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Teacher: Merry Jie S.

Date: July 18, 2019


Given an activity, the students are expected to do the following, at the end of a 1-hour
class with at least 75 % level of accuracy:
a. Define reflection and refraction of sounds;
b. Describe how reflection and refraction affect sound; and
c. Describe what is echo and what are the conditions of echo to be heard.


A. Topic: Reflection and Refraction of Sound
B. References
Learner's Module, pp. 85-87
C. Time allotment: 1 hour
D. Instructional Materials: books

A. Preparation
B. Recall
The teacher will ask the students what they remember about sounds.
C. Motivation
 Ask students, " Who among you here loves to sing inside the bathroom?" A lot
of people loves to sing inside the bathroom because of privacy. A study
conducted noted that people would open their mouths wide when they sing in
private places like the baths.
 Have you even wondered why open field concerts are usually held during night
time and not during day time? Later we will find out.

D. Discussion
 Reflection is described as the turning back of a wave as it hits a barrier. Echo is
an example of a reflected sound. Reverberation on the other hand refers to the
multiple reflections or echoes in a certain place. A reverberation often occurs in
a small room with height, width, and length dimensions approximately 17
meters or less. This fits the bathroom which enhances the voice.
 Refraction is described as the change in speed of sound when it encounters a
medium of different density. Sounds travel faster in hotter media. Having
concert at nigth give everyone to see and enjoy the liveshow because there is
no work and no school.

E. Application

Application of refraction of sound waves:

1. during night time ground cools quickly.
2. wave bends away from the normal and back towards the ground.
3. music is louder at night because sound will travel within cool air, bouncing off
warm air, so it is easier to hear far away distances at night.

Give some applications justifying sound reflection

 echo- repetition of a sound even after the source has stopped vibrating. This is
used by bats as well as dolphins for detection of obstacle or navigation. SONAR
follows the same principle for sound navigation.
 sound board- the sound waves ae uniformly reflected. It can happen in an
auditorium or hall.
 hearing aid- is useful for people who have difficulty in hearing. in this device the
sound waves are established and reflected into a slimmer area directed to the
 megaphone- are hor-shaped tubes which prevent the extension of sound waves
through succesive reflections.
 sthetoscope
 What is reflection of sound?
 What is refraction of a sound?
 How reflection and refraction affect the sound?
 What are the conditions of echo to be heard?