca u S

u n able to comply with mummery at which his soul revolted ,

he had become a high prie s t of n ature n d had r ear ed a pure ,


a

a d solitary alta r i n
n th wildern e ss He h d d w el t i n this
e . a

solitude for t hree o r four years n d had fou n d i n t h e co n ,


a

t e m p l t i o n of n ature i n t he liberty
a f co n scie n ce i n s olitary
,
O ,

s tudy a n d s elf commu n i n g a solace fo r t h e ills he had s fl e d


-
,
u
'

er ,

a n d a r ecompe n s e for the wo rld he had t u rn ed his back upo n

forever .

His spiri t was a p r ophetic spiri t n d his virt ues belo n ge d n o t ,


a

t o his times I n a n age w hich r egar ded toleratio n as a crime


.
,

h e had the co u rage t o cultivate i t as a virtue I n a n age i n .

which liberty of co n s cie ce wa s co n sidered fearful licen t io us


'

n ess ,
he left hi s fat herl a n d to obtai n it n d wa s as r eady t o ,
a

rebuke t he i n t oleran t ty ran n y of the n o n co n fo rmist of the wil


der n es s as he had bee n t o re s i s t t he bigo t ry a n d persecu t io n
,

of the p r elacy a t home In Shor t t h s oul of t h e ge n tle h


.
,
e er

mit fl ew upo n pure w hi t e w i n gs befo r e its age but it fle w , ,

like the dove t o t he w ilder n ess Wa n ti n g bo t h po wer n d


,
. a

i n cli n at io n t o ac t upo n other s he became n o t a r eformer but


, ,

a r ecluse Havi n g e njoyed n d improved a classical educatio n


. a

at t he Un iversity of Camb ridge he w a s a thoro u gh a n d n ,


a

elegan t s cholar He was like wi se a profou n d O b se r ve r a n d a


.
,

s t ude n t of n ature in all he r ex t ern al ma n ifest atio n s a n d loved ,

to t heorize a n d to dream i n the v a r iou s w alks of sc e n ce Th e i .

bota ical a d mi eralogical wo n der s of the N w Wo rld were


n n n e

to him t he object s of u n ceasi n g s peculatio n a n d he loved to ,

proceed from the k ow n t o the u n k n o w a n d t o w eave fi n e


n n,

chai s of thought w hich to his soari g fa n cy s erved to bi d


n ,
n n

the actual to the u n seen a n d the spiritual a n d po w hich ,


u n ,

as upo the cele s tial ladder i n the patri arch s vi s io n h cou ld


n

,
e

dream that the an gel s of the Lord were desce n di n g to earth


from heave n .

The day w as fa s t decli n i n g as the soli t ary sti ll sa t upo n t he


5

THE S O L I T A RY OF SHA W M U Tl 9 _

p eak a n d mused He aro.s e a s the s n was si n ki n g below the u

forest Cro w n ed hill s w hich girt hi s s ilva n hermitage d gazed


-
,
an

steadfa s tly to wards the west .

An other day he s aid ha t h sho n e upo n my lo n ely path ;


“ ” “
, ,

a n o t her day hath j oi n ed the buried ages w hich have folded t heir

wi n gs be n eath yo n glo w i n g w es t leavi n g i n their n oiseless flight ,

across t his Virgi n w orld n o t race n o r elic of their pa s sage T is r .


s tran ge t i s fearful thi s eter n al n d u n broke n sile n ce U po n


,

,
a .

wha t fi t fu l a n d checkered s ce n es ha t h yo n der s n looked do w n u

i n other la n d s eve n i n the cour s e of t h i s s i n gle day s career !



,

Eve n t s as thickly s t udded a s the stars of heave n h ave clu s tered


a n d sho n e for t h be n ea t h his r ays eve n as hi s glo w i n g chariot ,

wheels pe rformed their daily cou r se a n d here i n thi s m ysterious ,

a n d speechless w orld as if a Spell Of e n cha n t me n t lay upo n i t


, ,

t he sil en ce is u n broke n the whole face Of n at ure s t ill dewy a n d


,

fresh The st ep of civil i zat io n h at h n t adorn e d n o polluted t he


. o r

surface Oft his w ildern ess N s t at ely t emples gleam i n yo n der . O

valley s n o storied mo n ume n t n aspiri n g shaft pierces yo n de r


,
or

float i n g clouds ; n o migh ty ci t ie s s w armi n g w ith life filled t o , ,

burs t i n g with t he t e n t hous n d at t en dan t s of civilized huma n ity


a
,

luxu r y a n d w a n t pampered s lot h st ruggli n g i n du s try disease


, , , ,

crime r i o t pest ile n ce death all hotly pe n t withi n their n arrow


, , , ,

p r eci n c t s e n cumbe r y n s w eepi n g plai n s n o peace f l villages


,
o - u ,

cli n g i n g to a n cie n t ivy ma n tled churche s ; n o t eemi n g field s


,
-

sp r eadi n g their va s t n d n ouri s hi n g bo s oms to t h toili n g thou


a e

san ds meet t hi s w a n deri n g gaze No cheerfu l chime of esper


,
. v

h ll n peaceful lo w fthe retur i g ki n e n o w atch dog s bark



e o O n n ,
-
,

n o m rry s hout of childre n s i nn oce t voice s n flo ti g mu s ic



e n ,
o a n

from t he Shepherd s pipe n o ld familiar s ou n ds of human ity


,
O
,

b r eak o n thi s li s te n i n g ear No s n o w y s ail s h i n e s o n yo u e t er n al


.

ocea n i ts blue expa n se u n ffle d a d u n arred a s t h azur e


,
ru n m e

heave n d ah I n an crim s o n ban n er s flout t h s ky a n d n o


o e ,

embattled ho s t s s hake w ith t h eir martial tread thi s sile n t earth .

T i s ile n ce d mys tery all Sh all it be ever thu s ? Sh ll thi s



S an . a

green n d beautiful w orld w h ich s o lo n g hath slept i n v is ibly


a ,

at the side of its a n cie n t Siste r still weave i t s Virgi n w r eath ,


10 NG LA ND L EG EN DS .

u n soiled by passio n a n d pollutio n ? Shall this n e w vast page ,

i n the broad hi s tory o f n remai n u n su llied or s hall it soo n m a ,

fl utter i n the s tor wi n d s of fate d be s tamped w ith the same m -


,
an

iro record the s ame dreary catalogue of mi s ery n d crime w hich


n ,
a ,

fi ll s the chro n icle of the elder world ? T i s passi n g stra n ge t his ’

su dde n apocalypse L is it n o t as if the u n iverse t he n arrow o ,

u n ivers e w hich bou n ded me n s thoughts i n age s pa s t had swu n g ’


,

ope n as if by n almighty fiat a n d s pread wide i t s ea s tern a d


,
a ,
n

we st er n wi n gs at o n ce to shelte r the my r iads of t he human ,

r ace ? ”

The he rmi t ar ose slo w ly collec t ed a fe w s imples which he ,

h d culled from the wilde rn e s s a few oo ts of ea rly spri n g


a ,
r

flower s w hich he dest i n ed fo r his garde n a n d s tored t hem i n ,

hi s w allet n d the n graspi n g his lo n g st a ff bega slo w ly t o


,
a , ,
n

descen d t he hill .

B O ST O N C OM M O N — FI R ST ,
P I C T U RE .

BY 0 . W . H OL M E S .

[Th r t ft h p t H l
e fi s Thr o Pi t r e d pi t t hoe p r o m es
'
s

ee c u es e c s e s am e e s on

an d th t w h v
s c e ne id r d t h a t fi tt i g i tr d ti t
e a L g d
e co n s e e e m os n n o u c on o ou r e en s ,

th l it ry i h b it t d t h lit d th t h i p r
e s o a n a r d r d ti l l r
an an e s o u e a s e s e nc e en e e s m o e

B t p r frri g t hi t t h i h i r i “ ”
lone ly . u p e e p f t h L nd b t l s o e com a n o ns o e o

s re r e n,

as h i e id t h v ll d t h P rit ttl r f B t B l k t r v d
s s a o a e ca e e u an s e e s o os on, ac s o ne em o e

i t t h h rt ft h tl yi g wi l d r
n o e ea wh r o v g w r h i l y ig h
e ou n e ne s s ,
e e s a a es e e s on ne

b r
o s H r h di d
. The p t we h r h i l
e l y ett g t d
.
i Sh w t e s o e e s o ne co a e s oo n a m u ,

an d t h pl wh r h i b ri d
e a ce q ll y k e w ]
e e s u e ,
are e u a u n no n .

A LL overgro w w ith bush d fer n an n,

A d s traggli g l u mp s of ta gled tree s


n n c n ,

Wit h tr u k s t h at lea d bo u ghs t h at t u rn


n n an ,

Be t eastward by t h e masteri g breeze


n n ,

With s po gy bogs t h at drip d fi ll n an

A yello w po d w it h m u ddy rai n n,

Be eat h t h e sh aggy s o ut h er h ill


n n ,

Lie s w et d lo w t h e Sh aw m t plai
,
an ,
u n .
M I ST RE S S A NN E H U T CH I N S O N . 11

A nd h ar k t h e trodd e bra h e s cra k n nc c

A cro w fl ap s Of fw it h s tartled s re am c

A s trayi g w oo d hu k ca ter s ba k
n c c n c

A bitter n ri s e s from t h e s trea m

Leap s fro h i s lair a frigh te ed deer


m n

A tter pl u ge s i t h e pool
n O

n n

Here come s ld Sh aw m u t s pio eer


o

n ,

T h e par s o n h i s bri dled b ull on n

M I ST RESS ANNE H U T CH I NSON .

1 6 34 .

HE biographies of Mrs An n e Hu t chi n so n h ave so t o .


,

speak bee n W ri t te n by her e emies Modern author s i n


,
n .

W ri t i g of her
n have e h earsed her story from t he poi n t o f
,
r

View Of t he seve n t ee n th ce tury a n d n ,

we li v e i n t h e twe n tieth Bu t Hi s tory .

accepts n o verdic t t hat is n t fou n ded o

i n impartial j ustice a n d i partial j u s tice


,
m

was the o n e thi g t hat A n n e H u t ch i n so n


n

could expect n either from her accu s ers


n o r h e r j udge s All t he errors imputed
.

to her a n d t h ey w ere sufficie n tly ve n ial


of themselve s — mere quibbles in fact ,

migh t a n d should w e thi n k have bee n


, ,

settled withi n t he chu r ch Of which Sh e

wa s a m ember ; bu t the voice f the O

commu n i t y i n which she lived whi h ,


c

k n e w n d respec t ed her m o s t for h r


a e

Christ ia n vi rt ues a n d her s h i n i g t alen t s n


,

w as s i le n ced i n the ge n eral o tcry aised u r

fro m w ithout Crucify her c r ucify her !


,
MP , LA .

a nd we akly yieldi n g to it the civil m


, ,
ar

st uck her do w n as r ele n t le ssly i s it would have do n e the wo rst


r
12 N E W E N GL A N D L EGE N DS
-
.

O fcrimi n al s or t h ost da n gerou s e n emy to public order Mr s


e m . .

Hutchi n so n w a s drive n w ith ig omi y from her bo e i to exile‘


n n rn n ,

for mai n tai n i n g i her wn hou s e that a mere profe ss io n of fait h


n o

co u ld n o t evide n ce s alvatio n u n le ss the Spirit fi rs t revealed it s elf


from w ithi n Her appeal is to be heard It i s too late to blot
. .

out the recor d but the r e i s yet time t o reverse the a t tai n der
, .

We begi our sket c h w ith a imple i troductio n


n S n .

A n n e Marbury w a s a daughter of F ra n ci s Marbury wh o w as ,

fir s t a mi n i s ter i n Li n col n s hire n d afterward s i Lo do n Thi s ,


a n n .

fact sh ould be bor n e i n i d w he n follo w i n g her after career m n .

Sh e was the daughter of a s cholar a n d a theologia n Naturally .


,

therefore much of her u n married as well her married life had


,
as

bee n pas s ed i n t h e s ociety of mi n ister s w hom h learn ed t o , s e

e s teem more for what they k n ew tha n for w h at they preached .

The s ame fact too her i n tellec t ual gift s bei n g co n sidered reaso n
, , ,

ably accou ts for her po n deri n g deeply the truth s of Ch rist ia n


n

ity n d her fo n d n es s for theological di s cu ss io n bo t h for its o wn


a

sake a n d a s i n volvi n g the great problem f her wn life I t O o .

w as t he atmo s p h ere i w hich s he had lived n d moved n d had


n a a

he r bei n g It arou s ed n d quicke n ed her i n tellectual faculties


. a

a n d pe r ceptio n s Sh live d too i n a time of g reat r eligious


. e , ,

exciteme n t s oo n t o become o n e of active war fa r e the period of


, ,

the great Purita revolt s o that it i s easily see n h w tha t


n , o

moveme n t w hich had e nli s ted some of t h n oble s t wome n i n


,
e

En gla n d Should ab s orb s uch a n a s A e w ho w a s i n tel


,
o e nn ,

l c t lly n e n thu s iast a n d morally n agitator w ho had bee n


e u a a a ,

accu s tomed to breathe the atmo s phere of adulatio n d wh n, a o

wa s ambitiou s capable a n d adroit While s till yo u g h mar


, , . n , S e

ried William Hutchi s o a cou try ge tlema n of good character


n n, n n

a n d e s tate also of Li n col n shire


,
We k n o w very little of h i . m ,

a n d that little come s from Wi throp the bitter e n emy n d pe r n ,


a

secu t or of hi s wife w ho i ndeed s peak s f the hu s ba d i n terms


,
O n

approachi n g co tempt But thi s i s al s o n u co s ciou s tribute


n . a n n

to the superior talen t s of A e Were it all t rue w e s imply nn .


,

discover o ce more t h m tual yet n accou n tabl e s ympathy


n e u u

existi n g betw een a stro n g w oma n n d a w eak n w hich it is a m a


14 N E W E N GLA N D LE G E N DS
-
.

Du ri n g the voyage s he e n t er ed i n to discussio n s w i th som e


Pu ri ta n mi n ist ers who were also goi n g ou t to N w En gla n d e ,

upo n such ab s tru s e p Oi n t s as w hat we r e the evide n ces of j usti


fi ca t i o n n d she broadly hi n ted that whe n they
,
a hould arrive S

at their desti n atio n they might expect to hear more from her .

From these t hi n gs t rivial i n t hem s elves i t i s clea r that Mrs


, , .

Hu t ch i n so n co n side red herself t o h ave a mi s sio n to del i ver to


the people a n d churches of Ne w En gla n d Sh e avowed her .

e n tire belief i n direct revelatio n s made to t h e elect moreover ,

declari n g that n eve r had a n ythi n g of i mporta n ce happe n ed t o


he r which had n o t bee n r evealed to her beforehan d .

Th e ve ss el made he r port o n the 1 8 t h of Sep t ember 1 6 3 4 , .

It s appearan ce w a s so mean n d so u n i n viti n g that o n e of her a ,

fellow pas s e n gers supposi n g it to have depres s ed he r spirits


, ,

comme n ted upo n i t i n order as it appea red to d ra w h out


, , ,
er .

But she de n ied t ha t t he mea n n e ss of the place had i n a n y way


affected her because as s he s aid she k n ew t hat the bou n ds
, , ,

of her habitatio n w ere alrea d y determi n ed .


Upo n their arrival Mr n d Mrs Hutchi n s o n made thei r


,
. a .

applicatio n to be received as member s of the church This .

step was i n di s pe n s able to admit them i n t o Ch rist ia n fello w ship


a n d him to the privileges of a citize n He W s admit t ed i n Octo . a

ber bu t i n co n seque n ce of the r eports already Spread co n ce rn i n g


,

her ex t ravaga n t pi io n s Mr s Hu t chi n so n wa s subject ed to a


O n ,
.

searchi n g exami n atio n before he r request was gra n ted Sh e .


,

ho w eve r pas s ed through the ordeal safel y t he exami n i n g i n


, ,
m

i s t s o n e of whom was he r Old a n d beloved pasto r M r Co t to n


er , ,
.
,

declari n g themselves sat isfie d w it h her an swers Sh e e n tered .

t he Bosto n church i n Nove mber .

F or some time o n war d we hear very little of Mrs Hu t chi n so n .


,

except that she was treat ed with particular re s pect n d at t en tio n a

by Mr Cotto n a n d o thers The getti n g s e tt led i n a n e w home


. .

probably occupied he r to the exclusio n of everythi n g else He r .

husban d t ook a hou s e i n Bost o n a n d bei n g duly admit t ed a ,

freeman of t he Colo n y h e wa s immediately called upo n t o bear


,

hi s part i n busi n e s s of public co n cer w hich h e did willi n gly n,


M I ST RE S S A NN E H U TC H I N S O N . 15

a nd fa ith fully He r ece i ved a g r a n t of lan ds i n B ra i n tr ee fr o m


.

t h e G e n e r al Cou rt He was elect ed t o a n d se r ved fo r seve ral


.
,

t e r ms as a deputy i n this body it bei n g si n gularly e n ough hi s


, , , ,

fo r tu n e t o si t as a membe r whe n Roger W illiams was b r ought


to the ba r tried fo r h i s he r etical opi n i o n s a n d ba n ished by it
, ,

ou t of t he Colo n y .

The yea r 1 6 36 was desti n ed t o wi t n ess o n e Of t he gr eat est


religious commotio n s that have eve r p u zzled the u n lea rn ed or se r i
ou s l
y called i n questio n t he wis d om O fthe fou n de r s o f t he Colo ny .

The mo r e i t is studied t he m o r e i n explicable it appea r s .

I
S TE o r M RS . HU TCH I NSON S ’
H OU SE .

A you n g m a n of l i beral v i ews who had n o t bee n har de n ed


,

by pe rsecut i o n was the n gover n or f the Colo n y a n d for the


,
O , ,

m ome n t ,
t h e popular idol This w a s Har ry Va n e who after
.
,

wa r ds died o n the scaffold He wit h Mr Co tt o n t ook much


. .

n o t ice of M r s Hu t chi n so n
. n d t hei r example was quickly fol
,
a

lo wed by t he leadi n g a n d i n flue n tial people of t he town w ho ,

t reat ed he r with much co n s ider atio n n d r espec t A lready h e r


a .

be n evolen ce toward t he suffe r i n g or t he n eedy had wo n fo r he r


16 NEW -
E N GL A N D L EGE N DS .

ma n y frie n ds while her i n trepidity of s oul a n d he r capaci t y


,

for deali n g with those i teresti n g questio n s from the discu ss io n


n

of which they w ere excluded led ma ny of her o wn sex to look ,

up to he r n o t o n ly a s a perso n w ho s e opi io n s were w orth n

regardi n g but al s o w ith admiratio n amou n ti n g to homage


, .

A dopti n g n e s tabli s hed custom fthe t o w n M rs Hutchi n so n


a O ,
.

held i n h o wn house t wo weekly meeti n gs o n e for m n n d


er
,
e a

wome n a n d o n e exclusively for wome n


, at w hich she was the ,

oracle The s e meeti n gs were fo r n o o t he r purpose t ha n t o hear


.

r ead a n d to discuss the sermo n s of t h e previou s Sabbat h a n d ,

for gen e ral re ligious co n ver s at i o n a n d e d i fi c t i o n They were a .

what would be ca lled i n our o wn day a club The b ri n g i n g .

women together i n a n y way for i n depe n de n t though t a n d actio n


was a mos t bold n d n ovel i n n ova t io n r equiri n g much mo ral
a ,

cou r age o n the pa r t Of t he move r Her m an n er n d address . a ,

h e r eady w it he r tho r ough maste r y Of he r subject t he St ro n g


r , ,

purpose she di s played est ablished he r asce n de n cy i n t hese di s


,

eus s io n s a n d were fast gai n i n g for her a populari t y tha t spread


, ,

i n g fr om he r ho u se as a ce n tre alarmed the m i n ist e r s for their ,

o wn hold upo n the public mi n d a n d s o de t e r mi n ed t h e m to '

call he r a n d her doctri n es se r iously to accou n t .

T h a t M rs Hutchi n so n s co n ver s atio n s were n o t a t fi rs t co n


.

s id e e d t o be da n ge r ous either i n t h emselves o r i n thei r e f


r fects ,

is clear from the fact that the most emi ne n t mi n i s ter s a n d


magi s tra t es attracted by her fame came from a ll quarters t o
, ,

hear n d dispute with he r Such was he r r eady comma n d of


a .

Scriptu r e au t horities n d he r s kill i n usi n g all the weapo n s of


a

argume n t t hat the s tro n gest heads i n t he colo n y fou n d them


,

selves un able t o cope with h e s ucce ss fully u po n he r chosen r

grou n d Sh e was impassio n ed she wa s adroit she was a n


.
,

e n thusiast a n d ye t she wa s subtle logical n d deep ; she was


, , ,
a

a woman w ho bel ieved her s elf i s pired to do a cert ai n work n ,

a n d w ho had the courage of her co n victio n s Could a n y othe r .

have brought su ch m n as Cotto Va e Wheelwrigh t Coddi n g


e n, n , ,

t n co m pletely to embrace her vie w s or have se n t o n e like


o , ,

W i n throp t o h i s closet w r es t li ng w ith him s elf yet more t ha n


'

, ,
M IS TRES S A NNE H U TCH I NSON . 17

h a lf pe rsuaded ? To call such a woman a n adve n t u r ess a t er ,

m a
g a nt
,
o r a Je z“
ebel i s a grave reflec
,

t io n upo n t he u n der

sta n di n g o fsome of the bes t mi n ds i n the Colo n y .

A n n e Hu t chi n so n s doctri n es were i n plai n En glish t hese



, ,

Sh e held a n d advoca t ed as t he highest t ru t h that a perso n coul d


be j us t ified o n ly by a n ac t ual a n d man ifest r evelatio n of the
sp i ri t t o him perso n ally There could be she said n o o t her
.
, ,

evide n ce of grace Sh e r epudiated a d octri n e of works a n d


.
,

she de n i ed that holi n ess of livi n g alo n e could be received as


evide n ce of rege n e ratio n si n ce hypocrite s might live out w a rdly
,

as pu r e lives as t h e sai n t s do The Pu r ita n churches held t hat


.

s a n c t i fi ca t i o n by t he will was evide n ce of j ustificatio n .

F or a t ime people of eve ry co n ditio n we r e dra w n i n to the


dispu t e abou t t hese subtle t ie s The Bos t o n church divided po n
. u

i t t he g rea t e r n umber ho weve r sidi n g w ith Mr Cot t o n who s e


, , ,
.
,

views w ere u n derstood t o agree wi t h t hose m ai n tai n ed by Mr s .

Hu t chi n so n F rom Bost o n i t rapidly spread i n to the cou n try


.
,

bu t there r emoved from t he po t e n t perso n al magn eti s m of Mrs


,
.

Hu t chi n so n t he cle rgy were be t ter able to w ithsta n d t he move


,

me n t t hat it y be t ruly s aid had carried Bos t o n by s t o rm


m a .

In a n n ou n ci n g t hese opi n io n s of hers M r s Hutch i n so n freely ,


.

c r i t icised t hose mi n ist ers w ho p r eached a cove n an t of wo rks .

This embi tt ered them to w a r d her Embolden ed by t he i n .

creasi n g n umber o f he r followers she became m ore a n d mo r e ,

agg ressive so t h at t he n umber of h e e n emies wa s i n creas i n g i n


, r

proport io n t o t hat of he r proselytes Th b a ch t h t cool n ess . e re


'

a n d modera t io n migh t easily have bridged soo n wide n ed i n t o

a gulf tha t could n o t be c r ossed Un suspicious of n y dan ger . a ,

o r that what was said i n the p r ivacy of h e r o wn house wa s


bei n g carefully treasu r ed up agai n s t her poor Mr s H u t chi n s o n , .

was led i n t o speaki n g her mi n d more freely a s to doctri e s a n d n

perso n s t han wa s co n si s te n t with prude ce or fore s igh t s o that n


,

befo r e she was aware of it w hat had so far bee n a h armle s s w ar


of wo r ds n o w becomi n g n u n reco n cilable feud bur s t forth i to
, a
,
n

a war of factio n s Eve n t s t he n marched rapidly n


.
o .

G over n or Wi n throp n d Mr Wil s o n the past or of t he chu r ch


a .
, ,

2
18 NEW -
ENG LA ND L EG ENDS .

led t h e oppositio n i n Bos t o n The matt e r was firs t brough t .

before the G e n eral Cour t po n a s ermo n preached by M r Wheel u .

wr ight a n d i n this b ody the cou n try was able to make head
,

agai s t the to w n A pers o n al struggle e n sued bet w ee n W int h r op


n .

n d V a n e i n w hich the forme r wa s vic t o ri ous


a , Van e t hen left .

the cou nt ry i n disgu s t .

The party havi n g a s i t w ere los t i t s head made n o differen ce ,

w ith Mr s Hutchi n s o n Sh co n ti n ed h e lecture s u n disturbed


. . e u r ,

by t h e Sign s of the approachi n g s t o rm u n t il all the churches ,

could be su mmo n ed to a ge n eral syn od w hich assembled i n great ,

solem n ity at Cambridge to si t i n judgmen t u po n the n e w a n d


,

startli n g F amili s tic doc t ri n es Thi s was the first sy n od held i n .

the western hemi s phere I ts deliber a t io n s were preceded by.

a day of fa s ti n g a n d prayer t hroughout t he Colo n y Wh at i t .

decreed would be su st ain ed by t he civil po we r .

The co n vocat io n was a s t o r my o n e Three weeks were spe n t .

i n di s cussi n g the error s t ha t were formula t ed i n t he i n dictme n t


p re s e n t ed to it Perceivi n g t he d r ift t o w a r d pe rsecut i o n some
.
,

of the member s for Bos t o n withdre w i n disgust The Sy n od .

fi n ished by co n dem n i n g as heresies all of t he eighty odd poi n t s


coveri n g t he n w opi io n s thus bri n gin g t he m wi t hi n t he pale
e n ,

of the la w Mr Co t to n wa s either too weak or t oo poli t ic to


. .

wi thst an d t he pres s ure brough t to bear upo n h i m a n d he gave ,

a qualified adhe s io n t o the proceedi n gs .

Bei n g thu s backed by the whole spiri t ual powe r of t he Colo n y ,

the Wi nt h r op pa rt y n lo n ge r hesi t at ed t o u s e sever e measu re s


o .

Mr Wh eel w i ght was firs t called before t he Cou rt t o be sum


. r ,

marily se n t en ced t o d i sfran ch iseme n t a n d ba n i sh men t N 0 .

on pre t en ds t ha t he w as n o t a n able pure a n d upright m a n


e , , .

Other s of M r s Hu t chi n s o n s adhere n t s received various s e n



.

t n e The the prie s te ss n d prophete s s hers elf w as arraign ed


ce s . n a

a t the bar a s a crimi n al of t h mo s t da gerou s ki n d e n .

The p r oceedi gs at thi s trial are pre s erved i n the Hi s tory of


n

Ma s sachu s etts u n der the Colo n y a n d Provi ce of w hich G o n , v

er n Hutchi n so n t he de s cen dan t of the per s ecuted A n n e is the


or , ,

au t ho r They are volumi n ous Wi n throp who pre s ided fi rst


. .
, ,
M IS TRES S A NNE H U TC HINSON . . 19

ca t echi z ed h e r Sh e a n s w e red h i m boldly but with d ig n i ty


.
,
.

The n B r adstree t a n d the n D u dley the d eputy gover n or took


, ,
-
,

turn s i n tryi n g to e xt o r t fr o m her so m e d amagi n g admi s sio n .

The follo w i n g colloqu y taken fro m the record s will give some , ,

idea of t h e way i n which j ustice wa s admi n i s tered at tha t early


day
D ep u t y g o ve r n o r
- Le t her w it n esses be called . .

Go ve rn Who be they ?
or .

M s H t hi s
r . u Mr Leve r e t t a n d ou r t eache r a n d Mr
c n on .

.
, .

Co g g e s h all .

Go v e r n r M r Coggeshall w a s n t pre s e n t
o . . o .

M r G g g e s /z a ll
. o Ye s but I was o n ly I des ir ed t o be sile n t
.

, ,

u ntil I w as called .

Go e r n o r
v Will you Mr Coggeshall say t ha t she did n o t
.
, .
,

say so 2 ”

M r Cog g e s h a ll
. Yes I d a r e s ay tha t she d id n o t s a y all
.
,

t hat which they lay agai n st her .


M r P e te s
. H o w dare yo u look i n to t he co u rt t o say such
r .

a word 2
M r Gog g e s lz a ll
. M r Pe t e rs takes upo n h i m to fo rbid me
. . .

I s hall be sile n t .

As the gover n o r wa s abou t to pass se n te n ce M r Codd i n g t o n ,


.

a rose a n d spoke some ma n ly w o rds w hich d i d h i m n o less ho n o r ,

because the ca s e w a s p r ejudged .

Mr C d d i g ton
. o

I do t hi n k t ha t you a r e goi n g t o ce n su r e
n .
,

therefore I desire to speak a w ord .

Go ve r n or I p ray you speak


.

.

M r .Co d d i g t o n The r e is o n e t hi n g objected a gai n st the


n .

meeti n g s Wha t if she desig n ed to edify her o wn family i n her


.

o wn mee t i n g s may n o n e el s e be prese n t ? ”


,

G ve n r
o r

oIf you have n othi n g el s e to say bu t that
.
,

it is a pity Mr Coddi n gt o n that you s hould i n terrupt u s i n


,
.
,

proceedi n g to ce n sure The n addressi n g the Court h .



, ,
e

added

It i s well d i s cer n ed to the Cour t that Mrs Hutchi n s o n c n . a

t ell whe n to spea k a n d w h e n to hold her to n gue Upo n the .


20 NEW ENG LA ND LEG ENDS
-
.

a n swe ri n g of a questio n w hich we desire her t o t ell he r t hough t s


of she desires to be pardo n ed
,
.

A n n e Hutchi n s o n di d n t fall i n to t he s n are Sh replied


o . e

It is n thi n g for me to c o me befo r e a public magi st racy n d


o e a

t here to s peak what t h ey w ould have me t o Speak a n d a n othe r ,

when a m n comes to me i n a way o f fri e n dship privately


a ,

there is differe n ce i n that .


Si x of the foremost mi i s ter s i n the Colo n y amo n g whom n ,

w ere t he A po s tle Eliot d the sub s eque n tly famous H gh an u

Peters th e n gave evide n ce that s he had told them they w ere


,

n t able mi n ister s of the N w Te s tame n t


o n d that they preachede ,
a

a cove n a n t of w o rks On ly Mr S hepa rd of the Cambridge


. .
,

church spoke of he r co n siderately the r e s t had steeled the


,
m

selves aga i n s t her .

Mrs Hutchi n s o gave plump de n ial to some t hi n g s t hat


. n a

the s e mi n i s ter s had alleged n d then h prude n tly asked that ,


a S e

they might be required t o give thei r eviden ce u n der oath i n ,

a ca s e touchi n g her per o n al liberty a s th i s did To thi s the


s .

G over n or t o n g ly d u r
s d but Mr s Hutchi n s o n stoutly mai n
r em re .

t ai n i n g her righ t s he fi nally prevailed F rom a s core or more


,
.

of accu s er s the n umber of mi n ist ers w ho w ere willi n g t o swear


,

w as thus reduced to t hree .

The o n ly pers o n s w ho spoke for he r were sile n ced by bei n g


bro w beate n Her fat e was determi n ed w hen t he Court assem
.

bled M Co t to n defe n ded her weakly n d equivocally Mr


. r. a . .

Coddi n gt o n mo s t valia n tly bu t t o as little purpose Seei n g , .

how the case w as goi n g agai n st her he spoke up hotly w hile ,

s marti n g u n der the rebuke jus t a dmi n istered by t he Pre s ide t n


I be s eech you do n o t s peak so to force th i n g s alo n g for I ,

do n t for my o wn par t s ee a n y eq i t y i n all you r proceedi n gs


o , ,
u .

Here i s n law of G o d that she hat h broke n n n y la w of t h


o ,
or a e

cou n t ry n d therefore de s erves n cen s ure A n d if h s ay that


,
a o . S e

the elder p re a ch as t he apo stle s did (before the Ascen s io n ) why


s ,

they p r eached a coven a t of g r ac a n d W hat wro n g i s t hat t o


n e ,

them ? ”

G o er n or W i n throp t he n p r o n u n ced se n t n ce of ba n ishme n t


v o e
22 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEG ENDS .

agai n removed wit h h e family i n t o the Dutch t e rr i t o ry of Ne w


r

Netherla n d s settli ng n ea what i s n o w Ne w Rochelle Du r i n g


, r .

the followi n g yea r he r ho use w as s udden ly assaulted by hostile


I n dian s who i n their reve n geful fu ry murde r ed t he w hole
, , ,

family excepti n g o n ly o n d augh t er who was carri ed away i n t o


, e ,

captivity .

