Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 201

This is a reproduction of a library book that was digitized

by Google as part of an ongoing effort to preserve the


information in books and make it universally accessible.

https://books.google.com
.AT IN ETYMOLOGY

VÁLPY.
•$xtJnv.rw
A.FRANCK
I.UUE K1CHELIEU
A MANUAL

OF

LATIN ETYMOLOGY,

AS ULTIMATELY DERIVED, WITH BUT FEW EXCEPTIONS,

FROM THE GREEK LANGUAGE:

IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER OF WORDS.

TOGETHER WITH
THE FORMATION OF THE LATIN CASES, TENSES, MOODS, PERSONS, AND OTHER
TERMINATIONS FROM THE GREEK.

BY THE REV. F. E. J. VALPY, M.A.,


RECTOR OF GARVESTON, NORFOLK,
AND FORMERLY HEAD-MASTER OF READING SCHOOL.
'OY
tE%t Jfcecottft edition,
ENTIRELY RE-WRITTEN, AND IMPROVED IN EVERT PAR'

" Let any person cast his eye over the map of Ancient Greece and Italy, and he will perceive, that those tribes, who
spoke the Doric and iEolic dialects in the former country, were nearest in point of communication with the latter, and
may therefore be supposed to have imparted, in the first instance, to the inhabitants of Italy, a knowledge of their
dialect and language."—Professor Dunbar.
"The Sanskrit and the Latin must be founded in a great measure on the Greek."—Id.

LONDON :
SOLD BY LONGMAN AND CO.; AND H. G. BOIIN.
1852.
Work» by the same Author, and published by Messrs. Longman & Co., London.

THE THIRD GREEK DELECTUS; or, New Analecta Majora: with English
Notes. 8vo. 15s. 6d.
Separately : Part I. Prose. 8». 6d.
Part II. Poetry. 9s. 6d.
THE SECOND GREEK DELECTUS ; or, New Analecta Minora : with English
Notes, and a copious Greek and English Lexicon. New Edition. 8vo. 9s. 6d.
GREEK EXERCISES ; being an Introduction to Greek Composition : leading the
Student from the Elements of Grammar to the higher parts of Syntax; with a Greek-English
Lexicon, Specimens of the Greek Dialects, and the Critical Canons of Dawes and Porson. New
Edition. 12mo. 6s. 6d.
The KEY is published, price 3s.
THE SECOND LATIN DELECTUS : with English Notes. New edition. 8vo. 6*.
ELECTA EX OVIDIO ET TIBULLO : with copious English Notes. New edition.
4s. 6d. The Selection is the same as that used at Eton, with the addition of the Notes.
EPITOME SACR^ HISTORLE : with English Notes. 18mo. 2a. Eighth Edition.

Also by the same Author, and published by J. Hatchard and Son, Piccadilly.
THE COURSE OF NATURE URGED, ON PRINCIPLES OF ANALOGY, in
vindication of Particular Texts of Scripture from Sceptical Objections. In Sixty Sections. 12mo. 5s.
This is intended as a practical Illustration of Bp. Butler's celebrated work on the Analogy of Natural
and Revealed Religion.

so' tf^i

W'. Ò w

HUGHES, PRINTER, KING'S HEAD COURT, GOUGH SQUARE.

Price Seven Shillings.


PREFACE.

At a former period Becman and Voss were fond of referring Latin words to the Hebrew,
and Home Tooke to the Teutonic or kindred dialects : Pott, Bopp, and Donaldson are
now fond of referring them to the Sanskrit. I think that the immediate descent of the
Latin from the j33olic Greek is much more certain, easy, and agreeable.
With some writers the Greek Language is thought posterior to the Latin, and they
even enter into historical details to prove it. Yet I prefer Professor Dunbar's opinion,
which forms the mottos to this work ; and Servius of old declared (Virg. Georg. 3. 148) :
' Constat GRjECAM PRIMAM esse.' So of such a necessary word as Ager, Quintilian
states (i. cap. 3. al. 10.) : ' Agrum ex GRiECO manifestum duci.' How could such
common words as Hunc, Hanc, Hoc be otherwise than from the Greek, "Ov k or "Ov y, "hv k
or "Aw y , "o k or "O y 1 and not these last from the Latin ? So Domus from Ao/ior, and not
the reverse : since Aó/ios is from dtpa, èéèopa, Greek words, not found in Latin. So
Natus or Gnatus from yewáa, yevvârós. So Do from 8óco the old present of èáa-a, allied
to ôáû>, 8aíù> to divide, then distribute, and to Siò, which expresses division in Stare/iàt» xp°a>
&C. So Sto from aráai, arm, whence <rrrjira> ; <rráa> being contracted from i'o-rao), perf.
Horaica or (<m)<a, formed from êa>, ccttoi, to place. So Ab and A from àirò, mf or à(j>, and
not cwrò from Ab. But I need not enlarge. In pursuing the inductive method, I have told
my tale : others will tell theirs.
Some indeed may think it a useless labor to affiliate the Latin to the Greek, and there
to leave it : and they may consider it nothing but a revival of the old question : * If Atlas
sustained the world, who sustained Atlas?' But in cases, where 'non datur ultrà,' it will
be undoubtedly interesting * quâdam prodire tenus :' and in cases where we can prosecute
our researches further, it will be interesting and useful to carry them on in the Greek, or
to extend them to a different language.
But it may be said, See how fanciful are many of these derivations ! Who can place
any confidence in them ? In reply to this, I would refer to some etymologies which
are acknowledged by every one. In Triumphus from QpíafiÇios there are three changes :
6 into T, A into U, B into PH. Yet who doubts the truth of this etymology ? At
least, who doubts the affinity of these words ? In Formica also from Mvp^Ka through
the jEolic Bípfir}Ka are avowedly three changes. Vulgus is allowed by all to flow from *O^Xor,
through the digammated FóxXos and by transposition ^óX^oî : Viscus from 'l£òr, the jEolic
iv PREFACE.
Asòf, Vicsus, by transposition Viscus : Vinum from olvov, the jEolic Foivov : Folium from
^vXXov, where the Y becomes O, and the second A becomes I. Even in the very clearest
words of agreement there are undoubted changes, and these should lead us to expect
them anywhere : Genu from róW, Canis from Kvvòs, Forma from yiop<pà, Fera from eíjpa,
Fur from *ò>p, Mola from MúXij, Ulcus from "eXkoç, Imbris from "OpPpos, Cinis from KóW,
Fallo from 20óXX<», Domo from Aapâ, Jugum from Zvyòv, In from 'Ev, Ab from 'An-', Lupus
from Aíikos, Vespera from 'Ea-népa, Super from 'Ynép ; these, and numerous others, evince
the universal change which took place. And so it happened when the Latin itself was
corrupted. Who would think that the French Congé is from Commeatus, and Singe
from Simia? Yet they are both true. His oculis vidi the Latin Commeatus written in
low Latin Comiatus, which (as Donné from Donatus) became Comié, Comjé, Congé.
And as Rosa is in French Rose, so Simia or Simja became Simje or Singe. So the French
have also Boutique from Apotheca, Oncle from Avunculus, Ouir from Audire, Maison from
Mansione, Toi from Tibi, Moi from Mihi, Roi from Rege, Loi from Lege, Dieu from Deo,
Lieu from Loco, Feu from Foco, Jeu from Joco, Œil from Oculo, Doigt from Digito, and
a thousand other changes. Trace the Italian and the Spanish, and you will see vast changes
there also. In our own language how great are the acknowledged changes ! Thus there
are no less than three in Bishop from Episcopus. Observe Alms from 'EXe^/uoo-wi/, Hermit
from Eremîta, Devil from Diabolus, Church from Kvpiaicri, Ostler from Hospitaler, and a
hundred others. One change also has the tendency to produce another : thus Salopshire, by
becoming Slopshire, fell into Sropshire, and finally Shropshire. And Scintilla, by becoming
in French Escintelle, became also écintelle, and finally étincelle. I conclude then, that,
because changes may appear fanciful, there requires something better than mere declamation
to prove them false. The fact remains of great alterations having taken place in the
formation of new languages on the breaking up of old ones. It may fairly indeed be
required of an etymological Writer, that he should justify any changes of letters he
proposes, by clear and palpable examples : and this I trust I have done.
Again, it may be asked, How can four or five different accounts of the etymology
of the same word be agreeable to truth or to the fact ? Yet, as certainty is not usually
attainable by man, it is sometimes not easy to determine ex cathedrd, in cases of differ-
ence of opinion, as to what derivation should unhesitatingly be adopted. And, if an
Author has formed his own judgment, he cannot suppose that his Readers must always
see with his eyes, or be satisfied with his aims ifprj. No : in this world of uncertainty
and of diversity of sentiment the correct method is to lay before the Reader the results
of the labors of the learned, and to give him the power to judge of the merits of their
respective conjectures. The Reader will be the judge, and he ought to be. Let me add
that it is highly entertaining to observe the difference of thought among the learned,
and to see not only the truth; but the approaches to it ; and that he would be a bad
PREFACE. V
Commentator on the Bible who should express his own opinion on the interpretation of
the sacred Text, consider that as indubïè genuinam, and pass over in silence the opinions
of preceding Annotators.
In order to give a fair and correct meaning to Greek words, and not to strain them
to suit my own purposes, I have been careful to give no meaning but what I have
found in the Lexicons, especially in those of Stephens, and of Liddell and Scott.
For the greater part of the derivations in this volume I am indebted to preceding or
contemporary Etymologists : but of the origin of many words I have the responsibility.
I may observe that I hope I have succeeded in bringing to a higher degree of certainty many
etymologies which appeared of a very doubtful quality in consequence of the imperfect
state in which they were exhibited. When it was said that Medius was from McVor, it
is clear that the truth was but half told, as it is contracted from Mfo-i'ôios. I have
brought, I trust, some useful adminicula, in every part of this publication, to support
the pretensions of derivations which were true, but which needed confirmation or illus
tration.
Notwithstanding the analogy pointed out in this volume between the Latin and the
Greek, so different are these languages, that, if we take at random a certain number of
Latin words, we shall find but few of them to correspond in sound to the Greek. One
cause is that of the changes of letters, evidences of which I have already produced.—
Another cause is that the Latins formed new words from those which they introduced
from Greece. Thus Visio has no alliance in sound with "Oifris, nor Visum with "opafia
or &áo-fia, or Invideo with *0<Wa> ; and yet Visio, Visum, Invideo are all from the Greek
EtSo through the Latin Video. So the Latins did not express a Monkey by nWijKor, but
by Simia formed from Simus through 'S.ifiós. So the Modern Greeks express a Chain by
Zóot), a word which was unknown to their ancestors, but derived from Zóa, Záwvfii. So
the French Prés, near, from Pressus, &c.—Another cause of difference is that derivative
languages use compound words to express old terms in a new form : Thus the Spring in
French is Prin-tems, or Primum tempus, and in English is Prima-rosa or the Primrose.
So again in French, Col-porteur, Presqu'île, &c.—A fourth reason is that the Latins
derived their language from the iEolic tribes, who had words and sounds peculiar to
themselves, and unknown to the Ionic and Attic races. — Lastly, derivative languages
apply words in a manner unknown to the writers in the primary language. Thus the
French express the Head by Tête, or, as it was anciently, Teste, formed from Testa, a
shell, and thus the Shell of the Head. Mea Testa for My Head would have been thought
by Cicero a strange expression. So again, the French express Softly by Doucement
from Dulcis.
I am well aware of the difficulty of this undertaking, and trust that the Reader will visit
errors of omission and commission not with the unrelenting severity of a censor, but with
ri PREFACE.

the kind indulgence of a patron and a friend. I shall receive with feelings of sincere
gratitude any suggestions towards the improvement of this Work, and humbly beg to
remind the Reader of the advice of the Latin Poet :
Si quid novisti rectius istis,
Candidus imperii : si non, his utere mecura.
And now I would adopt the language of a writer who has himself labored in the
field of Etymology : " That such a work is useful will perhaps be more readily admitted
than that it has been usefully executed ; but he, that has labored long in attempting to
remove the obstructions to science, is not willing to add despondence to his difliculties,
and to believe that he has labored in vain."
I must, in conclusion, acknowledge my obligations to the Rev. J. E. Riddle, who has
supplied very many useful etymologies. The Larger Latin Dictionary, which he has lately
published, is admirably put together, and is a very elegant as well as comprehensive work.
To my old friend, James Bailey, Esq., I must express myself much indebted for many
suggestions, as well as to Doctors Donaldson, Hawtrey, Kennedy, Liddell, Phillips, and
Stocker, to Professors Key and Dunbar, and to the Rev. T. K. Arnold.

ft appear before words of which no account is given.


t is prefixed to words of a very dubious character.
Large Capitals are foreign words not borrowed from the Greek language.
GR. is put for GREEK.
Schw. is Schwenck's Etymol. Worterbuch.
A MANUAL OF LATIN ETYMOLOGY.

