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GEK-34054H

INSTRUCTIONS

TIME OVERCURRENT RELAYS

TYPES

IAC53A FORM 800 AND UP


IAC53B FORM 800 AND UP
IAC54A FORM 800 AND UP
IAC54B FORM 800 AND UP

GENERAL ELECTRIC
GEK-34054

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

DESCRIPTION
APPLICATION
CONSTRUCTION
RATINGS
TIME-OVERCURRENT UNIT
INSTANTANEOUS UNIT
TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT
CONTACTS
BURDENS
CHARACTERISTICS
RECEIVING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE
ACCEPTANCE TESTS
VISUAL INSPECTION
MECHANICAL INSPECTION
ELECTRICAL TESTS
DRAWOUT RELAYS, GENERAL
POWER REQUIREMENTS, GENERAL
TIME-OVERCURRENT UNIT .

Time Setting
Pickup Test
Time Test
INSTANTANEOUS UNIT
Setting the Instantaneous Unit 13
Pickup Test
TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT
Pickup and Dropout Test
INSTALLATION
TIME-OVERCURRENT UNIT
TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT
INSTANTANEOUS UNIT
PERIODIC CHECKS AND ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
TIME-OVERCURRENT UNIT
INSTANTANEOUS UNIT
TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT
CONTACT CLEANING
SYSTEM TEST
SERVICING
TIME-OVERCURRENT UNIT
Pickup Tests
Time Tests
INSTANTANEOUS UNIT
TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT
RENEWAL PARTS
LIST OF FIGURES
(Cover photo 8041254)

2
GEK-34054

TIME OVERCURRENT RELAYS

TYPES

IAC5JA FORM 800 AND UP


IAC53B FORM 800 AND UP
IAC54A FORM 800 AND UP
IAC54B FORM 800 AND UP

DESCRIPTION
The Type 1AC53 and 1AC54 rela
ys covered by these instruction
extended—range, single-phase s are
time overcurrent relays with
inverse time/current charac very
teristics. Some of the types covered also
include a hinged—type instantaneous
instantaneous tripping at hig unit, which provides
h current levels. Both
described in the section on CON units are
STRUCTION.
The differences between relays
are noted in the following tabl
e;
INSTANTANEOUS CONTACT INTERNAL
TYPE UNIT CIRCUITS CONNECTIONS
IAC53A NO 1 FIGURE 4
1AC538 YES 1 FIGURE 5
IAC54A NO 2 FIGURE 6
IAC54B YES 2 FIGURE 7

Each relay is equipped with


a dual—rated target seal—in uni
is mounted in a standard Si t, and
case, the outline and mount
of which are shown in Figure ing dimensions
s 12 and 13.
Both the time—delay and the
instantaneous unit are adjustab
range of about 8 to 1. le over a
The available ranges in amp
units, as well as information eres of both
on their continuous rating,
rating, and the tap ratings contact
of their target/seal—in uni
in the section on RATINGS. ts are given
Information on the operating—time
characteristics will be found
in the section on CHARACTER
ISTICS.

‘I’hese instructions do not purport to cove


r all details or variations in equipment nor prov
possible contingency to he met in connectio ide for every
n with installation, operation or maintenan
information be desired or should particular ce. Should further
problems arise which are not covered sufficient
purposes, the matter should be referred to the ly for the purchusers
General Electric Company.
To the extent required the products desc
ribed herein meet applicable ANSI, IEEE
standards; but no such assurance is give arid NEMA
n with respect to local codes and ordinance
s because they vary greatly.

3
GEK-34054

APPLICATION

sively for the protection


Time overcurrent relays are used exten
tion systems, and frequently for
of utility and industrial distribu Their very—inverse
r locations.
overload backup protection at othe s well suited for
characteristic makes these relay
time—current —cu rrent mag nitud e is
in locations where the fault
application relay
of the fault relative to the
dependent mainly upon the location
gene rating setup at the time of the
and only slightly upon the system
verse characteristic in this
fault. Use of relays having the very—in
faster clearing times than if the
situation will usually result in
inverse relay were used.
of two or three relays for
The general practice is to use a set for
relay, residually connected,
interphase faults and a separate connections for such an
single—phase—to—ground faults. Typical
Use of a separate grou nd relay
application are shown in Figure 15.
it can be adju sted to provide more sensitive
is advantageous because
protection on ground faults.
these relays with automatic reclosing
In the application of t time of all
cons idere d. The rese
devices, the reset time should be appr oxim ately
these instructions is
1AC53 and 1AC54 relays covered by pos itio n, when
d to the fully open
60 seconds, from the fully close
set at the number 10 time dial.
dinate with “downstream” relays,
When setting these relays to coor seconds is generally
time of from 0.25 to .040
a coordination involved.
time of the breaker
allowed, depending on the clearing ker— clearing
in addition to brea
These coordination times include, seco nd for safety
l and 0.17
time, 0.10 second for relay overtrave time is 0.13 seco nd (8
factor. For example, if the breaker—clearing If the relay
ld be 0.40 seco nd.
cycles), the coordination time wou in ques tion, the safet y
nt level
time is set by test at the curre Then, with relay
to 0.07 second.
factor may be reduced from 0.17 am” brea ker time is 5
.10 second, if the “dow nstre
overtravel of d be allowed for
of 0.25 seconds coul
cycles (0.08 seconds) a minimum
coordination.

CONSTRUCTION

unit in all Type IAC relays.