M rs Hu t chi n so n s o ffe n ce co n sisted i n usi n g t h e grea t i n tel


.

lectual po w er s wit h which S h w a s u n de n iably gifted for solvi n g


e

the problem of he r wn life He r e n emies va n quished but t hey


o .
,

co u l d no t co n vi n ce he r I t is n o t den ied that she w as a pure


, .

wo m a n a n affectio n ate wife a n d m other t o the poor a be n e


, ,

facto r n d t o her co n vict io n s of Christ ia n duty co n scien t ious


,
a

a n d faithful to the la st To succeed i ng ge n eratio n s she is a n


.

amaz i n g example of t he i n t ole ra n ce exis t i ng i n he r day .

TH E D EA TH O F RAINSB OROU GH .

1 64 8 .

HE civil wa rs i n En glan d p recedi ng t he de t h r o n eme n t a n d


death of Cha rles I ope n ed a n alluri n g field fo r eapi n g
. r

i n dividual r e n ow n which m a n y adve n t urous Ne w En gla n der s


h as t e n ed to e n te r It was there i n Ne w En gla n d if a n ywhere
.
, ,

t hat t he revolt agai n s t the c r ushi ng tyra n n y from w hich t hou


sa n d s had fl e d s h ould fi n d its legit imat e echo Moreove r n .
,
a

appeal to a r ms had become the dream of ma n y of t he nt h s i s e u a

t ic you n g n o ft his mar tial age No soo n e r t herefore h a d t he


m e .
, ,

swo r d been draw n t ha n these m e n of N w En gla n d taki n g


,
e ,

their G e n eva Bible s a n d t heir Spa ni s h rapie rs i n their han ds ,

e n rolled them s elves u n der the ban n ers of the Parliame n t a n d ,

some of them carved with t hei r good blade s n en du ri n g r ecord


'

upo n the hist o ry of t he t ime .

F oremost amo n g these volu n teers f t h e Puri t an cause was or

William Ra in s b o r o u g h who l i ved her e i n 1 6 39 a n d wa s with


, , ,
TH E DE TH o r A RAINSB OROU G H . 23

Robert Sedgwick n d I s rael St ough t o n t he n a m embe r of the


a ,

Ho n orable Artillery Compa n y of Bos t o n Ra in s b o o u g h had . r

s peedily r i s e n t o be colo n el of a r egi e n t i n t h e Pa rliame n t ary m

army i n whic h t his Stoughto n wa s lieute n a n t colo n el Nehemiah


,
-

Bou rn e a Bos t o n shipwrigh t m j or n d Joh n Leve r et t afte r


, ,
a ,
a ,

wards govern or a cap t ai n 3 W illia m Hudso n supposed t o be


, ,

also of Bosto n was e n s ig n A s o n of G overn o r Wi n t hrop also


,
.

served wit h credi t i n these same wars a n d i n Ne w En glan d ,

t he havi n g fu r n i s hed o n e of Oliver s sold i e r s was lo n g o n e of ’

the most valued of family traditio n s .

Ra i n s b o o g h owed h is r apid adva n ceme n t t o t he dist i n guished


r u

g alla n t ry tha t he di s played i n the field as well as t o h i s z eal ,

fo r the cau s e both of wh i ch qualifica t io n s so essen tial i n the


, ,

Pu r ita n s oldie r ea rn ed for him t he wa r m f ie n d h ip of C r om


,
r s

well wit h whom he was tho r oughly o n e i n spi r i t I n deed he


, .

a ppears t o have held poli t ical se n t ime n t s qui t e as a dva n ced as

t hose of his great leader We fi n d h i m sust ai n i n g posi tio n s of


.

high tr us t bo t h i n ca p a n d cou n cil always wi t h abili t y a n d


m , ,

a lways w it h c r edi t t o himself a n d his pa tr o n .

In t h e memo able s t ormi n g of B r is t ol t he n held by P r i n ce


r ,

Rupe rt Ra i n s b o o u g h comman ded a b r igade which was post ed


,
r

i n fro n t of t he st r o n ges t pa rt of t he e n emy s li n e of defe n ce



.

The du t y of assaul t i n g t his positio n fell t o h i m Cromwell t ells .

h o w it was perfo r med i n a n official le t te r wri tt e n fro m Bris t ol


,

i m med i a t ely aft e r the sur re n der of t he place .


Colo n el Ra i n s b o o u g h s pos t was n ear t o D urha m Dow n
r

whe r eof t he d r agoo n s a n d t hree r egimen ts of horse made good a


post upo n t he Dow n be t wee n him a n d t he Rive r A vo n o n h i s
, ,

ri gh t han d An d fr om Colo n el Ra i n s b o o u g h s qua rt e r s t o


. r

Fr oom R i ver o n his left a pa rt of Colo n el Birch s a n d t he


, ,

whole of G en er al Ski pp o n r egime n t we r e t o m ai n tai n t ha t ’


s

po st .

The sign al for s t o r mi n g bei ng gi ve n t he Pa rliamen tar y ,

t r00 ps adva n ced wi t h gr ea t resol utio n aga in st the e n emy s w hole ’

li n e a n d we r e sud d e n ly i n possessio n of t he gr eat e r po rtio n


,

of it .
24 N W ENG L
E -
AND LEG ENDS .

D u ri n g t h i s say s the G e eral Colo n el Ra in s b o r o u g h n d


,
n , a

Colo n el Hammo n d atte p t ed Pryor s Hill Fort n d t he li n e m



a

down ward t oward s Froom ; n d the major—ge n eral s egime n t a



r

bei n g to storm to w ard s F room River Colo el Hammo d po s ,


n n

se ss ed the li n e immediately n d beati ng the e n emy from it ,


a ,

made way for the hor s e to e ter Colo n el R i n b g h who n . a s o ro u ,

had t h harde s t t a s k of all at Pryor s Hill F ort attempted i t


e

, ,

a n d fought n ear three hour s fo r it A n d i n deed there w s grea t . a

d e s pair of carryi n g the place it bei g exceedi n gly high a ladde r ,


n ,

of thirty r ou n d s s carcely reachi n g the top thereof 5 bu t his re s o


l t i n w as such that n ot w it h sta di g the i n accessible n e s s n d
u o n n a

difficulty he w ould n t give it over Th e n emy had four


,
o . e

pieces of can n o n upo it w hich they plied with rou n d n d ca s e


n ,
a

sho t upo n ou r m n ; hi s lieute n a n t Colo n el Bo w e n (Bou rn e )


e , ,

an d others w ere t w o hours at push of pike s ta di n g upo n the ,


n

pali s ade s but could n t e n te r Bu t n w Colo n el Hammo n d


,
o . o

bei ng e n ter ed t he li n e by mea n s of t hi s e n tra n ce of Colo n el


Hammo n d t h ey did s t orm the fort n tha t par t whic h was
,
o

i n w ar d n d so Colo n el Ra i n s b o g h a n d Colo n el Hammo n d s


a or u

s

m n e n tered t h
e fort n d immediately put almost ll t he m e n
e ,
a a

i n it t o t he s w ord

.

F or his r e s ol u te brave ry o n th is occasio n Ra i n b o o u g h was s r

o n e of t he o f fi cers depu t ed by F ai r fax t o eceive t he su rr e n de r r

of the place .

R in s b o o u g h subseque n t ly ac t ed a s o n e of t he commissio n ers


a r

f om t he A rmy with Ireto n a d Hammo n d to t reat w ith the


r , n ,

Ki g n d he w a s also n of the o f
n ,
a f icer s w ho s tirred up i n t he
o e

A rmy t h at spirit of disco n te n t w ith the half mea s ures of Parlia


me n t w hich bur s ti n g out i n t o open r evolt paved the w ay to its
, ,

fi n al n d humiliati n g do w n fall
a .

W he the i n s urrectio n i mediately prece d i g the seco n d


n m n

civil w ar broke out R i n b o g h w a s i comma d n d n ,


a s or u n n a o

board of the En gli s h fl eet n d he is the n called A dmiral ,


a

R i ba ns g h or ouIt i s w ell k o w that t he sailor s embraced


. n n ,

almo s t to a n the Ro y alist s ide They put their Ad miral o n


m a ,
.

sho re a n d t he n h oisted s ail for Hollan d n d the you n g Pri n ce


,
a
TH E DE TH o r A RAINSB OROU G H . 25

of Wales R i n s b o g h t he n w e n t up to Lo n do n presen tly


. a or u ,

re c eivi g ord er s to go upo n h i s la st s ervice i n to Yorkshire


n
, .

It w a s i n the year 1 6 4 8 that the Yorkshire Royalis t s who


-

had bee n livi g i n q iet ce the fir st w ar were agai n excited


n u Si n ,

by i n tellige n ce of D u ke Hamilto s i n te n ded i n vasio n A pla n n



.

was laid n d s uccessfu lly carried out by t h e m to surprise Pom


a

fre t Cas tle (s ometimes called P on tefrac t) the great est a n d ,

stro n ges t ca s tle i n ll E gla n d the n held by Colo n el Cott erel a s



a n ,

g overn o r fo r t he Parliame n t It wa s t hen victualled to w ith .

s ta nd a lo n g s iege The Castle was s oo n be s ieged by Si Ed ward


. r

Rhode s n d Sir Hen r y Ch l n d le y wi t h fi v thou s a n d regu la r


a o m o e

troops bu t t he r oyal garriso n stubbo rn ly held out for t he


,

Ki n g .

I t bein g likely t o p r ove a t edious a ffai r G e n e ral R i n b o o g h ,


a s r u

wa s se n t fr om Lo n do n by the Parliame n t to put a speedy n d e

t o it He pitche d hi s headq u arters for the mome n t at D n


. o

cas t er t welve miles from Pomfre t w ith t welve hu n dred foo t


, ,

a n d t wo egime n t s of horse
r .

The Castle garri s o n havi n g i n some way learn ed of Hamil t o n s ’

disas t rous defeat a t Pre s to that he was i n full retreat for Scot n, !

la n d a n d t ha t Si Marmaduke Lan gdale w ho comma n ded the


,
r ,

En gli s h i n t hat ba t tle w as a pri s o n er formed the bold desig n


, ,

of seizi n g G e n eral R i s b o g h i n his camp d holdi n g him


a n r ou an

as a h o st age for Si Marmaduke ; for it was clear e n ough that t h


r e

p ri n cipal ac t ors i n this u n lucky risi g w ould n w be i n grea t n o

peril of lo g their heads on t he charge of high treaso n The


s m .

scheme seemed all the more fea s ible because t h e Ge n eral n d a

his m n w ere der n app ehe n s io n of n y su r prise the Ca s tle


e u n o r a

bei n g tw elve mile s dista n t clo s ely besieged n d bei n g moreover , ,


a

n o w t he o n ly garriso n held for t he Ki g i n all En gla n d n .

The pla n w a s s hre w dly l a id favored by ci r cumst a n ces a n d , ,

w a s comple t ely s ucce ss ful except tha t i n s tead of bri n gi n g the


,

G e n eral off a s a pri s o er they killed him n Wit h tw e n ty two


,
.
-

picked m e n ll bold riders d w ell mou n ted Captai n W illiam


, a an ,

Paulde n pe n et r ated through t he be s iegers li n e s i n to Do n ca st e r ’

u n disco v ered The gua rds w ere immediat ely assaul t ed a n d


.
THE DEA TH o r RA INSB OROU G H . 27

dispe rsed wh i le a p a r t y o f fou r tr ooper s made di rec t fo r t he


, ‘

G e n e ral s lodgi n gs A t the doo r t hey were me t by his l i eute n an t


,
.

who upo n their a n n ou n ci n g that the y had come with despat ches
,

from G en e r al Crom w ell co n d ucted them to the chamber where ,

R in b o o u g h w a s in bed
a s r W hile the G e n eral was open i n g .

the false despatch which co n t ai n ed n othi n g but bla n k pape r


, ,

the Ki n g s m n t old him tha t he w as their priso n er but t hat



e ,

n o t a hai r of his head sho ld be t ouched if he we n t quietly u

al o n g w i t h t hem They the n disarmed h i s lieu t e n a n t wh o h d


.
,
'

s o i n ocen tly facilitated t heir design a n d brough t bo t h t he


n ,

G e n eral n d him ou t of the hou s e


a A ho r se stood ready s addled .
,

which Ra i ns b r o u g h wa s directed to mou n t He at fir st s eemed


o .

willi n g t o do so a n d put hi s foo t i n t he st irrup bu t upo n look


,

i n g about h i a n d seei n g o n ly four e n emies while his lieute n a n t


m ,

a n d a se n t i n el w hom t hey had n t disa r med were s t a n di n g by


( ) o

h i m h e sudde n ly pulled hi s foot ou t of t he s ti rrup a n d c ri ed


,

out A ,

1A rm s r m s

Upo n t hi s o n e of his e n emies letti n g fall h i s s word nd p i s


, ,
a

t o l — fo r the objec t was to take the G e n eral alive — caugh t


, ,

hold of R i n s b o o u g h w ho grappled fiercely w ith him a n d b ot h


a r , ,

fell st ruggli n g t o the grou n d The G en eral s lieute n a n t t he n .


picked up the trooper s pistol but w as i n st a n tly u n t hrough


“ ’

,
r

t he body by Paulde n s lieu t e n an t while he wa s i n t he act o f ’

cocki n g it A third the n st abbed R i n s b o o g h i n the n eck ;


. a r u

ye t t he G e n eral gai n ed hi s fee t with t he t rooper s s w ord wi t h ’

whom he had bee n s t ruggli n g i n his ha n d Seei n g him de t er ,


.

mi n ed t o die rat her t han be t ake n t he lieu t e n a n t of the pa rt y ,

then passed his Sword th r ough h i s body w hen t he brave but ,

ill fa t ed Ra i n s b o r o u g h fell dead upo n t he pavemen t of t he


-

co u rt ya r d .
28 NEW -
ENGL AND L EG ENDS .

TH E C ASE O F MI S TRESS A NN H IB B INS .

1 65 6 .

HE devil i s i n it I s n t this pi t hy exp r essio n we i n


o
,

quire s urvivi n g m eme n to of t h e dark d y of super


,
a a

s t i t i n w he n everythi n g that w as s tra n ge o r i n explicable was by


o ,

commo n co n s e n t referred to t he device s of t h Evil O n ? e e

I t w o u l d be both i n te re s ti n g a n d i n st ructive further to a s k


if there are still people wh regard o

spilli n g the salt begi n n i n g a j ourn ey ,

o n Friday breaki n g a looki n g gla s s o r


,
-

s itti g w ith thirteen at the t able as


n
,

thi n gs of evil ome n to be s crupulou s ly ,

avoided ; o r w hether they w o u ld be


w illi n g t o admit that ha n gi n g a charm
abo t a child s n eck setti n g a h e n n
u

,
o

n odd n umbe r of egg s p u tti n g tru st


a ,

i n a ru s ty hor s e s h oe or seei n g the ,

moo n ove r a particular s houlder ,

to s ay n othi n g of dream s ign s or ,


S ,

hau n ted hou s e s — are n either ore ,


m

no le ss tha n s o m a y i dicatio n s of
r n n

the pro n e n es s of our n ature to admi t


N HT W T H M N
IG A G the s uper n atural N i s it so lo g
A .
. or n

ago si n ce people were livi g i n the n

rural to w n s of N w En gla d wh could emember repu t ed


e n o r

w itches a n d what dread they i n spired i n the mi n ds of the


,

ig ora t or t h timid U po n looki g back over the g r ou n d


n n e . n

that the e n lighte n me t of t h e age h co n que red o n is half


n as ,
e

i n cli ed to s ay that i some for or other Supers titio n will be


n ,
n m ,

about the l s t thi g eradicated from t h h u man mi n d It is i n


a n e .

order t o e n able t h r eader fairly to m ake the compariso n of his


e
30 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEG ENDS .

lamen t their ig n o ra n ce but w e s hould be slow t o co n dem n them


,

for bein g n o w iser tha n thei r o wn ge n e ratio n .

Such a state of thi n gs bei g imagi ed n ea s ily s ee s w hy n n ,


o e

t he m e n w ho wer e w i s e s t n d s tro n ge s t i n every other a em er v

cy s imply lost their head s w he n co n fro n ti g thi s te r rible


g e n n

b u gbear that kept the imagi n atio n co n tin ually upo n the s t r etch ,

that w as a lurki n g t error i n every household n d that by expos ,


a

i ng them a s they fully believed to all the craft s a n d as s ault s of


, ,

the Devil (their wn frien d s n d n eighbors bei n g the i n t u


o a s r

me n t s) held their i n t ellect i n abject bo dage Agai n st s uch


,
n .

i n sidiou s attack s as the s e there w a s n o good defe n ce He n ce .

the n otio n of a w itch wa s like that of a s erpen t i n the ho us e ‘

whose sti n g i s mortal No wo n der it w a s the n thi n g capable


. o e

of chasi n g the color


F ro m c h e cks that v r ha ne e c n
g e d i n wo e ,
An d ne v r b l h d i f ar
e anc e n e .

This case of Mrs B ibbi n s is further i n tere s t in g as bei n g t he


.

seco n d o n e that the lame n table a n n al s of witchcraft ecord tha t r ,

of Margar e t Jo n es i n 1 6 4 8 bei n g the fi rst The s imple s tate


, ,
.

me n t s hould suffice to co r rect the belief more o r le s s p v a ,


re

le n t to day that the Salem outbreak w a s the begi n n i n g i n s te d


-
, ,
a

of bei n g t he tragical n d of t he delusio n i N w En gla d Mr s


e ,
n e n . .

Hi b b i n cau s e i s al s o memorable a s the fir s t k o w n i s tan ce of


s s

n n

the Ge n eral Cour t of the Colo n y s itti n g i t rial i n a ca s e of life n

a n d death The t ragedy therefore lacked n elemen t of solem


.
, ,
o

n ity to re n der it deeply impre ss ive .

Mrs An n Hi bb i n w a s t h w ife of William Hibb in a wealthy


. s e s ,

a n d i n fl ue n tial mercha t of Bo s to n Hutchi s o s ay s that he


n . n n

was o n of the pri n cipal mercha t s i n all t h Colo n y A t thi s


e n e .

early day i n it s hi st ory he h d s erved the Colo y w i t h credit a n ,

fir st as it s age n t i n E gla d n d agai n a s n of the a ss i s tan ts


n n ,
a o e ,

or chief magi s trate s The s e importa t trust s de ote the high


. n n

e s teem i n w hich he w a s held n d they co firm hi s admitted ,


a n

capacit y for p blic affair s A s erie s of u n l u ck y eve t s ho w ever


u . n ,

brought s uch heavy lo ss es upo n him i n h i old age a s seriou s ly s


M ISTRESS A NN H IB B INS . 31

to i mpa ir his estate bu t what was pe r hap s worse to bear t he ,

sudde n cha n ge from afflue n ce to a more s t raite n ed wa y of livi n g


is alleged n t o n ly t o have s oured hi s w ife s n aturally u n s table
o

t emper but to have so far u n s ettled her mi n d tha t she became


,

i n t ur n so mo r o s e a n d s o quarrel s ome as to re n der her odious


to all her n eighbors I n stead of bei n g softe n ed by misfortu n e
.
,

she was harde n ed a n d embi tt e r ed by i t A n d it i s thought t hat .

some of t he s e n eighbo rs we r e led t o de n ou n ce her a s a witch a s ,

p r ese n tly they did th r ough mo t ives of s pite or i n reve n ge for


, ,

he r malice toward o r her abusive t reatmen t of t hem


, ,
.

It was a credulous age whe n t h e Spiri t of per s ecu t io n wa s ,

easily aroused The eye of t he whole to wn was pre s e n tly t u rn ed


.

upo n Mrs B ibb i n s There i s little room to doubt t hat she wa s


. .

the u n fort u n a t e posses s or of a sharp to n gue a n d of a c r abbed


t empe r n ei t he r of w hich wa s u n de r proper re s trai n t Most
, .

u n fo rtu n at ely for her as it fell out a superio r i n tellige n ce a n d


, ,

pe n e t rat i o n e n abled her t o m ake sh r ewd gue ss e s about her


n eighbo rs a n d t h eir aff airs which t he old w i ves a n d go s sips b e,

lie v e d a n d declared n o n e else but t h e D evil or his imps could


o

ha v e k n o w n or t old h e r of F ro m di s like t hey adva n ced t o .

hat red t he n t o fea r a n d t he n i t n o doub t began t o be fr eely


, ,

whispered abou t t ha t she was a w itch Such a reputatio n would .

n a t u r ally cas t a fa t al bligh t over her life No wife or mo t he r .

bel i eved herself or he r i n fa n t for o n e mome n t safe fro m t he


wi t ch s detestable a rt s Si n ce she migh t t ake a n y form Sh e

,

pleased t o a fflic t t hem Prese n tly t he idle gossip of a n eigh .


,

b o r h o o d gr ew i n t o a formal accu s a t io n How much could be .

made i n t hose day s of a lit t le or ho w da n gerou s it t he n w as t o ‘

exe r ci s e a n y gi ft like t ha t of clairvoyan ce or m i n d readi n g the -


,

follow i n g fragmen t w ill make clear to the r eader s m i n d U po n ’


.

t hi s po i n t Mr Beach a mi n i s ter i n Jamaica writes to Dr I n crease


.
,
.

Mat her as follow s


Yo u may remember wh at I h ave s ometime s told you your famo u s
Mr Norton o ce said at h i s wn tab le before Mr Wil s o t h e pastor
. n o ,
. n ,

El d er Pe d my s elf
nn , a n d w ife etc wh o h ad t h e h o o u r to b h i s
an ,
.
,
n e

g u e s t,
s — t h at of yo u r magi strate s w ive s a s I remember w as
one

, ,
M I STRESS A NN H IB B INS . 33

h a ged for a w itc h o ly for havi g more wit t h an her n eighbo u rs


n ,
n n .

It was h i very express io sh e h avi ng as h e explai n ed it u h appily


s n, , ,
n

g u e ss ed t h at tw o of h er pers ec u tor s wh o m s h s aw talki g i t h e ,


e n n

street w ere tal ki g of h er wh ich provi g tr ue co st her her li fe


,
n ,
n , ,

n ot w ithstan din g a ll he could do to t h e co n trary as h e h im s elf told ,

us .

On e c a n ha r dly r ead t his fragme n t w it hou t shudde r i n g .

The i n creasi n g feeli n g of dete s tatio n a n d fea r havi n g n o w


b r ok e n out i n t o a popular clamor for j ustice upo n t he witch .
,

Mrs B ibbi n s w as firs t publicly expelled from t he commu n io n of


.

her church a n d t he n publicly accused a n d th r o w n i n t o p ri so n


,
.

Whe n the priso n doo r closed behi n d her her doom w as sealed ,
.

F o rt u n at ely perhaps fo r h i m for he died a year befo r e t his


, , ,

bit t e r disgrace sullied his good n a m e the husba n d was n o t ,

al i ve to meet the t err i ble accusa t io n or to st e m t he t ide sett i n g s o


s tr o n gly a n d so pitilessly agai n st t h e wife who m h e h a d swo rn a t
t he al t ar t o love cher ish a n d p r otect If h e r b r o t her R i chard
, ,
.
,

Belli n gham t he n holdi n g the seco n d place i n t he Colo n y made


, ,

an
y e f
f or t t o s a v e h e r tha t fact n o where appears
'

,
He r t h r ee .

so n s Whom she seems t o have loved with t he affec t io n ate t e n der


,

n ess of a fo n d mother w ere all abse n t fro m t he Colo n y A lo n e


, .
,

fr ie n dless a n obj ect of hat red t o he r o wn n eighbor s h e r hear t


, ,

may well have su n k withi n her .

U n de r such dist r e s si n g circumst a n ces wa s poo r old Dame Hib


bi n s wh o o n ce held he r head so high d ragged f
,
rom h e r d u n geo n ,

befo r e t he Cour t which was t o try he r as the worst of crimi n al s


k n ow n t o t he law The j ury ho w eve r failed to co n vict he r of
.
, ,

an
y over t ac t of w itchc r aft Bu t she could n o t escape t hus
. .

The people i t is s aid dema n ded he r blood a n d n othi n g sho rt of


, , ,

t his would satisfy t hem So t he magistrates havi n g the po w e r .


,

to se t aside t he ve r dict obeyi n g the popula r voice brough t , ,

he r before the ba r of the G e n er al Cou rt w here i n prese n ce of , ,

the assembled wisdom of t he Colo n y Sh e was agai n requi r ed to ,

plead gu i l t y o r n o t gu il t y t o bei n g a wi t ch Sh e a n sw ered wi t h .

fi rm n ess a n d spirit tha t she was n o t guilty a n d said Sh e was ,

w ill i n g to be t ried by G o d a n d t he Court Th e evide n ce al ready .

t a ken again st he r was t he n read wit n esses w er e h ea r d a n d he r , ,

3
34 N W ENGL
E -
AND LEG ENDS .

an s w ers con sidered n d the whole case bein g then submi tt ed fo r


a

its deci s io the Court b y its vote thi s t ime fou n d her guilty
n,

of witchcraft accordi n g to the te n or of the bill of i n dictme n t .

G over n o r En dicott risi n g i n hi s place t he n pro n ou n ced i n ope n


, ,

court the awful s en ten ce of death upo n the doomed woma n fo r


a crime w hich h d n exi s te ce s a ve i n t h imagi n atio n of he r
a o n e

accu s er s The warra n t for h executio n was made out in due


. er

fo r m the fatal day w as fixed a n d the mars hal ge n er al was


, ,
-

TH E O LD ELM .

t he r ei n di r ected to take with him a s u ffi cie n t guard The n .

the poor i n firm supera n n uated old w oman as i n n ocen t as the


, , ,

babe u n born wa s fe d back t o pri s o n a co n dem n ed felo n The n


,
.

t he member s of t he G reat a n d G en eral Cou rt s atisfied t hat they ,

had do n e G od s w ork i n han gi n g a w itch dispersed i n peace



,

t o their ho m es made more s ecure as t hey believed by this ac t


, , ,

of j ust ice .
I
M STRESS A NN B B B I I NS
. 35

AS the se n te n ce w as n t carried i n t o e ffect fo r a whole year i t


o ,

is probable tha t t he i n terces s io n of fr ie n ds may hav e procu r ed


for the co n dem n ed w oman thi s reprieve Bu t i t co u l d n o t avert .

her fi n al doom ho w ever it might delay i t Tha t was sealed


,
. .

On the day that s he was t o su f fer s he made a n d executed i n


p r iso n a codicil to her will clearly disposi n g of all he r prope rt y
,
.

Sh was the n take n to the usual place of executio n a n d th ere


e ,

h n ged
a .

The u s ual place of executio n bei n g the Commo n it i s a



,

t ditio n that Mrs Hi b b i n s as well as other s wh o su ffered at


ra .
,

the ha n ds of the p blic executio n er was lau n ched i n to e t ern ity


u ,

fro m the bra n ch of t h G reat El T r ee that s t oo d u n til withi n


e m ,

a few year s a comma n di n g a n d ve n erated r elic of the pas t n ea r


, ,

the ce n tre of this bea u tifu l park Her r emai n s we r e shamefully


.

viola t ed A search w as immediately made upo n the dead b ody


.

of t he poo r woma n fo r t he di s ti n gui s hi n g mark s that all wi t ches


were supposed to have o n their per s o n s Her ches t s n d boxes . a

w ere also ra n sacked for the puppets or i mages by which t hei r


victims were a fflicted but n o n e were fou n d The r emai n s
,
.

w e r e then probably thru st i n to some obscure hole for the s uf ,


a

ferer bei n g excommu n icated a n d a co n dem n ed w itc h w ould n o t


, ,

be e n ti t led t o Chri s tia n burial although she earn estly begge d


,

t his poo r boo n i n her w ill Hubbard who writes n eare s t t o the
.
,

eve n t says t ha t they wh o were mo s t fo rw ard t o co n dem n Mrs


,
.

Hi b b i n w ere after w ard observed to be s pecial marks fo r t he


s

judgme t s of D iv i n e P r ovide n ce
n .

A n d all thi s r eally happe n ed i n t he good t ow n of Bo st o n i n ,

the year 1 6 5 6 !
36 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEG ENDS .

MARY DYE R .

1659 .

T i s a mat ter of hi s tory that i 1 6 5 6 a people who wo r e their n

hair lo n g kept their hat s n i n the public a ss emblies n d


,
o
,
a

who s aid thee n d thou i n stead of you w hen address



a

,

,

i n g a o t her per s o n made their u n w elcome appeara n ce i n N w


n , e

E gla n d
n They w ere forth w ith attacked with all the e n ergy of
.

a bitte r persecutio n .

When called upo n to speak out i n defe n ce of their cruel


proceedi n gs the Purita n authorities declared their creed to be
,

thi s They havi n g established them s elve s i n a w ilder n e ss i n


!

order to e njoy u n di s t u rbed their w religious co n victio n s held o n ,

it right to exclude all other s w ho might seek to i troduce dif n

f re
e n t opi io n s n d therefore di s cord amo n g them
n ,
a F rom thi s ,
.

it is plai n to s ee that the idea of toleratio n had o t yet bee n n

born Th further fact tha t to thi s cruel d sel fi sh policy


. e an ,

stern ly persever ed i n to the last the Colo y o w ed t he lo ss of ,


n

mo s t f the political privileges that it had hitherto e nj oyed


-
o ,

re n der s it n of the s teppi n g sto n e s of history N have the


o e -
. or

most zealous apologi s t s for the s e acts of the Puritan father s ever
bee n able to era s e the s tai n of blood from their other w ise fair
e s cutcheo n .

L t us r ecou n t a i n gle star t li n g episode of this lugubriou s


e S

hi s tory Two w ord s w ill explai n the situatio n


. .

O bot h sides of the ocea n the Purita n cry w a s


n freedom to
wor s hip G o d as we do The persecutio n of Quaker s had
.

already begu n i n En glan d u n der t he au s tere rule of the Puritan


Commo n weal t h They w ere treated as w eak fa atics who
. n

n eeded w holesome c orrectio n rather tha n as per s o n s da n gerous ,

to the public w eal After thi s had bee n some time i n progr e s s
.
,

some of t he persecu t ed Fr ie n ds came o ver to Ne w En glan d fo r


38 N W ENG L
E -
A ND L EG ENDS .

m en did A was i n evitable s uch n abrup t i n n ovatio n upo n


. S , a

th s ettled co n victio n s of the time re s pecti g w oma n s place i n


e n

the ch u rches n d i s ociety w a s a moral shock to the c


a n u , om m

n ity w hich quickly recoiled upo n the heads of the off e der s n .

The s e i n trudi g Qua ker s havi g a n ou n ced them s elve s a s


n
,
n n

co fe ss ors n d mi ss io n a rie s of the true faith of Chri s t were all


n a
,

presen tly put u der lock n d key as pe rso s guilty of p


n l a n ro m u

gati n g ra n k here s ie s d a s bla s p h emers n d their sectaria n


,
an ,
a

books were al s o s eized n d committ ed to the fl ame s by the a

commo n ha gma n The Quaker s the n became viole n t n d


n . a

aggres s ive i n their tur n They retaliated w ith prophe s ie s of .

evil They freely de n ou n ced the j udgme t s of Heave n upo


. n n

thei r oppre ss or s On woma n s eei g G over n or En dicott pa ss


. e , n

by t he pri s o vociferated from her grated w i n do w


n,
,

Woe u n to thee thou art n oppre ss or a

The fir s t comer s w ere all ban i s hed w ith a s ter n admo n itio n ,

n t to retur
o to t h e Colo n y They were put
n shipboard n d . on a

ordered to depart A n d thi s i t w a s hoped w ould be the la s t of


.
, ,

them Thi s w a s i n fact the easie s t w ay of riddi n g t h cou


.
, , e n

t ry f them n d their error s had these n t already take n root


o a ,
o

i n the s oil it s elf The n a s n o s uch la w exi s ted n was made


.
, ,
o e ,

pu n i s hi n g a n y Quaker who might after ward come i n to the


juri s dictio n Thi s la w imposed severe pe altie s Yet thou g h
. n .
,

cr u elly e n forced it was soo n fou n d i n adequate the n umber of


, ,

Quaker s i crea s i n g 5 n d s o the a thor i tie s bei n g n o w at their


n a ,
u

w it s e n d a n other la w decreei n g death to a n y of that sec t who


, ,

S hould pre su me to return after ba n i s hme n t w a s e n acted agai n s t , ,

s tro n g oppo s itio n There w as i n fact a co n s cie n ce i n the Co l


.
, ,
e

n ial body B u t the ruler s could n t n o w ret reat w ithout admitti g


. o n

them s elve s va qui s hed a n d s o pre ss i n g the poi t t he bloody


n ,
n ,

la w w a s i s cribed upo n the s tatute book of t h Colo n y


n -
e .

\V have e w fi i s hed the prolog u e of the d rama n d it i s


no n ,
a

time to i n troduce the real actor s u po n the s tage .

Mary Dyer a comely n d grave matro n then livi n g i n Rhode


,
a ,

I s la n d w a s o e of t h o s e rare s pirits wh are predes t i n ed t o


,
n o

become martyrs a n d s ai n ts to t he fai t h tha t they profess .