A ACE
A, soft for ab, as Ex, E ; From, Fro' ; An, A ; Ad, Absque, except, without. Abs, and que i. e. kj? or
French à. «f, as in Quicunque, Plerique, Quisque, Susque,
Ab, ítt, as ìm', suP, suB. Or àtp', v<p', as S/uíœ, Deque.
amBo. Abstëmius. For abstemetius from temelum. See
Abacus, a desk. "AjScil, a/tos. Temulentus.
Abâvus, great-great-grandfather. Ab, as removed Absurdus, grating, &c. Abs-tmridus, abs-aurdus,
far back, (a) Riddle from avus-avus. Avavus. i. e. ' abs auribus alienus,' Dumesn. So incUso.
Abdïco, I discard, renounce : Gr. cWcfarcurOai iraîSa. (2) From which one turns, and gives surdam aurem,
Dtco, as dtcax, maledìcus, prœdìco. (2) Dtco : give a deaf ear to.
from one to another. 'Abdico me magistratu' is said. Abundè. Unda. From water breaking from its
Abdo, I hide. As Condo, êdo. banks. So abundo, inundo, undanti cruore, Virg.
Abdomen. Abdo, abdûmen, as Legumen, Albu So Affluens.
men. O, as clûdo and clôdo ; xTaw> c°lo ; and see Abyssus, abyss. "Afivcraros.
Bitumen. ' As usually covered and hidden from view. Ac. Atque, atq', ate, as Neque, Nec. Then ae.
Or as the food and intestines are buried there :' For- Acacia, Acâdêmïa (& -ïa), Acanthis, Acanthus,
cell. ' Hidden under the skin. Or abdit omentum :' Acâtus. GR.
Becm. (B)'Freund: Adept, adipis, adipomen, ap- Accendo, light up. Cando. See Candeo.
domen. Accensi, supernumeraries. Accenseo, accensum.
Abêcëdaria, alphabet. A, B, C, D, as with us Added to the number. Also, Serjeants, beadles.
To say one's A, B, C. So Alphabetum from Alpha, I. e., ascripti, attached to the other magistrates, as
Beta. either equals or inferiors.
Abies, a fir. Turton : ' From Jtirioj, a wild pear, Accïpïter, hawk. Usually referred to accipio, ac-
the fruit of which its cones somewhat resemble.' cipitum, (as Ancipitis to An-cipitum, and as Ago,
B, as raBies. (2) ' Perhaps from abeo, as 4\árri Agitum, whence Agito,) in the sense of capio to
from 4\áa, i\aíva :' Ridd. The reason is not appa seize or steal. yEsop : toy Xafiirra. (who had stolen)
rent. líéaxov K\4wrr\v. Thus <pepa is used in a violent
Abïga, ground-pine. Pliny : ' It has the power sense, as Euripides, ApdKovTts etpçpov t4kvo. yvá&ois.
abigendi partus, of procuring abortion : hence the So &ym Kal rpépoi. (2) But it is probably a corrup
name.' tion for occipiter, occipitrus, from htfrnrtpos, òjií-
Abïsis. Abi si vis. ircrpos, having quick wings. See Auric/talcum.
Ablâqueo, I make a ditch about a tree. Lacus, Accllnis, reclining, inclining. KAÍva, inclino, Sfe.
lacuis. Accûso. See Inenso.
Ablegmtna, parts of entrails abandoned to the Aceo, am sour. 'Akìi, a point. To be pungent.
gods. Ablëgo, as Neyligo. So Tego, Tegmina, after âcer, sharp. 'AK^p Mo\. of ^/c)|s as in à/Kp-íiKrjs.
Gr. \e\eyficva. Hesychius : 'Hkìj, ò|ií. So celeS, celeR.
Abnuo, I refuse. See Nuo. acer, the maple-tree, which, says Dr. Johnson, has
Abôleo, I destroy. Oleo, I grow. Ab negatives, jagged or angular leaves. Hence acer from cutis, JE.
as Aborior. (2) 'Awo\éa, àiróAAvfii. háp, a point, edge. A thing pointed or edged. As
Abolla, military robe. "A$oWa in Arrian, from irolp, puEr.
cWjSoAct or a.fixpi0o\d. Acerbus, bitter. From aceo, or nearer through
Abrôtônum, southernwood. OR. âcer, like Super, Superbus. Thus arena from Sreo.
Abs, soft for ab before certain consonants, like Acerra, vessel containing incense ; others say, to
Obs-, Subs-. (2) *Aif, back from. As aBSinthium. burn incense in. From âcer, as made of that wood.
Absens, absent : abs-ens. As Pyxis from núfos. Aceris, acerera, as Patera,
Absinthium, wormwood, àif/lvBiov. 'Ewirepa; then acerra. 'Some think the incense was
Absis, a vault. "Atyis, as above. not burnt in the acerra, but was kept in it and taken
1 A
ACE ADU
from it to be dropped on the altar. Thus Ovid, De Ad. Apud, ad, as Volis, Vis ; our Haved, Had.
acerrd libare ; and Persius :' Fore. (2) Corrupted (2) 'Es Si, «îè, ISS, ad.
from icrx^P", à<?x*Pa> an altar: ascerera, acerra. Adâgium, proverb. As suited (ad agendum) for
Festus calls it an altar placed before a dead person action.
and on which incense was burnt. Adâmas, adamant. 'ASdfias.
Acersëcômes, Acêrus. GR. Adbïto. See Beta.
Acervus, heap. As Aperio, Operio, Omitto for Adeps, ádïpis, fat. Apio, to join, cohere with it
Adperio, Obperio, Obmitto; agervus for aggervus self or the flesh. As îtj/iìs from Sew. (2) Allied to
from aggero, whence aggerivm, as Cado, Cadivus; à\(í(pm : Ridd. As Lacryma.
then aggervus, agervus, acervus, as paCiscor for Adlubeo, hold out to. Habeo.
paGiscor. Vus, much as Bus in acerBus, superBus. Adïmo. See Emo.
(2) 'Ayelpw, iytpw, to collect. (3) From acus, ace- Admïnïculum. Ad, to which I apply manum, my
ris. A chaff-heap, Gr. àxvp/iía. (4) 'Axis, &c. As hand. Cicero : ' Vites claviculis adminicula tanquam
rising in a point. manibus apprehendunt.'
Acetabulum, Acêtâria, Acëtum. Aceo. Admôdum, exactly, altogether. Ad modum justum.
Achates, Achôres, Achras. GR. As propemodum. We say, To a degree.
Acia, Acidus, Acies. 'Axi/, a point. Adoleo. Properly, to make to smell with per
Acînâces, scimitar. 'AkWkijî. fume, and hence to bring out perfume by burning.
Acinus, grape-stone, kernel, raisin, berry. Aceo, See oleo, to smell. Servius explains it to increase,
as Dominus, Facinus. From the tartness or sharp heap up, from oleo, to make to grow.
ness of the stones, particularly as compared to the Adôlesco. Oleo, to grow.
fruit. Ador, âdôris and adôris, pure wheat. Priscian
Acïpenser, Aquïpenser, a sturgeon. Soft for agui- from adiro, ' as used in adorations of the gods, i. e.
fenser from aqua andfensus, iratus (in Gloss. Isidor.). in sacrifices :' as Libum is referred to Libo. Thus
' It swims against the stream, contrary to other fish Agger from Aggero. (2) Festus for adur from aduro t
which swim with the stream :' Forcellini from Pliny as burnt to make the 'mola salsa' of sacrifices.
9.17. So Vomer, Vomeris. (2) From findo, fin- (3) Scaliger : ' The ancients said adur, the Greeks
sum, fissum. (3) Riddle from oKnrijirtoi. As Itha- &6vp, as 0fi>s, Deus.' But the Greek is aBbp, an car
censis, I suppose, and 'I&urijo-ios. But what is of corn. As some refer cOr to xHp. (4) Turton
aKiirfitrtos ? (4) Scheid. from Inch and ttiWo. from a; Sipv : ' This corn being without the beard or
Aclis, a short dart. 'AynvMs, iyuMs, cucAls, con ear.'
sidered the same as àyKv\ri, which is both the thong Adôrea, allowance adoris, of corn after a victory.
of a javelin and the javelin itself. Festus says that Adôro. Os, oris. Dumesnil : ' To salute with
the aclides were fastened with thongs. the profoundest reverence, in lifting up the hand to
Acna, Acnua, a measure of land. 'Apparently the mouth.' Donaldson : ' It derives its meaning
from &Ko>a or Sicaira, which is the same :' Forcell. from the custom of turning the face to the sky.'
Acôlûthus, Aconîtum, Acosmos. GR. (2) Oro. Earnestly to speak to in prayer, or to
Acrëdûla, variously stated to be an owl, thrush, supplicate.
linnet, nightingale, goldfinch. By it Cicero trans Adverbium, adverb, as joined ad verbum, to a
lates ôAoAiryài/, (from 0\o\vfa,) 'the tree-frog, named verb. As, He grieved much.
from its note :' Lidd. So acredula ab acri cantu. Adulo, -or, fawn, flatter. Barker makes it pro
See Ficedula. Or from acre ido : much as Grave- perly applicable to dogs, and agrees with Martini :
olcns. The author of the Carm. de Philom. has the A ' From ad, aula i. e. olla. Said of dogs going after
short ; by what authority seems unknown. Agredula platters of meat, and fawning with their tails on
is also written. their masters indulging them.' So also Dacier,
Acroâma, Acroâsis. GR. but without reference to dogs: 'To go after
Acta, a shore. 'Akt^. dishes, like parasites.' (2) To wait ad aulas, at the
Actuaria navis, light galley. As easily acta, driven halls of the great. Ad aliquem aulor: Freund.
on. (3) Adosculor, adoulor. (4) To be at the ala, wing
Actuârius, actuary, who writes acta, deeds. of the great. A, as in apltlstre. (5) 'AxoSouAoD^ai.
Actûtum, immediately. Ago, actum. As Cinctus, (6) 'ASCXifa jEol. of riSv?d(u, to flatter. (7) ' Obpà,
Cinctutus. Priscian : Ab acru, i. e. celeritate. With ura, ula, as aaiva, to wag the tail. Others from ad-
activity and despatch. Voss : Tam citò quàm agere oro:' Donldn.
possis : as Moi is Tam citò quàm movere te possis. Adulter, one who goes ad alteram, to another wo
' As Astu, Astutum :' Ridd. man. Med. 997 : &KXn twoiKtl £vvíívt?. TheSchol.
Aciileus, Acumen, Acuo, Acus. From òk?), a point. on Eur. Med. 677 has ^ owcA&v «Típo. (2j For
Acus, Cris, chaff. Allied to Gr. &x«pov. aduliter. Voss quotes Hesych.: rfivXiaai, avvovaiáaai.
2
ADV AGA
Adversaria, pi., a memorandum book, &c. As iErusco, I get (œra) petty sums by tales of dis
Necessaria. A book for things adversa, remarked. tress.
Tacitus : Quoties novum aliquid adverterat. (2) jEs, copper. From a word a!<ris, splendor, from
Adversa, things cast before us, ready at hand. And aWu, ctfo-w. Homer has dtdoira xa^-iciy. (2) Allied
others from the adversa pagina, opposed to the to as, through Sicil. oïr. See As. (3) Or, says
aversa : the one for expenses, the other for receipts. Riddle, to aìpw. See Mro 2.
Adytum. "ASutoc. .iEscûlus,EscûIus,bayorholmoak. Generally derived
jEdes, a building, from airos found in Pindar 01. from esca, from its esculent acorn, on the principle
3. 30, and twice explained by Eustathius iySiairniia, of (prrybs from <pdya>. But JE is not accounted for.
a dwelling. He observes indeed that it is a word of (2) Hoi-ace says of it, ' Nec rigidâ mollior cesculo ;'
unique use, but there are many such, and they ought and, in the words ' cere perennius,' gives brass the
not lightly to be altered. Indeed this very word cedes quality of special durability. Hence from ces might
corroborates the word oÎtoí. D, as fiaThv, vaDurn. be cesculus, hard as brass. It is true that these
/Edïlis, appointed to superintend cedes, houses or diminutives take the gender of their primaries in
temples : or the decrees of the people in the cedes, Flosculus, Osculum, &c. : but, as the sense of this
Temple of Ceres. word is only a figurative one, it could have formed
jEdïtïmus, cedis intimus : Fest. an exception. Besides, not only is Masculus used,
Aêdon, nightingale. 'Kistav. but Mascula, Masculum ; and Forcellini has Corcu-
Jîger, sick. Aéger or aegrus, &eypos, transp. from lus, a, um. Vice versa, we have Rosmarinum, as
&epyos, i. e. incapable of work. Thus Deficio, op well as Rosmarinus.
posed to Facio. (2) Mrumnam gerens, Donldn. ? /Estas, summer. JEstus.
jEgïlops, JEgis, JEgocëros, jElûrus. GR. AlyiKaxj/, jEsttmo, compute. ' As œditimus is cedis intimus,
&c. cesiimus is conversant with (ces, ceris) weights:'
jEmulus, rival. As f^Aos, emulation, is from Donldn. See Autumo. (2) Tt/uâ ?
ferveo, and as our word Sanguine from Sanguis, so iEstus, heat. Obs. ala-rbs, from aíft», to burn.
cemulus from atfia. Ai/xa for 'animus virilis' is cited So cestas.
from .Eschines in Ctesiph. 548 in Stephens 1503. ./Etas. ALvum, cevitas, cetas. As Bonum, Bonitas.
Ulus, as Figulus, Querulus, Gerulus. (2) From aX- .lEternus. As Semper, Sempiternus; so cevum,
nav, knowing, skilful, and therefore competing with ceviternus, ceiernus.
others. (3) From S.p.t\\a, a contest; through a cor jEther, jEthra, jEtia. GR. Aì%>, &c.
ruption aljiha, and cemultts as macUlae from fiixXai, iEvum, an age. Alios, alFi>p, cevum, as jSpax^N,
aescUlapius from àincA^irioî. (A) Haigh : ' From brachiUM. V, as abv, oVum.
atfii\os, pleasing, gay, enticing.' Better in the sense As, ' obsol., Cic. Or. 47 :' Ridd. 'A<p'.
of trvytrhs, and òÇìis ìv rip \éyeii>, attached to it by Affàbrè, skilfully. Faber,fabri.
Hesychius. Affaniae. From affor, like Afranius, Supervaca-
yEneâtor, who sounds teneam tubam. neus. In sense like Fatuus, which see. Ad, too
jEneus. JEris, cerineus. much, as in Affecto. ' Dicta futilia,' Fore. (2) From
.(Enigma, ."Eon. Alviyim, Aidv. some paltry town Aphannce in Sicily or in Attica.
jEquor, the sea. Eî/cì>s, jE. aiViip, cegruor; like See Trica ?
Mqims. A flat surface in Georg. 1. 50. Pindar has Affátim, and Fatim, abundantly. For, fatum, as
vóvrov irAá/ca. Sensim : a, as in datum, stâtim. Becman ' à multi-
jEquus. Eìkìií, M. cùkiIis. See on Aqua. loquentiâ.' So that the compound affatirn is the
Aër, air. 'Ai)p. proper word. Bifariam, multifariam should be
jErâríum, where the public money is kept. Ms, compared. (2) Fatim from &<paroy, '<pírov. 'Aipa-
ceris. t6v ti, Callim.
Mro, wicker dorser. As Aéuj>, Aéovros, Leo, Leo- Affectio. Qua afficitur animus.
nis ; so aíptav, atpovros, œro, ceronis. 1 Aïpai is also Affecto. For affacto. Ad implies too much.
Tollo, bajulo :' Forcell. (2) ASs, œris. A basket Affligo, dash against. As Figo from n^ya>, so
for carrying copper money, which was the first coin fligo, (whenceflictu jEn. 9. 667) from nXriyû fut. of
in use : Plin. 33. 3. irA^o-o-o) ; aspirated tpXrryZ. I, as iìiytm, rlma ;
-lErugo, rust ceris, of copper: malice eating like it. 0vp/iHKa, formica. (2) From 0AÍj8u>, 0\íy<e, (as
So Salsûgo. B\4tpapov, T\4<papov,°) JEol. (p\Lyu.
/Erumna. Properly, a pitchfork cupoiieVij, raised Afrïcus, the wind from Africa.
to carry burdens. So the burden itself raised, and Agâso, a groom. ' Allied to &ya : perhaps from
care, trouble : Or with which the mind is suspended ago, asimis :' Freund. Agasino ? ' A driver of beasts
or in suspense. Others from aipeo-flai /tiVSww, &c. of burden,' says Riddle. 'Aydfav is put down by
(2,)'ASgrimonia; or otherwise allied toceger:' Ridd. Forcellini; but whence? Yet we find <po7flos, tpoifUfav.
AGE ALI
Age, Agëma. "Ayt, "Ayniia, a flank. (2) From aio: Matth. 23.37. And Donldn.:
Ager, agri. 'Aypós. ' That which raises.' ?
Agger, heap. Gero. As made by carrying things Alabarches, prefect of the accounts or taxes.
to it. From ÍAafia, ink, and àpxís. "A\a$a- Hesych.,
Agïlìs, active. Ago, like Docilis. ,ue',w íf> ypiçoiuv. A semi-Egyptian word, says
Agïto. Ago, agitum. Jablonski. Some read Arabarches, like Asiarches.
Aglaspïdes, with bright shields. GR. Others take it for Alaarches, from acc. &\a, salt. B
Agmen. Ago, agmen, as Tego, Tegraen. A drove. added, as D in proDest.
Virgil has Agmen agens. Properly, àyó/icvop or Alabastrum, alabaster. GR.
kyiíívov : any thing driven. Alácer, Alacris, brisk. Soft for adacris, iSaxpvs,
Agnosco. For ad-ynosco. Ttvaaxu, gnosco, nosco. tearless, as òAu<r<reùs, uLysses. (2) "AAAo/ieu, óAoD-
So Cognosco, Ignosco. juai, h/ui : Schw. Like Ludicer : Ridd.
Agnus, lamb. From àyvós, holy. From its tender Alâpa. 'AiraAck, soft ; transp. &A«r&, halapa, a9
frame, consecrated as an offering to the gods. Vetus Mopipà, 4'upfià, Forma: crKelIíte, SpeCio. A slap
Lex : ' Tertia spolia Jano Quirino agnum marem with the open hand, and not with the fist. The H
csedito.' Horace : ' Nos humilem feriemus agnam.' may account (like *E£, Sex,) for Salapitta in Arno-
So the LAMB of God, in the N. T. Besides, we bius.
say, As innocent as a lamb. H dropt as in Ansa. ft Alaternus, the evergreen privet.
(2) As páoyos, tender, and (in the Latin Muscus) ALAUDA, a lark. A Gallic word, says Pliny.
moss, was also a young animal, so axvn, dew, down, Now alouette.
&c. could have produced acnus or agnus, a tender Alba, Albârium, Albugo, Album, Alburnum, Al-
lamb. G, as kíKvos, cyGnus. ' Tener agnus,' Virg. burnus. Aldus.
(3) From àyptévos or àyónwos. Qui impellitur. Albus, white. "Ahipos, (as ífi^a, amBo,) explained
Virgil : ' Quo ssepe solemus Pastores ovium teneros \cvxbt by Hesychius and Snidas. 'A\ipbs was also
depellere fœtus.' Isaiah : He was LED as a lamb to the white leprosy, and &\<piTov pearl-barley.
the slaughter. AlcSicum metrum, invented by Alcœus.
Ago, I drive. "Aya>. But ago is oftener used for Alee, elk. "A\mi in Pausanias.
Facio : here also it is &ya, to drive or carry on a Alcêdo, Halcêdo, Alcyon, Halcyon, King-fisher.
business, like Gero rem. So per-ago is to carry 'AàktjSìiv, 'AKkvúv.
through. Alea, a die. From ôAcà, Moi. fem. of ii\ebs, ex
Agôn, contest, 'Ay&v. plained ficopoiroibs by Hesychius, answering to the
Agônâlia. Ovid from àytiv : Nomina de ludis ' ilea fallax' of the Poet. Or f)\tbs is here ' sense
Grseca tulisse diem. (2) Varro from &ywi>, leading, less,' answering to Forcellini's definition of âlea, that
but unsatisfactorily. it is no game of skill or judgment, but one of mere
Agôrânomus, head of the market. GR. random chance and luck. (2) Voss from akr), or
tAgrïmonia, agrimony. It seems in letters to à\áa/íai, to wander uncertain of the way. From ils
resemble aKpifiav, ovos, but that is explained to be uncertain chances. (3) Isidorus says that a Grecian
Fennel. It can scarcely be compared with Cajremo- soldier of this name invented the game in the Trojan
nia, jEgrimonia, Matrimonium. Kiddle identifies it war : but Forcellini states that he has scarcely any
with àpyffíévT], which seems to be different. one to agree with him.
Agrippa, one born with his feet foremost. This Alec, Hâlec, herring; pickle. 'AKvicbs, salted, or
word seems to have flowed from the name of some ûAvkìs, pickle.
individual, and not the latter from the former. It Alecto, a Fury. As A is long, from &WriKTos.
was probably formed like Philippus. Thus Sauniaise 'AAXtjktéó.
deduces it from àyptiv, tiriros. Riddle from ayptos Ales, winged. Ala.
ïmros. Alga, sea-weed. 'AAi/ci;, áAinà, marina, (Steph.
Ah, Aha : 1 1, or Ò. ÍÍ. (Lidd.) 1892,) aha, alga. The aspirate lost as in Annus,
Ahênum, caldron. Aëneum, aheneum, ahenum, Ansa. G as àyKíXos, anGulus. (2) For alliga from
as parlEns, parEns. alligo. As involving the feet of swimmers.
Ai, alas. As. Algeo. 'AÀ7€(0, I am in pain, i. e. with cold.
Aio, I say. From an obsolete word cita, whence Horace : Condoluit frigore.
aìvos, a tale, story. Or from aSa>, àto>, to call out, Alibi. For ali-ubi, else-whcre. So Alicubi, Ali
as in ò.vtI\. I, as kATojtos, cllentis. (2) Donldn. unde. (2) The old alis, abl. pi. alibus, alibu'. See
fancifully compares ' on the principle of association ' Qui.
aio, to speak, and aim, to hear. Alïca, pottage, barley broth. "AAiko acc. of £ai£
Aius, a god. Livy : Aius iste Loquens aiebat. in Paulus JEg'm. and the more modern medical
Ala, wing. For axilla, as Maxilla, Mala. Also writers. (2) Aio, as Manica, Unica, Medicus.
4
ALI AM B
Alïcubi. For aliqu-ubi. So Alicunde. (fl) AU. have &K\oi trfpos, where crtpos defines &X\os.—
pl. aliquubus, aliquubu'. See Qui. Some from iJAoWtpos, lengthened from &Wos, which
Aïïcîila, AUfcuìa, a short cloak. "AAài|, ucos, He- is used for alter: Steph. 1840. Or from awSTefyos,
sych., a tunic with sleeves. Schaefer refers to Cal- jEoI. for aWirpios : One different from another.
lim. 1. 501. (a) From a/a, fig. a sleeve. Altercor, I dispute. For altericor or altemicor,
Aliptes, anointer for bathing. 'AAeÍ7rT7jr. from alter or alternus.
Alïquando, Alïquis, Aliquot. Alius or alis whence Altercum, henbane. As, when taken, it makes
aliter. Aliquis for instance is ' aut hie aut alius the head heavy, and deranges the mind 'cum
quis,' either this or some other, some one or other : quâdam verborum altercations :' Thus says Scribo-
Quis being here not ti's, but tis, kis. nius Largus. So boo-Kvafíû, from voarxva/ios henbane,
Alius, &Wos, as *vWov, Folium. is explained jucuvo/uu, Trapairalw.— Pliny however
Allecto : See Deleclo. gives to the Arabians the word altercum or alter-
Allido, dash against. Lœdo, as Elïdo. cangen'on.
Allîfâna pocula. Made at Allifœ in Samnium. Alternus. Going from one side to (alteram) the
Allium, garlic. For aglium, from íy\is, iBos, other.
whence pl. &y\i0€s, heads of garlic. (2) 'AAAôs, a Altïlis, stuffed. Alo, alitum, altum.
sausage ; as being a component part. (3) 'Ay\abs, Altus. Alo, alitus, alius, (whence Altrix, Altilis,)
shining. grown up, tall, high ; then deep, as High water is
Alluo. Aoia, luo : as Diluo. deep water.
Allûvies. Alluo, as Diluvies, Fluvius. Alûcïnor, Halûcïnor : or with double L. From
Almus, nourishing, genial. AIo, alimus, like &Avo>, to wander, to become insane : as vatiCINOR,
ratioCINOR. (a) From à luce vagor, as in Amens;
Alnus, alder-tree. These trees, says Dr. Johnson, or, ad lucem offendo. (3) From alius, or hallos, the
delight in a very moist soil. And the Delph. Ed. on great toe. To strike the foot against, stumble.
Eel. 10, 74 explains it 'arbor aquosis locis gaudens.' (4) To be thinking of something (fii\Ao) else.
Hence, as Annus is deduced by many from ivos or Alveare. Alveus, as Altare.
twos, and mAgnus, mAneo from /xEyas, ftEvcw ; so Alveus. In some of its senses like Alms. In that
alnus from (Kos, a marsh. As domiNUS, regNUM, of the channel of a river, and a conduit-pipe, referred
&c. (a) From Virgil's words, ' Cujus amor tantùm to av\bs, aùxFbs, (as BAfo, sylVa,) a pipe: or to
mihi crescit in horas, Quantum vere novo viridis se S\o|, ÍAjFof, a furrow: or to allueus, ab alluendo
suhjicit alnus,' some might think of alo, alinus. ripas.
Alo, I nourish. From obs. &Aa, whence &\6w ALUM, HALUS, comfrey. A Gallic word, savs
from &K6nv; and obs. &\Su, whence àXSta, iASalvu. Pliny.
(Lidd. Gr. Lex.) Alûmen, alum. From ahbs, salt. As Albumen.
Aloë, Alphus. 'A\6ri, "AKcpos. Alumnus, foster-child. Alo, alomenus, as Auctum-
Alsius, Alsus, cold. Algeo, alsi. nus.
Altâni venti, sea-breezes, said by Isidorus to blow Alùta, tanned leather. For aluminata, as dyed
ex alto, from the sea : by Pliny from the land, with alumen, (a) For ablula, well soaked.
im&yuoi, i. e. in altum. Vitruvius states that they Alvus. As Muto, Mutuus ; so alo, aluns, alvus: as
lie between the Africus and the Zephyrus. the womb in which the child is nourished ; or (with
Altare. Alius, as Alveus, Alvear, Alveare. The Turton) as the stomach, the place where the nou
sacrifices on the altare were made to the Dii Superi, rishment of the body is first deposited. (2) For
and on high places, (1 Kings iii. 2, 4,) or, with Fes- abluus for abluo, as the excrement, for so alvus is
tus, in sedibus à terra exaltatis: those on the Ara used; or as the belly, 'quia sordes eâ abluuntur.'
were made to the Inferi, and in low places, or, with Virgil has Proluvies alvi. Or alluo.
Festus, in effossâ terrâ. (a) Alla ara. Compare Amalthëum, large library. 'A/íoASeíoy.
Aurora. Amanuensis. One à manu.
Alter, second. Al is thought to be alis, (whence Amârâcus, Amâranthus. GR.
alid in Lucretius, and aliter,) and ter or terus is Amârus, bitter. As Omitto for OBmitto, Aperio
compared by Ihre with Trérepos, èKdrepos, erepos, for ADperio, so amarus for aimants from ÓA/«í«s,
and derived by him from the Goth, thera, 'their,' Mol. os óA^eis ; as also fxovo&uiv, musaRutn. The
' of them :' Alter, ' the other of them.' But this is termination changed, much as "Oufìpos, Imbris;
inapplicable to other Greek words, fipirtpos, ijueVe- "irlnros, Stipes; &c. The aspirate omitted, as in
pos, &c. or to Noster, Vester.—Alter may better be Ansa, Ulcus.
referred to ÒAA' oSrcpos corrupted to &\rfpos, alterus, Ambactus, hired servant. Ambi, àu(pí: actus.
' not the one, but the other :' as Aliquis is (Some one Dacier explains it àfitpt<pçp6p.€vos, irtpitpopriT&s: driven
or) other.—Or, as we find Selnepos &\\os, so we may hither and thither for pay, never at rest.
AMD ANA
Ambages, winding, &c. Ambi ab àfi<pì, as ifu4>a>, gil : Domos qui pramatat amnem. Wachter calls
(imBo : and ago, &yo. A driving round about, cir- this ' etymologia percommoda.' (2) Ambi-eo, ambeo,
cuitus. ambimen, ambmen, (as Fulgimen, Fulmen,) ambminis,
Ambegna, a victim led with a lamb on each side. amnis. Horace : Aut properantis aquae per amœnos
Ambi, agna. ambitus agros.
Ambïga, small pyramidical vessel. "ApjBi(, acc. Amo seems to have originally meant, like tpi\(u,
to salute or embrace, as in Plautus : Sine te amem :
Ambïgo, to be in those circumstances which agunt from àuáto, à/tô), colligo, constringo, like amiCo/uu
carry one ambi, i. e. à^ì, two or dijferent ways, like from a for Hfut, and ffirÁw. 'A(riráÇo/j.at Kcà </><Aw
Gr. &/i<pl\oyos. So Muto, Mutuus. Plat. Apol. 17. The Schol. on Homer explains
Ambio, go round, canvass, &c. Ambi-eo, from à/À.Tj(ráfjL€yos by ffvye\wv %tp<r\ Kai (rvvayayúv. Amo
then answers much to Amplector, TrtpiirA/ico/tioi.
Ambïtio. Ambeo, ambìtum, like Adïtus. ' (2) From Upa : from mutual attachment. Cicero :
Ambo, both. "A/upa. Amant inter sese. (3) A compound word àpito,
Ambo, a pulpit. "Apfiav. from sida, fié/íoa, to desire. (4-) Am, as in Amplector.
Ambrosia, Ambrosius. GR. Amœnus, pleasant. As Alumnus, Vertumnus,
AMBUBAIM. Voss : 'The Syrian abbub is a pipe ; Auctumnus for Alomenos, Vertomenos, Auctomenos,
the Arabian is anbub.' (2) As dwelling ambi, about, so amo, amomenos, amoënos, amœnus. (2) Dôder-
Baite in Campania. (3) From the herb ambubeia, Iein: 'For animomus, as Camœnse for Canimoenae.
succory, which the sorcerers mixed with their ingre Animo relaxando idoneus.' (3) Alo, alimus, ali-
dients of remedies for diseases. mœnus : Schw. ?
Ambubeia, succory. For ambuiabeia from ambulo, Amômum, an Armenian shrub. "A/ianov.
for they are called also Intubi ERRATICI. Amphi— : All words so beginning are Greek.
Ambulo. 'A/í<pe\dto, &n<pe\û>, ago me circumcircà. Amphora, flask. Acc. àn<pop4a, 5.
As &/i$m, amBo ; (TKÓirEKos, scopUlus. (2) 'A/iiroXâ, Amplector, Amplexor, I clasp. Am for à/j.<pì ;
Terror in loco. (3) From ambi-, as Ustum, Ustulo. plector from tt^ektìis, whence a word irAeftréto or
f Amellus, star-wort. From Amelia in Gaul. Vir 6u, â. So Complector.
gil says of it : Legunt prope fiumina Amelia. Two Amplio, adjourn for further hearing. Ampins.
MSS. read it thus ; others however Mellœ. Amplus, large. 'AyáirAfas, &fiir\ea>s.
Amens, as De-mens. Out of his mind. 'Aif>- Ampulla, flask. Amphora, amphorula, ampholla,
effrápai <ppevwv Soph. as Puer, Puerula, Puella. (2) From amb- and olla;
Amentum. Apia, apimentum, as Omentum for or from amb- simply. (3) "AuPuv.
Operimentum ; aïmentum, amentum. A strap to Ampullae, bombast. Swelling out as an ampulla.
which javelins were tied. (2) From a^iia. Ampûto. See Puto.
Ames, ïtis, a pole as fastening or fixing up a net. Amûlëtum, amulet. Amolior.
Apia, apimes, ames, as Foveo, Fovimes, Fomes. From Amurca, oil-lees. 'A/iopyjj.
apio is aplus: and Forcellini compares the 'axem Amussis, rule or compass. Am, assis, as centUssis.
stellis fulgentibus aptum' of Ennius with the ' stellis A rule passing round a plank or surface, and mark
micantibus sethera FIXUM' of Lucretius. (2) As ing it out. Isaiah : ' The carpenter stretcheth out
Comes, Comitis from Com-eo, so ames, amitis from his rule ; he marketh the god out with a line ; he
am-eo : about which the net goes or is spread out. fitteth it with planes ; and marketh it out with the
(3) 'Adfurs, contracted to &/iis. compass.'
Amëthystus, amethyst. 'AfidBvcrros. Amygdala, Amylum, Amystis. GR.
Amïcio, I clothe. Am-jacio, Amjicio. An, if, whether. 'Eàt> or &v.
Amicus. Amo, as Pudicus. So $tXô>, *ÍAoî. Ana, Anâbathrum, and nearly all words in Ana—,
Amïta, aunt. As Calcâta became Culcïta, amâta are mere Greek words.
could for shortness become amita. So Sto, Stâtura Anancseum. 'AvayKaiov. A larger cup which in
made Instïta : Nûbo, Pronûbus ; &c. Veto, as, Vetï- a wine-match they were obliged to drink off. Ca-
tum. Amita was a term of endearment, as we use saubon refers it to the yKvKeìav àvíyKav, or delirium
the term Aunty. ' Quasi dilecta,' says Scheide. occasioned by too much drink : as also to the draught
(2) For avita, as proVulgo, proMulgo. This (after of hemlock which culprits were forced to drink, or
the form culcITA,) from avus, somewhat as from of Lethe which all must taste. Turnebus to àváyicn,
aims is avunculus. (3) Corrupted from avitima in Hesychius, a judicial urn : this being of the same
from avus, as Légitima, Maritima, Finitima. size.
Ammôdytes, Ammôniâcus, Amnestia. GR. Anas, anatis, ô vSoV, the duck. As Newt is An-
Amnis, river. From am-no ; am i. e. à/j.<pì, and no, -evet. (Todd.) (2) Transp. from vaacra. (3) An
as Transno, Trano. From its circuitous course. Vir- nate, am-nato (as aNfractus,) to swim about. Ana
6
ANC ANT
creon : "I8« tt&s vr\tr<ra ko\v/ì$^. N dropt, as D in Tlvevpa and Spiritus, as the breath of life and of the
Aperio. soul, ' vitalis aura,' ' divin» particula aura.' We may
Anceps, ancïpïtis. An for am, (as in Anfractus,) compare with these \f/ix" and ifvxf).
àfupì or àn<pls : caput, capitis, or capio, capitum. Anïsum, anise, "Aviaov.
With two heads ; also, seizing and drawing us both Annôna. Anni, the year's provisions.
ways, doubtful. Annulus, Anulus, a ring. From an, i. e. am,
Ancile, small oval shield. For ancisile : an for am, around, as in Anus, Ancile, &c. Or ambeo, ambinus,
àfiífì, as in Anfractus, Anhelus, and cœsum as in amnus. See Annus. (2) Riddle : Arcus, arctnus,
Jiecisum, Ancisum. Ovid : ' Idque ancile vocat quod arnus, annus.
in omni parte recisum est :' Having its outside rim Annuo, I agree to. Nuo, adnuo.
cut all round with small incisions. So Incite. Annus. Liddell: ' 'Evos or ëvos, the Lat. annus;
Ancilla, maid-servant. Amcolo, to wait on ; hence Sttvos ; and (vos or %vos, a year old, last year's :
whence ancola or ancula, anculula, ancilla. As Puer, %vn Kai via, the old and new day.' A, as in mAgnus
Puerula. So Anculi, gods ministering to the higher for mEgnus. (2) Riddle from an, i. e. circùm, as in
gods. (2) 'Ayxòvos, M. ayx6\os. Or for anconula. Anfractus, for am, à/upí. Compare Anulus or Annu
Anclo, I wait on. See Ancilla. lus. Indeed some refer it to anus, whence anulus :
Ancon, promontory, &c. 'Ayiu&v. like Gr. iviavrbs, as Virgil : In se sua per vestigia
Ancora, anchor. 'AyKiipa. volvitur annus. To am some refer the M in soIeMnis,
Anculi, gods in attendance on others. See An biMus, &c. Indeed we may say, am, amnus, annus.
cilla. Or am-eo, amlnus, or ambeo, ambinus, amnus. (3)
Ancus, one with curved arms. Allied to ayxihos. Donaldson has the ingenuity of giving it a double
So àyicàiv, &c.' origin : ' Annus, anc. anus, must denote at once the
Andâbâta, a hoodwinked fencer on horseback. ever-flowing, òeVaoj, and the ever-returning, &c]
From jEol. àyra0ára, or àvTai>a$ÁTa. (2) 'AvaPdra, vtófievos.' I
as inDigeo.? Ànômália, anomaly. GR.
Andrachne, Androgynus, Andron. GR. Anqulro. For am-quœro, as Inqulro, Occtdo.
Andrônium, a plaster. ' Invented by the physi Ansa, a handle. For hansa, from hando, hansum;
cian Andron :' Turton. prehendo, prehensum. H, as Humerus. (2) ' For
Anêthum, Angaria, Angëlus. GR. asa, ausa, from aZs, oZs :' Ridd.
Anfractus, where the road all round breaks off Anser, a goose. From x&vbsi x^ys> ^Eolie genitive
from the direct path into windings. Compare Ancile. °f xh", a goose : whence (much as many derive
(2) Dumesnil from à/Mpì, (ppaKrbs à <ppd<r<ra>, cingo.? Mensis from finvbs, nh"s>) chanser, and hanser, as
Angërôna. From angere, constringere, (as in An Xópros, Hortus; Eres for Cheres; then anser, as
gina,) i. c. fauces, guttur : as the goddess of silence. Ansa for Hansa. (2) ' Ab ansato collo,' says Ains-
So Pomona, Bellona. Compare Pellonia. From the worth.
infinitive, as Recipere, Recipero ; Bifariam ; Hariolus. Antse, cheeks of a door. From ante. Vitruvius :
(2) Verrius : ' Quòd angores animi propitiata depellit.' ' In antis erit aedes, cùni habebit in FRONTE antas
Angina, quinsy. Ango, to suffocate. parietum,' &c.
Ango, tighten, squeeze. *Ayx">- Antârias funis. Voss : ' Scaliger from ante ; but
Anguilla, eel. Anguis; as being of the same form. it is a rope belonging to the antes, or it is from
(2) "E7xf*«r> whence enguelula. See Anguis. àvraípa.' Or from avri.
Angnis, snake. As from KtXâ is UNGUa, and Ante. 'Avri.
«rXos from £Xco, so from £Xis is eNGUis, and anguis; Anteà. Key says for anteam. Others for ed
A, as Anguilla from "Eyxfb-vs, flAmma from <p\Ey/ia, tempestate ante.
<p\Ep.p.a. (2) Dumesnil from fyxos : ' A reptile re Antenna, Antemna, the cross-piece fastening a
sembling a dart.' (3) Ango, anguo : As writhing ship's sail. From àyáSeSepUva, andemna, antemna,
and twisting itself : Becm. (4) Allied to àyKÍKos, as aDque, aTque ; onovAij, sponTe. (2) From am,
curved. tendo : For amtendina. Dr. Johnson explains a sail-
Angûlus, corner. 'AyicvKos, bent. yard as the pole on which the sail is extended.
Augustus, narrow. Formed after Onustus, Ro- (3) 'Aprtfuiva, artemna, antemna, but artemna
bustus, from ango, &yx*>, to make close or tight. So would be more naturally put for antemna. (4) Ains-
our aGate from òX<ít7js. worth : Simply from ante, as from Socius is Socien-
Anhêlo, from an, as in Anceps, Anfractus, for am, nis. (5) Hall from ante teneo : holding the sail be
àfitpí. Amhalo .- To pant all over. fore the mast. But the M ?
Anima, breath. "Ave/ios, as KÍjpOS, cerA. Antêrîdes, buttresses. GR.
Animal, a breathing thing : ab anima, breath. Anterior. Ante, anterus, as Posteras.
Animus. Like Anima, from &vepios ; viewed, like Antes. From ante. Dacier : ' Ordines anteriores.'
7
ANT APY
Ainsworth : ' The FORE ranks or outmost ranks of Apium, parsley. Apio, as in Apiscor. Horace :
vines.' Virgil : EXTREMOS antes. (2) Is. Voss 'Est in horto, Philli, NECTENDIS apium coronis.'
from amites. From ameo, amitum, to go round. Specially at the Games : Juv. 8. 226. (2) Pliny, ' ab
Hence amies, antes. As Amita, Aunt. apibus, quihus est gratissima.'
Anthias, Anthrax. GR. Aplûda, Applauda, chaff, bran. Applaudo, as Ex-
Antic, fore-locks. 'An-iai. (2) Ante. cludo. And P for PP, as OBmitto, Omitto. As
Antichthonës, antipodes. GR. being separated from the corn by dashing it with
. Antïcus, one right opposite. Ante, as Posticus. the hand or a stone.
Antïdotum, Antipodes. GR. Aplustre, an ornament on the K^AcurTov, highest
Antïquus, ancient. Formerly written antïcus, part of the stern. U, as OpíAfifìos, triUmphus.
from ante, as Amicus. Apo. See in Apiscor.
Autistes, ïtis, president. Ante, slatum. Apodixis, Apodjftêrium, Apôlactïzo, Apolecti. GR.
Antlia, a pump. 'Ayr\ia. Apoliïnâris, henbane. Apuleius ' from Apollo who
Antlo, I drain. 'Avt\û. is said to have discovered it.'
Antrum, a cave, "Avrpov. ApSlogus, Apophôrëta, Apoplexia, Apostâta,
Anus, i. From its round form. See Annulus, Apostolus, Apothëca. GR.
Annus. Appârïtor. Qui paret, attends on a magistrate.
Anus, us, old woman. Anus from ivos, a year, See Pareo.
whence tUvos, toAiWos and Senex. So Vetus from Appello, as, I call. So Compello. From pello ; the
Fí'tos, and Annosus frpm Annus. A, as rAtus, sAtus conjugation changed as in Educo, are, from Duco;
for rEtus, sEtus. (2) 'Avus, minus :' Ridd. ? Occupo, are, from Capio.—Or from wfXdw, &, to
Anxius. Ango, anxi. cause to come near; as meLLis from (niAt. Pello or
Apâge, Apala ova, Aparctias, Apêliôtes. GR. tc\w ad me, as Accieo is Cieo ad me. So koAcu is
Aper, boar. As oîo for 701a, eï/3a> for Aeifiw, and ' venire jubeo, from k4\u. Homer : Ainòs <rc koàeî:'
our If for Gif, Give, so aper, or properly aprus, (as Damm.
Ager is Agrus, 'Aypbs,) from Kairpos. (2) Quòd Appendix. Quœ appendet.
aperit terram saeviendo.? Appias, Venus who had a temple at the Appia
Aperio, I open. See Pario. aqua. Hence Appiades were prostitutes.
Apex, a woollen tuft or tassel worn by the High- Appiôsus or Oppiôsus, having the staggers.
priest on the top of his cap ; and then any top or tip. 'AnwÀiflta, áirirA7j£ía could make applexiosus as
From apio. From its being tied with thread, or, Laboriosus, cut down to appiosus, as Inferissimus to
with Wachter, from its binding the head, like Aiá- Imus. (2) If oppiosus is the true word, I could be
Srifut. lieve that, as Sontis from SiVttîï, 1WÍ0 i.e. viaos could
Apexàbo. Because at the top of this sausage, produce oppiosus. The Staggers are denned by Dr.
says Varro, ' quiddam eminet, ab eo, ut in capite Johnson ' a kind of HORSE apoplexy.'
apex, apexabo dicta.' Apricus. 'Aperio, apertcus, like Antïcus, Posticus :'
Aphractus, Aphrodïsia, Aphrônïtrum. GR. Facciol. Open to the sun.
Apiiinac uvse. Pliny : 'Apianis apes dedere cogno Aprilis, April. The opening month. Aperio,
men, praecipuè earum avidae.' aperilis, as Quinttlis. See Apricus. Virgil : ' Can-
Apîca ovis, without wool on its belly. "Aireiicos. didus auratis aperit cam comibus annum Taurus.'
Apïnae, trifles. From a vile and ignoble town of Martyn : ' He means the sun's entering into Taurus,
Apulia, and totally rased by Diomede. So Pliny. which Columella says is on the 1 7th of April. He
(2) Saumaise better from àcpdva or àtpírn, in Suidas, says aperit annum, whence Aprilis.' So Ovid:
anything trifling. Allied perhaps to àiparlis. P, as ' Nam quia ver aperit tunc omnia, Aprilem memo-
prosPerus ; I as machina. rant.' And so Macrobius. (2) The boar-month,
Apis, bee. From farru, to join; and, as Cupio from their sacrificing aprum, a boar.?
from Kiirru, through apio, whence apex, apiscor. Aproniâna cerasa. Called, it seems, from one
More nearly, through à<pii, a fastening, or an obsolete Apronius. 1
a. 2. 3)irov, fut. airât, as trirnov, tvttw from rinrroi. Aprugnus. Aper, apri, and -yoyos, like Abieg-
Virgil of bees : Pedibus connexœ ad limina pendent: nus.
Pedibus per mutua nexis. See on Examen. (2) From Apto, and Aptus. Apio, aptum, to join. (2) "Air-
otyis, as Anacreon : "Otpis p tTinlic /wcpós. As lAvo to>, to fasten.
from KOva ; Penus from '<p4yos. Apud, written also aput, which leads us to apio,
Apiscor, I get. From the old apo or apio, men apilum, as Ago, Agitum whence Agito. Thus apud
tioned by Festus and Servius, from Sir™, old fut. agrees with Juxta from Jungo. (2) For ad pedem,
aTTtS, like Tvftâ. I join anything tomyself, or myself to as Gr. ifiiroSdv. But ad is shortened from apud.
anything,touch,as airrofiat. Plautus: Hominem apisci. Apyrinus, without kernel, hripiyos.
AQU ARD
Aqua. As AÏko was Doric for EÍ kc, so eÌKuía as ferVeo, ferBui. (2) Arboris from ttp<popos, as
became aÌKvîa or àxuïa, aqua. Thus uÌkùs similarly S,u*ai, am Bo, and as uBeris from efàopos. *Apcpopos,
gave rise to cequus, fit, equal, then level, whence as contracted from a word àpupópos, productive,
aquor, the sea, as Xenophon : ireîíov ò/idKbv iiairep fruitful. ' A tree that bringeth forth his fruit in his
6d\acr<ra. Compare Socius from OtVeîos, 'OkeÎoî. season.' Or ipupópos.
(2) Corrupted from à x<>4> the pouring, the stream, Arbustum, shrubbery. Arbos, arbosetum, arbos-
as from à vâ.aa' (y yriaea) is Anas. (3) Hesych. tum, as Salicis, Salicetum, Salictum.
has 4o, collection of water : whence aca, aqua, as Arbutus. Arbutum is the tree, as well as arbutus.
oWos, speCus. (4) From Mol. âxà, sound. From Hence, as the Latins said diRimo for diimo, musa-
the sound of flowing water. Rum for musaiim, nuRus from vvbs, so (tì>) àtì cpvrby,
Aquâlis, water-pot. Aqua, as jEqualis. aiphutum, could be aRiphutum, whence arphutum,
Aquâriôlus. Voss : ' Carrying aquam, water for and arbutum, as &p#u, amBo. The Greek T is not
prostitutes, one of whom says in Plautus : Aggerundâ always changed, as is clear from Zvybv, Jugum. This
aqua sunt viri duo defessi.' beautiful evergreen could well be particularized as
Aquïfôlius, with sharp-pointed leaves. For acui- the perennial. It ' is one of the handsomest of ever
folius. Acus or acuo. greens, and is admired for its flowers and fruit, no
Aquïla. From aquilus, dark, dun. That is, less than for its foliage and general form :' Enc.
' aquila avis,' the dun bird. Homer has aìerbs aíSwv, Brit.
a tawny eagle. (2) The Cretan word was àybp, Area, a chest. Arceo, to ' hold, contain,' (Forcell.)
whence aquor, as \oTovftai, loQUor : hence aquila, as Cicero : ' Alvus arcet et continet, sive illud ari-
as Floy, Viola. Dacier thus : Agar, agol, agul, aqul, dum sit sive humidum.' Thus from arceo is coërceo,
aquila. (3) 'AyKÍ\a, curved : Ridd. From its beak. and arctus, close. And area is used for a dungeon.
(4) Hesych. has àicv\fiis, an eagle. Area, much as Parco, Parca : Fundo, Funda. (2)
Aquilo, N. wind. Hesychius explains àicipbs by Soft for erca, ab é'pitos, an enclosure. As "Ewos,
6 fìofyâs. Hence aquiro, as «Kojuai, seQUor ; then Annus ; and /tîjpOS, cerA.
aquilo, as \eiPioy, liLium. (a) Wachter from aquilus, Arcânus, secret. Kept in (area) a chest : as Op-
dark, dun, (which, from aqua, as Nubilus,) as blow pidanus. See the Notes on Juv. 14. 102. (2) Arceo.
ing from the dark quarters of the North. We speak A quo alios arces.
of The ' black North.' (3) Scheid from àirì), whence Arceo, drive off. 'Apxiu.
a word &xe\os like (IkcAos. From the piercing na Arcëra, a sedan. Like (arcœ) a box. So Patera.
ture of this wind: 'a nipping and an eager air.' (2) Arcus. As being arched.
(4) Cellarius, too figuratively, from its blasts being Arcesso, I call for: for which some incorrectly
vehement and rapid like the flight (aquilœ) of the write Accerso. From arcio, as Facio, Facesso, La-
eagle. So some bring Vulturnus from Vultur. cesso. For ad-cio, as aDbiter, aRbiter.
Aquilus, dun, tawny. From the color {aqua) of Arcliaïcus, Archïtectus, Archon, &c. GR.
water : /ithdyvSpos. Formed like Rutilus. (2) From Archivum, place for public records. 'Apx*'Fov.
the tawny color of the aquila. Arctos, Arctûrus. GR.
Ara, altar. From dpa, to raise, says Riddle. Arctus, close. Arceo, arcitus. Kept in : coër-
Whence a word alpa, ara, as Fundo, Funda.—Others citus.
from àpà, a prayer. The place of supplication of the Arcus, bow. From tpieos, an enclosure, as what
Gods. The first A of the Greek is sometimes long. may be called the bow of the teeth is é'p/tos òSiyray.
(3) But Macrobius states it was formerly written The Aspirate dropt, as "EAkos, Ulcus ; A for E, as
asa, for ansa, as being handled by the suppliants. mAgnus for mEgnus. (2) Arceo, to keep in. Fes-
Virgil : Arasque tenentem. Cicero : Is si aram se tus : ' Quia continet se.' Others ' ab arcendis hosti-
vens juraret. Horace : Aram si tetigit manus. bus,' as used in battle.
Plautus : Tene aram hanc. Ansa was also a handle : Ardea, heron. Soft for erdea, from 4p$tbs contr.
as soft for hansa from hando. R, as heRi from x6i2, from ipaSi6s. As ipyiKKCXZ, argillA. (2) Ab UpS-qv,
■n&íP for Trt£ï2, and auSis into auRis. Or, as Patera, on high. Virgil : Altam supra volat ardea nubem.
so ansera, ara. Ardëlio, a busybody. "Aptia\os, Hesych. fìicaìos.
Arachnë, a sundial, with lines representing a spi And for à-4pSa\os, as &-tpyos, àpyós. (2) Ardeo,
der's web. 'Apdxvv- festino, Non. 4. 1 6. ' Running about hither and
Arânea, spider. 'Apixvn, or adj. bpaxyda- thither :' Forcell.
Arbiter, witness, referee. Ad-biter, (as aRcesso,) Ardeo, burn, blaze. Aridus, arideo, ardeo, as
from the old beta, to go. Who goes to, or to whom Avidus, Avideo, Audeo. Thus Caldus for Calidus.
one goes. Arduus, lofty, steep, difficult. From HpSvy, lifted
Arbor. For arvor from arvum. 'Every tree of up. As Vacuus, Assiduus. (2) From SpStos, steep.
the field' is a common expression in Scripture. B, As lAncea from \Oyxv, laTeo from Ao©e'«. ?
9 B
ARE ARU
Area, threshing-floor, barn-floor, &c. Usually kind, from tpfitva, from &pu, appui. From ípai, to
referred to area, from the dryness of the floor j or, fit to, says Riddle, as armor, fitted to the body.
as Varro, from the grain drying there, (a) As otj- (3) Festus : ' Ab armus. As shields and breast
Aio, seRia, so some refer it to à\uà, aroa, area. plates protecting the shoulders, or as swords hang
Rather as Ador, Adorea ; so a\u>s, M. &\ap, alorea, ing down from them.' Tó£ Hpunair ix0"1' Horn.
alrea, arrea. As 'per/iiis, Retmus, Remmus, Remus. 'Cur pharetra ex humero Gnossia utroque jacet?'
Or as Infimus, Imus. So Cavus, Cavea ; Trabea. Propert.
Arena, sand. Areo, as Horace ' arentes arenas' Armamaxa, Persian chariot. 'Appd/ia£a.
The quantities differ, but we have âcer, acerbus ; Armâmenta. Arma, as Atramentum.
lûceo, lûcerna ; rëgem, rëgam ; dûcem, dûcam , dî- Armentum, cattle. Aro, aramentum, as Jugo,
co, dïcax. Jugamentum, Jumentum.
Areo. See the Addenda. Armilla, bracelet. Armus. Worn on the left
AREPENNIS, half an acre. A Gallic word. arm.
Arêtálogus. Deduced by some from àptTÌi, by Armo. Armis instruo.
others from àptffrh, and Kóyos. ARMORACIA, horse-radish. Turton: 'Pliny
Arêum, judicium. 'Aptìov. says it is armon in the Pontic language. \Armo-
Argentum, silver. 'Apyrjinos, white, as àpyós, radicia."] Or from Armorica, whence it came.'
ípyvpos. Armus. Ab àppbs, compages. ' It signifies pro
Argestes, N. W. wind, 'Apyia-rns. perly the knitting of the shoulder with the arm :'
Argilla, clay. "ApyiKKos. Forcell. ' The whole joining,' says Wachter, ' from
Argûmentum. Arguo, to make clear, show, prove. the shoulders to the fist. And what is the arm but
For arguimentum, as Doceo, Docùmentum. such a compages or joining ?' Stephens says : 'App.oi,
Arguo, I make (àpybv) bright and clear, show, as as J. Pollux tells us, is the joint of the upper part
tpaiyw is allied to <páos. (a) 'Ayoptvco, (àpyevu,) to both of the arm and of the elbow.
proclaim, declare. (3) Doderl. for argruo, i. e. ad- Aro, I plough. 'Apóu, &.
gruo, allied to congruo. ? Aroma, sweet spice. "Apcu/ia.
Argûtus, clear in voice, shrill, noisy ; clear in the Arquâtus, arched. Arcuatus.
understanding, quick, &c. Riddle : ' Participle of ar Arrha. Short for arrhabo.
guo: That makes itself perceptible to the senses.' Arrhabo, earnest-penny. 'Ap'bifiwv.
Or made clear and distinct. Arrugia, gold-mine. For auroruyia, from alpov,
Argyraspïdes, with silver shields. GR. òpuy/ì. See Awrum.
Aries, ram. A corruption from iòbhs, a ram, in Ars. Facciolati : ' From &pa, &prai, is a word tips,
Hesychius ; or tfibubs in Lycophron 1316. (a) From aprbs, ars, artis, the method of rightly putting to
"Apijî. As being belligerent. gether and arranging.'
Ariolus. See Hariolus. Arsenicum, arsenic. 'Apatvmóv.
Arista. Ainsworth : ' Varro from areo : Quod Artemisia, mugwort. From the wife of Mausolus,
arescit prima. Though the quantities differ.' But in honor of whom it was called, (a) From the
so equally in arena, arundo. So Forcellini defines it goddess "Aprtfus, Diana.
' extrema spicae pars quae prima arescit.' Hall says : Artëmon, Artêria, Arthritis. GR.
'It is properly that prickly part called the beard, Artio, to fit tight. Arctus, arctio.
which, by reason of its being (arida) dry, protects Artôcôpus, Artôcreas, Art&lagânus, Artopta. GR.
the corn in the ear from the birds.' Forcellini states Artus, joint. "Apa, &prcu, to join, as from ípa>,
that arista is used also ' pro herbis aridis inutilibus.' &p6riv, is ipBpov.
Arista, somewhat as Sino, Sinister, (a) But rather, Arvïna. Ainsworth : ' From arvis for arvix, anc.
as giving a fuller and stronger sound, for acista, from for aria. Fat, properly of a ram.' Arvix from
à/ci<rTÍ), acuminata. Thus aRa was formerly aSa, ip~bas, as sylVa, arVuin ; ctfaS, ajaX. Or thus :
and auRis was auSis. On the same principle caDu- Aries, ariina, as Piscis, Piscina: then ariVina, ar-
ceus was for the sound used for caRuceus. (3) For vina. ' The fat of rams,' 1 Sam. 15. 22. (a) Valpy's
crista, from ipvtrr^, taken in the sense of ipim, de- Steph. ccclxxxv : ' 'ApPiwri Siculis est xpeas, caro :
fendo, custodio, and as ipvayS>s tutamen. (Steph. Hesychius. H. Steph. Legendum oreap vel cttoIs,
901. 3839.) Qua spica defenditur. (A) Soft for grease.' But this seems arvina hellenized.
acrista, from £/cp«rros, as xdyqvOS, lagenA. "Axpt- Aruncus, a goat's beard. "Hpvyyos, M. âpvyyos.
<ttoi are \6<poi, ywviat, Hesych. Arundo, Harundo, reed. As Testa, Testudo, so
Arma. As from the form piix'Hos we have areo, arudo, and arundo, as in hiruNdo, deNsus,
Alo, Alimus, Almus ; Victa, Victima ; so in the taNgo, &c. ' Cortice lignoso et inarescente,' says
neut. pi. arcima, arma, from arceo, àp/ceco, propulse Forcellini without reference to the derivation. ' Quòd
(2) As used for instruments and implements of any citò arescat,' says Ainsworth. So arena from area.
10
ARU ATL
Aruspex, a soothsayer. From amix or amis, a ram, Assïduus. Sedeo, like Sedulus. Formerly, one of
(see on Amino,) that animal being properly the the higher class, as able to sit idle, says Becman.
sacrifice. Hence amispex or aruispex, as Avispex, Charisius from asses duo or do, from the tribute they
Auspex: then aruspex. H added, as in Haurio, were able to pay the state.
Humerus. (2) Becman : ' Some deduce it from Assis, Axis, a plank. For asseris from asser. As
haruga, i. e. hostia quae servatur in hard.' For ha- Auxerim, Auxim ; Faxero, Faxo.
rugespex. (3) From âra, as âreo, arena. Ba/uxrKÓiros, Asso. Assum facio.
says Scheid. (<*) As for <enea or sena was said Assus. As Careo, Carsus, Cassus, so ardeo, arsus,
aliéna ; so for auspex, auspex, aRuspex ; R being assus. Roasted, broiled; dried, dry; hence un
here added (as diRimo, musaRum,) as II in the mixed with water, unmixed with anything, mere,
former. only. Others say, broiled, and things broiled have
Arvum. Like Cadïvum, for arlvum from aro. only their own juices.
Or aro, aruum, as Muto, Mutuum. Cicero has ' agri Ast. Home Tooke : ' I am not afraid of being
ami,' i. e. ami. ridiculed for deriving ast from adsit, adst, ast, at, by
Arx, citadel. Arceo, apnea, propulso. (2) "Ep- any one who will give himself the trouble to trace
kos, a barrier ; as "Ewos, Annus. (3) "A/cpos, trans the words, corresponding to But, of any language,
posed ípxos, as SxA.oj, transposed ìjAx°*> F6\xos> to their source.' Yet it is rather for at sit, and at
Volgus. Like anp6iro\ts. is from aire, air, on the contrary, as pArum from
As, an integer divisible into 12 parts. The Sici vAtpov : but others from àrdp.
lian or Tarentine ofj or |s, for eh. As oi for and Aster, Astërias, Astëriscus, &c. GR.
fiViis, cùkùìs, jEquus. In these € became v, and Astraba, Astrœa, Astragalus, Astrôlogus, Astro-
jEol. o. nomus, Astrum, Astu. GR.
Asârôtum, Ascaules. GR. Astula, a lathe. Voss writes assula from assis,
Ascia, chip-axe, pick-axe. As from FiHiwisViSCum, but astula is genuine. From a verb asseco, assectum,
so ascia for axia from tyw, S£a>, to break, i. e. cleave, assectula.
fell : to which à£ív7j, an axe, is referred by Valcke- Astur, a kind of hawk. 'Atrreptas.
naer and Liddell. Thus SimlA from Simus. (2) ASTURCO, a genet. From Asturia in Spain.
From a, and obs. |ia>, whence |/<por : whither Lennep Astus, dexterity, cunning. Terence : An in astu
refers ij/vrj. (3) From a verb asseco; assica, (as venit ? where Patrick remarks : ' From Ho-tv, astu,
Insicia,) asscia. See on Astula. is derived astutus, because those who live in cities
Ascôpêra, leathern bag. GR. have generally a finer address, and are better judges
Asellus : ass-colt. Asinus, asinellus. Also a fish of mankind than such as have always lived in the
much valued, but not determined ; derived by Varro country.' And we speak vulgarly of the country
from its color resembling asses, i. e. as being boobies. We have similarly Urbanus and Civilitas
like that of the asellus. Ovid notices its degrading taken from the manners of the city. (2) Ars : Ridd.
name : ' Et tarn deformi non dignus nomine asellus.' Asylum, Asymbolus, Asyndeton. GR. &<rv\ov, &c.
Asilus, gadfly. "Ayu, &(a>, whence a word òfîXot, as At. See on Ast.
<TTp6$os, <rTpo$1\os. Asilus, as Tt9rf)2ri for t*8jW)Ej) âtâbulus, a pernicious Apulian wind. From a
(Maitt. 390). Thus oiffTpos is from ipépm, oìaw, word ârâ$6\oi, damnosus.
oìffraí. And Gad-fly is Goad-fly. At at, Atat, Attat, interjections of various import.
Asinus, ass. 'Avivas, harmless, as ayicvpa, ancora. From ioTTorai. (2) An abrupt interruption of the
Asio, horn-owl. Voss : ' For ausio from the Cretan discourse,—But, but .
aùs, an ear. As 3>tos from Sira, ears. (2) Asinus, Atávus, a fourth grandfather. For adavus as
asinio. Its ears hanging down like an ass's.' Proavus. ' Atavos et avorum Nomina,' Virg. So
Asôtus, Asparagus. GR. Gr. iiriiramos. T, as aDnepos, aTnepos; aDque,
Asper, rugged. "Acnropos, unsown or unfit for aTque. (2) Wachter from attœ avus. 'Atto is a
sowing, rugged. So irp6a<pOpos, prospErus. father in Homer.
Aspernor, I shun. Adsperno. (2) Heusinger from Atellâna, a humorous interlude. From Atella,
asper, as Alter, Alterno. Asperè tracto. an Oscan town.
Aspis, asp. 'Amríî. Ater, black. Aiebj, black, JE. alebp, (as arboS,
Assëcla, lackey. Assequor, assecula. arboR,) $0op, ater, as KWpiov, Atrium. See Utor.
Asser, a pole, beam. Assero, as Aggero, Agger. E, as aspEr from 4<nrOpos; numErus from vópOs,
Annexus, applicitus. ' Qui asseritur, adjungitur yó/xOp.
parieti trabibusque :' Ainsw. As a pole for a sedan, Athênseum, Atheiis, Athlêta, Athlon. GR.
it is spliced into it to carry it forward. Atlantlion, the lowest joint of the neck. In the
Assëro, in its various senses, from sero, to join. manner Atlantis, of Atlas; as supporting the other
Assëvëro. Severe dico. So Persevero. joints.
11
ATO AUG
Atfimus, atom. "Aro^os. emendi, habendi. Or, qui auget aliquein re emtâ.
Atque. Soft for adque, as aTnepos for aDne]>os, Or, as in Auctio, one who offers the goods at an ad
aTavus for aDavus. ' And in addition to this.' vancing price.
(2) For at que, ' but and.' So perhaps ' but and if,' Auctòritas, authority, power. Auctor.
1 Pet. 3. 14. Auctôro, to sell or let out for hire. Auctor, a
Atrâmentum, ink. Ater, atra. seller. Also to receive as wages or reward for ser
Atrîplex, orage. Corrupted from atriphex, from vices ; incur penalty for bad services.
àTpátpaÇts. Auciipor, am a fowler. Auceps.
Atrium, courtyard, &c. AlBpiov, aBpiov, the open Audeo, dare. Aveo, avidus, avideo, audeo, as
air; as \a®tw, laTeo. Maittaire 394. C, has airpla Gaveo, (whence Gavisus,) Gavidus, Gavideo, Gaudeoj
for alBpia. The atrium had an area open to the sky. Aviceps, Auceps.
(a) Others from atrum, as black from the smoke, Audio. ' 'Attn, àFíte, alita, auDio, as clauDo :'
whence Juvenal speaks of the statues there as ' fu- James Bailey. And Thiersch thus : àtu, àFía, avDio,
mosos equitum magistros.' audio, (a) To perceive (avSij) a sound, as Sentio is
Atrôphus, Atrôpos, Atrôtus. GR. deduced by some from Sonitus. Donldn. compares
Atrox, raw, &c. From a word ito-paf, not fit to ' on the principles of association ' audio with aiSiu,
eat, raw : then cruel, like Crudelis from Crudus. to speak.
Attagen, (or -âgen,) woodcock. 'Arrayiiv. Ave, Have, hail ! Whiter : ' Nothing but Habe,
Attálïcus, rich. From king Attalus. Have, possess, riches, honor, health.' So the
Attâmïno. See Contamina. French AVoir from HABëre. See erVum. (a)
Attëgia, hut. Juvenal : Maurorum attegias, cas- ' From an old word kirn, whence aiya, [augeo,] :'
tella Brigantum. A Moorish word, says Forcellini : Ridd.
but, as Castella is not a North-British word, why Avellâna, hazle-nut. Common about Avella or
attegiee a Moorish ? which from adtego. Abella in Campania.
Attïce. Pliny calls it ' ochra Attica.' Avêna, oat ; oaten straw. 'AtjkA, sterile trees, in
Attïcurges, done in the Attic style. 'Atthcoup- Hesych. Stériles avenœ, Virg. See Aveo. (a) ' Per
fi\s. haps for havena, favena, from haba,faba :' Ridd.
Attïguus. See Contiguus. Aveo, aía, àFéa, to pant after, seek. Hesychius :
ft Attîlus, some large fish of the Po, . 'Aer ffjTfi. So So, í4a, uVeo ; caVeo ; faVeo. Thus
Attônïtus, thunderstruck. Tono. Is. Voss well derives aVena from ar\vh, sterile trees,
Attubus, corrupted from atypus, &tvttos. Stutter in Hesychius.
ing. Avernus, a noisome Campanian lake : Hell. For
Au, Hau, Ahu, interjections. Priscian says, from Avornus from itFopvos, birdless. jEu. 6. 239-242.
the sound. Or the Greek a, or 4, & íí. Averrunco, I dispel. A, verrunco. Or at once
Avârus, covetous. Aveo. from aTrepfivKw.
Aucella, Aucilla. Avis, avicella. Averta, ' cloak-bag behind a horse : probably from
Auceps, fowler. Aviceps ; avis, capio. its being carried on the aversa, hinder part of the
Auctio. auction. Augeo, auctum. In an auction horse :' Fore. Averto, averta, as Fundo, Funda.
the bidding increases. Or for aversata. Some understand it a bridle's
Auctor, an adviser. From augeo, auctum, to am headstall, to which the reins are fixed : as turning
plify, embellish, set off, commend to another. Cicero the horse from the straight road at the rider's will,
defines the Eloquent man ' qui mirabiliùs ac magni- (a) 'Aopr-lip: Ridd.
ficentiùs augere posset atque ornare qua; vellet.' Aufëro. Abfero, as Aufugio. So aLter, French
Riddle understands it, the furtherer, promoter, i. e. aUtre.
who brings anything to a greater or more advanced Augeo. Lennep and Riddle conjecture an old
state. Auctor is also the producer, maker, creator, verb aGyu, whence aij^ca, avÇávw, and avylca, augeo.
composer, doer of anything, i. e. one who increases Indeed adyoi appears to be a lengthened form of
the stock of anything, adds to what there is at pre &yu, to carry forward.—Others from aùje'ai, augseo,
sent of it. Thus, in the sense of an author of a book, augeo.
we may quote the Consolations in Travel, p. 224 : Augur, for avigur : One who observes, quo modo
' I have added some little to the quantity of human aves se gérant. Like Auspex. Ovid derives this
knowledge.' In the sense of Adviser it may be and augustus from augeo: Fast. 1. 609-612. ?
explained ' one who produces an effect.' (a) Some Augustâles ludi. From Augustus.
write autor, from avròs, M. avrbp, who acts of him Augustus, venerable, sacred. Consecrated by an
self, is the original independent cause. And indeed augur. As Robur, Robustus.
antor would for euphony pass into auCtor. Augustus, August. From the Emperor. So Au
Auctor, seller in an auction. That is, auctor gusta charta, &c.
12
AVI AUT
Avia, grandmother, Avus. i morning. Or, in this sense, from auri aura JEn. 6.
Avïdus. Aveo, as Frigidus. 204. (3) For avpia &pa, to-morrow's hour.
Avis, bird. From òtf, àFli, as formed from aiaoa, Auriigo, jaundice. From its color (auri) of gold.
foi, i. e. òmiS, (Etym. M.) cum impetu feror. Hence As jErugo.
avis, as oAtÓ7r?j{, àtú\7rrjH, vulpeS. V, as 6is, oVis. Aurum. Riddle : ' From aipov, an old Greek word.'
(a) Haigh : ' From ata, avo, to cry out, to chirp.' Liddell : ' Aipov, Lat. aurum, gold.' Stephens 2476 :
Thus Varro states that it is particularly said of singing ' Aipov, aurum. Dosiades : ASpov ir\tv9ois : whence
birds. (3) Riddle from fai/u : ' On account of the 6r\cravpbs, Festus.' And atpiov, the morrow, is de
motion of the air caused by flight.' Too indirect. duced by many from the golden color of the morn
Avltus, of yore. Avus, as Crinitus. ing; and Ayxavpov, the dawn. Certainly there was
Avius, à via, as Devius. an old word &a, to shine, whence iurriip and iorpov;
Aula, courtyard, &c. Aù\^. and hence ata, to shine, whence airy)), splendor, and
Aula, a pot, jar. Donldn. from auxilla in Festus. this aipov. ' So the classical writers describe gold
And from the Cretan als, an ear, could be arnica, as by its brightness. Pindar xP"ffù5 aìBi/ievov irvp.
Manica, Fabrica ; ausicula, auscula, anemia, i. e. Virgil fulvum, Ovid micans, Apuleius coruscans,
auxula, auxilla. (2) Olla, aulla. See Laurus. Claudian rutilum :' Becm. Aiov particip. kindling,
(3) Riddle thinks it allied to aìiAbs, a hole. I. e., a lighting, might mean shining, whence auRum, as
pot with a narrow neck. As /cijp02, cerA. (4) Vas, uRo.
vasilla, nasilla. See Otium ad fin. (5) Hesych. : Ausculto, listen to. Key from ausis anc. for
AùAá- wavScKTTis. Good, if it is not merely aula auris; ausicula, ausiculito. (a) Auribus-culto, from
hellenized. colo, cultum.
Aukeum, curtain, &c. Aì\aía : if not from ai- Ausim. For ausus sim.
\aiov, mentioned by Buda;us, though Stehens Auspex. For avispex, from avis, specio. One who
states it was more used by the Latins than the observes birds. Like Augur.
Greeks. Auspïcor, I begin, i. e. an undertaking by consult
Aulax, Aulëtes. GR. ing the auspices.
AuKci, servants aula, of a palace. Auster, S. wind. As Ansa is soft for Hansa, so
Aulix ' seems the same as Aulax :' Fore. auster for hauster from haurio, hauslum, to draw up
Aulœdus, piper. AvKatiis. liquids. As drawing up the vapors of the earth and
Aura, breeze. Atpa. sending them down in rain : whence it is called
Aurâta, a fish ' auri imitata decus,' Ov. Niros from NotIj, moisture, and Humidus auster.
Aurea. See Auriga. Jerome calls it Pincerna pluviarum. Of a ship we
Aurichalcum, latten. OvpelxaKKos. say ' haurire mare,' to draw water, to leak, (a) From
Auriga, charioteer. From aurea and ago, like aiarbs ab ata. But this should rather mean parched,
Quadriga. But what is aurea ? The same as orea, dry, than hot, which is the character of this wind,
a bit, used by the old writers. But orea should be as ' Tepido nôto' in Ovid, and so St. Luke 12. 55 :
rather put for aurea, than the reverse ; as cAUdex though the senses easily coincide. And Hesychiu
into cOdex, explAUdo into explOdo. Yet auriga has Aiaac <p\4(at, which might agree with the sense
might be written, to give a fuller sound to origa : of hot.
See on Laurus, Caurus, Aurichalcum. Orea is easily Austêrus, dry, harsh. Avarripòs.
derived from os, oris: as placed in the horses' Aut, aire, air, on the contrary : again. See
mouths. Thus o-TOfiiov was the mouthpiece of a Autem.
bridle. Festus indeed says : ' Quae ad aures equorum Autem. Aire, ' again, furthermore, like Lat. au
religabatur.' But Forcellini asks who can believe tem:' Lidd. And Hand explains 'Ego autem' by
that bits were ever put to horses' ears ? (2) 'Opei- 1 Ego ex altera parte,' which agrees with another
ybs, oipaybs, a mule-driver, as Aurichalcum. sense of a&re in Liddell : 'on the contrary.' Scheid :
Auris, ear. The Cretans and Tarentines, says ' Homer : NcVrup aire /idMo-ra, Nestor autem
Scaliger, said als for ois, (as hAud from OÛ5',) maxime.' Aire, aíríN before a vowel, as i™-i<r0fN.
whence the ancient amis, then auris; as aSa, after See Decern. So Septem, Item.
wards aRa. We have also auSculto : unless this is Authenta, Authepsa, Autochthones, Autográphus,
for auRIBUS-culto. — Or thus : als, gen. aùbs, Automaton. GR.
auRis, as pis, pu>bs, muRis. Or ads, M,. atp, as Autumnus, Auctumnus. Augeo, auctum : In which
ti2, tiP in Uesychius. (a) For hauris, as Ansa for the resources of the earth are augmented. From the
Hansa. Virgil : Vocemque his auribus hausi. So Gr. -áiitvos, as in Alumnus, Vertumnus.
Helvig from apiu. Autumo, I think ; aver. As M», vKstïmo, so trus
Aurora. For aurea hora, the golden hour, (a) tor, auctoritimo, or auctorilumo, (as maritlmus and
From atpa and &pa, the hour of the fresh air of maritUmus,) autumo. (a) Aio, aitumo: Ridd.
13
AVU BAR
(3) Avis, avitumo. To judge from the flight of hirds, Sciolus, Aquariolus ; and bajulus, as our solDIer is
like Auguror. 4 As œditimus is tedis intimus, so pronounced solJer. Or badiùlus, as Geriïlus. (a)
avitimus is conversant with birds :' Donldn. (A) Ai- ' Obs. baio, allied to Bdfa :' Ridd.
tós. To judge of or for one's self. (5) A6a>, itu, Bâlsena, whale. &d\aiva.
to speak. As <prip.i is both to think and to speak. B&lanus, mast or acorn. BdfMvos.
Avunculus, uncle. Avus, as Homo, Homunculus. Balatro, a worthless fellow. Barathrum, whence
Pusillus amis, says Scaliger. barathro, baratro, balatro, as AeíPioi», liLium. Ho
Avus, grandfather. 'Air<f>{is, à<pvs, avus, as *ì.tt\s, race : Pernicies barathrumque macelli. Or, fit to
Vates. be cast into a pit, as Verbero, ônis. (2) Dacier :
Auxïliura, help. Augeo,auxi: Quo quis auget nos, 'As KaAfi, Kakiarptà, so fidWu, Ba\dÇu>, paAaarrpw;
furnishes us with means. Like Consilium, Exilium. and balatro, one who poured water for prostitutes
But the termination in those is accounted for; not when bathing, [aquariolus]. Or from Bd\Aw, /3aA-
so in auxilium. Like our word Corn-chandler, im \i(a>, to dance. Horace joins them with Mima;.'
properly formed from Tallow-chandler, from Can- (3) From a worthless fellow of this name.
dela, Candle. Balaustium, flower of pomegranate. GR.
Axënus, Axiôma. GR. Balbus, stammering. From BxdBos, hurt; transp.
Axilla, wing. Ago, axi, axula : That on which Bd\fros, as rdp<pos from Tpt<pw, fTpafyov ; bardus
the bird acts or on which it impels itself. Thus axis from Bpatiis. Hurt in his speech. (B) Soft for
is the iron on which a hinge works, and the pole bambus, allied to BafiBaiva. (3) Balo : Ridd.
round which the world turns, like 6£u>v ab &ryw, t£a>. Bâlïneum, bath. Ba\aytu>r.
Ala is also an arm-pit, on which the arm works. Baliolus, tawny. For badiolus from badius. As
(3) Axula from atuau, àí|a, ç|û>, to rush. Qua ruit áAutnreùî, uLysses.
avis. Ballista, Bâlista, cross-bow. BdXKw, I throw.
Axis, axis. See on Axilla. Ballistëa, madrigals sung by dancers. BoAA/fw,
Axis, a plank. For assis, as ulySSes, ulyXes. to dance.
Axones, Azymus (or Azymus). GR. BALLUX, gold-dust. Supposed to be a Spanish
word. Martial has Ballucis HISPANvE. (a) He-
sych. has BdWtxa- \)nj<pov.
B. Balneum. For Balineum.
Bâlo, to bleat. BâXov Mo\. of juijAov, a sheep, as
Baba;, strange ! Bagai. Bvp/irit for Múp/i7|{. (8) From the sound bah, bah.
Bacca. The Delphin Editor calls baccœ on JEn. Balsâmum, balsam. Bdhaafiov.
3.649 'exigui quilibet arborum FŒTUS.' AndArnold Balteus, belt. B\i)r4os, JE. BXâréos, BaKréos,
' any little round FRUIT, not a nut.' And Dr. John balteus : Which may be cast round, for ò.fi<ptB\r)Téos.
son derives our word Berry from the Saxon Beran, Thus Ïtvs is i/jKptrvs. Balteus is àp.<pí$\7i/ia. (2)
to Bear. Hence from pario might be parica, like Becm. for bullatus. ?
Fabrica, Manica, Unica; and parica (as moBIlis Bambâlio, stammerer. Ba/iBaKlfa, tâ.
becomes moLlis,) could become paCca or bacca, as Baphia, Baptœ, &c. GR.
riiifor, Buxus. Barathrum, deep pit. BdpaBpor.
Baccar, sage of Jerusalem. Bdnnapis. Barba, beard. For the cheek where it grows ;
Baccha, Bacchor. From Bacchus, Bdxxos. from irapttà, whence (as BiBo from rii»,) BariBa,
Baceolus, foolish. ' Used by Augustus. Perhaps BarBa. (2) As XOyxH' lAncea ; vOlvae, vAlvse ;
from BdxjiXos, Suid. òkÍtjtos. Others read bateolus so barba from tyopBa, pasture, i. e. the growth of the
or bacêlus' Forcell. A form BaKÍXas is used by face. B, as Qd\aiva, Balfena. (3) From Bapcia..
Alcman. As indicative of gravity and authority. ?
Bacillus, staff. Riddle : ' Allied to Bdxrpov, from Barbârïcus, Phrygian, as Phrygians were called
Bda, (Ufa, to go.' More directly, from a word barbari. Hence Barbaricarii, Phrygian embroid
BaSinhs from BaSíÇa. Badiculus, baculus. (2) Bdtris, erers.
' fulcimentum ; columna ; fundamentum : ' Steph. Barbaras, Barbïtos. GR.
2519. Basiculus, bacillus. Barbus, mullet. Barba, as bearded.
Bâdius, bay-colored. From /3ats, ÍSoj. Bardaicus, made by the Bardei in lllyria.
Bâdîzo, to walk. BaSíÇu. Bardi, poets of Gaul. BdpSot, Strabo, &c.
Baetïcâtus, clothed from wool from the Bœlis in Bardo-cucullus, cowl as worn by the Bardi, or by
Spain. the Bardei, above.
Baise, warm baths. From Baìœ in Campania, Bardus, dull. BpaSbs, BapSvs, whence Bapìírepos,
abounding in warm springs. Bdpiiffros.
Bàjìilus, a carrier. BaSífoi, BaSm, badiolus, as Bâris, an Egyptian boat. Bâpis.
14
BAR BET
Bâro, Vâro, Varro, ' a hard or knotty log or bigua. I. e. belligerent, always at war with other
stake. Hence a dull loutish fellow, like Stipes. And animals. Thus Horace calls wolves ' martiales
a soldier's fag, a stupid clown :' Fore. Vacerra, lupos.'
vacerro, varro, &c. (à) Vara, a stake. (3) Bdptis, Bellum. For duellum from duo, Svo, as Bis for
heavy. As said of a dolt. ? Duis, Bes for Dues. Uellum, wellum, bellum, as is
BARRITUS. Ammianus: ' Terrifico fremitu quern seen in our common Billy for Willy. Bellum, says
BARBARI vocant Barritum.' From the barbarous Dumesnil, is used by poets for single combat. (a)
sound barr, barr. From Bé\os, as meLLis from /xeAi.
BARRUS, elephant. The Indian barre, allied Bellus, pretty, &c. For benellus or bonellus from
probably to the great family of the verb to bear, bene or bonus. Or benulus, benlus.
<p*pa, &c. Bêlo, bleat. From bee. And see balo.
Barycëphâlae, Barycae, buildings with low walls Bënè. See Bonus.
but spacious roofs. Bapv>té<pu\ai, Bapiìai. Bënignus. Bene, and anc. geneo, genui. For
BASCAUDA, a BASKET. British. benigenus, i. e. bene genitus, or like boni inyenii. So
Bàsïlia, Basilica, BâsïUcon, Bâsïlïcum, Bâsïlïcus, Malignus, Salignus.
Básilisca, Bâsïliscus, Basis. GR. BENNA, a travelling vehicle, explained 'corbis,
Bâsium, a kiss. Hesychius has j8oí«iv <pi\tiv, cista,' evidently our BIN.
ttokaneòetv. Hence basium from Bdv, £<uVa; formed Beo, from Biâ, ' to live ; espec. to live happily :'
like ffrijíTiov from ffrdta, yrfitriov from yevvdui, yvdw, Lidd. Used actively. Becman : ' Plautus : Quod
and Lat. amasius from Amo. Basia, says Dumesnil, gusto, id beat, i. e. facit irpbs rbv j3/oc, prodest vita;.'
are kisses of tenderness, haïra is often used in the E, as Eum, Earn for Ium, lam, like Ii, lis. So àvrl,
sense of iwafiaiyu and Btv4a. antE. (2) From j3e'w, Peiu, pdouat, i. e. to make to
Bassâreus, Bastâga. GR. go on well, succeed in life. Herodotus : toû píov (S
Basterna, litter for women. ' From Paarû, later %kovti. We say, How do you go on ? He goes on
Gr. for 0affrd(a :' Voss. Basterna, as Caverna. well.
Bat, pish, tush. Flautus jocularly uses it as an Berbex, the same as Verueœ.
answer to one who says At. (a) Voss allies it to Bêryllus, beryl. BfyvKKos.
BarroXoyia, babbling. Bes, bessis, two-thirds of an As, &c. For dues,
Bátia, a skate. Gr. Paris. duessis, from duo, assis : as Duellum, Bellum. The
Bâtillum, Vâtillum, fire-shovel, warming-pan, &c. As is supposed divided into three parts, and two
For batanillum (much as Puerula, Puella,) from a taken. ' So the later Greeks said Si/ioipov, two parts
word batinum formed from the Sicilian Bardviov, a of a whole divided into three :' Forcell. (2) Voss
pan. (2) Tlardyn : Ridd. supposes the seven first units were taken in order ;
Batiola, a goblet. For batiacula from Banden, a and then the rest, beginning with bes, were called
cup, in Athenœus. Various readings however are from decreasing the as, i. e. de asse. So some derive
suggested. Bis from At's. But ?
Batuo, i. q. fityew. Botcvw. Bestia. As pestis from pestum i. e. perestum, so
Batuo, to beat. Tiardcraa is to beat, and irdros is also pestia or bestia, as nú£os, Buxus. Much as âvIA,
a trodden or beaten path, and Barcu was said at BalvIA, gratlA. Thus Forcellini states that it is
Delphi for iraréa, to tread. Allied then is batuo, to properly said of animals wild by nature and injurious
beat, as also batuo above. Bala also was to strike ; to man. (a) From vUÇw, iren-fem-ai, to oppress.
and, if we suppose the obs. irda, this could produce I, as parlEns, parEns ; janUItor, janitor. (3) For
irania, like Bda>, (to make to go,) Barevu. vestia: as these beasts do not so much feed as clothe
Baubor, to bark. From the sound bau, or allied man. (4) Becman for bostia from BS>s, an ox : as
to BavÇai. ' Neo-Graecis est BaBíÇu,' says Bailey. vEster and tEsta. Riddle : ' Allied to Bóu, whence
Baxeae, slippers. nàf, Hesych. úiróSrma. (2) Ba- Bobs, Bovs.'
{», fut. of Paivu. Bêta, the letter. B^to.
Bdellium. BSe'AAiov. Bêta, beet. Its seed, when it swells out, resem
Beâtus. Participle of beo. bling the B. Columella, describing the plant, calls
Bee, sound of sheep. B^. it ' litera proxima primas.'
Bellâria, sweetmeats. Terence : ' Quod erit bel- Bëtâlis, soft and loose like beta, beet. ' Languidior
lissimum carpam.' Like Bon-bon. tenerâ betâ,' Catull. Hence the betizo of Augustus.
Bellis, white-daisy. From bellus. Bëto, Bïto, I go. BtjtS, as formed from B^Pn^ai,
Bellôna, the goddess belli, of war. like àiHpiaBnTw. The ë short, as in jëcur, and â in
Bellônâria, nightshade. As taken by the Bello- dâbam. Indeed /3ea> seems to have existed, as ap
nqrii, priests of Bellona, to inspire them with fury. pears from fitiofiai and $tba. (a) For bâto. Ba-rtlv
Bellua, large beast. From bellum, as Mutua, Ani- Tropfifiv, Hesych. So atpoBaru. E, as grEssus.
15
BET BOV
BETONICA, Vet-, Bett-, betony. Pliny: ' Vet- to talk idly : (Hesych.) N, as in spleNdeo. B, as
tones in Hispaniâ invenere earn quae vettonica dicitur 4>d\aiva, Balaena.
in Galliâ.' Blâtëro, Blâtio, to babble, talk idly. Blatio from
BETULA, the birch-tree. Gallica arbor, says BXaSd- fiupà, Hesych. and blatero from BXaSapà id.
Pliny. The Germ, wit, our white. Celt, beitha. So Bxdfa is luepaivw. A, as aTavus. (a) From
Biblïnus, Bibliopôla, Bibliôthëca, Biblus. OS. TrKarbs, like ' ìrXaSSidu, to talk nonsense, as Fr. des
BTbo, iricù, as /3iû, viVo. platitudes :' Lidd.
Bïclïnium. A hybrid word, says Quintilian, from Blatta, tin-worm, book-worm. Soft for blapta
bis, xXivn : like Triclinium. See Tritavus. from BAdirra, to injure. As Fundo, Funda. Or a
Bídens. Bis, dens. Having two teeth, said of a word Bxdirrns, BXdwra. Virgil uses it of the beetle.
hoe or drag. Also a sheep for the sacrifice, having Becman explains it ' qui corrumpit aliquid.' (a) From
two teeth more prominent, or more long, or more 8\d<rra, propago, which Latin word is appUed also
high than the rest, according to Festus, Senilis, and to animals.
Isidorus respectively. But it is better understood of Blenius, al. Blendius, a small sea-fish. Athenaeus
a sheep two years old, from bis, annus : for biens, as BéXtvvos, Oppian BXévyos.
proDes, proDeo. Blennus, stupid. From Bxévva mucus of the
Btdental, a place or man struck by lightning, for nose. Hence Lat. ' emunctae naris ' is intelligence.
which a bidens has been sacrificed. Blenni dentes are said as having mucous filth.
Bïfâriam, in two ways, &c. For, sari, as Supdaia. Bliteus, stupid. Gr. Bxirns, sr. B\Wov, blitum, the
So Multifarius, Precarius. herb blite, ' quod iners videtur ac sine sapore :' Plin.
Bîgae. For biagœ, from bis, ago. Drawn by two Boa, a large sea-serpent. From B6a, acc. of Bovs :
horses. So Quadrigae, (a) For bijugœ, and Quadri- from its large size. Others, because it sticks to and
jugae. sticks cows to death. (B) From Bins, Bin, Mol. of
Bigerrïca or -ga, coarse garment worn by the Sins, a diver.
Bigerri at the Pyrenees. Boa, swelling of the legs from walking. Salmas.
Bïlis, gall. Like Vilis, ' from <pav\os, bad ; juice from Bia, Mo\. of Sin, pain, (a) Dacier from B6a,
being understood :' Ainsw. As QdXaiva, Balaena. acc. of Bovs, from its large size. (3) Voss from its
Bilix, woven with two threads. Bis, lieium. resemblance to that of a bite from the Boa.
Bïmus, of two years. From bis, annus : for bien- Boiae, a collar for the neck of slaves. From
nimus, as Inferissimus becomes Imus, Brevissima Pótiat, as made of ox-hide. Cange has boga>, i. e.
Brutna. (2) Bis, amnus anc. for annus, q. v. bojœ, as 'ldawv, Jason. G, as Jardin, Garden.
Bini. From bis, like Trini. Or duis, duini, as Bôlêtus, mushroom. BuXtrns.
Bis. Bolônae, Bôlus, Bôlus, Bombax, Bombus, Bom
Bïpennis. Dumesnil : ' From bis, penna, a pinion, byx. GR.
wing. A halberd, pole-axe.' In this last sense ptnna Bonus. For bênus, (whence bene, and benulus,
is metaphorical : Spread out like the two wings of a bellus,) from beo; as Manus, good, from fidm, to de
bird, much as Alae is applied to the flanks of an sire ; Plenus from Pleo, Impleo. That which blesses
army. Pliny uses bipennis, as having two wings. — or makes us blessed. 0, as pEdo, pOdex ; pEndo,
Some consider there was an old word/jinnu*, pointed, pOndus ; "EXcuov, Oleum. (8) From wortì, as Srov-
and refer it to the Celtic or to the Hebrew. Dr. 8o?oj, good, from SirouíV). So ïliÇos, Buxus. (3)
Johnson says of our word Pin : ' From pennum, low From Fovâ i. e. òvtai, bvâ, to profit, help. That is,
Latin.' profitable, as Virgil : Buna hello comus. So Qdxaiva,
Birrus. For burrus. Balaena. (4) Festus mentions an old word duonus.
Bis, twice. For duis, from duo. See on Duellum. Hence may be bonus, as Duellum, Bellum ; and duo
(S) Matthias : ' AtXipiv, Mo\. BeX<pli>, and Alj, Lat. nus, as Colonus, may be from anc. duo, do : giving,
bis.' liberal, merciful, good. As : ' The Lord is good unto
Bison, a wild ox. Biauv. all that call upon Him.'
Bïto. See Beto. Boo, I roar out. Bo<3. (8) A sono bourn.
Bitumen. From irÍTTajuot (as ipClpbs, fUris,) or a Bootes, Boreas, Borra. GR.
word TrÍTTfv/ia, pitch. B, as niS|oj, Buxus. (2) 'As Bos, an ox. JEoi. Bus.
pitch, flowing from the irtVuj, fir:' Turt. Boscas or Boschis, Bôthynus, BStryo. GR.
Blaesus, lisping. BXaurbs, twisted, i. e. distorted. Bôtiïlus, a sausage. Voss : For bothulus from
Blandior, blandus sum. BiiaXov, which the ancients explain by Biaim, a
Blandus, who talks smoothly : fromplanus, whence stuffing, as Farcio, Farcimen. (a) Barbs, food.?
planidus, as Vivus, Vividus. B, as IM{os, Buxus ; BSvinor, shuffle, shift. From boves. From lean
Xlrpa, JE. \íîlpa, liBra. (8) From irXavda, to mis oxen taking breath in ploughing. Lucilius joins
lead ; planidus, &c. (3) From tpXàSû, M. of <pXnSâ, Bovinator and Strigosus, which see.
BOV CAB
Bòvo, i. q. boo. BofS. Or from boves. for puffing up, cut down to cpiana, busca, bucca.
Bràbëum, Brábeuta. GR. Thus &u$a, amBo. Indeed (pvaicr) is the large in
BRACE, BRACC.E, our breeches. Called so, testine, and a pudding stuffed therein, evidently
says Diodorus, by the Gauls and Germans : and from (pvffJua. (8) Voss from jSiifcu, to stuff full.
Lucan, by the Sarmatians. (a) From Bp*x"s- Buccea, Buccella, Bucco, Buccûla ; from bucca.
Brâcbium, arm. BpaxW. Bûcërus, with great horns. Bovttépus.
Bractea, thin leaf of gold. From Bpáxa> £e- Bucëtum, pasture for cattle. As Fruticetum, for
BpaKrat, crepito. ' Quia bractea, jactata manu, bovicetum, boicêtum.
plicatur et crépitât :' Forcell. So Virgil applies to it Bucïna, Buccïna, trumpet. Bvxávri in Polybius.
' crepitabat.' As fiaxA-và, machina. (B) From bucca, the mouth.
Branchiœ, gills. Bpiyx'*. Bûcôlïcus, pastoral. BovkoMkÍs.
f Brassïca, cabbage, colewort. Jos. Scaliger says : Bûcûlâ. Bonis, bovicula.
' Brasica, a garden vegetable, irpaauc^, as BaatKitci\. Bûfo, a toad. As Bcur/cay», Fascino, bufo from
You will write it more correctly with one S.' But stvBos, full, loaded, large : which, says Steph., is
irpacriKÌi is from npiarov, a leek, very different.— doubtless from (Siiai. So Wachter from Germ, puf-
ripa<ria/c7) might be from irpaaií, a bed in a garden, fen, as puffed out. (a) Hesych. has BvrSbv, irKrjdos,
and mean brassica, as being a very common vege from BÌa, whence an Jîolic word Bvr(pbs, 0v<ptpbs,
table. But ? bufo. Or from Búu suppose fliWai, as Sim, tiitTa ;
Brastae, earthquakes. Bpiarat. and Bvtpwv like kvtttw, Kvtpuy.
Brëvis, short, corrupted from j8paxi>s, brahis, as Bûglossa, herb ox-tongue. Boiy\uaaos.
Xópros, Hortus; then bravis, as 'EoWpa, Hespera, Bulbus, bulb ; onion. BoKBis.
Vespera ; and brëvis, as grAssus, grEssus. Observe Bûlë, Greek senate. BovKi).
the formation of Ensis. Bulga, a bag. Bohybs, Mo\. of /u>\y6s. A, as
Brimo, Hecate. Bptud. k%>02, cerA.
Brissa, lump of pressed grapes. Bpi(a>, Hesych. Bulla, bubble; boss, nail. From SoA);, 0o\à,
to press, (a) Bpiiw, aw, to make to flow out. Bo\\à, a throw. A bubble made by throwing a
From which the juice is poured out. stone in the water, when ' on the smooth expanse of
Brochus, Brocchus, having the teeth standing out. crystal lakes The sinking stone at first a circle makes.'
From 7rpofx*)s> Tpovxhs, prominent : or a word (a) náWa, a ball, Steph. 7183. Hence jEol. xoMa,
npâoxos as Qoxos. bolla, as SApa, dOmo, and as nú£os, Buxus. (3)
Bromius, Bacchus. Bpé/uos. Voss from j8o«/A.à, counsel : the bulla being given
Brúma. Brevis, brevima, breuima; — or brevis- when youths came to years of discretion. (4) From
sima, as Iuferissima, Ima. The short or shortest a word <pvtrá\ri, from <pv<riu, like (pwraAAls, a bub
day or days in the year. ble ; busla, bulla. As 4>ÓÁatva, Balama.
Bruttiâni, slaves, called from the Bruttii who Bûmamma, a large grape, 'from Bovs and mamma,'
were the first to join Hannibal and were degraded Varro : formed like
by the Romans. Bûmastus, of the same meaning. BoipatrTos.
Brutus, dull, senseless. Festus says : ' Bruium Bûra, Bûris, the plough-tail. Bobs ovpà, Booupà,
antiqui graven dicebant.' Hence from BapiOu, as being curved like an ox's tail, (a) Voss from
Bpv8a>, gravor. As Ka@du, laTeo. Or rather, as vvis, a ploughshare ; Mo\. Bins, buris, as 5eiNi>j,
BeBapvptvos is quoted in Steph. 2690, from a word diRus.
Bapvrbs, Bpïirás. (St) Bapirris, Bpvrris. (3) Bapw- Burrse, trifles. Voss: Properly burrœ vestes, a
rbs, Bpurhs, gravatus, as (pslpbs, fUris. Bapioi is common vile raiment burri coloris, of a red color.
quoted in Steph. 2688. (4) Becm. deduces brutum Burrio, to make the sound burr, like pismires.
from Bpvrbv, edible: and hence brulus, insensible Burrus, Birrus, red. Hugo's, (a) Rubrus transp.?
as a brute. Bustum, where bodies were burnt. Buro, bustum,
Bûbâlus, a wild animal. BoiBaKos. whence comburo, i. e. from irvpâ. (a) Or eBoi, fíiía,
Bûbîle, ox-stall. Dat. bubus, as Bovile. BuRo : B, as iriFâ, biBo ; R, as m/bs, nuRus.
Bubo, horned owl. From the sound bu bu, which Bûteo, a buzzard. Perhaps, (as Duellum, Bel-
produced also Gr. Bias; unless it is from Bias for lum ; Duis, Bis) from a word Stuns, like the àrìs,
buo, buonis: B being inserted as in iriw, biBo. bustard with long feathers in the ears. As fUris.
Bubsèqua, herdsman. Bovisequa, bovsequa. Bûthysia, Bûtyrum, Buxus, Byrsa, Byssus. Bov-
Bubulcus, herdsman. As Hiulcus, Petulcus, from Qvffla, Bovrvpov, Ilv^os, Bvpo~a, Bvffffos.
bûbus, or for bovulcus, as in Bubsequa.
Bûcœda. Bovicœda, boicœda, as 7rOlW), pUnio. C.
Bucca, inner part of the cheek. As Inferissimus
is cut down to Infimus and Imus, so <pva-t)TtKa, fit Câballus, pack-horse. KaBáWris.
17 c
CAC CAL
Cácàbus, Caccâbus, kettle. KÍKna$os. for yfirtoy :' Salmas. (2) Hesych. Kama, onions :
Cachinno, I laugh out. From a verb Kaxaívw,avû, perhaps from iríjiroí, Kairos, a garden.
(as $a<TKAvâ, fasclno,) like «ax^fo». So Kax^alva Cacremônia, Caerî-, Cêrë-. From the town Cœre,
and Kax*-dfa. to which the Romans carried their sacred utensils
' Cáco. Kclkkû Aristopb. in the war with Gaul. Livy calls it ' sacrarium po-
Câcoêthes, Cacozêlus, Cactos. GR. puli R., diversorium sacerdotum, receptaculum R.
Câcûla, a soldier's drudge. Scaliger from kokos, sacrorum.' Hence was cœremonia, like Sanctimonia.
timid : Such being not soldiers, but cowards and (2) From an old word cents, sacred. Wachter :
runaways. ' Germ, her, sacred, from Upbs, whence cents and
Câcûmen, sharp point. Ainsworth for co-acumen: cerimonia.' Or, as vEna from Flva, so cents from
' Ubi acumina in unum coëant.' Compare Career. ipós : C for the aspirate.
(B) As rioXùí, rioiro\{is, Populus, and TÍ\Ao>, Ti- Caentes tabulae, the freedom of the city, without
tillo ; and Tetigi, Didici, &c. ; so acuo, acacuo, the right of voting or of office : given to the people
acacumen, like Acumen. Then 'cacumen. I. e. acu of Cœre, who entertained the Vestals flying from the
minatum, pointed. The same redupl. occurs in the Gauls.
Cr. cuíaxeíaTo, &c. (3) The C prefixed to Acumen : Ceerulus : See Cœrulus.
See on Cura. Caesáries. Cœsus, cut : as Luxuries. So Gr. 9p!{
Cadaver, corpse. From cado: for a dead body from Btpifa, {o>. Dumesnil : ' Particularly said of a
cannot stand up, but must fall. Gr. Ttio-qua, rrâ/m. man's head of hair, as women's were never cut.'