The induction unit is the basic These
unit mounted in the cradle.
Figures 3 and 4 show the induction type . The disk is
construction
units are of the induction—disk— nated U—ma gnet. The
coil on a lami
actuated by a current—operating
ies the mov ing cont act that completes the alarm or
disk shaft carr The
stationary contact or contacts.
trip circuit when it touches the prop er
spiral spring to give the
disk shaft is restrained by a perm anen t
motion is retarded by a
contact-closing current, and its .
the correct time delay
magnet acting on the disk to give
nted on the front, to the
There is a target and seal—in unit mou
unit. The seal—in unit has
left of the shaft of the time—overcurrent the contacts of
in par alle l with
its coil in series arid its contacts ction —unit contacts
when the indu
the time—overcurrent unit, such that When the seal—in unit
and seals in.
close, the seal—in unit picks up

4
GEK-34054

picks up, it raises a target


into view that latches up and remains
exposed until released by pre
ssing a button beneath the lower—left
corner of the cover.

The instantaneous unit is a


small-hinge type unit, which
mounted on the front, may be
to the right of the shaft of
overcurrent unit. Its contacts are normally conn the time—
with the contacts of the time ected in parallel
—overcurrent unit, and its coil is
connected in series with the time—overcurrent uni t. When
instantaneous unit picks up, it the
raises a target that latches
remains exposed until it is rele up and
ased. The same button that release
the target of the seal—in s
unit also releases the targ
instantaneous unit. et of the

RATINGS
TIME-OVERCURRENT UNIT

Ratings of the time overcurren


t unit are given in Table I.

TABLE I

PICKUP RANGE. AMPERES


RELAY FREQUENCY MAIN (TIME) INSTANTANEOUS
CYCLES UNIT UNIT
IAC53A nd 0.5 - 4.0
IAC54A 50/60
=
0.5 - 4.0 0.5 - 4.0
IAC53B and 50/60 1.5 - 12.0 2.0 16.0
IAC54B 2.0 - 15.0 10.0 - 80.0
20.0 - 160.0

Available taps of the time—overcu


rrent unit are shown in Table
II.
TABLE II
RANGE. AMPERES TAPS AVAILABLE (AMPERES)
0.5 - 4.0 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 1.0, 1.2, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5,
3.0, 4.0
1.5 — 12.0 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0,
10.0, 12.0
2.0 - 15.0 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0, 10.0
, 12.0, 15.0

5
GEK-34054

d in Table III.
The one—second thermal ratings are liste
TABLE III

1-SEC RATING K
TIME OVERCURRENT UNIT
(AMPS) (AMPS)

0.5 - 4.0 140.0 19,600

1.5 - 12.0 260.0 67,600

2.0 - 15.0 260.0 67,600

the rating may be calculated


For ratings of less than one second,
according to the formula

‘=4
the current flows.
where T is the time in seconds that
of the time—overcurrent units are
The continuous current ratings
shown in Tables IV, V and VI.

TABLE IV

0.5 - 4.0 AMP RANGE


0.8 1.0 1.2 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 4.0
TAP 0.5 0.6 0.7
5.5 6.0 7.0 7.5 9.0 10.0 11.0 13.0
RATING 4.0 4.5 5.5

TABLE V

1.5 -12.0 AMP RANGE


3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 10.0 12.0
TAP 1.5 2.0 2.5
14.5 17.0 19.0 21.0 23.0 23.5 27.5 30.5
RATING 10.0 11.5 13.0

TABLE VI

2.0 - 16.0 AMP RANGE


4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 16.0
TAP 2.0 2.5 3.0
15.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
RATING 10.0 12.0 13.0

INSTANTANEOUS UNIT
nd coil for operation on
The instantaneous unit has a double—wou e
either one of two ranges. Any setting obtained in the lower rang
when the unit is conn ected
(series connected) is doubled, within ±3%,
ation (para llel conn ected ).
for high—range oper

6
GEK-34054

The instantaneous unit has a


minimum setting or 25 amperes continuous rating of 1.5
, whichever is smaller. times
2.0—16.0 ampere instantaneo Example: The
us unit, when set on the
8.0 amperes) has a low range (2.0—
continuous rating of 3.0
connected for high—range amperes, and when
operation (4.0—16.0 amperes)
continuous rating of 6.0 amp has a
eres.
The continuous and one—s
econd ratings for the instantaneous units
are shown in Table VII.

TABLE VII
RANGE CONTINUOUS t ONE K
tt RATING SECOND
0.5 — 4.0 0.5 2.0 S 0.75

25.0 625
1.0 -
4.0 P 1.5 50.0 2,500
2.0 - 16.0 2.0 8.0 S 3.0
-

130.0 16,900
4.0 - 16.0 P 6.0 260.0 67,600
10.0 - 80.0 10.0 40.0 S 15.0
-

400.0 160,000
20.0 80.0 P 25.0
-

600.Ot 360,000
20.0 - 160.0 20.0 80.0 S 25.0
-

600.Ot 360,000
40.0 160.0 P 25.0
-

600.Ot 360,000
t Higher currents (I) may be
applied for shorter
lengths of time (T) in accordance with the
formula

14
-t1 S Series connected, P = Paralle
l connected

TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT

Ratings for the target/seal—


in unit are shown in Table VI
II.
TABLE VIII

TAP
0.2 2.0
D.C. resistance ± 10% (ohms) 8.3 0.24
Minimum operating (amperes) 0.2 2.0
Carry continuously (amperes) 0.37 2.3
Carry 30 amps for (seconds) 0.05 2.2
Carry 10 amps for (seconds) 0.45 20.0
60 Hz impedance (ohms) 50.0 0.65
50 Hz impedance (ohms) 42.0 0.54

7
GEK-34054

amperes, an auxiliary relay


If the tripping current exceeds 30
such that the tripping current
should be used, the connections being
the targe t and seal—in coils of
does not pass through the contacts of
the protective relay.

CONTACTS
acts is 30 amperes for
The current-closing rating of the cont
The current—carrying rating is
voltages not exceeding 250 volts.
limited by the ratings of the seal—in unit.

BURDENS

given in Table IX.


