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The science of
utilising space

TO many, interior design means

arranging the interior of a space in
a way that is pleasing to the eye. In
reality, interior design is much
more than furniture arrangement
or aesthetics. To make a space
more practical, safe and more
delightful, is a combination of art
and science.
Look around the room you’re in.
Notice the way the furniture is
placed, location of the ventilation
outlets and lighting fixtures. If the
room has adequate lighting, is airy
and the furniture does not get in
your way, it was probably arranged
by someone with some sense of
interior design.
With modern living pushing for
people to live and work in more Your job scope as an interior designer can be wide and far-reaching, so make sure to explore different areas of the industry. Who knows, you may just
confined spaces, the demand for find your niche.
good interior design is on the rise.
presentation skills, both verbal as practical and logical, tying down At present, sustainability is the “Universities and design schools
It takes more than just well as visual. Learning how to
market ideas well to people is a
the creativity of interior designers
with typical styles and traditions is
next big thing and future interior
designers are expected to keep up
now offer courses in furniture
and product design and are worth
artistic skill skill that comes in very handy in commonplace, and this can happen with these changing trends. In fact, looking into because furniture
this field,” says Siti. often when dealing with using sustainable and green design is an area that requires
According to Sharifah Suzana Taking note of the importance of conservative clients,” says Siti materials for interior designing is a detailed understanding of
Syed Hassan, honorary secretary at communication skills and seeing Zaahira. challenge that every new and workmanship, materials and
Malaysian Institute of Interior how Malaysia is a multicultural MIID council member Teo Kui experienced interior designer must design,” she adds.
Designers (MIID), unlike what and multilingual country, Soon agrees that dealing with face as the world progresses According to Sharifah Suzana,
many aspiring students believe, understanding different languages clients with a more traditional towards becoming more eco- other careers for interior design
designing is only a small part of would be an added advantage for mindset can be testing for friendly. graduates include retail display
interior design. people looking to market their professional interior designers, but Assoc Prof Dr Zalina Shari, acting designer, colour consultant with
She says, “Understanding skills. he also mentions some other head of the Department of paint companies, project manager
material, colour matching, She adds, “You will work with equally challenging roadblocks, Architecture at Universiti Putra in designing spaces and illustrator.
construction and project difficult people, from clients to such as material availability and Malaysia, is optimistic about how She also advises students keen
management are some equally contractors. Things might go affordability as well as the future Malaysian interior designers on pursuing this as a career to not
important aspects of a career in wrong, too. Hence, it is important unavailability of advanced will fare. “It is more probable that just concentrate on the destination
this field.” to learn to deal with people, machinery to support more students who undertake and instead focus on the journey
Siti Zaahira, an interior and manage time and exercise advanced detailing. professional degrees with because continuous learning is a
furniture designer, agrees, and patience.” “The other barriers are the accreditation from LAM have what crucial part of interior designing.
emphasises the need for good As with any other career, requirements that interior it takes to design sustainably “Be prepared to work hard. Be a
communication skills. interior designing comes with its designing graduates must fulfil, (environmentally, economically sponge and absorb information
“Having artistic vision and an own set of challenges. Since this is such as registering with the Board and socially) because LAM requires because every day is a learning
amazing design idea is all good, up a consumer-centric field, one of the of Architects Malaysia (LAM) architectural curricula to be experience in this field,” she
until the time comes to sell the biggest challenges is dealing with before they can call themselves integrated with not only design, but stresses.
idea. That’s when communication clients, balancing between their interior designers. There are also also environmental, technology, All said and done, Siti Zaahira
skills come into play. As an interior requests and personal design the requirements under the and culture courses.” believes that interior design is a
designer, it helps to have good preferences, ideas and industrial Uniform Building By-Laws 1984. Assoc Prof Zalina highlights very fulfilling career. “It is an
communication skills and deep trends. “These are just some of the rules technology as another trial that exciting process, from
understanding of a subject to “Tight budgets and deadlines set and regulations that interior future interior designers will face brainstorming ideas and
educate and sell ideas to others. by clients can hinder creativity, designers in Malaysia need to when they enter the workforce. experimenting with colours and
“My advice to aspiring which can be frustrating. While it know and abide by before they can With more and more interior textures on different mood boards,
students would be to hone their is important that designs be operate in Malaysia,” adds Teo. designing firms embracing virtual to educating the clients about it,
and augmented reality to because it is important during this
demonstrate the look of their stage that clients are impressed by
design ideas to clients, the choices you are presenting on
professionals who do not update the mood board and are on the
themselves with the latest same page with you.
technology and design tools stand “Then there is the
to lose potential business. conceptualising stage, which is
always the fun part, and
Not just space decorators ultimately the satisfaction of
seeing your work validated and
Siti Zaahira explains how interior appreciated. All this and more
designers can get into a number of makes for a career that is
different fields of work and she is satisfying to say the least.”
all praise about her scope of work. There can be nothing more
“Working with a furniture pleasing than seeing one’s ideas
and soft furnishings company taking shape and garnering the
introduced me to a different field of appreciation of people. Interior
Designing a space takes interior design, which I found designers are more than just
more than just an artistic equally enjoyable. While I may artists because they also apply
eye; it also requires interior have graduated with a course in science to create a well-designed
designers to understand interior design, my work now is space that is both practical and
material, colour matching, focused on developing new aesthetically pleasing. If you think
construction and project furniture designs for projects and this is attractive, consider this as a
management, among others. retail. career option.
2 Engineering & Architecture THE STAR, TUESDAY 13 AUGUST 2019

