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PROBLEM/CAUSES AND SOLUTION ESSAY

More and more people in developing countries are purchasing cars for the first time.
What problems does this cause?
What do you think are possible solutions?

Question Analysis:
Topic word: cars
Keywords: increase purchase of cars in developing countries
Instruction words: What problems does this cause and give solution

Idea Generation:
Problems: air pollution, global warming, ozone layer disruption, traffic and health problem
Solution: awareness campaign and eco-friendly cars

Structure Planning:
Introduction:
Paraphrase question
Outline problems and solutions

Supporting Paragraph 1-Problems:


State problem: air pollution
Explain: increase in the number of cars on the roads causes air pollution.
Results: global warming and ozone layer disruption and health problems
Example: India
Supporting Paragraph 2- Solutions:
State solution: education and eco-friendly car manufacture
Explain: awareness in school and policy in car manufacture
Example: European countries

Conclusion:
Summarize main points and give opinion

Vocabulary:
More and more- increase, alarming rate, growth, rise, elevation, rapid
Purchase- buy, bought, acquire, obtain, procure, put money into
Developing countries- well-established countries, developed, western countries, first-world
countries, modern, affluent states
First time-recent,
Cars- automobile, motorcars, road vehicles

An increasing number of people in developing nations are buying


motorcars for the first time. The primary problem of this phenomenon is air pollution and the
most viable solution is to educate their citizens about the dangers of polluting the
atmosphere.

The most obvious problem associated with an increase trend of acquiring


automobiles is the deterioration of the quality of air. That is to say, that as more people buy
private vehicles, they use fewer non-polluting modes of transportation such as bikes and
walking, and instead burn fossil fuel to power their vehicles. For example, it is estimated that
5 million new motorists will take to the roads in China in the next few years. This results in
millions of tonnes of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide being released into the air.

A long term solution to this predicament is to educate young people


about the dangers of polluting the air that we breathe. Children in schools could be taught
about how to reduce their CO2 footprint by using public transport or car pooling. They are
also likely to teach their parents about the things they learned at school and adults will also
be influenced by this initiative. For example, school children in California were taught about
the consequences of driving cars excessively and this has resulted in nearly 50% of people
now sharing rides together instead of driving solo.

In conclusion, many more people in well-developed countries are now


driving their own cars resulting in huge amounts of greenhouse gases being expelled into the
atmosphere and the best way to curb this dilemma is to teach the public how to use their cars
more responsibly.