M ARY D ERY . 39

Sh e he r husb a n d William Dye r we r e o rigi n ally i n h a b i


a nd , ,

t an ts of Bosto n a n d membe rs of t he ch urch there they havi n g


, ,

emigra t ed fr o m En gla n d to t he Colo n y i n the year 1 6 35 Fr o m .

t hese i n ciden t s su r rou n di n g M rs Dyer s career it is clear that .


bo t h she n d he r h u sban d belo n ged to t he bet t e r cla s s of emi


a

gr an t s Sh e is r eprese n ted by Sewel the Quake r hi st oria as


.
,
n,

bei n g a perso n of good family n d e s tate a n d by Wi n th r op a s a ,

a ve r y p r oper a n d fair woma n bu t as h e deprecati n gly adds , , ,

havi n g a very proud s pi r it “


In her the r efore we have the .

, ,

po rtrai t of a comely woman of fi n prese n ce high spi r i t a fair e , ,

sha r e of educatio n a n d possessi n g moreover a soul e n dowed


, , ,

with t he pu r pose of a n ev a n gelist o r a t n eed a mar ty r Both , , .

Mrs Dyer n d he r husba n d became early co n ver t s t o t he pee n


. a

liar doc tr i n es held by that prie st e s s o f commo n se n se Mrs -


,
.

An n e Hutchi n so n to whose u n toward fort u n es they co n t i n ued


,

s teadfas t The r e was i n fac t a bo n d of s ympathy betwee n


.
, ,

t hese t wo wome n Whe n Mrs Hu t c h i n so n was e xc o m m u n i


. .

ca t e d you n g Mr s Dye r walked ou t of t he chu r ch w it h he r i n


, .

p r esen ce of the w hole co n gregat io n Whe n she was ban i shed .


,

Mrs Dye r follo w ed he r t o Rhode Isla n d Th i s was i n 1 6 37


. . .

D u r i n g t he exc it eme n t p r oduced by t he r apid spread of M r s .

Hu t chi n so n s Opi n io n s a n d by he r subseque n t a r rest a n d t rial o n



,

the charge of he r esy M r s Dye r gave premature birth it wa s said


,
.
, ,

t o a mo n st er which Wi n throp describes w ith n auseati n g mi nute


,

n ess . Losi n g sigh t of M r s Dye r for n ea rly t w e n ty years we .


,

suppose h e r li fe t o have bee n a n u n eve n tf l n e — pe rhaps o n


~
u o ,
e

of u n co n scious prepar at i o n a n d of spiritual grow t h fo r the work


s he was t o do n d t he sufferi n g she w as desti n ed t o u n dergo
a .

W he n we n ext see her t he comely you n g w i fe has become a ,

middle aged ma t ro n w ho i s bli n dly obeyi n g t he comma n d of des


-
,

ti n y Sh e n o w p rese n t s he r self i n t he garb of a Qu ake r ess a n d


.
,

i n compa n y with pro f essi n g Quake rs to t h e people of Bos t o n , ,

a n y o n e of w hom by ha r bo r i n g her eve n fo r a si n gle n igh t o r


, ,

of fe ri n g he r a crus t of bread became a breaker of the la w a n d , ,

was l i able t o a h eavy pe n alty for so doi n g Sh was imme . e

d i a t e ly t ake n up a n d t h r us t i nt o t he commo n jail whe r e she ,


40 NEW -
ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

remain ed i n co n fin eme n t u n til her h u sba n d bei n g apprised of ,

her a rr e st haste n ed t o h e r elief His u rgen t praye r fo r his


,
r .

wife s release was o n ly g ra n ted upo n his givi n g b o n ds i n a large


sum to t ake her away ou t of the Colo n y a n d even the n the ,

autho ri t ies fu r the r s t ipul ated that she should be per mitted to
s peak with n o n e duri n g t he j o u r n ey U po n the s e co n ditio n s
o .

Sh e was co n ducted u n de r gua r d beyo n d the settleme n ts .

I n Septembe r 1 6 5 9 i n compa n y with William Robi n so n


, , ,

Mar maduke Steve n s o n a n d Nicholas Davis Mary agai n a n d


, , ,

this time w ith full k n o w ledge of the peril of the act visi t ed ,

Bo st o n for t he purpo s e of te s tifyi n g agai n s t the i n iqui t ous la w s


i n fo r ce t here o r a s they decla r ed it themselve s
, ,
to look the ,

bloody la w s i n t he face nd to mee t the opp resso rs of he r ,



a

people a s i t were i n their wn st ro n ghold


, ,
o .

Sho rt w as t he time allo wed t hem The whole fou r we r e .

quickly made priso n e rs a n d w ere brough t before the Cou r t, ,

which pas s ed se nt e n ce of ba n i s h m e n t to which t h e cert ai n ,

pe n alty of death n o w attached Should they retu rn agai n They , .

w e re t he n r eleased n d o r de r ed to depart out of the Colo n y N t


,
a . o

obeyi n g t his ma n date Robi n so n n d Steve n so n were soo n agai n


,
a

app r ehen ded a n d were agai n co n sig n ed t o p r iso n where they were
, ,

used like co n d em n ed felo n s bei n g chai n ed t o the floo r of t hei r ,

du n geo n Withi n a mo n th Mary also became for t he seco n d


.
,

time n i n mate of t he s ame p riso n h avi n g bee n r ecogn ized a n d


,
a ,

take n while sta n di n g i n fro n t of it By thus setti n g t he la w at .

defia n ce the trio w ere r egarded a s rushi n g upo n a fool s fate


,

With Mary came Hope Clifto n also of Rhode Islan d The ,


.

decla r ed purpose of the w ome n w as to vi s it a n d mi n iste r t o the


Fr ie n d s then lyi n g i n priso n The settled purpose of the pri s .

o n ers to defy the la w bei n g k n o w n t o thei r frie n ds n d n o ,


a

mercy bei n g expec t ed for them seve ral of these came t o Bosto n ,

i n order to a s sis t i n t h last act of t h tragedy On e eve n e e .

b r ought li n en fo r the s u fferers shrouds All t his impart s a ’


.

highly dramat ic characte r to the act s of t he resolute martyr s .

The th r ee pri s o n ers who had thus forfeited their lives to the
law were o n the 20t h of Oct ober brought befo r e the Court of
, ,
M A RY DY ER . 41

Magistrat es The i n co rr uptible but impl a cable En dicott p re


.

s ided The m e n keepi ng their hat s n En dicott o de r ed the


. o ,
r

o ffice r to pull the m off He the n addre s sed the priso n er s i n t h e .

la n gu a ge of ste remo n s tra n ce n d reproof He told them that


m a .

n either he n o the o t her magi st rates the n p rese n t de s ired t heir


r

death but tha t t he laws m ust be e n fo r ced A ll three were c o n


, .

d em n e d to be ha n ged .

Mrs Dyer hea rd he r doo m p r o n ou n ced w it h sere n e composure


.
,

s imply sayi n g ,

The Lo rd s will be do n e ’

Take he r a way m ar s h al comma n ded En dico tt i mpa , , ,

t ie n t ly .

I j oyfu lly r e t u rn t o my p riso n r ej oi n ed ,


Sh e .

On he r way back to p r i so n filled with t he exaltatio n of t he ,

Sp ir i t she s aid t o t he ma r shal o r high sheriff who w a s co n duc t


, ,
-
,

i ng he r I n deed you might let me alo n e fo r I would go t o t he


, , ,

p riso n w i thou t you .



I believe you M r s Dye r t he o f ficer r eplie d ; but my
,

.
,

o r ders a r e t o t ake you t here a n d I must do as I am com ,


m a nd e d .

D u ri n g t he i n t e r val of a week occu r i n g betwee n t he s e n r

t e n ce a n d t he day fixed fo r i ts executio n Mrs Dyer w rote a n ,


.

A ppeal t o t he G e n eral Cou rt i n which she compares herself


“ ”
,

wi t h Queen Es the r a n d he r missio n with t hat of the quee n to


,

A ha s uerus It is pe r vaded th r oughout by a simple a n d


.

t ouchi n g d i gn ity There is n t n crave n w ord i n it or n


. o o e ,
o e

e nt reat i n g pardo n or exp r essi n g a doub t of the righteousn e s s of


he r o wn ac t s Calmly she r ehea r ses t he history of he r ca s e
.
,

a n d the n co n cludes her appeal i n love a n d the spirit of meek



,

n ess ,
t o t he ju st ice a n d magn a n imi t y of the Court which was
able t o se t he r free But if it w s heeded her praye r was

. a ,

u n a n swe r ed The re n e w ed n d ear n est i n t erces s io n of Mrs


. a .

Dyer s husban d a n d s o n we r e alike i n effectual ; t he magi strates


r emai n ed u n moved Bu t it i s said tha t the s o n i n the hope.


,

of yet sav i n g her pa ss ed the last n ight i n his mother s cell


,

beseechi n g he r t o abj ure or a t least so far to retract her mis ,


42 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEGENDS .

t aken opi n io n s a s to give some cha n ce for hope that t he judge s


might yet rele n t a n d s o co m m u t e he r se n ten ce of death to b a n

i s h m e nt Hi s tory has ki n dly draw n the veil over thi s scen e


. .

All we k n o w i s that the mother preferred d eath to disho n o r .

No r were othe r e f
forts wa n ti n g to save
the co n dem n ed p ri s o n
er s Suitor s wh o were .

able to make t hem


selve s heard i n t he
cou n cil chambe r a n d i n -

the G over n or s closet ’

ea rn estly labored to
p r eve n t the co n s u m m a
ti o n of the cr ime .

On Thursday t he ,

27 t h of October i n the ,

mor n i n g acco rdi n g t o ,

a n a n cie n t custom t he ,

drummer s of the trai n ed


ba n ds beat their drums
up a n d dow n the
4 / s t r eet s to n otify t he
i

7x .
, ,

soldie rs to get u n de r
H A ND REEL
arms This.
bei n g the .

time ho n ored lecture - !

day w hich wa s also the o n e usually appoi n t ed for holdi n g pub


,

lic executio n s as s oo n as the public wor s hip was over t h e drums


, ,

w ere agai n heard the trai n ed ban d s a s sembled a n d fo rmed i n


,

order n d w ere the n marched t o the pri s o n where they halt ed


,
a ,
.

The n the high sheriff exhi b iti n g his w arran t called fo r the
-
, ,

bodies of t he pri s o n ers b y n ame their i ro n s w ere k n ocked o ffby


,

the jailer a n d after te n derly embraci n g each other they were


, , ,

led forth to take their places i n t h e ra n k s of the guard Mary ,

bei n g placed bet w ee n the t w o m e n w ho were to s uffer with he r .

A great multitude had a ss embled to w it n ess the s e solem n pro


M A RY DY ER . 43

ce e di n g s The p r ocessi on the n moved t h e p ri so n e r s o n foot


.
, ,

t he people p ressi n g closely a r ou n d them i n or d er n o t t o lose ,


a

wo r d of what they migh t s a y ; but w he n ever the co n dem n ed


at tempted to speak as n o w a n d t hen they did t h e d r ummers
, ,

we r e ordered to beat their drums a n d so drow n ed t he voices i n ,

t he uproar On e sees he r e as always t hat eve r y t y ran n y is


.
, ,

afraid of its vic t ims Hemmed i n by a r med m e n a n d su r


"

.
,

r ou n ded by a surgi n g a n d exc it ed thro n g the priso n e r s walked ,

ha d i n ha n d all the way t o t he s ca fl ld suppo rt i n g a n d com


n b ,

forti n g each other i n t h i s most try in g omen t wi t h a sublime m

fortitude The b ru t al marshal seei n g this said s n ee r i n gly t o


.
, ,

Mary ! A e you n o t ashamed you to walk t h us ha n d i n h a n d



r , ,

betw ee n two you n g m e n


Un moved by the t au n t s h e r eplied No t his i s t o m e a n ,

hou r of the greate s t j oy I could have i n this wo rld .


The o t eg e havi n g a t le n gt h r eached t he place o f execu t io n


c r ,

it havi n g m ar ched by a r ou dabou t way


n — for fea r it i s said , , ,

t hat a r escue migh t be a tt emp t ed — Ma ry a n d he r fellow sufferers ,

bid each other a last farewell Robi n so n fi rs t asce n ded t he fa t al .

ladder While u tt eri n g h i dyi n g wo rds predicti n g a vis it at io n


. s ,

o f divi n e wr a t h t o co m e upo n hi s Slaye r s a ha rsh vo i ce i n t he ,

c r owd c r ied ou t ! Hold thy t o n gue ! Thou a rt go i n g t o die



'

wi t h a lie i n t hy mou t h
Steve n so n s las t words we r e t hese Be it k n own u n t o all “

thi s day t hat we suffe r n o t as evil—doers bu t for co n scie n ce


, ,

s ake .

I t was n o w Mary s t r n He r t wo dea r frie n ds we r e h a n gi n g



u .

dead befo r e he r eyes F earles s ly she mou n ted t he fatal ladde r


.
,

a n d fea rlessly Sh e submit t ed he r self t o t he ha n gma n s ha n ds



.

Sh was t he n pi n io n ed bli n dfolded a n d t he fa t al n oose placed


e , ,

about her n eck A ll bei n g t he n r eady t h c r owd a w ai t ed t he


.
,
e

last act i n breathless s uspe n se whe n i n the dist an ce a vo i ce was ,

hea d c yi n g o u t Stop Sh e is r ep rieved l


r r ,

The agi t atio n of t he Spec t ators is somethi n g t hat we ca n o n ly


fai n tly co n ceive Bu t Mary it i s sai d emai n ed cal
. nd , ,
r m a

u n mo v ed t hrough i t all He r fee t bei n g loosed says Sewel


.
,

,
44 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEG ENDS .

t hey bade her come dow n But s he w ho s e mi n d w a s already .


,

a s it w ere i n heave n s tood st ill n d s aid she w as there willi n g


, ,
a

to suffer a s h r brethre n did u nle s s they w ould a n n ul their


e ,

w icked la w Sh e w a s the n take n do w n from the s ca f


. fold n d a

r e co n ducted to pri s o n w he r e her s o n who w as a n xiou s ly a w ait


-
, ,

i n g he r retur n embraced her a s o n e ri s e n from t he dead


, O n ly .

the n she lear n ed that to his importu n ity w ith the magistrate s
she o wed her delivera n ce fro m the fate of he r brethre n The .

s o n had saved hi s mother The death s e n te n ce had bee n com .


-

mu t ed t o ba n i s hme n t but Mar y n o w r eceived a solem n w arn i n g


t o the e ffec t that the ex t reme pe n al t y would su r ely be exacted
should she agai n offe n d agai n s t t he maje s ty of t h e la w Sh e .

wa s t he n co n duc t ed u n der guard t o the Colo n y fro n tier whe n ce ,

Sh e pu rs ued her way home to Rho de Isla n d .

Bu t the old impul s e r evivi n g i n her i n full force i n defia n ce ,

of t he warn i n g thrice repeated Mary agai n sought to obtai n the ,

c r own of martyrdom to w hich s he w a s foreordai n ed Burn i n g .

wi t h fa n atical z eal rega r dles s too of t he co n ditio n s which had


, , ,

procured t h e remissio n of he r s e n te n ce she deliberately violated ,

the l a w agai n In May 1 6 6 0 the u n fo rt u n ate woman had so


.
, ,

li ttle regar d fo r he r pe rso n al s afety as again t o come to the “

bloody to w n of Bo s to n Sh e w as soo n summo n ed before the


.

G e n eral Cour t Sw ift wa s the judgme n t sw ift t h e executio n


. ,
.

En dicott i n deed — respect to his ma hood for it


n — offered
, ,

her a chan ce of e s cape but he r soul w as too lofty h e r purpo s e ,

too stro n gly fixed to avail h e r self of a su bterfuge to save her


,

life En dicott co n ducted h e r exami n atio n He w as a s hard a s


.
.

i ro n she gen tle bu t u n dau n ted


,
.


A r e yo u t he same Mary Dyer that w a s here before ? he bega n .

I am t he same Mary Dyer that w as here at the last G en eral


Cou rt Sh e replied
,

.


The n you o wn yourself a Quaker do you n o t ? said t h e ,

G ove r n o r .

I o wn my s elf t o be r eproachfully called so .

Then the jailer spoke up a n d s aid that Mary wa s a vaga


bo n d .
46 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEG ENDS .

not a gree t o l eave t h c o u n t r y To t he hope some exp ressed


e
~

tha t her life would be agai n s pared t he officer comma di n g . ,


n

the armed e s cort r oughly retorted that she wa s guilty of her


o wn blood

N y s he replied
a ,
I came to keep bloodg u ilti n es s fro
,
m

y o u desiri
,
n g you to repeal the u n righteou s n d u nj u st law made a

agai n st the i n n oce n t s erva n t s of the Lord .


Mr Wil s o mi ister of B o s to n atten ded he r o n the s caffold


. n, n ,

in h la s t mome n t s t t o o ffer co n s olatio n but to exhort her


er ,
no ,

to nt
r e ce .


Mary Dyer he exclai med oh r epe n t ! o h repe n t ! Be
, , , ,

n o t s o deluded a n d carried away by the deceit s of the Devil

Sh e a n s wered him i n te r ms of mild r eproof N y m n I am “


a ,
a ,

n o t n o w to r epe n t

.

A colloquy by w hich he r last mome n ts were embi tt e r ed was


kep t up o n the scaffold Sh w as r ep r oached fo r sayi n g that . e

Sh e had bee n i n paradi s e Sh r eite r ated it Yes said this ”


. e .
,

u n dau n te d woma n I have bee n i n paradi s e several days


,

.

The execu ti o n er t he n performed hi s off i ce .

TH E KI N G S MI SS I V E

.

1 6 61 .

C HA RLES R .

Tr usty d Wellb loved we greet yo u w ell H avi g bee


an e ,
. n n

i forme d t h at s everal of o u r Subj e t s amo g yo u alled Qu ak ers


n c n ,
c ,

h ave bee d are impri s o ed by yo u wh ereof s ome h ave bee exe


n an n ,
n

o uted d ot h ers (as h at h bee repres e ted u to us) are i Da ger


,
an n n n n n

to u dergo t h e Li ke We h ave t h o u gh t fi t to s ig ify o ur Pleasure


n ! n

i t h at Be h alf f
n o t h e fut re d d req u ire t h at if t h ere be
r u
y f ,
an o ,
an o

t h o se people called Qu ak er s amo gst yo u w alread y o dem ed to n ,


no c n n

suffer Deat h or oth er Corporal Pu i sh me t or th at are impri so ed


,
n n ,
n ,

or ob oxio us to th e li k e Co d em atio yo u are to forbear to proceed


n n n n,

an y fart h er b t t h at yo u fort hw it h s e d t h e s aid Per s o s ( wh et h er


,
u n n
THE K I NG S ’
M I SSI V E . 47

o dem d or i pri son ed) over to t h i s o u r Ki gdom of E gla d


c n ne m n n n ,

toget h er w it h t h eir res pective Crime s or Offe ce s laid to t h eir Charge n ,

to t h e E d su c h Co u rs e may be tak e w it h t h em h ere a s sh all be


n n ,

agreeab le to o u r Laws d t h eir Demerit s A d for s o d oi g t h e s e


an . n n ,

o u r Letters sh all b yo u r sufficie t Warra t d Di s c h arge G ive


e n n an . n

at o u r Co u rt at W h ite h all t h e 9 t h day of September 1 6 6 1 i the


, , ,
n

t h irtee t h Year of o u r Reig


n n .

S u b s ribed To o u r Tr us ty
c ,
d Wellbeloved Joh E d i t E q ; an n n co ,
s .

an d to all d every ot h er t h e G
an or G of our Pla ov e rnou r o v e r n ou r s n

t ti
a on of N w E gla d d of t h e Colo ies there u to belo gi g t ha t
e -
n n ,
an n n n n ,

no w are or h ereafter sh all be A d to all


, d every t h e Mi i s ter s n an n

an d Offi cers of o u r s aid Pla tatio d Colo ie s w hatever wit h i n n an n ,


n

t h e Co ti e t of N w E gla d
n n n e - n n .

By H i Maj e sty s Comman d s



.

W IL MO RRI S . .

H IS was n commo n let t e r which i n November 1 6 6 1 fell


o , ,

like a bombshell i to the wicked to w n of Bost o n It was n .

certai n ly n alarmi ng ma n ifesto I t b r ought a p r oud a n d se r


a . r

s it i v
e people w ho had ceased t o pay espec t t o loyalty a n d
,
r ,

had almost fo rgotte n i t s form s o n ce m o r e rudely t o their k n ees , .

A n d t hey were a ster n r ace feari n g G o d more tha n t hey ho n ored ,

the Ki n g B u t they felt the shock that had jus t overth row n
.

the Pu r ita n Commo n wealth ; n d the voice which r ose from a

amo n g it s rui n s comma n d in g them to obey so u n ded a t the


, ,

momen t i their ears ve ry m uch like t he voice of G o d


n .

Co n ti n ued e n croachme t upo n the prer ogative of t he t hro n e


n
.

had doubtle s s much t o do wit h orde r i n g t heir desti n y possi ,

bly a s much as had the cruelties p ract i s ed t oward t h e offen di ng


Quake rs to who s e prayer s for redres s the Parliame n t had paid
,

little a t te n tio n ; bu t wi t h the r etur n of t he old mo n ar chy its ,

liki n gs a n d its ha t reds the politic F rie n ds had hopes t hat t h e


,

easy goi n g Charles w ould le n d a mo r e gracious ear t o t hem i n


-

t he hou r of his great triumph over the P ri ta n cause ; n o u r

would he be fou n d u n w illi n g t o lowe r the pride of t hose


hau ghty Puritan s ubject s of h i s n t he o t her side of the Atla n t ic o

who we r e e n deavori n g t o ca rry o n a l ittle commo n weal t h o f


48 NEW -
ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

t he ir o wn The mome n t wa s i n deed O pportu n e F loat i n g i n


. .

ad u latio n Charles t h e ki n g was w ell disposed to cleme n cy


t o w ard all except those w ho had kep t him for tw elve year s
Charles the exile The Quakers were o n their part stro n gly
.

r oused t o make r en e w ed e ffort too by t he n ews they received


, ,

of the execu t io n of William Le d d r a at Bost o n Then Edward .

Burroughs a leadi n g F rie n d a n d a m a n Ofac t io n e n t reat ed a n d


, , ,

obtai n ed a n aud i e n ce of the K i n g .

I
END C OTT RE CE IVING TH E K I NG S ORDER

.

Whe n he wa s ushered i n to t he p r ese n ce chambe r his firs t -

word s were,

Sire there is a vei n of i n n oce n t blood ope n ed i n your
,

Majesty s domi n io n s which if n t s topped may overru n all


,
o ,
.

I w ill stop that vei said the Ki g shortly


n,

n ,
.

Burroughs t he n laid before t h Ki n g a detailed accou n t of e

what had been do n e i n Ne w E gla n d A fter h had li s ten ed


n . e

t o t he catalogue of scourg i n g s bra n di gs cropped ear s ba n i s h


,
n , ,

men t s upo n pai n of death n d lastly of the executio n of fo u r


,
a
THE K I NG S ’
M I SSI E V . 49

pe rso n s of t h i s sect for p r esumin g t o r e t u rn t o t h e Colo n y when


forbidde n to do so t he suitor turn in g accuse r the n p r e s e n t ed the
, , ,

Ki n g with t he proofs tha t t he Ne w En gla n d authori ti es had


r efused to allow the Quakers a n appeal to En gla n d whe n t hey
had dema n ded it His Majesty is repor t ed to have taken gr eat
.

n otice of this particular item of t he i n dictme n t calli n g ou t t o ,

the lord s who were w it h him t o hea i t a n d then exclaimi n g


- r ,

i ro n ically ,

Lo these a r e my g ood subjec t s of Ne w En gla n d .

He t he n i n qui r ed whe n a s hip would be r eady to sail fo r Ne w


En gla n d a n d upo n bei n g i n fo r med dismissed Bu rr oughs w it h
, , ,

t he promise that he should p r esen t ly hea r from him t h r ough t he


Lo r d Cha n cello r This p romise Cha rles pu n c t ually kep t The
. .

ma n datory le t te r which precedes ou r accou n t was duly pr epar ed ,

a n d t he n bitt erest pill of all for t he disloyal colo n ists t o s wa l


l w!
o whom should the Ki n g s mi n iste r selec t t o be t he bea r e r

of it b u t Samuel Shatt uck n exiled Quake r a n d o n e who h a d


, ,
a ,

give n t he Ne w En gla n d magis t ra t es n o e n d of tr ouble he bei n g ,

fi n ally ban ished by t he m fro m t he Colo n y upo n pai n o f deat h .

It will thus be see n t hat n o t hi n g had b ee n om itt ed t ha t could


re n de r t he humiliat io n complete .

The Lo n do n F rie n d s i m med i a t ely t his was do n e chart e r ed


, ,

a vessel of which Ralph G oldsmi t h a n othe r Quaker was cap


, , ,

t ai n t o carry t he Ki n g s orde r a n d h is messen ger t o Bos t o n


,

.

I n six weeks the ship ar ri ved a t he r des t i n a t io n It bein g t he .

Sabba t h all t h compa n y r emai n ed quie t ly o n boa r d


,
e .

Seei n g a ve s sel w i t h a n En glish e n sig n a t her peak cas t


, ,

a n cho r i n t hei r r oad some Ofthe s e le ct e of the t ow n hast en ed


,
m rr

o n board t o lear n t he n ews li t tle dreami n g i t howeve r t o be


, , ,

Ofso much perso n al i n t eres t t o themselves They eage rly asked .

the cap t ai n if he had brough t a n y let ters fo r as m a y be i m a g ,

i n e d i n tellige n ce of the eve n t s the n taki n g place i n En gla n d was


,

a w ait ed with the u t mos t an xiety n d impat ie n ce The m ast e r a .

replied that he had bu t h e would n t deliver t hem o n tha t day


,
o

a n d SO his vi s i t ors got i n t o t heir boat n d w e n t o n sho r e agai n a

as wise as t hey came Bu t i n the mea nti me some Of t he m


.

4
50 NEW -
ENG L A ND L EG ENDS .

havi n g recogn i z ed Shattuck a n d other s n board as bei n g o

Q u akers they s pread the report t h at Sh ttuck n d the devil


,
a a

n d all had come back agai n



a .

The n ext morn i n g a rmed with the Ki n g s man date Shattuck


,

cam e o n sho r e accompa n ied by G old s mith the maste r n d they , ,


a

two afte r se n di n g their boat back t o the ship w e n t directly


, ,

thro u gh the to wn to G over n or En dicott s ho se pas si n g i n t heir ’


u ,

I
L B ERTY TREE, ANTED
PL 1 646 . B U I LDING ERE CTED 166 6 .

w ay the market place w here so man y of t h eir fri en ds h a d been


-

mercile s sly w hipped a n d the jail i n which m an y w ere s till co n


,

fi n ed A fe w s teps more w o u ld bri n g th em face to face w ith


.

their w or s t e n emy They k n e w that they w ere beardi n g the


.

lio n w he n they k n ocked at G overn or En dicott s d oor ’


.

The s ervan t w ho Ope n ed it a s ked w h at w a s t h eir bu s i n e s s


with his master They bid h i m say that bei n g charged wi t h
.
,
THE K I NG S ’
M SSI IVE . 51

t he comman ds o f his Majesty t he Ki n g t hey Should deliver ,

their me ss age in to n o n e b ut the G over n or s o wn ha n ds They ’


.

were the n admitted without further ques tio n i n g a n d presen t ly ,

t he redoubted G overn o r came i n to them bu t upo n perceivi n g


tha t Shattuck kept his ha t o n he comma n ded i t to be take n ,

Of ,
f which was do n e The n havi n g received the deputatio n a n d
.

t h e papers the G overn or fo r mally ack n owledged it s o f


,
ficial cha r
acter by r e m o v i n g h is o wn ha t a n d order i n g that of Shatt uck
'

to be give n to h i m agai n Ye t the m a n who n o w st ood before


.

him e nj oyin g h i s moral degradatio n W hil e protected by a n i n


violable s afeguard was t he same o n e whom he had formerly
,

s e n te n ced to Stripes a n d ba n ishme n t The draught wa s a bitte r .

one ,
but En dico t t bore himself with di gn ity A fte r this b y .

play i n dicati n g t h e homage d u e to r oyal t y a n d its represe n t ative ,

the G over n or read t he let t er a n d biddi n g Shattuck a n d G old


,

s mith to follow him t he n we n t to the D eputy G overn or s house


,
-

w hich stood n ear his o wn a n d laid t he papers before Belli n g


,

ham Havi g held s ome co n fere n ce w i t h t he Deputy the


. n ,

n at u re of w hich may ea sily be imagi n ed from the sequel t he ,

G overn or tur n ed t o t he messe n ge r a n d said briefly a n d wi t h s

dig n ity ,

We s hall Obey h is Maje s ty s comma n d ’


.

A fter thi s i n tervie w w a s e n ded G oldsmith gave libe rt y t o all ,

hi s pas s en ger s to come o n s hore w hich they did a n d aft e r war d


, ,

p u blicly held a r e lig i Ou s meeti n g w ith those of th eir fai t h i n t he


to w n r etur n i n g t ha n k s to G o d fo r h i s me r cy ma n ifested i n thi s
,

most wo n derful delivera n ce All s uch a s semblies a s thi s havi n g


.

bee n u n la w ful t his act a n n ou n ced t he Ki n g s active i n terve n tio n


,

i n thei r affai rs t o t he people A n o r de r s oo n afte r issue d r e le a s


.
,

in g all Quakers t he n i n cus t ody .

The sce n e be t ween En dicott a n d Belli n gha m i s imagi n ed by


Mr Lo n gfellow i n hi s Ne w En gla n d Tragedies
.

He t here .

e n deavor s to depict t he ch a racters of the c h ief act or s a n d to ,

Sho w the spiri t of t hese ex traordi n a r y t imes In t his par .

t i cu la r field he ha s therefo r e preceded Mr Whit t i er who s e .


,

Ki n g s Mi s sive prepar ed for t he Memori al Histo ry of Bos

,

52 NEW -
ENG LAND LEGENDS .

t o n,

deals excl u sively wit h the ev e n t s su rroun d in g t h e o r de r o f
Charles II The t wo pieces Offe r however a st r iki n g co n t rast
.
, ,

i n m e t hod as well as i n style o n e bei n g a co n secutive a n d homo ,

e n e o s n arrative wh i le the other is made up of s eparated i n ci


u
g ,

den t s elected he re a n d t he r e fo r their d ramatic quality r athe r


,
s

t h a n t hei r cohe re n c e o r h i s t orical seque n ce Both howeve r .


, ,

have t he same pur pose — e t e rn a lly t o set t he seal o f co n d em

n a t io n On a grea t wr o n g by exhi b iti n g the Quake r s i n the ligh t

of mart yrs To this e n d Mr Lo n gfellow takes fo r h is heroi n e a


. .

youn g gir l Edith Ch r istiso n by n ame who is brutally scourged


, ,

from t o w n to t o wn is the n r elea sed a n d d r iven fo r th i n t o


, ,

the wilde r n ess Such wa s the law a n d such t hi n gs actually


.
,

occur red Si n gularly e n ough t his i s als o t h e mo t ive of Mr


.
,
.

W h it t ie r s “
Cassan d ra Southwick

In both cases t he youth .

,

beau t y co n st an cy a n d heroi s m o f t h e su ffere rs s tr on gly appeal


, ,

t o our sympat hies a n d a r e supposed deeply t o move the actual


,

spect ato s Bu t wi t h a deepe r i n s i gh t i n to t he human hear t


r .

M r Lo n gfellow makes t he s o n o f G overn o r En dicot t h imsel f


.

fall i n love with Edi t h who s e ma rtyrdom he has wi t n essed , ,

t hus b ri n gi ng straigh t ho m e to the st ern father the co n seque n ces


Of h is o wn evil ac t s The Ki n g s imperious man da t e wou n ds ’
.

h i s p r ide ; h is so n s co n duc t s t rikes at the heart a n d t his


wou n d is mo rt al Thus it i s n o less st ra n ge t ha n t rue t hat


.
,

u n de r favor of o n e of t he most p r o fl ig t e a n d i rreligious of a

mo n a r chs the b e n e fi ce n t era of religious tole rati o n began i t s


,

u n p om i si n g daw n i n g i n Ne w En gla n d
r .

It is to be n oted that w he ever t hey a n do so M r Lo n g n c , .

fellow s character s speak i n the actual la guage of history



n .

I n deed the t ragedy i s n t a creat io n like Er n a n i bu t a frag


, o , ,

me n t of sobe r hi st ory take n from existi n g records i n to which


, ,

a poet ic feelin g is i n fused a n d whose epi s odical p rts afford ,


a

occasio n al glimpse s of the au th o r s gen ius shi n i n g like pure ’

gold i n t he r ough m e ta l .
54 NEW -
ENG LAND L EG ENDS .

END COTT I .