So occido is to die. Virgil : Belloque caduci. Ho Caesïcius, cut about the edge, from cœsus. Bailey :
race : Cecidere turmae. Cui tonsi sunt villi.
Câdo. KaTcw, Kara, Ktireifii, to go down, as Caesius. Nonnius from cœdo, cœsum : as said of
vaDum from &aT6v. Others simply from kótcd, linen whited by beating it in the buck, which word
down. (2) XaSà fut. of x^C"! 88 we 8ay TO FALL is itself from Goth, bucka, to beat. (2) Scaliger
back. (3) Contr. from KaraSva, xaSva. assents to Nigidius's idea that it is for cœlius from
Câdûceum, a herald's staff. Soft for caruceum, cœhtm, as being cerulean, azure. Better, like Ama-
KapÛKeov Syrac. for tenpixttov. sius, for cœlisius ; or for cœlius, i. e. cœlitius, as De-
Câdûcus, about to fall. Cado. dititius, Natalitius, &c. (3) From 70/01, through a
CADURCUM, a quilt. From the Cadurci in supposed fut. ^aíiroi, yaiatos, allied to ydvos, yyBtu,
Gaul: Pliny. &c. Like xapwrbs, azure, from x"P^- G, as Toipi»-
C&dus, a cask. KdSos. rbs, Corytus.
Caecias, N. E. wind. KoikÍoj. Caespes, Cespes, turf. Festus : ' The clod, cœsa,
Caecilia, blind-worm. Cœcus. cut in the form of a brick with the grass.' So
Caecus, blind. Hesychius has Skkos, an eye. See Sospes, Cuspis.
on Oculus. Hence is Aokkos, as Sophocles has Caestus, gauntlet. Cœdo, cœstum. Quo cœdimus.
àvéixuaros. And transposed, (as 'Apirow, Rapio ; Caeterus. See Ceterus.
"iffKa, Scio ; "Chriaff, Post) kìokos, and cœcus, as Cajo, to beat. Kato>, Mol. of iraía, as Kóaos of
iroiVAO, poëtiË. Tlòtros. J, as 'IdVoty, Jason.
Caedes, slaughter. From cœdo. Câla, a staff. KâXov.
Csedo, to cut or beat. From icedfa, àtéoSox, xea- Câlabra curia, a place of convocation, from cala,
dea>, as x**Cw» ^X^01') x0-0'*0 i — then icnSfi, Kae5o>, to call.
cado. — Or Kcdfa, KedtrSa, as &Ços, M. StrHos ; then Câlabrïca, bardage for wounds. ' Called perhaps
KaeVSu, cœsdo, cœdo. (2) From Kaía, the root of from the Calabrian sheep :' Forcell.
KoiVio : cœo, cœDo, as clauDo, truDo, biDens, pro- Calamenta, the dry parts of a vine. From kS.\ov,
Dest. Or even from iraioi, assuming the form of dry wood : Facciol.
Kaíto, as KÒffos of iréffos. Cal&mister, curling iron. KoAo^ij.
Caelebs. See Calebs. Câlâmïtas, properly, the breaking calamontm, of
Casio, Coelo. Cœdo, cœsum, cœsulo, cœlo, as Uro, the stalks of corn by a storm. See Clades. (2) For
Ustum, Ustulo. To cut, carve. Or at once from camalitas from xaua\bs, x"o/«tXòs, on the ground.
cœlum, a graving tool, and this from cœdo. (2) Calamus, Câláthus. GR.
From Koi\v, to hollow out. Câlâtor, a crier. Calo, ko\û.
Caementum, stones from the quarry, as cut off Calcar, a spur tied calci, to the heel.
from larger ones. Cœdo, cœdimentum, as Ali- Calceus. As covering calcem, the heel, whereas
mentum. the solea covers only the sole. (2) From calco.
Caepe, Cëpe, onion. 'Mol. yrj<pv for yrjBv; or Calcïtro, Calco. From calx, cis.
yaitpv, for the Cohans changed i\ into at, as o-ievvii, Calcûlo, to count with a calculus, from calx, cis,
OKatvi), Scaena. Or from -sl\iriov [or yalmoi/'] Moi. a stone.
CAL CAM
Calendar ' For in early times, before the beaten callo, by the hard skin of cattle : and some
Fasti were published, the lesser Pontiff used calare, derive callus, hard, from M. kSAo, a tumor.
to call the people to the Curia Calabra : and there Callum. See Callis.
proclaimed how many days there were to the Nones, Câlo, I call. KaKâ.
whether 5 or 7. He used these words: Qninque Câlo, a slave who brought wood for the army.
(or Septem) dies te calo, Juno Novella ; the first of KâAov, wood, or cala.
each month being sacred to Juno :' Forcell. ' From Câlôphanta, hypocrite. KaKoipám~ns.
a priest calling out to the people that it was new Calpar, earthen vessel. Kd\irn, urn.
moon :' Adam. Or because the creditor called on Caltha, marigold. From KaWiara, very beautiful;
this day the non-paying debtor into court. calta, caltha. Thus av&éyrns for oùTeWrjî, and
Câlendârium, in which was registered an account some write troPHaeum, bosPHorus.
of the interest on money paid on the calendœ. Calva, a scalp. KaAu<f>à, KaXtpà, a covering. So
Câleo, am warm. From naXeas, burning, as Ho KÍ\vii/j.a is used. (2) From calvus. The head with
mer, irvpl KyXétp. Thus KpHirtSa, crëpido ; (prjpa, out the hair.
fera; SElfibp, tïmor. (2) From x^xda, as fiaSAn, Calumnia. From calumnus, like Vertumnus, Au-
raadEO. Becman : Color rarefacit et laxat. Virgil : tumnus ; from caluo or calvo, to deceive, mislead.
Calor ille vias et caeca relaxât Spiramenta. (3) C Or with Kennedy for calvirnonia, as Sanctimonia.
prefixed to à\éa, the heat of the sun. See on Cura. (2) For calumina from xaKovpiém, i. e. Sixa, calling
C&liendrum, ornament for a woman's head. K<i\- into court, arraigning. (3) For columnior from
Kvmpov, caliuntrum, as SAAos, alius, caliundrum. colurnna : To placard, like o-TijAireiiai. A, as lAvo.
Càlïga, a half-boot set with nails. K<íA.u{, vkos, Calvo, to deceive. For caluo, as Volvo, Volutum,
points to a verb KáKiffaa, like koAwttw, to cover : from obs. Ka\úu>, whence fcaAt^rTco ; or KtKáKvtpa,
fut. 2. itaKvyâ, whence a word Ka\vyi), caliga, a KaXv(pa>, kíXQw. So k\4tttu is both to conceal and
covering, (a) From icdKov, wood: calica, like to cozen. (2) Voss from calvus: ' I deceive like the
Manica : then caliga. A wooden shoe. (3) Voss : bald, who in a combat assail others' hair, but elude
Calcis, calcia, calica.i the assault of others. Nonius confines it to the
Câlîgo, darkness. From Kiyt), darkness ; whence stage : A calvis mirais, quòd sint omnibus frustratui.'
Kara\vyda>, a, KdKXvyw, as Kakkemw for KaraKfívu. Calvus, bald. Who has merely the calva. (2)
The L dropt, as M in squaMMa, squaMa. (2) 'Al 'A\(phs, white, as tpa\a.Kpbs from <j>a\6s. C : see on
lied to xdu, xala, to burn, whence KiqKós, kôaós :' Cura.
Ridd. And kijX/s. (3) As Kaarifa for KaTaffrifa, Calx, limestone. ' XcíAíf, limestone :' Schneider.
so Karax^vv, (whence KaTÌx*-vais< caligo: Steph.) Calx, a pebble. Xá\i{.
and KCLxKiu, whence cachligo, as Orior, Origo : for Calx, a heel. From callum, the hard skin of the
softness caligo, as XAaiva, Laena. (4) Halo, haligo: foot, here especially the heel. Hence, (as in Matrix,
C prefixed. See Cura. Comix,) callix, calx. (2) Voss : ' From calx, the
Câlix, cup. KúXi|, as Kstvhs, cAnis. end of a course, which, from x&Kiit, a flint-stone : as
Callaïcus, Callaïnus, of a sea-green color. Ka\- consisting of a white line drawn with {calx) mortar
XaXxbs, KaWdïvos. or some kind of chalk.' (3) From KaraKííyoi, kotoX-
Callais, Calais, a precious stone of a greenish Kfátio, KdKkiifyû, JS,. KaWáÇu, Ktí\l-w.
blue. ' Schneider acknowledges icdwdîs, kìAoïs, Calx, the end of a course. See in calx, the heel.
KaWdïvos, KaXitvos : he should have added ydXais, Others from the same calx, the heel, i. e. end.
■ydwàis, &c.:' Steph. ccxxiv. And Liddell also Câlyba, Câlyx. GR.
inserts ' K<i\ais or itdWais.' Voss indeed says that Cambio, I barter. Rara/id/ks, KayuEÍjSw, Kdfifiio
' from the color callaïcus the gem callais has its or ica/x&eíw.
name:' but the opposite is most agreeable to all t Camélia, ' a kind of milk-vessel, a caudle-cup.
analogical reasoning, and no doubt KaWats existed, Some think it so called from camura, fiexa, incurva.
whence KàWáivós. Some think it to be what Pollux calls ffxdpLeWa or
Calleo, to be hard, from callus. See Callis. Then, ffKdfuWa:' Fore. Or allied to x^fflia' X^W"! a
to be hardened in, inured to, versed or skilful ins cavity ; or x^fai *° contain. See Camillum.
Plautus : ' Satin' ea tenes ? Magis calleo quàm Câmêlus, camel. KájmjXos.
aprugnum callum collet.' Callidus, says Cicero, is, Câmëna, Camsena, Camœna, a Muse. Cano, Ca-
'cujus tanquam manus opere, sic animus usu con- nimatna, says Dòderlein, as Amo, Amœna. Or from
calluit.' cano amamus: compare Viverra. (2) Soft for Ca-
Calliope, a Muse. KaWiémi. nêna, much as SéBoiKa for Sc'SoiAa. Or cano, canima,
Callis, beaten track. From the old callus, hard, as Alo, Alima, Alma ; canimêna, as Terrêna, Canti
formed from kûáov, wood, or kóWov, whence ko\- lena ; then camèna. But the Œ ? (3) Varro says
\ivos, as Durus from Aovpv. Some explain callis as it was formerly Casmena and Carmena. As Cano
19
CAM CAP
from xav&' x^M" might in the same sense have Cancello, I cross out. Above.
produced Casmena; or carmen, Carminena, Carmena. Cancer, crab. KapKivos, Kapwos, tcdvKpos or
(A) Xo/ioieCvo, as Homer has SmocpriTai xai'atetij'ai, ndynpos.
11. it. 235. Candêla. Candeo, as Suadela.
Câmëra, a vault. Ka/idpa. Candeo, Cando, to glisten. From yavSdto, â, ex
Camillum, a lady's cabinet, and a cell, partition. plained \á/Aira by Hesychius ; from ydvos, bright
From x^<rMa> XW"i a cavity : allied to tenths, a ness, (a) From canus, white; whence (as Aveo,
ballot-box. Avidus, Avideo, Audeo,) canidus, canideo, candeo.
Camillas, a god-minister to the other gods. Varro Candïdâtus, arrayed in (candidis) white garments,
says he thinks it a Greek word, as he found it in the the dress of candidates.
writings of Callimachus. It is applied also to a boy Candïdus, white. Candeo, as Calidus.
and to mice : and seems to mean ' humble, small,' Câneo. See Canus. '
and to be from xafa'> as Humilis from Humus. Cánêphôros, maid with basket. GR.
Câmïnus, a furnace. Káfuvos. Camcse, wheat-bran : as mixed up with (canum)
Cammârus, crab-fish. Kánfiapos. dogs' meat.
Campágus, a senatorian buskin. ' From the many Cânis, a dog. Gen. kvdós.
Ka/iiraì, twinings of the latchets wrapping round the Cánis, the lowest throw of dice. For it bites as a
leg crosswise, like network :' Salm. dog, says Voss, the person who throws it. In the
Campë, a dolphin ; and a caterpillar. Ha/iimi. words of Euripides, it is xapSías SnKriipios. Called
Campestre, drawers worn in the Campus Mar- also Vulturius from Vultur.
tius. Cânistrum. Kanarpoy in Hesychius. YLdvaarpov,
Campso, to double a cape. Kd/iirra, <J/<o. says Voss. Kavnov was in common use.
Camptêr, winding of a goal. GR. Canna, Cannabis. GR.
Campus. Voss : I embrace Scaliger's opinion that Cano. From X""^' to °Pen tne mouth wide, as
a plain or level place was called campus from the we see in singing. Hesychius has Xdvar àvoì(at
riding-course called by the Sicilians Kapirbt, from (Trôna, and Xavveiv fioifv. Callimachus uses xa^vf"'
Kafiir^i, the act of turning round horses: whence òïÇvpbv of Niobe turned to stone.—Or xa"à '8 gene
the pillar round which the chariots turned was rally to speak : for Hesychius explains x"""'/1" "y
KafJLTTT^p. etToi/u, and Anacreon interchanges Aeytm (the same
Câmurus, crooked, crumpled. Allied to na/idpa, as étire»/) with fôetv, to sing : 0e'\o> \éyçiv 'ArpeíSay,
an arched vault, and Kdfiirra, to bend, Kaixirv\os. Oe'Atu Sè KáSfiop áhciv. Thus Virgil has Carmina
Perhaps for cammurus from KcKa/xpai, as j8e'/3aju/iat, dicunt ; Horace, Dicam et Alciden ; and Hesychius
fiá/1/UL explains BSeiv by áòciv, \4yeiv.
Camus, bridle, snaffle, cord. Kvfibs, D. Ka/j.6s. Canon, a rule. Kavdv.
Cânàlis, conduit, &c. Xdvos, an opening, cavity. Canôrus. Cano, as Decor Decorus, Sonorus.
As Aqua, Aqualis. (a) From icdva, which like Cantábrum, bran. ' Some deduce it from the
KÍvva is a reed. Continuous like a reed. Virgil Cantabri, who, as a rough unpolished people, may
has ARUNDINEIS canalibus. have used it as food :' Fore.
Cancellârius, a porter in the emperor's court Cantërînum, coarse barley for canterii, asses.
ad cancellos, at the grated door. Also a secre Cantërii, rafters of a house which extend from
tary, notary, in private rooms having such grated the ridge to the eaves. As, taken on both sides,
doors. they resemble the back of a canterius. The Italian
Cancelli, lattices, cross-bars. From cancri, as carpenters call such Cavalli, i. e. Caballi.
Libri, Libelli. Thus Stephens calls a little crab Cantêrius, Canthërius, gelding, ass. KarBfaios,
cancelhis. Lattices are so called, says Becman, ' à a large sumpter ass. R, as /3aAii>s, vaRius.
discretis cancrorum pedibus.' So Stephens explains Cantërius, stake with two reeds across to prop up
KipicuxéfiaTa of the roots of plants which lay hold of a vine. ' For, as a canterius sustains a weight on its
the ground by their crab-like fibres ' divaricatis et in back, so this the vine :' Voss.
latera dispersis.' The sense may however flow from Cantharis, Canthârus, Canthus. GR.
the opposite notion : i. e. from the claws of crabs Canto. Cano, cant.um.
running into one another. So Stephens explains Cânus, hoary. As clâdes from K\âSos, and sera
KapKÍvoi of the two bones which join near the tem from <pripa, so cânus from yâvos, brightness, or at
ples like crabs' claws which ' inter se coëunt.' And least allied to it through ydw, yaíw. (3) Riddle
Grove explains one of the senses of xapulvos from from Kda, Kaiu, to burn.
' crabs' claws which spread round.' (a) From Câpax. Capio, as Rapax.
myK\ls : as v. v. ffrpAyyu, strlngo. And canclus, Cápëdo, Câpis, large jug with handles to hold by,
cancellus, as flagRum, flagellum. See Cucullus. from capio, as Uiedo. Or from its capacity.
20
CAP CAR'
Caper, goat. And, like ITircus, the smell of the tonius against Tiberius for his vices at Caprea.
armpits. Hesychius says : Káirpa- aï£. Tti^rjraí. Others think it an offensive word à capro, the smell
That is, the Etrurians said Káirpa for a goat. This of the armpits. Others read otherwise.
is the Lat. capra.—But it seems not improbable, Caprônœ, -ese, forelocks : à capite pronee, says
that, as Mopifà was transformed to Forma, Zfyayavov Nonius. Promts is ' inclined or bending forward,
to Qtltryavoi/, Avotpepal to Açvotppaí, Tenebrae ; so leaning forward, inclining forward,' (Fore.) : so that
rpiyos was transposed to ydrpos, Moi. ydirpos, as this derivation well expresses the forelocks. (2) Voss
Taâyos, Pavonis ; aTdSiov, <rUdSiov, sPatium ; IIÍt- for caperonœ : ' Qubb frontem caperent, corrugent.'
rvpes for TeWapes : whence caprus, as TupvTùs, As Annona. But ?
Corytus. Capsa, a chest. Capio, capsum, to contain. A«
Cápëro, to be wrinkled like a goat's forehead. Capso for Capsero, and Faxo. (2) KáiJ/a is found,
Caper, (2) Kajrvpbs, parched, hence wrinkled. but thought by Voss taken from the Latin.
Cápesso. Capio, as Facesso. For capisso, as Capsus, a driver's seat ; a cattle pen. Formed like
IToTpifu, Patrisso. capsa.
Câpillus, hair. Capitis pihis, capitipilus, capitlus. Captiôsus, given to captions», quirks and cavils,
Or capitis pilulus. (2) Kd/j.iru\os, k&ttvKos. ? made ad capiendum, for taking unawares, or ad de-
Capio. Kairâ, fut. of kítttw explained by Hesy cipiendum which is from capio.
chius aTToSexeo-Sai, to receive, and by the Etymol. Captïvus, Capto. Capio, captum.
M. xaP^"' to hold or contain. Allied to x<k»> X"CW> Câpûlâris, just ready to be carried on a bier,
txoàov, &c. capulus.
Câpistërium, a vessel in which grains of corn are Câpûlâtor, an officer who distributed oil as a dole
cleansed by water. %Ka<pi<rTÍipiov, as 20aAA», Fallo. among the people, from one capula or vessel into
P, as *(uvá\7)î, Psenula. another. Capula, from capio, to contain : and also
C&pistrum, head-stall for horses. Caput, capitis, Capulo, to tilt out oil.
capitistrum. (2) From capio, as Luo, Lustrum. C&púlo, I hit with a capulus, the handle of a
' Capi was anciently used for Impediri, as Captus sword, which from capio, to take by.
ocuUs ; and Varro, Capiuntur sequi tnatrem :' Fore. Cápûlus, a bier, an urn. From capio, to hold,
(3) From kohtj, a manger. (4) Hesych. and Suid. receive.
have KOTritTTpiov, believed to be from capistrum. Caput, capitis. From capio, capitum, (whence
Capital, Câpïtâlis, Câpïtâtio, Cápïto. From caput, Festus derives ancipitis and many derive accipiter,
itis. and which Agito resembles, from Ago, Agitum,) to
Câpïtium, a woman's stomacher. Varro : ' Quod contain, as in capax and capulus, a coffin, as con
capit pectus, i. e. ut antiqui dicebant, indutu com- taining the distinguishing part of man, the brains,
prehendit.' the 4yx4(pa\os. Thus Dr. Johnson defines the head
Capïto, one with a big caput. as ' the part of the animal that contains the brain or
Cápïtôlium, as being the caput, head of the hills the organ of sensation or thought.' (2) As from
and of the city. Sréyoi was Tiyu, (Steph. Thes. 9090,) so from
Câpïtum, Câpêtum, fodder. Kairrirbv, which from antTTu, to cover, protect, could be k4ttw, fut. 2. Kairû,
kÌttui, a stall. whence caput, as from perf. Keite<pa was ke^oAt;.
Capo, Càpus, capon. From kottH fut. of kòtttw, to The covering of the sentient part of man. See
cut, or Koirl). A, as Koía, lovo, lAvo ; volvœ, vAlvae: Lennep ad voc. /cei^aA.^.—Or at once from the
and much as kvvòs, cAnis. (2) A Gloss in Steph. present, k«t<u, as rEor, rEtus, rAtus ; sEro, sEtus,
dxxvii has k&xwv. sAtus. (3) Donldn. compares KtWco, cubo, to lay
Cappâris, -i, shrub bearing capers. Kdtnrapts. down the head. And Kiddle Kuj3i|, Ke<pa\i). As
Câpra, Câprea. See Caper. Ktvhs, cAnis.
Câpreolus, a young roe-buck. From caper, pri. Cara or Chara, parsnip or carrot. Allied appa
A tendril of a vine, from its winding like horns : rently to xipov, which Dioscorides states to be, when
also a forked instrument for digging. Also cross cooked, as good to eat as the parsnip.
pieces of timber, holding fast larger beams : ' Gr. CARACALLA, a Gaulish cassock or side-coat,
<rvyKÍnrTtu, i. e. simul incumbentes. As like the lengthened to the feet by Antoninus, who was there
above animals when attacking one another with fore so called.
opposing heads and horns. Hence called Luctantes Carbâsus, Carbâtïna. GR.
by Isidorus :' Fore. Carbo, coal. Becman : ' Wood dry and scorched :
Câprïficus, a wild fig. 'Called rpiyos by the from KÍp<pos. Káp<pu is to make arid.' Thus Dr.
Messenians : Suidas from Pausanias :' Voss. As being Johnson defines Coal, that is Charcoal, ' the cinder
a chief food for goats, says Turton. of SCORCHED wood.' Donnegan says : ' Káp<pu,
Caprineus, a contemptuous word coined by Sue- to parch or dry up.' And so completely that Hesy-
21
CAR
dims explains KaraKdptyeis by KaratpKcÇeis, koto- Cârïca i. c. ficus, a Carian fig.
Ktip<pet by í<pavíÇet, KOfxpvyiaQtu by tpdeiptvBau B, Caries, rottenness. From Ktípai, fut. Kapâ, ' gene
as 4/1*10, amBo. rally, to destroy, consume,' Lidd. ' Rottenness in
Career. As properly a prison, for coarcer, from wood or other things, being worm-eaten : ' Ainsw.
coarceo, coërceo, as tipicr}} ab tlpyw. Fronto has Carina, keel. From xtlpu, K&pà, to cut off, as
' coërceri carcere.' So some derive Cacumen from Angina, Ruina. (See Careo.) Liddell makes it
Coacumen. (2) Fopyvpa, a subterraneous hole, as equivalent to artipa, 'the stout beam of a ship's
in Herodotus : ív yopyvpy ^Scficro. As Tupvrhs, Co- keel, the cut-water.' Grew : ' Her sharp bill serves
rytus ; lAncea from \Oyxv- (3) Kdpxapa in Hesy- for a KEEL to CUT the air before her.' And the
chius, a pen for cattle. And he has xipxapot chains. expressions are common, Nauta secat mare, The
(4) As a goal, from calx, calcis, a goal : soft for vessels cut the liquid way, &c.
calcer. As PaAibs, vaRius. (5) Isaac Voss from Câris, a prawn. Kapis.
tpKop, epxos. C, as "Ercpoj, Ceterus. A, as niAg- Carmen, a card to card wool. Caro, carimen.
nus for mEgnus. Carmen, song, verse. As Novi, Novimen, Nomen,
Carchêdonius, Carchêsium, Carcinoma, Cardiácus. so cano, canimen, canmen, and for softness carmen,
GR. as Genimen, Genmen, Germen. Gr. -pcroy.
Cardo, hinge. As íx1^0*' transp. 6\xos< Vulgus ; Carnufex, a hangman, carnem faciens, making
so xpaoâv, Kapiïûv, cardo, moving to and fro, swing living men mere flesh.
ing. Virgil : Portam converso cardine TORQUET. Cáro, I card. Voss : ' Doubtless, with Scaliger,
(2) Or from xparay, 'tenens, apprehendens,' (as from Kcípw, txapov ; ' fut. Kapâ, caro. Now Card
Dacier explains the verb on ' Crates,') having power is explained by Dr. Johnson, as that by which wool
over, holding (as Mark 9. 27), keeping in its place. is combed or comminuted or broken by spinning :
Thus Wright in his Lexicon explains nparéu ' to senses agreeing with xe'tpa, ' diripio, dissipo,' (Steph.)
have power over, hold.' D, as menTior, menTax, àvcutfípa, ' dissipo, lacero ; ' Ktpim, ' numulus mi-
menDax. (3) Scheid from xalpa, Kcxaprai, like nutus ; ' Kep/xarifa, ' in minuta scindo j ' iucapfais,
axaipu. Hesychius : KapSfiol, myiasis. So Etym. ' intégré ; ' KÒpaat, ' radere ; ' &c.
M. : 'AffKapifety, Kivettrdai. And Kapbafiinrttv, tò. Caro, carnis, flesh. As Homo, Hominis, so caro,
fìKf<papa Ktvtìv. As moving the door. (4) KpdSn, carini», carnis, from Kapâ fut. of Ktípt, 'lanio, exedo,'
(KÍpSri,) a hook or machine from which anything is (Steph.) as in ò rvpavvos vwb rây yvwây KtipíirOw
suspended. rb faap, yinrt ìjirap ÍKitpov, eKcipe irokvKfpuv (pòvov,
Carduêlis, a bird feeding on the flower of cardui, ò Ìítòs àiroKepây tì> ^irop. Eustathius explains
thistles, as the goldfinch, some say the linnet. Elis, Ktipeiy, àirA^<rrtoj iaBUiy, depasci, to devour. Thus
as Patruêlis. in the Scriptures : ' That ye may eat the flesh of
Carduus, Cardus, thistle, teazle. From caro, to kings,' ' The birds shall eat thy flesh from off
card wool, whence caridus, as Frigidus. 'Aptus thee ; ' &c. Caro then is flesh eaten greedily. Or
carendte lanae :' Becm. it is properly, dilaniata, dissecta. (2) From «péos,
Cârectum. Carex, icis, icetum. but?
Carênum, Carœnum, wine boiled down a third. Carôta, a carrot. Allied to cara above.
The later Greeks had xdpotyoy, Kapvvov, xapiïyoy. Carpentârius, a maker (carpentorum) of waggons,
Stephens says it is thought to be a Latin word. Yet a carpenter.
Keípw, fut. Kapâ, ' to detract from, as KeipaaSat Carpentum. ' For carmenlum, from Carmenta,
SóÇav Ttvos,' (Lidd.) may with ólvos have supplied Evander's mother : an open and suspended carriage
the word. for the use of the ladies. Ovid : Nam priùs Auso-
Cáreo. From Kâpéa, â, fut. of xelpa. To be dipt nias matres carpenta vehebant: Haec quoque ab
of. (2) From xfyos Mo\. of xvpos, bereaved, á, as Evandri dicta parente reor: ' Dumesn. M and P,
ë in crëpido from «pHiríSo. (3) XaVis, want, is from as Sttitoto was said for vfi/iara, and we similarly say
X<ta, x"^1"0' whence xaet">> caReo, as novaáwv, mu- Polly, Peggy. So Riddle derives corPus from
saRum ; diïmo, diRimo. KopMós. And much as hyMernus, hyBernus. (S)
Careum, the herb caraway. ' From Caria, where Isidorus : Quo carpimus iter. ? (3) Becman à
it grows most vigorously: Pliny:' So Forcellini, carro pendente. ?
who however identifies it with the xdpov ofDiôsco- Carpisculus, a shoe or slipper. Dor. Kpâ*ìs, tr.
rides, though Liddell says : ' Kdpoy, Kipos, cumin, Kapnls, a slipper. So from erpatpoy is rdptpos. See
Lat. careum : Diuscor.' Cartilâgo.
Cârex, sedge. Voss : ' From caro, ere ; as fit to Carpo, I pluck, gather. Properly, to pluck fruit,
teaze or scrape with.' Turton : ' From neipu, to from Kapwia, £>, ' midd. to reap the fruits of,' Lidd. :
abrade : from its roughness.' Caro indeed is from ' to gather fruits or crops,' Donnegan. (2) James
Ktiftt. Bailey from àpirâ, àprdÇai : See on Cura. ' KopiráAi
22
CAT
jitos, from àptráÇw : compare carpo : ' Lidd. (3) fit for receiving the head:' Facciol. See on Vagina.
Riddle : 4 From Keípœ, Kap<pa>.' Say Kçípw, Kapw, . (2) Voss for carassis from xdpa. Somewhat, I
Kapirrw, a. 2. ^Kapnoy, fat. 2. KapvSù. suppose, like Vicissim, and Calasso. (3) Isidorus
Carptor, a carver. Seneca : ' carpere artus in says the proper form was capsis. From capio, cap-
frusta.' sum.
Carpus, the wrist. Kapwós. Cassis, a hunter's net. ' As having cassas, i. e.
Carrâgo, a hasty fortification ex carris, of vacuas maculas, hollow meshes : ' Bailey. (2) From
waggons. As Plumbago. X^CW> Kexcurffcu, to hold ; or %do), whence x^tr/xo, to
Carrûca, a kind of carrus. As Lactûca. be hollow. As yayydjii) from yda, (x<ia>,) whence
Carrus, a wain with four wheels. Quadrus, yaffriip.
whence Quadrigae. Hence quarrus, carrus. So Cassîta, a lark : its tuft resembling a cassis, helmet.
Quarry is formed. (2) Kaprepbs, strong : icdjifios. So Galerita.
(3) A Gloss in Steph. Lex. has tcdfyov, which is Cassus, void, empty. Careo, carsum, cassum, as
read in 3 Esdr. 5. 55. Areo, Assus ; Jubeo, Jussus. (2) For guassus. But
Cartïlâgo. As Tussilâgo, from nipros, icpdros, this does not well agree with the sense of ' empty.'
whence xparepós, firm. (2) For carNilago, from Castânea, chesnut tree. Kdaravov.
carnis. See caTamîtus. Castëria, a place for keeping the tackling of a
Cârus, Chârus. Of high price, from x<V>0S> &0^- °f ship. Voss : ' From <rxaorijp/a from trxdfa, dimitto,
XÍpos, bereft, bare; hence scanty, rare, precious.—Or intermitto.' As ScpaAXco, Fallo. (2) Turnebus from
from xpe'°s» XP^tos> XP^'0S» XP$0St transposed x?Pos> ycKTTTjpío, venter navis. Or say xaaTrIP^a from
as on the contrary, xdpires, xpáiVer, XP9Tes becomes xdfy, KÍxaffTaíì t° hold.
Grates. In want ; passively, in request. Or even from Castïgo, chastise. Karao-rifca, perf. KaritTTiya,
a word x»n?pos fro™ X^T0S> want.—But rather from K&ffrlya, Kaariyda, û : To puncture, brand. (2)
»c5p, ici/p, the heart. ' Quod cordi est,' esteemed, ' From kcuttos, a stick, in Hesych. : ' Becm. But
dear. Then dear in price ; what is estimated fetch in Hesychius it is xdarov l,ÍKov. (3) Castum ago;
ing a high price. And indeed Dr. Johnson has Ridd. But this would be castïgo as Mitïgo. (4)
made the sense of Beloved in the word Dear to From (te<rrcis,'pierced with a needle, whence <f/ce<TTos,
precede that of Costly. The aspirate in charus is ' 8timulum non expertus,' Steph. As "Ewos, Annus.
thus neglected, but Forcellini states that it is more Castor, a beaver. Kdarap.
correctly written cams in the ancient manner. And, Castra. From Kaorpw for KaTaa-rpiu, to strew
with this assertion before me, I prefer this deriva or spread on the ground. So (rrparbs is from obs.
tion from nap.—Others refer it to xeípa, icâpâ, to trrpda, slrao, stravi, arpia : Properly, says Don-
clip, cut short ; or to X"P'*> elegance ; or to careo ; negan, a camp. Others from casa, whence casitra,
-but the quantity is an impediment. Yet Donldn. castra. A collection of cottages. Indeed we find
compares cams with careo : ' dear, expensive, castmm in the singular, explained by Riddle ' a large
because you want it. ' Say for carerus, as hut ; then, in military science, a fort, redoubt,
€(T7repos. entrenchment; hence a strong hold, fortress:
Caryatides, Câryôta. GR. plural, several entrenchments or redoubts, lying in a
Casa, a thatched house, of turf, straw, leaves, &c. quadrangular form : hence a camp.' Others derive
Dumesnil says : ' From Kaaaia, to stitch together.' castmm, a fortress surrounded with thick walls,
Casua, casa. As Pariens, Parens. And we say Vit- from caveo, cavsum, cavstmm, castmm, as Moueo,
tals for Victuals. (2) As ycurr^p is referred by the Monsum, Monstrum : ' Quo quisque sibi cavet.'
Etymol. M. to the old yda to contain, receive, or Or from x^&i K*xa<rTa' > ' Qu0 quisque se reeipit
hold, pf. pass, ycyturrai, or yéyaaaai : allied to prsesidii causâ.'
X<la, X^C"t Matthiae 254 : so casa. (3) Káxpa, Castro, castrate. Isidorus from castum reddo.
cista, theca : capsa, cassa. (2) Better from arepâ, to deprive : whence a word
Cascus, out of date, stale. Cado, casum, casicus, KaraffTepû, KaraffTpíò, Ka<np£>.
(as Medicus, Tetricus,) fallen away, fallen to pieces. Castrum. See Castra.
(2) From x<£<nca>, to have gaps, i. e. from age. As Castus, chaste. From careo, castum, as Moereo,
Fuscus from (piiffKw. (3) Cossus, cassicus, as Teter, Mœstum ; Queror, Questum. Careo is to abstain,
Tetricus. forbear. (2) Xdfa, Ktxaarcu, to retire. Xaorol,
Câseus, cheese. Varro for coasseus soft for of ài/aicexwpjjKoVcï, says Is. Voss. (3) From
coaxeus, from codgo, coaxi : ' à coacto lacte.' Virgil kckoo-toi: to be adorned or distinguished (by
has, 'PREMERETUR caseus.' O omitted, as virtue).
cOacumen, cacumen ; and as A in coAxa, coxa. Casus, what befals us. Cado, casum. A case;
Câsia, aromatic shrub. Katrta. one termination falling into another.
Cassis, helmet. ' As being'cassa i. e. empty and Câtâclista, a garment shut up except on high
23
CAT CAU
days : others make it a close garment. Koto» of flesh cut from the neck of an animal. For some
K\eitrr6s. Glosses explain catomum a neck, kot' £>h<h>>. Indeed
Câtâlogus, enumeration. GR. many of the cakes mentioned in the passage of
Câtâmîtus. From a word nardfítaBos, puer roeri- Arnobius are taken from various limbs of animals :'
torius. (2) By a great change, from tavv/iiiSris. Fore.
T for M : see CarTilago. Catus, cunning. Caveo, cavitum, catum. Hence
Câtìiphracta, Câtâplus, Catapulta, Càtaracta, also catus, a cat.
Câtascôpus. GR. Cauda, a tail. Caveo, cavida, cauda, as Aveo,
Câtasta, a cage where slaves were sold : a machine Avida; and aVIceps, aUceps. By which animals
where criminals were placed for torture. Karam-ai, protect themselves from their petty annoyers.
to place. Hence Pliny of elephants : ' Ne in cauda quidem
Câtastus, a slave sold from the catasta. praesidium abigendo tsedio muscarum.' (2) Dr.
Câtax, crippled. Kar^o?, Kard^a, to break. Turton from cado : ' Because it falls down behind.'
Câtêchêsis, &c. GR. Cadua, cauda, like Mutua.
CATEIA, javelin. JEn. 7. 741 'Teutonico ritu' Caudex, Codex. ' Caudiceo lembo ' in Ausonius
point to a Teutonic origin. Wacliter refers it to the is ' made of the hollow trunk of a tree,' and caudi-
Belgic katten, the same as the Swedish casta and cœ or caudiceœ and caudicarice, are ' boats made of
our cast. Korifoi, KaSir/fii, to let fall, might other the hollow trunks of trees or of thick hollow
wise be mentioned. planks, to carry provisions along the Tiber : ' Fore.
Catella. Catena, catenula. Caudex then meant properly a hollowed trunk, from
Catena, chain. From KaraSéin, KaSéa, to bind, cavatus, cautus, (as Lavatus, Lautus, Lotus,) whence
whence (as 'Autjit), Eiprwi, Habena,) KaSfyy or cautex and caudex. EX, as in Podex, Podicis from
cadena, catena, as AaiSa, Taeda. (2) From catttlus, Pedo ; and D, as menTax, menDax, and in Spanish
an iron collar, whence catulena, catena. (3) toDos from toTus, ciuDad from civiTatis. Codex
Riddle from capio. Say capitum, capitena. (4) also was said of planks rudely put together, and
For canitëna, a dog-chain. (5) From (eîj) xaff then of tablets, parchments, &c.
tVo. A chain consisting of links one after the Câvea, any hollow place, from cavus ; like Trabea.
other. (6) Scheid from KaB4w, xaSiniu : ' Demissa, A theatre or amphitheatre, ' quòd interior pars con-
dependens.' Like icdSe/m, and in Pollux (cáí%ia. cava esset, capaci profunditate : ' Forcell.
Càterva, battalion. Soft for quaterva from quater, Câveo. Xdfa, to recoil, retire, was from obs. x^"'
whence quaternus. A square. So Squadron is whence also xa*a< Xa^*a>' ca ^eo< as Mv, aVeoj <j>aéa>,
from Quadra. faVeo ; vta, uVeo ; iroía, irafœ, paVio. (2) Fanci
Cathedra, Câtholïcus. GR. fully supposed by some to refer to primitive times
Càtillo, I lick dishes as a catiUus, whelp. (2) when men retired into {caveas) caves and dens to avoid
I lick catillos, dishes. attack. Judg. 6. 2. 1 Sam. 13.6. Heb. 11. 38.
Câtillus, a whelp, little catulus. A little (catinus) Câverna. Cava, as Laterna.
dish. Cávillor. Caveo, as Sorbeo, Sorbillo. Caveo
Câtïnum, a large dish. Scaliger: The Sicilian mihi, I shirk, evade, shuffle. (2) I ask (cavas)
KÁTIVOV Or KÁTO.VOV. hollow, empty questions.
Catlaster, a grown boy. Properly, a grown Caula, fold, pen. Servius says from av\d. See
catulus, cub : as Oleaster, Poetaster. James Bailey cited on Cura. (2) But Festus from
Catomidio, I strike tear Hjiuv, on the shoulders. cavus, whence cavula, or cavea, caveola, as formerly
Some read catamidio KœrafieiSiû, I laugh at. sheep were shut up in caves or holes. ' Lucretius
Câtônium, the shades below. Kdrw, down. favors this opinion, who uses caula more than
CATTA. Some understand by it a boat, called once for a hollow place : ' Forcell. (3) Bccman, as
in the North of England a cat. Some the animal made ' è viminibus seu caulibut.' ?
the cat. Some a bird. 1! Caulis, stalk, stem. KavAós.
Catulus, young of animals, whelp, puppy, &c. Caunsc, figs of Caunos in Caria.
Riddle : ' Diminutive of casus : A young cat. Or Câvo. See Cavus.
for caniculus, a young dog.' But this last would be Caupo, inn-keeper, vintner, huckster. Doubtless
carmlus. Rather for canitulus. But catulus seems allied to xdmiKos, of the same meaning. Liddell
to come from yâròs, formed from yda, yéyaa : an allies caupo and xdirriAos to xdirrai and xdirri.
offspring, like yóvos and iicyovos. Lennep says : ' Kdirr) was properly a manger from
Câtûlus, iron collar for slaves. Dacier : ' At first which animals eat : then a place where animals feed,
(catuli) a dog's collar. As (ricíKaÇ is a puppy, and and then where eatables stand for sale.' And Hesy-
an iron chain.' chius explains KdnnKos * ò irpbs tV ndiHiv irnrpac-
Catumeum, a sacrificial cake. ' Probably a cake Kt»v.' U, as in Fraudis, Claudus, which see.
24
CAU CER
Caurus. Schleusner : ' X&pas, the north-west : Cello, drive. KéWa, òkíWw, to move on, drive
from xupwy explained Spufr by Suidas. In Latin forwards, whence procella, antecello, excello, excel
caurus.' Usually AU changes to 0, as plAUdo, lent.
explOdo ; si-AUdes, sOdes ; not the reverse : see Cêlo, I hide. From xi^s, a chest, whence a
however on Lauras, Aurichalcum, Auriga. (a) word x1)^"' û, to hide in a chest, as Arcanus from
Cellarius thinks the caurus and the x<*>P°s different Area. (2) KKtiu, to shut ; transp. «eÍAco, (as irAeú-
winds, and derives caurus from the verb caurio, fiœv, veíKfiav, Pulmo,) and celo, as AEIoî, lEvis.
formed from the scream of the panther. (3) From Cëlox, fly-boat. From /cfAijs.
itavpos, explained KaKbs by Photius from Sophocles. Celsus, high. Cello. Driven upwards. So Eoccelsus.
Seneca calls the Caurus ' violent and rapacious.' Cenchris, some snake. Ktyxpls.
Causa, Caussa. Caveo, cavsum, causum, as Cavi- Censeo, is to count, reckon, compute, assess
tum, Cautum, Cautus. A pretext, excuse, ' quâ quis according to estimate ; from kcVitoi, to prick. Thus
cavet sibi.' Properly a participle : a plea or cause Forcellini explains Dispungo, ' suppute, numero, i. e.
alleged. This sense appears in Causor, Recuso.—For punctis note.' Haigh says : Censeo might at first
cavissa, Schw. So Mantissa. (2) As na5<r«, mean to vote by a point or mark, and thereby show
Pausa ; so causa from icav<ris, as inflaming or stimu one's opinion. (2) From yeVcim, ytvais. To count
lating to action. An INCENTIVE. back one's descent or family.
Causia, broad-brimmed hat, &c. Kou<rio. Censor, who censet, assesses the people.
Causor, I plead causas, excuses. Census, a valuation. Censeo.
Caustïcus, Cauter, &c. GR. Centaurêum, centaury. Kevravpeiov.
Cautes. From cavatus, cautus, as aVIceps, Centimâlis fistula, a surgical instrument. ' From
aUceps. As hollowed out by the waves. Horace KÍvrnua. Apta ad TtapaKÍvrqaiv :' Fore.
has Cavis saxis. Dumesnil defines cautes ' a ragged Cento, a patched garment, a scrap-composition.
rock, crag, or cliff.' (2) From caveo, cautum. A From Kfvrpuv, as flagRellum, flagRito into flagel-
dangerous rock to be guarded against by sailors. lum, flagito. (2) From kívtw.
Caesar : Naves saxa et cautes timebant. (3) Cauda, Centrum, middle point, &c. Kivrpov.
caudes ; Ridd. Like Dorsum immane mari. Centum, 100. As irecpop^Aro was put for ir«f>6-
Cautus. Caveo, cavitum, cautum. Qui sibi cavet. /87)Nto, Í7riTET€\e/cfiA for -/ceiN, conversely (Karbu
Câvus. From x^Fos, a chasm. (2) 2xa<pa, cava. became êKvrhy, and kcvtov, as ïer/£to, Scio ; i. e.
Ce, as in Hic-ce. Kp : Ke : or ye. centum. Or thus: ÌKaTÒv, nearby, Kerbv, then
Cêdo, from xi8<3 formed from «€x»>8a perf. of ceNtum, as Siavs, deNsus. (2) Haigh : From kcvtû,
X&(a ! or from Kr)Sw from Ke'fC7)5a pf. of Ka(a, whence to prick : because they probably made a point at
KeKiiSovTo. To give way, retire : yield, give up. every hundred.
Cëdo, give, show, forgive. For cedito, imperative Centûria, Centurio. From centum.
of cêdo, to give up. Thus Faxero, Faxo ; Modus, Centussis. Centum asses.
Mos, &c. The pi. cedite, and cette i. e. cedte, are Cêra, wax. K-qpós.
also used. E is short for rapidity, as we have dïcax, Cerastes, Cërâsus, Cëraules, Cëraunus, Cëraunia
nota, quâsi, sâgax, dúcem, putâ, &c. gemma, Cercopïthëcus, Cercops, Cercûrus. GR.
Cëdras, cedar. KéSpos. Cerdo, who makes KtpSos, gain in any low way.
Cëlëbro, through celeber, Celebris, (which re- Cerebrum, brain. I. e. kerebrum for karabrum,
Bembles Funebris, Saluber, Salubris,) from kí\Kw, (as Candelabrum, and see Crabro,) from K&pa. Per
Ki\S>, to drive or summon together, like Concio from taining to the head. E, as TrA<r<ra\os, pEssulus.—
Cio. Celeber is populous, numerous, and celebro is There are approaches in the sense of Ktpas to 'head'
to attend in great numbers. (2) Others from K\éos, through that of ' eminence,' but not strong enough
KeKos ; or K\eito, jteAfw. ? to advance. (Steph. 4869. 1. 6.) However Voss
Celer, swift. From k4m.u, ke\<5, to urge, whence says : ' From icipas i. e. KetpaX^\, caput, Hesych.' And
K€A.i)s, JE. Ke\rip, celer, a race-horse. See on Acer. this seems conclusive.
Cëles, race-horse, &c. KeAjjs. Cëres. From cereo, an old form of creo, q. v.
Cella, store for wine, oil, &c. Virgil uses it of As creating the fruits of the earth. (2) For gueres,
bees : ' Distendunt nectare cellas :' which gives from queror: as going from place to place bewailing
much weight to the opinion of Riddle : ' For cerula the loss of her daughter. (3) From Tripvs in He-
from cera, as Puerula, Puella. A cell in a honey sychius, one of her names.
comb.' So Sella from Sedes, Sedula. (2) As Pateo, Cëreus, wax-taper. Cera.
Patera ; so celo, cetera, cella, as 5<rTS, osSa. (3) Cêrintha, honey-suckle. K.r\plv9t\.
From xv^bs, a chest ; celula, cella. As SeKojucu and Cerno, distinguish, judge between, decide, decide
SiXojtiai were both used, and as lanCea from \6yX-r\. by fighting, contend ; distinguish objects, see, &c.
(A) KoíAct: cœlula. Kplvai, KÍpvíe. E, as"iKKor, Equus ; tôlp, puEr.
25 D
CER CIC
v Cernuus. From cerno, as Pasco, Pascuus. With (' and as,'.) or xt ire, kívt', K€v, ceu. (2) Voree-ve,
the face bent downwards so as to look on the ground. as Neve, Neu. And ce is XV' c- V' ' an<^ as-'
For ' cernuus terra;,' like Silicernium, from Silices Thus pe is xp.
cerno. Cëveo, to wag the tail as a dog. Cieo, cievi, cieveo,
Cêrôma, wax-oil. Kfiptefia. as Gr. aalrw from <rda, attai. With cievi compare
Cerritns, frenzical. Cereritus, struck by Ceres. Anxi, Anxius ; Vexi, Vexillum ; Coivi or Civi, Civis.
(2) From xepas, the head. See Cerebrum. E, as pari Ens, parEns. (2) From a form k4w, kAo>,
Cerrus, the holm-tree with masts like chesnuts KtUta, allied to Kt\\a>, and kÍù>, cio, cieo, klvcw.
all prickly about the top of the acorn. From Chalcïdïcum, ' a building or part of a building, or
xfyfros, ' asper,' Steph. So Hesychius explains rather a spacious portico, hall, court. Ab urbe
Xtp<ros by ípnp-os yrj Kal TPAXEIA. Forcell. iden Chalcide, as Festus tells us :' Fore.
tifies cerrus with Gr. ò£úi). C, as SéKo/iai and Cha—, Che—, Chi—, Chi—, Cho—, Chr—.
ScXofiat. Words thus beginning are mere Greek. But
Certo. Cerno, cemitum, cernito, certo, to decide Chordus, late-born. Varro says : ' Agni chordi
the issue, to contend. ' Decernere ferro.' are such as are born after the time, and have re
Certus. Cerno, cemitum, certum. Determined, mained behind in the last of the volvae : they call it
fixed, established, certain. KtKpip.tvov oipov is cer xopiov (the membrane that incloses the fetus) :
tum II. {. 19. See on Discrimen. whence they are called chordi.' As belonging then
Cërûchi, ropes, &c. KepoDxoi- to that membrane. Xopiov, chorium, choridus, chor
Cervical, a pillow. Cervix. dus, as Caleo, Calidus, Caldus. Foenum chordum is
CERVISIA, or Cerevisia, ale. A Gallic word, as the latter-math : hence probably Becm. refers chor
most suppose. (2) Yet some ingeniously suggest dus to x<Wos, grass, but ?
Cereris vis, the essence of corn, for Cerevisia. And, Chore. See Cohors.
though not analogical, yet it might have been the Cïbòrium, large cup. Kifiápioy.
fanciful creation of some individual. Cïbus, food. Judging from kíPhtis, a bag, pouch,
Cervix, neck. From Ktpas, 'any projection or I suppose xífìiats and cibtts to have flowed from nia,
elevation, e. g. a mountain peak.' Lidd. Hence the to go; cïbus meaning provisions for a journey, like
elevation of the neck above the body, as conversely Viatica, and ijïa from ?«, efyii, to go. So 4<p6Siov is
\6<pos, the back of the neck, is also a ridge, the brow explained by Brasse rpo<p)i, trtros. (2) Kdrrrtu, to
of a hill ; and Sapy, the neck, is also the ridge of a devour : Riddle. A. 2. Ka&â : I, as o-rpAyya,
hill. From xtpas is cerix, as Comix, Matrix, Apex; strlngo.
and cerVix, as xépus, cerVus ; SAo, sylVa. (2) As Cicada, balm-cricket, explained tctt<{ by Hesy
Cado, Cadivus, so gero, gerivus, (as in Intergerivus,) chius, who also explains kíkos by vtos tctti{. Hence,
gervus, whence gervix,iox softness cervix, as Tapmbs, or with Ainsw. from Kixàs, acc. kikoScl, is cicada,
Corytus. Forcellini explains cervix as that in which though the A is long. (2) Allied to kokkvÇu,
are the joints and nerves sustaining the body and kókkvÇ : Ridd.
moving it. (3) For cervix, xipvs, xópv( : Ridd. Cicatrix, a scar : properly, from a burn, as from
CëruS8a, white-lead. Knpiovffa, unpovoa, perni Kavr^ip, icavTwplfa, £«, KaurpiÇû, redupl. KLKavrpi^to.
cious. (2) Voss from Kvpovaaa, as being like See Cicindela.
wax. ? Ciccus, Cicus, anything very trivial. Gr. kIkkos,
Cervus, stag. Kepabs, KfpaFbs, ceravus, cervus. ' the paring of fruit ; met. a worthless thing : '
Homer : (Aacpov xepaiv. Or from KtpFus. Donnegan.
Cervus, forked stake or beam : resembling the Cïcer, a chick-pea, defined by Dr. Johnson 'a
horns cervorum, of stags. kind of degenerate pea.' Hence from cicus, a
Cesso, give over, am slow. Cedo, cessum. worthless thing. See Ciccus. (2) Ki'xopo : Riddle.
Cestus, Cêtê. Kcarbs, K^ttj. Kixtipn is in Theophrastus, but seems a different
Cêtërùm, but : like iwd, from plant.
Cëtërus, Caetërus, other: from xai trepos, as Cïchôrëum, succory, Kixàptiov.
X^Tepas Soph. Trach. 444. i. e. xa'TfVaî' which Cïcindêla, glow-worm. As candeo, candêla, so
would account for the M and the long E. But For redupl. cicindeo, cicindela ; and as Titillo from
cellini states the reading cEterus to be entirely TÍWa : and Cicatrix, Cucurbita. I, as contAngo,
preferable ; from éVepos, the C taking the place of contlngo; comAnus, comlnns. (2) Becm. from
the Aspirate, as otherwise S. See Com. kU, a worm, and candeo.
CETRA. Voss: 'It might seem to be put for tCïcônia, a stork, Sec. From the Cicdnes, a people
Kfirpa from KtiQu, to hide : but it is plainly a of Thrace, who are said to have held it in great
Moorish word.' veneration. ?
Ceu, like as. As 'Airb, 'Air', Ab, A ; so koI tfa-t, Cïcur, tame. Uiirav, mild, M. KtKuv, as rit/xlle ,
26
CIC CLA
M. Ke'/tKe, Quinque ; then KfKap, as ojkÍÍIN, ociOR. Circensis, relating to the Circus.
I, as in liber ; Û, as in fUris. (2) Curo, cicûro, Circes, a hoop. KipKos.
(used by Nigidius,) as CIcindëla. (3) Ti8i>r, tamed; Circïnus, compasses, with which circi, circles are
titìj, M. xixbp, as TÉTTapo, Quater ; arboS, arboR. described.
(4) Kíkkos, KÍKKop : Ridd. Circïter, like Circa.
Cïcûta, the hemlock plant. From kìkvs, strength : Circîtis olea, oblong olive. Kep/cls is 'radius,'
like Arsenic from àpo-eytxbs, strong : From its viru which is another name of it.
lent poison. So Virus perhaps from Vires. The ï, Circïtor, wutchman. Circuitor, as Januitor,
as tïmor, ïta, përior, crëpido, ôdium, dïcax. (2J Janitor.
KuKaai, to mix. I, as frlgo. Circius or Cercius ventus. ' If from the Latin,
Cieo, I move. See cio. then from circus, from its whirling or rolling nature.
Cïlïcium, a close cloth, as best woven from the Iffrom the Celtic, then from Brit, cyrch, impetuosity,
long and shaggy hair of the Cilician goats. violence : ' Ainsw. Or from KÍpxos, a hawk, which
Cïlium, the utmost edge of the eyelid by the eye flies in wheels or circles.
lashes. From xe'Aos> an edge. (2) From kÍWw, Circulator, mountebank, as getting circulos,
to move: From the constant motion of this part. crowds about him ; or because circulai, he roams
I, as &\Aos, alius ; ^óAAov, folium. (3) KuAir, about.
KvAor: Ridd. . Circûlus, Circum, Circus. From KÍpxos. Mark
Cillus, an ass. KÍAAos. 3. 34 : nepipAtipátievos KTKAsìi toíis irepl ainóv,
Cïmex, a bug, worm in trees or herbs. From explains well circùm.
trxtcnhs, <rx'PH-bst a splitting, as nedfa is not only Cïris, a kind of lark. From xelpa, to shear. See
to split, but 'to rub to pieces,' Lidd. Martial: the Fable in Ovid, who says : à TONSO est hoc
TRITUS cimice lectus. Through a word o-KÍtr/wif, nomen adepta capillo.
the divider: as in p6p.$rii. 2, as 2*<íAAi», Fallo. Cirnea, a can. From Kipváw, to mix, as xpariip
M, as 'peTMbs, rêMus. (a) Scheide refers it to icla, from Kepdw.
seco : rather Ktite, to cleave, Odyss. 14. 425. Cirrus, lock or curl of hair, tuft, fringe. From
Cïnaedus, Cïnâra. GR. KÍpj>os= o-níppos, a hard knotty tumor : hence a knot
Cincinnus, a curled lock, KÍKtyyos. N, as laN- of hair. (2) From KÓjípos M. of KÒpiros. As "Opfìpos,
terna. Imbris.
Cingo, I gird. Circumago, cut down to cimgo, Cis, on this side. KcV, eousque, up to that
cingo, as Inferissimus to Imus. (2) Cojungo, coiungo : point. (2) Keíeu, «eícrai, to sever. (3) For his. ?
Ridd. (3) As "Opfìpos, Imbris; kOvis, clnis, so Cïsium, 'a light vehicle with two wheels, con
zonâ ago, zongo, zingo. ? structed chiefly with a view to fast travelling : '
Cïnïfes, Scjnïphes, gnats. Kvíires and aicAirts. Riddle. So Dumesnil : ' Used for speed.' From
See slbi. kíw, k'io~o>, to go.
Cïnïflo, qui cineresflat, sc. for frizzling the hair. Cîsôrium, edge of a weapon. Ccesum, cisum, as
Cïnis, ashes. Kòvis. occisum.
Cinnàmômon, Cinnâmum. GR. Cista, Cisterna, chest ; cistern. KÍ0T7;.
Cinnus, hodge-podge. Kipva, to mix: cirnus, Citer, on this side. Sub, Subter ; cis, cister, citer.
cinnus. As our suBtle is pronounced suTtle. (2) Cïthâra, a harp. KiSdpa.
KvKaa, to mix : cicanus, cicntis, chinus : Ridd. Cítò, Cïto, -as. Cio, citum.
Cio, I move. From kIw, to go, used actively ' to CITRUS, citron-tree. ' Received from the Afri
make to go,' are cio, cieo. cans, not the Greeks. Athenœus says that Juba was
CIPPUS, a sharp stake. ' Galli cippos appella- the first Grecian who used xlrpiov •' Voss.
bant,' says Csesar. Allied to /coirj) and our Chip. Cïtus, moved, quick. Cio, citum. As Adïtus, ûs.
Cippus, a gravestone or pillar. Donaldson allies Cïvïlis, becoming a civis.
it to Kí(pa\ov. Head-stone. Nearer through KcpAa, CIvis, citizen. As Anxius from Anxi, Vexillum
KtPfia, the head ; or xv$a, (kv0$u,) Steph. dxli. from Vexi, so civis or coïvis from coëo, cotvi. Isido-
P, as CanoPus. (2) But better from KÓirroì, for rus: Cives vocati quòd in unum coéuntes vivant.
Forcellini adds that the cippus had the name and Virgil : Aspice qui coëant populi. (2) From cio,
title of the deceased engraved on it. Kófifia was civi. As called together into one body. Convo-
used of the impressions on coins, and kottcvs of a catus.
tool for cutting marble. Now STUlara was used Cïvïtas, an assemblance civium.
for óMMoTo : and "O/ifSpos became Imbris ; Olle Clâdes, overthrow. As Calamitas from xdAa/ios,
Hie. so clâdes from kKìSos : as said of the breaking of
Circa, allied to KÍpKos. Perhaps with Scheide branches by a hurricane. Or from KKaSdto, £>, to cut
from an obs. subst. circa, as itripOX, cerA. off young shoots. Or, as A is long, from KKcurrbsj
27
CLA CLU
(broken,) kAottòs, as 'pprpAs, 'pep.fi.bs, rêmus, D, clausus pedibus, i. e. iinpcditus. Claudus, clausidus,
as $aTbv, vaDum : menTior, menTax, menDax. as Vivus, Vividus.
Clam. For kA^u/ì' i. e. Kara KXipfia, by stealth. Clâvis, key. KXrjïs, M. K\ats, cla Vis, as íïs, o Vis.
As tpKEy/ut, <t>KEn/M, SAmma. (a) If, according to Claustrum, bolt. Claudo, sum.
Festus, it was first calim, then from iciKvp.ua from Clausula, finishing clause. Claudo, sum.
KaAiiirrw, in the sense of K\4p.p.a. (3) Ce/o : Ridd. Clâvus, nail, plug, peg : ' the handle of a helm, in
Clâmo. Dumesnil : ' Clamare i. e. calamare from the form of a nail, hence the helm itself : ' Riddle.
calamus. Properly, to imitate the noise of reeds We find in Cato ' clavis corneis occludere.' Well
agitated by the winds.'—But clamo is rather from then says Ainsworth : ' Clarus, qui claudat, conti-
x\avp.a, a weeping ; or from K\âpa jEolic of KAfj/aa, neat.' And as Cado, Cadivus, so claudo, claudivus,
whence ivcbcXtyio, a calling out loudly to.—If clamor or clausi, clausivus, clauvus, and clavus, as vtTpov,
was formed first, and then clamo followed, (as Báre- nervus ; natpov, parum ; vafv, van Dor. Or thus :
pos followed from the plur. neut. ra 'drtpa, BcWtpa,) (t\e(oi, to shut ; Ion. K\.rjtu, JE. K\atu, KXáu, whence
it might have flowed from a word KÁayubs, (like cla Vus.
Kpaypùs,) M. tcXaryphp, clammor, clamor. See on Clemens, mild. From a word «ÀTj<ri/ieW)r, (like
Sudor. irpijiifteWji,) from K\dw, frango, whence K\rjna, a
Clanculum : for clamculum. vine broken off. Sihus : Fractus furor. Suetonius :
Clandestînus : for clamdestinus. So Intestïnus : Fractœ irse. (a) Soft for tlemens from Ttoiffijievifs
D,like Indigeo. formed like T\riaiKdpStos. (3) TK^fmr, rKiinovos,
Clango, sound as a trumpet. KXáfa, K\áyyw patient ; or KT)\ía, icriK-fifiuv, appeased.
whence K\íy(a. Clëpo, I thieve. KAtWai, kKÍtthu.
Clârîgo, I demand compensation, pœnas ago clarè, Clepsydra, Clêrîcus. GR.
as Litigo. Pliny explains it ' res raptas clarè repeto.' Clibanârius, ' one armed with a breastplate formed
Clarus, sheeny, bright. From the obs. yxâvpbs, of solid iron bent back somehow in the form of a
like y\avicbs, azure. See on Gloria, and on Glacies. clibanus:' Fore. The Persians call it so, says
—Or from obs. y\da, yhaepbs, y\ap6s. (a) Calo, Ammianus ; i. e. by a word equivalent in their
calants : Schw. Clear. language.
Classïcum, trumpet. As being used to call the Clibanus, portable oven. GR.
classes of the Roman people to an assembly.—Quin- Cliens, clientis, one under a patron. From k\vu>v,
tilian from calassis à calando from Ka\4a, û. See k\vovtos, hearing, attending to his patron. (B)
Classis. From Kheiav; as honoring and respecting his patron.
Classicus, of the first classis. Clîma, Clînïcus, Clino. GR.
Classis, any class or order, from K\dw, KinKaarcu. Clltellae, dorsels on the backs of beasts of burden.
A fraction, (a) From K\rj<ns, /cASo-ii, kAÍWis, a From kAiVoi, kckAitou : As intended for loads to rest
convocation of citizens, soldiers or sailors. Some on. (a) From kMtvs, a sloping. (3) For cilli-
derive it in this sense (as well as Classicum) from tellce, from cillus, an ass.
calo, are, to summon, (caAtS ; whence calassis, from Clîvus, slope, steep. KAitìi, M. kMwvs. (a) Clino,
the form of Levâsso, or like narpiZw, patriSSo. ctinivus, as Cadivus.
CISthra, -i, balusters. KK^ipa, Cloâca, a sink. From cluo, to cleanse, as Meraca.
Clâva, a club, cudgel, ' a bough cut off from a 0, as nOctis, sOboles, niOla. Thus it is either
tree : ' Fore. KXdSos, a bough ; cladua, as Ambigua, ClOacina or ClUacina Venus, (a) From colluo, to
Mutua, and cladva, clâva, as 'prrphs, rêmus : or rinse.
cladiva, clava, as Cadîva. KAaSbs, ii, by might have Clôdo. For claudo.
existed indeed at first as an adjective, ' broken off,' Cloacïna, Cluacina Venus. From cbio, purgo.
and from K\aSà could be cladVa, as SAa,sylVa: From the image, says Pliny, dedicated to Venus, in
then clava. (a) KoAáWtu, to beat, KtKÓKeupa, whence memorial of the purgation of the Sabines by a myr
KoAcup}}, Ko\a<pà, K\ao(pd. (3) From claws: Ridd. tle vervain, on the field in which they were recon
Claudo, I shut. James Bailey : ' From xKeiu, Ion. ciled, when just on the eve of avenging the rape of
k\t)Í<u, JE. K\dFa, K\ava>, and clauDo for euphony.' their virgins by the Romans, (a) Lactantius from
As in luDo.—Or thus: K\iftfa, fut. n\7jï8£, Kkaïtiâ, an image found by Tatius in the Cloaca Maxima,
K\aFiSâ, clavido, claudo, as aVIceps, aUceps. and so called by him in ignorance of the Goddess
Claudus, lame. As Fraus, Fraiidis, from <ppaS^s, it represented. (3) From cluo, to be glorious :
so claudus from n\aSbs, viewed primarily as an ad ' Mitto GLORIOSUM apud Cloacinœ sacrum,' says
jective, ' broken, mutilated,' from kAooi, to break, Plautus.
whence are also K\aSapbs, broken, and K\a^bs, Cluden, a dagger so contrived, that, in seeming
mutilated, (a) From a word cla Veo, formed from to penetrate the body, the blade slid back into the
K\áu> ; whence clavidus, claudus. (3) Aiusw. from hilt and was enclosed in it. Cludo, claudo.
CLU COL
Clueo, Cluo. I am famous. K\iw, I am heard Sais. The common meal, Communis victus. (2)
of. Coëo, coïna. (3) Aixvoy, pi. aÌKfa, œcna, ccena.
Clunâcúlum, knife for sacrificing victims. Festus: But Œ?
' As hanging down to the dunes, or as dividing Ccenum, dirt. From Koivbv, common, profane,
the dunes of the victims.' then abominable, filthy. Or common refuse. Acts
Clûnis, the buttock. From duo, to cleanse. Tur- xi : ' For nothing common or unclean,' &c. So
ton : As thro' it the fasces are ejected. (2) TKovrbs, Koivâ is to pollute, whence tyicoivâ, Inquino.
y\ovriybs, y\ovvbs, glunis. (3) Ridd. from kKÓvis, Coepi. As coArceo, coErceo, so coapio, coepio,
which however is the belly, loin or spine. (Steph. cœpio : to handle, touch, and, like fan-opat, to begin.
5080.) Forcell. explains coepi, I have taken in hand. (2)
Cluo, I cleanse. Colluo. (2) KAúfeo, to wash ; As Providens, Proi'dens, Prudens, so condpio, coïpio,
KAvw, aS VOfiifa, VOfíLtà. cœpio.
Clypeus, shield. From yKiipû fut. of y\i{pa>. Coërceo, restrain. Arceo.
From the figures embossed on it, as Pliny states was Coero. See Curo.
the case, 35. 4. (2) For clybeus, (as scriBsi, Cœrulus, Cœrulus, azure. Euphoniously for
scriPsi,) from Ka\vf}û, kAv&û, fut. of koAiottíii, to coelulus, (much as meRidies for meDidies,) from
conceal i. e. the body. (3) Rather from a word ccelum. Of the color of the sky.
kvk\€os (or kvkAcws,) transp. kAiWoï, much as Coetus, assembly. For coitus, from coëo, coïtum.
(Kiray\os for IxirAayos; Mo]. KAÚireos, as AÚKor, As irOIvì), pŒna.
luPus. Homer : cuririSas cvkvkXovs. Virgil : Cly- Cogïto, I consider. Coagito, as Coago, Cogo.
peique sub ORBE teguntur. The last word, how Sallust : Multa cum animo agitanti. Horace : Hsec
ever, savors the second derivation. ego mecum agito.
Clysmus, Clyster, &c. GR. Co-gnâtus, Co-gnosco. Tevvarbs, yvàrbs ; ywtí-
Coa, a vest from the island Cos. ITKúí, yVííffKU.
Coactïlis, Coagmentum, Coâgulum. From coago, Côgo, drive together. Coago, whence coé'gi, co
coactum. actum.
Coâleo, esco, to grow together, unite. From alo: Cohïbeo. Cohabeo, to hold together.
to be nourished together. As Concretus and trv/i- Cohors, cohortis. Gesner says : ' Cohors, chors,
(pia. (2) Coadoleo. cors, are of the same origin and primitive meaning.
Coaxo, to croak. Koà£, the sound of frogs. The latter forms, contracted as it seems by the
Coccum, a grain, &c. k6kkos. country people, were used for the most part in
Cocêtum, cake of honey and poppy. KuKiirbv, rustic matters. Cohors was so called à cohercendo
mixed. or coèrcendo, and means a coop or place in a farm
Cochlea, a snail, &c. KoxAitw. surrounded with buildings and otherwise hedged in.'
Cochlear, a spoon. From the cochlea, whose shell Coherdtus, cohertus, and cohorhts, as cOrcyra from
its bowl represents : or because shells were used for KEpKvpa. (2) Or it is from x^Pros an enclosure,
spoons. irepí0o\oi, irepiopurnós : changed into cohortis, as
Codes, one-eyed. like a Cyclops. KvkKo^i, vEmens into vEHEmens ; aënum, aHenum. From
coclops, as yT/cròs, nOctis ; coclos, much as foAwmjE, this primitive meaning came that of a band or troop
vulpeS. Ù into e, as vEnum from Fùvov, gEnu of soldiers : ' as being round like the rustic cohors,
from yOyv. (2) Cœculus : Donldn. and as being therefore called also GLOBUS mili-
Cocula, Coquula, boilers. Coguo. tum : ' Voss. (3) From cohortor. From the
Coda, for cauda, as Clodo. mutual encouragement of the soldiers. Somewhat
. Codex. See Caudex. as Convivium.
Coelo. See Cœlo. Colâphus, a blow. KiKatpos.
Cœlebs, Cselebs, unmarried. From a word Côleus, testiculus. KouAei>s, culeus.
KoiTÍAup, Koí\ijfi, destitute of the marriage-bed. So Côlïphium, a dry diet to make wrestlers robust.
aiyiKnfi is ' destitute of goats,' Lidd. ' And Kfpxó- KûAop, a limb ; î<j>i, strongly. (2) KuiKiynia, the
Atif/, cercolips, in Catullus, wanting a tail, from ends of the limbs of animals : as they used the least
\e£ire<r8o( : ' Becm. juicy pieces of meat.
Ccelum. From koTkov, concavum, convexum. Colis, for caulis, as Coda.
Ennius : CAVA cœrula candent. Lucretius : Cceli Collcga, to whom a trust legalur, is committed
CAVERNAS. (2) Forcellini prefers c^Elum, as jointly.
being ' cœlatum stellis et distinctum : ' a reading Collegium, partnership in office and any business.
favored by many Inscriptions, and by Hesychius: Collêga : or collêgo, as our Committee : to whom a
KaíXous' ovpavoiis 'Pwjuaîoí. thing is committed. (2) Under the same leges,
Ccena, the principal meal. KoíVa, common, i. e. regulations.
29
COL COM
Colïïcise, field-drains. From lacio, to draw off. 1 gerEndo. Facilè coalescens, says Forcellini. And
(2) Confounded with colliquiœ, from liquor, to drop, Pliny calls it a spongy thickness of milk, (a) As
run. being glutinous, from KÓMa, glue. (3) Kó\ov,
Collïdo, from lœdo, as Occïdo. food. ?
Collïneo, I hit a mark, my eyes directed in a right Coluber, snake. Haigh : ' From koAv&ti, Mo\. of
linea, line. KaAífìr), a covering, cavern. As fond of holes and
Collis, hill. As òoTâ became osSa, and tto- secret retreats.' So KAAafws, kOAo/ìos, whence
AvAgvktjs, ttoAAçvktjs, polLucis, so Ko\wvbs, colNis, culmus. (2) Dumesnil from KoAo&bs, mutilus. ?
colLis. Is, as Sp.$pos, irabrls. (2) As A6<pos and Côlum, a strainer. Colo. •
Seipj) are not only the neck, but a ridge or hill, collis Columba, dove. Ko\v/i$U is a diver or dab-chick,
from collum. See Cervix. (3) Donaldson from and columba is allied to it, from Ko\v/if!â, to dive :
cello, celsus. From its swimming motion in the air. Ovid : Oscula
Collûco, I give lucem, light by cutting trees. dat blanda columba mari.
Collum, neck. Dumesnil: from koKAû, to join. Côlumbar, pillory, as like the holes of dovecots.
The part of the body whereby the head is joined to Columba.
the trunk. (2) Becman : ' From kûKov, the limb, Columbarium, dovecot; and (from the likeness)
emphatically, as being the base and support of the the mortise-holes in which the ends of rasters are
head. Nor are these specific applications uncom fastened in buildings. Columba.
mon. Thus opvis for a hen, iarpov the dog-star, Côlûmen, Côlûmis, Côlumna. Columna from
fSporbs a man.' So Voss : ' Membrum, per excel- columen ; and both from columis, whole, sound.
lentiam.' The L doubled as in Mellis from M4\t. ' Columen, quòd domum columem facit : ' Ainsw.
(3) Dr. Turton : ' From collis ; because it rises As Cum or Com (with,) is from S/i-, and Ceterus
from the shoulders like a hill.' See on Cervix and from "Erepos, and as indeed in general C is thought
Collis. to be prefixed to words as on Cura,— so columis is
Collustro. See Illuslro. from S\os, whole, i. e. sound, solid, firm :—and that
Colluvies. See Illuvies. by a termination as in Foveo, Fovimes, Fomes ; Alo,
Collybus, Collyra, Collyrium. GR. Alimus, Alraus. Or at once from a word iM/xos or
Côlo, as, I strain liquor. As /uTAa, mOla ; 6Tpo, 8\vfjLos, whole, like /xáx»Moï or ^tujuoj. — Riddle
(ptpa, fOris, so colo from x^AS, to extract juice by understands columis as ' maimed,' from Ko\ova, to
decoction. Eustathius says : AripóicpiTos rb MT maim, and incolumis to mean unhurt, but this is
Mil Aéyti. V. v. <pû.pbs, fUris. (2) From a word unsupported by others.—Forcellini compares columen
vAâ like òKtfa, to strain. C for H. See Ceterus. with culmen, and both words can come from kìXoiíos
(3) From KovAebs, (as /lOTaa, M. pClon,) in the Mo\. of KuAauos, culmus. Thus he explains culmen
Latin sense of culeus, a sack, as o-anKevw, to strain, the thatched roof of a house.—Haigh, however,
from (tAkkos. deduces columen and culmen from KÍXvfifiu or
Colo, is. To clip or prune ; from koAû, koAÍítu kóAujUíi, M. KÍAv/ia, a covering. Columen was also
fut. of Ko\dÇa. Then to trim, adjust, take care of, the principal beam extending along the roof of a
be busy about, cultivate : then ' assiduus sum in house, and on which all the parts of the house depend,
loco aliquo,' Forcellini : i. e. to frequent, dwell. (2) and hence columna so meant at first according to
From an obsolete verb, says Riddle, which now Vitruvius and Festus; and they were afterwards
exists only in PovkÓAos, $ovkoa4w, kóAoÇ, &c. These applied to any prop or support. This sense points
are usually referred to k6\ov, food, fodder. And particularly to the derivation from SAv/ios.—Donldn.
Ko\éu might be, to give food or fodder to, to tend. compares all these with cello, celsus.
Elsewhere he refers it to néKKa, kíaw. Columnârii, spendthrifts, &c. prosecuted at the
Colocâsia, Colon, Côlon. GR. columna Maenia.
Colônia, Colônus. From colo. As v'uevós. Côlûri, the colures. KóKovpoi.
Color. From colo, says Riddle : as Amo, Amor. Côlûria, pilasters. ' From xóAovpos, with a mu
Colo, to take pains about, to trim, embellish, &c. tilated tail : for on the top they are without the
But better from XP°'0S> 'De color of the skin, com proper ornaments of pillars : ' Fore.
plexion : M. xpiop, for softness %Aoop, as kPi^avos Colurnus, of the hazel. Corylus, corylurnus, as
into KAl/ìavos, pPe/ieaiyw into PAefíeaíi>a> ; transp. Taciturnus.
X^Aop, color.—Others from xv*osi XU^P> a decoc Côlus, distaff. From colo, explained by Forcel
tion. lini ' st Milium, operam, laborem pono ; assiduus sum
Colossus. KoKoo-ffós. circa rem aliquam.' Ovid has ' lanas excoluisse suas.'
Colostra, Colustra, the first milk after the birth. Ad cultum pertinet, says Perott. (2) KdAos, KÓAxnfi :
Coalesco, coalescilum, coleslum, whence colostra, as Ridd.
vOrtex, extOrris, and much as suggrllndium à sug- Coma, hair. Kófiv.
COM CON
Combîno. Bina jungo. Compendium, a saving. Opposed to dispendium,
Combûro, I burn. See in Bustum. (a) For a loss. Perhaps from panda : dispando, to disperse ;
com-ûro, as D in proDest. dispendium, dispersion, scattering, loss ; compendium
Come, a village. Ká/iv. the reverse, a saving, (a) But all bring it from
Comes, companion : from com, and eo, itum, pendo : dispendium, payment in various directions ;
whence iter, actitus. Compare Cϒus. compendium, a contraction of it. The one pro
Comètes, Cômïcus. GR. fusion, the other a saving. Black thus : ' Comp., in
Cômïnus. Manus cum manu, hand to hand. So which several things are weighed or considered
Virgil : Pede pes et cuspide cuspis. Thus Eminus. together ; hence a concise view.'
Comis, courteous. As KÓtrfuos from Koff/íâ or Compërendïno, I adjourn till (perendie) the third
K&tjfios, so comis from cômo, as Quintilian has ' co- day.
mere et expolire orationem.' So Polite from Polio. Comperio. See Aperio.
(8) KótTfios, ornatus*; as 'per/ibs, rëmus. (3) Kófi- Compernis, bow-legged. Ennius applies perna to
uos, decoration. (4) Com-eo, as (jvp.Trípupépop.ai, I the human leg.
am complaisant. (5) Kâ/ios, a jovial festivity. Gay, Compes. Pes, as Pedica, and Feet, Fetter.
cheerful, pleasant. Compesco, restrain. Pasco. From penning sheep
Cômissor, I revel. For comassor from Kw/iiíC°lía'> together to feed. So Dispesco.
as Tlarplfa, Patrisso. I as contAngo, contlngo. Compïto, go or tend to the same point, meet.
Comités, counts, attendants on the Emperor. Peto or beto.
Comes. Compïtum, where two ways competunt, meet.
Cômïtia, meeting for voting. Comeo, comitum, Complector. See Amplector.
as Comes, tits. Compleo, I fill. See Pleo.
Cômïtiâlis morbus, the falling sickness, as the Complex, ïcis, an accomplice. Plico. As im-
comitia were suspended on the seizure of any one -plicated.
with it. Compos, potis, having power over. Potis.
Cômïtor, go with. Comes, itis. Computo. Puto, to estimate.
Comma, a comma. Ki/ifia. Concha, Conchis, Conchylium. GR.
Commendo, give over. Mando. Concïlio, join together, unite, attach. As Auxilior
Commentâríus, short comments. From and Auxilium from Augeo, Auxi, so concilia and
Commentor, meditate, plan. Comminiscor, men- concilium from concio, to call together, (a) From
ius. calo, to summon, ko\û. (3) Others go to cilium,
Commi, gum. iHput. the hair of the eyebrows. And cilicium: from fullers
Commïniscor, Rëmïniscor. See Memini. stuffing together haircloth. But ' nil opus.'
Commissûra, joint. Commission, to put together. Concilium, council. See above.
. Commodo, commoda or commode do. See Corn- Concinnus, nicely put together. From cinnus, a
modus. mixture of many things, (a) For concincinnus from
Commodus is, being done (cum modo) with just cincinnus; applied to well-adjusted locks of hair.
measure or proportion. Cicero has ' bono modo.' Indeed some MSS. in a passage in Plautus and in
Thus Comminùs is Cum manu. Arnold explains Cicero read cinnus, as cincinnus.
commodus ' commensurate with.' Concio, an assembly ; harangue, do, as Convo-
Communïco, facio communem. catio. (a) Some write contio, for comitio from
Commûnio, participation in the same munia, func comitium. Key for conventio.
tions or favors. Concipllo, much as Compila, and, it is thought, put
Communis, having munia, duties, offices or privi for it, as the old Incitega for Intega, and, as some
leges with others. Cicero : Commune officium cen say, Recipero and Reciprocus. The CI needs ex
sura defenderent communi animo. So Immûnis. planation. Shall we venture on cumque or comque,
(a) Within the same mania, walls. conce: 'and with'? I, as leglte, animus, (a)
Cômo, comb or dress the hair, trim, polish. Freund from concipio.
Kouuw, I dress, adorn with care, (a) Koffuâ, Conclave, a room under lock and key. Clavis.
(kouhû,) I arrange, adorn. (3) Co-emo, to take Concrëtus. Cresco, cretum. See Coaleo.
and put together, as Promo, Demo. (4) Ko/íù, Condálium, a ring. As kTV&s, cAnis ; from
attire, adorn : or coma. ? k6vSv\os, a joint of the finger, as So/cTiiAioy from
Cômœdus. Ka/itfS6s. SúktvKos. Festus says that condulus was a ring.
Compactus, Compâges. Tlíirâya, pago, pango, Condio, season, pickle. As yapTu, garrloj so
pactus. conduo, condio. Duo, as in Perduim ; and to place,
Compare Par cum pari. As Separo. as do in Abdo, Condo. To put together, mix in
Compello, as, I call. See Appello. gredients, much as àpríu from &poi, &prat. (a) Is.
31
CON CON
Voss mentions yavSvo'iiara, from yavUbu, conduo. Consilium. From consido, as Exulo, Exilium ;
O, as SA/iû, dOmo. Pncsideo, Praesidium.
Conditio, the nature or quality under which things Consûbrïni. See Sobrini.
are (condita) framed. Thus Ulpian : Naturâ rerum Constans. Stans, as Distant.
conditum est ut plura sint negotia quàm vocabula. Consterno, as, I alarm. Sterno, is.
Condo, as Abdo, Addo. Consul, qui consulit senatum, says Varro. Or
Condus, a butler, qui condit cibos. qui reipublica: consulit, as said in opposition to the
Confarreo, to marry by the form of eating cake alleged negligence of the Kings.
(Jarris) of meal together. Consulo, 1 take measures, consult. From consalio.
Confertus, crammed. Farcio. Properly said of persons springing together (as we
Confestim, directly. See Festino. say Concurring from Curro,) to decide a point.
Conflîgo, Conflictor. See Fligo. Ainsworth : ' Qui consulunt, rationibus in unam
Confrìigôsus, broken. Frago, ngo. senteutiam saliunt.' (2) Consilium for considium,
Confute. See Futilis. as aLacris ab iAaxpvs. Ovid : Consedere duces,
Conger, conger-eel. T&yypos. &c. Doderlein also thinks that consulo is to sit
Congius, a liquid measure. Koyxiov, a little down, but ' from the same root as solium, sella, and
KÓyxvi small measure. (2) Xolvtt, xoivticof, x0^"- perhaps solum.' (3) From sileo. A mut im silentio,
Xios. says Festus. ' Quia consilia,' says Wachter, ' solent
Congruo, I meet. This, and Ingruo, are usually clàm haberi.'
referred to grits, gruis. To attack as cranes, (Mil Consummo, sum up, &c. Summa.
ton : That small infantry warr'd on by cranes,) or to Consus, the God of secret, faithful or wholesome
form together as cranes in a wedge on their flight : counsel. ' From conso, is, [as Condo, Condus,]
Cic. de N. D. 49. (2) Ingruo, iyxpova, to strike obsol. for consulo. Or from con-sum, to be present
against. (3) From ruo : G inserted as in impreG- with and assist debberators. Or from consum for
nable. conditum, [to hide : as Pendo, Pensum].' Fore.
Conisco, I frisk up and down, butt, i. e. raise the Contâges, -io. Togo, tango.
kóvis, dust. As jEris, jErusco. (3) For corisco, Contamlno, Attamino, pollute. Togo, (tango,)
allied to Kvpltraw, Kopvirra. See on moeNia. tagimen, tâmen, as Novimen, Nomen. Like Con
Conjux, for conjunx, from jungo, junxi: or con- tâges. Tertullian has contâmen. So Inlaminatus.
jugis from jugo,jungo, as in Conjugium. Contemplor. See Templum.
Connlveo, -vo. I wink. Neiiw is to incline, and is Contentio. Contendo, turn.
here transferred to the moving of the eyes up and Contentus. Contineo, contentum. Who keeps
down. Thus Wachter observes that Nicto is said himself within what he has.
' de NUTU cervicis et OCULORUM.' In Cinna : Contïcïnium. ' The first part of the night when
Jam gravis ingenti connivere pupula somno. Now all is still, as it seems to mean in Plautus,' Fore.
vein, through mia,'mFéia, would be ni Veo, as tpptyu, From conticeo, as Tirocinium. Varro gives another
frlgo ; (TtTitos, stipes. meaning, not easy of solution.
Cônôpeum, canopy. Kwvanrttov. Contïguus. Contigo, contingo, contango.
Conor, strive, endeavor. As iraAt'o/ioi from Contïnuò, immediately ; as (con-tenens) joining on
7rotw, and trrpwpdouai from <rrpi<ptio, so Kiavtofiat or with the present moment.
tccovdoucu, ou/mi or ûjuai, conor, from Kovita, to haste, Contïnuus, as above, joining on, uninterrupted.
hurry, whence iyKoviw, explained by Hesychius So Contiguus.
ivepyâ, irovâ ; also àyKoyéa, explained in VV. LL. Contor, I explore, i. e. aquam conio, with a pole.
flerà trtrovSTjs ivepyta : also SiaKovéa). (2) Yoss Contrà, from con—. Contra is formed after the
from Kavifv, i. e. trtpib'iveìii : from kwvos, a spinning- model of Intra.
top. To go round and round, beat about, in carry Controversia, as in Adversus.
ing a point. Contubemium, soldiers in the same taberna, tent.
Conquïnisco. For concunisco, from comum, as Contumax, froward, haughty. Phsedrus : tumens
pŒna, pUnio. Stercus facio. superbiâ. (2) Contemax from contemno, contemo.
Consentâneus. Consentio, as Pariens, Parens. See the last.
Consîdëro, from inf. considère, (as Recipero, Recu- Contûmêlia, insolence. Like contumax.
pero ; Desidere, Desidero ;) to fix my mind on. Contus, a pole. Kovròs.
Homer : íirl ippéva 6iìx' tepotffi. So iirio-ranat is Convexus, convex. Veho, vexi. For con-devexus,
4<pla-T7ifu rhv vovv (Matthiae). Herodotus : 4mB4a6ai carried downwards on each side, as Deorsum for
vavTiXiriai i. e. yovv. (2) Properly, to contemplate Devorsum, and as Despicio, to look down upon.
sidera, the stars. So Contemplor itself, which see Convicium, for convocium, as inqullinus, Ullco.
in Templum. Cicero : Vocibus maledictisque célébrât uni. Plato :
32
CON COR
ïoMV <pwv)iv Uvres, Kanois àW-fjKots $\atr(pvp.uvvT€s. Cornix, crow. Kopávn, whence cortmix, comix,
(2) Noise from numerous vicis, streets. (3) Con- as Matris, Matrix.
vinco, convìci, to prove any one guilty. (4) From Cornu, horn. Képoev, Ktpovv, horny, transp. Ktp-
vices. Alternate abuse. As some derive persona. vov, cornu, as KEpiupa, cOrcyra ; and as /tevacSpOY
Conviva, -ium. Vivo. Properly, a living together, is menandrU in the Title to Terence's lleautontimo-
eating together from day to day. But Cicero says: rumenos.
' Benè majores nostri aceubationem epularem amico- Cornus, the cornel-tree. From cornu. Ob cor-
rum, quòd Pitts conjunctionem haberet, convivium no- neam duritiem, says Pliny. So Turton : From the
minârunt.' Plautus : HODIE tecum conviverem. hardness of its wood and branches, which are like
Cônus, a cone. Kàvos. horn. And so used for spear-shafts and bows.
Côpa, hostess. Caupo. (2) Kpdvos, xdpvos. 0, as pOrrus, dOmo.
Cophïnus, twig-basket. Ki<pivos. Corolla, Corollârium. Corôna, corônula.
Côpia. From co-opes: or co-apio i.e. conjungo. Côrôna. Hesychius explains Kop&vn by eîSos
Power, or plenty. So Co-ago, Cogo ; Co-apula, trre<pdvov. Also Kopavbs, bv, is curved, bent,
Copula. and Kopuvh a wreath or garland.
Copiâtae, grave-diggers, bearers. Komdu, to work ; Corônis, the finish. Kopuvis.
Kowtàraí in Gloss. Córôno, to crown, &c. Corona.
Copis, a falchion. Koiris. Corpus. Riddle : ' From Koppbs, a log, Moi. Kopiròs.'
Côpo, for caupo, as Codex. So imirara for Hfi/xara. So we say Peggy, Polly,
Côprea, jester, buffoon. Kirpios, one as vile as (2) Xpóas, a body; chroPus, as \âas, laPis; Sots,
dung. daPis : then corpus.
Cops, côpis, adj. of cqpia. Corngia, the latchet by which the shoe was wont
Copta, a hard biscuit. Kriirnj. corrigi, to be put straight.
Côpula, a tie. See Copia. Corrîgo. See Rego.
Coqno. KíkóS, to mix, stir up. (2) IleVrai, tt Corrida, wild asparagus, .
Tré-noira, to cook ; whence ttottw, M. kokw, coquo. Cortex. As Kopp.bs from KfKopfiat perf. of Ketpu,
See on Quinque. so from KeKoprai is Koprbs, curtus and cortex. A
Cor, heart. Keop Molic of Ktap, as iríïs, rrdip, irAïp, tree's rind cut off, as S6pu from S4pa. Budœus ex
puer.—Or cordis is from xapSlas, as SA/tû, dOmo ; plains Kttpa by ' erado, stringo : ' thus cortex is
pOrrum from rtpdaov, rtdpaov, irA/ipoy. Strictus. (2) Becman for contex from contego:
Cora, Coralium. GR. as the covering of the tree. Somewhat as caNmen,
Coram. From con, and os, oris, as Cominùs, caRmen.
Commodus, Cogo for Co-ago, Copia from Coapio. Cortina. Properly, a dyeing vat, for crotina, from
Face to face, as in Numb. 14. 14. So Mouth to Xpis, xf>a,T^s whence xPUTKa>> '° color, dye. Hence
mouth, Numb. 12. 8. French tête-à-tête, vis-à-vis. a vat, caldron, kettle, oracular tripod. (2) From
(2) From xoipav, i. e. Kara xópav, eye to eye. (3) cors, cortis, used like cohors, cohortis, for a coop for
From x^P^ì Lat. è regione. fowls, &c. which, from being usually round, gave to
Corbis, twig-basket. From curvus, as sOboles, cortina the senses of vat, &c. So Ruina, Angina.
ferBui. ' Curvatis virgis contexuntur,' says Isi- Côrus. See Caurus.
dorus. (2) As pipos, rnorBus, so from yvpbs, round, Corusco, to brandish, quiver, flash, glitter, (See
is gurBus, then curbus, as Tapvrbs, Corytos; and Mico,) from KÓpvs, a helmet, whence KopvBdïÇ,
corbus, as /Tktìî, nOctis. Hence might be subst. Kopv0ai6\os, with waving plume. But other epithets
corbis. (3) Kó<ptvos, KÚtyvos, K0v<pos, and corbis, as of KÓpvs are Ka/Mirpà, tpaew^j, irautpavAoia'a : and in
S^*a, amBo ; caNmen, caRmen ; 6p.f}pOS, imbrlS. this case the meaning of flashing would be prior to
Corbïta, ' a merchant ship, slow and heavy : from that of brandishing, as in Mico. Corusico, corusco,
corbis, it being in the shape of a pannier :' Dumesn. as Claudus, Claudico : or Kopia, KopiaKie, as fìdœ,
Corcûlum. From cor, as Vasculum. fido-Ka ; or from Kopiaau in a new sense, as the
Cordâtus, corde sorti prœditus. verb Conisco is traced to kovìÇw. (2) Isaac Voss :
Cordax, a comic dance. GR. From collision, as expressed by Kopinrru, Kopirria,
Corium. ' Xòpiov, any skin, leather, the Lat. Kopiaaai, to strike with the horns. Indeed corusco
corium, Theocr. 10. 11 :' Lidd. (2) From xelpa, is used of pushing with the horns.
KÍitopa, seco, says Scheide : but Becm. from Keipw, Corvus, raven, &c. As v\Fa, sylVa ; so KÓpFaÇ,
tondeo : From which the hair is shorn off. Thus KÓpFaxos, corvicus, corvus, as Faxero, Faxo. (2)
Cortex is from Koprbs, shorn off, and 54p/ia from Kopdnttos adj., eoraciVus, as AchiVus : corcivus,
S4pa, to strip off. corvus. (3) As FaXilmiiB, vulpeS ; so KÓpFaÇ, corvas,
Cornïcûlârius, a cornet : from a corniculum, little CorVbantes, priests of Cybele. GR.
horn presented by the general as a mark of merit. Corflus, a hazel. From xòpvhos, as is stated by
33 E
COR CRE
Riddle, Facciolati, Ainsworth, Grove, Wright, Tur- Kpijs, flesh. Voss : ' à multâ came.' For npeacrabs,
ton ; but it is not recognized by Stephens. Voss says Becman. As vtoaaós. See Spissus.
says it is from xipvXos. It seems allied to xipvov, a Crater, cup. Kpor^p.
nut. Crates, hurdle. Undoubtedly, says Wachter, from
Côrymbus, Coryphaeus, Côrytos. Kópvp$os, Kopv- Kp&Tfu, û, to hold firmly. SoDacier: 'From npàTfw,
Qcûos, Twpvrós. teneo, vincio, appréhende' So clâdes from n\a5os.
Cos, côtis, large stone, grindstone. From causes, —Yet better perhaps from the same root as Kpàrrip,
as Cauda, Coda. a cup, i. e. from Kepiw, xpaai, to mix : As made of
Cosmêta, slave of the wardrobe. Koít/mit^î. twigs intermixed or wattled.
Cosmiânus, belonging to Cosmos the perfumer. Crêber, thick, close. As Facio, Faciber, Faber,
Juvenal : ' Cosmi toto mergatur aheno.' and Mulceo, Mulciber, so cresco, crevi, creviber.
Cossim, on both the hips. For eojrimfrom coxa: Thus Nosco, Novi, Novimen, Nomen. (2) Doderlein :
or coxatim. Celeber, cleber, creber : as Ka\0Trrw, Kpfarrw.
Cossi8, Cossus, a worm breeding in wood. From Credo. From Ktxpytia pf- of xpifa (or rather fut.
kU, as alvrns, sOntis ; vT/ct&î, nOctis. (2) As KÓp<rn 2. xpyàû) taken in the sense of XP^»> to lend : i. e.
from Kiipu, KcKopaai, so corsis, cossis. Kelpu here entrust my money or my opinion to another. (2)
to devour. See Caro, Carnis. Priscian for ' cretum do ' i. e. judicatum : I allow it
Costa, a rib. For coassata, planked together : as judged and determined. But ?
from assis, a plank. See Coxa, (a) For composita Crëmentum, increase. Cresco, crevi, crevimen-
or congesta. (3) From consto, costo. All the ribs tum, as Monimentum.
standing together in a row. Crëmia, dry sticks for burning. Cremo.
Costum, Cothurnus. GR. Crëmo, I burn. Scheid says : ' Hesych. : Kep/mra-
Côtôneum, -ium malum, a quince. Corrupted Bpaitr/ittTa. Cremo is nothing else than to set on
from Kuiiiviov, from Cydon in Crete. fire with these cremiis or Kippaai.' That is, from
Cottâbus, sound made by whipping hides. From xipixa, Kpéfia, is a word Kpep.4ai or ttpefióv, w. (2)
KÓTTaflos, the sound of dashing wine into a cup. Haigh : ' From Otpnòa, £>, to make hot : transp.
Cottana, small dry figs. KíÍttoto Hesych. and Bpe/iii.' T passed into K in Tétraapes, KeVropes,
Athenseus. whence Quatuor: so TH could pass into KH in
Coturnix (or C5-), a quail. Festus from the sound. fycjuw, xPe^- (3) Kpçci», Kpéutì : Ridd.
But,as Spinturnix from airivBaph Spvis, socoturnixoT Crëmor, thick juice. For crimor, (as xptya,
goturnix, (as Twpvrbs, Corytos,) from yóprvÇ, yórpvÇ kIPvu, cERno,) from xpivai, xiicptfuu, to sever.
tpvis. For cotrurnix : the R elided, as flagRellum, ' Properly the cream separated from the milk : '
flagellum. rdpru{ is in Hesychius. (3) From Face.
6prv£, vyos, suppose adj. oprvyivbs, transp. yorvpivbs, Crena, a notch, scalptura. Tpim, to gnaw, seems
yoTvpvbs, and coturnix, as cornlX. (4) Korrbs, allied to ypitpa, to grave, (as the Etymol. M. makes
says Riddle : but this seems to be a cock : Steph. it,) and in the latter sense might produce an jEolic
ccccxxii. word ypyvr), as fípa, tXpiprn : and crena, as our
Côtyla, Cotytto. GR. CRane and iVPavoj.
COVIN US, a British war-chariot, and a British Creo, make. Varro mentions an old form cereo,
word. (2) Varro : From cotrus i. e. cavus. whence creo : hence from xtpio!, xtpivvvixi, to min
Coxa, joint of the hip. Coago, coaxi, to join. gle, whence Kpda, and npaats. Here, to mix together
Coxendix, the same as coxa. Formed after Ap the component parts, 'particulam undique dissectam,'
pendix. Hor. : thus to form, create. Eo, as yuo5Aa>, mad Ko.
Crâbro, hornet. From xépas, a horn, cerabro, (2) From xEP&J> manûs ; whence xfP*<»' to model
much as in Crebrus i. e. creber, Cerebrum, Cribrum, with the hand, tracto fingoque manu. (3) As £aW,
Candelabrum, (a) As slender-waisted, from craceo, aalvu, from $<ia, (ria, so xpalya from xpda. To
whence Gracilis. execute, complete. Hence creo.
Craceo. See Gracilis. Crëpërus, doubtful. Soft for cneperus from Kvé<pas,
Crambe, Crâpûla. KpdnP-n, KpaivdKn. darkness. So cRisso, gRoma. P, as $cuvó\a,
Cras, to-morrow. For (/carà) x6pas, ob oculos, Psenula. Compare Crepusculum.
just before us. As Coram is thought by some to be Crëpïda, a shoe, slipper. Kp7j7rîîa, acc. of «pijirls,
(kotò) x^pcw, as x&Plv f°r {Kara) x&Plvi an^ Circùm a boot. As ayxvpa, ancôra. (2) Crepo. From its
is properly an accusative. The day before us, the noise.
day at hand. (2) From itpâcri dat. of ttpcurts, a Crëpïdo, edge of a bank, brow of a rock, itpv-
blending. The blending or joining on with the irîîo, acc. of ifpijirli, ' the walled edge of a river,'
present day, like rfj ixoM€'"5 >n Greek. Lidd.
Crassus, fat, gross. From itpâs .i£ol. of xpias, Crëpïtâciílum, rattle. Crepo, itum.
34
CRE cue
Crëpo, to rattle. From Kpcxu, to strike, beat Crûdëlis, cruel. From crudus, (like Fidelis,) for
with the shuttle or plectrum : M. Kpbra, as KiKos, cruidus, (like Frigidus,) from cruor, ttpvop jEolic of
M. \iYlos, luPus. Kpíos. Bloody, still raw, unripe, sour, sour in
Crëpundia, rattles, bells. Crepo. Much as Sug- temper, fierce. See on Atrox. So ùfibs is both.—
grunda. Ainsw. from KpvtiSris.
Crëpuscûlum, twilight. See Creperus. Criidus. See Crudelis.
Cresco, for crassesco ; or for crebresco, explained Crilmêna, -ïna, purse. Generally thought put for
Augesco in JE. 12. 407 ; or for crudesco, explained cremina, from Kptuû, to hang, or xpe/idfieya. As
' to increase ' by Martyn on Georg. 3. 504. hanging from the arm or neck. U, as pEUo, pUlsus.
Crêta, chalk ; as brought from Crete or places near ; (2) As hyeMernus, hyBernus, v. v. crubêna, cru-
or as imported by Cretan merchants. See Eretria. mêna, from xpv$û, to conceal. Or KeKpvp.p.éva. (3)
Crëtio, the act ' cernendi,' of entering on an in KeKpov/iiva, beating against the body. (4) Riddle
heritance. That is, says Varro, of settling my title from ypv/iaia or -eía, a wallet : Steph. 3065.
to it. Cerno, cretum. Cruor, gore : congealed blood, Gloss. Philox.
Crëtùra, sifting of corn. Cerno, sift. Kpíos, M. Kpiop, congelation.
Crëtus, born, sprung. ' For creâtus, if we con Crup—, Cruppellârii, soldiers armed cap-à-piè.
sider the meaning: from cresco, [crescitus,~\ if we For crubellarii, as KdvuBos, CanoPus : from Kpv$9
consider analogy : ' Fore. to hide. Though some think it a Gaulish word.
Crîbrum, a sieve. Crinibrum from xpiva, to sift, Crupellarios vocant, says Tacitus of the Hedui.
as Cerebrum, Candelabrum. Or cerno, cernibrum; Donldn. compares Kpv<paAov.
or crevi, crevibrum. Crus, cruris, leg. Properly, the hard shell of the
Crimen. Liddell : ' Kpìpa, a matter for judg leg. Valckenaer deduces o-kì\os, the leg, from