A UoSM student

Creating the
taking a human-
powered plane out for
a test flight. UoSM’s
MEng Aeronautics and
Astronautics offers

engineers of
seven specialisations
to choose from,
including air vehicle
systems design.

THE University of Southampton Malaysia engineering and design, engineering
(UoSM) in EduCity is one of the best places in management, materials and structures and
Malaysia to gain an excellent engineering spacecraft engineering.
education with internationally recognised l MEng Electrical and Electronic
qualifications. Being a research-led founding Engineering – A four-year programme that
member of the prestigious Russell Group, the offers seven specialisations to choose from:
University of Southampton is ranked among artificial intelligence, communications and
the Top 100 Universities worldwide and control, digital and analogue electronics,
among the top 20 institutions in the United mathematics, nanotechnology and
Kingdom, according to The Times and Sunday photonics, power systems and computer
Times Good University Guide 2019. science/software engineering.
UoSM offers an Engineering Foundation l MEng Mechanical Engineering – day, seven days a week. developments, as most lecturers at UoSM
Year programme and three integrated A four-year programme that offers 11 Besides the high staff-to-student ratio, are active researchers in their respective
master’s degree programmes (MEng), specialisations to choose from: acoustical which enables students to cultivate closer fields of study.
namely: Aeronautics and Astronautics, engineering, advanced materials, aerospace, relationships with their lecturers, the split- To date, the university has
Electrical and Electronic Engineering and automotive, biomedical engineering, campus arrangement also has its benefits. approximately 200 students from four
Mechanical Engineering, each course with computational engineering and design, The arrangement softens the cost of living cohorts that have graduated since the
many different specialisations. These entail engineering management, mechanical and studying overseas, letting students university opened its doors in 2012 in
either two or three years in the Malaysia engineering, mechatronics, naval transition seamlessly. Johor. The majority of its graduates find
campus followed by another two years in the engineering and sustainable energy At UoSM, first-year students get to design, employment three months after graduation
UK campus. systems. build and test devices such as quadcopter at world-leading companies such as Rolls-
l Engineering Foundation Year – A one- frames, whereas second-year students design Royce, BP, GE, Dyson, Panasonic, Deloitte,
year preparatory programme for students Engineering students at UoSM are offered and fabricate more complex engineering Intel, Apple, ARM and GlaxoSmithKline.
who have just finished their SPM/equivalent. the same course content and teaching systems, such as robots that recycle waste UoSM will have its next Open Days this
It guarantees progression onto your choice quality as their counterparts in the UK, but materials and fixed-wing unmanned aerial Saturday and Aug 24 from 10am to 4pm.
of degrees either in Malaysia (three around 65% of the cost of studying there. vehicles. Visitors can find out more about its
programmes) or in the UK (17 programmes). Students are assured the same quality The variety of individual and group academic staff, get course previews,
l MEng Aeronautics and Astronautics – education that gave so many engineering projects embedded in the syllabus ensure explore the laboratory facilities and see
A four-year programme that offers seven industry leaders their head start. The students develop teamwork and some of its current students’ projects.
specialisations to choose from: campus is supported with comprehensive management skills that will be invaluable
aerodynamics, aeronautics and astronautics, facilities, such as its Thermal Fluid Lab, later in their careers. Furthermore, students n For more information, call 07-560 2560
airvehicle systems design, computational which are accessible to students 24 hours a are exposed to the latest industry or visit www.southampton.edu.my
THE STAR, TUESDAY 13 AUGUST 2019 Engineering & Architecture 3

