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REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB

A slab is a structural element, made of


concrete, that is used to create flat
horizontal surfaces such as floors, roof
decks and ceilings. A slab is generally
several inches thick and supported by
beams,columns, walls, or the ground.
REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB

Concrete slabs can be prefabricated


off-site and lowered into place or
may be poured in-situ using
formwork.

If reinforcement is required, slabs


can be pre-stressed or the concrete
can be poured over rebar positioned
within the formwork.
REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB

TYPES OF SLABS

Type of slab used in construction sectors are:


1. One-way solid slab and beam
2. Two-way solid slab and beam
3. One-way joist construction
4. Two-way flat slab or flat plate without beams
5. Two-way joist construction, called waffle construction
REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB

1. One-way solid slab and beam

One way slab is a slab which is


supported by beams on the two
opposite sides to carry the load along
one direction

The ratio of the short span to the long


span of a slab is less then 0.50.
REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB
REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB

2. Two-way solid slab and beam

Two Way Slab. Two way slabs are


the slabs that are supported on
four sides and the ratio of longer
span (l) to shorter span (b) is less
than 2.
In two way slabs, load will be
carried in both the directions. So,
main reinforcement is provided in
both direction for two way slabs
REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB

3. One-way joist construction

One-way concrete-joist construction


consists of a monolithic combination
of cast-in-place, uniformly spaced ribs
(joists) and top slab .

The ribs are formed by placing rows of


permanent or removable fillers in
what would otherwise be a solid slab.
REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB

4. Two-way flat slab or flat plate


without beams
A flat slab is a two-way reinforced
concrete slab that usually does
not have beams and girders, and
the loads are transferred directly
to the supporting concrete
columns
REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB

4. Two-way flat slab or flat plate


without beams
A flat slab is a two-way reinforced
concrete slab that usually does
not have beams and girders, and
the loads are transferred directly
to the supporting concrete
columns
REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB

5. Two-way joist construction,


called waffle construction
A waffle slab is a type of slab with
holes underneath, giving an
appearance of waffles.
It is usually used where large
spans are required (e.g
auditorium) to avoid many
columns interfering the space.