ment, an accusation, charge, Lat. crimen.' Hence (TKfWa, cAw, to dry, whence o-KAvphs, rigid : ' So
the crime, the thing judged. But, as I is long, called from the hardness of the bone.' In the same
rather from Kpivófievov ; or cerno, cernimen, creimen, manner, from Kpavpos, dry, is cruris. Much as
crimen, as Novi, Novimen, Nomen. inclAUdo, inclÚdo ; fiOTo-a, mUsa. (2) From
Crinis, hair. From xpivw, to divide, separate, i. e. xpíos, xpbs, taken like KpicrraAAos, for Ice, congela
with the comb. Voss : Notat pilos discriminates. tion, then hardness in general, and allied to crusta,
Crispo, to crisp, wrinkle, curl, and then make to a hard rind or crust. (3) From axipos, scrupus :
curl, move in a tremulous manner. Properly, to transp. axpios, scrus, and crus, as S<pá\\o>, Fallo.
make rough and uneven. For Scaber is rough, i. e. (4) Key from o-kIAos, vkAovs, o-xpois. As kPíittu.
scratched and clawed, from Scabo. And KvÍTrTW is Crusma, a timbrel. KpoDaytot.
to scratch, tear, lacerate, and allied is Kvdfiwra and Crusta, crust of ice frozen. See Crustum.
yvifiTrra, to crook or bend like crispo. Allied to Crustum, a cake with a hard (crusta) case, as a
KudfiTrru and Kv&wTu was KviiTTu, whence Kvnrbs is simnel. And crusta, (as in Virgil : Concrescunt
scraping, niggardly, and which was allied to tcvifa, subitse currenti in flumine crusta;,) from the root of
(like Nfarrct and Níf»,) to grate, rasp, and thus to KpvtTTaíyœ, and KpvoraAAos, ice.
make a surface rough and uneven. From kvítttu Crux, cross. From KpvÇa Mol. of rpi£a>, fut. of
Kvítpco or a verb Kvityáw, û, cnipso, could be cnispo, rpvxa, to torment. So Térope, JE. x4rope, Quatuor :
as &fPTos, StlTos, segrus. Hence crispo for euphony, and Tu, M. kis, Quis. Similarly AÍTpa became
as cRisso from kNÍ8<t<d, gRoma from yNâp.a., and AÍTlpa, liBra. (2) Kararpv^a, Karrpí^co, KpíÇw. (3)
cRepus, cReperus, cRepusculum, from KNt<pas. (2) Becm. from xpoia, to beat, braise : xpoíca, JE.
Crispus, for corispus, allied to Kop&aou : Ridd. Kpoí^at.
Crisso, libidinosè lumbis fluctuo. Voss from Crypta, Crystallum. GR.
Kvifa, libidine prurio. As ptSZa, maSSa. So Cûbîle, couch. Cuba, as Bovile. Cubabile.
Kvl22a from KvlZa. Or from pass, iitviaaaj., or Cubital, a cushion for the cubitus; fore-sleeve
KvlaSu, Kvltraru. R, for softness as in cRepusculum. from the cubitus downwards.
(a) Kiviacw, moveo ; Ktiiaaa. Cubitus, elbow, &c. ' Kífìnov, os cubiti, Hippocr. :'
Crista, from Kopvar^i, upvora, from Kopiaaa, ' to Steph.—Others from cubo, cubitum. On which
make crested, raise to a head,' Lidd. Hence the they rested in lying down.
tuft on a bird's head, and a helmet's crest. Cubo, from Kvfìû fut. of Kimrw, to bend the head.
Crîtïcus, Crôbylus. GR. ' Hesychius explains bvaKvivTwo-cu by ivarptyai, in
Crôcio, to croak as a raven. Kpáfa, Kexpaxa. dorsum inclino, resupino. And the Schol. on Ni-
(2) KipaÇ, nípaxos, a raven. cander explains avaxinrdiffas by ínrriav iroi^aas ko!
Crôcôdflus, Crôcôta, Crôcotta, Crocus, Crôtâlum. hvaffrptyas iir\ viïyrov : ' Steph.
GR. Cûbus, a cube. Kifios.
Crùcio. From crux, crucis. Cucullus, soft for cuclullus from kvkAos, an orb,
35
cue CUN
as flagRellum, flagellura. A cornet of paper, used Culmus, stalk of corn. KdXauos, jE. kóXo/ios,
by grocers to put their spice in. And hence Voss colmus.
deduces its sense of a cloak with a hood : ' From Culpa, fault : blame. KAoirò, fraud ; transp.
the form ; for the cucullus of the head represents an KoXirà, as óxAos, #Axos, Vulgus : and culpa. Thus
inverse cone, and is plainly similar to the paper Fraus is generally ' fault, offence, trespass, crime :'
cucullus, as appears from the Spanish pallia and Forcell. (2) From irAoicà, evasion, artifice, hence
bardocuculli.' (2) Saumaise from kókkvs, a top or crime in general. Transp. KoKvà, as 2,<pdyayoy be
crest, i. e. a covering for the head pointed at the top. came Qdayavov.
Cìicûlus, a cuckoo. Koxxuf, vkos, whence coco- Culter, knife. From colo, cultum, to prune.
çulus, cocoulus. Properly, a pruning or vine knife. Ainsworth un
Cûcûlus, an adulterer. Above. For the cuckoo derstands it ' quo terram colebant.'
sucks the eggs of other birds, and lays her own to Culullus, pot, jug. KÚAi|, kóMkos, culiculus,
be hatched in their place. culuclus, culullus. (2) ' Cûleus: as Mamma, Ma-
Cucúma, a vessel of brass, in the form of a cu- milla:' Turneb.
cumis. Cuius, buttock. As tpilpbs, fUris, cuius from
Cûcûmis, cucumber. Redupl. (like Cucurbita,) KuKrj, the haunch.
from Kva, kcku/luu, to swell. T short, as in kvtos Cùm, Quum, when. From koì bv i. e. xpóvov :
from kíkvtoi. (2) Sikvós. ? ' And at what time.' As /uóotON, myrtUM.
Cucurbita, a gourd ; cupping-glass. Redupl. (like Cum, with. 'Cum seems to imply time, and in
Cucumis, Populu8, Titillo, Cicindêla,) from curvus, timates that some act or condition is contempora
from its curved form. B, as ferVeo, ferBui. neous with another mentioned. It is spelt quom in
Cûdo, ere, to strike. KòVtio, kÓttw ; and, (as the an inscription quoted by Lanzi:' Class. Journ.
ancients said fUntes, frUndes, for fOntes, frOndes, That is, at the same time at WHICH. (2) Con and
and as vaDum from fiaTbv,) cuddo, cûdo, as 'perubs, com from 6u— in òpA\yvpis, &c., or 6p.à in Hesy-
remmus, rêmus. See on Tundo. (2) Perott derives chius for 6/ioû, as Ceterus ab "Ertpos. (3) Some
cudo from ctcdo. Certainly from mCErus wasmUrus, refer it to arvv. 'Thus,' says Maittaire, 'Cucumis
from pŒna was pUnio; but this does not justify is from 2ÍKV05 ; and the form of the Latin C and
cjEdo into cUdo. the Greek C is the same.'
Cûdo, a cap of raw-skin. From kvtos, hide, as Cumbo. Allied to cubo.
aîTos, aeDes. (2) From néSiov, a skin, as tpClpbs, Cûmëra, corn-basket. Xúc», Kexvuai, allied to
fUris. I dropt, as parlens, parens. (3) From XiTos, ' shot out, heaped up,' Lidd. Or at once
kwSìs, Hesych., the head. As worn on it. As French from xvua> what is poured out. See Cumulus.
Chapeau. Era, as Patera.
Cûjus. Of Ejus James Bailey says well : ' From Cuminum, cummin. Kiuivoy.
!o, (To, for which the .'Eolians may have said tiovs Cumulus, heap. As Humerus from M. Suop, so
or tiovs, (indeed iovs is found in Corinna apud cumulus from x<*P-°s, (as "Okoi, Oculus,) in Hesy-
Apollon, de Pronom.) was ejus.' And from So, oîo, chius, ' by whom it is explained aapbs, acervus,
and o'tovs, seems to have been hojus, hujus, as <pnpbs, cumulus:' Steph. Or even from ' the same
fUris. And from xal olovs could be quojus, cujus. as x"M0* or X^aa' bustum ex humo fossili agges-
(2) As Alter, Alterius, so qui, quius, qujus: is, ea, tum :' Id. Thus xUT^l V"a '8 ' a mound of earth : '
eius, ejus. Hie or formerly hoc, (from 8 7',) hocius, Lidd. (2) From kvu, kékv/uu, to swell, whence
hocjus, hojus, hujus. Kvua.
Culcïta, tick, mattress. For calcita from calco, Cûnae, cradle. From cunio, explained by Festus
as Labor, Lûbricus : Wool, &c. trodden down, as ' stercus facio,' i. e. from cœnum, as pCEna, pUnio.
artifice, (TTifìás. ' In quibus puerulie«ni«n<;' Facciol.— Rather 'cunce
Cûleus, a sack. KovXtis. is KOivaX, immundae,' Ainsw. (2) Cubo, cubitus:
Culex, gnat. Cutilex, culilicis, à cuiim lacio i. e. Donldn.
lacesso. (2) 2kí4à7){ : Ridd. Cunctor, I delay. From cunctus.—Riddle : ' To
Cûligna, a bowl. Kvhixvy. seek out for every thing, in order to gain occasion
Cûlïna, a kitchen. For coculina, from cocula, for delay.' Or to try all manner of expedients, and
boilers. A place where these are used.—Riddle to lose the time over them. Virgil : Quem mihi
from coquo. (2) From kó\ov, food, as prepared in vix frugum et pecudum custodia solers OMNIA
it, U, as in Cunila, Ulysses, spUrius. (3) Where TENTANTI extuderat. The Greeks say iravTa XiOov
eolunt i, e. cibos, they are busy about food. (4) Kiveiv, to leave no stone unturned, to try every thing.
Caleo, calina. The hot room. U, as in cUlmus, (2) For contor from contus. From a sailor sound
cUlcita. ing the shoals with his pole, and proceeding with
Culmen, roof. See on Columen. caution. But C is here left unaccounted for.
36
CUN CYB
Cunctus. For conjunetus. Curia.—Voss thinks them called from the curiae or
Cuneus, wedge, llaigh : ' From xmvos, a cone ; chapels, where the priests curabant, attended to
any thing ending in a point.' As Alveus, Ferreus. sacred things, and were appointed as ministers to all
Thus we have humerus from ''O./ios. (2) From of them. But ?
yoiv'm, an angle. Thus the French coin is hoth a Curio, who performed sacred rites ' pro curia,'
wedge and a corner. (3) Is. Voss : ' Ah Svts, Wis, Fore. Also a crier of the court. Also, lean, re
Svvti, porcinum caput.' C for the aspirate. duced cura.
Cûnïculus, a rabbit : a mine, from its burrowing. Curiôsus, using ' nimiam curam.'
KovvÍkovXos Galen : kovvik\os Athen. and /Elian : Cûro. See Cura.
kvvikAos Polyb. The two latter call it a Spanish Curro. Voss from xaipw, deduced by Scheid
word. (2) ' Dimin. from cuneus, as cleaving the from Keipa, carpo viam, and explained by rpéxoi in
earth like a wedge : ' Ainsw. (3) Nugent from kíw, the Etymol. M. in voc. vwxap. Fut. K&paui, K&ppu.
am pregnant ; from its prolific nature. (4) Riddle U, as cUlmus, cUlcita, mUlceo. (2) Karapéa,
from Kvuy, Kvvás. ? KappeZ, M. Koppéai, (as arpOrbs jEol. for OTphrbs,
Cûnîla, savory. Kopitoj. 'Ov^ip for 'Av^p,) xoppâ, curro. So also pOrrum
Cûnio. See Cunte. from irpáffov, vpoLtrov, irAppov, TtOppov. Properly
Cùpa. For caupa, from caupo. said of running water, and the origin of our word
Cùpa, Cuppa, a cask. Allied to kútttj, ' a hole, Current, which thus naturally and immediately
hollow, a kind of ship,' Lidd., to Kv&fia and kí/iíìt), connects itself with the leading idea of the Verb.
a bowl, and itífìri the head as round. Thus Virgil : Currenti in flumine : Amnes et in
Cupêdiœ, nice dishes. From cupëdo which is the aequora currunt. Auctor de B. Hispan.: Rivus
same as cupldo. So cupedia is an immoderate desire palustri solo currebat ad dextram partem. (3) Cor
of dainty fare. (2) Cupio, edo. (3) Cupa, caupa. rupted from Karopovw, Kappovœ, as Sterno from 2ro-
As sold at taverns. pivviai, 'S.Topvva. (4) Becman from KÍpm, to
Cupella, a cup. From cupa. meet with ; fut. nipou, Kvppa. But the senses do
Ciípïdo. Cupio, as Lubîdo. not correspond.
Cupio. From kiWki, as Apio from Sirra. We Currûca, a hedge-sparrow;— a cuckold, resem
say To be inclined to do anything, and Inclination. bling this bird which feeds young cuckoos laid in
Cûpressus, cypress. Kinrdptfftros. its nest. From curro, as rpoxihos, ' probably the
Cuprum, copper. From Cyprus, and called Ms wren,' Lidd., from rpéx"- Thus Cadûca, Lactúca.
Cyprium. Curru8. Curro. Properly said of the chariots
Cur. Quare, our. (2) Cut rei. used in running the races.
Cura. Haigh from icSpos, (as ienpG%, cerA,) Curtus, short, battered, mutilated. As ' from
authority, power : here, the office or administration fieipu, iidfioprat can be derived fioprbs, explained by
of power. ' Cura' says Riddle, ' connected with Hesych. a mortal man,' (Steph.) so from Ktipw,
Administrare, &c. denotes not only care, but rather KtKoprai is Koprbs, curtus, shorn, cut otf. So <p4pa,
the office which one has to administer.' (2) But iré(poprai, tpópros. (2) Kpovu, KiKpovrat, Kpovrbs,
Riddle ' from quarro, as Cur from Quare : Concern, Kovprès. Battered.
trouble/ (3) From Kovpw, as in êiriKovpw, to aid, Cûrûlis, placed or riding in a chariot, for currulis,
assist. Or from novpos : To take care of boys, as as maMMa, maMilla; faRRis, faRina. (2) From
TraiSeíu, òprpavíÇai. (4) James Bailey says : ' The Cures, a Sabine town.
Latin Carpo, Ceterus, Caula, Cura are from the Curvus, crooked. From yvpbs, yvpFbs, as <S\Fa,
jEolic and obsolete Kapiríà, K^repos, KavXa, K<ùpa, for sylVa. C, as Twpvrbs, Corytus. (2) Kvprbs, M.
àpirû>, arepos, a&Xj), dSpa. The C being prefixed.' Kvpnbs, curVus, as kXiTùs, kMHìis, cliVus.
See also on Caleo. And some think Cacumen is Cuspis, point of a weapon. From cudo, cusum.
similarly formed. Cura, as <pClpbs, fUris. (5) Cura ' For the end of a spear is beaten out so as to end in
for corura, from cor uro. ? (6) But an old form of a point. As Csesum, Caespes, so cusum, cuspis: '
euro was cœro: as some think mŒnia is mUnia Voss. (2) Scheid from kú^is, kÌttítis, KÒairis, from
from litva. Better, as èffvépa, Patera, so cospi, to kÓtttw, k6^iû.
take in hand, ccepera, carra, cura : then euro. Custos, guard. From consto, costo, as vOltus,
Curcûlio. See Gurgulio. vUltus. To stand by one, Lat. assistere, to assist.
Cûrëtes, Cretan priests, Kipyres. Homer : irapeirrdfitvat Kaì à/ivi/eiy. (2) Riddle allies
Curia, senate-house. Kvpía èKKK-qala. (2) it to euro. Say curd sto, as some derive Sacerdos.
' Where public matters curantur:' Delph. Ed. (3) Ciitis, kútos in use like ítkvtos; whence also
Kovpiw, fut. of Kovpifa, to take care of. could be cutis, as 24>áXAw, Fallo.
Curiae, into which each Tribe was divided, and Cyâneus, Cyathus. Kvávcos, Kvados.
which met at the Curiata Comitia. Derived like Cybea, merchant-vessel. Kínrn, Hesych., some
37
CYB DEL
ship. (2) Allied to (xiffr),) KÍfi0v. (3) ' Some Dëcas, sum of ten. Atxds.
think it was square, from kv/ìos, cube :' Fore. Decern, ten. Aína, as Septem. As vvv was said
Cybëbe, CfbSte, Cybium, Cyclas, Cyclïcus, Cycnus before vowels for vv, (Mattb. 42,) the Cretans may
or Cygnus. GR. Kvfáfrn, &c. have said Stxav tvSpts. So cÍkooíN is said. Hence
Cydônia mala, quinces. From the city of Cydon. then might be decam, decern. See on Autem.
Cylindrus, cylinder. KiKivSpos. December, tenth month from March. Decern.
Cyma, shoot. KSfta so used. As September, Mulciber.
Cymatïlis, of the color kv/ìÍtuv, of the waves. Dëcêri8. Aexiipris.
Cymba, Cymbium, Cynïcus, Cynôsûra, Cypânssus, Dêcernrina, refuse. Cento, cernimen. As Exere-
Cypërus, Cyprus, Cjftïsus. GR. KififSn, &c. mentum.
Cythërêa, Venus. Ovid : Veneri sacra Cythèra. Dëcet, it is becoming. Adiaet and iS4v<re point
to 5tfo), deCeo, as trxcos, speCus. (2) Aok4u>, Sokcî:
D. Freund.
Dëcïraânus, tenth. Decern. The biggest. Ovid :
Dactylus, Dœdalus, Daemon. AdxTv\os, SaiSaXos, ' Hie ductus supereminet omnes : Posterior nono est
undecimoque prior.' The Pythagoreans thought ten
Dalmâtïca vestis, with sleeves, and first woven in the sacred number.
Dalmatia. Dëcïmâna porta, the biggest, as above. Or as
Dama, Damma, a doe. Scheide says : ' With the guarded by the tenth legion.
Sicilians it was to/uos, Tap.pÁs, from rtito, intendo : Dëcïmânus limes, a cross-path of ten furrows.
à cursu intension.' This is very probable, though it Decern.
seems conjecture. D, as in Demùm. (2) Ke/i/uàs, Dëcïmo, to take every decimum, tenth.
M. refifièis, as Ktîvos, Dor. rijvos. A, as in mAgnus. Dëcïmus. Decern, as Septimus.
(3) From Scîfia, fear : i. e. a fearful thing. As K\tt- Dëcïpula, snare. Decipio, as Muscipula.
èpov, M. tcXifBpov. In the passive sense of ' being Dêclîno. See Inclino.
feared ' Seíjuara 6r)pâv occurs in Eurip. Decor. From deceo.
Dâmascêna pruna, damsons, from Damascus. Dëcrëpïtus, very old. From candles, which in
Damnum, Damno. Adiravov, dapnum, damnum, going out crêpant, make a crackling noise. So
as STlvos soMnus. Adiravov is extravagant, hence De-sterto is to snore for the last time. And Gr.
ruinous, &c. (2) Varro from demo. Deminum, (as imreKvtvKíís.—Or from fragile things, which from
Domus, Dominus,) demnum, damnum, as 'Ewos, their age, if moved about, make a ringing noise.
Annus. (3) Donldn. from do, damenum, ' given :' Dêcrêtum, decree. Decerno, to determine.
as Alumnus. Dëcúplus, tenfold, StuairXovs.
Dânista, Daphne. GR. Dëcûria, Dëcûrio. From decern.
Daps, dàpis. Aah, Sats, as laPis. (2) Some Dëcus, a grace. From deceo.
compare SáirTto, Sairdvri. Dëcussis, a coin decern assium, of ten asses, marked
Dapsïlis, sumptuous. Acu|/iMjs. with the letter X. And a crossing.
Dardànâríus, who buys up commodities to sell Dêdo, give up. Like Abdo.
them dearer. From Dardanus, a magician, men Dèfendo. See Fendo.
tioned by Pliny, Apuleius, &c. As magically netting Dëfïcio, to fail. De the opposite of facia. As
provisions. In Legg. xn. Tab. they were said kirh in Gr. àire nreíì'.
'fruges aliénas EXCANTARE.' Dêfriítum, new wine boiled down one-half. De-
Dârîus, a coin. Adpetos. fervitum, deferuitum. So Frumentum.
De. From 8i', Sià, at an interval or distance off, Dëgo. For de-ago, as Demo is De-emo. Dego
as Si' ò\íyov, Stà iroAAoû, and in compounds as Si- vitam, is ago vitam. De as in Deamo, and as « in
tffTafmi, to stand apart from, like desisto. E, as evol, litTtixifa, to fortify completely.
evoE : potE from iro-rl : ferE and antE. (2) De Dein, for deinde. As Jù in.
from Be, (as 0ei>s, Deus,) in oìipavóêe, &c. Deinceps, one taken after another. Dein capio.
Dea. 0eà, as Deus. Dêlecto, I delight. Delicto from lacio; delectum.
Dêbeo, I owe. For dehabeo, as Praehabeo Prsebeo, So Oblecto.
Deago Dego. Riddle says, To have anything from Dëleo, destroy. The perf. levi is from obs. leo,
one, hence to owe. Or de is the opposite of habeo, whence deleo. (2) De-oleo, as ab-oleo. Opposed
as in Deficio, and Debilis for Dehabilis.—Doderlein to oleo, to grow. So De-emo, Dëmo. (3) AnX.(a>,
refers this and debilis to Sea, ticiu, to want. ? I destroy.
Dêbïlis, weak. For de-habilis. Unable.—Doder Dëlîbëro, I argue, liber, free to choose, de, out of
lein from Sea, Seine, to want. ? arguments : or free to take my own course, ' ex
Dëcânus. From Decern. patiate free.' (2) Libera, I extricate a question.
38
DEL DIE
Dëlïbuo, I anoint. Atnos, oil. B, as raliies. Destïno. As Retinaculum from a verb Retino,
(S) AeíjSw, fut. Ai/Sû, to distil. are, from Retineo, and as Occupo, are, from Occa-
Dêlïcâtus : As Parens for parlens, delicatus for pio, so destina, are, from detineo : To hold fast
deliciatus, (as Fastiglum and Fastigâtus,) i. e. together, make steady, fix, determine, appoint. S
deliciis aptus aut addictus. (2) Delicto, like Allicio. inserted, as in Obstinatus from Obtineo, in Suislineo,
Delico 1, like Educo 1. Allured. (3) for deliquatus, &c. (2) Stino from lardvu, or aravva the Cretan
i. e. liquefacius. Cicero : Quos laetitise languidis form of Tcmyu.
liquefaciunt voluptatibus. Destitue Opposed to statuo.
Dëlïcise, luxuries, &c. From obs. delicto, like Dëtërior, worse. From detero, to lessen, impair,
allicio, illicio. See above. through a word deter or detents. Horace : Laudes
Dëlïco, I explain. For deliquo, liquidum facio. deterere, whence Detrimentum.
Delictum, a fault. Delinquo. Dëtestor, call the Gods to witness against. Or
Dêlïro, go aside de lirâ, from the straight furrow. I refuse to witness a deed.
(2) Aîjpoi, nonsense ; as lEnio, dellnio. Detrimentum, loss. Detero, trim. As Monitum,
Delpluca mensa, elegantly wrought like that on Monimentum.
which the priestess at Delphi sat. Deunx, uncis ; uncia de asse.
Delphin, Deltôton. GR. Deus. From ©ei>s, as 0eà, Dea ; and our Deer
Dêlûbrum. From deluo, (like Diluo,) as Polluo, and Door from 0i)p and @6pa, and our burTHen and
Pollubrum. Fronto : ' Delubrum, in quo homines burDen, &c. (2) From Aiis, gen. of Zeúî. As
piacula sua deluunt.' Or as a fount before the bEo from (3) Ztis.
chapel where they WASHED with lustral water Dextans, for desextans; an As wanting 2 ounces.
before sacrificing. Dexter, Dextra. Ae|iTepbs the proper masc. of
Démens, mad. Like A-mens. Se|(Tepà, dextera, dextra.
Démo, take away. De-emo, as Promo. See Emo. Di— separates ; from 8m—.
Dêmum, at length. Formerly demus, from rri/ios, Dïàbolus, Dïâconus, Dïádëma, Diseta, Diálectus,
then. Demum means also only : i. e. then, and then Dialogus. GR.
only. ' Ita demum,' ' Ea demum,' &c. Others from Diâíis, belonging Ait, to Jove.
demo, i. e. to except. Diana (or DÏ-). For dia Jam, from Janus, who
Denarius, ten Asses : from was the Sun as Jana the Moon. See Dijovis.
Déni, for decent, as Septêni. Dïâpâsôn, octave. Aià iraffûy.
Dënïcâles Feriae, on which a house was purified Diârium, diary, &c. Dies.
de nece, from a death in it. Diastema, Diatrïbë, Dïca. GR.
Dênïque, at last. For deinque : or for denuoque, Dïcax, witty. Dtco, as Sâgio, sâgax.
denuque. Dïcis causa, for form's sake, Sí/trçs.
Dens, from òSobs, òSóvros, 'Sovs, 'Sóvtos. But Dïco, as. Auccù, i. e. SiKaû, Sixdaa fut. of Sucdfa,
others from edens, edentis, as òSovs from £5», SSa. to decree, assign.
Or from réySa, to eat, transposed. Bailey from an Dico, is. Aetna, |w, ' to tell,' Lidd. Properly to
.(Eolic form fSruu, iSeis, Ihiwros. show. Thus to show the way is to tell the way.
Densus, thick. Aaohs, dansus, as in taNgo, St. Luke 6. 47 : 'I will show [or tell] you to whom
fraNgo, truNcus ; and dermis, as grAssus, grEssus. he is like.' Deut. 32. 7 : 1 Ask thy father, and he
Dënuo, afresh. De novo or nouo, as De integro. will SHOW thee; thy elders, and they will TELL
Deorsum, downwards, for de-vorsum. De, as in thee.' So 1 Sam. 9. 6, ' SHOW us our way ;' 8,
Despicio. ' TELL us our way.' Dico, says Voss, is merely to
Dêpâlo, I make clear. Palam. So Propalo. show the thoughts of my mind. Euripides : róyS'
Depso, I knead. Ae\Jw. 4(Hllx7]vev Káyov. Compare tpaivw and fn/íb
Dëpiítor, am deputed : i. e. am cut off from others. Dicrotum, Dictamnus. GR.
See puto. Dictërium, a sharp saying. AijKT^pioc. Juvenal:
Dêrivo, I turn rivum, a stream from its channel, Joco mordente. (2) Aeurripiov. ?
a word into another by inflexion. Dicto. Dico, dictum.
Dësëro is opposed to sero, to join to : i. e. it means Dictynna, Diana. Miervvm.
to disjoin oneself from, to forsake. Dido. As dedo, addo.
Dëses, ïdis, who sits down idle : and Desidia. Dïdymseus, Apollo. AiSu/iaîbs.
Sedeo. Diêrectus, sub dio erectus, hung up in the open
Dësïdëro, miss the absence of. Desido, desidere, air. Becm. says, die erectus. (2) E rectâ viâ di-
to fix my mind on a thing. As Considero, Reeupero, vergens. (3) ' I dierecte, go and be hanged. It
Genero. seems Greek, i. e. ímfli SiAfrbnicrt, i. e. òiro^ayeÍTjr,
Dësôlo, I leave solum. may you burst asunder : ' Salm.
39
DIE DIU
Dies. From Aiiis, whence ZvlSios is ' in mid-day,' (3) From diversim : Dumesn. (A) Or shall we
and Jupiter is called Diespiter as being the father of say that 5!s follows Sto-ri(a, though 2 belongs to
day. Macrobius : ' Jovem LUCETIUM Salii in the latter part of the word ?
carmine cannnt, et Cretenses diem A/o vocant.' Dis, dîtis. Dives, divitis.
Hec. 699 : ovkít' uvra Atbs iv ipdtL. Discilpêdïno. See Intercapêdo.
Differtus, stuffed. From farcio. Discepto, to debate. Caplo argumenta, causas,
Digitus, finger. From a word taxerhs from diversim. (2) AiooWittu, ofiat.
SííicvvpLL, to point out. With which we point. Discepto, I arbitrate. I.e. I debate or reason with
' Digito monstrabitur, Hie est : ' Juv. The fore myself. See above. Or I take up the arguments
finger was particularly called íetKTixòs. (2) For on either side. Or capto like capio is to choose.
thigitus (as ©e!>s, Deus,) from 9'r/w, to touch with. Discïdium, separation. Discindo, scidi.
(3) From SeWros. Each finger being one of ten. Disciplina. Discipulina from
Dignor. Digmim puto. Discïpûlu8. Disco. As Manipulus.
Dignus, soft for dicnus, (as cyGnus from kvKvos,) Disco. Scaliger from Sda, SdffKa, as Pda, fidffKw.
from ZÍkti. Sophocles : AÍKaiós «ijui tûvV àirtìWd- So strlngo from OTpKyya. Ada, whence Saf/vai, to
X"n irSywy, Digitus sum ut, &c. (2) ' Digitus, learn. (2) ù«!a, So'«». (3) Atdxa, says Liddell,
what is shown : Stixw : ' Donldn. ? is from Situ. Now, as from Hio is Ilisco, so from
Drjovis, Jupiter. Dius Jovis, as Dia-Jana, Diana. Sia may be Si<rna>, disco, to pursue after, gain in
Dîlâpïdo, ' to clear a place lapidum, of stones. So formation.
fig. the spendthrift disperses the very stones of his Discrimen. Here crimen is from Ktupifitvov,
house. Or from his property being sold by an (allied to which is Kplpu,) from nplya, whence KÍpvw,
auctioneer sitting on a stone, whence De lapide cerno, to distinguish, decide. Hence discrimen is
emtus : ' Dumesn. ' To throw stones at and demo difference, distinction, decision, risk of battle which
lish : ' Fore. In 2 Kings 3. 19 : ' Mar every good decides the issue, &c. Or crimen is for cernimen
piece of land with stones.' Or from the stones of a from cerno, as Novimen, Nomen. Decernere ferro
building falling to pieces. (2) Aià and AairaSâ Mn. 2. 218. Cerno, to look at, is properly to dis
from \curd(u, I waste, whence àA.a7ra8i<(ís. A, as tinguish objects.
machina. Discus, a quoit. Aiaxos.
Dïïïgens, opposed to Nec- or Neg-ligens. Dïsertus, clear, expressive. Sero, to join. Well
Dîlïgo. Lëgo, I choose apart from. arranged.
Dîlûculum, dawn. Luce, as titavydfa. Dispáro, sever. Par, as Separo, comparo.
Diluvium, deluge. Diluo, diluium. So fluVius, Dispenno, stretch out. From the pennœ, wings
proluVies. and flight of birds. (2) Pando, dispendo, dispen-
Dïmïco, I fight. ' Diversim mico, to make the dino.
swords glitter : ' Dumesn. ' As controversies were Dispesco. See Compesco.
determined micando digitis, by moving the fingers Dissïdeo. From Sedeo.
up and down quickly, so also micando gladiis : ' Dissïpo, scatter here and there. So Insipo, Ob-
Forcell. (2) Atafiaxw, tiiafidxofmi. sipo. Festus mentions sipo, jacio ; supo, jaceo.
Dîtmdius, half. Divisus in medio. Or Sià, as in Siipo we will suppose the original word, to throw,
Dimico, &c. and (as ôxiij, Salis,) to be from ìnrS>, i. e. înréw,
Dioecêsis, Diogmïtse, Dionysia, Dionysus, Diôta, xmívm, to remit, to relax : hence to let go, to send,
Diphthongus, Diploma, Dipsas, Diptôta, Diptycha. cast. (2) Seico, to shake, siPo, as \âas, laPis ; Saîs,
GR. Sots, daPis.
Dïrse preces, curses : Deae, the Furies. Dims. (2) Distïchon, couplet. AÍo-tixov.
Dirœ for Deum irœ. Distinguo. See Exstinguo.
Dîrectârius, house - breaker. Ataf5^fj(cT7jî, who Dïthyrambus, dithyramb. GR.
breaks through. Dïtio, dominion. Forcellini : ' In some Gloss.
Dîrîbeo, I distribute. As diimo, diRimo, for dido, à Sise?;, jus, judicium, [or prescriptive, heredi
dihibeo (as Redhibeo) or diibeo. (St) Aiafátipéa, tary right,] but Voss brings it from dis, ditis for
from StajS^ÍTrrù», as &n&a>, amBo. See the last. divitis.' In the last case I ought to be long. For
Dîrîmo, for diimo, as Adimo. R, as nuRus, mu- the C see on sauCius.—Or for ducio from dux, ducts,
saRum. like Regio. Thus llbens and lUbens were both
Dims. From Seîos, fear, through an adj. Setepbs, said. Cicero : ' Ducis imperio parebant, ditionem
formidable. (2) Soft for dinus from Scivís. amplificabant.'
Dis— in compounds. From Sis or SioWs. Bp. Dîto, I enrich. Dis, ditis.
Butler : ' Dis bears the sense of separation, as when Diu. By day, from dies, whence Interdiu. Also,
a thing is made into two pieces.' (2) For duis. all the day, or during many a day, for a long time.
40
DIV DRA
Dives. From Divas. Like a god in ease and as 0eì>í, Deus. To round by cutting and chipping,
affluence. Plautus : ' Dei divites sunt, Deos decet (a) Allied to Sda, Saíw, SaAAu : Ridd. Add
opulentia.' SaiòáWa, 5ai$a\w.
Dïvïdia, grief. Virgil : Animum nunc hue, nunc Dolo, ônis. AóXav.
dividit illuc. Dolus, D5ma. AÓAos, Aû/j.a.
Dîvïdo. For difido from fido, findo. (a) From Domïcilium. Domus. (a) Domus, colo.
ìBiáu, FiStâ, from FlSios, whence vidua. I dropt, as Dômïnor. From Dominus.
Parens for Pariens, Facesso from Facio. V, as fipos, Dômïnus. From domus. The proprietor of a
Frjpos, Veris. house. Or domus, dominor, dominus. (a) From
Dïvïno, I predict. For this is divinum, the domo, to subdue under one's power.
property of the Gods. Domnsedius. Dominus œdium.
DIvinus, relating to the Dim, Gods. Domo, I subdue. Aa/iS.
Dîvïtiaî. Dives, divitis. Domus, a house. Aó/ios.
Dium, the sky, open air. I. e. coelum. See dim. Donee. From dumque, says Riddle. That is,
(2) Atbs, of Jove. domque, donque, doneq, donee, as Atque, Atq, Ac.—
Diurnus. Diu, as Nocturnus. But donicum was the old word, and dum is rather a
Dîus, divine. Aios. contraction of donicum, as Vis of Volis, &c. As we
Diûtïnus, Diuturnus. Diu. have Tamquam, Tanquam, so also tumquum (as
Dîvus, a God. AîFos, divine. Ovid : 0 utinam turn dim, &c. Cic. Off. 1, 29 : turn
Do. Aó(a, S«, Sútrat. cùm gravibus &c.) or tunquum, tuncum. Now for
Dôceo. AeÍKùt, SeíÇu are for Se/co>, 8é£eo, SeSo/ca, euphony pro became mina, <?<pi slbi, tri<p\â sibllo,
whence in a new sense So/ce'ai, doceo. Thus Herodo à<ncM)irioî sescUlapius, fiiicKai macUlse, T/inrbv
tus has 8i«'B6|e, Ò7ro8ex9Évra, &c. Riddle rightly tEmetum, and perhaps memlni from /tEppw, and
compares the formation of Moneo. — Ainsworth our plant periwinkle from pervinca or pervincula :
says : ' From Soxéa, existimo, whence Sóyfiara, so tuncum became tunicum or dunicum, as Demùm
placita et décréta doctorum.' ? from T^juos ; then donicum, as sOboles for sUboles.
Dochïmus, a foot like docêrêmïnî. Aóx/uos. —Ainsworth from dum cùm.
Docïlis. Doceo, as Habilis. Dònïcum. See Donee.
Doctrina, Documentum. Doceo. Dôno. From donum.
Dodra, a potion made up of nine materials. Dônum. Soft for dorum, Swpov. Or from do,
' Dodra ex dodrante est,' Auson. As Arrha from domenon, as Auctumnus, &c.
Arrhabo. Dorcas, a doe. Aopxis.
Dôdrans, -fa of an As. De-quadrans, deaudrans : Dormio. As from olxos a house is oMu to dwell
i. e. a quadrans taken de asse. See Dextans, Qua- in a house, and Contemplor is to view a Templum
drans. or augural space in the sky ; so from Sippa, a skin,
Doga, a vessel. Aox<£. could be dermio or dormio, to sleep on a skin.
Dogma, a dogma. Aóy/ía. Homer : iv KÚeffiv olûv éSpaBev. And eE8', inrb 8'
Dolâbella, Dôlâbra, chip-axe. Dolo. isTpano j>ivbv fìoós. Virgil : Ovium sub nocte
Dôleo. Properly to endure ; and allied to, or silenti Pellibus incubuit stratis somnosque petivit.
at once from, Tdkiu, whence réthas. D, as Tij/noj, 0, as in pOndus, vOrtex, cOrcyra. Aapddva is
Demùm ; fìasrbv, vaDum. Then dOlui, as dOmui similarly from Se'pai, èSápd-nv.
from SA/ida. Eo, as /iaSAil, madEO. Or more Dos, dôtis, dowry. Ads. (a) Do.
nearly allied, through an obsolete verb, to To\/ida, Dorsum, the back. As Quoversum, Quorsum ; so
Tolero, Tuli, Tollo. (a) Haigh from 66\os, whence devorsum, dorsum, turned away from the part in
a word floAew, to be disturbed : as &tbs, Deus. front, (as Deversor is ' de viâ decedo,' Forcell.) and
Dôlium, cask. Voss from dolo, as Homo, Hûma- thus opposed as our word Back to the Front. ' The
nus : v. v. ôdi, odium. Vas dolatum. (a) Rather back of any thing or the part (aversa) turned from
from iSiíXiov, sedes, which may have been used in us,' says Forcellini in explaining Tergum : and ' in
the sense of the ' Sessilis obba ' of Persius, ' having aversd seu posteriore equi parte ' on Averta. Or,
a broad bottom, and easily standing by itself,' (as De in Devexum,) sloping downwards evenly and
Forcell. Thus éSjrijetî and èSpáìos are Sessilis. gradually, Gr. Stttiov, properly applicable to qua
Besides, ?8os is Simulacrum ; WSpvvpia is Delubrum ; drupeds.
êdáXiov is oÏKriixa: (Steph. 3495.) So that these Dossuârius, carrying loads on its back. For
words went beyond their original confined sense of dorsuarius.
Sedes. Drachma, Draco. Apaxf^t Apiitwv.
Dolo, hew, chip. ©o\wtì>s is explained KvXtvSpu- Drácônârius, who bore an ensign representing a
rbs (Steph. 4300) from BoXów, 0o\â, whence dolo, dragon. Draco.
41 F
DRA ECC
Dragantum, gum-dragant. Corrupted from rpay- Apvubs is a coppice or thicket. And drumus would
in a Roman's mouth easily fall into dumus, as
Drama, Drâpëta. Apâfia, ApcnrerTjy. flagRum, flagllclluin, flagellum : and even the So-
Draucus, i. q. xlyaiSos. ' From Spdw, ago : ' Fore. Hans softened tPotI into vor\, ffKrjirrPoy into tr/cair-
U, as in claUdus. (SI) Liddell says : ' TiTpúiTKw, tov.—Still, if the S must be accounted for, then
to wound, akin to ropíu, rpdat, rtTpaiyu, to bore with Voss we can better deduce dusmus from Sva,
through : hence rpav/ia.' The latter points to a $ctiv<rpicu, (whence Sucru-ì),) to go into a place of
word rpavw, rirpavKa, whence could be rpavKÒs, concealment : ' Quia subeant eò animalia ut lateant.'
draucus. Thus ' rpav/xa, sensu venereo, Apollon. A fit place for such retreat, as Virgil : In dumis
Lex.:' Steph. 9154. interque horrentia lustra : Sylva horrida dumis atque
Dromas, Spo^às, whence Dromedarius. ilice nigra.
Drômo, a yacht. Apóuos, a running. Duo, two, Sio.
Drôpax, depilatory medicine. GR. Duplex, plicis, twofold. Duo plica, as Triplex,
DRUNGUS, ' soldiers drawn up in the form of a Simplex. (2) AÍttA.o£. U, as in Duplus.
wedge : in Vopiscus and Vegetius ; nevertheless it is Dûplus, double. AnrXovs.
a barbarous word : ' Fore. Dûrâteus, Dûrius, wooden. Aovodrtos, Soipios.
Druppa, Drupa, an olive gathered when beginning Dûrus, Dûro. From Sovpv. Durus, hard as
to turn color on the tree. Apínre-ty, acc. dpinreira, timber.
contr. Spínrira, Spina, ripened on the tree. Dux, ducis. As Rex, Regs, for Regens, dux or
Dryades, Dryads. ApvdBes. dues for ducens.
Duâlis. Duo, as vEqualis. Dynastes, a lord. AiWotijs.
Dûbïto, I doubt. Some from dubius. But Dys— : all these words are Greek.
rather from duo, beta to go.
Dubius. For duvius: standing between (duas E.
vias) two roads, $i<rTd(wv. Or from duo : the B E, for Ex, as Ab, A.
like V in Exuviae, Diluvies. Ea. Like Eum, Earn, Eo. Judging from » and
Dûcêni. Duo-centeni. tu, we may suppose ea soft for ia, eum for turn, &c.
Dûco. As tpClpbi, fUris, so duco from 'Swxa, Jam also is iam. Stephens gives to so the sense of
88£ku from &66*t, ZSatKa, formed like Vcyfiita from ' una eademque,' one and the same. This may be
réyriKa, Tletpinu from Tltcpvica. The 0 neglected, applicable to ia, ea. Dr. Johnson explains She
as in Dentes from 'OS6vrts ; Ramus from "Opa/iyos. ' the woman before mentioned,' i. e. the one and the
2) From Sí'lkw, Se'Soxo, whence Sokeoi, Doceo, and same. We find in Homer tV uìy soc OrjKey
( like fxovyoi and uovvów from fíóyos) SovkÍw, Sovkw, ÍTrev^dfievos : where tV lay is iam or earn. (2)
duco. To show the way. Ia cut down from ilia, after the French mouillé
Dûco, estimate, think, as &ya>, rryéop.ai, and system, which partly appears in SaAos, alius. Volis
otouai, oïuai. became Vis, Modus Mos, Apud Ad, &c.
Dûdum, a long while. For diudum. Bum, as in Ebrius, drunk. Ebibo, ebibrius, ebrius, as Sobrius.
Adesdum, Ehodum, probably soft for turn. Arnold See Manubrium and Proprius. (2) From bria, a
says : ' Dum restricts the meaning, as in vixdum, cup, which Becman makes a goblet full of wine,
nondum.' from fipvu, to teem.
Duellum, battle between two persons or armies. tt Ebulum, dwarf-alder, .
Duo. Ebur, ivory. 'E\4<pas, JE. 4\(<pap, contr. to c<pap,
Duim, — dem. Aolnv, Stfav. (as Insimus, Imus,) then ebor, as fiappApos, marmOr,
Dulciârius, pastrycook. Dulcia coquens. and &/u4>o>, am Bo ; or M. i\t<j>Op, ebllr, as irAi'j,
Dulcis. As IUicio, so delicio, whence deliciœ. TrOi'p, pUer. Or ixíípop, (\<pop, é<fxpop : then as
Hence delicti, delcis, dulcis, as vEllo, vUlsus. (a) "Ikkos, equus. Elbur, says Schw. (2) From è barro.
As Aâ Mo\. for To, 80 y\vicbs, yv\Kùs, (as Tdp<pos Ecastor, jEcastor. Per œdem Castoris. See
from Tpt<pu, coagulo,) SvKkìs, dulcis. (3) Aevxos, Edepol. (2) En Castor.' See Eccere. <
Sí'Akoj : Schw. (A) @cKyw : Freund. Pf. mid. Ecca. Ecce ea.
T(0o\ya. As Oiiis, Deus. Ecce, lo ! En-ce, as Hicce : Gr. ten. Donaldson
Dum. For donicum. (St) Thy, like Turn, q. v. says he does not know another instance of the N
Dum-, Dun-taxat, only. Dum taxât aliquis hoc into C, yet it is the custom of the language in com
unum, if one takes into the account, &c. pounds, and in this particular instance of it may be
Dûmus, a bush. Forcellini says : ' They deduce an éíira£ Keyófj.eyov.
it from $pv[jt}ts, transp. Svpfibs, durmus, then dusmus Eccëre, Ecëre, by Ceres. For Edcere, i.e. per
and dumus. In fact, Dusmoso in loco was an eedem Cereris. See Ecastor, Edepol. (2) En! Ceres!
expression of L. Andronicus, as Festus asserts.' (3) Ecce res ! ?
42
ECC EMP
Ecclêsia, Ecdïcus, Eohënêis, Echidna, Echinus, Elenchus, Elëphantus, Elëphas, Eleuthëriâ. GR.
Echo, Eclipsis, Ecloga. GR. EHces, gutters. Eliciunt aquam.
Ecquis. For et quia. (2) For en quia, or ecce Elïcio, Elïdo, Elimino. From lacio, lœdo, limen.
quia. Elixus, boiled down. Elicio, elixi, elixum. Forced
Ecstasis, Ectypus. GR. out. (2) Lix, water. (3) Liqueo, lixi, or Liquo,
Edentulus, with the teeth out. Dena. lixi, whence Liquor 3, to melt.
Edëpol. Per œdem Pollûcia. (2) En Deus Ellum. En ilium.
Pollux! Ellychnium, wick. 'EWixviov.
Edëra. See Hedera. Elòco, straightway, as ai/TÓdei/, and as Plautus
Edttus, brought out, conspicuous. Do. Nunc ex hoc loco ibo. See Illico.
ëdo, I eat. "ESm. Elogium, terse saying, title. 'From ^AAjfyiov : '
êdo, I give out. As Addo, Indo. Steph. Ind. 184. (2) From ÌK\oyeìoi>, a selection
Ediico. From dûco, as nûbo, connûbium. (3) of the most important particulars.
Dux, ducia. Elops, Hclops, some fish. "EXatfi.
Edyllium, Idyllium, idyl. EtSvWioy. Eloquens. E, loquor: as Elegans.
Effertus, crammed. Farcio. Elûcus, half-asleep, drowsy ; or suffering from the
Effêtus, past bearing, exhausted. Fmtua. effects of a debauch ; or a blunderer. Also the
Effïcax, Effigies. Facio, Fingo. substantive of this. Some say from àAúa>, to
Effûtio. See Futilia. stumble ; from favyn, darkness ; or as taking lucem
Egeo, I want. Aristophanes has robs ovk %x0VTas- ex oculis, the light from the eyes, making one only
I suppose a word àexéu, like ovk %xa> much like half-awake. I prefer é'wAos, suffering as above, or
àría, àri/xáai. Then, as Temero is from àSé/iepos, rather a form èvAtubs from èasAÍÇu, whence i\aucbs,
and Moereo perhaps from àpoipéw, and see Milvus ; cKipxbs, and elûcua, as <pClpbs, f Uris.—'H/iÍAvkos.
so from àex«o is echeo, or egeo, as Xvrrà, Gutta. Elutrio, cleanse by using one vessel after another.
Thus Dumesnil, without reference to derivation, Elutua, cleansed.
explains egeo ' not to have.' See Mark 4. 25. (a) Elûvies, sewer, torrent. Eluo, as washing away
From a word iyxàa, iyxtdvw, like X"^va>> to look filth, &c. So Colluviea. We say Draught from Draw.
greedily after, Lat. inhio. Thus madEO from /mSAa ; Elysium. 'HAiiffioK.
and the r dropt, as in puMilus for puGMilus. (3) Em. For eum.
'HxV> V">s, needy : Ridd. 'Hxwéu, foea. Emblêma, Emboltmseus, Embolium. GR.
Ego, I. 'Eyd. Embractum, panada or caudle. As ï/i^u, amBo,
Egrëgius, eminent. E grege. for emphractum, which some read; ín<ppaKrov.
Ehe, Hehe, alas ! *E t, alas ! ' Made of materials pressed close together and
Ehem, and Eheu. The same as hem and heu, to made solid:' Fore. Certainly <Tvfi(ppdo-<ra is 'to
add force to the sound. Or thus, Hem hem, Heu press or pack closely together,' Lidd. And from
heu; Hehem, Heheu. See Ehe. So Eho from á (ppoLKrbs is Lat. farctua. Thus Forcellini explains
aspirated, as Hei from ci. Fertum, a rich cake, ' quòd pluribus variisque rebus
Eho. See in Ehem. farciretur.'
Eia, Eja, ho ! on ! Eîo. Emïneo. See Mineo.
Ejûlo, I wail. As Ustulo, Postulo, so from hei, Emïnus, opposed to Cominus, q. v.
alas, is heiulo or hejulo, as eia, eJa. Compare Jubilo. Emissârius, a spy. Emiaaua.
H dropt for softness, as Hansa, Ansa. Emo, from a word lixw, to make my own, from
Ejus. See Cujua. 4fi6s; like o-<pcT€pifa, to make one's own, appro
Elëcëbra. As IUecebra. priate. Hence to take to myself, as we find in Ex-
Electâria, electuaries. "EkMikto, as Adversa, emo, Eximo; De-emo, Demo; Proemo, Promo ;
Adversaria. Sub-emo, Sumo; Adimo, &c. Then, to make my
Electo, wheedle. Elicio, allicio. own by purchase, to buy. But, says a friend, what
Electrum, amber. "HAem-pop. of emia, THOU buyest ? In the same way that
slogans, êlïgans, choice : as Eloquens. Properly, masculA is used for the feminine. To Combine
actively, qui eligit. Thus Duco 3 makes Educo 1. from Binus is said of many things. And we say
Elëgeia, Elëgus, Elëlêïdes. GR. ' Mary's book ' for ' Mary her book,' as well as
Elëmenta. As vOster, vEster; tOsta, tEsta; ' Henry's book ' for ' Henry his book.'
yOvv, gEnu ; so elementa for olementa from oleo, to Emôlûmentum, toil, from molior.
grow, much as Monimenta. The first principles Emolûmentum, profit. Emolu: i.e. the grist of
from which all other things take their growth. (2) the mill.
For alementa, from aleo, as in coaleo. (3) "TAij, Emphasis, Emphyteusis, Empïrîcus, Emplastrum,
vAtjfxa: Ridd. Empôrêtïca, Emporium, Emporus. GR.
43
EN ESS
En, lo ! 'Hj/1 and ifv. erjfo Apollini donum dédisse,') ergo is referred to
Encaustus, a picture done with fire. "Eyicavovos, tpyv, by the fact of, by the occasion of. And we
burnt in. might understand the former sense by an ellipsis :
Endo, in. "EySov, ?c5o\ See A. (illius) ergo, on account of that : indeed it is not so
Endôpërâtor, as Imperator. Endo. likely that ergo should have two origins.
Endrômis, Engônâsi. GR. Ericius, Ereceus, Hericius, hedgehog ; engine
Enim. Short for etnim, i. e. et nam, or namque : with spikes. From eres, as Pellis, Pellicius and
as in Quianam, Quisnam : and thus Et-enim. As Pellecius. See Erinaceus.
Equidem probably for ETquidem ; comlnùs for Erigo. See Rego.
comAnùs. Erinaceus, Herin. : hedgehog. Ileres and eres,
Ennósïgaeus, Neptune. GR. erinus, as Marinus.
Enormis : è norma. Erinnys, a Fury. 'Eptyyis.
Ens, entis, being. ' Elui is in Doric imà, of Ero. As esit for erit is in the xn. Tabb., ero
which we have a participle eh, ívtos : ' Lidd. So may be for eso, (as arboR for arboS,) from (it, iaa>,
Matthia; 212. (aofiat. (2) As vouiaw, vofxiw, so taw, iâ, eRo, as
Ensis. 'Eyxos was sometimes a sword : Brunck, fSw, uRo. (3) Formed from eram, as Amabam,
Aj. 658. Enchis, enhis, ensis, as XaiYa, Hseta, Amabo.
Sasta. Thus also Xo'pror, Hortus; "tnep, Huper, Erro, wander. Liddell : '"Eppa, the Lat. erro :
Super. See the formation of Brevis. to wander without object ; strictly of a halting gait,
Entheâtus, inspired. "EvSeos, 4vBed(a, or obs. da. whence Hephaistos is called éppwv, limping. To go
Enthëca, Entheiis, Enyo. GR. or come to ruin.' So <p8eipo/iai is to wander:
Eo, I go. "Ew, etui. Bloraf. on Pers. 457.
Eò, thither. Abl. of is. So Quo. We say There Erûca, palmerworm. Erro, errûca, as Caduca,
for Thither. And the Greeks oï, iroî, for mp. Lactûca. Dr. Johnson : ' Palmerworm : supposed
(3) Quo, eh for Quom, eom i. e. locum : the m to be so called because he WANDERS over all
elided. plants.' (2) Eruo, to pluck up. (3) jErûgo, œru-
Eôs, Eôus. GR. gica as Manica; then œrûca, as it is also read.
Ep— : All mere Greek down to Which eats away like rust.
Epûlae, a feast. As Disco, Discipulus, so edo, Eructo, eructate. Ructo from ipevKrcia, w,
edipulce, epulœ. (2) "Eirw, ifuptra, to prepare 'ptvKTÛ, formed from 4pe6yto, ^ptvKrai. Or tpvurdw,
victuals. since we find ipiryiLii\os, tyvyydvu.
Eques. From equus. For the Equités or Knights Ersidio, instruct. Bring out è rudi statu.
see Adam's Rom. Antiq. Ervum, vetch. Acc. opofiov, ópfìoy, as acc. olyON,
Equïdem. Usually deduced from ego quidem ; but vinUM. V, as Vadum, Voro. E as tOsta.
I prefer et quidem, like Et-enim. Equidem is not Erythrinus, a roach. GR.
found invariably with the first person of the Verb. Es. Eîr, as Íot, Est. Es, imperative, tiro, to'.
Equîso, a groom. From equus. Esca, food. Edo, esum, whence esica, as Manica,
Equus. "hreros, jEol. ìkkos, Ikoì, ëquus, as é'iTo/uti, Modica ; then esca.
ïKo/j.at, seQUor, and the aspirate dropt as in"EA«os, Escit or with Faber Escet, shall be. "Eirice, he was.
Ulcus. (2) As yOvv, gEnu, so equus from òx», to Esim. See Sim.
mount. Esìíto, I eat oft. Edo, esum.
Eram. "Eyy, M. ím, eRaM, as musaRuM. Esox, Isox, a large fish of the Rhone. "Iirof in
Eranus, Erato, Erebus, Erêmus. GR. Hesychius.
Eres, Hères, hedge-hog. Xfy>, xvpòs, hères, as Esse. As Malere, Malle ; Velere, Velle ; ò2Tô,
4>eS, Heu. oSSa, so from fence, he was, or obs. íaxic, might be
Eretria, a ceruse. Found about Eretria. escere, esre, esse. (2) Esum anc. for sum ; esere,
Ergà. The Gr. bpylf, ' animi inclinatione ad.' esse. (3) From essem, if that was prior ; on the
'Opyi] is is used by Herodotus, though in the com model of Amarem, Amare.
mon sense of the word. 'Ad' can be omitted, as in ESSEDA, a Belgic and British war-chariot.
Versus (ad), Versùm (ad). O, as tOsta, tEsta. (2) Belgica, says Virgil ; Britanna, Propertius.
Freund allies it to vergo. Essem. 'Eaaoiurpi, contr. iawnv, essem. Or an
Ergastûlum, a prison work-house. 'EpyAÇo/iuu, active form ícr<rotfí. (2) Escerem from 6<r«e or
típyaoTiu, to work, whence ipya&rhptov. taxa. Then esrem, essem. (3) Esse, essem, as
Ergo. In the sense of Therefore, from &pay' mv, Amare, Amarem.
the N omitted, as in Plato from TWkroiv, and E for Essentia. A word coined by Cicero from esse.
A, as irAer<ra\os, pEssulus. In the sense of On (2) Ens, entis ex: for exentia, ecsentia. V. v.
account of, Because of, (as in Nepos, ' Ejus victoria; rptSShs, rptSós.
44
EST EXI
Est, he is. 'Eo-t'. dûco produces edûco, and nûbo makes connubium.
Est, he eats. Edit, editis ; edt, edits, were soft So Excisurum urbem Mn. 12. 762.
ened to est, estis, much as aDcesso, aRcesso. Excrëmentum, bran, refuse. Excerno, to sift,
Estrix, Estus. Edo, estum. See Est. excernimentum or excretimentum.
Esûrio. Edo, esûrus. I will to eat. As Spdffa, Excûso. Causa, a plea.
ipeurelw. Exëcror, give up as sacrum, cursed; devote to
Et. "Eti, Ít, yet farther. Herod. : cri 8c tSiv the infernal gods.
\olirmv. Longin. : èrt 8« tÍxovs- Medea 1099 : Exëdra, piazza. 'EféSpa.
tri S" Ik roirrav. (2) E?th, cIt. (3) T« trans Exemplum, sample. From ex amplo. Selected
posed. ?—Et is also ' even,' like koí. from a mass. As inArmis, inErmis. (2) Exemo,
Etënim. Et enim, xal yip. exemulum, exemlum, and for euphony, exemplum,
Etêsiee, Ethìcus, Ethnïcus, Ethos. OR. .as B in aifiBKoy, and French nomBre for, nomre. Or
Etiam. Etjam. As Quoniam is Quonjam. exemplum, exemptulum, exemptlum. (3) Hesychius
Etsi, even if. Et si, el koí. has e^ofiirKov Tow: which Scheid deduces from
Etymon, the Ïtviiov, true origin. ófÁ.a\bv, like, òfjLKbv, ófj.ir\óv.
En, well done. Eî. Exentëro, disembowel. 'EJeirtpeiiaj, or a word
Evan, Bacchus. EiW. QevTepâ.
Evangëlium, the Gospel. TZbayyiMov. Exeo, with accus. Ex for extra. So Praelabor
Evax, huzza. Eùtí^iu, eùáfio, to cry out Bacchus. with acc. is Praeterlabor.
Evergânese trabes, in Vitruvius. ' From evtpyris, Exerceo. From a word i^epyéw, from ïpyov : to
[as Supervacanese,] as being elegantly wrought. work, ply, exercise, set to work, &c. Thus ifcpyi-
(2) From Evergo : as jutting out or inclining to one (o/uu is to work. C, as pioTéie, misCeo. (2) From
side:' Fore. arceo, like Coérceo. To confine and circumscribe
Euge, bravo. E&ye. by laborious occupation.
Eugëniae, an excellent kind of grape. Eòt€«io, Exercïtus, army. From exerceo. Well exercised.
nobleness. Nepos : exercitatissimum exercitum. Gibbon : So
Eugepse, well done. E&ye ira or trai. sensible were the Romans of the imperfection of
Eugïum, * medium foramen tov alSotov yvvaitceiov. valor, without skill and practice, that in their lan
ab ebyewy, fertile : vel ab evSíaiov, (as our solDIer, guage the name of an army was borrowed from the
solJer,) foramen : ' Fore. word exercise.
Evius, Bacchus. Eíïoj. Exëro, I put forth. 'EÇelpa, epâ. Aristoph. :
Eumënïdes, Eunûchus', Evœ, Eurîpus, Eurus, Eu rijy y\St&ffav èÇelpavres.
terpe. GR. Exïguus, small. Exseco, execo, exico, as rEgo,
Ex, from. 'EJ. dirlgo : hence exicuus, as Muto, Mutuus : and exi-
Exágòga. 'E^ctywyi/, ê£aycoyevs. guus, as àyKvKos, anGulus. Cut small. (2) Ex
Examen. From iÇait/ifvov, connexum, as we find ago, extgo, exiguus, as Ambiguus. Voss : ' Qui
in Virgil of the bees ' per mutua nexis,' and in nullo negotio exigi ejicique potest.' Becman :
Seneca, ' Examen nectitur densum globo.' Or ex- ' Facilis expelli aut extra agi.' (3) Egeo : Donldn.
apio, exapimen. It is also the beam of a balance, as Exflis, faint, thin. As Gr. èfín)\oî, fading, and
that from which the scales are appended. (2) In the Exeo, Exitium; exîlis from exeo, exii, exiilis, or
first sense Riddle understands it as exagmen ; in the exltum, exitUis. Cicero : Nolo verba exiliter ex-
second as exagimen from exago .- A means of ex animata exire. (2) Exigo, exigilis, like Exiguus,
amining any thing. Stocker compares exagimen, q. v. (3) Exigilis from egeo, as Exiguus : Donldn.
exagmen, as said of bees, with ' Emissum agmen ' in (4) Exseco, exsecilis. (5) Exinilis; the inœ or
Georg. 4. 58. 'E£ayfi4i/oi> is ' emissum,' and could fibres wasting away. (6) Hill from He : ' intima
itself produce examen. ting the smallness of the flank.' (7) Becm. for
Exantlo, empty, exhaust ; bear, endure. 'E|ovr\£. extllis, as subtllis. (8) Key ' from tyiKós. So an
Some read exanclo, from obs. anculo, (see Ancilla,) illiterate Roman officer wrote iXi for iPSi, and so
to wait upon, serve. proXimus from prope.' And the E, as in French
Excello. See Cello. Espérer, &c. ?
Excelsus, high. See Celsius. Exilium, banishment. And exul, exulis : Banished
Excëtra, the Lernean hydra. Servius from ex- (ex solo) from the land, as Extorris, Ex terrâ.
cresco, excrëtum; as, on one head being cut off, Plautus : Scelerati exules sunt, etiam si solum non
three grew up in its place. For excRelra, as fla- mutârunt. (2) 'EÇcXZ, to expel. (3) Exsalio, to
gRellum, fragRito, hVotX dropt the R for softness. hasten out, like Jnsilio.
And e, as pronúba, inffla, edûco. Eximius, excellent. Eximo, to take out, select,
Excïdium. Ab excido.— Riddle from excido, as iKKpiTos. So Egregius is E grege.
45
EXI F;EX
Exin. For txinde : as Dein. Exuo, put off. From S6a>, duo, as \ia>, luo. Then
Existo, I stand forth. Sisto. exduo, exuo. See Subucula. (a) 'E£tu>, <|ii)/u.
Existïmo, judge, think. JEstirno. (3) Perott from ex suo, to spoil one of his own.
Exïtium, destruction. From exeo, exitum, whence I2xùvia\ clothes taken from a corpse. For exúiœ
exttus. A going out, expiring. Thus Gr. í{Ítt|\oî. from exuo, as Induvisc, Diluvies, Fluvius.
Dumesnil understands it ' a tragical end.'
Exochâdium, tuberculum in ano. 'E{o^, emi- F.
nentia ; unde ífoxàs, áSos, íSioy.
Exodium. 'E£6Siov. FSba, bean. The bean was forbidden by the
Exôleo. Opposite of oleo, to grow. (B) 'E£oAéu>. Pythagoreans ; the Flamen Dialis dared not touch
Exorcismus, cista, cîzo, Exostra, Exôtïcus. GR. or name it ; and letters of mourning were thought
Expecto. Exspecìo, exspectum. to appear in its flower. The Egyptian priests held
Expedio, as Impedio, from pedis. it a crime to look at one, judging the very sight un
Expergo, act. make to go. Pergo. clean. Now <pd$a, a bean, is found in Hesychius,
Expërior, make trial of. Períor from wetpiopai, who has also <pá0a, a great dread or terror ; and
or a form ìrapiopuu, (as òpéa of ópda,) as tïmor from this the bean was, and from it seems to have been
Stî/iop. (2) From pario, whence aperio. ? called. *ó/3a seems allied to <pt$a, tpcfìo/uu, and
Expers, expertis, for expars, expartis : deprived <pty, <pa$is. (8) ' For paba, à via, pasco :' Ainsw.
of one's share. As Inarmis, Inermis. Bread, says Pliny, was at first made of them. ?
Expëto, I desire, as Peto. To light, fall ; from Faber, workman. Facio, faciber, saber, as Mul-
obs. ireVoj, whence TriirtTu, ttíittu. Others from peto, ceo, Mulciber.
to aim at. Fábrïca, workshop : Fabrico. Faber, bri.
Expleo, like Impleo. Fàbùla. For, saris, as Figibula, Fibula: Vena-
Explicit liber, is finished. For explicilus, thus : bulum.
' Explicit, liber.' Martial : Versibus explicitum est Fâcëla, salad. Facio, to make up. As Loquëla,
omne duobus opus. Some understand it a 3rd conj. Querela.
and impersonal. Voss deduces it from ancient Fâcesso, I do. Facio, as Lacesso. I go away,
books being rolled up, and from the necessity of facio iter. Homer : Hitirpriffaov veSloto.
unfolding them before read. Fácêtus, witty, merry. Classed by Becman with
Explora, I ask or seek with tears, as Implôro. fâcundus, from for, fâri. As Dïcax, witty, from
Hebr. 12. 17 : fitrà Saxpiwy ÍK^rrr'fìa'as. Dïco. Or from the obs. <pia>, to speak, á, as odium
Exsëquiœ, Exeq. : rites on following to the grave. from ôdi : dïcax, &c. Compare Tucëtum. (a)
Sequor. Scheide from obs. <piu>, to shine : ' lucidus, elegans.'
Exstinguo, Ext. : From artyâ fut. of <rrí£u, like (3) Metaph. from fax, fads. Thus Forcellini ex
Expungo, to expunge. N as in tago, taNgo. So plains ' hae dicendi faces ' in Cicero ' ardens via
Restinguo. And Distinguo is <rri(a, pungo. (a) From orationis quâ auditorum animi infiammantur.' Elus,
tingo. Ovid : Tingere in amne faces. But thus the much as Rubëtum. (4) Voss fromfacio. Effective. ?
S is not accounted for. Facies. From facio, as Specio, Species. The
Exta, entrails. For exsecta like Prosecta and make, form, figure of the countenance or face.
ró/ua. Festus : ' Quòd Diis prosecentur,' rather here Facllis, easy. Fromfacio. Easy to be done. As
exsecentur. (a) Ab efera, cast forth. (3) Du Habeo, Habilis.
mesnil : ' From exto : because they are in the upper Fâcïnus, deed. From facio.
part of the body.' ? Facio. Hesychius has tpaiw iroutv. And from
Extemplo, immediately. Templum. As said by <pava>, <pava> (as mla, irata, paVio,) could be faCio,
the Crier at the end of the ceremonies, ' Out of the as <pdos, faCis ; trnios, speCus. 4>aúo> is <piw, <paivu,
Temple,' when all went out at once. See on Ilicet. to display, exhibit, as Plato : iroAAà xal «aXà ípya
(a) But Plautus has extempulo from tempus. At avetprivavTO tis trdvras àvBpwnovs. Besides, re^xwt
the time : formed like Ex-tempore. facio, allied to which is &px'tcktwv, is allied to tíku,
Exter, Externus. 'E^ártpos. (a) Ex terra. tIktoi, to make to appear, (a) As paCiscor is for
Extïmus. Exterrimus, as Infimus. paGiscor from pago, pango ; and as Fornax from
Extorris, banished. Ex terra. ïlípvos ; so facio can be soft for pagio (as patlOr
Extra. Exterâ parte. from Traflos, and as orlOr from ópa>,) from a word
Extrëmus. Exterrimus, as Supremus. Trarytû formed from ìrfrym, irlryvvut, whence vavmryéu,
Extrico. Ex tricis solvo. to make ships. Nor is a double change uncommon,
Exul. See Exilium. as in BaTiv, VaDum ; Tlcl@a, FiDo.
Exulto. Ex, salto. Fâcundus, eloquent. For,sari, as Iracundus.
Exundo. See Alundo. Faix, Fex, dregs, níjjij, coagulation, as MvSat,
46
FAG FAS
Fundus. M, as Mol. Svaia-xm for Bv^o-ku, ui/tralo-Ka 14 ! 'He had possession of flocks, and possession
for /uijuHjtr/fo), Maitt. p. 157 ; Hesycli. /3\oití; for of herds, and great store of servants.' Gen. 32. 5 :
P\r/TÌì, lb. It has been otherwise thought that M 20. 14. Ex. 20. 17. 2 Kings 5. 26. . Eccles. 2. 7.
was adopted to distinguish the dat. feci from the Ezra 2. 65-67. Medea 48 : iroAmi»/ oïxav KTHMA
perf. of Facio : as lvEvis was written for a similar Seo-iroíyTìs ifirjs. Famulus, as Fundus from núi/8a£,
purpose. and as Figulus, Gerulus, Capulus. The quantity
Fâgus, beach-tree. ^Eol. <pâyós. changed, as «pHirîSo, crëpido; TEÌpdopuu, përior;
Fâla, a round tower to discharge weapons from. caleo from KHXeoj; odium from ôdi. (3) From
See Falarica. íifia, Fá/xa, somewhat as Fpayû, Frango. Unus ex
Fâlârîca. Becman says : ' A kind of glittering grege servili.
weapon, or one sending forth flames and combus Fânâtïcus. Fanum. A Vet. Gloss, explains it
tibles : from cpaXbv, [or <pa\t]pbv, M. <pa\âpbv,'] from UpasriKÒs, Upòh'ovXos.
<páa>, <páos.' $àxí>s, says Liddell, is bright, shining. Fânum, temple. Fanum, says Livy, is 'locus
But Forcellini approves of the following : ' A kind of templo effatus,' dedicated by a set form of words.
missive weapon used to be thrown from the fala; Or where the priests were wont (sari) to declare
ipaXapiKj], called from the salts or wooden towers ; the will of the Gods. Fatinum, as Reginum, Reg-
these from <pi\ai which are anomal, spéculas, in num : where the Fates are delivered. Or vatinum,
Hesychius.' The <pá.\ai seem allied to <pi\apov, where the priests minister. Schwenck says: Fas,
fastigium, jEsch. Pers. 668. Indeed from (p&w, to fasnum. But Haigh : ' From (pai>6i>. For temples
show, as well as to shine, <pa\bs could have meant were richly ornamented.'
either conspicuous or shining. The Greek word Far, farris, a kind of wheat. Voss says, from Hebr.
(pakapixii however I do not find. bawr, grain. Others from Germ, faren, to generate,
Falco, falcon. Fain, falcis. Turton : From its produce, allied to our word bear and the Hebr.
hooked talons and beak.—Suidas has <pd\xav. baurau, he created, Gen. 1. 1 ; whence bar, a son,
Falëre, pile, buttress. Scaliger : ' For halêre from as in Bar-Jesus, Bar-nabas. But, as the Greeks said
óAiî, the sea. A pile on the sea-shore. Unless it (pAperpa and UrotpAplfa, the obs. <pap4u fut. 2 of
is that the Greeks called all high things <pd\r)pa.' <pipa will lead us to the same result : tpépa being
See Falarica. used of the earth or trees producing fruit. Farris
Fàliscus venter, hog's pudding made after the may be formed as the second L in Mel, Mellis. (2)
manner of the Falisci. Scheid from <papbs, <pa\bs, from tpdw, <pdo? : From
Fallo, from o-tpáWu, to upset, upset the hopes, its white color.
JA\<piTov The double
from &\ipos, Albus. R Hence
as L inAewcà
Mellis.SXi/>iTa.
Thus
disappoint.
Falsus. Fallo, falmm. Farcïmen, sausage. Apicius : Sic intestinum
Falx, scythe. Jos. Scaliger thinks that this is farcies.
' from a Syriac word which produced also Gr. Farcio, I cram, ^páaau, iréíppaxa, whence tppa-
Trf\€Kvs.' Yet irt\eKvs, through ireAxs, irè\|, could xiCw> <ppaxiw, 4>apx'&>, farcio. Liddell : ' In Attic
through the aspirated <f>èx£ produce falx. The use the letters are sometimes transposed ; e. g. tpápÇaaOaí
it is true of these instruments is not the same : still for tppdÇaadai, ire<papyp.ai for iré(ppayfiai, (papKrbs for
their form, which is that of a wooden pole fixed (ppaKTÓs.' Qapnrbs is farctus,fartus.
somewhat at right angles into an iron blade, is not t Farfërus, supposed the white poplar, and to be
very different. called from the river ' amœnse Farfarus umbrae ' of
Fâma. #4í/iih (pasta. Ovid. But ?
Fames. As from Edo, Esum is Esuries, a dispo Farina, meal. Far.
sition to eat, i. e. hunger, so from (pdyifios, disposed Fâris, fâtur. Obs. (paw, <pw, tpdofiai, tpwfiat, allied
to eat, (like pÁxípi-os, ' disposed to fight : ' Lidd.) is to tprjfd.
fagimes, fames, as Foveo, Fovimes, Fomes. (2) Farrago, mixture offar and other grain for cattle.
James Bailey says of the word Fel : ' Fel is to be Far, farris, as Plumbago.
referred to x°^> m pl*<!6 of which the /Eolians Fartor, a fowl-fattener. Farcio.
might have said x«\à, or rather neut. like fié\i.' Fas. As Ad from Apnd, so fas from (pins, a
Applying this to fames : As %iira is a craving, from response or oracle of the Gods. Thus fas is what is
Xaa, Ke'x<tToi, xafr"" i 80 from K^xafuu might be determined by the law of Heaven, Jus by the law of
X<fy"s or some such word, whence fames. Or from man. We find Fas atque Nefas, Fundi atque Ne-
X^cfia, x<Wa, a gaPmg gulf, a void, might befames. fandi. — Others, as Jus from Jussus, so fas from
But the former derivation is the more natural one. fatus.
Fámïlia. From famulus. Fascia, linen or woollen cloth for wrapping things
Famulus, (Etrusc. /ante/, as Facul,) servant. From into afastis, bundle : a wrapper, bandage, swath,
rSfia, a possession, says Haigh well. Genesis 26. &c.
47
FAS FEC
Fascïno, I enchant. Bao-Kàyâ, as Bp4fau, Fremo : lialvouai, lif/tamai, as raving with prophetic frenzy,
fiaxAvà, machina. so vice versa fatuus can be from <pdrt]s, a prophet.
Fascïnura, veretrum. ' Everything foul and loath As Mutuus.
some was employed to charm away witchery ; and Faveo. From tpda, <paéa>, <pxFéw, as àéw, àFéw,
the fascinum or Veretrum was thus used among aVeo. To speak of well, commend, as aîras (from
other things, being even suspended from boys' necks obs. alu, Lat. aio,) is ' that which is said to one's
for this purpose : ' Voss. Fascino. See Prtefiscine. praise : ' Lidd. Or to speak for or in favor of. Or
Fascis, a bundle. As 'Styiyavov became Qdayavov, <t>da, like <pr)iil, is to assent, then to grant, to be
(TipaxeWos could become (pdariceWos or cpdaxtKos (as indulgent. (2) Scaliger : ' Faveo is <pata>, whence
Kpó<rra\\os and KpiaraKos,) contracted to (pdcrxos, irupaiaKO) : To show kindly feeling.' Donldn. : ' To
fascis. (a) As from i|i>s is viSCus, so from 7rS|« be light-like.'
paSCis or phaSCis. nijju, taken like vriyiw. as any Favilla, hot embers. From <pdu, to shine, says
thing composed of boards, or here of sticks, joined Voss. *oúa>, Perott. As Virgil Candens favilla.
together. Or, as Tl&ip, Puer, Puerula, Puella, so <pdop,
Fasti, public annals, in which the Triumphs, the faorula, faolla and fa'illa, as OUe, Ille. Hence
Consuls, &c. were set down, and also the Dies fasti fa Villa, as Pies, boVes ; and pluVia. (2) Fovea,
and nefasti. And, as the fasti dies were more favilla. ?
numerous, the annals were called by that name/a*<i. Fauni, gods of the fields. As Colôni, so faveo,
(2) From Treipatrrai : i. e. tpcurroì, like irf<pao,n4vov favôni, fauni, as Favitor, Fautor. Propitious to
II. f. 207. In which events were recorded. agriculture.
Fasti, Nefasti dies, in which it was lawful or un Favônius, west wind. Faveo. Kindly, genial, op
lawful for the Prcetors to pronounce the words Do, posed to the chill or wet of the others. Lucretius :
Dico, Addico ; or to dispense justice. From fas, as Genitabilis aura Favoni. (2) "Au, FdFu : and
Jus, Justi. (2) From (poo-rol as above. In which <pdos are compared with it by Donaldson : ' Light
either those words or justice were pronounced. like, brilliant, splendid.'
Fastïdium. Fastus. (2) Fastus and tœdium. Faustus, favorable. Faveo, favsi,fausi,faustum,
Fastïgium, the top. Fastus, elevation. Fastus as Hausi, Haustum. So Tostum. (2) Voss: 'For
ago, says Freund. And hence fastiyo, as Vestïgo, (pav<rrbs from <patu>, <pda, ipriftl.' To speak in favor
Vestigium, and as Fatïgo. (2) Baffrdfa : Schw. of. (3) Donldn. compares it with <pdos : light-like,
Fastïgo, I narrow to a point. Above. brilliant.
Fastus, elevation of the mind, pride. Fastus Fâvus, honeycomb. As *ót7js, Vates, and as
(ostentatious show, says Dumesnil,) from <pda, xTvbs, cAnis ; kTAi{, cAlix, so Fiipos, fuvus, favus :
iré<pacrrai, as tpdo-fia from iré<paap.ai : <pda, like S(pos meaning, anything woven, 'textum opus,' says
tpaivat, (pavw, whence vnefrf]<pavos, proud, tpavTcuria, Voss. It is under the same notion that Wachter
ostentation. (2) &du, tprin't. A talking great. refers favus to Germ. Weben, our Weave. F,
Superbi grandiafantur, says Voss. Thus also in much as Vespera from kairtpa. See Filius, Firmus.
the word Grandiloquus. (3) Bdw, Paivn, &ii&aiva, (2) From x<*osi a chasm. See Fames.
to ascend. Thus fiariipios, ' that pertains to mount Faux, jaw. The gen. tpdpvyos proves the obs.
ing,' Wright. Baffri in Hesych. are shoes, and <pdpv£, whence <pdv£,faux, as proVidens, proïdens,
may be allied. F, as in Formica, Fremo. prudens. (2) Voss from tpda, to speak. Virgil :
Fateor, confess. From (parto/mi formed from Voxfaucibus haesit.
(paw, Treíparai, tparós. So /Saw, jSaTe'o;. Fax, torch. From cpdos, as cwios, speCus. (2)
Fâtîgo, I weary. For fatim ago, I urge on ex Fax from <pa£w {at. of obs. <pdw, cpi(rw, whence
cessively. ipaivw and tpdos.
Fâtim, abundantly. See Affatim. Faxim, Faxo. Facio, facsi, faxerim, faxero.
Fâtisco, open or gape with chinks. Usually Fëbris. Ferveo, ferbui, februi. As irvperbs
deduced from fatim hisco, as fatigo from fatim ago from wvp.
like circumago. Or, (as Fessus is the participle, Fëbrua, purificatory sacrifices to the Manes.
for Fassus, as grAssus, grEssus,) from fatio through Ferbui, februi, as above. As being mostly with
fatim hio. (2) Some suppose CH changed into hot water.
PH, as C into P in \íKos, luPus ; and fatio from Fëbruârius. The Februa were offered in this
Xarbs formed from x<^a> X"'""*- month for twelve successive days. Adam : « This
Fatum. From for,fatus. As pronounced by the anciently was the last month in the year, and the
Gods. Or at once from <pârby, tprirbv, whence people were purified in it for the sins of the whole
Vates, Trpotpfaris. Virgil has Vatis fatidicœ. So year.'
Fatiloquus. Feciâlis, Fetiâlis, a herald. From facio, feci; as
Fâtuus, silly, useless. As pdvris was called from from perfects are formed also Vexillum, Auxilium,
48
FEC FER
Coxa, Civis, Anxius. As commissioned to make I Fenestra, window. From tpavto-rpa, formed from
peace or war, ' quòd,' says Becman, ' apud eos jus tpavlÇai from <paiva, tpavw, to open to view. Or at
esset faciendi belli pacisquc' Facto in a special once from tpavû, as Sino, Sinistra ; Sequor, Sequestra.
sense, as *Wo> is to make verses, and p4(a to make Fënus, Foenus, interest of money. Feo, I pro
a sacrifice. One Inscription favors the C, two In duce, as in Fetus, Feeundus. So Gr. tíkos from
scriptions and the Greek Historians of Rome favor TÍKTtú.
the T. But so were written oCium, preCium, in- Fëra, wild beast. Fera from (pf/pa, Jîolic accusa
fiCise. (2) Fetialis forfedialis, a3 spaTium, blaTero, tive of &hp- (2) Ferio, as parlens, parens. Or
aTavus. From fedus i. e. fœdus, a treaty. ferus from ferio, fera from ferus.
Fêcundus, Fœcundus, fruitful. Feeundus, Fetus, Fêralis. Ovid says on Feralia, sacrifices to the
Femina, Fenus, Felix, are all referred to an old dead : ' Hanc, quia justa ferant, dixere Feralia
word feo allied to fio, the old <pia whence (plrv, lucem: Ultima placandis manibus ilia dies.' He
<piTÚm, and to fuo, <piu>. From <pia might have makes thus the E short, though it is long in feralis.
been feo, as bEo from fìlâ. Some read these This variation is remarkable.—Festus refers feralia
words with a diphthong œ : but it does not rest on toferio pecudes. It might appear short for inferalia
sufficient authority. Corinna for <pv<ra has (povaa from the inferi or from inferiœ : but I imagine
(Maitt. 239), which may seem to come from <páu, feralis is short for funeralis from funeris, as Sultis
but? for Si-vultis, Rideo for Renideo, Amentum for Api-
Fel, gall. James Bailey, as cited on Fames, mentum, Omentum for Operimentum, Mentum per
deduces ,/è/ from xe*-'i a supposed jEolic form of haps for Movimentum, pid\a for neyd\a. Forcellini
X»X^. But better from cpaOAos, juice, (x«A.bi) being explainsferalis ' funebris, funestus.'
understood : allied to Bills. Fërax. Fero, as Fallax.
Fêlis, a cat. *ijAos, deceitful, cunning. (2) Ferculum, frame for carrying several dishes.
Salmasius from Fcu\bs, a supposed form of aïKovpos.ì Fero,fericulum.
Fëlix. For feïx (as in fiLius,) from feo, as in Fërè, about. From irepl, as ianl, antE. About,
Feeundus. Felix is properly productive, abundant, as irepi Tpio-x'Movs, about 3000. Almost, almost
as Felix uteri, Felix frugibus. (2) Voss : ' Ab always, usually. I in irepi is sometimes long by
ÍAi{ or T)\iKÍa, the vigor or prime of life : Vigorous Arsis : 'Ap.<pì irepZ /ieydK' taxov : so ferë. F, as
in body or mind.' Or ifyriXit,, '<pri\i£. (3) Scheid Fundus. (2) Hand thus : Firme, ferme, ferè.
from <pi)\ù jEol. of flrjAw, for 9r\\iaiM> fut. of BriAdfa, Credat Judœus !
to give suck. (4) Donldn. from <pdos : as it were Fërentârii, light-armed soldiers. ' As ferentes,
(pavAiJ, light-like, splendid. ? merely carrying for a short time, and not wearing,
Fello, I suck. 07jAû, M. <pq\û. As jueAi, the arms they had, which were slings and stones,
meLLis. bows and arrows : ' Fore.
Fëmen, Fëmur, thigh. From feo, says Riddle. Fërëtrius, a name given to Jove by Romulus from
As Femina, &c. But the application does not theferêtrum on which the spoils were carried in
appear. Femen seems to be from 'tyqwtivov, i$n\ii~ triumph: Liv. 1. 10.
fiivov, adnexum, joined on to the trunk of the body : Fërêtrum, any frame. QipcTpov.
or i(péixivov, 'ipéfievov, immissum. And femur may Fêriae, holidays. Fiepa) (fi/ifpat), fierai, much as
be referred to a word i-rriij.fj.opov, divided, as Homer : Fto-rrépa is Vespera. Hence ferìœ. (2) Velius
tn/Aopt rifles. But rather bothfemen andfemur are says it was writtenfesiœ. From Feariû, Feo-<riâ, to
for seminar, feminoris, like Jecur, Jecinoris ; Iter, feast any one. (3) Ferio pecudes. ?
Itineris. (2) Fero, ferimen, femen. Turton : As Fërio, strike. From irepw or irepéu fut. of ircipa,
bearing the weight of the body. to pierce, strike, as Horace 'feriemus agnam.' F, as
Fêmina, Fcemina, female. From/èo, as in Feeun Iïepl, Ferè. (2) From fera. Properly of being
dus. Through Gr. -pin). struck by wild beasts, or as it is their nature to do so.
Fendo, I strike ; also beat off, as in Defendo ; Ferme, almost. Ferè, ferimi : formed adverbially
also strike against, (as in Offensa résultat imago,) on the model of Alimus, Almus.
and thus annoy, make angry j also stumble, blunder, Fermentum, yeast. Fervimentum.
commit (offensam) a mistake or injury; also light Fëro, bear, carry, Qépoi.
upon, find. Now, as from rtiva, revâ is tenDo ; so tfFërónia, Goddess of plants and of freedmen,
from fleiVoi, Bevâ, to strike, jEol. </>eva>, (as from
&n\û is *7jA£>, Fello,) is fenDo. (2) Others from Fërox, fierce. From fera.
o-<pevSovda>, trtpíviovâ), contr. to o-<pevtiS>, to throw Ferrûgo, the rust offerrum, iron.
with a sling, as 2*<£aa.«, Fallo. Or from o-<t>eSay6a, Ferrum, iron. Wachter says from Germ, wer,
S>, formed from o-tptb'avbs, vehement. Like Incurro, arms, instruments of defence. And Haigh from
to dash against. N, as in deNsus. ■ytypov, a shield, instrument of defence ; M. fif^ov,
49 a
FEU FIG
anàfemim, as Bíp/in/ca, Formica. Others fromferio, Festus, festive. From iariiu, iariw, Ftariû, to
whence ferurum, much as Seco, Securis. Thus in feast : as Vesta from karla, a hearth. Thus, parens
the Bible : His sons smote him with the sword : If for parlens. (2) From (paiaros, lucidus : which is
he smite him with an instrument of iron : Thou in the Lexicons, though Stephens knows not on
shalt bruise them with a rod of iron. But rather what authority. Heliodorus however has Hupaiaros.
from (peúpa!, <j>8tipov, M. <p8t^ov, destroying, de Festus then is bright, cheerful, gay. (3) Allied to
structive ; 0 omitted as T in nTfvcà, penna ; uTépi/a, fari,fastus: Ridd.
perna. (2) Properly, hot iron, from Stpu, 8tpaa, FetiSlis. See Feciâlis.
eé^a, Mo\. <ptp"j>®, (whence Ferveo,) to make hot, Fétus, Fœtus, offspring. See Fecundus.
$tp/ióv. As heated in the furnace to he beaten out Fex. See Fa>x.
{voXÍkiitìtòs rt altiripos, Horn.) into instruments for Fi, fi : foh ! foh 1 From the sound : if not from
the purposes of life. Iron being of most general Gr. 5 v, Fv Fv, as <pptyu, frlgo. See Filius.
use among the metals, and therefore particularized Fïber, ri, a beaver. &iPpbs, soft, in Hesych. : M.
by this appellation. Virgil 12. 100, has 'calido <pt$p6s. Pliny observes that its hair is softer than a
ferro,' used however of curling-irons. Thus some feather. (2) ' As inhabiting_/ïírwín, the extremity
derive o-ÍÍTjpos, iron, from trifa, íaiSov, to hiss (in of a river:' Wacht. See Fibra.
the furnace). Fibra. Properly the extremity of anything, from
Ferrûmen, solder. Joining ferrum iron to iron, ' the oldfiber,fibra, um, extremus,' says Varro. As
or things to iron. Herod. : xnroKprirripib'iov atSi)ptoy Facio, Faciber, Faber, so finio, finiber, fiber.—Fibra
KoKK-qTÍv. So Albumen. is the extremity of the entrails : also that of trees,
Ferfflis. Fero,fertum. Productive, ferax, ev<pópos. i. e. a fibre.
Fertum, a rich cake. Forfartum fromfarcio, as Fibula, clasp. Figo, figibula, as Fabula.
grAdior, grEssus ; fAteor, fEssus. As being com Ficëdûla, beccafico. Ficus, orficus ëdo.
posed of many good things put together. Some Fictïlis, earthen. Fingo, fictum.
readfartum. (2) Fertus, rich. Ficus, fig. Here is a great change. 'Svkov seems
Fertus, rich, plentiful, like refertus. See Fertum. to have been pronounced by a lisping change Svkov ;
Ferveo, am hot. As ©ijp, *fy>, so 8tpta, <ptpta, indeed the Etymol. Magn. noticed that the Attics
tptpFtm, as SKa, v\Fa, sylVa. change 2 into 0, instanced by Maittaire in Svûfiàs
Ferula, a rod for hoys. From ferio. It came Callim. for Svaixas. @vkov would be jEol. ipmov, as
from the shrub fennel-giant, so also called. (2) Br)pa (pvpa, and hence ficum, as (pptya, frlgo. But
Pliny apparently from fero : ' Nulli fruticum levitas ficUSf Yet we have nervTJS from vtvpFov.
major : ob id GESTATU facilior : baculorum usum Ficus, ' a tubercle rough on the top like a fig :'
senectuti prsebet.' Turt.
Fërus, savage. From/era. Fidelia, pot, jar. From iríflor, a cask, much as
Fescennïni versus, wanton poems invented or Fido, Fiducia. See Fido. (2) As fidelis, faithful
used at Fescennia in Etruria. in preserving what is in it. But ?
Fessus, tired. See Fatiscor. Fïdêlis, faithful. From/<fe».
Festîno, hasten. Riddle : ' Perhaps from fendo, Fides. See Fido.
to push, thrust.' Through fendo, fenstum, festum. Fides, is, string of a lyre. ' Not because the
See on Manifestus. But ratherfendo is to light on strings of musical instruments agree together (fide)
suddenly, andfestinus is sudden, immediate, quick. with a mutual agreement, according to Festus ; but
(2) As crïlù^ryos, aQófyos, so <rnev<rrbs and(T*ï»et/crrì)s, from a<piSts, which in Hesychius are strings:'
from airtiSa to speed. Hence (as 2*cÉAAci, Fallo,) Delph. Ed. As 2*cíAAa>, Fallo. (2) Becman from
festim, confestim,festinus,festino. SopArumfrom vSw, FvSû, i. e. vftvw, aSu.
■xhtpov. (3) From tarot, Ftarat, from tu, ìri/u, Fïdïcen.: Fidibus canens.
whence ia/ibs from 'ta/iat. Hencefestim, as pl^<pa Fïdius. See Mediusfidius.
from plitru. (4) For fertinus, from fero : Schw. Fido, from irtiBw, as fides from irì8û, or from
Sayferestinus as Clandestinus. But ? irioris, Trims. So Fidelia. Moeris says : Qi&áicmi,
Festïvus. Yromfestus. 'ArriKÛs : Tlt@&Kvm, 'EWtivikûs. See on Vito and
Festra. Forfenestra. Foedus.
Festúca, shoot, stem, stalk. As Festus suggests, Kdus. Cui fidi potest.
from fetus, offspring ; or from feo, fetum, whence Figlînus. Vorfigulînus.
fetus. Uca, as in Caducs, Fistuca. S added, as in Figmen, image. Figo anc. for fingo: whence
Gr. fjarnv, ^autv, fjart: Maittaire, p. 391, who also Figulus, Figura.
quotes from Festus pœSna, cceSna. Nor was S Figo, I fix. James Bailey says : ' As Fallo from
needed in QóSrpvxos, nor in i/iireuAipS/ieVos Luke 6. 2<ptiAAeo, so Figo from 2<piyya. Had the etymolo
25, nor in nvn'SB^aoiiai. gists seen this, they would not have been so absurd
50
FIG FIS
as to derive Fallo from 4>n\û, or figo from Trliya. ; i. e. to cleave, through tyda, ipaiva, &c. (3) Findo
This was the process : o-tpíyya, <j>iyya, tylya, (as the from FiSiâ whence some derive Di-vido. As sepa
Latin Tango, Tago ; Pango, Pago,) figo!— But the rating into distinct parts. The N disappears in Fidi,
N in Tango, Pango was an addition, not an omis- Quadrifidus, &c. The latter 1 omitted in FiSiû as
Bion. Therefore from ir^yu was figa, as Fido from Parens for Parlens, Vesta from 'Ecrrla. (4) As
lie/flu, Fundus from riwSaf ; and I, as ^H-y/ia, rima ; Fames or PHames is thought by some to be put for
fivpfiRica, formica ; KHpot, llrœ. So fllgo, &c. CHames, so Findo or PHindo is referred by some to
(8) From <pia, a supposed root of <pi/j.bs, <pí/ióa, CHindo, from crxiSw, xi5û. But ?
fftyiyyu, allied to iriu in iciap, iriiu in irvKvbs, now in Fingo, form, fashion, frame. ¥orfêngo, as pHyua,
râpa a lid : hencefigo, as Tpáríl, r/rfjrsl. jSHju/ia becomes rima ; from iriryw, to put together,
Fïgìílus, a potter. Figo anc. for Jingo. See Fig- construct. N, as liNgo, fraNgo ; disappearing in
men. Figura, Effigies, &c. F, as Fundus from núc8ct|.
Fïgûra. Figo i. e.fingo. See Figulus. (2) From atpiyyw, to join together close. Plutarch :
Fîlius. Fvïbs, fiius, fiLius, as feLix for feix. ffuvdywv irdvra rà fAcpw Kal atyiyyuiv : ' coagmentans
Thus Heyne writes with the digamma FTIOS, IL a. omnes mundi partes et astringens,' Steph. Binding
138. So Finnus from FeTpfia. (2) Becman : ' From them close together. As 2$á\Ka, Fallo. (3) From
<j>i\ios, as the delight of his parents. Nothing so figo-
sweet, says Callistratus, as the name of sons.' The Finis. Scaliger from fio : as the end and object
I is sometimes long in <j>ÍKos, as *i\€ Katriyvitrt, 11. of what (fit) is done. But it is difficult to gain all
8. 155. (3) As ipvKov from tpia, so filius. Or this from fio. (2) Rather from Bis, Ba>bs, a shore,
ipvia in Etym. M. One of the same family. Nugent JE. tpivbs, as ©rjpij jEolicè <pripás. Hence a boundary,
from (pvKov itself: ' a race, tribe, parentage.' limit, as Nostris errans in finibus, JEn. 4. 211. Ho
Fïlix, fern, with leaves formed of a number of race : Finibus Atticis reddas incolumem. And
small pinnules ; whence Pliny calls its leaves ' pen- Dumesnil defines it ' an end, frontier.' And con-
nata,' and rightly deduces the Greek term irreplr finium ' limit, bound, confines.' So finitimus. Thus
from wrcpóv. Now tttï\ov is much the same, whence finis, like Bivbs, is masc. and fem. (3) As soft from
ptilix, and pïlix, as nTcwà, Penna ; then for soft <f>6lva, to wane, decay, as tpBivinwpov, the last part
ness by aspiration philix or filix, as Fundus from of summer. As 4<r\bs for èo-B\bs, and as T is lost in
nwSa(. Or, irrÍAoy became ipBÍKov, as 4m$®v(a for TSTépm, Perna ; UTeyvà, Penna. (4) ' Forfunis :
iwilJTifa (Steph. 8037): then filix, as *0e'^oc, by which fields are divided : ' Schw. ?
Ferrum. Fînïtïmus, like Affinis.
Fîlum, a thread. From FeiKw, convolvo, torqueo, Fîo. *óa>. Or obs. ipia>, whence <p7rv, (piriw.
as Firmus from Ftip/iós. Dr. Johnson defines Thread Firmâmentum. Firmo.
' a small twist,' and deduces it from a Saxon word Firmus. 'From tppa, Fépua, a prop, support. As
meaning Twist. (2) Aspirated from ttiAw, to con TEyyw, tlngo. (2) From eipp-bs, Feip/tbs, a row,
dense. We speak of a ball of thread. Voss : ' Dum order, connexion. Well connected and joined. (3)
trahitur duciturque, eâdem operâ torquetur et con- Riddle : ' From fido, for fidimus, fidmus.' As me-
densatur.' (3) Fromfigo,fixi, fixillum, as Vexillum, Didies, meRidies ; aDcesso, allcesso. (4) For fer-
Velum. As fastening things together. mus from fero : Schw. I, as tlngo.
Fimbria, border, fringe. Finis, fimbria, finbria. Fiscella, Fiscïna. From fiscus.
Formed like Manubrium, Funebria, Ebrius. M, as Fiscus, 'properly a great bag of money:' Dumesn.
siNplex, siMplex. Hence (as o-Tpkyyai, strlngo ; SAcku, disco ; con-
Fïmus, dung. Ainsworth : ' From fio, oleo, as tAngo, contlngo, and our rickets from ^A^Ítt)*,) from
from Suffio is Suffimen. From Bíw, Mol. <pòw.' «pcíffKoXoí, contr. <pá<ricos, a leathern bag for money
Scheid : ' Properly, exhalatus, fumum emittens, or clothes, could be fiscus. (2) It also means a
from fio whence suffio.' (2) Allied to trlap, fat, basket or frail, and, in this sense at least, seems
iriwv and Tri/ueA^. Virgil has 'fimo pingui.' For- better referred to Fiffx" t° hold. By Becman to
cellini explains fimus ' quo agri stercorantur.' F, as hisco.
Fundus from IIwSo|; Ferè from riepi. (3) From Fissïculo, 'findendo rimor,' Fore.
<pvpfibs, <pvfj.fibs, inquinamentum ; or (pvpp.a, tyvp.ua, Fissura, cleft. Findo, fissum.
fimus. (Steph. 10250.) I, as oVTiros, Btlpes ; <j>pYyw, Fistûca, a rammer lifted up in the air to fall and
frlgo. (4) From 8a>, iubs, Fvfibs, moisture. drive anything tight in the ground. Figo, fixtum,
Findo, I cleave. 2(prii>£> is to cleave with a wedge, fixtûca, as Caduca, Festuca. (2) From íot», to
whence (as 2</>dAAaj, Fallo ; and revm, tenDo,) was raise. F, as Filius, Firmus.
fêndo, findo, as rZyyn), tlngo ; 'Ei/Sikû, vlndico. Fistula, a pipe. Acc. tyvanT^pa, an instrument
Or from B-tynvh, ÍSos, o-tfinviSim, â. (2) Riddle says for blowing; <pv<TTÍìpa, whence fisterula, fistula, as
from o-<pi(a. This might be allied to <r(/>á{iu, to kill, 'AoTepa, Asterula, Stella. (2) For hintula, says
51
FLA FLO
Scaliger, from hisco, hiseitum, histum. From the a fiery tumor. (2) Flecto, flexum, flermina, as
holes through which it is blown. (3) From fido, winding or twisted.
findo : Ridd. Fistum, as Haustum, &c. Fleo, weep. Fleo from <p\ta, to gush, overflow.
Flâbrum, Flâbellum. From flo, as Candelabrum, (2) From fiKta whence 0A^<ra>. Homer : BAAEEIN
Flagellum. S" íno Sdxpv wapti&v. As Bpifia, Fremo. (3) From
Flacceo, I flag. BAeum-w, am weak, as BAi)e», tppéa Moi. of Opta<, whence Bpifyos, lamentation : and
FIuo. fleo, as $Aíp.eaíya is referred to pVt/ia.
Flagellum. Flagrum, as Flabrum, Flabellum. Flîgo, I dash against. See Aflligo.
Flâgïtium, importunity. From flagito. Also im Flo, breathe. Xlvâ could not be endured by a
portunate solicitation to vice, and hence vice so Roman ear, and gave way to <p\a,flo, as even among
solicited. Apuleius : Juvenem execrandis uredinibus the Greeks oTI<f77os to oQiyyos, and as irNtv/uw to
flagitabant. (2) Flagris dignum, as flagRito, fla- TrAtífiay, this also coming from irnta, ttvU. For a
gRellum, flagito, flagellum. (3) Plagitium : pldgis similar cause KNtipas was changed to cRepus, whence
dignum. cRepusculum. (2) From <f>\íu, <p\â, to gush out.
Flâgïto, I importune. As Flagellum for Fla- Ainsworth says : ' Scaliger from <p\da, <f>\â, flo.'
gRellum from Flagrum, so flagito for flagRito from I do not find this sense. Bp. Blomfield states that
flagro, as Musso, Mussito. To ask (multâ fla- (p\da> is ' cum crepitu quodam frango ;' and mupKifa
grantia) with much earnestness, as Imploro is to is ' tumultuo, vociferor : ' but these seem too strong
ask with much weeping. So farta, to seek, is meanings for flo, though it is true, as Dumesnil
from (éa, ferveo, flagro. To seek ardently, (a) states, thatflamen is used in poetry for an impetuous
TlK^aaofUu, TrtirAdya, to smite myself in sign of wind.
grief, hence to mourn, and to beg as Imploro. Floccns, lock or flock of wool, nap of cloth. From
Fliigro, to burn. From <p\àyâ, fut. of <t>kéya, *\6kos, a lock of hair. Floccus therefore a lock of
through a word (p\aytpbs, or póa, pâ. Or from wool. Our Lock is in its connexion with the Verb,
<p\(yvpbs, (pArypìir.asflAinmafrom tpKEy/ia, fAK^a. much the same as it\íkos from ir\tKu. F, as in
Flagrum, whip. From flagro. Plautus : Quem Qpolptwv, Flecto.—Nugent from ir\oKaX, nexns.
faciaui flagraniem flagris. Horace : Peruste funi- Floces, dregs of wine. As containing floccos,
bus latus. (2) Soft for plagrum from ir\àyâ fut. motes or threads. Persius : PANNOSAM fecem.
of x\fo<ra>, to strike. As lispi, Ferè. Flora. Flos,floris.
Flâmen, a blast. Flo. Flos, flôris. Flos from <p\ò(, a flame, as trabS is
Flamen, a priest to a particular god. For afflamen, for trabX, TpdtptjS. *Ai>£ is translated^* in Anthol.
afflamenus, as in Auctumnus ; i. e. afflatus, inspired 8. 233 by Schaefer in Steph. 10132. And what is
by the Gods. (2) From the flamea or flammea called by Euripides <p\b£ olvov is called by Ennius
worn by the Flamen Dialis. E omitted, much as flos vini, and the poets call the stars flores. Flos
parEns for parlEns. (3) For filamen, ' another can mean properly anything scintillating or effulgent,
form, Inscr. : ' Ridd. ' Either from a woollen band (which word itself is from <p\oytu, (po\yéa,) and be
being tied to the priests' cap, or from such a band said particularly of the bright color of flowers. A
being the only thing used to bind their head, from scintillation, like a flame, says Voss: and Perott,