I tell yo u Rich ard Belli gh am I tell you


,
n , ,

That t h is i s t h e b egi i g of a str uggle nn n

Ofwh i h cmortal no foresee t h e d ca n en .

I h all t live to fig h t t h e battle for yo u


S no ,

I am a n di sgraced i every w ay
m a n

Th i s ord er takes fro me my self respe t m -


c

A d t h e re s pect of ot h er s T i s my doom ’
n .
,

Yes y d eath w arra t b u t m ust b obeyed


,
m - n ,
e

Tak e it d see th at it i s exe u ted


,
an c

S f o a a s t h i s t h at all b s et at large
r ,
e

But see t h at o e of t h em be se t to E gla d


n n n n n

To b ear fal s e wit e ss d to s pre d re ports n ,


an a

T h at migh t be preju d i ial to o u rselves [Exi t B ELLI NG HAM c . .

T h ere a d ul l pai k eep s k o ki g at my h eart



s n n c n

Dolefullys ayi g S t t h y h o us e i ord er n ,


e n ,

For th o u shalt surely die d sh alt t live ,


an no

For me th e sh ado w t h e d ial plate on -

G oet h t bac k b u t
no i to t h e dark ! ,
on n

M r W h it t i cr poem pre s e n t s the eve n t s we have r ecorded


.

s

i n a ha r mo n iou s a n d rem rkably picturesque narrative He i s a .

co n s cie n t iou s ly faithful both to the spirit n d letter of the a

subjec t i ts elf while t o the i mplacable spirit of persecu tio n


, ,

perso n ified here by En dicott he is a ge n erous a n d impartial ,

j udge We w r ite it n evertheless as a fact that the poe


.
, , ,
m

caused much discu s sio n n it s fir s t appeara n ce — di s cu ss io n o ,


a

fu lly vi n dicati n g the Quaker poe t s adhere n ce to the t r u th of ’

history Bu t the prose n d poet ic versio n s are n o w befo r e t he


. a

reade r for his decisio n .

THE KI NG S MI SSI V E ’
.

U NDER t h e great h ill slopi g bare n

To cove d mead o w a d Common lot an n ,

In h i s o u cil h a b er d oa k e
c h air
n c m an n c

S t t h e w or sh ipfu l G overn or E dicott


a n ,
THE K I NG S ’
M I SSI E V . 55

A grave stro g ,
wh o k e w pee r
n m an, n no

I the p i lgrim la d wh ere h e r u led i fear


n n n

O fG d o t
,
no d for good or ill
n ra n , a n

H eld h i s tr us t w it h iro w ill an n .

He h ad sh or w it h h i s sw ord t h cross fro m o u t


n e

T h e fl ag d clove t h e May pole do w


, an n -
n,

H arrie d t h e h eat h e ro u d a bo u t n n ,

A d wh ipped t h e Qu aker s from to wn to town


n .

Ear e s t
n d h o est a
an at eed n ,
m an n

To b u r li k e a tor h for h i s w h ar sh creed


n c o n
,

H e kept w it h th e fl ami g bra d of h i s zeal n n

T h e gate of th e h oly commo w eal n .

The door swu g ope d Raws o t h e Clerk


n n, a n n

E tered
n d wh i s pered u derbreat h
an n

Th ere w ait s belo w for t h e h a gma s w ork



n n

A fello w ba i sh ed pai of d at h
n on n e ,

Sh att u ck of Salem u h ealed of t h e wh ip ,


n ,

Bro ugh t over i Master G ol d s mit h s sh ip


n

,

A t a h or h ere i a C h ri s tia port


nc n n

Wit h freigh t of t h e Devil d all h i s s ort an

T w i e d th rice hi s ch amber fl oor


c an on

Stri d i g fi er ely fro


n wall to w all
c m ,

T h e Lord d s o to me d more o an ,

T h e G over or crie d if I h a g t all


n ,

n no

Bri g h it h er t h e Qu k er Calm sed ate


n a .

, ,

With t h e loo k of a at eas e w it h fate n ra n ,

I to t h at pre s e ce gri
n d dread n m an

Came Sam u el Sh att u ck w it h h at h ead on .

Of
f w ith t h e k n ave s h at A a gry h an d

n n

Smote d o w t h e o f fe ce ; but th e w earer s aid


n n
,

Wi th a q uiet s mile By th e Ki g s comman d n


I h h i s message n d sta d i h i s s tead


ear a n n .

In t h e G over or s h a d a n i i h e laid

n n r s s ve

With t h e Royal ar s it s s eal displayed m on


,

A n d t h e pro u d n s pake a s h e gazed t h ereat


m a
,

U coveri g G ive Mr Shatt u c k h i hat


n n ,
. s .

S6 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEGENDS .

He tu n ed to t h e Qu a ker bo wi g l w
r ,
n o

T h e Ki g com a d et h yo u r frie ds relea e
n m n n

s .

Dou b t t he sh all be obeyed altho ug h


no ,

To h i s subj ect s s orro w d s i s i creas e



an n

n .

W h at b h re j i t h Joh E dicott
e e e n o ne n n

H i loyal s erva t q
s tin th n t u es one o .

Y are free
ou G d gra t t h e spirit yo u wn
o n o

May tak e yo u from us to part s u k o wn n n .


TH E Q U A K E R PR O PH E T ESS .

1 67 7 .

HE Old Sou t h Chu r ch i n Bos t o n n o t t he p r ese n t build


i n g bu t the o n e fi rs t e r ected upo n the same s po t
,
was
t he sce n e of a n eve nt w ithou t a parallel i n the a n n als of ou r
Pu r i t an churches i n some of w hich n eve rtheless r ema rkable
, , ,

sce n es had occurred .

To the simple a n d austere Quake r man n ers ou t doi n g eve n ,

Puri ta n ideas Ofmoral a n d physical sel frestrai n t n o w a n d the n -


,

comes the u n expec t ed co n trast of theatrical climax i n it s m ost


bi a
z fo r ms So t he e rly hi st o ry of t he Frie n ds i n Ne w
r re . a

En gla n d Sho w s t he domi n a n t p r i n ciple of passive Opposi t io n t o


persecutio n occasio n ally givi n g way a ll at o n ce to a n aggressive "
, ,

spiri t that impelled the actors o n through thorn y ways t oward


t he goal fo r w hich they st r ove a n d s t r u g g l d If n o w n d the n e .
,
a ,

on half crazed by su fferi n g was bet r ayed i n to some act of folly


e ,

it is surely n t a mat te r for as t o n ishmen t or exultatio n Thei r


o .

an n als prese n t the n ames of n o i n formers a n d n o apostates .

Obeyi n g the comma n d of a halluci n atio n to which she bo w ed


as if it we r e a divi n e behe s t the Quake ress Debo r ah Wilso n
,

had walked n aked through the s treets of Salem as a Sign of “

spiritual n aked n e ss i n tow n n d co n t r y n d for O doi n g s h e


a u ,
a S

was most u n charitably whipped with thir t y st ripe s Agai n .


,

Lydia Wa r dwell who i s called


,
a you n g a n d t en de r chast e

THE Q U A K ER PROPHETESS . 57

pe rso n fo r s t a r t li n g t h e co n gr ega t io n of Ne wb u y b y walki n g


'

,
r

i n t o t he meeti n g house there u n clo t hed i n t he time of public


-
, ,

worship was tied up to the fe n ce post of the tavern where the


,
-

cour t sat at Ips wich t o u n de rgo a similar pu n ishmen t


, ,
.

Bu t t he case of Ma rgaret Brews t e r di ffers from these o t he rs i n


t ha t a n umbe r of pe rso n s t oo k part i n ca r ryi n g out what it was
expected would s t rike ter ror t o t h e hea rt s of the beholde r s a n d ,

t o thi s e n d i t was co n duc t ed w ith studied att e n t io n to dramat ic


effec t .

On e qu i e t Sabba t h mo r n i n g i n July 1 6 7 7 accompa n ied by , ,

seve r al of the most n o t ed pe r so n s of her sec t both m ale a n d ,

female Ma rgaret B r ewster prese n ted her self a t t he door of the


,

Old Sou t h Mee t i n g house i n se r mo n t ime t he stra n ges t visito r


- -
,

t hat had eve r c r ossed i t s co n secrat ed t h r eshold Sh fi r st took . e

f f he r ri di n g — habi t a n d he r Shoes a n d s t ocki n gs a n d t he n


o ,

e n t e r ed In his Dia ry which pe rhaps may become as famous


.
,

as that of t he im m ort a l Pepys J u d g e Se wall n o t es tha t while , ,

t he co n gregatio n w as list en i n g to t he wo r ds Of t he se r mo n from


t he aged past o r s lips t here sudde n ly was see n t he a ppa rition

,

of a woman w alki n g slowly up the broad aisle be twee n t wo .

m e n while t wo o t he r s walked behi n d


,
The woma n was bare .

footed he r head was s pri n kled wit h ashes he r loose n ed hair


, ,

s traggled wildly dow n abou t her n eck a n d shoulders her face ,

w as bes ear ed w i th soot a n d Sh e wore a sackclo t h gow n loo s ely


m ,

gathe r ed ar ou n d he r pe rso n This appea ra n ce say s the i n d i g .


,

n a n t diar i st occasi o n ed t he gr eat es t a n d most amazi n g u proar


,

t ha t ever I saw .

No o n e h a s t old us bu t we ca n imagi n e t h e co n gr ega t io n,

ri si n g i n co n s t e rn at io n t o t hei r fee t t he su dden s t op i n t he ,

ser mo n the m ome n t of s i le n ce l i ke t h e calm befo r e t he sto rm


, , ,

duri n g which the dar k p r op h et ess delivered her solem n wa rn i n g


of a gr ievous calami t y sho tly to sig n ify t o them t he d i spleasure r
-

of G o d The n t he exc i ted voices of t h e m e n all t alki n g n d


.
,
a

gest icula t i n g a t o n ce t h e women shrieki n g i n te rr o r o r droppi n g


,

i n a dead f ai nt t h s urgi n g t o a n d fro of a m ultitude all occa


,
e ,
~

s i o ni n g t he grea t est a n d most a m azi n g uproar t hat was eve r



58 NEW -
ENGL AND LEG ENDS .

hea r d i n side the s e ac r ed w all s wit n essed to t he little ce n tral


s ,

group that they had i n d eed created a profou n d sen s atio n The ,
.

o ffe n der s were all quickly take n i to cu s tody n d hu rr ied o ff ton a

pri s o n Whe Margaret w a s arraig n ed before the court t he


. n ,

con stable declared him s elf w ho lly u n able t o ide n tify her as t he

ANCIENT II OU SES, NORTH END .

pers o n h h d arrested Sh bei g t he n as he deposed in


e a ,
e n , ,

th es hape of a devil Sh w a s s e te n ced t o be whipped u p


.

e n

n d do w the to w n at the cart s tail w hich cruel order wa s ’


a n ,

carried i n to e f
fect a fe w d ay s later .

Thi s eve n t a s well it migh t n e w ly b rought t h e affairs of t h e


, ,

F rie d s t o a cri s i s The fi r s t feeli n g of exa s peratio n deman ded


n .

its ictims B u t thi s havi g s pen t it s elf t h Quake rs taki n g


v . n ,
e ,

courage a s sembled i n t h eir h ou s e s of w or s hip i n su ch formidable


,

n u mber s that the multitude of o ffe der s became their s afe n

guar d .
IN THE OLD SOU TH CHU RCH . 59

IN THE OLD SOU TH CHURCH .

J . G . W H TT ER I I .

SH E came d s tood i t h e Old So ut h C hu rch


an n ,

A w o d er d a ig
n an S n,

Wit h a loo k t h e ld time s ibyl s wore o -


,

H alf razed d h alf d ivi e


c an n .

Save t h e mo r fu l s a k clot h abo u t her w o u d


u n c n ,

U cloth ed a s t h e primal moth er


n ,

Wit h limbs t h at trembled d eyes that blazed , an

Wit h a fi re sh e d are t s mot h er no .

Loo s e h er h o u l d er fell h er h air


on S ,

Wit h spri kled a sh e s gray


n

Sh s tood i t h broad ai s le s tra ge a n d w eird


e n e ,
n

A a s o u l at t h e j u d gme t day
S n - .

And t h e i i ster paused i h i s s ermo s mid st


m n n n

,

A d t h e people h el d t h eir breat h


n ,

For th es e w ere t h e word s t h e maid e s aid n

T h ro ug h lip s a s pale death as

“T hus sait h t h e Lord Wit h equ al feet ‘

A ll my o u rt s sh all tread
m en c ,

A d prie s t
n d r u ler more sh all eat
an no

My people u p like bread !

Repe t repe t ere th e Lord sh all speak


n n

I th u d er
n d brea k i g s eal s
n an n

L t all s o l s w or sh ip h im i the w ay
e u n

H i ligh t w it h i reveal s
'

s n

Sh esh ook t h e d ust from h er n aked feet ,

A d h er s ack clot h lo s ely dre w


n c ,

An d in to th e porc h of t h e aw e h u sh e d church -

Sh e pa ss ed like a g h o s t from vie w .


60 NEW -ENGLAND LEGENDS .

M O R E W ON D ER S O F TH E IN V I S I BLE
W O RL D .

1 693 .

O who is n o t familiar with all t he phases wh i ch t h e


one

h istory of witchcraft i n Ne w En gla n d takes M r Whi t ,


.

t ie r s poem e n titled Ca l f i n Bosto n w ould doub tle s s be a n


’ “
c

e n igma althoug h its fou n da t io n is fact a n d i t s pu r po s e disti n ct


,
.

F o r such a champio n of c o m m ofi r sen se as Robert Calef p r oved


-

himself to be w he n he e n t ered the l i st s agai n st t his mo n st r ou s


supe rs t itio n the poe t h a s a n atu r al a n d u n st i n t ed sympat hy n d
, ,
a ,

usi n g the p r iv ilege of ge n ius he ha s co nfe rr ed upo n the humble


,

tradesma n a paten t Of n obility Ou o wn g e n eratio n applaud


. r ,
~

i n g the ac t has t e n s t o i n scribe t h


,
n am e of Calef amo n g the
e

b e n efa ct o r s of his age .

The ge n e ral s u bject of w it chcraft i n cludi ng the settled b e ,

liefs touchi n g it is se t fo r th i n an othe r place i n all i t s d e fo r


,

mity The active agen cy of Sat a n i n huma n a ffair s bei n g a


.

thi n g admitted i t became t h e boun de n d u t y of t he godly mi n is


,

t e rs t o mee t his in sid i o u s a tt a cks u po n the chu r che s a n d they , ,

as m n deeply lea rn ed i n s u ch t hi n gs were n atu rally appealed t o


e ,

by m agistrat es a n d j udges fo r h e lp a n d guidan ce They at o n ce .

pu t o n a ll t he ar mo r of r igh t eousn ess Solem n fa s ti n g n d . a

p raye r were r eso rt ed t o as thi n gs most e fficacious i n the emer


g e nc
y . It w a s decla r ed from t he pulpi t t ha t the D evil w s k a m a

i n g a mos t determi n ed e f fo r t t o roo t ou t t he Ch r ist ia n religio n i n


Ne w En glan d a n d t h e G overn me n t wa s ad v i s ed vigorously to
,

p r osecute the cases of wi t chc raft before it I n all t h e s b e . u s

que n t p roceedi n gs t he mi n ist e r s took a promi n en t part They .

a ssis t ed in fram in g the questio n s t o be pu t i n such a w ay as

t o en t rap t h e supposed wi t ches n d they a tt en ded n d took


,
a a

m i n u t es of t he exam i n a ti o n s They visit ed t he a ccused pe son s


. r
62 NEW -
ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

garet Rule a you n g wo m an of Mat he r s o wn co n gregatio n whose


,

,

si n gular a ff l ic t io n s had just bee n published to the worl d by him


u n der the startli n g captio n of A n other Bra n d pluckt from
the Burn i n g .

A ccordi n g to Mather this you n g woma n wa s hau n t ed by


,

n o fe w er tha n eight malig n a n t s pectres led n by a pri n cipal ,


o

demo n w ho upo n h refusal to e n ter i n t o a b o n d w ith him


,
er
,

co n ti n ually pu t her i n excruciati n g bodily t orture by pi chi g n n ,

scorchi n g n d s ticki n g pi n s i n t o her fl esh thro w i n g her i n to


,
a ,

co n vul si o n s lifti n g her bodily off t he bed n d the like w herei n


, ,
a ,

ANDLESTI CK
C ,
I
B B LE, A ND SP E CT CLES A .

says Mathe r she la n g ished for j u st Si x weeks toge t he r A n d


,
u .

w e are also told that at t ime s the s pectator s of her m i series


w ould be n early choked with t h fu mes of brimsto n e ri s i n g e

i n the chamber .

Taki n g t he alarm which man y n o doub t equally shared dread


, ,

i n g a n e w outbreak of t h e delusio n whose ember s u n que n ched ,

by blood were still s moulderi n g Calef also s eem s to have dis


, ,

trusted eithe r the i n tegr ity t h w i s dom of his lear n ed d v r


or e a e

sary whom he n w opposed i n behalf of religio n a n d of public


,
o

policy n t o n ly w ith ability n d vigor but w it h a surprisi n gly


,
o a ,

well e quipped ar s e n al of s criptural lear n i n g I n vai Ma t her


-
. n

sn eer i n gly spoke of him as t h e w eaver t ur n ed mi n ister Calef



,

M ORE W ONDERS OF THE IN V I SI BLE W ORLD .

o nly plied him the mo r e poi n t edly A t t he e n d of t he co n .

tro v s y the despi s ed clo t h ier tur n ed out to be o n


er of those e n e m

whose r easo n i s n ever overthrown by pan ic a n d who do n o t ,

recede a si n gle i n ch Mather bega n w ith the istake of u n der


. m

rati n g h i as n a n tago n ist


m a .

A fter Mat her s story of Margare t Rule had bee n made public

,

Calef also drew up a n d circulated o n e take n from the mouths of ,

othe r eye wi tn esse s w h ich is a protest agai n s t the methods used


-
,

by Mather t o d raw out extravaga n t n d i n cohere n t s tateme n ts a

fr om t he a fflicted girl This proceedi n g gave great o ffe n ce to


.

the r e e r e n d autho r of The Wo n ders


v He r etort ed with abu .

sive epithe t s n d threate n ed Calef wi t h a n actio n fo r s la n der


,
a .

Calef was i n fact arrest ed o n a w arra n t for u t teri n g scan dalous


, ,

libels a n d was bou n d ove r for trial but n o p r osecuto r appear


,

i n g t h e case was dismi ss ed


,
.

I n stead of bei g sile n ced Calef pu r sued with u n remi t ti n g


n ,

perti n acity h is purpose t o preven t a n e w access of the dismal


fre n zy of t h e precedi n g yea r w hich he terms wi t h str o n g feel , ,

in g ,
the sore s t affl ic t io n n d gr eat est blemish t o religio n that

a

eve r befell t his cou n t ry Later o n Ma t her co n desce n d ed to ” !

reply ; bu t i t is evide n t t ha t t he r eac t io n had n o w set i n a n d ,

t hat t ho s e w ho had bee n t h e most for w ard i n abetti n g the w i tch


craft proceedi n gs were a n xiou s ly co n sideri n g ho w be s t to x l e cu

pate them s elves both to t heir o wn n d to the n e w ly a w ake n ed a

public co n scie n ce Mat he r was n o exceptio n Favor d by thi s


. . e

reactio n Calef co n t i n ued to press him har d Cotto n Mather s


,
.

s tory of Ma rgaret Rule i s i n fact a plea a n d a n apology fo r the


, ,

pa s t In i t he asks Why afte r all my u n w earied ca res a n d


.
,

,

pai n s t o r escue t he mise r able from t he lio n s n d bear s of h ell a ,

which had seized t hem a n d after all my st udies t o di s appoi n t


,

t he devils i n their de s ig n s t o co n fou n d m y n eighborhood must ,

I b e drive n to the n ecessity Of a n apology ? Thi s la n guage ”

shows h o w hard a thi g it w as fo r him t o be forced t o desce n d


n

fr om hi s high pede s tal .

An d agai n he n a i vely s ays An d n w I suppo s e t hat some of !



o

o u r lear n ed witli n gs of t he co f fee house fo r fea r les t t hese p roofs -


,
64 N W ENG L
E -
A ND LEG ENDS .

of a n I n v is ible World should spoil some of their spo r t wi ll ,

e n deavor to turn them all i to s port for which buffoo n ery n


!

t hei o n ly pre t e n ce will be They ca n t u n der s tan d ho w s uch


r

th i n gs as these could be He has become exquisitely


se n sitive t o ridicule .

But witchcraft had n o w i deed got to t h e le n gt h of its blood


n

co rr oded chai n n d while the belief still prevai led almost as


,
a

st r o n gly a s ever few m e n could be fou n d bold e ough ope n ly


,
n

to advocate it The sicke n i n g re fl ectio n that the j udges had


.

decreed the death of a score of i n oce n t pe rs o n s upo n a mis n

t ake pa r aly z ed me n s to gue s u n less like Calef they s poke



n , , ,

i n obedie n ce to the comma n d of co n s cie n ce In 1 7 00 he .

collec t ed a n d had pri n ted i n Lo n do n all the pieces r elati n g


t o his co n trover s y with Cotto n Mather to which w ere added ,

an
“ Impa rt ial A ccou n t of the Salem outbreak n d a revie w a
,

of Mather s life of Si W il ’
r

liam Phip s To thi s he gave .

the title of More Wo n ders of


the I n visible World No p ri n .

te r c ould be fou n d i n Bos t o n


or i n t he Colo n y willi ng t o
u n dert ake the publica t io n o r ,

expose it for sale I t was .

TOM B OF TH E M ATH ER
publicly b ur ed i n the College
S,
n
co s HIL rr

L
yard at Cambridge by order of
.

t he p reside n t w hom its exposures reached through hi s n ear rel


,

ative To b reak i t s force a vi n dicat io n w as prepared a n d


.
,

pri n t ed bu t there were n more de n u n ciatio n s made fo r w itch


o

craft o cour t s assembled to ha n g i n n oce n t people Calef in


,
r .

deed fel t t he rese n tme t f the Mather s but he h a d saved t he


n o ,

ca use .

This is t he subj ect to w hich Mr Whittier addresses hi s verses .

e n titled Calef i n Bo s to

The allusio n to puppet play is
n .
” -

d raw n from t he accou n t of the Rule case w herei n it is r elated ,

by Mat he r t hat the demo n s who t ormen t ed t he girl had puppe t s


i n t o which they would thrust pi n s when ever they w i s hed to
CA L EF IN B OSTON . 65

hu rt her Thi s was a piece of olden supe r s t i t io n wh i ch a s


.

su m ed t ha t by maki n g a n image i n w ax o r clay of the pe r so n she


m ight hold a grudge agai st a w itch could put that pe rso n t o
n ,

the same t o rt u r e t ha t she did i n a mimic w ay the image


, ,
.

C ALEF IN B OST ON .

J . G . W H TT ER I I .

IN t h e s olem days of ld n O

Two met i Bo s to to w
m en n n n,

O nea trade s a fra k d bol dm n n an ,

O a preach er of re ow
ne n n .

Cried t h e l st i bitter to
a ,
n n e
Pois o er of t h e w el ls
n O f tr u t h
Sata s h ireli g t h o u h a s t sow

n n ,
n

With h i s tare s t h e h eart of yo ut h


Spake t h e s imple trade s ma t h e ; n n

G d be j d ge t w ixt t h o u d I

o u an ;
A ll t h o u k o we s t of tr u t h h at h bee
n n

U to n like t h ee a lie
m en .

yo u r spectral p u ppet play


Of
I h ave traced th e c i g w ire s ; un n n

Come wh at w ill 1 eeds m us t say ,


n ,

G d i s tr u e d ye are liar s

o ,
an .

W h e t h e t h o u gh t of
n i s free m an ,

Error fear s it s lig h te s t to es ; n

S t h e prie s t crie d
O Sadd u cee ,

A d t h e people took u p s to e s
n n .

In t h e a ie t b u ryi g gro u d
nc n n -
n ,

Side by s i d e t h e t w ai w lie ,
n no ,

O ne wit h hu mble g rassy mo u d n ,

O e w it h marble s pale
n d h igh an .

5
66 N W ENG L
E -
A ND LEG ENDS .

N I! S M A T E

.

H ER E are tw o local lege n d s o n of d i s a s t er a n d o n o f ,


e e

piracy w hich most u nfortu n ately for the complete n es s


, ,

f o u collectio n come either i n whole or i n part u n de r the


O r ,

head of lost lege n d s The o n e be s t k n o w n i s thus s e t fo rth i n


.

r hyme fo r the be n e fit of ships e n teri g Bo s to n Harbo r


,
n

T h e beaco p d yo u s teer orth w es t n ass


,
n -
,

To pa s by Nick s Mate ; s

Who here for cri e s whi h all detest m c ,

Met u h appy fate an n .


The o the r lege n d n a r rates the death by d r ow n i n g of Captai n


G eorge W o r t h yl k e keeper of the fi r st lighthouse erected at the
a ,

e n tra n ce to this por t .

This Sll ffi Cl t ly s imple i n ci d e n t de ri v e s i t s chief i n t ere s t


e ll

from the curious fact that it w a s the subject f Be jami n o n

F ra n kli n s earliest a n d if w e are to believe h i mi s directed



,
m ,

ef fort t o cou rt the Muses i n a ballad He says of i t that h i s .

bro t her James whose appre n tice he the n was thi n ki n g that
, ,

he might fi n d hi s accou n t i n p r i n tn t hem had e n cou raged ,

him t o wri t e t wo ballad s o n e called t he Lighthouse Tragedy , ,

co n t ai n i n g a n accou n t of the loss of Cap t ai n W t h yla k n d or e a

hi s t w o daughters the other a sailo r s so n g o n the cap t ure of


,

t he n o t ed pirat e Blackbeard They w ere he i n ge n uo u sly


, .

,

remarks wretched ve r ses i n poi n t of style mere bli n d me n s


,

,
-

ditties . W h e n t hey were s t ruck o ff his brother despatched



,

h i m t o hawk the m about t h e t ow n The fi rst he a s s res us . u

had a p rodigious r u n because t h e eve n t was ece n t a n d had ,


r
.

made a gr eat n oi s e N0 copy of this ballad is k n own t o exist


.
,

n has traditio tra n smitted to us a si gle li n e of its ve r se s


or n n .

It is easily lear n ed from co n tempo rary record s that Cap t ai n


G eorge W o t h yla k e w ho lived upo n Lovell s Isla n d while o n
r ’
r , ,

h i s way up the harbor took heave n by t he way as o n e w r ite r


,

,

piously pu t s it H is wife A n n a n d his d augh t er Rut h who



.
,
NIx S M A TE

. 67

accompa n ied him also peri s hed wi t h him by d r own i n g n d the


, ,
a

t hree u n fortu n at es were a ll buried i n o n e grave in the a n cie n t


cemetery of Copp s Hill The grave s to n e r eco ds the fac t t hat

. r

they died November 3 1 7 1 8 but it is exa s pe r ati n gly sile n t


,

co n ce r n i n g a n y i n ciden t t ha t wa likely t o p r oduce a co m m e m o s

re tive ballad .

The other lege n d is t he tr ue s t ory of t he origi n of t he n ame


lo n g ago give n t o t he submerged i s le t called Nix s Mate over ’

which a lo ely obelisk r ises out of the flowi n g t ides n t fo r a


n ,
o

memorial of dark a n d bloody deeds a s some people suppose , ,

but as a guidi n g la n dmark to warn ships t o steer clea of t he r

dan gerous reef be n eat h N s po t withi n a wide a n ge of t he


. 0 r

coast i s t h e subj ec t of more eager curiosity t o sailo r s or la n ds


m e n or of more exaggerated co nj ec t u r e p r ecisely because t o t his
, ,

day i t s true hist o ry remai n s a n e n igma Bu t such as it is t he .

lege n d i s give n for w hat it may be wor t h .

F ollo w i n g t he repul s ive cus t om of e r ec t i n g the public g i bbe t


at t he e n tra n ce to a t o w n o r a v ill age where t he star k bodies ,

of co n dem n ed ale fac t ors we r e t he firs t Obj ec t s see n by all who


m

passed i n o r ou t it was u s ual t o han g i n chai n s co n dem n ed


,

pi rat es a t t he e n tra n ce t o a port t o sig n al a like war n i n g to ,

those who follo w ed t he s e a as t h eir highway Lo n g custo m .

h d sa n c t io n ed this p o t
a t se n t en ce The laws allowed
s -
m or em .

it a n d t h e people app roved it It followed that t he s tr a n ger .

w ho pa s sed u n der n eath o n e of t hese e n s ign s of t e r ro r could


have n o doubt tha t he h d e n t ered a Chris t ian lan d s in ce t h
a ,
e

ad i n i s tratio n of justice accordi n g t o i t s most civili z ed fo r m s


m

co n fro n t ed him upo n i ts very t hre s hold .

The su n ke n r eef n w k n ow n a s Nix s Mat e was o n ce a n islet


o

co n tai n i n g several acres of la n d n d it was a t a ver y early day ,


a

t he property of a certai n Joh n G allup from whom the adj acen t ,

i sla n d is n amed The sea h s dest r oyed eve r y vest ige of i t


. a ,

excep t i n g o n ly the blacke n ed boulders t ha t lie exposed a t low


t ide over which t he mo n umen t st a n ds gua r d Ye t n o t more
,
.

cer tai n ly has the islet peri s hed through the ac t io n of destr oy in g
curr en ts tha n has the memo ry of Nix o r h i s Mat e bee n swep t
68 N W ENG L
E -
A ND L EG ENDS .

away i nt o oblivio n by the tides Of time Still t he n ame is a .

fac t e n t e red upo n t h e public r ecords of the Colo n y as a t hi n g


of ge n eral k n owledge ; a n d we t he r efore co n ti ue to call t h e n

r eef Nix s Mate w ithout i n the least k n owi n g w hy w e do so



.

The o n ly other fact givi n g au t hority t o t he t rad i tio n co n n ected


w ith the i s le t i s the certai n ty t hat i t wa s mo r e or le ss used i n
times pas t a s a place of executio n fo r co n dem n ed pirate s s everal ,

o fw hom fi n i s hed here a of crime t he bare reci t al Ofw hich


ca r e e r ,

make s o n e s blood r n cold The n ame of Ni x o n ly is wan ted



u .

to comple t e the black cale n dar Every trace of t he s oil t o which .

the bo n e s of the victims w ere co n sign ed has d i s appeared n d ,


a

o n ly t he solitary mo n ume n t i n dicate s t h i s gr aveyard of t h e s ea ,

w hich the w ave s have ki n dly levelled a nd blo t ted ou t fo r ever .

It has however bee n h a n ded do w n fr om gen e ratio n to ge n er


, ,

a t io n — n d w e have yet t o fi n d the i n div i dual bold e n ough t o


,
a

di s pute i t — that n of these freeboote rs per s i st ed t o t he las t


,
o e

i n declari n g his i n n oce n ce of the crimes fo r which he was to


su ffer death at the ha n gma n ha n ds a n d h e pro t e st ed with hi s

s

latest breath before givi n g up t he ghost t hat i n proof of t he


, ,

t r uth of hi s dyi n g assert io n the i slan d would be destroyed In .

e fle t cthe w aves havi n g do n e their wo r k u n hin dered by a n y


,

art ificial obstructio n t he supersti t ious have always seen i n thi s


,

a decree of Fate a n d Nix s Mat e i s suppo s ed by t hem t o have


,

suffer ed u j us tly But k n o w i n g as we do t hat t he disappear


n .

a n ce of the isla n d is due to n atural causes we are u n able s at is ,

f ct ily t o es t abli s h t he co n n ec t io n bet w ee n the predictio n n d


a or a

its fulfilme n t In a n y case the veri fi cat io of i n n ocen ce if such


.
,
n ,

it shall be accou n te d came t oo lat e by a cen t ury t o save Nix s


,

Mat e from t he hal te r .


70 N W ENG L
E -
A ND L EG ENDS .

har dly co n si s ten t w ith t he secrecy the abse n ce of all wi t n esses


, ,

a n d the deadly pu r po s e with which the duel w as co n ducted .

The parties had met early n t he previou s eve n i n g at the Royal


o

Excha n ge a rra n ged the meeti n g a n d immediately repaired to the


, ,

re n de z vous which o e of them was desti n ed n ever to leave alive


n .

Po s itively n othi g the n is k n ow n of the origi n of t he affai r


n , ,
.