Burdens for the time—overcurrent unit are

TABLE IX
VA AT 5 AMPS
MIN. BURDENS AT MIN. BURDENS IN CALCULATED FROM
RANGE HZ
TAP PICKUP OHMS (Z) IMPEDANCE AT MIN.
(AMPS) PICKUP (12Z)
TIMES PICKUP
R Jx Z 3 10 20.0
0.40 3.90 4.15 4.20 2.90 2.20 104.0
0.5 - 0.4 60 0.5
1.5 0.23 0.53 0.58 0.58 0.36 028 14.5
1.5 -12.0 60
0.14 0.30 0.33 0.34 0.22 0.15 8.25
2.0 -16.0 60 2.0
0.5 1.16 3.25 3.45 3.45 2.41 1.82 86.25
0.5 4.0
— 50
0.19 0.44 0.48 0.48 0.298 0.23 12.00
1.5 -12.0 50 1.5
0.116 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.180 0.12 6.75
2.0 -16.0 50 2.0

for the minimum


NOTE: The impedance values given are those
tap of each relay. The impedance for other taps at
current (TAP RATING) varies inversely
pick—up For
the tap ratin g.
(approximately) as the square of rang e, the
0.5 4.0 amp
example, for a relay with —

ohm s.
amp tap is give n as 4.15
impedance of the 0.5 eres is
2.0 amp
The impedance of the 2.0 amp tap at
(.5/2 )2 x 4.15 0.26
— .

8
GEK-34054

The instantaneous unit bur


dens are listed in Table
X.
TABLE X
RANGE BURDENS AT MIN.
60 HZ BURDENS IN
tCON MIN. PICKUP
RELAYS NEC— OHMS (Z) V.A. AT 5 AMPS
TAP TIMES PICKUP
ONLY TI ONS AMP S R
- -
CALCULATED FROM
(AMPS) Z 3 10 20 IMPEDANCE AT MIN.
OHMS OHMS OHMS PICKUP (12Z)
0.5—4.0 LOW 0.5 12.7 11.5 17.1 9.6 8.7 8.2
HIGH 1.0 3.18 2.86 427.5
4.28 2.40 2.18 2.04 107.0
2.0-16.0 LOW 2.0 0.76 0.72 1.05 0.59 0.53 0.50
HIGH 4.0 0.189 0.180 26.25
0.261 0.147 0.133 0.125 6.63
10.0-80.0 LOW 10.0 0.042 0.029 0.051 0.029 0.026 0.024
H IGH 20.0 0.010 0.007 0.013 1.28
0.007 0.007 0.006 0.33
20.0-160.0 LOW 20.0 0.015 0.008 0.017 0.010 0.009 0.008
HIGH 40.0 0.004 0.002 0.004 0.43
0.002 0.002 0.002 0.10
RANGE BURDENS AT MIN.
50 HZ BURDENS IN
tCON— MIN. PICKUP
RELAYS NEC— OHMS (7) V.A. AT 5 AMPS
TAP TIMES PICKUP
ONLY lIONS AMPS R CALCULATED FROM
(AMPS) Jx 7 3 10 20 IMPEDANCE AT MIN.
OHMS OHMS OHMS PICKUP (12Z)
0.5-4.0 LOW 0.5 10.6 9.35 14.30 8.03 7.27 6.86
HIGH 1.0 2.65 2.38 3.57 357.5
2.00 1.81 1.70 89.25
2.0-16.0 LOW 2.0 0.64 0.59 0.875 0.49 0.441 0.417
HIGH 4.0 0.157 0.15 21.875
0.22 0.145 0.112 0.105 5.50
10.0-80.0 LOW 10.0 0.035 0.024 0.042 0.024 0.021 0.0197 1.05
HIGH 20.0 0.008 0.006 0.101 0.0054 0.0054 0.046 0.25
20.0-160.0 LOW 20.0 0.0125 0.007 0.014 0.008 0.0074 0.0065 0.35
HIGH 40.0 0.0027 0.0013 0.003 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015
t LOW = two windings connec
ted in series.
HIGH = two windings connec
See internal-connections diag ted in parallel.
ram for additional inform
ation

CHARACTERISTICS
Pickup of these relays is
close the contacts from the defined as the current
required to
0.5 time—dial position. The pickup value
of the IAC53 relays is wit
hin 3% of the tap value.
The setting of the time
dial determines the length
unit requires to close of time the
its contacts when the cur
predetermined value. rent reaches the
The contacts are just clo
set at zero. When the dial is set at sed when the dial is
maximum distance to close 10, the disk must travel the
the contacts; this gives
setting. The unit resets at 80% the maximum time
current. of the minimum closing
value of

9
GEK-34054

to reset to the No. 10 time—dial


The time the relay takes
uced to zero, is approximately 60
position, when the current is red
seconds.
Figure 9 (60Hz) show the time/current
Figure 8 (50Hz) and
es IACS3 and 1AC 54. The time/current
characteristics for relay typ on Fig ure 10.
t is show n
curve for the instantaneous uni

RECEIVING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE

d as a part of a control panel,


These relays, when not include damage.
igned to protect them against
will be shipped in cartons des exam ine it for any damage
receipt of a relay,
Immediately upon from rough
sustained in transit. If injury or damage resulting
claim at onc e with the
is evident, file a damage
handling notify the nea rest Gen eral
transportation company and promptly
Electric Sales Office.
y in
rcised in unpacking the rela
Reasonable care should be exe nor the adju stm ents
none of the parts are injured
order that
disturbed.
be
alled immediately, they should
If the relays are not to be inst e that is free from
in their original cartons in a plac
stored
met alli c chip s. Foreign matter collected on the
moisture, dust, and er is
its way inside when the cov
outside, of the case may find
operation of the relay.
removed and cause trouble in the

ACCEPTANCE TESTS

relay, an INSPECTION AND


upon receipt of the
Immediately has been
e to make sure that no damage
ACCEPTANCE TEST should be mad y cali bra tion s have not been
the rela
sustained in shipment and that icates that read just ment is
disturbed. If the examination or test ind
on SERVICING.
necessary, refer to the section
part of the installation or as
These tests may be performed as
on of the user.
acceptance tests, at the discreti
different procedures for
most operating companies use
Since tion incl ude s
tests, the following sec
acceptance and for installation e rela ys.
be performed on thes
all applicable tests that may

VISUAL INSPECTION
make sure that the model number
Check the nameplate stamping to
with the requisition.
and rating of the relay agree
broken
e and check that there are no
Remove the relay from its cas l dam age, and that
er signs of physica
or cracked molded parts or oth
all the screws are tight.