the pressure of the heat : ' Voss. (A) For pileamen. Quia emicat ut flamma. It is not however one
As being distinguished by the pileus. flower so much as many together which produce
Flamma. QXtyiia, <p\énua, flamma, as m Agnus this appearance of a flame. If we look at a bed of
for mEgnus. Or from iré(p\ayfiat, like <p\ayâ whence salvias, carnations, or geraniums, there we see a true
Flagro. resemblance.— Or, as Liddell explains (í>ÂÌ>£ otvov of
Flainmeum, Flameum, a veil of a flame color. the fiery strength of mue, flos might mean properly
Flamma. the chief excellence or distinguishing quality of
Flâtûrârius, a blower of metals. Flatûrus. anything, and here of the plant. (2) As Dos and
Flâvus, yellow. Flacceo, flaccivus, flavus, from Air from Aû, so flos from flo. Ab efflatu odorum,
the color of decaying plants or leaves ;— orflamma, say9 Scheid. Thus Cicero : Odorum qui affiantur è
Aammivus, flavus, flame-colored, as Yellow from Sax. floribus. And the French, Vos tulipes sont elles
gea:lan, to burn. (2) Scheid ' from <p\d(w, ferveo.' fleuries, is Are your tulips blown ? (3) Ovid says :
(3) Perott from flo, flare, from the color of blown ' Chloris eram quse Flora vocor ; corrupta Latino
metal. (4.) Forfalvus,fulvus : Ridd. ? Nominis est nostri litera Grseca sono:' referring to
Flecto, bend. To curve, curl, from QKtKrbs, X^apbs, fresh, blooming ; whence could be floris
burnt, i. e. crumpled and curled : through a word or flos, according to Bailey's derivation of Fel on
ipKeKriu, â. (2) Aspirated from irAe<cri>s, twisted, Fames.—And, as we are led on from one thing to
as Ileíflw, Fido. another, we might imagine, that, as Flo is from Xlvâ,
Flëmïna, um, swelling of the ankles. t\ey/j.oyii, so from xcoM) down, bloom, might be <pvovs,flos. ?
52
FLU FOU
Fluctus, Fluentum, Fluïto, Flûmen. Fltto. Fœteo, Fëteo. The Sabines digammated hœdus
Fluo, to flow. B\ia, to spout or gush forth, fluo, intofedus ; hence could be fedeo orfcedeo, to smell
as Bpe',ua>, Fremo. rank like a kid : andfœteo, as M. airdbiov, spaTium ;
Flustrum. Dacier : I think it is when the waves OTrov&rj, sponTe : and stulTus. (2) Putidus,pulideo.
are quiet after a storm, for then Defluit saxis agitatus See Audeo. (3) Pœdor, pœdidus, pœdideo. The
humor. Fluo, as Luo, Lustrum. (E through jEol. iroiidj. See Puer. (4) FvwSéa,
Flûta, floating lamprey. Fluito, or fluo,Jluitum. i. e. iutitw, ' whence ûaSía,' Steph. Ind. 549.
(2) IIA.1ÓT7JS, swimmer. Foliâtum, ointment, exfoliis.
Fluvius, river. Fluo, fluius, fluvius. As Alluo, Folium, leaf. $vK\ov, as &\Aos, alius. So Ital.
Alluvies, and Pluo, Pluvia.—Ainsworth from fluo, piano for pLano.
fluvi. ? Follis, bag, &c. 0úAA«, M. <pí\Kis, folUs, as in
Focale, bandage for the throat and neck. Faux, Folium.
faucis, as Caudex, Codex. Fômentum, fomentation. Fovimentum. Virgil :
Fôcillo, I warm. Focus. ' Font eâ vulnus lymphâ.'
Focus, hearth. From ipéus, as airios, speCus. Fômes, fuel. Foveo, fovimes, much as Stratum,
Donncgan explains <pâs a blazing hearth. (2) Fovea, Stratiges, Strages.
fovicus, focus. Ovid : ' Atfocus à flammis et quòd Fons. From tp(cyfiets, tpœvjìs, tpûvs, sounding.
sovet omnia dictus.' So Medicus, Modicus. (3) From (2) For fundens, fundentis, as pouring fresh water
Fixos, taken as that which holds or contains. (4) from the earth. 0, as sUboles, sOboles. (3) From
From a word <pìi£, <puybs, from ipdyw, to roast or boil. <popbs, carrying forward, as some derive poNs from
Fôdïco, 1 pierce. Fodio, as Vellico. iróPos, iróVs.
Fôdîna, quarry. Fodio. Fôrâgo, a thread for weavers to mark the day's
Fôdio, I dig. As not only flaflùs and Í3a6vi/a work : à forando ; a mark made by perforating or
existed, but also fiiOpos and fiòQvvos, we may sup running the thread through the web.
pose a word fioSia whencefodio, much as Fido from Foramen, a hole. Foro, as Tutamen.
TíeíOw : F, plainer in Fascino from Bao-Koc». Biffipos Fôràs, out of doors. Asforis adv. is Bípys, <pipris,
is a hole dug in the ground ; hence âoOúa answers at the doors, soforas is iípaÇ, <pvpa('.
in sense also to fodio. (2) From a word <pvrt(o>, Forceps, tongs. Qua ferrum capiunt : for/e»r»-
<pvrt£>, to plant, and so to pierce the ground. So ceps,ferceps, as pEndo, pOndus. (2) From formus,
fOlium from <pT\Kov, and vaDum from 0aTiv. (3) hot, from Btp/ibs, M. iptppbs, hot : and capio. Qua
"OSioyta, a passage, is from 6SÍ(a>, fut. óSiû, FoSiii, forma capimus, as Gr. irvpáypa. (3) Foris, capio :
fodio, much as 'Eerire'po, Vespera. To make a passage Ridd. ?
In the ground. (4.) Fovea, fovideo : Schw. ? Forda, cow with young. 4>opàs, acc. tpopdSa,
Fcedus, foul. Forfœtidus. (2) Allied to ptedor, <póp$a, pregnant. Ovid : ' Fordaferens bos est.'
putidus: Ridd. Fore, Forem. As Regere, Regereni, sofuo,fuere,
Fcedus, eris, treaty. As Grammarians suppose a fuerem ; fare, furem ; and fore, fSrem, as BTpa,
verb anrtitu (like eiréviïu) to account for airtíaw fut. <ptpa, fOres. Butfore is used for ' futurum esse ' ?
of ffirevb'u}, so (as Konrbs from Keíirw, \c\otira ; poipa True : but ' sometimes fore has the sense of Esse,'
from fitipw, ptfioipa,) from ftrvotSa could be airotSos says Forcellini, who quotes four passages. The full
or <r<poîSos, like trúóyyos and o&óyyos; whence future is 'fore futurum,' i. e. ' esse futurum : ' for
fcedus, as 2<pdWw, Fallo. Thus fcedus answers to fore orfuere is Esse.
atrovS-i]. Medea 1137, reiitos iairtìo-Bai tÌ> aiv. Forfex, scissars. Forficis soft for forsicis, from
(2) Or as Fido from Tlel8u, so from ir«roifla might ferrum seco : much as AetPwv, LiLium. An iron
be a word iroîflos,fcedus. A declaration or solemn instrument to cut with. See Forceps.
assurance, like Fides. (3) Some from hœdus: a Foria, diarrhoea. *opà i. e. ventris.
kid being supposed to be sacrificed on the occasion. Fôrïcae, public jakes. *opùj, podex ; whence
As vibs, Fvïbs, Filius. forio, caco.
Fcemïna. See Femina. Foris, door. From Bipa, M. <pipa, as Biip, ;
Fceniculum, fennel. Apparently, from it s strong fíTKa, mOla. (2) From irrfpor, a passage : as Tlvv-
scent, from fœnum, as another herb Fenugreek is 5o|, Fundus.
called from Fcenum Gra;cum. Milton : ' A savory Foris : See Foras. (2) Forum ; Ridd. In the
odor blown more pleas'd my sense Than smell of market : Bee.
sweetest fennel.' (2) Isidorus for phamoculum, Forma, form. Mop<pa, <popp.a, forma, as Mwy,
tpaivto and oculus ; its root sharpening the sight. ? Kâfí, Num.
Fcenum, Fênum, hay. As Foetus, Fetus, from feo. Forma, aqueduct. ' As constructed (ligneis for-
The natural produce of the earth, says Festus well. mis) by applying wooden tubes : ' Fore. (2) Perhaps
Fœnus, Fœtus. See with the E. •popifin was used in this sense : as carrying water.
53
FOR FRA
Formâlis, according to forma, form. Thus pOndus from pEndo. Voss: Fortitudo est
Formica, ant. MvpfiriÇ, acc. ix.vpp.jiKa, M. f3vpp,riKa, virtus perferendarum reruni. Riddle : Fortis, qui
(pvpfiriKa, formica. So Bpfiiu, <kptiiw, Fremo. And fert impetum.
Cratera, se, from acc. xparf/pa. (2) From fero Fortuïtus, Fortûna. Fors, fortis.
micas. ? Foriíli, book-shelves. Fori.
Formîcans, a pulse quick and short as the move Forum. From fero, or <pop4a, â. Varro: Quo
ment of a formica. conferrent suas controversias, et quae vendere vellent,
Formïcâtio, pimples, stinging likeformicm, ants. et quò quseque ferrent, forum appellârunt. (2)
Fornndo, fear. Scaliger from forma, as Cupido, From trtipw, Wiropa, whence trópos and 4iiu6píov. A
Libido. Fear of Spectres. (2) Or, as from ÌHip- thoroughfare. •
/utjko through BippriKa is Formica, so formido from Forum, said also of towns where they met for
HÒpiíti, Hesych. KaTatrXriKTiKr) ; or from fiipiios, traffic, &c. and of gambling rooms for trafficking in
Hesych. cpófìos Ktvis, an empty fear. Mop/ii also money.
is a hobgoblin. Fôrus, gang-way : from n&pos, a passage. As
Formïdo, a foil or net with different-colored Fundus from níj-SaJ. (2) From <popâ, to bear,
feathers to scare wild beasts. Above. sustain, in the sense of a row of seats or galleries in
Formôsus, of a goodybrrwa, form. a theatre. (3) Voss from forts : ' For the gang
Formula, a forma, form of words. way was not in the keel or hold of the vessel, but
Formus, hot. Btpphs, M. (ptpiihs, formus, as on the outside, exposed to the inclemency of the
pEndo, pOndus ; fOrceps, &c. weather.'
Fornax, -us, furnace. As i/TktÒs, nOetis, from Fossa, ditch. Fodio, dsum, ssum.
■xipivos, nipvos ; thenfurnus, as Fundus from núvtaÇ. Fovea, pitfall. Fodio, fodlva, as Cado, Cadïva ;
Fornix. An arch, and an arched vault. Some then fodivea, as Cava, Cavea ; and fovea. A pit f
deduce this from irópvn, a harlot, from their standing dug.
under arched vaults under ground. Gloss. Vett. : Fôveo. From <pias, like <p&os, the light of fire,
' Fomicaria, iripvn, airb Kafxdpas $ Iffravrai.' Horace : whence a verb <po4u, foVeo, as i4a, íF4w, aVeo ;
' Nullam nisi olentifornice stantem.' Juvenal : ' Le- <pa4u, <paF4œ, faVeo ; irait*, rmttt, iraFiu, paVio. To
nonum pueri quocunque in fornice nati.' (2) Some keep warm or cherish with fire. Riddle says : From
think the first meaning was from fornus, (nipivos, the old foo, <póa. (2) Key from focus, somewhat
■jrípvos,) a furnace. As being arched like it. (3) as (SpaXbs, breVis.
From foro, to perforate, whence forinus, fornus. Fraceo, Fracesco, to be overripe or mouldy. As
Thus Pontanus says that Fornices and Cavernae Flacceo from $\aKtiti, so also flaceo and fraceo.
were at first the same. Voss : Quia essent saxa Thus v. v. the Latin Flagello is in the N. T. (ppa-
petrave perforata!. (4) From <popâ: The arch yfWw. (2) Ainsw. from fraces. From lees, I
supporting the superincumbent weight. suppose, soon turning mouldy. ?
Foro, perforate. Tldpa, iróropa, to pierce. Hence Fraces, the mash of bruised olives, grounds of oil.
iropâ, foro, as Ilepl Ferè. Or at once from irópos : From frax in the Gloss., this from frago, xi,frango.
To make a passage. C, as in paCiscor. Some MSS. readfrages.
Fors, sortis, chance. From <p4pa>, ir4(poprai, like Frasnum, Frenum, bridle, Frago, (as in Crucifra-
Fortis, brave : or <p6pos was so used ; and/ore, as gium,) fraginum, fratnum, frœnum, as Regnum,
Mipos, Mors. Sophocles : rb <p4pov 4k ®eov. And Dignum, and as Providens, Proïdens, Prudens.
SO Gr. ffviLtpopk, and to irpaypuvra KaKtàs <p4perai. ' Quo impetus frangitur animalium : ' Becm. (2)
Virgil: /VOTsiquaTULISSET: Quidfortunaferat Frendo, frendinum, frenum. Quo frendunt equi.
populi. But the jE ?
Forsan. Fors an, chance whether. Frâga, strawberries. Soft forfragra, as flagRellum,
Forsit, Forsïtan. Fors sit, fors sit an. flagellum. From fragro. Arbuthnot : ' Strawberries
Fortan : forforte an. by their fragrant smell seem to be cordial,' &c.
Fortasse, Fortassis. For fortesse, as mEgnus, Frâgïlis, Fragmen. Frago,frango.
mAgnus. Forte licet esse.—Andfortassis seems to Frâgor, crash. Frago, as fragilis. Sound of
befortasse sis, i. e. si vis. things breaking. So r)xos from &yvvp.i, r)xa.
Fortax, ' the bottom or compass of a kiln or fur Frâgôsus, craggy. I. e. broken, from frago, as
nace: from fortis:' Ainsw. Rather from <p4pu, fragilis. See Rupes.
TTf<poprai: strong to bear : orfero, obs. sup. fertum, Frâgro. As Serus from itf/nphs, so fragro from a
(whence fertilis,) as pEndo, pOndus. verb ooippdrTOiiai like òctppaívotxai ; pers, ucíppàya,
Fortis, strong. As from <p4pa>, Tr4<popn<u was whencefragro as from (p\ayS> is Flagro. (2) From
tpópfuyÇ, so from ire'cpopTai was (pipros a load, and frago, frango. As properly said of the smell of
fortis. Or even fromfero, fertum, whencefertilis. pounded spices. (3) From frâga, strawberries.
54
FRA FRU
FRAMEA, a short spear. A German word, says Frîco, I rub. As Fodio, Fodico, so frio, frico.
Tacitus. Wachter: ' From frumen, to send : allied Frio, to bruise into small pieces.
to /ram, FROM.' Frîgus, cold. 'Pîyos, Fplyos, frigus, as jiayâ,
Frango. Forfrago, as Tago, TaNgo : from Fpayâ Fpayâ, Frago, Frango.
fut. of f>-tryvvp.i or of (iiaau>. The F as in Frigus. Frîgo, I fry. <kpiyw.
The N does not appear in fregi, fractum, naufragus, Fringilla, Frigilla, Fringuilla. See the next.
&c. (2) From i}pixai to rattle, clash, as Bpéfua, Fringultio, Frigultio, Friguttio, Frigutio, Frin-
Fremo. gutio. All these are variously written to express
Frâter. From tppirrip, one of the same clan ; a the crying like afringilla or chaffinch, Gr. ipp4yv\os
sense easily transferred to one of the same family. or <ppvyi\os.
Liddell thinks the proper meaning of <ppdrpa is Frio, I break or bruise into small pieces : Bpava,
' brotherhood.' Bpimw, says Forcellini ; which Greek words Liddell
Fraus, fraud. Fraus, fraudis, from <ppaSi)s, cun compares with rpía. From rpií», dpia, would be
ning, whence Homer has $o\ocppaiïjis. Then <ppav- QpviTTw ; and &pvu>, M. <ppiw, is frio, as (pptyut,
8j)j, as fov<ros for vivos, or as the Cohans said frigo, (a) ITpieo is to ' cut in pieces,' Lidd. : and
oÛTjp, aSas for àï)p, &as. (Maittaire p. 156.) aspirated is <ppia>,frio. (3) Fpala, to smash, shiver,
Frausus sit fraudem, Plautus. Fraus, fraudis, isfrio. (4) As by necessary pronunciation caNmen
fraudeo, frausus sum, as Audeo, Ausus sum. and «Ne'^aî produced caRmen and cRepus, if/la,
Fraxïnus, ash-tree. Dr. Turton : ' Fraxinus from psio, to rub to pieces, could produce prio,frio.
(ppctjis, a hedge. From its use in forming hedges.' t Frit, a small grain at the top of an ear of corn.
*pá|u is not found, hut (ppayuis : yet the Cretans ' Frio, [friatus,~] as being easily bruised small. Or
said S|os for the common àyfiis. (a) From Qp&aaw, it should be read frix, <ppl|, a bristling : bristly with
{a, M. <ppa£a, to trouble, disquiet. Ovid : Ut qua- beards : ' Fore.
titur fraxina virga Noto. (3) From frago, fraxi, Fritilla, some pulse. Soft forfriclilla, from frigo,
(fraNgo,) as Ago, Axi whence Axis. From its frictum, to fry. (a) From frit. (3) From fri-
power of breaking substances. Hesiod derives the tinnio, like Fritillus. As leaping up in the frying-
third age of man from ash-trees, as being robust. pan in cooking.
Frëmo, make a great noise. Bptfta, as Bhvai, Fritillus, dice-box. Fritinnio,fritinnus,fritinnu-
Fluo, and Fascino. lus: in quo tali fritinniunt. ' Fritinnio is to spring
Frendo, -eo, I gnash the teeth. From the sound, up with a sound ; which is done by dice shaken in
says Forcellini. Rather from fremo, fremidus, a dice-box : ' Fore.
fremdus and frendus, whence frendeo, as Aveo, Fritinnio, to chirp, chatter. From the sound,
Avidus, Avideo, Audeo. Or fremo, fremitum, says Forcellini; who understands it also to mean, to
fremito, frento, frendo as menTior, menTax, raen- spring up with a sound ; i. e. as unfledged birds do
Dax. in the nest.
Frënum. See Framum. Frîvôlus. Scio, Sciolus ;frio,friolus,friVolus, as
Frëquens. As loQUor from Aorovnai, and much pluVia. Brittle, fragile, worthless.
as linQUo from Aci'ira, M. KeiKw, (conversely French Frixus. Frigo, frixum.
éGale for eQUale, sequalis,) sofrequens, frequentis, Frons, frondis, leaf. From fìpvuv, Ppíovros,
from (ppayeis, ippayivros, a. 2. of <ppcur<ru, to fill full : swelling, teeming, bursting forth, as Parens, Paren
whence frequens is numerously attended, numerous. tis for Pariens, Parientis ; Januitor, Janitor. F, as
E, as PpAx<is, brEvis ; and grAssus, grEssus. (8) Bp4p.w, Fremo; D, as menTior, menTax, menDax.
Totferè coiens. ? (a) As a branch bearing leaves, from tpipav, <pipov-
Fressus, craunched with the teeth, bruised in any TOS.
way. Frendo. Frons, frontis, forehead. From tppovh, intelli
Fretum, a strait. Fromferveo,fervitum,frevitum, gence, or <ppovTÌs, thought, as Vultus from Volo.
fretum. Like jEstuarium. (a) From fremo, fre Plautus : Ut quod frons velit, oculi sciant. Cicero :
mitum, fretum. Justin: ' Fremitum serventis œstûs Ex oratione, vultu, oculis et fronte meum amorem
exaudiat.' This is applicable to both. (3) From perspicere.
f>ía, Fpcco, as fiayâ, Fpayâ, Frago, Frango. Fronto, with a prominent forehead. Frons, as
Frêtus, relying on. As Bipavvos from 6épa>, Capito.
ríBapaai, so ferveo, fervitum, frevilum, freitum, Fructus, production of the earth. QpvKrhs,
fretum, as Superrimus, Supremus. Sometimes used, parched. See Frux. (a) Bpvfa, &4$pvKT<u, to ger
says Riddle, of too great confidence or presumption. minate. (3) Fruor, fructus. We pray in the
Thus Bipaos is, ' in a bad sense over-boldness, pre Litany for ' the kindly fruits of the earth that we
sumption : ' Lidd. Properly, heat of mind, sanguine may enjoy them.'
spirit. (8) Scheid from ipoprrrbs, borne (up). Frûgâlis, Frûges. Frugi, Frux.
FRU FUN
Frùgi, one * bona; frugi aptus seu natus,' one of Fulica, Fiilix, a coot. As Ilfpi, Fere ; and irOïp,
good fruits in conduct, honest, sober, diligent, thrifty. pUer, irtívKa could make fuica ; andfuLica, as fiius,
Cicero : Se ad bonam fruyem récépissé. lil, ins. TlúvKa, acc. of irióù'f, a coot, (fl) ffXiicct,
Frûraentum, corn. Ferveo,fervimentum, (as Mo- eddying, whirling. U, as "EXkos, Ulcus ; pEUo,
neo, Monimentum,) feruimentum, frumentum. As pUlsus.
heated and ripened by the sun. So Defrumentum. Fûlígo, soot. Fumus, fumiligo, as Udus, Udi-
( fl) Forfrugimentum from fruges, or <ppvya>, torreo. lîgo, Uligo.
3) Fruor, fruimentum. Litany : ' That we may Fullo, ônis, a fuller. Voss : ' BvWwv, densans,
enjoy them.' opplens.' As Bipuyiea, Formica. (fl) TloXtûv,
Fruniscor, I enjoy. Much as Iter made Itiner, whitening, as the French filLe from filta; v. v.
Itineris,fruor might make fruinor ; then fruiniscor SaAoj, alius. F, as Ilfpl, Ferè. (3) For fulso,
as Proficiscor. from fulgeo, fulsi. As oSTS, oSSa.
Fruor. Gopeouai, (popovuai, transp. (ppovouai,fruor. Fulmen, lightning. Fulgeo, fulgimen. As Luci-
Like its compound i^opéouai, which, says Stephens, men, Lumen.
' ponitur et pro fruor.' (fl) From pvouai, Fpiouai, Fulmenta, sole of a shoe. Fulcimenta, on which
as £1705, Fplyos, Frigus. 'Pvoucu, to draw to oneself, the foot rests. So fulmentum is a support, stay.
hence to take, enjoy, as airoXava from Xía, XaBà. Fulvus, tawny. Fulgeo, fulsum, fulsivus, as
(3) Allied to fipvKw : Schw. That is, from Bpia, Fugio, Fugitum, Fugitivus : then fulvus, much as
Bpóui, PpáffKU). ? Facio, Faciber, Faber. (fl) As vt\Khs, Pullus, so
Frustra, in vain. Like frustum, broken, disap wtKos, ire\Fbs, fulvus. See sylVa.
pointed. (2) frovafraudo, of the third conjugation, Fûmïgo, as Lxvigo.
as is shown by Frausus. So Rado, Rastrum. Pro Fùmus, smoke. Liddell : ' Bvuida, (Bv/ia,) to burn
perly, when we are cheated of our wishes. so as to produce smoke.' And Donnegan : ' 'Avadv-
Frustum, bit, morsel. $pav<rrbv, jíEolicè for Spav- /iiáa, to cause smoke to ascend.' This from Ovua,
rrràc, broken, (fl) Allied to fruor : Ridd. ? JE. <pvua, whence fumus. Thus fumigo is Bvuiia.
Frûtex, stalk, stem ; shrub. Bpva, BtBpvrtu, to Or 8vubs, from meaning spirit, could mean vapor,
germinate. As Bpt/iw, Fremo. smoke ; JEo\. <pvp.bs, fumus.
Frux, frùgis, pi. fruges, fruit of the earth. From Fûnâle, a taper (funis) of cord smeared with pitch
tppvyu to parch. Virgil has 'fruges torrere.' Accius : or tallow.
Fruges torridas. ' Previous to grinding,' says Quayle Funda, a sling. From fundo, to throw. Quâ
on this passage of Virgil, ' corn was commonly funduntur lapides. Silius : Fundit volucrem post
scorched by our own ancestors. Hence Bran from terga sagittam. Some refer it to <r<pfvSóva, iptySa.
Brennen, to burn ; The burnt part. Geo. i. 267.' Funda is also a net, as Rete jaculum in Plant us, and
(fl) From fruor, like Fructua, unless this also is SÍKTvoy from SUa. Also a purse, from the shape of
ìppvKTÓs. Litany : ' That we may enjoy them.' the sling; or from money thrown into it, as Gr.
Fruitum, fruges, as Stratum, Strages. (3) Frux Baxivriov from jSaAû. And the bezel of a ring, as
from Bpiitu, Bpv£o>, to bite. As Bptuu, Fremo. (TípévSovT), a sling, is used.
Fùcus, (pvxos, a paint or dye to give a red hue. Fundâmentum, Fundïtùs (from the bottom),
Hence a drone, the mere imitation of a bee. Fundo 1. Fundus.
Fue, an imitative sound of eructation. Fundo 3, to pour out, as in libations : from
Fûga, flight, (jnryà M. (nrovSíj, jEolic <r(pov$)], as trTláyyos, (rQáyyos ; then
Fúgio. *evyo), <pvyw : through tpvyi^u, itrw, iw. 2 omitted as 2<pd\\u, Fallo ; and U for O, as J30A-
See Patior. Bos, bUlbus. (2) "Ta?, Fia, to pour ; hencefuDo,
Fûgo, in fugam verto. as luDo, clauDo ; andfundo, as taNgo, fraNgo. (3)
Fui. ivy, as ivSbii, iv$ol. And anc. fuVi, as James Bailey from xva- See on Fames. (4) To
oVis, &c. pour on the (fundus) ground.
Fulcio, I prop up. From <pv\wct(a, (pvXaKiû, Fundus, bottom. From irwSa|, as Corvus from
<(>v\Kiâ : To keep, to secure : hence to secure from KÒpFa^. Indeed Schneider mentions a word nirSos.
falling, keep up, uphold. (S) From '<poXnh i. e. F, as Fornax from Uipvos. (2) Allied to Bv66s:
itpoXxis, or '<po\KÍ(w, '<po\Kiâ. Stephens explains Ridd.
i<p6\xaioy ' quicquid ex alio velut dependet.' Hence Fundus, the chief author of anything, i. e. the
fulcio, ' facio ut hoc ex illo dependeat et nitatur.' ground of it.
Fulcrum, prop. Fulcio, fulticrum, fulcrum, as Fûnesto, I pollute by the presence funeris, of a
Sepultum, Sepulticrum, Sepulcrum. dead body.
Fulgeo, shine. *A.òf, <pXoybs, a flame, whence Fûnestus. From funus, as Modcstus.
tp\oy4ù), <poXyéw, fulgeo. Fungor, perform, execute. Haigh from Zviv &yu,
Fulgur, lightning. Fulgeo. Fvviv &ya, to drive the plough ; and, as this was the
56
FUN GAB
essential labor for the support of life, it was used Fûruncûlus, like Homunculus. From fur, Juris.
generally for being laborious in any occupation. A boil in the body as robbing the juices of it ; and
(2) Perott from sunns ago. As we say an Under a vine-shoot springing up about another and robbing
taker. (3) As from Fabrica was Fabricor, from it of its just nourishment. We say a Thief in a
■xoviubs, laborious, was ponicor, phoncor, Jungor. candle.
Or from a verb iroytitdofiai, û/uu. (4) As Exhaurio Furvus, tawny, dusky. Terent. Scaurus says that
and Exantlo labores, was a Latin phrase, so crtpoy- the Ancients said Justus. Hence fuscus, Jusclvus,
yovfuu, formed from tr<f>óyyos, a sponge, i. e. to ex fusvus. (2) nip, Trvpbs, purivus, furvus, as Tlep!,
haust and absorb as a sponge, and in Jungor (as Ferè. Dacier says it is a color arising from burning.
~Z<pá\\u>, Fallo,) exhaurio labores. (5) iirtvSa, (3) Riddle : ' From iptpbs, whence iptpvn. '
Icnrevxa, whence a new verb ia-Tfixa, '<nreú(c<o, Fuscïna, an eel-spear, &c. Ainsworth ' à fusco
'mrciicofuu, whencefucor,fuNgor. colore.' Why? Forcellini seems to supply a rea
Fungus, mushroom, &c. 2f0770s, a sponge : as son : for he explains it ' a weapon by which fishermen
2*áAAw, Fallo. pierce eels and such fish as lie at the bottom of the
Funis, rope. Becman : ' Originally sfunis from water.' Thefuscina then was called from its being
<rxpivos.' Thus for Sfallo was Fallo: and CH is intended to operate in the fusca loca, the dark and
here changed to PH, much as C is changed to P in dusky parts of the water. (2) From a supposed
\íK.os, luPus. Thus Fel is deduced by some from word Bucrndvri, M. (pwaK&vn, wherewith to kill
XoK)) or Xt\i : see Bailey on Fames. U, as xOlvi), lynxes. (3) Allied tofurca : Ridd. ?
pUnio : (points, pUnicus. (a) Rather however from Fuscus, dark-colored. Home Tooke : ' All colors
(po'ivi^, the palm-tree, ' the leaves of which are used in all languages must have their denomination from
for ropes : ' Forcell. S, as àAtójnjH, Fcuí\m{3., vulpeS. some circumstances which produce those colors.
FQnus. Fromfunis. A funeral conducted under Thus Voss well derives fuscus from (pdviiw, ustulo :
the light of tapers and torches. Thus Vespillo was as turned from white to that color. '
called from Vesper. (2) Voss says : In its sense of Fûsôrium, a sink, where anything^/iowS/ar.
death it is from ipoyos, i. e. tpovyos, as fi6vos, fiovvos: Fusterna, upper part of a fir-tree. Fuslis, Jus-
in its sense of a funeral pile from fiovvbs, a mound. terina, i. e. pars : Ridd.
Thus Formica from Bvp/ivKa. Fustis, a stake. Fcv<rrbs, scorched, as Firmus.
Fuo, to be, whenceJuat. *iia>. Virgil : Sudes prœustce. (2) Fudo, fusum, to lay
Fur, a thief. *<áp. prostrate. Virgil : CorporaJundat humi. (3) For
Furca, a fork. 'An instrument,' says Forcellini, postis : Schw. And Freund allies it toferio. ?
' by which straw is moved or carried ; à ferendo.' Fûsus, spindle. Fundo, Jusum. To spin is to
For /erica, ferca, as Manica. (2) "Tpxv, Fvpxv, draw out into threads, and Jundo is ' traho, duco,'
in Hesychius : on which sailors carry heavy burdens. Forcell.
(3) Fur,Juris, furica : for it was an instrument of Fûtïli8. Forcellini: 'From Jundo is futo, [con-
punishment like a fork, in cases of furta, thefts Juto, refuto,~] and Jutilis, and Jutum, a kind of
committed in the house, says Forcellini. (4) As water-vessel.' That is, Jundo made not only Jusum
MerSca, Cloâca, Novâca whence Novacula, so Joro, but (throughJuditum) Jutum, as Mergo made Mer-
foràca, forca: from piercing the ground. And this tum and Merto, Pello Pultum and Pulto, Maneo
seems the best. Mantum and Manto. Futilis then is leaky, passing
Furfur, bran, &c. Judging from (popirrbs, from off, vain, worthless. SoJudo, effutio, to pour forth
ipe'poi, ' whatever the wind carries away, sweepings, nonsense, prate, babble. Confuto is like Confundo,
refuse, chaff,' Lidd., I suppose furfuris to be from to confound : refuto like Refundo, to reject with dis
<popbs, redupl. <pop<popbs, 'hurried along, forced dain. Dumesnil understands confuto ' to pour often
away,' Lidd. See Populus. (2) Far: redupl. far- or drop by drop cold into boiling water, whence
far. ? (3) BipPopos, mire. ? Jutum was the vessel for it: hence to calm, con
Fiiria;, the Furies. Furo. vince.' (2) From poured out. But ?
Furnus, oven. See Fornax. Fûtio. See Futilis.
Fûro, to rage. From iripám, S>. In a neuter sense, Fùto. See Futilis.
to be on fire or fiery : or a word mipsa, w. Esther Futuo, i. q. fiwéai, à <pvreiu, planto, ut Gr. aireipu
1. 12: His anger burned in him. F, as Fornax from et àpóu. (2) Fundo, obs. sap.Jutum. I. e. <rirep,uo.
Tlvpvos. (2) From <popbs, boisterous, as nUmerus Futûrus. *úi<>, fui, Juitum.
from vO/ios, op. (3) Salmasius from <popû ,-Kol. for
Oopâ, to spring up, whence Oovpos. (4) Voss from 6.
tpvpw, rpvpû> : ' Furentes omnia turbant. ' (5) Allied
to 0vu> : Ridd. Gâbâlus, a gallows, gibbet. As hyBernus, scaBel-
Furor, Furtim, Furtum. Fur. lum, for hyeMernus, scaMnellum or scaMMellum,
57 u
GAB GEM
so gabalus for gamalus or gammalus from the figure Gallus, a cock. Webster from Welsh galw, Eng.
of the y or gamma. Riddle gives V as one of the call, from its crowing. That is, with Scheide, from
forms, but says it is ' like the Furca ' which answers KaXà, to call, who understands it of its clucking.
to the 7. Compare Patibulum. LL, as in Mellis. (2) Short for gallœus, from
Gábâtae, platters. ' Vasa concava, à cavus. Ca- KaWaia, gills or comb. As parlens, parens ; janU-
vatœ : ' Forcell. We have Culcïta for Calcâta. itor, janitor. (3) Ktínca\os, Hesych. : i. e. kííkoWos.
Gaesum, a heavy javelin. Acc. yaurbv, as Vinum. (4) TíWos, castrated ; as being dedicated to Cybele
Gâgâtes, Gâlaxias. GIL whose priests were eunuchs. (5) Galea, the comb.
Galba, a maggot in meat : ' à colore galbo,' Forcel. (6) Ka\6s. The handsome bird.
Galbanum, gum on the ferula. Xah&dirn. Gamba, the joining of the foot with the leg in
Galbânum, a garment worn by luxurious women. animals. Ka/jTrrj, a bending. Vegetius has ' inflexion©
Salmasius and Voss think it should be written gal- gambarum.'
blnum, from galbus, as Coccus, Cocclnum ; as of a Gânea, brothel ; also revelling. Tavà Sicil. for
pale-green color. Martial and Statius make it of yvvi), a woman, as tcTvbs, cAnis. Indeed ydvttov is
the color of herbs. Unless indeed the gum galba mentioned by Steph. dvi, who quotes yavirai, ga-
num was of the same color. neones, from Hesychius. (2) Tistyos, ydïvos, ydvtos,
Galbei, Calbei, bracelets, &c. For garbei, carbei, 70VÍ0, subterranean, as x96vtos. (3) Tdvos, gaiety.
as our piLgrim from peRegrinus, and Gr. «Aí/Savos Gangrsena, gangrene. GR.
for xPlfiavos : and this from Ka/nrbs, the wrist. B, Gannio, to yelp, whine. Properly said of dogs
as Buxus, raBies. (2) From galbus: from the showing their joy at the arrival of their master.
color. From yavba, whence ydvu/mt, which Homer uses of
Galbula, the bird witwal : à galbo colore, as called the joy of a wife at a husband's coming. (2)
also Vireo à Viridi colore. Foda, yodwvut, as Kepdu, Kepdvi/vpu. (3) Xoívt»,
GalbSlus, the nut of the cypress - tree. Turton %avcst : Ridd.
says, à galbo colore. GargSrizo, I gargle. GR.
Galbus. ' Explained in Vett. Gl. x*<»f>!>*> which Garrio, I prate. Tapia in Pindar, to speak.
is both green, and pale-green or approaching to Garum, salt fish. Tdpov.
yellow. And Vegetius says that the Eryngium, a Gaudeo, rejoice. Taia, yatw, ga Vio, gavidus, (as
herb growing on the sea-shore, has a flower ' coloris Frigidus,) gavideo, gaudeo. So Aveo, Avidus, Avi-
galbinei,' which Turnebus says he was informed by deo, Audeo. (2) Others from yavptû, to spring, like
a very learned herbalist is of a faint azure or pale Exulto. So caDuceus from KâPÍKfoy, Ki\VÌKeov.
color. And Salmasius observes from Dioscorides Gâvïsus. See Gavio in Gaudeo.
that its color was that of gold : and this is much the Gaulus, Gaunâce, Gausâpa, Gaza. Tav\os, Kav-
same : ' Forcell. Galbus then may be from yd\a vdicrì, Tavffairos, TdÇa.
milk, as Superbus, &c. ; though it has been thought Gëlâsiânus, buffoon. Te\dai, daa>, to laugh.
to flow from Germ, gelb, yellow. (2) Te\t7y, to Gëlásïni, dimples, and the front teeth. TtXaoîvot.
shine : see Gelu. Compare yaK^mi. Gëlïdus, Gelu. Morin : ' According to Suidas,
Galea, helmet. From 70X60, a weasel, as made of 7€Aa signified gelu among the Siculi, an ancient
its skin. So Kwei) and ì/cnSé). dialect of the Greek.' Stephens states that ye\qv
Galëna, a common vein of lead and silver : also, is used by the Poets for Splendere, Nitere.
the remains after the lead and silver are melted off. Gëmïnus, twin. Ainsworth says for genimus from
Voss : ' From 7eAeiV, to shine.' See Gelu. Thus the old geno, yevta, â. And Donldn. for geniminus,
fíEyéa, mAneo. Ena, as Elyf/vy, Habêna. (2) ycvó/ítvos, i. e., I suppose, ovyyei>óp.cvos. (2) Isaac
Xa\da, solvo. Voss from iip.pÀvos i. e. conjunctus ; G prefixed, as
Gálërïculum, cap of false hair. Galërus. in Tivvos for twos. (3) Rather, corrupted from
Galërîta avis, a lark. Having its head tufted as ófióyovos, òyòfxovos, (as hp.iBpetv for hpidptiv ; 2<J>ó-
with a galerus. So xópvs is used. yavov, Qdayavov ; Mop</>à, Forma,) *y6p.ovos, as
Galërus, a cap or bat like (galea) a helmet. Thus òpéya>, 'péyu, Rego ; then geminus, as yOyv, gEnu ;
KtWi) is a cap in Od. 24. 230. Tcp/iOvos, terminus.
Galla, oak-apple, gall, &c. rd\avos, galanula, Gëmïtus. From gemo.
galla. (2) Turton 'from the river Gallus in Bi- Gemma, bud of a vine ; a gem. Scaliger deduces
thynia, whence they were brought.' it from yé/ít», to be full. Ovid : Et nova de gravido
Galli, priests of Cybele. ToAXoi in Suidas, Plu palmite gemma TUMET. Gemima, as Victa, Vic-
tarch and the Epigrams. tima; then gemma. (2) Geneo, genui, genima,
Gallïcsc, slippers ' used by the Galli, Gauls, and genma, gemma. That which the vine first produces.
gradually adopted by the Romans,' Fore. Gëmo. Tip-a, I am loaded, i. e. big with grief in
Gallïna, a hen. Gallus. my mind. Thus iSrip.ovâ, to be in anguish, from
58
GEM GLA
àSâ, to satiate. Virgil : Gemuit sub pondère cymba, Gënuïni dentés. Véms, vos, the under jaw-bone.
groaned. (2) Qui sub genis sunt, genis dependent.
Gëmônii gradus, Gemonise scabs, stairs whence Gënuínus. Geno, genui. As it is born. Gr.
the condemned were cast into the Tiber : à gemitu. yvtiaios.
(2) From one Gemonius, who invented it. Genus, race. Vivos.
Gëmursa, a swelling under the little toe. From Geôgrâphia, Geômëtra, Georgïcus. GR.
its making the patient, says Festus, gemere, to groan Gerdius, weaver. TepStbs in Hesych. and the Gloss.
under it. Like Madulsa. Derived by Schneider from ípSa, to work : for
Gêna. 'Tèvv, gena, Ion 1427. Androm. 1181:' Feptiiós.
Steph. 2967. Meaning thus the cheek, gena seems Germânus. As yv^fftos from yeyváco, yváta, fata,
to have been confounded with ' the part above the and Genuinus from Geno, Genui, so germino, or
cheek under the eyes : ' these are the words of germen, inis, germinanus, like Arcanus, Sylvanus ; or
Forcellini. Cicero : ' Gerue oculos ab inferiori parte geno, genimen, genimanus, genmanus, and (as geNmen,
tutantur.' geRmen,) germanus. Of the true stock. (2) Isaac
Gëneâlogus. GR. Voss : ' Tepiiiivn, ovvrfitia, Arcadio.'
Gêner, son-in-law. Becman : Generis propagator. Germen, bud, shoot. See on Carmen, a song.
Forcellini : As introduced into the {genus, eris,) Gëro, carry. From x^pbs, whence a word x*P^a>,
family of the wife's father. X«p£» or xeP^w» *i (as ^7XeiP*w>) Srer0» *° take in
Gënërâlis, pertaining to the genus. hand. G, as Gutta from Xvrd or Xvttí.
Gënëro, beget. Geno, genere, genitum, as Tolero. Gerrae, trifles. For garrœ from garrio, to talk
(2) To increase the genus. idly. As grAdior, grEssus. (2) Festus from the
Gënërôsus, born {generis) of a noble race. So Sicilians using y4p~fia, wicker shields, in their battles
yevvdtos. with the Athenians.
Gënësis, nativity. Tiveais. Gerres, ' a herring, pilchard, &c., of small value :
Gënëtrix, Gënïtrix, a mother. Ttviw, geneo, from gerrœ, i. e. of no value : ' Ainsw.
genetum, genitum. Gërùlus, a porter. Gero.
Gëniâli8. ' Either à generando [i. e. from ytviw, Gërundia, gerunds. From gerenda, things TO
geneo, genui,] or from Genius, the présider over BE done.
life and joy : ' Delph. ed. Gërusia, senate. Ttpowr'm.
Gënïcûlum, joint in a stalk of corn. Genu, like Gestïcûlor, I use gestus, gestures.
yáw. Gestio, I express joy gestu, by the gesture of the
Gënïmen, offspring. Geneo, genui. body.
Genista, -esta, broom. I can easily believe from Gesto. Gero, gestum.
yàvos, yayí(w, yavurrìi, from the bright and gaudy Gestor, tale-bearer. Gero.
colors of the flower, ravóav is said by Homer of Gestus, carriage of the body, &c. Gero, as Porto,
flowers and flower-beds. E, as vEnio, pEssulus, Deportment.
grEssus, fEssus. (2) ' Perhaps from genu, as being Gibbus, bent outwards : a bunch on the back.
easily bent; or, as Pliny says, from its medicinal "t$bs, fij8j8i>s, hibbus, and G as in Tlvvos for twos,
use for the knees. Or geno, genui, as being easily rém-o for fino, Tolvos for oivos, &c. (2) Kv<pbs,
produced : ' Forcell. ' Quòd sponte genatur, gig- Kv<p<phs, gibbus, as Guberno, amBo.
natur : ' Ainsw. ? Gïgas, a giant. Tiyas.
Genius, the tutelary Deity, attending on every Gigno, beget, riyyu, ylyvoftai.
one from his birth to his death, and presiding over Gilvus, of a yellow color, like honey or carnation.
cities, fountains, &c. Tevéa, yelva : as assisting at Kififibs, orange-tawny : gir Vus, as Guberno, nerVus ;
the birth. Aufustius : ' Genius est parens homi- and gilvus, as piLgrim from peRegrinus. It is
num, ex quo homines gignuntur. Genius meus, qui written also gilBus, as in morBus. (2) From yeXtlv,
me genuit.' to shine. See Gelu. (3) For galbus : Ridd.
Gënius, appetite, gluttony. ' Perhaps because it Gingiva, the gum. Gigno, gignïva, as Cadïva.
was usual to celebrate birthdays, which were sacred Lactantius : à gignendis dentibus.
to the god Genius, with uncommon cheer :' Forcell. Gingrîna, a small flute. T'tyypa. (2) From gingrio.
Or because, as was the case, some supposed their Gingrio, to cackle. From the shrill tone of the
own spirit was a Genius. Terence : Suum de- yiyypa above. (2) From the sound.
fraudans genium. Ginnus, a mule. Tivvos.
Gëno, genui. Ttvéa, whence iytvó/xiiy, yeyevnfiai. ft Gith, Git, a herb whose seeds were used as
Gens, race, &c. Tévos, as Mivos, Mens. spice, .
Gentiles, foreign gentes, nations ; pagan nations. Gláber, smooth, bald. TXojpvpbs, y\tuppbs, gla-
Gënu, a knee. Tin. brus, finely polished.
59
GLA G RA
Glácies, ice. Glades, for gelacies, says Ainsworth. globus. (2) As Bd\avos, T&kavos, Glans ; B\4<papov,
That is, from gelu. But this termination seems inde T\é(papov ; so BoKBbs, yo\f!bs, and (as ÍXAos, ÓAXos,
fensible. Hesychius explains yAaiWai by KÁfam, volgus; ir\eí/iay, niXfaw, pulmo ; tipd/cav from
yXavcrbv by Xafiirpbv, yKaivoi by rà Aa/iirptJtr/iaTa Sapxiiv, &.c.) y\o8bs, globus. Dr. Johnson defines
tSìv irçpiK*<pa\a.íwv oìov àffr4pes. There "were evi Bulb ' a round body or root.'
dently then the words y\aía and y\aia>, to shine : Glocio, to cluck. KXiífa, kÍk\wx°~
and from yhaiu or yXaiu could be glaCio, to make Glômero, form into glomera.
to shine, specially with ice. C, as <tk4os, speCus ; Glomus or Glô., clue of thread: from KhStr/ia,
tpdos, faCis. And hence glades, as Luo, Lues ; KkâfjtfjLa, a thread woven. In Plutarch &<mtp àpxb"
Labor, Labes ; Caedo, Ca:des. See on Clarus and KKwrripos, Stephens explains it 'fili ducendi vel
Gloria. etiam glomeris.' We have tïmor from SEIjuop. Indeed
Gladiator, sword-player. Gladius, Lucretius has the O long : ' glômere quantum.' (2)
Gladiolus, name of two herbs, from gladius, as Globus, globimus, glomus, as Glubo, Glubima, Gluma.
Gr. £i<ptov, <patryaviov, piaxaipitav. Glôrìa. Hesychius explains yXaiaau by xd/tiru,
Gladius, sword. As KvBcpvâ, Gubemo; KAu- and Ap. Rhodius has Siayhaitraovai S" &Topro£. Now
orijp, Glister, so gladius from KXáhos, a branch. yKai<rau> is from the obs. yhaia, and in Steph. 2994
Voss: 'For these were first used by countrymen is ' 'Eyyhavai, whence tyyhavais in Hesychius.'
for swords.'— Or K\àSáu, to cut off boughs, was From yXaia was yXavpbs in Hesychius, and gloria.
used figuratively of cutting off limbs, (a) Scheid Herodotus has \afnrpordrrì rcKevrïi tov fìíov. And
from yxdw, yXavo"<rw, to shine. Splendor ia honor, dignity, and Splendidus distin
Glandium, -dûla, kernel in the flesh, glandule : guished, illustrious. (2) K\4os, jE. x\4op, «Xtopío,
from gloria : much as Ador, Adorea. Both from -tin, -4a
Glans, acorn, &c. BdXavos, JE. yd\avos, y\irs. or -la. (3) ' Anciently glosia from yXûaaa : ' Becm.
Glârea, gravel. Liddell says : ' KA.ijpos, Dor. Glôrior, I boast. Cicero has Ostentationis et
K\âpos, a lot j perhaps from K\da,' to break : And gloria;, vain-glory.
from obs. adj. K\aepbs, KKâpos, was probably glarea, Glos, husband's sister. Td\as, y\cís.
broken, gritty. G, as Grates, Glister. Glòssa, Glôssëma. GR.
GLASTUM, woad for dyeing blue. Celt, glas, Glûbo, I peel. T\itpu, (as amBo,) whence yxi-
sky-blue : allied to our glass. tpavov, a pen-knife.
Glaucoma, Glaucus. GR. . Gluma, husk. Glubo, glubima.
Glêba, -va, clod. Properly, a broken piece. As Glus, gl Litis or glûtinis, glue. r\oibs, y\ois, sticky.
Kirfi<pm (Steph. 5098) from kv&w, i|/í)<f>os from tyiw, Glut glut, formed from the sound of a liquor
so a word k\ti<Pv from Khiw, to break, and allied to falling from a vessel with a narrow mouth.
KAafífìbs, mutilated. K\rj<pa, gleba. So BA in Gluten, as Glus, glutis.
acerBA. G, as Gladius from K\ó8os, Glister for Glûtio, I swallow : Gluto, a glutton : Glutus, the
Clyster. Virgil : Kastris glebas qui frangit inertes. throat. From the sound glut made by the throat in
Gray : Their harrow oft the stubborn glebe has broke, swallowing. (2) r\ifa, glutio, in Steph. from the
i—Manutius reads gleeba : see on Fœx. VV. LL.
GLESSUM, amber. Allied to Germ, glas, our Ghitus, compact. Like things fastened glute, with
glass : and to Gr. y\aitr<ra>, to shine. glue.
Glis, gliris, dormouse. 'EXeibs, M. ye\eibs, as Gnârûris, anc. for gnarus.
twos, yívvos: y\ûs, glis, as Tixavos, Glans. (2) Gnârus, knowing. Tvmpifa and yvtipi/ios point to
Glisco, to grow larger: even in winter when it yvwpbs from yyto/xt : M. yvâpbs, as irpClros jE.
sleeps. Ausonius: ' Die cessante cibo quis OPIMIOR irparos. The n occurs in Ignôro.
est: Glis.' Martial: ' PINGUIOR illo Tempore Gnascor, am born. Ttvydopuu, yvdonai, gnaor,
sum, quo me nil nisi somnus alit.' (3) Takey : gnascor: as $du, pdcrxa. See Gnatus.
Ridd.? Gnâtho, parasite. TvdBos, jaw.
Glisco. Becman : ' T\l<rx»iuu, [or obs. yKla-X",} Gnâtus, born. TewàTos.
to desire earnestly, aim at, is the origin of this word, Gnâvus, active, strenuus, (Fore). Tewalos, stre-
which signifies Appeto. Most clearly in Virgil : nuus, (Steph.) yvyos, gnaVus, as &ov, oVum. Gl.
Gliscit violentia Turno; as it grew or was carried in Steph. : Ttymtos, Navus.
headlong forward.' To be carried forward with Gnomon, dial-pin. GR.
strong desire. Thus Nitor is explained by Forcellini : Gnosco, I know. Tivúuku.
'to strive, exert oneself: tend vigorously forward, Gnostïci, Gôbius, Gomphus, Gongylis, Gorgones,
rise or mount forward, advance.' Grâbátus. GR. with r or K.
Globus. As from k6\os is Ko\oBbs, and as icXa/i- Gracilis, thin, slender. From ypax^s jEolic of
Bbs, acerbus, superiits, &c. so glomus, glomibus, fipaxbs, as T\4<papov of B\4<papov : and as in Gradua
60
GRA GRO
and Gravis. Bpaxis is ' exiguus, non profundus,' along ; stately, great, or grand. (3) From grando.
Steph. 2825, &c, and from meaning shallow or of As big as hail.
slight depth, it could mean thin, slender : or short Grando, hail. Festus from grandis. A larger
and small in growth, slender. From ypaxiis could drop of rain, (a) Becman from granum, whence
be graceo or craceo, to be thin, which last word is granidum, as Vivum, Vividum ; then grandum and
used by Ennius, and hence gracilis, as Facio, Facilis. grando. In size as large as grain. Or, as Libido,
(a) Tpôxí>s, rough, i. e. sharp ; M. Kpâxis : a, as CupTdo, so granum, granido, grando.—Hall from
caleo, arena, odium, &c. (3) Craceo from ypáai, granum, unda. As Venundo, Vendo.
to eat. To be corroded, emaciated. ? Grânum, grain. From ypda, to eat, ' as Hebrew
Grâcûlus, jackdaw. Kopaxias is a jackdaw, from Bar, grain, from Baurah, to eat : ' Voss. Also a
n6pa£, KÓpaxos, a raven ; whence coraculus, craculus, kernel, as being somewhat similar to a grain of
graculus, as GRates. (2) KpáÇu, KÍKpàya, to croak. corn.
(3) From the sound gra, gra. ' Ex vocibus avium,' Grâphïcus, Grâphis, Graphium. GR.
says Quintilian. Grassâtor, a parasite, who goes up to the rich and
Grâdâtim, i. e. gradibus. bores them for meat ; hence a poor poet. An ag
Grâdïlis panis, given from the bake-house steps gressor, bandit. Gradior, grassum, grassor.
in every district of the city, ' gradibus dispensus ab Grates, thanks. XápiTís, xP9Tfs-
altis,' Prudent. Gratia, thanks : grates. Also good-will, favor,
Gradior seems properly to have the notion of i. e. faciens gratum.
slow progress, or going step by step or in a pacing Grâtise, the Graces, as Xcfpn-es. Above.
manner. Seneca : A cursu ad gradum reduci, ' from Gratis, gratis. For gratiis, by mere good offices :
a quick to a slow pace.' Hence, as from Bá\avos used by Terence.
through TaAavos was Glans, and r\é<papov was Grâtor, I congratulate : show that another's pros
B\c<papov, gradior was a word ypaSiovfiai from perity is (grata) grateful to me. Or I please another
PpaSiis, ypaSvs. Indeed gradus may be fSpaibs by showing good-will.
itself, and from that can be gradior. Grâtuïtus, given gratis.
Grâdîvus, Mars. Usually derived from gradior, Grâtûlor, like Grator.
to stalk ; or KpaSiw, to brandish i. e. the spear. But, Grâtus, grateful. Grates, (a) Diid. connects it
as A is long, it is from grandis for grandivus, grad- with xalVû)-
divus, as Tetricus from Teter, Tetrus, Unicus from Gravëdo, stuffing of the head. Gravis, as Dul-
Unus; or, with Donaldson, from 1 gravis or grandis cedo.
Divus.' Gravis, heavy. As Glans from Tdxavos jEolic for
Gradus, a step. See Gradior. BdXayos, and TKctpapov Moiic of B\é<papov, 80 gravis
Graecor, I use the luxurious manner Grœcorum. from $apvs, transp. $pats, (as Sípxw, Sapxùiv, Spaxdv,)
Grœcus, Graius. TptuKÓs. Mo\. ypabs, and gra Vis, as Sis, oVis. See on Gra
Grallœ, stilts. Gradior, graduiez. dior.
Grâmen, grass. From ypda, to eat; through Gravo. Grave facio.
yeypaiiévov. As ypiaris, grass, is referred by Eu- Graxo, cry out. Kpc££«, {«.
stathius to ypda, iad'iu. So fiordvrt from &ów, fìó<rKa>. Grëmium, lap. The lap, in which we carry any
The ox that eateth grass, is frequently said in the thing ; from gero, whence (as Almus from Alo,
Old Testament. TpSytir uypuoriv /xtAir/Sea, Horn, Alimus,) gerimus, and gerimium as Prseemo, Praec-
(a) Dr. Turton : ' For gradimen from gradior, to mium, Premium ; Obsto, Obstium, Ostium : Sug-
creep along. From the extension of its roots.' grundium. Then shortened to gremium. (a) From
Whence inoculation in grass. Kpt/iiu, to hang from. But this is rather said of
Grainiac, rheum in the eye. As 0aAibs, vaRius ; the breast or neck than of the lap.
<rijAio, seRia, for glamiœ from y\d/j.ri. Festus : Gressus. Gradior, grassus.
Gramiœ quas alii glamas vocant. Grex, gregis, a slock. James Bailey : 'Aytpa,
Gramma, the 24th part of an ounce. Tpajj.p.ipiov 'yipa, gerex, grex. Or possibly from perf. Ifyepxa,
from ypáfifia, there being 24 letters. Ijypcxa. (a) Grex from npil-a fut. of Kpi(o>, to
Grammateus, Grammâtïcus. OS. vociferate : from the cawing together of rooks. So
Granârium, from granum. some read in Plautus, Cave ne graxis, and in Lucre
Grandis, great. As Vireo, Viridis, so granum, tius prograxe or procraxe. E, as grAssus, grEssus.
granidis, grandis : as big as grain : or, as Voss ex Griphus, riddle. Tpîipos.
plains it, ' qui granum habet,' citing ' grandia farra, Grôma, Grûma, instrument to measure the ground
grandia frumenta, messes vegrandes.' (2) With for a camp. As kN^km, cReperus, from yvapta, i. q.
the N introduced as in deNsus, saNcio, taNgo, for yvéfittìv, a rule.
gradis for gradior. One who marches or stalks Grossus, in Amobius, thick, crassus. In Celsus
61
G RU H^ER
and Pliny, an unripe fig. From Kpvóeis, Kpovs, icy ; Xvtos, xfTT°s> whence Gutta. Where liquids are
and therefore hard, unripe, and also thick, (a) As poured down.—Ainsworth from gutta : ' Quòd cibus
Kftip, Keop, Cor ; so icpéas, Kpéos, whence crossus as et potus per guttur guttatim labitur.' (3) From
Crassus from Kpçcurffós. the sound gut gut, made by the throat in drinking.
Grûmus, hillock of earth, &c. Dacier from gruo, See Guttus.
congruo : for gruimus : a collection of earth, stones, Guttus, a vessel with a narrow mouth. The
&c. (3) Kpufibs, whence Kpvp.á$ris, frozen, icy. liquor flowing out {guttis) by drops, or so poured
Thus anything concrete. into it : the Greeks calling the latter ítïi^íkó.Çu> from
Grundîles Lares, honored for a sow {grunda) 4ieKas, and the Latins Irroro. (B) From the sound
which brought forth 30 pigs, (a) For suggrundiles; gut gut. (3) Tovros, an oil-cruet, in Etym. M.
presiding over such infants as did not live 40 days Gymnas, Gymnasium, Gymnastïcus, Gymnïcus,
and were buried in a suggrunda. Fulgentius calls Gynsecëum, Gypsum, Gyrus. GR.
infants' tombs suggrundaria.
Grundio, Grunnio, to grunt. From ypv, a grunt, H.
or ypvÇu, to grunt.
Grus, a crane. Tiptuios, yépaos, ypâos, ypûs,grus, Ha, in ridicule or censure. Liddell : & & or 2 2,
as ipslp, fUr. to express laughter.
Gryllus, a cricket. From the sound ypv, says Hâhëna, a hold ; a rein. Habeo, to hold. A rein,
Scheide. Tpiwos in Greek was a pig, from the as held in the hand, (as is seen in Gr. rçcíoxos,) or
same sound; which seems to have represented as as holding in the horses.
well the grunt of the pig and the chirp of the cricket. Habeo, I hold, have. As /utSAil, madEO, so
Gryps, Grypus. GR. habeo, to hold, from à<pím, to handle ; B, as ve<kihn,
Gûberno, I steer. KvjScprfi. neBula. Freund from &ira>, iiirra, whence indeed is
Giila, the gullet. Teiw to make to taste : as <pHpa, wpi*. (a) Donldn. compares havêre, to wish, and
sera. (3) Via\ov, yvhov, a cavity. habere, to have, by what he calls the principle of
Gumen, i. q. gummi. association. He compares \iasia both senses. But ?
Gumia, glutton. róp-os, ballast, saburra, whence Hábïlis. From habeo. Fit to be handled, worn
Plautus has Saburratus, stuffed with good cheer. or used. Ovid: Vestis bona quaerit haberi. Cicero:
U, as gUmmi. (a) rt/tai, yiyo/na, to be full. (3) Calcei habiles et apti ad pedem. Hence in general,
revfiat a taste. fit, suitable, apt, &c.
Gummi, gum. K6p.ni. Hâbïto, dwell. From habeo, habitum i. e. domum.
GURDUS, doltish. A Spanish word, as Quinti- Plautus : Quis isthic habet ? So %xel Soph. Phil.
lian was informed. The Spanish gordo is fat. 22. So To keep, at Cambridge. Habito is used by
Gurges, whirlpool. For ggrages, gyrges, from Verrius for having frequently.
gyrum ago, as in the verb Mergo and Navigo. (a) Habitûdo, Habitus. Gr. t{is, axh^a, ' quo quis
Or from yopyhs, fierce. se habet,' ' quod quis habet.'
Gurgulio, Curculio, the weasand of the throat. Hicc. If Hie is rightly derived in its proper
rapyapeòiv, JEol. ybpyopeàtv, (as KdXafxos, k6\o/j.os, place, the unusual form of hœc will be accounted
Culmus,) gurgurio and gurgulio as \eiPtov, liLium.— by JEol. S. k( or & y(, corrupted by transp. to fie/c or
Also a small worm in corn : nothing, says Servius, Hey, hœc or hceg ; the latter becoming hœc as vvvy',
but throat. As Kapls is a shrimp, all KÍpa, head. nunG, nunC. So the pi. neut. hœc is & ne or S -ye.
Gurgustium, a poor hut, narrow room. From the Or thus : 8. <te, hace, haec. So &v k and 6V «' are
narrowness of the {gurgulio) windpipe, says Perot, hanc and hunc.
guided by Festus. For gurgulustium, I vanishing as Haedus. See Hœdus.
in Parens : LU, as veneNIfica, venefica ; sempERi- Hsemorrhoïs. hlp.o^oh.
ternus, sempiternus ; idoLOlatry, idolatry, (a) Hsereo, stick to. From alpéa, to seize, grasp.
Cicero uses it for a brothel ; hence from gurges, a Others from aipéw, aípéo/xai, to select, and so to
spendthrift. stick to.
Gusto, taste. reliai, yéyevoyai. Hseres, Heres, heir. Usually and best referred in
Gntta, drop. Xvrà, xwttì, poured out. a figurative sense to hœreo. Qui hœret alterius ves-
Guttâtus, spotted as guttis, with drops. Chaucer: tigiis, hœret in tergo, insequitur. Thus íx°luu<
Bedropped all with tears. hœreo, is ' metaph. to be closely connected with ;
Guttur, throat. Ttíu, yéycvfTai, yíytvrrai, as hence to lay hold on, claim, take possession of : '
xíorir, JE. irÍTTiî. So also Gvla. From the taste Lidd. (a) Forcellini thinks it better referred to
of things there. Theocritus : Me'Ai toi yXvicv toOto hërus : the new or next proprietor. But the quan
Korà fìpóxSoto yivaiTO. So in the Psalms: Yea tity and the diphthong are both objections. (3)
sweeter than honey to my THROAT, (a) From Riddle from x%>os> bereft.
62
HiER HEL
Haerësis, Haerëtïcus. GR. armed with a spear. Ennius : Hastati spargunt
Haesïto. Hœreo, hœsum. hastas.
Halcyon, Hâlec : See Alcyon, Alec. Hastîle, the wood of the hasta.
Ilâliaeëtus, sea-eagle. 'Ahiateròs. Haud, Haut, not. From où5\ H added for
Halo, I breathe out. As clâdes from kKoSos, so euphony, as in Haurio, Honor. The ancients, says
Mlo from x&*-°°i relaxo, remitto. Virgil : Et bibit Forcellini, said aud and aut. The latter from oSt.
humorem et cùm vult ex se ipsa remittit. H, as A, as Aurichalcum from Obpelxahnos.
Xópros, Hortus. (a) As Haurio from 'Apia, Haud Have : See Ave.
from OûS', so halo from &a, Sij/iíi, to breathe. L in Haurio, draw up. Corrupted from ipia.
serted, as in feLix, fiLins, fuLica. Hebdomas, Hëbë. GR.
Hâlôsis, Haltêr. GR. Hëbes, dull, stupid. Stephens : ' 'A/8))s, explained
Háma, water-bucket. "Apri in Plutarch. by Hesych. without comprehension, without under
Hâmaxo, I yoke to an SífiaÇa, waggon. standing; and so Suidas. So Hesych. has àjSày,
Hâmus, a fisher's hook. ' Xa/ibs, Hesych. Kafí- simple.' H added, as in Haud, Haurio, Humerus,
wv\os, curved, whence Lat. hamus:' Steph. 10363. and our Hermit. E, as in brEvis, dEnsus, grEssus,
(2) From &iífía, from Hwrm, to fasten. ' From which pEssulus, pEUex.
the bait is suspended : ' Forcell. From a/i/tbs, says Hëcâtë, Hëcâtombus, Hëcyra. GR.
Ain8worth. (3) Haigh : From &fin, a reaping- Hëdëra, Edëra, ivy. For hetera, as /SaTbc, vaDum ;
hook. ? Span. ciuDad from civiTatis. From e-rdpa, as never
Hanc. "Ay k, or &v y'. growing by itself, but accompanying something else.
Hâphê, wrestlers' sand. 'A<^. A parasitic plant. E, as t&kAvtov, talEntum. (a)
Hàra, a coop for animals. As Xópros, Hortus, so As H is added in our Hermit, and in the Latin
Humerus, so hedera for edera from edo, as in Patera.
hara from x&P"it tne ? dropt " fugâ vastioris literse,"
as Cicero calls it. So the old yivai£ makes Voc. As corroding the tree to which it clings. ' Sicut ubi
yvvtu : and «o^XÍaS makes in Latin Cochlea. Xci- ingratas hederas amplexibus ilex Excipit
paf, says Stephens, seems said for tÓttos x^P"il Ilia? arctos furtim sinuant in cornice nodos, Et
•Kcpnrç<ppœyp.4vos, and Hesychius explains it <ppayfibs,
truncos rigido morsu PASCUNTUR : ' Oxf. Prize
sepimentum, septum. Poem for 1827.
Hâriolus, Ariôlus, a diviner. Dumesnil : ' For Hëdychrum, sweet ointment. GR.
fariolus fromsari.' Thus also Donatus. As from Hei, alas ! From ei, oh if, would to God that !
*eS, Pheu, is Heu, and Herba from *e'p/3a>. And H, as Haud. (a) Soft for hoi, so used ; from of.
from Fari is Bifariam. â, as dïcax from dico. Helciârius, a hauler. "EA/ta, I draw.
Olus, as Sciolus, Aquariolus. (a) From ara. The Helcium, Hëlëpolis, Hëlïcë, Hellëbôrus. GR.
ancient Glosses explain it Pwhoo-kóttos. (3) Hara. Hëlops, Elops, some fish. "Ehanfi.
As busied with the sties. See Aruspex. Helvella, a small kind of cabbage. Perhaps from
Harmônia. 'Apfiovia. heleus, from its color, (a) ' From anc. helus for
Harpa, a harp. "Aprtv, a scythe. As curved like holm or olus : ' Fore. Heluella.
a scythe at the end. Heluo, Helluo, glutton. Dacier : ' Qui eluit, dis
Harpago, a drag. 'Apwayri. sipât sua bona.' Thus Plautus: 'Volo, eluamus
Harpago, I drag. 'Apirdfa, àpirâyâ. hodie.' And Columella, ' Ponticum Phasim eluant'
Harpastum, Harpê, Harpuise. GR. i. e. says Forcellini, in order to fill their tables and
Háruspex. See Aruspex. (as Juvenal says) eat their patrimony up at one
Hasta, spear. From obs. hando whence pre- meal. Like an eluvies. ' But why the H ? ' says
hendo. Hondo, hastum, as Haurio, Haustum ; Torreo, Becman : ' To point out more clearly his disgusting
Tostum. Handled, grasped, as Homer "Eyxos ixwvt avidity : for the word becomes more animated, as
holding his spear, or, to use a Latin obsolete phrase, Festus says. And Scaliger calls the H an imitation
hastam handens. Indeed tyxos itself is for ixos of the vomiting.' Becman seems however to under
from %xai *° hold, (a) As Haurio from 'Apia, stand eluo as in Plautus : ' Epotum, exutum, elotum
hasta for asta from asto. ' Ab astando in foro ; as (or elulum) in balneis.' (a) 'EkAiW, 4\\iay. (3)
the sign of an auction, whence hasta means an 'E^oMiW, iWvaiv. (4) 'E\àc, seizing. (5)
auction : ' Ainsw. (3) From a word axacrrh, from Donldn. from x^osi x*A^os> a "P- ■'
ax<*C<°, €irxa<rTa'> to cut open, lance. As Hio from Helvus, pale-red. As Muto, Mutuus ; Ambigo,
Ambiguus; so eluo, eluus, elvus, (See Alvus,) and
Hasta, an auction. For it was the custom, at the helvus for the sound, as in Horreo, Humerus, and
sale of things taken in war, to put up a S PEAR in our Hermit. ' Quòd hujus vis elutior est,' to use
token of their being taken. Pliny's words of another matter. Horace's 'caule
Hastâti, the first line in the legion, as anciently irriguo nihil est elutius horto,' Forcellini explains
63
HEM 1IIR
' Saporem habet velut aquâ elutum et insipidum.' Aristoph. Av. 274, Ootoj, Si o-e toi. See Matthias,
Diluted. § 427.
Hem, an interjection of very various uses, and, Hexameter, Hexërës. GR.
says Scheide, formed from the sound. But like Hi, Hae. OÎ, AÍ.
ovtós <ru, hoa ! hem may be put for em, eum. So in Hibernus. See Hybernus.
the sense of lo ! Or from fy, lo ! M, as iiovaaN, Hibiscum, marsh-mallow. "I&vkos.
musaM. These senses seem nearly to pervade all Hie, this. As Is from *Oj, Hie for Olle, so hie
the meanings of the word. from 8 «', i. e. 8 /ce; or from 8 y' (II. 5. 184, 185),
Hêmi : the words beginning thus are Greek, i. e. 8 yc, as vvfTf, vvvl", nunC. Or, as this is
W» • rather the derivation of hoc, hie is soft for hisc from
Hêpar, Heptëres. GR. 8j k' or 8s 7'. Thus Atque, Atq, Ate, Ac. (2)
Hëra, mistress. From herus. From is and ce as in Ecce. For isc'.
Hërœa, feast of Juno. 'Hpcúa. Hie, here. For $k(, &ik, hoic, as Qui ablative is
Herba. From $4p$a, as *eû, Heu. So fiorívri Quoi.
from fi&u, póffKte. Or at once from ipopfii. Hiems. See Hyems.
Herbum, the same as Ervum. Hïëra, Gr. iepà, sacred. ' Muretus thinks it was
Hercêus Jupiter. 'Epxttos. a line in the middle of the stadium, as being sacred.
Hercisco, Ere., I sever. From êpxos, a fence, or Lipsius thinks it was a crown consecrated to the
ep7ai, *'tpyt», I keep off. Gods in an equal combat, whence Gr. Upbv troifitrBai
Hercle. For Hercule. sc. (rrtyavov : and Seneca hence has hieram faccre
Herctum ciere, to divide an estate. Cio is from sc. corônam. Hiera too is an antidote so called : '
<rX'íù, to divide, as 2$óAAo>, Fallo ; herctum is what Fore.
is severed off, an estate : Gr. épKTÓv. Hïëro , all Greek.
Hercules. 'HpaK\rjs, 'HpKaAíjy. Hïëto, I gape. Hio. Much as Halo, Halïtus.
Here, Hëri, yesterday. From x^s> X*fy> as Hïlâri8, cheerful. 'IXopiíí.
tiS, tiP. Hence for softness her, and abl. here or Hillse, the inwards. Hira, hirulte.
heri. From x"«*> ^es> is also hesiternus, hesternus, Hïlum, a black spot in a bean, ' a very nothing,'
as Sempiternus. says Ainsworth. From <pav\oy, worthless. Not
Heres, heir. See Hares. only could <pai\os produce Vilis, but <pav\ov Philum
Hères, hedgehog. See Eres. and Hilum, as #eD became Heu. The A dropt as
Hëri. See Here. clAUdo, inclUdo, and as O in /tOTo-o, mUsa : and I
Herma, Hermes, Mercury. GR. for T, as <ppTya, frlgo. Thus our Fist is the German
Hernia, a rupture. From ipvos, a branch, as Faust.
Ramex from Ramus. ' For, when the intestine Hinc, hence. From hie, as Illic, Illinc; Iste,
begins to fall into the scrotum, it seems to form a Istinc. Hie is for hisc; hence himc, like Im the
branch : ' Voss. ancient accusative of Is.
Hêroïcus, Héros, Herpës. GR. Hinnio, to neigh. From the sound, say Forcel-
Hcrus, master of a family. Herus is not only the lini and Becman. (2) From hinnus, a nag. ?
master of a family, but any master. Horace : ' Nam Hinnûlus, -leus : a fawn. ' Gr. ïvvoi were the
propria; TELLURIS herum, ' &c. Hence herus offspring of animals. Gloss. Tlvis
: "\wovs, TtáìSas.
from the old Ipa, the ground, whence Ipafc. Master Hesych. : "lvvr\, KÒpri : ' Voss. is a son in
of the land, as Dominus is master (domûs) of the Euripides.
house, but is said conversely of the land : as Horace : Hinnus, the product of a horse and she-ass.
' Terrarum dominos.' H prefixed as in Haurio, "Wos or ïwos.
Honor, (a) From eïpú>, 4pû, whence eïpepos is Hio, to yawn, open. As Scio, Scisco, so hisco
bondage, servitude. Herus, qui alios sibi in servi- from hio, and this from o*xiá> fut- °f 0xKui to split
tutem adserit. open, as itpaWu, Fallo; Xópros, Hortus. (2)
Hesperus, evening star. GR. Obs. ywu and (as i//áo>, ^t'w,) chio, hio.
Hesternus. See Here. Hipp , all from the Greek.
Hëtsericê. 'EratpiK^. Hir, palm of the hand. Xcfp.
Heu, alas ! *eE. Hira, the ' empty gut. ' Pateo, patera ; hio,
Heurëtës, inventor. GR. hiera, hira, open, empty. Compare Hieto. (2)
Heus, holla ! From <pev, says Dacier. *eû being 'Ifpà, sacred : by some fanciful allusion.
an exclamation not only of grief, but of wonder : as Hircus, Hirquus, he-goat ; smell of the arm-pits.
Heu also is used in Plautus, and as Heus is used in Hirtus, hirticus as Tetricus; then hircus. Goats
Mn. 7. 116: Heus.' etiam mensas consumimus. having shaggy hair.
Or rather <ptG ere, <pe5 a" : i. e. <pct ! <re Kakw. So llirnca, Irnea, a goblet. Scaliger : ' From ípvcov,
64
HIR HOR
as representing the figure of a bird.' As *Op.fipos, HolScaustum, holocaust. 'Okóicavtrrov.
Imbris : Olle, llle. (2) Nonius reads cirnea or cyr- Homo. For hiimo, says Riddle, from humus, i. e.
nea. From Kipyáu to mix s as xparrip from Kepávvv/ii. earthborn, formed from the earth. And so Lactan-
Hirrio, Irrio, to snarl. From the letter R, or tius : but Quintilian laughs at this derivation : ' As
doubled RR. Called Canîna litera. if all animals had not this origin.' Yet men are
Hirsûtus. Haigh says : ' From xfP°'<^'lst uacol- called 6vt)to\ and Mortales, Mortals, though all ani
tivated, and soUlna.—But,
rough.' AsasXópros, Hortus ; TEyya, mals are so. We have sOboles from sUboles, and
tlngo ; TilXvo, "Ofifipos, Imbris ; Olle, Humanus with the U. — Yet better from x0^05
llle, so hirsutus for horsutus from horreo, horsum, JEoìic of xocta whence xafutóee, as arpOrbs for
as Verto, Versum, Versutus. Thus horridus also is orpArbs, 'Ov^p for 'Airiip. We have Hortus from
rough, shaggy. Behold a series of formation : Xópros, and thus also is Humus from Xopds. This
Horreo, horsum, horsutus, hirsutus, hirtus, hirticus, derivation agrees well with homo being used of a
hircus. woman as well as of a man. (2) From fytoS : man
Hirtus. For hirsûtus. being a social being.
Hïrûdo, a leech. Eìpóc» poët. for ipia, to draw, Homceomeria. 'Op.oiofi.tpia.
pull: from its drawing blood. Udo, as Testûdo. Hômuncio. Homo: and perhaps undo. Worth
H, as Haurio. a mere ounce.
Hïrundo, a swallow. Here is a great change. Hônestus, Hônesto. Honos.
XeXtSSvos was transposed to x'*-^6vos, whence Honos, Honor. From èvos, S>vop, a price, value,
XiAeNSiivos, as naNBdvai, a-xdNSaKov, spleNdeo, saN- payment, as Tim, to value, honor, is also to pay,
cio. Hence hilendinis, as Xópros, Hortus ; and and TiopM, to exact payment. H added as in Hau
hilundinis, as suggrUndium à suggerEndo, catapUlta rio, Horreo. si to 0, as <pHpa, sera ; olor from tpSbp,
from itaToirEXTT/i, vEUo vUlsus. Finally hirundinis, ipSis. (2) From hvaas, hvai, ovr)ut, to aid, profit,
as cceRuleus for cceLuleus, seRia from mjAia, vaRius delight. From the ancient òcí), whence bvivtip.i,
from $a\iis. says Becman. (3) Forcell. from aivot. ?
Hisco, to gape, open. Scio, scisco ; hio, hisco. Hoplômâchus, H5ra, Hóraeum. GR.
Hispïdus, rough. For hiscipidus from hisco, much Horda, same as Forda. As French Hors from
as Sospitis, and the substantives Caespitis and Gr. Foris.
«AcíTTríSts, Kiviiirera. So Secespita. With chaps and Hordeum, barley. Horridus, hordus, bristly : as
gaps, rough, rugged. (2) For hipsidus from Sif/os, Calidus, Caldus ; Valdè.
as Gelidus, Herbidus. With many eminences, bristly, Horia, a small skiff. From Spos, a boundary,
prickly. Thus «parais, rough, is referred by Eusta- allied to Ora, a coast. As skirting the shore. See
thius to xpdvov, caput. Ora.
Historia, history. GR. Horizon, horizon. 'Opifav.
Histrio. Festus states that these players were so Hornòtïnus, the same as Hornus, as Annotinus,
called as coming from Histria. Histrio then is a Serotinus.
Histrion. (2) "larwp, Xaropos, (lo-rpos,) skilled. Hornus, of this year's growth, "slpo, a season ;
(3) Donldn. allies it to ío-os, ìto-xw : A mimic actor. &pivbs, (as ÒTTíópa, ÒTrúpivos,) of the season. Or wpos,
Hiulcus, gaping. Hio, as Petulcus. ' a season ; the year,' Lidd. (2) Hora,
Hoc. See Hie. Hôrôlôgium, Horoscope GR.
Hodie, to-day. Hoc die. Horreo, stand erect or at an end, to bristle : hence,
Hœdus, Hiedus, a kid. As Providens, Proi'dens, to be in fear, with the hair at an end, as Obstupui
Prudens, so horridus, hóídus, hœdus, like irOIvi;, steteruntque comae; Horrueruntque comae. From
pŒna. From its shaggy hair. Thus Hircus from Apapa, I have arisen; whence bpupitt, bffyiw. H
Hirtus, Hirticus, as Teter, Tetricus. Varro and added for the sound, as in Haurio; indeed it is
others support the M, but Dausque defends the Œ. retained in àppù, ópuda, and in Hortor from Sprat
And Quintilian states that the ancients said Œdus, third person.
and Ircus : but this they seem to have done from Horreum, barn. 'íipeîor: this from &pa. It is also
indolence. (2) Haigh: 'From aïîrjî, Hell. For written ùpûov : this from &pa, care. (2) Hordeum. ?
goats and kids were sacrificed to the infernal gods.' Horridus, rough. Horreo.
(3) Others from fœdtis, filthy, as French Hors from Horsum, hitherward. Hue vorsum, as Quorsum.
Foris : or from yotros, dirt, in Hesychius ; or from Hortor, I excite. From Spa, Sprai, bpréop.ai,
fœtus or fetus, an offspring. Varro says that ' the ovuat; the aspirate added as in Horreo, Haurio:
Sabines called fedus, what in Rome was hedus, and indeed it appears in òpph, épuda.
in many places by the addition of A, hAldus.' This Hortus. Liddell: 'Xópros, strictly an enclosed
seems a lame account of the A. place, but seemingly always with collateral notion
Hoi, ah ! OT. of a feeding place : in Iliad a straw-yard : generally
65
HOS
any feeding ground, as x<fyw°' Lottos, x- (CSevSpoi, $k(, $k', as (p!lp, fUr. So Eò, Quo, are properly
XÓpros obpavov the expanse of heaven.' Hence it ablatives. Virgil has Hoc descendit, for Hue.
could easily pass in hortus to an orchard, garden, Hui, hah ! ah ! *«S, (pis.
pleasure-ground. (2) "Opxaros, (orctus, ortus,) Huic, for hoic, ^ «' or ó y.
orchard, garden. (3) 'Eptcrbs, enclosed. Thus not Hûjus. See Cujus.
only HErctum, an estate, was said, but HOrctum. Húinânus. See Homo. The U is long, by some
(4) Orior, ortum. Ubi oriuntur herbae. ? such arbitrary change as on the other hand that of
Hospes, stranger, guest. From Hottios, Mol. for dïcax from dico.
ííttioí, 4<pécmos, sitting at the hearth as a suppliant. Hûmecto, to wet. Humeo, humidus.
iËschylus : IkÌtiìs ko! Zòfitav ê<péo-rtos èfx&v. As Humerus, shoulder. From apuip Mol. of 5/ìoî, as
Bios, Thus ; so cWios, (criris, hospes, as cOrcyra from vóuof,
And U numerus. H added,
rn\m,as Ulna.
in Haurio, Horreo.
nEpuupa. (2) From íaris, M. Sottiî: whoever he for u, as 's}\e'ca,
may be, a stranger. Virgil : Egredere, o QUICUN- Hûmïdus, wet. Humor.
QUE es, ... succède penatibus hospes. See on Humflis. Low on the (humus) ground. Aa
Hostis. This would better account for the other Facilis.
sense of ' the host :' both being strangers to the Húmo, bury. Place in humo.
other. 'Hospes ab hospite tutus,' Ov. Thus £eVos Humor, moisture. From xumV Moi. of xvH-°*i
meant both. translated humor by Stephens. As Xápros, Hortus.
Hostia, victim. Ovid says, from hostis: Hos- (2) From va, Sjntu, to rain. Hence could be vfifw
tilius a domitis hostia nomen habet. As offered up and iu6s. Humeo is in Ovid.
at the rout of an enemy, as Victima from Victus.— Humus, ground. From x0!105 -<Eolic for x<W*>
But, as Herba from tofpfiu, and Heu from *e0, and As Xópros, Hortus j "Oyxos, Uncus. (2) Lidd.
as nOctis from v^ktòs, so hostia from (puoria, Mol. from 3a>. Moist.
for Bvovía, a sacrifice. Ennius has a verb hostio, to Hunc, Hanc, Sv k, ay or Sy y', an y', as NOv 7'
strike, from BvaríÇu, Bvotiû, M. <pvaTiû. Nunc.
Hostio, I requite. ' Perhaps from hostus, a cer Hyacinthus, Hyâdes, Hysena, Hyalus. GR.
tain measure of oil : ' Forcell. As Matth. 7. 2 : Hybernus, wintry. Hyems, hyemis, hyemernus,
With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to as jEternus ; then hymernus, hybernus, as HoXybs
you again. (2) To be hostis, an enemy to an and WloXyós. So scaBellum.
enemy. But Festus explains hostimentum 1 bene- Hybrida, mongrel. ""T&piSa acc.
ficii pensatio.' (3) From hostio, to strike. See Hydra, Hydraules, Hydria, Hydrops, Hydras. GR.
Hostia. Hyems. From a word Hubs from 8ei. The rainy
Hostis. It meant originally a foreigner, some season. (2) A corruption from xe'Ms, X'*MS>
times regarded in the barbarous times with feelings chiems, hiems as Xápros, Hortus. Or from x"">, to
of antipathy, and it therefore meant also an enemy. pour.
From Scrm, whoever he is, whatever his name. Hygëa, Hylë, Hymen, Hymënaius, Hymnus,
Euripides, Hel. 314: rbv ìKBòvB' "02TI2 «forìc ò Hyperbôreus, Hypocausta, Hypocrites, Kypôthêca,
EENOS. So Bacch. 246. Hec. 600. Virgil : Egre Hyssôpum, Hystericus, Hystrix. GR.
dere, O QUICUNQUE es: QUISQUIS es . . .
Tyriain qui adveneris urbem. So, tho' with dif I, J.
ferent feelings, ' of a God, when in doubt about his
name, they used to say lest they should mistake, Iacchus, Bacchus. "Iokxoí.
QUISQUIS es:' Adam's Rom. Antiq. (2) From Jaceo. Jacio me. As Pendo, Pendeo.
&ari\s, from HBte, whence ùB'tÇouai, ' to struggle, to Jacio, says Haigh, from faxta. Mol. of tiaxio>.
be in hot dispute, Lat. altercor : ' Lidd. So ùBurpbs As Zvybv, Jugum. (2) Za-Ktia allied to KtSftai. (3)
xóyuv is ' a struggle of words, hot debate. ' (3) 'Ic£aa», Idirra, iaíyw, remitto, all point to a verb Ida
From uo-rbs, one pushed or forced back. ? (4) For (as y\iía, \f/í\\w ; Sda, tiáirru ; pdu, fìaívu,) allied to
fostis from forts : Ridd. ? triai, to throw. From the pers. íaxa might be an
Hostus, the quantity of oil which olives yield at jEolic word iaittÇw, lamâ, jacio, as Jam is for lam,
each pressing. As xovs ana* X0^vl£ are used of 'Idawv Jason. Indeed Ida is established by idouat,
liquid measures, from xfal> or X^a> xa'"'vl1'< so remitto, ' liquefacio, liquefaciendo foveo, sano,'
X<"o"rbs (put down as the Greek of this word by Hemsterh.
Forcellini, but without authority) may have had this Jacto, I toss. Jacio, jactum. I boast: 'Sejactet'
sense, and have produced hostus. (2) 'iUrrhs, capa Mn. 1. 140.
ble of being thrust (out). ? Jactûra, a throwing away. Jacio.
Hu. The Gr. 8. Jâcûlor, I throw ajacuhim.
Hue, hither. Hie, Hie, like Illlc, Illùc. From Jaculum, javelin, &c. Jacio.
66
JAM ILE
Jam. For tarn (formed like ii, iis,) the same as tundem. Priscian thinks that dem is for demùm.
earn, acc. fern, of is. At this hour or season, like Or for tandem. Or from Gr. 5' &v.
in TtvUa (like oùtÍko), like the feminine Alias, IdentTdem, now and then. Idem itidem : or idem
and Unquam for Unicam. Thus 1iom> became et idem : or item et item, for itentitem.
Jason, Tpola TroJa. Sometimesjam is said of the Ideo. Id eh spectat.
past, as Quod jam faciebas, Cic. Here is is the Idiôta, Idiôtismus, Idôlolatres, Idôlothytum, Idô-
same as Ille. lum. GR.
Iambus, a foot marked u - . "lap.$os. Idôneus, lit. Doderlein from ideò, as Ultro,
Jâna, the Moon. From Janus, the Sun. (2) For Ultroneus. And others from ÏSios, proper. E or I
Diana. As Journal from Diurnus. omitted, as parlens, parens : janUitor, janitor. (3)
Janitor, doorkeeper. Januitor. EÍSoî, species, particular kind; idoneus, special,
Ianthïna. 'iivBiva. suited to the particular case.
Jânua, gate, door. From Janus, who presided Idûs, uum, the Ides. Iduo, to divide : see Viduo.
over gates and entrances. Gloss. Philoxeni : ' Janus, Horace : ' Idus tibi sunt agendae, Qui dies . . FIN-
Bvpáìos 8e6s.' Macrobius : ' Apud Grsecos Apollo DIT Aprilem.'
colitur Bvpaios, ejusque aras ante fores suas cele Idyllium. See Edyllium.
brant. Apud nos Janum omnibus praeesse januis Jëcur, the liver. 'Hirop JE. ?ixap, hecur, jecur,
nomen ostendit, quod simile Ovpaltp, nam cum clavi much as "twos and ylvvos, for our Garden and the
figuratur, quasi omnium portarum custos.' (2) Eo, French Jardin are the same, ë, as <pHpa, fëra.
eâna, eanua : Schw. Jëjûnus, hungry. Diu, diunus ; or diutinus,
Jânuârius, January, like Februarius. Sacred to diunus. Who has been a long time in the same
Janus. Ovid : Primus ut est Jani mensis. (2) Ja- state, here without food. Hence junus, as some
nua : the door or beginning of the other months. ? trace Jana to Diana, and as the Italian Giornále, our
Janus seems to be Zâvbs jEol. of Zyvbs, as Zvybv, Journal, from Diurnale. We pronounce solDIer
Jugum. (2) Eo, Eanus. As Gr. vwep-iuv. solJer. By redupl. jejunus, as IIoAùs, Populus ;
Iâpyx, Jgis, wind blowing from Iapygia. TÍAAoi, Titillo ; Cano, Cecini ; Cicindela, Cucurbita.
Iaspis, jasper, "loams. Jento. Jejunus, jejunito, I am hungry and there
Ibex, wild goat. "Ij8u|, says Forcellini : but this fore break my fast, breakfast. Jeiunito, jento.
was a bird. Rather from l0ia to strike, in Hesy- Igïtiir. As XeyfToI, AeyeTaP, legituR ; so c1y€ toI,
chius : or from Ïtttw, lirov or îfiov. €fy€ToP, iffitur. ' If this is the case.' ï, as ïta. (2)
Ibï, there. For ibu' or ibus, the old abl. plur. of EÍ ye t tip, where t* is to, rot or re. (3) A
is, and used by Plautus : as Hie, Hibus ; Qui, Friend's son suggests roiyap, transp. lyarbp, igitur,
Quibus. That is, in iis locis. as fmxkva, machina ; /ivprOs, myrtUs. The Father
Ibidem. Ibi and idem. Or dem as in Tantun- says òytràp, I for 0, as Imber.
dem. See Itidem. Ignârus, Ignâvus. In-gnarus, In-gnavus.
Ibis, the bird. "l&ts. Ignis. From herbs JEo\. for lm>bs, a stove or
Ibiscum. See Hibiscum. furnace. The thing held for the thing holding, as
Ichneumon. 'Ixveûpwv. Zona, a purse, from Zwvrj, a girdle. Thus exactly,
Ico, I hit. James Bailey : ' From lum, M. Ïkw. as the French say Jeu from Joco, Lieu from Loco, so
(Ed. T. 809, Kdpa KeVrpoicri koBÍkvto, came down Feu, fire, from Foco, a hearth. (2) From aiyvys
with a blow upon : Schol. &rai<re ; Brunck, feriit.' (as rt/tfs, &c.) jEolic for aly\-ps, aiy\fcis, bright,
(2) As TrfpvKa was a new verb from ire'cpuira, ire- brilliant : as <^ÍNtis, ^N8f, j3e'NTi<rT0j jEol. for <piArts,
(ppinw from TÍ(ppiKa, &c. so from %a, 1i<ro>, tîita could &c. I, as, àxAIol, achlvi. (3) For ingenis, ab in-
be a verb eí/c», whence ico ; the aspirate dropt, as geno, whence ingenium. N omitted, as in Ignoro.
in Ulcus, Apto, Equus, &c. "Em or %u is to throw, Heat vivifying and generating all things. But ignis
smite. (3) Haigh : ' Ab alxà for aìiciÇu, to treat is fire, not heat.
indignantly, beat with stripes.' (4) Cut down from Ignôbïlis. In-gnobilis from gnosco, as Nosco,
jacio, iacio. (5) "Itttid, îiroy, hrû, JE. Ikû. Nobilis. So
Icôn, Ictërïcus. GR. Ignômïnia. In-gnomen from gnosco, as Nosco,
Ictus, a blow. Ico, ictum. Nomen.
Id. As /* from is, so id from 4 îè, i 5\ So Ignôro. In-gnoro. See Gnarus.
Aliud is &K\o íè, &WO S'. And Illud and Istud are Ignosco, in-gnosco, I forgive and forget.
similarly to be traced. Ileiis, from tl\4os.
Idcirco, on account of that. Circo abl. of circus. Ilex, holm-oak. °EXi|, poët. eÏAi{, is the winding
See Circa. So ipupi and our About are used. ofivy, and in ilex seems to be used as the oak round
Idea, an idea. 'I8éo. which it winds. Horace : ' Arctiùs atque HEDERA
Idem, the same. For isdem, as in Pridem, Tan- procera astringitur ilex.' (2) For illex, as Imus for
67
ILI IN
Immus, whence Immò. From illicio. Properly, mus from Opto, Aâffrot from AS. Or from 4pn&y)is,
attracting. Quae illicit hederam. Thus the Oxford furious, as some derive persona from persono. But,
Poem for 1827 : ' Sicut ubi ingratas hederas AM- as the original meaning seems to be ' huge, enor
PLEXIBUS ilex EXCIPIT.' For a like reason the mous,' it seems better derived (especially as it is
Helxiné is so called. sometimes used in a good sense), from in, not, and
Ilia, the flank where are the small guts. From manus in the sense of pavhs, rare, thin. Haigh con
t1\u or t\Aa>, to roll. From their constant convo siders fiavbs here to mean wide, and in to be in
lution. tensive.—Riddle alUes immanis with magnus.
Uïcet. For ire licet, as Videlicet is Videre licet. Immen8us, which cannot be mensus, measured.
You may go : as said by the public crier in dismiss 'A.u4rprrros.
ing the assembly. As after this it was immediately Immïneo. See Afineo.
dissolved, ilicet meant, immediately. It means also, Immò, Imò. Infimus, inmtu, immus and imus.
It is all over with you, like Actum est : It is too late, In infimo i. e. postremo loco. That is, lastly I add
you may go. what is more. Or, ex imo, from the very bottom,
Ilîthyia, Diana. Ei\ts0ura. i. e. utterly, entirely, like Funditùs. Or, ex imo
Ille, the old olle, ole or ollus, from 5\Xos, (or corde, heartily, thoroughly. Scheid understands it,
even &\Áos, as Sipttrros II. v. 154,) i. e. 6 &\\os, the turned upside down, so as to express the very
other, opposed to Hie, this. I, as "O/ifipos, Imbris. reverse of the former supposition or of an objection.
It seeras to have followed Ipse, Iste. We may per (2) Voss : ' Quae ima, etiam intima esse solent.'
haps compare Vidêris, Vidêre. ImmSlo. Dumesnil : ' To sprinkle the head of a
Illëcëbrse, allurements. Lacio, illecio, whence victim before it was slaughtered with barley-meal
Illectus. As Vertebrae. and salt, which was called mola. Hence it means
Illex, decoy-bird. See above. to slay.' 'The ancients either offered the cake
Illïco, in loco, on the spot, without changing place, alone, or sprinkled victims with it : ' Forcell.
directly, as alnixa, iis eTxf- See Statim. Immûnis. Mune, munia.
Illïdo, I dash. Lœdo, as Collïdo. Impedio, hinder. /V*, pedis : as 4uitot't(u.
Illustris. As Sublustris. From lustro, to look on Impëdo, I support. 'EfiirfSâ.
every side. That is, open to view.—Some under Impendio. Like Impensè.
stand lustro here, to purify. I think, says Forcel- Impensa, cost. Pendo, pensum, to weigh money
lini, that lustro is applied to the light, ' quia tenebrse in order to pay it away.
polluere mentem credebantur.' (2) From luceo, Impensè, at a great cost, expense or pains ;
lucsum, lucstrum, (as Rasum, Rastrum,) and lustrum, and very greatly, as Magnopere is Magno-opere.
whence lustro. Impendo.
Illûvies. In, luo, Koiu, to wash, as Diluvies. Impëro, from paro, ' to manage, regulate, direct,'
Either dirt not washed away, (as Injuria,) or mud (Riddle.) So Titrtru has these senses.
or dirt washed up. Impertio. Do partem.
Im : acc. of Is, as ítpts, Stptv. M, as MemphiM. Impëtïbïlis. Non pu/tendus.
Imago. Imitor, imitago, like Vorago ; then imago. Impetigo, eruption on the skin. Quae impetit
And, as puMilus for puGMilus, stiMulus for stiG- cutem. As Origo.
Mulus ; so imitor from a verb elyuaTÒofiat, ovuai, Impëtro, accomplish the object of a request.
from eìyfia, efyuaros, an image. I, as uaxAfà, Patro, as IIpcucTucin, carrying one's point with
machina. another.
Imbêcillis, Uus, weak. ' From bacillus, for the Impëtus. Like impeto, from peto.
infirm lean upon a staff. Or rather from in much, Impflia, woollen socks, í/«rÍAio.
and vacilla : ' Forcell. The E is long ; yet we have Impingo. In-pango.
homo, hûmanus ; and, as many think, sëno, persona; Implâgo, ensnare. Jacio in plagas.
and v. v. nûbo, pronubus. Impleo. See Pleo.
Imber, imbris, shower. "O/iPpot. Implôro. ' Magno fletu auxilium petere : ' Caes.
Imbrex, gutter-tile for imbres. See Explora.
Imbulbïto, bedung. HóAfitroy. Importûnus, who cannot rest ; as a ship having
Imbuo, I steep, soak. Bva, i/if3íw, to cram. no portum, harbor, to get into.
Here, to press down close in water. Impos, pôtis, having no power over. Potis. So
Imïto, -tor. Zìyua, aros is a resemblance. Hence Compos.
tlyinmû, imito, as puGmilus, pumilus ; uaxA-m, Impostor, who (únpônit) imposes.
machina. Imus. Infimus, inmus.
Immânis. Generally derived from in, not, and In. "Ev.
the old mânus, good, from pdai, to desire, as Opti- In—, not. In— for àv— as in h/6otot. And
INA IND
this, to avoid harshness, as in Anjustus, Anfelix, of nets placed round a wood so as (indu or indo
Andignus. So strlngo from crrpAyyai. agere) to drive wild beasts into them. Hence the
Ina, vein. "'Iva ace. of is. long A by coalition, though short in the verb.—
Inânis, empty. From tviia, to empty, in Hesy- Voss refers the substantive to the verb : ' Non ut
chius : the same as the common Ivim. feras indages, sed ut capias indagatas.'
Incassum, in vain. Cassus. Inde. As Indu from ivSo' i. e. ívSov, so inde from
Incentlvus, inciting. As Intendo, IntenTum, so tvdt i. e. iv8w. Or from hSfvUt, hit. We have
incendo, incenTmn. Inflaming to action. (2) Cano, Exinde, Deinde. (2) De eo loco s. tempore in quo
can/urn. Inciting soldiers by the sound of the quis sit. We have Exin, Dein.
trumpet. Index, Indicium, from
Inceptum, Incessus, Incesto, Incestus. Capio, Indico, I show. Dico 3, as Duco 3, Educo 1.
Cedo Cessurn, Castus. (2) Or tvSfKu i. e. iyS(lita>, (a, as Herod, has
Inchoo. Festus says that it seems to be derived inwcfis, &c.—No need, with Bailey, of obs. Síku.
from the Greek, since Hesiod calls Chaos, x<£<w, the Indictio, a tax indicia.
beginning of all things. Or rather because Chaos Indïdem. Inde item, for inditem. (2) Inde idem.
was, in the words of Ovid, ' rudis indigestaque Indïgcna, a native. Genitus in loco. See Indu.
moles:' which agrees with Dumesnil's explanation Gr. avdiyey^js.
of inchoo, ' to rough-hew, to make the rough draught Indígeo. Egeo. Indu i. e. in.
of.' Inchao would easily fall into inchoo. (2) From Indïges, ëtis, born in the country. Riddle : ' From
iyx*u>, ïyxoai t° ffll *ne CUP> and so to pour it out indu i. e. in, and y4w, ytíva, yivofuu.' Rather, ivSov
in sacrifice. Thus ' Libo is used as a sacrificial and yiu. Or what is more complete, for ivZoyev^s
word, for pouring wine or any other liquor on the like avBiytrlis : hence by contraction indiges, and
altar or air or sea, to signify that that is wholly gen. indigetis, as Teres, Teretis. It may be thought
sacred to the God, the FIRST part of which is that the genitive should be indigeNis ; but similarly
poured out in honor to him:' Forcell. Thus Regens, Regentis, after making Regs, Rex, made
Homer : ènao^tífíevoi Seríecra-iy. See Auspicor. Regis, not Regntis, Rentis. I, as XéyOuts, leglmus.
Inciens, ientis, being near the time of bringing —Or indigenus existed as well as indigena; then
forth. 'EyKvav, vovtos, pregnant, (2) Voss : indiges.—Others consider indiges as short for in-
' Ciens, movens se ad pariendum.' dùgens i. e. indu agens, i. e. in regione agens vitam,
Incile, trench for carrying off water. Incisum, as Gr. iyx<iptos, Ivr/mios.—Others from indigeto, to
incisile : what is cut. (2) Incio, to call into, bring invoke, deduced by some from inde, cito, to call
into. Ile, as Cubfle. upon ; but the E falls in such cases into I, as SyE/uor,
Incîlo, rail at, reprimand. As Postum, Postulo, animus, and not the reverse. Indigeto may rather
so incisum, incisnlo, incilo. Celsus has ' scalpello be from indiges, etis, as Veneror from Venus.—
circà vulnus incidere ; ' and thus ' conviciis circa After all, indigetis may be better formed from a
pectus incidere' could be significantly used. (2) word iviòyeros or ivSvyeros formed like TTi\iy(Tos.
A word 4yxfi\û from x*"^<"> a lip. As ' x^f"V is Indïgëto, -gïto. See Indiges.
according to Valckenaer from x(*'m) f°r xe*^os: Indignor. Indignum censeo.
lips twisted so as to express scorn, as AriAAifu is to Indïpiscor. Apiscor. See Indigeo.
roll the eyes in ridicule : ' Lidd. (3) Incieo, com- Indoles. As Indigeo for Inegeo, so indoles for
moveo. ? inoles ab inoleo, inolesco. Inbred disposition. Gel-
Incipio. Capio, take in hand. lius : Natura nobis inolevit amorem nostrî. Ind-
Incïtus, not to be moved further, in allusion to from éySoc, ívSo', as in Induperator.
chessmen. Incitœ i. e. calces, a check-mate. Cio. Indu, or Indo, within. "EvSov, évSo'. (2) 'EvSoî,
Incljtus, renowned. KA.ótos, tyxKuroi. as irOIví), pUnio.
Incolumis. See Columen, -is. Indûciíc. See Indutiœ.
Incommâta, notches. 'EyKÍ/í/íara. Indûcûla, a woman's undergarment. Intus, in-
Incrëmentum. See Crementum. tucula. (2) Induco. (3) Induo.