Still i t i s evide n t that n o commo n a n d vulgar quarrel over dice


,

o r cards whe n o n e or bo t h had made too free wit h the Tus


,

a n grape could have so eter n ally s ealed t he lips of those to



c ,

w hom t he real cause of thi s si n gular affair of ho n o r must have


bee n r evealed Phi llip s was hurried a w ay board a ship by
. on

TH E D U EL O N TH E COM M ON .

h is fri e n ds a n d died miserably i n exile The i n ques t elici t ed


,
.

n othi n g of mome n t beyo n d the barre n facts here n arrated J s . u

tice w a s co pletely baffled The head s to e i n the Old Gra n ary


m . n ,

w her e i n the la n guage of the day poor t V o db id g e wa s de


, ,
o r

n d ha n d s omely i n terred is s ilen t Satan w ho had t h



ce n t ly a ,
.
,
e

arra n gi n g of thi s lug briou s combat thru s t home with you n g


u ,

Phillips Ig n oran t a s w e are of the r eal cau s e w e are yet irre


.
,

s i s t ib ly led to co n clude that the s e mi s g uided youths cro ss ed


swo rds n t i n a mome n t of pa ss io n but at the i st igatio n of
o ,
n

some o ffe n ce over which the grave it s lf m u st clo s e The grave e .

h a s closed ove r i t ;
DU O D

A NV I LLE S ’
DESCENT .

D U C D A N V I LLE S D ES C EN T
’ ’
.

1 7 46 .

A YI NG r egard po s sibly to the maxim t ha t a dan ger


, ,

escaped i s a da n ge r n o lo n ger t he hist or i a n s have i n ,

ge n eral treated the descen t Of Admiral d An v i ll wi t h ea s y ’


e

i n diffe r e n ce Ye t the .

startlin g fact remai n s


that so lo n g as his fleet
rode the seas i n safety ,

the fate Of Ne w En g
la n d trembled i n the
balan ce We beg t he
.

r eader s co n side ratio n


of the s t o v from t his r

poi n t of vie w .

The t aki n g o f Louis


burg i n 1 7 45 a p i ece ,

of audacity a t which
F ran ce fir s t st ood aghast ,

a d
n t he n we n t i n t o a
toweri n g r age ove r it ,

came n ear bei n g t he


prelude to a s t ruggle
i n volvin g n o t h i n g less
tha n t he dest i n ies of
En gla n d s A meric a n

colo n ies By Open i n g


. O D SOU TH CH U RC H 1 87 2 L ,
.

ne w an d allu r i n g v i s t as

Of co n quest to B r i t ish s t atesme n it s et them upo n fresh schemes ,

for t he co n quest of Ca n ada which they w e e c t ly p r epari n g er


l
s re

t o pu t i n executio I n fact by thi s mettled achieveme n t


n .
, ,

N w En gla n d had d rive n t h e e n teri n g wedge i n t o the ve ry hea rt


e
72 NEW -
ENG L A ND L EG ENDS .

of the F re n ch colo n ial empire En gla n d was n o w gat he rin g he r .

s t r e n gth to force i t home .

On the o t he r ha n d i t so i n ce n sed the F re n ch Court t he n fresh


, ,

from its b rillia n t victo ries i n the L w Cou n t rie s that orders o ,

were given fo r t he immedia t e equippin g a t Brest of a formi , ,

d ble la n d a n d sea a r mame n t which it was mea n t s hould n o t


e ,

o n ly r ecove r w hat had bee n lost bu t carry the war e n erge tically ,

t o t he e n emy s o wn doo rs To guara n tee the security Of your


.

’ ‘
.

pos s essio n s by recalli n g yo u r e n emy t o t he defe n ce of his o wn ,

is a milit ar y maxim so old t hat t he Cabi n e t of V ersailles could


n t be safely assumed t o be ig n o r an t of it
o .

This double shotted idea p r om i sed r esult s highly i mporta n t to


-

t he colo n ial schemes as well as to the wa n i n g prestige of Fra n ce


, ,
.

SO al s o did it give good promise of succes s for at Pari s tha ks ,


n

t o Bri t ish par simo n y it w a s well k n o w n that the Briti sh Ameri


,

c a n seaports w e r e n o Lo u i s b g s Si n ce therefore t o r avage t he


u r .
, ,

Ne w En gla n d sea coast w as a t hi ng perfectly feasible t o do Cou n t


-
,

Maurepas resolved to do it An d he mean t t o do it effect ually . .

The preparatio n s a t Brest bei n g quickly k n o w n i n Lo n do n t he ,

t wo an cie n t gladiat ors began o n ce mo r e t o strip for the approach


i n g comba t .

Pursui n g its o wn plan s t he En glish Min is try was a t the ,

same ti e collec t i n g Ships m e n n d mat erials of war at Port s


m , ,
a

mou t h for t he i n vasio n o f Can ada Orde rs w ere sen t ou t to


, .

t he Colo n ies to haste n t he raisi n g of t r oops for t he same pur


pose The n t he de s ti n ati o n o f t he F ren ch fleet n o t bein g quite
.
,

clear t h e Mi n i s try se n t a squadro n t o blockade it i n Brest bu t


,

t he F re n ch A dmi ral eludi n g t he vigila n ce of the British c ruisers


, ,

slipped out a n d got to sea n ot w i t hsta n di n g Such w as the situ .

atio n i n t he midsummer of 1 7 4 6 .

The fl ee t n o w o n the sea n umbe red el eve n ships of the li n e


a n d tw e n ty friga t es carryi n g 8 1 4 gu n s n d 7 000 s ailo rs to
, a ,

which wer e joi n ed thirt y four tra n s po rt s havi n g o n boa r d five


-

battalio n s of t he vet era n troops of F ran ce The fl eet was com .

m a n d e d by M de la Rochefoucauld Du o d An v ille a m a n of ’
.
, ,

ill us tri o us desce n t i n t he pri m e of life t o w h om t he fo rt un es of


, ,
DU O D A N

V I LLE S ’
DESCENT . 73

th e exped iti o n had bee n committed with fulles t co n fi de nce i n his


ability t o execute hi s order s to the letter Tho s e order s we r e to .

retake Louisburg a n d di s ma n tle it s fortificatio n s recapture A n n ap ,

olis a n d garriso n it a n d the n t o burn a n d d est roy Bost o n a n d


, ,

lay waste w ith fire a n d sword the w hole coast as far as Florida .

Bos t o n t he place w h ere t he pla n s for cap t uri n g Louisburg


,

had o rigi n at ed the b rai n n d heart of t h e En glish Colo n ies t he


,
a ,

ce n tr e of En glish agg ressio n t he perpetual men ace t o F re n ch ,

domi n i o n i n Ca n ada w as to be e s pecially dis t i n guished by


,

the ve n gean ce of t he Cabi n e t of V ersailles Bos t o n was t o be .

de str oyed I n deed her defe n cele s s co n di t io n i n vi t ed n a tt ack


.
,
a .

He r o n ly fortress had been stripped of i t s ca n n o n to e n able


Peppe rell t o batt er dow n Louisburg The r e was n o Bri ti s h .

squadro n to defen d it a n d the r e was n o t a Sin gle Bri t ish sol


,

die r i n t he whole prov i n ce .

All t hese circu m sta n ces bei n g app r ecia t ed it is i mpossible t o ,

exagge r a t e t he co n ste r n at io n with which t he cer t ai n i n t elligen ce


of t h e escape of D An v i lle w as r ece i ved a t Bosto n People st ood

.

agh as t The d an ge r was i n deed i mmi n e n t He migh t a t a ny


. .

mome n t be expected t o a n n ou n ce his arrival upo n t he coa s t


with h i s can n o n En gla n d says H u tchi n so n was n o t mo re
.
, ,

alarmed wi t h the Span i s h Ar mada tha n w ere Bos t o n a d the ,


n

o t her Nort h A merican s eaport s by t he hourly expectatio n of t hi s


truly formidable flotilla Brave m n t hat he w as G over n or . a ,

Shi rley prepared to mee t t he emerge n cy w i t h such mea n s as h e

had B t there was n o t a mome n t t o lose He i n st a n t ly called


. u .

ou t a levy The s ce n es precedi n g t he Loui s burg e xp e


en m a s s e .

di t io n w e r e repeated n a larger scale Courier s s pur red i n every


o .

direct io n beari n g the summo n s to arm s a n d everywhere t he ,

brave yeoman ry r espo n ded wi t l g r promp t i t ude to t he call r ea e .

A t n i g h t the h i lls bla z ed w ith bo n fire s By day t he roads


i

swa r med with armed m e n ha s te n i n g t oward Bos t o n The Com .


~

m o n bec me a camp
a All bu s i n es s excep t t ha t of r epelli n g t he
.

i n vade r was at n n d a n d n othi n g else w a s talked of In t h i s


a e ,
.

activity t h e people a lit tle recove red fro m t he pa n ic i n t o wh i ch


they had at firs t bee n t h r own .
74 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEG ENDS .

While t he people w ere a w aiti g i n feverish a n xie t y fu rther n

n e ws of t he fleet a fi s herma n came i n from s ea wh


,
said that h ,
o e

h d bee n bro u ght to n the N Y Scotia coa s t by four heavy


a o o a

s hips of wa r They r equired him to pilot them i to Ch b t


. n e u c o,

w hich w as the desig ated re n dezvou s for D An ill s fl ee t While


n

v e

.

lyi n g to u der t h gu n s of o n of t hese s hips h read o n h


n e e ,
e er

s ter n the n ame L Terrible The a fog havi n g s udde n ly



e .

n,

s hut t h em i n he had s uccee d ed i n maki n g good hi s escape n d


, ,
a

h d steered directly for Bosto n with the n e ws


a .

Bu t the s ple n did fleet of D A n ille w a s de s ti n ed t o e n cou n te r’


v

a series of di s a s ters hardly paralleled i n the n aval a n n al s of


F ran ce An evil desti y pursued it Whe n it w as ffCape
. n . O

Sable it experie n ced v iole n t s torm s t hat s cattered


, d di s persed an

it beyo n d the po w er of reas s embli n g C n fl n w ith fou r ships . o a s

made s ail for Fra n ce ; other s s teered for t h e West I n die s n d a

s till other s w ere drifti n g di s abled wreck s at t h m ercy of the


, ,
e

w i n d s a n d w ave s Fi n ally t he D uke s ucceeded i n getti n g to the


.

re dezvous with two or three sh ip s o n ly of all t h mag i fi ce n t


n e n

s quadro n that had sailed from Bre s t Wit h i n a w eek he died .


,

it i s hi n ted from the effec t of poi s o n admi n i s tered by h im s elf ,

he choosi n g death r athe r than t o surv i ve t he di s grace w hich had


so s udde n ly overwhelmed him Th e V ice A dmi ral t hen pro .
-

po s ed t hat the remain s Of t he fleet s hould retu r n to Fran ce .

L Jo qu iér
a n G ove r n or G e n eral of Ca n ada bei g pre s e n t at the
e ,
-
,
n

Cou n cil warmly oppo s ed thi s urgi n g t hat t he fleet n w aug


, , ,
o

m e n t d by the ar r ival of three more ships a n d stre n gthe n ed by


e ,

the recovery of the ick ought to s t rike o n blow for the ho or


S ,
e n

of F ra n ce He begged the V ice Admiral t o attempt at least the


.
-

carryi n g ou t of a part of hi s i n st r uctio n s These argume t s . n

prevaili n g with the Cou cil D E t u n e ll the V ice A dmiral n ,



s o r es ,
-
,

fi n di n g h imself oppo s ed n d th w arte d lo s t hi s head became


a , ,

deliriou s n d prese n tly put n n d to hi s life by falli n g o his


,
a a e n

o wn sw o r d The comma d the n devolved n L Jo n qui e re


. n o a .

The t roops t hat had bee n lan ded w ere embarked a n d the re -
,

fl eet s ailed to ttack An apoli s ; but it agai


a eeti n g w ith a dis
n n m

abli n g s torm thi s e n terpri s e w as also aban do n ed a n d t he s ha t


, ,
A B ALL D OF TH E A F RENCH F LEET .

t e re dr em n a n t of D An v ille s armada stee red fo r Fra n ce Upo n


’ ‘ ’
.

this the F r e n ch Can adian force s then i n vadi n g Nova Scotia


b roke up thei r camps a n d r etreated The hopes Of the Fr e n ch .

Mi n istry had t hu s bee n every where w recked .

Whe n t hese even ts became k n o w n i n Bosto n the gr eat weigh t ,

t ha t had oppressed t he mi n d s of the people was so sudde n ly


lift ed o ff t hat at first they could scarcely r ealize t h e cha n ge
,
.

Whe n t hey did the u n iversal j oy sho wed it s elf n o t i n n oi s y


, , .

demo n s tratio n s but i n the true Purita n spirit i n prayer a n d


, , ,

t han ksgivi n g Prayers of gratitude w e n t up from all the pul


.

pits fo r i n t he ut t e r des t ructio n Of D A n v i lle s proud fleet by ’ ’

t h e wi n ds a n d waves alo n e was see n o n every side the ha n d , ,

of Go d o n ce more ma n ifes t i n g i tself as i n the old d ays t o his , ,

people .

In t his sp i ri t a n d t aki n g t hese t ruly pic t u r esque i n cide n t s


,

fo r his t heme Lo n gfellow supposes t h e Rev Thomas Pri n ce


,
.
,

t he n past o r of t he Old South Church i n Bost o n t o be r ec o u n ti n g ,

t hem to his co n gregatio n ascribi n g to the powe r Of p r aye r t he


,

destr uctio n t hat over t ook t he flee t of F r ap e e .

A B ALLA D OF TH E F R ENCH F LEET .

OCTOB ER, 1 7 46 .

MR . T H O M AS P RI NCE (loqu i t u r ) .

A F LEET w it h fl ags arrayed


Sailed from t h e port fBre s t O ,

A n d t h e A dmiral s sh ip d i s played

T h e sig al Steer s o u t hw es t
n
, .

For t h is A dmiral d A i lle ’


nv

H a d swor b y cro ss n d cro w n


n a

T ravage w it h fi re n d steel
o a

O h elple ss Bo sto n to w
ur n .

Th ere w ere r u mor s i n t h e street ,

I t h e h o us e s t h ere w a s fear
n

Of t h e comi g of t h e fl eet n
,

A n d t h e dan ger h overi g n ear ; n


76 NEW —
ENG L AND LEG ENDS .

Spread t h e ti d i gs of di s ay n m
,

I stood i t h e Old So uth


n ,

Sayin g hu m bly L t us pray ,


e

O L ord w e wo u ld t advi s e ; no

Bu t if in t h y provide ce n

A tempe s t ho u l d ari s e
S

To dri e t h e Fre c h fl eet hen ce


v n ,

A d s atter it far
n c d W ide an ,

O s i k it i t h e s ea
r n n ,

We sh oul d b s ati sfi ed e ,

A d thi e t h e glory b
n n e .

Th i sw as the prayer I made ,

For my s o u l w as all fl ame on

A n d eve a s I praye d
n ,

T h e a sweri g tempest came


n n ,

It came w it h a migh ty po w er ,

Sh aki g t h e w i d o ws
n d w all s n an

An d tolli g t h e b el l i t h e to w e r
n n

A it t ll s at fu eral s
S e n .

T h e fl eet it overtook ,

A d t h e broad s ai ls i t h e
n n van

Like t h e te t s fC ush a sh ook


n o n ,

O t h e u rtai s of Mi d ia
r c n n .

Do wn O t h e reeli g de ks
n n c

Crash ed t h e wh l i g sea s o er

e m n

Ah ever w ere t h ere w reck s


n

S pitifu l a s t h e s e !
O

Li ke a potte s vessel broke ’


r

Th e great sh ip s fth e li e O n

Th ey w re arried a way a s a s mok


e c e,

O s a k li k e lead i t h e bri e
r n n n .

O Lord ! before t h y pat h


78 NEW ENG LAND LEG ENDS
-
.

Be eat h th y to w er h w vas t th e throng


n ,
o

T h at moved t h ro ugh por ch d aisle lon g an a

Th h o ly fa e t h e galleried h eig h t ;
e n ,

A year s a u e i
s d year s w e t o u t
c r n, a n n ,

Wit h b of w oe or j oyful sh o ut
s o , ,

Wit h req u ie re s t or a t h em bright


m , n .

Old fa e s h au t th e a ie t pe w
c n nc n ,

A d i t h e orga loft re e w
n n n- n

T h e s acred strai of earlier time s n ,

W h e k ig h t d dame i w orsh ip bent


n n an n ,

A d from t h eir lip s t h e h omage s e t


n n

T h at mi gled w it h t h e a sw eri g c h imes


n n n .

An d h ere t h e patriot hu g h i s light n ,

W h i h sh o e t h ro ugh all th at a xio us n ight


c n n ,

T ager eye s of Pa u l Revere


O e .

T h ere i t h e d ar k hu rc hyard b elo w


,
n c ,

T h e d ead Pas t w ake ned n t to k o w o ,


n

H w h a ged t h e w orld that n ig h t Offea r


o c n ,
.

T h e a gel s th y gallery s oar


n on ,

T h e Savio u s fa e t h i e altar o er
r

c n

I s t h ere as i t h e el d er d y
,
n a .

T h e royal silver yet d ot h sh i e n ,

A d h ol d s t h e ple d ge of love di i e
n v n ,

T h at a ot h a gec nn pass a way c n ,


nor .

PA U L R E V E R E S RID E

.

1775 .

Bo st o n t he first i n qui ry that every s tra n ger makes i s fo r


Bu ker Hill the n ext is t o be directed to the old church
n

where the lan t er n s were hu n g out o n t he n igh t befo re t he bat tles


of Lexin gt on n d Co n cord
a .

At n ea rly every h our of t he d y some o n e m y be see n i n t he a a

n o w u n freque n ted s t reet looki g up at the lofty spi r e with a nn


PA U L RE ERE S R DE V ’
I . 79

exp r essio n of deep sat isfactio n as if some lo n g cheri s hed wish ,


-

had at last bee n accompli s hed .

While h i s en deavori n g t o i m pre s s the appearan ce o f t he


. e

ve n e rable struct u re upo n hi s memory the pilgri m to hist o ric ,

shri n e s see s t hat a tablet with a n i n sc r iptio n cut u po n i t is


, ,

imbedded i n the Old but stil l solid maso n ry of t he towe r fro n t


, , .

Salem Street is so n arrow that he has n o di f ficulty what eve r i n


r eadi n g it fro m the curb s to n e acro s s the way w hich he does ,

slo w ly n d at ten tively Bosto n ia n s all k n o w i t by hea rt Thus


a . .

it r u n s
THE S G NA ANTERNS OF I L L
AU L REVERE P ,

DI SPLAYED N TH E TE E E O THI S CH U RCH


I S PL F ,

AR 1 P IL 8 , 17 7 5 ,
W ARNED T I E O NTRY O TH E M ARC H I C U F
OF TH E B R IT S I H TROO P S
TO LE! ING TON A ND CONCORD .

This i n sc r iptio n the n has co n st it u t ed Ch ri st Church i n effec t


, , , ,

a mo n u en t to Paul Revere n d hi s famous exploi t The poe t


m a .

Lo n gfello w has give n h i m a n o t he r .

No stra n ge r e n t e rs t his n eighborhood who does n o t ge t t he


impre s sio n tha t he has some w he re u n k n o wn to himself walked , ,

ou t of t he Ni n e t ee n t h Ce tury i n to the Eightee nth n .

The whole n eighborhood i s i n a la n guishi n g st at e t houg h qu it e ,

i n keepi n g w i t h t h softe n ed feeli n g t ha t al ways comes ove r o n e


e

i n s uc h retired cor n e r s F o r here he has full libert y t o lose h i m


.

self u n dist u rbed eithe r by n oise


,
bu s tle a n d he c n qu i e t ly Or ,
a

e njoy the seclusio n n eedfu l fo r getti n g i n to a frame of mi n d p r ope r


t o the as s ociatio n s of the spot Yet s tra n ge a s i t n o w seem s .
, ,

t his w as o n ce a fa s hio n able quar t er of t h e to w n although t hat ,

wa s lo g ago n d traces of the old time ge n t ility are s till appare n t


n ,
a -

h ere n d t here to the eye of t he wa n dere r up n d dow n the de


a a

s ert e d thoroughfares I n poi n t of f


act n o t with s t a n di n g it i s n e
.
, o

of t he oldest divisio n s of t h e old city the whole North En d h s , a

lagged full half a ce t ury behi n d t he other sectio n s — s o far


n , ,

i nd d that it i s d o u btful w hether i t w ill ever overtake t hem


ee , .

Th i s old church w ith it s ve n e r able chimes t h e ar mo ri al t omb


, ,
80 E —
N W ENGLAND LEGENDS .

s to n es o n Copp s Hill above it a n d sun dry a ntiqua t ed ma n sio n s



,

i n a n t iquated la n es are the sile n t wi t n es s e s to the fac t t hat t he


,

n eighborhoo d has r eally see n better days

We have devoted s o much space to the locality because i t was


t h e b i r thplace a n d home of Paul Revere .

A t the time of his memo rable r ide Paul Reve r e was fo r ty ,

yea rs Old a n d wa s livi n g i n the n eighbo rhood where he wa


,
s

bor n Though he was brought up t o the trade of a gol d s mith


.
,

Revere was o n e of those s kilfu l mecha n ics w ho ca n t ur n t h eir


han ds t o ma n y thi n gs a n d havi n g already lear n ed t o e n grave o n
,

Silve r he t ook up a n d soo n bega n to be k n ow n as a n e n g r ave r


,

B OSTON F ROM B REE D S



HI LL ,
17 9 1 .

on coppe r pla t e -
in ,
wh i ch a rt he acquired a rude p r oficie n cy .

Revere like most of h is class we n t heart a n d soul w ith the


, ,

Wh i gs w hen t he t roubles wit h t he mother cou n try drew m n to e

on eo r t he o t her side a n d h e ve r y soo n became o n e of t h o st e m

active a n d dari n g s pirits o f a s ecr et o r ga n i z atio n composed of ,

m ne like hi m se lf who ,
h d sw o r n a n the B i ble
o n o t to be t ray

T h e s e e n k n e w n othi
m n g n d cared n oth i n g about t he t ricks of
a

diplomacy They w ere .


simply a xio us to decide all outst an di n g
n

que st io n s by blo ws t h e ,
soo er t h better
n e .

Thei r meetin g s w ere h eld n d their pla s co n cer t ed a t t he


a n
82 NEW -
ENGL A ND LEG ENDS .

he s it ated to ac t Neither party w o u ld recede a n i n ch yet o n


.
,

both sides the commissio n of n ove rt act w hich a n y mome n t a

migh t p recipitate war w as awaited i n the u t most suspen se a n d


dread .

A t le n gth G e n eral G age re s olved t o s t rike a crippl i n g blow ,

a n d if po ss ible to do it w ithout bloodshed .

The pri n cipal depot of the patriots w as formi n g at Co n co r d ,

i n the Cou n ty of Middle s ex about t w e n ty mile s from Bosto n


, ,

w here i t w as co n s ide red quite safe from n y sudde n dash by t h e a

royal troop s G e n eral G age w a s kept thoroughly i n forme d by


.

hi s spie s of w hat w as goi g o n n d b e dete rm i n ed to s e n d a


n ,
a

secret expeditio n to de s troy tho s e store s The patriot s o n thei r .


,

s ide k n e w that s omethi n g w as i n a gitatio n a n d i t was n o d iffi


, ,

cu lt m t t e r for the m to guess wha t was i t s r eal purpo rt a n d aim


'
a .

Still s o lo n g a s the s e remai n ed i n doub t they were a n xious


, ,

n d fearful n d re s tle ss They however redoubled thei r v ig i


a a .
, ,

lan ce A ll the la n di g places of the town t he soldiers bar


. n -
,

rack s n d even the Provi n ce House it s elf w ere closely watched


,
a , ,

w hile guards w ere r egularly kept i n all the surrou n di n g to w n s ,

promptly to give the alar m when ever the head of a British col
u m n s hould appear G e n eral G age held t he capital of t h e p r ov
.

i n ce but out s ide of i t s gates h i s o r de rs could be execut ed o n ly


,

a t the poi n t of t he bayo n et .

F ully appreciati n g the import an ce of secrecy G en e ral G age ,

quie tly got ready eight hu n dred picked t r oops w hich he mean t ,

t o co n vey u der cover of the n ight across the w est bay n d


n ,
a

to la n d o n the Cambridge s ide thus baffli n g the vigilan ce of ,

the t own speople n d at the s ame time co n siderably s horte n i g


'

,
a n

the dista n ce hi s t roops would have to march So much pai n s .

w as take n to keep thei r actual de s ti n atio n a profou n d s ecret that ,

eve n the officer who was select ed for the comman d o n ly r eceived
a n order n otifyi n g him to h old him s elf i n readi n ess The guard . s

i n the tow n w ere doubled n d i n order to i n tercep t a n y couriers


,
a ,

who might s lip through them at the proper mome n t mou n ted ,

patrol s w ere s e n t o u t o n the road s leadi g to Co n cord Havi n g n .

do n e what he could to preve n t i n tellige n ce from r eachi n g t he


V
PA U L RE ERE S R DE

I . 83

cou n try a n d t o keep the t own


,
'

Brit ish Gen e r al


his orders for the embarkatio n
a n d at be tw ee n t e n a n d eleve n

of t h n ight O f April 1 8 t h the


e

troops desti n ed for this se rvice


w ere t ake n ac r os s the bay i n
boat s to the Cambridge side
of the r iver At thi s ho u r his
.

picket s w ere g u ardi n g the de


s e t d
r e oads leadi n g i n to the
r

cou n t ry a n d up to this mome n t


,

n o patriot courier had go n e out .

The G e n e ral had thu s got a lo n g


s tart of the pat rio t s But t heir .

vigila n ce de t ec t ed the move


me n t as soo n as i t w as made .

As Lord Percy w as retur n i n g


fr om a n i n t erv i ew w ith G e n
e ral Gage he met groups of the
,

t o w n speople talki n g excitedly


toget her a n d upo n goi n g n ear
,

en ough t o overhea r t he subject


of co n ver s atio n o n e Of them,

said t o him defian tly The !


British t roops have ma r ched ,

but t hey w ill mi s s thei r aim .


What aim ? asked t he ”

The can n o n a t Co n co r d ,

was t h e r eply .

Percy i n s ta n t ly re traced h i s
st ep s t o t he P r ovi n ce House G RENADI ER 17 7 5
.

,
.

A fte r li st e n i n g i n sile n ce to his


report the G e n era l broke out w ith The n I have bee n betrayed !
, ,
“ ”

It is n w believed t hat a member of the G e n eral s o wn house


o

hold wa s the m ed i um t hroug h wh i ch h i s sec r et had becom e


84 NEW -
ENG L AND LEG ENDS .

k n o w n t o the r ebels Their di fficulty n o w w as to tran s mit t h e


.

n e w s seaso n ably to preve t t h loss of the provi n cial magazi n es


,
n e .

The r e w e r e o n ly t w o mode s of egr ess from the tow n o bei n g by ,


ne

the old fer y to Charlesto w n the other by the n eck co n n ecti n g


r ,

Bosto n wi th the mai n la d w hi ch w as o ly w ide e n oug h for a n ,


n

si n gle road The ferry la n di n g w a s kept by a s ubalter n s guar d


.
-

a n d i t w as comma n ded by the batterie s of a frigate a n chored

Of f i n t h s tream eThe r oad w as blocked by a fortre ss ex t e n d


.

i n g ac r o s s it the ga t es of w hic h w ere s hut at a ertai n hour


,
c ,

afte r w hich n n coul d pass i n or out excep t by o rder of t he


o o e

G e n eral h im s elf .

To provide agai n st t h S Revere o n ly a day or t w o earlie r had


I , ,

co certed s ig n al s which s hould apprise hi s frie n d s i n Charle s


n

to w n whe n ever a movemen t of t roops wa s actually taki n g place .

Whe n these sign al s should be di s played t he watchful patriot s ,

there k n e w w hat they had t o do .

The s ign als agr eed u p On w ere lights t o be Shown fro m the
belfry of the North Church ! t w o if the troops we n t ou t b y
w ater n d n e if by la n d The r edcoa t s had s carcely go t i nt o
,
a o .

their boat s whe n Wa r re n se n t i n great ha s te fo r Paul Reve r e


,

a d William Da w e s
n He k n ew that the c r isis had n w come
. o .

Telli n g the m i n two word s that the soldiers had started a n d ,

tha t he feared t hey mean t t o s eize the pat rio t leader s Ha n cock ,

a n d A dams he despatched Revere by t he w ay of Charle st o w n


, ,

a n d Da w e s by the gr eat high — road over t h e Ne ck In thi s .

w ay should n be stopped the o t her migh t elude the ig i


,
o e , v

la n ce Of the s en ti n el s n d succeed i n getti n g through t h e li n e s


a .

W ith the parti n g i j u n ctio n i n their ea rs n o t to lo s e a mome n t


n
, ,

the t w o pat riots s tar t ed o n the mo s t mome n tous erra n d of the


ce n tury .

Revere fir st we n t t o a frie n d a n d r eques t ed h i t o how the m S

s ign al n e la n t ern i n the church belfry He the n w e t home


,
o . n ,

hur ied o n h i s ridi n g boots n d s urto u t d havi n g picked u p


r -
a ,
an

t w o frie n d s n d a boat the three s tealthily ro wed across the


a ,

r i er pa ss i n g u n see n u n der t he mu zz les of the frigate s gu n s


v ,

t hat gua rded the ferry .


86 NEW -ENGLA ND LEG ENDS .

dra w n up i n a dirty b y road u n til t w o o clock


-

morn i n g ,

w aiti g for their provi s io n s to be bro ght


n u

from the boats n d di s tributed To lo s e


a .

hours w he n mi n u t e s cou n ted for hou rs


w as fat al The three thu s idl e d a w ay
.

decided the fate of the expeditio n The .

British gre n adiers were still shiveri g n

o n the s pot w here they di s embarked ,

w he n Revere after rai s i n g the cou ntry


,

i n arms r ode i n to L exi g to n


,
It w as
n .

just mid n ight whe n he di s mou n ted a t


the door w here Ha n cock a n d
Adam s w ere a s leep He saw .

that he w a s i n
time A p t i t
. a r o

REVERE ARO U SI NG TH E M INU TE M AN


- .

g uard w statio n ed out s ide The drow s y s ergea n t shar ply


as .

a d m o n ished Reve r e t o make less n oise o r he would dis t u r b t h e ,


P A U L RE ERE S R DE V ’
I . 87

household Noi s e ! exclaimed t he t ho r oughly exci t ed Re


.

ve r e you 11 have n oise e n ough before lo n g The r egula r


“ ’
. s

are ou t ! He was the n admitted



.

In t he cou r se of half n hour the o t her express a rr ived a n d t he a


,

t wo r ebel leade r s bei n g n o w f lly co n vi ced that Co n co r d was u n

the threa t en ed poi n t after allo w i n g the bold ide r s the t ime to
, r

sw allo w a f w outhful s hurried them o n t o Co n cord A dams


e m , .

did n t believe t hat G age would se n d a n army merely t o t ake


o

t wo e n pri s o n ers To him the true Object wa s ve ry clear


m . .

Revere Da w es n d you n g Dr Prescot t of Co n cord w ho had


, ,
a .
,

j oi n ed them had got over half t h e dista n ce when at a sudde n


, ,

turn i n g they saw i n the gray ligh t a group of dusky fi gu r es


filli g t he road at the same i n sta n t they hear d the sharp com
n

man d t o halt It was a seco n d patrol armed t o t he t eeth


.
, .

P r escot t leaped his horse ove r t he r oadside w all a n d so escaped ,

ac ross t he fields t o Co n co d Revere seei n g t h e m uzzle of a . r .


,

pist ol coveri n g h i m with sure aim gave himself up w ith t he , ,

bet te r grace n o w t hat o n e of t h e party had go t clea r Dawes did .

t he same thi n g An Offi ce r t he n pu t his cocked pist ol t o Re


.

ver e s head t elli n g h i m t hat he w ould scatt e r his brai n s i n the



,

r oad if he did n o t make t rue a n swe rs His busi n ess o n t he .

r oad a t tha t hou r was t hen dema n ded He wa s told i n r e t urn .


, ,

t o liste n ; when t h r ough t he st ill mo rn n g a r comi n g dis tin c t


,
i r ,

a n d t h r ea t e n i n g t he dis t a n t boomi n g of t he ala r m bells peal


,
-

upo n peal w as bo rn e t o their ear s Revere the n boldly avowed


,
.

his er ran d to be wha t i t was sig n ifica n tly addi n g t hat t h e cou n ,

try below was up i n arms An othe r p ri so n e r t old the pat r ol t hat .

they we r e all dead m n I t was t he B rit o n s who were n o w n e . u

easy On e of t he r ebel courie r s had escaped t hem t he cou n try


.

below t he was up a n d the r e was n o n ews of t he tr oops Or de r


m .

i n g t he p ri s o n ers t o follo w t hem the troop r ode o f f a t a gallop ,

t oward Lexi n gt o n a n d when t hey were at t he edge of t he v i l


,

lage Rever e was t old to dismou n t a n d wa s the n left t o shift for ,

himself He a n as fast as his legs could carry him across t h e


. r

pa s tures back t o the par s o n age to epor t hi s m i s adve n ture while


, ,
r
,

the patrol galloped o ff to w a r d Bo st o n t o a n n ou n ce t he i rs .