Nurturing extraordinary architects

TO continue nurturing the year Bachelor of Science in attend Tsinghua University in To find out more about Penang, Perak, Pahang and Sabah.
future builders of Malaysia, Architecture (Hons) programme, Beijing, China, one of the top 20 architecture or other built Attractive scholarships are on the
Tunku Abdul Rahman which has been accredited by the universities in the QS World environment programmes offered basis of academic merit and sibling
University College (TAR UC) has Board of Architects Malaysia University Rankings 2019, third in by FOBE, visit TAR UC Info Day discount for qualified students.
been providing architecture (LAM) as Part I of the professional the QS Asian University Rankings this Friday to Sunday, from 10am
programmes for young aspiring programme in architecture. 2019, and 22nd on the Times to 4pm at the Kuala Lumpur Main n For details, visit www.tarc.edu.
architects for the past 10 years. This professional recognition Higher Education World University Campus and its branch campuses in my
The Diploma in Architecture will put candidates on the fast Rankings 2019, where he
in 2009 and Bachelor of Science track to the Part II professional completed his Master in
in Architecture (Hons) in 2014 master programme in Architecture.
opened doors to a professional architecture, allowing graduates “TAR UC’s reputation in
education in architecture to be registered professional academic excellence and its
designed to cater to those who architects upon passing the LAM affordable fees was why I chose
wish to pursue a career in Part III Professional Examinations this institution to further my
architecture both locally and after a minimum of two years’ studies. My five years at TAR UC
abroad. working experience in a helped me gain knowledge and
Aspiring candidates with SPM registered architectural practice. skills which are relevant to current
or equivalent qualifications TAR UC architecture graduate industry demands,” says Tai.
intending to pursue a tertiary Tai Zhe Bin enrolled at TAR UC’s Tai will always be grateful to
education in architecture can Faculty of Built Environment TAR UC for helping him get to
choose the three-year Diploma (FOBE) in the Diploma in where he is at now. “Without the
in Architecture programme. Architecture programme and financial assistance provided to me Tai attributes his
Upon meeting the qualifying went on to complete his Bachelor via the TAR UC–TAA Scholarship, I success to TAR
CGPA, students will be eligible of Science in Architecture (Hons) do not think I would be able to UC's nurturing and
for a credit transfer up to Year 2 degree. make it to Tsinghua University. For comprehensive
when they advance to the three- From there, he went on to that, I am very grateful,” he says. programmes.

Get a leg up on
the competition
AS the field of engineering plays houses stimulation and
an important role in the mechanical workshops.
country’s development, AIMST FECT’s engineering alumni
University’s Faculty of has a 100% employment rate,
Engineering and Computer which is a testament to its
Technology (FECT) aims to comprehensive syllabus and
produce professional engineers strong collaborative ties with the
who are disciplined and possess electric and electronics industry
critical thinking and problem- in Malaysia.
solving abilities, as well as able AIMST University alumni
to adapt to rapid change. Namani Srilahari, winner of
The syllabi and programmes Falling Walls Lab Malaysia 2017
under FECT, including Diploma and Malaysian representative to
in Electric and Electrical Falling Walls Lab’s grand finale
Engineering and Bachelor in in Berlin, says, “AIMST
Electric and Electrical University’s beautiful campus
Engineering, are prepared based provides an environment
on criteria set by the Board of conducive to studying.”
Engineers Malaysia, an In 2017, she went up against
authorised body under the 100 contestants from more than
Registration of Engineers Act 60 countries all over the world
1967. They are also prepared in and emerged on top. Namani
accordance with the Washington presented a novel computer-
Accord, a multilateral agreement aided design aimed at
between bodies responsible for identifying different mosquito
accreditation or recognition of species and was awarded the
tertiary-level engineering Young Innovator of the Year
qualifications within their 2017 title at Falling Walls Lab’s
jurisdictions that have chosen grand finale in Germany. The
to work collectively to assist Falling Walls Lab is an
the mobility of professional international forum which aims
engineers. at building and promoting
The accord outlines the interdisciplinary connections
mutual recognition between among excellent young
the participating bodies of academics, entrepreneurs and
accredited engineering degree professionals from all fields.
programmes. It also establishes As one of the winners, she
and benchmarks the standard presented her talk again on the
for professional engineering grand stage of the Falling Walls
education across those bodies. Conference, alongside Nobel
FECT’s facilities include Laureate Esther Duflo.
analogue and digital “AIMST made me who I am
laboratories, power electronic today. I am currently pursuing
laboratory, machine laboratory, my dream research at the
microprocessor and National University of
microcontroller laboratory, Singapore, one of the leading
telecommunication laboratory universities in the world,” says
and Cad-CAM laboratory. It also Namani.