Incubus, nightmare. In-cubo. Indulgeo. Soft for indurgeo, as tchlfSavos for
Inculco. From calco. kP10cu>os, fìAtuealrv for pPfutaívw, piLgrim for
Incus, ûdis, anvil. Cudo. piRgrim from peRegrinus. D inserted as in pro-
Incûso, Accuso, allege causas, pleas or charges Dest, proDit. Not to press upon, not to urge
against. severely. (2) For indalgeo, not to be cold towards,
Indâgo, Indâgo. As Educo, are, from Duco, ëre, as insAlto, insUlto. Seneca : Julius notus frigore.
so indâgo, are, from indu ago, ere: To drive wild Horace : Frigore te feriet. (3) For indulceo : from
beasts into nets or snares. Scaliger from inde ago ; dulcis in. (4) From ivSov\KÍa, from a word iv-
i. e. ex locis suis ago. Hence indâgo, inis : a series Sov\eia, ivSeSoíKtvxa.
69
IND INQ
Induo, I put on. 'EvSúw Consterno 1. (2) Facio, I do : in-facio, I do not,
Indúsium, a garment next the skin. Intus, intu- as some derive Nego from Ne-ago.
sium. (2) Induo. Infra. Inséra parte. As Supra.
Industríus. Qui struit rem indu, i. e. in domo ; Infrunïtus, silly. Fruniscor, to enjoy. As want
Who is busy in storing up property. Plautus : Mihi ing common sense, and not knowing how to enjoy
res structa est domî. Persius : Rem ttruere exoptas. things rightly.
— Some understand indu as in in instruo, opposed Insula, fillet, turban. From 4/j.<pva>, to cling to.
to destruo, to destroy. Instruit rem ; instruit men- As priMceps, priNceps. (2) As carnUfex for
tem. See inDipiscor. (8) Inuro, inustum, inDus- carnlfex, bidUum for bidlum, insula for infila from
tum, as inDigeo. Livy : ' Assiduo labore urente.' filum. Festus : Insula sunt filamenta lanea. The
Who inures himself to labor. (3) Indu-sto, i. e. U is short, but so E in pejero from jûro : the 0 in
insto, as Induperator. Qui instat operi. Forcellini anchora from iyxipa.
explains instantia ' sedulitas, assiduitas.' Ingënium. Geneo, genui. Vis naturâ ingenila.
Indûtise, -ciac, truce. Indu, otium. Otium in Ingens. Dacier : ' Quod in gen/em sufficiat,'
armis. As exuvijE, exequijE. (2) Scheller: ' Ducere sufficient for a whole tribe. Festus : Quia gens po-
helium, was to lengthen out war : induciœ is the puli est magnitudo, ingentem significat valdè mag
not doing so, a cessation, which in early times used num. So Oppidò is Greatly. See also on Vastus.
to last many years.' (2) Soft for incens : so great that it cannot (censeri)
Indiiviae, apparel. Induo. So Exuviae. be numbered. As àyKv\os, anGulus. (3) ' Tev-
Inertia, ineptus. Edo, Aptus. ycûos is strong, great, Soph. Aj. 938 yevvaia Sin],
Iners, ertis. Lucilius : ' Iners, ars in quo NON Schol. iirxupi, like ingens from gigno : ' Donldn.
erit ulla.' As Inermis, Ineptus. Ingënuus. Geneo, genui. Native. Lawfully be*,
Infandus. Not to be spoken, as Nefandus. For, gotten, as yy^atos. Free-born, &c.
fundus, like Amandus. Ingluvies, the craw, crop, swallow. Becman
Infans. In-fans, not speaking: as Wjirios from from gula ; inguluvies, as Diluvies, Pluvia. But, as
vij iiru>. these come from Luo, Pluo, rather from obs. gluo,
Infensus, like Offensus. See Fendo. allied to yhifa, glutio.
Inferi, i. e. inferi Dei. (2) "Evtpoi, tvFepoi, as Ingruo, fall violently on. This, and Congruo, are
S\a, sylVa. usually referred to grus, gruis. To attack as cranes,
Inferise, sacrifices to the (Inferi) infernal deities : (Milton : That small infantry warr'd on by cranes,)
or to those who (inferuntur) are consigned to the or to form together as cranes in a wedge on their
ground. Or, quae inferuntur. ' Inferimus tepido flight : Cic. de N. D. 49. (2) From iyitpoiu, to
spumantia cymbia lacte,' Virg. So Dr. Stocker. strike against. (3) From ruo: G inserted as in
Infernus, from inferus, as Supernus. impreGnable.
Infërus, which is below. Liddell says from in Inguen, groin. Voss : ' Ab íyKvov, quia ibi in
with the digamma ; i. e. inerus, inFerus. Or from fœminis est KvoroKÍa. Aut ab iv et yov^, semen.
tvepos, the obs. sing, of ívepoi. "EvFtpos. (2) In Aut pro ingen ab ingeno. Quia ibi partes génitales.'
séra. As the dead inferuntur tense. Thus Heb. 7. 10 : He was yet in the loins of his
Infesto. Infestus sum in. father. Acts 2. 30 : Of the fruit of his loins.
Infestus. Like infensus, (and in the same sense,) Inïmïcus, Inïquus. Amicus, JEquus.
from fendo, fendi, fenstum, festum, as Jungo, Junxi, Initio. Initium, or Ineo, Inïtum.
Junxtum, Juxtum, Juxtà. (2) In, much ; andfastus. Inïtium. Ineo, initum, to enter on. Inibit, will
Contemptuous. (3) In, not ; festus, gay, pleasant. begin, Eclog. 4. 11.—Initia are the sacred rites of
Infïciee. See Infitias. Ceres : for initia sacrorum. Virgil : Turn Stygio
Infïcio. Facio is to do, inficio is to undo, cor régi nocturnas INCHOAT aras. Or in the sense of
rupt ; hence to stain. (2) To work well in. iniliamenta. But Forcellini : ' Because these rites
Infïmus. Inferus, rissimus. were the introduction to a better life : or because
Infit. Incipit, inpit, aspirated inphit, infit. Thus from Ceres is the beginning of life.'
in the Glosses we find ' Infe, Spjai.' That is, Incipe. Injuria. Jus, juris.
Thus we find both àffllápayov and atrtipayov, Innuo. See Annuo.
cXlóyyos and a^óyyos. (2) For inftcit from infacio, Inops, opis. Sine ope.
opposed to defacio, deficio. That is, facit verba, as Inquïlînus, stranger, lodger. Colo, incolinus. So
Prudentius uses infit for Loquitur. Or inficit, as Inquïno, defile. Koivû, iyKoivû, I profane. (2)
opposed to deficit, is Incipit, since we find Farier Cunio.
infit, &c. Inquio, I say. Kiddle : ' From 4yéwa, as seQUor
Infïtias eo, i. e. ad. See Infitior. from iKofiai.' That is, èmréta, 4vkíw. (2) From iyxúw,
Infítior, I deny. Fateor, infateor. As Stcrno 3, fundo (verba). Catullus : Profudit pectore voces.
70
INQ INT
Inquire Quœro, as Incido. Insula, island. From in salo or in sale, as insAlsus,
Insëco, Insequo, insexi, I relate. Sequo, active of insUlsus. (2) As some derive Vinco from vikH,
aeguor, i. e. persequor oratione. (2) "Eirw, M. ìku, ÌvkS>, Fivkû ; so insula or at first insa from vîjaos,
seco, as Sero. ?lvaos, as xripOS, cerA. (3) "Eva\os: Schw. As
Insecta, insects. Seco, as ivTopjx. From the 'Aàùç produces Salis.
separation in the middle. Insula, an insulated house, not joined to others
Insicia, Isicia, sausage. Inseco, insico. Ex carne by a common wall, but having many rooms let out
inseetd. to poor families. Above.
Insïdiac, ambush. In, sedeo. Sitting in ambush, Insulsus. Salsus. Not savored with salt.
iyéSpa. Insulto, insult. Salto in. ' As Remus over Ro-
Insigne, Insignis. Signum. mulus's wall : ' Stocker.
Insïlia, treadle of a loom : on which weavers Intâmmâtus. See Contamino.
insiliunt. Integer. In; tago, tango. Intact, untouched,
Insinuo. Sinus, dat. sinui. To steal into the &8tKTos.
heart, or good graces of. Intellïgo, properly, to choose between one thing
Insïpo. See Dissipo. and another. Nepos : Ut difficile esset intellectu
Insolens. SoUtum morem excedens. utrum eum amici magis vererentur an amarent.
Instar. That is, ad instar, (like Nectar,) after the Intempéries, weather too hot or cold, too moist
likeness of. Instar by euphony for istar, from uri/rns, or dry. Non temperata.
likeness, M. laórrip, ìabrap, Ivrap. Plato says : We Inter. 'Evrbs, M. imóp. (2) In, as Subter,
say oïcA7!p<ÍT7j2, but the Eretrians OK\T)p6rnV. N, Praeter.
as truNcus, deNsus. Nor is the gender an ob Intërâmentum, whatever is required to strengthen
jection, as we have Vinum neuter from Oivos, or furnish the interior. Intents ; as At rament um.
Tapetum from Táirns, rrros, Vulgus neuter from Intërânea, intestines. As Extranea.
$X^os, &c. On the other hand Erebus masc. from Interbïto, i. e. intereo. See Beto.
"Ep£0os, eos, Domus fem. from 56/ios. (2) Isaac Intercâpêdo, interval. The time which intercipi-
Voss : ' Instar for instare, as Jubar for Jubare. tur, is intercepted between points.
From itarnp, or la-rvp, istar, instar.' (3) From Intercus, cutis, dropsy inter cutem, between the
insto vestigiis, to follow after, imitate. Ainsworth skin and flesh.
says : ' Quod instat. I. e. ad exemplum.' Interfïcio. Facio. To do up, to do for, Kartp-
Instaura, renew. Sravp6a>, », stauro, to drive in yd(o/iat, conficio. Inter intensive like Iu. So
pales with a view to prop up things falling or in a Intereo, Interimo, Pereo.
bad state. (2) From aravphs as put for trraepbs Interim. Im acc. of is. Inter eum temporis
from ot<w», stable or firm. terminum.
Instigo. From ivotvy&m, tS,frora ivarífa, iviarlya. Intërïtus, death. See Interficio.
Instinguo, instigate. Srlfa, ffrìyâ. As Instigo. Interlûco. Like Collûco.
Instïta, purfle, border, frieze, garter. Insto, in Internus. Inter, as Supernus.
stituai. As standing upon the bottom of the robe : Interpello. See Appello.
or following closely on, subsequens, ix°li*y,l- Or, Interpolo, whiten or furbish up. Polio, as Capio,
" standing over the feet. Occupo 1.
Instïtor, merchant's factor, retailer, huckster. Interpres, ëtis. For interpertis : one who stands
Insto, institum. From his attending to the concerns (inter partes) between parties in transactions of
of his employer or of his own. Nonius : ' Instat business. (2) From pretium. One who offers a
mercaturam; frugi est.' Cicero: 'Instant atque price between parties. As parens for parlens. (3)
urgent summo cum studio.' From trpdrris, a vender. Gr. fietroTrpdrris. E is
Instrûmentum, by which instruimus, we furnish short : but so in prëtium from irpdrijs. (4) Prœs.
or equip. Intertrigo, chafing of the skin by rubbing against
Insúbïdus, uncouth, ignorant, inelegant, incon things. Intertero, intertertgo, as Impetigo.
siderate. Voss : ' Cui non subit quid sit agendum,' Intertrimentum. See Detrimentum.
who does not know how to behave or what to do. Intervallum, the space between (vallos) the stakes
Or subeo might be like our Under-stand. Subidus of the rampart of a camp.
is found in Gellius as ' knowing, skilled,' Ridd. (2) Intërííla, an inner clothing. Interns. Apuleius :
Sapidus, supidus, subidus and insubidus. As cìll- Tunicam interulam.
cita, lUbricus, cUlmus. (3) Subitus, insubitus, Intërus. Inter, as Superas.
insubidus: where in increases the force. (4) Intestâbïlis, execrable. Testor, as Detestor. Not
Ainsw. : Swinish, from subus plur. of sus. See to be allowed to give evidence or make a w ill.
Subo. (5) As àirì>, Ítioî ; sub, subidus. Insubidus, Intestïnus. Intus, as Clandestine.
not under government.
71
INT ITA
Intïmo, make known. Facio intimum et sami- Jugum; and Jovis, as vios, vEFos, nOVus. (a)
liare. Liddell from Aid's. ?
Intïmus. Interns, interrimus, as Infimus. Ipse. Is-pse. Ve, Doric, is him, himself. So
Intra. Interâ parte. Eapse. In English we say, HE HIMself said so.
Intro. Eo intrb. Indeed intro-eo may be short (a) Some think the I prefixed for the sound. See
ened into intro. Or intra, as Super, Supero. (2) Sibi.
Tpiw, rpâ : Donldsn. Ira. For irra from irrio or hirrio, to snarl as a
Introrsum. Introversum. dog in a rage; a word formed from the letter R,
t Intubum, endive. Dr. Turton : ' From in and which, says Lucilius, an irritated dog speaks plainer
tuba [or tubus], a hollow instrument. From the than a man. (a) As pausA from iraûo-12, so ira
hollowness of its stalk. ' (3) Gloss. : "Emvfiov, from tlpis, viewed as an Epic form of ipis, as rtlpos
inliba. of ripas. Passion being synonymous with strife
Intueor. See Tueor. and quarrel. (3) From iepà, i. e. vótros ; trans
Intus, within. 'Evtos. ferred from ' the great and terrible disease of the
Invehor, upbraid. Vehor. Ride against. Livy : body' to that of the mind. Thus Adam derives
Investi hostem. Curia from xvpla, i. e. iiacKriaía. H omitted for
Invënio. Venio, come upon. euphony.
Investio, surround. Veste tego. Irâcundus. Irascor, as Facundus.
Invëtërâtus. Vetus, eris. Irascor. Ira, iror.
Invïdeo. Video, to look (in) on the wealth of Iris, rainbow. TIpw.
others too much or with an evil eye. ' Eyed ' 1 Sam. Irnea. See Hirnea.
18. 9. Ovid: ' Sed videt ingratos intabescitque Irônia, irony. Zlpwvtia.
videndo Successus hominum.' Or in expresses in Irpex, rake, harrow. "Apirof, âyos. I, as <rrpAy-
ability to look through envy. As Injuria. yâ, strlngo : our rickets from ^Ax'tis.
Invîsus. Which cannot be seen with pleasure. Irrito, incite, stimulate ; incite to anger. As
Or from invideo, to look upon with bad feelings. j>ûrì>s is Tractus, drawn; there could be a word
Invito. For invocito, invoito, as Providens, Proï- fivriw, fnirw, agreeing much with Lacio, to draw,
dens, Prudens. lead into, and Lacesso. Rito, as (pptya, frlgo ;
Invitus, unwilling. From luBiârhs, formed from KTyû, llgo. So Prorito. (a) From jirrróv. To urge
Bia. As Vivo from Biá>. (a) From vieo, viêtum, by things spoken. As ^Hy^o, rima. (3) From
vitum, whence Vitis, Vitilis. Tied and bound. (3) irrio, irritum, to snarl as a provoked dog. Taken
In, volo volitum voitum. (4) In votum, against one's actively. But Prorito does not agree with this.
wish. As convlcium. (5) Vito, to try to escape. Irrïtus, ineffectual. In, not; râtus, thought of,
(6) The obsolete Vitus from ireKTros, itcittoi, per purposed, determined, fixed.
suaded. As Uo\do>, Voluo, Volvo. Is. From ts, as Olle, Ille ; "OfiPpos, Imbris. The
Inula, Enúla, elecampane. 'Exivtov, eleniula, (as aspirate dropt as in Ulcus, Annus.—Thus ii 5" Si,
Fiov, Viola,) enula. So parlens, parens. And he said, Plato. Kal ts,' A4Çov yp-îr, (<pT), Xen.
Involo, filch. Volo, fly upon, (a) I put into *A\\à «al os, Homer : ' Sed et is,' Clarke. *Os, sayB
my volam, hand. Liddell, is ' this, that.' So is koì os, this and that,
Involûcrum, wrapper. Volûtum, as Sepultum, (a) "Ios, (ts,) one and the same. See Ea.
Sepulcrum. Ischiâdïcus, ïScus. GR.
Involvûlus, a small worm (involvens) winding Isicium. See Insicia.
round leaves. Isis, the goddess. "Io-is.
Inuus, Pan. Ineo, i. q. Pivta. As Vacuus. Iso , Greek words.
Io, exclamation. '1<6. Iste. As ts became is, so SVtí is iste.
Jocus. As 'Idurtcv, Jason, and SAjuw, dOmo, so Isthic, Istic. Iste hie.
jocus from faxos in Orpheus, like laxh said of joyful Isthmia, Isthmus. GR.
shouts in Pindar and Euripides. So laxaios, glad- Istorsum. Iste, vorsum.
sounding, as Brunell and Ellendt read in Œd. T. Ita. Liddell : ' ETto, like Lat. ita, itague, and so ;
1219. (2) As Foveo, Fovicus, Focus: so juvo, then, therefore, accordingly.' So SElp.bp, tïmor.
juvicus, jucus, and jScus as fiTKa, mOla ; sUboles, (8) Short for istâ : ' After that manner.' As Qua,
sOboles. (3) 'lvyii, considered like Ivy/ibs, a shout &c. S dropt, like T in Enim. A short, as in puta.
of joy. (3) Hand says that the majority of Grammarians
Iohia, oh I Perhaps from ìi, ty. But others now agree that ita is formed from the pronoun i
read otherwise. whence is: with ta affixed, as in other words tus,
Iota. 'Iwra. turn, ti, tern. ?
Jovis. Zeùs, Ztis, as »oîs, riïs ; Jéis, as Zvyby, Itâque : and so. Ita que.
72
ITE JUP
Item, in the same manner. For itidem. (2) Jûglans, walnut. Jovis glans, joviglans, joiglans,
From is : Ridd. then as rOIvj), pUnio. As sacred to him, or as very
Iter, journey. From eo, itum, whence adttus, large. '
exitus : or from fobs, passable, Itineris, as Jecino- Jugo, to join. From jugum ; or from fu-yû fut. of
ris, Facinoris. Çeúyu, ^eítyfvfíi.
Itëro. From iterum. (2) See Iterum. Jugula, ' the constellation Orion, or rather a single
Itërum, again. From trepov, a second time. (2) star between his shoulders, near his [jugulum]
Dumesnil from itero, âvi, a frequentative of eo, ivi, throat:' Ainsw. ' Hujus signi caput,' are Varro's
itum. words, ' dicitur ex stellis quatuor ; quas infrà duae
Ithyphallus. 'lSixpaWos. claree, quas appellant humeros; inter quas quod
Itidem, in like manner. ' For iterum idem. Or videtur^'u^w&m. Unde jugula.'
et idem : ' Becm. Or ita idem. Or itadem from ita, Jûgiilo, I cut the jugulum.
as priDEM, iDEM, tantunDEM. Jûgulum, the part about the windpipe. Turton :
Ito, Itus. Eo, Hum. ' From jugum. The yoke being fastened to this
Júba, mane. *<ij8a and tpof34a> fell into juba and part.' (2) Fromjugo, jungo. As joining the head
jubeo, q. v. to the body.
Jûbar. Riddle : ' For julare, sc. lumen, from Jûgum, yoke, &c. Zvyáv.
jûba.' Perott: ' Quòd splendor diffunditur in modum Jugum, bench. Zvyáv.
jubœ leonis.' Forcellini : ' Jubœ quandam similitudi- Jûgum, a hill. Jugo, jungo. From hills running
nem referens.' Dumesnil : ' Quòd manè sol quasi on in continuity. Horace : Continui montes. We
radiorum jubd cinctus est.' The Quandam and the say a chain of hills. But Dumesnil : ' As & jugum,
Quasi here throw a suspicion on this derivation. yoke placed on the head of oxen, fig. the top of a
What if, as Juba itself is from *<i,8o, and Jubeo from mountain. ' If jugum was used like jugulum, it
*o/3e'a>, jubar is from (pofiapbv changed from rpo@cpbi>, might mean a hill, like Gr. \6<j>os and Seipás.
awful; much as /íéyEBos and /j.éyA0osí Then Julius, July. In honor of Julius Caesar, born in
jubar is a brilliant radiant light, striking the mind this month.
with consternation, Gr. ^mrArj/CTOcòv, Seivbv, a/up- lulus, moss. "IouXor.
SaAcop. Júmentum, beast of burden. Jugo, jugamentum.
Jubeo. Some refer jubeo to (afitâ i. e. iïia&iáa Riddle: ' From jugum: draught-cattle.' (2) Juvo,
or Sia/3iáojuai, as Zvyby, Jugum ; KAAafios, cUlmus : juvamentum, as Adjumentum. Columella : ' Quòd
—Or to Çatpáw, for Sicupdíi), 5ic£<p%u, as p.afiA£l, juvat nostrum laborem vel onera subvectando vel
madEO :;—Or to vtpia,M.v<piniu,
?/cop, toJecur
lay or;—Or
put to
under, arando. ' Virgil of the dying bull : ' Quid labor aut
subject as THxop, jus BENEFACTA juvant ?' jEschylus says that men
habeo ;—but, as from *<!/3o is Huba, Juba, so from yoked horses, that they might be Binfrols neytaruv
Qof34a> is Hubeo, Jubeo ; for the iEolians said /ttyis AIAAOXOI fioxBrifuiTav.
for liOyis, <rrT/ia for orO/ut. Now <pof}4a} is to Juncus, bulrush. Jungo, jungicus, juncus. As
frighten : hence to menace or command in a frighten used in weaving and binding. As Germ. Bintz
ing manner, as Shakspeare : ' An eye, like Mars', to from Binden, to Bind.
threaten and command.' Compare Mino, to drive. Jungo. For jugo, (as Frago, Frango,) from fiiyw
# into the aspirate, as *eî, Heu, and Herba from fut. of (ebyvvfii. So Zvybv, Jugum.
*s'p/9a>; and J, as ?/cap, Jecur, above. Compare Junior. Juvenis, juvenior.
Juvo. Jûnïpërus, juniper. Juvenis, junis, as Junior;
Jûbïlo, I shout, 'lob, sometimes a cry of joy ; pario. ' For it produces its young berries, while
whence (as Ejulo, Postulo, Ustulo,) iuulo orjuulo ; the old ones are ripening : ' Turton. So Bauhin
or juïlo, as Ventilo. Then juBilo, as biBo. J, as in Scheide. ' For it is continually renewing : '
'l&awv, Jason. Wacht.
Jûcundus, delightful. Juvo, juvaeundus, as Ira- Junius, June. In honor of Junius Brutus, the
cundus. (2) Jocor, jocacundus. Agreeable, &c. first Consul. (2) Sacred to Juno. Junonius. (3)
Judex, judge. For juridex, juridicis. From Juniores, the body-guard of Romulus. Ovid:
Jûgërum, acre. From jugo, jungo. The space Junius ajuvenum nomine dictus.
occupied in two 'actus quadrati' joined together. Jûnix, heifer. Juvenis, junis, as Junior. So
(2) Others from jugum. As much as could be Juvencus.
ploughed by a yoke of oxen in one day. See 1 Sam. Juno. From acc. ZeDv, Jupiter. A word Zeuvá.
14. 14. Rather for duo-jugerum, from duo juga. (2) ' Zavi>, fern, from Zhv, the Latin Juno : susp. :'
J into I. (3) Donldn. from duo, ager : diagerum. Lidd. Somewhat as irXATeos, plUteus; x^is,
Jûgis, continual. Jugo, jungo. Joining on, as hUmus. (3) For Juvino : Ridd.
ervvtxh*, Con-tinuus from Teneo. Jupiter, Zeis rrarijp, Juppiter, as Zirjbv, Jugum.
73 K
JUR
Jurgo, sue at law. Jure ago, as Litige e. g. a general's cloak, which was carried as a
Jûro, swear. From jus, juris. Dumesnil: 'To banner:' Forcell. B, as amBo; and the middle
assert for a public cause and by order of a public shortened, as ayxvpa, ancora. (2) A writer in the
authority.' Otherwise explained, To engage to hold Classical Journal suggests, that, as S. P. Q. R. is
what is promised as binding as the law. The Senatus Populus Que Romanus, so labarum is Le-
Latins said Jus-jurandum. (2) As some derive gionum Aquila Byzantium Antiquâ Roma Urbe
obscUrus from briokiEp0s ; so juro, to promise by Mutabit.
the (Upbv) Temple. J for the aspirate, as in Jecur Labdâcismus, faulty pronunciation of L. GR.
from the TEolic %Kap. (3) For Jovem oro, jouro, Lâbellum. Labrum, as Flagellum.
juro. ? Làbeo, blobber-lipped. Labium, as Capito.
Jus, juris, law. Vrom jubeo, jussum. As ordered Lâbes. From labor, as Cfedo, Caedes. A fall,
by the laws. (2) As authority, from Séos, fear, as downfall, ruin of morals. A stain or spot from
we pronounce solDIER as if it was solJER. See Jus, things falling on clothes, &c.
broth. (3) Juris from juro, says Riddle. But the Labium, lip. From labo, lambo, as Fragor from
latter is usually deduced from the former. Frago, Frango. (2) From Kaflu, \ap.$dva. With
Jus, juris, broth. As TeWovaa, TéWova", Tellus ; which we take hold of food, of a cup, a glass, &c.
so (eovva, boiling, (íova', jus. Z, as Zvybv, Jugum. Juvenal: Labra cibum CAP1UNT.
For the gender see on Instar. (2) Riddle from Lâbo, totter. See Labor.
(vos from (toi, (va. (3) Zim, (íos, as obs. Sta, Labor, faulter, glide. As Taôt&s, Lâtus, borne ;
(Seí/xa,) Séos. See Jejunus. as ïï\â.Tos, Lâtus ; so labor from fi\àfìotixu, to be
Jussum. Jubeo, jubsum. harmed or hurt, here by falling or slipping. Thus
Justïtium, stoppage of law proceedings. Siatum. clâdes is long from kK&Sos. In lâbo the quantity is
As Solstitium. short, fíAâ&u (me), as Jacto is Jacto (me). Thus
Justus. Jus, as Onus, Onustus. also we have plâceo and plâco, sâgus and sàgax,
Juvencus, young, as Lucret. ' equus florenti actate pârio and pâreo. Our word Fall is used in the two
juvencus.' Hence a bullock. Juvenis, juvenicus. senses of Labor, to tumble and to glide. (2) As
(2) Juvo, like Jumentum. irpuTos Mo\. for irpânos, so Xô/3a for \â$a, mutila
Jûvënis, young, a young man. From juvo. One tion j whence labor. (3) Perhaps allied to \tl$w
arrived at that age as to be of use to his family, and \oiw : Schw. ?
friends, and country. Juvenal : ' Gratum est quòd Labor. From Xtt/3â, (as Amo, Amor,) to take
patriae sit idoneus, utilis agris, Utilis et bellorum etin hand, undertake, as Aap.fìávttv ípym in Xenophon.
pacis rebus agendis.' Compare conversely Gr. &ri- So in Eccles. 1. 3, ' all his labor which he taketh :'
Kovpia from Kovpos. (2) From vUis : Ridd. 2. 20, ' all the labor which I took.' (a) From labo,
Juventa. Juvenis, as Senecta. to be ready to drop down. Excessive toil under
Juvo. From (ia, says Riddle : i. e. (6Fa, jovo, which one sinks. (3) Morland from laboro, and
as Zvybv, Jugum; and juvo as Uti from"Ori. Z6a> this from ToXoi7riup<5, corrupted to KmsmpH. »
is a form of (iu, which is ' to be fresh, strong, effi Labôsus. Labos, i. q. labor.
cient, active, powerful : ' Lidd. And this, in an Lábrum, like Labium. Also a large vessel, open
active sense, is juvo. (2) Haigh from ' (o<piw, in the manner of lips.
(o<p&, to obscure, to shade, metaph. to protect.' Labru&ca, mid-vine. Turton : ' As growing (labris)
As *<ít7)s, Vates. (3) To imitate the beneficence in the ridges or extremities of the fields.' So Ser-
(Jovis) of Jove. Qui juvat, ille est Jupiter ei quem vius, Nonius, &c.
juvat. Thus St. Matth. 5. 45 : ' That ye may be Laburnum. Turton : ' From labrum, as having
the children of your Father which is in Heaven, for labiated leaves.' R dropt, as in Labellum.
He maketh his sun to rise,' &c. We say, That was Labyrinthus, labyrinth. GR.
a God-like action. (4) As Xópros, Hortus, and M. Lac, milk. FÓÀa, yá\OKTos, y\ÍKTos, whence in
r/Kap, Jecur, so x""' j*vof t0 exhilarate, as ixvaV Homer rAa/cTo^áyoi. So Liquorice.
0v/i6s, Horn. Lacca, knot in the veins of the legs of cattle.
Juxta, near. From jungo, junxi, junxtum, jux- Lacio, lactum, whence lacto. Drawn (aside), dis
tum : joining on to. So Conjux. torted. Lacta, lacca, as Ù2TS, oSSa.
lynx, wag-tail. "lvy£. Lacer, torn. From \anis, a rent ; or Kaxia, to
burst in pieces,
L. Lâcerna, an overall : more loose than the chlamys,
says Forcell. From lacio, to draw, drag, as Ca-
Lâbárum, the imperial banner. ' From Katpvpov ; verna. Thus the Gr. aipp.a from aiipa, and the
v into a, as KvhiÇ, calix, xvvbs, canis. As being epith. éAicexÍTaives. (3) Lacertus, laceriina, as
originallv a Aúcpvpov or spoil taken from a living foe, covering the arms. .
74
LAC LAN
Lacëro. See Lacer. Euripides ' Iceta convivia,' and Goes translates ydvu-
Lâcertus, an arm. As Libertus sor Liberatus, so fiai 5aiTÌ>s in the same ' lœtor onustus lauto convi-
lâcertus for laceratus, as beaten and mangled in grief. vio.' (3) Allied to lautiis : Ridd.
Ovid: Percutit indignos claro plangore lacertos. Lievis. See Levis.
Virgil : Palmis percussa lacertos. Lsevus, left. Aaiis, AaiFis.
Lâcertus, -ta, lizard. Isidorus from the (lacertis) Lâgânum, Làgëna. A6.ya.vov, Adyqvos.
arms with which it moves. These arms or feet dis Lâgëos, a kind of vine ; ' Adyeios, from Aayùis, a
tinguish it from a serpent. hare. Called also Leporaria : ' Ainsw. Perhaps
Lâcesso, stimulate, provoke. Lacio, to draw, as from its color.
Facesso, Capesso. (a) Lacera or Aokw, to rend, Lágôis, Lâgôpus, Laïcus. GR.
hence harass, &c. Lalïsio, a wild ass's foal. ' From AaAdfa : à voci-
' Lâchânîzo, Lâchânum, Lâchësis. GR. ferando,' says Ainsworth. (2) But, as Martial calls
Lâcïnia, lappet, flap, fringe. Forcellini ; ' Pro it INFANS, Voss thinks it is from &\u\os, whence
perly, the segmenta, divers pieces tacked on to the might flow à\a\í(uv, '\a\í(wv, lalisio ; much as
skirt of a garment, and hanging down separately. Amasio. Pliny seems to consider it an African
From Aatils, scissura.' Pliny speaks of ' porrum et word.
allium in lacinits colligatum : ' whence Forcellini Lallo, to sing lullaby to children. From the
justly concludes that lacinia is ' resecta et separata softness of the letter L, shown in the sounds lal lal.
particula.' Besides Columella has ' In lacinias pecus Thus AaKâ is to prattle or talk.
aegrotum distribui jubet : ' i. e. separate folds. And Lama, slough, ditch. Liddell : ' Aâ/ios, an abyss,
laciniosus is ' cut in sundry fashions,' Ainsw. And gulf: hence Lat. lama, vorâgo.' As KypOS, cerA.
Stephens explains Aaxiias ' pannos, fascias.' Or, as a is short, from Aa/ivpa, full of abysses ;
Lâcio, I draw, as Lucret. : lacere in fraudem : and lamra, lamma. (2) Aâfifia, M. of Arjfi/ia, an inter
hence Elicio, Illicit), &c. 'EAaóvtû, iAdo-w, ^Aaxa, ception. (3) Asjuo{ M. of Aeîfiaf, a moist meadow.
'Adxa, lacio, to draw. As Lamina. (2) As kfmaâ, For I see Ilara.
transp. j>mraâ, Rapio ; so itjdm, transp. Ae/cvtc, lecio, Lambëro, I tear in pieces. M seems added as in
and lacio, as /iEvéa, mAneo. (3) AaKÍÇai, to Aaru$dvw and Lambo; and labero seems allied to
wheedle, Hesych. Fut. Kaxiâ. But mark Elicio. AdfSpos furious, \d(pvpa spoils, &Atnrd(u to slay, &c.
Lácryma, a tear. From Sdxpvfia, as oAvtrtnbs, Lambo, I lick. For labo, (as in Gr. \dM<f/o/iai,
uLysses. Festus indeed states that Livius Andro- capiam,) from Aajpâ formed from Adirrto, AtAcupa, to
nicus used the word dacrima. The quantities differ, lap up. B, as amBo. (2) From Aa/3£>, to
as anchora from uyicvp*. take i. e. with the lips. Bailey : AdfífSw, AanBdva.
Lactâria, spurge, milk-weed. And Lamella. Lamina, laminella.
Lactes, chitterlings. From lac, lactis. Lacteo Lâmentum. Lacrymor, lacrymamentum, lacry-
pingui obducfce : Forcell. And Priscian says they mentum, lamentum. As Inferissimus, Infimus, Imus.
are called in Gr. -yaAaKTÍSer. (2) Clamo.
Lacto, allure. Lacio, lactum. Suckle, from lactis. Lamia, sorceress. Aafiia.
Lactúca, lettuce. Lactis, as Caduca. From its Lamina, Lamna, plate of metal. 'HAa/xtva, 'Ah-
milky juice. Heva, beaten out. Plutarch has Aeirrws íAeAïjAot-
Lacuna, pool, ditch. Lacus, as Vacuna. fievov ffiSypov. I, as AeyEre, leglte.
Lacunar, like Laquear. Above. Lampas, a lamp. GR.
Lâcûno, I fret lacûnis, with hollows. Lâmyrus, sea-lizard. Apparently from Aa/tvphs,
Lacus, lake, mere, cistern, &c. Aíkkos, pit, cis gluttonous.
tern. (2) Lavo, lavicus: Donldn. Lâna, wool. From Aâvos, JEo\. of Arjvos. (2)
Lsedo, I hurt. From Aats, AatSos. To make a From Adxvy, sheep's-wool. As àpáXNîj, araNea.
spoil of. Or at once from AaXScè fut. 2. of AaíÇa, Lancea, lance. A6yxv- A, as vOlvo, vAlvae;
ArftÇofuu. Aoíu, lOvo, lAvo ; OùS', hAud.
Laena, upper robe. XAaiva. Lancïno, I tear. As AdSddva, fraNgo, for lacino
Laeta, public grounds. Aáïra. from Aaxiû, or Aaxts. See Orno, Verno. (2) From
Laetus, glad. As 'Ikti8«i became KtiSci), 'E/ceivoj lancea. (3) ' Lanx, lands. To divide, distribute ;
Ketvos, 'lXvfibs Limus, 'Epfr/ibs Remus, so iAanros then to tear :' Fore.
became Itetus. Hesychius : 'ÏAairr i\ap<p. M, as Langueo, droop. From Aayyéw in Hesychius,
fioiarAO, mus/E. (2) As Lacryma from Adxpv/ia, who says : AayydÇei • ÒKveî, ol 5è Aayytì. Hence
Licet from AÍktj, Levir from AaFbp ; so lœtus from 'Aayyaphs, Abresch. jEsch. 2. 29/ (Schsef.) and
Harris. And as Durus is hard in the manner of Aayyavwfievos in Hesychius is ffrpayyevófievos.
(Sovpv) wood, lœtus is gay and joyous in the manner Allied to Aayapbs, slack, and Ai\yw.
of banquets. Barnes translates tt&mrroi ScSns in Lânio, tear or cut in pieces. Haigh says ' from
75
LAN
lanius, a butcher, and this from \dïvoí, \dyios, stony, Laridum, Lardum, bacon. Macrobius saysfor large"
cruel.' But better thus : Lacino, (see Lancino, and aridum. Rather with the initial L after the Greek
Lacinia,) lacinius, lanius: thence lanio. (a) Aâvos, form, as in \ai\pripbi, which, says Liddell, is no doubt
wool ; then a word \avifa, Aawi, to card wool, the same as atynpbs with A prefixed, as Aa in
generally to divide asunder. A short, as câleo, \dp.ax<>s, Xa.Karatr\>yuv. (3) But rather from \apbv,
odium, arena. nice, dainty. As Vivum, Vividum. Riddle says,
Lânista, a trainer and seller of gladiators. Called Xapbv, Xapivbv, fatted.
by the degrading term of a butcher : lanius, laniista: Laris, larch. Adpi^.
' TJt publicè mutuo lanientur gladiatores : ' Fore. Larva. From Lar, Laris: for Lariva. 'The
The I vanishing, as in parlens, and U in janllitor. Lar, they say, took care of future generations in
(8) If he lent them out, as well as sold them, it fixed habitations, whereas the Larva wandered about
might be from Savt'iffTa, properly, a lender of money. in uncertain habitations, and terrified mankind with
L, as Lacryma. horrible phantoms.' Thus Forcellini, who quotes
Lanius. See lanio. Apuleius : ' Utrùm Lar sit an Larva,' Sic.
Lanugo, soft wool or gossamer, the first down on L&sánum, chamber-pot. GR.
the beard. Lana, as Salstigo. Lascivus, wanton, petulant. Lacesso, lacessivus,
Lanx, lancis, the scale or basin of a balance. As as Cadlrus. Lascivus, ' Who is wont without any
rdhavrov is from ToAc£a>, n-aXaivw, TfrdKavrat, (as cause to worry others : ' Fore, (a) ' Laxus, laxivus,
from ipdv, (paívu, irttpcwrai is <pdvra.fffia,) so from as Ital. lasciare from Lat. laxare : ' Ainsw. (3)
perf. Ttrd\ayxa was rdKayÇ, and (as Lactis from ' AfdxatFoi : idle prattler : ' Haigh. As 'Axaioi,
ráAaKTas,) lanx, lancis. (a) Others take the sense Achivi.
of broad plate or dish as the primary sense, and then Laser, juice of the laserpitium, by a short mode
lanx can he from irActf, lengthened into ir\ày{, (as of speaking.
ir\á(w makes fut. irAaT{w,) and shortened into lanx, Laserpitium, laserwort. Lac, sirpe; lac-serpicum,
as Latus from ïl\dros. lacsirpitium.
Lâpâthum, sorrel. AdrraBov. Lassus, weary, Lacio, lacsus, lassus, as Jubeo,
Lápillus. Lapis, idis, lapidillus. Jubsus, Jussus. Importuned, excited, worried, like
Lapis. Aâs, \âos, lais, as Sois, daPis. Fatigatus from Fatim-ago, much the same as lacio,
Lappa, a bur. For labba: see Lippus. From lacesso. Thus Forcellini explains Fatigo, ' vires
\a0f!y : It lays hold of the garments of passers-by. urgendo instandoque cuipiam adimo, lasso.' (8)
(2) Donldn. from JE. (àicd)\â<pa. ? Labor, labsus, lassus. Worn out by slipping and
Lapsâna, colewort. Aai^ánj. stumbling. (3) As aSSIS was said as well as aXis,
Lapsus. Labor, labsus. lassus for laxus, unbent, unstrung, thus applied to
Laquear. For lacuar from Xóko;, or lacus, lacuis, the body and the mind.
whence lacuna and lacunar. The empty space left Lastaurus, effeminate. GR.
in ceilings between the different beams to be orna Latebra. Lateo, as Scatebra.
mented : fretted work. So Alvear, Alveare. Lâteo, lie hid. Aaiiu.
Láqueus, snare, trap, noose ; fraud. Lacio, Later, brick. 'EX&riip, 'Àâ-rìjp, which means
lacuus, as Ambiguus. Lucretius has ' lacere in indeed a flat cake, but might well mean a flat brick,
fraudem.' (a) Aoxtbt, an ambush. As \oia>, lOvo, (a) n\aTÒí, flat ; or irKdrra, to figure.
lAvo. (3) Avyû, to bind; as kTvos, cAnis. See Làterculum, note-book. Oblong like a later,
LoQUor. brick.
Lar, Lâris. As Pârum from Uavpov, Laris is Látercìílus, a biscuit, as above.
from \avpa, a street, road, way. For the Lares were Làtërensis, a yeoman, a latere, by the side of the
tutelar deities not only of houses, but of towns and Prince.
roads, (a) Haigh from \àpbs, agreeable, pleasant. Lâterna, Lanterna, lantern. Lateo, latitum, lati-
Others from the Gaelic lar, the ground on which a terna. Quòd latet in eâ ignis. N was added for
house is built. the sound, as in \aS0dva. (a) Lampiterna : Ridd.
Lardum. See Laridum. Latex, water, &c. Servius deduces it from lateo,
Largior. I give large. as being concealed within the veins of the earth.
Largus. Becman says, from Xavpos. Rather As Apio, Apex. But others from Ac£to|, the liquor
thus : As from fida, fif/iaa, through a form paipa, falling out of the cup which was called HÒnafios or
(as \púa\ tyaípw,) perf. /léfiapica, is /xdpyos ; so from KOTrd$iov. (Steph. dxlv.)
\dw, through \aipu, \4\apxa, is \dpyos, largus. Lâtïbûlum, Lâtïto. Làteo.
Ada is the root of Kaiu>, Xaj3û, &c, and xdpyos is Lâtrîna, private bath. Lavatrina.
like Capax from Capio. (a) From a word Xdepyos, Lâtrïna, a privy. Where any one latet, hides
causing much work. himself: or it is itself in a retired place. Gr. à(p-
76
LAT LEG
tBp&y. And the act is in Gr. h-KOTTariw, to go àirò to give a fuller sound to the word, (a) Ainsworth
nq/rov. derives laurus from lavo, lauo, as being of vast use
Latro, to bark. As we find èAazTpéa and vAa- in cleansing the blood, and as being in consequence
ffrpla, we may suppose a verb vAaffTpiw, vAacrrpw, used in the purifications, referring to Plin. 15. 39.
y£. vAarrpw, whence latro, as 'EpeT/ibs, 'person, (3) Adtpyos, laurus, is quoted in Stephens 3142,
Remus ; 'ÊAauéva, 'AafieVa, Lamina ; 'Opa/ívos, 'pdp- and Hesychius explains Adcpyn by Ad<pyq, as òAw-
vos, Ramus ; 'Ajrrépa, Asterula, 'Stella, (a) From <revs became òAvaatvs, uLysses, and Adxpvfia, La-
Adrpis, famulus. ' Nam famulantur canes latrando : ' cryma. It seems therefore not improbable, in
Ainsw. (3) From Aarpdfa, explained by Hesy- coupling these together, that Sdtpyos or Ad<pvos was
chius fiapfìapíÇai. changed successively to lavnus, lavrus, laurus. Thus
Latro, soldier of the body-guard. Being à latere, tdrris became Vates ; caNmen, caRmen ; aVceps,
by the side of the Prince, (a) Adrpoy, wages. aUceps. Or thus : lavnus, launus, lanrus.
Latro, chessman ; i. e. soldier on the chessboard. Laus, laudis. Haigh (like TAoktoj, Lactis,) from
Above. yAwaaa, 'Aâaa', ' the tongue, discourse.' See Lau
Latro, highwayman. Festus says : ' Quòd à latere rus, Aurichalcum. (a) Some refer to Aavat ; Aaíu
adoriuntur : vel, quòd latenter insidiantur.' Dacier supposed the same as Ada, huit», Ado-nu, to speak,
rejects these, and says : ' The besiegers of the high to speak of, and thus praise, as *7)/«] from *<£«,
ways were called latrones, from hired soldiers being Aivos from obs. aïw, Aio. (3) Cicero states that
called by this name who used to occupy themselves laus consists ' in apertâ prsedicatione, ' and laudatio
in this manner.' From Adrpoy, hire, pay. Or latro is a ' panegyric, laudatory oration,' Dumesn. Pane
may be referred to A7)mtt)|s> JE. Aaicrriip, A.ç<rrjjp, gyric itself being derived from iravriyvpiKbs Aóyos, a
Ájfrrfip, Latro means also a huntsman: because, speech before the assembled people. Hence laus,
says Forcellini, what robbers do with men, these do laudis, may be well referred to AaáSris, popularis,
with wild beasts. (Steph. 5610,) like SrifíáSris in .(Elian, i. e. AaéSris
Latrociniura, robbery. Latro, as Tirocinium. Aóyos, popularis sermo. Aripiiydpovs nubs Eur.
Latrunculus, chessman. Latro, as Carbunculus. Hec. 254. The ft changed into the U, as S^iirAeftj
Lâtus, borne. Soft for tXûtòs, to be borne, sus into SjiiirAeTs, amplUs; yeSìrfpiâ, vtKVpiw, nUtrio;
tained, as lâbo from /8AÓ/3?j. By others it is referred efts K€ or Kri, Usque. IS, as irpiarHS, pristIS ;
to lao, Ada, Aa/ifidvu, to take, and then carry. eV9H2, vestlS.
Lâtus, broad. Properly, brought out, extended, Lausus, lamentation. KAavo-is. But others read
like dilatas, spread abroad, as Gr. r/veicris, Strjytlàit, lessus.
ab <Wko>, ivf-yKa; and as Tractus, us, any thing Lautia, presents to ambassadors. Lautus, elegant,
drawn out at length, an extent of country, (a) (a) Festus says dautia is said for lautia, i. e. from
Others refer to ttA&tvs ; or to iAarbs, 'Xàrbs, beaten a word Siíria, gifts. AU : see Caurus, Laurus.
out wide, as Lamina from iAa/iéyni, Later from Lautulée, baths. Lavo, lautum.
Lautûmiœ, Lâtomiae, stone-quarries. Aav-, Ao-
Lâtus, side. As the Breadth is the measure TOfiíat.
from side to side, and €Ùpà| is sideways or aside Lautus. For lavatus, as aVIceps, aUceps. Clean,
from fipbs, broad, the side might be well called from neat, &c.
the breadth. Thus lâtus is irAdros: ir neglected Laxus, loose. Soft for laoctus, laxatus, (as Libe
somewhat as IItiWií, Tussis. Thus many deduce rates, Libertus,) from laxo; this (much as TdAaKros,
lâtus from irAarvs, though I dissent from them. Lactis,) from x"A«f» JEo\. fut. of xaAda, to loosen,
(3) Allied to lâtus : Ridd. (a) From Ally, to leave off ; Afâœ, JE. Adfa.
Lâvâcrum. Lavo, as Sepulcrum. Lea, from leo. Leaena, Aiaiva.
Laudo. Lous, laudis. Lëbes, a kettle. ArfS-qs.
Lâverna, Goddess of robbers. Aa$â, to take ; Lectïca, sedan. Lectus, as Arnica.
laberna, as Caverna. (a) Lavo, i. e. elavo, to wash Lecto. Lego, ledum.
one clean out, strip of goods. (3) Ad<pvpoy, spoil ; Lectus, bed. From the root of A^xrpoy, i. e.
Xcupvplvri, \í<pvpva, laburna, as á,u*w, am Bo. Aéyouai to lie down, pers. AíAíktoi, whence a word
Lâvo, I wash. Aovu, Vivo, lavo. A, as vAlvse, A&crbs, lectus. (a) Festus from leaves (lectis) col
and much as cAnis, cAlix. lected to make a bed upon.
Laurus, laurel. Haigh from xAcopòs, green, ver Lëcythus, oil-cruet. A^j/tuflos.
dant : as XAaiva, Lama. It is true that 5 generally Lêgâtum, legacy. Lêgo.
succeeds into the place of AU, as plAUdo, ex- Lêgâtus, ambassador. Lëgo.
plOdo ; yet from Auriga, Caurus, Aurichalcum, and Lëgio, legion. Varro : Quòd milites in delectu
this word (with perhaps others) we may conclude (the levy) leguntur.
that occasionally the AU may have been adopted Lëgïtïmus. As Maritimus.
77
LEG LEV
Lëgo, 1, I commission ; used properly of such as Leo, lion. AeW.
are {legati) commissioned (per legem) by the law of Leo, lëvi, smear, anoint. Aeiû, or an older form
the land. So lego, to bequeath, is to hand down \eâ, whence htaivco and \tialvu>. Hesychius :
(per legem) by law to posterity, (a) Aéyu : Schw. ? Atiatvtraï Keiovrat, 4£a\ti<peTai.
Lëgo, 3, I gather, pick up. Aiyu. Pick up Leopardus, leopard. Leo, pardus.
letters and words, as I read : hence read. Pick up Lëpas, shell-fish. Aewis.
the footsteps of another, trace. Trace out the shore. Lëpïdus. Lepor, as Nitor, Nitidus.
Pick and steal. Pick out, single out, survey. Lëpista, Lëpasta, a cup like a limpet-shell. Ae-
Legate aurium, flaps of the ears. So used by
Sidonius, by an arbitrary change from ligulce. Thus Lëpos, Lëpor, wit, humor. Aeirls, a thin slake.
MEnerva was said, and magEster. Donatus: ' Lepidut homo, quasi LAMINA, politus
Lëguleius, pettifogger. Lex, lêgis, lêgulus. Know est.'
ing in the little niceties of the law. Leprae, leprosy. AcVpa.
Lëgulus, vine-gatherer. Lego. Lëpus, hare. Some from levipes, like Sonipes.
Lëgûmen, pulse, as peas, beans. Aey6p.tvov. Light-footed. See Vulpes. (a) Others from \c-
Picked by the hand, and not cut as wheat. Nican- iropis, an jEolian and Sicilian word, as Varro informs
der : *Avev Speirávoto Kéyomai 'Otrirpia, &c. us. What, if A07ÌÎ (much like KvKos into luPus)
Leiostrea, Lëma, Lembus, Lemma, Lemniscus. passed into Xairiis, and lepus, as grAssus, grEssus ?
GR. and gen. \airwbs, lepo'is, lepoRis, as diimo, diRimo ;
Lémures, ghosts. As 'pis, Lis ; KelPtoy, liLium ; fiovo-duv, musaRum ?
for Remures. The manes of Remus. And Lemuria, Lessus. ' Cicero says it is a funeral lamentation,
a festival ordained by Romulus to appease them. as, he says, the word itself signifies. Well ; for it
Ovid : ' Romulus obsequitur, lucemque Remuria is naturally formed from the sound le le:' Fore.—
dixit Illam, qua positis justa feruntur avis. Aspera Yet, as lâtus from IIAiítoî, lessus is thought to be
mutata est in lenem tempore longo Litera, quae toto from K\5)<ru or KArjatrit, a calling on the dead. See
nomine prima fuit. Mox etiam Lémures animis Classis. (3) Aio-o-bs, Hesych., &6\tos.
dixisse silentûm : Is verbis sensus, vis ea vocis erat.' Lëthaeus, Lëthargus. Ariddìos, AijBapyos.
ë, as fëralis, fëralia. Lêthum, Lëtum, death. From A-qe-q. Shakspeare
Lëna, from leno, as Leo, Lea. has To die in oblivion. (a) From (Inn, levi,
Lënis, some vessel. Anvbs, wine-vat. (letum,) to erase, strike out, whence deleo. ' Quia
Lênis, smooth, &c. Aeîos, as ados, saNus ; irXeios, mors delet omnia,' says Priscian.
pleNus. (2) Ar/vos, wool. LEUCA, LEUGA, a LEAGUE. 'The word is
Lêuo, a pimp. Lenio. Priscian : ' Quòd deliniendo barbarous, and is from the British, as Voss also
seducit.' Cicero : ' Animum adolescentis pellexit in thinks : ' Fore.
omnibus rebus quibus ilia aetas deliniri potest.' Leucaspis, with white shields. GR.
Lenocinium. Leno, as Tirocinium. Leuconîcum, flocks of wool for bed-ticks. From
Lens, lendis, a nit. Not from Unis with Voss, the Leucones in Gaul.
but from lentus : from its viscous tenacity to the Leucônôtus, S.W. wind. GR.
hair, ' capillis adhaerens,' Forcell. Lentus, lents, lends, Leucophaeâtus. Aei/K^aios.
much as menTax, menDax. Leucophryna, the Magnesian Diana. Acvxbs,
Lens, lentis, a lentil : à lentore. ' From their white : iippvs, eyelid.
glutinous quality : ' Turt. LEUCOCROTA, an Indian animal, and word.
Lenticula, a small lens, lentil. Some vessel. But it is differently read.
Celsus : ' Vasa fictilia, quas à similitudine lentieulas Levidensis vestis, ' with scanty threads and leviter
vocant.' Also the same as lentigo. den.snIa,' says Isidorus. Cicero has 'munusculum levi-
Lentigo, a freckly eruption. As (lentis) lentil dense, crasso filo,' i. e. ' parùm elaboratum,' Forcell.
seed. So tpaubs is both. Lëvigo. Levis, as Mitigo.
Lentiscus, lentisck. Lentesco, to be clammy. Lêvir, a man's wife's or woman's husband's bro
' From the clamminess of its juice : ' Turt. ' Len- ther. Anciently devir, as Varro states ; from taF-hp ;
tescit, dum resinam fundit : ' Fore. L as Lacryma.
Lento, I bend, ply the oar. From Lëvis, Laevis, smooth. Atîoj, \tiFos, lëvis, as
Lentus. As Sanctus for Sancîtus, Planta for kEIvos became kHvos. ' Some choose to write it ^E,
Planâta, Libertus for Liberatus, so lentus for lenitus, to distinguish it from levis, but almost all the Critics
made soft, mild, or unruffled ; hence still, slow, hard as well as the Etymology support the E : ' Fore.
to move, sticky. Lëvis, light. From A«rls, peel. Horace ; Levior
Lênunculus. From leno, and subst. lenis. As cortice. V, as IIoAetw, Voluo, Volvo, (a) Allied
Homunculus. to \f7oj : Ridd. ?
78
LEV LIC
Lëvo, to make light, from levis. And to lift you.'—Priscian states that the ancients used IVbens,
up in consequence of its lightness. Sir H. Davy : as also carnUfex, pessUmus : yet he seems to sup
' My limbs had a new lightness given them, so that pose that the I was prior. Maittaire, p. 415 :
I seemed to rise from the earth.' So kovQÍÇw. ' Priscian, p. 8. I transit in U,' &c. Certainly
Lex, lêgis. As Edicts are from Dico, and 'P^vets bidlum passed into bidUum, reclpero into recUpero,
from 'Petv, to speak, lex from \4(is, or at least from SIirAovs into dllplus, infUla from fllum. (3) Lubens,
Ktya, {«, dico, edico. Thus Barnes translates \6yov lubentis from \v<pels, \v<pfvros, an jEolic corruption
by Edicti in Eur. Med. 274. And Virgil has Foederis of AuflfIs, KvBtvTos ; compared with Lat. expeditus,
jequas DICAMUS leges : Et pacis DICERE leges. i. e. promptus, paratus. But what of lubet ?
Scheid says well : ' Rex, qui regit ; lex, quae edicit.' Lïbêthrïdes, the Muses of Libethra in Magnesia.
(a) Riddle from lego, to recite or deliver in public : Lïbïdo. Lïbet, as Cupïdo.
' A proposition made to the people by a magistrate.' Lïbïtïna, Venus. Libet, libitum : the goddess of
(3) Ainsworth wonders that no one has referred delight or desire. But Plutarch enquires why
lex to lego, to collect ; on the ground that laws first funeral articles were sold in her temple, and why
brought mankind, then intractable and dispersed, Libitina meant death, &c. On the principle that
into the social life of citizens : Referring to the the Furies were called Eù/ueWSes, and the Fates
primitive times, when men first abandoned the no Parcae ; i. e. in order to propitiate them.
mad life, and when, in the words of Horace, ' de- Lïbo, AtÍ0a> : I pour out in sacrifice ; hence to
liinc absistere bello, Oppida cœperunt munire et sacrifice ; and to consume. The priests sipped the
ponere leges' In this case, as Rex is short for wine, before they poured it out; hence libo is to
Regens, and Dux for Ducens, so lex could be legens sip, touch slightly, &c.
i. e. coUigens. Libra, a pound. Aírpa, JE. Xinpa, libra. A
Lexidium, Lexis. GR. balance, as weighing generally a pound weight, like
Liâculum. Instrument liandi. Pondo. Weight or plummet, &c.
Libella. Libra, as Flagrum, Flagellum. Librârius. Liber, bri.
Libellus, chart, &c. Liber. Librîle, beam of a libra.
Libentîna, Lub. : Venus, the goddess liberties, Libra, weigh. Adjust by a plummet. Poise, and
lubentice, of pleasure. so hurl. Libra.
Lïber, Bacchus. From libera, as Avdios from X.ia. Libs, Kbis, S. Wind. Aty.
As freeing from care. (2) From Aei/3<» or libo, to Lïbum, a sweet cake. From libo : for particular
pour out wine. use was made of it in libations and sacrificial offer
Lïber, free. Licet, liciber, liber, as tibllcen, tibï- ings. Ovid: Cui cùm cereale sacerdos Imponit
cen. Thus Facio, Faciber, Faber. (a) Liber or libum. ' Quòd libaretur priusquam ederent : ' Ainsw.
libéras from '\ti<pcpos or 4\(í<pepos Moi. for 4\ev- An offering-cake, says Riddle. Thus Monstro and
Ocpos, as MoL (prjpa. Hence luberus as &/i$a>, amBo: Monstrum. (a) ' AÍ0os, libum, Athen. 647, D : '
and liberus, as tpptyu, frlgo ; (ttTVoj, stipes ; kAT- Lidd.
ovtos, cllentis. (3) From \va> : Ridd. Lïburna, pinnace. Used by the Liburni in Illyria.
Lïber, a child, son ; i. e. freeborn. Above. Lïburnus, sedan-carrier. They were usually from
Lïber, inner rind of a tree, bark ; and as this in Liburnia, tall and stout.
the palm and other trees was used for writing on, Lïcentia. Licet, licens, enlis.
liber came to mean a book, volume. For leber, the Lïceo, to be valued at a sale, have a price offered
ancient word, (Quintil.) from Aeirop iEol. of AeVos, for one. As Aixpu/m, Lacryma; for diceo, from
bark. B, as raBies. Síkt). To be valued «arà Uxr\v i. e. à|íac, according
Libera, Proserpine, sister Llberi, of Bacchus. to my worth, (a) Amatw, passively, to be estimated :
Lïberâlis, becoming liberum, a freeman. or to be entitled to a price. (3) Licet. You may
Lïbëro, Lïbertas, Libertïnus. Liber. have one for so much. (4) Riddle from \ok4w.
Lïbet, Lûbet. Libet from libeo, Ahtc'w, <S, fut. 2. To speak, offer a price. See Liceor.
of AÍittío, cupio : as KBer from Af'riop. Thus For- Lïceor, I bid for. Adam : ' I ask for what (liceat)
cellini explains libenter by ' cupide.' Indeed, if I I may buy it for.' (2) Rather as Adxpvfia, Lacryma,
do anything willingly and cheerfully, I must have a from SiKoioC/uu, middle, I judge worthy : or pass.,
desire to do it. (a) It has been referred (by the I am entitled i. e. to receive at a price. See Liceo.
same change as Forma from Mop<pà, Specio from Licet. As Adupvpa, Lacryma, from 5//oj. It is
SKeirjw,) to <pi\4o>, transp. Ati^ca;, libeo, as &f&ut, just or right. (2) For liquet. Terence, Liquet
amBo. Thus Forcellini explains libet by Gr. (j>i\ov mihi dejerare : I may take my oath of it.
tarl. Plat. Apol. ch. 2, S»}? r$ ®t$ *IAON. Or Lïcet, although. Cicero : ' Fremant omnes, licet :
<piAeî might have been used .Eolici as a neuter verb, dicam quod sentio.' Hence, licet fremant omnes, &c.
1 it liketh me to go,' &c. as Amos 4. 5, ' It liketh Lichen, tetter. Actxw-
79
L1C LIM
Lïciâtus, commenced. A web being said to be the privet. Ligo. ' From its use in making bands,'
begun, when ' liciis adjuncta sunt stamina : ' Fore. says Turton. Or binding together, in the sense of
Liciniâna olea, a capital olive cultivated by one its cognate term Convolvulus. (2) Avyifa, to bind ;
Lieinim. \vyi(TTpov, KiyvffTpov.
Lîcinium, a roll licii, of thread for wounds. Lilium, lily. Ailpiov.
Lïcïtor, bid a price against another, contend. Lima, a file. As cutting, says Ainsw., limis
Liceor. aciebus, with cross edges. (2) From Aeîor, smooth ;
Lïcium, woof, thread. From obs. lix, licis ; and or the cognate obs. \lu, AeAioytai, hi\i<r<rai whence
this from Al{, Hesych. irAof-yioi, oblique. Schneider \itro~bs, smooth ; XeKitrrai, whence Kltrrpov. See
brings these words together: 'AìyÇ, Al{, \ixepbs, Ligo, ônis. Lisma, lima.
\ticpbs, \iKpitpls, licus, liquus, obliquus.' Hence licium. Lîmâtus, polished. Lima.
Voss : ' Quia OBLIQUUM stamini implicatur.' (2) Limax, snail. Donnegan has Aeíjuaf, a snail.
Ligans, ligs, lix, as Regens, Rex. ' Licia, quibus Hesychius has it Kiipa. (2) From limus, as Dicax.
stamina ligantur : ' Ainsw. (3) Others from elicio ; From its slimy nature, or its muddy habitations.
or ?Ai£ ehiKos involved. But the quantity opposes. Limbus, hem. Dr. Brasse places xipvfiPos among
Lictor, beadle. Ligâtor, ligtor, as luGeo, luCtum. the synonymes of ' Sitravos, limbus.' As then from
Livy : I lictor, deliga ad palum. And : I lictor, TíKb.ktos is Lactis, from Tivdaicu is Nosco, from
colliga manus. 'AK/ivpia is Muria, from KaroK^oi is Taceo, from
Lien, spleen. A«os, soft or smooth. So Belg. TLiXaFos is Liveo, from KoTOTjStî is perhaps Taedet,
milte, our milt, from Mild, soft. so from KÓpvfiíìo\ is rimbus, and limbus as fpis, 'pis,
Lignum. Usually derived from Xeyófityoy or Lis. Thus also Oncle, Uncle from Avunculus. (2)
\e\eyn<vov, timber for fuel, as picked up or col As 8in$os from Orsiru, tvh&os from rv<pa, xKafífìbs
lected. Gathered into bundles, says Turton, for from K\áti>, and a-rpetpu OTp6pl3os, AeVw Xip&os,
domestic purposes. For legnum, as TE77Í0, tlngo ; so a word Mpfios from Aeforoi, i. e. enroAefira, which
liber, libri. (2) For \vyovfitvov or \(\vyta^ifvov, as is explained by Stephens ' desino, finem facio.' See
tied together in bundles, ji/Aa SeSe/ieVa. Or from Nimbus.
ligo, as the first from lego. Somewhat as Regnum. LImen, threshold. As AÏ/íV» a harbor, and \lfun),
(3) As ÌKTibén was shortened into miHin, tiuants a lake, are from obs. A/00, AeAijuai, whence Kiatrbs,
into Kiivos, ihafiiva into Lamina, and perhaps ÌKvfiòs smooth ; Aio-rpoc, a roller ; (lio,) livi ; and the root
into Limus, so lignum for ilignum, oak timber. of Aeíbs, smooth, and Attéa, to smooth : so limen
Thus from Spvs was Spvfibs, a thicket in general ; from AeAiyueVoc or Xtuíptvov, as Nomen, Numen,
Spvrófiot fellers of any trees, and iucpóSva were said &c. Salmasius observes that no part of a house is
of any wood. (*) From a word iK^yovov, wood- more worn and smoothed than the threshold. (2)
produced. From limus, transverse. Forcellini : ' Lignum aut
Lïgo, bind. From A1S70J, a willow-twig, through lapis transversus in januâ.' (3) Metaphorically
\vy6a, w, which, says Stephens, is explained also from \XpA\v. ?
ligo. Limes, cross-road, cross-path, by-road ; from
Lïgo, spade. Liddell : ' Alayos, late Gr. for a limus, transverse. Ovid : Sectus in obliquum limes.
spade, mattock, shovel ; akin to Kiorpov, and ligo. And, these by-roads being natural boundaries be
And \ttnpov from Kiffffbs, AeToj.' Aitryos, liggus. tween properties, limes was a boundary. (2) Some
Or from AÍfai, \ìyâ, whence Ktyòs, ihlyos, \l<ryos, refer limes to limen, liminis, as Sanguen, Sanguinis,
as Kicrpoy, \nTffbs, from obs. Sanguis. As the opening to and exit from a field
Ligûla, a little tongue, for lingula. In the ancient or estate. ' Nam agrorum divisores in singulis Cen-
MSS. it is either promiscuously. The tongue of a turiis singulos limites constituebant, ut agri et men-
musical instrument, as yXtrrrls, A shoe-latchet; surae et itineris causâ pervii essent : ' Forcell. (3)
referred by some to ligo, yet Martial has lingula in Limes for lilimes, from litem emo i. e. adimo. As
this sense, and yKâaaa is a tongue of leather, thong, JEn. 12. 898: Saxum, Limes agro positus, litem ut
and yXwrrls a shoe-string. Hence, a wretch, as discerneret agris. (4) Dumesnil : ' From \eipua,
valueless as a shoe-string. A narrow piece or tongue reliquiae, locus divisionis.' ?
of land, as lingua. A spatula, as having the hollow Lïmïto. Limes, limitis.
figure of the tongue when drawn up to the palate. Limma, deficiency. Aeî/xpa.
Lïgurio, -urrio, lick up, feed delicately. Ligo, Lîmo, I file. Lima. Remove what is superfluous.
lingo, as Scaturio. Or Aei'xw, Aix<3. (2) r\vi<epbs, Examine, discover, i. e. detect what is under.
sweet ; as Liquorice from -yAtwfúj)£i£a. Limpïdus, limpid. As AaMj3ácu> and laMbo, for
Ligustïcum, lovage. Atyvtrriicbv, as abounding in lipidus from Aiiros, oil, whence Aiiropif, shining.
Liguria. (2) Lympha, lymphidus: clear as water. (3)
Lïgustrum, the herb bindweed, and, some 6ay, Aó|UTo) : Lampidus, as strlngo, and our rickets.
80
LIM LIX
Lïmus, mud. From ÌKi/ibs, a word formed from Liquor, dissolve. See Liqueo.
ì\ía>, ï\vftat. Xenophon has Kart\v9els. Thus in Lira, ridge between two furrows. Voss. from
Greek xriSii) for ïktiSÉï) ; and the Latins omitted È Hebr. nir, as Klrpov, Airpov. But better, with this
in Remus from 'Epei-juìis, A in Mulgeo from à,uoA- change, from veipà, which is the same as veapà,
7«0, &c. Then I, as ipptyw, frlgo ; otTitos, stipes. recent, fresh. Ground recently thrown up by the
(B) Like Limen, from Ae«fa>, Aetw, or the old Kla, plough.
\f\urfitu, AeAi/u/iuu, (allied to Xiarpov,) to smooth. Liroe, trifles. Aijpoi, as 'ASeAipol, AdelphŒ.
Virgil has E lêvi limo. (3) From \vpa, filth. (A) I, as rima.
From Kelp/ia, what is left i. e. hy the waters. (5) Lis, strife. "Epir, 'ph, and for necessary euphony
From KtîfiaÇ, a moist place, meadow. lis. Thus Kixo from ipl(ie, ipi^â, 'pi|» : and L as
Lïmus, oblique. Liquus, whence obliquus ; then liLium from AeiPiov. See Lemuria. Lis, litis, as
(as Alo, Alimus, Almus,) liquimus, limns. (2) Dis, Ditis.
Liquo, linquo, as Delinquo. Swerving, awry. Litania, litany. Arraysla.
Lïmus, a kind of girdle, on the vestments of Lïtëra. See Littera.
priests who slew the victims. As having limam Lïtïcen, from lituus, as Cornicen.
purpuram, a flexuous stripe of purple. Lïtïgo. Litem or lite ago.
Lïnamentum, lint, &c. Linum. Lïto, offer in sacrifice. From Aitt&s, smooth ;
Lînea, string è lino, from flax ; string of pearls ; whence Aittoûj, Aittw, AitcS, as ïllffris, ITÍttís,
row, line. nÍTis, Fides. To pacify the gods. (2) As llbet
Lïneâmenta, the strokes or lines in a painting; and lUbet were both used, Itto for liito from luo,
outlines in the face, &c. Linea. lutum, to expiate. (3) To offer animals (Ait$)
Lïneo, I draw in lineis, lines. with prayer.
Lingo, I lick. Ai^S, Ucho, lincho, as HNquo. Littera, Litera, a letter. Lino, Uniturn, littum.
Lingua, tongue. Lingo. By which we lick. Horace : Quodcunque chartis illeverit, i. e. ' atra-
Lingìílâca, gossip. Lingua. mento induxerit, conscripserit: ' Fore. Thus àAenr^-
LTnio, i. q. lino. piov (or àKeiirT'hptov) is with the Cyprians ypcupewv,
Lïnïphio, linen-weaver. Altov, linen; vtpw, to says Hesychius : as by ink taken from it ' chartse
weave. illinuntur et inducuntur : ' Steph. Era as patERA.
Lino, anoint, smear. Aeiavâ, Xçivœ, as tpHpa, (2) Or allied to Ai£w, to graze, scratch. Obs. Kla,
fëra ; ElTa, ïta. See on Leo, Levi. AeAnrrai, AtAiTToi : whence Alarpov, a scraping tool.
Linquo. Atl-jrw, JE. AcIkm, liquo, (as in Reli- (3) Littera for liptera from 'Atnrros for aAeiirror,
quus,) and UNquo, as in taNgo, HNgo. Thus êllo- smeared. (4) Alrbs, tenuis : ' Tenuis ductus : '
/uu, fKo/iat, seQUor. Bailey from \l/nru, Voss.
•jrávw. Littus, shore. From Xittòs, Xurabs, smooth.
Linter, a wherry. For Under from lingo, line- Euripides has Xevpif tya/iiBu. (2) Dumesnil from
turn : à lingendo littore. (2) Priscian mentions the lino, Utum, to anoint with, bathe, wash, like kKvSoiv
Greek Kivr^p as masc, whereas the Latin is femi from K\i(a, that which washes the shore : but rather
nine. But ? from lino, linitum, littum. Hall understands it
Linteum, linen-cloth. Linum, linteus. ' daubed or marked with froth, sand, weed, depo
Linum, flax, &c. Aivov. sited by the sea.'
Lio, I polish. Asia. Lituus, clarion ; staff in its shape. As TAáktos,
Lippus, blear-eyed. Ael&a, \iftw, to distil. See Lactis ; XAaiva, Lama ; nAdVos, Latus ; so lituus
Lappa. (2) Aiiroj, fat or unctuous moisture. from kAûtìíj, ' whose voice can be heard, vocalis : '
Liqueo, esco, to dissolve, melt. Ai$4» fut. of Steph. (2) AïTÌ>î, tenuis, from its shrill sound, or
Xei/9a>, to flow down. B, like n, could pass into its thin shape. But Atrbs means 'simple,' not
QU. Thus xdpwBos is canoPus ; and 'élîo/iai, <?Ko- ' thin.'
fiai is seQUor : MUâ, linQUo. Thus AeíBo/iou would Liveo, to be black and blue, pale and wan ; hence
be liQUor.—Aty, Ai0i>s, says Liddell, 'is any liquid to repine, to envy. From ireAeifor, lividus, was
poured forth.' Hence AiBiip, tiQUor. (2) From pelivus, as àxatFbs, achiVus : whence peliveo and
Anros, Aikos, oil ; liquidus is said of things pellucid, (as ráAo/CTOs, Lactis ; Tiv<í<rna>, Nosco,) liveo. See
clear, pure, &c, and liquet is, it is clear. (3) on Limbus. (2) From Aï/3uj, an African. I. e. to
Haigh : Ai for Aim ; x«>, to pour. be dark-colored. Thus MaVpbs is both a Moor and
Liquet, Liquidus. See Liqueo. dark.
Lïquis, oblique : see Obliquus. Livor, envy. Liveo.
Liquo, make to melt. See Liqueo. By dissolving Lix, water, and water boiled : hence Cinis Uxivius,
to remove the grosser particles, strain. boiled cinders. In either case it may be for liquens,
Liquor, liquid juice. Sec Liqueo. liquitus or tíquâtus; whence lies, lix, as Regans,
81 L
lix LUC
Regs, Rex. In the second sense it is allied to ! Lonchns, a spear. Aóyxv-
elixus. Longano, Longabo, the straight gut. Longus,
Lixa, victualler in a camp who cooked what was long, straight.
needed. Allied to lix, water boiled, and elixus, Longinquus. Longé, as Propinquus.
elixo. Or to lix, simply as water : for it was their Longurius, a long pole. Longus, as Mercurius.
business to deal out water to the army. Longus. From \6yxv- Long like a lance or a
Lixivia, ley. See Lix. hunting pole. (2) As Mop<pà, Forma ; so SoMxbs,
Lôco, Loculâmentum. Locus. AoSix^î, AoSx&s, for softness longus. (3) We have
Loculus, any small receptacle, bag, chest. Loots. \6yyos in Valpy's Stephens, 5528. Hesychius :
Locuples, êtis, rich. Also, of credit, i. e. locuples AoyydÇct' òkvcì. And koyydaat' ffrpayy'eveffdai,
fidei ; or simply substantial, sufficient, &c. From 'prolongare tempus.' In this way longus is tired,
pleo, pletus, whence impleo, &c, and locus, like weary, languid, long in doing anything. But this
loculus : Whose coffers are filled. Or locus is here is the figurative meaning.
fundus, a farm, as it is used: rich in land. Loquor. From \oyov/tat formed from \Ayos. So
Locus. As Lacryma from AaKpv/ia, Licet from (ppaVéiiTos, freQUentis. Much also as txofuu, é'Ko-
AÍktj, Levir from AaFijp, so locus from toxhs or uai, seQUor ; and from Te'rra> some derive extinGUo.
Soxhs, as capable of containing, like x<»Pos f°r (2) From \4\ox" perf. of \cya, as wipiro), iré-
xdopos from Xe"0, X^Ca' to contain. (2) As Sedes, Trofiira, irop.irii. And as in &\Oxos from Kéyofiai, to
a spot or place, from Sedeo, so locus from \4\ox& lie down. (3) From hcutw a. 2. of \i)Kw, crepo.
pf. mid. of \4yonai, to lie down. As SAfíë, dOmo.
Lôcusta, locust. Aox^vai, A(\6x*vo-tcu '• 1 incuba t Lôra, the second or after broach of wine. As
tor, agminatim incubons,' Scheide. Thus Fliny Aixiov, Lolium ; from Sopà, formed from S4pa,
says of them, ' gregatim volant.' And Prov. 30. 27 : SéSopa, to strip oif. The best part thrown off.
' Locusts go forth all of them by bands.' Hesych. Lôrîca, breastplate. From lorum, as Arnica. As
has \oxevovTes, iveSpeiovres, lying in ambush. But formerly made of raw leather or leathern thongs.
from \6xos, a band, Aoxtvu could mean to come in (2) As from MvpfiriKa was Bvpfir)Ka, then Formica ;
bands. (2) Bochart from loguor : à loquacitate. so from Bép-qKa was dorica, as &ebs, Deus; and
Loguusta. lorica, as Adxpvua, Lacryma.
Lôdix, sheet, blanket. For Mix, as menTax, Lôrïpes, bandy-legged. The pes, foot, twisted
menDax, from latum. As it is necessary, says Voss, like a lorum, thong.
to wash them from time to time, (a) Rather, as Lôrum, Lôrus, thong. As Lacryma from Ad-
cAUdex, cOdex, so lautus, lautix, lodix, as used xpvfxa, Locus from Aoxbs, Licet from AÍkti ; so
only by the rich, much in the sense of lauta supel- lorum, a leathern thong, from Sopà, skin, hide, poet.
lex, lautus paratus. ' Lautitiarum invidiam refuta- Sovpà, like Sovpv, as /3ÒTs, bOs ; fiíprOYs, myrtOs.
vit, cùm nihil sibi prater unum murrhinum calicem (2) As luror and luridus are both referred to lorum
retinuit,' Sueton. ' Tres lecti strati erant, et reli- from the color, lorum itself may be from xìía>P0l't
quus lautitiarum apparatus splendidissimè expo- pale-colored, lurid, as XXaiva, La;na. (3) Aia>, to
situs,' Petron. bind, whence a word Séopov, Sovpoy. Leather to
Lôgïcus, Logista, Logus. GR. bind with.
Lôlîgo, cuttle-fish: the spite of a black-hearted Lotium, urine. From lôtum, as ôdi, odium. ' For
man. From SoKbs, the black substance ejected by those parts of the body are bathed through which it
the cuttle-fish, was tholigo, like Rubigo : then doligo, flows : ' Fore. ' From its sprinkling the bodies of
as Qebs, Deus : and loliyo, as Adicpvyxt, Lacryma ; animals : ' Turt.
A^Aiop, Lolium. Thus Lorica is referred to 0u>prj/ca. Lôtôphâgi, Lotos. GR.
The ô, as Homo Hûmanus, and Lucius, and as some Lotus. Lavalus, lautus, as cAUda, cOda.
derive dôlium from dôlo. Vice versa, odium from Lua, goddess of purification. Luo.
ôdi.—' It is also written lolligo,' says Forcellini. ? Lubet. See Libet.
Lolium, darnel. As Adxpv/xa, Lacryma: from Lûbricus, slippery. For labricus from labor, as
táKiov, deceitful. ' It springs from vitiated seeds of cAlco, cUlcita ; insAlto, insUlto ; icAKa/nos, cÙlmus j
wheat and barley : ' Fore. "A/10WV, Umbo. (2) Luo : Ridd.
Lômentum, bean-meal used for taking wrinkles Lûcânïca, sausage. Made by the Lucani, from
from the face. Lotus, lotimentum, or lavo, lavi- whom, says Varro, the Roman soldiers first learnt it.
mentum, as Fovimentum, Fomentum: as the face Lucar, money paid for seats at the plays and
was washed with it. Cicero : ' Censuram lomentum games. Ludus, ludicar. (2) Lucrum, lucrar, lucar,
esse, nam sordes eluere vult.' Also, a paint or as flagRellum, flagellum.
powder. Pliny : ' Ex cœruleo fit lomentum : perfi- Lûcâria festa ; being celebrated, says Festus, in a
citur lavando.' lucus, grove between the Via Salaria and the Tiber ;
82
LUC LUR
in consequence of the Romans, when overwhelmed Lûdicer, Lûdius. Ludus.
by the Gauls, having fled to this wood. Lûdo, I play. As the D is added in truDo, clau-
Lucas bos, elephant. Lucanus, Lucas, as Pra;- Do, in proDest, proDeunt, biDens, &c. so in luDo
gnans, Praegnas. The Romans, seeing it first in from to relax (myself) into case or play, as
Lucania in the war with Pyrrhus, called it by this Jacto, to boast, is Jacto me, as in Virgil : Se jactet
name. The Lucanian ox, besides, is celebrated by in aula. Thus Kvtniraiyniav is relaxing into sport.
Lucilius. (2) From the (AuSo!) Lydians, who are said to have
Lûcellum. Lucrum, as Flagellum. introduced their pastimes among the Romans.
Lûceo. Lux, lucis. Ludus, play. Ludo. Also a school of games and
Lûcerna, lamp, &c. Lûceo, as odi, odium. Or exercises ; or a place of relaxation from the labors
allied to àu<pi\vK7], &c. of the fields, as Gr. <rxo\^i, Schola.
Lucêtius, a name of Jove. As giving lucem, light. Luêla, punishment. Luo poenas. As Querela.
Luci, in the morning or day-time. Lux, lucis. Lues, pestilence, &c. From \ia, luo, to loosen,
Abl. like Vesperi, Ruri. dissolve. Priscian : Quòd eâ corpora solvantur.
Lûclna, goddess of child-bearing, as introducing As Credo, Caedes. Also, snow melted.
ad lucem, to the light of day. Ovid : ' Principium Lugeo, mourn. Aífa, \é\vya, whence \vypis.
tu, Dea, lucis habes : ' adding also a derivation from Lûgubris. Lugeo, as Funebris.
lucus, i. e. ' a grove at Rome sacred to Juno Lucina, Lumbrïcus, a belly-worm, bot : as creeping in
in the place where they afterwards built her a the belly between the lumbos, loins. (2) Allied to
temple : ' Pliny. lubricus, sliding along. M, as liMpidus.
Lucius, a pike. Aixos. Lupus inter pisces. Lumbus, loin. For tubus, as SMQpi/ios, laMbo ;
Lucrum, gain. As humus from xA/"ks, lucrum from lubet, whence lubldo. The seat of desire.
from Aax«ò, to get, win. (2) Luo, lucrum, as Ful Persius : ' Cùm carmina lumbos Intrant, et tremulo
crum, Sepulcrum. Money paid. scalpuntur ubi intima versu.' Juvenal : ' Cum tibia
Luctor, I wrestle. As Stella from 'Acrrip through lumbos Excitât.' So in the Bible : ' Out of thy loins
Astella, and Mulgeo from 'AuoKyda, so luctor from shall He come forth,' &c.
aKvKTwutu. From the distress, anxiety, and un Lumen. Luceo, lucimen, as Fulmen.
easiness of the struggle, from which the figurative Luna. For lucina from luceo, as Regina, Rapina.
sense flows So from <rc\as is (reX^ini. (2) From \ovir{\. Hesy-
frominTA0Aos,
the word
andAgony
which from
might'Ayiiv, and in
"AflAios have origin chius : Aovv&v Kap.irp6v.
ated the word luctor, as well as have followed in the Lûnensis caseus. Martial : Caseus Etruscse sig-
words above as a figurative meaning. (2) From natus imagine lunœ. (2) Made at Luna in Etruria.
KXuktos, indissoluble. From the grasp of wrestlers. Lûno, bend like a half-moon. Luna.
(3) From iKva, to fall prostrate, taken actively, Lûnus. ' The same god as Luna : for, though
whence cAviercu formed like ò\vktcw. Thus For- they called it Luna, they thought it masculine. Ter-
cellini defines Luctator 'qui alterum prosternere tullian has Masculus Luna : ' Fore.
nititur.' (4) From the inclining attitudes of Luo, wash away, expiate : expiate by paying.
wrestlers ; from Súiroir, a diver ; Moi. Xúkttjî. As Aoiu. (2) Aia, to loose, pay, redeem. Probably
Aá/cpu/xa, Lacryma, &c. (5) Supposing that Xo|bs from both words.
and luxare (membra) are from AeAo|(u perf. pers. 2. Lupa, she-wolf: harlot, from her rapacity. Lu
of Kéyoiícu. whence Xe'xpios, (as Tecta CUBANTIA, pus, as Lea.
sloping, in Lucretius,) then from pers. 3. AcAoktoi Lùpânar, brothel. Lupa, as Lacunar.
could be luctor, as our Wrestle from Wrest. Lûpâtum, sharp bit. Lupus.
Luctus. Lugeo, lugtum. Lupercal, cave under Mous Palatinus, sacred to
Lûcubro, work by candlelight. Lux, lucis. As Lupercus, Pan. Lupos arcens, as Gr. Avkuos.
Terebro. (2) Lupus only, as Noverca.
Lûculentus, bright. Lux, lucis. Lúpillus, a small lupinus.
Lûcuns, lucuntis, a cake. Gen. \(vkovvtos, Lúpïnus, lupine. Aira-5. From its bitterness.
white, as TlXa/cowra, Placenta. As sprinkled with Virgil : Tristesque lupini. As âreo, arena.
white meal. (2) Aevubv, the flour of millet. (3) Lûpor, i. q. scortor. Lupa.
rAu/cìiî, sweet : as r\vKÍpfiiÇa, Liquorice. Lúpus. AÙkos, M. Kínros.
Lucus, grove. From \iyri, darkness, gloom, as Lupus, sharp bit with unequal jags, like the teeth
paCiscor for paGiscor, misCeo from /uoTeto. (2) lupi, of a wolf.
From luceo. From the glare of torches in the sacred Lûra, leathern sack ; bellv. Allied to lorum, as
groves. (3) Ainsworth from ' aóx«Si sylva, whence Clodo, Cludo.
lucus.* Aovxos, like vovtros. Lurco, glutton. Lura, the belly : lurico, lurco.
Ludibrium. Ludus, as Manubrium. Ventri deditus. (2) Aavpos, voracious.
83
LUR MAC
Lûrïdus. Luror, as Candidus. Lutum, mire, clay. Luo, luitum, lutum. Diluted,
Lûror, paleness, wanness. Dacier: 'The color moistened, earth. ' Properly of filth washed away : '
lori.' Or the color lurce. Voss.
Luscïnia, nightingale. Imcis-cinia, in lucis canens. Lux, lûcis. This and luceo, from xiieii, found in-
Martial : ' Multisonâ fervet sacer Atthide lucus.' Xwdfiasi KvKÓcpus, KvKavyTjs, à/ifpiX^Kiì. Thus Ma-
In Greek simply the Singer, àr)$áv. (2) Lugens- crobius states that the ancient Greeks called the
cinia, lugscinia ; luget dum canit. Ox sup. luacum, first dawn \vKti, and the sun Kvkos, and that hence
(3) Lusca cano : Freund. lucis was thought to be derived. (2) Afvitbs, white,
Lusciôsus, purblind. Luscus. or : Ridd.
Luscus. As Lacessivus, Lacsivus, Lascivus, so Luxo, I put out of joint. Ao|5, I cast sideways.
luce-casms, lucsus, luscus. So Mansuetus is Manui- (2) Luo, hixum, as Fluo, Fluxum. Festus : Luxa
suetus, Manceps, &c. Ovid : ' Damnum lucis adem- membra, è suis locis mota et soluta.
tse.' Virgil : ' Cui lumen ademtum.' ' Luscus is Luxûria, Luxurio ; from
not one born with only one eye, but who has lost Luxus. From luo, luxi, from \iw, as Fluo, Fluxi.
one : ' Dumesn. (2) Aiyri or twilight : Ridd. As dissolving the vigor of the body. (2) From luxo,
Lustro, a frequenter lustrorum. So luslror, 1. to dislocate.
Lustrïcus dies, when an iufant was lustratus, Luxus, disjointed. See Luxo.
purified. Lyseus, Lycaeus, Lycëus, Lyceum, Lychnûchus,
Lustro, to expiate. See Lustrum. To review an Lychnus, Lycisca, Lygdïnus. Avaûos, &c. GR.
army, as this was attended by a lustrum. Hence Lympha, water. As the Nymphs were called
to survey. Or this from the victim being led round Kpr\vaiai and Trorafiov yévos, and as Virgil makes the
the fields previously to being killed. And some rivers their offspring, (' Nymphae, genus amnibus
deduce ' reviewing ' from the general going round unde est,') they might be easily identified with the
and counting his troops before sacrifice. (2) Atiaaa, rivers themselves. Hence lympha from vi/upa, as
luceo : Ridd. ? Airpov for NiVpoj/, TrAev/juw/ from TrNeúfiùìv. Indeed
Lustrum, a purifying sacrifice offered by the Cen in some passages nympha is a reading in this sense
sor every five years ; and hence that period of time. for lympha. Lympho greatly strengthens this deri
From luo, to expiate; lucsi, lucstrum, (as Rasum, vation. (2) Riddle says : ' It seems to be from
Rastrum,) for euphony lustrum. (2) From a word limpa, whence limpidus.' What is limpa ? From
Xovffrpov or Xvtrrpov, from \ovw or \va. XiVos, or from Xifiira, as (rrpAyyu, strlngo ? Du-
Lustrum, a muddy place where animals wallow. mesnil defines lympha ' a limpid water running out
From a word Kovarpov, much the same as Xovrpov, of a clear spring.' But how lYmpha ?
water for washing or bathing. Aoúimjs is found : Lympho, I make frantic : i. e. seize as the
Steph. 5824.— Or from luo, \ovu>, lucsi, (as Fluo, Nymphs : whence Gr. vvfi<p6\r)rrTos. See Lympha.
Fluxi,) lucsum, whence lucstrum, as Rastrum. Mon- Lyncûrium, Lynx, Lyra, Lyrica, Lytac, Lytrum.
strum ; and lustrum. Others from lavo, lauo, lau- GR.
sum.— Hence is thought to be deduced the sense of
den in jEn. 3. 647 : but it may in this sense be for
dustrum (as Adtcpv/ia, Lacryma,) i. e. tvarpov from M.
Siv, St'Suoreu, to enter, make one's way into. As
from 5e5u<r/icu is bvfffirj. Ma Dia, by Jove. Mà Afo.
Lustrum, a den or haunt of low or abandoned Maccus, silly. MaKKow. (2) Mayuchï, mancus,
people. Above. maccus.
Lûteus, of the color lùti. Mácellum, market. ' yidx€\ov or lukxeWov, an
Lûtea, dirty drab. Lutum, mud. enclosure. Varro derives from it macellum, and
Lutra, otter. ' Lutum : living in water and mud : ' so Dio C. 61 uses it :' Lidd. (2) From a robber,
Turt. ' Or luto : as often soiling itself in the A. O. Macellus, whose house was confiscated by the
waters : ' Ainsw. (2) Avr))p, acc. Suríjpa, Svrpa, a Censors jEmilius and Fulvius, and given to the
diver. As Aáicpvua, Lacryma. people for shambles. (3) Macto, mactellum.
Lutulentus. Lutum, as Luculentus. Máceo, to be thin. Alhed to macer, juSkos, juô-
Lutum. Ainsworth deduces lutum, the herb woad Kpbs and fmKe8v6s.
' from lutum, dilutum : a color to dye with.' Thus Mácer i. e. macrus, fiaicphs, long, and thus thin.
Forcellini says of it : ' Pannorum infectoribus in For thinness elongates the body. Compare Tenuis
maximo usu est.' And Virgil : Croceo mutabit vel- from Tev«.
lera luto. (2) Some refer latum to \tvKbv, white, Mâcëria, garden or park wall. Macer, thin,
M. \evrhM, as luTetia from \evKíTÍa, Tíji/os for meagre, as Mater, Materia. As made of stones and
KcíVos. rubbish without mortar. A long, as in aSivaros.
84
MAC MAL
(2) Moutpáî. A long wall. (3) As ffrjAía, seRia ; Magistrâtus, the office magistri.
from ix&Keha, Hesych. i. e. (ppdy/iara, Spí<ppaKToi. Magnâlia, magna acta.
(4.) Manugeria, mageria : i. e. manu aggesta. Magnârius, wholesale merchant. Magnus. Sell
Mâcero, I soak. As rVj/cw, raitepbs, roKepû, so ing in the gross.
pudaaa, jxéfiâya could make nâyepbs and fiâytpâ. Magnes, loadstone. Mdyrqs.
Máffffío is to squeeze or work with the hands, and Magnopere. Magna opere Cicero, maxima opere
fidnrpa a bathing-tub. C, as rapvrbs, Corytos ; and Terence.
paCiscor. (a) Macer. To attenuate. ? Magnus. For megnus, as "Kyyos, Annus ; <p\Ey/ia,
Máchsera, sword-knife. Mdxtupa. flAmma ; from /ieyvbs Mo\. for ncyd\os, /iey\bs, as
Machina, Mâchïnor, JE. pûxavà, p-âxavZfíai. ilhdov, ^N8oj/ ; <plAris, ^>ÍNtis.—Others for maginus
Mâcies, Mâcïlentus. Maceo. from fiéyas, as Aíkhi, Dicnus, Dignus. Riddle from
Macir, and Macis, mace. Mdxep in Dioscorides a supposed old verb mago, ere, from /xéyas.
and Galen. Magudâris, Magus, Maia. GR.
Màcrôchëra, Macrocôlum. Ma/cpiíxE'Pa> Maxpó- Majâlis, barrow-pig. Isidorus : As they sacrificed
kwKov. it to Maia. Alis, as Vernalis. (2) Becman better :
Macto, Mactus. Mactus is properly, augmented, Majus, majalis, (as jEquus, iEqualis,) from its large
increased in resources, blessed ; i. e. ' in majus size or good condition. See Majestas.
auctus,' maiauctus, mauctus ; or for ' in majus MajestaB. From major, as Honor, Honestas.
actus' carried to a further point. As from Magis Or the old majus, great.
or Mage volo, is Mâlo. And macto is to augment Major. Meí^û»!/, Ion. p.rit^wv, JE. fiaifav, pd^wv,
with riches, honors, provisions, and thus to honor major, as ójkííîN, ociOR ; Zvybv, Jugum. Thus
the gods by presenting them with sacrifices; and prfltnv is found for fuiav. (2) Magnior, magior,
hence to sacrifice and kill. (2) Riddle deduces major, as solDIer we pronounce solJer, or magior,
mactus from the old mago, maxi, mactum, allied to magjor, major, as peRjero, pejero. (3) From jitfav,
liéyas and Magnus. (3) Haigh : ' From picrate, as mAgnus for mEgnus. {A) The old majus, a, um,
péftaicTcu, to pound, bruise, and so to kill.' majior.
Mactra, kneading-trough. GR. Maius, May. Sacred to Maia, to whom, says
Mâcúla, spot. Mii«\ai are the black stripes on Festus, festivals were consecrated in this month.
the neck and feet of asses, whence Callimachus has (2) Sacred to Jove, the Majus Deus. See below.
iyveáfívKKos ivos. From these black stripes are any (3) Macrobius says from majores, as Junius from
marks or spots : i. e. from fivK\ai are macules, as Juniores. The two divisions by Romulus of the
(cTvij, cAnis ; kTXi{, cAlix : and as U is added in Roman people. See Junius.
iEscUlapius from 'Aff/tArpríos. Majus, i. e. magnus among the ancients, says
Mâdeo, I am wet. Stephens : ' MaSdu seems to Macrobius. ' Mafeis was the Phrygian word for
have the sense of madeo in Theophrast. H. Plant. 4. Jove, from iidÇos, magnus, whence p.dÇa>v and major: '
AiapiaSia is irrigo, humecto: for Suidas explains Steph. ccccxxx. Máfos would produce majus or
Sia/taStSvres by Sia/Jpe'xocres.'— MvSda is more maius.
common in this sense, and would in madeo cor Mâla, cheek-bone. For maxilla, as Axilla, Ala.
respond with xYvbs, cAnis ; kTXiJ, cAlix. Manda, ëre, mansvm, massum, as Jubeo, Jubsum,
Mâdulsa, drunkard. Madeo. Soaked with wine. Jussum: then massitta, and maxilla, as ulySSes,
Mseander, -dros, a winding. Maiavtipos. ulyXes; Nitor, Nitsus, Nissus, Nixus. (2) From
Maena, Msenas. M01V1), Mcuvds. lidatrw, £«, allied to ficurffdo/iat, to chew.
Mseniânum, balcony. From one Mcenius. Mâlâcia, Mâlâcisso, Mâlâcus, Mâlagma, Málaxo.
MAGALIA. As these are the cottages of the GR.
Africans, it is an African word. Servius states that Mâlïcorium, the rind, hard as corium skin, of the
magar was a Punic word for a villa ; and the Hebr. malum Punicum, the pomegranate.
magur is a habitation, with which some identify Gr. Málignus. See Benignus.
Iiéyapov. ' Mapalia,' a Numidian word, exists in a Mâlïtia. Malus, as Justitia.
kindred sense, Georg. 3. 340. Malleolus, a small malleus. And the new shoot
Mage, for magis, magi', mage', as iyrl, antE. of a vine, springing from a rod of the former year,
Mâgia, Mâgïcus. GR. cut off for planting, with a bit of the old wood on
Magis, more. Short for magius from ptyiov, each side in the form of a mallet. And a kind of
(the proper comparative of uéya,) as SkiON, ociUS. fiery weapon or firebrand, assimilated by Forcellini
A, as fiZvea, mAneo. (2) Magnius, the proper and Voss to a mallet : but perhaps a collection of
comparative of magnum : magius, magis. the new shoots above, daubed with pitch.
Magister. Magis, as Minus, Minister. (2) Malleus, a mallet. As aculeus, so manus, manu-
yityttnos, p.4yiffrop. leus, as raised and struck by the hand. Manleus,
85
MAL MAN
malleus. (2) Mollio, molleus, malleus, as vOlvo, Mandûco, I chew. Mando, mandncus.
vAlvae ; \Oyxn, lAncea ; Oùî', hAud. As softening Mane, morning. From iiaj-íî, rare, thin. 'Ccclum
hard substances. (3) As both Hinnulus and Hin- tenue purumque,' Cic.
nuleus meant a fawn, Alvus and Alveus a beehive, Mâneo. Mevéw, fieyû.
marculeus might have existed, as well as marculus. Mânes. From /lâvbs, thin. Ovid calls them
Thus marculeus, marietta, malleus. See however 'tenues anima;,' Horace ' levem turbam.' (2) From
Martulus. manus, good. Boni genii, says Voss. ' Horace calls
Mâlo. Magis or mage volo, mavolo. As Nonvolo, them Deos, Cicero Dios, Lucretius Divos and Semi-
Nolo. deos : ' Ainsw. See Immanis.
Mâlobâthrum, Maltha. GR. Mango, fmis, who sets out to advantage anything
Malva, mallows. VláhFa, malva, as S\Fa, sylva. for sale : slave-merchant, as decking out his slaves.
MoAt) is in Hesychius. (2) Ma\dxv, M<^Xa> malva, For mangano, nonis, /layyavwv, beautifying by artifi
as breVis from PpaXvs. cial means.
Malum, an evil. Malus. Mania, mother manium, of the ghosts : bugbear.
Malum, apple. Ma\ov. M fuiia, frenzy in oxen. Maria.
Mâlus, apple-tree. From màlus, an apple. Ma Mìinïca, covering or chain for the hand. From
lus is also the mast of a ship. This tree being used manus, as Pedica. Thus Compedes, and Fetters for
for any, as being common and solid withal. Dry- Feeters.
den : ' Thus apple-trees, whose trunks are strong to Mânïfestus. Voss from manus, and fendo, fen-
bear Their spreading boughs,' &c. stum, festum. Which can be hit or felt by the
Màlus, had. From 'fiakhs for à/iaAíi;, weak, hand. (2) From ftyvvw, Y.. fmvvw, and fiavv<páw,
feeble, as Mulgeo from 'AuoKyiu. Opposed to as flXvw, tì\v<páv', and fiaviKpaio-Tos, like "HtpaiffTos.
goodness evinced by manliness, as iptiar, better, Disclosed, revealed.
and Mìínïpûlus, handful, bundle, band. Manus, as
Vir. ipiaros, best,péKos,
from "Api)s,
as Tsl war
p4\',: and Virtus vain,
from
(a) From fruitless, Discipulus.
useless, like (ii\eos. As )&via, mAneo. MANNUS, nag. A Gaulish word. Consentius:
Mámilla. Mamma, mammilla, as faRRis, fa- Gallorum manui. (2) By use made tame to the
Rlna. hand, manus : Ainsw. ?
Mamma, mother, wet-nurse, the breast, &c. Mâno. From ixàybs, rare, scanty, few. To fall in
Ma/x/xa. drops.
Manacus, the ecliptic. MV> par, a month, Mansio. Maneo, mansum.
whence a word uamtAs. Vitruvius call it ' men- Mansuefacio, mansuetum /ado.
struus circulus.' Mansues, for mansuetus.
Manceps, cïpis. Property was transferred by a Mansuesco, grow tame. Manui suesco. Virgil :
certain rite, so that the purchaser manu caperet, Manum patiens : Gr. x«'/>oi<>')s. See Mando, 1.
took it as it were by the hand, hence called manceps, Mantêle, -île, -êlium, ilium, towel, &c. From
like Mansuetus. Also a farmer of the taxes ; as manus, as used by the hands, like Manica, and like
taking them by raising his hand and being the best Manipa, Manpa, Mappa. Tele being a termination,
bidder: others say, as taking them in hand, or such as in Mustcla. Some understand it for manu-
undertaking them. tersile from manus and tergo. Or from tela. Hall :
Mancïpïum, property of the manceps. Web or cloth for the hands. (2) From navSvXioy,
Mancïpo, I sell to the manceps. by which Hesychius explains xflP^liaKTPai tne same
Mancus. ' Defective in any limb, and applied to as mantile. Voss thinks that uewtitoor is from
the hands, as Claudus to the feet : ' so Forcellini. mantile, though it may be allied to ixiaow, £u,
Rather, defective in the hands, and then used through a suture piau, a. 2. (aoSov.
generally. Manus, manicus, mancus. Or manu Mantêlum, mantle, cloak ; pretext. Generally
truncus. (a) Manu ancus, says Isidorus : i. e. referred to ^acSwj in yEschyl. Fr. 342, or fiavivas
crooked in his hand. in the LXX. Manduêlum.)
Mandïbûlum, jaw. From Mantïca, portmanteau, &c. Mantêlum, mantelica,
Mando, to chew. From mado, like tago, taNgo j mantica. Cloak-bag. (2) Manus. ' As ready
through a form fidÇw or pdurtru, t/idBov. MaWa>, {w, at hand for supplying different articles : ' Fore.
is the existing form, which makes tixayov. Mantïchôra, Indian beast. GR.
Mando, I hand over to a person's care, give Mantïculor, I pick a bag. Mantica, manticula.
orders. Mando is manui do. Cicero: Hominem Mantissa, -îsa, what remains over and above.
tibi trado de manu in manum tuam. Hence com- Maneo, mantum, manlo, as Pello, Pulto. (2) Sca-
mendo. liger from manu-tensa, manutessa, mantessa. Given
Mandra, Mandràgoras. GR. by the hand, and not contained in the weight. Snow
86
MAN MAT