88 N W ENG L
E -
A ND L EG ENDS .

By this t ime t he mi ute of Lexi gto n had rallied to p


n -
m en n o

po s e the mar h of the troops A t thi s hour the alar had s pread
c . m

thro u ghout the urrou di ng cou n try ; d it w a s s till re s ou n d


s n an

i n g s til l exte di g n every s ide


,
n d multiplyi g it s elf like a
n o ,
an n

destroyi g n fl g t i o sw ept n w ard by the w i n d s In t w o


n co a ra n O .

ho u r s more the w hole Provi ce wa s i fl ame s Than k s to the i n n n .

trepidity of Paul Revere the gold s mith i n s tead of s urpri s i n g the ,

rebel s i n their bed s the redcoat s fou n d them mar s halled n L x


, o e

i g t n G ree
n o at Co cord Bridge i n fro n t fl a k n d rear armed
n, n , ,
n ,
a
,

an d ready to di s pute their march to the bitter n d e .

A t five i t h mor n i g hi s Maj e s ty s troop s by comma n d fi red



n e n

upo n n d killed a n umber f the citize n s oldier s at Lexi n gto n


a O

they the n gave three loud n d triumpha n t cheer s for the vic a

tory A t five i n the eve i g G e n eral G age k n e w that thi s


. n n

volley had bee n di s charged over the grave of h i ma s ter s Ameri s


c a n empire which he had promi s ed t o pr s erve w ith four bat


,
e

talio s ; the yeoma n ry of n cou n ty o n ly had chased s ix of


n o e

them back to their quart ers .

F rom thi s n rratio n it appears t ha t it w as n o t t he Sign al but


a ,

Revere himself w ho w ar n ed the cou n try of the march of t he


Briti s h troops Yet had he failed the r e s ult would p r obably


.

,

have bee n the same tha n ks to his promptitude n d his i n ven tio n
,
a

i n t his hi s toric emerge n cy Mr Lo n gfello w i h i s famou s ballad . . n

s o arra n ge s the sce n e as t o make Revere impatie tly w atchi n g fo r n

the sign al ligh t t o appear Revere himself w as the s ig n al


-
. .

P AU L R EVER E S RID E ’
.

LI STEN, my ch ildre d you sh all b n, an e ar

Oft h e mi d ig h t ri d e of Pa u l Revere
n ,

O t h e eigh tee t h of A pril i


n Seve ty fi
n ,
n n -
ve ;
H ardly a i s w alive m an no

W h o remember s t h at fa o us day d year m an .

He said t o h i s frie d If t h e Briti sh march n ,


By lan d or s ea from t h e tow to n ig ht n -


,
90 NEW -
ENGLAND LEG ENDS .

Th e fate of a atio was ridi g t h at ig h t ;


n n n n

A d t h e s park s tr u c k o u t by t h at s teed i
n ,
n

Ki nd led t h e la d i to fl ame w it h its h eat


n n .

It w as b y t h e village clock
on e ,

W h e h e galloped i to Lexi gto


n n n n .

H e w t h e gilded w eat h erco k


sa c

Sw im i t h moo ligh t a s h e passed


n e n
,

A d t h e meeti g h o us e w i do ws bla k n d
n n -
n ,
n a

G aze at h im w it h a s pectral glare ,

A if t h ey alrea d y stood agh a s t


S .

A t t h e bloody w ork t h ey w ould look u po n.

Yo u o w t h e re st I th e boo ks yo u have
kn . n

H w t h e Briti sh Reg ular s fi re d


o d fl ed an ,

H w th e far er s gave t h e
o mbal l for ball m ,

From be h i d eac h f ce d farmyard w all


n e n an ,

C h as i g t h e re d oat s do w t h e la e
n c n n ,

Th e ro ss i g th e fi el d s to emerge agai
n c n n

U d er th e tree s at t h e t u r of th e road
n n ,

A d o ly pa us i g to fi re
n n d load n an .

P E T ER R U GG , TH E MI SS ING

BY W I LLI M A A U STI N .

( Fr o m Jo n a t h a n D u n we ll f Ne w Yor k
o to M r . He r m an

IR
, A gr eeably t o m y promi s e I n w rela t e t o you
-
,
o

the particular s of t he lost m n d child which I have a an

bee n a ble t o collect I t is e n t irely o w i g to t h huma n e i n ter


. n e

e s t you s ee ed to take i n t he r eport th t I have pursued t h e


m a

i n quiry to t h e follo w i n g r esul t .


PETER RU GG , THE MISSING MA N . 91

You m a y r emembe r t hat busi n ess called me t o Bos t o n i n t he


summe r of 1 8 20 I sailed i n the packet t o P ovide n ce ; a n d
. r

whe n I a rri ved t her e I lear n ed tha t every s ea t i n t he st age was


,

e n gaged I was t hus obliged either t o wai t a few hours or a c


.
,

cep t a sea t with the d river who civilly Offered me tha t aecom
,

m o d a t io n .A ccordi n gly I t ook my seat by his s ide a n d soo n ,

fou n d him i n tellige n t a n d commu n icative Whe n w e had t ra v .

e lle d abou t t e n miles t he ho ses sudde n ly th r ew their ears o n


,
r

t hei r n ecks as fla t a s a h a r e s Sai d t he d r ive r Have you a



.
,

su r tou t w i th you ?
N said I why do you ask
You will wan t o n e soo n sa i d he D o you observe t he
,

.

ea r s of all t he ho rses ? ”


Yes a n d was jus t abou t t o ask the r easo n .

They see t he st o r m b r eeder a n d we s hal l see him soo n


-
, .

A t t h i s mome n t t he r e was n t a cloud v i sible i n t he f ir ma o

me n t soo n aft er a small speck appea ed i n t he r oad r .

The r e sa i d m y compa i o n
,

n comes the s t o r m breede r

,

he al w ays leaves a Scotch m is t behi n d him By ma n y a we t .

jacket do I r emembe r him I s uppose the poor fellow su ffe rs


.

much him s elf m uch more t ha n i s k n o w n to t he world .


Prese n t ly a m n wi t h a child be s ide him w ith a large black


a ,

ho rs e a n d a weathe r bea t e n chai r o n ce buil t for a chaise body


-
,
-
,

passed in gr ea t hast e appa r e n t ly at t he rate of t w elve m iles a n


,

hou r He seemed t o gr asp t he r e i n s of his ho r se with fi rm n ess


.
,

a n d appeared to a n ti c i pat e h i s speed He seemed dejec t ed a n d .


,

looked a n xiously a t t h passe n ge s particularly a t t h e s t age d r iver


e r ,
-

n d my s elf I a mome n t after he pa s sed u s the horses ear s



a . n ,

we r e up a d be n t them s elves for ward s o th at t hey n early m e t


,
n .


Who is that m n said I ; he seems i n great tr ouble
a .

Nobody k n o w s who h e is but his per s o n a n d t h e child a r e


familia r t o me I have met h i more t ha n a hu ndred t imes
. m
,

a n d h ave bee n SO ofte n asked t h e w ay t o Bos t o n by t ha t an m ,

eve n w he n he was t ravelli n g directly from tha t t ow n t ha t of ,

lat e I have r efu sed a n y com m u n icat io n w it h h i m ; a n d t ha t i s


the r easo n he gave me such a fixed look .

94 NEW -
ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

do w n i n torre n ts It w a s s oo n over the cloud pas s i ng i n t he


.
,

directio n of the tur n pike to w ard Providen ce In a fe w m ome n ts .

after a r espectable looki n g m a n i n a chai s e s topped at the d oor


,
-
.

The n n d child i n the chair havi n g excited some little sym


m a a

pathy amo n g the passen ger s the ge ntlema n w as asked if he


,

had Obser ved them He said he had me t them tha t the m a n


.

EQ U ESTRIANS .

seemed bewildere d n d i n q uired t h w ay t o Bosto n ; t hat he


,
a e

w as drivi n g at great speed a s though he expect ed to outstrip


,

t he t empe s t ; that the mome n t he h d passed him a thu n der


a ,

clap broke directly over the man s head n d seemed to e n velop


,
a

both m a n a n d child h orse n d carriage


, a I stopped said the
.

,

gen tleman su pposi g the light n i n g had st ruck him ; but t h e


,
n

ho rse o nly s eemed to loom up a n d i n crease h is s peed ; a n d as


PETER RU G G, THE M I SSI NG M A N . 95

well a s I could j udge he t ravelled j us t as fast as t he t hu n de r


,

cloud .

While this m n was speaki n g a pedla r with a cart of t i n


a ,

mercha n dise came up all drippi n g ; a n d o n bei n g ques t io n ed ,

he said he had met that a n n d carr iage withi n a fort n i ght m a , ,

i n four di f fe r en t States ; that at each t ime he had i n quired the


way t o Bosto n a n d tha t a thu n der shower like t he p r ese n t
,
-
, ,

had each time deluged h i s wago n a n d his wares set t in g h S t in ,


I

po t s e t c a fl oa t so t ha t h e h a d dete rmi n ed t o ge t mari n e i n s a r


,
.
, ,

a n ce do n e for t he future Bu t t ha t which excited his surp r ise .

mos t was t he st ra n ge co n duct of his ho r se fo r t hat lo n g befo r e


he could dis t i n guish t he
m a n i n t he c h air his o wn ,

ho r se s t ood st ill i n the


r oad a n d flun g back his
,

ear s In sho t Said t h e


.

r ,

pedlar I w i sh n eve r t o
,

s ee t hat m a n a n d horse
agai n ; t hey do n o t look
to me as though t hey b e
lo n ged t o t his wo rld .

This was all I could


lea rn a t t hat t ime ; a n d
t he occu rr e n ce soo n aft e r
w ould have become with H C K NEY O CH A G A ’

me like o n e of t hose

thi n gs which h a d n eve r happe n ed had I n o t as I s t ood r ece n t ly , ,

o n the doo r step of Be n n et t s Ho t el i n Har t fo r d heard a m a n



,

say There goes Peter Rugg a n d his child He looks wet a n d


,

weary n d far t her from Bosto n t ha n ever


,
a I w as sati sfied i t .

was the sam e m a n I h a d see n m o e t ha n t hree year s before for r

w hoever h a s o n ce see n Pete r Rugg ca n n eve r afte r be decei v ed


as t o h i s ide n ti t y .

Pe t e r Rug g said I n d w ho is Pe t e r Rugg ? a

That s aid t h stra n ger is more t han a n y n e ca n t ell


,

e ,
o

exactly He is a famous t ravelle r held in ligh t est eem by all


.
,
96 N W ENGL
E -
A ND LEGENDS .

inn holde rs fo r he n ever stop s to eat dri n k o r sleep I w o n de r


-
, , ,
.

wh y t he G ove r n me n t doe s n t employ him to carry t he mail o .


Ay said a b ys ta n der ; that i s a thought b righ t o n ly o n
,
” “

o ne side How lo g w ould it take i n tha t ca s e to se n d a let t er


. n

to Bos t o n -
for Peter h a s already to my k n owledge bee n more , ,

tha n t we n t y years travelli n g to that place .


But said I does t he m n n ever stop a n y w here ? Does he
,

,

a

n eve r co n ve r se w ith a n y ne ? I sa w the same m n more t h a n o a

three year s si n ce n ear P r ovide n ce a n d I hea r d a s tran ge s tory ,

about him P ray s ir give me some accou n t of t hi s m n


.
, , a .

Si said the st r a n ger tho s e w ho k n o w t h mo s t r espec t


r,

,

e

i n g tha t m a n say the lea s t I have heard it assert ed that .

Heave n s ometime s set s a mark n a n eithe r for j udgme n t o m a

or a t rial U n der w hich Peter Rugg n w labors I ca n n ot say


. o ,

t herefore I am rather i n cli n ed to pity tha n to judge .



You Speak like a huma n e n s aid I ; a n d if you have m a ,

k n o w n him so lo n g I pray you w ill give me some accou n t of ,

him Has his appeara n ce m ch a ltered i n t h at t ime ?


. u

Why ye s h look s a s tho u gh he n ever ate dra n k or slept


,
e , ,

a n d his child look s older tha n him s elf ; a n d h look s like t ime e

broke n Offfrom eter n ity n d a n xiou s t o gai n a re s ti n g place ,


a -
.

A n d ho w does h i hor s e look ? said I



s .

A S fo r his hor s e h look s fatter d gayer n d s ho ws more


,
e an ,
a

an imatio n a n d courage tha n he did t w e n ty year s ago Th last , . e

t ime Rugg s poke to me he i quired h w far it w a s to Bo s to n n o .

I told him ju s t n hu n dred mile s o e .

‘Why said he ho w c n you deceive m s o ? It i s cr u el



a e
, ,

t o mi slead a traveller I have lo s t my w ay pray direct me the .

n earest way to Bo s to n

.

I repe a ted it w as n hu n dred miles , o e .


How ca n you say s o ? s aid he ; I w a s told last even i g ’
n

it wa s bu t fifty a n d I have travelled all n ight


,
.


said I you are w travelli n g from Bo s to n You
,
no .

m us t tu r n back

.

‘ ‘
Al a s ! said he it i s all turn back ! Bo s to n s hift s w ith
,

t he wi n d n d plays all arou n d the compass O m n tell s


,
a . ne a
98 NEW -
ENG LA ND L EG ENDS .

n ot r each Bosto n t o n igh t if I tarry Would you a dv i se m e t o


-
.

take the old r oad o r the turn pike ? ,

Why the Old r oad is o n e hu n dred a n d seve n teen miles a n d


, ,

t he t urn pike is n i n ety seven -


.


Ho w ca n you say so ? You impose o n me ! I t is wro n g
t o t rifle with a traveller You k n ow it is bu t fo rty m i les from
Ne wb u r yp o r t to Bos t o n .

But t his i s n o t Ne wb u r yp o r t t his i s Hartford .

D o n o t deceive me sir Is n o t thi s t o w n Ne w buryport , .


,

a n d the ri ve r t ha t I have b ee n follo w i n g t he M er r imac

NO sir ; this is Hartford a n d the rive r t he Co n n ecticu t


, , .

He w ru n g his ha n ds a n d looked i n c redulous .

Have the rivers t oo cha n ged thei r course s as t he cities


, , ,

have cha n ged place s ? But see t h e clouds are gat heri n g i n t h e
south a n d w e shall have a rai n y n igh t A h t hat fatal oath
, .
,

He w ould tarr y n o lo n ger His impatie n t hor s e leaped Off .


,

h i s hi n d fla n ks ris i n g like wi n gs he seemed to d evou r a ll


befo r e him a n d t o sco r n a ll behi n d
, .

I had n o w as I t hough t discove r ed a clew t o t he hi s to ry of


, ,

Pet e r Rugg a n d I det e r m i n ed t he n ext ti m e my bu s i n e s s called


, ,

m e t o Bos t o n t o make a fu rt he r i n qui r y


, Soo n afte r I was .
,

en abled t o collec t the foll o w i n g par ti cula rs from M rs Croft a n .


,

aged lady i n Middle St reet who has r esided i n Bost o n du r i n g ,

the last t we n t y yea rs He r n a rr at io n is this .

The las t s ummer a perso n just at tw iligh t st opped a t t he


, , ,

door of t he lat e Mrs Rugg Mrs C r oft o n comi n g t o the door


. . .
, ,

perceived a stra n ger with a child by his Side i n a n Old wea t her
, ,

beate n carriage w ith a black horse The stra n ge r a s ked fo r Mr s


, . .

Rugg a n d wa s i n formed that Mr s Rugg had died i n a good Old


, .

age more than t w e n ty year s before that t ime .

The st ran ge r r eplied How c a n you deceive me S0 ? DO ask


,

Mrs Rugg to step t o the door


. .


Sir I assure you Mrs Rugg has n o t lived here t hese n i n e
,
.

teen years ; n o o n e lives here bu t my s elf a n d my n ame is ,

Betsey Croft .

The s tran ger paused a n d looked up a n d down t he s tr ee t a n d


, ,
P ETER RU G G , THE M SS I I NG M AN . 99

sai d ! Though the pai n t i n g is r at her faded t his looks like m y ,

house .

Yes said t he child that is the sto n e befo r e t he door t ha t


.

I used to sit o n to eat my bread a d milk n .



But said the s tra n ger it s eems t o be o n t he wro n g Si d e
,

,

of t he st ree t I deed everythi g here seems to be misplaced


. n n .

Th e s tr eets are all cha n ged the people are all cha n ge d the tow n , ,

s eems cha n ged a n d wha t is s tra n ge s t of all Cathe r i n e Rugg has


, ,

de s ert ed her hu s ba n d a n d child Pray co n ti n ued the stra n ger .


, ,


has Joh n F y come home from sea ? He w e t a lo n g voyage
o n

he is my ki If I could see him he could gi e me some


n s rn a n .
, v

accou n t of Mr s Rugg . .

Si s aid Mrs C r oft I n eve r hear d of Joh n F o y Whe r e


r,

.
,

.

did he live ?
Ju s t above here i n Oran ge Tree La n e ,
.

The r e i s n s uch place i n this n eighborhood


o .

What do you tell me ? A r e the st ree ts go n e ? Ora n ge T r ee


La n e i s at the head of Ha n ove r Stree t n ea Pembe rt o n s Hill
’ ”
,
r .

There is n s uch la n e n o w o .

Madam ! you ca n n ot be seriou s Bu t you doub tless k n ow .

my brother William Rugg He l ives i n Royal Exch a n ge Lan e


,
.
,

n ear Ki n g Street

.


I k n o w of n such la n e n d I am sure t here is n o such
o ,
a

s treet a s Ki n g Stree t i n t his t own .


N0 such s treet as Ki g St r eet ! W hy woma n you mock n , ,

me You y as well tell me the r e is n o Ki n g G eo rge ! How


m a

eve r madam you see I am w e t n d wear y I must fi n d a r est i n g


, ,
a

place I w ill go to Har t s t ave rn n ear the market


.

,
.


W hich market sir ? — for you seem perplexed ; we h ave ,

s veral markets
e .


Yo u k o w there i s bu t o n market — n ear the Town dock
n e ,
.

Oh t h ld marke t ; bu t n o s u ch perso n has kep t t here


,
e O

the s e t w e n ty yea r s .

Here th e st ra n ger seemed d isco n ce rt ed a n d u tt e r ed t o himself ,

qui t e audibly ! Stra n ge mistake ! How uch t his looks like



m

t he t ow n of Bost o n ! I t cert ai n ly has a g rea t r esemblan ce t o


1 00 NEW ENGL -
A ND LEG ENDS .

it but I perceive my mistake n o w Some other M rs Rugg . .


,


s ome other Middle St reet .

The s aid he madam c a n you direct me t o Bo s to n ?


n,

, ,

Why thi s i s Bo s to n the city of B o s t n f I k n o w of n


'


o o
, ,

o t her Bo s to n .


City of Bo s to n it y be b ut it i s n o t the Bo s to n w here
m a

I live I recollect n w I came over a bridge i n stead of a ferry


. o ,
.

Pray w hat bridge i s that I j u s t came over ? ”

It i s Charle s River Bridge .


I perceive my mi st ake there i s a ferry bet w ee n Bost o n a n d


Charlesto w n t he r e i s n o bridge A h I perceive my m istake .
,
.

M ARKET W 0 M AN-
.

If I w ere i n Bo s to n my hor s e w ould c rry me direc t ly to m y a

o wn door B t my h or s e sh o w s by hi s impatie n ce t h at he i s
. u

i a stra n ge place
n A b su rd that I s ho u ld h ave
. i s take n thi s
,
m

pl ce for t h ld to w n of Bo s to n ! It i s a uch fi er city than


a e O m n

t h to w n of Bo s to n
e It h bee n built lo g s i n ce Bo s to
. as I n n .

fan c y it m s t lie at a di s tan ce from this city a s the good w oman


u ,

s eem s ig ora t of it
n n .

A t t he s e w ord s h i hor s e bega n to chafe d s trike the pave


s an

me t w ith hi s fore feet The s tra ger s ee ed a little be w ildered


n -
. n m ,

a n d s aid N home to n ight


,
o d givi n g the rei n s t o his horse
-
an ,

passed up the st ree t a n d I saw n more of him ,


o .
1 02 NEW -
ENG L AND LEG ENDS .

If Pe t e r Rugg thought I has bee n t ravelli n g si n ce the Bosto n


, ,

Ma ssacre the r e is o rea s o n why he s hould n o t travel to the


,
n

e n d of time If the p re s e n t ge n eratio n k n o w little of him the


n ex t w ill k n o w
.
,

le s s n d Peter a n d his child w ill have n o hold


a

o n t hi s w orld .

In the cou r se of the eve n i n g I r elated my adve n t u r e i n


Middle St reet .

Ha ! said o n of the compan y s mili n g do you really



e , ,

thi n k you have see n Peter Rugg ? l have hea r d my gra n dfather
speak of him as though b e se r iou s ly believed his wn story o .

Si r, said I pray let u s compare your gra n dfather s st ory


,

of Mr Rugg w ith my o wn
. .


Pe t er Rugg s ir if my gra n dfather was worthy of credit
, , ,

o n ce lived i n Middle St reet i n thi s city He w as a ,n in . m a

comfortable circumsta n ce s had a w ife n d ,


daughter n d a o ne ,
a

w a s ge n erally e s teemed for hi s sober life a n d ma n n ers Bu t .


,

u n happily his temper a t time s w as altogether u govern able ;


,
n

a n d the n his la n guage w a s terrible In the s e fi ts of pa s sio n .


,

if a doo r s t ood i n his w ay he w ould n eve r do les s tha n kick ,

a pan el t h r ough He would sometimes th row his heel s over


.

his head n d come dow n o n his fee t utteri ng oaths i n a cir cle ;
a ,

a n d thus i n a rage he w s the first who performed a so m e r se t


a ,

a n d did what othe r s have Si n ce lear n ed t o do for me r ri me n t a n d

mo n ey On ce Rugg was seen t o bit e a t e n pe n n y n ail i n halves


. .

In those day s everybody both m e n a n d boys w ore w igs ; a n d


, ,

Peter at the s e mome n ts of viole n t pass i o n would become so


, ,

profan e t hat his wig w ould ri s e u p from his head Some said .

it was o n accou t of h i s terrible la n guage ; others accou n ted


n

fo r it i n a more philosophical way a n d s aid it w as caused by ,

the expan s io n of his scalp as viole n t passio n w e k n o w w ill


,
-
, ,

s w ell the vei n s a n d expan d t h e h ead W hile t he s e fit s w ere .

o n him Rugg had n o r espec t fo r heave n o r ea rt h Excep t this .

i n firmity all agr eed t hat Rugg was a good s o rt Of m a n ; for


,

whe n hi s fit s w ere o v er n obody w as s o r eady to commen d a


,

placid temper a s Peter .

It wa s late i autum n o ne m o r ni ng that Rugg i n h i s o wn


n
, , ,
P ETER RU G G , THE M SS I I NG MAN .

cha ir w ith a fi n e large bay ho rse took his da gh t e r a n d p r o


, ,
u

c e e d e d to Co n co r d On his retur n a viole n t storm ove took


.
r

him A t dark he stopped i n M n t y n o w W e s t Cambridge


.
e o om , ,

a t the door of a M Cutter a frie d Of h i wh o u rged him


r .
,
n s ,

to tarry the n ight On Rugg s decli n i n g to stop Mr Cut t e r


.

,
.

‘ ‘
urged him vehemen tly Why Mr Rugg said Cutte r the .
,
.
,

s t orm is over w helmi n g you the n ight is exceedi n g dark you r ! !

little d augh t er will peri s h ! you are i n n ope n chai r a n d the a ,

tempest is i n creasi n g ‘
L t th t i . said Rugg with

e e s or m n cr e a s e ,

,

a fea rful oath I wi ll s h o e t o ig h t i p i t f t h la t t m ee m n ,


n s e o e s e

t I ev h e ” A t these words h e gave h i


er s ee om s
p es ,
a yor nm .

whip t o his high spi r ited horse n d disappeared i n a mome n t


-
,
a .

B OSTON TR U CK .

Bu t Pe t e r Rugg d i d n o t r each home tha t nigh t or t h e n ex t ; ,

n o r whe n h
,
became a missi n g m a n co u ld he eve r be traced
e ,

beyo n d Mr Cut t e r s i n M n t o y
.

e o m .

F or a lo n g t ime afte r o n every d a rk a n d sto r my n i ght t he


, ,

wife of Pe t e r Rugg would fa cy h hea r d the c r ack of a w hip n S e ,

a n d t he flee t tr ead o f a horse a nd the r attli n g of a carriage ,

passi n g he r doo r The n eighbo rs too hea r d t he same n oi s e s ;


.
, ,

a n d s ome said t hey k n ew i t w as Rugg s horse tread o n ’


th ,
e

t he paveme n t was perfectly familiar t o them This occ u rred so .

r epeat edly t ha t a t len gt h t he n eighbors w atched w ith l n tern s


, a ,

a n d sa w t he real Pe t er Rugg with hi s wn hor s e a n d ch air ,


o ,

a n d child Sitti n g be s ide him pas s directly before hi s o wn door , ,

h i s head tur n ed t o w ard his house a n d himself ma ki n g every ,

e ffo rt t o s t op his ho r se b u t i n vai n , .


1 04 NE w ENGLA ND
-
LEG ENDS .

The n ex t day t he frien ds of M rs Rugg exe rted themselves .

to fi n d he r husban d a n d Child They i n qui r ed at every public .

house a n d stable i n to w n ; but it did n t appear that Rugg o

made a n y stay i n Bo s to n N0 o n afte r Rugg had pa s sed hi s . e ,

o wn door could give n y accou n t of him though it was a s serted


,
a

by some that the clatter of Rugg s hor s e a n d carriage over t he ’

paveme n ts shook the houses o n both s ides of the s treets A n d .

this i s credible if i n deed Rugg s hor s e a n d carriage did pa ss o n


,

that n igh t F o r at t his day in ma n y of the street s a loaded


.
, ,

truck or t ea i n pa s si n g wi ll shake t he houses like n earth


m a

quake Ho w eve r Rugg s n eighbors n ever after w ard w atched ;


.
,

some of t hem treated i t a ll a s a delu s io n n d thought n o mo r e ,


a

Ofit Ot he rs of a d if
. fe r en t opi n io n s hook t heir heads n d s aid
, ,
a

n o t hin g .


Thus Rugg a n d his ch ild horse a n d chai r were soo n fo r , ,

go t te n n d probably ma n y i n the n eighborhood n eve r hea rd a


,
a

wo r d n the s ubjec t
o .


There was i n deed a rumo r t ha t Rugg afterw ard was see n
, ,

i n Co n n ecticut betwee n Su f fi ld a n d Hartford pas s i n g t hrough


,
e ,

t h e cou n try with headlo n g s peed This gave occa s io n t o Rugg s ’


.

frien d s to make fu rt her i n qu i ry But the more they i n qui red .


,

the mo r e t hey we r e baff l ed If they heard of Rugg o n e day i n .

Co nn ecticu t t he n ex t t hey heard of him wi n di n g r ou n d the


,

h ill s i n Ne w Hampshi r e a n d s oo n after a m a n i n a chair w ith ,

a small child exactly a n s weri n g the desc riptio n of Peter Rugg


, ,

would be see n i n Rhode Isla n d i n quir i n g t he way t o Bo s to n .

But tha t which chiefly gave a color of m y s tery to t h e s tory


of Pete r Rugg wa s the affai r at Charlestow n Bridge The t oll .

gat herer as s erted that some t imes o n t he darkest a n d mo s t stormy


n ights w he n n o object could be discer n ed about the time Rugg
, ,

w as m i ssi n g a hors e a n d w heel carriage w ith a n oise equal to


, ,

a troop w o u ld at mid n igh t i n utter co tempt of the rates of


, ,
n

t oll pas s over the bridge Thi s occ rred s o freque n tly t h at
,
. u ,

t he t oll gat herer resolved t o attempt a discovery Soo n afte r


- .
,

a t t h e usual t ime appar e n tly the s ame hor s e n d carriage


,
a

app r oached the bridge from Charlest o wn Square The t oll .


1 06 E —
N W ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

he read or heard of y impo s itio n practi s ed u po n hi s n eigh an

bors he u s ed to s ay
,
F olk s mu s t be up betime s to overreach
Mike Wild .

On e stormy eve n i n g abo u t the close of the autum n of 1 7 7 6, ,

Mike w a s e nj oyi g his cu s tomary hou s ehold comfort s his n


n ,
ca

a n d pipe i n the little back parlor Of hi s d w elli n g Number


, ,

North En d bei g the house n ex t t o that occ u pied by Mr


,
n .

Peter Rugg famou s i n s tory The n igh t w as dark w ithou t a s


,
.

the t hroat of the black w olf a n d a s turbulen t as that a n imal ,

w he n a lo n g s n o w stor m upo n the hill s has dri ve n him mad


-

with fami n e .

This Ob s cure chambe r w as the t heat re of his ear t hly felicit y .

It w as here that b coun ted ove r his accumulati n g gai n s wit h


e ,

every retur n i n g n igh t ; i n dulged i n t he preciou s remembran ce


O f past success n d rioted i n the golde n vi s io s of future pros
,
a n

p e r it
y Therefore
. with this room w ere a ss ociated all the pleas
i n g r ecollectio n s o f his l i fe .

It wa s t h e o n ly gree n s po t i n his memory t he refre s hi n g ,

oasi s i n the barre n desert of his a ffectio n s I t was there alo e . n

that the solitary gleam of co n s olat io n touched d melted the an

ice of hi s soul It w a s n atural then co n s ideri n g hi s s elfi s h


.
, ,

n ature that he Should keep it s acred


,
n d i n violate The foot a .

of wife or child was n ever permitted to i n vade this san ctum .

Such approach n their part w ould have bee n deemed high


o

trea s o n n d pu n i s hed as s uch w ithout ben efit of clergy


,
a .

Su ch i n tru s io n by a n eighbor w ould have bee n deemed a d l ec a

ratio n f ho s tilities n d would have been warmly repelled It


o ,
a .

w ere i n deed safer to h ave bearded the lio n i n hi s d n o r the


, , e

p u i ss an t Dougla s i hi s hall for M ike po ss e ss ed all tho s e phy s


n

ical virtue s which c n keep the head from harm if at n y time a , a

the abse ce of better qualitie s provoke a ss a u lt


n .

The be s om of the thrifty house w ife ever di s turbed the v n n e

e ra b l du s t a n d cob w eb s that s upplied it s o n ly tape s try


e F rom .

ge eratio n to ge n eratio the pider had reign ed u n mo le s ted i


n n S n

the cor n ers d crevice s of the w all


an d s o lo n g h d t h terri an a e

tory bee held n d tra n s mitted from s ire to s o n that if a title


n a ,
A LEG END OF THE OLD ELM .

by p rescrip t io n could eve r avail agai n s t t he p rac t ical a rg u me n t


of the broo m there w a s little fear of a process of ej ec t me n t
,
.

As the Old lamp at the gate creaked dismally a n d the crazy ,

s hutters of hi s chamber rattled still mo r e n oisily i n the w i n d ,

the mercury of Mike s s piri t s rose higher’


a physical phe om ,
n

e n o n n t easily e xplai n e d Perhaps as the eleme n tal w ar gre w


o .
,

S harper h i s o wn n at u re gre w more be n ign i n the co n sciou s n ess


,

that a s ecure shel t e r was i n terposed betw ee n his o wn head n d a

th e eleme n t s .

The last drops


of good liquor
had disappear ed
from Mike s Si l ’

ver ta n ka r d t he ,

la st w a v e r i n g
wreath of s moke
h a d d i ss ol v ed i n
the air a n d the
,

dull embers of
h i s hear t h we r e
fa s t dyi n g a w ay
i n t he white ash
es when Mike
, ,

C H A E 17 7
upo n rai s i n g h i s IS ,
6 .

eye s sudden ly ,

w a s much s tartled to observe tha t he had compan y i n his solitude .

He rubbed hi s eyes a n d shook himself to a s certai n his per s o n al ,

ide n tity b u t s till the large stro n g figure of a n was seated i n


, m a

t h e old leather chai r direct ly opposite to him Whe n ce he came .


,

by w hat mean s h had e n tered what w ere hi s purpo s es w ere


e , ,

m yst eries t oo deep for Mike s faculties at t hat time to fathom



.

There h sat ho w ever motio n le ss as a s tatue with hi s arms


e , , ,

folded a n d a pair of large lu s trou s black eyes fas t e n ed full


, ,

upo n him There w as a complete fa s ci atio n i n that gla n ce


. n ,

w h ich s e n t a thrill through h i w hole frame n d held h i m as s ,


a

with a n iro n chai n to hi s chair .


1 08 NEW -
ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

Mike like a good ge n e ral soo n rallied h i s ou t ed facul ti es


, , r
,

rea n imated his fugitive thought s n d re s olved though po s se ss ,


a ,

i n g a fai n t heart to sho w a bold fro n t —


,
cheat ofte n p ,
a ra c

t i d by better tacticia n s
s e He there u po n plucked u p he r oi s m
.
,

a n d soo n a s certai n ed tha t h i visitor w a s of very a ffable n d


s a

be n ig n a n t beari n g .