n For more information, visit

its campus in Semeling, Kedah
or call 012-549 8108/04-429 8108.
4 Engineering & Architecture THE STAR, TUESDAY 13 AUGUST 2019

Discover your
innovative streak
STUDENTS with a passion for an Integrated Design Project, programme focuses on specific
science and maths should while final-year students will be areas, namely analogue
consider enrolling in either the involved in an individual electronics, digital electronics
Bachelor in Mechanical project. The individual project and telecommunications.
Engineering with Honours or the culminates in First City UC’s “In order to prepare students
Bachelor in Electronic Engineering annual Innovation Day, which for a career in electronic
with Honours programmes functions as an outlet for engineering, we offer specialised
offered by First City University students to showcase their work. modules such as Microprocessor
College’s (First City UC) Faculty of A highlight of the engineering and Microcontroller Systems,
Engineering & Computing (FEC). programmes is a 12-week Embedded System Applications,
Spanning four years, both industrial training module, Digital IC Design, Signals and
programmes are recognised by which provides students with Systems, Analogue Systems
the Engineering Accreditation first-hand experience in an Design, Mobile Communications
Council Malaysia, which is headed engineering environment and and Digital Signal Processing,”
by professionals from both the familiarises them with industry says Bachelor in Electronic
industry and academia. standards. Engineering students Engineering programme
In line with the need to develop will also benefit from the coordinator Dr Tay Ching En.
students’ independent and Memoranda of Understanding Tay adds that the programme’s
teamwork abilities, Year 3 (MoU) signed with Xtrategize modules are based on
An engineering student presenting his project at the 2019 Innovation Day. engineering students will undergo Technologies Sdn Bhd and recommendations provided by
Iconix Consulting Sdn Bhd. the industry advisory panels, to
ensure that the syllabus remains
Master technical relevant.
“Electronic engineering
precision students will utilise industry-
relevant software such as
The Bachelor of Mechanical Matlab, AutoCAD, Keil uVision 5,
Engineering with Honours Microsoft Project and Mentor
programme aims to equip Graphics. Eventually, students
students with the essential skills are expected to develop
to become competent competency in utilising these
mechanical engineers, capable electronic engineering-related
of designing, analysing, software and hardware,” says Dr
manufacturing and maintaining Tay.
a mechanical system. The course
focuses on the core aspects of
mechanical engineering, which
First City UC’s
include engineering materials, programme incentive
applied mechanics and fluid
mechanics, thermodynamics
and facilities
and design and manufacturing. The first step towards entering
“Within the field of the engineering profession
mechanical engineering, rubber begins by registering for First
technology is gaining City UC’s bachelor’s degree
prominence because the programmes during the
material is commonly used in upcoming September intake.
manufacturing important Students are encouraged to sign
construction components such up quickly to guarantee their
as bridge bearings, marine spot for the 50% programme
fenders, seismic isolators, road incentive.
extension joints and many Prospective students will stand
advanced shock absorption to benefit from a world-class
devices. Therefore, our education as First City UC is
Engineering Materials course equipped with a wide array of
pays particular attention to its learning and teaching facilities,
applications,” says Bachelor in including a library, IT Centre,
Mechanical Engineering with Centre for Postgraduate Studies,
Honours programme engineering labs, as well as
coordinator Dr Ng Jiunn Yea. lecture theatres and seminar
The programme also aims to rooms.
impart to students interpersonal Engineering graduates are
and engineering management encouraged to sign up for
skills through course modules postgraduate studies to advance
such as Operations and Quality further in their careers. Alumni
Management, Engineering who register for the Master of
Practice and Communication Engineering Management and
Skills, Professional Practice and Master of Software Engineering
Project Management and will be entitled to a 20%
Product Development. This programme incentive.
cross-disciplinary knowledge First City UC is located in the
allows an engineer to not only modern township of Bandar
function independently but also Utama in Petaling Jaya, Selangor.
as part of a team. The eco-friendly urban campus
is easily accessible via MRT as
Discover innovative well as other forms of public
n For more information,
The Bachelor of Electronic call 03-7727 3200 or visit
Engineering with Honours www.firstcity.edu.my
THE STAR, TUESDAY 13 AUGUST 2019 Engineering & Architecture 5

