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Physics Word Definitions, Terminology, and Jargon Strain Mechanical Engineering and Physics Related Questions

## Stress (mechanics) Alternative Energy Word Definitions, Terminology, and Jargon

What is the strain energy in a material?

## Energy (physics) Mechanical Engineering Physics

What are units of strain energy?

strain energy?

is it used?

## Javid Muhammad, studied at Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering

What are the types of strain energy?
Answered Sep 14 2017

Hi there..! I think understanding logic and visualization of strain energy is much What is strain energy in strength of materials?

more important than all the mathematical formulae. So here im going to explain you
What is strain potential energy?
on the points basis.
Why is strain energy equal to

1. Let's assume a prismatic bar is subjected to axial or normal load. (both are 1/2*force*displacement? What about the

remaining half?
same).
Why are we not using stress energy instead of
2. This external load causes deﬂection of the bar. Which means, external force
strain energy?
is doing some work by deforming the bar . (as we know
work=force*displacement). What is the difference between strain energy and

## mutual strain energy?

3. When we see this in bar's perspective, this deformation due to load is
opposed by the bar by straining i.e, molecules are displacing. And energy
levels are increased in the bar as it absorps the work of external force.(i.e, bar
can't expand freely it resists so there is energy loss).

4. Now once we remove the load, bar returns to it's original position depending
upon whether the applied load is under the elastic limit or beyond.

5. So, one can say that, by straining, the energy levels in the bar increased due
to absorption of the work by the external force (work is also a form of energy)
.

6. Thus, this energy is stored in a body in the form of strain energy and this
energy can be recovered partially or fully (if it's beyond elastic limit, body
can't get it's original state).

## 7. This can be calculated by plotting deformation on x axis and load on y axis.

8. We observe a curve on the graph and area under the curve gives us strain
energy i.e, by integration.

## 14.1k views · View 44 Upvoters · View Sharers

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## What are the types of strain energy?

Daring Sunny, BTech Marine Engineering & Naval Architecture & Mechanical
Engineering, Andhra University College of Engine...
Answered Sep 10, 2017

Strain energy is deﬁned as the energy stored in a body due to deformation. The
strain energy per unit volume is known as strain energy density and the area under
the stress-strain curve towards the point of deformation. When the applied force is
released, the whole system returns to its original shape. It is usually denoted by U.

## The strain energy formula is given as,

U = Fδ / 2

Where,

δ = compression,

F = force applied.

When stress σ is proportional to strain ϵ, the strain energy formula is given by,

U=1/2Vσϵ

Where,

σ = stress,

ϵ = strain,

V = volume of body

## Regarding young’s modulus E, the strain energy formula is given as,

U = σ2 / 2E × V.

Where,

σ = stress,

E = young’s modulus,

V = volume of body.

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Answered Oct 19, 2017 · Upvoted by Rishi Gupta, M.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology,

Patna (2016)
When a body is subjected to external force it undergoes deformation.The energy
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stored in the body due to deformation is known as strain energy.The strain energy is
the area under the curve of load versus deformation . Load on y axis and deformation
on X axis

## Arunprasath, Mechanical Engineer

Answered Mar 1, 2017

Strain energy is the energy stored in the body due to deformation. When force or load
is applied it undergoes some deformation in shape,size,length,etc.

2. Springs

## What is strain potential energy?

Why is strain energy equal to 1/2*force*displacement? What about the remaining half?

Rohan Naik, Ph.D. Quantum Mechanics & Physics, University of Mumbai (2016)
Answered Apr 5, 2019 · Author has 732 answers and 145.6k answer views

When a deformable structure, like a spring, stretches, it stores a type of energy known
as strain energy. In many cases, this energy can be turned back into kinetic energy
relatively easily. That's certainly true for the trampoline! As the springs return to their
original length, their strain energy is transferred back to Lauren in the form of kinetic
energy, and she ﬂies up into the air.
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## Whenever a force is applied to an object that's made of a deformable material, it will

change its shape. Sometimes, this is a big change, such as when you stretch out a
rubber band. Other times, it's hard to see, like when a load is applied to a steel support
beam. We can quantify exactly how much an object changes shape by measuring
something called strain, which is deﬁned as the change in length of the object
divided by its original length.

As more and more force is applied, the object will continue to stretch. Stress is
deﬁned as the amount of force applied divided by the cross-sectional area of the
object.

For more information, you can also watch the below video.

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## Brian C McCalla, Master of Science Mechanical Engineering & Nonlinear

Dynamics, Gannon University (2000)
Updated Sep 24, 2017 · Author has 1.3k answers and 1.6m answer views

Strain energy is merely the energy exerted to cause an elastic or plastic deformation.

Since Work = ∫ F ⋅ ds

And F = σ × A

W = ∫ σ ⋅ A ⋅ ds

ΔL
Since σ = E
L0
for elastic deformation,

AE
Work = L0
∫ ΔLdΔL

AE 2
= 2L0
ΔL

V
Now, since volume of a prismatic rectangular member is AL , A 0
=
L0
, so

VE ΔL 2
Work = 2
( L0
)

ΔL
or, since strain = L0

VE 2
Work = 2
strain

Thus, the energy required to cause strain in an elastic body with uniform volume V
and elastic modulus E is given above.

2
kΔx
Work = 2

VE
k = 2
L
0

k

m

And m = ρV ,

## The natural frequency is:

√Eρ

L0

This is noteworthy because, given only the length of a body in the direction that it is
perturbed and its density (which can be found with a balance and by submerging it in
water to ﬁnd its volume), by gently tapping it in that direction and determining the
frequency of the ringing object (using an oscilloscope, for example), you can ﬁnd the
elastic modulus.
Given E and density, you can also use this method to accurately measure length.
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Lastly, you can design an object to ring at a certain pitch by just specifying the length.

## Chetan Choudhari, M.Tech Engineering & Technology, Rashtrasant Tukadoji

Maharaj Nagpur University (2011)
Answered Mar 3, 2018

When elastic body is loaded it undergoes deformation i.e. its dimensions changes and
when it is relieved of the load it regains its original shape.

Example: Some load is attached to hanging wire, it extends and load move
downwards by an amount equal to extension. Now when load moves downward it
losses its potential energy. The energy lost by load absorbed by wire & stored in
stretched wire.

Strain Energy

The energy which is absorbed in a body, when strained within elastic limit is known
as strain energy. Strain energy is always capable of doing work.

## 9.5k views · View 9 Upvoters

Related Questions

## What is strain potential energy?

Why is strain energy equal to 1/2*force*displacement? What about the remaining half?

## Why are we not using stress energy instead of strain energy?

What is the difference between strain energy and mutual strain energy?