He comm u nicated h i s bu s i n ess briefly i n w h ich vi rt ue of ,

brevity we shall co n de s ce n d to be a n imi t at o r He revealed .

that he w a s i n deed of u n ea rthly n ature a disembodied spirit , ,

a n d tha t d uri g hi s earthly sojou r n he h a d


n sec reted a most
precious t reasu r e which had been u n lawfully acquired u n de r
, ,

the Old El m Tree i n t he ce n t re Of t he Commo n He could n o t .

rest quietly i n the g rave u n til h e h a d i mpart ed the secret t o


some huma n bei n g a n d a s Mike wa s a n after his o wn heart m a ,

h e had selected h i m as t he object of his bou n ty Mike t ha n ked .

h i m Si n cerely for the complime n t a n d ki n d n ess a n d promi s ed ,

t o go forth without delay i n search of t he t reasure He sallied .

forth wi t h his spiritual guide his mi n d i n toxica t ed wi t h t he ,


t hough t Of t he heavy i n got s a n d t he bars of gol d a n d t he r ic h


, ,

foreign coi n which he believed would be s h o rtly his o wn The .

n ight was black a n d r ai n y t h e scatter ed s lee t s w ept fu r iously


alo n g the s t reet s p ursued by the screami n g wi n d ; b u t the
,

wr ath of t he eleme n ts w as di s armed by the glo r ious visio n of


r iches a n d h o n or whic h pos s essed him .

They arrived a t le ngth after much wadi n g a n d tribula t io n


, ,

at the Old El n o w t he trysti n g place of yo u n g people n the


m ,
-
o

days of Electio n fe st ivity In those day s it was sometimes .

u s ed as a gallo w s for wa n t of a better ; n d it is s aid a t thi s


, a ,

very day t hat n dark a n d tempe s tuous n ights the gho s t s of


,
o

t ho s e who perished n i t s bran ches are see n s w i n gi n g nd h eard


o a

creaki n g i n the w i n d s till st ruggli n g i n the last throe a n d


,

t or m e n t of dissolutio n i n expiatio n of crimes commi tt ed lo n g


,

ago .

W hen Mike paused at t he roots of t he old t ree he r eques t ed ,

his guide t o desig n ate the particular s pot tha t co n tai n ed the
t reasure bu t r eceivi n g n o respo n se to thi s very n atural i n quiry ,
1 10 N W ENGL
E -
A ND LEG ENDS .

H i s fear had i n cr ease d to ago n y The s pade dropped from .

hi s powerless ha n d his hair brist led with terror an d hi s grea t


, ,

eyes n early leaped fr om h i head i n his e n deavor to pe etrate s n

the gloo m that su rr ou n ded him On ce more h i my st erious . s

g ide s tood before him ; bu t o n gla n ce of his a w fully altered


u e

face completed the climax of his frigh t Those large black .


,

lustrous eyes n o w ki n dled like t wo balls of flame a n d as t heir


fie n dish lustre gla r ed upo n him he sh ra n k back as fro m a ,

scorchi n g flame A n ose e n ormous a n d r u bicu n d as the car


.
,

b u n le of t he East protruded man y a r ood from the face of


c ,

his evil s pirit n d imme n se whiske rs r ough a n d s haggy as the


,
a ,

lio n s man e flo w ed a rou n d his vi s age The gold mo n ste r c o n



, .
-

t i n u e d t o frow n upo n h i m fearfully t il l a t le n gth t he bewilde r ed ,

eyes of Mike could look n o lo n ge r n d he fell t o t he ea rt h ,


a

utterly se n seless .

Whe n Mike a w oke t h e mor n i n g s u n wa s look i n g chee rfully


,

i n to hi s o wn chambe r wi n do w n d the birds t hat make merry ,


a

i n eve r y bright summer mo r n i n g we r e i n gi n g gayly o n t h e S

house eaves above his head He r ubbed his eyes i n a st o n ish


-
.

me n t a n d was i n doub t whether he had n o t lost his s e n ses or


, ,

whet her t he visitor the mo n ey the w al k of mid nigh t n d the


, , ,
a

hor ible gobli n were n o t all the mere creatio n s of a d ream


r ,
.

While lost i n t hese doubts n d di f fi cult i es a n eighbo r o p p o r a ,

t u n e ly stepped i n t o whom he rela t ed the whole sce n e addi n g


, ,

at t h e same t ime s uitable embellishmen t s t o the appeara n ce of


t he fi e n d like apparitio n which h a d hau n t ed him
-
.
.

His frie n d heard h i m for some t i m e expatiate o n the m i a c r u

lous adve n t ure but at le n gth could pre s erve his gravity n o
,

lo n ger a n d burst forth i n a loud ha ! ha ! ha ! Whe n he h a d


,

r ecovered s u fficie n t breath to art iculat e he co n fessed t o the !

electrified Mike that h i s visitor wa s n other t han himsel f a n d o ,

tha t he had practised the hoax i n order t o decide a w ager w ith


mi n e host of the Boar s Head who h a d bet a do z en of his ’

,

choicest b i n that n o o n could get t h e be t te r of sh r e wd Mi k e


e

Wild of t he No rt h En d .
RO! B U RY PU DDI NG- STONE . 111

R O ! B U RY P U DDI NG S T O NE .

N those pleasa n t suburba n dis tri c t s of Bos t o n t ha t were


fo r me rly t he t own s of Roxbury
a n d D orchester the r ock everywhere
,

see n i n the r oadside w a lls a n d


ou t c r opp i n g ledges is t he ve ry cu ri
ous co n glome r at e familiarly k n ow n
as puddi n g st o n e so called n o
-
,

doub t n accou n t of t h e pebbles


,
o

that a r e imbedded SO solidly withi n


the cooled m ass as n o w to fo rm a
pa rt of i t Rejec t i n g all scie n t ific
.

hypotheses i n favor of a lege n d ,

t he ge n ial Dr Holme s accou n ts fo r


.

t he geological phe n ome n o n i n his OLD M I LE—STONE


o wn felici t ous way i n t he Do r c h e s “

t e r Gi a n t thus e n abli n g us t o co n clude ou r h i st o ri cal p i ec s


,

e

w it h t he cust omar y geological d esc r ip t io n .

TH E D ORCH EST ER G I ANT .

OL IVER W ENDELL H OLM ES .

T H ERE was a Gia t i time of ld n n o ,

A mig h ty w as he one

He h d a w ife b u t sh e wa s a scold
a , ,

S he kept her shu t i h i s mammoth fold


O n

A n d h e had c h ildre t h ree n .

The the G ia t took h i s children three


n n
,

A d fa s te ed t h e
n n i th e p m n en

The c h ildre roared q u oth t h e G ian t Be still !


n

,

A d Dorc h e s ter H eigh t s


n d Milton H ill an

Rolled back t h e s oun d again .


112 NEW -
ENGL A ND LEG ENDS .

T h e h e bro ug ht t h em a p ud d i g st uffed with plum s


n n ,

A big a s t h e State H o us e d ome


s -

Qu ot h h e Th ere so eth i g for yo u to eat


,
“ ’
s m n

S s top yo u r t h w it h yo u r le tio treat



O m on s c n ,

A d w ait til l yo u r dad come s h ome



n .

Wh at are t h o s e loved o e s doi g w n n no ,

T h e w ife d h ildre sad an c n

Oh t h ey are i a terrible ro u t
,
n ,

Screami g d t h ro wi g t h eir p u ddi g about


n an n n ,

A cti g a s t h ey w ere mad


n .

T h ey flu g it over to Roxbu ry h ill s


n ,

T h ey flu g it over t h e plai n n,

A d ll over Milto
n a d Dor h e s ter too n an c

G reat l u mp s of p u dd i g t h e gia t s t h re w n n ,

T h ey t umbled as t h ick a s rai n .

And if s ome pleasa t after oo


,
n n n,

Y 11 a sk
ou o u t to ride

m e ,

T h e wh ole of t h e story I w ill tell ,

A d yo u may s ee w h ere t h e p u d d i gs fell


n n ,

A d pay for t h e p u h b s ide


n nc e .
TH E WA S HI NG T ON EL M .

HI S pat riarch a m o n g t rees is o n e of t hose pe rishable his


t o r ic Objects we c n still poi n t t o wi t h a feeli n g Of sa t is
a

fact i o n tha t i t co n ti n ues i n the e nj oyme n t Ofa vigo r ous Old age .

Lo n g live the Wa s hi n g t o n El It has survived the e n own ed


m r

Ch a rt e r Oa k it outlives it s ve n erated n eighbor the Bosto n Elm


, ,

a n d t hough much shattered


,
alow n d aloft it bid s fair to
a ,

r ou n d the ce n tury wi t h head proudly erect as the livi n g l i n k ,

j oi n i n g the settlemen t of t he cou n t ry wit h the era of i t s gr eat es t


prosperity .

The histo r ic elm tree st a n d s i n t he public highway by t he


-
,

s i de of the Commo n i n the ci t y of Ca m bridge The Commo n


,
.

wa s t he t r i n i n g fi e ld of the fir s t republica n army for ed almos t


a ~

,
m

as if by m agic i n the year s 7 5 a n d 7 6 of glorious me ory


,
’ ’

,
m .

Beyo n d t he l of r e n ow n o n the other side are the quai n t


e m , ,

old College buildi n g s w hich the n served as barrack s for this


,

army while scattered r ou n d abou t the n eighborhood are ma n y


of the re s ide n ces t hat t he cha n ces of w ar t u r n ed i n t o quart e r s
f r
o the Officers w he n they were vacated i n a hurry by their
Tory ow n ers So that man y ve s tiges of those st irri n g t ime s
.

remai n to att rac t the visito r t o o n e of the most hist oric places
of the Commo w ealth n .

Man y pilgrims w e n d their way to the spo t where t he mas s ive


o ld tr ee tr u nk
-
t he Washi ng to n Elm sh a kes o u t i ts a n n u a l
1 16 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEG ENDS .

foliage so like t o t he ivy cli n gi n g a n d clu st e r i n g a bou t a ru i n


, .

AS a t r ee i t would be s u r e to comma n d atte n tio n o n accou n t of


,

it s appare n t gr eat age ; but it is somethi n g more t ha n a tree .

Sile n t w it n e ss to all the sce n es that h ave bee n e n acted here


s i n ce the wh i te e n fi rst forced thei r w ay through t h e thickets
m

coveri n g the sur rou n d i g plai n it is as much n objec t f v n


n ,
a O e

c rat i o n t o the citize n s as if it w ere really able t o impa rt wha t

THE W ASHING TON ELM .

it had seen May it s shadow n eve r be le s s It sa w the m u s


.

teri n g of the r aw Provi n cial levies for the seve n yea rs march ’

to Yorktow n it has bee n blacken ed by can n o n smoke has s ee n -


,

the glit t eri n g circle of camp fi e s lighti n g the lo n g li n e of a n


-
r

i n vest i n g army steadily tighte n i n g its coils about the beleaguered


capital But o n e thi n g above othe rs i n ve s ts it w ith a gran deur
.
, ,

i n separable from h i m who was the n oblest Roma n o f t he m all


'

.
[18 NEW -
ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

Wh ile i t h e hero s h eart t h er d welt a prayer


n
’ ‘
e

T h at H eave s protecti g arm migh t ever ceas e


n

n n

To make h i yo u g e d a gered la d its are


s n ,
n n n c ,

Till t h rough t h e w ar clo u d looked t h e a gel Peace -


n .

“ Be w i s e my h ildre s aid th at a cie t Tree


,
c n, n n ,

In ear e s t to e a s t h o u g h a Me tor s pa k e
n n ,
n ,

A d prize the blood bo u g h t birt h righ t of t h e free


n -
,

A d fi rmly guard it for your co u try s s a k e



n n .

T h a ks tha ks Old El
n ,
n d for thi s cou s el s g e
,
m an n a ,

May H eave t h y bro w w ith dd ed beauty g ace


n a r ,

G ra t ri h er emerald s to t h y cro w of age


n c n ,

An d c h a gele ss ho n or s from a future race


n .

TH E W ASHI NG T ON ELM .

f

JAM ES RU SSELL LO W ELL .

BENEATH our co secrated elm n

A ce tury ago h e s tood


n ,

Fame d vag uely for t h at old fight i t h e wood n

Wh o s e red su rge s o gh t bu t co uld n t over wh el u ,


o m

T h e life fore d oomed to wield o u r rough hewn helm -

From college s wh ere w the go wn ,


no

To arm s h ad yielded from the to w , n,

O urr ud e s elf s ummo ed levies fl ock ed to s ee


-
n

T h e w co e ch iefs d w on der w hich w a s h e


ne -
m , an .

N eed to que stio lo g clo s e lipped d tall


o n n n -
an ,

Lo g trai ed in m u rder b roodi g fore s t s lo e


n n -
n n

To bridle others clamor s d h i s wn ’


an o ,

Firmly erect he tow ered above t h em ll


, a ,

T h e i car ate di s cipli e t h at w as to free


n n n

Wit h iro c u rb t h at armed demo racy


n c .

Musi g be eat h the lege dary tree


n n n ,

Th year s bet w ee fu rl f
e f; I s eem t s ee n o o

Th e fl k sh a k e t h e s tirred foliag e t h ough


s u n- ec s , n r
,
.
Dapple wi th g old hi s s ober bu ff nd bl ue a ,
THE LA ST OF THE H G HW A M EN I Y .

An d w eave prop h etic a u reole s ro n d t h e head u

T h at sh i es o u r b aco
n w n o darken s w ith the dead
e n no ,
r .

0 m an of sile t mood n ,

A s tra ger amo g s tra ger s t h e n


n n n ,

H w art t h o u s i ce re o w ed t h e G reat t h e G ood


o n n n , ,

Familiar as t h e d y i ll t h e h ome s of n
a n a m e

T h e w i ged years t h at w i o w prai s e n d blame


n ,
nn a ,

Blo w man y ames o u t t h ey b u t f to fl am e


n an

T h e s elf—re n ew i g sple n dor s of t h y fame


n .

TH E LA S T O F TH E HI G HWA Y M E N .

ICHAEL M ARTI N a li a s Cap t ai n Li gh t foo t a ft e r a


, ,

checke r ed career i n Irela n d his n ative cou n try a n d , ,

i n Sco t la n d as a highway r obber became i n 1 8 1 9 a fugitive t o


, ,

A merica . He first la n ded at Salem w here he Obtain ed employ ,

me n t as a farm laborer But a life of h o n es t t oil n o t be in g so


-
.

co n ge n ial t o him as that of a ba n dit h e agai n t ook t o h i s Old ,

occupatio n o n t he r oad t his t ime mak i n g Can ada t he sce n e o f


,

his exploi t s .

Aft e r com m itt i n g ma n y r obbe ri es t he r e a n d i n V e r mo n t a n d


Ne w Hamp s hire a n d al ways eludi n g cap t u r e Mart i n a t le n gth
, ,

a rri ved i n Bosto n He at o n ce began hi s bold opera t io n s upo n


.

t h e highway ; bu t he r e his usual good luck dese rt ed him Hi s .

fir s t n d last vic t im was Major Jo h n Bray of Bost o n Ma rt i n


a ,
.

had s omehow fou n d o t that His Excellen cy G overn o r B r ook s


u

i ten ded givi n g a di n n er party at h i s ma n sio n i n Medford o n a


n -

cer t ai n aftern oon a n d he had determ i n ed t o waylay some of


,

the compan y o n t heir e t ur n shre w dly guessi n g that t hey migh t


r ,

be w ell wo rt h t he picki n g In fact as Major Bray was drivi n g


.
,

leisurely homewar d i n h i s chai se over t h e Medfo r d tur n pike he ,

w a s s udde n ly st opped by a m a s ked hor s ema n wh prese n ted a ,


o

pis t ol n d s t er n ly comma n ded h i m t o deli v e r up h i s valuables


a .
1 20 —
NEW ENG LA ND LEG ENDS .

The pla ce was a lo n ely o n e a n d well chose n for the robbe r s pu r ,


pose The a s tou n ded Maj or han ded ver his wat ch a n d hi s
. O

pu rse Hav i n g secu r ed his booty the highwayma n wheeled h i


.
, s

hor s e gave him the spu r a n d galloped off w hile hi s frigh t e n ed


, ,

a n d crestfalle n v ictim lashi n g his horse t o a r u n , raised a hue ,

a n d cry at t he n eare s t house


-
.

Marti n fled He w as hotly pu r sued a n d was t ake n after a


.
, ,

c h a s e of a h u n d red mile s asleep i n bed at Sp r i n gfield The , .

o fli c brough t him back n d lodged h i m i n East Cambridge


e rs ,
a

jail to a w ait his t rial He was t ried at the n ex t assize s for


.

high w ay robbery was co n vic t ed n d s e n t e n ced to be ha n ged


, ,
a .

Thi s bei n g t h e first t rial occurri n g u n der the s ta tu t e pun ish


i n g such n o f fen ce i t n at urally c reated a great deal of s tir n d
a , ,
a

whe n the pri s o n e r was brough t t o the bar t he court room was ,
-

thro n ged w ith curious Spectat ors Throughou t t he proceedi n gs .

the pri s o n er w as perfec tly cool A the pupil of t h celebrat ed . s e

Thu derbolt he had a reputatio n to mai n tai n ; a n d when t he


n ,

j udge putti g o n the black cap pro n ou ced the a w ful s e n te n ce


,
n ,
n

of death he dryly observed ,


Well that S the wo rst you c n do “
,

a

fo r me .

The doomed m a n howeve r m ade o n e despe rate effo rt t o


, ,

escape fro m priso n He had fou n d s ome way t o procu r e a file


.
,

with which he fil ed o ff h i s ir o n s o tha t he coul d remove th em s

whe n ever he liked ; a n d whe n the t ur n key o n e mor n i n g came


i t o t he cell he bei n g off his guar d the p r iso n er usi n g h i s iro n s
n , , ,

a s a weapo n fell ed h i m t o t he grou n d w it h a savage blo w o n


,

t h e head a n d leav i n g him stu n n ed a n d bleedi n g upo n the floo r


,

of the cell r ushed ou t of t he open door i n to the pri s o n yard


,
-
.

The oute r walls were too high t o be s e a le d n d free passage ,


a

i n t o t he s treet was barred by a massive oake n gat e But this did .

n o t stop the resolu t e h ighwayma n wh o was a m a n of he r culea n ,

st re n g th Da s hi n g him s elf repeatedly with all hi s force agai n st


.
, ,

i t h a t la s t succeeded i n bre a ki g t h e gate ope n a n d passi n g


,
e n ,

qu i ckly th rough he emerged i n to the st r eet beyo n d b t bei n g


,
u

exhausted by hi s fran tic effort s to e s cape after a Short fl ight ,


-

his pur s uer s overt ook a n d s ecured h i m He was loaded w i th .


I
TH E EL OT OAK , I H TON
BR G .
I
EL OT S OA K

. 1 23

from this t ree n o rt heast to t he C h a rles Rive r c o nn ec ti n g t h e ,

set tlemen t here wi t h t h e Colleges at Old Camb r idge .

T r aditio n say s t hat t he A pos t le Elio t of glo r ious m e mo ry


preached t o the I n dia n s u n de r this very oak w are ama z ed . e

t o thi n k of it as t he n bei n g — qui t e t wo ce n t u r ies a n d a half a g o


— i n i t s vigo r ous m a t urity This is t he i n c i den t wh i ch t he
.

poe t Lo n gfellow embalms i n his so n n e t the scen e bei n g how , ,

eve r transfe rr ed t o Natiek Massachuse tt s whe r e t hese I n dia n s


, , , ,

by t he advice of Eliot fou n ded o n e of t he ir P ra yi n g Tow n s


, ,

a n d a dop t ed t h e cus t oms o f c i v i l iz ed l i f


e .

EL I O T ’
S O A K .

H . w LONGFELLOW
. .

T H OU an cie t oak ! who s e myriad leave s r e loud


n a

With s o u d s of u i telligible speec h


n n n ,

So u d s a s of su rge s
n a sh i gly beach on n ,

O m u ltitudi o us m u rm u r s of a cro w d ;
r n

With some mysterio us gift of to g ue s e dow ed n n ,

T h o u speake st a di ffere t dialect to each ; n

To me a la g age thatn u teach no m an ca n ,

Of a lo s t race lo g va i sh e d like a cloud


,
n n .

For u der eat h t h y shade i day s remote


n n ,
n ,

Seated like A braham at eve tide n

Be eath t h e oaks of Mamre the u k o wn


n ,
n n

A po s tle of t h e I dia s Eliot wrote


n n , ,

Hi s Bible i a la guage t h at hat h died


n n

A n d i s forgotte s ave by thee alon e


n, .
1 24 NEW -
ENGLA ND LEG ENDS .

TH E HU G U ENO T E ! I LES .

ERE there some r oma n t ic s t ory Shed s upo n t h


a nd e

au s tere N w Engla n d li fe of t h e pa s t a te der glo w n t


e n o

u n like to that w ith w hich s o m e solitary ray of golde n s u n shi n e


cheer s the w i n te r la n d s cape .

In 1 6 8 6 the year follo w i n g t he r evocatio n of the Edic t o f


,

Na n te s a ha n dful of exiled Hugue n ots reached the s hore s of


,

N w Engla n d
e This little ba n d of F re n ch families tra n s
.

,

ported f om the shore of the Bay of Bi s cay to the wild s of our


r

N w Engla n d i n terio r remi ds me s ays the poet Holme s


e
,
n , ,

of the i s olated grou p of mag n olias w hic h w e fi n d surrou n ded


by the ordi n ary forest t r ees i n ou r Ma ss achu s et ts tow n of
Ma n chest er ”
.

Whe n w e co n s ider t ha t Ne w Engla n d h a d bee n peopled


almo s t w holly by religious exiles of the Pro t esta t fait h it is n ,

n o t stra nge th t these Hugue n ot s s hould tur n t h i


a y w ist e r e es
~

fully to w ard the la d of the Pilgrim n d the P u rita w here the


n a n,

ba n n er of Chri s t had bee n pla ted by Chri s tia n han ds fa r from


n

the tyra n y Ofki n g s or prelate s n d u n der it s protecti n g folds


n
,
a

mai n tai n ed w ith imple dig n ity the go s pel of peace d good
s an

w ill to all n m e

G abriel Bern o n the age n t a n d patro n of these poo r people


, ,

had procure d for them of the colo ial aut h oritie s a tract of w il n ,

de r n e ss la d i w hat w a s the n k n o w n as the Nip ck Cou n try


n n m u ,

of w hich Wachu s ett Mou n tai n i s the ce t ral n d d omi n ati n g n a

la n dmark far a n d n ear .

There were i n all about thir ty F re n ch families chiefly ,

R c h ll i s w ho bega s ettleme n t i n w hat is n o w the t o wn o f


"
o e o , n

Oxford Ma s sachusett s
, It i s evide n t t hat t h ey w ere farmers
.

a n d n t arti s a n s f
o rom the citie s The life to which all thei r .
1 26 NEW -
ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

labor thei r houses th ir barn s their mills a n d their c r op s m u st


, ,
e , ,

be a b an do n ed to the pr ow li g savage Their w ise n d b n e v


n . a e o

l e n t patro G a b riel Bern o had already impoveri s hed him s elf


n, n,

an d o u ld n o w do n more i n t h eir b ehalf


c o Truly that divi n e .

a ss i s ta n ce i n whic h they had n ever do u bted eve n i n the darke s t ,

hour was n o w become their sole s tay n d s upport


,
a .

At last the day fi xed fo r their departu re ar r ived I the ea rly . II

m or n i n g eac h family took le a ve of it s wn home arou n d which o ,

clustered s o ma n y te n de r associatio n s The n gazed i n . m e

sile n ce upo n what t he labo of their wn ha n d s had s o u s eles s ly


r o

w r ought the wome n culled the last flo w er s of thei r little gar


,

de n s n d wate r ed the with thei r tears They the n as s embled


a m .

i n their little chapel w here they had a refreshi n g s easo n of w o r


,

ship n d of mutual co n solatio n Afte r t his they we n t i n a body


a .

to their place of burial i n order to take a la s t leave of tho s e who


were shortly to emai n sole i n habita n ts of the de s erted village
r .

Upo n the s e lo n ely g r ave s lovi n g ha n ds n w dropped some o

fa r ewell t oke n of r emembra n ce while lovi n g lip s repeated a fare


,

w ell praye r Eve ry th i n g bei n g t le ngth do n e dece n tly a n d i n


. a

order ,

Pa us i g d looki g back to gaze o ce more t h eir d welli gs


n an n n on n ,

E t h ey w ere shu t o u t by t h e w i di g road


re d t h e w oodla d n n a n n ,

the exiles Slo wl ybegan their mour n ful m a r ch over t h e r ough


fore s t road to w ard Bost o n .

O nly a heap of r ubbi s h ove rg r o wn wi th wild vi n e s n o w i n di


, ,

cate s the s ite of the a n cie n t fort but th e blood of these H u g u e


,

m i n g le d with that of t he Purita n s a n d e n n obli n g it ha s


'

not s , ,

left a far mo re e n duri n g te s timo n y to the ob s cure s tory we have


just r elated The n ames of Sigour n ey of Bo w doi n of Boudi n o t
.
, , ,

of Fa n euil of Reve re of Jo h o n n o t are t hu s become s o ma n y


, , ,

memo rial s to t h e i r o n tyran n y w h ich drove thousan ds of the


Hugu e n o t subj ects o fLouis ! IV i n to volu n ta ry exile . .
L Y N N A ND NA HA NT LEGEN D S .

HE vivid n d life like de s c r ip ti o n of t he coast sce n ery of


a -

an ci e n t Saugu s bo rrowed from The Bridal of Pe n n a


,

cook is a mo s t fitti ng i n troductio n t o ou r lege n d s ; for n owhe re


,

coul d a wilder or more r oma n t ic regio n or o n e embo d yi n g more


.

s t riki ng n at u ral t raits prepare t he m i n d fo r r eceivi n g those weird


,

tale s w hich so tr uly prese n t t o it t he supers tit ious Side of old


Ne w En gla n d life .

A w ild d broken land s cape piked w it h fi r s


an ,
S ,

Ro ugh e i g t h e bleak horizo s n orth er edge


n n n

n ,

Steep caver o us h ill s ide s wh ere bla k h emlock s pur s


,
n ,
c

A d sharp gray s pli n ter s ft h e w i d sw ept ledge


n ,
O n -

Pierced the t h i glazed ice or bri s tli g ro se


n- ,
n ,

W h ere t h e ol d i of t h e s ky sun k do w u po t h e sn o w s
c r m n n .

An d east ward cold w ide marsh e s s tretc h ed a way


, ,

D ul l dreary fl ats w ith o u t a b ush or tree ,

O ’
cro ssed by icy creek s wh ere tw i e a d y
e r- ,
c a

Gu rgled t h e w ater s of the moo str u ck s ea n-

A d fai t w ith di s ta
n n came t h e sti fl ed roar n ce ,

T h e m la h oly lap s e of w ave s that l w hore


e nc on o S .
1 28 N W ENGLAND LEGENDS
E -
.

TH E B RID AL O F P ENNA C OO K .

N t he Bridal of Pe n n acook M r Whittier who i s himself , .


,

at o n ce t he p r oduct a n d the poet of thi s roman tic coast ,

tells us th at he chan ced upo n the motive of t he poem while


po r i n g ove r
A ld h r i l f b rd r wars n o c on c e o o e

A d I d ia h i s t ry n n n o .

This was u n doub t edly Thomas Mort o n s Ne w En glish Ca ’ “

n aa n ,
— a book w hich the Purita n s i n dig n a n tly de n omi n a t ed


s can dalous a n d fo r w hich they i mpriso n ed the au t hor a
,

w hole year t he n di s mi s si n g him w it h a fi n


,
But aside from it s e .

merciless r id i cule of t hem n d their ways i t s value as I n dian a ,

history is duly certified by mo st compete n t judges o n e of



,

w hom say s t hat Morto n s descriptio n of the I n dia n s i s s ’



u

perio r t o that of mo s t autho r s before his t ime ; a n d though he


someti m es i n dulges hi s imagi n atio n ye t this par t of h i s work is ,

of exceedi n g great value to i n quirers about t h e pri itive i n h b i m a

t a n t s of Ne w En g la n c

The poe t goes o n to relat e t hat amo n g the ill a ss ort ed c o ll c ,


-
e

t io n of books formi n g hi s lan dlord s library he fou n d t his old ’

ch r o ni cle wherei n he read


, ,

A st ry f t h arriag ft h Ch i f
o o e m e o e e

Of Saug us t t h d usky W t o e ee a m oo,

Daug h t r f Pass e way wh d w lt


o a co n a , o e

I th
n ld ti
e up t h M rri a k
o m e on e e m c .

This is t he s t or y as it is related by Mort o n W i n n e p u r ki t .


,

t he s o n of N p s h t or the N w Moo n w a s the Sagamore of


a na a em e , e ,

Saugus N u m k g
,
d M
a b q h n w k o w n as Saugu s
ea ,
an as s a e u as , o n
,

Ly n n Salem
, n d Marblehead , Whe n he came to man s estate
a .

1 30 N W ENGL
E -
A ND L EG ENDS .

t ree s to dan ce wat e r t o burn a n d the like marv els t o a ppea r i n


, ,

t he co u rse of h i s my st ical i n vocatio n s .

With t he co n s en t a n d good liki n g of t hi s redoub table saga


more W i n n e p u r kit wooed a n d married t he da u ghter of Passa


,

co n a w ay Bou n tifu l wa s t he e n t ert ai n men t that he a n d h is


.

atte n da nt s received a t he r fat he r s ha n ds accordi n g t o t h e cus ’


,

t om of his people whe n celeb rat i n g a n eve n t of this ki n d a n d ,

such a s s uited t h e exalted ra n k of t he bride a n d groom .

Fea s ti n g a n d revelry succeeded or ra t he r they made a pa r t of ,

t h e marriage s olem n it ie s a s wi t h a ll a n cie n t people s


,
The cere .

mo n ies bei n g over Passaco n away cau s ed a select n umber of h i s


,

brave s t o e s cort his d augh t e r i n to the territories belo n gi n g to he r


lord a n d hu s ba n d where bei n g safely come t hey w ere i n a like
, , ,

ma n n er most hospitably e n te rt ai n ed by W i nn e p u r kit a n d hi s


,

m en ,
a n d whe n t hey w ere r eady t o depart w ere ge n erously ,

r e w arded wi th g ifts fo r t hei r lovi n g care a n d ser vice .

No t lo n g after ward the n ewly w edded pri n cess was sei zed wi th
a pa s sio n ate lo n gi n g t o r ev is it o n ce agai n he r n ative cou nt ry a n d ,

t o behold o n ce mo re t he face of the migh ty chief her father ,


.

Her lord li s te n ed to her prayer which seemed r easo n able e n ough , ,

a n d h e therefore i nall love a n d ki n d n ess for h e r welfare chose


, ,

a picked body from amo n g his most t ru s ted wa rriors to co n duct


hi s lady t o he r father t o who m they with great respec t prese n tly
,

brough t he r s afe a n d sou n d ; a n d t he n after bei n g graciously ,

r eceived a n d as graciously dismi s s ed they r e t ur n ed to give a n ,

accou n t of thei r erra n d leavi n g t heir pri n ces s t o co n t i n ue amo n g


,

he r frie n ds a t he r o wn good w ill a n d pleasure Aft er some s tay .

i n her Old home by t he beautiful mou n t ai n r i ve r t he lady sigu i ,

fi e d he r des i re t o go back t o h e r h u s ba n d agai n U po n w hich Pa s ,

s a c o n a wa
y se n t a n emb a ssy t o W i n n e p u r k i t w i t h order t o n otify

him of t his w i s h o n he r part a n d to r eque s t that t he Sachem ,

of Sa u gu s his s o n i n law might at o n ce de s patch a suitable


,
- -
,

guard t o escort his wife back through t he wildern ess t o he r home .

Bu t W i n n e pu r ki t strict ly st an di n g fo r h i s ho n or a n d r epu t at io n
,

a s a chief bade the mes s e n ger s to ca rr y hi s father i h la w this


,
- -

a n s w er ! That when h i S wife depa r ted from him h e ca used


“ '

,
TH E B RI DAL OF PEN A COO N K . 1 31

his o wn m e n t o wa it upo n he r t o h e r fa t her s t errit o ries as did ’


,

become h i m bu t n o w t hat s he had a n i n t e n t t o r e t urn i t did ,

beco e her father t o se n d her back with a co n voy of his o wn


m

people ; a n d that i t s t ood n o t w i t h W i n n e p u r kit s r epu t at io n ’

eithe r to make hi m self or his m e n so se r vil e as t o fe t ch he r


ag ai n
.

Thereupo n t he old s achem Pas s aco n away was much i n cen sed
, ,

a t hav i n g this curt a n sw er ret ur n ed t o him by o n e whom he


co n sidered at ost o n ly a petty chief n d a vassal ; a n d be i n g
m a

moreover sadly n ettled to thi n k t ha t his s o n —i n law should pre -

te n d to give h i Passaco n a w ay a lesso n i n good breedi n g or


m , ,
-
,

did n o t es t eem him m ore highly t ha n t o make t his a matt e r fo r


n ego t ia t io n se n t back this s harp reply That his daughter s “ ’

,
!

blood a n d birt h deserved more respec t t ha n t o be sligh t ed i n


such a ma n n er n d therefo r e if he ( W i n n e p ki t ) would have
,
a u r

he r compa n y he w ere be st t o se n d or come fo r her


,
.