ball : ' A handful thrown in over the exact weight.' divide. A division. Ovid : Hairet in imperii mar-
Better from mantum, as fSaal\i<TGa, fte\tfr<ra. gine terra tui.
Manto. Maneo, mantum. Marisca, a large insipid fig. Mas, maris, as Ly-
Manturna, goddess of wedlock, asked in prayer to cisca. ' Mascula, ob magnitudinem : ' Fore.
make it stedfast. Maneo, mantum. Marisca, a tumor. In shape like the above fig.
Manubiae, spoils taken manu by the hand : money SO ffVKOV.
from their sale ; thunderbolts flung from the hand. Mârïtus, husband. Mas, maris.
Biœ, much as Superbia, Exuviae. Some from ma Marmor, marble. Mdp/jiapov. And the sea, from
nus vi. its whiteness : or level like marble, as jEquor from
Manubrium, handle. Manus, as Ludibrium. vEquus.
Mánuciolum, a little manus, bundle. Marra, mattock, hoe. Vláppov in Hesych., an iron
Mânûleus, sleeve for the hand, from instrument. Much as mipOS, cerA.
Manus. Riddle : ' From paa, to feel, handle, t Marrubium, horehound. Is it possible to con
touch.' As from Beo is Benus, Bonus ; from Pleo nect it with Marrubium, the capital of the Marsi ?
is Plenus. Liddell observes that ' p.aoaaBo.i is the Mars. For Mavors.
infin. of the root n&w, to touch.' (2) From uivos, Marsupium, purse. Mapowiov.
force, might. As the great medium of exerting it. Martes, a martern. Gesner from Mars, Martis :
As /tEye'oi, mAneo. Deut. 28. 32 : There shall be no ' martia, ferox.' ' It is of martial energy, killing
might in thine hand. (3) Mttvbs, slack, as opposed mice and poultry : ' Fore.
to irvKvòs, close, whence Pugnus, the hand closed, Martulus. See Marculus.
the fist. (4) Mavva, to show with, point. Martyr, a martyr. Mdprvp.
MANZER, illegitimate. An Ecclesiastical word Mas, a male. ' B into M,' says Liddell, ' as
from the Hebrew. fí(/j.Ppàs for $€fíPpás.' Thus mas from /3às, or j8<£t7|î
MAPALIA, African cottages. Sallust : Mapalia as Modus, Mos. Barris is Equus admissorius ; j3i-
Numidae vocant. PáÇai is Equum admitto ; and 0iv4a>, coëo, is referred
Mappa, table-napkin. Manu capio: mancupa, to fialvai. So Vas is <pàs or (pdr-qs. (2) Forcell.
manpa, mappa. (2) Manus, manipa.— QuintiUan à fortitudine, from Mars. ?
makes it Carthaginian. Masculus. Mas, as Flosculus.
Marceo, wither. Macer, macra, macreo, marceo : Massa, lump. As irarpiZa, patriSSo ; &$pvZa,
to shrivel. (2) MoAkì>î, soft ; malceo, marceo. obruSSa ; so massa from páfa any mass of dough
Marcor is languor, drowsiness. (3) Mopao-fiii or cake.
points to obs. ixapáte, fitfiápuKa, whence could be a Mastïco, Mastïchê, Mastïgia. GR.
Sicil. word /xapK*a>, marceo. Mastos, the cock to a water-pipe. Mocttìu,
Marculus, or (as others read) Martulus, a little mamma. So Mamilla in Varro, ' tubus mammœ
hammer. Isidorus speaks of the word marcus as figura,' Fore.
well as marculus, but Forcellini doubts the word. MASTRUCA, a fur garment used in Sardinia.
Malleus could make malliculus, maleulus, and mar Sardorum mastruca, Cic.
culus, as siRpe for siLpe. (2) Meíp», p.éfi.apKa or Masturbo. Manu me stupro, mastrupo, masturpo.
/ie/iapTai, to divide. (2) yicurvpuirhs, leno. ?
Mare. From /iâpâ fut. 2. of fiítpa, to divide, Matella. Dimin. of matula.
separate, whence perhaps udpn, the hand as divided Matellio, water-pot. Varro says that this was so
into fingers. Thus from ipxiyu, <phnyw is Flagro ; called when it had receded far from the original form
from Treípw, Ttixpw is Pario ; from <pépa, <pap£> was of the matula.
tpapfTpa. Or even from tbe fut. 1 pepSi, as rEor, Mateola, a small wooden mallet. Turncbus : For
rEtus, rAtus ; sEro, sEtus, sAtus. Horace : Qua materiola, a wooden stick. (2) For macteola, from
medius liquor SECERNIT Europen ab Afro : and luuroai, iii/ia/crat, properly to knead. (3) ' For
Deus ABSCIDIT Oceano terras. (2) From fiipâ, marteola from martulus : ' Ainsw.
fut. of pipa, to flow : as Ktvhs, cAnis ; kTAj{, Mater. JE. fidrTjp.
cAlix. Materia, stuff, matter, &c. From mater, as
MARGA, marl. Pliny states it to be a British Luxuries. It is to other things what a mother is to
and Gallic word. (2) Ainsw. à mari. From its her children.
salt quality. Marica, marca. (3) Mergo, merga. Mâtcrior, build with timber ; provide timber for
Hill states that it is readily diffusible in water. trenches. Above.
But? Matëris, -târis, a Gallic javelin. Strabo: narepis,
Margarita, pearl. GR. iraKrov ri €ÌSos.
Margo, brink, border. Mare, marigo, as Origo, Màtertëra, mother's sister. Mater. (2) Mater
Uligo. On the sea-side. (2) Me/pai, fiapH, to altera.
87
MAT MEL
Mathëmatïcus, Máthësis. GR. that medeor relates to the operation of the phy
Mâtrïcíila, register. Matrix. sician.; <pHpa,
pido As tosera
the: the
quantity,
jEolic compare KpHiriSa, crë-
THxap, jëcur.
Mâtrïtnônium. Mater, as Patrimonii™, Sanc-
timonia, 'ASrifiovla. The object or the result being Mediastini, medii, middle men between the highest
to be a mother. (a) Munus adds Dumesnil. and the lowest domestics, as Turnebus explains
Mâtrïmus, whose mother is alive. Mater. Meffovaiirrji ' médius inter summos nautas et imos.'
Matrix, the womb ; quâ stunt maires. Roll or (a) As placed in the middle of houses or baths to
register, in which the soldiers are contained as be ready for call.
embryos in the womb. Mediator, acting between parties. Medius.
Mâtrôna, a married woman, whether a mother or Mëdïca, medic. MijSik^.
not. Mater. As Patrona. Mëdïcîna, from medicus.
Mâtruêlis, mother's sister's son. Mater, as Mëdïco, heal : prepare medicinal ingredients,
Patruelis. tincture with juices, tinge, dye. Medicus or medeor.
Matta, a mattress stuffed with tow, hay, &c. Mëdïcus, physician. Medeor.
Ma/cTÍ;, uaKrà, squeezed, worked with the hand. Mëdimnus, corn-measure. GR.
Macta, matta. See Mattus. Some understand it Mëdiocris, middling. Medius.
a mat wrought with hemp, rush, &c. Mëdioxïmus, middlemost. Medioproximus, (2)
Mattus, steeped. MoktÌij, /ìott<Íî. Mediissimus, mediossimus. X, as ulyXes.
Mattya, -ea, seasoned dish. GR. Mëdïtor. Me\eT<5/uai, melitor, meditor, much as
Mâtûla, a chamber-pot. ' Madula, from madeo, caDuceus for caRuceus, K7)Pií«ios. I, as &i>E/j.os,
as it receives ' saccatum corporis humorem,' as animus. (3) From fieSa, ixihofxai, mêdeo, meditum,
Lucretius says : ' Ainsw. Thus Apuleius : ' Urinae to plan. See Medeor.
madore perluere.' T, as stulTus, spaTium. Or Medïtullium, the middle. Medius. Cicero thinks
maditum, maditula. (a) Riddle from à/iàs, acc. tullium a termination. Much as Territorium. (a)
àfíáSa, amadula. (3) Meio, meiatula, as Retinacu Medius, terra ; meditorrium. Or tellus.
lum, Tomaculum. (4) Mas, maris, maritula, ma- Mëdïus, middle. MciríSios, /léSws.
tula. Ai :sworth : ' Matuta was for men, Scaphium Medinsfídius. Hickie : ' Supply, ita juvet : So
for women.' help me Hercules. Bius Fidius is the Aîos irítrrios
Mâtúrus, early, quick, and maturo, to accelerate. of the Greeks. Deus fidelis Hercules. See Ov.
Also seasonable, ripe : i. e. not delayed, not kept Fast. 6. 213.' So Mecastor, &c. TIÍo-tios, h-Íttios,
after its proper time. From mane, the morning; fidius. See Fides.
whence maneturus, with a termination much as in Mëdulla, marrow. For mediulla from medius,
Diuturnus, &c. Hence maturus, as /Eviternus, much as Puella. The middle of the bones. So
jEternus ; Figibula, Fibula ; &c. Or thus : Matuta, Parens for Parlens. (a) MveXbs, p.ev\bs, meiilula,
matuterus, maturus, early as Aurora, (a) Isaac meiilla, as 'haripos, Asterula, Stella : then medulla,
Voss from iréireipor, ripe, JR. fJttnr]^os. ? as proDest, biDens.
Mâtûta, goddess of the morning. Mane ; tueor, Medullitus, entirely. Medulla. To or ' from the
tuitum, tutum. Mane tuens. very marrow. Plautus : amare medullitus.
Mâtûtînus, of the morning. Lucretius : ' Matuta Megaera, a Fury. Mcyaipa.
per oras jEtheris auroram desert et lumina pandit.' Mëgâlensis, as Circensis, pertaining to the festival
Mâvolo, Magis volo. of TÍjí fieyd\vs, the great goddess, Cybele.
t Mâvors, Mars. Cicero says, ' Mavors dictus quia Mëgálêsia, the games as above.
magna certit ' or vortit. Rather, mala vortens Megistânes, nobles. GR.
ammo, KaKOfiriSns, KaicóunTis, Ktxxoni\xa'">í- So Mei, uev, fiet), met. See Qui. Bentley some
Malo is Magis-volo. (2) As we find Bovpos "Aprs, times read /icov for 4/iov in Homer : See on Mihi.
Mavors from a word /laopbs (whence futpbs) from Meio, to make water. Ainsw. from meo, to pass :
fidu, like fiefiaás. MaFopós. or rather obs. nia, /leíai, whence ò^eí/B» to pass.
Mausoleum, the tomb of Mausolus, King of Caria. (8) Better, as mexi is the perf. of meio, from 'tux",
Maxilla, jaw-bone. See Mala. Ojui'xw, s. 1. &pi£a. E as "Ikos, Equus ; Kplyw, Klpvw,
Maxïmus. Magnissimus, magsimus. cErno. Mecho, meho, mejo, as Moi. ?ixap, Hecur,
Mâza, Mâzonomus. GR. Jecur. Compare Veho, Vexi.
Me, me. Me. Mel, honey. MlAi.
Mêcastor, by Castor. Me servet Castor, (a) Mëlanchôlïcus, Mëlandryum, Mëlânûras, Mële-
Me for fid. agrïdes. GR.
Mêchânïcus. ÌHnx^víKÓs. t Mêles, -lis, supposed to be the badger. Isidorus
Mëdeor, I cure. From p^tio/tai, to attend to, from met, honey, (as both Melina and Mellina,)
think on, plan, devise. Thus Doderlein observes which he says it eats. The Encycl. Brit. 14. 107
88
MEL MEN
says of the mammalian genus Nasua that ' its size is MemSro, I make memor, durable by relation : or
that of a cat, and it is said to be a great destroyer of a person memorem, mindful of a thing.
the nests of wild bees, and makes use of its long Menda, blemish, spot, &c. MeveTà, fievrà, which
tongue to extract their gathered sweets : ' but this could have meant remaining, adhering to, as spots
is an American animal.—Isidorus refers it also from to clothes, &c. So menTax, menDax.
its round form to ivriKov, an apple, or rather melo, a Mendax. Mentior, mentax.
melon. It is written also m/Eles. See however on Mendîcus, a common beggar. From his lying.
Fa;x. Mentior, menticus, as Amicus ; then as menDax.
Mëlïca; gallinae, turkeys. MijSiitol, from Media. (2) Menda, ' vitium et defectus corporis,' Fore.
L, as bAvao-tvs, uLysses. Mênis : ' à prima menide libri : ' Auson. They
Mëlichrys, Mëlïcus, Mëlïlôtas, Mëlímëla. GR. seemed, says Turnebus, to have put a iinvis, little
Mêlïna, purse. Made of metis, badger's skin. moon at the beginning of a book, as they put a
(2) Mrç\ov : of sheep-skin. crown at the end. (2) From Mij>w, the first word
Mellîna or Melîna. Mel, mellis. of the Iliad. Mijcir made not only fi^vtos, but
Mëlïnum, a white paint, dug in the isle of Melos. frfli/iAos, whence menide.
Mëlïnus, yellow as quinces. GR. Mens. From fiévos, force of soul, spirit, ardor, as
Mëlior. Ruddiman says : ' Mavelo (mâlo), ma- Horace : Velox mente novâ. Then yovs, as Hesy
velior, melior.' Much as Detero, Deterior. (2) chius explains it : whence evpeviis, irpev^ei^s. As
From /if\i, whence a word ptKiaiv, melior. More Vivos, Gens.
sweet, more desirable. (3) From fi4\ei. More an Mensa. Riddle : ' A surveying board or table ;
object of care, more precious. (A) As Airpov was then generally a table. From metior, mensum.' Or
said for tfirpov, and (PeAos and £0tNos were both on which the provisions were meted out. Petronius :
used, so meLior from ><NiW i.e. àjuepiW, from Jussit suam cuique mensam assignari. (2) From
which, says Fischer, is ifitivav. (5) From /ueXÍo, a liécrn; N added as in Mensus. That is, rpiir^a
spear. More expert in the spear, as p4\rfpos from líío-7) Kei)i.évri. Virgil: MEDIISQUE parant con-
/3íAos. vivia tectis : Aulai in MEDIO libabant pocula
Mëlisphyllum, balm-gentle. GR. Baccho. (3) Mando, mansum. Things to be
Mellïculum, sweetheart. And eaten, board. (4) Riddle elsewhere from mineo,
Mellilla. Mel. ' My honey.' emineo.
Mellinia, drink made from honey. Mellis. Mensis, month. Cicero : Quia mensa spatia con-
Mélo, melon. MfjKov, apple. ficiunt, menses nominantur. (2) From priv, firivbs,
Melpomënê, a Muse. GR.
Membrâna, thin skin covering the membra, limbs. Menstruus, monthly. Mensis.
Skin of animals polished for writing on, parchment. Mensûra. Metior, mensum.
Membrum, limb. From p.tKos, /jl4\(os, whence Mensus, measured. Metior, mesus, meNsus, as
melebrum, as Cerebrum ; then melbrum, for softness deNsus. Or mensus is soft for meTsus.
membrum. (2) From /uepoj, redupl. fitfitpos, (as Mentha, Menta, mint. Mivdq.
UoKbs, IloiroXij, Populus,) whence memrum, for Mentio, mention. See Memini.
softness membrum, as ponj/iepfa, fif<rr}itBpla; yafit- Mentior, to lie. Allied to commentus from com
pbs, yafipbs, yafjBpós. miniscor. See on memini. (2) As spleNdeo from
Mëmïni. As mina from jura for the sound, so (T7rXij5ea), meNtior for metior from fjLrjricifjxu to
memini from pi/aw, pliwoiuu. —Or, as Reminiscor devise. (3) Hall from mens, mentis : since mentior
and Comminiscor are found, and Mentior, at once supposes the mens or intention, ' mendacium dico '
from fiévos, by Hesychius explained vovs, Lat. mens. does not.
Hence a word inivu, memo, memini, as Disco, Didici. Mentula, i. q. teéos. Perott, ' à blandientibus
To bring into one's mind. The word nt/iova, found nutriculis, quae, ut vocant puerum Corculum vel
in another sense, was formed from this fiéva> or Animulam suam ; ità et tractantes earn partem quâ
fieviu, and produced moneo in the active sense of masculi sunt, nominant earn Mentulam, i. e. mentem
memini, i. e. meminisse facio. suam.' (2) Mineo, mintum, i. e. promineo, ut
Memnonïdes aves. Méfivovçs. irpoSxoyra àffKov tróòa, Eur. Med. 677. E, ut
Memnonius, swarthy. From the Memnones in forsan mEntum. Sic cErno. (3) Sementis, semen-
^Ethiopia. Plin. 6, 30. C2) Memnon, as king of it, tula. Ut Avunculus, Uncle.
or as the son of Aurora who was said to rise from it Mentum, chin. Wachter for movimentum, mo
daily in the morning. mentum, as Omentum for Operimentum : ' For in
Mëmor, mindful. Soft for mnemor, from nyf\p.mv. speaking and eating it is continually moving.' Much
Or, as àicísìN, ociOR. And ë, as tpHpa, sera. as aiaykv from aíu, <reito. (Constantine.) (2) Or
Mëmôria, memory. Memor. from its projecting: from mineo, minitum, mintum,
89 M
MEO MIC
and mentvm, as Kp\va, Klpvw, cErno ; sEntio from Mërops, bee-cater. Mépoif».
<rTc6Titù ; Equus from the jEolic "Ikkos. (3) Key Merto. Mergo, mergito, merto.
from mando, mantum. Mëriíla, blackbird. Merus, solitary. ' Solivaga
Meo, I pass. Allied to nda, p-ífiao, to excite ; and et solitaria,' Fest. (2) Merivola, from vote, as.
obs. liiw whence /ióKa. (2) B and M are corn- Mërum (vinum), from
mutable ; meo is thought by Scheid to be nothing Mërus. From yntípoi, jucpw, to divide. Set apart
but $ta, fSeia, to go. from other things, pure, S/tparos.
Mëphïtis, a strong sulphureous smell. Me'Su, Merx, mercis. Mereo, merico. By which we ac
fífffÌTis as (ppevhts; Mo\. /ue<pirir. Making one quire or gain. (2) Me'pos. As sold in parts, by retail.
like an intoxicated person. MespiQus, medlar-tree. GR.
Mërâcus, pure. Merus. Messis, harvest. Meto, metsum.
Mercâtor, merchant. Mercor. Met, in Egomet, &c. Homer has ifííBcv avrrjs,
Mercënârius. Mercedinarius. for ipMv oÙT^í ; and Matthiae has èníBtv, fiéBev ;
Merces, wages, pay. Mereo, merico. certainly it could be '/UBer. Now Liddell acknow
Mercor, I traffic. Mereor, mericor. See Merx. ledges rr/KóBe as well as rriAóBev, and we find
Mercuriales, merchants and learned men. Under €kto<t0e and tKartpaBi as well as ÍktocBìv and ixa-
the protection of TcpwSev J hence 4p.é6t or 'p.(8e and luff might be
Merciirius, presiding over merchandise. Merx, used, the foundation of met, as \a@ta of laTeo.
mercis. Afterwards met seems to have been applied to the
Merda, excrement. As Excrement from Excerno, other Pronouns : somewhat as with us, 's for His is
SO /J.epi$a, fiépSa, acc. of fiepU, which from tieipa, equally used for Her.—Med was formerly found, as
liepû, may have Sicilicè had this meaning. Or 0íòî, Deus. (2) 'Eyi jui S' . . . , as Ego mehercule.
from lífpífa, yuepiîâ. Scheide says : From (/iefpa>,) (3) Med for /ìà Al'.
p-épa, fíépSu. Becman : From fiípSu, (i. e. àp.éphw,) Mêta, a pyramidal column at each end of the
privo, excerno. (2) Ainsw. from irépSa, iropS^j. ? Roman circus ; &c. From metor, to measure out,
Mërenda. 'Food given (merentibus) to laborers limit, bound. Thus Dr. Johnson explains Measure
on being dismissed from their work : ' Salm. Thus ' limit, boundary.' (2) Dunbar says : ' The perf.
Calpurnius : ' Serse cùm venerit hora merendœ.' So pass, of the obs. meo, to go, [whence àficów,
Prsebenda. Dacier says that it was the same as àficí&a, to pass,] probably furnished meta.' (3)
Prandium, before this last word was introduced : Salmasius says : ' From /xiros, whence iavtiAov, He-
after that, it was used for the meal in the afternoon. sych. íaxaTov, last.' Doctiùs quàm veriùs.
Mëreor, I earn. From népos. To have one's Mëtallum, Metamorphosis, Mëtâphora. GR.
portion or due. Mëtaxa, raw silk. Called ùpà\ p.êVa|a among the
Mëretrix, harlot. Quae corpore meretur. So later Greeks. Steph. ccccxxxm.
Tl6pyrj. Mëthôdus, method. MifloSos.
Merga, fork, pitchfork. Festus from mergi ; for, Mëtïculôsus. From metus.
as they dive into the water for fish, so the reapers Mëtior, Mëtor, I measure. Allied perhaps to
let these fall among the sheaves to lift them up. ytérpov and nfrpiu. Hemsterhuis refers it to ' /xéSui,
Forcellini however makes it a sickle, from fupucii, whence p.4Sip.vov and Modius and Modus.' All these
fiepxà, in the sense of /iepiaTiicj), capable of severing. seem allied. (2) From /utjtiS/uu. Metior is to
Merges, a sheaf ; as much as can be raised merga. estimate, judge of value, and so may have meant to
Mergo. ' Long hesitating,' says Becman, ' whether determine distances.
mergo was from mare, I became convinced of it by Mëto, I mow. From Sjuijtos, messis, or its root
Joseph Scaliger.' And justly; for, as Jure ago is S/mjTai perf. of àjuáai, to mow : whence a word
Jurgo, and Navem ago is Navigo, so (in) mare ago is Tc£a>, û, 'nrfrw, as 'Aorépa, Asterula, 'stella : and
margo or mergo, as grEssus for grAssus, pEssulus meto, as </>Hpa, sera ; SEI/tíip, tïmor.
from TrA<rtra\os. (2) From fitplt, to divide i. e. the Mëtochë, Mëtôposcôpus. GR.
water, as Si/ureu is allied to Sia, to go under (the Mëtor. See Metior.
water). GO, as Tfi-fryu, rpúyœ. Metrëta, Metrïcus, Mëtrôpôlis, Mëtrum. GR.
Mergus, a diver. Mergo. French Plonger. 'iEquor Mëtuo and Mëtus. From /terS, fit-réu or fiertéa,
amat, nomenque tenet quia mergitur illo : ' Ov. p.edíriij.i, to remit, relax : as okvos or oxvos from %xa>
Mergus, a layer sunk into the earth, then raised o%a, to hold back. Becman : ' Demissio animi.'
again. Mergo. Homer : ME0IEI T6 «al ovk èfléAei irovUaOai. So
Mendies, midday. Medina, dies. Cicero : ' Meri yicBrinotrvvri is weakness.
diem cur non medidiem ? Credo, quòd erat insua- Meus. Me, as Tè, Te6s.
vius.' Mîca, crumb. Mikkíi, small.
Mërïtum. Mereor, itum. Mïco. From mica, (as dïcax is from dïco,) a
90
MIG MIR
very minute shaving of gold, or small grain that Vis ; /ioJidXii, malVa, milvus from '/iet\ixos, iful-
shines in sand : from /uKicbs, small. Mico is also, A.iXor, relentless. Uus, as Sylva, Syliia. For the
to have a tremulous vibrating motion, from the aphœresis see Temerè.
sparkling produced by the vibration of helmets, Mïmallônes, Mïmus. GR.
spears, the hands, &c. (2) From the obs. liia, Mina, Attic coin. Soft for fivâ.
whence fiixxbs, putpbs, allied to obs. fi6a>, whence Minae, threats. Mino, 1.
fi6\a, moveo, and obs. /teen, meo. Thus pî/ios is Minae, battlements. Minor, as Virgil : ' Hinc
derived from the motions and gesticulations of the atque hinc rupes geminique minantur In ccelum
players. In this case the sense of sparkling follows scopuli.' Or mineo.
from vibration. See Coruscus. Mineo, hang over. Minor. See minai, battlements.
Migdilybs, of Libyan and Tyrian origin. Klyi-r/y, Mïnerva, anc. Mënerva. From anc. meneo, whence
mixedly ; Aifivs, Libyan. memini, comminiscor, reminiscor : as Caterva, No-
Mïgro. As oìkíÇoi is to fix as a colonist, remove, verca. The goddess of invention or memory. Thus
so mtgro from fikyapov, lUypov, a house : i. e. to it has been referred to Goth, minni, ingenium, min-
remove from one house to another. I, as AEtoj, nas, meminisse. (2) Is. Voss : ' Mvyépyr), à /iívri,
liber ; ttKEku, pllco ; TE7710, tlngo. irpoo-Tooirjj Arcadio. Hortatrix operum.' V, much
Mïhi. Mol, fiot, mofît, as aliénas ; and mihi, as as milVus. But ?
clnis, leglmus. Or from ptol, which ' Bentley per Mïnerval, fee to a teacher. Minerva, who pre
ceived that Homer's metre occasionally required sided over learning.
instead of 4/xoi:' Donldn.— Or, like yaD*i, from a Mingo, to make water. 'Mix<3, i/ux& ; as Aix»,
form /io7*i, as *eû, Heu. So toì, toî*i, tiBi, as Lingo.
4yu*o>, amBo : unless, as Sibi was formed from 2<pl Minimus. From minor, as Pluris, Plurimus ;
for euphony, Tibi was formed on the model of it. Deterior, Deterrimus ; Prior, Primus.
Miles. One of (mile or mille) a thousand. Eu- Minister. Minùs, as Magis, Magister. (2) Ma
tropius : Mille pugnatores delegit Romulus, quos ntis, manister. ?
a numero milites appellavit. Varro says : ' Because Mlnistro. Minister, tri.
the legion at first consisted of 3000 : each tribe Mïnïtor, threaten. Minor.
furnishing 1000.' (2) One of (o^tiAoí) a troop of MINIUM, vermilion. Propertius has minio
soldiers. 'Ofu\ía, says Damm, is properly a mili Ibero. Justin says it gave the name to the river
tary term. Homer : 4v irpéroiffiy ò^iíKer fierà Minho in Spain : but Vitruvius better reverses it,
Tpilitaaiv ófu\éot. Thucydides : rbv irKtîaTOV !ipi\ov and states that minium by its very name shows
tS>v ifnAâr» ó 5è vo\bs fiptKos Mol crpaTidttrris. Do where it is sprung from.
naldson : ' Milites are those who march in a large Mïno, threaten. See Minor. Also I drive : i. e.
body.'—Menage says : ' For milex, /uíAaf, Srìfiormis.' threaten with my voice or whip. Tibullus : ' Sti-
Meaning, I suppose, ò/ûAa|. Milex is in Gruter. mulo tardos increpuisse boves.' Ovid : ' Juvencis
Inscr. p. 38. (3) Voss from jueiAÍa, a spear, as in assuetas adjiciam minas.'
fifi\tvov tyx.05. Minor, less. As ùki'QN, ociOR, and aios, saNus ;
Miliaria, a kind of linnet, feeding on millet. so nelav, mior, minor. (2) Obs. fiivbs, whence
Milio pinguis, Varr. fiiyvdw, vpbs, allied to obs. juíw, juicpós.
Militia, the service militis. Minor, I threaten. From p.tvos, fury ; as irAEica,
Milium, millet. Becman : From mile or mille : pllco. (2) Littleton : ' Contr. from nvdw /ivâ,
from the immense number of the grains. As odium. commonefacio, as from fivâ is mlna.'
(2) yieKivTj, fMKufiw, fteKÍoy. (3) ''EAu/aos, i\vfiíov, MInotaurus. Minos, Taurus. See Lempriere.
transp. ifivKlov, milium, as 'EAo/iíVo, Lamina. So MInuo, lessen: make minus, less. Or nimbs,
Wiopipà became Forma. small. Or obs. liivía, nivíBw : as the Etym. M.
Mille, Mile, a thousand. Milia for miria, (as Aes- supposes Papia.
Pia, liLia,) from pvpia, ten thousand : or p.vpi, mile, Mïnûrio, -Izo, to chirp. GR.
as antE from ivrl : and mille, as meLLis from yu^Ai. Minutai, MInûtus. Minuo.
True, the number is not preserved ; nor is Million Mîrâculum. Miror, as Spectacnlum.
from Mille. (2) Donaldson from SfiiKla, a great ■ Mirio, one distorted. Miror, to wonder at.
crowd. Mirmillo, gladiator. M6ppv\os, a fish which was
Milliârium, mile-stone. Millia passuum. A pillar a sign on their shields. Hence gladiators said one
of Augustus in the Forum, as the miles were counted to the other : Piscem, non te, peto.
from it. Mïror is from /nelpo/icu, to be distracted, i. e. by
Milli-, Mïli-arium, caldron. Mille. Of a thousand wonder and amazement. Thus Ovid, though in a
pound weight. different sense : DIVIDOR haud aliter quàm si mea
Milvus, Miluus, Milius, a kite. As QpdXbs, bre- membra relinquam : ' I am distracted, torn asunder
91
MIS MŒN
in mind.' And Virgil : Animum nunc hue celerem, Mïtulus, Mnëmosynë, Mnestër. OR.
nunc DIVIDIT illuc. Allied is inipiixva, thoughtful Môbïlis. Moveo, movibilis.
anxiety by which the mind is distracted, and ii.ipp.ri- Môcôsus, ludicrous. Mw/cos, laughter.
pi(a, to be in a state of distraction as to which of Môdërâtus, modérons sibi.
two ways to take. Mtptfar, says Hemsterhuis, is Modëror. Modus. Keep within due bounds.
said of divided and distracted thoughts. But in Modestus. Modus, as Funestus.
miror, as is already stated, the thoughts are dis Modïcus. Modus, as Unicus.
tracted as being confounded with amazement. In Môdius, -urn, a measure. MóStos in Dinarchus.
deed fifpiicpa ipya. in Homer would be well trans Modo, only. Provided, i. e. only in that case.
lated ' mira opera,' though the Translators apply to Only just now. Modus expresses a measure and
them other senses. And Wright in his Lexicon well limit. Modo, says Hand, is for in or cum modo.
gives to this adjective the meanings of 'stupendous Modûlor, Modulus. From
or overwhelming.' And thus Dr. Jones in his Lex Modus. Scaliger : ' MiSos from fiiSw, fi4/ioSa, to
icon : ' Mcpfiepos, stupendous, splendid, surprising, rule.' A rule, measure : whence fiéSi/ivos, fíéSws.
dazzling. Damm derives it from u4pos, and so Modus, a mood, or different way of expressing
Timscus : & 5ià iravovpyiav (ppovrida TiaXv ifiivotwv. our actions or affections, indicating, commanding,
Ruhnken renders it difficilis, morosus. But the &c. Above.
origin of the word is fmipw, to shine, connate with Mœchus, adulterer. Moix<is.
lj.apfj.alpm : hence Lat. miror, I wonder.' Though Mcenera. See Mamia.
it is not very clear whether he refers miror to Moenia. Soft for mœRia, as SâPov, doRum,
/xtpfifpos or to fialpoi, like crirAlpu, splro. Rather doNum, and much as miLia for miRia from uvPia.
from /itp/ittlpa, (/taípw,) ' curiosè cogito : ' Steph.— So in the Old Testament NebuchadNezzar and Ne-
Scheid accounts for mints from yueipw, as ' sejunc- buchadRezzar. Now Plautus has ' sua moenia tole-
tus, separatus i. e. à cognitione nostra.' (3) 'l/ui- rare,' t. e. his duties and his burdens ; and this, for
po/uu, to desire, i. e. as being worthy of admiration. mœria, is from the neuter plural aoipia, formed from
AS ÍKTíSe'îf, KTlSeTJ. aoïpa, one's part, portion, duty or charge ; afterwards
Miscellus, mixed. From appearing as munia, (as TrOIyí), pŒna, pUnio,) so
Misceo, to mix. Muryéu. that this was the order : Mœria, mamia, munia, as
Miser or Miserus, from uvaraphs, despicable, as Ainsworth says well. In the same sense mcenera
rifftrEpa for TeWApa, camEra from Ka/xApa. So and munera were used, and all these words in that
our Wretched from Wretch. And Wretched is ex of gifts and rewards, as one's portion or share, or as
plained by Dr. Johnson, ' despicable, hatefully con apportioned and distributed to each. But moenia
temptible.' (and from thence is maenio and munio) has another
Mïsëreo, -eor, -or. Miserum puto. sense, that of houses and buildings, both public and
Mïsëria. Miser. private. Thus Servius thinks that mamia is ' domos'
Missïcius miles, who has obtained an honorable in Virg. Ma. 2. 234 and 252. Forcellini quotes
discharge. Missus. five passages supporting this sense, in one of which
Missus, one turn at a beast-fight. Mitto. One the mamia are enclosed by ' muri :' viz. Mn. 6. 549:
sending out. Momia lata videt triplici circumdata muro. But espe
Mïtïgo. Mitis, mitico, as Claudico, Fabrico : cially in that of Pliny, 6. 26, ' where he speaks of the
then mitigo. So Lsevigo. (2) Mitem ago. whole body of the city of Babylon, rather than the
Mîtis. Hesychius explains ftlu by ioBia, to eat : enclosure of the walls.' Here also mamia can be from
i. e. to reduce small, whence fiixpbs, from perf. p.e- lioipia : each man having his own dwelling allotted
jjïiía, and from /le'/iirai is mitis, fit to eat. Virgil : or assigned to him, and the city itself its public
Mitia poma. (3) Ainsw. from /icfliels or ueiels, buildings, towers, and ramparts. Thus on the
remittens, yielding. Rather the former, by corrup Fortuitum cespitem of Horace, Davidson remarks :
tion /teifleìî, mitis, as \a&4a, laTeo. (3) From ' Horace here means the moderate proportion as
ttei\tKTOs, softened; shortened to líciktos, /itiTÓs. signed to every private man in the division of the
(4) Haigh : ' From /ìeiSíjî from /letSâ, to smile.' conquered lands by lot. They were obliged to dwell
As in (piKofi/ietSris. As Taeda from AaiSa. (5) Voss in the house which they there found already built
says : ' The yEolians said Motw for Tlarâ, MaSovaa to their hands.' Munera are also public buildings,
for UaBovca.' Mitis similarly from miSii, persuasion. made, says Forcellini, for the good of the people,
Easy, soft, yielding. i. e. as gifts and presents. Scaliger brings murus
Mitra, turban. Msrpa. also from pioipa, ' rata cujusque civis pars,' and
Mitto, from fieria or fitTiw, p.e0sjj/xi, to let go, because ' Quisque pro sua parte virili tutabatur
dismiss. (2) Movito : Schw. (3) Meo, meito : muros:' the original (E appearing in the old
Freund. mcerus, (whence pomcerium,) which assumed the
92
MŒR MON
form of murus, as mœnia that of munia. Doëder- mollia by mobilia, and in 3. 76, Ceruti does the
lein considers murus as a partition. Indeed fídpa, same. Mobilis aetas, in 3. 165, as said of the young,
perf. péptoipa, may have assumed in its derivatives is pliant.
of this perfect the sense of dividing off, parting off, Mollusca, a kind of nut, as being softer, says
and Aristotle has p.epíÇuv xai xa>pKw''- this sense Macrobius, than all nuts. Above.
would well suit that of the muri which divided off Molo, I grind. Mola. Or fut. p.v\â.
and enclosed the mœnia. Indeed mœnia itself might Môlossi canes, Molossian mastiffs. MoAottikoI
thus have meant, like ipltr/iara, ' enclosures, fences, ttives, Xen.
bulwarks, ramparts:' Dr. Major on Eur. Hec. 16. Molossus, Molybdis. GR.
(2) Molinia, moinia, mœnia, as Providens, Proidens, Mômen. Moveo, movimen.
whence Prudens. As Vaticinor, Vaticinia, so molinia Momentum, motion, change ;—power, influence
from molinor formed from moles, as Urinor, Bovinor, on the mind. Moment of time, i.e. one movement
Divïnor, or as Mugïnor, Machïnor. See also Rici- of it. Moveo, movimentum. Or partly molior, mo-
nium. Thus from moles we have Moliri muros limentum.
urbis, in Virgil ; and (suitably to the other sense of Monâchus, Monas, Monastêrium, Monaulos. GR.
mœnia) Molitur laborem. (3) Many refer mœnia Monëdíila, jackdaw. Monêta, monelula. From
to à/ivyw or p.ivofuu, to keep off, repel : but the CE its supposed fondness for coin. ' Non plus aurum
precedes, instead of following, the U, as in pUnio tibi quàm monedulœ committebant : ' Cic. ' Monedu-
above.—Wachter refers it to the Celtic mam, a stone, larum, cui soli avi furacitas auri argentique praccipuè
rock. But it should thus be mJEnia. And what mira est : ' Plin. (2) Moneo. ' As advising the
thus of the word mŒnia in its sense of 'offices, augurs in their auguries : ' Voss.
duties' ? Môneo. See on Memini.
Mcera, sign of the zodiac. Moípa. Monêris, ship of one bank of oars. yiovhpns.
Mœreo, I grieve. From fiotpa, fortune ; here mis Monêta, money coined ; and a mint. Moneo, as
fortune, ' hard lot ' as translated by Donnegan. Thus Fruticêta, Rubêta. The object of stamping money
tííais TTXA2 in Euripides. To have bad fortune. being to hand down the date and show the value of
So fíopía is KaKOTradéa, and Valetudo is Bad health.— the money. Ainsw. says, as showing forth for adora
Or from à/xotpéu, whence ctfioipnfui for hrv-^ritm, tion the effigy of some god. (2) As stamped in the
Steph. 6019. Hence 'poiptw, mœreo. See on' Temerè. temple of Juno Monêta, so called from certain
(a) From jiilpa, /i4fioipa. Ovid : DIVIDOR haud alleged fabulous reasons.
aliter quàm si mea membra relinquam. Monile, necklace. As dOmo from SAp.w, so monile
Mcerus, a wall. See in Mœnia. (as Hastile, Cubile,) from /xdvos. Wright in his
Mcestus, sad. Mœreo, mœrstum. Lexicon : ' Mávvos, pÁvos, a necklace. Mavvo(pópos,
Môla, mill. A cake of salt and meal. A false wearing a necklace.' And Dr. Jones : ' Mavvoipópos,
conception. Mi\n. bearing a chain about the neck, Theocr. xi. 41.
Môlâres, the grinders. Molo. From pÁvvos, a chain. And hence, it should seem,
Môles. As Befí$pàs and Mefifìpàs, Bvp/inl and Pm.vv6.kiov or p.avi<ÍKvs, a necklace.' And p.avidi<iov.
Míp/inÇ, BoKyhs and Mo\ybs, were interchanged, (Steph. ccccxxxi.) And the Schol. on Theocritus
moles may proceed from fìûXos, a mass. Es, as says : Wlávvos 8c iffrtv ó ireptTpax'hXios KÓcrp.os, tò
(TtúitOS, stipES. (2) From p.â\os, p.i\os, toil; KeyòpLtvov p.avvé.Kiov. Though some read in Theo
p.i\ts with difficulty: hence any thing made or critus àp.vo<pnpws. (2) But perhaps from moneo, as
raised with difficulty. 'Tantae molis eras below Plautus calls thongs of ox-hide monumenta bubula,
is fuihov. (3) The word p.S>\os, like moles, is a though jocularly. Monile will thus be a remem
mole, pier or manufactured harbor, found in Epigr. brancer, memorial, memento, of affection or public
Adesp. 370. (Steph. 6220.) But the date of this virtue. As Madan explains Torquibus in Juv. 16.
word seems uncertain. (4) Scaliger from mola a 60 : ' Chains of gold worn about the necks of those
mill-stone, ' always of large bulk.' whose valor had rendered them worthy of honors.'
Môlestus. Obs. p.6\os, toil, (Lidd.) whence p.6\is, iElian : El^e 5è Kal &yaAp.a Trepi rbv avx*va in
and liûKos. Toilsome. (2) Môles, pains, exertion. (rairtpclpov KÍ9ov, KaX éVaAetro rb &yaAfia 'AA^tíeia.
As 5di, odium. (3) Mola. ? And in Sir H. Davy's Consolations in Travel : ' The
Môlïmen, attempt. From rosary suspended round my neck is a memorial of
Môlior, I stir or effect anything (mole) with pains sympathy and respect for an illustrious man.'
or difficulty. As Mn. 1. 33: Tantae molis erat Mono—. All these words are GR.
Romanam condere gentem.— Or to raise (molem) a Mons. As sOntis from alvrns, and much as
bulky weight. pOndus from pEndo, is mantis from mineo, minitum,
Mollis. For mobilis, moblis, easy to be moved, mintum, (as Teneo, Tentum,) to project over. So
pliant, soft. In Georg. 2. 389, Heyne explains many suppose promOntorium put for promlnitorium.
93
MON MUG
Cscsar has Montes qui impenderent. (a) As B and Mortarium, a vessel in which mortar is made ;
M were interchanged in B0A.7ÌS, M0X7ÒÎ ; Bvpp.v^, and mortar itself. From the above : ' as having a
Mvp/ini-; and as Hesychius states à/KpíaMaiva was plain broad bottom : ' Fore.
said for àp.<píaBaii/a, and Liddell says : ' B into M, Mortuus. Morior should make moritus, morlus.
as Mefifipas for Bep.Bpás : ' so Bavbs, Mol. for Bovvbs, But mortuus seems formed like Ambiguus, Mutuus.
could through navbs produce mons, as ye'NOS, Môrulus, blackish. Kavpos, dark. (2) Morum,
geNS. St. Luke has irâv Ópos /col Bovvós. And a mulberry.
Donnegan translates BowoeiSiis, mountainous, hilly. Môrum, mulberry. Vlópov. (2) Or uavpoy, dark.
(3) yiéya, p.ép.ova. ' The everlasting hills.' And Môrus, mulberry-tree. Above.
see Psa. 125. 1. Mos. Modus, mos, much as Volis, Vis; and
Monstro, I inform. Moneo, monsum makes mon- moris formed after Mus, Mûris. Horace: More
strum, as Rado, Rasum makes Rastrum : hence also modoque. (2) Shortened from vópos, as in Modern
monstro. To teach, instruct, guide, show. Greek Siv for oùSèy, vk for Tua.
Monstrum, prodigy. From moneo, monsum whence Mostellum, a little monster. Monstrum, mon-
also monstro. A prodigy by which the gods showed strellum, as Flagellum.
their will and future events. Cicero : ' Quia osten- Môtacilla, wag-tail. Moto, to move often. Mo-
dunt, portendunt, monstrant, prodicunt, Ostenta, tacula, motacilla, as Navicula, Navicella.
Portenta, Monstra, Prodigia dicuntur.' Môto, Môtus. Moveo, movitum, môtum.
Mônûmentum. Moneo, as Documentutn. Moveo. Haigh thus : As *fy>, ^Eol. for Biip,
Mora, delay. From p.tlpa, p,4p.opa, as Tempus from moveo from a word fioBta, JE. p.o<péw, from ptitos,
Te/i""- Separation, interval, space, pause, stop. disturbance. To disturb, unsettle, put out of place.
Valerius : Moras spatiumque. (2) Soft for rnona, Much as txXn, ix^f". In ' Moturn ex Metello
fiovà, delay, as Thucyd. p.ovhv iroiûo-Bai. Thus N cousule civicum,' motum means p.66ov. Or fióBos
gave way to R in cRepus, cReperus from kH4(pas, is iróvos, labor (as in Hesychius), and p.o04a would
and some derive diRus from SíiNcÍí. exactly agree with Molior from Moles : ' To move a
Mora, a Spartan regiment. GR. thing with great labor and difficulty.' (2) Bp.
Môrâtus, endued with good manners ; showing Blomfield (on Agam. 1614) deduces moveo from
well the manners of persons. Mores. the obs. n6u or p.o4a, noFíw, (as &4u, aVeo,) to
Morbònia, a place full of make to go, whence pi6\u to come ; allied (says
Morbus, disease. Hesychius : Kipos- Bdmros, Becman) to p.iu, pep-aa, ptaivw, to excite ; and (says
tpBípos, névos, vooos. From this last, p.6pos or Riddle) to p.4u, Lat. meo, to go, àfieípw, àp.ev(a.
fiópFos, (as S\a, S\Fa, sylVa,) is morvus or morbus. Mox. As niX for niVS, so mox for mo VS, i. e.
Mordeo. Properly to separate, says Becman, who tam citò quàm te moveas, quamprimum te moves or
rightly refers to pópos, whence p.op4a>, morDeo, like moveris. As in a Moment of time, from Moveo,
tenDo, panDo. Or at once from a word fiopSéw, Movimentum. So Actutum. See on viX. (2)
formed from p.eípa, p4p.oprai, or from pióptinv, like For modis, like sing, modo, just now.
Mu, a muttering. ME.
Mordicus, with the teeth, by biting. Above. Mûceo, to be foul, thick, feculent, dreggy. From
Morëtum, a salad. Wopjirbv, divided, formed mucus. (2) To be dead, flat. As Sitio, Siticus,
from fioprjo-ai in Hesych., to divide. Lat. intritum. (Siccus,) so morior, moricus, and (as Providens,
Môrîgëro, morem aero, gratify. Prudens ; Movito, Muto,) mucus, muceo. ' Un-
Môrio, fool. Mâpos. guenta suis moriuntur horis,' Plin. (3) VhMm,
Morior. Wl&pos, death. pLvbaiibs, pLvbandw, contr. muceo, as paSAw, mad£o.
Mormyr, Môrôlôgus. GR. Thus mptmbs and Manacus, and in some measure
Mòror, I delay. Mora. KVKCLW, KVKOvÁw.
Môror, am silly. Mupovpat. Mucinium, Muccinium, handkerchief. Mucus.
Môrôsus, self-willed : sui moris. Mûcro, point of a spear, &c. Dahler in Steph.
Morpheus. Mop<ptvs. ccccxxxiv : ' yioupwva' rby ò{úy 'EpuBpaìoi, Hesy
Mors. Mjpoî, as r4yos, Gens. chius. That is to say, mucronem.' (2) As Maria
Morsus. Mordeo, mordsum. M. for riarcu, Mcp.f}pàs for BtpHpas, (Lidd.) so
Morta, fate. Moprii Hesych. mucro for pucro, pucronis, from pugo, pungo. C,
Mortâlis. Mors, mortis. as paCiscor for paGiscor. (3) Riddle says, for
Mortarium, a mortar. Stephens says : ' From ixpav. Certainly we find "OKpts : but the M ?
p.dpu, p.4p.oprat, could be poprbs in Hesychius.' So Mucus, Muccus. Mugo, mungo, as Tago, Tango ;
also mortarium, in which materials are separated by mugicus, mugcus, mucus.
pounding. (2) For moretarium, mortar for making Mûgil, mullet. As iiv&v from /«Sfa, mucus ; so
moreta, salads. mucus, mucilis, as Facilis, and mugilis. ' The slime
94
MUG MUR
fish,' Lidd. It feeds, says Aristotle, on its own Multïplïco, facio multiplicem.
slime. Multïtia, -tïcia, robes finely wrought. Multùm
Mugïnor, to be long about a thing. Mums, ico : struck much by the weaver's slay. (2) Mul-
mucinor, and (as muGio,) muyinor, as from &\iwa, tilicia, as of many threads. The finer the stuff, the
mucus, is f3Kevvos, drivelling, sluggish. Thus k6- more numerous must be the threads. Thus Samite
pv(a is used for stupidity. And Horace has is from í{ójiuTos, of six threads : and Spenser says,
Emunctae naris for the opposite quality. (2) Mvfa, In silken samite she was LIGHT arrayed.
fié/ivya, to mutter, mumble. (3) Soft for nuginor Multïtûdo, as Solitudo. Multus.
from nugor. Multo. See Mulcto.
Mugio, to bellow. From the sound mu, mu, Multus. As Stolidus, Stultus, so multus, anc.
whence fiviciu ; or through ftvKcia, for mucio, mugio. moltus, for molidus from moles, as Sordes, Sordidus.
Mûla. Mulus, as Lupa. In a mass, much, many.
Mulceo, to soften. As KiKa/ios, Culmus, so Mûlus. As tpClpbs, fUris, from fiûAvs, dull, stu
juaAa/cbs, or a word fiaXaKeto, jE. fioKoKtw, molceo, pid. (2) M&Aos, toil.
mulceo. Mundus, clean, neat : i. e. for munctus, muntus,
Mulcïber, Vulcan : à mulcendo ferrum. Like Fa- mundus, as mulCTo, mulTo; and menTior, men-
ber, Tuber. Macrobius : ' Quòd ignis omnia mulceat Tax, menDax. Munctus, like Emunclus, is ' emun-
ac domet.' gendo purgatus,' as in the phrase ' Emunctœ naris.'
Mulco, to cudgel. Ma\o/c5, to soften, and mulco, So emunctus, in eloquent speaking, is explained by
as K<L\a/xos, Culmus. Terence : sandalio commiti- Forcellini ' qui utitur oratione purgatâ, nitidâ.'
gare caput. (2) Molo, molico, as Fodico ; molco. Munctus then is 'nitidus,' and is from mungo,
To grind, bruise. which (like tago, taNgo,) is from nìryû, fut. of
Mulcto, Multo, to fine, punish: from mulgeo, líía<ra: (Steph. 11151.) (2) Littleton from ifii-
mulctum. Scheller : ' In popular discourse Mulgeo avros. ?
aliquem pecuniâ, might be used like Emungo, for Mundus, i, the world. From the neatness and
Privo. Hence mulcta is properly a participle : grace displayed in the universe. Seneca : Nitidus
mulcta pecunia.' Money squeezed out. 'KptKyw mundus. Pliny admirably : ' Quem KÓ<r/iov Graeci
similarly, whence mulgeo, has this sense. nomine ornamenti appellavere, eum nos à perfectâ
Mulctra, milk-pail. From absolutâque elegantiâ mundum.'
Mulgeo, to milk. From àuo\yéa formed from Mundus, a lady's toilet. By which she becomes
àfjié\yv, whence ài>ui\y6s. mundior. And ' in mundo ' is at hand, ready : i. e.
Mûliëbris : from in good order, neatly, nicely.
Mulier. Wachter : ' Properly it means molitrix Munëro, I give munera.
from Germ, malen, i. e. molere, to grind.' Thus Mungo, to wipe the nose. Wlvcraa, nvym, as
Isa. 47. 2. But rather from Gr. /iiwa, uv\â, Tago, Tango.
in the same sense. Perhaps thus : nvxfeaaa, /iv- Munia. See Mcenia.
\fe<ro>, pv\fepPt as arboS, arboR. (2) From 'nobis Munïceps. Munia capio.
for ájuaAij, tender; indeed /laxhs seems to have Munïfícus. Qui munia facit.
existed (Steph. 5919). U, as plUteus from irAA- Munio, anc. momio. See Momia. Munio viam,
Tíoî, hUmus from xA/i<is. (3) From /iiwa, pv\â, to make a road strong with flint like (mœnia) walls.
in Theocritus. Voss : ' MvWu, coëo, may have Munis. Doing our mune, part or duty.
been formerly a word of delicacy, like others which Mûnus, gift. See in Mœnia. A show, spectacle,
became otherwise by use.' as a public boon to the people. A funeral exhibi
Mulleus calceus, shoe of a red or purple color. tion, as a present to the dead, says Tertullian. And
From the color of the mullet. ' Suffusum sanguine a public building, as in Mœnia.
muUi,' Ov. ' Puniceos mullos,' Auson. This shoe Mùraena, lamprey. Mvpaiva.
is called by Dion ípvBóxpovs. Murcia, the goddess of the slothful. This seems
Mullus, mullet. From /ivWos in Athenaeus, says the same as Venus, who was called by this name.
Becman. Though Donnegan states that the exact As making slothful or effeminate. See murcus.
species of piwos is not ascertained. (2) Mugil, (2) This name of Venus, says Pliny, was written
mugilus, muglus, mullus. also Murtia and Myrtea, and hence from /ivpros ;
Mulsus, softened with honey. Mulceo, mulsum. various fantastic reasons being given for the myrtle
Some take it actively, softening : leni mulso, Hor. being appropriated to Venus.
Multa, a fine. See Mulcto. Murcïdus, slothful. See murcus.
Multïfarius. Multus, sari to speak, as Nefarius. Murcius, sacred to Murcia.
Gr. Supdffios, Sitparos, rpífparos, &C Murcus, a poltroon, pollice truncus. Supposed
Multïfïdus. Fido,findo. to be the same as murcidus, slothful. As Kdhanos,
95
MUR NAC
Culmus, so uaAaxhs, soft, mulcus : and murcus, as mulsus also meaning ' sweet. ' Mustum vinum then
trtA<pi, siRpe; tuLban, tuRban. Effeminate, indo is fresh sweet wine : and musta virgo (or mustea,
lent, cowardly. (2) Hesychius states that the succi plena, Forcell.) in Naevius, and musta agna in
Syracusans used fivpxos for dumb ; hence Voss car Cato, is sweet-fleshed, delicious, tender, young.
ries the meaning to impotent, inactive. ' Mustum, sweet and new wine : ' Dumesn. And
Mûrex, shell-fish ; purple ; trumpet made of a Virgil has DULCIS musti humor.
hollow shell ; anything jagged like the exterior of a Mûtïlus, mutilated. Mtv\os, transp.
shell, as a bit, a caltrap, a point of a rock. Mva|. Mûtînus, -ûnus, Priapus. Muto, ônis.
As whs, nuRus ; iraAAAf, pellEx ; and sorEx. Mùtio, to mutter. From the sound mu, whence
Mûria, pickle from the tunny; strong brine. uifa. (2) Mutus.
' Apparently from à\p.vphs, by aphaeresis : ' Forcell. Mûtïto, to feast one another by turns. Muto, as
Perhaps from a word àxuvpía. As Uncle from Mussito. (2) Mutuito, as Januitor, Janitor. ' Mu-
Avunculus. (2) MCpâ, fut., to flow. Manilius : tuaque inter se convivia curant,' Virg.
Hinc sanies pretiosa FLUIT, &c. Muto, to change. Moveo, movitum, movito,
Murmur. From uopuópu, Spâ, to roar as water. mo'ito, muto, as Providens, Proi'dens, Prudens. To
Murrha, Myrrha, the murrhine stone. MSfifia move the situation of any thing.
Pausan. Adj. uov^ivn Arrian. Mûto, ônis, i. q. ntos. Hesych. : /ìÓttjî, 6 irphs
Mûrus, wall. Some from píu, to shut up : but rà 'A(ppoSÍ<ria 4K\c\vp.évos. (2) Movito, tônis, à
the old form was mcerus, for which see on Mœnia. moveo, movitum, movito, unde Muto, âvi. Nam
Mus, mouse. Mûs. semper sese movet, cùm nosmet movemus : ut Paleae.
Músa. Moûaa, JE. ixvaa. Sic Mentum forsan à Movimentum.
Mûsâgëtës. MovffaycTTjs. Mutûlus, a stay cut out of stone or timber, stick
Musca, fly. Muîa, uvtffKv, as traitíaicn. ing from the wall, for support : a corbel or bracket.
Muscerda, mouse-dung. Cerno, cernida. See ' Mutilus : trabs mutila : ' Ainsw. (2) Perhaps for
Excrementum. muluulus from mutuus. For 1 mutua inter se te-
Muscïpûla, mouse-trap. Capio. nentur ' (Lucret.) the corbel and what it supports.
Muscúlus, a little mus, mouse. A sea-fish in its Mutuor, I borrow. Varro from the Sicil. noirov,
form, which protects the whale, and is described by a favor. —'Mutuus,' says Riddle, 'and this from muto.
Claudian. A shed in sieges : Lipsius says, because Borrowed or lent, usually of things not themselves
the soldiers dug under it like mice ; or because they returned, but only their equivalents, as money, com,
got like mice under these hollow engines. But &c.' Some understand it as what is to be repaid
Vegetius says, because those smaller engines pre back, so that there is a mutual engagement : the
pared the way for the large towers, just as these one lends to the other, to receive from him as much
small fish assisted the whale. Also, a muscle-fish, again. Or from mutual obligations done and re
and a muscle of the body, like p.vs. ceived, the reciprocation of kind offices. Certain it
Muscus, musk. Mi<rxos- is that the adjective is used as well as the verb :
Muscus, moss. Vliex05 in Homer, soft, tender. ' Nummos mini dares utendos mutuos :' ' Quaerendo
Ovid : molli musco. argento muluo : ' ' Talentum muluum dederam : '
Mùsëum, Mûsïcê, Mûsïcus. Mova-tîov, &c. &c. (3) Paul. Digest. 12. 1. makes muluum to be
Musïmo, Musmo, a mongrel. Strabo calls them meotuum : and mutuor, de meo luum facio. This
iwíafiovts, rams with goats' hair. The I may be is a mere pun.
for softness, as uvâ, mina. Mùtus, dumb. From iìvttùs in Hesychius, who
Mûsîvum, mosaic. MoucrûFov, or from Musœ. has also /iút^s and p.6Sos.
' As elaborated by the Muses, or because Museums Mutuus. Muto, to exchange, as Irriguus.
were often thus ornamented : ' Spon. My— : All words beginning thus are Greek words
Musso, to mutter, speak in a low hesitating voice ; beginning with uv .
hence to hesitate. From ui£o>, as uáZa, maSSa.
Or from mutio, mussum, as Quatio, Quassum. N.
Mustâceus, bridecake. Cato : ' Mustaceos sic
facito : farinae modium muslo conspergito,' &c. Nablia, Naulia, a psaltery. GR.
Mustëla, weasel. ' Mus longior,' Becm. See Nacca, Nacta, Natta, one following a low trade as
Mantële. a fuller. Liddell : ' Ndjcoj, a woollen skin. Hence
Mustus, ' fresh, new, young. Perhaps from p.6- Lat. nacœ, whence again nacca, fullo.' Naca, nacica,
trx«s, tender.' Forcell. I. e. dialectically /j.6a6os. as Nasica. But better through a word vákti\s from
(2) But the real meaning may he sweet. As TO/tTct, Hesych. (from vaaait^) explained -robs irÍAous
Torreo, Tostum ; rnulceo could make musturn, and seal ra iunlXia. Nacta produces natta and nacca.
mustum would he much the same as mulsum: (3) Nactus : as Cerdo from «epSoj. ?
96
KM NEC
Nse, Ne, certainly. Nol, N^. " ' " ' ' Nasus, nose. NSeru, a flowing. So j>\v from j>4a
Naevus, a mole, spot. Ane. gnœus, gnamus, like or obs. j>ia. See Nares.
Gnatus. Eustath. on II. c. 253 states that yevvaios Nâsûtus, with a large nose. Satirical, as making
meant formerly avyyevris koI íu<pvros. And Forcell. a long nose. As /uwcTijpifw. Above.
explains navus ' kváIs ffvuweipvKvìa, genitiva ma Nâta, daughter. Natus.
cula,' a spot born with one. Ttvvdios then, yvoûFos, Nâtâlis, belonging to our natus, birth.
gnœvus. (2) Salmas. : ' Kvcûos is Greek from Nates, the buttocks. Neoros, yàros, extremus.
Kvaiai, and meant irdBos, <pvfxa : hence gnavus.' (S) Ncíe», to flow. ' Per easdiffluit humor:' Voss.
Nais, Naiàí, Naiad. Nâtio, progeny, breed, race. Natus. Not foreign
Nam. As Mew, NcS/x, Num, so pay, (y£olic of ers, but indigenous.
nb*>) vàu, nam. Hoogeveen states the power of Nâto. No, natum. As Datum.
fi)iv to be /3e/3aitoTi/rì), confirmatory : and nam is the Nâtrix, water-serpent. No, natum. The swimmer.
confirmation of a previous remark. Thus also Quis- Nâtûra. Tcvvda, yvda, gnao, gnatum, gnatura,
nam, Quianam, Utinam. ready to produce, as Mensura from Mensum. The
Nancio, -cior, -ciscor, light on. Nanciscor, as Greeks say <pv<ris from <pva. G omitted, as in
Apiscor, Paciscor. Nancio by euphony for nacio, as Nascor.
HaNSdvu, taNgo, fraNgo. Now, as /StN-ricn-os, Nâtus. TevvâTOS, yvâris.
j)N9t, c^íNtis were yEolic forms for /SéAtmttos, i)A0e, Nâvâle, a dock. Navis.
tpl/iris, and as Steph. de Urb. states, TV obtl Aatta Nâvarchus, Nauclêrus. Naúapxoî> *c-
rivis \4yovaw, à\\à Ndtda ; so nacio from Aaxtfa, Naucus, -um, peel of a nut, skin of a walnut,
\axtâ, (like patlOR,) allied to Aayxiva. Conversely kernel of an olive : anything of no value. N?)oOxo*
■Airpov for Nirpov, Lympha for Nympha. (2) As means, holding ships : but, like vfyrowos, vnicepiiis,
.Nascor for Gnascor, so nancior for gnancior or it might have meant also, not containing any thing,
gnacior from yewda, yvdus, iyvàxa and a new verb vile. (2) No! oûx'i verily not. A nonentity.
4ypcfam, as ir&pVKta, Trçtppdiu. Thus c/>ú« is to get. Naufrâgus. Navì-fragus. See Frango.
' iptvas <piinv, to get understanding : SóÇav <píav, Nâvïgo, I sail. Navem ago. Primarily applicable
to gain reputation : ' Lidd. to rowers of ships. (2) Ago tempus in navi.
Nanus, Nâpaeœ, Naphtha. GR. Nâvis. News, vats, na Vis, as íïs, SFts, oVis. Or
Nâpus, French turnip. ' Net™, mustard. Like from gen. vais.
in leaves and seed, and somewhat in the root : ' Nâvïta. Nâvis. (2) Havdrns, vaíara, nâváta.
Fore. Naulum, Naumáchia. GR.
Narcissus, Nardus. GR. Nâvo, I do anything nâvê.
Nâres, nostrils. Napiij, flowing. Nausea. Naucrea.
Narro. Ainsworth : ' From gnarus ; and under Nauta. N01/T77S, or Navita.
stood by Velius, notum or narum facio, Seal. Gnar- Nautea, filth from the pump of the ship. NoSs ;
rat, narrât, StnyÛTai, Vett. Gl. Gnarruisse, nar and vavo-la, vavria, which may have so meant. Some
rasse, Fest.' Thus Gnosco, Nosco. And gnarus understand nautea anything causing a vavria, qualm-
as in ignarus. Or the older form is gnaruris, iness, as tan-water, curriers' black, &c.
whence gnaruro, gnarro, narro. To make cogni Nautïcus. Noutik(Íî.
zant of. Nâvus. See Gnaws.
Narthêcium, medicine-chest. GR. Ne, not ; lest. Ne— as in véiroScs, or vn— as in
Nascor. Ttvvdw, yvdw, yvdcrKw, gnasco, nasco, vfrrotvos.
as pdw, $d<TKa. So yiváaKw, Gnosco, Nosco. And Ne, interrogative postfix. Here, as above, ne is
• nascor is yçvvdofxai, yvd&Kofiai. Not. ' Janme vides,' is Do you not see ? And so
Nâsïca, with a sharp nasus. uii is used : M); <ri< iXoiiffu ; properly, whether or
Nâsïterna, a bucket. Nasus, ternus : having three not have you bathed ? (2) *Hk, if, transposed. ?
noses. ' Calicem nasorum quatuor : ' -Juv. Nebris, fawn's skin. NcjSoiy.
Nassa, twig-net to catch fish. Nacrera, vijerera, is Nebula, cloud. N«p4Ka, nebëla, as amBo, and
a duck, ' from via to swim, via,' Lidd. So vâaaa scopUlu8.
could have meant a twig-net floating in the water : Nëbiilo, rascal, knave. Ne-obolus ; worth not an
Ainsw. So ' vrjaos, is floating land : ' Lidd. (2) obolus, otStfbs &£ios. (2) Nebula. Seeking dark
Nootìî, vaara, vaaaa, close-pressed. As Silius ness for his bad deeds. Lucilius : Lucifugus nebula.
describes ' the fisherman weaving it : ' Cautiùs in So Tenebrio from Tenebrae. See John 3. 20. Some
teriors ligat ; mediamque per alvum Sensim fastl- understand it, throwing mist and dust in others'
gans COMPRESSA cacumina nectit,' &c. eyes. Others, as unsubstantial as a mist; or at
Nasturtium, cresses. Nasus tortum. Twisting trifling.
the nose ; as our Nose-smart, Nec. Negue, neq'. So Atque, Atq', Ac.
97 N
NEÇ NIC
Necdum. See Nondum. nax. And Hesych. again has viviiaTos, a child's
Nëcessârii, intimate friends or relations. Necesse. song and a Phrygian melody. Thus the Greeks
As necessary to our wants : or on whom the neces adopted the word from Phrygia, and added to it.
sary offices of life are conferred beyond other men. Hivviov also is mentioned by Hesychius. ' They
Nëcesse. From ne cesso, or cedo, cessum, as wrongly write nenia with JE,' says Becman. (S)
Nefastus, Neque. It is urgent, pressing : we must From a word ivtuvia, 'vturim, as ivtv\oyia Acts 3.
not loiter or withdraw. Justin : ' Non timido, non 25.
ignavo, cessare turn licuit.' (2) Without which Nênia was changed in course of time into the
* nec esse licet.' ? sense of any trilling song or common saying : 'these
Nécessitas. Necesse. dirges being sung by hired or ignorant persons, who
Nëcessïtûdo. See Necessarii. mixed silly things with them : ' Fore. See Nugae.
Nëco, I kill. Nex, necis, death ; this from vims, Nënu. See Non.
a corpse. Neo, I spin. N«o.
Necromantia, necromancy. GR. Nèophjítus, Nëôtërîcus. GR.
Nectar, drink of the gods. GR. NEPA, scorpion. An African word, say Festus
Necto, weave. Necto, says Haigh, 'from ívÌtctm, and Nonius.
'yá-rra, JE. 'viicrte.' As grAdior, grEssus; irA<r- Nëpëta, nep, wild pennyroyal. A'e, pôto, as per-
o-aXos, pEssulus : A omitted, as Rura from "Apovpa. jûro, pejëro. Ne, as Nefandus. Columella reckons
(2) As Plecto from irA^trcr», WhAtjktou ; we can it among herbs ' mali succi : ' though Pliny says
suppose from via, to spin, a verb vi\aaa, or v4\xa, wine was made of it. (2) From Nepete, a town of
peVijtTcu, as from via to swim is rfix"- Voss : Etruria.
* Necto is properly to join together by spinning ; Nëpos, descendant ; grandson, nephew. The
generally, to join and bind together by any tie.' vìttovs of Homer, explained ritcvov and àvóyovos.
Nëdum, much less or more. 'Vix in terris, (2) Néos, viFos, nePos. See Piscis.
nedum in mari : ' i. e. ne turn dicam. Dum, as in Nëpos, a spendthrift. From grandfathers too
Agedum, Adesdum. much indulging their grandsons, and thereby lead
Nefandus. Fandus is what is worthy to be spoken ing them to waywardness and profligacy.
of: nefandus, what is not fit or worthy to be spoken Neptis, granddaughter. Nepos, itis.
of, like Infandus. So Fas, Nefas. Neptûnus. As Portus, Portûnus, from vim-u.
Nëfârius, as above. As Multifarius. From the sea washing the shore. Thus KXiSuv is a
Nëfas. A'e i. e. non,/»». See Nefandus. wave, from K\é(a>, to wash. In Gruter p. 460 is
Nëfrendes, young pigs, ne frendere, not able to Neptumnus, vnrró/ievos. So Portumnus is found.
champ solid food. Nëquara, good for nought. For ne aliquant rem
Neglïgo, I neglect. Nec lego, as Negotium, Nec- valens, much as Frugi is an adjective. We have
opïnus. I do not choose it. Nequaquam, for JV« quâquam re. (2) Ne quid-
Nëgo, deny. For nejo, like our Garden and the quam or ne qua-yuam valens.
French Jardin. From ne-aio, as in Nequeo, Nescio: Nëque. Ne, que : et non.
ne-ajo, as rpola, troJa ; and then nejo. See Vexo. Nëqueo. Queo. As Nescio.
Terence : ' Negat quis ? Nego. Ait ? Aio.' Gr. 06 Nêquidquam, -cquam, not in any way. To no
<p7i/ii, Lat. diffiteor. (2) For ne-ago : not to do purpose, i. e. all for nothing ; it comes to nothing ;
what is asked. So some derive Inficiae from In- he gains nothing, ne quidquam lucratur.
-facio. Nêquïter, Nëquïtia. Nequam.
Nëgôtior, transact business : from Nereus, a sea-god. Nnptis.
Nëgôtium, employment ; anything about which Nervus, sinew, string, thong, fetter, (funibus
we are employed. Nec otium, as Negligo. nervinis, Veget.) stocks, prison. NevpFov, nerVum,
Nêma, Nëmësis. GR. as S\fo, sylVa: the termination changed, (a)
Nêmo. Ne homo quidem, as Semo. fitvpop, neurìvus, nervus.
Nempe, to wit, surely. Nam, i. e. ftàv or priv Nescio. A7!» i. e. non scio.
transp., and irn as pe in Quippe. (2) Miv irn, vip. Neu, neither. Neve, Nev'.
irp. Nëve. Much as Nëque.
Nëmus, wooded pasture. Nifios. Neurôbâta, rope-dancer. GR.
Nênia, Nsenia. ' Njjyía, a public eulogy, some Neuter. A'e user, as Neque.
times with the flute ; hence a dirge, only found in Neutïquam, in no wise. Ne utique quâquam.
Lat. nenia; though acc. to Cic. Legg. 2. 24 the Nex, nëcis. See Neco.
word is Greek : ' Lidd. However Hesych. has Nexo, Nexus. Necto, nexum.
vnvvpl(oyra, Qpnvovma. And Pollux says that Ni. For nisi.
vnviwrov is a Phrygian word, mentioned by Hippo- Nïcêtêrîa, rewards of victory. GR.
NIC NON
Nicto, I wink. Niveo, nixi, nictum: see Con- tos docuere nisus, Hor. and Pinnarum nisus inanis,
nivco. Nivsi into mm, much as niTor, niTSum Lucret.
into niXnm. Nisus, attempt. Nitor, nisus.
Nictor, wrong for Nixor. Nitêdûla, Nitella, Nitëla, a field-mouse. Dale-
Nîdor. As (ci/ÍÎTj, a nettle, from itylÇa, ftfWSa, so camp ' à nitore, from the shining of its hair and
is nidor, like xviaaa, a smell or steam rising from skin : ' or as being sleek or slim. As Ficedula.
things roasted, as producing a pungent sensation. Voss says the I is long in Martial 5. 38 : but the
K omitted for softness, as X in araNea from word and its sense are disputed there ; and Bentley's
àpíXtin. nitedula in Horace is a mere guess, (a) Voss, as
Nidus, nest. From voaabs, M. vorrbs, a nestling ; ' nïíens scandendo arbores. ' ?
hence vo85i>s, and niddus, as '0/i$pos, Imbris ; Olle, Nïteo, to shine. From víÇa, vtrvrm, to wash,
IUe; kOws, clnis; then nidus, as from ipcrubs, whence virpov and obs. vnia ; or from fut. yi&ca.
'ptrubs, 'peuubs is rêmus. In Virgil, ' Dulcem nidis Thus Lautus, which has the sense of Nitidus, from
immitibus escam,' nidi are the nestlings. (8) Lavo. Dumesnil defines niteo ' to shine with a
From nitidus, trim, neat. gentle brightness, such as what is cleaned.'
Niger. From obs. ri>£, yvxbs, whence irayv&xtos- Nïtor, to strain, strain after, &c. As Mopipa,
Black as night. Prov. 7.9: In the black and dark Gopuà, Forma ; May, NcD/i, Num ; so Ttivoym,
night. As artiros, stipes; and Gero from Xtpós. transp. vcirouai, nitor. (a) From vitraouai, vinro-
(8) Nigrus from ye«p6s. From the color of death. puu, to stimulate oneself. Or viaooiiai, vlrrouai,
Homer has uéKavos èayiroio, and Lucretius Mortis to go towards an object, and thus exert oneself for
nigrore, and the Latin poets generally Nigra hora, it. (3) Festus says it was Gnitor, Gnitus, Gnixus,
niger ille dies, &c. I, as itAEku, pllco. Scheid (as Gnascor, Gnosco,) from genu : To kneel upon.
quotes Hesychius : THUtof SiatpBopd. (3) For nubi- Say yovylrrofuu, as uIvÍtto/jm. Allied to yovvd-
ger. (ouai.
Nïhïlum, Nihil, Nil. Ni, as in Nimirum, or Nîtrum, nitre. ì&írpov.
nisi hilum. Nïveus, from
Nimbus. As M is added in cuMbo, laMbo, so in Nix, nïvis, snow : i. e. nivs, nivis, from perf.
nimbus for nembus from yé<pos, as TE-yyai, tlngo; vtvHpa whence vupàs a snowflake. So viVSi, viXi.
tutu, amBo. ' A dark cloud bringing storm : ' (a) Nifaj, vtyZ, nigo, nixi, ningo.
Ridd. (a) Derived like xtywPos from vItttw. Cow- Nixor, I endeavour. Nitor, nitsus, nissus or
per: The rose had been wash'd in the shower. nirus. Thus rpiÇbs, StÇbs for Tpiaabs, $iao6s. And
Indeed a word viufios may have been formed, like UlyXes for UlySSes.
Bdupos, 8póp.fSos, tÍjujSoî, tjTpáufìos, \4uftos, from No, I swim. Ne'eu, vû.
dfati), rp4<pu, rv(pa>, trrpttpta, \iwoo. See Limbus. Nôbïlis. For gnobilis, as Ignosco is In-gnosco,
Nîmîrum. Nil mirum est. You need not won from yiváaKw, yviatue, Nosco. So Gnatus, Natus.
der : it is certainly so. Nosco, noscibilis, nobilis, as Moveo, Mobilis.
Nimis. See Nimius. Noceo, I hurt. From vvyéa fut. of viaaa, to
Ntmius is for ne-medius, as Necesse, Nescio, pierce, puncture. As uT\a, mOla ; utoTéa, misCeo.
Nequeo : contr. into nemius, as MeitíSioí into Mé (3) Becman from a word vacua to kill, from véicvs.
dius, Potis-est into Potest, Tépayos into Grus. Then Noctua, owl. ' Node volant, seroque tenent à
nimius, as vEndico, vlndico ; lEber, liber. Or vespere nomen,' Ov.
thus : nemedius, nemidius, nimius. Or (as nisi, Nôdus, knot. From a word yoyipi^s, yytpSijs,
nihil, nimirum,) nimedius, nimidius, nimius. (a) from yóyv, the knee jot joint of the grasses ; like
Voss : ' Nimium from víj uûoy, non minùs.' Rather, Geniculatus, knotted, jointed, r dropt, as in Tivii-
nimium is from nimis, and this for ne minùs : Not (TKa, Gnosco, Nosco. (a) Haigh from óSós : as
too little, but the contrary. Nimis, ne dum minus. stopping the continuity of the stalk, &c.
By Litotes, as : Et non innoxia verba. Nôlo. Non volo, as in nonvult.
Ningit, it snows. For ntgit, as in liNgo. Ni'<f>a>, Nómen. Nosco, novi, novimen, nomen, like Lu
to snow, is allied by Liddell to vifa, to wash. men, Agmen. Properly gnomen, as in Agnomen,
Hence vl(u, £a>, fut. 2. vïyâ, to snow, seems to have Cognomen, Ignominia, from yivdaKu, yv&atm,
existed and produced ningo. gnosco. That by which we are known.
NÏ8Ï. For ne si, i. e. si non. As Nefas. Nômenclâtor, a caller of persons by their names.
Nïsus, a sparrow-hawk. Forcellini from Nisus Calâtor.
who was changed into it, Ov. Met. viii. (a) Turton Nomïno. From nomen, inis.
from Hebr. niza from nazah to fly. Why not from Nomos, district ; tune. GR.
nitor, nisus f Thus Rapido nisu in Virgil is ex Nôn. Ntj—, as in w)irec6i)s, and mv &o\. of oZv.
plained by Forcell. ' volatu,' flight ; as also Insoli- Not then. Ne-ôn, nôn, as Sudus for Se-udus. (a)
99
NON NUM
The old writers use menu, i.e. rn— and yv, vw, as in NSverca, step-mother; i.e. a hew wife: from
'Ayt my, Scvpó wv. Neun, non, as abdOmen for nova, erca being a termination much as those in
abdUmen. (3) ' Ne cenum anc. for unum: ' Freund. Caverna, Volucris, Campester, Crastinus, Roscidus,
That is, oS Tt. Ludicer, Caducus, &c. See Lupercus. (a) From
Nônae, Nones. Nonas. From them to the Ides via àpxh< nearcha, novarcha, as vEoj, nOVus. (3)
are nine days. Nova hera. (A) Nova uxor quae arceat or coërceal
Nônâria, meretrix circa nonam horam prostans. familiam. (5) Scaliger from erctum or herctum :
Nondum, not yet. Non dum loquor: non dum ' quia nova accedit haereditas. '
hsec geruntur, &c. Novîcius and Novo, from
Nongenti, 900. Noni, centum. Novus. N^os, véFos, neVus, nSvus, as fyw, Ftpw,
Nônus, ninth. Novem, novênus. VEmo, VOmo.
Norma, a square rule, &c. For gnorma, as Nox, noctis. Ni>{, vvktós.
Gnosco, Nosco. Gnoro, whence Ignoro ; hence Noxa, Noxia, hurt, '&c. Noceo, nocsum, noxwm.
gnorima as Victima ; and gnorma. Which makes Lucilius has noxit.
known the correctness or otherwise of lines and Nûbes. As vovaos and vovffóta from vótros, so
angles. (3) Tv&purua, by which anything is yvoïiípos or yvovipâ from yvótpos, darkness. Hence
known. nubes, as o-tiStOS, stipES ; or nubo and thence nudes.
Nos. See Vos. r, as Tviiottw, Nosco ; and B, as &fi*w, amBo. (a)
Nosco, anciently gnosco. TiviiiTKa, yv&OKw. From the root oîvíp.<pr), i. e. vvQui or vifSw, allied to
Noster. From nos. As Vos, Voster, Vester. Thus vé<pos.
v&l, vwirtpos. Nûbïlârium, covered place for keeping corn.
Nostras, Stis. Noster, tra. Nubo, to cover.
Nota, a mark or sign by which anything may be Nùbïlus, cloudy. Nubes.
known, from nosco, mtum. We have cogmtus i. e. Nûbo, I cover. See Nubes.
cognStus, and agnitus; and in other words dïcax Nûbo, I marry, as a woman. I. e. nubo, I cover
from dlco, edúco from dûco ; &c. my head with a veil, as women did when presented
Nôtârius, short-hand writer, using certain marks to their husbands. (2) Neúfw, nuBo ; as the man
and signs. 'Scriptor erit velox,' says Manilius, asks, the woman assents. As biBo.
' cui litera verbum est, Quique notd linguam supe- Nucleus, the kernel nucis, of a nut. Nuculeus,
ret,' &c. as Aculeus.
Nothus, spurious. Níífloj. Nudius tertius, 3 days ago. Nunc dies tertius est
Nôtesco. Notusfio. quo &c.
Nôtio, a knowledge, perception, conception, idea ; Nûdus, naked. As Sudum for Se-udum, so nudus
cognizance of a cause for decision. Notus. for ne-indutus, (as in Ne-cesse, Ne-queo,) not
Nôto, I mark. See Nota. clothed: or ne-dutus ; duo from Gr. Sua, as hto
Nôtus. Nosco, noscitum, notum. (a) Tvwròs. from \ia ; or at once from a word i^Sutos. Nedu'
Nôtus, s. w. wind. U6tos. tus, neutus, nudus, as menTior, menTax, menDax ;
Nôvâcûla, razor. Novo. As giving the face a new PaTbv, vaDum.
appearance. Tertullian : Vultus novacuìâ mutare. Nûgae, trifles. From neu-ago. Quae nihil agunt,
Novâlis ager, sown again after being fallow. are of no use. Neu-agœ, much as Nec-otium, Ne-
Noms, as Gr. vearés. As made new again by gotium. Afterwards nuga was applied to foolish
tilling. songs sung by hired women at funerals. (8) Rid
Novello, plant young vines. Novettus. dle allies it to naucum. Many transpose the mean
Nôvem, nine. 'Evyia, ivéa, eneem, as Sí'kA, ings, and refer nugœ to the Hebr. nugi, ' moesti,'
decEM ; then enovem, as vEos, nOVus : then novem, sad. See Neniae.
as "EpeTfibs, Remus. Nullus. ullus.
November. As September. Num. MtSy, transp. vâfi, as Mop<pa, Forma : and
NSvensïles Dii, certain gods, but it is doubtful num, as <pïlp, fUr. (a) Nûi>, Ridd. M, as musaM.
who and what they were. Some say novem sali- Numella, stocks. As ici<paiv from kowtid, so this
entet, as being nine and deliberating together, con- from yeia, to make to bend forward : vcvfia or some
sulentes. Or for novensides, as 'OAv<r<rciis, ULysses : such word, (a) Becman thinks that the ' articuli
from sitting together, (a) Novus, sedeo : as sitting sive ligamenta mutuò juncta '. represent the form of
for the first time among the gods, ycanépas 8eov numi or nummi, coins.
being found on a marble by J. Navarre. Or as Nûmen, a nod. Neí», vsvtv\x.svov, whence Innuo.
being foreign gods and newly introduced at Rome. Will or power, specially of the gods, as expressed by
But the en is not well accounted for. (3) Simply it. Homer : brivevat Kpovlay. So Annuo.
from novus, with a termination. Númëro, I count. Numerus.
100
NUM -OBS
Nûmërò, full soon. Numerus is ' multitudo, Nyctalops, Nyctëlius. GS. ----- 1
copia,' Forcell. Hence numero i. e. temporis, is, Nympha, a spouse. Ni/jupn. And water: sec
abundè temporis.—Voss says : ' As soon as things Lympha.
can be numbered, as Mox is as soon as one can
move.' O.
Numerus, number, quantity, rhythm, tune, &c.
Properly, the distribution of numbers and sounds 0, oh! *sl.
into proportions and harmonies; from véfue, vtyopa, Oârîon, Orion. 'Oaplav in Pindar.
whence vifios, M. vó/iop, a musical strain. Thus Ob. From idr", far\, iv òirl, Ivániov, in the face of(
Humerus from &uos, &pop. and on account of, like àvrí. B, as òn', aB. (2)
Ntimisma, a coin. Kó/xur/ia. From (V, as "E\aioi>, Oleum; (3) From far'.
Nummûlârius, money-changer. Qui nummulos f Obba, a beaker, mug, jug. For obbiba from
mutat. obbibo, as Funda from Fundo. Ob is here all round,
Nnmmus, Nûmus. Noû^or, used by Epicharmus, as in Obambulo. (2) Donldn. compares &/ij8i|.
a Sicilian poet. Dumesnil from yófios: 'as intro Obêdio, I obey. Obaudio, obudio, as Recuso,
duced as a law in trade.' Ná/xurfia also is a coin : Cludo ; and obedio, as jUro, dejEro. Gr. imMovw.
from vófíos through vofxifa. (2) 'Chrrfiéa, I follow.
Nunc. NCk ye, yvy y', nunc: much as Atque, Obëliscus, Obelus. GR.
Atq, Ac. Obêsus, fat, gross. For obbessus from bassus, fat :
Nuncubi. Num alicubi. Donldn. Bassus being allied perhaps to viaawv,
Nuncupo, I name. Nomen capio, as Occapio, very fat. One B, as one P in Oportet. (2) Esus,
Occupo : I take a name for a thing. Others say, whence ambesus, exesus, adesus, is eaten or wasted
nomine capio. See Nundinse. away ; and ob puts a contrary sense, as in Obrogo>
Nundinae, fair held every nine days, novem dies. Obsoleo. (3) Or the supine obïsum is here like
Novendinœ feriae. Obstructus, heaped up, Obductus, &c. : To fill out
Nundïnor, I trade at the nundinœ. the body with eating. (4) Olpbs, the best part ia
Nunquam. Ne unquam. the neck of a bull. (5) "Ao-at, to satiate. j
Nuntius, Nuncius. Scaliger says : ' Nuncius is Obex, Objex, ïcis, a bar. Qui objicitur.
plainly a Syracusan word. As from iybs is oùyKÍa, Obiter, ob iter, in the course of one's way, by the
uncia, an ounce ; so from véos is voiyxios, nuncius.' way, incidentally.
(B) For nucius, as in taNgo, deNsus, &c. Contracted Obïtus, death. Mortem obeo, obitum, to meet
from noviscius, qui nova scit, or, per quern nova scias. with one's death.
(3) From a word yeovxos, who has news. (4) Key Oblecto. See Delecto.
for novi-ventius. Donldn. compares nov-itius. Obliquus. Schneider : ' Aly£, fuxtpbs, \inphs,
Nuo, as in Annuo, I nod. News. \iKpi<pis, liens, liquus, obliquus.' (2) Linquo, liqtii,
Nuper, lately. Novus, noviper, as Parumper, as Delinquo, Delictum : as leaving the direct path
Paulisper, Tantisper, from Gr. ntp. So prOVIdens, and turning aside. See limus. (3) Turton from
prOIdens, prUdens. Thus Gr. vemrrì, víav yçywàiTa, Rquo, as flowing aside : rather from the verb liquor.
Homer. (2) Morland for yvy trtp : nunper, nupper. Ob, as in Obstitus. ■
(3) Scaliger from novo opere. Oblîviscor, I forget. From lino, livi, like ExperT
Nupta, Nuptiae. Nubo, nubtum. giscor. I have things blotted out from my mind.
Nûrus, daughter-in-law. Nubs, as eSeo, uRo ; /tubs, So Oblivium. Oblitus, for oblivitus. :
muRis. Obnoxius. Ob noxam, in the way of hurt, &c.
Nusquam. Ne usquam. Obôlus, a small coin. 'opo\6s.
Nûto, nod, waver. Nuo, nutum. Obrussa, -ûsa, -yzum, the essay of gold. "O0pv(a,
Nûtrio, nourish. As iroiSeiiu is to bring up -Coy.
children, and òp<paytíu to rear orphans, yearrcpeiu Obscœnus, -œnus, -ënus. From ob or obs, as Subs
or -€« could have existed, 'to rear the younger in Substineo, Sustineo ; and camum, filth. (2) As
ones;' or, nearer, vewTtpifa, aw, veurpiû, (though it also means ill-omened, unlucky, some refer it to
this in a new sense,) and hence nutrio, much as obsccevinus, from scarva, tricaià, on the left hand,
tpClphs, fUris. which was thought lucky in Roman auguries.
Nûtrix, a nurse. Nutrio. Plautus has ' bona scceva.' Obs here then contra
Nûtus, a nod. See Nuto. dicts. (3) Others from scena : As met with only
Nux, núcis, nut. ÍSíaau, yv£a. Hesych. : Nucffei ■ on the stage. But what of the diphthong ?
iraitt, ftacrei. As a nut must be broken. Plautus : Obscûrus. From the obs. root ukuw, to darken,
' Qui è nuce nucleum vult, frangit nucem.' (2) "Ovuf, ' whence,' says Bp. Blomfield, ' were axiifa>, tricvta,
V&Í, the shell of a fish : hence of a nut. See Lis. BKv8p6s.' So also o-KvSiudyu. Donnegan has :
101
OBS
1 2/cúpor, a wood or woody place, in Tabul. Heracl. Scheid ' ACUMINATIS rastris comminuo.' Oneo,
p. 232.' (B) Donldn. from obsculo, obsculerus, like occo. (a) For occido, says Varro. For occeeco
Vesperus. (3) From im<ricttpós. As some derive fruge8, says Cicero. But ?
ob from ht' : and as both llbens and lUbens are Occûlo, Occulto, I cover over. For occëlo, as
said. (4) From obs, cura. From difficult matters, conversely Jûro, Dejëro. (a) From colo. From
which impede one's careful investigation. burying the seed in sowing and planting. (3)
Obsècro, ob sacra peto. Dumesnil for oboculo, obculo: To cast a mist {ob
Obses, ïdis, hostage. Ob-tedeo. As attentively oculos) before the eyes, and take away the view of
and closely watched. Speculatur atque obsidet objects.
rostra, Cic. Occupo. Ob-capio.
Obsïdeo, besiege. Ob-sedeo, sit before a place. Oceànus, ocean. 'ClKtavòt.
So Obsido. Ocellus. From oculus.
Obsïtus. Obsero, obsatum. Sown, planted, covered Ocïmum, sweet basil, "slxi/iov.
or grown over with anything. Ocior, swifter. 'ClKÍav.
Obsoleo. Ob contradicts soleo; or obs oleo, to Ocrea, a boot. From ixpos the same as &Kpos,
grow. high. Thus the Greeks called a high shoe or
Obsônium, fish, flesh, &c. 'Otywviov. buskin òxpí$as. Liddell says: '"Onpis, like &Kpts,
Obsôno, purchase food. '0\pwvw. tutpa, a point, peak.' So "Oyxos and "Aryxos are
ObstSculum. Obsto, as Miraculum. allied. Festus deduces ocrea from óxpis, rugged :
Obstëtrix, midwife. Obsto, obsteti, to stand before ' Quòd sit inaequaliter protuberata.' (a) For ocrurea
another to assist. from ob ; crus, cruris. As Ostium for Obstium.
Obstïno, resolve firmly. Obs teneo, much as Ea, as Ferrea.
OCcapio, Occupo. (2) Obsto. See Destino. Ocris, Octo, Octôphoron. GR.
Obstïpeo. Stipes fio. October. Octo. See September.
Obstipus, bent awry and stiff. ~S,rv<phs, rigid. Octussis. Octo asses.
* Cervice rigidâ et obstipâ' Suet. Ob is aside, as in Oculissimus, dear as one's eye, from
Obliquus. (a) Stipitis instar immotus. Oculus. Hesychius : "Okos and Skkos, the eye.
Obstïtus, blasted with lightning. Dacier: 'As Hence oculus, as Servus, Servulus. "Oicor seems to
having opposed the gods. Virgil : Dii quibus ob- be the ^Eolic of mbs from fy.
stitit Ilion.' Or, passively, opposed by the gods.— Odê, Odêum. 'sìiî)), 'síiSeíbv.
Also, oblique. Ob is, in one's way, thwart. In Odi, I hate. From à>8â, to repel. Horace : Odi
Lucret. 4. 517, obstlta should be obstîpa. Ainsw. profanum vulgus et ARCEO. So orDo from òpBbs,
Bupposes a verb obsfire for obstare. ? Deus from @cós. (a) Others refer odium to òSía,
Obstrin-, Obstrigillo, I oppose. Like Ob-sto. whence òSía-tro/iat, to be grieved or wroth at.
Strigo is to stand still. Strigillo, as Scribillo. (8) Odor. From t(u, ZSor, tSov.
Strigo, stringo. To rub against. ' Strigillo, (vu : Œconomia, Œnophorum, Œnopôlium, Œstrus,
Vet. Onomast. : ' Voss. Œsypum. GR. OÌ-.
Obtentus, pretext. Qui obtenditur. Osella. Osa, as maMMa, maMilla.
Obtûro, I block up. ©ípa, a door. I put a door Offa, cake of flour and honey. From o\xira, Smra,
against, û, as perhaps Persona, Imbëcillus. (B) 6<p<pa: or S/ara, ón<pa, 6<p<pa. Hesychius: 'Ofimw
Thus, thuris. Varro says the priests used to fill Bvfxara wvpf koI fié\trt tietievfjifya. Also : "'O/tiria ■
their ears with frankincense, to prevent their iravTOÎoirà rpwyiKia.
memories being confused as they sang their ditties, Offendo, Offensa, Ossensus. See Fendo.
' peregrinis vocibus intercedentibus.' Offërumenta, a stripe. ' An offering to the gods,
Obtûsus, blunted. Tundo. says Festus : and, as these were fixed to the walls
Obvio, I meet. Ob viam. of temples, the mark of the scourge which was fixed
Occâsio. Cado, comm. to the back of slaves is pleasantly so called : '
Occïdens, where the sun occidit, sets. Thornt.
Occîdo : Ob, cœdo. Offïcïna, workshop. Opificium, opificvna, opftcina.
Occillo, I maul. Occo, as Scribillo. (8) Officium.
Occiput, the back of the head. Caput: ob is Officio. Ob, against.
' ex adverso.' Officium. Ob,facio. (8) Opificium.
Occo, I harrow. 'From &yxrt,' (Riddle,) which Offoco, strangle. Ob, fauces. As Cauda, Coda.
is explained yavla by Hesychius, and by Stephens Officia, paint, &c. Fucus.
' angulus, uncus' They call Syxovs, says the Etym. Oh ! an interjection. *0, &.
M., Tckî ÒKÍSas Kal ^{o^às rStv fleKûv. *OyKivos also Ohe, holla. 'Cii\.
is a hook. Occo is therefore well explained by Olea, olive-tree. 'E\ala, as "EAoiov, Oleum.
102
OLE OPI
Oleaster, wild olive. From olea, as Surdaster and of an adj. formed from another : hence from omnia
our Poetaster. is omninus, adv. omnino, as De novo, Denuo.
Oleo, to smell. For 8deo, which as in odor. D, as Omnis. Soft for homnis, (as Ansa for Hansa,)
iAvtrcrtvs, uLysses, &c. Festus states that for from j/xoC. Nil, much as nus in Magnus, and num
olfacit was said odefacit. in Regnum. (a) From bp.6vovs, Sprods, unâ mente.
Oleo, to grow ; allied to alo and to coaleo. Thus Onager, wild ass, ivaypos. And a machine for
not only &icpos existed, but oxpis ; &ynv\os, but hurling stones. Ammianus : Because the wild
&yKos ; &fif3wy, but òfjupaXós ; 6yu but tiy/ias ; h\lr- asses, when hunted, kick up the stones behind them,
Icm but ixurdiu. (a) Scaliger thinks that oleo is and send them against their pursuers.
' tendo ad perfectionem, *pbs rb ÍKoy.' Onâgos, ass-driver. 'Ovisyos.
Olêtum, olive-yard. Olivëtum. Onëro. Onus, oneris.
Oleum, oil. See Olea. Onocrôtálus, cormorant. GR.
Olfacio. Olêresocio. Onus. As 'Ok4\Ao> for kcAAoi, 'O0ehbs from $é\os,
OKdus, rank. Oleo, to smell. &c. so bviu could have been used for véw, to heap
Olim, and Ollim in Aulus Gellius. From oUe, like up. From hvcw, bvw would be onus, as also perhaps
Im from Is, Hinc and IUinc for Himc and Illimc. ovos, a beast of burden ; ivniu, to assist, i. e. load
That is, iUo tempore, as opposed to Hoc tempore, with benefits ; ovo/jiai, ÓveiÒos, to reproach, a re
and expressing either before or after the present proach, i. e. to load with charges, (a) Scaliger
period. Compare Quondam. deduces onus at once from tms, an ass, beast of
OKtor, pot-herb seller. Olus, era, oleritor. burden. (3) From ivos, an upper millstone. (4)
Ollva. 'ZAoifo, as "E\aioy Oleum and OllVum, Oïai, to carry : Ridd.
'Ax<uol AchlVi. Onustus. Onus, as Jus, Justus.
Olivum. See OUva. Onyx, alabaster. "Ovuf.
Olla, pot, jar. Aula, aulula, aulla. (2) Olba, Opâcus, dark. Varro has 1 Terra, Ops,' and Ma-
obbnla, obla. (3) Olus, oleris, whence olera, olra. crobius ' et terram, Opem.' From ops, opis, in this
A herb-pot. Catullus : Olera olla legit. sense of earth, Scaliger deduces opacus, as Merus,
Oilus, that. See IUe. Merâcus. That is, in or under the earth, like x"<i-
Olor, swan. From iftbp i. e. tftbs, àoiSós. The yios, subterranean, and therefore dark, (a) Or from
singer. Virgil: ARGUTOS inter olores, and CAN- ÒTTì, a den. Hebr. 11. 38 : nXaviifieyoi cnrqXaíois
TANTES cygni. Horace : Mutis piscibus Donatura Kaì òirdìs tíjî yrjs. Thus ' in secret, in a dark place
cygni SONUM. Ovid : Concinit albus olor. Mar of the earth,' Isa. 45. 19, is explained by Poole ' in
tial : Cantator funeris ipse sui. And in the passage obscure cells and caverns of the earth.' (3) Du-
in Virgil respecting Cychus we have ' Dum canit.' mesnil from operio, for operacus. As Temulentus for
L, as òAvixatvs, uLysses ; oLeo for oDeo. And o, Temetulentus, &c. (4) Some suppose a prefix of
as honos from Sivos, and ë in Jixap, jëcur. O to *&xfa> 88 m b$f\bs, bSài, iicÁifo», &c. 1 Valdè
Olus, Holus, ëris, pot-herbs. Oleo. Any herb densus,' says Scheid. The penultima is long; só
growing in the garden. Somewhat as Vegetables some derive persona from persôno. Vice versa,
from Vegeto. H, as in Humerus. anchora from teyxvpa,
Olympias, Olympionices, Olympus. GR. Opâlia, festivals Opis, of Ops.
OMASUM, a bullock's paunch. A Gaulish word. Opella. Opera, as Puella.
Tp tuv VtiWwy •yK&TTQ, Gloss. Opera. Opus, operis : as Patera.
Omen. From ùwiéyoy, a thing seen i. e. in the Operculum, cover. Operio, opericulum.
heavens, by the road, or in dreams. (S) If for Operio, I cover. As Omitto, for obperio, opposed
merly osmen, as Varro says,—then from oscen, to adperio, aperio.
oscinis, oscinimen, omen, as Iuferissimus, Imus. Opëror. Opus, operis, or opera.
Oscen, from obscano, a bird that sings by the way. Opes. From tira, fata. Hesychius : "Eirovo-iy •
(3) Oro, to speak : oramen, omen. Livy : Qua ivepyovaiv. Opes are powers of action, means of
VOCE audita, accipere se omen exclamavit. (4) exertion, resources, capabilities. The aspirate
Objicio, objicimen, obmen, omen. omitted, as in Omnis, Orbis.
Omentum, the caul, &c. Operio, operimenlum, Ophites, Ophiûchus, Ophthalmias, Ophthalmicus.
much as Inferissimus, Infimus. (a) Opimus, opi- GR.
mentum : Donldn. (3) "ï>Vi a membrane : whence Opïcus, rude, ignorant. From tnrì), a hole; as
omentum, as Spat, sOrex ; and as Momen, Momen living in holes of the earth, and not mixing with
tum. (4) Omen ; omens being taken from it. mankind. Hebr. 11. 38: 'Wandering in deserts
Omitto. For obmitto : ob, aside, as in Obliquus. and mountains and caves and (raû òntùs) holes of
Omnïfâriam. See Multifarius. the earth.' Madan says on Juvenal's opici mures :
Omnino. Omnia. Unus, Unicus is an instance ' From the Opici, an ancient, rude people of Italy.
103
OPI ORB
Some from òn-í : alluding to their holes.' And else opis and opes, from tira, Swa, to attend to. Qoam
where : ' From the Opici, and these from Ops, Opis, colendo curamus.
the earth : indigenous.' ' Opicus, rusticus,' says Optïmâtes, from optimi, as Gr. ípurroi, àpurroiepá-
I. Voss, ' from ops, terra.'—Or from opus : as said Tcta.
of the working classes, like Gr. xeP^a" from x^PfI> Optímus. For optatissimus, as Inferissimus, In-
hands. fimus. So hJfSTos from \S>. (a) ' From ob.
Opïfex. Opusfacto. Uppermost, as Supremus opposed to Infimus : '
' Opïlio, shepherd. Written also upilio, from otiro- Donldn. ?
\fo>v, tending- sheep. Thus irOIi^, pUnio. (a) Optio, liberty optandi, of choosing. A deputy
Ovis, mile, ovilio. ? • whom one optât chooses to supply a temporary
Opîmus, fat. Ainsworth : ' From opes, wealth ; vacancy.
or ops, opis, the earth, as properly said of fat soil.' Opto. Riddle : ' From iirro, Sirro/mi to look out
So Quadrimus. (3) Scheid thinks the O is an affix for anything.' Hence also to choose. Thus Virgil :
as in some Greek words, and in Lat. oportet, omitto ; Pars optare locum tecto. So Adopta, (a) As
and pimus to be allied to iifu^ii fat. Compare perhaps viicâ, íVkój, Vinco; so from sn9&, optho,
Opacus. opto, as \a@eu, laTeo.
Opinio, opinion : from Opulens, -lentus. Opes, as Luculentus.
Opino, -nor, suppose, conjecture. Riddle well Opiilus, the ople-tree, ' good for joining vines to,'
from òFíofiai, (Hom. irtÇbv òFïofiai,) opinor, as Sais, Fore. Hence perhaps from ops, opis, as Gerulus,
daPis ; Aôas, laPis. N, as peíav, miNor ; trios, Capulus, Querulus, Figulus. From its service to
saNus ; sein, srtSa ; and see siNo. (a) 'Eirìvoâ ; or vines. Columella : ' Vitem maxime opulus alit,
from wìvùw, whence iriviaKo), irlyvrbs, wise, under deinde ulmus, deiiiceps fraxinus.'
standing. O, as in Oportet, Omitto. See on Opacus. Opus, work. From fro, 8ira, to be occupied
Opïparus, sumptuous. Ab apparatu opis s. opum : about. The Aspirate dropt, as in Haurio. Indeed
Fore. some write the Greek with the soft.
Opis. See Ops. Opus, need. Opus est, is properly, there is work
Opïtûlor. Opem, tuli or obs. tulo. See Tollo. or business to be done by the exertion of &c. : it is
Opôbalsâmum, balsam juice. GR. the task or business. Thus we say, You had no