10
GEK-34054

MECHANICAL INSPECTION

1. There should be no not


iceable friction when
rotated slowly clockwise the disk is
. The disk should return
to its rest position. by itself

2. Make sure the control spring is not deformed,


convolut:ions tangled or tou nor its
ching.
3. The armatre and contac
ts of the seal—in unit,
armature and contacts of as well as the
the instantaneous unit,
freely when operated by should move
hand; there should be at
wipe on the seal—in con least 1/32”
tacts.
4. The targets in the seal—
in unit and in the instan
must come into view and taneous unit
latch when the armatures
by hand, and should unlatc are operated
h when the target—release
operated. lever is

5. Make sure that the fin


gers and shorting bars
internal—connections diagra agree with the
m.

CAUTION
Every circuit in the dra
wout case has an auxilia
It is especially impor ry brush.
tant on current circuits
circuits with shorting bar and other
s that the auxiliary bru
high enough to engage sh be bent
the connecting plug or
before the main brushes test plug
do. This will prevent CT (Cu
Transformer) secondary cir rrent
cuits from being opened.

ELECTRICAL TESTS

DRAWOUT RELAYS, GENERAL

Since all drawout relays


in service operate in the
recommended that they be ir cases, it is
tested in their cases or
case. In this way, any magne an equ ivalent steel
accurately duplicated dur tic effects of the enclos
ing testing. ure will be
removing it from the pan A relay may be tested wit
el by using a 12XLA13A hout
makes connections only test plug. This plug
with the relay, and doe
shorting bars in the cas s not disturb any
e. The 12XLA12A test plug
Although this test may also be used.
plug allows greater testing
requires C.T. shorting jumpers and the flexibility, it
since connections exe rcise of greater care,
are made to both the
circuitry. relay and the external

POWER REQUIREMENTS, GENERA


L
All devices operating on
alternating current (AC
frequency. Since non—sinusoidal wav ) are affected by
fundamental frequency plu eforms can be analyz
s harmonics of that fun ed as a
it follows that alternatin damental frequency,
g—current devices (re
by applied waveforms. lays) will be affected
AC relays (and AC dev
ices in general) are

11
GEK-34054

by the application of non—sinusoidal


significantly affected
waveforms.
l to
AC relays properly it is essentia
Therefore, in order to test sinu soid al. The
current waveform that is
use a test voltage and/or har mo nics ) can not be
its freedom from
purity of the sine wave (i.e., lar rela y; how eve r, any
for any particu
expressed as a finite number RC networks, or saturating
tuned cir cui ts, RL or
relay using especially
e—overcurrent relays) would be
electromagnets (such as tim
forms.
affected by non—sinusoidal wave

TIME-OVERCURRENT UNIT
means of a lamp in the
Rotate the time dial slowly and check, by (0) time—dial
just close at the zero
circuit, that the contacts
setting.
sted by
tacts just close can be adju
The point at which the con mean s of its
tact brush in or out by
running the stationary con urely in its sup por t.
adjusting screw. This screw should be held sec
0 time setting, there
at No.
With the contacts just closing sh and its
een the stationary contact bru
should be sufficient gap betw
approximately 1/32” wipe.
metal backing strip to ensure
close is
h the contact will just
The minimum current at whic tap blo ck at the
the tap screw in the
determined by the position of
top of the relay.
the case,
ing of the relay while in
When changing the current sett the current transformer
connection plug, to short
remove the into the tap marked
secondary circuit. Next, screw the tap screws
plug.
then replace the connection
for the desired current, and
by
current tap setting is adjusted
The pickup of the unit for any ure 2). The ring may be
g ring (See Fig
means of a spring—adjustin und the edg e.
w driver in the notches aro
turned by inserting a scre be bro ugh t
rating current of the unit may
By turning the ring, the ope som e reas on,
setting employed, if for
into agreement with the tap This adjustment also permit
s any
urbed.
this adjustment has been dist tap sett ing s to be
e between the various
desired setting intermediat to clos e its con tacts
The uni t is adju sted at the factory
obt ained. hin 5% of the
at a minimum current wit
from any time—dial position the minimum closing
tap—plug setting. The unit resets at 90% of
value.

Time Setting
of time the
dial determines the length
The setting of the time rent reaches a
uire s to clos e its contacts when the cur
uni t req when the dial is
predetermined value. The contacts are just closed the
10, the disk must travel
set on 0. When the dial is set on sett ing giv es
the contacts; therefore this
maximum amount to close
the maximum time setting. unit is
the time of operation of the
The primary adjustment for , furt her adju stm ent is
e dial. However
made by means of the tim porting shelf;
manent magnet along its sup
obtained by moving the per

12
GEK-34054

moving the magnet toward the


disk shaft decreases the time,
moving it away increases the tim while
e.
Pickup Test

Set the relay at the 0.5 time—dial position and 2.0


Using the test connections amp tap.
of Figure 14, the main unit
its contacts within ±2% should close
of tap value current.
positions should pick up at All other tap
tap value ±5% of tap value.
Time Test

* Set the relay at the No.