Will it be
us or nuclear

Assoc Prof Dr Ruff says what is crucially needed is leadership, which we currently do not
have, from states that hold all of humanity and our Earth at ransom with these heinous

NUCLEAR weapons are an acute and first place.

existential danger to humanity. Yet, rather So how are we in relation to
than disarming, all nuclear-armed states are disarmament? The historic United Nations
investing in modernising their arsenals. The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear
danger of nuclear war is growing. Nuclear Weapons was adopted on July 7, 2017, and
winter and nuclear famine following a provides the only currently defined path to
nuclear war would be worldwide and the eradication of nuclear weapons.
catastrophic – and the only cure is The treaty provides a categorical and
prevention. comprehensive prohibition of nuclear
In the first Sir John Monash Lecture for weapons and provides a pathway for all
2019, Assoc Prof Dr Tilman Ruff discusses states, those with and without nuclear
the consequences and growing dangers of weapons, to fulfil their legal obligations to
nuclear war and the race against time to achieve nuclear disarmament. It
end nuclear weapons in his lecture, “The delegitimises nuclear weapons which have
humanitarian imperative to eradicate profound effects even on states that haven’t
nuclear weapons”. signed them.
“We are not used to thinking about it, but The treaty will be enforced when 50
nuclear weapons are the most acute threat states have ratified it. There are currently
to our global climate. Nuclear weapons are 70 signatures and 23 ratifications.
efficient at igniting simultaneous fires over This would not have happened without
very large areas. The bomb that destroyed the support of civil society, particularly the
Hiroshima in Japan is estimated to have support mobilised by the International
released about a thousand times as much Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons,
energy in the fires than the explosive power which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
of the weapon itself,” said Dr Ruff. in 2017.
A well-recognised scenario that has been “Nuclear weapons are now on the way to
repeatedly examined by climate scientists is the same stigmatised international illegal
a nuclear war between India and Pakistan. footing as other inhumane and
With a serious risk of conflict and both indiscriminate weapons. As more states join
countries having policies of early in, it adds to the stigma to the weapons so
deployment of nuclear weapons, it has now they are less likely to be produced, used and
become clear that nuclear weapon use is deployed. With it also comes a badge of
seriously considered on both sides. shame and this changes national
“A scenario involving 100 Hiroshima- behaviour,” said Dr Ruff.
sized weapons would have acute “It is a very important statement of hope
consequences. It would also produce six and capacity to deal with threat; the only
million tonnes of smoke. This constitutes bright spot in an otherwise increasingly
less than 0.5% of the global nuclear arsenal bleak world of nuclear dangers. However,
in weapons and in numbers. By nuclear the treaty was the easy part. What we
standards, it would be a small war. But crucially need is leadership, which we
India and Pakistan are growing their currently do not have, from states that hold
arsenals faster than any other states in the all of humanity and our Earth at ransom
world and with the increase in density of with these heinous weapons, but we can
fuel and people, the current arsenals are change that.
estimated to produce 15 million tonnes of “Our existential dilemma can be
smoke. summarised in this simple question: Will it
“This scenario is a very understated be the end of nuclear weapons or the end of
estimate. Smoke generated by a nuclear us? We all have a role to play to make
conflict in South Asia would rapidly cover absolutely sure the answer to this question
most inhabited regions on the planet and, in is the right one,” Dr Ruff concluded.
a couple of weeks, it will pretty much be Monash University Malaysia’s Sir John
everywhere.” Monash Lecture Series addresses key issues
In such an event, the World Health in the region, including sustainability,
Organization has made it clear that no socio-economic development, innovation
health service, or any combination of them, and technology, societal transformation,
anywhere on Earth would be up to Islamic economic thought and international
responding in any adequate way to the understanding.
aftermath of a single detonation over a city.
Therefore, the only logical approach is to n For more information, visit www.monash.
prevent nuclear war from happening in the edu.my
6 Engineering & Architecture THE STAR, TUESDAY 13 AUGUST 2019