Oportet, it behoves. As Omitto, Operio, for business to do so. The Greeks say épyov itrrt tivos,
obportet from porta. It imports, is important, as o-bv tpyov aKOTreïir rovro. Aristoph. : oukct' epyov
Re-fert, o~vp.-<pepfi. So trpotr-tpep^s, advantageous. èyKaèfvSeip 8<rm iar' iAfiBcpos.
" Oppènor, like experior. To make trial of, hazard Ora, edge, margin, coast. As K^pOS, cerA;
the chances of, meeting a person or finding a thing; SpyiAAOS, argillA ; \iynrOS, IagenA ; KâvOS, lanA;
to look out for. (B) Voss : ' Assideo parturienti, ívtfiOS, animA ; so ora from Spos, jEohc of ovpos, a
parlum expecto.' boundary. See Horia. (a) Riddle from os, oris.
: , Oppïdò, very much. Sufficient even oppido, for a The mouth of the country. But this is rather a
town. As Ingens, (a) 'As Oppidum from iirl- harbour, as Ostium. So Yarmouth, Plymouth.
ireSoy, oppido from lum&ias, plané : ' Key. Orâciilum, reply of a priestess ; a temple. Oro,
Oppidum. For òríireîoc i. e. íarv, a city situated as Miraculum.
in a plain or flat country : or, with Key, the lower Orâria navis, coasting oram, the shore.
city as opposed to the Arx. Homer : 'Ev ircSúp Orârium, handkerchief. Os, oris. As wiping the
steKÒKiffTo ttóKis. Hence imr&ov, eppidum, oppidum, face.
as "EAaioy, Oleum, and pOndas from pEndo ; and Orâta, gilthead, a fish. Aurata, as Cauda, Coda.
as &yEpos, animus, (a) ïloXitiíoy, è\mSlov,ÒTnriSíoy, Orâtio, Orator. Oro.
oppidum, as parlens, parens. (3) Is. Voss from Orbis, Orbs or Urbs was any circular spot or area
'Itpitieieiv in Hesychius, i. e. SiarpiPftv, oÌkûv. marked out by a line, ditch, or plough : from tpos,
Opportunus. From partus. Properly said of a ípBos, (as pipos, morBus,) a boundary. Hence orbis
place of refuge for mariners. Ovid : Qui mihi con- was anything circular, and urbs was a spot, mostly
fugium, qui mihi portus erat. Euripides : Ai/tV circular, marked out for a town. Virgil : Designat
trícpavrai TÛv ê/iûy f}ovhçvfmTWv. We find also moenia fossâ : Urbem designat aratro. Tacitus also
importunus. bas ' sulco designare oppidum.' Pomponius : ' Ur-
Opprobrium. Probrum. bare est aratro definire.' See Urvum. The aspirate
Ops, opis, service, help. Like opus, from ?ira>, omitted as in Armus from 'Apfiós. IS, as S/x^pOS,
ifara, whence afMpeirta, irepicavw, to attend to. imbrIS. (a) As 'Pocpéu, 'Optpéai, Sorbeo, so j>6n&os,
Ops, Opis, the goddess Earth. As supplying opem Spufros, for softness orbis.
service to man, or opes wealth and power. ' Opem, Orbïta, the mark of a wheel describing orbes,
cujus ope vitse alimenta quseruntur,' Maorob. Or, like revolutions. ...
104
ORB OST
Orbu9, without parents or children. From Spcpos, human face out of which the sound of the voice
(as &[i4>u, amBo,) whence òp<pai>bs, and òpcpoíìÓTTis comes.' Acts 22.14: 'The voice of his mouth.'
in Ilesychius. Psa. 19. 14 : ' The words of my mouth.' Thus the
Orca, the ork, a fish. "Opus, ace. ipvya, Apya. converse is true in Lingua, ' the tongue ; hence a
Orca, jar, jug, dice-box. "Tpx«i a pickle-jar, as speech, language, voice : ' Ridd.—Or, as tira is to
nOctis. Indeed Spicn is found. speak, perf. Ana, there might have been an ancient
Orchestra, Orchis, Orchitis. GR. sense in the word bty, meaning the mouth by which
Orcïni liberti, presented in their masters' will we speak.—Or oro preceded os, oris, from S>pos,
with their freedom, which could not be till he was talk ; and then os, oris is that ' quo oramus,' by
in Orcus. which we speak.
Orcus. From Spicos : as being sworn by. For- Os, ossis. Gr. ò<tt£, ossa, as velere, veLRe, veLLe ;
cellini : It was a great matter of conscience to swear Tlo\vS(vKns, IloAAeú(o)î, PoLLucis; our pluMBer
by Pluto and by Styx. Homer : 3rvybs SSup A<rre pronounced pluMMer. Hence os sing., as sing.
fjteyiffTos "Opicos. (2) From epxa, íopxa, coërceo. Sirepos from plur. rà trtpa, Bdrtpa.
Horace: Satelles Orci Tantalum COERCET : Pluto Oscëdo, inclination to yawn. Osciío, oscitêdo, as
ter amplum Geryonem COMPESCIT undâ. (3) Torpédo.
"EpKos : Ridd. Oscen, ïnis, a bird which foreboded by singing,
Ordïnârius, going on in the usual order: and chirping, &c. Obs, cano, as singing in your way.
Ordino from Ordo. See Ostendo. (2) Os, cano. Ore canens.
Ordior, I begin. From obs. òptiéw, whence Hesy- Oscillatio, swinging. From
chius has SpS-qua, wool made ready for spinning. Oscillum, a little mouth. Osmium, as Peniculus,
Pliny : Aranea orditur telas. (2) As from obs. Penicillum. And an image hung on ropes, and
&A<u, Latin Alo, is ÍAAcc, àAAeco, and as morDeo, so swung in the air : i. e. an image like the human os,
orDior from Apa, 6prcu, or from ApSnv, like tptriv face. Heyne explains it a mask. (2) Os, cillo : as
and àfpS-qv. That is, adorior rem. the images moved their heads and faces up and
Ordo. From ipSbs, straight, as 0eà, Dea : allied down in the swinging. Servius states that some
to ópfmSòs, a row, and ópxos> a row- understood by oscilla ' membra virilia ' made of
Orese, a bit ori, for the mouth. flowers and hung up in the spaces between the
Oreas, Orexis, Organum, Orgia. GR. pillars,—from men walking under them in masks
Orîchalcum. See Aurichalcum. and striking against them with their faces to raise
Oriens, East, like Occidens. Where the sun rises. a laugh. Ore cillo : or obs-cillo, as in Ostendo.
Orïfïcium, orifice. Ossocio. But?
Origo. Orior, as Vertigo. Oscïto, yawn. Os cito, or do, citum : To move
Orinda, rice bread. 'OpivSns Soph. Fr. 532. i. e. open the mouth.
Orion, Orion. 'Clptaiv. Osculum, a little os, mouth. And a kiss : for in
Orior, I rise. From Spa, òpâ or Apia. kissing the mouth becomes small ; ' ex ore facimus
Ornâmentum, Ornâtus, from osculum,' Fore.
Orno, dispose, set out, furnish, prepare, equip. Osor, a hater. Odi, osum.
For ordino, as Insimus, Imus. (2) Aurum, aurmo, Ossifrágu8, ospray. Ossa; frago, frango. It
aurno, as Ver, Verno. To gild, adorn. (3) From takes up bones, &c, and breaks them on rocks.
Upa, venustas : whence orino, orno. Ostendo, I put out before another, show. Obs-
Ornus, mountain-ash. 'Opeivbs, bpvbs, moun tendo, as SuStineo for Sub-teneo. So Abs—. (2)
tainous. Nascuntur montibus orni, Virg. Tendo ad os.
Oro. From os, oris, quo oramus, i.e. loquimur, Ostento, make a show. Above.
whence Orator, qui loquitur, and Oraculum. See Ostentum, prodigy. Ostendo. See Cicero quoted
Os. on Monstrum.
Orsus, a beginning. Ordior. Ostium, gate. Soft for obsiium, (as Pnemium,)
Orthium, Orthographia, Oryx, Oryza. GR. from obsto, as Ostento for Obstento, Oscen for Obs-
Os, Oris, is both the face or the countenance and cen. An obstacle to block the entrance. As itíáti
the mouth. If the former is first in sense, as Riddle from iriw or $úa>, to close. Virgil has, 'Aditus
places it, then, (as Apud, Apd, Ad,) in)/, bps, ôs.— centum, ostia centum,' where Aditus is remarked
But this sense is generally supposed rather to flow as being the entrance, Ostia the obstruction. (2)
from the latter, and os is derived from Aooa, A<ra', "ClOu, Siffrai. As keeping off, repelling. Or, which,
the voice, or from îi|/, the voice ; or oris from Aapos, may be pushed. (3) From os, a mouth or opening.
&pos, talk; the mouth being the medium of the Ostrácismus, Ostrea. GR.
voice and of speaking. And thus, without reference Ostrum. From oaiptov, ow, a purple used in
to derivation, Dumesnil explains os ' that part of the dyeing.
o » .
OTA PAL
Otacusta, spy. 'Cítokovo-tI\s. for ireiraijufVa was said as well as ireiraiíTfíépa :
Otiura. From aìnòs, alone. That is, retirement Steph. 7166.
from the bustle of the world. Hence, (as Obsto, Pâgânïca pila, a ball stuffed with feathers, for the
Obstium, Ostium,) autium, and otium, as cAUdex, amusement of the pagani, villagers.
cOdex. (2) From ois, wrhs, an ear. A state in Pâgâni, villagers. Pagus. ' Those who live in
which we can lend an ear to others. (3) From the country pass a quiet easy life; hence pagani
obaia, JE. ovria, property : whence otium, as juOTVa, were opposed to the soldiery, whether they were
liCiaa. Property being the means of ease and leisure. villagers or not : ' Forcell. Also, heathens, because
(4) Opto, optium, ostium, in which you are left to the Christian Faith was propagated in the towns
choose your own pursuit. (5) Opitium, Donldn. first ; or, in a spiritual sense, as opposed to the
(6) As Solor, Solatium ; so vaco, vacatium, uatium, Christian warfare.
autium. This derivation I think the best. See Pâgella. Pagina, as Fabella.
Dodrans. Pâgïna, leaf of a book. Pago, pango, as Repâgula.
Ovfle, sheepfold ; enclosure. Ovis. Paper being made of coats of the papyrus closely
Ovis, sheep, iiftj. As oVum. put together. Others from the verses written in
Ovo, I triumph. Referred by Plutarch to ovis : them. Martial has pangere chartas.
a sheep being sacrificed in the lesser triumph, a bull Pago. See Pango.
in the greater. (2) For ëvo, as cEos, nOvus. From Pagrus, Phagrus, ' irdypos, <páypos, a sea or river
tbol, evœ, the Bacchanalian shout : or from tvifa, fish:' Fore.
evd(ra, evaû, cùû. (3) From aSa, avo, to shout; Pagur, ' perhaps the same as the pagrus : ' Fore.
as 'Ovhp Mol. for 'Ay^p. (A) Festus : ' A clamore, Or perhaps the váyovpos, a kind of crab.
quern faciunt redeuntes ex pugnâ victores milites, Pâgus, a village, district. Uàyà, a fountain : as
geminatâ O literâ.' drinking of one fountain, so Vicini are the inhabi
Ovum, egg, àf&v. As oVis. tants of one Vicus. Others, because villages were
Oxygârum, Oxïpôron. GR. always by some stream. (2) Pago, pango : a con
federation, junction, union of people. Or, with
P. Dumesnil, where a certain number have fixed their
residence. (3) Tlàyos, a hill. In early times, says Bp.
Pabulum, food, forage. Pasco, pascibulum, pabu Blomfield, they built their cottages on eminences.
lum. So Thuribulum. Pâla, shovel or spade. Pago, pagibula, or paxi,
Pacisco, -cor, bargain, agree. Iliiya, fut. irayâ, paxilla, like Pâlus. As fixed in the earth. And a
warylfa, rarfiû, and (as luaTiu, misCeo,) pacio, bezil in which the ring is fixed.
pacisco. To make firm or sure, allied to pango Palaestra, wrestling, &c. nd\ai<rrpa.
fœdus, Traytls ipxos Eurip. Compare Patior. Pâlam, openly. Bp. Butler: From iroXc£yu»7, the
Pâco, bring to a state pacts, of peace. open hand. (2) From ipaKèai Mol. for tpa\)iv, bright,
Pacta, Pactio, Pactum. Pango. and thus clear. As naxpàv, afar off. (3) Palulam:
Paean, Paedâgôgus. GR. Schw.
Paedïco, à iraihiKbs i. q. iraiSepassTÍïs : vel à iratSbs, Pâlâtio, a foundation made by driving in palos,
ut Claudico. piles.
Paedor, filth. Properly, TmiSbs, of a child when Pâlâtium, Pallâtium, the Palatine Hill, from
left to itself and not looked after. Children, says tp&Kairriov, (like fiaXKii/Tiov,) ' as the Greeks,' says
Voss, neither care to be clean, nor know how. Scaliger, ' call high hills, for <pd\ai are citadels or
Paegniârius, gladiator. If a genuine word, from eminences.' Or palatium is formed after Solatium.
traiyvict, play. —And, ' as under the Emperors magnificent struc
Prcne, Pêne, almost. As oÏkOI and*OI, so tt<j tures were built on it, it meant a palace or grand
was irat ; as evyéirq, ebyèirai, eugepjË : and v\ or edifice : ' Forcell. Or, as Ainsw., it meant their
vil, as at the beginning of njAeijs, ne-scio, and placed court, and so their palace. Though (pá\ai, citadels,
after in Quin ' for Quine ; Ne being put for Non : ' may have originated this sense also. P : Thus
Forcell. So Sin is Si-ne. (Id.) Quâdam non, by a * ircu/bs is Mol. for <pavbs, as irdrvq for tpdrirq : '
certain part not, nearly, almost, Gr. puxpoû Stîy. Lidd. (2) The old Etymologists had recourse to
(2) Tloitrfj, with pain. But JE ? Pales, Pallas, Pallantia, &c. and to balo and palor,
Paenûla, Pênûla, a thick covering. icuv6\v. from the sheep on the hill in days of yore. ?
Sappho has tpaimKis. Palatum, the palate. Ennius has ' coeli palatum ;'
Paeon, Paeonius. Iltuiiv, Tlaidyios. hence Ainsworth fairly concludes that this latter
Paetus, with a slight cast in the eye ; with little sense is prior, as ovpavbs is only in a secondary
leering eyes. For pœstus from vaiarbs, struck, as sense applied to the palate. Thus palatum is to be
in irapairaunòs. Percussus oculis. Or even irairbs, referred to <pâ\bs, bright, shining ; i. e. the bright
106
PAN
vault of heaven ; and then, as obpavbs, the vault or That is, I deal with the palmas, palmas tracto. As
roof of the mouth. Otherwise to ^>áA77, an emi Pampino is to cut away the Pampinos. (a) Palma,
nence, mentioned in Palatium, the hand. To handle the vines and tie them.
Pâle, a wrestling. n<£A.i;. Palmus, breadth palmee, of the hand.
Pâlea, chaff. ÏldWa, ira\â, to shake about, i. e. Pâlo, I prop palis, with stakes.
by the fan or wind. Ad Zephyrum palece jactantur Pâlor. For pabular. To wander about for (pabu
inanes, Virg.— So palece are the gills of a cock, lum) forage, (a) As said of soldiers straggling in
from their shaking about. the woods, to cut (pahs) stakes for the camp.
Palear, the dewlap. As resembling the palece, Palpëbrae, eyelids. Palpo, like Vertebrae. As
gills of a cock. lightly and softly touching the eyes, (a) Palpito,
Pâles, the goddess of shepherds and of feeding ' to move itself lightly and frequently : ' Fore. Pal-
cattle. From obs. wdai, to feed, which see in Pasco. pitebrce. See CiUum.
Pâlîlia, festival of Pales. Palpito, beat quick, pant, throb. Scheide from
Pâlimpsestus, Palïnôdia, Pâliûrus. GR. TraAAio, iraAxS, itaxFH, much as SAa, sylVa. But
Palla, an upper garment. From <pâpos, an upper better from palpo, as Voco, Vocito. Thus our word
garment; whence pharula, phalla, as Puerula, Puella; Beat is used in both senses : To beat quick, and to
then palla, as *tuv6hris, Psenula. So Ralla. (a) beat or tap gently. Perhaps also we may compare
From iráwa, to toss about. Explained ' vestis ampla Pat and Pitapat.
et fluens' by Forcellini, who cites Sidonius. As Palpo, I feel gently. JE. xf/àKatpâ, psalpho, softly
Fundo, Funda. palpo. (2) @d\ira>, I cherish ; JE. <pd\To>. I. e.
Pallâca, Palladium. GR. I caress, fondle. (3) ÏldWa, iraXâ, iroAfS, to
Pallantis, Aurora, as being the sister of the giant quiver: much as IlkFa, sylVa. (A) Uahd/iy ìupà,
Pallas, the son of Creiis, who was the brother of manu contrecto.
Hyperion the father of Aurora. Pâlûdâmentum, a military cloak. ÏldWa, vaXû,
Pallas, Minerva. TlaWás. to vibrate. Palûda, palûdo, paludatus, which last
Palleo, from ireWbs, ash - colored, grey, livid. is used. Festus says it is said of all the military
Donuegan explains ireAja/vio, ' to render whitish, ornaments, which however are mostly vibratory,
pale or livid.' A, as mAgnus for mEgnus, flAmma (a) Palla or pallium. (3) Varro: When the
from (pKEypa. (a) To be of the color of (mjAbs, JE. trumpets sound for battle, the general comes forth
iraKbs,) clay. The double L, as meLLis from fifAt, paludatus : and because his military accoutrements
and as Tollo. (3) To be in face as one (7rttA\coj' make him a conspicuous object, they are called
<pi$tp, Sophocles,) shaking with fear. (4) From paludamenta from palam.
ToKibi, says Ainsworth. ? Pâlumbes, ring-dove. TldWu, iraXS, to move
Pallium, the outer robe, like palla. tremulously, as rpiipav from rpia. Sophocles has
Palma, palm of the hand, iroAx^tif. The palm- trdWwv <p6$cp. From a word ird\v^, ird\vf}os : and
tree, and its fruit the date : for its branches, when formed like Gr. koàujk/3», whence Columba. (a)
expanded, are like a man's hand expanded. So Allied to ir4\(ia : Ridd.
Forcellini. But Turton says : Because its leaves Pâlus, a stake. For paxillus, as Vexillum, Velum,
are expanded from the top like the fingers on the (a) Pago, pagulus.
hand. Victory ; for the palm was a token of victory. Palus, a marsh ; sedge as growing in it. JEo\.
Broad part of an oar, from palma, the broad part of waKbs, mud: as tpHpa, sera, (a) Not more un
the hand. Thus Ormston deduces rapffbs, the broad promising than Formica from Múpfirjico, Vulpes from
part of an oar, from rapabs, the broad part of the 'AAiÓ7r7){, and Hirundo from XcKiSàiv, is paludis from
hand which is iraKí/ir), palma : ' Because it spreads F*\ti$i)s, jEolic of íàóSíjs, marshy. The Digamma is
from the narrow part, as the palm does from the usually expressed by V, or F i. e. PH, but sometimes
wrist.' The greater shoot or leader of a vine : ' for by P. Thus also in Piscis, daPis, laPis, it is sub
grapes go forth from it like the fingers from the stituted for it. A, as juEWw, mAneo ; U, as <p!lpbt,
palm of the hand : ' Voss. fUris. (3) Pandulus or patulus : but the gender ?
Palmârius, deserving the palma, palm. Pampïnus, vine-shoot, &c. Becman from Fd/i-
Palmes, the shoot or young branch of the vine. tpoivoi, i. e. &p.(p' olvtpi, circa vitem : pampini being
' Festus says, because, like the palm of the hand, it the leaves of the vine. Thus the initial P is for the
throws out little twigs like fingers. But it is not Digamma, as in Palus, Piscis, Papilio.—Martini
called directly from the palma of the hand, but says it is for ir&a àpL<p' oïnjv, herba circa vitem.
from the palma of the vine, which last was called Ainsworth for <pvK\dfiirf\oj. Butpampinus is rather
from the former : ' Voss. from Fa/nr4\ivos, Fdftirivos.
Palmo, I make the print of my palma, hand. Pan, the god of shepherds. Tldv.
Palmo, I tie the tendrils of a vine to a stake. Panâca, ' a sort of wine-vessel, called from the
107
PAN PAR
Panaces, a people of Rhoctia : ' Ainsw. (2) Play Pantomïmus, mimic. GR.
fully formed from irac&cS acc. of navaK^s, all-heal Pânus, woof about the quill in the shuttle. M.
ing. Much as Avatos from \ia>. ■xâvos, yarn wound on a spindle for a woof.—Also,
Pânâcëa, Panaces, Panax. GR. a spreading bile : ' shaped like a weaver's roll : '
Panaricium, whitlow. ' A barbarous word, cor Turt.
rupted from paronychium : ' Fore. Pâpa, title of respect to the Bishops, nuiras.
Pânârium, bread-basket. Panis. Pâpse, strange, nuira!, fìa&aí.
Pancarpus, Panchrestum, Pancratium. GR. Pâpâver, poppy. As Cadaver from Cado, papaver
Panda, thought by Forcellini the goddess of from papa or pappa, pap ; as nurses, says Dr. Tur
Peace, as pandens, opening the city-gates. So ton, used to mix this plant in children's food to
Fundo, Funda. relieve the colic and make them sleep. Thus also
Pandectse, compilations. TlavStKrat. says Varro. The double P lost, as M in M am ilia
Pandïciilor, stretch and yawn. Pando me. (2) from Mamma, and R in Farina from Farris. (2)
Pandits fio : Fore. ? Wachter from pappus, irámos, the down of thistles
Pando, throw open. From QirSa as in ayatpaM ; and artichokes : ' Quasi fios lanuginosus.'
or from <palvu, <pavw, panDo, as revâ, tenDo. *aii>tu Pâpâvèrata vestis, a linen tissue. Papaver, as
is to make to appear, display, and so set or throw Gr. /ìTìKav is called.
open. P, as Qoprw, Porto ; *oivdA.7|j, Paenula. (2) PâpiQio, butterfly. JEo\. FâvíoKos. P, as in Pam-
As UTeviià, Penna ; TTTepva, Perna ; so from irrih-qv pinus, Piscis. (2) For papirio from papyrus : from
or irráSa from virivvuju, could be pado and paNdo, the paper-like texture of its wings. L, as liLium.
as frago, fraNgo. Pàpïlio, pavilion. Having its hangings spread
t Pando, 1, I bend, bow down. From pandas, open like the wings of the butterfly. Above.
bent; this from pando 3, as Mergo, Mergus; then Papilla, a little papula.
pando 1. Taken from the bow, which, the more it Papilla, nipple. Festus : ' As being like (papuUe)
is stretched open, the more it is bent. Thus Jacio 3, a pustule or tubercle.' (2) From papa, child's
Jaceo 2 ; Placeo 2, Placo 1. (2) Pando, to dry in food. For not only the breast, but the nipple can
the sun, hence to warp, contract. be said to supply babies' food. Thus Liddell says
Pandûrizo. TlavSovpifa. of (tjjA}>, ' the part of the breast which gives suck,
Pandus, bent. Pandatus. the teat: nipple.' Isidorus represents it thus:
Panëgyrîcus, laudatory. GR. 1 Quòd eas infantes quasi pappant, dum lac sugunt.'
Pango, fasten, fix. Pago, pango, from ir/ryu, (3) As Disco, Discipulus, and as Manipulus, so
ir4ryvv[xt, Tr4msya, iríicàya. See Frango. ■náu (whence naai.iii\v and variostat to feed on,)
Pânïcúla, gossamer on millet ; round substance on papula, papilla.
nut-trees ; pappy tumor. Like the panus, woof Pappârium, pap. Pappo.
about the quill in a shuttle. Pappas, foster-father, nimras, father.
Panïcum, the herb panic. 'From panus. As Pappo, to call for pap. Imitated from the sound
covered with gossamer : ' Voss. ' Whose spike con of children calling for food. They call, says Varro,
sists of innumerable thick seeds disposed in many food and drink Buœ and Papa, and mother Mamma,
panicles : ' Turton, thus from panicula. But panus and father Tata.
is truer. (2) Panis. Miller : ' It is sown in seve Pappus, grandfather. ritiinroi.
ral parts of Europe in the fields as corn. It is Pappus, down of thistles, nimro*.
frequently used in particular places of Germany to Papula, ' a pimple, or swelling with many reddish
make bread.' pimples, that eat and spread : ' Ainsw. From Wte,
Pânis, bread. Uavbs, a Messapian word; from or irdoftat, to feed upon. (See Pasco.) As Discipu
vdofiai, to feed on. lus, Manipulus. Celsus represents one kind where
Pânisci, little Pans. Uavio-Kot. the skin ' leviter roditur,' another where it ' vehe-
Pannus, cloth, stuff, piece of cloth, patch, whence mentiùs roditur.' (2) Like a papilla, nipple, sup
pannosus, tattered. JE. irâvos, web or tissue; posed to have been called papula in that sense.
Hesych. 8</>a<r/ux. Whence panulus, pannus, as Ma- Papyrus, paper, &c. nánvpot.
lere, Malle. Par, paris, equal. From xapct, by the side of, as
Panomphacus. Tïayo/jttpaîos. fiptipav trap' fi/iépav, where equality of comparison is
Pansa, splayfoot. Pando, sum. intended. So Trapd\\T)\os, Parallel.
Pantex, paunch. For pandex, as menDax. From Pârâbôla, Pârábôlus, Pârâclêtus. GR.
its expansibility. (2) Pantices from napSoKtîs as PARADA, a very late word, meaning the cover
terminus. All-receivers. (3) A word vamoxeis, of a ship. ' It seems a Gallic word : ' Fore.
all-holders. Párádigma, Párâdïsus. Gil.
Pantheon, Panther, Panthëra. GR. PARAGAUDA, a gold band inwoven in a gar-
108
PAR PAR
ment. A Persian and Syriac word : of very late as KÍpara irdpeiv. (2) From <p4pai, ipapâ, (whence
use. (papérpa,) to bear, produce. (3) Bapis : Schw. .
Pârallëlus, Paralysis, Pàranymphus, Pâropsis Pario, make my accounts equal. Par.
GR. Pâritor, who attends on one. Pareo. So Appa
Pârârius, money-broker. Par, paris. Who makes ritor.
both parties equal, fietrÍTijs. (2) ' Qui parât et Parma, a round shield. Varro : ' Quòd à medio
conjungit animos,' Lips. ' Conciliator,' Fore. in omnes partes par.' As Homer : àmíSa ■nimom
Parâsltus, Párastòchis. GR. %ai\v. Par, parts, parima, parma, as AIo, Alima,
Párâtus, equipment. Para. Alma.— Suidas states it to be of Punic, Clemens of
Parcx, the Fates, à parcendo ; by Euphemism, as Thracian invention. Who shall decide when, &c. !
Eu/zcWSes. Pâro, I get ready, &c. From 'irdpa for iiripu,
Parco, am sparing, &c. Parens. whence 4wapp.évos is prepared, ready. E dropt, as
Parcus. Parùm, paricus, (as Modus, Modicus,) in 'EKariip, Later; 'EpeT/ibs, Remus. (2) From
parens : i. e. qui parùm dat aut habet. wapà, as Homer : iropà S4 ff(pt rldei fíevoencéa daira,
Pardalis, Pardus, Párcas. GR. (3) Riddle places it under pario, to bring to light,
Parens, a parent. Pario, pariens, as SentiEntia, to cause, produce, procure, invent, devise. For-
Sententia. cellini explains parëre (among other meanings) by
Párento, I perform the funeral rites parentum, of comparare. (4) Tlopw, as \ovu, lOvo, lAvo.
parents and relations. Paro, some ship. Xlap&y in Polybius. So p.vo-
Pâieo. Riddle : ' Pâreo from pario ; to appear, TcÁpav.
come into sight; to appear at the command of Pârôchia, a parish, superintended by a
another, wait upon.' As Jacio and Jaceo ; Pendo Parochus, properly a providitor who supplied
and Pendeo. See Pario. The quantities differ, yet ambassadors with the public allowance, nápoxoí.
we have dúco, edúco ; júro, pejero ; plâceo, plâco ; Parodia, Paronychia, Pâropsis. GR.
nôtus, noto. (2) Others from tapi: To be at Parra, a kind of inauspicious bird. Pareo, to
hand, attend on. (3) As vàpbs, flowing, from v6m ; appear, i. e. by the way, &c. as Gr. Tà àîrovTiòvTo.
so a word <pâpbs from <páw, tpaíva, whence pareo, as Hence parula, as Rabula, Radula, Merula, Ferula.
Porto from tpópros. Then parra, as malere, maLRe, maLLe.
Paries, a wall. Haigh from vépaos gen. of irtpas, Parrïcîda, Pârïcïda, a parricide, for patrieida as
à boundary. As fíEvtu, mAneo. Or nipaos transp. Homicida. Also the murderer of any near relation,
to triptos, as ttEtAw, pAtEo; then I, as SvEiior, (see Parento and Patrimonium,) and Festus says of
animus, (a) From irtlpu, n&pâ, to run through, any man, quoting the law of Numa which declares
and so divide. A partition wall. Doèderlein thus the murderer of a free-man to be a parricida.
allies it to pars, portio : as ' the wall of a building.' Hence Wachter flies to the bad hybrid compound of
(3) As ivimia, in Homer, {'parietes,' Clarke,) are bar, a man, and ccedo. But another law declared
the inner walls fronting those who enter, so paries the sacrilegious man was a parricida : hence sacri
from tripos, in front of. (4) From par, paris. lege and the murder of freemen were considered as
From the equality of the parallel walls of a house. great crimes as that of parricide, and ordered to be
'laoWoixos is found in the Schol. of II. A. 306. treated with the same heavy punishment.
Homer has roíxov tov iripov, ' pariete ex adverso,' Pars, partis, from Teipw, Trtiraprai, to pierce quite
Clarke. (5) Donldn. allies it to TctpUipj. : ' Parietes, through. Homer has irorop^íVos.— Hesychius has
that go round.' (6) As Teîxos, toÎxos, a wall, are irápffos, RXifffia, from ireVapcrcu, and from this might
allied to tc^xv, t*kw whence apxtreKTuv, so paries be pars. Or from ipipaos, a part : as *<xiv<ía.jjs,
from paro, 'instruo, molior' (Forcell.). Caesar: Psenula.
Turres testudinesque parare ac facere cœperunt.— Parsïmônia. Parco, parsum. As Querimonia.
Or, (as Specio, Species ; Facio, Fades,) from pario in Parthèniae, Parthënïcê, Parthënium. GR.
its primitive sense, to bring to view, make, just as Partïceps. Partem capio.
tikis, tÍktw, Ttvxv are all allied, and produced not Partïcïpium, participle, having cases and nouns,
only tíkos, tíkvov, &c. but Ttixos, toixos. and partaking the qualities of nouns. Above.
Pariëtâria, pellitory. Paries. As growing on Partim, Partior. Pars, partis.
old walls. ' Muralis ' in Pliny. Parturio. Pario, partum.
Pârietïnae, ruined walls. Paries. Parùm, a little. From iravpov. (2) Parvulùm,
Pârilia, for Palilia, as coeRulus. parulùm, parùm.
Parslis, like. Par, paris. Parumper, iravpòv irtp. See Nuper.
Pârio was properly to lay open, bring to light, as Parus, a tomtit. Uavpos, small.
is seen in Aperio, Reperio, Comperio : and was from Parvus. As vevpov, nerVus, so parVns from
ieífx», fut. 2. irapw, to pierce, cut my way, cleave, ravpos, small.
109
PAS PAV
Pasceolus, leathern bag. tdo-xaXos. (a) Tletricbt, Pàtera, bowl. ' Patens,' Macrob. As èa-répa,
a skin. Opera. (8) Allied to irardirq : Ridd.
Pasco. The obs. iron;, to feed or nourish, is P&thêtïcus, Páthïcus. GR.
established by iraodiitvos and Triiraaiuu placed under Pátìíbúlum, a gibbet open at the top like the letter
•nariojxai to feed on, by -raT^jp, wcûs, Travbs, &c. It T. Pateo, as Latibulum. (a) Potior. Instrument
is taken for granted by Forcellini and many others ; of suffering.
and (as fidu>, fidiTKU ; tpdta, tpdcKtc ; yiipdu, ynpd- P&tientia. Potior, pattens.
<tku,) produced pasco. (8) B6<rnw. Ì Patina, dish. nardyr), as machina.
Pascuum, pasture. Pasco. P&tior, from a word iroflioS^oi, formed from wdBos,
Passer, sparrow. From passim, (much as from as Fateor from a word *ar4ofuu. T, as Ka@éa,
Palam is a verb Propalo,) from its commonness. laTeo.
Hence Pope : And envies every sparrow that he sees. Patrâtus pater, a herald chosen among the Feciales
A greater authority is Matth. 10. 29. (a) Cor to demand satisfaction from an enemy. I. e. they
rupted from \f/àp, psar : somewhat as uyâ, mina. say, a father who had a father living (patrimus), as
(3) ^irapdtriov, transposed Trcurffdpioy. such were thought to be more likely to be faithful.
Passer marinus, ostrich, as Gr. arpovBbs fiiyas. Or as chosen pater or head of the Feciales, himself
Passim. Pando, pansum, possum. In a scattered having a father living, or being a father. (2) Or
manner. perhaps as agreed on or sent to give the message :
Passifa verba, passive, opposed to Activa, active : patralus much as impetratus.
I am loved, to I love. Potior. Patria, fatherland. Pater. Tlarpis.
Passum, sweet wine of grapes (passisj spread out Patriarcha. Tlarpidpxns.
and dried. Patricii, sons of the Patres, Senate.
Passus, spread out. Pando, pansum, passum. So Patrïmônium, property ex patre, from a father
passi capilli, opposed to tied. (8) Passus solem, and elsewhere. Pater, iris, as Matrimonium.
from potior. Patrîmus, whose father is alive. Pater, as Ma-
Passus, pace. Pando, passum. A throwing out tnmus.
of the feet. Patrius. Pater, patris.
Pastillus, pastil. TLaffrbs, sprinkled. A cake Patro, I effect. Pater. Am the father or cause
sprinkled over with some dry powdered substance, of. Compare Materies. (2) TlpdrTw, irán-poi.
(a) Panis, panistillus. ' A roll of bread : ' Fore. (3) Paro, parito, patro : Freund.
And so Voss from pasco, pastum. Patro, liberis do operam. Pater fio. (a) Patro
Pastïnâca, parsnip. As resembling a pasti- 'A<ppoSíffíus.
num. And a fish with a sting in the tail like the Patrôcïnor, I protect. Pater, as Lenocinor. Am
same. a father to. Festus refers it to the protection of the
Pastïnum, a two-pronged tool to set plants with, Plebs by the Patres, Senators, (a) Patronus, pa-
&c. Pago, pagsi, pagstum, pastum. Columella tronicinor, more according with Vaticinor.
calls it 'ferramentum quo semina^an^unftir.' Patrônus. Pater, as Matrona. Who is as a
Pastôphori. XlatTTOtpipou father to.
Pastor. Pasco, pastum. Patruëlis, child patrui, of an uncle.
Patagium, an ornament sewed to the top of a Patruus, uncle on the father's side, or a father's
woman's tunic. Scaliger thinks that patagus below brother. Or in the place of a father at the father's
was a disease which left no trace of it but marks in death. Also, severe as an uncle. Patris, as Mu-
the body ; and that the patagium was interspersed tuus. The Gr. irarpvibs in Eustath. is a step
with such marks, (a) From (nraBdai, to be extra father.
vagant : 4<rvd0aKa, airaBaxiov, an expensive orna PStulcius, Janus. Pateo ; for Patulicus, as Popu-
ment. 2 omitted as a<p&kKw, Fallo. licus, Hiulcus. As in peace his gates were open.
Pátâgus, some disease. IlaTcryìis, a stroke, as Pâva, peahen. Pavo, as Lea.
Apoplexy is 'Air(iirX7j£is. Paucus, little, few. From paulus, whencepaulicus,
Pátëfacio. Patêrefado. as Unus, Unicus ; Teter, Tetricus ; and paucus. So
Patella, a dish ; knee-pan. Patina or patëna. Facio, Faciber, Faber. (a) Uavpos, pauricus.
Pàtêna, platter. Pateo, as Habena. ' Vas patens,' P&veo, I fear. *í/3<u, <pa$û or ipafiia, whence
Fore. ipàtf/, (paftbs, a dove, (a) Pavio, to beat i. e. with
Pâteo. Tlerdu, to expand ; transp. war4a. (a) fear. So Jacio, Jaceo.
From gen. Ratios, deep, as Posco from Bâts»» i. e. Pâvïcúla, with which floors were beaten to plane
$od(TKw ; and as \a@fai, laTeo. and harden them. Pavio.
Pater. Tlm-íip. Patres, senators : ' vel setate vel Pâvïmentum, pavement. Pavio, to ram down.
curse similitudine : ' Sallust. Cato : Pavimentum pavito fricatoque.
110
PAV PEJ
Pâvio, I beat, noíw, vaFia, as Sis, oVis. See Peculium, the stock of pecu, cattle which a son
Gavio in Gaudeo. by his father's consent, or a slave by his master's,
Paulâtim, by little and little ; and had of his own ; private property.
Paulisper, for a little while. Paulis pi., like paulo Pëcûlor, rob the public money. De pecu publico
sing. : and per, trep, as Parumper. subripio, as Populor for Depopulor. Cattle being
Paulò, Paullò. The latter for pauculo. thought the chief property.
Paulus, soft for paurus, iravpos, small, few. Or Pëcûnia, money. Pecu. For the first Roman
paurulus, paulus. coin was stamped with cattle. (2) As given in ex
Pâvo, peacock. As Tiropes, Tltropes, four, so change for cattle, the chief commodity. The golden
raFàiv, TaFûvos, JE. TtaFòìV, iraFwvos, pavo, pavonis. armour of Glaucus was kKaràn^oia, worth a hundred
V, as oVis. (2) 'OiriW, 'wáFay, the attendant of oxen. (3) As first made of the hide of cattle.
Juno: avis Junonia. Seneca speaks of ' corium percussum formâ publicâ '
Pâvor, fear. Paveo. among the Spartans, which he says ' praestat usum
Pauper. As m-axhi from nriiaaw, to crouch numerates pecuniae.'
from fear, so from paveo is paviber, (as Facio, Fa- Pëcus, oris, cattle. ' Properly and most usually
ciber ; Mulciber ; Saluber,) whence pauber, pauper sheep, sometimes a single sheep : ' Ainsw. Ovid,
answering to Pavidus. (2) From paullus, pauiiiber; Lanigerumque pecus. From irécoj, a fleece, or
as having little. Paucus, says Riddle. (3) Is. Voss : ireKAi, to shear. It is applied improperly to birds and
From Hwopos, Fdiropos, pauperis. ? fishes : Aligerum pecus, Squamiferum pecus. (2)
Pausa, a pause. IlaDiris. Donldn. compares ir&v. Say irda>, ndofiai, to possess.
Pausàrius, one who directed the rowers when to As speCus.
stop. Pausa. Pëcus, údis, a beast. See above.
Pausea, -ia, a kind of vine, Georg. 2. 86 : play Pëdâmentum, vine-stake. Pëdo.
fully formed from iraia, unvote : as forcing you from Pëdânei Judices, minor judges. As sitting ad
its bitterness to let go of it : ' AMARA pausia baceâ.' pedes, at the feet of the Praetor in the subsellia.
Thus Turton of the word Unedo, ' so called because (2) As not riding in their carriages, but going on
from its sourness only one can be eaten at a time.' foot.
So our Nose-smart, Touch-me-not, &c. Pëdârii, senators who only voted or could vote
Pauso, I pause. ïlaíu, aa> : pausa. without speaking : as they showed their opinions
Pausus, god of peace, bellum pausans. pedibus, by going over to vote, not by their tongues.
Pauxillus, very little. Paucissimus, paucsimus, Others say, as above, who went to the Senate on
pauximus, as Magnissimus, Maximus. Then paux- foot. Or, as the feet are the lower part of the
imulus, pauxillus. body.
Pax, pâcis. From pago, paxi, pango, allied to Pëdâtûra, foot-measure. Pes.
paciscor for pagiscor, pactum : all from ir^cufii, Pëdâtu tertio, at the third onset, or advance pedis
fut. 2. irâyâ, perf. iréircrya, irórâya. (2) Donnegan: of the foot.
' From ir£{oi Lacon. for iravatu.' Pedes, foot-soldier. Pes.
Pax, hush, peace ! náj. (2) Sit pax. Pëdëtentim, step by step. Pede tento, to try my
Paxillus, small stake. Pago, paxi, paxulus, pax- way with my foot before I advance. Cato : Earn
illus. To drive into the ground. viampedetentim tentabam.
Pecco. Pecus, pecuco, like Fodico, Claudico ; Pëdïca, fetter, i. e. feeter. Pes, as Manica.
then pecco. Or pecudis, pecudico. Isaiah liii : All Pëdïculus, a louse. Pes. From its many little
we like sheep have gone astray. feet, as pes also is used. So xapU is a shrimp from
Pecten, a comb, and any thing resembling it : being half head, icipa. Also, the footstalk of a slower.
from pecto. But Forcellini deduces the sense of the Pëdo, I stake vines. ïleSâ, I bind. (2) I supply
quill from pecto as used in Plautus for Beating, but pede, with a foot, enable them to stand up.
in a jocular manner, as we say, To give one a dress Pëdo, break wind. népSa, ireBSt», as 'per/ibs,
ing. 'pt/iphs, rëmus. (2) BStu.
Pecto, 1 comb, &c. rU/crS. Pëdo, splayfooted. Pes, as Naso.
Pectus. From mjKTbs, compact, firm. From the Pedum, shepherd's crook, to seize sheep pede, by
solidity of the breast-bone. As artpvov is artpivóv. the foot. (2) As being another foot to the shep
(2) Like a pecten. ? herd, or supplying the place of one.
Pëcu, the same as pecus. Pëgasus, Pêgma. OS.
Pëcûliâris, of the peculium, private property, of a Pëjëro, to forswear. As juro, dejero, so perjero
son and slave ; private, personal, peculiar. (as Perfidus,) and pejero.
Pëcûliâtus, cui veretrum est bene instructum. Pëjor. As pessimus from pessùm, so pessior,
Nam suum peculium est id cuiquc. pessjor, and pëjor, as peRjero, pejero. (2) Pessior,
Ill
PEL PER
pezzior, whence pejjor, as Zuyhy, Jugum. (3) néfa, pendo could mean to spread out wide in the air, to
the extremity. Inferior. hang out, and generally to suspend, (as in suspendo,)
Pëlagius, Pëlágus, Pêlâmis, Pëlëcânus. GR. then to suspend in scales, to weigh, (a) Some
Pellax, enticing. As Fallo, Fallax, so pello, pellax. refer pendo to pendeo, which might mean to be
Livy : Juvenem nullius forma pepulerat captivée. poised like (penna;) wings, as Ovid : Olor niveis
(2) For petticax from peUicio. (3) From pellis. pendebat in aëra pennis. As Gavio, (yatu,) Gavidus,
Putting on a mere superficial appearance. Gavideo, Gaudeo ; so penna, pennidus, pennideo,
Pellex, concubine. nóAAo|. (a) PeUicio, lexi, pendeo.
to entice. Pênes. See Penitùs.
Pellïcio, allure. Per-ìacio. Pënetrâle, -âlis, Pënetro. See Penitùs.
Pellïcûlo, cover with a pellicula, skin. Pênïcillum. From Peniculus.
Pellio, tanner, worker of skins. From Pënïcûlus, a little penis, tail: a fox's tail or brush;
Pellis. From <peX\bs, the bark of the cork-tree. hence any brush, wiper, painter's brush or pencil,
*cAAàs is also that with which books are covered. dish-clout.
Hence pellis, the outside covering of animals. Pénis, a tail. Pendeo, to hang down ; pendinis,
' UiXXa, whence Lat. pellis, J. Poll. 10. 57 : ' pennis, penis, as Nummus and Niimus, 'pcr/ibs,
Thus state the Editors of Valpy's Stephens dlvi., Remmus, Rêmus. Pendinis, as Spargo, Sparginis.—
where Schsefer has ireAAÌî, and refers to Ruhnk. Pénis est etiam veretrum à pendendo. Alii referunt
Ep. Cr. 188. Toup. Opusc. 1. 334. 388. Jacobs. ad rrios, ut Aeibs, leNis.
Anth. 7.113. Pënïtus, inwardly, internally, thoroughly, com
Pello. As Mulgeo from 'AfioXyéw, pello from pletely ; from penus, store of food or provisions as
ivcAA.ui, VcAAo), arceo. Hesychius : 'AireAAew • kept in the interior part of the house, where there
arroKXtieiy. Or even from iireAw, hrtKaiva, since fore the Penates were worshipped, and whence came
Pepuli has a single L, and Mellis has it doubled penetro and penetralia. Hence also is penes, with
from MfAi. (a) KeAAai, petto, as AÓKoi, luPus ; in the house of, in the custody, government, power
Kolos, Uoios. (3) ' FéXXa, arceo : ' Bailey. («) or possession of. (a) As Pavonis from Tawvos, so
Becman says that pello easily flows from wixxa. some refer penes to Tej/S, to extend to ; and to
Certainly Quatio is in Percutio used for striking ; mean by, at, and (as Potis from Hors) in the power
and Fendo, to strike, is in Defendo, to drive off. E or possession of. Others to iréXas, near, as tfieAos
would resemble grEssus for grAssus. (5) The and í0eNos, Aírpoc and Hírpov were interchanged.
words péxos, fcfìóAriiitu, aiTi/BoAew, fioXi), point to Penna, wing. Soft for ptenna, wrtvvb. Mo\. of
an old verb fìéXXa like pdxXa. From fSéxXw could irreii/à, winged.
be pello. (6) IleAóu, â, to make to approach. Pensé, the same as Impensè.
Pellônia, a goddess in repelling an enemy. Pello. Pensio, payment. Pendo, pensum.
Pëlôris, Pelta. GR. But pelta, says Hall, for Penso, weigh, weigh against, counterbalance,
peUiia. requite. Pensum. To abridge : see Compendium.
Pelvis, washing-vessel. Pede-luis, pedelvis,pelvis: Pensum. Pendo, pensum. A task of wool or
for washing the feet. Luo, i.e. lavo. See solVo. flax weighed out to be dressed or spun.
(B) Perluo,pelluo as Pelluceo. Pelluis. (3) U4xXis Pentámëter, Pentâteuchus, Pentêcostë, Pentêris.
J. Poll. 10. 22. (Steph. 7422.) I.e.ireAfw, as Sxa, GR.
sylVa. Pënûria, want. From rtiìva, famine, somewhat
Pënârius, pantry. Perms. as Luxuria. E, as AEIos, lëvis.
Pënâtes, the household gods. As presiding over Pënus, -um, -u, store of food. From '<pévos, i. e.
the {perms) provisions of a house. As Magnus, &<t>tvos, annona; as from iper/ios, 'pcr/abs is Remus.
Magnates, (a) From penes, within. As inhabiting, P, as in Porto, (a) Key refers it to ttom, to feed.
and worshipped in, the interior of the house. See Pasco.
Pendeo. Pendo, as Jaceo, Jacio. Peplus, Pëpo. néirAos, Xlítrav.
Pendo has the N inserted, as in deNsus, truNco, Per. Scaliger from irapà, rrap', as rrap' '6\ov rbv
fraNgo ; and is derived from irerS, whence (as ficCTbv, filov, through one's whole life. So irA<r<raAos, pEs-
vaDum,) pedo, pendo. IIctS, rrerdu, or nerivmiu, sulus. (3) Allied to nipa, rripav, rrepda, to pass
is to unfold, unfurl, whence ìrerdcruara and peri- through, or wepâ to transfix, II. S. 460. (3) slept :
petasmata are hangings, and allied to which is irc- Schw.
roimi to flutter or fly, i. e. to unfold the wings, and Per—, very, nepi—, as in irepi/coAA^î. (a)
poise or suspend itself in the air, as in Brown's Per, throughly.
Vulgar Errors : ' Bellerophon's horse, with wings Përa, wallet. Tlt)pa.
expanded, hung pendulous in the air.' Claudian Përâgro. Per agros eo.
speaks of birds as 'Alituum suspema cohors.' Hence Perbïto. See Bito.
112
PER PER
Perca, a perch. Tlipicn. ' Utilissimum, sed non perinde populare : ' but not
Percello, drive, strike, strike the mind with on that account very popular. Per is very, as in
wonder. Cello. Persaepe.
Perculsus. Percello, percelsus, as Velio, Vulsus. Përïôcha, Përîodus. GR.
Percútio. For perquaiio. Përior. See Experior.
Perdàgatus, formed after indagatus. Peri : All Greek.
Perdix, partridge. n^pSif. Përïtus, who has learnt. Perior.
Perdo. Per-do, as is shown by the old perduim. Perjûro. See Perfidus.
To put a stylus through a word or a nail through Perna, heel or hinder part, ham, gammon of bacon.
a deed : to cancel. Per may be compared with Xlripva, for softness perna.—A kind of shell-fish.
Perimo, Pereo. (B) From irépBa, as ®cbs, Deus. Gesner : à similitudine pedis porcini.
(3) Peredo.i Pernïcies, destruction. Per-neco.
Perduellis, violent enemy. Duellum. Pernio, chilblain on the perna.
Perduim. See Duim. Pernix, rapid. Pernitor, nirus.
Përegrè, abroad, per agros, as opposed to being in Pêro, a shoe of raw hides. As being as incon
the house or at home. Plautus : Peregrique et venient and ill-shaped as (pera or trf\pa) a sack
domî. about the legs. (2) As being made of rough hide,
Përegrinus. From peregrè. allied to tríipa, a leathern pouch or sack.
Përemne. From per amnem. Perorîga, Prorîga, Pruriga, qui equum ad equam
Përendie, the day after to-morrow. Peremta die, admittit. Voss : ' Pro prœuriga, qui prteest urigini.'
says Charisius. One whole day being spent between Seu potiùs per : qvàperurit, valdè inflammat equum.
this and that. Vide Prurio. (St) ' Per, origa pro auriga. Unde
Përenna, Përanna, a goddess whom they prayed leg. quid, in Varrone : Ut ineant equas, per origas
to continue their prosperity : ' ut annare etperennare curamus.' Fore. Sed cur per ? Vix, PER origas.
prospéré liceret,' Macrob. Perennis orperenno, from PerpendïcSlum, plumb-line. Perpendens, testing
per annos. the straightness of the work.
Përeo, to go, pass or run through, or to be quite Perpërus, inconsiderate. Tlipwtpos is used by
gone, or to go to thorough destruction. So Perdo, Polybius, irffnttptioiuu by St. Paul. And, though
and Intereo, Interficio, Interimo. as old a writer as Accius uses perperus, yet it does
Perfïdus, one who goes (per fidem) through and not seem likely that an adjective should be adopted
beyond his word, like Transgredior, to Transgress. by the Greeks from the Romans. Technical words,
Thus also Perjurus. Or per is lightly, as in Per- as nrjvffos, amnovXÍTup, &c, are different. Tlipvepos
functorius, going over the mere surface of a thing. is derived by Becm. from ntpupipui, for irépcpepos :
So Pervideo, Hor. Sat. 1. 3. 25. who is carried round and round by any wind. Or
Perfrictio, shivering. Frigeo, frictum. corrupted from vtpuptpiis, going about, i. e. vagus,
Perfunctorius, careless. See Perfidus. inconstans: or rather derived from *tpl irep!, as
Pergâmëua charta, parchment. The exportation Hom. ifupX mpl. See Ambactus. Wright translates
of paper being prohibited by Ptolemy out of spite ire'pirepor, vain, hasty, and TrtpTTepdofiai, am vain or
to Eumenes, king of Pergamus, who tried to exceed rash. The Schol. on Soph. Antig. 330 says : ' They
him in his library, the use of parchment was dis used to call ko/uJioÍiî whom we now call irepnipovs
covered there in its place. Suidas has vepyafivvai. Kal ttoKvKÁKovs.'
Pergo. For per-rego, whence perrexi: to go Perpes, ëtis, uninterrupted, continual. From
right on. See Rego and Surgo. birds which (petunt) make for places till they (per)
Pergûla, a gallery, balcony. Which pergit, goes thoroughly reach them. Cicero: Grues, loca cali-
right on, as Tego, Tegula. Others say, which diora petentes, &c. (2) From tctu, itcto/uu, to fly.
porrigit se, stretches along or beyond the wall, for Perpetro. From patro.
porrigula, porgula. Also, a stall where painters ex Perpëtuus. See Perpes.
posed their pieces to view, mistresses their persons, Perquam, very, as Perquam breviter perstrinxi,
and tradesmen their wares to sale: These senses Cic. By Tmesis, for tarn perbreviter quàm maxime.
agree with either derivation. Also, a trail or frame Persephone, Proserpine. GR.
of wood made like an arbour to bear up a vine ; and Persëvêro. Severe persto.
hence a booth, and a hut. ' Porrecta ramorum Persïca, peach-tree. Ylepaiic^ /irjXe'o.
dispositio : ' Fore. Persollâta, -solâta, burdock. Voss : ' Gr. upotx-
Përicúlum. From perior, experior, from irûpa, a (ívíov from npiawirov, a mask. Its wide leaves
trial, experiment, risk. served as a mask to keep off the sun. So this from
Përïmo. See Emo and Pereo. persona, personula, persolla.' Personata is also said.
Përinde, in the same degree in consequence. Persona, mask, figure ; and, as actors used masks,
113 p
PER PIL
it meant a character or part, and a person repre Pëtulcus, like Petulans. Peto, like Hiulcus,
sented. Persono; as the actor spoke through the Populicus.
part about the mouth. Vice versa, ancora was said Pexâtus, clothed with a pexa, new garment, with
from &yxvpa. (a) Tleptfoivmiti or ircpiÇóa, to gird the nap on and combed.
round: npi(áyn, perzòna. (3) Tlpoaoirlva, iropaa- Ph : All words so beginning, and omitted
irico, persopina as vEster, tEstaj then persona. here, are Greek.
V. v. PROSerpina from ÏW2e<póvr). PhaUecum carmen, the hendecasyllabic. From
Perspïcax, Perspïcuus. Perspicio. its inventor Phalœcus, say Terentianus and Servius.
Pertïca, a long pole, i. e. for reaching objects. Phrygiònes, embroiderers. ' Phrygiam chlamy-
Pertigo, (pertingo,) pertiga. See Pervicax. dem : ' Virg. ' Idaei Phryges acu facere invenere : '
Pertïnax. From tenax. Plin.
Pervicax, obstinate. Pervico, pervinco, as Frango, Phrygia, said of Cybele who was worshipped on
Fragilis. Persevering till he conquers. Phrygian Ida.
Pes, foot : and, as nobs, the halser in a ship. Phu, sound of aversion from a bad smell. ' *C,
From iroiis, iroSbi, as yOvv, gEnu. Or from an old exclamation of disgust : ' Lidd.
form iris, irt&bs, whence irtSn, ir4$t\oy. (Steph. Phu, some plant. *o0.
7907.) Pby, sound of wonder. Priscian makes it formed
Pes, a louse. See Pediculuê. from the sound.
Pessïmus. Pessum. Most at the bottom. Piâcûlum. Pio, as Miraculum.
Pessûlus, a bolt. nd<r<ra\os. Pica, magpie. Uotxa contr. from notniXa, pied.
Pessum, down to the bottom. As Quorsum is (3) KÍtto, jEol. wÍkko.. As ÁvKos, luPus ; Teropty,
Quoversum, so pedesversum, pedessum, pessum. KfTopej : and see Popa. (3) ' Certainly from raasc.
Towards the feet. (2) Kvaabv, depth ; or fraoaov, picus : ' Ainsw. As Lea. (4) UeUw, to pull,
deeper. (3) Pensum, pessum : from bodies sink pluck out.
ing by their weight. Pïcâta uva, having the smell and taste picis, of
Pessus, a pessary. Yliaaos. pitch.
Pessumdo, I ruin. Pessum do, send to the bot Pïcea, red-fir. Shedding picem, pitch.
tom. Pïceus, black as pitch. Pix.
Pestflens. Pestis, as Opulens. From peredo, Picris, bitter lettuce. GR.
peresum and perestum, pestum, as from Edo is Pictor, Pictûra. Pingo.
Estrix. Virgil: Carinas Est vapor et toto descen Picus, woodpecker. IIcÍku, to pull, pluck out.
dit corpore pestis : Crudeli tabe peredit. (a) From Pictas. From pius.
pascor, pastum, as grAdior, grEssus. Quod depas- Pïger, lazy. Quem piget. ' That goes about things
citur artus. (3) From wcffttv, or pessum 1 unwillingly : ' Ridd. (B) Uaxbp 3Í. oiiraxiis, thick,
Pëtâlium, nard ointment. GR. dull. I, as strlngo, our rickets.
Pëtámïriârius, a tumbler or juggler. TltTdpevos, Pïget, from micbs, (Hesych.) a form of iriicpbs,
flying. bitter, pungent. Pungit me, it pains, troubles,
Pëtâso, Pëtâsus, Pëtanrista, Pëtaurum. GR. worries or wearies me. (a) From 'irefyei, i-n-eiyei,
Pëtïgo, same as Impetigo. it urges, presses, i.e. worries me. As eìra, ïta;
Petiôlus, a little foot ; fruit stalk. Pes, pedis, Sti/ibp, tïmor.
pediolus. Pigmentum, paint. Pingo, as Fingo, Figmentum.
Pëto, the same as the old beta, whence adbiter, Pignus, stake, wager, pawn, pledge. As Facio,
arbiter, like aRcesso. (2) Peto from iroflw, as Facinus, so pago, paginus which could make either
yOvv, gEnu : Ka@éa, laTeo. (3) Valckenaër from pagnus or pignus. Answering to Pactum, a compact.
ireTííeu, w, rtrdyyvpu, extendo (me), like òpéyofiat. Or I from perf. pepigi. Or I for A, as a-rpAyyai,
(4) Riddle : ' From iréra, irírra : to fall, fall upon : strlngo. (a) From icvxyhs, dense, firm, as kvKvos,
then, to endeavour to reach or obtain.' (5) From cyGnus. As making a convention firm and solid.
iiraiTÛ, 'mira. But this would be pjEto. Pila, a mortar. Pinso, pinsula, or piso, pisula.
PETORRITUM, a Gallic waggon. From its four (a) ïlt\â, to press close.
wheels. ' Pedwar or petoar is Welsh forfour. And Pila, a mole, pier : from iri\&, to press close, to
rhod is Welsh, rit Irish, for a wheel:' Wacht. squeeze tight ; explained by Stephens ' cogo seu
Like Gr. iréropes four, and Lat. rota, wheel. coacto, more rûr vi\oiroiiiv.' From the piles being
Petra, a rock, nirpa. rammed down tight. Nugent says, as made of stones
Petro, a ram. Its flesh being hard as a petra, heaped up.
rock. See Rupex. (2) Peto, to butt. Pila, a ball ; anything round ; a ball of wool, Ac-
Pëtúlans, skittish, saucy. Peto, as Ustulans. representing the human head, to irritate wild beasts.
Making for any thing, like rams. n?\oî, as KÍjpOS, cerA. Suidas as quoted by Eusta
114
PIL m
tfains: v tíàpuro* <r<paipiÇov(ra vl\<p. ï, as <pripa, PinniciUus, -um, corruption of PeniciUus. Though
fera. nîAos was wool stuffed, from irt\û. (a) Forced, says, ' ex pennis fact us.'
Stuffed pïlo, with hair. (3) As kOvis, clnis, and Pinnirapus, a gladiator who tried rapere pinnam,
KÍjp02, cerA, from ir4\os, a globe. to seize the top of the other's helmet. Pinna, pin
Pîlentum, a soft easy chariot. As covered with nacle, top. But Madan : ' As being adorned with
(iríXor) wool stuffed together to make it easier. peacocks' pinna, plumes. Or, as the figure of a
Hence ' mollibus pilentia' in Virgil. fish was on the helmet, and pinna was a fin, he tried
Pïleus, a hat. níXos, ir/Aeos. to catch this in his net.'
Pïlo, to rob. *ì\Au>, û ; P as Porto. The word Pinnotërês. Tltvvoriipiìs.
is thought dubious, and <pr)K4u, S is put in its place, Pinso, bray, bruise. N added as in HNgo, &c.
whence pilo, as irHyoi, flgOj ^Hy/ia, rima. (2) from m-iffu, fut. of vríaota ; T dropt for softness, as
Menage ' from iretpâ, to take, in Hesych. : pirare, in Penna, Perna.
pilare.' (3) TliKû, stipo. Dacier: As robbers Pinus, pine-tree. Pinus, contr. from ttìtíivos.
heap and pack up things together to carry them off. (2) Hemsterhuis and Valckenaër suppose an old
Pilo, Oppilo, block up. Tli\â. Greek word irîcos, whence irívaf, a tablet.
Pïlûla, pill. Pila. Little ball. Pio, to propitiate the gods. Shortened from
Pïlum, a javelin. As Voss states, this seems to r)7ní>, to soothe, assuage, as from tfptvKTOi is Ructo,
have been taken from the form, though much from iperpbs, Remus. So ixda-xofiai in Herodotus :
longer, of the common pilum or pestle, which is for 0v<TÍri<ri avrbv ÎK&o-kovtcu. Or, which is the same,
pistillum from pinso, pisturn, as VexiUum, Velum : pins is ' mild,' and pio ' to make mild.' (2) From
deduced by others from iriAû, to press close. 9va>, to sacrifice, M. tpiw, as 0?;p, ii\p : and as from
Pilum primum, the first company of soldiers, Bios, incense, is suFFio. (3) Piè colo. Perott
armed with the pilum. says 'piè amo' on Naevius : Suos piet liberos. That
Pilus, hair. As mwà, Penna, and ifîépva, is, faios clvai is. See on Pius.
Perna, pilus from irrï\oy, a feather: declension Pïper, pepper, néirepi.
changed as in nervUS. ' For what feathers are in Pïpio, to cry as a chick. riiirifai, iw.
birds, that hairs are for the most part in land Pïpio, the young of birds, pipiens.
animals : ' Voss. (2) ' IfiXos, felt, from its thick Pipulum, a crying out against. Pipio. Imitate
ness : ' Becm. IÏÏXoî is wool or hair wrought into the cry of young birds, as Lat. occento.
felt. Pilus then may have meant hair simply. Pirata, pirate. Tieipariis.
Pimplëa, a Muse of Pimpla near Olympus. Pïrus, Pyrus, pear-tree. "Amos, 'wtos, as 'Apatbs,
fPinarii and tP°tit"t tw° families chosen to 'pahs, raRus. So "Apovpa, 'povpa, Rura ; wbs,
preside over the sacrifices of Hercules. Livy says nuRus.
they were the most famous families at that time in the Piscina, a fish-pond ; any place for holding water.
neighbourhood. Servius says that the Potitii potiti Piscis.
sunt, enjoyed or eat of [or say,potis erant] the sacri Pisci8, fish. As Fóx^-os, F6\xos, Folchus, Volgus,
fice ; whereas for punishment Hercules said to the and FiÇbs, Futabs, Furiibs, Viscus ; so Fi%ios, FtSxbs,
Pinarii, "ï>eîj Si ireivdo-ere, But you shall starve. ? fithcis, fiscis, and piscis, as &<uv6\t\s, Pienula;
Pincerna, cup-bearer. From iW and Kipviì, as *oprû, Porto. Thus Paludis from Fe\<í5i)s, and so
cErno. Who mixes wine for drinking. (2) Or Aâas, \âFa$, laPis ; Sots, SaFìs, daPis. S for TH,
rather N is added as in laNterna ; from 'mKtpvû, to as the Laconians said iSíva, àyaSiis, mpSivt, and
mix in or again. our loveS for loveTH. (2) Piscis, from níu, irlaxa,
Pingo, I color, paint. From <p4yya, to make to drink, as &do>, &a\ritu ; whence vittÍcko!, to give
bright i. e. by lines and colors. As Seneca : Stellis drink. ' Quia perpetuò bibunt,' Ainsw. We say,
pingitur aether. P, as toprâ, Porto ; I, as ri.yyu, He drinks like a fish.
tlngo. (2) From iríva{, okos, a board for painting Pisinnus, a little child. Apparently an affected
on ; hence nivaKÒa, S, pinguo, pingo, as iyXâ, word used in an old writer, from pusus, whence
unGUo, unGo. (3) From the same root as ìrhya •■ pusillus. We find both lUbens and llbens. The
To fix colors on any thing. Riddle adds figo. word in Martial is variously edited.
Pinguis, fat. As liNGUa from \eix<», AiXcD, so Piso, a mortar. Piso, pinso.
irox^s, panguis and pinguis, as arpAyya, strlngo. Pistacium, pistachio-nut. GR.
(2) TU>Kvbs,.Tn>VKbs, pinguis, pinguis. Pistillum, Pistor, Pistrilla. Pinso, pistum.
Pinna, a naker. Tllvva. Pistris, for Pristis.
Pinna, a feather. For^enna, as vlndico, vlgeo. Pîsum, Pïthêcium, Pïthos, Pïtheus. GR.
Pinna, pinnacle. Pinna, feather, as Gr. irrepti- Pitisso. See Pytisso.
yiov. Pittâcium, a billet fixed to anything by pitch ; a
Pinnâculum. As above. plaster. IIittiíkioi'. ,
115
PIT PLE
Pïtuïta, phlegm. As /ivâ, mina, from write, to Plangunciila, little puppet. UKayydv.
spit. There is also ttvtÍÇw, to spit ; written also Plânïpëdes, low actors who acted not on an
verify), says Liddell. (2) nirra, pitch. 'The elevated place in the stage, but in piano, on the
humor is of the consistence of pitch : ' Turt. floor. Or with bare feet, not in socks or buskins.
Pius is ' mild, kind, good-natured, affectionate, Planta, sole of the foot. Plana, flat ; whence
obedient, dutiful : ' Forcell. Hence, as kcÏvos from planida, as Viva, Vivida ; then planda, planta, as
iitûvos, Rixa from ipi£w, Ructo from {pevKTÛ, so AaîSa, Tseda. Or (as Lenita, Lenta ; Liberata,
pius from ifirioi, mild. And pio is ipritò, I pacify the Liberta,) planata, planta. (2) Scheid : ' From
gods. (2) 0«oj, godlike ; M. <pcìos. P, as Qoprw, irXdrn, »Aóto, i. e. tÌ> ttAotú.' As taNgo, &c.
Porto. (3) Qui piat deos. (4) 'Ets, fits, Ftivs. Planta, plant. Dacier : ' What Festus says, may
See Piscis. be true, that planta is called from the similitude of
Pix, pitch. As ulySSes, ulyXes ; nitor, nitsus, the human foot, since Pes is similarly applied. Varro
niSSus, niXus; vivo, viVSi, viXi; so Ttiaaa, iri<r<r', has Beta: PEDES.' And pediculus is so used. (2)
pix. (2) Pix from irí^ir, coagulation. (3) From BAao-Ton), formed like f«jxANH- Hence blastna, for
an old word irú|is, allied to &nirv£ and irùf, con necessary softness blatna, transp. òlanta and planta.
nected with irvicdfa, wvKvbs, &c. Thickness, close See Pratum.
ness. Planto, I sow a tree by the planta, plant.
Placenta, a cake. TlXaKovvra acc. of irXaxovs. Planus, impostor. TWdvos.
Much as KéyOinos, legEntis.—Or from Trhaxievra. Planus, plain. Tlhdmvos Steph. 7651 : whence
Pláceo, plàcidus, and plàco (somewhat as sëdo plainus, planus. (2) IIAcitos, whence an adj. irAa-
from sëdeo,) from 7rAàf, ir\âiths, a plane surface, TOÍ/Ós.
whence irAafcdeu, flat. Hence a verb irAá/cíai or Plasma, Plasmo, Plasso, Plastes. GR.
ir\anáu, to make plane or smooth, to make quiet Pl&tânon, Plàtânus, Plâtea. GR.
and satisfied, as à/ia\t(u to quiet, appease, from Plátea, Plâtâlea, the spoonbill, shoveller. IIAa-
ófia\bst level. (2) From ireAaai, 7reirf\dKo, TrewKatca, Tfîo, broad. ' The latter English name is the more
as Gr. Trpotrxuptc, to accede to the wishes of, give proper, the end of the bill being perfectly flat : '
in to, accommodate oneself to, as Euripides : xpb Turt. Platea is also a street.
%4vov ndpra irpotrx<*>p*w irrfXw. (3) From t\&k& Plâtessa, a flat fish. ïlKaròtaaa., flat.
fat. of v\cku, to fold. As an Insinuating person is Plaudo is to make a noise by beating or striking,
from Sinus, a fold. and seems to be contracted from irXaTvylSSa JEol.
Placïdus, mild, &c. Placeo, as Frigidus. Pleasing, of irAaTiryifo) : whence jrAniryStu,plaudo. Properly,
amiable. to beat the water with the broad part of the oar :
Plâcïtum, an opinion. Quod placet. ' It has figuratively, to beat the hands together, and (as in
pleased us that ' &c. Plaustrum, like Claudo, Claustrum) to strike the
Plàco, I calm. See Placeo. ground heavily with heavy jostling wheels. (2) As
Plâga, a blow. M. irXayd. tydu, tyavai ; Atiw, \aia>, &ToAava ; so from <p\Áa>
Plâga, space, tract. n\dxa acc. of xAà|, a slat might be tpKaia, phlauDo (see Claudo) and plaudo,
Burface. as Qatvi\r)s, Paenula. $\du is to thump, beat,
Plâga, net. From irAcuciS fut. of xXtVoi, to infold : bruise. (3) Isaac Voss : Plaudo from ir\d8u, the
i. e. from a word irAaici), irAa/cá. jEsop speaks of a same as irKdfa whence also Plango. U, as in Fraus.
stag tois KtpatTiv 4fxir\uK£yTos. So from TrAa/ca, a (4) From a compound perlaudo, pellaudo : To give
surface, is the other plâGa. heavy strokes of applause. The conjugation changed,
Plagium, kidnapping. TIKdyios, crafty, treache as Reddo from Do, Vendo from Venundo, and from
rous. the third to the first in Occupo from Occapio.
Plágìíla, leaf or sheet of paper. TlKdxa, a plane Plaustrum, a heavy waggon. Plaudo.
surface. Plautus, with broad flapping ears. IIAcrniavrof,
Plágûla, curtain. Plâga. Being net-work. (2) contr. to 7rAaCros.
n\ó(ca, a table, as Tabulatum, drapery. Plêbis, Plèbes, Plebs, the people. nAíjflos, JE.
Planca, plank, ' tabula plana,' Fest. Plana, Tr\rj<pos, Tr\rj(ps, plebs, as rpd&n£t rpà&Ç, traBs. So
planica, as Una, Unica; so Tetrica. (2) Tlkdica oZ&ap, ou*ap, uBer.
acc. of irXáf. N as in taNgo. Plecto, I strike. llxi\a<rw, irórArçicTai.
Planctus. From plango. PleCtO, I twist. IlAeKto, 7r€VA6KTŒI.
Plancus, with broad feet. Planicus, as in Planca. Plectrum, Pleiades. GR.
(2) As taNgo, from n^aicovs, broad. Plênus, full. From the old pleo. Much as Beo,
Plânêta. nAcu^rjjs. Benus, Bonus. Or TrAeîos, pleNus, as Aeîos, leNis,
Plango, to beat ; beat the body in grief. As pago, ados, saNus.—Others from irA^fwjs, whence plerus,
J>aNgo; so plaNgo, from irAcryái fut. of Tr\i,a<ra. plenus, as hHVov, doNum.
116
PLE POL
Pleo, as in Impleo. níuTrA^ui, xXij/ta, &c. point Plúto, Plûtus. ÏIAOVTUV, TIXOVTOS.
to obs. r\4a, pleo. (a) UKios, full. Plùvia, rain. Pluo, pluit. As Alluvies.
Plëonasmus. TlXtofcur/iós. Pôcillâtor, cup-bearer. Poculum, cillum.
Plêrïque, most; Plërumque, mostly. nxfywjí, Pôcûlentus, fit to drink. Potus, poticulentus, as
full. Pacuvius : Plera pars pessumdata est. Full Meticulosus, Lutulentus. Or poculum, a draught.
admits of comparison, for we say Quite full, Fuller, Pócûlum, cup. Polo, potaculum, poculum. As
Fullest. And Johnson defines Full (inter alia) large, Miraculum. So Pascibulum, Pabulum, (al James
great. Que, as in Uterque, Quisque. Plerique Bailey from K&-KtAKov, kovttcAAov, JE. ttovkcAAov,
omnes, is pi. vel omnes, like Sex Septem. iriÍKeAAov, poculum, as irOTAÚirovs, pOlypus.
Pleurîsis, Pleurîtis. GR. Pôdâgra, Pôdëres. GR.
Plïco, I fold. nxótw. Pôdex, quo pedimus. As pEndo, pOndus.
Plinthus, brick. nxiyflor. Podium, balcony, &c. TIoSíov from ttovs, irohbs,
VVôào, plaudo, as Coda. as projecting like a foot : though this sense of
Plôro, I weep. $\vàpa, (pKavpû, used of the voSiov is not found.
overflow of words, but, through ip\ia, capable of Poêma, Poena, Pœnœ. Uoírina, Tloivìi, Tlotval.
meaning the overflow of tears, (a) As <píaya.vov Pœnïtet, it causes repentance or regret. Panto,
became a<pàyavov, &pi0utîv àiuOptîv, and Avo^xpaL retribution, penalty.
or Acvo<ppal Tenebrae ; so òKoipipu or '\<xpipu, Pœnus, Carthaginian. *o7vi£.
tpAovpw, ploro. Poësis, Poëta. Xloíriais, IIoitjt^s.
Plostellum. For plaurieUum. Pol, Perpol, i. e. per PoUucem.
Ploxëmum, -ïmum, a kind of chest in a carriage. Polenta, coarse food from toasted barley-meal.
nxo^ifiby from TtXixa, ir(r\o(<u. Wattled ; a twig TLáAûvœ, waAvvrty, JE. iroKvvra, as BpOffttas for BpA-
basket. E, as merEtrix, salEbra, genEtrix. aéas. Besprinkled with flour : ' which sprinkling
Pluit, it rains. Pluo from BAiw to gush out ; or was made with water,' Voss.
*Aia as the root of xXiW to wash. Others from Polimenta, like Rudimenta. Festus : ' Testiculi
(p\vu, to overflow. porcorum, cùm eos castrabant.' Polio, metaph. As
Plûma, soft feather. TlriKaim corresponds to polio agros, is ' rastris pecto, rado, occo,' Forcell.
■wriKtcrbs, TrrlKutris. Hence xrXéìjita, and irAwfia, as (B) Scalig. ' from pola, a ball, whence polire is
ICTcwà, Penna ; and pluma, as tp&obs, fUris. See to play at ball.' And pola from irikos, globus,
on Pumex. (fl) Haigh : ' From 4>Avyuj}, à <p\ia, to as k%>02, cerA : or irdAAa, a ball, M. ircíXXa. But
trifle.' Any thing trifling or light. ' cùm eos castrabant ' does not suit this general
Plumbum, lead. Dove-coloured, from palumbet, notion.
a woodpigeon, which is called olvàs from its wine Polio, I furbish. From woAibs, grey, white, whence
color, (a) Haigh ' from Wxxayia, blueness, wan wo?u6a!, û. To make white or shining, clean, neat,
ness.' Hence, (as (pflpbs, fUris,) pluma, and, (as smooth, (a) From roXc'u, to turn. To make fine
k6\oy, KoKofSbv,) plumibum, plumbum. So acer- and smooth as with a turner's wheel. (3) Ains-
BUM, superBUM, verBUM. (3) As $k(ttu is worth : ' From waAbs, shining, whence waXévm,
traced by some to lítAirru, /iXÍttc», and /3X࣠to splendidum facio.' Or from <paAbs, white. As
HaAaxbs, fíAÙKs, so acc. uóKifìov, /lAiBov, plK6)iBov, *o7vi(, Pœnus ; SA/nû, dOmo.
plumbum. Or thus : MóAifìov, /ióaBov, whence (as Poliorcètes, Pôlîtîa, Pôlïtïcus. GR.
Mop<pi, Qopuà, Forma,) AiuBov ; and, as bóSov Pollen, Pollis, dust in a mill, fine flour, &c. As
became BpòSov, and pûmes, Bpâmts, (though the B pEndo, pOndus, so pollis from pello, as driven or
is thought to stand in these for the Aspirate,) J9xó/t- wafted in the air. (a) TláKAv, to shake. As pOr-
0ov, plumbum, as o?*ON acc. vinTJM. rum. (3) nd\7), fine dust ; JE. iriArì. LL, as
Plûrâlis, Plûrïmus : from Mille, Mellis. (4) Polleo. Excelling or finest
Plus, plûris. Plia from jEol. irXeûs, icAtwos : on flour.
the model of Mus, Mûris, (a) Pluris for plunis, Polleo, am of much avail. rioXA&ï, much, (a)
vAevvos. Poti-valeo, potis-valeo : Ridd. Potleo, as Potisfui
Plût eus, a shed or gallery to protect besiegers ; &c. Potui : then polleo.
Dacier thinks the proper meaning is a plank or Pollex, the thumb. For pollex digitus, which
tablet, and Festus explains plutei ' omnes tabula; Caesar joins ; from polleo, as Apio, Apex. On
quibus aliquid praesepitur.' Forcelliui explains plu- account of its superior power and utility beyond the
teus 'a shelf fixed to a wall for books, a board other fingers : whence it is called in Greek àvríxetp,
defending the outer part of a dinner couch,' &c. a second hand.
Hence from -wKortos JE. of «-Xaréoi, broad, flat. Pollïceor. Liceor is to bid or offer a price : and
Thus ' the jEolians said 6pOaius, BpOStais for Bpd- polliceor, (for porliceor as in Porrigo, Pollingo, Por-
<rt»j, Bpatiws : ' Voss. U, as NOpoS», NUmidae. tendo,) is to put forth an offer, to engage, promise.
117
POL POP
So Promitto is to put forth a promise, (a) Per- Pondus, weight. Pendo, to hang in scales, weigh.
liceor, pelliceor. A weight, i. e. weigh'd. 0, as pEdo, pOdex. And
Pollingo, to anoint a corpse and prepare it for our mOlten.
burial. Pol, forth, as in Polliceor and Porrigo; Ponè, behind. As Sinè from Sino, so poni from
and pollingo is from pollino, pollinico, as Velio, Vel- pono, i. e. post-sino, to leave behind.
lico ; then pollinco, pollingo. I put a body forth or Pôno. Clarke says on II. O. 472 : ' Pono is
lay it out, and anoint it. (2) Per-lingo, pellingo. put for po-sino.' And here he stops. But po-sino
(3) N added as in liNgo ; and polliyo, corpus ligo, is for post-sino, as Pômœrium for Postmcerium,
vestibus involvo. (4) Pellis, the skin of a corpse ; Pomeridies for Postmeridies, Poples for Postples.
ungo. Ungo cadaver. (5) Poliena ungo. ? From postsino is posino, pono ; from postsitum is
Polluceo, I offer a banquet as was usual in sacri positum ; from post-sivi is im-posivit in Plautus.
fices to the gods. Pol is ' forth,' as in Polliceor, Now sino is to lay or place, as situs, 4s, is position,
Pollingo. To make the lights of the feast shine situation, and situs the participle is laid or placed.
forth far and wide. Some say, to put forth a splendid Post is behind or next in order. So that pono is
repast. Lnceo. (2) Perluceo, pelluceo. properly to place behind or next, a sense which
Pollûcïbïlis cœna, a costly supper. Above. became merged in the general one of placing. Quod
Pollueturn, a costly banquet. Polluceo. Also, nomen, says Cicero of Superstitio, patuit posteà
what remained and was given to the people. latiùs. Thus Respondeo lost its original meaning.
Polluctus, treated with good cheer. Polluceo. From pono in this sense is ponè.
Hence jocosely, well drubbed. And common, as Pons, bridge. For pendens, pendentis, as pOndus
the remains were given to the people. And imbued from pEndo. As hanging over the water. (2) Soft
with, well instructed in, i. e. having it well drubbed for pars from wópos, used by Herodotus for a bridge,
into me. and so explained by Hesychius.
Polluo, I defile. Porrò, as in Portendo, Porricio ; Pontïfex, high-priest. From pons, facio, as Mdi-
and luo, Koiu, to wash. Porrh, says Riddle, denotes fex. For the Sublician bridge was first made and
opposition or exception : on the contrary. Thus from time to time restored by them, ' quòd eo,' says
polluo is the reverse of luo: to be far from cleansing ; Varro, ' sacra et uls et cis Tiberim non mediocri
as Ne in Nescio, De in Deficio, a in &tIw. (2) For ritu fiant.' The bridge could indeed only be re
pelluo from perluo. Luo to dissolve, rot, spoil, paired by the Pontifex, and that with sacrifices.
whence lues. As pOndus from pEndo. Cicero: (2) ' Who settled the atonement by the imposition
Ut eos ludos hsec lues inipura pollueret. (3) Some of a fine, a certain pondus, weight of copper : '
refer to <f>oAwa> in Hesycbius : but this should be Donldn. ?
tpopivw : Steph. 10249. Ponto, pontoon. Pons, pontis.
Pollux. nohvSfVKrìs, Poldûx. Pontus, sea ; the Euxine. Tlòvros.
Polus, the pole. n<ÍAos. Pôpa, a priest who slew the victims. Greatly
Pols—. AH words thus beginning are Greek. changed from OCttjs, Mo\. Birra, and (pma, as @)ip,
Polypus, a polypus, &c. noXúirous. A griping *}ip, and TafSvos, Pavonis. From <pinra is popa, as
fellow, as this fish sticks tenaciously to the rocks. íoíVif, Pœnus; fiY\a, mOla. (2) néirrœ, irénoira:
Pômârium, orchard. Pomum. a cook. But he was the slayer, not the cook.
Pômërîdies. Post meridiem. Scheide explains Persius's 'popa venter,' the di
Pômœrium, a space in and out the city-walls with gester. But Forcell. refers it to the good eating of the
out buildings. Post moerum. See above. priest, or to the number of animals slain to fill the
Pômôna, goddess of fruits. Pomum. stomachs at feasts.
Pompa, Pompïlus. GR. Popânum, round wide cake. GR.
Pômum. Usually referred to irtS/ito, potus. But, Popina, cook-shop, rtéirra, iróroira, to cook.
as proVIdens, proi'dens (prudens) ; so pomum from (2) From the 'popa venter ' in Popa.
itÒtiiíov, ir&îiíov, ' potui aptum.' Thus we find from Pôpîno, frequenter popinarum.
Gaza apud Theophr. : Kopiroi y\vKc!s «a! Trón/ioi, Pôples, ïtis, ham of the knee. From post-plicitum,
translated by Stephens ' dulces et grati palato.' It poplicitum, poplitum. ' Quia post genu plicetur ac
is true that fruits of a harder quality also go under curvetur:' Forcell.
this name, but it was enough that the word was Pôplïcus, public. Populicus.
formed from the softer and more liquid substances, Poppysma. TÏÓTnrvaua.
as in Virgil : ' mitia poma.' Populâria, Popûlâris. PSpulus.
Pômus, fruit-tree. Pomum. Pôpulnus. Pôpùlus, populinus.
Pondëro, I try by weight or weights. Pondus. Pôpûlo, to take away (populum) a people : or, as
Pondo, weight : a pound weight, as this measure Wachter says, to lay waste by introducing a people.
is the most known and used. Pendo, as Pondus. Populônia, some goddess. ' Seneca hints that it
118
POP POR
was not Juno, nor was so called from protecting the (3) Dumesnil : ' Anciently, when they were about
populus, people, but from populo, to lay waste, for to build a town, they marked it out with a plough,
that it means something evil, and that it was no and lifted it up where the entrance was to be.
wonder no one came to ask her aid : ' Fore. Aratrum sustollat, says Cato, et portant vocet.
Populus, anc. popolus. Reduplicated from nohbs, Varro : Viam relinquebant in niuro, qua in oppidum
as TÍA.ÀO), Titillo. For irowo\vs. So civT/ta for portarent. Porta is the opening made in the wall.'
SyOjua, whence cWvT>os.—Riddle from pubes, for But this from Varro supports the first derivation.
pûbulus. ? Portendo, I show beforehand. Porrò lendo.
Pôpûlus, poplar. From mumtiUS fut. of waaráKKm, Portentum, omen. See Cicero in Monstrum.
to shake ; whence iranraAcieis, rugged, i. e. shaking Porthmeus, ferryman. GR.
or (as Dr. Jones well expresses it) jolting. Populus Portïcus, portico. From portus, as Medicus,
is called from the vibrating nature of its branches. Modicus. Figuratively, but not more so than Ala
Homer : ^XÁxaTa ffrpaxpwfftv Osd* re <pt/AAa /xaKecV)7s applied to the Hank of an army, Vomer to a plough
AirEIPOIO, which last word is itself from alaau, share, Rudens to a rope, irre'pvf to the pinnacle of a
eOyov. Thus tAïs became irOïp, puer. (2) As building, &c. Portions was a covered walk, a
Disco, Discipulus ; Manus, Manipulus, so poto, poti- refuge from the sun and rain : made ' umbrae et
pulus, populus. Thus Spenser has The poplar never imbrium vitandorum causa,' Forcell. In the words
dry. Ovid: Populus est, memini, sluviali consita of Isaiah 4. 6 : A tabernacle for a shadow in the
ripâ. Virgil : Populus in fluviis. Generally, Ezek. daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge,
31.16: 'AH the trees of Eden that drink water.' and for a covert from storm and rain. The fol
For, servant, Tloip : see Puer. lowing are metaphorical uses of portus. Cicero :
Porca, sowpig. Porous, as Lea. Et tò alSoiov ' Hie locus est unus quo perfugiant : hie portus,
yvvaiKtîov, ut XoTpos. haec anc, hase ara sociorum.' Ovid : ' Qui mihi
Porca, ridge. Porgo, to lay along j porgica. (2) confugium, qui mihi portus erat.' And its com
Porca above. As like a hog's back. pound opportunus. (2) Many from porta. I do
Porcellio, a millipede insect, from porceUus, as not see the application of this word.
we call it a Sow. Portio, part, portion. For partio or partitio,
Porceo, I keep off. Porrb arceo. from pars, partis or partior. (2) As utfiopfjUyos
Porcilâca, purslain. Porcus, as x01?0^^™""' and uoprhs are formed from uflpu, so irâroprw may
from x°V0Si mentioned by Nicomedes Iatrosophista. have existed from vtipao, to pierce, and hence portio.
Called also porcastrum, and, as Ainsw. states, por- Portiscúlus, one who directed the rowers to go
cellia. Some write it portulaca. ? on or to stop ; and the hammer by which he gave
Porculus, a little pig ; a porpoise. Porcus. And the order. As the portus, harbor, ends the voyage,
what held in the oil-press the rope which wound so the portisculus, the hammer or the man, ends
round the windlass or Sucula, which also is properly the duties of the rowers and orders them to stop,
a little sow. See Sucula. whence the latter is called also Pausarius. Ml.
Porcus, a hog, pig. ' nópxos in old Attic, acc. to Stilo in Festus says, ' Quia dat modum classi in
Varro, a pig : ' Lidd. : Kdrrptp /col tripKy. It is used portu,' stops the fleet in the harbor. I, as artl-
by Lycophron. culus. (2) IIaiÌT7)s might be found like iratWi)?,
Porgo, stretch out. Porrigo. ' which makes to cease from : ' hence pautisculus, in
Porphyrites, porphyry. GR. sound portisculus. Thus ■wimunai is found, and
Porricio, stretch out, &c. Porro, vóp'pa, and irav&rivai, iiraie-nv Steph. 7296.
jacio as in Injicio, Amicio. Porrb as in Porrigo. Portïtor, a porter. Porto. Ferryman, from
Porrigo, stretch out. Porro, rego as in Dirigo. porto ; but Forcell. says, Who carries from one
See Porricio. (2) Fopéya. portum port to another. And one who watches the
Porrigo, scurf or scales in the head. Porrigo, portum harbor, and exacts the dues : or portus is the
porrigïgo, as Impetigo. From its spreading about. custom-house where goods are imported. Voss
(2) From the layers or scales as in the porrum. thinks also because the dues are levied ' pro merci-
Porrò, forwards, far off, hereafter, moreover. bus exportandis.'
Porto, I carry. From <p6pros, a load, Qoprifa
Porrum, a leek. As %p6tra, irápau, wijifiu, so and a verb tpopróoì, û, to carry a load. So &<p*yos,
■np&aov, nipaov, irdtyov, and porrum, as SOuà, '<píVoí, Penus ; tpcuvó\ris, Paenula. (2) From (pepu,
dAmo. So M. fìpOSéus, ffrpOr6s. irtyoprai, {popria, S>. Hencefortis, fortuna.
Porta, gate. From porta. Things being carried Portôrium, harbor-tolls. Portitor, portitorium.
through it in and out. Herodotus has \ea<p6puv Or portus, portorium. See Portitor.
xvXeW. (2) Allied to vipos, a passage, through Portûnus, Neptune or Janus. The god portuum
wtlpw, ir«ropTcu, to pierce, divide, whence portio. or portarum. ,
119
POR PRjE
Portus, harbor. From porta. A place for import Postïlëna, a horse's crupper reaching from the
and export for goods, or for carrying ships into it. saddle to the hinder part of the horse. Post. As
(B) From irelpa, wiwoprat, whence (from Wiropa) Cantilena.
is iropoj, a passage into. (3) From porta, a gate. Postis, door-post. Simply, put or placed up,
Posca, Pusca, water mixed with vinegar and eggs. fixed, from positus, postus. Forcellini defines it
Xl6<ris, drink, posica, posca, as Esum, Esica, Esca. 'lignum aut lapis ERECTUS ab utroque latere
' Potui idonea,' Fore. Plautus : Poscam potitant. portae.' Much as ari\\n, a boundary-post, from
Posco, I demand. As ynpda, yopdaxu, so fioitt, aria, «rrijo-oi. (a) Voss from post : 1 Propriè in
0oÍ<tko>, páffKt», to call out to or for. So <ptíffKu januâ dicuntur ANTES et postes : ANTES ANTE,
from cpdV Euripides, (8oç irvp. So fiuarpiu is to postes pbst stant.' Ainsworth : ' Quod post ostia
call out. Bosco, for softness posco. (a) From stat.'
ipdaitu, as Porto from #opTcS ; and lAncea from Postliminium, the return to his country and
AOyxv- (3) Peto, pet-sco : Ridd. estates, of one who had gone abroad, &c. Reditus
Pôsïtus. Pono, posui. ad sua limina post aliquod tempus : or, with Dacier,
Possessïvus, in one's possession, as Meus. ad limina regni.
Possïhïlis. Posse, as Tangibilis. Postquam. Formed after the model of Priusquam,
Possïdeo, I possess. Potis-sedeo, as Potis-sum, sooner than. For posteriusquam.
Possum. I am able to sit down in a place as my Postrëmus, last. Posteras, posterrimus, postrei-
own. Micah : ' They shall sit every man under his mus, as Supremus.
vine, and none shall make them afraid.' Ovid : Postridie. Posteridie.
' Hac profugos posuistis sede.' Silius : ' Quando Postúlo, I ask. Posco, poscitum, postum, as
sedisse dabis ? ' So Belg. besitten, to sit, is ' to Ustulo.
possess.' Postumus. See Posthumus.
Possido, i. q. possideo. Sido. Pote, Tort i. e. irpóî. See Possum.
Possum. For potts sum; poies for potis es ; Pôten8. Potis-ens.
potest for potis est Mn. 9. 796 ; poteram for potis Potërium, cup. Tlor^piov.
eram, &c. Potis and pote are from tot!, which ex Pôtestas. Potis, as Majestas.
presses what looks towards, respects or concerns, Potin', canst thou ? Polisne es ?
appertains or belongs to, any one : and they there Potior. Potis. More able, &c.
fore mean having the office, right or power of Potior. From pote or potis, whence potens. To
doing. Potis is shortened to pos in possum, com be master over.
pos, &c. Potis, able. See in Possum.
Post, As "IctKin became Scio ; as 'Aokkos, through Potissimùm, principally. Potior.
KdoKos, became Csecus ; as 'Exarbv or 'Exmbv Potitii. See Pinarii.
through Kevrbv became Centum ; so ïirio-flf, oVio-f, Potiùs, rather. Potior, better.
through iroîcrf, became posth or post, as Aa0ea>, Pôto, I drink. As irâpa from obs. t6o>, irtirufiai,
laTeo ; 9piaufios, Triumphus. Much in the same so iroVijs in Lobeck, Phryn. 456, from ireiravrai, and
way yvvye, vvvy was changed to nunC ; and Atque àvíirtttris, &utruris is from the same. Hence trurda,
to Atq', Ate, Ac. Thus also posterns from òiríer- iruTÛ, poto. So iroTOi is found.
repos. (3) Bp. Butler from positum, postum, as Potui, for potisfui. See Possum.
Ponè from Pono. But post enters into the origin Pôtus, urine. Pliny explains it the excrement
ofpono. (3) Ponè est : Ridd. ? potús humani, of what men drink. So Humaine
Postërîtas, PostërSla, from dapes are dung.
Posteras. See Post. Pôtus, i, a minion, delicatus puer. From tiatn,
Posthûmus, Postûmus, who is born, after his veretrum, whence iri66n, and pothis, potus. So
father is put into (humum) the ground. But others triaiwv is used, from iritrBri, and explained by Pho-
neglect the H, and compare the old Intumus, Ex- tius, Steph. 7874.
tumus, Maxumus, for Intimus, &c. Forcellini says : Prae, before, beyond. ' Probably,' says Bp. Butler,
' He was called postumus, who was born the last of ' from irpol for irpb, as curai, virai, for cWb, faro*.' Or
his father's children. Among the Lawyers, it was from Tapai, taken as 7rapà, beyond, as in vapat-
one born during his father's life after he had made fìdrys.
his will.' But, though it was not necessary that a Prsebeo. Prœhabeo, to hold before another ;
son should be born after his father's death because prtehibeo, as inhibeo.
he was the last, yet postumus might have acquired Prsecello. See Excella.
this particular sense by custom. Praeceps, headlong. Preeceps, prœcipitis, from
Postïca, back door. Post, as Amicus. prcs; caput, capitis. With the head foremost:
Postidea. Eâ tempestate post id. npoKdpvvos.
120
PR* PR*
Praeceptum, command. Prascipio. honorable action, a prize of victory.' (2) Prœdi-
Praecia, called also Praeclamitator. Apuleius ex mium, taken as a booty : or prœbeo, prœltium.
plains prœciœ ' qui facilem sacris viam dari praedi- Prasnum, an instrument to hackle flax with :
carent.' From prœ-cio, as Concio, Praeco. hence, cruel treatment. Prcedor, prœdinum, prœ-
Praecîdâneus, sometimes from prtecœdo ; some num., as Regnum. Metaph. from ravaging, spoiling.
times perhaps from prtecedo, with the I somewhat Pliny : ' Aha dentibus prœdantur, alia unguibus.'
as in praellganeus. Praepëdio. Like Impedio.
Praecipio, I suggest, direct. Capio. I take and Praepes, etis, swift. Qui petit loca pree aliis.
throw before another, npo$á\\ai, ìnrofìihKw. Thus Impetus. (2) From niru, iréro/iai, to fly.
Praecïpïtium, Praecïpïto. Prœceps. (3) From iréra, n'mra, to fall, whence irpoirer^ï,
Prœcipuus, chief. Which capitur prce, is taken headlong, fast.
before others. Praepilàtus, rounded at the end like a ball to
Praeco, public crier. As Parens for Pariens, so blunt it. Pila.
prœco for prœcio : from do. Voss : ' Qui prœcìat, Praepostërus, having that last which ought to be
excitet populum ut conveniat.' (2) For prœdíco, first. Posterus.
prœdiconis. As Verbero, âre, Verbero, ônis. (3) Praepûtium, prepuce. For preepotium, as tpCiphs,
Others from prœcino ; or prœago, prœigo, from ago, fUris. Potus, penis ; see in Potus. (2) Prceputo,
to drive. as persona. From the Jewish circumcision. Voss
Praecônium, proclamation, eulogy. &c. Prœco. says the Romans used the word before they knew
Praecox, ripe before the time. Coquo, coxi; or of the circumcision ; but Juvenal seems the first to
prœcoquits. use it, and of the Jews.
Praeda, prey. Haigh : ' For prœdata bestia ; laid Praes, praedis, surety, bail. Prœsto, whence
in one's way.' (a) Cicero has 'prœda improbè prœstes,prœsts,prœs, ìiaâpreedis, as Haeres, Haeredis.
parta.' From pario, paritum, then, could be parita, As prœstes, who stands before another and secures
praita, prœta, as /xoS<rAI, ruus.-E ; and prœda, as him : or who prœstat alicui damnum, makes himself
menTior, menTax, menDax , Varro thus : Pario, responsible. (2) Qui prœsest, like prœsens. Who
parida, (as Rapio, Rapida,) pratda, preeda. (3) comes forward in court, appears.
Riddle from prœs, prœdis. But ? Prœsens. S added from abSens, or from prœSum,
Praedíco. Compare Indíco. Or as in Abs-, Obs-, Subs-. Key from prœ-esens,
Praed itus, endued. Dalits, donatus prœ aliis. Or esum anc. for sum. ?
prtB is beforehand, naturally. Praesêpes, -e, any close place, stall, cell, crib.
Praedium, farm, estate. Prœs, prœdis. Any real Sepio.
property which may become a good security, or Praesertim, especially. Pree, sero, to join : pro
serve to give us a title to credit. Tacitus : ' Si perly of things which are first in a row, or which in
debitor populo in duplum prœdiis