5 time—dial position and 2.0 amp
Using the test connections of tap.
Figure 14, apply S times tap
(10.0 amp) to the relay. current
The relay should operate in
±0.07 second. At 2 times tap current and 1.31 seconds
operating time should agree wit 10 times tap current, the
h the time—curve value ±7%.
INSTANTANEOUS UNIT

Make sure that the instantaneo


us unit is wired for the ran
which it is to operate (see ge in
Internal—Connections—Diagram Fig
7) and connected as indicated in ures 5 or
Test—Circuit Figure 14. Whenever
possible, use the higher range,
since the higher range has
continuous rating. a higher

Setting the Instantaneous Unit

Loosen the locknut and turn the


pole piece toward the desired
setting. See Figure 2. Turning the pole piece up incr
pickup; turning the pole piec eases the
e down decreases the pickup.
the current slowly until the uni Bring up
t picks up. It may be nec essa
repeat this operation until the ry to
desired pickup value is obt
Once the desired pickup value ained.
is reached, tighten the locknut.

CAUTION
The instantaneous unit is rate
d 1.5 times minimum pickup.
leave the test current on too lon Do not
g, as it may damage the unit.

Pickup Test

With the unit connected for high—range operation (parallel


connections) and the target in
the “Down” position, check
at the maximum calibration mark the pickup
; the pickup should be within
limits in Table XI. the

*Indjcates revision

13
GEK-34054

TABLE XI
UNIT RANGE MINIMUM CALIBRATION MAXIMUM
AMPERES AMPERES AMPERES AMPERES

0.5 - 4.0 3.6 4.0 4.5

2.0 - 16.0 14.4 16.0 17.7

10.0 - 80.0 72.0 80.0 89.0

20.0 - 160.0 144.0 160.0 177.0

TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT


coil tapped at 0.2
The target and seal—in unit has an operating
The relay is shippe d from the facto ry with the p
and 2.0 amperes.
posi tion. The tap screw is the screw
screw in the lower—ampere the tap
right—hand stationary contact. To change
holding the act
hand stati onar y cont
setting, first remove one screw from the left
it in the desired tap. Next remov e the screw from the
and place
hand stationary contact where
undesired tap and place it on the left
See Figure 2. This procedure is
the first screw was removed.
right— hand stati onar y contac t from getting
necessary to prevent the the
out of adjustment. Screws should never be left in both taps at
same time.

Pickup and Dropout Test


to a DC source,
1. Connect relay studs 1 and 2 (See Figure 14)
controlled over a
ammeter and load box so that the current can be
range of 0.1 to 2.0 amperes.

2. Turn the time dial to the ZERO (0) TIME—DIAL Position.

unit picks up. See


3. Increase the current slowly until the seal—in
Table XII.
DIAL Position; the
4. Move the time dial away from the ZERO TIME—
tion.
seal—in unit should remain in the picked—up posi

slowly until the seal—in unit drops out.


5. Decrease the current
See Table XII.

TABLE XII

PICK—UP DROPOUT
TAP CURRENT
CURRENT

0.2 0.14 - 0.195 0.05 OR MORE


2.0 1.40 - 1.95 0.50 OR MORE

14
GEK-34054

INSTALLATION
The following tests are to be performed at the time of
installation.

TIME-OVERCURRENT UNIT

1. Set tap screw on desired tap. Using the test circuit in Figure
14, apply approximately twice tap value until
close. contacts just
Reduce the current until the light
in series with the
contacts begins to flicker. This value of current is defined as
pickup and should be within 5% of tap
value.
*2. Check the operating time at Time Dial
= 5, Tap = 2 or minimum tap
value, and I = 5 times tap current.
The operating time should be
the time shown on the time—current curv
e ±7%.
TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT

1. Make sure that the tap screw is in the


desired tap.
2. Perform pickup and dropout tests, as outlined in the ACCEPTANCE
TEST section.

INSTANTANEOUS UNIT

1. Select the desired range by making the


proper connections at the
rear of the relay (See Internal-Conne
ctions Diagram). Whenever
possible, be sure to select the high
er range, since it has a
higher continuous rating.

2. Set the instantaneous unit to pick


up at the desired current
level. See SETTING THE INSTANTANEOUS UNIT,
in the ACCEPTANCE
TEST section.

All the tests described above under Inst


allation Tests must be
performed at the time of installation
. In addition, if those tests
described under the ACCEPTANCE TESTS secti
on were not performed prior
to installation, it is recommended that
they be performed at this
time.

PERIODIC CHECKS AND ROUTINE MAINTENANCE

In view of the vital role of protective


relays in the operation
of a power system, it is important
that a periodic test program be
followed. It is recognized that the interval betw
will vary depending upon environment, een periodic checks
type of relay and the user’s
experience with periodic testing.
Until the user has accumulated
enough experience to select the test
interval best suited to his
individual requirements, it is sugg
ested that the points listed below
be checked at an interval of from one
to two years.
* Indicates revision

15
GEK-34054

that the relays have not


These tests are intended to make sure
If devi ations are encountered,
deviated from their original setting.
ced as desc ribed in this manual.
the relay must be retested and servi

TIME-OVERCURRENT UNIT
in the INSTALLATION section for
1. Perform Pickup test as described
the tap in service.
the INSTALLATION section.
2. Perform the Time Tests as described in

INSTANTANEOUS UNIT
s up at the desired current
1. Check that the Instantaneous Unit pick
TESTS section.
level, as outlined in the ACCEPTANCE

TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT


es shown in Table XII.
1. Check that the unit picks up at the valu
or more of tap value.
2. Check that the units drops out at 30%

CONTACT CLEANING
ble burnishing tool should be
For cleaning relay contacts, a flexi
of metal with an etch—
used. This consists of a flexible strip file. The
surface, resembling in effect a superfine
roughened ched are left , yet is
no scrat
polishing action is so delicate that ly. Its flex ibil ity
y and rapid
will clean off any corrosion thoroughl Do not use
the cleaning of the actua l poin ts of contact.
ensures kind to clean relay
of any
knives, files, abrasive paper or cloth
contacts.