Banking on innovative engineering

THE global electronic and electrical (E&E) them to find viable solutions for technical
sector will see tremendous growth problems on their own, or as a team, while
opportunities for new and existing human constantly opening themselves up to novel
capital. challenges that will further enhance their
AmBank Research projects that Malaysia’s skills and knowledge.
E&E sector will continue to record 9.6% For instance, to equip them for the
annual growth between now and 2022, challenges of the working world, students
especially in the semiconductor industry. are required to build a prototype from
The Malaysian Investment Development scratch for their final module, ranging from
Authority (MIDA) and US-based a smart irrigation system based on the
Semiconductor Equipment and Materials Internet of Things for the agriculture
International predicts that the country has industry to a vibration spectrum analyser for
the capacity to generate a gross national industrial machines and motion-controlled
income of RM53.4bil and create 157,000 E&E robotic automobiles.
jobs by 2020. “Our engineering students are required to
Malaysia’s vibrant E&E ecosystem has put what they have learnt over the years
always been a push factor for industry into practice to demonstrate their technical
players to constantly set a new bar as far as know-how, creativity and resourcefulness –
human capital development is concerned. the three trademarks of a SEGi engineering
This is precisely why the SEGi Group of graduate. This is also in line with what the
Colleges (SGC) constantly updates and industry is looking for,” adds Nadirah.
reviews its engineering curricula to ensure Students are also exposed to a highly
that it’s not just industry-relevant but also flexible learning environment that
forward-looking. encourages them to be innovative, visionary
Likewise, mechanical engineering is yet and insightful. SEGi’s student-centric
another prospective engineering subdivision approach places a lot of emphasis on
will see high demand, and with the advent of technical and soft skills development such as
IR4.0, the World Economic Forum in a report problem-solving, critical thinking and
titled Future of Jobs had laid out countless communication to prepare students for the
possibilities for mechanical, mechatronics, workplace.
robotics, software and automation engineers SGC offers diplomas and bachelor’s
to explore. degrees in electronic and electrical
The Michael Page Salary Benchmark 2019 SGC offers a flexible learning environment that encourages students to be resourceful, engineering and mechanical engineering.
Report states that a mechanical design innovative, visionary and insightful. The degree programmes are offered in
engineer can potentially earn RM80,000 to collaboration with the University of
RM100,000 a year in the manufacturing and engineering in every aspect of our lives and partnerships have also kept us on our toes as Sunderland, United Kingdom.
industrial sector, while Kelly Services the world of engineering is filled with we continue to engage with them on
2018/2019 Salary Guide shows that limitless opportunities,” says SEGi College innovative platforms to help shape the n For more information on SGC’s
mechanical engineers can potentially earn Subang Jaya Faculty of Engineering deputy engineering talents of tomorrow,” says engineering programmes, call 03-2070 2078
between RM6,000 and RM10,000 monthly. head Nadirah Najib. Nadirah. (SEGi College Kuala Lumpur), 03-8600 1777
Managers can even land up to RM20,000 per “Our E&E and mechanical engineering Apart from well-equipped labs and (SEGi College Subang Jaya), 04-263 3888
month. graduates are highly sought after by our working spaces, students are also exposed to (SEGi College Penang) or 082-252 566
“It is only wise for us to groom our comprehensive network of industry a comprehensive industry-standard (SEGi College Sarawak). Alternatively, visit
students for the global marketplace. There’s partners. That said, our industry curriculum and challenges that will require www.segi.edu.my