Th e you n g sachem n o t bei n g w illi n g t o u n de r value h i mself


, ,

a n d bei n g wi t hal a m a n of s t ou t spirit did n o t hesi t a t e t o t ell ,

his i n dig n a n t father i n la w t ha t he must ei t her sen d h i s daugh t e r


- -

home i n charge of hi s o wn e s co rt o r else h e migh t keep he r ; ,

s i n ce W i n n e p u ki t was fo r his o wn part fully de t e r mi n ed n o t


r , ,

t o s t oop so low .

As n ei t he r would yield t h e poor pr i n cess r e m a i n ed w it h h e r


,

fat her — a t least u n t il Mor t o n the n arra t or left the cou n t ry ;


, , ,

bu t she is supposed t o have fi n ally rejoi n ed her haugh t y Spouse ,

t hough i n what way doe s n o t appear i n t he la t e r r elatio n befo r e


us Sh e was n o t rue woma n howeve r if she failed t o di s cover
.
, ,

a mean s t o soft e n t he proud hea rt of W i n n e p u kit who aft e r r ,

all was perhaps o n ly t oo r eady to accord t o he r t ears a n d he r


e n t rea t ies what he h d so lofti ly refused at t he i n s t igati o n of a
a

pu n c t iliousn ess tha t was worthy of t he days of chival ry .

The poe t has made a mo s t felici t ous use of t h i s s t o r y i n t o ,

which are i n t roduced some desc r ip t io n s of t he sce n ery of t he


Me rri mack of exceed in g beau ty a n d gr ace The poem h a s .
,

howeve r a mo r e d ramat ic e n di n g t han t he p r ose t ale we h ave


,
-

just g i ven In t he poem t he hear t b r oken a n d dese rt ed b ri de o f


.
-
1 32 N W ENG LA ND LEG ENDS
E -
.

Pe n n acook at la st deter mi es to n brave the perils of t he swolle n


a n d t urb i d Merrimack alo n e to ,
s eek the wig w am of her dusky
husba nd Steali n g away from
. her compa n io n s s he lau n ches ,

her frail Ca n oe upo n the bosom of the t orre n t a n d is i n st an t ly ,

s wep t by it ,

Do w t h e ve xed e tre of t h at rush i g tide


n c n n
,

T h e t h i k huge i bloc ks t h reate i g eith er s ide


c ce -
n n
,

T h e foa wh ite ro ks fA k g i Vie w


m -
c O rn o s ea n
,

Wit h arro w sw ift e ssy n

Do w t h e wh ite rapi d s li k e a s ere leaf wh i led


n r ,

O t h e sh arp ro k s
n d piled p i e s hu rle d
c an -
u c ,

Empty d bro k e
an ir led th e ca oe
n, c c n

I t h e vexed pool belo w


n b u t wh ere wa s
W e e tam oo

TH E PIR A T ES GLEN

.

HE year 1 6 5 8 was sign alized i n Ne w En glan d by a grea t


earthquake which is me t io n ed i n s o m e of the old chro n
,
n

i l
c es . Co n n ec t ed with thi s co n vul s io n w hich i n the olde n ,

time w as r ega ded as a mo s t Sig n al ark of the displeasure of


r m

Heave n is the follo w i g story There are it hould be s ai d


,
n .
,
S ,

t w o or three circum s ta n ces or rather fact s givi n g to this legen d


, ,

a color of authen ticity w hich a e of themselve s su fficie n t to


,
r

create a doubt w hether after all it ha s n t a more s u bsta n tial


, ,
o

fou n datio n t ha n has gen erally bee n co ceded to it We w ill n .

i n g ly give it t h e be n e fi t of this d oubt ; mean w hile co n te n ti n g


ourselve s w ith t h e stateme n t that its fi r s t appeara n ce i n pri t n ,

s o far a s k o w n to the w riter w a s i Lewi s s Hi s tory fLy n n


n ,
n

O .

Bu t he r e i s t he legen d i n all i t s p u i t y r .
NEW -
ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

by a thick gr o w th of pi n e s hemlock s n d cedars Ther e was , ,


a .

o n ly n e small s pot to which the ray s of the n oo n day u n could


o s

pe n et rate Upo n climbi ng t he rude n d n early perpe n d icular


. a

s teep of t he cliff o n t he ea s tern side of thi s gle the eye com n,

m a n d d a n oble expa n s e of s ea s tretchi n g far to the s outh b e


e ,

s ide s a w ide ex t e n t of the s rrou di g cou n try N s pot n u n n . 0 o

t he coa st could have bee n better cho s e n for t he double purpo s e


of co n cealme n t an d ob s e r vatio n Eve n a t thi s day w he n the .
,

n eighborhood has become t hickly peopled it is s till a lo n ely ,

a nd desolate place w ho s e gloomy rece ss e s are comparatively


,

u n k n ow n a n d u n vi s ited He r e the pira t e s built t h em s elve s a


.

s m all hut made a garde n n d dug a w ell of which s ome traces


, ,
a ,

stil l r emai n I t is s uppo s ed that they al s o buried mo ey h e r e


. n ,

a n d search ha s bee n made for it at various t ime s but n o n e h a s ,

ever b ee n fou n d n d to deepe n the myste ry it i s s aid tha t the


a ,

pirate s mi s tre ss w ho i s de s c ribed as very pale n d beautiful


,
a ,

havi ng s icke n ed n d d ied w as buried here i n n u n k n o w n g rave


a ,
a ,

u n der the thick shade of the pi n es A fte r a time the ret reat f . O

the pirates became n oi s ed about They we r e traced to t hei r gle n . .

Three Of them were taken to E gla n d — there bei n g at that


.

n ,

t ime n o law i n t he Colo n y to pu n ish piracy where it is sup ,

po s ed that they paid the pe n alty fo r their crimes u po n the gib


be t The third who s e n ame w as Thomas V eale escaped t o a
.
, ,

cavern i n the w oods w hich he n d his co n fede r at es had p revi


,
a

o ly made u s e of as a place of deposi t fo r t hei r i ll gotte n boo t y


u s -
.

In this lo n ely place the fugitive fixed hi s reside n ce practi s i n g ,

t he t rade of a s hoemaker a n d occasio n ally v i s iti g the village , n

to ob t ai n food u n t il the ea rt hquake which ushered i n t h


, e

legen d spli t ti n g to its fou n datio n s the r ock i n w hich the caver n
,

w as Situat ed forever sealed the e n tra n ce e n closi n g the doomed


, ,

corsai r i n his fr ightful t omb Thi s cliff h s ever s i n ce bee n . a

k n o n a s Du n geo n Rock a n d the fi rs t retreat of t he free ,

h oo t ers has al w ays bo rn e t h e n ame of The Pirat es G le n ’


.

The sequel t o the lege n d that w e have so con scie n t iously


relat ed t o t h reader is more striki ng by it s reality more i n cr e d
e , ,

i ble o n e might almost say t ha n the lege n d itself is wi t h ll i t s


, , ,
a
G LEN 1 35

THE P IRA TEs .

d ramati c su rrou n di n gs The s t ory of Du n geo n Rock n o w leaves


.

the r ealm of the lege n dary for th t of ac t ive s uper n atural a

age n cy n d it may be doubted if the whole w orld ca n produce


a

an othe r such example of the ab s orbi n g pursui t of a n idea which


has become the fixed n d domi n an t impulse of a life Bu t first
a .

let us i n troduce the reade r to the locality itself .

Two miles ou t of the city of Ly n n i n the hea r t of t he secluded


,

a n d r oma n tic r egio n overlooki n g it i s a hill h i gh


,
n d steep o n e a ,

s ide of which is a n aked precipice the other w hich the r oad ,

asce n ds is still covered w it h a magn ificen t g rove of oak trees


,
-

growi n g amo n g e n ormou s bo w l d ers n d clad w he n I s w them


,
a ,
a ,

i n t he rags of t heir autum n al purple F ew wilde r o r more


.

pic turesque Spo t s ca n be fou n d amo n g t he W h ite Hills ; a n d


here we are n o t a doze n mile s rem oved fro m the home s of half
a millio n people The rumo r ed exist en ce of treasu r e shut up i n
.

the heart of this cli ff by t he ea r thquake seem s t o have fou n d


credit i n t he neighborhood if o n e may j udge fro m the evide n ces
,

Of a h eavy explosio n i n w ha t was supposed t o be the a n cie n t

vestibule of t he cave rn w here a ya wh i g r e n t i n the s ide of the


,
n

ledge is blocked up wit h t o n s of massy d eb i a n d ever y ves r s

tige of what w as perhaps a n i n teresti n g n atu ral cu r iosity t hus


wan t o n ly dest royed .

Un der the directio n of spiri t mediums t he work of pie r ci n g ,

Du n geo n Rock was b egu n by Hi r am Marble abou t fifty yea r s


ago, a nd w as co n ti n ue d with little i n termi s sio n for abou t
, ,

thirty year s F o r more tha n a qua r ter of a ce n tury — spurred


.
,

o n w h e n t hey we r e ready t o aba n do n the w ork i n despa i r


,
by ,

some delusive evelatio n of the spirits


r fathe r a n d s o n toiled o n
,

i n t he vai n hope of u n locki n g i ts secre t To n s upo n t o n s o r


.

the b r oke n r ock have bee n removed by thei r han ds alo n e fo r ,

the w i n di n gs of t h e gallery make a n y mecha n ical co n tr iva n ce


useless for the purpose So hard is the n at ural fo r ma t io n tha t
.
,

they somet imes adva n ced o n ly a foo t i n a mo n th a n d t he labor


was furt he r i n creased by the accumulat io n of w a t er wh i ch i s ,

co n st a n t ly oo z i n g from fi s sures of the rock Death a t le n gt h .

r eleased t he elde r e n t hus i ast fro m his i n fa t ua ti o n ; bu t t he s o n


1 36 NEW -
ENG L A ND L EG ENDS .

pursued the wo r k as the mo s t s acred of tr s t s u n til he t oo di d u ,


e

i n the s ame fatal delu s io n .

A w oma n w hom I fou n d i n the cabi n n the s um it nd o m ,


a

who proved to be the trea s ure s eeker s si s ter co n ducted me t O -


,
'

the e tran ce of the s haft w hich w as clo s ed by a grated door


n , ,

above which I read thi s emi n e n tly practical lege n d i n p an u n ra c

tical place Ye who e n ter here leave t w e ty five ce n t s behi n d



,
n -
.

Sh tur n ed the key i n t h lock sw u n g back the grati g n d w e


e e ,
n ,
a

bega n to de s ce n d fi r s t by a s erie s of s tep s cut i the rock t h e n


,
n ,

by s uch foothold a s t h Slippery fl oor afforded Whe n w e e .

arrived a t the extreme limit of the excavatio n we had come n o t ,

far from o n e hu n dred n d fifty feet i n a perpe dic ular de s ce n t


a n

of o n ly forty ; yet I remarked that the gallery at time s al m ost


doubled upo n it s elf i n o r der to accompli s h what m ight have
,

bee n reached i n half the dista n ce a n d of course with half the , , ,

labor i n a direct li e — w hich w ould s eem to imply that the


,
n ,

work might have proceeded more expeditio us ly u n der t he d i re c

tio n of a compete n t mi n i n g e n gi n eer Nothi g i n the appear . n

a n ce of the rock i n dicated that it had bee n di s turbed s i n ce t he


creatio n It was as hard as adama n t as fi rm a s marble a s
.
, ,

impen etrable as F ate .

My guide poi n ted out t h s uppo s ed locality Of the a n cie n t e

e n tran ce Sh also s ho w ed me a s a thi g to which t h e fee duly


. e ,
n

e n t itled eve n such sceptics as my s elf the fragme n t of a corroded ,

scabbard w h ich had bee n fou n d she said embedded i n a cra n n y


, , ,

withi n the excavatio n But w he n I after w ard me n tio n ed this


.

circum s ta n ce to the poet Lo n gfello w who w as familiar w ith the ,

locality n d its story he laughed pleasan tly a n d said that u n les s


a , ,

hi s memory w as greatly at fault he had s ee n years before duri n g , , ,

o n e of hi s dri e s i n the n eighborhood thi s ide n tical thi g at a


v ,
n

blacksmith s s hop w here he had s topped o n s ome erran d Such



.

questio n s a s I asked w ere freely a sw ered but she talked i n a n

w ay that w a s almo s t s tartli g i n it s matter ffact a s sumptio n of


n -
o -

the super n atural as the co n trolli n g eleme n t i n o n e s life xp e i ’


e r

e n ce The i n vi s ible pirit s of D u geo n Rock I fou d dealt i n


. S n n

e n igmas w hich the Delphic oracle could n ever have su r passed


1 38 —
NEW ENGLA ND LEG ENDS .

really looked upo n a s o n of the fou n der s of the c raft Be t hat


e .

a s it may it i s cert ai n that n f the earlie s t s ettler s Fra n ci s


,
o e O ,

I ngall s by n ame e s tabli s hed t h fir s t ta n ery i all the colo n y


,
e n n ,

a nd he may therefore be co s idered the origi n ator f that


n O

bra n ch f i du s try i n the s teady pur s uit of w hic h Ly n n ha s


O n ,

grow n to be bot h rich d famo us Whe n shoemaki n g w as a


an .

trade I suppose that n early every n in Ly n n w as a shoe


, m a

I H ER
M O LL P TC .

maker ; bu t n o w w hen n o o n e per s o n m akes a wh ole boo t 0


,

a w hole shoe the t rade as a trade ha s dege n erated Two of the


, , , .

n oble s t m n that A merica ha s produced have g r aduated from the


e

Shoemaker s be n ch The poet Whit t ier o n ce follo w ed this humble



.

calli n g u n til he fou n d his highe r voca t io n a n d the p h i l n t h r


,
a o

pi s t William Lloyd G arriso o n ce w orked at the be n ch h ere i n


,
n,

Ly n n . Thi s a n cie n t ha n dicraft i s therefo re by n mea n s with o

out some ve ry ho n o rable tra d itio ns .

But Ly n n i s li kely to be celebrated throughou t a ll time as hav


i n g bee n the eside ce of the mo s t successful fortu n e teller of her
r n -
M OLL PI TCHER .

day a n d ge n e ra t io n we m ight also say Ofwhom we have a n y


,

accou n t i n my s tical lore an cie n t o r mode rn W hile she lived


, .

s he was w ithout a rival i n her peculiar art a n d the prophetic ,

word s that s he let fall w ere capable of bei n g tran smuted i n to


gold Sh it is that n of our n ative poets has i n mi n d whe n
. e o e

he is si n gi n g — too soo n w e t hi n k — a equiem ove r t he last


, ,
r

w i t ch Of his n ative la n d .

Ho w h as N w E gla d s roman ce fl ed
e n n

,

Eve a s a vi s io n of t h e mor in g
n n

Its rite s foredon e it s g u ard ian s dead , ,

Its prie s te sse s bereft of dread , ,

Wak i g t h e veriest u rch i s s corn i ng


n n

Go n e like t h e I dia n w izard s y ll



n e

A d fi n da e ro d t h e magic ro k
re -
nc un c ,

Forgotten like t h e Dr u id s s pell ’

A t moo n ri s e b y h i s h oly oak !


N more alo g t h e sh ado wy glen
o n

G lide t h e dim g h o s t s of m u rdered n m e

N more th e u q u iet c hu rch yard dead


0 n

G limp s e u p w ar d fro t h eir t ly b d '

m u r e ,

Startli n g t h e traveller late d lo e ,


an n

A S, o n s o e n igh t of s tarle ss w eat h er


m ,

T h ey ilen tly comm u e toget h er


S n ,

Eac h s itti n g h i s w h ead sto e on o n n

The roo fl e ss h o us e d cayed d e s erted , e , ,

It s livi ng ten a t s all d eparted n ,

N lo ger ri n g s w i t h mi d igh t revel


O n n

Ofw itch or gh o s t or gobli evil


, ,
n

N pale bl u e fl ame s e d s o u t it s fl ash e s


O n

T h ro u gh crevi ed roof d shattered s ash e s ! c an

T h e w it h g ra ss ro u d t h e hazel s pri g
c - n n

May sh arp ly to t h e igh t air s i g n -


n ,

B u t t h ere n more sh all w it h ered h ags


o

Refresh at eas e t h eir b t i k n ag s r o o rn s c ,

O tas te t h o s e h azel sh ado w ed w ater s


r
-

A beverage meet for Satan s da u g h ter s



s

N more t h eir mimic to e s be h eard


o n ,

Th m w of cat
e e t h e c h irp of bird ,
-
,
1 40 N W ENG L
E -
A ND LEG ENDS .

Sh rill ble d i ng w ith t h e h oarser laugh ter


n

Oft h e fel l d emo fol lo w i g after !


n n

Eve sh e o u r w weird h eroi e


n ,
o n n ,

Sole Pyt h o ess of a ie t Ly


n nc n nn,

Sleep s almly wh ere t h e livi g lai d h er


c n

A d t h e w ide real
n of s or ery m c ,

Left by it s lates t mi s tre ss free ,

H at h fou d gray d sk ille d i vad er


n no an n .

I t was o n ce s aid of Napoleo n that he left a family bu t n o ,

successo r Moll Pitcher left n o n e i n her wo n derful g ift of fore


.

telli n g t he future by practi s i n g palmistry or by s imply gazi g ,


n

i n to the bottom of a teacup Sh w as therefore n Si d ph l


. e o ro e .

Yet eve n the most i n c r edulous w e r e compelled to admit h pre er

dictio n s to be w holly u n accou n table ; while tho s e w ho came to


laugh w e n t away van qui s hed if n o t fully co n vi n ced W hat i s
,
.

s i n gula r is that he r r eputatio n ha s rather i n crea s ed tha n dimi n


i h d with time
s e We have n accou n t of her dupes n o i s
. o ,
r

there a n y Exposure exta n t It follo w s that t h e s po t w h ere



.

for s o ma n y years Moll Pitcher s o s ucce ss f lly practised h e art u r

i s the o n e to w hich the s tra n ger fi rst a s ks to be directed .

Sho u ld he happe n to s tray a li t tle w ay out of t he more


crowded part of the city his atte n tio n w ould at o n ce be ar rested
,

by a r ema r kable cli ff of dull red porph y ri s i n g high above the y r

house top s that ha s appa re n tly detached i tself from the broke n
-
,

hill ra n ge which s kirts t he coast a n d has elbowed it s w ay i n to


-
,

the plai n thrusti n g t he houses aside out of it s path n til it


, ,
u

almost divides t h city i n twai n High Rock a s it is cal led is


e .
, ,

to Lyn n w hat the Citadel i s to Quebec you look do w n a n d see , ,

at a gla n ce all t h e out —door life of the place you look u p n d ,


a

see the blue ar ch of the ky spri n gi g from the i of the


s n r m

ocean .

The followi n g poe t ical de s criptio n of the ravi shi n g View of s e a


a n d sho e u n rolled from the summi t of High Rock n a t urally
r

takes precede n ce of our wn o


1 42 NEW -
ENG L A ND LEG ENDS .

As of a mi lli o glan ci g feet


n n ,

Sh ake o u t the ligh t i a q u ick retreat n


,

O alo g t h e s moot h u rve ft h e beac h


r n c o
,

Sn o wy d curli g i lo g li e s reac h
an n ,
n n n .

A n i s let a c h ore d
n d h el d to la d an n

By a gli ste i g foam fri ged ri bbo of san d


n n ,
-
n n

T h at i s Na h a t d th at h oary led ge
n , an

To t h left i s Eg g Rock li k e a blu ted w edge


e
, n ,

Cleavi g th e restle ss ocea s breast


n n

A d b eari g t h e lightho us e
n n i t cre s t on s .

I t wa s at the foo t of t his cliff t ha t Moll Pi t che r t he fortu n e ,

t eller of Lyn n dwelt F o rt y yea rs ago the r e were ve ry fe w fi


,
.
re

sides i n N w Engla n d that he r fame had n o t r eached pe rhaps


e
,

distu rbed ; a n d her successful predic t io n s alike a s tou n di n g t o ,

the vulga r o r t o t he e n ligh t e n ed we r e the theme of ma n y a mid ,

n ight wa t ch o r forecastle co n fab Sh e was n o t i fwe may credit .


,

local repo rt t he withe red dec rep it a n d too t h less c r o n e o f


, , ,

Spe n se r o r Ot wa y s
,

w rin kled b a g with ag e gro wn d o uble


, ,

Picki ng dry sti k s a n d mumbli g to h ers elf


c

n
,

bu t a woman who lived i n the fu ll gaz e a n d gossi p o f a wo rld


which o n ly accep t ed h e r claim t o fo rek n owledge upo n t he u n e
q v o ca l t estimo n y of a thousa n d wi t n esses
u i Do you co n t e n d .

t hat her r epu t atio n was due s olely t o t h e shrewd n ess pe n et ra ,

tio n n d ready wit w it h which she was u n doub t edly i n a


,
a

r emarkable deg ree gift ed ? How the n w ill you expla i n r evela , ,

t io n s of the future made t e n a n d t we n t y years befo r e t he eve n ts


predicted t ook place ?
Whe n s he was i n the mer idia n of her fame a n d life t he o r d i
n a r y applica n t sa w a w oma n of m ediu m sta t u r e hav i n g a n ,

u n usually la rge head a pale thi n a n d r athe r i n t ellect ual face


, , , ,

sh aded by masses of da rk b rown hair w ho was a s t ho r oughly ,

self possessed as he was ill at ea s e a n d whose comp rehen si ve


-
,

gla n ce mea su r ed his me n tal capacity befo r e he could u tt e r a


syllable People of bet t e r disce rn me n t who r ecollec t her say
.
, ,
M OLL P I TCH ER . 1 43

t hat he r fa ce h a d n o n e of t he wild n ess o f t he traditi o nal w it ch ,

bu t was clouded wit h a habitual sad n ess a s of a mi n d ove r ,

burde n ed with b ei n g the deposi t ory of so ma n y c o n fi d e n ce s ,

perhaps c r i m es Sh e had a full capacious forehead ar ched eye


.
, ,

bro ws eyes t hat r ead the sec re t t hough t s of a sui t o r a n ose


, ,

i n cli n ed to be lo n g a n d t hi n lips — a ph ysiogn o m y wholly


,

u n like t he popula r idea l but rathe r tha t of a modern Ege r ia


, ,

i n shor t t he w it ch of the n i n e t ee n t h ce n t u r y
, .

Du rin g t he fifty yea rs t hat she pursued he r tr ade of fo rt u n e


t el li n g i n wh at was the n a lo n ely a n d lit t le fr eque n t ed qua r te r
,

M OLL P TC I H ER S ’
A
C OTT G E .

o f t he t ow n n o t o n ly w as she co n sul t ed by t he poo r a n d ig n o


,

r a n t bu t also by t he r ich a n d i n t ellige n t class Love affairs


, .
,

legacies t he discovery of c r ime lot t er ies comme r cial ven t ures


, , , ,

a n d t he mo r e commo n co n t i n ge n c i es of for t u n e for m ed we may


, ,

well i magi n e the s t aple of he r predic t io n s bu t h e most valued


, r

clie n t s came from t he opule n t seapo rts that ar e withi n s igh t of


H i gh Rock The com mo n sailo r a n d the mast e r t he cabi n boy
.
,
-

a n d t he o w n e r equally resor t ed t o her humble abode to k n ow


,

t he luck of a voyage It is a s se rt ed tha t ma n y a vessel has


.

bee n deserted w he n o n t he eve of sa i li n g i n co n se que n c e o f


,
1 44 NEW -
ENGL A ND LEG ENDS .

Moll s u n lucky va t ici n atio n Sh e wa s al s o much besough t by



.

tr easure seeker s — rath e r n umerou s cla ss i n her day who s e


— a ,

u n ited diggi g alo n g the coa s t of N w E gla n d w ould if u s e


n e n
,

fully directed have reclaimed for cultivatio n n i n co n s iderable


,
o

area of virgi n soil F or s uch applica n ts the w itch h a d a s hort


.

a n d sharp r eply F 0 0 18 l s he would s ay ; if I k n e w where “


.

mo n ey was bu r ied do you thi n k I would pa rt wi t h the


,

s ecret
Moll Pi t che r died i n 1 8 1 3 at the age of seve n t y fi v e Sh e ,
-
.

was origi nally of Marblehead a n d is s aid to have i n he r ited the ,

gi ft of prophecy from h gra n dfather Joh n D imo n d w ho was er , ,

him s elf a w izard of n o mean r eputatio n i n that place In p r oof .

of t his it i s said that he was i n the habit of goi n g to the old bu ry


i n g gr ou n d o n the h ill w he n ever a viole n t gale a t sea arose a n d
-

i n that lo n ely place i n the mids t of the dark n e ss n d t he s t orm


,
a ,

to a s tou n d a n d t err ify the simple fi s h e flk i n t he follo w i n g r o

ma n n er H w ould direc t vessels t hen at s ea how t o weathe r


. e

the roughe s t gale — pac i n g u p a n d down amo n g the grave


,

sto n es a n d ever n d a n o n i n a voice d i st i n c t ly hea r d above t he


,
a ,

b o wli n g of the t empest shou t i n g out his order t o the helm s ,


s

m a n o r the cre w as if he w ere act u all y


,
the quarter d eck a d on -
, n

the sce n e all before h i V ery f w d o u b ted h i bility to bri n g a


m . e s a

vessel safely i n to port Mary Dimo n d s father s ailed ou t of Ma r


.

b le h e a d a s mas t e r of a small ve s sel Sh e mar r ied Rober t Pi t che r .


,

a shoemaker i n 1 7 60 Mr Le w i s the hi s torian of Ly n n who


,
. .
, ,

r emembe r ed her asserts that s he w as co n n ected w ith some of t he


,

be s t familie s i n Es s ex ; t hat except her fort n e telli n g preten s io n ,


u -
,

t here w as n othi n g d i s reputable i n her life n d that her desce n d a

a n t s were livi n g n d re s pect ed whe n he wrote Her life seems


a .

rather t o mark the li n e which divide s old n d n w s uperst itio n a e ,

than n y decay of that i n ext i n guishable cravi n g to pry i n t o futu


a

rity which has di s ti n guished t he human r ace i n ll ages a n d i n a

all climes .

This describe s the celebrat ed fort u n e—t eller a s s he was k n own


to her co n temporarie s We have ho w ever picked up amo n g .
, ,

t he flotsa m of literary dr ift a differen t portrait dra w n i n ver s e ,


.
146 NEW —
ENGLA ND LEG ENDS .

The fo rtu n e te lle r cherishes a secre t e n mi t y t owa rds he r t re m


-

bli n g vis ito r a n d wickedly de t e r mi n es o n r eve n g n g


, ,
i

Sh e leadi n g t he way ,

T h e t wai passed i n a l w dark room n o ,

With h ere d there a crazy c h air an ,

A broke glass n a d usty loo m

A s pi i g wh eel a birc h e broom


nn n -
n
,

T h e w itc h s courier of t h e air



,

A s pote t a s t h at s teed of w i g s
n n

O w hi h t h e Mecca prophet rode


n c n

A bove t h e w reck of mea er thi g s n n

U to t h e Houri s brigh t bod e


n

a .

A lo w d u ll fi re by fl ash e s sh on e
A ro ss t h e gray
c d cold h earth s to n e
an

Fli gi g at ti e s a trembli g glare


n n m n

O t h e lo w roof
n d ti bers bare an m .

After t his glimpse of he r home t he weir d woma n p r oceeds t o ,

t ry he r a rt by looki n g st ead fa stly i n t o the so rceress s cup which ’


, ,

we are t old co n st i t u t ed h e r whole fo rt u n e t ell i n g paraphern al i a


,
-
.

Pr ese n t ly she speaks .

Ou t spoke the w itc h I kn o w full well ,

W h y thou hast s ough t my h u mble cot


Come s i,
t t h ee do w n — t h e tale I tell ,

May n t b s oo f g t o e n or e .

Sh e t h re w her pale blue cloak a s ide ,

A d s ti r ed the w hite n i n g embe rs up


n r ,

A n d lo g n d c u rio us ly Sh e eyed
an

T h e figu re s of her mys tic cup


A n d l w sh e m u ttere d w hile the light
o

G ave to h er lip s a gha s tlier w hite ,

A d h e sun k eye s un eart h ly glarin g


n r

Seemed li k e t h e taper s late s t fl ari ng


Dark h air eye s black a goodly form


A maiden w eepi g w ild dark s ea
n

A tall sh ip to ss i n g i t h e s tor n m

A black w re k fl oatin g —wh e e i s h e ?


c r
M OL L P I TCH ER . 147

Give me thy ha d ho w s oft d w arm n ,


an ,

A n d fair it s taperi g fi ger s s ee n n m

A d w ho t h at s ee s it
n w w o u ld drea no m

That w in ter s s o w w o ld s eem less chil l



n u

E lo g t h a t h e s e s oft fi ger s w ill ?


re n n n

A lovely pal l — h w d elicate m o

Its i l d w a deri g li e s are draw


ve ne c an n n n n

Yet eac h are prop h et s of thy fate


H t h i s i s su re a fearfu l
a ! one

That sud de cro ss t h at bla k ben eath


n n

W h at may t h e se evil sig s betoke ! n n

Pass io d s orro w fear


n an d deat h ,
an

A h u ma s pirit ru s hed n d broke ! c an n

Oh thi e hat h bee a plea s a t d ream


,
n n n

B t darker sh all it s w aki n g s eem !



u

Like a old ha d upo her heart


c n n

T h e dark w o rds of the s orcere ss lay ,

Somethi g to s care h er s pirit s re s t



n

Forever more a way .

Each w ord h d s eemed s o stra gely true a n ,

Calli g h er i mo st tho ught s i vie w


n n n ,

A n d poi ti g to the for which came


n n m

Before her i her dreary s leep n ,

Who s e an sw ered love — w ho s e very n ame ,

Tho ugh n o ug ht of breathi ng life wa s n ea r ,

Sh s carce had give the w i d s to keep


e n n ,

O murm red i n a s i s ter s ear



r u .

Ove r come by t h e t e rr ible r evelati o n t o which he r o wn fear s ,

le n d a t oo r ea d y belief t he poo r girl becomes a ma n iac Sh e i


, . s

always wat chi n g fo r t he sail i n t he offin g wh i ch n eve r comes ;


she w an de rs u p a n d dow n t he r ocky sho r es of Na h a n t ga zi n g ,

vacan t ly ou t t o sea u n til o n o n e lucky day i n s pi t e of Moll s


, ,

ft al p r edictio n t he lo v e r s Ship sails galla n tly i n t o t he bay a n d



a , ,

w i t h i t the o n e thin g capable o f r estori n g t he maide n s r easo n ’

agai n The witch however does n o t escape t he co n seque n ces of


.
, ,

he r m a l e vol e n ce bu t d i es mise r ably i n he r w r e t ched hovel


, ,
1 48 NEW -
ENG LA ND LEG ENDS .

bein g t en ded i n he r las t momen t s by a li t tle child of


s h e h a s so cruelly w r o n ged .

The poem bei n g t oo lo n g fo r us t o r ep r oduce i n


have t hus me rely ou t li n ed i t fo r t he r eade r .

NA H AN T LEGEN D S .

B OUT t hree miles fro m where we s ta n d risi n g ab ruptly ,

fro m t he sea i s a cast ellat ed gra y rock crow ned wi t h a


,

ligh t hou s e Eg g Rock as it i s called is n o t more tha n eigh t y


.
, ,

fee t from sea t o summi t bu t its isola t ed n d lo n ely posi t io n its


,
a
,

bold ou t li n e s t clea n a n d sharp o n t he blue backgrou nd make


ou
,

it seem highe r Th i s r ocky i s le t t he forme r eyrie of wild sea


.
,

birds i s by far t he mos t p i ctu r e s que objec t of t his pict u r esque


,

shore I t i s almost always seen e n c ir cled wi t h a bel t of whi t e


.

surf while i n violen t s t orms t he r agi n g seas assail i t wit h such


,

t re m e n dous i mpetuosity a s t o give t he i dea of a for tr ess belea


u e re d by t he combi n ed po w e r s of s ea a n d a i r A t such times it
g .

can n o t be a pproached w it h safety The n t he ligh t house keepe r .


,

what eve r h i s wan ts may be c n hold n o commu n ica t io n wi t h ,


a

t he shore bu t is a p r iso n e r du ri n g the pleasure of t he gale


,
.

The occasi o n al a n d distan t gli mp s es of N h a n t h a d fro m the a

mai n s hore are cert ai n to exci t e t he desire for a n eare r s urvey a ,

more i n t imat e acquai n t an ce We wi ll t herefo r e le t t h i s choice


.
, ,

bit o f descrip t io n which M r Lon gfellow part icularly admired


'
,
.