SYSTEM TEST
arily written to check and
Although this Instruction Book is prim
l test s to check the system
set the IAC relay, overall functiona on the customer’s
are recommended at intervals based
operation
experience.

SERVICING

TIME—OVERCURRENT UNIT
periodic testing that the
If it is found during installation or
the unit may be recalibrated
time—overcurrent unit is out of limits,
as follows:

Pickup Tests
nt tap is adjusted by means
The pickup of the unit for any curre
of a spring—adjusting ring. The ring may be turned by inserting a
screw driver in the notches around the
edge. By turning the ring,
ht into agreement with
the operating current of the unit may be boug
n, this adjustment has
the tap setting employed if, for some reaso
This adjustment also perm its any desired setting
been distrubed.

16
GEK-34054

intermediate between the various


tap settings to be obtained. The
unit is adjusted at the factory to
close its contacts from any time—
dial position at a minimum current within
setting. 10% of the tap—plug
The unit resets at 80% of the minimum
closing value.
Rotate the time dial to the No.0
time—dial setting and check, by
means of a lamp in the circuit, that
the contacts just close.
The point at which the contacts
just close can be adjusted, by
running the stationary contact brus
h in or out by means of its
adjusting screw. This screw should be held securely
support. in its

With the contacts just closing at


No.0 time—dial setting, there
should be sufficient gap between the
stationary contact brush and
its metal backing strip to ensure appr
oximately 1/32” wipe.
Connect the operating—coil terminals
to a source of the proper
frequency and good waveform, having
a voltage of 120 volts or
more, with pure resistance load boxe
s for setting the current.
See Test—Circuit Figure 14.

With the tap plug in the 2 amp.


tap and the time dial where the
contacts are just open, adjust the
control spring to just close
the contacts within the limits give
n in Table XIII, which are
±2.0% of tap amps.

TABLE XIII
TAP RANGE TAP MINIMUM AMPS MAXIMUM AMPS
0.5 - 4.0 2 AMP 1.96 2.04
2.0 - 16.0 2 AMP 1.96 2.04

With the tap plug in the 2 amp tap and the time
time setting, check the current requ dial at No. 10
ired to just move the disk away
from the stop arm. This current should be within the lim
Table XIV, which are ±6% of tap amp its shown in
eres. If the disk moves at the
lower limit, check that the movemen
t is not over one—half inch (1/2”)
measured along the periphery of the
disk.

TABLE XIV
TAP RANGE TAP MINIMUM AMPS MAXIMUM AMPS
0.5 - 4.0 2 AMP 1.88 2.12
2.0 - 16.0 2 AMP 1.88 2.12

Time Tests

With the tap plug in the 2 amp


tap and the time dial at No.
time setting, apply five times tap 5
current to the relay.

17
GEK-34054

near as
obtain a closing time as
Adjust the drag magnet to sec onds.
at least between 1.24 and 1.38
possible to 1.31 seconds, but trav el. The
imately in the middle of its
The magnet should be approx mag net she lf.
sening the nut under the
magnet is adjusted by loo Moving the mag net out
es the time.
Moving the magnet in decreas
increases the time.
of the
net, be sure the outer edge
When adjusting the drag mag Be sure the
nd the cutout in the disk.
magnet never extends out beyo lf is tigh t
magnet to its supporting she
screw clamping the drag Make sure the dra g mag net
time checks.
before proceeding with other pos itio n of the disk.
ght at any
does not hit the counterwei
the No. 5
p tap and the time dial at
With the tap plug in the 2am tap value.
closing at 2 and 10 times
time setting, check contact le XV.
within the limits shown on Tab
These closing times must be
TABLE XV

60HZ 50HZ
MAX. SEC. MIN. SEC. MAX. SEC.
TAP AMPS MIN .SEC.
7.71 6.94 7.98
2.0 4.0 6.70
0.77 0.65 0.75
2.0 20.0 0.67

INSTANTANEOUS UNIT
the same time.
1. Both contacts should close at
end (front)
so formed that the forked
2. The backing strip should be
p under the armature.
bears against the molded stri
of the
pole piece, the cross member
3. With the armature against the e and there sho uld be at
izontal plan
“T” spring should be in a hor Check this by inse rtin g a
contacts.
least 1/32 inch wipe on the ded pol e
een the front half of the sha
0.012 inch feeler gage betw The con tact s
armature held closed.
and the armature, with the
gage in place.
should close with the feeler

TARGET AND SEAL-IN UNIT


cribed under INSTANTANEOUS UNIT above.
Check steps 1 and 2 as des
feeler
in unit, insert a 0.012 inch
To check the wipe of the seal— the pole piece
dual of the armature and
gage between the plastic resi sho uld clos e with the
ed. The contacts
with the armature held clos
feeler gage in place.

18
GEK-34054

RENEWAL PARTS

It is recommended that sufficient quantities of


renewal parts be
carried in stock to enable the prompt replacement
of any that are
worn, broken, or damaged.

When ordering renewal parts, address the neares


t Sales Office of
the General Electric Company, specify the quanti
ty required, and the
name of the part wanted, and the complete model
number of the relay
for which the part is required.

