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US shutdown: Trump defies Pelosi over

Congress speech
US President Donald Trump says he will deliver a speech to Congress next week,
despite calls from top Democrats for it to be postponed.

He is due to address Congress on 29 January for the annual State of the Union speech.

Mr Trump had been urged to delay it by Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, who said
there would be security risks due to the government shutdown.

But on Wednesday he denied that there are any security concerns.

"The Department of Homeland Security and the United States Secret Service
[explained] that there would be absolutely no problem regarding security," he wrote in a
letter addressed to Ms Pelosi.

"Therefore, I will be honoring your invitation, and fulfilling my Constitutional duty," it


BBC News takes on the

Celebrities and other social media users have been posting photos of themselves from
10 years ago as part of the #10YearChallenge.

We decided to step up to the challenge.

From President Obama to President Trump and Matt Smith to Jodie Whittaker playing
Dr Who, what else happened in the last decade?
Berlin Police post 'creepy' appeal to find woman

Berlin Police have been called "creepy" and "stalkerish" for asking social media
to help them track down a woman.

The Instagram post, posted to the force's official account, says the woman asked
an officer for directions.

"Your smile has enchanted him," it says in German. "He cannot get you out of his
head... Now he is looking for you."

But the post hasn't quite had the desired effect. Instead, it's prompted women to
write about their own uncomfortable experiences with police.

The appeal has been posted as an Instagram story, which means that it will expire
24 hours after it was uploaded.

It reads: "Please contact me. You were at the U-Bhf Halleschen Tor [metro
station] yesterday at 16:40 and asked our colleague for directions? Your smile has
enchanted him. If that was you, please identify yourself in a DM [direct message].

"Our colleague can't get you out of his head. He wore uniform. You gave him a
smile as a farewell. Now he is looking for you - we're helping."
POLIZEI BERLINImage captionThe post asked the woman to DM the police force

It was no doubt intended to be romantic - but for many people, the post was way
off the mark.
"She asked for the way and was polite!" one user wrote. "Leave the poor woman
alone @polizeiberlin!"
Another simply said: "Berlin Police - your friend and stalker."

It also sparked a wave of women across Europe sharing their own experiences of
police crossing professional boundaries.
Anja Melzer, a journalist in Vienna, wrote that she had once tried to report a
stalker to the police. She says an officer told her she should have a "policeman as
a friend" to keep stalkers away, with a "wink wink".
Another woman described losing her ID in Italy - and having several officers tell
her, "if you have no ID, you have to stay here with me forever".
And a woman in Munich says a police officer gave her a ticket, only to then use
her information to call her "several times a day, for weeks".

A Berlin Police spokesman told BBC News that the force "saw the chance to help
this little love story with the help of our Instastory".

"Police officers are just people like you and me, with feelings and a chance for
great love," he says, adding that comparing their post to stalking "does not do
stalking victims justice".

"The post is without pictures and names, the woman is completely free to
respond. There is no pressure, just an offer, and something very beautiful - the
chance of great love. That's what social media is there for."

He added that the woman has, so far, not been in touch.

Sahiwal shooting: How a Pakistani boy exposed police for killing his family
By M Ilyas KhanBBC News, Islamabad

Hours after he lost his parents and a sibling in a bloody shooting on Saturday,
a nine-year-old Pakistani boy exposed a blatant cover-up by police.

Highly-trained counter terror forces had claimed to have killed four "terrorists"
linked to the Islamic State group in an "intelligence-based operation" south-west of
Lahore, after they opened fire at officers.

Three other "terrorists", the police said, had escaped from the scene, on the
outskirts of Sahiwal city, on a motorbike.

But then Umair Khalil began talking to reporters in hospital - and the story he told
was very different.

He said his family had been travelling from Lahore to a family member's wedding
in a car driven by his father's friend when they were stopped by police at a toll

"My father told them to take our money and not to shoot their guns. But they
started firing," Umair said in the video.

His parents - who ran a grocery shop - were killed, alongside his 12-year-old sister,
and the family friend who was driving.

Umair and two younger sisters who also survived were later found abandoned at a
petrol station some distance away.

A video of Umair's testimony, which tore holes in the police's version of events,
began to spread among Pakistani social media users. Then footage from the
shooting emerged that bolstered the young boy's story.