19
GEK-34054

LIST OF FIGURES

PAGE
FIGURE

1 Cutaway of Drawout Case Showing Position of


21
Auxiliary Brush
(Front View) 22
Type 1AC53 Relay Removed from Case
. .
2
(Rear View) 23
3 Type 1AC53 Relay Removed from Case
(Front View) 24
4 Type IAC53A Internal Connections
(Front View) 24
5 Type IAC53B Internal Connections
(Front View) 25
6 Type IAC54A Internal Connections
(Front View) 25
7 Type IAC54B Internal Connections
1AC53
8 50 Hz Time/CurrentCharacteristics for the Type— 26
and IAC54 Relays
Type—1AC53
9 60 Hz Time/Current Characteristics for the 27
and 1AC54 Relays
Unit 28
Time—Curve Characteristics of the Instantaneous
. .
10
ion Unit
11 Saturation Curves for Lowest Taps of the Induct
Inverse Time Char acter istics 28
of Type IAC Relays with Very
IAC54B Relays 29
12 Outline and Panel Drilling for

13 Outline and Panel Drilling for IAC53A, 30


IAC53B and 1AC54 Relays
Curve
14 Test Connections for Testing Pick-Up and Time 31
of IAC Relays
for
15 External Connections of Three IAC53A Relays Used
ectio n
Phase To Phase and Ground Overcurrent Prot 32
of a 3—Phase Circuit

20
GEK-34054

CONNECTING PLUG MAIN BRUSH CONNECTING BLOCK

AUXILIARY BRUSH TERMINAL BLOCK


SHORTING BAR
NQTE:AFTER ENGAGING AUXILIARY BRUSH,00NNECTING PLUG
TRAVELS 1/4 INCH BEFORE ENGAGING THE MAIN BRUSH ON
THE TERMINAL BLOCK

Figure 1 (8025039) Cutaway of Drawout Case Showing Position


of Auxiliary Brush and Shorting Bar

21
5
GE K-
4 340

TOP PIVOT—\ TAP SELECTOR


INSTANTANEOUS UNIT
SEALIN UNIT
HOLDING cOIL’\ TAP PLUG
1 ADJUSTASLE CORE

SEAL- IN
TARGET
,,INSTANTANEOUS
SEAL-IN / UNIT
TARGET —JJ
TAP
SELECT0
SCREW

-MAIN MOVING
SEAL- I N SHAFT
UNIT
STATIONAR
CONTACT,LT
SEAL-IN UNIT
STATIONARY
CONTACT
RIGHT
CONTROL —
DEL ‘DRAG MAGNET
SPRING E -

ADJUSTING IN STR I) CT (ON S


RING (HSTNNTN(OuS I

Figure 2 (8041253) Type IACS3 Relay Removed from Case (FrOflt View)

22
GEK-34054

-COIL,
MAGNET.
DISC AND TAP
AND BLOCK
SHAFT ASSEMBLY
TIME OVER
CURRENT
UNIT
MAGNET
SHELF

LOWER
l! INSTANTANEOUS
JEWEL SCREW —i UNIT RANGE
SELECTOR LEADS

Figure 3 (8041255) Type 1AC53 Relay Removed from Case


(Rear View)

23
GEK-34054

I NOUCI ON
-

StAL--N fi
u :1

6
v.Ei)ZSHORT FINGER
INTERNAL CONNECTIONS FRONT

Type IAC53A Internal Connections (Front View)


Figure 4 (6209658—10)

4
-SEE NOTE

NST.’
UN T
NOTE:INST. UNIT CONNS
SHOWN ARE FOR LOW
RANGE OPERATION. FOR
HIGH RANGE OPERAT1Or’
CONNECT B -D TO
TERMINAL #6
TO TERMII’JAL’4.

*‘SH0RT FINGER
TS - TARGET SEAL-IN
INST. = INSTANTANEOUS UNIT

Figure 5 (0227A7196—1) Type IAC53B Internal Connections


(Front View)

24
GEK-34054

INDUCT ON

INDUCTION
UNIT
SI T

SL-IN
UNIT

1
ii
j
2

SHORT FINGER
Figure 6 (6209662 [5]) Type IAC54A Internal Connections (Front
View)
TIME OVERCURRENT—
UNIT INSTANTANEOUS
UNIT
7

*SHORT FINGER
TSI TARGET SEAL- IN
NOTE ;-INSTAN UNIT CONNECTIONS SHOWN ARE FOR LOW
OPERATION. FOR HIGH RANGE OPERATION RANGE
TO TERMINAL 6 CONNECT
‘A’
‘ SC” TO TERMINAL 44.

Figure 7 (0246A2285—1) Type IAC54B Internal Connections


UciICates re’d1son

25
GE K-34054

10 0 IDIQ
I I I I 2 2 4 I I I 110 ID 31 40 0
T’TT rrI--’r—rT rT-’

300

400

300

MULTIPLES OF RELAY TAP SETTING

s for the
Figure 8 (0108B8939—2) 50 Hz Time/Current Characteristic
Type—1AC53 and 1AC54 Relays

26
GEK-34054

I .7 .4 .4 I 4 8 4 4 I 1 Ill. N N 44 10111100.1! I I I 11F11


1 f I I liRlil

III
I I I 1•1I III 1111111 ILII II
EXIENDEL F/’NCE (800 ERIE) I”
4.’ HAT NGS ADJUS TN IN I S
4-
lIME UNIT I tIST UNIT TIIIE UNIT TAPS INST. UNIT
4M
1.’
0- 5-4.0 0. 5 -‘1.0 0.5,0.6,0.7,0.8, 1.0,1.2,1.5,2.0,2.5,3.0)4.0 CON TI860USLI
100 I. 5-12.0 2-16 5,2.0,2.5,3.0, ‘1.0,5.0,6.0,7.0,8.0, 0, 12 A IJJ U S TA OLE ‘N
2—16 10-80 2.0,2.5,3.0, ‘1.0,5.0,6.0,7.0,8.0, 0.0, 2, 16
20-160

n- —
- —--“ 10
-. —--“
-

I. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —- — — — —

:: : : : :