Filmed by bystanders, it showed police firing at the car, finding the three children
alive and then, before driving away with them, unloading a few more rounds into
the vehicle.
Pictures after the policemen left showed four dead passengers inside the car. The
driver is still belted up and with a hand on the driving wheel. Another man can be
seen in the front seat, and a woman and a girl are in the back.

Outrage quickly began to spread. Prime Minister Imran Khan tweeted that he was
shocked "at seeing the traumatized children who saw their parents shot before their

By the end of Saturday, several officers had been arrested and the incident was
placed under investigation. On Tuesday, the Punjab state law minister said as a
result of the investigation, several senior counter-terrorism department officers
were being removed from their positions, and the five officers involved in the
shooting would be sent to court.

Pakistan's police - like many other public institutions - has become increasingly
politicised over the years. The force now functions as a handmaiden of the
military's powerful intelligence services, with officers believing they will be
protected if things go awry.

Extra-judicial killings - euphemistically referred to in many parts of South Asia as

"encounters" - are common.
A funeral for Umair's family was held on Sunday

A top police officer in the southern commercial capital of Karachi, Rao Anwar, is
believed by many to have made a living out of staging extra-judicial killings of
men fingered by the security establishment.
 'A police bullet killed our precious daughter'
 Pakistani politician shot dead in Karachi
 Acquitted of blasphemy and living in fear

In early 2018 he killed Naqeebullah Mahsud, an aspiring model wrongly accused

of being a militant, triggering the rise of human rights campaign called the Pashtun
Protection Movement (PTM).

Pashtuns are an ethnic group who mainly live in north-west Pakistan and across the
border in Afghanistan and the movement to publicise rights abuses against them, as
part of security crackdowns, enraged the military, which has enforced a media ban
on PTM coverage.
A police inquiry found Rao Anwar guilty of murdering Naqeebullah and others,
but he has not been tried in court.

Many ordinary Pakistanis are fed up with ham-fisted police operations and
downright brutal tactics. And in the age of social media, such incidents are
becoming increasingly difficult to cover up.

Saturday's tragedy has unleashed a furious reaction, which Mr Khan's government

has had to move quickly to contain.

Initially the police had described Umair Khalil's father Mohammad Khalil, his
mother Nabeela, sister Areeba and his father's friend Zeeshan as terrorists who had
been involved in the kidnapping of an American citizen and the son of an ex-PM.

It said they were travelling in a car and on a motorbike, carrying weapons and
explosives, and that they fired at police first, who only returned fire "in self-

"When the firing stopped, four terrorists including two women were found killed
by their comrades' bullets, while three of their friends were able to get away," the
initial statement said.

But this story has been ripped to shreds in recent days.

Firstly none of the eyewitness video showed any men riding alongside the car on a
motorbike, and no evidence has emerged to show that those killed had weapons or
attacked police.

In fact, it appears that the officers first fired shots at the car from behind, causing it
to ram into the pavement and come to stop. They were then seen pulling some
children out of the car before shooting at the vehicle again, before driving away.

A little while later, another police truck pulled up beside the car. A few officers got
out and transferred some luggage from the car into their truck before again leaving
the scene.

On both occasions they simply abandoned the car and the dead inside, in glaring
violation of procedures that require the police to secure the crime scene, arrange
first-aid for any injured, send the dead bodies for autopsy and call in forensic

Despite the outcry, the Punjab information minister has insisted that one of the
occupants of the car, the driver Zeeshan, was a "wanted terrorist". He explained the
other deaths away as "collateral damage".

Even in announcing the repercussions on Tuesday, Punjab Law Minister Raja

Basharat insisted the operation had been "100% correct".

Many neighbours and friends of Zeeshan have told the BBC that he did have an
active affiliation with the youth wing of Jamiat Ahl-e-Hadith, a fundamentalist

The group is known to have spawned militant networks, such as the one founded
by the UN-designated terrorist Hafiz Saeed, who lives as a free citizen in Pakistan.

But the authorities are yet to produce conclusive evidence of Zeeshan's alleged
links to the Islamic State group.

Shaukat Javed, a former chief of Punjab police, told BBC Urdu that the policemen
who carried out the attack had "acted irresponsibly and beyond their powers."

Although the intelligence tip-off may have been based on concrete information
"there were flaws in the execution plan", he said.

"I think in their CCTV footage they just saw the two men sitting in front and didn't
see the women and children in the backseat," he said. "When they confronted the
real situation, they acted without a clue. They shouldn't have done that."