- - -
— —-
--
‘,. - ———- —
- - ———-- —
—- ——.—--

\_\ \
: -

:: z_
- - ———- - - — — — -- — ——

-- ——-- - - —- -

-- — -. 5- ———- - - ——--- - ——--- -

- ‘0
: I
8 .1
.1
.1
-I
.1
5 .E .1

— — — - 4; .4
3
Q ,
.8
ci
20 .2

ci
E
.1
00
L .00
.17
-w
IT—- —— ——- -- — ——
———-
-- — —— -- — II

n-- ——- --- -- — —- -- -- ———- -- — —- -- --- .00

.I1_-- —— ---- — —- -- -- ———- -- — —-“- -

-a ‘I 11 II 111,0000w
1 11!1II 1 I I lull!
MULTIPLES OF RELAY TAP SETTING
Figure 9 (0888B0270 [31) 60 Hz Time/Current Characteristics
the Type—IACS3 and 1AC54 Relays for

27
GEK-34054

wj(r’ils ‘f PICfUP

Characteristics of the
Figure 10 (0208A8695—1) Time/Current
Instantaneous Unit

26

24
I
22
TAP
RANGE
I0 0.5—2.0
AMPS.

5O’

16

V 14
0
L
T
12
4
0
E 10

b0 TAP
RANGE
50., I .5—s. 0
6 AMPS.
25 TAP
4 60’ .RANGE
5O 4—16
AMPS.
2

0 6
j
4 6 b 10 12 14 1 20

LLTIPLES DF .lNIMu PiC—UP CURRENT


SATUAT10N CURVES F0 L0WT TAPS OF
NCtJCTION U.JTS ON VERY INVERSE
TYPE IC REIAYS

of the
Figure 11 (6400102—1) Saturation Curves for Lowest Taps
Rela ys with Ver y-In ver se Time
Induction Unit of Type-IAC
Characteristics

28
GEK-34054

PANEL LOCATION
6625 SEMI-FLUSH SURFACE ,—(2) 5/16-18 STUDS
168MM FOR SURFACE MTG.

8 375
.

2 12MM
(3. 125
P32MM d
T
4 8
.°R M 10-32
STUD
NUMBER] NC
ST U B S
97531
00000
00000
10 8 6 2

1/4 DRILL
4 HL]LES
6MM
1. 125
29MM
-Ez 6, 187
15 7MM
BACK VIEW

5/8 DRILL
2 HOLES CUTOUT MAY REPLACE
15 DRILLED HOLES
2. 187 4.406
112MM 1 156.

56MM 29MM
-I-
4 375 CU1tUT
111MM 8.812
I 223MM

218
5MM 5 25
.
500
133MM 12MM
I (TYPICAL)
PANEL DRILLING
FOR SEMI—FLUSH MOUNTING PANEL DRILLING
FRONT VIEW FOR SURFACE MOUNTING
FRONT VIEW

3.0
TYPICAL DIM 76MM
INCHES VIEW SHOWING ASSEMBLY OF HARDWARE
MM FOR SURFACE MTG. ON STEEL PANELS

Figure 12 (6209271 [8]) Outline and Panel Drilling


for IAC54B Relay

29
GE K-34054

35
000
00
‘— 2—6
NLAIBERING OF STUDS
(FRONT VIEW)
OUTLINE

DRILL
2

p PANEL

STUD

P*L DRLLW4G FOR SEMI-FLUSH


UNW’G (FRONT yEW)

.t’L DRILLt4G FOR SURF4C


U
viEw SH(G ASSEM.X OF
MOU4TtG £FHONT ViEW

HAROWAE FOR SURFACE MTG.


ON STEEL PANELS

Outline and Panel Drilling for IAC53A, IACS3B


Figure 13 (6209270—2)
and IAC54A Relays

30
GEK-34054

TO TIMER

TO INDICATING LIGHT
WHEN CHECKING PICKUP
__.
OF MAIN UNIT

— TO INDICATING LIGHT WHEN


CHECKING PICKUP OF
— —

—>-
INSTANTANEOUS UNIT

XLA13 TEST PLUG

VARIABLE RESISTOR

TO TIMER
‘I

TO ACCURATELY REPRODUCE
RELAY CHARACTERISTICS
ALL TESTS SHOULD BE
MADE WITH RELAY IN CASE.

MIN. RECOMMENDED VOLTS,


120 AT RATED FREQUENCY

Figure 14 (6154399—7) Test Connections for Testing Pickup and Time


Curve of IAC Relays

31
GEK-34054

A—C BUS TRIP BUS


1 (—1

2
1
51N
3
j51_3 51—1

1
H

51N

A
Figure 15 (6375667—2) External Connections of Three Type—IAC53
nd-Overc urren t Prot ectio n of a
Relays used for Phase—to—Phase and Grou
3—Phase Circuit

32
GE Power Management
215 Anderson Avenue
Markham, Ontario
Canada L6E 1B3
Tel: (905) 294-6222
Fax: (905) 201-2098
www.gecomIindsysIpm
MULTILIN
GE Power
Management

205 Great Valley Parkway


Malve,-n. P.4 19355-1337
61025! 7000

Errata Sheet
Revisions to GEK- 34054F1 pages 5, 6 and 8

PAGE 5
On TABLE I o[this page under PICKUP RANGE, AMPE
RES the range value for
IAC53A and IAC54A and [AC533 and IAC54B which reads
2.0- 15.0 should read
2.0- 16.0.

On TABLE II of this page under RANGE, AMPERES


the range value which reads
2.0- 15.0 should read 2.0- 16.0. Also under TAPS AVA[L
ABLE (AMPERES),
at the end of the string of tap values where it reads 15.0 it should
read 16.0

PAGE 6
On TABLE 111 under TIME OVERCURRENT UNIT the last
range value which reads
2.0 15.0 should read 2.0 16.0.
-
-

PAGE 8
On TABLE IX under RANGE; the range which reads 0.5 0.4
should read 0.5 4.0.
-
-

Also under BURDENS AT MIN. PICKUP the value for R that


reads 0.40 should read
1.40.

June 25, 1997